WO2020133163A1 - Wireless communication method, terminal device, and network device - Google Patents

Wireless communication method, terminal device, and network device Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2020133163A1
WO2020133163A1 PCT/CN2018/124698 CN2018124698W WO2020133163A1 WO 2020133163 A1 WO2020133163 A1 WO 2020133163A1 CN 2018124698 W CN2018124698 W CN 2018124698W WO 2020133163 A1 WO2020133163 A1 WO 2020133163A1
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terminal
information
frequency band
millimeter wave
measurement period
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PCT/CN2018/124698
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
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张治�
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Oppo广东移动通信有限公司
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Priority to PCT/CN2018/124698 priority Critical patent/WO2020133163A1/en
Publication of WO2020133163A1 publication Critical patent/WO2020133163A1/en

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W8/00Network data management
    • H04W8/22Processing or transfer of terminal data, e.g. status or physical capabilities
    • H04W8/24Transfer of terminal data
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W24/00Supervisory, monitoring or testing arrangements
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W28/00Network traffic or resource management
    • H04W28/02Traffic management, e.g. flow control or congestion control
    • H04W28/04Error control

Abstract

Embodiments of the present application provide a wireless communication method, a terminal device, and a network device. A terminal device supporting millimeter wave communication can measure the self-interference intensity of the terminal itself, and thus, a first module having less self-interference and used for receiving and/or sending millimeter wave signals can be selected to receive and send millimeter wave signals, thereby improving the communication quality. The wireless communication method is applied in a terminal device supporting millimeter wave communication, wherein the terminal device comprises at least one first module used for receiving and/or sending millimeter wave signals, and the wireless communication method comprises: the terminal device sends first information, the first information comprising at least one of the following information: a frequency range combination producing self-interference, an intermediate frequency used by the first module, and the number of the first modules.

Description

无线通信方法、终端设备和网络设备Wireless communication method, terminal equipment and network equipment 技术领域Technical field
本申请实施例涉及通信领域,并且更具体地,涉及无线通信方法、终端设备和网络设备。Embodiments of the present application relate to the field of communications, and more specifically, to wireless communication methods, terminal devices, and network devices.
背景技术Background technique
在第五代移动通信技术新空口(5-Generation New Radio,5G NR)中,支持毫米波(frequency range 2,FR2)的终端设备,由于支持FR2的终端设备频段都比较高,一般都是在26GHz以上,其传播衰减很严重,为了保持与蜂窝网络的持续性连接,此时终端设备往往也会同时通过低频段(frequency range 1,FR1)(频率小于7G Hz的信号)连接网络。这样支持FR2的终端设备在正常工作时,往往同时会保持一个低频段的无线连接和毫米波频段的无线连接。在实际通信中,由于FR2信号的载波频率很高,往往需要引入一个中频信号。具体地,第一步先把待搬移的基带信号和某个中频信号混频,搬移到一个中间频率(中频信号所在的频率)上;第二步再把含有基带信号的中频信号通过混频,进一步搬移到目标FR2的频率上。然而,由于引入了一个中频信号,FR1与FR2的中频信号会产生自干扰,终端设备如何测量自干扰是一个亟待解决的问题。In the fifth generation mobile communication technology new air interface (5-Generation New Radio, 5G NR), terminal devices supporting millimeter wave (frequency range 2, FR2), because the frequency bands of terminal devices supporting FR2 are relatively high, they are generally in the Above 26GHz, the propagation attenuation is very serious. In order to maintain a continuous connection with the cellular network, the terminal device often also connects to the network through the low frequency band (frequency range 1, FR1) (signal with a frequency less than 7G Hz) at the same time. In this way, the terminal device supporting FR2 normally maintains a low-band wireless connection and a millimeter-wave band wireless connection at the same time during normal operation. In actual communication, due to the high carrier frequency of the FR2 signal, it is often necessary to introduce an intermediate frequency signal. Specifically, in the first step, the baseband signal to be moved is mixed with an intermediate frequency signal, and moved to an intermediate frequency (the frequency at which the intermediate frequency signal is located); in the second step, the intermediate frequency signal containing the baseband signal is mixed, Move further to the target FR2 frequency. However, due to the introduction of an intermediate frequency signal, the intermediate frequency signals of FR1 and FR2 will generate self-interference. How to measure the self-interference in the terminal equipment is an urgent problem to be solved.
发明内容Summary of the invention
本申请实施例提供了一种无线通信方法、终端设备和网络设备,支持毫米波通信的终端设备可以测量自身的自干扰强度,从而可以选择自干扰较小的用于接收和/或发送毫米波信号的第一模块来进行毫米波信号的接收和发送,提高通信质量。Embodiments of the present application provide a wireless communication method, terminal device, and network device. A terminal device that supports millimeter wave communication can measure its own self-interference strength, so that a self-interference device with less self-interference can be selected for receiving and/or sending millimeter waves The first module of the signal is used to receive and send the millimeter wave signal and improve the communication quality.
第一方面,提供了一种无线通信方法,应用于支持毫米波通信的终端设备,且所述终端设备包括至少一个用于接收和/或发送毫米波信号的第一模块,该方法包括:In a first aspect, a wireless communication method is provided, which is applied to a terminal device supporting millimeter wave communication, and the terminal device includes at least one first module for receiving and/or transmitting millimeter wave signals. The method includes:
所述终端设备发送第一信息,所述第一信息包括以下信息中的至少一种:The terminal device sends first information, where the first information includes at least one of the following information:
产生自干扰的频段组合,所述第一模块所使用的中频频率,所述第一模块的数量。Combination of frequency bands that cause self-interference, the intermediate frequency used by the first module, and the number of the first modules.
第二方面,提供了一种无线通信方法,应用于支持毫米波通信的终端设备,且所述终端设备包括至少一个用于接收和/或发送毫米波信号的第一模块,该方法包括:In a second aspect, a wireless communication method is provided, which is applied to a terminal device supporting millimeter wave communication, and the terminal device includes at least one first module for receiving and/or transmitting millimeter wave signals. The method includes:
网络设备接收所述终端设备发送的第一信息,所述第一信息包括以下信息中的至少一种:The network device receives the first information sent by the terminal device, and the first information includes at least one of the following information:
产生自干扰的频段组合,所述第一模块所使用的中频频率,所述第一模块的数量。Combination of frequency bands that cause self-interference, the intermediate frequency used by the first module, and the number of the first modules.
第三方面,提供了一种终端设备,用于执行上述第一方面或其各实现方式中的方法。In a third aspect, a terminal device is provided for executing the method in the above-mentioned first aspect or various implementations thereof.
具体地,该终端设备包括用于执行上述第一方面或其各实现方式中的方法的功能模块。Specifically, the terminal device includes a functional module for performing the method in the above-mentioned first aspect or various implementations thereof.
第四方面,提供了一种网络设备,用于执行上述第二方面或其各实现方式中的方法。According to a fourth aspect, a network device is provided for performing the method in the above-mentioned second aspect or various implementations thereof.
具体地,该网络设备包括用于执行上述第二方面或其各实现方式中的方法的功能模块。Specifically, the network device includes a functional module for performing the method in the above-mentioned second aspect or various implementations thereof.
第五方面,提供了一种终端设备,包括处理器和存储器。该存储器用于存储计算机程序,该处理器用于调用并运行该存储器中存储的计算机程序,执行上述第一方面或其各实现方式中的方法。In a fifth aspect, a terminal device is provided, including a processor and a memory. The memory is used to store a computer program, and the processor is used to call and run the computer program stored in the memory to execute the method in the first aspect or its various implementations.
第六方面,提供了一种网络设备,包括处理器和存储器。该存储器用于存储计算机程序,该处理器用于调用并运行该存储器中存储的计算机程序,执行上述第二方面或其各实现方式中的方法。In a sixth aspect, a network device is provided, including a processor and a memory. The memory is used to store a computer program, and the processor is used to call and run the computer program stored in the memory to execute the method in the second aspect or its implementations.
第七方面,提供了一种芯片,用于实现上述第一方面至第二方面中的任一方面或其各实现方式中的方法。According to a seventh aspect, a chip is provided for implementing any one of the above-mentioned first to second aspects or the method in each implementation manner.
具体地,该芯片包括:处理器,用于从存储器中调用并运行计算机程序,使得安装 有该芯片的设备执行如上述第一方面至第二方面中的任一方面或其各实现方式中的方法。Specifically, the chip includes: a processor, configured to call and run a computer program from the memory, so that the device installed with the chip executes any one of the above-mentioned first to second aspects or various implementations thereof method.
第八方面,提供了一种计算机可读存储介质,用于存储计算机程序,该计算机程序使得计算机执行上述第一方面至第二方面中的任一方面或其各实现方式中的方法。According to an eighth aspect, a computer-readable storage medium is provided for storing a computer program that causes a computer to execute the method in any one of the first to second aspects or the various implementations thereof.
第九方面,提供了一种计算机程序产品,包括计算机程序指令,所述计算机程序指令使得计算机执行上述第一方面至第二方面中的任一方面或其各实现方式中的方法。In a ninth aspect, there is provided a computer program product, including computer program instructions, the computer program instructions causing a computer to execute the method in any one of the first to second aspects or the various implementations thereof.
第十方面,提供了一种计算机程序,当其在计算机上运行时,使得计算机执行上述第一方面至第二方面中的任一方面或其各实现方式中的方法。According to a tenth aspect, there is provided a computer program which, when run on a computer, causes the computer to execute the method in any one of the above first to second aspects or the respective implementations thereof.
通过上述技术方案,支持毫米波通信的终端设备可以测量自身的自干扰强度,从而可以选择自干扰较小的用于接收和/或发送毫米波信号的第一模块来进行毫米波信号的接收和发送,提高通信质量。Through the above technical solution, a terminal device supporting millimeter wave communication can measure its own self-interference strength, so that it can select the first module for receiving and/or transmitting millimeter wave signals with less self-interference to receive and transmit millimeter wave signals. Send to improve communication quality.
附图说明BRIEF DESCRIPTION
图1是本申请实施例提供的一种通信系统架构的示意性图。FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a communication system architecture provided by an embodiment of the present application.
图2是根据本申请实施例提供的一种无线通信方法的示意性流程图。2 is a schematic flowchart of a wireless communication method according to an embodiment of the present application.
图3是根据本申请实施例提供的另一种无线通信方法的示意性流程图。FIG. 3 is a schematic flowchart of another wireless communication method according to an embodiment of the present application.
图4是根据本申请实施例提供的一种终端设备的示意性框图。4 is a schematic block diagram of a terminal device according to an embodiment of the present application.
图5是根据本申请实施例提供的一种网络设备的示意性框图。FIG. 5 is a schematic block diagram of a network device according to an embodiment of the present application.
图6是根据本申请实施例提供的一种通信设备的示意性框图。6 is a schematic block diagram of a communication device according to an embodiment of the present application.
图7是根据本申请实施例提供的一种芯片的示意性框图。7 is a schematic block diagram of a chip according to an embodiment of the present application.
图8是根据本申请实施例提供的一种通信系统的示意性框图。8 is a schematic block diagram of a communication system according to an embodiment of the present application.
具体实施方式detailed description
下面将结合本申请实施例中的附图,对本申请实施例中的技术方案进行描述,显然,所描述的实施例是本申请一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。基于本申请中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有做出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本申请保护的范围。The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application will be described below in conjunction with the drawings in the embodiments of the present application. Obviously, the described embodiments are part of the embodiments of the present application, but not all of the embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present application, all other embodiments obtained by a person of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts fall within the protection scope of the present application.
本申请实施例可以应用于各种通信系统,例如:全球移动通讯(Global System of Mobile communication,GSM)系统、码分多址(Code Division Multiple Access,CDMA)系统、宽带码分多址(Wideband Code Division Multiple Access,WCDMA)系统、通用分组无线业务(General Packet Radio Service,GPRS)、长期演进(Long Term Evolution,LTE)系统、先进的长期演进(Advanced long term evolution,LTE-A)系统、新无线(New Radio,NR)系统、NR系统的演进系统、免授权频谱上的LTE(LTE-based access to unlicensed spectrum,LTE-U)系统、免授权频谱上的NR(NR-based access to unlicensed spectrum,NR-U)系统、通用移动通信系统(Universal Mobile Telecommunication System,UMTS)、无线局域网(Wireless Local Area Networks,WLAN)、无线保真(Wireless Fidelity,WiFi)、下一代通信系统或其他通信系统等。The embodiments of the present application can be applied to various communication systems, such as: Global System of Mobile (GSM) system, Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) system, Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (Wideband Code) Division Multiple Access (WCDMA) system, General Packet Radio Service (General Packet Radio Service, GPRS), Long Term Evolution (LTE) system, Advanced Long Term Evolution (LTE-A) system, new wireless (New Radio, NR) system, evolution system of NR system, LTE (LTE-based access to unlicensed spectrum) system on unlicensed spectrum, NR (NR-based access to unlicensed spectrum) on unlicensed spectrum, NR-U) system, universal mobile communication system (Universal Mobile Telecommunication System, UMTS), wireless local area network (Wireless Local Area Areas, WLAN), wireless fidelity (Wireless Fidelity, WiFi), next-generation communication system or other communication systems, etc.
通常来说,传统的通信系统支持的连接数有限,也易于实现,然而,随着通信技术的发展,移动通信系统将不仅支持传统的通信,还将支持例如,设备到设备(Device to Device,D2D)通信,机器到机器(Machine to Machine,M2M)通信,机器类型通信(Machine Type Communication,MTC),以及车辆间(Vehicle to Vehicle,V2V)通信等,本申请实施例也可以应用于这些通信系统。Generally speaking, traditional communication systems support a limited number of connections and are easy to implement. However, with the development of communication technologies, mobile communication systems will not only support traditional communication, but also support, for example, device to device (Device to Device, D2D) communication, machine-to-machine (M2M) communication, machine-type communication (MTC), and vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication, etc. The embodiments of the present application can also be applied to these communications system.
可选地,本申请实施例中的通信系统可以应用于载波聚合(Carrier Aggregation,CA)场景,也可以应用于双连接(Dual Connectivity,DC)场景,还可以应用于独立(Standalone,SA)布网场景。Optionally, the communication system in the embodiments of the present application may be applied to a carrier aggregation (CA) scenario, a dual connectivity (DC) scenario, or a standalone (SA) configuration. Web scene.
本申请实施例对应用的频谱并不限定。例如,本申请实施例可以应用于授权频谱, 也可以应用于免授权频谱。The embodiments of the present application do not limit the applied frequency spectrum. For example, the embodiments of the present application may be applied to licensed spectrum or unlicensed spectrum.
示例性的,本申请实施例应用的通信系统100如图1所示。该通信系统100可以包括网络设备110,网络设备110可以是与终端设备120(或称为通信终端、终端)通信的设备。网络设备110可以为特定的地理区域提供通信覆盖,并且可以与位于该覆盖区域内的终端设备进行通信。Exemplarily, the communication system 100 applied in the embodiment of the present application is shown in FIG. 1. The communication system 100 may include a network device 110, and the network device 110 may be a device that communicates with a terminal device 120 (or referred to as a communication terminal, terminal). The network device 110 can provide communication coverage for a specific geographic area, and can communicate with terminal devices located within the coverage area.
图1示例性地示出了一个网络设备和两个终端设备,可选地,该通信系统100可以包括多个网络设备并且每个网络设备的覆盖范围内可以包括其它数量的终端设备,本申请实施例对此不做限定。FIG. 1 exemplarily shows one network device and two terminal devices. Optionally, the communication system 100 may include multiple network devices and each network device may include other numbers of terminal devices within the coverage area. This application The embodiment does not limit this.
可选地,该通信系统100还可以包括网络控制器、移动管理实体等其他网络实体,本申请实施例对此不作限定。Optionally, the communication system 100 may further include other network entities such as a network controller and a mobility management entity, which is not limited in the embodiments of the present application.
应理解,本申请实施例中网络/系统中具有通信功能的设备可称为通信设备。以图1示出的通信系统100为例,通信设备可包括具有通信功能的网络设备110和终端设备120,网络设备110和终端设备120可以为上文所述的具体设备,此处不再赘述;通信设备还可包括通信系统100中的其他设备,例如网络控制器、移动管理实体等其他网络实体,本申请实施例中对此不做限定。It should be understood that the devices with communication functions in the network/system in the embodiments of the present application may be referred to as communication devices. Taking the communication system 100 shown in FIG. 1 as an example, the communication device may include a network device 110 and a terminal device 120 with a communication function, and the network device 110 and the terminal device 120 may be the specific devices described above, which will not be repeated here. The communication device may also include other devices in the communication system 100, such as network controllers, mobility management entities, and other network entities, which are not limited in the embodiments of the present application.
本申请实施例结合终端设备和网络设备描述了各个实施例,其中:终端设备也可以称为用户设备(User Equipment,UE)、接入终端、用户单元、用户站、移动站、移动台、远方站、远程终端、移动设备、用户终端、终端、无线通信设备、用户代理或用户装置等。终端设备可以是WLAN中的站点(STAION,ST),可以是蜂窝电话、无绳电话、会话启动协议(Session Initiation Protocol,SIP)电话、无线本地环路(Wireless Local Loop,WLL)站、个人数字处理(Personal Digital Assistant,PDA)设备、具有无线通信功能的手持设备、计算设备或连接到无线调制解调器的其它处理设备、车载设备、可穿戴设备以及下一代通信系统,例如,NR网络中的终端设备或者未来演进的公共陆地移动网络(Public Land Mobile Network,PLMN)网络中的终端设备等。The embodiments of the present application describe various embodiments in combination with a terminal device and a network device, in which: the terminal device may also be called a user equipment (User Equipment (UE), access terminal, user unit, user station, mobile station, mobile station, remote Station, remote terminal, mobile device, user terminal, terminal, wireless communication device, user agent or user device, etc. The terminal equipment can be a station (STAION, ST) in the WLAN, it can be a cellular phone, a cordless phone, a Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) phone, a wireless local loop (Wireless Local Loop, WLL) station, personal digital processing (Personal Digital Assistant, PDA) devices, handheld devices with wireless communication capabilities, computing devices or other processing devices connected to wireless modems, in-vehicle devices, wearable devices, and next-generation communication systems, such as terminal devices in NR networks or Terminal equipment in public land mobile network (PLMN) networks that will evolve in the future.
作为示例而非限定,在本申请实施例中,该终端设备还可以是可穿戴设备。可穿戴设备也可以称为穿戴式智能设备,是应用穿戴式技术对日常穿戴进行智能化设计、开发出可以穿戴的设备的总称,如眼镜、手套、手表、服饰及鞋等。可穿戴设备即直接穿在身上,或是整合到用户的衣服或配件的一种便携式设备。可穿戴设备不仅仅是一种硬件设备,更是通过软件支持以及数据交互、云端交互来实现强大的功能。广义穿戴式智能设备包括功能全、尺寸大、可不依赖智能手机实现完整或者部分的功能,例如:智能手表或智能眼镜等,以及只专注于某一类应用功能,需要和其它设备如智能手机配合使用,如各类进行体征监测的智能手环、智能首饰等。As an example and not a limitation, in the embodiment of the present application, the terminal device may also be a wearable device. Wearable devices can also be referred to as wearable smart devices, which is a general term for applying wearable technology to intelligently design everyday wear and develop wearable devices, such as glasses, gloves, watches, clothing and shoes. A wearable device is a portable device that is worn directly on the body or integrated into the user's clothes or accessories. Wearable devices are not only a hardware device, but also achieve powerful functions through software support, data interaction, and cloud interaction. Generalized wearable smart devices include full-featured, large-sized, complete or partial functions that do not rely on smartphones, such as smart watches or smart glasses, and only focus on a certain type of application functions, and need to cooperate with other devices such as smartphones Use, such as various smart bracelets and smart jewelry for sign monitoring.
网络设备可以是用于与移动设备通信的设备,网络设备可以是WLAN中的接入点(Access Point,AP),GSM或CDMA中的基站(Base Transceiver Station,BTS),也可以是WCDMA中的基站(NodeB,NB),还可以是LTE中的演进型基站(Evolutional Node B,eNB或eNodeB),或者中继站或接入点,或者车载设备、可穿戴设备以及NR网络中的网络设备(gNB)或者未来演进的PLMN网络中的网络设备等。The network device may be a device for communicating with a mobile device, and the network device may be an access point (Access Point, AP) in WLAN, a base station (Base Transceiver Station, BTS) in GSM or CDMA, or a WCDMA A base station (NodeB, NB) can also be an evolutionary base station (Evolutional Node B, eNB or eNodeB) in LTE, or a relay station or access point, or a vehicle-mounted device, a wearable device, and a network device (gNB) in an NR network Or network equipment in the PLMN network that will evolve in the future.
在本申请实施例中,网络设备为小区提供服务,终端设备通过该小区使用的传输资源(例如,频域资源,或者说,频谱资源)与网络设备进行通信,该小区可以是网络设备(例如基站)对应的小区,小区可以属于宏基站,也可以属于小小区(Small cell)对应的基站,这里的小小区可以包括:城市小区(Metro cell)、微小区(Micro cell)、微微小区(Pico cell)、毫微微小区(Femto cell)等,这些小小区具有覆盖范围小、发射功率低的特点,适用于提供高速率的数据传输服务。In the embodiment of the present application, the network device provides services for the cell, and the terminal device communicates with the network device through the transmission resources (for example, frequency domain resources, or spectrum resources) used by the cell. The cell may be a network device (for example The cell corresponding to the base station) can belong to a macro base station or a base station corresponding to a small cell (Small cell). The small cell here may include: a metro cell, a micro cell, and a pico cell cells), femtocells, etc. These small cells have the characteristics of small coverage and low transmission power, and are suitable for providing high-speed data transmission services.
应理解,在用于蜂窝通信的无线终端的内部,会产生各种各样的自干扰信号:也就是终端内部产生/发出的信号,会干扰终端正常的接收。It should be understood that within a wireless terminal used for cellular communication, various self-interference signals may be generated: that is, signals generated/emitted inside the terminal may interfere with the normal reception of the terminal.
在本申请的一些实施例中,可以根据自干扰信号的来源,将其分为三类。In some embodiments of the present application, the self-interference signal can be classified into three types according to the source.
第一类自干扰信号可以是由通信系统的一个或几个发射信号产生的谐波或互调干扰。例如,可以是由蜂窝通信系统的一个或几个发射信号产生的谐波或互调干扰。这类自干扰信号在蜂窝通信系统是比较明显的一类干扰信号。例如,在终端设备内部的发射信号和接收信号直接存在倍频关系,譬如2倍频,3倍频,4倍频等时就存在第一类自干扰信号。一般来说,在倍频关系小于或者等于5时,第一类自干扰信号比较严重。The first type of self-interfering signal may be harmonic or intermodulation interference generated by one or several transmitted signals of the communication system. For example, it may be harmonic or intermodulation interference generated by one or several transmitted signals of a cellular communication system. This type of self-interfering signal is a more obvious type of interfering signal in cellular communication systems. For example, there is a frequency doubling relationship directly between the transmitted signal and the received signal inside the terminal device, such as 2 octave frequency, 3 octave frequency, 4 octave frequency, etc. There is the first type of self-interference signal. Generally speaking, when the frequency-doubling relationship is less than or equal to 5, the first type of self-interference signal is more serious.
第二类自干扰信号来源于手机内部不同的无线通信模块之间的干扰,例如,无线保真(Wireless-Fidelity,WiFi)信号和蜂窝信号之间的干扰。The second type of self-interference signal comes from the interference between different wireless communication modules inside the mobile phone, for example, the interference between wireless fidelity (WiFi) signal and cellular signal.
第三类自干扰信号主要源于终端内部的一些有源电子器件产生的电磁波。例如,终端设备的显示屏、终端设备的内存读取操作、终端设备的相机和电动马达等器件产生的电磁波。所述电磁波的频率范围可以为几十MHz至几百MHz,当其谐波落在蜂窝频段上,或其谐波与蜂窝频段的发射信号产生互调时,所述电磁波会对蜂窝频段的接收产生干扰。The third type of self-interference signal mainly originates from the electromagnetic waves generated by some active electronic devices inside the terminal. For example, the electromagnetic waves generated by devices such as the display screen of the terminal device, the memory reading operation of the terminal device, the camera and the electric motor of the terminal device. The frequency range of the electromagnetic wave may be tens of MHz to hundreds of MHz. When its harmonic falls on the cellular frequency band or its harmonic intermodulates with the transmitted signal of the cellular frequency band, the electromagnetic wave will receive the cellular frequency band Interference.
本申请实施例中,支持毫米波通信的终端设备在进行自干扰测量时,可以是针对上述第一类自干扰信号、第二类自干扰信号以及第三类自干扰信号中的至少一种。例如,在针对上述第一类自干扰信号时,终端设备针对第一类自干扰信号进行自干扰测量。In the embodiment of the present application, the terminal device supporting millimeter wave communication may be directed to at least one of the first type self-interference signal, the second type self-interference signal, and the third type self-interference signal when performing self-interference measurement. For example, when targeting the first-type self-interference signal, the terminal device performs self-interference measurement on the first-type self-interference signal.
随着第五代移动通信技术新空口(5-Generation New Radio,5G NR)系统的到来,支持毫米波(frequency range 2,FR2)通信的终端设备(例如手机)出现了。由于支持FR2的手机频段都比较高,一般都是在26GHz以上,例如28GHz,31GHz,甚至40GHz,其传播衰减很严重,为了保持和蜂窝网络的持续性连接,此时手机往往也会同时通过低频段(frequency range 1,FR1)(频率小于7GHz的信号)连接网络。这样支持FR2的手机在正常工作时,往往同时会保持一个低频段的无线连接和毫米波频段的无线连接。以通常使用的3.5GHz的低频段为例,与毫米波频段(26GHz以上)相比,存在比较大的倍数关系(>5),所以他们的直接收发信号之间应该不会产生严重的自干扰。但是,由于毫米波频段实现的特殊性,高低频信号之间的自干扰有时的确存在。With the advent of the fifth generation mobile communication technology (5-Generation New Radio, 5G NR) system, terminal devices (such as mobile phones) that support millimeter wave (frequency 2) communication (FR2) have appeared. Because the frequency band of mobile phones supporting FR2 is relatively high, generally above 26GHz, such as 28GHz, 31GHz, or even 40GHz, its propagation attenuation is very serious. In order to maintain a continuous connection with the cellular network, mobile phones often pass low The frequency band (frequency1, FR1) (signal with a frequency less than 7GHz) is connected to the network. In this way, mobile phones that support FR2 often maintain a low-band wireless connection and a millimeter-wave band wireless connection at the same time during normal operation. Taking the commonly used low frequency band of 3.5GHz as an example, compared with the millimeter wave band (above 26GHz), there is a relatively large multiple relationship (>5), so there should be no serious self-interference between their direct transmission and reception signals . However, due to the particularity of the millimeter wave band implementation, sometimes self-interference between high and low frequency signals does exist.
一般无线信号首先在基带上产生,将基带产生的信号通过和目标载波相同频率的射频信号进行混频,其结果是将基带信号搬移到目标载波上。这就是无线信号混频的基本原理。对于上述所说的FR1信号,基本是采用这一原理实现基带信号到目标载波(射频信号)的搬移。但是对于FR2信号,问题就比较复杂。FR2信号的载波频率很高,在26GHz以上,而一般承载信息的基带信号频率在几十MHz到几百MHz之间,如果直接把FR2对应的基带信号通过混频的方式搬移到26GHz以上的载波频率上,两者之间频率差距过大,会有难以实现的问题。因此,在实际中通过两个步骤解决:就是第一步先把待搬移的基带信号和某个中频信号混频,搬移到一个中间频率(中频信号所在的频率)上;第二步再把含有基带信号的中频信号通过混频,进一步搬移到目标FR2的频率上。其核心就是引入了中频信号,这个中频信号和基带信号以及FR2的目标频率都应该没有特别大的频差。对于26GHz以上的毫米波信号,这个中频信号在8GHz~12GHz之间都是可以的。Generally, the wireless signal is first generated on the baseband, and the signal generated from the baseband is mixed with a radio frequency signal of the same frequency as the target carrier, and the result is that the baseband signal is moved to the target carrier. This is the basic principle of wireless signal mixing. For the aforementioned FR1 signal, this principle is basically used to realize the movement of the baseband signal to the target carrier (radio frequency signal). But for FR2 signals, the problem is more complicated. The carrier frequency of the FR2 signal is very high, above 26GHz, and the frequency of the baseband signal that generally carries information is between tens of MHz and hundreds of MHz. If the baseband signal corresponding to the FR2 is directly moved to the carrier above 26GHz by mixing In terms of frequency, if the frequency gap between the two is too large, there will be problems that are difficult to achieve. Therefore, in practice, it is solved by two steps: the first step is to mix the baseband signal to be moved with an intermediate frequency signal and move it to an intermediate frequency (the frequency at which the intermediate frequency signal is located); the second step is to include The intermediate frequency signal of the baseband signal is further mixed to the frequency of the target FR2 by mixing. The core is the introduction of an intermediate frequency signal. This intermediate frequency signal and the baseband signal and the target frequency of FR2 should not have a particularly large frequency difference. For millimeter wave signals above 26 GHz, this intermediate frequency signal is possible between 8 GHz and 12 GHz.
但是,这个中频信号的引入,也导致了自干扰的产生。8GHz~12GHz的中频信号,可能与很多FR1的信号存在倍频关系,进而产生自干扰。However, the introduction of this intermediate frequency signal also led to the generation of self-interference. Intermediate frequency signals from 8GHz to 12GHz may have a frequency doubling relationship with many FR1 signals, which may cause self-interference.
具体地,当FR1的发射信号与FR2的中频信号存在倍频关系时,会产生两种自干扰:Specifically, when there is a frequency doubling relationship between the transmission signal of FR1 and the intermediate frequency signal of FR2, two types of self-interference will occur:
1、FR1的发射信号的谐波对FR2的中频信号构成干扰,这样FR1的发射信号对FR2的基带接收产生干扰;1. The harmonics of the FR1 transmitted signal interfere with the FR2 intermediate frequency signal, so that the FR1 transmitted signal interferes with the FR2 baseband reception;
2、FR1的接收信号的谐波与FR2的中频发射信号发生混频,这样FR2的发射信号对FR1的基带接收产生干扰。2. The harmonics of the FR1 received signal are mixed with the FR2 intermediate frequency transmit signal, so that the FR2 transmit signal interferes with the FR1 baseband reception.
本申请实施例将要处理这种由于FR2中频信号的引入,而产生的FR1和FR2信号之间的自干扰问题。The embodiments of the present application will deal with the problem of self-interference between the FR1 and FR2 signals due to the introduction of the FR2 intermediate frequency signal.
需要说明的是,在本申请实施例中,支持FR2的终端设备需要采用阵列天线来实现对毫米波信号的发送和/或接收。阵列天线在终端实现中,是将一组天线与射频(Radio  Frequency,RF)前端(front end)器件集成在一个模块(module)中,一般这样的模块中含有4到8根天线以及对应的射频器件。为了让终端设备(例如手机)中的阵列天线形成的波束能指向各个方向,手机中往往会安装多组阵列天线,这些阵列天线组被安装在手机的不同位置。譬如:在手机的顶部和底部各安装一组阵列天线;或是在手机的四个边,每个边安装一组阵列天线。在实际使用过程中,这些阵列天线组往往是采用时分复用模式(Testing Data Management/Technical Data Manage,TDM)切换的方式工作的,也就是同一时刻,只有一组阵列天线处于工作状态。这样安排的好处是可以避免遮挡,譬如人手握手机的位置可能正好对某个阵列天线组构成遮挡,此时终端就可以切换到另一组无遮挡的阵列天线收发FR2信号。It should be noted that, in the embodiments of the present application, the terminal device supporting FR2 needs to use an array antenna to implement transmission and/or reception of millimeter wave signals. Array antennas are implemented in the terminal by integrating a group of antennas with radio frequency (RF) front-end devices in a module. Generally, such a module contains 4 to 8 antennas and corresponding radio frequency Device. In order to allow beams formed by array antennas in a terminal device (such as a mobile phone) to point in various directions, multiple sets of array antennas are often installed in the mobile phone, and these array antenna groups are installed in different positions of the mobile phone. For example: install a group of array antennas on the top and bottom of the phone; or install a group of array antennas on each side of the phone. In actual use, these array antenna groups often work in a time division multiplexing mode (Testing/Management/Technical/Data Management, TDM) switching mode, that is, only one group of array antennas is in working state at the same time. The advantage of this arrangement is that it can avoid occlusion. For example, the position of the handshaking device may just cover an array antenna group. At this time, the terminal can switch to another group of unshielded array antennas to send and receive FR2 signals.
FR1信号与FR2信号的自干扰的强度与发射/接收FR2信号的模块(包含阵列天线组合相应的射频前端器件)的位置有关。另一方面,不同频段的FR1信号可能使用不同的射频器件,这些射频器件的位置本身也是不一样的。这样,接收/发送FR1/FR2信号器件/模块的相对位置,就可能会影响自干扰的强度,一般来说,接收/发送FR1/FR2信号器件/模块距离越远,其自干扰越弱。但是由于FR2信号频率较高,而即使考虑FR2的中频信号(8GHz~12GHz),其频率也比较高,手机的摆放位置,人手对手机手持的姿势等,都可能会对自干扰的强度构成影响。所以,要想比较准确的评估FR1与FR2信号间的自干扰影响的大小,需要引入终端设备的自评估/测量的过程,选择会产生比较小的自干扰的那个FR2的模块用作FR2信号的发射和接收。The strength of the self-interference between the FR1 signal and the FR2 signal is related to the position of the module that transmits/receives the FR2 signal (including the front-end radio frequency device corresponding to the array antenna combination). On the other hand, FR1 signals in different frequency bands may use different RF devices, and the positions of these RF devices are also different. In this way, the relative position of the receiving/transmitting FR1/FR2 signal device/module may affect the strength of self-interference. Generally speaking, the farther the receiving/transmitting FR1/FR2 signal device/module is, the weaker the self-interference. However, due to the high frequency of the FR2 signal, even if the FR2 intermediate frequency signal (8GHz to 12GHz) is considered, its frequency is relatively high. The placement of the mobile phone, the posture of the human hand to the mobile phone, etc. may constitute the strength of the self-interference. influences. Therefore, in order to more accurately assess the magnitude of the self-interference effect between the FR1 and FR2 signals, it is necessary to introduce the self-assessment/measurement process of the terminal equipment, and select the FR2 module that will generate relatively small self-interference as the FR2 signal. Transmit and receive.
应理解,FR1和FR2信号间的自干扰可以分为两个方向:It should be understood that the self-interference between FR1 and FR2 signals can be divided into two directions:
1、FR1信号的发射对FR2接收信号的干扰;1. The interference of the FR1 signal transmission to the FR2 received signal;
2、FR2信号的发射对FR1信号的接收的干扰。2. The interference of the transmission of the FR2 signal to the reception of the FR1 signal.
从自干扰产生的性质来看,FR2的模块的位置,对上述两类方向的自干扰的影响是一样的。换句话说,对于FR1信号的发射对FR2接收信号的干扰,选择一个FR2模块,如果能产生最小的自干扰的影响,那么对于FR2信号的发射对FR1信号的接收的干扰,同一个FR2模块,也能产生最小的自干扰。这个性质使得测量时只要测量上述两个方向的自干扰的某一方向就好,这样一来能增加网络设备的调度灵活性(使得网络设备能根据实际情况配置是FR1信号发射还是FR2信号发射),二来也能减少终端测量的时间。From the point of view of the nature of self-interference, the position of the FR2 module has the same effect on the self-interference in the above two directions. In other words, for the interference of the FR1 signal transmission on the FR2 received signal, select an FR2 module. If the smallest self-interference effect can be produced, then the same FR2 module for the interference of the FR2 signal transmission on the FR1 signal reception, It also produces minimal self-interference. This property makes it only necessary to measure one of the two directions of self-interference during measurement, which can increase the scheduling flexibility of the network device (so that the network device can configure whether FR1 signal transmission or FR2 signal transmission according to the actual situation) , Second, it can also reduce the measurement time of the terminal.
以下结合具体实施例阐述支持毫米波通信的终端设备如何实现自干扰测量。The following describes how the terminal device supporting millimeter wave communication implements self-interference measurement in conjunction with specific embodiments.
图2是根据本申请实施例的无线通信方法200的示意性流程图,如图2所示,该方法200应用于支持毫米波通信的终端设备,且该终端设备包括至少一个用于接收和/或发送毫米波信号的第一模块,该方法200可以包括如下内容:2 is a schematic flowchart of a wireless communication method 200 according to an embodiment of the present application. As shown in FIG. 2, the method 200 is applied to a terminal device that supports millimeter wave communication, and the terminal device includes at least one for receiving and/or Or the first module to send a millimeter wave signal, the method 200 may include the following:
S210,该终端设备向网络设备发送第一信息,该第一信息包括以下信息中的至少一种:S210. The terminal device sends first information to the network device, where the first information includes at least one of the following information:
产生自干扰的频段组合,该第一模块所使用的中频频率,该第一模块的数量。Combination of frequency bands that cause self-interference, the intermediate frequency used by the first module, and the number of the first module.
需要说明的是,该第一模块中集成有用于接收和/或发送毫米波信号的一组天线和射频(RF)前端器件,该第一模块中通常含有4到8根天线以及对应的射频器件。It should be noted that the first module integrates a set of antennas and radio frequency (RF) front-end devices for receiving and/or sending millimeter wave signals. The first module usually contains 4 to 8 antennas and corresponding radio frequency devices .
可选地,该第一模块所使用的中频频率可以位于8GHz~12GHz内,例如,10GHz。Optionally, the intermediate frequency used by the first module may be in the range of 8 GHz to 12 GHz, for example, 10 GHz.
需要说明的是,该终端设备上报该第一模块所使用的中频频率,从而网络设备就可以根据终端设备上报的中频频率自己判断哪些FR1频段会和哪些FR2频段产生干扰。It should be noted that the terminal device reports the IF frequency used by the first module, so that the network device can determine which FR1 frequency band will interfere with which FR2 frequency band according to the IF frequency reported by the terminal device.
可选地,在本申请实施例中,所述频段组合包括以下组合中的至少一种:Optionally, in the embodiment of the present application, the frequency band combination includes at least one of the following combinations:
至少一个用于上行发送的低频段与至少一个用于下行接收的毫米波频段的组合;A combination of at least one low frequency band for uplink transmission and at least one millimeter wave frequency band for downlink reception;
至少一个用于下行发送的低频段与至少一个用于上行接收的毫米波频段的组合;A combination of at least one low frequency band for downlink transmission and at least one millimeter wave frequency band for uplink reception;
至少一个用于上行发送的毫米波频段与至少一个用于下行接收的低频段的组合;A combination of at least one millimeter wave frequency band for uplink transmission and at least one low frequency band for downlink reception;
至少一个用于下行发送的毫米波频段与至少一个用于上行接收的低频段的组合。A combination of at least one millimeter wave frequency band for downlink transmission and at least one low frequency band for uplink reception.
例如,n78和n260,其中n78是FR1的频段,n260是FR2的频段。For example, n78 and n260, where n78 is the frequency band of FR1 and n260 is the frequency band of FR2.
应理解,该终端设备上报该第一模块的数量,有助于网络设备配置合适的测量参数。It should be understood that the terminal device reports the number of the first module, which helps the network device configure appropriate measurement parameters.
可选地,在本申请实施例中,该终端设备也可以根据网络设备的要求向网络设备发送该第一信息。例如,网络设备要求终端设备上报产生干扰的频段组合或是该第一模块所使用的中频频率。Optionally, in the embodiment of the present application, the terminal device may also send the first information to the network device according to the requirements of the network device. For example, the network device requires the terminal device to report the frequency band combination that caused interference or the intermediate frequency used by the first module.
可选地,在本申请实施例中,该终端设备可以基于网络设备的配置进行自干扰测量。Optionally, in the embodiment of the present application, the terminal device may perform self-interference measurement based on the configuration of the network device.
具体地,该终端设备接收网络设备发送的第一配置信息,所述第一配置信息用于配置自干扰测量参数,以及根据所述自干扰测量参数进行自干扰测量。Specifically, the terminal device receives first configuration information sent by the network device, where the first configuration information is used to configure self-interference measurement parameters and perform self-interference measurement according to the self-interference measurement parameters.
需要说明的是,网络设备在接收到该第一信息之后,根据该第一信息确定该第一配置信息,并向该终端设备发送该第一配置信息。It should be noted that after receiving the first information, the network device determines the first configuration information according to the first information, and sends the first configuration information to the terminal device.
可选地,在本申请实施例中,该自干扰测量参数包括:Optionally, in the embodiment of the present application, the self-interference measurement parameter includes:
至少一个测量时段中的每个测量时段在时域上的起始位置和测量持续时间,以及该每个测量时段对应的已知发射信号、时域资源、频域资源、发射功率中的至少一种。The starting position and the measurement duration of each measurement period in at least one measurement period in the time domain, and at least one of the known transmission signals, time domain resources, frequency domain resources, and transmission power corresponding to each measurement period Species.
可选地,该每个测量时段在时域上的起始位置包括起始位置所在的时隙标识和符号标识。Optionally, the starting position of each measurement period in the time domain includes a slot identifier and a symbol identifier where the starting position is located.
可选地,该每个测量时段对应的时域资源包括时域上的时隙标识和符号标识,该每个测量时段对应的频域资源包括频域上的物理资源块(physical resource block,PRB)标识的子载波标识。Optionally, the time domain resource corresponding to each measurement period includes a time slot identifier and a symbol identifier in the time domain, and the frequency domain resource corresponding to each measurement period includes a physical resource block (PRB) in the frequency domain ) The identified subcarrier identification.
可选地,该至少一个测量时段的数量与该至少一个第一模块的数量相同。Optionally, the number of the at least one measurement period is the same as the number of the at least one first module.
在本申请实施例中,FR1(低频段)和FR2(毫米波频段)信号间的自干扰可以分为两个类:In the embodiments of the present application, the self-interference between FR1 (low frequency band) and FR2 (millimeter wave frequency band) signals can be divided into two categories:
第一类,FR1信号的发射对FR2信号的接收的干扰;The first category, the interference of FR1 signal transmission to the reception of FR2 signal;
第二类,FR2信号的发射对FR1信号的接收的干扰。The second category is the interference of the transmission of FR2 signal to the reception of FR1 signal.
而在自干扰测量中,只需要测量上述一类自干扰,例如,测量FR1信号的发射对FR2信号的接收的干扰,就能识别出产生最小自干扰的第一模块,因此,网络设备可以指示终端设备需要执行上述哪一类自干扰。In self-interference measurement, only one type of self-interference is needed. For example, measuring the interference of the transmission of the FR1 signal to the reception of the FR2 signal can identify the first module that generates the smallest self-interference. Therefore, the network device can indicate The terminal device needs to perform which type of self-interference.
可选地,在本申请实施例中,若需测量低频段发射信号对毫米波频段接收信号的干扰,该终端设备的该至少一个第一模块分别在该至少一个测量时段内测量接收到的信号功率或者强度。Optionally, in the embodiment of the present application, if it is necessary to measure the interference of the low-frequency transmission signal to the millimeter-wave frequency reception signal, the at least one first module of the terminal device measures the received signal during the at least one measurement period, respectively Power or intensity.
可选地,在本申请实施例中,若需测量毫米波频段发射信号对低频段接收信号的干扰,该终端设备分别在该至少一个测量时段内测量来自不同的该第一模块的信号功率或者强度。需要说明的是,可以是该终端设备内用于接收和/或发送低频段信号的接收机分别在该至少一个测量时段内测量来自不同的该第一模块的信号功率或者强度。Optionally, in the embodiment of the present application, if it is necessary to measure the interference of the millimeter wave frequency band transmitted signal to the low frequency band received signal, the terminal device measures the signal power from different first modules in the at least one measurement period or strength. It should be noted that the receivers in the terminal device for receiving and/or transmitting low-band signals may respectively measure the signal power or strength from different first modules in the at least one measurement period.
可选地,作为实施例一,网络设备指示终端设备测量FR1信号的发射对FR2信号的接收的干扰。网络设备需要向终端设备配置对应的FR1频段上的时域资源和频率资源,以及发射功率。终端设备在网络设备配置的时域资源和频率资源上以给定功率发射已知信号,譬如探测参考信号(Sounding Reference Signal,SRS)。网络设备还需要向终端设备配置对应的测量时段信息,终端设备的多个FR2模块(用于接收和/或发送毫米波信号的模块)在这些测量时段上交替测量接收到的信号功率/强度。网络设备在这些测量时段上不会调度FR2的下行信号,所以FR2模块(上述第一模块)在这些测量时段上接收到的信号功率就是来自FR1信号的干扰功率。终端设备对比不同FR2模块测得的干扰功率,就可以知道哪个FR2模块带来最小的自干扰。网络设备配置的测量时段可以是以符号(symbol)为单位的,所以网络设备需要指出每个测量时段的持续时间,譬如:持续几个symbol。网络设备可以按照终端设备上报的FR2模块数目配置测量时段的数目。譬如,某终端设备有4个FR2模块,那么网络设备可以向终端设备配置4个测量时段,终端设备在每个测量时段中用不同的FR2模块进行测量。需要指出的是,对FR2模块的每个测量时段,都需要有FR1频段上对应的已知发射信号。所以网络设备可以成对的配置测量时段和FR1的发射信号。例如,网络设备可以配置如下表1所示的自干扰测量参数,以 使终端设备基于这一自干扰测量参数进行自干扰测量。Optionally, as Embodiment 1, the network device instructs the terminal device to measure the interference of the transmission of the FR1 signal on the reception of the FR2 signal. The network device needs to configure the time domain resources and frequency resources on the corresponding FR1 frequency band and the transmission power to the terminal device. The terminal device transmits a known signal at a given power on the time domain resources and frequency resources configured by the network device, such as sounding reference signals (Sounding Reference Signal, SRS). The network device also needs to configure corresponding measurement period information to the terminal device, and multiple FR2 modules (modules for receiving and/or transmitting millimeter wave signals) of the terminal device alternately measure the received signal power/strength during these measurement periods. The network device does not schedule the downlink signal of FR2 during these measurement periods, so the signal power received by the FR2 module (the above-mentioned first module) during these measurement periods is the interference power from the FR1 signal. By comparing the interference power measured by different FR2 modules, the terminal device can know which FR2 module brings the least self-interference. The measurement period configured by the network device may be in units of symbols, so the network device needs to indicate the duration of each measurement period, for example, several symbols. The network device may configure the number of measurement periods according to the number of FR2 modules reported by the terminal device. For example, a terminal device has 4 FR2 modules, then the network device can configure the terminal device with 4 measurement periods, and the terminal device uses different FR2 modules for measurement in each measurement period. It should be pointed out that for each measurement period of the FR2 module, a corresponding known transmission signal on the FR1 frequency band is required. Therefore, the network device can configure the measurement period and the transmission signal of FR1 in pairs. For example, the network device may configure self-interference measurement parameters shown in Table 1 below, so that the terminal device performs self-interference measurement based on this self-interference measurement parameter.
表1Table 1
测量时段1:在时域上的起始位置及持续时间Measurement period 1: starting position and duration in the time domain FR1发射信号的时域和频率资源,发射功率Time domain and frequency resources of FR1 transmit signal, transmit power
测量时段2:在时域上的起始位置及持续时间Measurement period 2: starting position and duration in the time domain FR1发射信号的时域和频率资源,发射功率Time domain and frequency resources of FR1 transmit signal, transmit power
测量时段3:在时域上的起始位置及持续时间Measurement period 3: starting position and duration in the time domain FR1发射信号的时域和频率资源,发射功率Time domain and frequency resources of FR1 transmit signal, transmit power
测量时段4:在时域上的起始位置及持续时间Measurement period 4: starting position and duration in the time domain FR1发射信号的时域和频率资源,发射功率Time domain and frequency resources of FR1 transmit signal, transmit power
需要说明的是,对于测量时段在时域上的起始位置,需要指明时隙号(slot number)以及symbol号(或标识)。而不同测量时段对应的FR1的发射信号的配置,需要指出其时域资源和频域资源的具体位置,包括时域上的slot号(或标识),所在symbol号(或标识),频域的PRB号(或标识)和子载波(subcarrier)编号(或标识)。It should be noted that, for the starting position of the measurement period in the time domain, a slot number (slot number) and a symbol number (or logo) need to be specified. For the configuration of the FR1 transmission signal corresponding to different measurement periods, it is necessary to indicate the specific location of the time domain resource and frequency domain resource, including the slot number (or logo) in the time domain, the symbol number (or logo) where it is located, and the frequency domain PRB number (or logo) and subcarrier (subcarrier) number (or logo).
可选地,作为实施例二,网络设备指示终端设备测量FR2信号的发射对FR1信号的接收的干扰。网络设备需要向终端设备配置多组FR2频段上的时域资源和频率资源,以及相应的发射功率。终端设备在网络设备配置的时域资源和频率资源上交替的采用不同的FR2模块(用于接收和/或发送毫米波信号的模块)以给定功率发射已知信号,譬如SRS。网络设备还需要向终端配置对应的测量时段信息,终端设备的FR1的相应频段的接收机在这些测量时段上依次测量接收到的信号功率/强度。网络设备在这些测量时段上不会调度FR1的下行信号,所以FR1的接收机在这些测量时段上接收到的信号功率就是来自FR2信号的干扰功率。终端设备对比不同测量时段内测得的干扰功率,就可以知道哪个FR2模块带来最小的自干扰。网络设备配置的测量时段可以是以symbol为单位的,所以网络设备需要指出每个测量时段的持续时间,譬如:持续几个symbol。网络设备可以按照终端设备上报的FR2模块数目配置测量时段的数目。譬如,某终端设备有4个FR2模块,那么网络设备可以向这一终端设备配置4个测量时段,终端设备在每个测量时段内测量来自用不同的FR2模块的干扰信号。需要指出的是,对每个测量时段,都需要有FR2频段上对应的给定的发射信号。所以网络设备可以成对的配置测量时段和FR2的发射信号。例如,网络设备可以配置如下表2所示的自干扰测量参数,以使终端设备基于这一自干扰测量参数进行自干扰测量。Optionally, as the second embodiment, the network device instructs the terminal device to measure the interference of the transmission of the FR2 signal on the reception of the FR1 signal. The network device needs to configure the terminal device with multiple sets of time domain resources and frequency resources on the FR2 frequency band, and corresponding transmit power. The terminal equipment alternately uses different FR2 modules (modules for receiving and/or sending millimeter wave signals) on the time domain resources and frequency resources configured by the network equipment to transmit known signals at a given power, such as SRS. The network device also needs to configure corresponding measurement period information to the terminal, and the receiver of the corresponding frequency band of the FR1 of the terminal device sequentially measures the received signal power/strength during these measurement periods. The network device does not schedule the downlink signal of FR1 during these measurement periods, so the signal power received by the receiver of FR1 during these measurement periods is the interference power from the FR2 signal. By comparing the interference power measured in different measurement periods, the terminal device can know which FR2 module brings the least self-interference. The measurement period configured by the network device may be in units of symbols, so the network device needs to indicate the duration of each measurement period, for example, several symbols. The network device may configure the number of measurement periods according to the number of FR2 modules reported by the terminal device. For example, a terminal device has 4 FR2 modules, then the network device can configure 4 measurement periods for this terminal device, and the terminal device measures the interference signal from different FR2 modules in each measurement period. It should be pointed out that for each measurement period, there is a corresponding given transmission signal on the FR2 frequency band. Therefore, the network device can configure the measurement period and the FR2 transmission signal in pairs. For example, the network device may configure self-interference measurement parameters shown in Table 2 below, so that the terminal device performs self-interference measurement based on this self-interference measurement parameter.
表2Table 2
测量时段1:在时域上的起始位置及持续时间Measurement period 1: starting position and duration in the time domain FR2发射信号的时域和频率资源,发射功率Time domain and frequency resources of FR2 transmission signal, transmission power
测量时段2:在时域上的起始位置及持续时间Measurement period 2: starting position and duration in the time domain FR2发射信号的时域和频率资源,发射功率Time domain and frequency resources of FR2 transmission signal, transmission power
测量时段3:在时域上的起始位置及持续时间Measurement period 3: starting position and duration in the time domain FR2发射信号的时域和频率资源,发射功率Time domain and frequency resources of FR2 transmission signal, transmission power
测量时段4:在时域上的起始位置及持续时间Measurement period 4: starting position and duration in the time domain FR2发射信号的时域和频率资源,发射功率Time domain and frequency resources of FR2 transmission signal, transmission power
需要说明的是,对于测量时段在时域上的起始位置,需要指明时隙号(slot number)以及symbol号(或标识)。而不同测量时段对应的FR2的发射信号的配置,需要指出其时域资源和频域资源的具体位置,包括时域上的slot号(或标识),所在symbol号(或标识),频域的PRB号(或标识)和子载波编号(或标识)。It should be noted that, for the starting position of the measurement period in the time domain, a slot number (slot number) and a symbol number (or logo) need to be specified. For the configuration of the FR2 transmission signal corresponding to different measurement periods, it is necessary to indicate the specific location of the time domain resource and frequency domain resource, including the slot number (or logo) in the time domain, the symbol number (or logo) where it is located, and the frequency domain PRB number (or logo) and subcarrier number (or logo).
可选地,在本申请实施例中,所述终端设备优先切换至测量得到的最小的信号功率或者强度所对应的所述第一模块。Optionally, in the embodiment of the present application, the terminal device preferentially switches to the first module corresponding to the measured minimum signal power or strength.
可选地,在本申请实施例中,终端设备也可以向网络设备上报测量结果。Optionally, in the embodiment of the present application, the terminal device may also report the measurement result to the network device.
具体地,所述终端设备向该网络设备发送第二信息,其中,所述第二信息用于指示测量得到的最小或者最大的信号功率或者强度,或者用于指示测量得到的最小或者最大 的信号功率或者强度所对应的测量时段标识,或者用于指示测量得到的最小或者最大的信号功率或者强度所对应的毫米波发射信号的时域/频域位置。Specifically, the terminal device sends second information to the network device, where the second information is used to indicate the measured minimum or maximum signal power or strength, or to indicate the measured minimum or maximum signal The measurement period identifier corresponding to the power or intensity, or used to indicate the time/frequency domain position of the millimeter wave transmission signal corresponding to the measured minimum or maximum signal power or intensity.
需要说明的是,该终端设备可以主动向该网络设备发送该第二信息,该终端设备也可以是在该网络设备要求下向该网络设备发送该第二信息。It should be noted that the terminal device may actively send the second information to the network device, or the terminal device may send the second information to the network device upon request of the network device.
例如,该终端设备接收该网络设备发送的第二配置信息,该第二配置信息用于指示该终端设备上报该第二信息,响应于该第二配置信息,该终端设备发送该第二信息。For example, the terminal device receives second configuration information sent by the network device, and the second configuration information is used to instruct the terminal device to report the second information, and in response to the second configuration information, the terminal device sends the second information.
应理解,一般来说终端设备采用哪个FR2模块用来发送和/或接收FR2信号是终端设备实现,无需向网络设备汇报。但在有些时候,向网络设备汇报有利于网络设备做出合理的调度决定的。终端设备可以向网络设备汇报其测得的最小和最大的干扰强度,这一干扰强度是在测量时段中测得的。终端设备还可以汇报最小和最大的干扰强度对应的FR2模块,但是终端设备的FR2模块的位置对网络设备是不可见的,所以对于采用FR2模块测量得到的结果(FR1信号的发射对FR2信号的接收的干扰),终端设备汇报最小/最大干扰强度对应的测量时段的编号;对于测量不同FR2模块发射信号得到的结果(FR2信号的发射对FR1信号的接收的干扰),终端设备汇报最小/最大干扰强度对应的FR2发射信号的时域/频率位置。如果网络设备是采用如上述表1和/或表2所述的成对的配置测量时段与被测量的发射信号的参数,对于测量不同FR2模块发射信号得到的结果(FR2信号的发射对FR1信号的接收的干扰),终端设备也可以汇报测量时段的编号。上述终端设备对网络设备的汇报可以是在网络设备的要求下做出的。It should be understood that, generally speaking, which FR2 module is used by the terminal device to send and/or receive FR2 signals is implemented by the terminal device, and there is no need to report to the network device. But in some cases, reporting to the network equipment is helpful for the network equipment to make a reasonable scheduling decision. The terminal device may report the measured minimum and maximum interference intensity to the network device. This interference intensity is measured during the measurement period. The terminal device can also report the FR2 module corresponding to the minimum and maximum interference strength, but the location of the FR2 module of the terminal device is not visible to the network device, so for the results obtained by using the FR2 module (the transmission of the FR1 signal to the FR2 signal Received interference), the terminal equipment reports the number of the measurement period corresponding to the minimum/maximum interference intensity; for the results obtained by measuring the signals transmitted by different FR2 modules (the interference of the transmission of the FR2 signal on the reception of the FR1 signal), the terminal equipment reports the minimum/maximum The time domain/frequency location of the FR2 transmitted signal corresponding to the interference intensity. If the network device adopts the paired configuration of the measurement period and the parameters of the measured transmitted signal as described in Table 1 and/or Table 2 above, the results obtained by measuring the signals transmitted by different FR2 modules (the transmission of the FR2 signal to the FR1 signal The received interference), the terminal device can also report the number of the measurement period. The report of the terminal device to the network device may be made under the requirements of the network device.
因此,在本申请实施例中,支持毫米波通信的终端设备可以测量自身的自干扰强度,从而可以选择自干扰较小的用于接收和/或发送毫米波信号的第一模块来进行毫米波信号的接收和发送,提高通信质量。Therefore, in the embodiment of the present application, a terminal device supporting millimeter wave communication can measure its own self-interference strength, so that a first module for receiving and/or transmitting millimeter wave signals with less self-interference can be selected to perform millimeter wave Signal reception and transmission improve communication quality.
图3是根据本申请实施例的无线通信方法300的示意性流程图,该方法300应用于支持毫米波通信的终端设备,且该终端设备包括至少一个用于接收和/或发送毫米波信号的第一模块,如图3所示,该方法300可以包括如下内容:3 is a schematic flowchart of a wireless communication method 300 according to an embodiment of the present application. The method 300 is applied to a terminal device that supports millimeter wave communication, and the terminal device includes at least one for receiving and/or transmitting millimeter wave signals. The first module, as shown in FIG. 3, the method 300 may include the following:
S310,网络设备接收该终端设备发送的第一信息,该第一信息包括以下信息中的至少一种:S310. The network device receives first information sent by the terminal device, where the first information includes at least one of the following information:
产生自干扰的频段组合,该第一模块所使用的中频频率,该第一模块的数量。Combination of frequency bands that cause self-interference, the intermediate frequency used by the first module, and the number of the first module.
可选地,在本申请实施例中,该频段组合包括以下组合中的至少一种:Optionally, in the embodiment of the present application, the frequency band combination includes at least one of the following combinations:
至少一个用于上行发送的低频段与至少一个用于下行接收的毫米波频段的组合;A combination of at least one low frequency band for uplink transmission and at least one millimeter wave frequency band for downlink reception;
至少一个用于下行发送的低频段与至少一个用于上行接收的毫米波频段的组合;A combination of at least one low frequency band for downlink transmission and at least one millimeter wave frequency band for uplink reception;
至少一个用于上行发送的毫米波频段与至少一个用于下行接收的低频段的组合;A combination of at least one millimeter wave frequency band for uplink transmission and at least one low frequency band for downlink reception;
至少一个用于下行发送的毫米波频段与至少一个用于上行接收的低频段的组合。A combination of at least one millimeter wave frequency band for downlink transmission and at least one low frequency band for uplink reception.
可选地,在本申请实施例中,该网络设备根据该第一信息,向该终端设备发送第一配置信息,该第一配置信息用于配置自干扰测量参数。从而,该终端设备可以基于该第一配置信息进行自干扰测量。Optionally, in the embodiment of the present application, the network device sends first configuration information to the terminal device according to the first information, where the first configuration information is used to configure self-interference measurement parameters. Therefore, the terminal device can perform self-interference measurement based on the first configuration information.
可选地,该自干扰测量参数包括:Optionally, the self-interference measurement parameters include:
至少一个测量时段中的每个测量时段在时域上的起始位置和测量持续时间,以及该每个测量时段对应的已知发射信号、时域资源、频域资源、发射功率中的至少一种。The starting position and the measurement duration of each measurement period in at least one measurement period in the time domain, and at least one of the known transmission signals, time domain resources, frequency domain resources, and transmission power corresponding to each measurement period Species.
可选地,该每个测量时段在时域上的起始位置包括起始位置所在的时隙标识和符号标识。Optionally, the starting position of each measurement period in the time domain includes a slot identifier and a symbol identifier where the starting position is located.
可选地,该每个测量时段对应的时域资源包括时域上的时隙标识和符号标识,该每个测量时段对应的频域资源包括频域上的PRB标识的子载波标识。Optionally, the time domain resource corresponding to each measurement period includes a time slot identifier and a symbol identifier in the time domain, and the frequency domain resource corresponding to each measurement period includes a subcarrier identifier of a PRB identifier in the frequency domain.
可选地,该至少一个测量时段的数量与该至少一个第一模块的数量相同。Optionally, the number of the at least one measurement period is the same as the number of the at least one first module.
可选地,在本申请实施例中,该网络设备接收该终端设备发送的第二信息,其中,该第二信息用于指示测量得到的最小或者最大的信号功率或者强度,或者用于指示测量得到的最小或者最大的信号功率或者强度所对应的测量时段标识,或者用于指示测量得 到的最小或者最大的信号功率或者强度所对应的毫米波发射信号的时域/频域位置。Optionally, in an embodiment of the present application, the network device receives second information sent by the terminal device, where the second information is used to indicate the measured minimum or maximum signal power or strength, or to indicate measurement The measurement period identifier corresponding to the obtained minimum or maximum signal power or intensity, or used to indicate the time/frequency domain position of the millimeter wave transmission signal corresponding to the measured minimum or maximum signal power or intensity.
可选地,在本申请实施例中,该网络设备根据该第二信息调度该终端设备。Optionally, in the embodiment of the present application, the network device schedules the terminal device according to the second information.
可选地,在本申请实施例中,在接收该第二信息之前,该网络设备向该终端设备发送第二配置信息,该第二配置信息用于指示该终端设备上报该第二信息。Optionally, in the embodiment of the present application, before receiving the second information, the network device sends second configuration information to the terminal device, where the second configuration information is used to instruct the terminal device to report the second information.
可选地,在本申请实施例中,在接收该第一信息之前,该网络设备向该终端设备发送第三配置信息,该第三配置信息用于指示该终端设备上报该第一信息。Optionally, in the embodiment of the present application, before receiving the first information, the network device sends third configuration information to the terminal device, where the third configuration information is used to instruct the terminal device to report the first information.
应理解,无线通信方法300中的步骤可以参考无线通信方法200中的相应步骤,具体地,关于第一信息,第一配置信息,第二信息的相关描述可以参考无线通信方法200中的描述,为了简洁,在此不再赘述。It should be understood that, for the steps in the wireless communication method 300, reference may be made to the corresponding steps in the wireless communication method 200. Specifically, for the relevant description of the first information, the first configuration information, and the second information, reference may be made to the description in the wireless communication method 200, For brevity, I will not repeat them here.
因此,在本申请实施例中,网络设备基于终端设备上报的第一信息配置自干扰测量参数,从而支持毫米波通信的终端设备可以测量自身的自干扰强度,进而可以选择自干扰较小的用于接收和/或发送毫米波信号的第一模块来进行毫米波信号的接收和发送,提高通信质量。Therefore, in the embodiment of the present application, the network device configures self-interference measurement parameters based on the first information reported by the terminal device, so that the terminal device supporting millimeter-wave communication can measure its own self-interference strength, and then can select a device with less self-interference. The first module receives and/or sends the millimeter wave signal to receive and send the millimeter wave signal, thereby improving the communication quality.
图4示出了根据本申请实施例的终端设备400的示意性框图。该终端设备400为支持毫米波通信的终端设备,且该终端设备400包括至少一个用于接收和/或发送毫米波信号的第一模块,如图4所示,该终端设备400包括:FIG. 4 shows a schematic block diagram of a terminal device 400 according to an embodiment of the present application. The terminal device 400 is a terminal device supporting millimeter wave communication, and the terminal device 400 includes at least one first module for receiving and/or transmitting millimeter wave signals. As shown in FIG. 4, the terminal device 400 includes:
通信单元410,用于发送第一信息,该第一信息包括以下信息中的至少一种:The communication unit 410 is configured to send first information, where the first information includes at least one of the following information:
产生自干扰的频段组合,该第一模块所使用的中频频率,该第一模块的数量。Combination of frequency bands that cause self-interference, the intermediate frequency used by the first module, and the number of the first module.
可选地,该频段组合包括以下组合中的至少一种:Optionally, the frequency band combination includes at least one of the following combinations:
至少一个用于上行发送的低频段与至少一个用于下行接收的毫米波频段的组合;A combination of at least one low frequency band for uplink transmission and at least one millimeter wave frequency band for downlink reception;
至少一个用于下行发送的低频段与至少一个用于上行接收的毫米波频段的组合;A combination of at least one low frequency band for downlink transmission and at least one millimeter wave frequency band for uplink reception;
至少一个用于上行发送的毫米波频段与至少一个用于下行接收的低频段的组合;A combination of at least one millimeter wave frequency band for uplink transmission and at least one low frequency band for downlink reception;
至少一个用于下行发送的毫米波频段与至少一个用于上行接收的低频段的组合。A combination of at least one millimeter wave frequency band for downlink transmission and at least one low frequency band for uplink reception.
可选地,该终端设备400还包括:Optionally, the terminal device 400 further includes:
该通信单元410还用于接收基于该第一信息确定的第一配置信息,该第一配置信息用于配置自干扰测量参数;The communication unit 410 is further configured to receive first configuration information determined based on the first information, where the first configuration information is used to configure self-interference measurement parameters;
处理单元420,用于根据该自干扰测量参数进行自干扰测量。The processing unit 420 is configured to perform self-interference measurement according to the self-interference measurement parameter.
可选地,该自干扰测量参数包括:Optionally, the self-interference measurement parameters include:
至少一个测量时段中的每个测量时段在时域上的起始位置和测量持续时间,以及该每个测量时段对应的已知发射信号、时域资源、频域资源、发射功率中的至少一种。The starting position and the measurement duration of each measurement period in at least one measurement period in the time domain, and at least one of the known transmission signals, time domain resources, frequency domain resources, and transmission power corresponding to each measurement period Species.
可选地,该每个测量时段在时域上的起始位置包括起始位置所在的时隙标识和符号标识。Optionally, the starting position of each measurement period in the time domain includes a slot identifier and a symbol identifier where the starting position is located.
可选地,该每个测量时段对应的时域资源包括时域上的时隙标识和符号标识,该每个测量时段对应的频域资源包括频域上的PRB标识的子载波标识。Optionally, the time domain resource corresponding to each measurement period includes a time slot identifier and a symbol identifier in the time domain, and the frequency domain resource corresponding to each measurement period includes a subcarrier identifier of a PRB identifier in the frequency domain.
可选地,该至少一个测量时段的数量与该至少一个第一模块的数量相同。Optionally, the number of the at least one measurement period is the same as the number of the at least one first module.
可选地,若需测量低频段发射信号对毫米波频段接收信号的干扰,Optionally, if it is necessary to measure the interference of the transmitted signal in the low frequency band to the received signal in the millimeter wave frequency band,
该处理单元420具体用于:The processing unit 420 is specifically used for:
控制该至少一个第一模块分别在该至少一个测量时段内测量接收到的信号功率或者强度。Controlling the at least one first module to respectively measure the received signal power or strength during the at least one measurement period.
可选地,若需测量毫米波频段发射信号对低频段接收信号的干扰,Optionally, if it is necessary to measure the interference of the millimeter wave frequency band transmitted signal to the low frequency band received signal,
该处理单元420具体用于:The processing unit 420 is specifically used for:
分别在该至少一个测量时段内测量来自不同的该第一模块的信号功率或者强度。The signal power or strength from different first modules are respectively measured in the at least one measurement period.
可选地,该处理单元420还用于控制该终端设备优先切换至测量得到的最小的信号功率或者强度所对应的该第一模块。Optionally, the processing unit 420 is further configured to control the terminal device to preferentially switch to the first module corresponding to the measured minimum signal power or strength.
可选地,该通信单元410还用于发送第二信息,其中,该第二信息用于指示测量得到的最小或者最大的信号功率或者强度,或者用于指示测量得到的最小或者最大的信号 功率或者强度所对应的测量时段标识,或者用于指示测量得到的最小或者最大的信号功率或者强度所对应的毫米波发射信号的时域/频域位置。Optionally, the communication unit 410 is further configured to send second information, where the second information is used to indicate the measured minimum or maximum signal power or strength, or to indicate the measured minimum or maximum signal power Or the measurement period identifier corresponding to the intensity, or used to indicate the time/frequency domain position of the millimeter wave transmission signal corresponding to the measured minimum or maximum signal power or intensity.
可选地,该通信单元410还用于接收第二配置信息,该第二配置信息用于指示该终端设备上报该第二信息;Optionally, the communication unit 410 is further configured to receive second configuration information, and the second configuration information is used to instruct the terminal device to report the second information;
该通信单元410具体用于:The communication unit 410 is specifically used for:
响应于该第二配置信息,发送该第二信息。In response to the second configuration information, the second information is sent.
应理解,根据本申请实施例的终端设备400可对应于本申请方法实施例中的终端设备,并且终端设备400中的各个单元的上述和其它操作和/或功能分别为了实现图2所示方法200中终端设备的相应流程,为了简洁,在此不再赘述。It should be understood that the terminal device 400 according to the embodiment of the present application may correspond to the terminal device in the method embodiment of the present application, and the above-mentioned and other operations and/or functions of the units in the terminal device 400 are respectively for implementing the method shown in FIG. 2 For the sake of brevity, the corresponding process of the terminal device in 200 will not be repeated here.
图5示出了根据本申请实施例的网络设备500的示意性框图。该网络设备500与支持毫米波通信的终端设备建立通信连接,且该终端设备包括至少一个用于接收和/或发送毫米波信号的第一模块,如图5所示,该网络设备500包括:FIG. 5 shows a schematic block diagram of a network device 500 according to an embodiment of the present application. The network device 500 establishes a communication connection with a terminal device supporting millimeter wave communication, and the terminal device includes at least one first module for receiving and/or sending millimeter wave signals. As shown in FIG. 5, the network device 500 includes:
通信单元510,用于接收该终端设备发送的第一信息,该第一信息包括以下信息中的至少一种:The communication unit 510 is configured to receive first information sent by the terminal device, where the first information includes at least one of the following information:
产生自干扰的频段组合,该第一模块所使用的中频频率,该第一模块的数量。Combination of frequency bands that cause self-interference, the intermediate frequency used by the first module, and the number of the first module.
可选地,该频段组合包括以下组合中的至少一种:Optionally, the frequency band combination includes at least one of the following combinations:
至少一个用于上行发送的低频段与至少一个用于下行接收的毫米波频段的组合;A combination of at least one low frequency band for uplink transmission and at least one millimeter wave frequency band for downlink reception;
至少一个用于下行发送的低频段与至少一个用于上行接收的毫米波频段的组合;A combination of at least one low frequency band for downlink transmission and at least one millimeter wave frequency band for uplink reception;
至少一个用于上行发送的毫米波频段与至少一个用于下行接收的低频段的组合;A combination of at least one millimeter wave frequency band for uplink transmission and at least one low frequency band for downlink reception;
至少一个用于下行发送的毫米波频段与至少一个用于上行接收的低频段的组合。A combination of at least one millimeter wave frequency band for downlink transmission and at least one low frequency band for uplink reception.
可选地,该通信单元510还用于根据该第一信息,向该终端设备发送第一配置信息,该第一配置信息用于配置自干扰测量参数。Optionally, the communication unit 510 is further configured to send first configuration information to the terminal device according to the first information, where the first configuration information is used to configure self-interference measurement parameters.
可选地,该自干扰测量参数包括:Optionally, the self-interference measurement parameters include:
至少一个测量时段中的每个测量时段在时域上的起始位置和测量持续时间,以及该每个测量时段对应的已知发射信号、时域资源、频域资源、发射功率中的至少一种。The starting position and the measurement duration of each measurement period in at least one measurement period in the time domain, and at least one of the known transmission signals, time domain resources, frequency domain resources, and transmission power corresponding to each measurement period Species.
可选地,该每个测量时段在时域上的起始位置包括起始位置所在的时隙标识和符号标识。Optionally, the starting position of each measurement period in the time domain includes a slot identifier and a symbol identifier where the starting position is located.
可选地,该每个测量时段对应的时域资源包括时域上的时隙标识和符号标识,该每个测量时段对应的频域资源包括频域上的PRB标识的子载波标识。Optionally, the time domain resource corresponding to each measurement period includes a time slot identifier and a symbol identifier in the time domain, and the frequency domain resource corresponding to each measurement period includes a subcarrier identifier of a PRB identifier in the frequency domain.
可选地,该至少一个测量时段的数量与该至少一个第一模块的数量相同。Optionally, the number of the at least one measurement period is the same as the number of the at least one first module.
可选地,该通信单元510还用于接收该终端设备发送的第二信息,其中,该第二信息用于指示测量得到的最小或者最大的信号功率或者强度,或者用于指示测量得到的最小或者最大的信号功率或者强度所对应的测量时段标识,或者用于指示测量得到的最小或者最大的信号功率或者强度所对应的毫米波发射信号的时域/频域位置。Optionally, the communication unit 510 is further configured to receive second information sent by the terminal device, where the second information is used to indicate the measured minimum or maximum signal power or strength, or to indicate the measured minimum Either the measurement period identifier corresponding to the maximum signal power or intensity, or used to indicate the time/frequency domain position of the millimeter wave transmission signal corresponding to the measured minimum or maximum signal power or intensity.
可选地,该网络设备500还包括:Optionally, the network device 500 further includes:
处理单元520,用于根据该第二信息调度该终端设备。The processing unit 520 is configured to schedule the terminal device according to the second information.
可选地,在该通信单元510接收该第二信息之前,该通信单元510还用于向该终端设备发送第二配置信息,该第二配置信息用于指示该终端设备上报该第二信息。Optionally, before the communication unit 510 receives the second information, the communication unit 510 is further configured to send second configuration information to the terminal device, where the second configuration information is used to instruct the terminal device to report the second information.
应理解,根据本申请实施例的网络设备500可对应于本申请方法实施例中的网络设备,并且网络设备500中的各个单元的上述和其它操作和/或功能分别为了实现图3所示方法300中网络设备的相应流程,为了简洁,在此不再赘述。It should be understood that the network device 500 according to the embodiment of the present application may correspond to the network device in the method embodiment of the present application, and the above-mentioned and other operations and/or functions of each unit in the network device 500 are respectively for implementing the method shown in FIG. 3 The corresponding process of the network device in 300 will not be repeated here for brevity.
图6是本申请实施例提供的一种通信设备600示意性结构图。图6所示的通信设备600包括处理器610,处理器610可以从存储器中调用并运行计算机程序,以实现本申请实施例中的方法。FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a communication device 600 provided by an embodiment of the present application. The communication device 600 shown in FIG. 6 includes a processor 610, and the processor 610 can call and run a computer program from the memory to implement the method in the embodiments of the present application.
可选地,如图6所示,通信设备600还可以包括存储器620。其中,处理器610可以从存储器620中调用并运行计算机程序,以实现本申请实施例中的方法。Optionally, as shown in FIG. 6, the communication device 600 may further include a memory 620. The processor 610 can call and run a computer program from the memory 620 to implement the method in the embodiments of the present application.
其中,存储器620可以是独立于处理器610的一个单独的器件,也可以集成在处理器610中。The memory 620 may be a separate device independent of the processor 610, or may be integrated in the processor 610.
可选地,如图6所示,通信设备600还可以包括收发器630,处理器610可以控制该收发器630与其他设备进行通信,具体地,可以向其他设备发送信息或数据,或接收其他设备发送的信息或数据。Optionally, as shown in FIG. 6, the communication device 600 may further include a transceiver 630, and the processor 610 may control the transceiver 630 to communicate with other devices, specifically, may send information or data to other devices, or receive other Information or data sent by the device.
其中,收发器630可以包括发射机和接收机。收发器630还可以进一步包括天线,天线的数量可以为一个或多个。Among them, the transceiver 630 may include a transmitter and a receiver. The transceiver 630 may further include antennas, and the number of antennas may be one or more.
可选地,该通信设备600具体可为本申请实施例的网络设备,并且该通信设备600可以实现本申请实施例的各个方法中由网络设备实现的相应流程,为了简洁,在此不再赘述。Optionally, the communication device 600 may specifically be a network device according to an embodiment of the present application, and the communication device 600 may implement the corresponding process implemented by the network device in each method of the embodiment of the present application. .
可选地,该通信设备600具体可为本申请实施例的移动终端/终端设备,并且该通信设备600可以实现本申请实施例的各个方法中由移动终端/终端设备实现的相应流程,为了简洁,在此不再赘述。Optionally, the communication device 600 may specifically be a mobile terminal/terminal device according to an embodiment of the present application, and the communication device 600 may implement the corresponding process implemented by the mobile terminal/terminal device in each method of the embodiment of the present application, for simplicity And will not be repeated here.
图7是本申请实施例的芯片的示意性结构图。图7所示的芯片700包括处理器710,处理器710可以从存储器中调用并运行计算机程序,以实现本申请实施例中的方法。7 is a schematic structural diagram of a chip according to an embodiment of the present application. The chip 700 shown in FIG. 7 includes a processor 710, and the processor 710 can call and run a computer program from the memory to implement the method in the embodiment of the present application.
可选地,如图7所示,芯片700还可以包括存储器720。其中,处理器710可以从存储器720中调用并运行计算机程序,以实现本申请实施例中的方法。Optionally, as shown in FIG. 7, the chip 700 may further include a memory 720. The processor 710 can call and run a computer program from the memory 720 to implement the method in the embodiments of the present application.
其中,存储器720可以是独立于处理器710的一个单独的器件,也可以集成在处理器710中。The memory 720 may be a separate device independent of the processor 710, or may be integrated in the processor 710.
可选地,该芯片700还可以包括输入接口730。其中,处理器710可以控制该输入接口730与其他设备或芯片进行通信,具体地,可以获取其他设备或芯片发送的信息或数据。Optionally, the chip 700 may further include an input interface 730. The processor 710 can control the input interface 730 to communicate with other devices or chips. Specifically, it can obtain information or data sent by other devices or chips.
可选地,该芯片700还可以包括输出接口740。其中,处理器710可以控制该输出接口740与其他设备或芯片进行通信,具体地,可以向其他设备或芯片输出信息或数据。Optionally, the chip 700 may further include an output interface 740. The processor 710 can control the output interface 740 to communicate with other devices or chips. Specifically, it can output information or data to other devices or chips.
可选地,该芯片可应用于本申请实施例中的网络设备,并且该芯片可以实现本申请实施例的各个方法中由网络设备实现的相应流程,为了简洁,在此不再赘述。Optionally, the chip can be applied to the network device in the embodiment of the present application, and the chip can implement the corresponding process implemented by the network device in each method of the embodiment of the present application.
可选地,该芯片可应用于本申请实施例中的移动终端/终端设备,并且该芯片可以实现本申请实施例的各个方法中由移动终端/终端设备实现的相应流程,为了简洁,在此不再赘述。Optionally, the chip can be applied to the mobile terminal/terminal device in the embodiments of the present application, and the chip can implement the corresponding process implemented by the mobile terminal/terminal device in each method of the embodiments of the present application. No longer.
应理解,本申请实施例提到的芯片还可以称为系统级芯片,系统芯片,芯片系统或片上系统芯片等。It should be understood that the chips mentioned in the embodiments of the present application may also be referred to as system-on-chips, system chips, chip systems, or system-on-chip chips.
图8是本申请实施例提供的一种通信系统800的示意性框图。如图8所示,该通信系统800包括终端设备810和网络设备820。FIG. 8 is a schematic block diagram of a communication system 800 provided by an embodiment of the present application. As shown in FIG. 8, the communication system 800 includes a terminal device 810 and a network device 820.
其中,该终端设备810可以用于实现上述方法中由终端设备实现的相应的功能,以及该网络设备820可以用于实现上述方法中由网络设备实现的相应的功能为了简洁,在此不再赘述。Wherein, the terminal device 810 can be used to implement the corresponding function implemented by the terminal device in the above method, and the network device 820 can be used to implement the corresponding function implemented by the network device in the above method. .
应理解,本申请实施例的处理器可能是一种集成电路芯片,具有信号的处理能力。在实现过程中,上述方法实施例的各步骤可以通过处理器中的硬件的集成逻辑电路或者软件形式的指令完成。上述的处理器可以是通用处理器、数字信号处理器(Digital Signal Processor,DSP)、专用集成电路(Application Specific Integrated Circuit,ASIC)、现成可编程门阵列(Field Programmable Gate Array,FPGA)或者其他可编程逻辑器件、分立门或者晶体管逻辑器件、分立硬件组件。可以实现或者执行本申请实施例中的公开的各方法、步骤及逻辑框图。通用处理器可以是微处理器或者该处理器也可以是任何常规的处理器等。结合本申请实施例所公开的方法的步骤可以直接体现为硬件译码处理器执行完成,或者用译码处理器中的硬件及软件模块组合执行完成。软件模块可以位于随机存储器,闪存、只读存储器,可编程只读存储器或者电可擦写可编程存储器、寄存器等本 领域成熟的存储介质中。该存储介质位于存储器,处理器读取存储器中的信息,结合其硬件完成上述方法的步骤。It should be understood that the processor in the embodiments of the present application may be an integrated circuit chip, which has signal processing capabilities. In the implementation process, each step of the foregoing method embodiment may be completed by an integrated logic circuit of hardware in a processor or instructions in the form of software. The aforementioned processor may be a general-purpose processor, a digital signal processor (Digital Signal Processor, DSP), an application specific integrated circuit (Application Specific Integrated Circuit, ASIC), an existing programmable gate array (Field Programmable Gate Array, FPGA), or other available Programming logic devices, discrete gates or transistor logic devices, discrete hardware components. The methods, steps, and logical block diagrams disclosed in the embodiments of the present application may be implemented or executed. The general-purpose processor may be a microprocessor or the processor may be any conventional processor or the like. The steps of the method disclosed in conjunction with the embodiments of the present application may be directly embodied and executed by a hardware decoding processor, or may be executed and completed by a combination of hardware and software modules in the decoding processor. The software module may be located in a mature storage medium in the art, such as random access memory, flash memory, read-only memory, programmable read-only memory, or electrically erasable programmable memory, and registers. The storage medium is located in the memory, and the processor reads the information in the memory and completes the steps of the above method in combination with its hardware.
可以理解,本申请实施例中的存储器可以是易失性存储器或非易失性存储器,或可包括易失性和非易失性存储器两者。其中,非易失性存储器可以是只读存储器(Read-Only Memory,ROM)、可编程只读存储器(Programmable ROM,PROM)、可擦除可编程只读存储器(Erasable PROM,EPROM)、电可擦除可编程只读存储器(Electrically EPROM,EEPROM)或闪存。易失性存储器可以是随机存取存储器(Random Access Memory,RAM),其用作外部高速缓存。通过示例性但不是限制性说明,许多形式的RAM可用,例如静态随机存取存储器(Static RAM,SRAM)、动态随机存取存储器(Dynamic RAM,DRAM)、同步动态随机存取存储器(Synchronous DRAM,SDRAM)、双倍数据速率同步动态随机存取存储器(Double Data Rate SDRAM,DDR SDRAM)、增强型同步动态随机存取存储器(Enhanced SDRAM,ESDRAM)、同步连接动态随机存取存储器(Synchlink DRAM,SLDRAM)和直接内存总线随机存取存储器(Direct Rambus RAM,DR RAM)。应注意,本文描述的系统和方法的存储器旨在包括但不限于这些和任意其它适合类型的存储器。It can be understood that the memory in the embodiments of the present application may be volatile memory or non-volatile memory, or may include both volatile and non-volatile memory. Among them, the non-volatile memory may be read-only memory (Read-Only Memory, ROM), programmable read-only memory (Programmable ROM, PROM), erasable programmable read-only memory (Erasable PROM, EPROM), electronically Erasable programmable read only memory (Electrically, EPROM, EEPROM) or flash memory. The volatile memory may be a random access memory (Random Access Memory, RAM), which is used as an external cache. By way of example but not limitation, many forms of RAM are available, such as static random access memory (Static RAM, SRAM), dynamic random access memory (Dynamic RAM, DRAM), synchronous dynamic random access memory (Synchronous DRAM, SDRAM), double data rate synchronous dynamic random access memory (Double Data Rate SDRAM, DDR SDRAM), enhanced synchronous dynamic random access memory (Enhanced SDRAM, ESDRAM), synchronous connection dynamic random access memory (Synchlink DRAM, SLDRAM) ) And direct memory bus random access memory (Direct Rambus RAM, DR RAM). It should be noted that the memories of the systems and methods described herein are intended to include, but are not limited to these and any other suitable types of memories.
应理解,上述存储器为示例性但不是限制性说明,例如,本申请实施例中的存储器还可以是静态随机存取存储器(static RAM,SRAM)、动态随机存取存储器(dynamic RAM,DRAM)、同步动态随机存取存储器(synchronous DRAM,SDRAM)、双倍数据速率同步动态随机存取存储器(double data rate SDRAM,DDR SDRAM)、增强型同步动态随机存取存储器(enhanced SDRAM,ESDRAM)、同步连接动态随机存取存储器(synch link DRAM,SLDRAM)以及直接内存总线随机存取存储器(Direct Rambus RAM,DR RAM)等等。也就是说,本申请实施例中的存储器旨在包括但不限于这些和任意其它适合类型的存储器。It should be understood that the foregoing memory is exemplary but not limiting, for example, the memory in the embodiments of the present application may also be static random access memory (static RAM, SRAM), dynamic random access memory (dynamic RAM, DRAM), Synchronous dynamic random access memory (synchronous) DRAM (SDRAM), double data rate synchronous dynamic random access memory (double data) SDRAM (DDR SDRAM), enhanced synchronous dynamic random access memory (enhanced SDRAM, ESDRAM), synchronous connection Dynamic random access memory (synch link DRAM, SLDRAM) and direct memory bus random access memory (Direct Rambus RAM, DR RAM) and so on. That is to say, the memories in the embodiments of the present application are intended to include but are not limited to these and any other suitable types of memories.
本申请实施例还提供了一种计算机可读存储介质,用于存储计算机程序。Embodiments of the present application also provide a computer-readable storage medium for storing computer programs.
可选的,该计算机可读存储介质可应用于本申请实施例中的网络设备,并且该计算机程序使得计算机执行本申请实施例的各个方法中由网络设备实现的相应流程,为了简洁,在此不再赘述。Optionally, the computer-readable storage medium may be applied to the network device in the embodiments of the present application, and the computer program causes the computer to execute the corresponding process implemented by the network device in each method of the embodiments of the present application. For brevity, here No longer.
可选地,该计算机可读存储介质可应用于本申请实施例中的移动终端/终端设备,并且该计算机程序使得计算机执行本申请实施例的各个方法中由移动终端/终端设备实现的相应流程,为了简洁,在此不再赘述。Optionally, the computer-readable storage medium may be applied to the mobile terminal/terminal device in the embodiments of the present application, and the computer program causes the computer to execute the corresponding process implemented by the mobile terminal/terminal device in each method of the embodiments of the present application For the sake of brevity, I will not repeat them here.
本申请实施例还提供了一种计算机程序产品,包括计算机程序指令。An embodiment of the present application also provides a computer program product, including computer program instructions.
可选的,该计算机程序产品可应用于本申请实施例中的网络设备,并且该计算机程序指令使得计算机执行本申请实施例的各个方法中由网络设备实现的相应流程,为了简洁,在此不再赘述。Optionally, the computer program product can be applied to the network device in the embodiments of the present application, and the computer program instructions cause the computer to execute the corresponding process implemented by the network device in each method of the embodiment of the present application. Repeat again.
可选地,该计算机程序产品可应用于本申请实施例中的移动终端/终端设备,并且该计算机程序指令使得计算机执行本申请实施例的各个方法中由移动终端/终端设备实现的相应流程,为了简洁,在此不再赘述。Optionally, the computer program product may be applied to the mobile terminal/terminal device in the embodiments of the present application, and the computer program instructions cause the computer to execute the corresponding process implemented by the mobile terminal/terminal device in each method of the embodiments of the present application, For brevity, I will not repeat them here.
本申请实施例还提供了一种计算机程序。An embodiment of the present application also provides a computer program.
可选的,该计算机程序可应用于本申请实施例中的网络设备,当该计算机程序在计算机上运行时,使得计算机执行本申请实施例的各个方法中由网络设备实现的相应流程,为了简洁,在此不再赘述。Optionally, the computer program can be applied to the network device in the embodiment of the present application. When the computer program runs on the computer, the computer is allowed to execute the corresponding process implemented by the network device in each method of the embodiment of the present application. And will not be repeated here.
可选地,该计算机程序可应用于本申请实施例中的移动终端/终端设备,当该计算机程序在计算机上运行时,使得计算机执行本申请实施例的各个方法中由移动终端/终端设备实现的相应流程,为了简洁,在此不再赘述。Optionally, the computer program can be applied to the mobile terminal/terminal device in the embodiments of the present application, and when the computer program runs on the computer, the computer is implemented by the mobile terminal/terminal device in performing various methods of the embodiments of the present application For the sake of brevity, I will not repeat them here.
本领域普通技术人员可以意识到,结合本文中所公开的实施例描述的各示例的单元及算法步骤,能够以电子硬件、或者计算机软件和电子硬件的结合来实现。这些功能究 竟以硬件还是软件方式来执行,取决于技术方案的特定应用和设计约束条件。专业技术人员可以对每个特定的应用来使用不同方法来实现所描述的功能,但是这种实现不应认为超出本申请的范围。Persons of ordinary skill in the art may realize that the units and algorithm steps of the examples described in conjunction with the embodiments disclosed herein can be implemented by electronic hardware, or a combination of computer software and electronic hardware. Whether these functions are performed in hardware or software depends on the specific application of the technical solution and design constraints. Professional technicians can use different methods to implement the described functions for each specific application, but such implementation should not be considered beyond the scope of this application.
所属领域的技术人员可以清楚地了解到,为描述的方便和简洁,上述描述的系统、装置和单元的具体工作过程,可以参考前述方法实施例中的对应过程,在此不再赘述。Those skilled in the art can clearly understand that for the convenience and conciseness of the description, the specific working process of the system, device and unit described above can refer to the corresponding process in the foregoing method embodiments, which will not be repeated here.
在本申请所提供的几个实施例中,应该理解到,所揭露的系统、装置和方法,可以通过其它的方式实现。例如,以上所描述的装置实施例仅仅是示意性的,例如,所述单元的划分,仅仅为一种逻辑功能划分,实际实现时可以有另外的划分方式,例如多个单元或组件可以结合或者可以集成到另一个系统,或一些特征可以忽略,或不执行。另一点,所显示或讨论的相互之间的耦合或直接耦合或通信连接可以是通过一些接口,装置或单元的间接耦合或通信连接,可以是电性,机械或其它的形式。In the several embodiments provided in this application, it should be understood that the disclosed system, device, and method may be implemented in other ways. For example, the device embodiments described above are only schematic. For example, the division of the units is only a logical function division, and there may be other divisions in actual implementation, for example, multiple units or components may be combined or Can be integrated into another system, or some features can be ignored, or not implemented. In addition, the displayed or discussed mutual coupling or direct coupling or communication connection may be indirect coupling or communication connection through some interfaces, devices or units, and may be in electrical, mechanical, or other forms.
所述作为分离部件说明的单元可以是或者也可以不是物理上分开的,作为单元显示的部件可以是或者也可以不是物理单元,即可以位于一个地方,或者也可以分布到多个网络单元上。可以根据实际的需要选择其中的部分或者全部单元来实现本实施例方案的目的。The units described as separate components may or may not be physically separated, and the components displayed as units may or may not be physical units, that is, they may be located in one place, or may be distributed on multiple network units. Some or all of the units may be selected according to actual needs to achieve the purpose of the solution of this embodiment.
另外,在本申请各个实施例中的各功能单元可以集成在一个处理单元中,也可以是各个单元单独物理存在,也可以两个或两个以上单元集成在一个单元中。In addition, each functional unit in each embodiment of the present application may be integrated into one processing unit, or each unit may exist alone physically, or two or more units may be integrated into one unit.
所述功能如果以软件功能单元的形式实现并作为独立的产品销售或使用时,可以存储在一个计算机可读取存储介质中。基于这样的理解,本申请的技术方案本质上或者说对现有技术做出贡献的部分或者该技术方案的部分可以以软件产品的形式体现出来,该计算机软件产品存储在一个存储介质中,包括若干指令用以使得一台计算机设备(可以是个人计算机,服务器,或者网络设备等)执行本申请各个实施例所述方法的全部或部分步骤。而前述的存储介质包括:U盘、移动硬盘、只读存储器(Read-Only Memory,)ROM、随机存取存储器(Random Access Memory,RAM)、磁碟或者光盘等各种可以存储程序代码的介质。If the function is implemented in the form of a software functional unit and sold or used as an independent product, it can be stored in a computer-readable storage medium. Based on such an understanding, the technical solution of the present application essentially or part of the contribution to the existing technology or part of the technical solution can be embodied in the form of a software product, and the computer software product is stored in a storage medium, including Several instructions are used to enable a computer device (which may be a personal computer, server, or network device, etc.) to perform all or part of the steps of the methods described in the embodiments of the present application. The aforementioned storage media include: U disk, mobile hard disk, read-only memory (Read-Only Memory, ROM), random access memory (Random Access Memory, RAM), magnetic disk or optical disk and other media that can store program code .
以上所述,仅为本申请的具体实施方式,但本申请的保护范围并不局限于此,任何熟悉本技术领域的技术人员在本申请揭露的技术范围内,可轻易想到变化或替换,都应涵盖在本申请的保护范围之内。因此,本申请的保护范围应所述以权利要求的保护范围为准。The above is only the specific implementation of this application, but the scope of protection of this application is not limited to this, any person skilled in the art can easily think of changes or replacements within the technical scope disclosed in this application. It should be covered by the scope of protection of this application. Therefore, the protection scope of the present application shall be subject to the protection scope of the claims.

Claims (54)

  1. 一种无线通信方法,其特征在于,应用于支持毫米波通信的终端设备,且所述终端设备包括至少一个用于接收和/或发送毫米波信号的第一模块,所述方法包括:A wireless communication method, characterized in that it is applied to a terminal device supporting millimeter wave communication, and the terminal device includes at least one first module for receiving and/or transmitting millimeter wave signals, the method includes:
    所述终端设备发送第一信息,所述第一信息包括以下信息中的至少一种:The terminal device sends first information, where the first information includes at least one of the following information:
    产生自干扰的频段组合,所述第一模块所使用的中频频率,所述第一模块的数量。Combination of frequency bands that cause self-interference, the intermediate frequency used by the first module, and the number of the first modules.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,所述频段组合包括以下组合中的至少一种:The method according to claim 1, wherein the frequency band combination comprises at least one of the following combinations:
    至少一个用于上行发送的低频段与至少一个用于下行接收的毫米波频段的组合;A combination of at least one low frequency band for uplink transmission and at least one millimeter wave frequency band for downlink reception;
    至少一个用于下行发送的低频段与至少一个用于上行接收的毫米波频段的组合;A combination of at least one low frequency band for downlink transmission and at least one millimeter wave frequency band for uplink reception;
    至少一个用于上行发送的毫米波频段与至少一个用于下行接收的低频段的组合;A combination of at least one millimeter wave frequency band for uplink transmission and at least one low frequency band for downlink reception;
    至少一个用于下行发送的毫米波频段与至少一个用于上行接收的低频段的组合。A combination of at least one millimeter wave frequency band for downlink transmission and at least one low frequency band for uplink reception.
  3. 根据权利要求1或2所述的方法,其特征在于,所述方法包括:The method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the method comprises:
    所述终端设备接收基于所述第一信息确定的第一配置信息,所述第一配置信息用于配置自干扰测量参数;The terminal device receives first configuration information determined based on the first information, where the first configuration information is used to configure self-interference measurement parameters;
    所述终端设备根据所述自干扰测量参数进行自干扰测量。The terminal device performs self-interference measurement according to the self-interference measurement parameter.
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的方法,其特征在于,所述自干扰测量参数包括:The method according to claim 3, wherein the self-interference measurement parameter comprises:
    至少一个测量时段中的每个测量时段在时域上的起始位置和测量持续时间,以及所述每个测量时段对应的已知发射信号、时域资源、频域资源、发射功率中的至少一种。The starting position and the measurement duration of each measurement period in at least one measurement period in the time domain, and at least one of the known transmission signals, time domain resources, frequency domain resources, and transmission power corresponding to each measurement period One kind.
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的方法,其特征在于,所述每个测量时段在时域上的起始位置包括起始位置所在的时隙标识和符号标识。The method according to claim 4, wherein the starting position of each measurement period in the time domain includes a slot identifier and a symbol identifier where the starting position is located.
  6. 根据权利要求4或5所述的方法,其特征在于,所述每个测量时段对应的时域资源包括时域上的时隙标识和符号标识,所述每个测量时段对应的频域资源包括频域上的物理资源块PRB标识的子载波标识。The method according to claim 4 or 5, wherein the time domain resource corresponding to each measurement period includes a time slot identifier and a symbol identifier in the time domain, and the frequency domain resource corresponding to each measurement period includes The subcarrier identification identified by the physical resource block PRB in the frequency domain.
  7. 根据权利要求4至6中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,所述至少一个测量时段的数量与所述至少一个第一模块的数量相同。The method according to any one of claims 4 to 6, wherein the number of the at least one measurement period is the same as the number of the at least one first module.
  8. 根据权利要求4至7中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,若需测量低频段发射信号对毫米波频段接收信号的干扰,The method according to any one of claims 4 to 7, characterized in that, if it is necessary to measure the interference of the transmitted signal in the low frequency band to the received signal in the millimeter wave frequency band,
    所述终端设备根据所述自干扰测量参数进行自干扰测量,包括:The terminal equipment performing self-interference measurement according to the self-interference measurement parameter includes:
    所述至少一个第一模块分别在所述至少一个测量时段内测量接收到的信号功率或者强度。The at least one first module measures the received signal power or strength during the at least one measurement period, respectively.
  9. 根据权利要求4至7中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,若需测量毫米波频段发射信号对低频段接收信号的干扰,The method according to any one of claims 4 to 7, characterized in that, if it is necessary to measure the interference of the millimeter wave frequency band transmitted signal to the low frequency band received signal,
    所述终端设备根据所述自干扰测量参数进行自干扰测量,包括:The terminal equipment performing self-interference measurement according to the self-interference measurement parameter includes:
    所述终端设备分别在所述至少一个测量时段内测量来自不同的所述第一模块的信号功率或者强度。The terminal device measures the signal power or strength from different first modules in the at least one measurement period, respectively.
  10. 根据权利要求8或9所述的方法,其特征在于,所述方法还包括:The method according to claim 8 or 9, wherein the method further comprises:
    所述终端设备优先切换至测量得到的最小的信号功率或者强度所对应的所述第一模块。The terminal device preferentially switches to the first module corresponding to the measured minimum signal power or strength.
  11. 根据权利要求8至10中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,所述方法还包括:The method according to any one of claims 8 to 10, wherein the method further comprises:
    所述终端设备发送第二信息,其中,所述第二信息用于指示测量得到的最小或者最大的信号功率或者强度,或者用于指示测量得到的最小或者最大的信号功率或者强度所对应的测量时段标识,或者用于指示测量得到的最小或者最大的信号功率或者强度所对应的毫米波发射信号的时域/频域位置。The terminal device sends second information, where the second information is used to indicate the measured minimum or maximum signal power or strength, or to indicate the measurement corresponding to the measured minimum or maximum signal power or strength The period identifier, or used to indicate the time/frequency domain position of the millimeter wave transmission signal corresponding to the measured minimum or maximum signal power or intensity.
  12. 根据权利要求11所述的方法,其特征在于,所述方法还包括:The method of claim 11, wherein the method further comprises:
    所述终端设备接收第二配置信息,所述第二配置信息用于指示所述终端设备上报所述第二信息;The terminal device receives second configuration information, and the second configuration information is used to instruct the terminal device to report the second information;
    所述终端设备发送第二信息,包括:The sending of the second information by the terminal device includes:
    响应于所述第二配置信息,所述终端设备发送所述第二信息。In response to the second configuration information, the terminal device sends the second information.
  13. 一种无线通信方法,其特征在于,应用于支持毫米波通信的终端设备,且所述终端设备包括至少一个用于接收和/或发送毫米波信号的第一模块,所述方法包括:A wireless communication method, characterized in that it is applied to a terminal device supporting millimeter wave communication, and the terminal device includes at least one first module for receiving and/or transmitting millimeter wave signals, the method includes:
    网络设备接收所述终端设备发送的第一信息,所述第一信息包括以下信息中的至少一种:The network device receives the first information sent by the terminal device, and the first information includes at least one of the following information:
    产生自干扰的频段组合,所述第一模块所使用的中频频率,所述第一模块的数量。Combination of frequency bands that cause self-interference, the intermediate frequency used by the first module, and the number of the first modules.
  14. 根据权利要求13所述的方法,其特征在于,所述频段组合包括以下组合中的至少一种:The method according to claim 13, wherein the frequency band combination includes at least one of the following combinations:
    至少一个用于上行发送的低频段与至少一个用于下行接收的毫米波频段的组合;A combination of at least one low frequency band for uplink transmission and at least one millimeter wave frequency band for downlink reception;
    至少一个用于下行发送的低频段与至少一个用于上行接收的毫米波频段的组合;A combination of at least one low frequency band for downlink transmission and at least one millimeter wave frequency band for uplink reception;
    至少一个用于上行发送的毫米波频段与至少一个用于下行接收的低频段的组合;A combination of at least one millimeter wave frequency band for uplink transmission and at least one low frequency band for downlink reception;
    至少一个用于下行发送的毫米波频段与至少一个用于上行接收的低频段的组合。A combination of at least one millimeter wave frequency band for downlink transmission and at least one low frequency band for uplink reception.
  15. 根据权利要求13或14所述的方法,其特征在于,所述方法还包括:The method according to claim 13 or 14, wherein the method further comprises:
    所述网络设备根据所述第一信息,向所述终端设备发送第一配置信息,所述第一配置信息用于配置自干扰测量参数。The network device sends first configuration information to the terminal device according to the first information, where the first configuration information is used to configure self-interference measurement parameters.
  16. 根据权利要求15所述的方法,其特征在于,所述自干扰测量参数包括:The method according to claim 15, wherein the self-interference measurement parameter comprises:
    至少一个测量时段中的每个测量时段在时域上的起始位置和测量持续时间,以及所述每个测量时段对应的已知发射信号、时域资源、频域资源、发射功率中的至少一种。The starting position and the measurement duration of each measurement period in at least one measurement period in the time domain, and at least one of the known transmission signals, time domain resources, frequency domain resources, and transmission power corresponding to each measurement period One kind.
  17. 根据权利要求16所述的方法,其特征在于,所述每个测量时段在时域上的起始位置包括起始位置所在的时隙标识和符号标识。The method according to claim 16, wherein the starting position of each measurement period in the time domain includes a slot identifier and a symbol identifier where the starting position is located.
  18. 根据权利要求16或17所述的方法,其特征在于,所述每个测量时段对应的时域资源包括时域上的时隙标识和符号标识,所述每个测量时段对应的频域资源包括频域上的物理资源块PRB标识的子载波标识。The method according to claim 16 or 17, wherein the time domain resource corresponding to each measurement period includes a time slot identifier and a symbol identifier in the time domain, and the frequency domain resource corresponding to each measurement period includes The subcarrier identification identified by the physical resource block PRB in the frequency domain.
  19. 根据权利要求16至18中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,所述至少一个测量时段的数量与所述至少一个第一模块的数量相同。The method according to any one of claims 16 to 18, wherein the number of the at least one measurement period is the same as the number of the at least one first module.
  20. 根据权利要求15至19中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,所述方法还包括:The method according to any one of claims 15 to 19, wherein the method further comprises:
    所述网络设备接收所述终端设备发送的第二信息,其中,所述第二信息用于指示测量得到的最小或者最大的信号功率或者强度,或者用于指示测量得到的最小或者最大的信号功率或者强度所对应的测量时段标识,或者用于指示测量得到的最小或者最大的信号功率或者强度所对应的毫米波发射信号的时域/频域位置。The network device receives second information sent by the terminal device, where the second information is used to indicate the measured minimum or maximum signal power or strength, or to indicate the measured minimum or maximum signal power Or the measurement period identifier corresponding to the intensity, or used to indicate the time/frequency domain position of the millimeter wave transmission signal corresponding to the measured minimum or maximum signal power or intensity.
  21. 根据权利要求20所述的方法,其特征在于,所述方法还包括:The method of claim 20, further comprising:
    所述网络设备根据所述第二信息调度所述终端设备。The network device schedules the terminal device according to the second information.
  22. 根据权利要求20或21所述的方法,其特征在于,在接收所述第二信息之前,所述方法还包括:The method according to claim 20 or 21, wherein before receiving the second information, the method further comprises:
    所述网络设备向所述终端设备发送第二配置信息,所述第二配置信息用于指示所述终端设备上报所述第二信息。The network device sends second configuration information to the terminal device, where the second configuration information is used to instruct the terminal device to report the second information.
  23. 一种终端设备,其特征在于,所述终端设备为支持毫米波通信的终端设备,且所述终端设备包括至少一个用于接收和/或发送毫米波信号的第一模块,所述终端设备包括:A terminal device, characterized in that the terminal device is a terminal device supporting millimeter wave communication, and the terminal device includes at least one first module for receiving and/or transmitting millimeter wave signals, and the terminal device includes :
    通信单元,用于发送第一信息,所述第一信息包括以下信息中的至少一种:The communication unit is configured to send first information, where the first information includes at least one of the following information:
    产生自干扰的频段组合,所述第一模块所使用的中频频率,所述第一模块的数量。Combination of frequency bands that cause self-interference, the intermediate frequency used by the first module, and the number of the first modules.
  24. 根据权利要求23所述的终端设备,其特征在于,所述频段组合包括以下组合中的至少一种:The terminal device according to claim 23, wherein the frequency band combination includes at least one of the following combinations:
    至少一个用于上行发送的低频段与至少一个用于下行接收的毫米波频段的组合;A combination of at least one low frequency band for uplink transmission and at least one millimeter wave frequency band for downlink reception;
    至少一个用于下行发送的低频段与至少一个用于上行接收的毫米波频段的组合;A combination of at least one low frequency band for downlink transmission and at least one millimeter wave frequency band for uplink reception;
    至少一个用于上行发送的毫米波频段与至少一个用于下行接收的低频段的组合;A combination of at least one millimeter wave frequency band for uplink transmission and at least one low frequency band for downlink reception;
    至少一个用于下行发送的毫米波频段与至少一个用于上行接收的低频段的组合。A combination of at least one millimeter wave frequency band for downlink transmission and at least one low frequency band for uplink reception.
  25. 根据权利要求23或24所述的终端设备,其特征在于,所述终端设备还包括:The terminal device according to claim 23 or 24, wherein the terminal device further comprises:
    所述通信单元还用于接收基于所述第一信息确定的第一配置信息,所述第一配置信息用于配置自干扰测量参数;The communication unit is further configured to receive first configuration information determined based on the first information, where the first configuration information is used to configure self-interference measurement parameters;
    处理单元,用于根据所述自干扰测量参数进行自干扰测量。The processing unit is configured to perform self-interference measurement according to the self-interference measurement parameter.
  26. 根据权利要求25所述的终端设备,其特征在于,所述自干扰测量参数包括:The terminal device according to claim 25, wherein the self-interference measurement parameter comprises:
    至少一个测量时段中的每个测量时段在时域上的起始位置和测量持续时间,以及所述每个测量时段对应的已知发射信号、时域资源、频域资源、发射功率中的至少一种。The starting position and the measurement duration of each measurement period in at least one measurement period in the time domain, and at least one of the known transmission signals, time domain resources, frequency domain resources, and transmission power corresponding to each measurement period One kind.
  27. 根据权利要求26所述的终端设备,其特征在于,所述每个测量时段在时域上的起始位置包括起始位置所在的时隙标识和符号标识。The terminal device according to claim 26, wherein the starting position of each measurement period in the time domain includes a slot identifier and a symbol identifier where the starting position is located.
  28. 根据权利要求26或27所述的终端设备,其特征在于,所述每个测量时段对应的时域资源包括时域上的时隙标识和符号标识,所述每个测量时段对应的频域资源包括频域上的物理资源块PRB标识的子载波标识。The terminal device according to claim 26 or 27, wherein the time domain resource corresponding to each measurement period includes a time slot identifier and a symbol identifier in the time domain, and the frequency domain resource corresponding to each measurement period It includes the subcarrier identification of the physical resource block PRB identification in the frequency domain.
  29. 根据权利要求26至28中任一项所述的终端设备,其特征在于,所述至少一个测量时段的数量与所述至少一个第一模块的数量相同。The terminal device according to any one of claims 26 to 28, wherein the number of the at least one measurement period is the same as the number of the at least one first module.
  30. 根据权利要求26至29中任一项所述的终端设备,其特征在于,若需测量低频段发射信号对毫米波频段接收信号的干扰,The terminal device according to any one of claims 26 to 29, characterized in that, if it is necessary to measure the interference of a low-frequency transmission signal to a millimeter-wave reception signal,
    所述处理单元具体用于:The processing unit is specifically used for:
    控制所述至少一个第一模块分别在所述至少一个测量时段内测量接收到的信号功率或者强度。Controlling the at least one first module to respectively measure the received signal power or strength during the at least one measurement period.
  31. 根据权利要求26至29中任一项所述的终端设备,其特征在于,若需测量毫米波频段发射信号对低频段接收信号的干扰,The terminal device according to any one of claims 26 to 29, characterized in that, if it is necessary to measure the interference of the millimeter wave frequency band transmitted signal to the low frequency band received signal,
    所述处理单元具体用于:The processing unit is specifically used for:
    分别在所述至少一个测量时段内测量来自不同的所述第一模块的信号功率或者强度。Signal power or strength from different first modules are measured in the at least one measurement period respectively.
  32. 根据权利要求30或31所述的终端设备,其特征在于,所述处理单元还用于控制所述终端设备优先切换至测量得到的最小的信号功率或者强度所对应的所述第一模块。The terminal device according to claim 30 or 31, wherein the processing unit is further configured to control the terminal device to preferentially switch to the first module corresponding to the measured minimum signal power or strength.
  33. 根据权利要求30至32中任一项所述的终端设备,其特征在于,所述通信单元还用于发送第二信息,其中,所述第二信息用于指示测量得到的最小或者最大的信号功率或者强度,或者用于指示测量得到的最小或者最大的信号功率或者强度所对应的测量时段标识,或者用于指示测量得到的最小或者最大的信号功率或者强度所对应的毫米波发射信号的时域/频域位置。The terminal device according to any one of claims 30 to 32, wherein the communication unit is further configured to send second information, wherein the second information is used to indicate a measured minimum or maximum signal Power or intensity, or used to indicate the measurement period identifier corresponding to the measured minimum or maximum signal power or intensity, or used to indicate the millimeter wave transmission signal corresponding to the measured minimum or maximum signal power or intensity Domain/frequency domain location.
  34. 根据权利要求33所述的终端设备,其特征在于,所述通信单元还用于接收第二配置信息,所述第二配置信息用于指示所述终端设备上报所述第二信息;The terminal device according to claim 33, wherein the communication unit is further configured to receive second configuration information, and the second configuration information is used to instruct the terminal device to report the second information;
    所述通信单元具体用于:The communication unit is specifically used for:
    响应于所述第二配置信息,发送所述第二信息。The second information is sent in response to the second configuration information.
  35. 一种网络设备,其特征在于,所述网络设备与支持毫米波通信的终端设备建立通信连接,且所述终端设备包括至少一个用于接收和/或发送毫米波信号的第一模块,所述网络设备包括:A network device, characterized in that the network device establishes a communication connection with a terminal device supporting millimeter wave communication, and the terminal device includes at least one first module for receiving and/or transmitting millimeter wave signals, Network equipment includes:
    通信单元,用于接收所述终端设备发送的第一信息,所述第一信息包括以下信息中的至少一种:The communication unit is configured to receive first information sent by the terminal device, and the first information includes at least one of the following information:
    产生自干扰的频段组合,所述第一模块所使用的中频频率,所述第一模块的数量。Combination of frequency bands that cause self-interference, the intermediate frequency used by the first module, and the number of the first modules.
  36. 根据权利要求35所述的网络设备,其特征在于,所述频段组合包括以下组合中的至少一种:The network device according to claim 35, wherein the frequency band combination includes at least one of the following combinations:
    至少一个用于上行发送的低频段与至少一个用于下行接收的毫米波频段的组合;A combination of at least one low frequency band for uplink transmission and at least one millimeter wave frequency band for downlink reception;
    至少一个用于下行发送的低频段与至少一个用于上行接收的毫米波频段的组合;A combination of at least one low frequency band for downlink transmission and at least one millimeter wave frequency band for uplink reception;
    至少一个用于上行发送的毫米波频段与至少一个用于下行接收的低频段的组合;A combination of at least one millimeter wave frequency band for uplink transmission and at least one low frequency band for downlink reception;
    至少一个用于下行发送的毫米波频段与至少一个用于上行接收的低频段的组合。A combination of at least one millimeter wave frequency band for downlink transmission and at least one low frequency band for uplink reception.
  37. 根据权利要求35或36所述的网络设备,其特征在于,所述通信单元还用于根据所述第一信息,向所述终端设备发送第一配置信息,所述第一配置信息用于配置自干扰测量参数。The network device according to claim 35 or 36, wherein the communication unit is further configured to send first configuration information to the terminal device according to the first information, and the first configuration information is used for configuration Self-interference measurement parameters.
  38. 根据权利要求37所述的网络设备,其特征在于,所述自干扰测量参数包括:The network device according to claim 37, wherein the self-interference measurement parameter comprises:
    至少一个测量时段中的每个测量时段在时域上的起始位置和测量持续时间,以及所述每个测量时段对应的已知发射信号、时域资源、频域资源、发射功率中的至少一种。The starting position and the measurement duration of each measurement period in at least one measurement period in the time domain, and at least one of the known transmission signals, time domain resources, frequency domain resources, and transmission power corresponding to each measurement period One kind.
  39. 根据权利要求38所述的网络设备,其特征在于,所述每个测量时段在时域上的起始位置包括起始位置所在的时隙标识和符号标识。The network device according to claim 38, wherein the starting position of each measurement period in the time domain includes a slot identifier and a symbol identifier where the starting position is located.
  40. 根据权利要求38或39所述的网络设备,其特征在于,所述每个测量时段对应的时域资源包括时域上的时隙标识和符号标识,所述每个测量时段对应的频域资源包括频域上的物理资源块PRB标识的子载波标识。The network device according to claim 38 or 39, wherein the time domain resource corresponding to each measurement period includes a time slot identifier and a symbol identifier in the time domain, and the frequency domain resource corresponding to each measurement period It includes the subcarrier identification of the physical resource block PRB identification in the frequency domain.
  41. 根据权利要求38至40中任一项所述的网络设备,其特征在于,所述至少一个测量时段的数量与所述至少一个第一模块的数量相同。The network device according to any one of claims 38 to 40, wherein the number of the at least one measurement period is the same as the number of the at least one first module.
  42. 根据权利要求37至41中任一项所述的网络设备,其特征在于,所述通信单元还用于接收所述终端设备发送的第二信息,其中,所述第二信息用于指示测量得到的最小或者最大的信号功率或者强度,或者用于指示测量得到的最小或者最大的信号功率或者强度所对应的测量时段标识,或者用于指示测量得到的最小或者最大的信号功率或者强度所对应的毫米波发射信号的时域/频域位置。The network device according to any one of claims 37 to 41, wherein the communication unit is further configured to receive second information sent by the terminal device, wherein the second information is used to indicate that the measurement is obtained The minimum or maximum signal power or strength, or the indicator of the measurement period corresponding to the measured minimum or maximum signal power or strength, or the indicator corresponding to the measured minimum or maximum signal power or strength The time/frequency domain position of the millimeter wave transmitted signal.
  43. 根据权利要求42所述的网络设备,其特征在于,所述网络设备还包括:The network device according to claim 42, wherein the network device further comprises:
    处理单元,用于根据所述第二信息调度所述终端设备。The processing unit is configured to schedule the terminal device according to the second information.
  44. 根据权利要求42或43所述的网络设备,其特征在于,在所述通信单元接收所述第二信息之前,所述通信单元还用于向所述终端设备发送第二配置信息,所述第二配置信息用于指示所述终端设备上报所述第二信息。The network device according to claim 42 or 43, wherein before the communication unit receives the second information, the communication unit is further configured to send second configuration information to the terminal device, the first The second configuration information is used to instruct the terminal device to report the second information.
  45. 一种终端设备,其特征在于,包括:处理器和存储器,该存储器用于存储计算机程序,所述处理器用于调用并运行所述存储器中存储的计算机程序,执行如权利要求1至12中任一项所述的方法。A terminal device, comprising: a processor and a memory, the memory is used to store a computer program, the processor is used to call and run the computer program stored in the memory, and execute any of claims 1 to 12 One of the methods.
  46. 一种网络设备,其特征在于,包括:处理器和存储器,该存储器用于存储计算机程序,所述处理器用于调用并运行所述存储器中存储的计算机程序,执行如权利要求13至22中任一项所述的方法。A network device, comprising: a processor and a memory, the memory is used to store a computer program, the processor is used to call and run the computer program stored in the memory, and execute any of claims 13 to 22 One of the methods.
  47. 一种芯片,其特征在于,包括:处理器,用于从存储器中调用并运行计算机程序,使得安装有所述芯片的设备执行如权利要求1至12中任一项所述的方法。A chip, characterized by comprising: a processor, for calling and running a computer program from a memory, so that a device installed with the chip executes the method according to any one of claims 1 to 12.
  48. 一种芯片,其特征在于,包括:处理器,用于从存储器中调用并运行计算机程序,使得安装有所述芯片的设备执行如权利要求13至22中任一项所述的方法。A chip, characterized by comprising: a processor for calling and running a computer program from a memory, so that a device installed with the chip executes the method according to any one of claims 13 to 22.
  49. 一种计算机可读存储介质,其特征在于,用于存储计算机程序,所述计算机程序使得计算机执行如权利要求1至12中任一项所述的方法。A computer-readable storage medium, characterized by being used for storing a computer program, the computer program causing a computer to execute the method according to any one of claims 1 to 12.
  50. 一种计算机可读存储介质,其特征在于,用于存储计算机程序,所述计算机程序使得计算机执行如权利要求13至22中任一项所述的方法。A computer-readable storage medium, characterized by being used to store a computer program, the computer program causing a computer to execute the method according to any one of claims 13 to 22.
  51. 一种计算机程序产品,其特征在于,包括计算机程序指令,该计算机程序指令使得计算机执行如权利要求1至12中任一项所述的方法。A computer program product, characterized in that it includes computer program instructions, which cause the computer to execute the method according to any one of claims 1 to 12.
  52. 一种计算机程序产品,其特征在于,包括计算机程序指令,该计算机程序指令使得计算机执行如权利要求13至22中任一项所述的方法。A computer program product, characterized in that it includes computer program instructions, which cause the computer to execute the method according to any one of claims 13 to 22.
  53. 一种计算机程序,其特征在于,所述计算机程序使得计算机执行如权利要求1 至12中任一项所述的方法。A computer program, characterized in that the computer program causes a computer to execute the method according to any one of claims 1 to 12.
  54. 一种计算机程序,其特征在于,所述计算机程序使得计算机执行如权利要求13至22中任一项所述的方法。A computer program, characterized in that the computer program causes a computer to execute the method according to any one of claims 13 to 22.
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