WO2020128330A1 - Tyre provided with an outer sidewall, the composition of which comprises a specific anti-ozone wax - Google Patents

Tyre provided with an outer sidewall, the composition of which comprises a specific anti-ozone wax Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2020128330A1
WO2020128330A1 PCT/FR2019/053154 FR2019053154W WO2020128330A1 WO 2020128330 A1 WO2020128330 A1 WO 2020128330A1 FR 2019053154 W FR2019053154 W FR 2019053154W WO 2020128330 A1 WO2020128330 A1 WO 2020128330A1
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phr
tire
carbon atoms
alkanes
composition
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PCT/FR2019/053154
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French (fr)
Inventor
Fabien HELLOT
Sylvain Mayer
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Compagnie Generale Des Etablissements Michelin
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Priority to FR1873937 priority
Priority to FR1900918A priority patent/FR3090668A1/en
Priority to FR1900918 priority
Application filed by Compagnie Generale Des Etablissements Michelin filed Critical Compagnie Generale Des Etablissements Michelin
Publication of WO2020128330A1 publication Critical patent/WO2020128330A1/en

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Abstract

The invention concerns a tyre provided with an outer sidewall, the outer sidewall comprising at least one composition made from at least: -15 to 70 phr of isoprene elastomer, -25 to 85 phr of butadiene elastomer, -10 to 100 phr of carbon black, -0.5 to 10 phr of an anti-ozone wax with an alkane distribution in which, of the linear and non-linear alkanes comprising between 18 and 52 carbon atoms, the amount A of linear alkanes comprising between 28 and 34 carbon atoms, expressed as a % by weight, and the amount B of non-linear alkanes comprising between 29 and 35 carbon atoms, expressed as a % by weight, are such that their sum A+B is greater than 50% by weight of the alkanes comprising between 18 and 52 carbon atoms, and such that the ratio of B to A+B is greater than or equal to 0.38, -a cross-linking system.

Description

Tire with an external sidewall, the composition of which includes a specific anti-ozone wax

The present invention relates to pneumatic tires and more particularly to the external sidewalls of tires, that is to say, by definition, to the elastomeric layers located radially outside the tire, which are in contact with the ambient air.

In fact, it is possible to define within the tire three types of zones:

• The radially outer zone and in contact with the ambient air, this zone essentially consisting of the tread and the outer sidewall of the tire. An external sidewall is an elastomeric layer placed outside the carcass reinforcement relative to the internal cavity of the tire, between the crown and the bead so as to completely or partially cover the area of the carcass reinforcement extending from the top to the bead.

• The radially inner zone and in contact with the inflation gas, this zone generally consisting of the gas-tight layer, sometimes called an inner liner.

• The internal zone of the tire, that is to say that between the external and internal zones. This zone includes layers or plies which are called here internal layers of the tire. These are for example carcass plies, tread underlays, plies of tire belts or any other layer which is not in contact with the ambient air or the inflation gas of the tire.

As illustrated by numerous documents, among which may be cited documents EP 1 097 966, EP 1 462 479 Bl, EP 1 975 200 Al, EP 1 033 265 Bl, EP 1 357 149 A2, EP 1 231 080 Al and US 4,824,900, the compositions traditionally used for sidewalls are based on natural rubber and synthetic rubber such as polybutadiene, and on carbon black.

For tire manufacturers, the composition of a tire sidewall must have many characteristics which are sometimes difficult to reconcile, and in particular good resistance to ozone. A known solution is to add an anti-ozone wax to the composition. However, anti-ozone wax has the disadvantage of migrating towards the outside of the sidewalls, revealing whitish spots which penalize the aesthetics of tires. This phenomenon is called efflorescence.

The document US20160108212A1 proposes compositions comprising a specific wax, characterized by a distribution of chain lengths consisting of at least three zones A and B and C, A being the hydrocarbons of 26 to 31 carbon atoms, B being the hydrocarbons of 32 to 36 carbon atoms and C being the hydrocarbons of 37 to 47 carbon atoms, the relative proportions of the zones A on B on C being from 0.7 to 1.5 on 1 on 0.6 to 1.4. These specific waxes are however not optimal in the balance of ozone protection performance without the problem of efflorescence. It is therefore advantageous for tire manufacturers to have sidewall compositions having the technical properties of resistance to ozone, without efflorescence penalizing the aesthetics of the tire sidewalls.

In this context, a solution provided by the plaintiffs and making it possible to obtain tires which have the technical, aesthetic and touch properties discussed above, consists in using new sidewall compositions, comprising a specific wax, as explained below. after.

The subject of the invention now proposed is a tire provided with an external sidewall, said external sidewall comprising at least one composition based on at least 15 to 70 phr of isoprene elastomer, 25 to 85 phr of butadiene elastomer, 10 to 100 phr of carbon black; 0.5 to 10 pce of an anti-ozone wax having a distribution of its alkanes in which, among the linear and non-linear alkanes comprising from 18 to 52 carbon atoms, the level A of linear alkanes comprising from 28 to 34 carbon atoms, expressed in mass%, and the rate B of non-linear alkanes comprising from 29 to 35 carbon atoms, expressed in mass%, are such that their sum A + B is greater than 50% by mass of alkanes comprising 18 to 52 carbon atoms, and such that the ratio of B to A + B is greater than or equal to 0.38; and a crosslinking system.

The invention relates more particularly to pneumatic tires intended to equip motor vehicles of the tourism type, SUV ("Sport Utility Vehicles"), or two wheels (in particular motorcycles), or airplanes, or even industrial vehicles chosen from vans, " Heavy goods vehicle ”that is to say metro, bus, road transport equipment (trucks, tractors, trailers), off-road vehicles such as agricultural or civil engineering vehicles, and other vehicles for transport or handling.

The invention as well as its advantages will be easily understood in the light of the description and of the exemplary embodiments which follow, as well as of the single figure relating to these examples which shows diagrammatically, in radial section, a pneumatic tire according to the invention.

By the expression “composition based on” is meant a composition comprising the mixture and / or the in situ reaction product of the various basic constituents used, some of these constituents being able to react and / or being intended to react with each other, at least partially, during the various stages of manufacturing the composition, or during subsequent cooking, modifying the composition as it is prepared at the start. Thus, the compositions as used for the invention may be different in the non-crosslinked state and in the crosslinked state.

Furthermore, the term "pce" means within the meaning of the present patent application, part by weight per hundred parts of elastomers, in a manner well known to those skilled in the art.

In the present description, unless expressly indicated otherwise, all the percentages (%) indicated are percentages by mass. On the other hand, any designated range of values by the expression "between a and b" represents the range of values going from more than a to less than b (ie limits a and b excluded) while any range of values designated by the expression " from a to b "means the range of values from a to b (ie including the strict bounds a and b).

When reference is made to a “majority” compound, it is understood within the meaning of the present invention, that this compound is predominant among the compounds of the same type in the composition, that is to say that it is that which represents the greatest amount by mass among compounds of the same type. Thus, for example, a majority polymer is the polymer representing the largest mass relative to the total mass of the polymers in the composition. Likewise, a so-called majority charge is that representing the largest mass among the charges of the composition. By way of example, in a system comprising a single polymer, this is in the majority within the meaning of the present invention; and in a system comprising two polymers, the majority polymer represents more than half of the mass of the polymers. On the contrary, a “minority” compound is a compound which does not represent the largest mass fraction among the compounds of the same type.

When reference is made to a “majority” unit (or monomer) within the same compound (or polymer), it is understood within the meaning of the present invention, that this unit (or monomer) is predominant among the units (or monomers) forming the compound (or polymer), that is to say it is that which represents the largest fraction, by mass among the units (or monomers) forming the compound (or polymer). Thus, for example, a resin mainly composed of units derived from C5 monomers is a resin in which the C5 units represent the greatest quantity by mass, among all the units making up said resin. In other words, a “majority” monomer or a set of “majority” monomers is a monomer (or a set of monomers) which represents the largest mass fraction in the polymer. On the contrary, a "minority" monomer is a monomer which does not represent the largest molar fraction in the polymer.

The compounds mentioned in the description can be of fossil origin or bio-based. In the latter case, they can be, partially or totally, from biomass or obtained from renewable raw materials from biomass. Are concerned in particular polymers, plasticizers, fillers, etc.

Elastomeric composition of the outer flank

The tire according to the invention has the essential characteristic of being provided with an external sidewall, said external sidewall comprising at least one composition based on at least 15 to 70 phr of isoprene elastomer, 25 to 85 phr of elastomer butadienic, 10 to 100 phr of carbon black; 0.5 to 10 phr of an anti-ozone wax having a specific distribution of its alkanes; and a crosslinking system. Elastomers

Usually, the terms “elastomer” and “rubber” are used interchangeably in the text.

By “diene” elastomer or rubber, must be understood in a known manner one (means one or more) elastomer derived at least in part (ie; a homopolymer or a copolymer) of diene monomers (monomers carrying two carbon-carbon double bonds , combined or not).

These diene elastomers can be classified into two categories: "essentially unsaturated" or "essentially saturated".

In general, the term "essentially unsaturated" means a diene elastomer derived at least in part from conjugated diene monomers, having a proportion of units or units of diene origin (conjugated dienes) which is greater than 15% (mol%). In the category of “essentially unsaturated” diene elastomers, the expression “highly unsaturated” diene elastomer is understood in particular to mean a diene elastomer having a content of units of diene origin (conjugated dienes) which is greater than 50% (mol%).

This is how diene elastomers such as certain butyl rubbers or copolymers of dienes and of alpha-olefins of the EPDM type can be qualified as “essentially saturated” diene elastomers (rate of units of diene origin low or very low, always less than 15% by mole).

These definitions being given, the term “essentially unsaturated diene elastomer” more particularly intended to be used in the external flanks in accordance with the invention:

(a) any homopolymer obtained by polymerization of a conjugated diene monomer having from 4 to 12 carbon atoms;

(b) any copolymer obtained by copolymerization of one or more dienes conjugated together or with one or more vinyl aromatic compounds having from 8 to 20 carbon atoms.

For the purposes of the invention, the composition of the external flank comprises from 15 to 70 phr of isoprene elastomer, and from 25 to 85 phr of butadiene elastomer.

By isoprene elastomer is meant all the elastomers predominantly made up of isoprene monomers. Preferably, the isoprene elastomer is chosen from the group consisting of isoprene polymers, isoprene copolymers and their mixtures. Among the isoprene copolymers, mention may be made of those comprising, as a minority monomer, styrene (SIR), butadiene (BIR) or styrene and butadiene (SBIR). Suitable for example are all isoprene-styrene copolymers and in particular those having a styrene content of between 5% and 50% by weight and a Tg of between - 25 ° C and 50 ° C, butadiene-isoprene copolymers having a isoprene content between 50% and 90% by weight and a Tg of - 40 ° C to - 80 ° C. In the case of butadiene-styrene-isoprene copolymers, those having an isoprene content greater than the styrene and butadiene content, and especially those having an isoprene content of between 50% and 60%, are suitable as isoprene elastomer. weight.

More preferably, the isoprene elastomer is chosen from the group consisting of natural rubber (NR), synthetic polyisoprenes (IR) and their mixtures. Very preferably, the isoprene elastomer is natural rubber.

Among the synthetic polyisoprenes, polyisoprenes are preferably used having a rate (mol%) of cis-1,4 bonds greater than 90%, more preferably still greater than 98%.

Preferably, the level of isoprene elastomer is included in a range ranging from 30 to 60 phr, preferably from 35 to 50 phr.

By butadiene elastomer is meant all the elastomers mainly consisting of butadiene monomers. Preferably, the butadiene elastomer is chosen from the group consisting of butadiene polymers, butadiene copolymers and their mixtures. Among the butadiene copolymers, mention may be made of those comprising, as a minority monomer, styrene (SBR), isoprene (BIR) or styrene and isoprene (SBIR).

All polybutadienes are suitable and in particular those having a content (molar%) in units -1,2 of between 4% and 80% or those having a content (molar%) of cis-1,4 greater than 80%.

Also suitable are all butadiene-styrene copolymers and in particular those having a glass transition temperature, Tg, (measured according to ASTM D3418) of between 0 ° C and - 70 ° C and more particularly between - 10 ° C and - 60 ° C, a styrene content of between 5% and 60% by weight and more particularly between 20% and 50%, a content (molar%) of -1.2 bonds in the butadiene part of between 4% and 75%, a content (molar%) of trans-1,4 bonds between 10% and 80%,

Also suitable are butadiene-isoprene copolymers those having an isoprene content of between 5% and 50% by weight and a Tg of - 40 ° C to - 80 ° C.

In the case of butadiene-styrene-isoprene copolymers are suitable as butadiene elastomer, in particular those having a butadiene content greater than the styrene and isoprene content. More preferably, the butadiene elastomer is chosen from the group consisting of polybutadiene (BR), butadiene-styrene copolymers (SBR) and their mixtures. Very preferably, the butadiene elastomer is polybutadiene.

Preferably, the level of butadiene elastomer is included in a range ranging from 40 to 70 phr, preferably from 50 to 65 phr.

Preferably for the invention, the isoprene and butadiene elastomers are the only elastomers of the composition, which means that the sum of their levels in phr, is 100 phr.

Alternatively, as a complement, the composition of the external sidewall of the tire of the invention may comprise other elastomers, and this at a rate preferably less than or equal to 30 phr, preferably at a rate less than or equal to 25 phr, pce or even 15 pce.

As such, any elastomer known to those skilled in the art and not being defined above as an isoprene or butadiene elastomer can be used.

Carbon black and fillers

The composition of the external sidewall of the tire of the invention comprises from 10 to 100 phr of carbon black.

Any type of carbon black known for its capacity to reinforce a rubber composition which can be used for the manufacture of tires can be used.

As carbon blacks, all the carbon blacks conventionally used in tires (so-called pneumatic grade blacks) are suitable. For example, mention will be made more particularly of reinforcing carbon blacks of ASTM grade N115, N134, N234, N326, N330, N339, N347, N375, or, depending on the intended applications, the blacks of higher series (for example N550, N660, N683, N772), or even N990.

In the case of the use of carbon blacks with an isoprene elastomer, the carbon blacks could for example already be incorporated into the isoprene elastomer in the form of a masterbatch (see for example applications WO 97/36724 or WO 99 / 16600).

Preferably for the invention, a carbon black of high specific surface can be used. The term specific surface is understood here to mean the BET specific surface area measured according to standard ASTM D6556-09 [multipoint method (5 points) - gas: nitrogen - relative pressure range R / R0: 0.05 to 0.30],

Thus, for the purposes of the invention, in the composition of the external flank, 10 to 100 phr of carbon black, preferably 10 to 45 phr, has a specific surface greater than 60 m 2 / g, preferably greater than 80 m 2 / g · More preferably, 10 to 100 pce of black of carbon, preferably 10 to 45 phr, has a specific surface greater than 90 m 2 / g, preferably greater than 110 m 2 / g.

Preferably, in the composition of the external sidewall of the tire of the invention, the total amount of carbon black is within a range ranging from 20 to 60 phr, preferably from 25 to 55 phr.

Preferably for the invention, carbon black is the only reinforcing filler in the composition of the external sidewall of the tire, preferably the only filler.

Alternatively and as a complement, the composition of the external sidewall of the tire of the invention may comprise another charge, possibly reinforcing, preferably at a total rate of less than 20 phr, more preferably less than 15 phr.

As such, organic fillers other than carbon black are suitable, inorganic reinforcing fillers or even non-reinforcing fillers.

As examples of organic fillers other than carbon blacks, mention may be made of organic fillers of functionalized polyvinylaromatics as described in applications WO-A-2006/069792 and WO-A-2006/069793.

As reinforcing inorganic fillers, mineral fillers of the siliceous type, in particular silica (SiO 2), or of the aluminous type, in particular of alumina (Al 2 O 3) are suitable. The silica used can be any reinforcing silica known to those skilled in the art, in particular any precipitated or pyrogenic silica having a BET surface as well as a CTAB specific surface, both less than 450 m2 / g, preferably from 30 to 400 m2 / g. As highly dispersible precipitated silicas (known as "HDS"), mention will be made, for example, of "Ultrasil" 7000 and "Ultrasil" 7005 from Degussa, "Zeosil" 1165MP, 1135MP and 1115MP from Rhodia, "Hi-Sil" EZ150G silica from the company PPG, the "Zeopol" silicas 8715, 8745 and 8755 from the company Huber, the silicas with a high specific surface as described in application WO 03/16837.

To couple the reinforcing inorganic filler to the diene elastomer, an at least bifunctional coupling agent (or binding agent) is used in known manner intended to ensure a sufficient connection, of chemical and / or physical nature, between the inorganic filler ( surface of its particles) and the diene elastomer, in particular bifunctional organosilanes or polyorganosiloxanes.

As non-reinforcing filler, mention may be made of those chosen from the group consisting of calcium carbonate, kaolin, montmorillonite, aluminum silicate, magnesium silicate and their mixtures.

Anti-ozone wax The composition of the external sidewall of the tire of the invention comprises from 0.5 to 10 phr of a specific anti-ozone wax.

Anti-ozone waxes are well known to those skilled in the art. These film-forming antiozonant waxes can be, for example, paraffinic waxes, microcrystalline waxes or mixtures of paraffinic and microcrystalline waxes. They consist of a mixture of linear alkanes and non-linear alkanes (iso-alkanes, cyclo-alkanes, branched alkanes) from petroleum refining or catalytic hydrogenation of carbon monoxide (Fisher Tropsch Process) comprising mainly chains of at least 20 carbon atoms.

For the purposes of the invention, the specific wax used has a distribution of its alkanes in which, among the linear and non-linear alkanes comprising from 18 to 52 carbon atoms, the level A of linear alkanes comprising from 28 to 34 atoms of carbon, expressed in% by mass, and the rate B of non-linear alkanes comprising from 29 to 35 carbon atoms, expressed in% by mass, are such that their sum A + B is greater than 50% by mass of the alkanes comprising of 18 to 52 carbon atoms, and such that the ratio of B to A + B (B / (A + B)) is greater than or equal to 0.38.

The determination of the distribution of the alkanes is carried out by gas chromatography coupled to a flame ionization detector (CPG-FID). The chromatogram is used according to the EWF (European Wax Federation) method.

Preferably, the level A of linear alkanes comprising from 28 to 34 carbon atoms, expressed in mass%, and the level B of non-linear alkanes comprising from 29 to 35 carbon atoms, expressed in mass%, are such that their sum A + B is greater than 52% by mass of the alkanes comprising from 18 to 52 carbon atoms.

Preferably also, the level A of linear alkanes comprising from 28 to 34 carbon atoms, expressed in mass%, and the rate B of non-linear alkanes comprising from 29 to 35 carbon atoms, expressed in mass%, are such that the ratio of B to A + B (B / (A + B)) is greater than or equal to 0.40, preferably greater than or equal to 0.42.

Preferably, in the composition of the external sidewall of the tire of the invention, the amount of anti-ozone wax is within a range ranging from 0.7 to 5 phr, more preferably from 0.7 to 3 phr. More preferably, the amount of anti-ozone wax is in a range from 0.9 to 3 phr, preferably from 1.2 to 2.8 phr.

Crosslinking system

The crosslinking system can be a vulcanization system, it is preferably based on sulfur (or sulfur donor) and a primary vulcanization accelerator. To this vulcanization system are optionally added, various secondary accelerators or known vulcanization activators (preferably for 0.5 to 5.0 phr each) such as zinc oxide, stearic acid, guanidic derivatives (in particular diphenylguanidine), etc. The sulfur or a sulfur donor is used at a preferential rate of between 0.5 and 10 phr, more preferably between 0.5 and 5.0 phr, for example between 0.5 and 3.0 phr when the invention is applied to an external sidewall of the tire. Among the sulfur donors, there may be mentioned, for example, alkyl phenol disulfides (APDS) such as, for example, para-tert-butylphenol disulfide.

Any compound capable of acting as an accelerator for the vulcanization of diene elastomers in the presence of sulfur, in particular accelerators of the thiazole type and their derivatives, accelerators of the thiuram type, zinc dithiocarbamates, can be used as accelerator (primary or secondary). These accelerators are more preferably chosen from the group consisting of 2-mercaptobenzothiazyl disulfide (abbreviated "MBTS"), N-cyclohexyl-2-benzothiazyle sulfenamide (abbreviated "CBS"), N, N-dicyclohexyl-2-benzothiazyle sulfenamide (abbreviated "DCBS"), N-tert-butyl-2-benzothiazyl sulfenamide (abbreviated "TBBS"), N-ter-butyl-2-benzothiazyl sulfenimide (abbreviated "TBSI"), zinc dibenzyldithiocarbamate (en abbreviated "ZBEC") and mixtures of these compounds. Preferably, a primary accelerator of the sulfenamide type is used.

Miscellaneous additives

The composition of the external flank described above may also include the various additives usually present in the external flanks known to those skilled in the art. Mention will be made, for example, of protective agents such as antioxidants or antiozonants, anti-UV, various implementing agents or other stabilizers, or alternatively promoters capable of promoting adhesion to the rest of the structure of the pneumatic object.

Resin and Oil Plasticizers

Hydrocarbon resin

The composition of the external sidewall of the tire of the invention may also comprise a hydrocarbon resin, also called a plasticizing resin.

It will be recalled here that the name "resin" is reserved in the present application, by definition known to those skilled in the art, to a compound which is solid at room temperature (23 ° C.), in contrast to a liquid plasticizing compound such as '' an extension oil or plasticizer oil. At room temperature (23 ° C), these oils, more or less viscous, are liquids (that is to say, substances having the capacity to eventually take the form of their container), by contrast in particular to resins or rubbers which are by nature solid.

Hydrocarbon resins are polymers well known to those skilled in the art, essentially based on carbon and hydrogen, which can be used in particular as agents plasticizers in polymeric matrices. They have been described for example in the work entitled "Hydrocarbon Resins" by R. Mildenberg, M. Zander and G. Collin (New York, VCH, 1997, ISBN 3-527-28617-9), chapter 5 of which is devoted to their applications, especially in pneumatic rubber (5.5. "Rubber Tires and Mechanical Goods"). They can be aliphatic, cycloaliphatic, aromatic, hydrogenated aromatic, of the aliphatic / aromatic type, that is to say based on aliphatic and / or aromatic monomers. They can be natural or synthetic, based on petroleum or not (if this is the case, also known as petroleum resins). They are by definition miscible (ie, compatible) at the rates used with the polymer compositions for which they are intended, so as to act as true diluents. Their Tg is preferably greater than 0 ° C, in particular greater than 20 ° C (most often between 30 ° C and 120 ° C).

In known manner, these hydrocarbon resins can also be qualified as thermoplastic resins in the sense that they soften by heating and can thus be molded. They can also be defined by a softening point or temperature (in English, "softening point"), temperature at which the product, for example in powder form, agglutinates. The softening temperature of a hydrocarbon resin is generally about 50 to 60 ° C higher than its Tg value.

The thermoplastic hydrocarbon resins can be aliphatic, or aromatic or else of the aliphatic / aromatic type, that is to say based on aliphatic and / or aromatic monomers. They can be natural or synthetic, based on petroleum or not (if this is the case, also known as petroleum resins).

Suitable aromatic monomers are, for example, styrene, alpha-methylstyrene, ortho-, meta-, para-methylstyrene, vinyl-toluene, para-tertiobutylstyrene, methoxystyrenes, chlorostyrenes, vinyl mesitylene, divinylbenzene , vinylnaphthalene, any vinyl aromatic monomer resulting from a C9 cut (or more generally from a C8 to CIO cut). Preferably, the vinyl aromatic monomer is styrene or a vinyl aromatic monomer derived from a C9 cut (or more generally from a C8 to CIO cut). Preferably, the vinyl aromatic monomer is the minority monomer, expressed in molar fraction, in the copolymer considered.

According to a particularly preferred embodiment, the plasticizing hydrocarbon resin is chosen from the group consisting of resins of cyclopentadiene homopolymers or copolymers (abbreviated to CPD) or dicyclopentadiene (abbreviated to DCPD), homopolymer resins or terpene copolymers, terpene phenol homopolymer or copolymer resins, C5 cut homopolymer or copolymer resins, C9 cut homopolymer or copolymer resins, alpha-methyl-styrene homopolymer and copolymer resins and mixtures of these resins. The term "terpene" here groups together in a known manner the alpha-pinene, beta-pinene and limonene monomers; preferably a limonene monomer is used, a compound having known in the form of three possible isomers: L-limonene (levorotatory enantiomer), D-limonene (dextrorotatory enantiomer), or else dipentene, racemic of the dextrorotatory and levorotatory enantiomers. Among the plasticizing hydrocarbon resins above, there may be mentioned in particular the homo- or copolymer resins of alphapinene, betapinene, dipentene or polylimonene.

Very preferably, the hydrocarbon resin used for the invention is mainly composed of units derived from C5 monomers. As monomers C5 is understood according to the present invention and conventionally for the skilled person, the monomers from petroleum cuts in C4 to C6. Suitable for example are 1,3 pentadienes, cis and trans, pentenes, cyclopentadiene, cyclopentene, pyperylene, isoprene etc. This so-called C5 resin, mainly composed of units derived from C5 monomers, can comprise, in addition to these units, and on a minority basis, aliphatic or aromatic units or also of the aliphatic / aromatic type, that is to say based on aliphatic and / or aromatic monomers, other than C5.

Preferably for the invention, the content of hydrocarbon resin is in a range from 1 to 50 phr, preferably from 5 to 30 phr.

Preferably, in the composition of the external sidewall of the tire of the invention, the amount of hydrocarbon resin is in a range from 7 to 25 phr, preferably from 8 to 20 phr.

Preferably for the invention, the composition of the external sidewall of the tire of the invention does not comprise any resin other than the resin C5 described above.

Plasticizer oil

Preferably for the invention, the composition of the external sidewall of the tire of the invention does not comprise a plasticizing oil or comprises less than 25 phr thereof.

Preferably for the invention, the composition of the external sidewall of the tire of the invention does not comprise a plasticizing oil.

Alternatively, the composition may include a plasticizing oil. In this case, the amount of plasticizing oil is preferably within a range ranging from more than 0 to 25 phr, preferably from 3 to 15 phr.

Any plasticizing oil, sometimes also called extension oil, whether of an aromatic or non-aromatic nature known for its plasticizing properties with respect to diene elastomers, can be used. At room temperature (20 ° C), these oils, more or less viscous, are liquids (that is to say, substances having the capacity to eventually take the form of their container), in contrast in particular to plasticizing hydrocarbon resins which are by nature solid at room temperature. Particularly suitable are the plasticizing oils chosen from the group consisting of naphthenic oils (low or high viscosity, in particular hydrogenated or not), paraffinic oils, MES oils (Medium Extracted Solvated), TDAE oils (Treated Distillate Aromatic Extracts), mineral oils, vegetable oils, ether plasticizers, ester plasticizers, phosphate plasticizers, sulfonate plasticizers and mixtures of these compounds.

For example, mention may be made of those which contain between 12 and 30 carbon atoms, for example trioctyl phosphate. As examples of non-aqueous and non-water-soluble ester plasticizers, mention may in particular be made of the compounds chosen from the group consisting of trimellitates, pyromellitates, phthalates, 1,2-cyclohexane dicarboxylates, adipates, azelaates, sebacates, glycerol triesters and mixtures of these compounds. Among the above triesters, mention may in particular be made of glycerol triesters, preferably consisting mainly (for more than 50%, more preferably for more than 80% by weight) of a C18 unsaturated fatty acid, that is to say ie chosen from the group consisting of oleic acid, linoleic acid, linolenic acid and mixtures of these acids. More preferably, whether it is of synthetic or natural origin (case for example of vegetable oils of sunflower or rapeseed), the fatty acid used is constituted for more than 50% by weight, more preferably still for more than 80 % by weight of oleic acid. Such triesters (trioleates) with a high level of oleic acid are well known, they have been described for example in application WO 02/088238, as plasticizers in tire treads.

Preparation of the external flank of the invention

In order to prepare the external flank according to the invention, the elastomers are mixed, in a manner known to those skilled in the art, with the other components of the external flank, namely the fillers, any plasticizers, the wax, and so on. than the crosslinking system and any other ingredients. Those skilled in the art will be able to adapt the order of incorporation of the ingredients (in one go or in several successive steps), the temperature and the mixing time.

Thus for example, the procedure is carried out as follows: it is introduced into an internal mixer, filled to about 70% (more or less 5%) and whose initial tank temperature is between 40 ° C and 80 ° C , successively the elastomers, the fillers, any plasticizers, the wax as well as any other ingredients with the exception of the crosslinking system. Thermomechanical work (non-productive phase) is then carried out in one step, which lasts a total of approximately 3 to 4 minutes, until a maximum "fall" temperature of 150 ° C. is reached.

The mixture thus obtained is recovered, cooled, then the crosslinking system is incorporated, for example sulfur and an accelerator on an external mixer (homo- finisher) at 30 ° C, mixing everything (productive phase) for an appropriate time (for example between 5 and 12 min).

According to another embodiment, all the components including the crosslinking system can be introduced successively into the internal mixer as described above. In this case, the mixing must be carried out up to a "falling" temperature less than or equal to 130 ° C., preferably less than or equal to 120 ° C. and in particular less than or equal to 110 ° C.

In certain alternative embodiments, one or more of the elastomers (diene and / or thermoplastic) used in the composition can be introduced in the form of a "masterbatch" or premixed with some of the components of the composition.

The compositions thus obtained are then calendered either in the form of plates (thickness of 2 to 3 mm) or thin sheets of rubber for measuring their physical or mechanical properties, or extruded in the form of external sidewalls of tires.

Use of the external side in a pneumatic tire

The external side previously described is particularly well suited for use as a finished or semi-finished product, made of rubber, very particularly in a pneumatic tire for a motor vehicle such as a vehicle of the two-wheel, tourism or industrial type.

It will be readily understood that, depending on the specific fields of application, the dimensions and the pressures involved, the mode of implementation of the invention may vary, the external flank then comprises several preferred modes of use.

EXAMPLES OF EMBODIMENT OF THE INVENTION

The external side previously described is advantageously usable in the pneumatic tires of all types of vehicles, in particular passenger vehicles or industrial vehicles such as heavy goods vehicles.

By way of example, the single appended figure very schematically shows (without respecting a specific scale), a radial section of a tire according to the invention.

This pneumatic tire 1 comprises a crown 2 reinforced by a crown or belt reinforcement 6, two external sidewalls 3 and two beads 4, each of these beads 4 being reinforced with a bead wire. The crown 2 is surmounted by a tread not shown in this schematic figure. A carcass reinforcement 7 is wound around the two rods 5 in each bead 4, the reversal 8 of this reinforcement 7 being for example disposed towards the outside of the tire 1 which is here shown mounted on its rim 9. The carcass reinforcement 7 is in a manner known per se consisting of at least one ply reinforced by so-called “radial” cables, for example textile or metal, that is to say that these cables are arranged practically parallel to one another and extend from one bead to the other so as to form an angle between 80 ° and 90 ° with the median circumferential plane (plane perpendicular to the axis of rotation of the tire which is located midway between the two beads 4 and passes through the middle of the crown reinforcement 6).

The internal wall of the tire 1 comprises an airtight layer 10, for example of thickness equal to approximately 0.9 mm, on the side of the internal cavity 11 of the tire 1.

The pneumatic tire according to the invention can use, for example, for the composition of its external sidewall as defined above, a composition according to the present invention.

The tire provided with its external sidewall as described above is preferably produced before crosslinking (or curing). Crosslinking is then carried out conventionally.

An advantageous manufacturing variant, for those skilled in the art of pneumatic tires, will consist, for example during a first step, of laying flat the airtight layer directly on a garment drum, in the form of a layer ("skim") of suitable thickness, before covering the latter with the rest of the structure of the tire, according to manufacturing techniques well known to those skilled in the art.

Tests

The properties of the elastomeric compositions and of some of their constituents are characterized as indicated below.

Ozone resistance measurement

The ozone resistance of the materials is measured according to the following method: after cooking and then baking at 77 ° C in air for 28 days, 10 test pieces are placed on a trapezoid at different elongations ranging from 10% to 100% in steps of 10 % elongation. The so-called B15 test pieces come from an MFTR plate (called Monsanto) whose two beads located at the ends are used to hold the test piece. The so-called B15 test pieces have the following dimensions 78.5mm * 15mm * 1.5mm. After 192 hours of exposure to a temperature of 38 ° C and an ozone level of 50pphm (parts per hundred million), each facies is noted according to the number and depth of the cracks. This subjective rating goes from 0 to 5 (0: no cracks; 1 to 4 presence of increasingly large and deep cracks; 5 rupture of the test piece). The average of the ratings of all the deformations (the lower the average, the better the ozone performance) is used as a classification criterion.

Efflorescence performance measurement After a cutting operation of the cooked mixture plates, the 2.5 mm thick test pieces are baked at 70 ° C for 12 hours in air. They are then steamed at 40 ° C in air for 4 weeks. After leaving the oven and exposure to room temperature for 15 min, a mechanical stimulus is applied so as to reveal the efflorescence of the wax. In the present case, the mechanical stimulus consists of an operation of scraping the test piece with a metal blade. The extent of the efflorescence phenomenon (white coloration of the surface) is then evaluated by means of a subjective scale of values which is representative of the final appearance of the samples. The values of this subjective scale which were respectively obtained for the samples tested can vary from 0 to 3, and correspond to the “efflorescence notation”. These values ranging from 0 to 3 correspond to the following aspects for the samples:

0 - No efflorescence. The scratched surface remains black

1 - Slight efflorescence.

2 - Moderate efflorescence.

3 - Total efflorescence. The scraped surface is white.

The lower the value, the better the appearance of the efflorescence performance, that is to say the weak efflorescence.

Essays

External sidewall compositions, containing usual elastomers, reinforcing fillers and waxes corresponding to the controls (Tl to T4 Table 1) were prepared according to methods known to those skilled in the art and similarly to the preparation of the compositions of the invention described above. These control compositions were compared with a composition (Cl of Table 1) according to the invention.

Table 1 shows all of the compositions prepared. The rates are all expressed in pce.

Table 1

Figure imgf000016_0001
Figure imgf000017_0001

References for table 1:

(1) NR natural rubber

(2) Butadiene Rubber Nd

(3) Carbon black N683 (BET equal to 36m2 / g; COAN 85ml / 100g)

(4) MES oil from Exxon Mobil

(5) Wax A: Anti-ozone wax "Negozone 3457" from the company H&R Group

(6) Wax B: Anti-ozone wax "C32" from the company Guerola

(7) Wax C: H&R Group anti-ozone wax “Exp 1306”

(8) Wax D: Anti-ozone wax "H3841" from the company Yanggu Huatai

(9) Wax E: Anti-ozone wax “Varazon 6500” from the company Sasol

(10) 6PPD: N-1,3-dimethylbutyl-N'-phenyl-paraphenylenediamine

(11) N-cyclohexyl-2-benzothiazyl-sulfenamide "Santocure CBS" from the company Solutia.

The waxes A, B, C, D and E used in the tests have the characteristics described in Table 2 below

Table 2

Figure imgf000017_0002

The compositions were tested according to the tests described above for ozone and efflorescence performance. Table 3 presents all of the results of the compositions tested.

Table 3

Figure imgf000017_0003
Figure imgf000018_0001

The results presented in Table 3 show that only composition Cl, in accordance with the invention makes it possible to avoid efflorescence while having very good resistance to ozone.

Claims

Claims
1. A tire provided with an external sidewall, said external sidewall comprising at least one composition based on at least:
- 15 to 70 pce of isoprene elastomer,
- 25 to 85 pce of butadiene elastomer,
-10 to 100 pce of carbon black,
- 0.5 to 10 pce of an anti-ozone wax having a distribution of its alkanes in which, among the linear and non-linear alkanes comprising from 18 to 52 carbon atoms, the level A of linear alkanes comprising from 28 to 34 carbon atoms, expressed in% by mass, and the rate B of non-linear alkanes comprising from 29 to 35 carbon atoms, expressed in% by mass, are such that their sum A + B is greater than 50% by mass of the alkanes comprising from 18 to 52 carbon atoms, and such that the ratio of B to A + B is greater than or equal to 0.38,
- a crosslinking system.
2. A tire according to claim 1, in which the level of isoprene elastomer is included in a range ranging from 30 to 60 phr, preferably from 35 to 50 phr.
3. Tire according to any one of the preceding claims, in which the level of butadiene elastomer is in a range from 40 to 70 phr, preferably from 50 to 65 phr.
4. Tire according to any one of the preceding claims, in which the total amount of carbon black is in a range from 20 to 60 phr, preferably from 25 to 55 phr.
5. Tire according to any one of the preceding claims, in which the antiozone wax has a distribution of its alkanes in which, among the linear and non-linear alkanes comprising from 18 to 52 carbon atoms, the level A of linear alkanes comprising 28 to 34 carbon atoms, expressed in mass%, and the rate B of non-linear alkanes comprising from 29 to 35 carbon atoms, expressed in mass%, are such that their sum A + B is greater than 52% by mass alkanes comprising from 18 to 52 carbon atoms.
6. Tire according to any one of the preceding claims, in which the antiozone wax has a distribution of its alkanes in which, among the linear and non-linear alkanes comprising from 18 to 52 carbon atoms, the level A of linear alkanes comprising 28 to 34 carbon atoms, expressed in% by mass, and the level B of alkanes non-routes comprising from 29 to 35 carbon atoms, expressed in mass%, are such that the ratio of B to A + B is greater than or equal to 0.40; preferably greater than 0.42.
7. A tire according to any one of the preceding claims in which the amount of anti-ozone wax is within a range ranging from 0.7 to 5 phr, more preferably from 0.7 to 3 phr.
8. A tire according to the preceding claim wherein the amount of anti-ozone wax is in a range from 0.9 to 3 phr, more preferably from 1.2 to 2.8 phr.
9. Tire according to any one of the preceding claims, in which the composition of the external sidewall further comprises a hydrocarbon resin.
PCT/FR2019/053154 2018-12-21 2019-12-18 Tyre provided with an outer sidewall, the composition of which comprises a specific anti-ozone wax WO2020128330A1 (en)

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FR1873937 2018-12-21
FR1900918A FR3090668A1 (en) 2018-12-21 2019-01-31 Tire with an external sidewall, the composition of which includes a specific anti-ozone wax
FR1900918 2019-01-31

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EP1357149A2 (en) 2002-04-26 2003-10-29 THE GOODYEAR TIRE & RUBBER COMPANY Tire with component of carbon black rich rubber composition which contains alkylphenoxypoly (alkyleneoxy) alkanol
WO2006069793A1 (en) 2004-12-31 2006-07-06 Societe De Technologie Michelin Elastomer composition which is reinforced with a functionalised polyvinylaromatic filler
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EP1462479B1 (en) 2003-03-26 2007-06-27 Bridgestone Corporation Rubber composition and pneumatic tire using the same
EP1975200A1 (en) 2006-01-20 2008-10-01 Bridgestone Corporation Rubber composition containing modified polybutadiene rubber and tire
US20160108212A1 (en) 2013-07-03 2016-04-21 Continental Reifen Deutschland Gmbh Rubber mixture and pneumatic vehicle tire
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