WO2020103595A1 - Roadway charging device, vehicle power receiving device and vehicle mobile charging method - Google Patents

Roadway charging device, vehicle power receiving device and vehicle mobile charging method

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Publication number
WO2020103595A1
WO2020103595A1 PCT/CN2019/110292 CN2019110292W WO2020103595A1 WO 2020103595 A1 WO2020103595 A1 WO 2020103595A1 CN 2019110292 W CN2019110292 W CN 2019110292W WO 2020103595 A1 WO2020103595 A1 WO 2020103595A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
receiver
vehicle
limit
charging
negative
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2019/110292
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈治霖
Original Assignee
重庆陈氏清洁服务有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN201821925659 priority Critical
Priority to CN201811391231.4 priority
Priority to CN201811391982.6 priority
Priority to CN201811391982.6A priority patent/CN109263478A/en
Priority to CN201811391231.4A priority patent/CN109435720A/en
Priority to CN201821925659.8 priority
Priority to CN201811428178.0A priority patent/CN109346897A/en
Priority to CN201821968507.6U priority patent/CN208955385U/en
Priority to CN201811428178.0 priority
Priority to CN201821968507.6 priority
Priority to CN201910181500.2 priority
Priority to CN201920304883 priority
Priority to CN201910181500.2A priority patent/CN109778746A/en
Priority to CN201920304883.3 priority
Priority to CN201910233576.5A priority patent/CN109795566A/en
Priority to CN201920393142 priority
Priority to CN201920393142.7 priority
Priority to CN201910233576.5 priority
Priority to CN201910296737.5A priority patent/CN109823185A/en
Priority to CN201910296736.0A priority patent/CN109968988A/en
Priority to CN201920499106.9 priority
Priority to CN201910296737.5 priority
Priority to CN201920499106 priority
Priority to CN201920498689 priority
Priority to CN201910296736.0 priority
Priority to CN201920498689.3 priority
Priority to CN201910934397.4 priority
Priority to CN201910934397.4A priority patent/CN110884355A/en
Application filed by 重庆陈氏清洁服务有限公司 filed Critical 重庆陈氏清洁服务有限公司
Publication of WO2020103595A1 publication Critical patent/WO2020103595A1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L5/00Current collectors for power supply lines of electrically-propelled vehicles
    • B60L5/40Current collectors for power supply lines of electrically-propelled vehicles for collecting current from lines in slotted conduits
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L5/00Current collectors for power supply lines of electrically-propelled vehicles
    • B60L5/42Current collectors for power supply lines of electrically-propelled vehicles for collecting current from individual contact pieces connected to the power supply line
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60MPOWER SUPPLY LINES, AND DEVICES ALONG RAILS, FOR ELECTRICALLY- PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60M7/00Power lines or rails specially adapted for electrically-propelled vehicles of special types, e.g. suspension tramway, ropeway, underground railway

Abstract

Provided are a roadway charging device, a vehicle power receiving device and a vehicle mobile charging method, the roadway charging device comprises a positive power line (1) and a negative power line (2) buried along the roadway, a road isolation frame (3) provided along the roadway and a power supply; the vehicle power receiving device comprises a lifting driving mechanism, a deflecting driving mechanism, a swing arm (19), a swing arm locking mechanism and a power receiver, the power receiver comprises a mounting base (20), a positive power receiving body (21) provided on the mounting base (20), and a negative power receiving body (22) provided on the mounting base; by means of the cooperation between the limit structure of the power supply and the stopper of the power receiver during the charging process, this solution can ensure that the power receiver and power supply of the vehicle always maintain the correct contact position during the travelling charging process of the vehicle, smoothly perform the charging, ensure the charging safety, and the technical problem of vehicle mobile charging is solved.

Description

车行道充电装置、车辆受电装置及车辆移动充电方法Roadway charging device, vehicle power receiving device and vehicle mobile charging method 技术领域Technical field
本发明涉及一种车辆充电技术领域,特别涉及一种车行道充电装置、车辆受电装置及车辆移动充电方法。The invention relates to the technical field of vehicle charging, in particular to a roadway charging device, a vehicle power receiving device and a vehicle mobile charging method.
背景技术Background technique
现有技术中,为电动汽车充电的设备一般为充电桩。充电桩的功能类似于加油站里面的加油机,其固定在地面或墙壁上为电动汽车充电。In the prior art, the equipment for charging electric vehicles is generally a charging pile. The function of the charging pile is similar to the fuel dispenser in the gas station, which is fixed on the ground or wall to charge the electric car.
充电桩的缺点在于不能为行驶中的车辆进行充电,这使得其使用方便性较差;如何实现对行驶中的车辆进行充电是一个技术难题。The disadvantage of the charging pile is that it can't charge the running vehicle, which makes it less convenient to use; how to charge the running vehicle is a technical problem.
在城区内安装充电桩需要占用位置,有些城区拥挤不仅很难腾出空间而且位置使用成本很高。Installing a charging pile in an urban area requires a location. In some urban areas, not only is it difficult to make room, but the cost of using the location is high.
发明内容Summary of the invention
有鉴于此,本发明的目的是提供一种车行道充电装置、车辆受电装置及车辆移动充电方法,以解决为行驶中的车辆充电的技术问题。In view of this, an object of the present invention is to provide a roadway charging device, a vehicle power receiving device, and a vehicle mobile charging method to solve the technical problem of charging a running vehicle.
本发明车行道充电装置,包括沿车行道埋设的正极输电线和负极输电线,还包括沿车行道设置的道路隔离架和设置在道路隔离架上用于与充电车辆的受电器滑动接触的供电器;The roadway charging device of the present invention includes a positive power transmission line and a negative power transmission line buried along the roadway, and further includes a road isolation frame provided along the roadway and a road isolation frame for sliding with the receiver of the charging vehicle Contacted power supply;
所述供电器包括与车行道平行布置的正极导体和负极导体,所述正极导体和负极导体分别与沿车行道埋设的正极输电线和负极输电线连接;The power supply includes a positive conductor and a negative conductor arranged parallel to the roadway, and the positive conductor and the negative conductor are respectively connected to the positive power transmission line and the negative power transmission line buried along the roadway;
所述供电器还包括对沿正极导体和负极导体移动的受电器进行限位的限位结构,所述限位结构用于限定受电器在正极导体及负极导体上左右移动的距离范围,以阻止受电器在左及右方向上与正极导体和负极导体脱离;所述 限位结构还用于在受电器出现上下跳动时,在上下方向上对受电器的运动进行竖向导向;所述限位结构还用于引导受电器上下移动使其与正极导体和负极导体器接触或脱离;The power supply further includes a limiting structure that limits the receiver that moves along the positive and negative conductors, and the limiting structure is used to limit the distance range that the receiver moves left and right on the positive and negative conductors to prevent The receiver is separated from the positive and negative conductors in the left and right directions; the limit structure is also used to vertically guide the movement of the receiver in the up and down directions when the receiver jumps up and down; the limit The structure is also used to guide the receiver to move up and down to make contact with or disconnect from the positive and negative conductors;
所述供电器还包括设置在道路隔离架上与负极导体平行的竖向引导板,所述竖向引导板用于引导受电器沿竖向引导板竖向移动使其与限位结构接触或脱离。The power supply further includes a vertical guide plate disposed on the road isolation frame parallel to the negative conductor, the vertical guide plate is used to guide the receiver to move vertically along the vertical guide plate to make it contact or disengage from the limit structure .
进一步,所述限位结构为设置在隔离架上与负极导体平行的左限位竖向挡板和右限位竖向挡板;Further, the limit structure is a left limit vertical baffle and a right limit vertical baffle provided on the isolation frame parallel to the negative conductor;
或者所述限位结构为设置在道路隔离架上并与负极导体平行的凹槽形导轨,所述凹槽形导轨上的凹槽的左右侧壁面为竖立面;Or the limit structure is a groove-shaped guide rail that is provided on the road isolation frame and is parallel to the negative conductor, and the left and right side walls of the groove on the groove-shaped guide rail are vertical surfaces;
或者所述限位结构为设置在道路隔离架上并与负极导体平行的矩形导轨,所述矩形导轨的左右侧面为竖立面。Or the limit structure is a rectangular guide rail that is installed on the road isolation frame and is parallel to the negative conductor, and the left and right sides of the rectangular guide rail are vertical surfaces.
进一步,所述限位结构为设置在道路隔离架上并与负极导体平行的凹槽形导轨,所述凹槽形导轨即为供电器的负极导体;Further, the limit structure is a groove-shaped guide rail provided on the road isolation frame and parallel to the negative conductor, and the groove-shaped guide rail is the negative conductor of the power supply;
或者所述限位结构为设置在道路隔离架上并与负极导体平行的矩形导轨,所述矩形导轨即为供电器的负极导体。Or the limit structure is a rectangular guide rail that is provided on the road isolation frame and is parallel to the negative conductor, and the rectangular guide rail is the negative conductor of the power supply.
进一步,所述正极导体通过第一导线与正极输电线连接,所述负极导体通过第二导线与负极输电线连接,所述第一导线上串联有开关。Further, the positive conductor is connected to the positive power transmission line through a first wire, the negative conductor is connected to the negative power transmission line through a second wire, and a switch is connected in series on the first wire.
进一步,所述的车行道充电装置还包括设置在道路隔离架底部、分别通过第一导线和第二导线与正极导体和负极导体连接的连接器A,还包括设置在车行道上、分别通过第一导线和第二导线与正极输电线和负极输电线连接的连接器B,所述连接器A和连接器B插接配合。Further, the roadway charging device further includes a connector A provided at the bottom of the road isolation frame and connected to the positive conductor and the negative conductor through the first lead and the second lead, respectively, and the connector A provided on the roadway and passing through The first lead and the second lead are connected to the connector B connected to the positive power transmission line and the negative power transmission line, and the connector A and the connector B are mated.
进一步,所述道路隔离架上设置有控制器和电源,所述开关为由控制器控制的电控开关,所述电源用于对控制器和电控开关供电。Further, the road isolation frame is provided with a controller and a power supply, the switch is an electric control switch controlled by the controller, and the power supply is used to supply power to the controller and the electric control switch.
进一步,所述的车行道充电装置还包括对射式光电开关,所述对射式光电开关的发射器和接收器分别正对布置在道路隔离架上的不同部位,所述对射式光电开关的开关信号输出端与控制器的信号输入端连接,所述控制器的信 号输出端与电控开关的信号输入端连接。Further, the roadway charging device further includes a through-beam photoelectric switch, and the emitter and receiver of the through-beam photoelectric switch are directly opposite to different parts arranged on the road isolation frame. The switch signal output end of the switch is connected to the signal input end of the controller, and the signal output end of the controller is connected to the signal input end of the electric control switch.
进一步,所述道路隔离架上还设置有防护框,所述供电器设置在防护框中,所述防护框的侧面上设置有使受电器进入的开口。Further, the road isolation frame is further provided with a protective frame, the power supply is provided in the protective frame, and the side of the protective frame is provided with an opening for the receiver to enter.
本发明中车辆受电装置包括升降驱动机构、偏转驱动机构、偏摆臂、偏摆臂锁定机构和受电器,所述受电器包括安装座、设置在安装座上的正极受电体和设置在安装座上的负极受电体,所述安装座设置在偏摆臂的一端上;The vehicle power receiving device of the present invention includes an elevating drive mechanism, a yaw drive mechanism, a deflection arm, a deflection arm locking mechanism, and a power receiver. The power receiver includes a mounting base, a positive power receiver on the mounting base, and a A negative electrode power receiver on a mounting base, the mounting base is provided on one end of the swing arm;
所述车辆受电装置还包括设置在受电器上与供电器的限位结构配合的限位器;The vehicle power receiving device further includes a limiter provided on the power receiver to cooperate with the limit structure of the power supply device;
所述偏转驱动机构用于在充电时驱动偏摆臂水平偏转至与竖向引导板接触,以及用于在充电结束时驱动偏摆臂回转到车辆上;所述升降驱动机构用于在充电时驱动偏摆臂下降或上升,以使受电器的正极受电体与供电器的正极导体处于充电接触状态、以使受电器的负极受电体与供电器的负极导体处于充电接触状态、以及使受电器的限位器与供电器的限位结构处于配合状态,所述升降驱动机构还用于在充电结束时驱动偏摆臂上升或下降,以使受电器与供电器的正极导体、负极导体和限位结构分离;The deflection drive mechanism is used to drive the deflection arm to horizontally deflect to contact with the vertical guide plate during charging, and to drive the deflection arm to swing onto the vehicle at the end of charging; the lifting drive mechanism is used to charge Drive the deflection arm to fall or rise so that the positive receiver of the receiver and the positive conductor of the power supply are in a charging contact state, so that the negative receiver of the receiver and the negative conductor of the power supply are in a charging contact state, and the The limiter of the receiver and the limiter structure of the power supply are in a cooperative state. The lifting drive mechanism is also used to drive the swing arm to rise or fall at the end of charging, so that the positive and negative conductors of the receiver and the power supply Separated from the limit structure;
所述偏摆臂锁定机构用于在充电过程中将偏摆臂的偏转角度锁定。The deflection arm locking mechanism is used to lock the deflection angle of the deflection arm during charging.
进一步,当所述供电器的限位结构为设置在隔离架上的左限位竖向挡板和右限位竖向挡板时,所述车辆受电装置的限位器为设置在安装座左侧上与左限位竖向挡板配合的左限位板和设置在安装座右侧上与右限位竖向挡板配合的右限位板,或者所述车辆受电装置的限位器为设置在安装座上并位于左限位竖向挡板和右限位竖向挡板之间的矩形块;Further, when the limit structure of the power supply device is a left limit vertical baffle and a right limit vertical baffle provided on the isolation frame, the limiter of the vehicle power receiving device is provided on the mounting seat The left limit plate on the left side that cooperates with the left limit vertical baffle and the right limit plate on the right side of the mounting base that cooperates with the right limit vertical baffle, or the limit of the vehicle power receiving device The device is a rectangular block set on the installation seat and located between the left limit vertical baffle and the right limit vertical baffle;
当所述供电器的限位结构为设置在道路隔离架上并与负极导体平行的凹槽形导轨时,所述车辆受电装置的限位器为设置在安装座上与凹槽形导轨上的凹槽滑动配合的矩形块;When the limit structure of the power supply device is a groove-shaped guide rail provided on the road isolation frame and parallel to the negative conductor, the limiter of the vehicle power receiving device is provided on the mounting base and the groove-shaped guide rail Rectangular block with sliding fit of the groove;
当所述供电器的限位结构为设置在道路隔离架上并与负极导体平行的矩形导轨时,所述车辆受电装置的限位器为设置在安装座上与矩形导轨滑动配合的凹形块。When the limit structure of the power supply device is a rectangular guide rail provided on the road isolation frame and parallel to the negative conductor, the limiter of the vehicle power receiving device is a concave shape provided on the mounting base and slidingly cooperates with the rectangular guide rail Piece.
进一步,所述安装座由正极座、负极座、水平导向杆和第三弹簧组成,受电器的正极受电体设置在正极座上,受电器的负极受电体设置在负极座上,所述正极座通过水平导向杆与负极座连接,所述正极座或负极座与水平导向杆滑动配合,所述第三弹簧套在水平导向杆上,且第三弹簧一端顶在负极座上,第三弹簧的另一端顶在正极座上。Further, the mounting base is composed of a positive base, a negative base, a horizontal guide rod, and a third spring. The positive power receiver of the power receiver is provided on the positive base, and the negative power receiver of the power receiver is provided on the negative base. The positive electrode base is connected with the negative electrode base through a horizontal guide rod, the positive electrode base or the negative electrode base slidingly cooperates with the horizontal guide rod, the third spring is sleeved on the horizontal guide rod, and one end of the third spring is pressed against the negative electrode base, the third The other end of the spring rests on the positive base.
进一步,所述升降驱动机构包括与车体连接的基座、竖直固定在基座上的导柱、与导柱上下滑动配合的升降座、以及设置在基座上驱动升降座上下运动的直线驱动器,所述偏转驱动机构设置在升降座上,所述偏转驱动机构为电机或马达;所述偏摆臂与偏转驱动机构的转轴连接;Further, the lifting driving mechanism includes a base connected to the vehicle body, a guide post vertically fixed on the base, a lifting seat slidingly matched with the guide post up and down, and a straight line provided on the base to drive the lifting seat to move up and down A driver, the deflection drive mechanism is provided on a lifting seat, the deflection drive mechanism is a motor or a motor; the deflection arm is connected to the rotating shaft of the deflection drive mechanism;
所述偏摆臂锁定机构为一端通过球铰或万向节与偏摆臂铰接、另一端通过球铰或万向节与车体铰接的被动伸缩杆,所述被动伸缩杆由内杆、套管、锁块、条形导磁体和电磁铁组成,所述套管套在内杆上并与内杆滑动配合,所述条形导磁体设置在内杆上,所述锁块位于套管内并与条形导磁体正对,所述套管上设置有与内杆垂直的导向孔,所述锁块的一部分位于导向孔中并与导向孔滑动配合,所述电磁铁设置在锁块上并与条形导磁体正对。The deflection arm locking mechanism is a passive telescopic rod hinged at one end to the deflection arm via a ball joint or universal joint, and the other end to the vehicle body via a ball joint or universal joint. The passive telescopic rod is composed of an inner rod and a sleeve The tube, the lock block, the bar-shaped magnet and the electromagnet are composed, the sleeve is sleeved on the inner rod and slidingly cooperates with the inner rod, the bar-shaped magnet is arranged on the inner rod, and the lock block is located in the sleeve and Directly opposite to the bar-shaped magnet, a guide hole perpendicular to the inner rod is provided on the sleeve, a part of the lock block is located in the guide hole and slidingly cooperates with the guide hole, and the electromagnet is provided on the lock block and Directly opposite to the bar magnet.
进一步,所述车辆受电装置还包括扭转减震器,所述扭转减震器包括用于设置在车体上的固定座、设置在固定座内并与固定座转动配合的旋转座和设置在固定座与旋转座之间的第四弹簧组成,且固定座和旋转座上分别设置有限位凸起,所述第四弹簧的一端顶在固定座上的限位凸起上,第四弹簧的另一端顶在旋转座上的限位凸起上,所述升降驱动机构的基座设置在旋转座上。Further, the vehicle power receiving device further includes a torsional shock absorber. The torsional shock absorber includes a fixed seat provided on the vehicle body, a rotating seat provided in the fixed seat and rotatably cooperating with the fixed seat, and provided on the A fourth spring is formed between the fixed seat and the rotary seat, and the fixed seat and the rotary seat are respectively provided with limit protrusions, and one end of the fourth spring is pressed against the limit protrusion on the fixed seat. The other end is pressed against the limiting protrusion on the rotating base, and the base of the lifting driving mechanism is arranged on the rotating base.
进一步,所述偏摆臂与升降驱动机构的升降部铰接;Further, the deflection arm is hinged with the lifting part of the lifting driving mechanism;
所述偏转驱动机构和偏摆臂锁定机构为同一机构,均为自动伸缩杆;所述自动伸缩杆的一端通过球铰或万向节与偏摆臂铰接,自动伸缩杆的另一端通过球铰或万向节与车体铰接。The deflection drive mechanism and the deflection arm locking mechanism are the same mechanism, both are automatic telescopic rods; one end of the automatic telescopic rod is articulated with the deflection arm through a ball joint or a universal joint, and the other end of the automatic telescopic rod is through a ball joint Or the universal joint is articulated with the car body.
进一步,所述自动伸缩杆通过伸缩调节器与球铰或万向节连接,所述伸缩调节器由被动伸缩杆和调节弹簧组成,所述调节弹簧的一端固定在套管上,调节弹簧的另一端固定在内杆上。Further, the automatic telescopic rod is connected to a ball joint or a universal joint through a telescopic regulator. The telescopic regulator is composed of a passive telescopic rod and an adjustment spring. One end of the adjustment spring is fixed on the sleeve, and the other of the adjustment spring One end is fixed on the inner rod.
进一步,所述安装座上垂直固定有第一枢轴,所述第一枢轴和偏摆臂转动配合,所述安装座上还具有转角限定机构,所述转角限位机构用于限定安装座绕第一枢轴转动的角度,Further, a first pivot shaft is vertically fixed on the mounting base, and the first pivot shaft and the swing arm are rotatably cooperated, and the mounting base also has a rotation angle limiting mechanism, and the rotation angle limiting mechanism is used to limit the mounting base The angle of rotation about the first pivot,
所述转角限定机构包括垂直设置在偏摆臂上的销轴、设置在安装座顶面上的弧形槽、设置在弧形槽中并与弧形槽上下滑动配合的弧形锁条、设置在弧形锁条上的电磁铁、设置在销轴下端并能沿弧形槽滑动的导磁块、以及设置在第一枢轴上对安装座施加扭力的扭簧。The rotation angle limiting mechanism includes a pin shaft vertically arranged on the deflection arm, an arc-shaped groove provided on the top surface of the mounting seat, an arc-shaped lock bar arranged in the arc-shaped groove and slidingly cooperating with the arc-shaped groove up and down, and provided An electromagnet on the arc-shaped lock bar, a magnetic guide block provided on the lower end of the pin shaft and capable of sliding along the arc-shaped groove, and a torsion spring provided on the first pivot shaft to apply a torsional force to the mounting seat.
进一步,所述偏摆臂由前臂和后臂通过第二枢轴连接组成,所述安装座设置在前臂上,所述后臂上设置有限定前臂绕第二枢轴转动角度的左转限位挡块和右转限位挡块,所述偏摆臂上还设置有第一弹簧或第二弹簧,所述第一弹簧用于对前臂施加阻止前臂向右旋转的扭力,所述第二弹簧用于对前臂施加阻止前臂向左旋转的扭力,所述被动伸缩杆或自动升缩杆与后臂铰接;所述后臂上还设置有对第二枢轴或前臂制动的磁粉制动器。Further, the deflection arm is composed of a forearm and a rear arm connected by a second pivot, the mounting seat is provided on the forearm, and the rear arm is provided with a left-turn limit that defines a rotation angle of the forearm about the second pivot A stopper and a right-turn limit stopper, a first spring or a second spring is also provided on the deflection arm, the first spring is used to apply a torsion force to the forearm to prevent the forearm from rotating to the right, and the second spring It is used to apply a torque to the forearm to prevent the forearm from rotating to the left. The passive telescopic rod or the automatic lifting rod is articulated with the rear arm; the rear arm is also provided with a magnetic powder brake that brakes the second pivot or the forearm.
进一步,所述偏摆臂与车体的连接部和偏摆臂锁定机构与车体连接的连接部在车体前后方向上分布。Further, the connection portion of the swing arm and the vehicle body and the connection portion of the swing arm locking mechanism and the vehicle body are distributed in the front-rear direction of the vehicle body.
本发明中车辆移动充电方法包括以下步骤:The vehicle mobile charging method in the present invention includes the following steps:
1)通过偏转驱动机构驱动偏摆臂向供电器偏转;1) The deflection drive mechanism drives the deflection arm to deflect towards the power supply;
2)当受电器接触到供电器的竖向引导板时,升降驱动机构驱动偏摆臂下移或上升,使受电器沿竖向引导板竖向移动,从而使受电器的限位器与供电器的限位结构处于配合状态;升降驱动机构继续驱动偏摆臂下移或上升,使受电器的正极受电体与供电器的正极导体处于充电接触状态、并使受电器的负极受电体与供电器的负极导体处于充电接触状态;2) When the receiver contacts the vertical guide plate of the power supply, the lifting drive mechanism drives the swing arm to move down or up, so that the receiver moves vertically along the vertical guide plate, so that the limiter and supply of the receiver The limit structure of the electrical appliance is in a coordinated state; the lifting drive mechanism continues to drive the deflection arm to move down or up, so that the positive electrode receiver of the receiver and the positive conductor of the power supply are in charging contact, and the negative receiver of the receiver In contact with the negative conductor of the power supply;
3)在充电结束时,先通过升降驱动机构驱动偏摆臂上移或下降,使受电器与供电器的正极导体、负极导体和限位结构分离,然后通过偏转驱动机构驱动偏摆臂向车辆偏转复位。3) At the end of charging, first drive the deflection arm to move up or down by the lifting drive mechanism to separate the positive and negative conductors and the limit structure of the power receiver from the power supply, and then drive the deflection arm to the vehicle by the deflection drive mechanism Deflection reset.
进一步,所述的车辆移动充电方法还包括在车行道上设置用于标识车辆在充电时离道路隔离架合适距离的标志线,还包括设置在车行道上标识充电开 始和充电结束的标志线。Further, the method for moving charging of a vehicle further includes setting a marking line on the roadway to identify the appropriate distance of the vehicle from the road isolation frame during charging, and a marking line on the roadway to mark the start of charging and the end of charging.
本发明的有益效果:The beneficial effects of the invention:
1、本发明车行道充电装置、车辆受电装置及车辆移动充电方法,其设置在道路隔离架上的供电器在车辆侧面向车辆供电,而不是像现有轨道电车上的输电线那样在车辆顶部向电动火车或电动汽车供电,从侧面向车辆供电使得可沿道路隔离架高度方向上设置几组供电器,从而能为不同高度的车辆供电,解决了不同高度车辆充电的技术难题。1. The roadway charging device, the vehicle power receiving device, and the vehicle mobile charging method of the present invention, the power supply device provided on the road isolation frame supplies power to the vehicle on the side of the vehicle, rather than the power line on the existing railcar. The top of the vehicle supplies power to the electric train or electric vehicle, and the power supply to the vehicle from the side makes it possible to set up several sets of power supplies along the height of the road isolation frame, so that it can supply power to vehicles of different heights, solving the technical problems of charging vehicles of different heights.
2、本发明车行道充电装置、车辆受电装置及车辆移动充电方法,其能在充电过程中通过供电器的限位结构与受电器的限位器相互配合,能保证车辆在行驶充电过程中,车辆的受电器与供电器始终保持正确的接触位置,使充电顺利进行,保证充电安全。2. The roadway charging device, the vehicle power receiving device and the vehicle mobile charging method of the present invention can cooperate with each other through the limit structure of the power supply device and the limit device of the receiver during the charging process, which can ensure that the vehicle is in the process of charging In the vehicle, the receiver of the vehicle and the power supply always maintain the correct contact position, so that the charging can be smoothly carried out and the safety of the charging can be ensured.
3、本发明车行道充电装置、车辆受电装置及车辆移动充电方法,其设置的竖向引导板能使受电器的限位器顺利的进入供电器的限位结构中,从而保证了移动中的车辆受电器与供电器能够顺利的结合。3. The roadway charging device, the vehicle power receiving device and the vehicle mobile charging method of the present invention, the vertical guide plate provided can enable the limiter of the receiver to smoothly enter the limit structure of the power supply, thereby ensuring movement The vehicle receiver in the vehicle can be smoothly combined with the power supply.
4、本发明车行道充电装置、车辆受电装置及车辆移动充电方法,供电装置设置在机动车车行道的分界线、或分隔线、或隔离带上,不占用小区、商场等拥挤地段,建设成本低。4. The roadway charging device, the vehicle power receiving device and the vehicle mobile charging method of the present invention, the power supply device is installed on the dividing line, or the dividing line, or the isolation belt of the motor vehicle roadway, and does not occupy the crowded areas of the community, shopping malls And low construction cost.
5、本发明车行道充电装置、车辆受电装置及车辆移动充电方法,不需要像现有轨道电车上的输电线那样连续布置,其供电充电装置可以根据道路情况灵活的做成若干模块,能适应不同道路情况的安装需要。5. The roadway charging device, the vehicle power receiving device and the vehicle mobile charging method of the present invention do not need to be continuously arranged like the transmission lines on the existing railcars. The power supply charging device can be flexibly made into several modules according to the road conditions. It can adapt to the installation needs of different road conditions.
6、本发明车行道充电装置、车辆受电装置及车辆移动充电方法,其让不同车型的电动车辆在行驶中可随时根据需要进行充电,解决了现有电车受电池蓄电量限制而导致航程短的问题,解决了现有电车因电池的充电时间长而导致出行不快捷、方便的问题。6. The roadway charging device, the vehicle power receiving device and the vehicle mobile charging method of the present invention allow electric vehicles of different models to be recharged at any time as needed during driving, which solves the problem that the existing electric car is limited by the battery storage capacity and causes a voyage The short problem solves the problem that the current tram is not fast and convenient due to the long charging time of the battery.
7、本发明车行道充电装置、车辆受电装置及车辆移动充电方法,其利用供电器的限位结构和受电器的限位器相配合,还能对汽车行驶方向进行导向,使汽车由现有的无轨行驶变为无轨行驶和有轨行驶相结合。当供电器的限位 结构和受电器的限位器相配合时,汽车变为有轨行驶,其行驶方向由限位结构决定,由于在这种情况下不需要驾驶员控制行驶方向,使得汽车驾驶更简单;并且有轨行驶能消除现有汽车的侧滑问题,进一步提高了汽车行驶安全性。当供电器的限位结构和受电器的限位器分离时,汽车变为无轨行驶,这时汽车切换为现有的驾驶方式,从而使汽车能在路口等不适合设置导轨的地方进行脱轨行驶,不影响现有汽车的机动灵活性。7. The roadway charging device, the vehicle power receiving device and the vehicle mobile charging method of the present invention, which use the limit structure of the power supply device and the limit device of the power receiver, can also guide the driving direction of the car, so that the car can The existing trackless travel has become a combination of trackless travel and tracked travel. When the limit structure of the power supply unit and the limiter of the receiver are matched, the car becomes a track, and its driving direction is determined by the limit structure. In this case, the driver does not need to control the driving direction, making the car Driving is simpler; and rail driving can eliminate the side-slip problem of existing cars, which further improves the driving safety of cars. When the limit structure of the power supply and the limiter of the receiver are separated, the car becomes trackless. At this time, the car is switched to the existing driving mode, so that the car can be derailed at places such as intersections that are not suitable for installing guide rails. , Without affecting the mobility of existing cars.
8、本发明车行道充电装置、车辆受电装置及车辆移动充电方法,其偏摆臂与车体的连接部和偏摆臂锁定机构与车体连接的连接部在车体前后方向上分布,能使从限位器传递至车辆的力在车体前后方向上较均匀的分布,有利于保持车辆行驶稳定性。8. The roadway charging device, the vehicle power receiving device and the vehicle moving charging method of the present invention, the connection part of the deflection arm and the vehicle body and the connection part of the deflection arm locking mechanism and the vehicle body are distributed in the front-rear direction of the vehicle body It can make the force transmitted from the stopper to the vehicle more evenly distributed in the front and rear directions of the vehicle body, which is conducive to maintaining the stability of the vehicle.
附图说明BRIEF DESCRIPTION
图1为车行道充电装置的结构示意图;Figure 1 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the roadway charging device;
图2为供电器与受电器的第一种配合示意图;Figure 2 is a schematic diagram of the first cooperation between the power supply and the receiver;
图3为供电器与受电器的第二种配合示意图;Figure 3 is a schematic diagram of the second cooperation between the power supply and the receiver;
图4为供电器与受电器的第三种配合示意图;Figure 4 is a schematic diagram of the third cooperation between the power supply and the receiver;
图5为供电器与受电器的第四种配合示意图;Figure 5 is a schematic diagram of the fourth cooperation between the power supply and the receiver;
图6为图2中P部的放大示意图;6 is an enlarged schematic view of the P part in FIG. 2;
图7为负极受电体的结构示意图;7 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the negative electrode receiver;
图8为受电器的一种结构示意图;8 is a schematic structural view of a receiver;
图9为扭转减震器的结构示意图;9 is a schematic structural view of a torsional shock absorber;
图10为第一种车辆受电装置设置在车体上的俯视结构示意图;10 is a schematic view of the top structure of the first vehicle power receiving device provided on the vehicle body;
图11为第一种车辆受电装置设置在车体上的前视结构示意图;11 is a schematic view of the front structure of the first vehicle power receiving device provided on the vehicle body;
图12为第二种车辆受电装置设置在车体上的俯视结构示意图;12 is a schematic view of the top structure of a second vehicle power receiving device provided on a vehicle body;
图13为被动伸缩杆的剖视结构示意图;13 is a schematic cross-sectional structure diagram of a passive telescopic rod;
图14为转角限位机构的俯视示意图。FIG. 14 is a schematic top view of a corner limit mechanism.
具体实施方式detailed description
下面结合附图和实施例对本发明作进一步描述。The present invention will be further described below with reference to the drawings and embodiments.
实施例一,本实施例车行道充电装置,包括沿车行道埋设的正极输电线1和负极输电线2。Embodiment 1 The vehicle roadway charging device of this embodiment includes a positive power transmission line 1 and a negative power transmission line 2 buried along the roadway.
本实施例车行道充电装置还包括沿车行道设置的道路隔离架3和设置在道路隔离架上用于与充电车辆的受电器滑动接触的供电器;所述供电器包括与车行道平行布置的正极导体4和负极导体5,所述正极导体和负极导体分别与沿车行道埋设的正极输电线和负极输电线连接。The roadway charging device of this embodiment further includes a road isolation frame 3 provided along the roadway and a power supply device provided on the road isolation frame for sliding contact with the receiver of the charging vehicle; the power supply device includes a roadway A positive conductor 4 and a negative conductor 5 are arranged in parallel, and the positive conductor and the negative conductor are respectively connected to the positive power transmission line and the negative power transmission line buried along the carriageway.
所述供电器还包括对沿正极导体和负极导体移动的受电器进行限位的限位结构,所述限位结构用于限定受电器在正极导体及负极导体上左右移动的距离范围,以阻止受电器在左及右方向上与正极导体和负极导体脱离;所述限位结构还用于在受电器出现上下跳动时,在上下方向上对受电器的运动进行竖向导向;所述限位结构还用于引导受电器上下移动使其与正极导体和负极导体器接触或脱离。The power supply further includes a limiting structure that limits the receiver that moves along the positive and negative conductors, and the limiting structure is used to limit the distance range that the receiver moves left and right on the positive and negative conductors to prevent The receiver is separated from the positive and negative conductors in the left and right directions; the limit structure is also used to vertically guide the movement of the receiver in the up and down directions when the receiver jumps up and down; the limit The structure is also used to guide the receiver to move up and down to make contact with or disconnect from the positive and negative conductors.
所述供电器还包括设置在道路隔离架上与负极导体平行的竖向引导板6,所述竖向引导板用于引导受电器沿竖向引导板竖向移动使其与限位结构接触或脱离。The power supply further includes a vertical guide plate 6 disposed on the road isolation frame parallel to the negative conductor, and the vertical guide plate is used to guide the receiver to move vertically along the vertical guide plate to contact the limit structure or Break away.
所述限位结构的形式包括但不限于以下几种形式:The form of the limit structure includes but is not limited to the following forms:
第一种,所述限位结构为设置在隔离架上与负极导体平行的左限位竖向挡板7和右限位竖向挡板8。In the first type, the limit structure is a left limit vertical baffle 7 and a right limit vertical baffle 8 that are disposed on the isolation frame and are parallel to the negative electrode conductor.
第二种,所述限位结构为设置在道路隔离架上并与负极导体平行的凹槽形导轨9,所述凹槽形导轨上的凹槽的左右侧壁面为竖立面。Second, the limit structure is a groove-shaped guide rail 9 that is provided on a road isolation frame and is parallel to the negative conductor. The left and right side walls of the groove on the groove-shaped guide rail are vertical surfaces.
第三种,所述限位结构为设置在道路隔离架上并与负极导体平行的矩形导轨10,所述矩形导轨的左右侧面为竖立面。Thirdly, the limit structure is a rectangular guide rail 10 that is provided on the road isolation frame and is parallel to the negative electrode conductor, and the left and right sides of the rectangular guide rail are upright surfaces.
供电器的正极导体可以是横截面为圆形的导线或横截面为矩形的金属条。The positive conductor of the power supply may be a wire with a circular cross section or a metal strip with a rectangular cross section.
在具体实施中,对于限位结构为第二种形式时,所述凹槽形导轨作为供电器的负极导体,从而能使得供电器的结构简化。In a specific implementation, when the limiting structure is in the second form, the groove-shaped guide rail serves as a negative conductor of the power supply, thereby simplifying the structure of the power supply.
或者对于限位结构为第三种形式时,所述矩形导轨也可作为供电器的负极导体,同理也能使得供电器的结构简化。Or for the third form of the limit structure, the rectangular guide rail can also be used as the negative conductor of the power supply, and the structure of the power supply can also be simplified in the same way.
作为对以上车行道充电装置实施例的改进,所述正极导体通过第一导线11与正极输电线连接,所述负极导体通过第二导线12与负极输电线连接,所述第一导线上串联有开关13。在需要时通过开关可以将正极输电线和正极导体断开,便于对车行道充电装置进行维护。As an improvement to the above embodiment of the roadway charging device, the positive conductor is connected to the positive power transmission line through the first lead 11, the negative conductor is connected to the negative power transmission line through the second lead 12, and the first lead is connected in series有 开关 13。 There are switches 13. When necessary, the positive transmission line and the positive conductor can be disconnected through a switch, which is convenient for maintenance of the roadway charging device.
作为对以上车行道充电装置实施例的改进,所述的车行道充电装置还包括设置在道路隔离架底部、分别通过第一导线和第二导线与正极导体和负极导体连接的连接器A14,还包括设置在车行道上、分别通过第一导线和第二导线与正极输电线和负极输电线连接的连接器B15,所述连接器A和连接器B插接配合。本改进通过连接器使充电装置的正极导体和负极导体分别与正极输电线和负极输电线连接,可使充电装置的安装更加简单和高效。As an improvement to the above embodiment of the roadway charging device, the roadway charging device further includes a connector A14 disposed at the bottom of the road isolation frame and connected to the positive and negative conductors through the first and second wires, respectively It also includes a connector B15 provided on the roadway and connected to the positive power transmission line and the negative power transmission line through the first lead and the second lead respectively. The connector A and the connector B are mated. The improvement connects the positive conductor and the negative conductor of the charging device to the positive power transmission line and the negative power transmission line through the connector, which can make the installation of the charging device more simple and efficient.
作为对以上车行道充电装置实施例的改进,所述道路隔离架上设置有控制器16和电源17,所述开关为由控制器控制的电控开关,所述电源用于对控制器和电控开关供电。所述电源可以是太阳能电池板、蓄电池或者为与输电线连接的电源;在具体实施中所述电控开关可以为电磁继电器;通过控制器控制电控开关,可在紧急情况时自动断开开关,使得车行道充电装置的使用更安全。As an improvement to the above embodiment of the roadway charging device, the road isolation frame is provided with a controller 16 and a power supply 17, the switch is an electronically controlled switch controlled by the controller, and the power supply is used to control the controller and Electric control switch power supply. The power supply may be a solar panel, a battery, or a power supply connected to a transmission line; in specific implementation, the electronically controlled switch may be an electromagnetic relay; the electronically controlled switch is controlled by a controller, which can automatically turn off the switch in an emergency , Making the use of charging devices for roadways safer.
作为对以上车行道充电装置实施例的改进,所述的车行道充电装置还包括对射式光电开关18,所述对射式光电开关的发射器和接收器分别正对布置在道路隔离架上的不同部位,所述对射式光电开关的开关信号输出端与控制器的信号输入端连接,所述控制器的信号输出端与电控开关的信号输入端连接。当出现车辆撞击道路隔离架时,道路隔离架变形会使对射开关的接收器不能接收到发射器的信号,这时对射开关即产生开关信号,控制器接收到对射开关产生的开关信号后即向电控开关发出控制信号,使电控开关断路,从而可 保证在充电装置受到撞击时能及时的使正极导体与输电线断开,保证安全。As an improvement to the above embodiment of the roadway charging device, the roadway charging device further includes a through-beam photoelectric switch 18, and a transmitter and a receiver of the through-beam photoelectric switch are arranged directly opposite to the road isolation In different parts of the rack, the switch signal output end of the through-beam photoelectric switch is connected to the signal input end of the controller, and the signal output end of the controller is connected to the signal input end of the electric control switch. When the vehicle hits the road isolation frame, the deformation of the road isolation frame will prevent the receiver of the radio switch from receiving the signal from the transmitter. At this time, the radio switch generates the switch signal, and the controller receives the switch signal generated by the radio switch. After that, a control signal is sent to the electric control switch to break the electric control switch, so as to ensure that the positive conductor can be disconnected from the transmission line in time when the charging device is hit, so as to ensure safety.
作为对以上车行道充电装置实施例的改进,所述道路隔离架上还设置有防护框53,所述供电器设置在防护框中,所述防护框的侧面上设置有使受电器进入的开口;设置防护框能对供电器进行保护,并能避免意外触电情况的发生。As an improvement to the above embodiment of the roadway charging device, the road isolation frame is further provided with a protective frame 53, the power supply is provided in the protective frame, and the side of the protective frame is provided with Opening; setting protective frame can protect the power supply and avoid accidental electric shock.
实施例二,本实施例中车辆受电装置,其包括升降驱动机构、偏转驱动机构、偏摆臂19、偏摆臂锁定机构和受电器,所述受电器包括安装座20、设置在安装座上的正极受电体21和设置在安装座上的负极受电体22,所述安装座设置在偏摆臂的一端上。在具体实施中安装座可以由设置正极受电体的绝缘体和设置负极受电体的刚性体两部分组成。所述负极受电体22可以由套筒221、设置套筒中的滑动伸缩杆222、设置在滑动伸缩杆端部的滚轮223、以及套在套筒外对滚轮施加推力的弹簧224组成,由于在弹簧作用下滚轮能可靠的与负极导体接触,当然负极受电体还可采用其它结构。在具体实施中,正极受电体21可以为铜块、碳刷、或钢绳,也可采用与前述负极受电体的结构。Embodiment 2 In this embodiment, the vehicle power receiving device includes an elevating drive mechanism, a yaw drive mechanism, a deflection arm 19, a deflection arm locking mechanism, and a power receiver. The power receiver includes a mounting base 20, which is provided on the mounting base The positive electrode power receiver 21 on the top and the negative electrode power receiver 22 provided on a mounting base provided on one end of the swing arm. In a specific implementation, the mount may be composed of an insulator provided with a positive electrode power receiver and a rigid body provided with a negative electrode power receiver. The negative electrode power receiver 22 may be composed of a sleeve 221, a sliding telescopic rod 222 provided in the sleeve, a roller 223 provided at the end of the sliding telescopic rod, and a spring 224 which is sleeved outside the sleeve to apply thrust to the roller. Under the action of the spring, the roller can reliably make contact with the negative electrode conductor. Of course, the negative electrode receiver can also adopt other structures. In a specific implementation, the positive electrode power receiver 21 may be a copper block, a carbon brush, or a steel rope, or a structure similar to the aforementioned negative electrode power receiver.
所述车辆受电装置还包括设置在受电器上与供电器的限位结构配合的限位器。The vehicle power receiving device further includes a limiter provided on the power receiver and matched with the limit structure of the power supply.
所述偏转驱动机构用于在充电时驱动偏摆臂水平偏转至与竖向引导板接触,以及用于在充电结束时驱动偏摆臂回转到车辆上;所述升降驱动机构用于在充电时驱动偏摆臂下降或上升,以使受电器的正极受电体与供电器的正极导体处于充电接触状态、以使受电器的负极受电体与供电器的负极导体处于充电接触状态、以及使受电器的限位器与供电器的限位结构处于配合状态,所述升降驱动机构还用于在充电结束时驱动偏摆臂上升或下降,以使受电器与供电器的正极导体、负极导体和限位结构分离;The deflection drive mechanism is used to drive the deflection arm to horizontally deflect to contact with the vertical guide plate during charging, and to drive the deflection arm to swing onto the vehicle at the end of charging; the lifting drive mechanism is used to charge Drive the deflection arm to fall or rise so that the positive receiver of the receiver and the positive conductor of the power supply are in a charging contact state, so that the negative receiver of the receiver and the negative conductor of the power supply are in a charging contact state, and the The limiter of the receiver and the limiter structure of the power supply are in a cooperative state. The lifting drive mechanism is also used to drive the swing arm to rise or fall at the end of charging, so that the positive and negative conductors of the receiver and the power supply Separated from the limit structure;
所述偏摆臂锁定机构用于在充电过程中将偏摆臂的偏转角度锁定;在偏摆臂锁定机构处于锁定状态时,受电器沿供电器前移能对汽车行驶方向进行导向,车辆行驶方向由限位结构决定,在这种情况下不需要驾驶员控制行驶 方向,汽车由现有的无轨行驶方式变为有轨行驶,使得汽车驾驶更简单;并且有轨行驶能消除现有汽车的侧滑问题,进一步提高了汽车行驶安全性。在充电结束时,偏摆臂锁定机构解除锁定,偏摆臂偏转到车体上后,汽车由有轨行驶再次变为无轨行驶。The deflection arm locking mechanism is used to lock the deflection angle of the deflection arm during the charging process; when the deflection arm locking mechanism is in the locked state, the receiver moves forward along the power supply to guide the vehicle in the driving direction, and the vehicle travels The direction is determined by the limit structure. In this case, the driver does not need to control the driving direction. The car changes from the existing trackless driving mode to the track driving, which makes the car driving easier; and the track driving can eliminate the existing car ’s The problem of skidding further improves the safety of the car. At the end of charging, the deflection arm locking mechanism is unlocked, and after the deflection arm is deflected onto the vehicle body, the car changes from rail-driven to rail-less again.
在具体实施中,当所述供电器的限位结构为设置在隔离架上的左限位竖向挡板和右限位竖向挡板时,所述车辆受电装置的限位器为设置在安装座左侧上与左限位竖向挡板7配合的左限位板23和设置在安装座右侧上与右限位竖向挡板8配合的右限位板24,或者所述车辆受电装置的限位器为设置在安装座上并位于左限位竖向挡板和右限位竖向挡板之间的矩形块25。在具体实施中矩形块可以和安装座做成一体。In a specific implementation, when the limit structure of the power supply device is a left limit vertical baffle and a right limit vertical baffle provided on the isolation frame, the limiter of the vehicle power receiving device is set The left limit plate 23 on the left side of the mounting base that cooperates with the left limit vertical baffle 7 and the right limit plate 24 that is provided on the right side of the mounting base and cooperates with the right limit vertical baffle 8, or The limiter of the vehicle power receiving device is a rectangular block 25 disposed on the mounting base and located between the left limit vertical baffle and the right limit vertical baffle. In a specific implementation, the rectangular block can be integrated with the mounting base.
或者,当所述供电器的限位结构为设置在道路隔离架上并与负极导体平行的凹槽形导轨时,所述车辆受电装置的限位器为设置在安装座上与凹槽形导轨上的凹槽滑动配合的矩形块25,在具体实施中矩形块可以和安装座做成一体。Or, when the limit structure of the power supply device is a groove-shaped guide rail that is provided on the road isolation frame and is parallel to the negative conductor, the limiter of the vehicle power receiving device is provided on the mounting base and is groove-shaped The rectangular block 25 of the groove on the guide rail slidingly fits, in a specific implementation, the rectangular block can be integrated with the mounting base.
又或者,当所述供电器的限位结构为设置在道路隔离架上并与负极导体平行的矩形导轨时,所述车辆受电装置的限位器为设置在安装座上与矩形导轨滑动配合的凹形块26,在具体实施中凹形块可以和安装座做成一体。Or, when the limit structure of the power supply device is a rectangular guide rail that is provided on the road isolation frame and is parallel to the negative conductor, the limiter of the vehicle power receiving device is provided on the mounting seat and slidingly cooperates with the rectangular guide rail In the specific implementation, the concave block 26 can be integrated with the mounting base.
以上实施例中的安装座20,其可以是一个整体,也可以是由正极座201、负极座202固定连接组成,受电器的正极受电体设置在正极座上,受电器的负极受电体设置在负极座上。The mounting base 20 in the above embodiments may be a whole, or may be composed of a positive base 201 and a negative base 202 fixedly connected. The positive power receiver of the receiver is provided on the positive base, and the negative power receiver of the power receiver Set on the negative base.
又或者,所述安装座还可由正极座201、负极座202、水平导向杆203和第三弹簧204组成,受电器的正极受电体设置在正极座上,受电器的负极受电体设置在负极座上,所述正极座通过水平导向杆与负极座连接,所述正极座或负极座与水平导向杆滑动配合,所述第三弹簧套在水平导向杆上,且第三弹簧一端顶在负极座上,第三弹簧的另一端顶在正极座上;这种结构使得在充电过程中受电器受的水平力主要由限位器来承受。Alternatively, the mounting base may also be composed of a positive base 201, a negative base 202, a horizontal guide rod 203, and a third spring 204. The positive power receiver of the receiver is provided on the positive base, and the negative power receiver of the receiver is provided on On the negative electrode base, the positive electrode base is connected to the negative electrode base through a horizontal guide rod, the positive electrode base or the negative electrode base slidingly cooperates with the horizontal guide rod, the third spring is sleeved on the horizontal guide rod, and one end of the third spring is pressed against On the negative electrode base, the other end of the third spring bears on the positive electrode base; this structure makes the horizontal force received by the electrical appliance mainly charged by the stopper during the charging process.
在具体实施中,升降驱动机构、偏转驱动机构和偏摆臂锁定机构的第一 种形式可以如下:In a specific implementation, the first form of the lifting drive mechanism, the yaw drive mechanism, and the swing arm locking mechanism may be as follows:
所述升降驱动机构包括与车体连接的基座27、竖直固定在基座上的导柱28、与导柱上下滑动配合的升降座29、以及设置在基座上驱动升降座上下运动的直线驱动器30,直线驱动器30可以是气缸、液压缸、千斤顶、电动缸等形式;当然升降驱动机构也可直接是一个液压缸、气缸或者电动缸;所述偏转驱动机构设置在升降座上,所述偏转驱动机构为电机50或马达;所述偏摆臂与偏转驱动机构的转轴连接。所述偏摆臂锁定机构为一端通过球铰或万向节与偏摆臂铰接、另一端通过球铰或万向节与车体铰接的被动伸缩杆,所述被动伸缩杆由内杆31、套管32、锁块33、条形导磁体34和电磁铁35组成,所述套管套在内杆上并与内杆滑动配合,所述条形导磁体设置在内杆上,所述锁块位于套管内并与条形导磁体正对,所述套管上设置有与内杆垂直的导向孔,所述锁块的一部分位于导向孔中并与导向孔滑动配合,所述电磁铁设置在锁块上并与条形导磁体正对。在电磁铁不通电状态下,条形导磁体34和电磁铁35之间能自由滑动,被动升缩杆能自动伸缩;在电磁铁通电状态下,条形导磁体34和电磁铁35吸附在一起,并且由于锁块的一部分位于导向孔中,从而使内杆31不能在套管32中滑动,达到锁死的目的。在具体实施中,可在条形导磁体34和电磁铁35的表面设置相互配合的齿及齿槽,以提高在锁死状态下条形导磁体34和电磁铁35的结合可靠性;当设置有齿及齿槽的情况下,锁块优选布置在条形导磁体34的下方,使得在电磁铁不通电状态下,锁块能在重力作用下与条形导磁体自然分离,以保证两者间能顺畅的相互滑动。The lifting driving mechanism includes a base 27 connected to the vehicle body, a guide post 28 vertically fixed on the base, a lifting seat 29 slidingly matched with the guide post up and down, and a lifting seat provided on the base to drive the lifting seat up and down The linear drive 30 can be in the form of a cylinder, a hydraulic cylinder, a jack, an electric cylinder, etc. Of course, the lifting drive mechanism can also be a hydraulic cylinder, a cylinder or an electric cylinder directly; the deflection driving mechanism is provided on the lifting seat, so The deflection drive mechanism is a motor 50 or a motor; the deflection arm is connected to the rotating shaft of the deflection drive mechanism. The deflection arm locking mechanism is a passive telescopic rod hinged at one end to the deflection arm via a ball joint or universal joint, and the other end to the vehicle body via a ball hinge or universal joint. The passive telescopic rod is composed of an inner rod 31, A sleeve 32, a lock block 33, a bar-shaped magnet 34 and an electromagnet 35 are formed. The sleeve is sleeved on the inner rod and slidingly cooperates with the inner rod. The bar-shaped magnet is provided on the inner rod and the lock The block is located in the sleeve and is directly opposite to the bar-shaped magnet. The sleeve is provided with a guide hole perpendicular to the inner rod. A part of the lock block is located in the guide hole and slidingly cooperates with the guide hole. The electromagnet is provided On the lock block and directly opposite to the bar magnet. When the electromagnet is not energized, the bar magnet 34 and the electromagnet 35 can slide freely, and the passive lifting rod can automatically expand and contract; when the electromagnet is energized, the bar magnet 34 and the electromagnet 35 are attracted together And, because a part of the lock block is located in the guide hole, the inner rod 31 cannot slide in the sleeve 32 to achieve the purpose of locking. In a specific implementation, the surfaces of the bar magnet 34 and the electromagnet 35 may be provided with mutually matching teeth and cogging to improve the reliability of the combination of the bar magnet 34 and the electromagnet 35 in the locked state; In the case of teeth and tooth slots, the lock block is preferably arranged below the bar-shaped magnet 34, so that when the electromagnet is not energized, the lock block can be naturally separated from the bar-shaped magnet under the action of gravity to ensure the two Can slide smoothly with each other.
当然作为升降驱动机构、偏转驱动机构和偏摆臂锁定机构的第一种形式的改变,升降驱动机构包括与车体连接的基座27、竖直固定在基座上的导柱28、与导柱上下滑动配合的升降座29、以及设置在基座上驱动升降座上下运动的直线驱动器30,直线驱动器30可以是气缸、液压缸、千斤顶、电动缸等形式;当然升降驱动机构也可直接是一个液压缸、气缸或者电动缸;所述偏转驱动机构设置在升降座上,所述偏转驱动机构为电机50或马达;所述偏摆 臂与偏转驱动机构的转轴连接;所述偏摆臂锁定机构的一端与偏摆臂铰接,另一端与升降座铰接。这种情况下,偏转驱动机构和偏摆臂锁定机构同步升降,使得可以不用球铰也能实现。Of course, as a first form of change in the lifting drive mechanism, the deflection drive mechanism, and the swing arm locking mechanism, the lifting drive mechanism includes a base 27 connected to the vehicle body, a guide post 28 fixed vertically on the base, and a guide The lifting seat 29 slidingly cooperates with the column up and down, and the linear drive 30 provided on the base to drive the vertical movement of the lifting seat. The linear drive 30 can be in the form of a cylinder, hydraulic cylinder, jack, electric cylinder, etc. Of course, the lifting drive mechanism can also be directly A hydraulic cylinder, a cylinder or an electric cylinder; the deflection drive mechanism is provided on a lifting base, the deflection drive mechanism is a motor 50 or a motor; the deflection arm is connected to the rotating shaft of the deflection drive mechanism; the deflection arm is locked One end of the mechanism is hinged with the swing arm, and the other end is hinged with the lifting seat. In this case, the yaw drive mechanism and the yaw arm locking mechanism move up and down synchronously, so that it can be achieved without a ball hinge.
作为对升降驱动机构、偏转驱动机构和偏摆臂锁定机构为第一种形式时的改进,所述的车辆受电装置还包括扭转减震器54,所述扭转减震器包括用于设置在车体上的固定座541、设置在固定座内并与固定座转动配合的旋转座542和设置在固定座与旋转座之间的第四弹簧543组成,且固定座和旋转座上分别设置有限位凸起544,所述第四弹簧的一端顶在固定座上的限位凸起上,第四弹簧的另一端顶在旋转座上的限位凸起上,所述升降驱动机构的基座设置在旋转座上。扭转减震器能在受电器与竖向引导板接触时起到减小冲击、保护受电器的作用。As an improvement to the first form of the lifting drive mechanism, the yaw drive mechanism and the yaw arm locking mechanism, the vehicle power receiving device further includes a torsional shock absorber 54 which includes a A fixed seat 541 on the vehicle body, a rotating seat 542 provided in the fixed seat and rotatingly matched with the fixed seat, and a fourth spring 543 provided between the fixed seat and the rotating seat, and the fixed seat and the rotating seat are respectively provided with limited Position protrusion 544, one end of the fourth spring is pressed against the limit protrusion on the fixed seat, the other end of the fourth spring is pressed against the limit protrusion on the rotary seat, the base of the lifting drive mechanism Set on the rotating base. The torsional shock absorber can reduce the impact and protect the receiver when the receiver receives the vertical guide plate.
在具体实施中,升降驱动机构、偏转驱动机构和偏摆臂锁定机构的第二种形式可以如下:In a specific implementation, the second form of the lifting drive mechanism, the yaw drive mechanism, and the swing arm locking mechanism may be as follows:
所述偏摆臂与升降驱动机构的升降部铰接,升降驱动机构的结构可采用上一种形式中的升降驱动机构的结构,当然升降驱动机构也可直接是一个液压缸、气缸或者电动缸;所述偏转驱动机构和偏摆臂锁定机构为同一机构,均为自动伸缩杆36,自动升缩杆可以为电动缸、液压缸或气缸等;所述自动伸缩杆的一端通过球铰或万向节与偏摆臂铰接,自动伸缩杆的另一端通过球铰或万向节与车体铰接。The deflection arm is articulated with the lifting part of the lifting drive mechanism. The structure of the lifting drive mechanism can adopt the structure of the lifting drive mechanism in the previous form. Of course, the lifting drive mechanism can also be a hydraulic cylinder, a cylinder or an electric cylinder directly; The deflection drive mechanism and the deflection arm locking mechanism are the same mechanism, both are automatic telescopic rods 36, and the automatic lifting and contracting rods may be electric cylinders, hydraulic cylinders or air cylinders; one end of the automatic telescopic rods is through a ball hinge or universal The joint is hinged with the swing arm, and the other end of the automatic telescopic rod is hinged with the car body through a ball joint or a universal joint.
作为对升降驱动机构、偏转驱动机构和偏摆臂锁定机构的第二种形式的改进,所述自动伸缩杆通过伸缩调节器与球铰或万向节连接,所述伸缩调节器由被动伸缩杆和调节弹簧52组成,所述调节弹簧的一端固定在套管上,调节弹簧的另一端固定在内杆上。所述的被动伸缩杆的结构与上述升降驱动机构、偏转驱动机构和偏摆臂锁定机构的第一种形式中的被动升缩杆的结构相同。通过伸缩调节器能使受电器在竖向移动过程中自动适应空间尺寸变化,并在受电器与供电器正确接触后,通过将被动伸缩杆长度锁定,能保证车辆行驶状态的稳定。As an improvement to the second form of the lifting drive mechanism, the yaw drive mechanism and the deflection arm locking mechanism, the automatic telescopic rod is connected to the ball joint or universal joint through a telescopic adjuster, and the telescopic regulator is composed of a passive telescopic rod It is composed of an adjustment spring 52, one end of the adjustment spring is fixed on the sleeve, and the other end of the adjustment spring is fixed on the inner rod. The structure of the passive telescopic rod is the same as that of the passive lifting rod in the first form of the above-mentioned lifting drive mechanism, deflection drive mechanism and deflection arm locking mechanism. Through the telescopic regulator, the receiver can automatically adapt to changes in the space size during vertical movement, and after the receiver and the power supply are correctly contacted, the length of the passive telescopic rod can be locked to ensure the stability of the vehicle's driving state.
作为对以上实施例的改进,所述安装座上垂直固定有第一枢轴37,所述第一枢轴和偏摆臂转动配合,所述安装座上还具有转角限定机构,所述转角限位机构用于限定安装座绕第一枢轴转动的角度。As an improvement to the above embodiment, a first pivot 37 is vertically fixed on the mounting base, the first pivot and the swing arm are rotatably engaged, and the mounting base also has a rotation angle limiting mechanism, the rotation angle limit The positioning mechanism is used to limit the angle of rotation of the mounting base about the first pivot.
所述转角限定机构包括垂直设置在偏摆臂上的销轴38、设置在安装座顶面上的弧形槽51、设置在弧形槽中并与弧形槽上下滑动配合的弧形锁条39、设置在弧形锁条上的电磁铁40、设置在销轴下端并能沿弧形槽滑动的导磁块41、以及设置在第一枢轴上对安装座施加扭力的扭簧42。通过扭簧对安装座施加扭力,使得在不与竖向引导板接触时安装座能稳定在偏摆臂的端部。The rotation angle limiting mechanism includes a pin shaft 38 vertically provided on the swing arm, an arc groove 51 provided on the top surface of the mounting seat, and an arc lock bar provided in the arc groove and slidingly cooperating with the arc groove up and down 39. An electromagnet 40 provided on the arc-shaped lock bar, a magnetic conductive block 41 provided on the lower end of the pin shaft and capable of sliding along the arc-shaped groove, and a torsion spring 42 provided on the first pivot shaft to apply a torsional force to the mounting base. The torsion force is applied to the mounting seat by the torsion spring, so that the mounting seat can be stabilized at the end of the swing arm when not in contact with the vertical guide plate.
在偏摆臂向竖向引导板偏转过程中,当受电器的安装座的侧面与竖向引导板接触时,安装座便会绕第一枢轴旋转,当安装座的侧面与竖向引导板平行贴靠时,安装座便不能再绕第一枢轴旋转,这时再通过升降驱动机构驱动偏摆臂竖向移动,即能使受电器的限位器顺利进入供电器的限位结构,并使受电器与供电器的正极导体和负极导体正确接触。在受电器和供电器处于正确接触状态后,再对弧形锁条上的电磁铁40通电,使电磁铁40与导磁块41吸附在一起,即可将安装座的形态锁定,从而使受电器在充电过程中不会绕第一枢轴旋转。在具体实施中,还可在弧形锁条和导磁块上设置能相互咬合的齿及齿槽,以提高锁定效果;而在不通电状态下,弧形锁条在自重作用下贴在弧形槽的底部与导磁块自然分离,不会影响安装座绕第一枢轴转动。During the deflection of the deflection arm toward the vertical guide plate, when the side of the receiver's mounting base contacts the vertical guide plate, the mounting base will rotate around the first pivot, when the side of the mounting base and the vertical guide plate When it is placed in parallel, the mounting base can no longer rotate around the first pivot. At this time, the vertical movement of the swing arm is driven by the lifting drive mechanism, that is, the limiter of the receiver can smoothly enter the limit structure of the power supply. And make the receiver and the positive and negative conductors of the power supply contact correctly. After the receiver and the power supply are in the correct contact state, energize the electromagnet 40 on the arc lock bar, so that the electromagnet 40 and the magnetic block 41 are attracted together, the shape of the mounting base can be locked, so that the receiving The electrical appliance will not rotate around the first pivot during charging. In specific implementation, teeth and grooves that can engage with each other can also be provided on the arc-shaped lock bar and the magnetic conductive block to improve the locking effect; while in the non-energized state, the arc-shaped lock bar is attached to the arc under its own weight The bottom of the slot is naturally separated from the magnetic block, and will not affect the rotation of the mounting base around the first pivot.
在具体实施中,还可在限位器的侧面上设置减摩板或万向球座,可以减小限位器与竖向引导板和限位结构接触时的摩擦阻力;并且还可在限位器的侧面上设置压力传感器,用以检测限位器与限位结构接触时的接触压力。还可以在安装座的侧面上设置减摩板或万向球座,可以减小受电器与竖向引导板接触并在其上滑动时的摩擦力。还可以在安装座的侧面上设置压力传感器用以检测安装座的侧面与竖向引导板之间的接触压力。In specific implementation, a friction reducing plate or a universal ball seat can also be provided on the side of the limiter, which can reduce the frictional resistance when the limiter contacts the vertical guide plate and the limit structure; A pressure sensor is arranged on the side of the positioner to detect the contact pressure when the limiter contacts the limit structure. A friction reducing plate or a universal ball seat can also be provided on the side of the mounting seat, which can reduce the friction force when the receiver receives the vertical guide plate and slides on it. A pressure sensor may also be provided on the side of the mounting base to detect the contact pressure between the side of the mounting base and the vertical guide plate.
在具体实施中,还可在套筒221的端部设置压力传感器225,套在套筒外的弹簧224的端部顶在压力传感器225上,通过压力传感器的压力值可以判断受电器与供电器的接触状态。又或者还可在安装座上设置距离传感器来检 测安装座与负极导体之间的距离,以此来判断受电器与供电器的接触状态。In a specific implementation, a pressure sensor 225 may also be provided at the end of the sleeve 221, and the end of the spring 224 sleeved outside the sleeve bears on the pressure sensor 225, and the receiver and the power supply can be judged by the pressure value of the pressure sensor Contact status. Alternatively, a distance sensor may be provided on the mounting base to detect the distance between the mounting base and the negative conductor, thereby judging the contact state between the receiver and the power supply.
利用供电器的限位结构和受电器的限位器相配合,还能对汽车行驶方向进行导向,使汽车由现有的无轨行驶变为无轨行驶和有轨行驶相结合。当供电器的限位结构和受电器的限位器相配合时,汽车变为有轨行驶,其行驶方向由限位结构决定,由于在这种情况下不需要驾驶员控制行驶方向,使得汽车驾驶更简单;并且有轨行驶能消除现有汽车的侧滑问题,进一步提高了汽车行驶安全性。当供电器的限位结构和受电器的限位器分离时,汽车变为无轨行驶,这时汽车切换为现有的驾驶方式,从而使汽车能在路口等不适合设置导轨的地方进行脱轨行驶,不影响现有汽车的机动灵活性。The use of the limit structure of the power supply and the limiter of the receiver can also guide the driving direction of the car, so that the car can be changed from the existing trackless travel to the combination of trackless travel and tracked travel. When the limit structure of the power supply unit and the limiter of the receiver are matched, the car becomes a track, and its driving direction is determined by the limit structure. In this case, the driver does not need to control the driving direction, making the car Driving is simpler; and rail driving can eliminate the side-slip problem of existing cars, which further improves the driving safety of cars. When the limit structure of the power supply and the limiter of the receiver are separated, the car becomes trackless. At this time, the car is switched to the existing driving mode, so that the car can be derailed at places such as intersections that are not suitable for installing guide rails. , Without affecting the mobility of existing cars.
作为对车辆受电装置的改进,所述偏摆臂19由前臂191和后臂192通过第二枢轴43连接组成,所述安装座设置在前臂上,所述后臂上设置有限定前臂绕第二枢轴转动角度的左转限位挡块45和右转限位挡块46,所述偏摆臂上还设置有第一弹簧47和第二弹簧48,所述第一弹簧用于对前臂施加阻止前臂向右旋转的扭力,所述第二弹簧用于对前臂施加阻止前臂向左旋转的扭力,所述被动伸缩杆或自动升缩杆与后臂铰接;所述后臂上还设置有对第二枢轴或前臂制动的磁粉制动器49。As an improvement to the vehicle power receiving device, the deflection arm 19 is composed of a front arm 191 and a rear arm 192 connected by a second pivot 43, the mounting seat is provided on the front arm, and the rear arm is provided with a limited front arm winding A left-turn limit stop 45 and a right-turn limit stop 46 of a second pivot angle, and a first spring 47 and a second spring 48 are also provided on the deflection arm, the first spring is used to The forearm applies a torsion force that prevents the forearm from rotating to the right. The second spring is used to apply a torsion force to the forearm to prevent the forearm from rotating to the left. The passive telescopic rod or automatic lift rod is hinged to the rear arm; the rear arm is also provided There is a magnetic powder brake 49 that brakes the second pivot or forearm.
在具体实施中,当偏摆臂向竖向引导板转动使受电器与竖向引导板接触时,偏摆臂会受到一定的冲击力,通过第一弹簧47和第二弹簧48可以减小该冲击力,有利于车辆行驶的稳定性;同时在充电过程中磁粉制动器49制动从而使前臂191和后臂192保持稳定的姿态,能保证车辆行驶的稳定性。In specific implementation, when the deflection arm rotates toward the vertical guide plate to make the receiver contact with the vertical guide plate, the deflection arm will receive a certain impact force, which can be reduced by the first spring 47 and the second spring 48 The impact force is conducive to the stability of the driving of the vehicle; at the same time, the magnetic powder brake 49 brakes during the charging process so that the front arm 191 and the rear arm 192 maintain a stable posture, which can ensure the stability of the vehicle driving.
作为对上述实施例的改进,所述偏摆臂与车体的连接部和偏摆臂锁定机构与车体连接的连接部在车体前后方向上分布。本改进能使从限位器传递至车辆的力在车体前后方向上较均匀的分布,有利于保持车辆行驶稳定性。As an improvement to the above embodiment, the connecting portion of the swing arm and the vehicle body and the connecting portion of the swing arm locking mechanism and the vehicle body are distributed in the front-rear direction of the vehicle body. The improvement can make the force transmitted from the limiter to the vehicle more evenly distributed in the front and rear directions of the vehicle body, which is beneficial to maintain the stability of the vehicle.
实施例三,本实施例车辆移动充电方法,包括以下步骤:Embodiment 3 The vehicle mobile charging method of this embodiment includes the following steps:
1)通过偏转驱动机构驱动偏摆臂向供电器偏转;1) The deflection drive mechanism drives the deflection arm to deflect towards the power supply;
2)当受电器接触到供电器的竖向引导板时,升降驱动机构驱动偏摆臂下移或上升,使受电器沿竖向引导板竖向移动,从而使受电器的限位器与供电 器的限位结构处于配合状态;升降驱动机构继续驱动偏摆臂下移或上升,使受电器的正极受电体与供电器的正极导体处于充电接触状态、并使受电器的负极受电体与供电器的负极导体处于充电接触状态;2) When the receiver contacts the vertical guide plate of the power supply, the lifting drive mechanism drives the swing arm to move down or up, so that the receiver moves vertically along the vertical guide plate, so that the limiter and supply of the receiver The limit structure of the electrical appliance is in a coordinated state; the lifting drive mechanism continues to drive the deflection arm to move down or up, so that the positive electrode receiver of the receiver and the positive conductor of the power supply are in charging contact, and the negative receiver of the receiver In contact with the negative conductor of the power supply;
3)在充电结束时,先通过升降驱动机构驱动偏摆臂上移或下降,使受电器与供电器的正极导体、负极导体和限位结构分离,然后通过偏转驱动机构驱动偏摆臂向车辆偏转复位。3) At the end of charging, first drive the deflection arm to move up or down by the lifting drive mechanism to separate the positive and negative conductors and the limit structure of the power receiver from the power supply, and then drive the deflection arm to the vehicle by the deflection drive mechanism Deflection reset.
作为对以上实施例的改进,车辆移动充电方法还包括在车行道上设置用于标识车辆在充电时离道路隔离架合适距离的标志线,还包括设置在车行道上标识充电开始和充电结束的标志线;当限位器要进入或退出限位结构时,标识线用于指引车辆,以使其与道路隔离架保持合适的间距。As an improvement to the above embodiment, the vehicle mobile charging method further includes setting a marking line on the roadway to mark the appropriate distance from the road isolation frame when the vehicle is charging, and also including setting on the roadway to mark the start of charging and the end of charging Marking line; when the limiter is going to enter or exit the limit structure, the marking line is used to guide the vehicle to keep it at a suitable distance from the road isolation frame.
最后说明的是,以上实施例仅用以说明本发明的技术方案而非限制,尽管参照较佳实施例对本发明进行了详细说明,本领域的普通技术人员应当理解,可以对本发明的技术方案进行修改或者等同替换,而不脱离本发明技术方案的宗旨和范围,其均应涵盖在本发明的权利要求范围当中。Finally, the above embodiments are only used to illustrate the technical solutions of the present invention and not to limit them. Although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the preferred embodiments, those of ordinary skill in the art should understand that the technical solutions of the present invention can be implemented Modifications or equivalent replacements without departing from the spirit and scope of the technical solutions of the present invention should be covered by the scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (20)

  1. 一种车行道充电装置,其特征在于:A roadway charging device characterized by:
    包括沿车行道埋设的正极输电线和负极输电线;Including the positive and negative transmission lines buried along the carriageway;
    还包括沿车行道设置的道路隔离架和设置在道路隔离架上用于与充电车辆的受电器滑动接触的供电器;It also includes a road isolation frame provided along the carriageway and a power supply device provided on the road isolation frame for sliding contact with the receiver of the charging vehicle;
    所述供电器包括与车行道平行布置的正极导体和负极导体,所述正极导体和负极导体分别与沿车行道埋设的正极输电线和负极输电线连接;The power supply includes a positive conductor and a negative conductor arranged parallel to the roadway, and the positive conductor and the negative conductor are respectively connected to the positive power transmission line and the negative power transmission line buried along the roadway;
    所述供电器还包括对沿正极导体和负极导体移动的受电器进行限位的限位结构,所述限位结构用于限定受电器在正极导体及负极导体上左右移动的距离范围,以阻止受电器在左及右方向上与正极导体和负极导体脱离;所述限位结构还用于在受电器出现上下跳动时,在上下方向上对受电器的运动进行竖向导向;所述限位结构还用于引导受电器上下移动使其与正极导体和负极导体器接触或脱离;The power supply further includes a limiting structure that limits the receiver that moves along the positive and negative conductors, and the limiting structure is used to limit the distance range that the receiver moves left and right on the positive and negative conductors to prevent The receiver is separated from the positive and negative conductors in the left and right directions; the limit structure is also used to vertically guide the movement of the receiver in the up and down directions when the receiver jumps up and down; the limit The structure is also used to guide the receiver to move up and down to make contact with or disconnect from the positive and negative conductors;
    所述供电器还包括设置在道路隔离架上并与负极导体平行的竖向引导板,所述竖向引导板用于引导受电器沿竖向引导板竖向移动使其与限位结构接触或脱离。The power supply further includes a vertical guide plate disposed on the road isolation frame and parallel to the negative conductor, the vertical guide plate is used to guide the receiver to move vertically along the vertical guide plate so as to contact the limit structure or Break away.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的车行道充电装置,其特征在于:所述限位结构为设置在隔离架上并与负极导体平行的左限位竖向挡板和右限位竖向挡板;The roadway charging device according to claim 1, characterized in that the limit structure is a left limit vertical baffle and a right limit vertical baffle provided on the isolation frame and parallel to the negative electrode conductor;
    或者所述限位结构为设置在道路隔离架上并与负极导体平行的凹槽形导轨,所述凹槽形导轨上的凹槽的左右侧壁面为竖立面;Or the limit structure is a groove-shaped guide rail that is provided on the road isolation frame and is parallel to the negative conductor, and the left and right side walls of the groove on the groove-shaped guide rail are vertical surfaces;
    或者所述限位结构为设置在道路隔离架上并与负极导体平行的矩形导轨,所述矩形导轨的左右侧面为竖立面。Or the limit structure is a rectangular guide rail that is installed on the road isolation frame and is parallel to the negative conductor, and the left and right sides of the rectangular guide rail are vertical surfaces.
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的车行道充电装置,其特征在于:所述限位结构为设置在道路隔离架上并与负极导体平行的凹槽形导轨,所述凹槽形导轨即为供电器的负极导体;The roadway charging device according to claim 2, wherein the limit structure is a groove-shaped guide rail that is provided on the road isolation frame and is parallel to the negative conductor, and the groove-shaped guide rail is a power supply Negative conductor
    或者所述限位结构为设置在道路隔离架上并与负极导体平行的矩形导 轨,所述矩形导轨即为供电器的负极导体。Or the limit structure is a rectangular guide rail that is provided on the road isolation frame and is parallel to the negative conductor, and the rectangular guide rail is the negative conductor of the power supply.
  4. 根据权利要求1所述的车行道充电装置,其特征在于:所述正极导体通过第一导线与正极输电线连接,所述负极导体通过第二导线与负极输电线连接,所述第一导线上串联有开关。The roadway charging device according to claim 1, wherein the positive conductor is connected to the positive power transmission line through a first wire, the negative conductor is connected to the negative power transmission line through a second wire, and the first wire There is a switch in series.
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的车行道充电装置,其特征在于:还包括设置在道路隔离架底部、分别通过第一导线和第二导线与正极导体和负极导体连接的连接器A,还包括设置在车行道上、分别通过第一导线和第二导线与正极输电线和负极输电线连接的连接器B,所述连接器A和连接器B插接配合。The roadway charging device according to claim 4, further comprising a connector A provided at the bottom of the road isolation frame and connected to the positive conductor and the negative conductor through the first lead and the second lead, respectively, A connector B connected to the positive power transmission line and the negative power transmission line on the roadway through the first lead and the second lead, respectively, the connector A and the connector B are mated.
  6. 根据权利要求4所述的车行道充电装置,其特征在于:所述道路隔离架上设置有控制器和电源,所述开关为由控制器控制的电控开关,所述电源用于对控制器和电控开关供电。The roadway charging device according to claim 4, wherein the road isolation frame is provided with a controller and a power supply, the switch is an electronically controlled switch controlled by the controller, and the power supply is used to control Power supply for the controller and electric control switch.
  7. 根据权利要求6所述的车行道充电装置,其特征在于:还包括对射式光电开关,所述对射式光电开关的发射器和接收器分别正对布置在道路隔离架上的不同部位,所述对射式光电开关的开关信号输出端与控制器的信号输入端连接,所述控制器的信号输出端与电控开关的信号输入端连接。The roadway charging device according to claim 6, characterized in that it further comprises a through-beam photoelectric switch, and the transmitter and receiver of the through-beam photoelectric switch are respectively arranged at different positions on the road isolation frame The switch signal output terminal of the through-beam photoelectric switch is connected to the signal input terminal of the controller, and the signal output terminal of the controller is connected to the signal input terminal of the electric control switch.
  8. 根据权利要求1所述的车行道充电装置,其特征在于:所述道路隔离架上还设置有防护框,所述供电器设置在防护框中,所述防护框的侧面上设置有使受电器进入的开口。The roadway charging device according to claim 1, characterized in that the road isolation frame is further provided with a protective frame, the power supply is provided in the protective frame, and the side of the protective frame is provided with a receiver Openings for electrical appliances.
  9. 一种车辆受电装置,其特征在于:包括升降驱动机构、偏转驱动机构、偏摆臂、偏摆臂锁定机构和受电器,所述受电器包括安装座、设置在安装座上的正极受电体和设置在安装座上的负极受电体,所述安装座设置在偏摆臂的一端上;A vehicle power receiving device, characterized by comprising a lifting drive mechanism, a deflection drive mechanism, a deflection arm, a deflection arm locking mechanism and a power receiver, the power receiver includes a mounting base, and a positive electrode provided on the mounting base receives power Body and a negative electrode power receiver provided on a mounting base, the mounting base is provided on one end of the swing arm;
    所述车辆受电装置还包括设置在受电器上与供电器的限位结构配合的限位器;The vehicle power receiving device further includes a limiter provided on the power receiver to cooperate with the limit structure of the power supply device;
    所述偏转驱动机构用于在充电时驱动偏摆臂水平偏转至与竖向引导板接触,以及用于在充电结束时驱动偏摆臂回转到车辆上;所述升降驱动机构用于在充电时驱动偏摆臂下降或上升,以使受电器的正极受电体与供电器的正 极导体处于充电接触状态、以使受电器的负极受电体与供电器的负极导体处于充电接触状态、以及使受电器的限位器与供电器的限位结构处于配合状态,所述升降驱动机构还用于在充电结束时驱动偏摆臂上升或下降,以使受电器与供电器的正极导体、负极导体和限位结构分离;The deflection drive mechanism is used to drive the deflection arm to horizontally deflect to contact with the vertical guide plate during charging, and to drive the deflection arm to swing onto the vehicle at the end of charging; the lifting drive mechanism is used to charge Drive the deflection arm to fall or rise so that the positive receiver of the receiver and the positive conductor of the power supply are in a charging contact state, so that the negative receiver of the receiver and the negative conductor of the power supply are in a charging contact state, and the The limiter of the receiver and the limiter structure of the power supply are in a cooperative state. The lifting drive mechanism is also used to drive the swing arm to rise or fall at the end of charging, so that the positive and negative conductors of the receiver and the power supply Separated from the limit structure;
    所述偏摆臂锁定机构用于在充电过程中将偏摆臂的偏转角度锁定。The deflection arm locking mechanism is used to lock the deflection angle of the deflection arm during charging.
  10. 根据权利要求9所述的车辆受电装置,其特征在于:当所述供电器的限位结构为设置在隔离架上的左限位竖向挡板和右限位竖向挡板时,所述车辆受电装置的限位器为设置在安装座左侧上与左限位竖向挡板配合的左限位板和设置在安装座右侧上与右限位竖向挡板配合的右限位板,或者所述车辆受电装置的限位器为设置在安装座上并位于左限位竖向挡板和右限位竖向挡板之间的矩形块;The vehicle power receiving device according to claim 9, characterized in that when the limit structure of the power supply device is a left limit vertical baffle and a right limit vertical baffle provided on the isolation frame, The limiter of the vehicle power receiving device is the left limit plate arranged on the left side of the mounting base and cooperates with the left limit vertical baffle and the right limit set on the right side of the mounting base and cooperates with the right limit vertical baffle A limit plate, or the limiter of the vehicle power receiving device is a rectangular block provided on the mounting seat and located between the left limit vertical baffle and the right limit vertical baffle;
    当所述供电器的限位结构为设置在道路隔离架上并与负极导体平行的凹槽形导轨时,所述车辆受电装置的限位器为设置在安装座上与凹槽形导轨上的凹槽滑动配合的矩形块;When the limit structure of the power supply device is a groove-shaped guide rail provided on the road isolation frame and parallel to the negative conductor, the limiter of the vehicle power receiving device is provided on the mounting base and the groove-shaped guide rail Rectangular block with sliding fit of the groove;
    当所述供电器的限位结构为设置在道路隔离架上并与负极导体平行的矩形导轨时,所述车辆受电装置的限位器为设置在安装座上与矩形导轨滑动配合的凹形块。When the limit structure of the power supply device is a rectangular guide rail provided on the road isolation frame and parallel to the negative conductor, the limiter of the vehicle power receiving device is a concave shape provided on the mounting base and slidingly cooperates with the rectangular guide rail Piece.
  11. 根据权利要求9所述的车辆受电装置,其特征在于:所述安装座由正极座、负极座、水平导向杆和第三弹簧组成,受电器的正极受电体设置在正极座上,受电器的负极受电体设置在负极座上,所述正极座通过水平导向杆与负极座连接,所述正极座或负极座与水平导向杆滑动配合,所述第三弹簧套在水平导向杆上,且第三弹簧一端顶在负极座上,第三弹簧的另一端顶在正极座上。The vehicle power receiving device according to claim 9, wherein the mounting base is composed of a positive base, a negative base, a horizontal guide rod, and a third spring, and the positive power receiver of the power receiver is provided on the positive base The negative electrode receiver of the electric appliance is arranged on the negative electrode base, the positive electrode base is connected with the negative electrode base through a horizontal guide rod, the positive electrode base or the negative electrode base slidingly fits with the horizontal guide rod, and the third spring is sleeved on the horizontal guide rod , And one end of the third spring is pressed against the negative electrode seat, and the other end of the third spring is pressed against the positive electrode seat.
  12. 根据权利要求9所述的车辆受电装置,其特征在于:所述升降驱动机构包括与车体连接的基座、竖直固定在基座上的导柱、与导柱上下滑动配合的升降座、以及设置在基座上驱动升降座上下运动的直线驱动器,所述偏转驱动机构设置在升降座上,所述偏转驱动机构为电机或马达;所述偏摆臂与 偏转驱动机构的转轴连接;The vehicle power receiving device according to claim 9, wherein the lifting drive mechanism includes a base connected to the vehicle body, a guide post vertically fixed on the base, and a lifting seat that slides up and down with the guide post And a linear driver provided on the base to drive the lifting seat to move up and down, the deflection drive mechanism is provided on the lifting seat, the deflection drive mechanism is a motor or a motor; the deflection arm is connected to the rotating shaft of the deflection drive mechanism;
    所述偏摆臂锁定机构为一端通过球铰或万向节与偏摆臂铰接、另一端通过球铰或万向节与车体铰接的被动伸缩杆,所述被动伸缩杆由内杆、套管、锁块、条形导磁体和电磁铁组成,所述套管套在内杆上并与内杆滑动配合,所述条形导磁体设置在内杆上,所述锁块位于套管内并与条形导磁体正对,所述套管上设置有与内杆垂直的导向孔,所述锁块的一部分位于导向孔中并与导向孔滑动配合,所述电磁铁设置在锁块上并与条形导磁体正对。The deflection arm locking mechanism is a passive telescopic rod hinged at one end to the deflection arm via a ball joint or universal joint, and the other end to the vehicle body via a ball joint or universal joint. The passive telescopic rod is composed of an inner rod and a sleeve The tube, the lock block, the bar-shaped magnet and the electromagnet are composed, the sleeve is sleeved on the inner rod and slidingly cooperates with the inner rod, the bar-shaped magnet is arranged on the inner rod, and the lock block is located in the sleeve and Directly opposite to the bar-shaped magnet, a guide hole perpendicular to the inner rod is provided on the sleeve, a part of the lock block is located in the guide hole and slidingly cooperates with the guide hole, and the electromagnet is provided on the lock block and Directly opposite to the bar magnet.
  13. 根据权利要求12所述的车辆受电装置,其特征在于:还包括扭转减震器,所述扭转减震器包括用于设置在车体上的固定座、设置在固定座内并与固定座转动配合的旋转座和设置在固定座与旋转座之间的第四弹簧组成,且固定座和旋转座上分别设置有限位凸起,所述第四弹簧的一端顶在固定座上的限位凸起上,第四弹簧的另一端顶在旋转座上的限位凸起上,所述升降驱动机构的基座设置在旋转座上。The power receiving device for a vehicle according to claim 12, further comprising a torsional shock absorber, the torsional shock absorber includes a fixed seat for being disposed on the vehicle body, and the fixed seat is provided in the fixed seat The rotating seat with rotation fit is composed of a fourth spring arranged between the fixed seat and the rotary seat, and the fixed seat and the rotary seat are respectively provided with limit protrusions, and one end of the fourth spring is pressed against the fixed position on the fixed seat On the protrusion, the other end of the fourth spring is pressed against the limit protrusion on the rotating seat, and the base of the lifting driving mechanism is provided on the rotating seat.
  14. 根据权利要求9所述的车辆受电装置,其特征在于:所述偏摆臂与升降驱动机构的升降部铰接;The vehicle power receiving device according to claim 9, wherein the deflection arm is hingedly connected to the lifting portion of the lifting drive mechanism;
    所述偏转驱动机构和偏摆臂锁定机构为同一机构,均为自动伸缩杆;所述自动伸缩杆的一端通过球铰或万向节与偏摆臂铰接,自动伸缩杆的另一端通过球铰或万向节与车体铰接。The deflection drive mechanism and the deflection arm locking mechanism are the same mechanism, both are automatic telescopic rods; one end of the automatic telescopic rod is articulated with the deflection arm through a ball joint or a universal joint, and the other end of the automatic telescopic rod is through a ball joint Or the universal joint is articulated with the car body.
  15. 根据权利要求14所述的车辆受电装置,其特征在于:所述自动伸缩杆通过伸缩调节器与球铰或万向节连接,所述伸缩调节器由被动伸缩杆和调节弹簧组成,所述调节弹簧的一端固定在套管上,调节弹簧的另一端固定在内杆上。The power receiving device of a vehicle according to claim 14, characterized in that the automatic telescopic rod is connected to a ball joint or a universal joint through a telescopic regulator, and the telescopic regulator is composed of a passive telescopic rod and an adjusting spring. One end of the adjustment spring is fixed on the sleeve, and the other end of the adjustment spring is fixed on the inner rod.
  16. 根据权利要求9所述的车辆受电装置,其特征在于:所述安装座上垂直固定有第一枢轴,所述第一枢轴和偏摆臂转动配合,所述安装座上还具有转角限定机构,所述转角限位机构用于限定安装座绕第一枢轴转动的角度,The power receiving device of a vehicle according to claim 9, characterized in that: a first pivot shaft is vertically fixed on the mounting base, the first pivot shaft and the yaw arm rotate in cooperation, and the mounting base further has a rotation angle A limiting mechanism, the rotation angle limiting mechanism is used to limit the angle of rotation of the mounting base around the first pivot,
    所述转角限定机构包括垂直设置在偏摆臂上的销轴、设置在安装座顶面上的弧形槽、设置在弧形槽中并与弧形槽上下滑动配合的弧形锁条、设置在 弧形锁条上的电磁铁、设置在销轴下端并能沿弧形槽滑动的导磁块、以及设置在第一枢轴上对安装座施加扭力的扭簧。The rotation angle limiting mechanism includes a pin shaft vertically arranged on the deflection arm, an arc-shaped groove provided on the top surface of the mounting seat, an arc-shaped lock bar arranged in the arc-shaped groove and slidingly cooperating with the arc-shaped groove up and down, and provided An electromagnet on the arc-shaped lock bar, a magnetic guide block provided on the lower end of the pin shaft and capable of sliding along the arc-shaped groove, and a torsion spring provided on the first pivot shaft to apply a torsional force to the mounting seat.
  17. 根据权利要求9所述的车辆受电装置,其特征在于:所述偏摆臂由前臂和后臂通过第二枢轴连接组成,所述安装座设置在前臂上,所述后臂上设置有限定前臂绕第二枢轴转动角度的左转限位挡块和右转限位挡块,所述偏摆臂上还设置有第一弹簧或第二弹簧,所述第一弹簧用于对前臂施加阻止前臂向右旋转的扭力,所述第二弹簧用于对前臂施加阻止前臂向左旋转的扭力,所述被动伸缩杆或自动升缩杆与后臂铰接;所述后臂上还设置有对第二枢轴或前臂制动的磁粉制动器。The vehicle power receiving device according to claim 9, wherein the deflection arm is composed of a front arm and a rear arm connected by a second pivot, the mounting seat is provided on the front arm, and the rear arm is provided with A left-turn limit stop and a right-turn limit stop that limit the angle of rotation of the forearm about the second pivot, the deflection arm is also provided with a first spring or a second spring, and the first spring is used to align the forearm Applying a torsion force that prevents the forearm from rotating to the right, the second spring is used to apply a torsion force that prevents the forearm from rotating to the left, and the passive telescopic rod or the automatic lift rod is hinged to the rear arm; the rear arm is also provided with Magnetic powder brake that brakes the second pivot or forearm.
  18. 根据权利要求9所述的车辆受电装置,其特征在于:所述偏摆臂与车体的连接部和偏摆臂锁定机构与车体连接的连接部在车体前后方向上分布。The vehicle power receiving device according to claim 9, wherein the connecting portion of the swing arm and the vehicle body and the connecting portion of the swing arm locking mechanism and the vehicle body are distributed in the front-rear direction of the vehicle body.
  19. 一种车辆移动充电方法,其特征在于,包括以下步骤:A vehicle mobile charging method, which is characterized by comprising the following steps:
    1)通过偏转驱动机构驱动偏摆臂向供电器偏转;1) The deflection drive mechanism drives the deflection arm to deflect towards the power supply;
    2)当受电器接触到供电器的竖向引导板时,升降驱动机构驱动偏摆臂下移或上升,使受电器沿竖向引导板竖向移动,从而使受电器的限位器与供电器的限位结构处于配合状态;升降驱动机构继续驱动偏摆臂下移或上升,使受电器的正极受电体与供电器的正极导体处于充电接触状态、并使受电器的负极受电体与供电器的负极导体处于充电接触状态;2) When the receiver contacts the vertical guide plate of the power supply, the lifting drive mechanism drives the swing arm to move down or up, so that the receiver moves vertically along the vertical guide plate, so that the limiter and supply of the receiver The limit structure of the electrical appliance is in a coordinated state; the lifting drive mechanism continues to drive the deflection arm to move down or up, so that the positive electrode receiver of the receiver and the positive conductor of the power supply are in charging contact, and the negative receiver of the receiver In contact with the negative conductor of the power supply;
    3)在充电结束时,先通过升降驱动机构驱动偏摆臂上移或下降,使受电器与供电器的正极导体、负极导体和限位结构分离,然后通过偏转驱动机构驱动偏摆臂向车辆偏转复位。3) At the end of charging, first drive the deflection arm to move up or down by the lifting drive mechanism to separate the positive and negative conductors and the limit structure of the power receiver from the power supply, and then drive the deflection arm to the vehicle by the deflection drive mechanism Deflection reset.
  20. 根据权利要求20所述的车辆移动充电方法,其特征在于:还包括在车行道上设置用于标识车辆在充电时离道路隔离架合适距离的标志线,还包括设置在车行道上标识充电开始和充电结束的标志线。The mobile charging method for a vehicle according to claim 20, further comprising: setting a marking line on the roadway to mark a suitable distance from the road isolation frame when the vehicle is charging, and further including setting a charging line on the roadway to mark the start of charging And the end of the charging line.
PCT/CN2019/110292 2018-11-21 2019-10-10 Roadway charging device, vehicle power receiving device and vehicle mobile charging method WO2020103595A1 (en)

Priority Applications (28)

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CN201811391231.4 2018-11-21
CN201811391982.6 2018-11-21
CN201811391982.6A CN109263478A (en) 2018-11-21 2018-11-21 A kind of driveway charging unit
CN201811391231.4A CN109435720A (en) 2018-11-21 2018-11-21 A kind of driveway charging system building method
CN201821925659.8 2018-11-21
CN201821925659 2018-11-21
CN201821968507.6U CN208955385U (en) 2018-11-27 2018-11-27 Gauche form vehicle power receiving device
CN201811428178.0 2018-11-27
CN201821968507.6 2018-11-27
CN201811428178.0A CN109346897A (en) 2018-11-27 2018-11-27 Gauche form vehicle power receiving device
CN201920304883 2019-03-11
CN201910181500.2A CN109778746A (en) 2019-03-11 2019-03-11 Three-dimensional auxiliary travelling roadnet
CN201920304883.3 2019-03-11
CN201910181500.2 2019-03-11
CN201920393142 2019-03-26
CN201920393142.7 2019-03-26
CN201910233576.5 2019-03-26
CN201910233576.5A CN109795566A (en) 2019-03-26 2019-03-26 Vehicle anti-side sliding system
CN201910296736.0A CN109968988A (en) 2019-04-14 2019-04-14 With the vehicle traveling direction control device and automobile by Electricity Functional
CN201920499106.9 2019-04-14
CN201910296737.5 2019-04-14
CN201920499106 2019-04-14
CN201920498689 2019-04-14
CN201910296736.0 2019-04-14
CN201920498689.3 2019-04-14
CN201910296737.5A CN109823185A (en) 2019-04-14 2019-04-14 It can powered vehicle traveling direction control device and automobile under steam
CN201910934397.4A CN110884355A (en) 2018-11-21 2019-09-29 Roadway charging device, vehicle power receiving device and vehicle moving charging method
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