WO2020079292A1 - Tool for opening flywheel valves - Google Patents

Tool for opening flywheel valves Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2020079292A1
WO2020079292A1 PCT/ES2019/000065 ES2019000065W WO2020079292A1 WO 2020079292 A1 WO2020079292 A1 WO 2020079292A1 ES 2019000065 W ES2019000065 W ES 2019000065W WO 2020079292 A1 WO2020079292 A1 WO 2020079292A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
tool
flywheel
valves
opening
manganese
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/ES2019/000065
Other languages
Spanish (es)
French (fr)
Inventor
Aitor MAÑAS GRANADOS
Original Assignee
Manas Granados Aitor
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to ESus201800607 priority Critical
Priority to ES201800607U priority patent/ES1220255Y/en
Application filed by Manas Granados Aitor filed Critical Manas Granados Aitor
Publication of WO2020079292A1 publication Critical patent/WO2020079292A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B13/00Spanners; Wrenches
    • B25B13/48Spanners; Wrenches for special purposes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K31/00Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices
    • F16K31/44Mechanical actuating means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K31/00Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices
    • F16K31/44Mechanical actuating means
    • F16K31/60Handles

Abstract

A tool for opening flywheel valves made from an elongated, rod-type body, one end of which is equipped with a type of fork for adaptation and fitting to the corresponding flywheel valve to be manipulated, characterised by being made from a high-strength alloy with manganese, silicon, chromium, copper, zinc, lead, iron, titanium and magnesium.

Description

DESCRIPCIÓN  DESCRIPTION
Herramienta para la apertura de válvulas de volante. Tool for opening flywheel valves.
Objeto de la invención. Object of the invention.
La presente invención se refiere a una herramienta para la apertura de válvulas de volante, la cual presenta unas características novedosas desde el punto de vista del tipo de material en que está constituida, a base de aluminio de alta resistencia, que ofrece unas nuevas prestaciones en lo que respecta a resistencia a la tracción, al limite de elasticidad, al alargamiento y a la dureza de la misma. Antecedentes de la invención The present invention refers to a tool for opening flywheel valves, which has novel characteristics from the point of view of the type of material in which it is made, based on high-strength aluminum, which offers new benefits in Regarding tensile strength, elastic limit, elongation and its hardness. Background of the Invention
Las herramientas para llevar a cabo la apertura de válvulas de volante, denominadas comúnmente“manerales", están constituidas por un elemento alargado, de mayor o menor grosor, que por un extremo se remata en una especie de horquilla, con un tramo intemo recto para el afianzamiento de la válvula de volante que se pretende manipular con la propia herramienta. The tools to carry out the opening of flywheel valves, commonly called "manners", are made up of an elongated element, of greater or lesser thickness, which at one end is finished off with a kind of fork, with a straight internal section for the securing of the flywheel valve to be manipulated with the tool itself.
El inconveniente que presenta este tipo de herramienta es principalmente el elevado peso en virtud del material en que están constituidas, siendo necesario un cierto grosor para dotar a la herramienta de la suficiente resistencia y determinados niveles de elasticidad, alargamiento y dureza, ya que de no ser así, la herramienta no resultaría debidamente operativa, pudiéndose romper en su utilización. The drawback of this type of tool is mainly the high weight due to the material in which they are made, a certain thickness being necessary to provide the tool with sufficient resistance and certain levels of elasticity, elongation and hardness, since it does not If this is the case, the tool would not be properly operative, and could be broken in its use.
Descripción de la invención Description of the Invention
La herramienta que se preconiza, presenta una serie de características que en su conjunto proporcionan principalmente un liviano peso, una alta resistencia y un óptimo limite de elasticidad y dureza. The recommended tool has a series of characteristics that, as a whole, mainly provide light weight, high resistance and an optimal limit of elasticity and hardness.
Más concretamente, la herramienta de la invención se caracteriza principalmente por estar materializada en una aleación de aluminio de alta resistencia, participando en dicha aleación manganeso, silicio, cromo, cobre, zinc, plomo, hierro, titanio y magnesio, en unas proporciones adecuadas, en donde el zinc es el componente que predomina respecto del resto, siendo el plomo, titanio y manganeso los que participan en menor proporción. More specifically, the tool of the invention is mainly characterized by being materialized in a high resistance aluminum alloy, participating in said alloy manganese, silicon, chromium, copper, zinc, lead, iron, titanium and magnesium, in adequate proportions, where zinc is the component that predominates over the rest, with lead, titanium and manganese participating in a smaller proportion.
En cualquier caso, la herramienta, que podrá dimensionarse acorde a las necesidades específicas de cada caso, presenta un tramo posterior grafilado para evitar el deslizamiento de la mano del usuario durante su utilización, tramo que en proximidad a su extremo está afectado de un orificio o bien lleva una anilla acoplada o soldada, según el grueso del maneral para su vinculación a una muñequera con dispositivo anti-caida y que a su vez sirve para su sujeción colgándola. In any case, the tool, which can be dimensioned according to the specific needs of each case, has a traffered rear section to prevent slipping of the user's hand during use, a section that is affected by a hole near its end or either it has a ring attached or welded, depending on the thickness of the handle for its attachment to a wrist strap with an anti-fall device and which in turn serves to hold it by hanging it.
La herramienta puede ser anodizada, resultando anti-corrosiva, dieléctrica y antichispa, de manera que si ésta está anodizada, la capa puede ser hasta 25 mieras, (en ambientes marinos evita su corrosión) preferentemente, consiguiéndose una protección extra en ambientes de alto grado de humedad frente a corrosión y convirtiendo el aluminio en dieléctrico hasta 800 voltios, aumentando así la calidad anti-chispa propia del aluminio y añadiéndole aún más dureza al material. The tool can be anodized, being anti-corrosive, dielectric and non-sparking, so that if it is anodized, the layer can be up to 25 microns, (in marine environments it prevents corrosion) preferably, achieving extra protection in high-grade environments humidity against corrosion and converting aluminum into a dielectric up to 800 volts, thus increasing the anti-spark quality of aluminum and adding even more hardness to the material.
Descripción de los dibujos Description of the drawings
Para complementar la descripción que seguidamente se va a realizar y con objeto de ayudar a una mejor comprensión de las características del invento, de acuerdo con un ejemplo preferente de realización práctica del mismo, se acompaña como parte integrante de dicha descripción, un juego de planos en donde con carácter ilustrativo y no limitativo, se ha representado lo siguiente: To complement the description that will be made below and in order to help a better understanding of the characteristics of the invention, according to a preferred example of practical embodiment thereof, a set of drawings is included as an integral part of said description. where, by way of illustration and not limitation, the following has been represented:
La figura 1.- Muestra una vista en alzado lateral de una herramienta para la apertura de válvulas de volante realizada de acuerdo con el objeto de la presente invención. Figure 1.- Shows a side elevation view of a tool for opening flywheel valves made in accordance with the object of the present invention.
La figura 2.- Muestra una vista en planta de la herramienta de la figura anterior. Figure 2.- Shows a plan view of the tool of the previous figure.
La figura 3.- Muestra una vista en alzado opuesto al de la figura 1. Realización preferente de la invención Figure 3.- Shows an elevation view opposite to that of Figure 1. PREFERRED EMBODIMENT OF THE INVENTION
A la vista de las figuras reseñadas, puede observarse como la herramienta para la apertura de válvulas de volante, se constituye a partir de un cuerpo alargado (1), que pude tener un mayor o menor grosor, en el que se define un tramo extremo (2), grafilado para determinar una superficie anti-deslizante cuando la herramienta se agarra con la mano. In view of the reviewed figures, it can be seen how the tool for opening flywheel valves is constituted from an elongated body (1), which may have a greater or lesser thickness, in which an extreme section is defined (2), drawn to determine a non-slip surface when the tool is grasped by hand.
El tramo extremo (2) presenta un orificio (3) para vincular a una muñequera de seguridad, en orden a evitar ia caída accidental de la herramienta durante su utilización. El extremo opuesto y libre presenta una especie de horquilla (4), con un tramo recto para albergar y afianzar la herramienta en el correspondiente volante de la válvula que se pretende manipular con la herramienta, incluyendo además, un apéndice lateral (5) en correspondencia con la horquilla (4) para el posicionamiento de la herramienta en su uso. Como ya se ha dicho, la caracteristica fundamental de la herramienta descrita es que está fabricada en aluminio de alta resistencia (aluminio de las series 2000, 6000, 7000 y 8000) , en una aleación a base de manganeso, silicio, cromo, cobre, zinc, plomo, hierro, titanio y manganeso. The end section (2) has a hole (3) to link it to a safety strap, in order to avoid the accidental fall of the tool during use. The opposite and free end presents a kind of fork (4), with a straight section to house and secure the tool in the corresponding valve flywheel that is intended to be manipulated with the tool, also including a lateral appendix (5) in correspondence with the fork (4) for positioning the tool in use. As it has already been said, the fundamental characteristic of the tool described is that it is made of high resistance aluminum (2000, 6000, 7000 and 8000 series aluminum), in an alloy based on manganese, silicon, chrome, copper, zinc, lead, iron, titanium and manganese.
De forma más concreta, las proporciones de dicha aleación en % en peso son las siguientes: por ejemplo para aluminio 7075 More specifically, the proportions of said alloy in% by weight are as follows: for example for 7075 aluminum
Aluminio de alta resistencia 90,473 High resistance aluminum 90,473
Manganeso 0,015 Manganese 0.015
Silicio 0,059 Silicon 0.059
Cromo 0,189 Cobre 1 ,374 Chrome 0.189 Copper 1, 374
Zinc 5,452 Zinc 5,452
Plomo 0,002 Hierro 0,109 Lead 0.002 Iron 0.109
Titanio, 0,015 Titanium, 0.015
Manganeso 2,31 Manganese 2.31
A partir de esta composición se consigue una herramienta de alta resistencia a la tracción, ligera, con un límite de elasticidad y alargamiento óptimos y una dureza notable. From this composition, a tool with high tensile strength, light, with an optimum elasticity and elongation limit and a remarkable hardness is achieved.

Claims

REIVINDICACIONES
1. Herramienta para la apertura de válvulas de volante, constituida a partir de un cuerpo alargado, a modo de barra, que en un extremo incorpora una especie de horquilla para adaptación y vinculación al correspondiente volante de la válvula que se pretende manipular, caracterizada porque está materializada en una aleación de aluminio de alte resistencia con manganeso, silicio, cromo, cobre, zinc, plomo, hierro, titanio y magnesio. 1. Tool for the opening of flywheel valves, made up of an elongated body, like a bar, which at one end incorporates a kind of fork for adaptation and connection to the corresponding flywheel of the valve to be manipulated, characterized in that It is made of high-strength aluminum alloy with manganese, silicon, chromium, copper, zinc, lead, iron, titanium and magnesium.
2. Herramienta para la apertura de válvulas de volante, según reivindicación 1 , caracterizada porque la aleación presenta la siguiente composición en % en peso, cuando se trate de aluminio 7075. 2. Tool for opening flywheel valves, according to claim 1, characterized in that the alloy has the following composition in% by weight, in the case of 7075 aluminum.
Aluminio de alta resistencia 90.473 High-strength aluminum 90,473
Manganeso 0,015 Manganese 0.015
Silicio 0,059 Silicon 0.059
Cromo 0,189 Cobre 1 ,374 Chrome 0.189 Copper 1, 374
Zinc 5,452 Zinc 5,452
Plomo 0,002 Lead 0.002
Hierro 0,109 Iron 0.109
Titanio 0,015 Manganeso .2,31 Titanium 0.015 Manganese .2.31
3. Herramienta para la apertura de válvulas de volante, según reivindicación 1 , caracterizada porque el tramo posterior y opuesto al que incorpora la horquilla, presenta un sector grafilado. 3. Tool for the opening of flywheel valves, according to claim 1, characterized in that the rear section and opposite to that which incorporates the fork, has a graffed sector.
4. Herramienta para la apertura de válvulas de volante, según reivindicación 3, caracterizada porque el extremo correspondiente al sector grafilado presente un orificio para vinculación de la herramienta a una muñequera de seguridad. 4. Tool for the opening of flywheel valves, according to claim 3, characterized in that the end corresponding to the graphited sector has a hole for linking the tool to a safety strap.
PCT/ES2019/000065 2018-10-16 2019-10-16 Tool for opening flywheel valves WO2020079292A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ESus201800607 2018-10-16
ES201800607U ES1220255Y (en) 2018-10-16 2018-10-16 Tool for opening flywheel valves

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2020079292A1 true WO2020079292A1 (en) 2020-04-23

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ID=64054921

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/ES2019/000065 WO2020079292A1 (en) 2018-10-16 2019-10-16 Tool for opening flywheel valves

Country Status (2)

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ES (1) ES1220255Y (en)
WO (1) WO2020079292A1 (en)

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5381997U (en) * 1976-12-10 1978-07-07
US4715252A (en) * 1986-07-15 1987-12-29 Chevron Research Co. Valve wrench
US20090064825A1 (en) * 2007-09-07 2009-03-12 Wright Tool Company Reinforced impact socket
US20110113931A1 (en) * 2009-11-13 2011-05-19 Metaltech Industrial Co., Ltd. Wrench
ES1217330U (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-09-17 Aitor MAÑAS GRANADOS Safety wristband (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5381997U (en) * 1976-12-10 1978-07-07
US4715252A (en) * 1986-07-15 1987-12-29 Chevron Research Co. Valve wrench
US20090064825A1 (en) * 2007-09-07 2009-03-12 Wright Tool Company Reinforced impact socket
US20110113931A1 (en) * 2009-11-13 2011-05-19 Metaltech Industrial Co., Ltd. Wrench
ES1217330U (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-09-17 Aitor MAÑAS GRANADOS Safety wristband (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
ALUMINIUM ALLOY, 17 July 2018 (2018-07-17), Retrieved from the Internet <URL:http://web.archive.org/web/20180717203835> [retrieved on 20200114] *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
ES1220255U (en) 2018-11-12
ES1220255Y (en) 2019-02-07

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