WO2020073363A1 - Electric control box and air conditioner outdoor unit having same - Google Patents

Electric control box and air conditioner outdoor unit having same Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2020073363A1
WO2020073363A1 PCT/CN2018/112155 CN2018112155W WO2020073363A1 WO 2020073363 A1 WO2020073363 A1 WO 2020073363A1 CN 2018112155 W CN2018112155 W CN 2018112155W WO 2020073363 A1 WO2020073363 A1 WO 2020073363A1
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WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
electric control
control box
spoiler
application
spoilers
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PCT/CN2018/112155
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高文栋
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广东美的制冷设备有限公司
美的集团股份有限公司
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Priority to CN201811184846.XA priority Critical patent/CN109210641A/en
Priority to CN201821651562.2 priority
Priority to CN201821651562.2U priority patent/CN209181133U/en
Priority to CN201811184846.X priority
Application filed by 广东美的制冷设备有限公司, 美的集团股份有限公司 filed Critical 广东美的制冷设备有限公司
Publication of WO2020073363A1 publication Critical patent/WO2020073363A1/en

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F1/00Room units for air-conditioning, e.g. separate or self-contained units or units receiving primary air from a central station
    • F24F1/06Separate outdoor units, e.g. outdoor unit to be linked to a separate room comprising a compressor and a heat exchanger
    • F24F1/20Electric components for separate outdoor units
    • F24F1/24Cooling of electric components
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/30Arrangement or mounting of heat-exchangers

Abstract

An electric control box (100) and an air conditioner outdoor unit (200) having same. The electric control box (100) comprises an electric control box base (1), a radiator (2), and turbolators (3). The electric control box base (1) is provided with an electric control component (10). The radiator (2) is provided on the electric control box base (1). The radiator (2) comprises multiple cooling fins (21) arranged at intervals. Multiple turbolators (3) are arranged on the electric control box base (1) at intervals, and the multiple turbolators (3) are all located between the radiator (2) and the electric control component. The central axis of each turbolator (3) in the length direction of the cooling fins (21) is located between two adjacent cooling fins (21). The electric control box (100) improves heat exchange efficiency, and when the radiator (2) is applied to an air conditioner outdoor unit, the problem of impact on the refrigeration effect of an air conditioner due to the damage of the electronic control component or the frequency limitation of a compressor is less likely to occur.

Description

电控盒和具有其的空调室外机Electric control box and air conditioner outdoor unit with same
相关申请的交叉引用Cross-reference of related applications
本申请基于申请号为201811184846.X、申请日为2018年10月11日的中国专利申请以及申请号为201821651562.2、申请日为2018年10月11日的中国专利申请提出,并要求上述中国专利申请的优先权,上述中国专利申请的全部内容在此引入本申请作为参考。This application is based on a Chinese patent application with an application number of 201811184846.X and an application date of October 11, 2018 and a Chinese patent application with an application number of 201821651562.2 and an application date of October 11, 2018, and requires the above-mentioned Chinese patent application Priority, the entire content of the aforementioned Chinese patent application is hereby incorporated by reference.
技术领域Technical field
本申请涉及空调制造技术领域,尤其是涉及一种电控盒和具有其的空调室外机。The present application relates to the technical field of air conditioner manufacturing, in particular to an electric control box and an air conditioner outdoor unit having the same.
背景技术Background technique
随着空调技术的不断发展,变频空调越来越普遍。在变频空调电路控制系统中,电控元器件集成到电控盒中,集成的电控盒安装在空调室外机上。然而,空调室外机所处的环境比较恶劣,在高温环境中,较高的温度很容易损坏电控元器件或者导致压缩机限频,使得压缩机无法正常运行,进而影响空调器的制冷效果,降低用户体验。With the continuous development of air conditioning technology, inverter air conditioners are becoming more common. In the inverter air conditioner circuit control system, the electronic control components are integrated into the electric control box, and the integrated electric control box is installed on the outdoor unit of the air conditioner. However, the environment of the outdoor unit of the air conditioner is relatively harsh. In a high-temperature environment, a higher temperature can easily damage the electronic control components or cause the compressor to limit the frequency, which makes the compressor unable to operate normally, thereby affecting the cooling effect of the air conditioner. Reduce user experience.
相关技术中,电控元器件的散热采用平行设置的多个金属散热片通过空气换热进行散热,然而,多个金属散热片之间形成的平行风道与电控盒内的风道的匹配性较差,通过电控盒风道的流体进入多个金属散热片限定出的平行通道为层流状态,导致高温环境下,换热效果较差。In the related art, the heat dissipation of the electronic control components adopts a plurality of metal heat sinks arranged in parallel to dissipate heat through air heat exchange, however, the parallel air duct formed between the plurality of metal heat sinks matches the air duct in the electric control box The performance is poor, and the fluid passing through the air duct of the electric control box enters the parallel channel defined by the multiple metal fins in a laminar flow state, resulting in a poor heat exchange effect in a high-temperature environment.
发明内容Summary of the invention
本申请旨在至少解决现有技术中存在的技术问题之一。为此,本申请的一个目的在于提出一种电控盒,换热效率高。This application aims to solve at least one of the technical problems in the prior art. Therefore, an object of the present application is to propose an electric control box with high heat exchange efficiency.
本申请的另一个目的在于提出一种具有上述电控盒的空调室外机。Another object of the present application is to propose an air conditioner outdoor unit having the above-mentioned electric control box.
根据本申请第一方面实施例的电控盒,包括:电控盒基座,所述电控盒基座上设有电控元器件;散热器,所述散热器设在所述电控盒基座上,所述散热器包括间隔设置的多个散热片;扰流件,多个所述扰流件间隔设置在所述电控盒基座上,且多个所述扰流件均位于所述散热器和所述电控元器件之间,且每个所述扰流件在沿所述散热片的长度方向上的中心轴线位于相邻两个所述散热片之间。An electric control box according to an embodiment of the first aspect of the present application includes: an electric control box base, the electric control box base is provided with electronic control components; a radiator, the radiator is provided in the electric control box On the base, the heat sink includes a plurality of fins arranged at intervals; a spoiler, a plurality of the spoilers are arranged on the base of the electric control box at intervals, and a plurality of the spoilers are located Between the heat sink and the electronically controlled component, and the central axis of each spoiler along the length of the heat sink is located between two adjacent heat sinks.
根据本申请实施例的电控盒,通过设置上述的多个扰流件,提高了换热效率,从而 能够更加有效地降低电控盒上电控元器件的温度。当散热器应用于空调室外机时,可以很好地对电控盒内的电控元器件进行散热,从而不易出现电控元器件损坏或压缩机限频而使压缩机无法正常运行导致影响空调器制冷效果的问题,提升了用户体验。According to the electric control box of the embodiment of the present application, by providing the above multiple spoilers, the heat exchange efficiency is improved, so that the temperature of the electric control components on the electric control box can be more effectively reduced. When the radiator is applied to the outdoor unit of the air conditioner, it can dissipate the heat of the electronic control components in the electric control box well, so that the damage of the electronic control components or the compressor frequency limit is not easy to cause the compressor to run normally and affect the air conditioner. The problem of the cooling effect of the device improves the user experience.
根据本申请的一些实施例,每个所述扰流件形成为长条形结构或片状结构。According to some embodiments of the present application, each of the spoilers is formed as an elongated structure or a sheet-like structure.
根据本申请的一些实施例,当每个所述扰流件形成为长条形结构时,每个所述扰流件沿竖直方向延伸。According to some embodiments of the present application, when each of the spoilers is formed into an elongated structure, each of the spoilers extends in a vertical direction.
根据本申请的一些实施例,每个所述扰流件的厚度小于相邻两个所述散热片之间的距离。According to some embodiments of the present application, the thickness of each spoiler is less than the distance between two adjacent fins.
根据本申请的一些实施例,每个所述扰流件的厚度为t,其中所述t满足:1mm≤t≤3mm。According to some embodiments of the present application, the thickness of each spoiler is t, where t satisfies: 1 mm ≦ t ≦ 3 mm.
根据本申请的一些实施例,所述t进一步满足:t=2mm。According to some embodiments of the present application, the t further satisfies: t = 2mm.
根据本申请的一些实施例,每个所述扰流件的高度为h,每个所述散热片的高度为H,其中所述h、H满足:0<h/H≤1/2。According to some embodiments of the present application, the height of each spoiler is h, and the height of each heat sink is H, where h and H satisfy: 0 <h / H ≦ 1/2.
根据本申请的一些实施例,所述h、H进一步满足:h/H=1/4或2/5。According to some embodiments of the present application, the h and H further satisfy: h / H = 1/4 or 2/5.
根据本申请的一些实施例,相邻两个所述扰流件之间的距离与相邻两个所述散热片之间的距离相等。According to some embodiments of the present application, the distance between two adjacent spoilers is equal to the distance between two adjacent fins.
根据本申请的一些实施例,所述扰流件的数量比所述散热片的数量少1个。According to some embodiments of the present application, the number of the spoiler is one less than the number of the heat sink.
根据本申请的一些实施例,每个所述扰流片与每个所述散热片平行。According to some embodiments of the present application, each of the spoilers is parallel to each of the heat sinks.
根据本申请的一些实施例,所述扰流片与所述散热片之间的夹角为θ,其中所述θ满足:0°≤θ≤30°。According to some embodiments of the present application, the angle between the spoiler and the heat sink is θ, where θ satisfies: 0 ° ≦ θ ≦ 30 °.
根据本申请的一些实施例,每个所述扰流件为阻燃材料件。According to some embodiments of the present application, each of the spoilers is a piece of flame retardant material.
根据本申请的一些实施例,每个所述扰流件为金属件、塑料件或玻璃件。According to some embodiments of the present application, each of the spoilers is a metal part, a plastic part or a glass part.
根据本申请第二方面实施例的空调室外机,包括根据本申请上述第一方面实施例的电控盒。The outdoor unit for an air conditioner according to the embodiment of the second aspect of the present application includes the electric control box according to the embodiment of the above-mentioned first aspect of the present application.
本申请的附加方面和优点将在下面的描述中部分给出,部分将从下面的描述中变得明显,或通过本申请的实践了解到。Additional aspects and advantages of the present application will be partially given in the following description, and some will become apparent from the following description, or be learned through practice of the present application.
附图说明BRIEF DESCRIPTION
本申请的上述和/或附加的方面和优点从结合下面附图对实施例的描述中将变得明显和容易理解,其中:The above and / or additional aspects and advantages of the present application will become apparent and easily understood from the description of the embodiments in conjunction with the following drawings, in which:
图1是根据本申请实施例的电控盒基座的示意图;FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of an electric control box base according to an embodiment of the present application;
图2是根据本申请实施例的电控盒的立体图;2 is a perspective view of an electric control box according to an embodiment of the present application;
图3是根据本申请实施例的电控盒的另一个角度的立体图;3 is another perspective view of the electric control box according to an embodiment of the present application;
图4是图3中圈示的A部的放大图;FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of part A circled in FIG. 3;
图5是根据本申请实施例的电控盒的另一个立体图,其中未示出散热器;5 is another perspective view of an electric control box according to an embodiment of the present application, in which a heat sink is not shown;
图6是图5中所示的电控盒的示意图;6 is a schematic diagram of the electric control box shown in FIG. 5;
图7是根据本申请另一个实施例的电控盒的示意图;7 is a schematic diagram of an electric control box according to another embodiment of the present application;
图8是根据本申请实施例的空调室外机的示意图。8 is a schematic diagram of an outdoor unit of an air conditioner according to an embodiment of the present application.
附图标记:Reference mark:
100:电控盒;100: electric control box;
1:电控盒基座;10:电控元器件;11:护板;1: Base of electric control box; 10: Electronic control components; 11: Guard plate;
2:散热器;21:散热片;2: radiator; 21: heat sink;
3:扰流件;3: spoiler;
200:空调室外机。200: Air conditioner outdoor unit.
具体实施方式detailed description
下面详细描述本申请的实施例,所述实施例的示例在附图中示出,其中自始至终相同或类似的标号表示相同或类似的元件或具有相同或类似功能的元件。下面通过参考附图描述的实施例是示例性的,仅用于解释本申请,而不能理解为对本申请的限制。The embodiments of the present application are described in detail below, and examples of the embodiments are shown in the drawings, in which the same or similar reference numerals indicate the same or similar elements or elements having the same or similar functions throughout. The embodiments described below with reference to the drawings are exemplary, and are only used to explain the present application, and cannot be construed as limiting the present application.
下面参考图1-图8描述根据本申请实施例的电控盒100。电控盒100可以应用于空调室外机200例如变频空调室外机,以控制压缩机的运行频率。在本申请下面的描述中,以电控盒100应用于变频空调室外机为例进行说明。当然,本领域技术人员可以理解,电控盒100还可以应用于定频空调室外机。The electronic control box 100 according to an embodiment of the present application will be described below with reference to FIGS. 1-8. The electric control box 100 can be applied to an outdoor air conditioner 200 such as an inverter outdoor air conditioner to control the operating frequency of the compressor. In the following description of this application, the electronic control box 100 is applied to an inverter air conditioner outdoor unit as an example for description. Of course, those skilled in the art can understand that the electric control box 100 can also be applied to a fixed frequency air conditioner outdoor unit.
如图1-图7所示,根据本申请第一方面实施例的电控盒100,包括电控盒基座1、散热器2和扰流件3。As shown in FIGS. 1 to 7, the electric control box 100 according to the embodiment of the first aspect of the present application includes an electric control box base 1, a heat sink 2 and a spoiler 3.
电控盒基座1上设有电控元器件10。散热器2设在电控盒基座1上,散热器2包括间隔设置的多个散热片21。例如,在图2-图4的示例中,散热器2的多个散热片21沿散热片21的厚度方向依次间隔设置,每相邻两个散热片21之间限定出一个风道。散热片21用于对电控盒100内的核心电控元器件10进行散热,保证其在高温工况下稳定运行。具体地,散热器2可以与电控元器件10例如大功率发热元器件表面接触。当电控元器件10工作时,电控元器件10会产生大量的热量,这些热量会传递给散热器2的多个散热片21,而流经多个散热片21的气流可以将多个散热片21上的热量带走, 以达到降低电控元器件10温度的目的。其中,散热器2可以布置在电控盒基座1的端部,并通过螺钉等固定在电控盒基座1上。The electric control box base 1 is provided with electric control components 10. The heat sink 2 is provided on the base 1 of the electric control box. The heat sink 2 includes a plurality of heat dissipation fins 21 arranged at intervals. For example, in the examples of FIGS. 2 to 4, the plurality of fins 21 of the heat sink 2 are sequentially spaced along the thickness direction of the fins 21, and an air passage is defined between every two adjacent fins 21. The heat sink 21 is used to dissipate the core electronic control components 10 in the electric control box 100 to ensure its stable operation under high temperature conditions. Specifically, the heat sink 2 may be in contact with the surface of the electronic control component 10 such as a high-power heating component. When the electronic control component 10 is working, the electronic control component 10 will generate a large amount of heat, which will be transferred to the plurality of fins 21 of the radiator 2, and the airflow passing through the plurality of fins 21 can dissipate the heat The heat on the sheet 21 is taken away to achieve the purpose of reducing the temperature of the electronically controlled component 10. Among them, the heat sink 2 may be arranged at the end of the base 1 of the electric control box and fixed on the base 1 of the electric control box by screws or the like.
多个扰流件3间隔设置在电控盒基座1上,且多个扰流件3均位于散热器2和电控元器件10之间,且每个扰流件3在沿散热片21的长度方向上的中心轴线位于相邻两个散热片21之间。例如,参照图2,多个扰流件3在散热片21的厚度方向上依次间隔设置,多个扰流件3和散热器2在气流的流动方向上依次设置,且多个扰流件3位于散热器2的上游,在散热片21的长度方向上、每个扰流件3的中心轴线位于相邻两个散热片21之间。这里,需要说明的是,“上游”可以理解为在气流的流动方向上的上游。A plurality of spoilers 3 are arranged at intervals on the base 1 of the electric control box, and the plurality of spoilers 3 are located between the heat sink 2 and the electronic control components 10, and each spoiler 3 is located along the heat sink 21 The central axis in the length direction is between two adjacent fins 21. For example, referring to FIG. 2, a plurality of spoilers 3 are sequentially spaced in the thickness direction of the fin 21, a plurality of spoilers 3 and a radiator 2 are sequentially arranged in the flow direction of the airflow, and a plurality of spoilers 3 Located upstream of the radiator 2, the center axis of each spoiler 3 is located between two adjacent fins 21 in the length direction of the fins 21. Here, it should be noted that “upstream” can be understood as upstream in the direction of flow of the airflow.
在本申请的描述中,“多个”的含义是两个或两个以上。In the description of this application, the meaning of "plurality" is two or more.
气流例如空气等在流过散热器2的过程中,会在散热器2表面形成较薄的热边界层和速度边界层,在热边界层内,温度沿散热器2表面法线方向(即与气流方向垂直的方向)变化,在热边界层外(即离开散热器2表面一定距离)温度基本不变化;在速度边界层内,速度沿散热器2表面法线方向(即与气流方向垂直的方向)变化,在速度边界层外(即离开散热器2表面一定距离)速度基本不再变化,紊流对流换热层主要是层流底层,由于底层极薄,温度梯度大,紊流换热强度比层流强。气流例如空气等在通过电控盒100内部流到散热器2的过程中,需要先经过多个扰流件3,气流例如空气等在扰流件3的作用下,使得进入到散热片21表面的流体状态为紊流状态,能够显著提高换热效率,提高换热效果,从而可以很好地对电控盒100内的电控元器件10进行散热,降低电控元器件10的温度。Airflow, such as air, will form a thin thermal boundary layer and velocity boundary layer on the surface of the radiator 2 during the process of flowing through the radiator 2. Within the thermal boundary layer, the temperature is along the normal direction of the surface of the radiator 2 (i.e. The direction of the airflow direction is vertical, and the temperature does not change outside the thermal boundary layer (that is, a certain distance away from the surface of the radiator 2); in the velocity boundary layer, the velocity is along the normal direction of the surface of the radiator 2 (that is, the direction perpendicular to the airflow direction) Direction), the velocity basically does not change outside the velocity boundary layer (ie, a certain distance away from the surface of the radiator 2). The turbulent convection heat transfer layer is mainly the laminar bottom layer. Because the bottom layer is extremely thin, the temperature gradient is large, and the turbulent heat transfer The intensity is stronger than laminar flow. During the flow of air, such as air, to the radiator 2 through the interior of the electric control box 100, it first needs to pass through a plurality of spoilers 3. The airflow, such as air, etc., is caused by the spoiler 3 to enter the surface of the heat sink 21 The fluid state is in a turbulent state, which can significantly improve the heat exchange efficiency and improve the heat exchange effect, so that the electronic control components 10 in the electronic control box 100 can be well radiated and the temperature of the electronic control components 10 can be reduced.
根据本申请实施例的电控盒100,通过设置上述的多个扰流件3,提高了换热效率,从而能够更加有效地降低电控盒100上电控元器件10的温度。当散热器2应用于空调室外机200例如变频空调室外机时,可以很好地对电控盒100内的电控元器件10进行散热,从而不易出现电控元器件10损坏或压缩机限频而使压缩机无法正常运行导致影响空调器制冷效果的问题,提升了用户体验。According to the electric control box 100 of the embodiment of the present application, by providing the plurality of spoilers 3 described above, the heat exchange efficiency is improved, so that the temperature of the electric control components 10 on the electric control box 100 can be more effectively reduced. When the radiator 2 is applied to an air conditioner outdoor unit 200 such as an inverter air conditioner outdoor unit, the electronic control components 10 in the electric control box 100 can be well dissipated, so that the electronic control components 10 are not damaged or the compressor frequency limit The problem of affecting the cooling effect of the air conditioner by preventing the compressor from operating normally improves the user experience.
根据本申请的一些实施例,参照图1-图4并结合图5,每个扰流件3形成为长条形结构。由此,通过将扰流件3设置成长条形结构,在保证对流经其的气流起到很好的扰动作用的同时,扰流件3的体积较小,从而可以减小电控盒100的占用空间。当然,每个扰流件3还可以形成为片状结构,例如,每个扰流件3可以与散热片21大致平行并沿图2中所示的左右方向延伸。由此,同样可以起到扰动气流的作用。According to some embodiments of the present application, referring to FIG. 1 to FIG. 4 in combination with FIG. 5, each spoiler 3 is formed into an elongated structure. Therefore, by providing the spoiler 3 with a long strip structure, the spoiler 3 has a smaller volume while ensuring a good disturbance to the airflow passing therethrough, thereby reducing the size of the electric control box 100 take up space. Of course, each spoiler 3 may also be formed in a sheet-like structure, for example, each spoiler 3 may be substantially parallel to the heat sink 21 and extend in the left-right direction shown in FIG. 2. Thus, it can also play a role in disturbing the airflow.
可选地,当每个扰流件3形成为长条形结构时,每个扰流件3沿竖直方向延伸,如图2所示。例如,在图2的示例中,长条形的扰流件3竖直向上延伸。由此,可以进一 步减小电控盒100的占用空间。Alternatively, when each spoiler 3 is formed into an elongated structure, each spoiler 3 extends in a vertical direction, as shown in FIG. 2. For example, in the example of FIG. 2, the elongated spoiler 3 extends vertically upward. Thus, the space occupied by the electric control box 100 can be further reduced.
根据本申请的进一步实施例,参照图3并结合图4,每个扰流件3的厚度小于相邻两个散热片21之间的距离。由此,通过设置使每个扰流件3的厚度小于相邻两个散热片21之间的距离,从而流过扰流件3后的气流可以顺畅地进入到多个散热片21限定出的风道内,而不会影响散热。According to a further embodiment of the present application, referring to FIG. 3 in conjunction with FIG. 4, the thickness of each spoiler 3 is smaller than the distance between two adjacent heat sinks 21. Therefore, by setting the thickness of each spoiler 3 to be smaller than the distance between two adjacent fins 21, the airflow after passing through the spoiler 3 can smoothly enter the area defined by the plurality of fins 21 Inside the air duct without affecting heat dissipation.
可选地,每个扰流件3的厚度为t,其中t满足:1mm≤t≤3mm,如图6和图7所示。由此,如果将扰流件3的厚度t设置为小于1mm,则扰流件3的厚度相对较小,可能出现未将流道散热器2表面的空气状态变为紊流状态的情况,从而散热效果相对较差;如果将扰流件3的厚度t设置为大于3mm,则扰流件3的厚度相对较大,可能出现气流不能顺畅通过散热器2,从而会影响散热效果。也就是说,通过设置使每个扰流件3的厚度t满足1mm≤t≤3mm,在保证进入散热器2的气流状态为紊流状态的同时,使气流可以顺畅地通过散热器2,从而有效地保证了散热效果。进一步可选地,t进一步满足:t=2mm。Optionally, the thickness of each spoiler 3 is t, where t satisfies: 1 mm ≦ t ≦ 3 mm, as shown in FIGS. 6 and 7. Thus, if the thickness t of the spoiler 3 is set to be less than 1 mm, the thickness of the spoiler 3 is relatively small, and it may happen that the air state on the surface of the flow channel radiator 2 is not changed to a turbulent state, thereby The heat dissipation effect is relatively poor; if the thickness t of the spoiler 3 is set to be greater than 3 mm, the thickness of the spoiler 3 is relatively large, and airflow may not smoothly pass through the radiator 2, which may affect the heat dissipation effect. That is to say, by setting the thickness t of each spoiler 3 to satisfy 1 mm ≤ t ≤ 3 mm, while ensuring that the airflow state entering the radiator 2 is a turbulent state, the airflow can smoothly pass through the radiator 2, thereby Effectively ensure the heat dissipation effect. Further optionally, t further satisfies: t = 2mm.
根据本申请的一些可选实施例,参照图6和图7,每个扰流件3的高度为h,每个散热片21的高度为H,其中h、H满足:0<h/H≤1/2。由此,当h、H满足h/H>1/2时,在理论上,能很好地保证进入散热器2的气流状态为紊流状态,但在实际加工时并不易加工出上述的扰流件3。换言之,通过设置使h、H满足0<h/H≤1/2,在保证进入散热器2的气流状态为紊流状态的同时,方便了扰流件3的加工。例如,扰流件3可以与电控盒基座1一体成型。进一步地,h、H进一步满足:h/H=1/4或2/5。According to some optional embodiments of the present application, referring to FIGS. 6 and 7, the height of each spoiler 3 is h, and the height of each heat sink 21 is H, where h and H satisfy: 0 <h / H≤ 1/2. Therefore, when h and H satisfy h / H> 1/2, theoretically, the airflow state entering the radiator 2 can be well guaranteed to be a turbulent state, but it is not easy to process the above disturbance during actual processing流 件 3. In other words, by setting h and H to satisfy 0 <h / H ≦ 1/2, while ensuring that the airflow state entering the radiator 2 is in a turbulent state, the processing of the spoiler 3 is facilitated. For example, the spoiler 3 may be integrally formed with the base 1 of the electric control box. Further, h and H further satisfy: h / H = 1/4 or 2/5.
在本申请的描述中,需要理解的是,术语“中心”、“长度”、“宽度”、“厚度”、“上”、“下”、“左”、“右”、“竖直”、“水平”、“顶”、“底”、“内”、“外”等指示的方位或位置关系为基于附图所示的方位或位置关系,仅是为了便于描述本申请和简化描述,而不是指示或暗示所指的装置或元件必须具有特定的方位、以特定的方位构造和操作,因此不能理解为对本申请的限制。In the description of this application, it should be understood that the terms "center", "length", "width", "thickness", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", The azimuth or positional relationship indicated by "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", etc. is based on the azimuth or positional relationship shown in the drawings, only for the convenience of describing the application and simplifying the description, and It does not indicate or imply that the referred device or element must have a specific orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, and therefore cannot be construed as a limitation of the present application.
根据本申请的一些实施例,相邻两个扰流件3之间的距离与相邻两个散热片21之间的距离相等。由此,方便了多个扰流件3和多个散热片21的布置。进一步地,参照图3和图4,在散热片21的厚度方向上,每个扰流件3可以位于相邻两个散热片21的中央,此时每个扰流件3与相邻两个散热片21之间的距离相等;当然,每个扰流件3在顺气流方向上的中心轴线还可以偏离相邻两个散热片21之间的中心平面。According to some embodiments of the present application, the distance between two adjacent spoilers 3 is equal to the distance between two adjacent heat sinks 21. Thus, the arrangement of the plurality of spoilers 3 and the plurality of fins 21 is facilitated. Further, referring to FIGS. 3 and 4, in the thickness direction of the heat sink 21, each spoiler 3 may be located in the center of two adjacent heat sinks 21. At this time, each spoiler 3 is adjacent to two adjacent The distance between the fins 21 is equal; of course, the central axis of each spoiler 3 in the forward airflow direction can also deviate from the center plane between two adjacent fins 21.
可选地,扰流件3的数量比散热片21的数量少1个,如图3所示。此时在顺气流方向上,每相邻两个散热片21之间均有一个扰流件3。由此,可以进一步提高换热效 率。Optionally, the number of spoilers 3 is one less than the number of fins 21, as shown in FIG. At this time, in the direction of the airflow, there is a spoiler 3 between every two adjacent fins 21. Thereby, the heat exchange efficiency can be further improved.
可选地,参照图2和图3,每个扰流件3与每个散热片21平行。由此,在保证散热效果的同时,使得整个电控盒100的结构简单,易于加工。Optionally, referring to FIGS. 2 and 3, each spoiler 3 is parallel to each heat sink 21. Thus, while ensuring the heat dissipation effect, the structure of the entire electronic control box 100 is simple and easy to process.
根据本申请的一些实施例,扰流件3与散热片21之间的夹角为θ,其中θ满足:0°≤θ≤30°。由此,通过设置使扰流件3与散热片21之间的夹角θ满足0°≤θ≤30°,在保证提升换热效率的情况下,降低了扰流件3和散热片21的加工难度,从而降低了成本。例如,在图1-图6的示例中,扰流件3与散热片21之间的夹角θ=0°。当然,本申请不限于此,例如,在图7的示例中,每个扰流件3相对于散热片21倾斜设置,此时每个扰流件3与散热片21之间的夹角θ≠0°。According to some embodiments of the present application, the angle between the spoiler 3 and the heat sink 21 is θ, where θ satisfies: 0 ° ≦ θ ≦ 30 °. Therefore, by setting the angle θ between the spoiler 3 and the fins 21 to satisfy 0 ° ≦ θ ≦ 30 °, while ensuring the improvement of the heat exchange efficiency, the spoiler 3 and the fins 21 are reduced. Processing difficulty, thereby reducing costs. For example, in the examples of FIGS. 1 to 6, the angle θ = 0 ° between the spoiler 3 and the heat sink 21. Of course, the present application is not limited to this. For example, in the example of FIG. 7, each spoiler 3 is disposed obliquely with respect to the heat sink 21, and at this time, the angle θ ≠ between each spoiler 3 and the heat sink 21 0 °.
可选地,每个扰流件3为阻燃材料件。由此,通过采用阻燃材料作为扰流件3,在保证散热效果的同时,提升了电控盒100的使用安全性。例如,每个扰流件3为金属件、塑料件或玻璃件等。但不限于此。Optionally, each spoiler 3 is a piece of flame retardant material. Therefore, by using a flame retardant material as the spoiler 3, the safety of the electric control box 100 is improved while ensuring the heat dissipation effect. For example, each spoiler 3 is a metal piece, a plastic piece, a glass piece, or the like. But it is not limited to this.
进一步地,如图2和图3所示,电控盒基座1上设有护板11,护板11可以通过螺钉等固定在电控盒基座1上,护板11用于保护电控盒100内的元器件例如电控元器件10等。多个扰流件3位于护板11和散热器2之间。可选地,护板11为钣金件等。Further, as shown in FIG. 2 and FIG. 3, a protective plate 11 is provided on the base 1 of the electric control box, and the protective plate 11 can be fixed on the base 1 of the electric control box by screws or the like, and the protective plate 11 is used to protect the electric control The components in the box 100 are, for example, electronically controlled components 10 and the like. A plurality of spoilers 3 are located between the shield 11 and the radiator 2. Optionally, the guard plate 11 is a sheet metal part or the like.
根据本申请实施例的电控盒100,通过在电控盒100风道和散热器2风道之间设置多个扰流件3,当空气由压缩机侧通过电控盒100风道流到散热器2时,在散热器2表面的流场中加入紊流,换热效率更高,能够更加有效地降低电控元器件10的温度。According to the electric control box 100 of the embodiment of the present application, by providing a plurality of spoilers 3 between the air passage of the electric control box 100 and the air passage of the radiator 2, when air flows from the compressor side to the air passage of the electric control box 100 to In the case of the heat sink 2, turbulent flow is added to the flow field on the surface of the heat sink 2, the heat exchange efficiency is higher, and the temperature of the electronic control component 10 can be lowered more effectively.
如图8所示,根据本申请第二方面实施例的空调室外机200,包括根据本申请上述第一方面实施例的电控盒100。其中,电控盒100可以设在空调室外机200例如变频空调室外机内的顶部。As shown in FIG. 8, the outdoor unit 200 for an air conditioner according to the embodiment of the second aspect of the present application includes the electric control box 100 according to the embodiment of the first aspect of the present application. The electric control box 100 may be installed on the top of the outdoor air-conditioning unit 200, such as an inverter outdoor unit.
根据本申请实施例的空调室外机200例如变频空调室外机,通过采用上述的电控盒100,提升了空调室外机200例如变频空调室外机的整体性能。According to the air conditioner outdoor unit 200 of the embodiment of the present application, such as an inverter air conditioner outdoor unit, the overall performance of the air conditioner outdoor unit 200, such as an inverter air conditioner outdoor unit, is improved by adopting the above-mentioned electric control box 100.
根据本申请实施例的电控盒100和空调室外机200的其他构成以及操作对于本领域普通技术人员而言都是已知的,这里不再详细描述。Other configurations and operations of the electric control box 100 and the air-conditioning outdoor unit 200 according to the embodiments of the present application are known to those of ordinary skill in the art, and will not be described in detail here.
在本说明书的描述中,参考术语“一个实施例”、“一些实施例”、“示意性实施例”、“示例”、“具体示例”、或“一些示例”等的描述意指结合该实施例或示例描述的具体特征、结构、材料或者特点包含于本申请的至少一个实施例或示例中。在本说明书中,对上述术语的示意性表述不一定指的是相同的实施例或示例。而且,描述的具体特征、结构、材料或者特点可以在任何的一个或多个实施例或示例中以合适的方式结合。In the description of this specification, reference to the descriptions of the terms "one embodiment", "some embodiments", "schematic embodiments", "examples", "specific examples", or "some examples" is meant to be combined with the implementation The specific features, structures, materials, or characteristics described in the examples or examples are included in at least one embodiment or example of the present application. In this specification, the schematic expression of the above terms does not necessarily refer to the same embodiment or example. Moreover, the specific features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples.
尽管已经示出和描述了本申请的实施例,本领域的普通技术人员可以理解:在不脱 离本申请的原理和宗旨的情况下可以对这些实施例进行多种变化、修改、替换和变型,本申请的范围由权利要求及其等同物限定。Although the embodiments of the present application have been shown and described, those of ordinary skill in the art may understand that various changes, modifications, replacements, and variations can be made to these embodiments without departing from the principle and purpose of the present application, The scope of the application is defined by the claims and their equivalents.

Claims (15)

  1. 一种电控盒,其特征在于,包括:An electric control box is characterized by comprising:
    电控盒基座,所述电控盒基座上设有电控元器件;An electric control box base, the electric control box base is provided with electric control components;
    散热器,所述散热器设在所述电控盒基座上,所述散热器包括间隔设置的多个散热片;A heat sink, the heat sink is provided on the base of the electric control box, the heat sink includes a plurality of heat dissipation fins arranged at intervals;
    扰流件,多个所述扰流件间隔设置在所述电控盒基座上,且多个所述扰流件均位于所述散热器和所述电控元器件之间,且每个所述扰流件在沿所述散热片的长度方向上的中心轴线位于相邻两个所述散热片之间。A spoiler, a plurality of the spoilers are arranged at intervals on the base of the electric control box, and a plurality of the spoilers are located between the heat sink and the electric control components, and each The central axis of the spoiler along the length of the fins is located between two adjacent fins.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的电控盒,其特征在于,每个所述扰流件形成为长条形结构或片状结构。The electric control box according to claim 1, characterized in that each of the spoilers is formed in an elongated structure or a sheet-like structure.
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的电控盒,其特征在于,当每个所述扰流件形成为长条形结构时,每个所述扰流件沿竖直方向延伸。The electric control box according to claim 2, wherein when each of the spoilers is formed in an elongated structure, each of the spoilers extends in a vertical direction.
  4. 根据权利要求1-3中任一项所述的电控盒,其特征在于,每个所述扰流件的厚度小于相邻两个所述散热片之间的距离。The electric control box according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the thickness of each spoiler is smaller than the distance between two adjacent fins.
  5. 根据权利要求1-4中任一项所述的电控盒,其特征在于,每个所述扰流件的厚度为t,其中所述t满足:1mm≤t≤3mm。The electric control box according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the thickness of each spoiler is t, wherein the t satisfies: 1mm≤t≤3mm.
  6. 根据权利要求5所述的电控盒,其特征在于,所述t进一步满足:t=2mm。The electric control box according to claim 5, wherein the t further satisfies: t = 2mm.
  7. 根据权利要求1-6中任一项所述的电控盒,其特征在于,每个所述扰流件的高度为h,每个所述散热片的高度为H,其中所述h、H满足:0<h/H≤1/2。The electric control box according to any one of claims 1-6, wherein the height of each spoiler is h, and the height of each heat sink is H, wherein the h, H Satisfaction: 0 <h / H≤1 / 2.
  8. 根据权利要求7所述的电控盒,其特征在于,所述h、H进一步满足:h/H=1/4或2/5。The electric control box according to claim 7, wherein the h and H further satisfy: h / H = 1/4 or 2/5.
  9. 根据权利要求1-8中任一项所述的电控盒,其特征在于,相邻两个所述扰流件之间的距离与相邻两个所述散热片之间的距离相等。The electric control box according to any one of claims 1-8, wherein a distance between two adjacent spoilers is equal to a distance between two adjacent heat sinks.
  10. 根据权利要求1-9中任一项所述的电控盒,其特征在于,所述扰流件的数量比所述散热片的数量少1个。The electric control box according to any one of claims 1-9, wherein the number of the spoilers is one less than the number of the heat sinks.
  11. 根据权利要求1-10中任一项所述的电控盒,其特征在于,每个所述扰流片与每个所述散热片平行。The electric control box according to any one of claims 1-10, wherein each spoiler is parallel to each heat sink.
  12. 根据权利要求1-11中任一项所述的电控盒,其特征在于,所述扰流片与所述散热片之间的夹角为θ,其中所述θ满足:0°≤θ≤30°。The electric control box according to any one of claims 1 to 11, wherein an angle between the spoiler and the heat sink is θ, wherein the θ satisfies: 0 ° ≤θ≤ 30 °.
  13. 根据权利要求1-12中任一项所述的电控盒,其特征在于,每个所述扰流件为 阻燃材料件。The electric control box according to any one of claims 1-12, wherein each of the spoilers is a flame-retardant material.
  14. 根据权利要求1-13中任一项所述的电控盒,其特征在于,每个所述扰流件为金属件、塑料件或玻璃件。The electric control box according to any one of claims 1 to 13, wherein each of the spoilers is a metal part, a plastic part or a glass part.
  15. 一种空调室外机,其特征在于,包括根据权利要求1-14中任一项所述的电控盒。An air-conditioning outdoor unit, characterized by comprising the electric control box according to any one of claims 1-14.
PCT/CN2018/112155 2018-10-11 2018-10-26 Electric control box and air conditioner outdoor unit having same WO2020073363A1 (en)

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JP2016161206A (en) * 2015-02-27 2016-09-05 ダイキン工業株式会社 Heat source unit of refrigerating device
CN205595424U (en) * 2016-05-09 2016-09-21 深圳市赛尔盈电子有限公司 PTC heater and power battery heating and cooling device
CN207081120U (en) * 2017-04-05 2018-03-09 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 Air-conditioner outdoor unit
CN207113061U (en) * 2017-08-02 2018-03-16 广东美的暖通设备有限公司 Air-conditioner outdoor unit and its controlled box assembly
CN207146713U (en) * 2017-09-11 2018-03-27 广东美的暖通设备有限公司 Electric-controlled box and air-conditioner outdoor unit
CN108024477A (en) * 2017-11-13 2018-05-11 中国航空工业集团公司西安航空计算技术研究所 A kind of reinforced heat exchanger and method from concussion
CN207705568U (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-08-07 万硕(成都)航空科技有限公司 A kind of evaporation cavity radiator for miniature laser cooling cabinet

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104213971A (en) * 2013-05-30 2014-12-17 常州市长江冷冲机械配件有限公司 Diesel engine intercooler
JP2016161206A (en) * 2015-02-27 2016-09-05 ダイキン工業株式会社 Heat source unit of refrigerating device
CN104697077A (en) * 2015-03-26 2015-06-10 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 Heat radiation structure of circuit module and outdoor unit of variable-frequency air conditioner
CN205595424U (en) * 2016-05-09 2016-09-21 深圳市赛尔盈电子有限公司 PTC heater and power battery heating and cooling device
CN207081120U (en) * 2017-04-05 2018-03-09 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 Air-conditioner outdoor unit
CN207113061U (en) * 2017-08-02 2018-03-16 广东美的暖通设备有限公司 Air-conditioner outdoor unit and its controlled box assembly
CN207146713U (en) * 2017-09-11 2018-03-27 广东美的暖通设备有限公司 Electric-controlled box and air-conditioner outdoor unit
CN108024477A (en) * 2017-11-13 2018-05-11 中国航空工业集团公司西安航空计算技术研究所 A kind of reinforced heat exchanger and method from concussion
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