WO2020062864A1 - Air conditioner fan water guiding and temperature adjusting method and air conditioner fan implementing said method - Google Patents

Air conditioner fan water guiding and temperature adjusting method and air conditioner fan implementing said method Download PDF

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WO2020062864A1
WO2020062864A1 PCT/CN2019/084909 CN2019084909W WO2020062864A1 WO 2020062864 A1 WO2020062864 A1 WO 2020062864A1 CN 2019084909 W CN2019084909 W CN 2019084909W WO 2020062864 A1 WO2020062864 A1 WO 2020062864A1
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water
air
fan
space
water storage
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PCT/CN2019/084909
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
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童蕾
陈雪清
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广东机电职业技术学院
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Priority to CN201811157204.0A priority patent/CN109282405B/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0007Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater cooling apparatus specially adapted for use in air-conditioning
    • F24F5/0035Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater cooling apparatus specially adapted for use in air-conditioning using evaporation

Abstract

An air conditioner fan, comprising a housing having an accommodating chamber, a water storage tray (1), a hole plate (2) and a water storage box (5) being provided in order from top to bottom in the accommodating chamber. A refrigeration space is provided between the hole plate (2) and the water storage box (5); the refrigeration space is divided into a medium space (3) close to an air supply port (11) and a fan space (7) close to an air return port (12); the medium space (3) is filled with a hydrophilic porous medium (8); and the fan space (7) is provided with an air inducing fan (9), and an air outlet of the air inducing fan (9) faces the medium space (3). A plurality of capillary tubes (15) are provided between the water storage box (5) and the water storage tray (1); several vertical water outlet pipes are provided on the water storage tray (1); the vertical water outlet pipes comprise high vertical pipes (6) and low vertical pipes (7); several water outlet holes (16) are provided on the hole plate (2), so that the water in the water storage tray (1) flows through the hole plate (2) to the hydrophilic porous medium (8) and spreads on a porous channel wall of the hydrophilic porous medium (8) to form a water film. The air conditioner fan uses the water film to accelerate vaporization and evaporation in a low-pressure environment, so as to reduce the temperature of the air, and uses the structure of the high vertical pipes (6) and the low vertical pipes (7) to adjust the water amount in circulation.

Description

一种空调扇引水调温方法及实现该方法的空调扇Air conditioning fan water introduction and temperature regulation method and air conditioning fan implementing same 技术领域Technical field

本发明涉及空调扇技术领域,更具体地说,涉及一种空调扇引水调温方法及实现该方法的空调扇。The present invention relates to the technical field of air-conditioning fans, and more particularly, to a method for adjusting water temperature of an air-conditioning fan and an air-conditioning fan implementing the method.

背景技术Background technique

空调扇是一种装备了水冷装置的电风扇,兼具送风、调温、加湿等多功能于一身;其依靠内置的水泵使水在机内不断循环与空气换热从而将空气降温,因此空调扇送出的风就有了冷的感觉。The air-conditioning fan is an electric fan equipped with a water-cooling device, which has multiple functions such as air supply, temperature adjustment, and humidification; it relies on the built-in water pump to continuously circulate water in the machine and exchange heat with the air to cool the air. The wind from the air conditioning fan feels cold.

但是现有空调扇存在以下不足:However, the existing air-conditioning fans have the following disadvantages:

(一)现有空调扇自身不能制冷,通常需要人工加入冰块使水温度下降变成冰水,再依靠冰水与空气换热来达到空气温度下降目的;由于夏天环境温度高,因此需要用户频繁加入冰块,否则水温与空气温度差异小,达不到空气换热降温效果;(1) Existing air-conditioning fans cannot be cooled by themselves. Usually, ice cubes need to be added manually to reduce the water temperature to ice water, and then rely on the heat exchange between ice water and air to achieve the purpose of reducing air temperature. Due to the high ambient temperature in summer, users are required. Frequently add ice cubes, otherwise the difference between water temperature and air temperature is small, and the effect of air heat exchange and cooling cannot be achieved;

(二)现有空调扇运行全过程中均需要启动水泵实现水循环,但是水泵运行时噪音较大,不利于保持使用环境安静、无噪音;此外水泵消耗电能,不利于节能环保;(2) The existing air-conditioning fan needs to start the water pump to realize water circulation during the entire process of operation, but the water pump is relatively noisy when running, which is not conducive to maintaining a quiet and noise-free environment; in addition, the water pump consumes electricity, which is not conducive to energy conservation and environmental protection;

(三)现有空调扇吹出的风往往带有颗粒较大的水分子,甚至带有水滴,将大大增加室内环境的湿度;由于夏天天气并不干燥,室内环境湿度过大会降低人体舒适感。(3) The wind blown by the existing air-conditioning fan often has large particles of water molecules, or even drops of water, which will greatly increase the humidity of the indoor environment; because the weather is not dry in summer, the indoor environment humidity is too high to reduce human comfort.

发明内容Summary of the Invention

为克服现有技术中的缺点与不足,本发明的一个目的在于提供一种实现空气降温、使用便捷、人体舒适感良好、减少噪音、节能环保的空调扇引水调温方法。本发明的另一个目的在于提供一种实现上述空调扇引水调温方法、可实现空气降温、使用便捷、人体舒适感良好、减少噪音、节能环保的空调扇。In order to overcome the shortcomings and deficiencies in the prior art, an object of the present invention is to provide an air conditioning fan water temperature adjustment method for achieving air cooling, convenient use, good human comfort, reduced noise, energy saving and environmental protection. Another object of the present invention is to provide an air-conditioning fan that realizes the above-mentioned method of adjusting the temperature of the air-conditioning fan by introducing water, which can realize air cooling, convenient use, good human comfort, noise reduction, energy saving and environmental protection.

为了达到上述目的,本发明通过下述技术方案予以实现:一种空调扇引水 调温方法,其特征在于:通过毛细管的毛细作用力将水从下方虹吸至上方,水从上方均匀流到亲水多孔介质上并在亲水多孔介质的多孔通道壁上展开形成水膜;引风机将空气吹入亲水多孔介质的多孔通道中使多孔通道壁上形成低压,水膜在低压环境中加速汽化蒸发与空气进行换热使空气温度快速降低;引风机将温度降低的空气送出实现空调扇输出干爽凉风。In order to achieve the above object, the present invention is achieved by the following technical solution: A method for adjusting water temperature of an air-conditioning fan, which is characterized in that water is siphoned from the bottom to the top by capillary force of a capillary tube, and the water flows uniformly from the top to the hydrophilic side. A water film is formed on the porous medium and on the porous channel wall of the hydrophilic porous medium; a draft fan blows air into the porous channel of the hydrophilic porous medium to form a low pressure on the porous channel wall, and the water film accelerates vaporization and evaporation in a low pressure environment. The heat exchange with air reduces the air temperature quickly; the induced draft fan sends out the reduced temperature air to realize the dry and cool air output of the air conditioning fan.

本发明方法首先利用亲水多孔介质将水展开成水膜,加大水与空气接触面积;其次在水膜上形成低压以加速水膜汽化蒸发,增强空调扇内部的汽化现象,以产生足够的冷量与空气进行换热,实现制冷效果;空调扇不需要加入冰块也吹出凉风,提高使用便捷性。由于水膜分子小,容易蒸发,因此空调扇吹出的空气不会带有水滴,提升人体舒适感。采用毛细管替代水泵引水,可减少能耗,节能环保,并可减少水泵产生的噪音。本发明方法除了引风机需要耗电外,其它零部件均不需要用电,可满足节能环保的目的。The method of the present invention first uses a hydrophilic porous medium to expand water into a water film to increase the contact area between water and air; secondly, a low pressure is formed on the water film to accelerate the evaporation of the water film and enhance the vaporization phenomenon inside the air-conditioning fan to produce sufficient The cooling capacity exchanges heat with air to achieve the cooling effect; the air conditioner fan does not need to add ice cubes and also blows cool air, which improves the convenience of use. Because the water film molecules are small and easy to evaporate, the air blown out by the air conditioning fan will not carry water droplets, which improves human comfort. The use of a capillary tube to replace the water pump can reduce energy consumption, save energy and protect the environment, and reduce the noise generated by the pump. In addition to the power consumption of the induced fan, the method of the present invention does not require electricity for other components, which can meet the purpose of energy conservation and environmental protection.

优选地,所述通过毛细管的毛细作用力将水从下方虹吸至上方,水从上方均匀流到亲水多孔介质上并在亲水多孔介质的多孔通道壁上展开形成水膜,是指:通过毛细管将下方储水盒中的水虹吸至上方蓄水盘中,蓄水盘设有若干出水井,蓄水盘下方设有带有若干出水孔的孔板,孔板下方设有亲水多孔介质;蓄水盘中的水通过出水井向下流至孔板,之后经过出水孔导流散布到亲水多孔介质上,在亲水多孔介质的多孔通道壁上展开形成水膜。Preferably, the capillary force of the capillary siphons water from below to above, and water flows uniformly from above onto the hydrophilic porous medium and spreads on the porous channel wall of the hydrophilic porous medium to form a water film, which means: The capillary siphons the water in the lower water storage box to the upper water storage tray. The water storage tray is provided with several water outlet wells. The water storage plate is provided with a perforated plate with a number of water outlet holes. The hydrophilic porous medium is provided under the perforated plate. ; The water in the water storage pan flows down to the orifice plate through the water outlet well, and then spreads through the water outlet hole to the hydrophilic porous medium, and expands to form a water film on the porous channel wall of the hydrophilic porous medium.

蓄水盘中的水通过出水井向下流,可调节出水量形成连续水流;孔板具有导流作用,水经过孔板导流可均匀散布到亲水多孔介质的各个位置。The water in the water storage pan flows downward through the water outlet well, and the amount of water produced can be adjusted to form a continuous water flow; the orifice plate has the function of diversion, and the water can be evenly distributed to various positions of the hydrophilic porous medium through the orifice plate.

优选地,所述蓄水盘上设置的出水井包括高度较高的高井和高度较矮的低井;通过蓄水盘水位高时高井和低井同时向下排水、蓄水盘水位低时只有低井向下排水,来实现蓄水盘水位调节。Preferably, the water outlet well provided on the water storage pan includes a high height high well and a low height low well; when the water level of the water storage pan is high, the high well and the low well are drained down simultaneously, and only when the water level of the water storage pan is low The low well drains down to adjust the water level of the reservoir.

由于毛细管不能通过电控方式调节水循环量,因此采用高井和低井结构进行水循环量调节,既可避免蓄水盘水位过高导致水溢出,也可避免蓄水盘出水过快导致排空而不能连续出水,确保蓄水盘连续出水以在亲水多孔介质上形成连续水膜。Because the capillary tube cannot adjust the amount of water circulation through electrical control, the use of high and low well structures to adjust the amount of water circulation can not only prevent the water level of the water storage pan from being too high and cause water overflow, but also prevent the water from the water storage pan from being too fast and emptying. Continuous water discharge to ensure continuous water discharge from the reservoir to form a continuous water film on the hydrophilic porous medium.

一种实现上述空调扇引水调温方法的空调扇,其特征在于:包括带有容纳腔的机壳;容纳腔壁设有送风口和回风口;所述容纳腔中从上至下依次设有蓄水盘、孔板和储水盒;孔板与储水盒之间设有制冷空间;所述送风口与回风口 之间通过制冷空间连通;所述制冷空间中设有引风机和亲水多孔介质;所述储水盒和蓄水盘之间设有若干毛细管,以实现在毛细管的毛细作用力下将储水盒中的水虹吸至蓄水盘中;所述蓄水盘上布设有若干出水井,孔板上设置有若干出水孔,以使蓄水盘中的水经过孔板流到亲水多孔介质上并在亲水多孔介质的多孔通道壁上展开形成水膜。An air conditioning fan for realizing the above-mentioned air conditioning fan water diversion and temperature adjustment method is characterized in that it includes a cabinet with a receiving cavity; the receiving cavity wall is provided with an air supply opening and an air return opening; and the receiving cavity is provided with from top to bottom in this order. Water storage pan, orifice plate and water storage box; a cooling space is provided between the orifice plate and the water storage box; the air supply opening and the air return opening are communicated through a cooling space; and the induced draft fan and the hydrophilic are arranged in the cooling space. Porous medium; a plurality of capillaries are provided between the water storage box and the water storage tray to realize siphoning water in the water storage box to the water storage tray under the capillary force of the capillary; A plurality of water outlet wells are provided with a plurality of water outlet holes on the orifice plate, so that the water in the water storage pan flows through the orifice plate to the hydrophilic porous medium and is expanded on the porous channel wall of the hydrophilic porous medium to form a water film.

本发明空调扇首先利用亲水多孔介质将水展开成水膜,加大水与空气接触面积;其次在水膜上形成低压以加速水膜汽化蒸发,增强空调扇内部的汽化现象,以产生足够的冷量与空气进行换热,实现制冷效果;空调扇不需要加入冰块也吹出凉风,提高使用便捷性。由于水膜分子小,容易蒸发,因此空调扇吹出的空气不会带有水滴,提升人体舒适感。采用毛细管替代水泵引水,可减少能耗,节能环保,并可减少水泵产生的噪音。本发明空调扇除了引风机需要耗电外,其它零部件均不需要用电,可满足节能环保的目的。The air-conditioning fan of the present invention first uses a hydrophilic porous medium to expand water into a water film to increase the contact area between water and air; secondly, a low pressure is formed on the water film to accelerate the evaporation of the water film and enhance the vaporization phenomenon inside the air-conditioning fan to produce sufficient The amount of cold heat is exchanged with the air to achieve the cooling effect; the air conditioner fan does not need to add ice cubes and also blows cool air, which improves the convenience of use. Because the water film molecules are small and easy to evaporate, the air blown out by the air conditioning fan will not carry water droplets, which improves human comfort. The use of a capillary tube to replace the water pump can reduce energy consumption, save energy and protect the environment, and reduce the noise generated by the pump. In addition to the power consumption of the induced draft fan of the air-conditioning fan of the present invention, other components do not need power, which can meet the purpose of energy conservation and environmental protection.

优选地,所述出水井包括高井和低井,高井高度>低井高度。由于毛细管不能通过电控方式调节水循环量,因此采用高井和低井结构进行水循环量调节,蓄水盘水位高时高井和低井同时向下排水,蓄水盘水位低时只有低井向下排水;既可避免蓄水盘水位过高导致水溢出,也可避免蓄水盘出水过快导致排空而不能连续出水,使蓄水盘连续出水以在亲水多孔介质上形成连续水膜。Preferably, the water outlet well includes a high well and a low well, and the height of the high well is higher than the height of the low well. Because the capillary tube cannot adjust the amount of water circulation through electrical control, high and low well structures are used to adjust the amount of water circulation. When the water level of the storage pan is high, the high and low wells are drained down at the same time. When the water level of the storage pan is low, only the low well is drained down. ; Not only can the water level of the water storage tray be too high to cause water overflow, but also can prevent the water from draining out of the water storage tray too quickly and can not continuously discharge water, so that the water can be continuously discharged to form a continuous water film on the hydrophilic porous medium.

优选地,所述低井数量=π·r 2·h·n/低井井口面积;其中,π为圆周率,r为毛细管内部半径,h为毛细管长度,n为毛细管数量; Preferably, the number of low wells = π · r 2 · h · n / low well wellhead area; where π is the circumference, r is the internal radius of the capillary, h is the length of the capillary, and n is the number of capillary;

所述高井数量=引风机背压引起的排水量/高井井口面积;引风机背压引起的水量=π·r 2·Δh,其中,π为圆周率,r为毛细管内部半径,Δh为引风机背压引起的水柱高度,

Figure PCTCN2019084909-appb-000001
P为引风机背压,ρ为水密度,g为重力加速度; The number of high wells = the displacement caused by the back pressure of the induced draft fan / the area of the well head; the amount of water caused by the back pressure of the induced draft fan = π · r 2 · Δh, where π is the circumference, r is the internal radius of the capillary tube, and Δh is the back pressure of the induced fan The height of the water column caused,
Figure PCTCN2019084909-appb-000001
P is the back pressure of the induced draft fan, ρ is the water density, and g is the acceleration of gravity;

所述出水孔数量的取值范围是:低井数量≤出水孔数量≤2/3(低井数量+高井数量)。该设计的好处是:可协调大气压和引风机背压引起的毛细管吸水量与高井、低井和孔板的排水量之间的关系,确保亲水多孔介质上形成连续水膜。The value range of the number of water outlet holes is: the number of low wells ≤ the number of water outlets ≤ 2/3 (the number of low wells + the number of high wells). The advantage of this design is that it can coordinate the relationship between the capillary water absorption caused by atmospheric pressure and the back pressure of the induced draft fan and the drainage of the high well, low well and orifice plate, and ensure that a continuous water film is formed on the hydrophilic porous medium.

优选地,所述出水孔与出水井之间位置相错;可增强孔板的导流效果。Preferably, the positions of the water outlet hole and the water outlet well are out of phase; the flow guiding effect of the orifice plate can be enhanced.

优选地,所述亲水多孔介质的孔径范围为:10μm-100μm;在该类亲水多孔介质的多孔通道壁上可有效铺展成水膜。Preferably, the pore size range of the hydrophilic porous medium is: 10 μm to 100 μm; the porous channel wall of the hydrophilic porous medium can effectively spread into a water film.

优选地,所述制冷空间中设有引风机和亲水多孔介质是指,制冷空间分为靠近送风口的介质空间和靠近回风口的风机空间;所述亲水多孔介质填充在介质空间中;引风机设置在风机空间中且引风机的出风口朝向介质空间。Preferably, the presence of an induced draft fan and a hydrophilic porous medium in the refrigerating space means that the refrigerating space is divided into a medium space near the air outlet and a fan space near the return air opening; the hydrophilic porous medium is filled in the medium space; The induced draft fan is arranged in the fan space and the air outlet of the induced draft fan faces the medium space.

优选地,所述介质空间与风机空间之间通过隔板分隔;所述隔板上设有通风孔实现介质空间与风机空间连通;介质空间与送风口连通,风机空间与回风口连通。Preferably, the medium space and the fan space are separated by a partition; a ventilation hole is provided on the partition to realize the communication between the medium space and the fan space; the medium space is connected with the air supply port, and the fan space is connected with the air return port.

与现有技术相比,本发明具有如下优点与有益效果:Compared with the prior art, the present invention has the following advantages and beneficial effects:

1、本发明方法利用水膜在低压环境中加速汽化蒸发实现空气降温,不需要加入冰块也吹出凉风,使用便捷;人体舒适感良好;减少噪音,节能环保;1. The method of the present invention utilizes a water film to accelerate vaporization and evaporation in a low-pressure environment to achieve air cooling, which does not need to add ice cubes and blows cool air, which is convenient to use; good human comfort; reduced noise, energy saving and environmental protection;

2、本发明方法采用高井和低井结构进行水循环量调节,既可避免蓄水盘溢水,也可确保蓄水盘连续出水以在亲水多孔介质上形成连续水膜;2. The method of the present invention uses high-well and low-well structures to adjust the amount of water circulation, which can avoid overflow of the water storage pan and ensure continuous water discharge from the water storage pan to form a continuous water film on the hydrophilic porous medium;

3、本发明空调扇利用水膜在低压环境中加速汽化蒸发实现空气降温,不需要加入冰块也吹出凉风,使用便捷;人体舒适感良好;减少噪音,节能环保;3. The air-conditioning fan of the present invention uses water film to accelerate vaporization and evaporation in a low-pressure environment to cool the air, and it does not need to add ice cubes to blow cool air, which is convenient to use; the human body has a good sense of comfort; reduces noise, saves energy and protects the environment;

4、本发明空调扇采用高井和低井结构进行水循环量调节,既可避免蓄水盘溢水,也可确保蓄水盘连续出水以在亲水多孔介质上形成连续水膜。4. The air conditioning fan of the present invention adopts a high-well and a low-well structure to adjust the water circulation amount, which can not only avoid overflow of the water storage pan, but also ensure continuous water discharge from the water storage pan to form a continuous water film on the hydrophilic porous medium.

附图说明BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

图1是本发明空调扇的内部结构示意图;FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the internal structure of the air conditioning fan of the present invention;

图2是本发明空调扇的外部结构示意图;2 is a schematic diagram of an external structure of an air-conditioning fan according to the present invention;

图3是本发明空调扇中蓄水盘的结构示意图;3 is a schematic structural diagram of a water storage tray in an air-conditioning fan according to the present invention;

图4是本发明空调扇中孔板的结构示意图;4 is a schematic structural diagram of an orifice plate in an air-conditioning fan according to the present invention;

图5是本实施例二空调扇中蓄水盘与孔板的对应示意图;5 is a schematic diagram of a correspondence between a water storage pan and a perforated plate in an air conditioning fan according to the second embodiment;

其中,1为蓄水盘、2为孔板、3为介质空间、4为风机空间、5为储水盒、6为高井、7为低井、8为亲水多孔介质、9为引风机、10为浮球阀、11为送风口、12为回风口、13为补水口、14为排水口、15为毛细管、16为出水孔。Among them, 1 is a water storage pan, 2 is an orifice plate, 3 is a medium space, 4 is a fan space, 5 is a water storage box, 6 is a high well, 7 is a low well, 8 is a hydrophilic porous medium, 9 is an induced draft fan, 10 is a floating ball valve, 11 is an air supply port, 12 is an air return port, 13 is a water supply port, 14 is a drain port, 15 is a capillary tube, and 16 is a water outlet hole.

具体实施方式detailed description

下面结合附图与具体实施方式对本发明作进一步详细的描述。The present invention is described in further detail below with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments.

实施例一Example one

本实施例一种空调扇引水调温方法,通过毛细管的毛细作用力将水从下方 虹吸至上方,水从上方均匀流到亲水多孔介质上并在亲水多孔介质的多孔通道壁上展开形成水膜;引风机将空气吹入亲水多孔介质的多孔通道中使多孔通道壁上形成低压,水膜在低压环境中加速汽化蒸发与空气进行换热使空气温度快速降低;引风机将温度降低的空气送出实现空调扇输出干爽凉风。In this embodiment, an air conditioning fan is used for water diversion and temperature adjustment method. Water is siphoned from the bottom to the top by capillary force of a capillary, and the water flows uniformly from above to the hydrophilic porous medium and is developed on the porous channel wall of the hydrophilic porous medium. Water film; Induced fan blows air into the porous channel of hydrophilic porous medium to make a low pressure on the wall of the porous channel. The water film accelerates evaporation and heat exchange with air to reduce the temperature of the air in a low-pressure environment; the induced fan reduces the temperature The air is sent out to achieve dry and cool wind output from the air conditioning fan.

本发明方法首先利用亲水多孔介质将水展开成水膜,加大水与空气接触面积;其次在水膜上形成低压以加速水膜汽化蒸发,增强空调扇内部的汽化现象,以产生足够的冷量与空气进行换热,实现制冷效果;空调扇不需要加入冰块也吹出凉风,提高使用便捷性。由于水膜分子小,容易蒸发,因此空调扇吹出的空气不会带有水滴,提升人体舒适感。采用毛细管替代水泵引水,可减少能耗,节能环保,并可减少水泵产生的噪音。本发明方法除了引风机需要耗电外,其它零部件均不需要用电,可满足节能环保的目的。The method of the present invention first uses a hydrophilic porous medium to expand water into a water film to increase the contact area between water and air; secondly, a low pressure is formed on the water film to accelerate the evaporation of the water film and enhance the vaporization phenomenon inside the air-conditioning fan to produce sufficient The cooling capacity exchanges heat with air to achieve the cooling effect; the air conditioner fan does not need to add ice cubes and also blows cool air, which improves the convenience of use. Because the water film molecules are small and easy to evaporate, the air blown out by the air conditioning fan will not carry water droplets, which improves human comfort. The use of a capillary tube to replace the water pump can reduce energy consumption, save energy and protect the environment, and reduce the noise generated by the pump. In addition to the power consumption of the induced fan, the method of the present invention does not require electricity for other components, which can meet the purpose of energy conservation and environmental protection.

进一步地说,所述通过毛细管的毛细作用力将水从下方虹吸至上方,水从上方均匀流到亲水多孔介质上并在亲水多孔介质的多孔通道壁上展开形成水膜,是指:通过毛细管将下方储水盒中的水虹吸至上方蓄水盘中,蓄水盘设有若干出水井,蓄水盘下方设有带有若干出水孔的孔板,孔板下方设有亲水多孔介质;蓄水盘中的水通过出水井向下流至孔板,之后经过出水孔导流散布到亲水多孔介质上,在亲水多孔介质的多孔通道壁上展开形成水膜。蓄水盘中的水通过出水井向下流,可调节出水量形成连续水流;孔板具有导流作用,水经过孔板导流可均匀散布到亲水多孔介质的各个位置。Further, the capillary force of the capillary siphons water from below to above, and the water flows uniformly from above onto the hydrophilic porous medium and spreads on the porous channel wall of the hydrophilic porous medium to form a water film, meaning: The water in the lower water storage box is siphoned to the upper water storage tray through a capillary tube. The water storage tray is provided with a plurality of water outlet wells. A well plate with a plurality of water outlet holes is provided below the water storage tray. A hydrophilic porous body is provided below the well plate. The water in the water storage pan flows down to the orifice plate through the water outlet well, and then spreads through the water outlet hole to the hydrophilic porous medium, and spreads on the porous channel wall of the hydrophilic porous medium to form a water film. The water in the water storage pan flows downward through the water outlet well, and the amount of water produced can be adjusted to form a continuous water flow; the orifice plate has the function of diversion, and the water can be evenly distributed to various positions of the hydrophilic porous medium through the orifice plate.

所述蓄水盘上设置的出水井包括高度较高的高井和高度较矮的低井;通过蓄水盘水位高时高井和低井同时向下排水、蓄水盘水位低时只有低井向下排水,来实现蓄水盘水位调节。The outlet wells provided on the water storage pan include high high wells and low low wells; when the water level of the water storage pan is high, the high and low wells drain simultaneously and when the water level of the water storage pan is low, only the low well direction Drain the water to adjust the water level of the water storage tray.

由于毛细管不能通过电控方式调节水循环量,因此采用高井和低井结构进行水循环量调节,既可避免蓄水盘水位过高导致水溢出,也可避免蓄水盘出水过快导致排空而不能连续出水,确保蓄水盘连续出水以在亲水多孔介质上形成连续水膜。Because the capillary tube cannot adjust the amount of water circulation through electrical control, the use of high and low well structures to adjust the amount of water circulation can not only prevent the water level of the water storage pan from being too high and cause water overflow, but also prevent the water from the water storage pan from being too fast and emptying. Continuous water discharge to ensure continuous water discharge from the reservoir to form a continuous water film on the hydrophilic porous medium.

为实现上述方法,本实施例提供一种空调扇,其结构如图1至图4所示,包括带有容纳腔的机壳;容纳腔壁设有送风口11和回风口12;容纳腔中从上至下依次设有蓄水盘1、孔板2和储水盒5;孔板2与储水盒5之间设有制冷空间。In order to realize the above method, this embodiment provides an air conditioning fan, the structure of which is shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 4, and includes a cabinet with a receiving cavity; the receiving cavity wall is provided with an air supply port 11 and an air return port 12; A water storage pan 1, an orifice plate 2, and a water storage box 5 are provided in order from top to bottom; a cooling space is provided between the orifice plate 2 and the water storage box 5.

制冷空间分为靠近送风口11的介质空间3和靠近回风口12的风机空间7。 介质空间3与风机空间7之间通过隔板分隔;隔板上设有通风孔实现介质空间3与风机空间7连通;介质空间3与送风口11连通,风机空间7与回风口12连通。介质空间3中填充有亲水多孔介质8;风机空间7中设置有引风机9且引风机9的出风口朝向介质空间3。The refrigerating space is divided into a medium space 3 near the air outlet 11 and a fan space 7 near the return air outlet 12. The medium space 3 and the fan space 7 are separated by a partition; a ventilation hole is provided on the partition to realize the communication between the medium space 3 and the fan space 7; the medium space 3 is connected with the air supply port 11 and the fan space 7 is connected with the air return port 12. The medium space 3 is filled with a hydrophilic porous medium 8; the fan space 7 is provided with an induced fan 9 and the air outlet of the induced fan 9 faces the medium space 3.

储水盒5和蓄水盘1之间设有若干毛细管15,以实现在毛细管15的毛细作用力下将储水盒5中的水虹吸至蓄水盘1中;蓄水盘1上布设有若干出水井,孔板2上设置有若干出水孔16,以使蓄水盘1中的水经过孔板2流到亲水多孔介质8上并在亲水多孔介质8的多孔通道壁上展开形成水膜。A plurality of capillaries 15 are provided between the water storage box 5 and the water storage tray 1 so as to siphon water from the water storage box 5 into the water storage tray 1 under the capillary force of the capillary 15; A plurality of water outlet wells are provided with a plurality of water outlet holes 16 on the orifice plate 2 so that the water in the water storage tray 1 flows through the orifice plate 2 onto the hydrophilic porous medium 8 and is developed on the porous channel wall of the hydrophilic porous medium 8 Water film.

本发明空调扇首先利用亲水多孔介质8将水展开成水膜,加大水与空气接触面积;其次在水膜上形成低压以加速水膜汽化蒸发,增强空调扇内部的汽化现象,以产生足够的冷量与空气进行换热,实现制冷效果;空调扇不需要加入冰块也吹出凉风,提高使用便捷性。由于水膜分子小,容易蒸发,因此空调扇吹出的空气不会带有水滴,提升人体舒适感。采用毛细管15替代水泵引水,可减少能耗,节能环保,并可减少水泵产生的噪音。本发明空调扇除了引风机9需要耗电外,其它零部件均不需要用电,可满足节能环保的目的。The air-conditioning fan of the present invention first uses water to expand the water into a water film using a hydrophilic porous medium 8 to increase the contact area between water and air. Secondly, a low pressure is formed on the water film to accelerate the evaporation and evaporation of the water film to enhance the vaporization phenomenon inside the air-conditioning fan to produce Sufficient cooling capacity exchanges heat with air to achieve the cooling effect; the air-conditioning fan does not need to add ice cubes and blows cool air, improving the convenience of use. Because the water film molecules are small and easy to evaporate, the air blown out by the air conditioning fan will not carry water droplets, which improves human comfort. The use of the capillary 15 instead of the water pump can reduce energy consumption, save energy and protect the environment, and reduce the noise generated by the water pump. In addition to the power consumption of the induced fan 9 of the air-conditioning fan of the present invention, other components do not need power, which can meet the purpose of energy conservation and environmental protection.

出水井包括高井6和低井7,高井6高度>低井7高度。由于毛细管15不能通过电控方式调节水循环量,因此采用高井6和低井7结构进行水循环量调节,蓄水盘1水位高时高井6和低井7同时向下排水,蓄水盘1水位低时只有低井7向下排水;既可避免蓄水盘1水位过高导致水溢出,也可避免蓄水盘1出水过快导致排空而不能连续出水,使蓄水盘1连续出水以在亲水多孔介质8上形成连续水膜。Water outlet wells include high well 6 and low well 7, the height of high well 6> the height of low well 7. Because the capillary 15 cannot adjust the water circulation volume through electrical control, the water circulation volume is adjusted using the structure of high well 6 and low well 7. When the water level of the water storage pan 1 is high, the high well 6 and the low well 7 drain simultaneously and the water level of the water storage pan 1 is low. Only the low well 7 drains down at the same time; not only can the water level of the water storage pan 1 be too high to cause water overflow, but also can prevent the water from the water storage pan 1 from being too fast, which can lead to emptying and continuous water discharge. A continuous water film is formed on the hydrophilic porous medium 8.

低井数量=π·r 2·h·n/低井井口面积;其中,π为圆周率,r为毛细管内部半径,h为毛细管长度,n为毛细管数量; Number of low wells = π · r 2 · h · n / low-well wellhead area; where π is the circumference, r is the internal radius of the capillary, h is the length of the capillary, and n is the number of capillary;

高井数量=引风机背压引起的排水量/高井井口面积;引风机背压引起的水量=π·r 2·Δh,其中,π为圆周率,r为毛细管内部半径,Δh为引风机背压引起的水柱高度,

Figure PCTCN2019084909-appb-000002
P为引风机背压,ρ为水密度,g为重力加速度; Number of high wells = drainage volume caused by back pressure of induced draft fan / wellhead area of high well; amount of water caused by back pressure of induced draft fan = π · r 2 · Δh, where π is the circumference, r is the internal radius of the capillary tube, and Δh is caused by the back pressure of induced draft fan Water column height,
Figure PCTCN2019084909-appb-000002
P is the back pressure of the induced draft fan, ρ is the water density, and g is the acceleration of gravity;

出水孔数量的取值范围是:低井数量≤出水孔数量≤2/3(低井数量+高井数量)。该设计的好处是:可协调大气压和引风机背压引起的毛细管吸水量与高井、低井和孔板的排水量之间的关系,确保亲水多孔介质上形成连续水膜。The value range of the number of outlet holes is: the number of low wells ≤ the number of outlet holes ≤ 2/3 (the number of low wells + the number of high wells). The advantage of this design is that it can coordinate the relationship between the capillary water absorption caused by atmospheric pressure and the back pressure of the induced draft fan and the drainage of the high well, low well and orifice plate, and ensure that a continuous water film is formed on the hydrophilic porous medium.

亲水多孔介质8的孔径范围为:10μm-100μm;在该类亲水多孔介质8的多孔通道壁上可有效铺展成水膜。The pore size range of the hydrophilic porous medium 8 is: 10 μm to 100 μm; the porous channel wall of this type of hydrophilic porous medium 8 can be effectively spread into a water film.

本实施例空调扇优选采用太阳能电源作为供电模块,可进一步节能环保,也可采用其它现有供电模块。The air conditioning fan in this embodiment preferably uses a solar power source as a power supply module, which can further save energy and protect the environment, and can also use other existing power supply modules.

本实施例中储水盒5采用优选方案设置,设有设有补水口13和排水口14,补水口13采用浮球阀10来实现关闭和开启。实际应用中,储水盒也可以采用其它现有方式设置。In this embodiment, the water storage box 5 is set in a preferred scheme, and is provided with a water supply port 13 and a water discharge port 14. The water supply port 13 is closed and opened by using a float valve 10. In practical applications, the water storage box can also be set in other existing ways.

为验证本实施例空调扇空气降温功能,在密闭实验室中进行实验,实验室初始室温为26℃~40℃时,启动空调扇,在空调扇送风口处设置测温仪器以测量空调扇送风口空气温度,所测空调扇送风口空气温度比实验室初始室温下降1℃~5℃。空调扇可有效使空气温度下降,实现制冷功能。In order to verify the air-cooling function of the air-conditioning fan in this embodiment, experiments were conducted in a closed laboratory. When the initial room temperature of the laboratory was 26 ° C to 40 ° C, the air-conditioning fan was started, and a temperature measuring instrument was installed at the air outlet of the air-conditioning fan to measure the air-conditioning fan. Air outlet air temperature. The measured air temperature at the air outlet of the air conditioning fan is 1 ° C ~ 5 ° C lower than the initial room temperature of the laboratory. The air-conditioning fan can effectively reduce the air temperature and realize the cooling function.

实施例二Example two

本实施例空调扇,与实施例一的区别在于:本实施例中,出水孔16与高井6和低井7之间位置相错;可增强孔板2的导流效果。本实施例的其余结构与实施例一相同。The air-conditioning fan of this embodiment is different from the first embodiment in that: in this embodiment, the positions of the water outlet hole 16 and the high well 6 and the low well 7 are out of phase; the flow guiding effect of the orifice plate 2 can be enhanced. The remaining structure of this embodiment is the same as that of the first embodiment.

上述实施例为本发明较佳的实施方式,但本发明的实施方式并不受上述实施例的限制,其他的任何未背离本发明的精神实质与原理下所作的改变、修饰、替代、组合、简化,均应为等效的置换方式,都包含在本发明的保护范围之内。The above embodiment is a preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the embodiment of the present invention is not limited by the above embodiment. Any other changes, modifications, substitutions, combinations, and modifications made without departing from the spirit and principle of the present invention, Simplified, all should be equivalent replacement methods, and all are included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

  1. 一种空调扇引水调温方法,其特征在于:通过毛细管的毛细作用力将水从下方虹吸至上方,水从上方均匀流到亲水多孔介质上并在亲水多孔介质的多孔通道壁上展开形成水膜;引风机将空气吹入亲水多孔介质的多孔通道中使多孔通道壁上形成低压,水膜在低压环境中加速汽化蒸发与空气进行换热使空气温度快速降低;引风机将温度降低的空气送出实现空调扇输出干爽凉风。An air conditioning fan water-diversion temperature-adjusting method is characterized in that water is siphoned from the bottom to the top by capillary force of a capillary tube, and the water flows uniformly from above onto a hydrophilic porous medium and is spread on a porous channel wall of the hydrophilic porous medium A water film is formed; the induced air blows air into the porous channel of the hydrophilic porous medium so that a low pressure is formed on the wall of the porous channel. The water film accelerates evaporation and heat exchange with the air in a low-pressure environment to rapidly reduce the temperature of the air; The reduced air is sent out to achieve dry and cool wind output from the air conditioning fan.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的空调扇引水调温方法,其特征在于:所述通过毛细管的毛细作用力将水从下方虹吸至上方,水从上方均匀流到亲水多孔介质上并在亲水多孔介质的多孔通道壁上展开形成水膜,是指:通过毛细管将下方储水盒中的水虹吸至上方蓄水盘中,蓄水盘设有若干出水井,蓄水盘下方设有带有若干出水孔的孔板,孔板下方设有亲水多孔介质;蓄水盘中的水通过出水井向下流至孔板,之后经过出水孔导流散布到亲水多孔介质上,在亲水多孔介质的多孔通道壁上展开形成水膜。The air conditioning fan water temperature control method according to claim 1, wherein the capillary force of the capillary pipe siphons water from below to above, and the water flows uniformly from above onto the hydrophilic porous medium and the hydrophilic porous medium The formation of a water film on the wall of the porous channel of the medium means that the water in the lower water storage box is siphoned to the upper water storage pan through a capillary tube. The water storage pan is provided with several water outlet wells, and the water storage pan is provided with a number of water wells. The orifice plate of the water outlet hole, the hydrophilic porous medium is provided below the orifice plate; the water in the water storage tray flows down to the orifice plate through the outlet well, and then is dispersed to the hydrophilic porous medium through the outlet hole diversion. A water film is formed on the wall of the porous channel.
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的空调扇引水调温方法,其特征在于:所述蓄水盘上设置的出水井包括高度较高的高井和高度较矮的低井;通过蓄水盘水位高时高井和低井同时向下排水、蓄水盘水位低时只有低井向下排水,来实现蓄水盘水位调节。The air conditioning fan water diversion and temperature adjustment method according to claim 2, characterized in that: the outlet wells provided on the water storage pan include a high well with a high height and a low well with a short height; and the high well passes through the water storage pan when the water level is high Drain down at the same time as the low well. When the water level of the storage pan is low, only the low well drains down to achieve the adjustment of the water level of the storage pan.
  4. 一种实现权利要求1所述的空调扇引水调温方法的空调扇,其特征在于:包括带有容纳腔的机壳;容纳腔壁设有送风口和回风口;所述容纳腔中从上至下依次设有蓄水盘、孔板和储水盒;孔板与储水盒之间设有制冷空间;所述送风口与回风口之间通过制冷空间连通;所述制冷空间中设有引风机和亲水多孔介质;所述储水盒和蓄水盘之间设有若干毛细管,以实现在毛细管的毛细作用力下将储水盒中的水虹吸至蓄水盘中;所述蓄水盘上布设有若干出水井,孔板上设置有若干出水孔,以使蓄水盘中的水经过孔板流到亲水多孔介质上并在亲水多孔介质的多孔通道壁上展开形成水膜。An air-conditioning fan for realizing the method for adjusting the temperature of the air-conditioning fan according to claim 1, comprising: a casing with a receiving cavity; a wall of the receiving cavity is provided with an air supply opening and a return opening; and the receiving cavity is from above A water storage pan, an orifice plate, and a water storage box are provided in order from the bottom to the bottom; a cooling space is provided between the orifice plate and the water storage box; the air supply port and the air return port are communicated through a cooling space; and the cooling space is provided with Induced draft fan and hydrophilic porous medium; a plurality of capillaries are provided between the water storage box and the water storage tray, so as to siphon the water in the water storage box to the water storage tray under the capillary force of the capillary; A number of water outlet wells are arranged on the water pan, and a number of water outlet holes are arranged on the orifice plate, so that the water in the water storage pan flows to the hydrophilic porous medium through the orifice plate and is developed on the porous channel wall of the hydrophilic porous medium to form water. membrane.
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的空调扇,其特征在于:所述出水井包括高井和低井,高井高度>低井高度。The air-conditioning fan according to claim 4, wherein the water outlet well comprises a high well and a low well, and the height of the high well is higher than the height of the low well.
  6. 根据权利要求5所述的空调扇,其特征在于:所述低井数量=π·r 2·h·n/低井井口面积;其中,π为圆周率,r为毛细管内部半径,h为毛细管长度,n 为毛细管数量; The air-conditioning fan according to claim 5, characterized in that: the number of low wells = π · r 2 · h · n / low well wellhead area; wherein π is the circumference, r is the inner radius of the capillary, and h is the length of the capillary , N is the number of capillaries;
    所述高井数量=引风机背压引起的排水量/高井井口面积;引风机背压引起的水量=π·r 2·Δh,其中,π为圆周率,r为毛细管内部半径,Δh为引风机背压引起的水柱高度,
    Figure PCTCN2019084909-appb-100001
    P为引风机背压,ρ为水密度,g为重力加速度;
    The number of high wells = the displacement caused by the back pressure of the induced draft fan / the area of the well head; the amount of water caused by the back pressure of the induced draft fan = π · r 2 · Δh, where π is the circumference, r is the internal radius of the capillary tube, and Δh is the back pressure of the induced fan The height of the water column caused,
    Figure PCTCN2019084909-appb-100001
    P is the back pressure of the induced draft fan, ρ is the water density, and g is the acceleration of gravity;
    所述出水孔数量的取值范围是:低井数量≤出水孔数量≤2/3(低井数量+高井数量)。The value range of the number of water outlet holes is: the number of low wells ≤ the number of water outlets ≤ 2/3 (the number of low wells + the number of high wells).
  7. 根据权利要求4至6中任一项所述的空调扇,其特征在于:所述出水孔与出水井之间位置相错。The air-conditioning fan according to any one of claims 4 to 6, wherein the positions between the water outlet hole and the water outlet well are out of phase.
  8. 根据权利要求4至6中任一项所述的空调扇,其特征在于:所述亲水多孔介质的孔径范围为:10μm-100μm。The air-conditioning fan according to any one of claims 4 to 6, wherein a pore size range of the hydrophilic porous medium is: 10 μm to 100 μm.
  9. 根据权利要求4至6中任一项所述的空调扇,其特征在于:所述制冷空间中设有引风机和亲水多孔介质是指,制冷空间分为靠近送风口的介质空间和靠近回风口的风机空间;所述亲水多孔介质填充在介质空间中;引风机设置在风机空间中且引风机的出风口朝向介质空间。The air-conditioning fan according to any one of claims 4 to 6, characterized in that the cooling space is provided with an induced draft fan and a hydrophilic porous medium, and the cooling space is divided into a medium space near the air outlet and a return space. The fan space of the air outlet; the hydrophilic porous medium is filled in the medium space; the induced fan is arranged in the fan space and the air outlet of the induced fan faces the medium space.
  10. 根据权利要求9所述的空调扇,其特征在于:所述介质空间与风机空间之间通过隔板分隔;所述隔板上设有通风孔实现介质空间与风机空间连通;介质空间与送风口连通,风机空间与回风口连通。The air-conditioning fan according to claim 9, characterized in that: the medium space and the fan space are separated by a partition; the partition is provided with ventilation holes to realize the communication between the medium space and the fan space; the medium space and the air outlet Connected, the fan space communicates with the return air outlet.
PCT/CN2019/084909 2018-09-30 2019-04-29 Air conditioner fan water guiding and temperature adjusting method and air conditioner fan implementing said method WO2020062864A1 (en)

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CN109282405B (en) * 2018-09-30 2020-07-31 广东机电职业技术学院 Water diversion and temperature adjustment method for air conditioner fan and air conditioner fan for realizing method

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