WO2020048460A1 - Logistic monorail transportation system - Google Patents

Logistic monorail transportation system Download PDF

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WO2020048460A1
WO2020048460A1 PCT/CN2019/104239 CN2019104239W WO2020048460A1 WO 2020048460 A1 WO2020048460 A1 WO 2020048460A1 CN 2019104239 W CN2019104239 W CN 2019104239W WO 2020048460 A1 WO2020048460 A1 WO 2020048460A1
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logistics
monorail
transportation
track
vehicle
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PCT/CN2019/104239
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
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朱尔玉
胡童云
朱力
温幸洋
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北京交通大学
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Priority to CN201811021621.2 priority Critical
Priority to CN201811021475.3A priority patent/CN109137641A/en
Priority to CN201811023548.2 priority
Priority to CN201811021621.2A priority patent/CN109131375A/en
Priority to CN201811021475.3 priority
Priority to CN201811022993.7 priority
Priority to CN201811022993.7A priority patent/CN109131376A/en
Priority to CN201811023548.2A priority patent/CN109162156A/en
Application filed by 北京交通大学 filed Critical 北京交通大学
Publication of WO2020048460A1 publication Critical patent/WO2020048460A1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61BRAILWAY SYSTEMS; EQUIPMENT THEREFOR NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B61B13/00Other railway systems
    • B61B13/08Sliding or levitation systems
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61BRAILWAY SYSTEMS; EQUIPMENT THEREFOR NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B61B1/00General arrangement of stations, platforms, or sidings; Railway networks; Rail vehicle marshalling systems
    • B61B1/005Rail vehicle marshalling systems; Rail freight terminals
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61BRAILWAY SYSTEMS; EQUIPMENT THEREFOR NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B61B13/00Other railway systems
    • B61B13/04Monorail systems
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D3/00Wagons or vans
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61LGUIDING RAILWAY TRAFFIC; ENSURING THE SAFETY OF RAILWAY TRAFFIC
    • B61L23/00Control, warning, or like safety means along the route or between vehicles or vehicle trains
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61LGUIDING RAILWAY TRAFFIC; ENSURING THE SAFETY OF RAILWAY TRAFFIC
    • B61L23/00Control, warning, or like safety means along the route or between vehicles or vehicle trains
    • B61L23/002Control or safety means for heart-points and crossings of aerial railways, funicular rack-railway
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B25/00Tracks for special kinds of railways
    • E01B25/08Tracks for mono-rails with centre of gravity of vehicle above the load-bearing rail
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B25/00Tracks for special kinds of railways
    • E01B25/22Tracks for railways with the vehicle suspended from rigid supporting rails
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B25/00Tracks for special kinds of railways
    • E01B25/30Tracks for magnetic suspension or levitation vehicles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B25/00Tracks for special kinds of railways
    • E01B25/30Tracks for magnetic suspension or levitation vehicles
    • E01B25/34Switches; Frogs; Crossings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61LGUIDING RAILWAY TRAFFIC; ENSURING THE SAFETY OF RAILWAY TRAFFIC
    • B61L2210/00Vehicle systems
    • B61L2210/04Magnetic elevation vehicles (maglev)

Abstract

A logistic monorail transportation system. The logistic monorail transportation system comprises a logistic track beam system, a logistic vehicle system, a logistic turnout system, a logistic handling system, and a logistic signal system. The logistic track beam system is set up on the road, in the field, or in the streets in the form of single-column pier studs or frame-type pier studs. The technical solution of the present application solves the problems of short distance, high costs, and low speed of existing transportation systems, and the purpose of long-distance, low-cost, and high-speed logistic monorail transportation is achieved.

Description

物流单轨交通系统Logistics monorail transportation system 技术领域Technical field
本专利涉及一种物流交通系统,应用于轨道交通领域。The patent relates to a logistics transportation system, which is applied in the field of rail transportation.
背景技术Background technique
随着交通的便捷,现代物流业已成为推动经济增长的重要力量。单轨交通具有速度快、爬坡能力强、转弯半径小等特点,能有效解决现有物流运输运量小、成本高、运输效率低、易拥堵等问题。With the convenience of transportation, modern logistics has become an important force for economic growth. Monorail transportation has the characteristics of fast speed, strong climbing ability, and small turning radius. It can effectively solve the problems of existing logistics transportation, such as small traffic volume, high cost, low transportation efficiency, and easy congestion.
然而既有单轨交通只在城区内,短距离进行旅客运输,还没有实现长距离货物运输的先例。例如既有单轨交通在市区内作为旅客运输服务,车站间距过小,导致列车运行速度低;车辆系统需要考虑旅客的舒适性,导致车厢体型大,列车运行速度低;为保证旅客安全,既有单轨交通系统须有很大的安全冗余空间,导致建设成本过高。以上问题对进行物流运输来说单轨交通有很大的冗余空间。However, existing monorails are only used in urban areas for short-distance passenger transportation, and there is no precedent for long-distance cargo transportation. For example, existing monorail services serve passenger transportation in urban areas, and the distance between stations is too small, resulting in low train speeds; vehicle systems need to consider passenger comfort, resulting in large car bodies and low train speeds; to ensure passenger safety, both A monorail transportation system must have a large space for safety and redundancy, resulting in excessive construction costs. The above problems have a lot of room for monorail transportation for logistics transportation.
例如既有单轨交通为客流交通,成本需考虑多种因素的影响,如下式:For example, the existing monorail traffic is passenger traffic, and the cost needs to consider the influence of various factors, as follows:
Figure PCTCN2019104239-appb-000001
Figure PCTCN2019104239-appb-000001
式中:W 1—单轨交通用于旅客运输中材料与施工造价; In the formula: W 1 — monorail transportation is used for material and construction cost in passenger transportation;
W 2—单轨交通用于旅客运输中车辆舒适性要求提高的造价; W 2 — The cost of monorail transportation for passenger comfort requirements in passenger transportation;
W 3—单轨交通用于旅客运输中结构对周围噪声影响提高的造价; W 3 —The cost of monorail transportation to increase the influence of the structure on the surrounding noise in passenger transportation;
W 4—单轨交通用于旅客运输中车辆的速度要求提高的造价; W 4 — Monorail transportation is used to increase the speed of vehicles in passenger transportation.
W 5—单轨交通用于旅客运输中针对旅客的车内与站台铺装建设要求提高的造价。 W 5 — Monorail transportation is used in passenger transportation to increase the cost of passenger car and platform pavement construction.
要想实现单轨物流交通系统还需对既有单轨交通的长距离、轻型化、低成本、高速度等关键技术进行突破。In order to realize the monorail logistics transportation system, it is necessary to make breakthroughs in key technologies such as long distance, light weight, low cost and high speed of existing monorail transportation.
针对上述问题,结合单轨交通的实际情况和特点,专利人经过大量分析和仿真,根据既有理论和实际经验,从充分利用单轨交通的优势与长距离物流运输的特点出发,进行了大量的研究,最终提出本专利。In view of the above problems, combined with the actual situation and characteristics of monorail transportation, the patentee has conducted a lot of research and analysis based on existing theories and practical experience, starting from making full use of the advantages of monorail transportation and the characteristics of long-distance logistics transportation. , Finally filed this patent.
本专利所涉及到的术语定义如下:The terms involved in this patent are defined as follows:
单轨交通:指在一个轨道梁上运行的交通制式,包括跨座式单轨交通、悬挂式单轨交通与磁浮交通,有别于运行在两条钢轨道上的铁路交通或地铁交通。Monorail transportation: refers to the transportation system running on a track beam, including straddle-type monorail transportation, suspended monorail transportation and maglev transportation, which is different from railway transportation or subway transportation running on two steel tracks.
单制式:指在同一个墩柱上或是在同一个框架体系上运行的单种制式的单轨交通,包括跨座式单轨交通、悬挂式单轨交通和磁浮式单轨交通。Single system: refers to a single system of monorail that runs on the same pier or on the same frame system, including straddle-type monorail, suspended monorail, and maglev monorail.
双制式:指在同一个墩柱上或是在同一个框架体系上运行的两种制式的单轨交通,包括跨座式单轨交通和悬挂式单轨交通组成的双制式,或者是磁浮式单轨交通和悬挂式单轨交通组成的双制式。Double system: refers to the two systems of monorail running on the same pier or on the same frame system, including the dual system consisting of straddle monorail and suspended monorail, or maglev monorail and Double system consisting of suspended monorail.
天车:指起吊重物的起重设备,主要用于跨座式单轨车辆和磁浮式单轨车辆上的货物装卸。Crane: refers to the lifting equipment for lifting heavy objects, mainly used for straddling monorail vehicles and maglev monorail vehicles for loading and unloading cargo.
装卸车:指用于装卸货物的设备,可以是有人驾驶,也可以是无人驾驶,主要用于悬挂式单轨车辆的货物装卸。例如,叉车或带装卸功能的货车。Loading and unloading truck: refers to the equipment used for loading and unloading cargo. It can be driven by people or unmanned. It is mainly used for loading and unloading of suspended monorail vehicles. For example, forklifts or trucks with loading and unloading functions.
关节可挠型道岔梁:由数节钢制道岔梁铰接组成,由台车支撑,转辙时道岔梁一端固定,道岔梁整体移动并使道岔梁的活动端与另一条线路轨道梁衔接形成道岔,转换车辆行驶的路线。Articulated flexible turnout beam: It is composed of several sections of steel turnout beams articulated and supported by a trolley. At the turn of the turnout beam, one end of the turnout beam is fixed, the turnout beam moves as a whole, and the movable end of the turnout beam is connected to another track beam to form a turnout To change the route of the vehicle.
移梁型道岔梁:由一节或数节钢制道岔梁组成,由台车支撑,轨道梁移动后保持固定的间距。由平衡导向装置保持道岔梁沿固定的方向和线路平行往返移动,使道岔梁与设定需要对接的轨道梁衔接而形成道岔,转换车辆行驶的线路。Moving beam turnout beam: It consists of one or more steel turnout beams, supported by a trolley, and the track beams maintain a fixed distance after they are moved. The balance guide device keeps the turnout beam moving back and forth in a fixed direction and in parallel with the line, so that the turnout beam is connected with the track beam that needs to be docked to form a turnout, and the route of the vehicle is changed.
枢轴型道岔梁:由可转动的钢制道岔梁组成,通过整根道岔梁的转动和锁定,完成轨道梁之间的线路连接工作,从而实现车辆从一条线路转换到另一条线路的目的。Pivot turnout beam: It consists of a rotatable steel turnout beam. Through the rotation and locking of the entire turnout beam, the line connection between the track beams is completed, thereby achieving the purpose of switching vehicles from one line to another.
层次:指在同一个墩柱盖梁或是同一个框架结构上运行的单轨交通,根据墩柱盖梁或是框架盖梁空间位置的上下区域分为不同的层。如只有一层墩柱盖梁的结构结构,其盖梁下部为第一层次,盖梁上部为第二层次;如只有一层框架结构,其盖梁下部为第一层次,盖梁上部为第二层次。Level: refers to the monorail traffic that runs on the same pier column cover beam or the same frame structure. It is divided into different levels according to the space of the pier column cover beam or frame cover beam. If there is only one layer of pier column cover beam structure, the lower part of the cover beam is the first level, and the upper part of the cover beam is the second level; if there is only one frame structure, the lower part of the cover beam is the first level, and the upper part of the cover beam is the first Two levels.
发明内容Summary of the Invention
本专利所要解决的技术问题是:通过提出一种物流单轨交通系统,采用物流轨道梁桥系统、物流车辆系统、物流道岔系统、物流装卸系统和物流信号系统,解决既有单轨交通的短距离、高成本、低速度的问题,达到长距离、低成本、高速度的物流单轨交通系统目标。The technical problem to be solved by this patent is: by proposing a logistics monorail transportation system, the logistics track beam bridge system, logistics vehicle system, logistics turnout system, logistics loading and unloading system, and logistics signal system are used to solve the short distance of existing monorail transportation, The problem of high cost and low speed has reached the goal of long distance, low cost and high speed logistics monorail transportation system.
本专利解决其技术问题所采用的技术方案是:The technical solutions adopted by this patent to solve its technical problems are:
一种物流单轨交通系统,该物流单轨交通系统包括物流轨道梁桥系统、物流车辆系统、物流道岔系统、物流装卸系统和物流信号系统;其中,所述物流轨道梁桥系统以独墩柱或框架式墩柱的形式设置在公路、田野或市区街道上。A logistics monorail transportation system. The logistics monorail transportation system includes a logistics track beam bridge system, a logistics vehicle system, a logistics turnout system, a logistics loading and unloading system, and a logistics signal system. The logistics track beam bridge system uses a single pier or frame. The form of a pier is placed on a road, field or urban street.
所述的一种物流单轨交通系统,其特征在于:所述物流单轨交通系统包括磁浮式物流单轨交通系统、跨座式物流单轨交通系统或悬挂式物流单轨交通系统。The logistics monorail transportation system is characterized in that the logistics monorail transportation system includes a maglev logistics monorail transportation system, a straddle-type logistics monorail transportation system or a suspended logistics monorail transportation system.
所述的一种物流单轨交通系统,其特征在于:所述物流车辆系统采用开敞式结构,用于运输货物集装箱,所述物流车辆系统内设置有货物集装箱。The logistics monorail transportation system is characterized in that the logistics vehicle system adopts an open structure for transporting cargo containers, and the cargo vehicle system is provided in the logistics vehicle system.
所述的一种物流单轨交通系统,其特征在于:所述物流车辆系统采用集中式动力系统或者分散式动力系统。The logistics monorail transportation system is characterized in that the logistics vehicle system adopts a centralized power system or a distributed power system.
所述的一种物流单轨交通系统,其特征在于:所述物流道岔系统采用框架式结构,在空中实现线路的转换。The logistics monorail transportation system is characterized in that: the logistics turnout system adopts a frame structure to realize line conversion in the air.
所述的一种物流单轨交通系统,其特征在于:所述物流道岔系统包括墩柱、框架和道岔梁,所述道岔梁为关节可挠型道岔梁或移梁型道岔梁或枢轴型道岔梁。The logistics monorail transportation system is characterized in that the logistics turnout system includes a pier, a frame, and a turnout beam, and the turnout beam is a joint-flexible turnout beam or a moving beam-type turnout beam or a pivot-type turnout. Beam.
所述的一种物流单轨交通系统,其特征在于:所述物流装卸系统采用天车或装卸车,对物流车辆上的集装箱进行装卸。The logistics monorail transportation system is characterized in that the logistics loading and unloading system uses a crane or a loading and unloading vehicle to load and unload containers on the logistics vehicle.
所述的一种物流单轨交通系统,其特征在于:所述物流信号系统包括采用控制所述物流车辆系统的物流单轨车辆走行的无人驾驶系统和控制所述物流道岔系统进行物流单轨道岔转换线路的道岔控制信号系统。The logistics monorail transportation system is characterized in that the logistics signal system includes an unmanned driving system that controls the movement of a logistics monorail vehicle of the logistics vehicle system and a logistics single track switch conversion line that controls the logistics turnout system. Turnout control signal system.
所述的一种物流单轨交通系统,其特征在于:在同一个墩柱上设有单制式的单轨交通或双制式的单轨交通;或者在同一个框架上设有单制式的单轨交通或双制式的单轨交通。The said logistics monorail transportation system is characterized in that: a single monorail system or a dual monorail system is provided on the same pier; or a single monorail system or a dual system is provided on the same frame Monorail transportation.
所述的一种物流单轨交通系统,其特征在于:所述的双制式的单轨交通的上层次是跨座式单轨交通系统或磁浮交通系统;所述的双制式的单轨交通的下层次是悬挂式单轨交通系统。The logistics monorail transportation system is characterized in that the upper level of the dual-system monorail transportation is a straddle-type monorail transportation system or a maglev transportation system; the lower level of the dual-system monorail transportation is a suspension Monorail transportation system.
所述的一种物流单轨交通系统,其特征在于:所述的双制式的单轨交通中的跨座式单轨交通系统的轨道梁是钢箱轨道梁或混凝土轨道梁。The logistics monorail transportation system is characterized in that the track beam of the straddle-type monorail transportation system in the dual-system monorail is a steel box rail beam or a concrete rail beam.
所述的一种物流单轨交通系统,其特征在于:所述的双制式的单轨交通中的磁浮交通系统的轨道梁是钢箱轨道梁、工字钢轨道梁或混凝土轨道梁。The logistics monorail transportation system is characterized in that the rail beam of the maglev transportation system in the dual-system monorail is a steel box rail beam, an I-beam rail beam or a concrete rail beam.
所述的一种物流单轨交通系统,其特征在于:所述的双制式的单轨交通中的悬挂式单轨交通系统的轨道梁是底部开口钢箱轨道梁、工字钢轨道梁或底部开口混凝土轨 道梁。The logistics monorail transportation system is characterized in that the track beam of the suspended monorail transportation system in the dual-system monorail is a bottom-opened steel box track beam, an I-shaped steel track beam or a bottom-opened concrete track. Beam.
与既有技术相比,本专利的有益效果是:Compared with the existing technology, the beneficial effects of this patent are:
本专利通过提出一种物流单轨交通系统,采用物流轨道梁桥系统、物流车辆系统、物流道岔系统、物流装卸系统和物流信号系统,解决既有磁浮交通的短距离、高成本、低速度的问题,达到长距离、低成本、高速度的物流单轨交通系统目标。This patent solves the short distance, high cost, and low speed problems of existing maglev traffic by proposing a logistics monorail transportation system that uses a logistics track beam bridge system, a logistics vehicle system, a logistics turnout system, a logistics loading and unloading system, and a logistics signal system. To achieve long-distance, low-cost, high-speed logistics monorail transportation system goals.
本专利通过提出一种物流单轨交通系统,采用物流轨道梁桥系统,解决了既有单轨交通轨道梁桥跨越能力小的问题,框架式墩柱可增大单轨交通轨道梁的跨越能力,适用于多种地形,减少占地与不必要的拆迁,降建设低成本。This patent proposes a logistics monorail transportation system using a logistics track beam bridge system, which solves the problem that the existing monorail transportation track beam bridge has a small span, and the frame type pier can increase the span capacity of the monorail transportation track beam. Various terrains, reducing land occupation and unnecessary demolition, and lowering construction costs.
本专利通过提出一种物流单轨交通系统,采用物流车辆系统。针对物流运输的特点,对物流车辆进行了多项改进,物流车辆采用开敞式结构,以运输货物集装箱为主;物流车辆采用集中式动力系统,或是物流车辆采用分散式动力系统,可很好地满足集装箱物流运输的需要,同时达到低成本与高速化的目标。This patent proposes a logistics monorail transportation system using a logistics vehicle system. In view of the characteristics of logistics transportation, a number of improvements have been made to logistics vehicles. The logistics vehicles adopt an open structure and are mainly used to transport cargo containers. The logistics vehicles use a centralized power system or the logistics vehicles use a decentralized power system. To meet the needs of container logistics and transportation, and to achieve the goals of low cost and high speed.
本专利通过提出一种物流单轨交通系统,采用物流道岔系统和框架式结构,在空中实现线路的转换,和既有道岔系统相比,可有效解决占地问题,节约地面空间,降低成本,充分利用低层空间。This patent proposes a logistics monorail transportation system, which adopts a logistics turnout system and a frame structure to realize line conversion in the air. Compared with the existing turnout system, it can effectively solve the problem of land occupation, save floor space, reduce costs, and fully Take advantage of lower space.
本专利通过提出一种物流单轨交通系统,采用物流装卸系统,采用天车和装卸车对集装箱进行装卸的方式,有效减少了集装箱货物等的装卸时间,并且减少了装卸成本。This patent proposes a logistics monorail transportation system, using a logistics loading and unloading system, and using a crane and a loading and unloading vehicle to load and unload containers, which effectively reduces the loading and unloading time of container cargo, and reduces the loading and unloading costs.
本专利通过提出一种物流单轨交通系统,采用物流信号系统,包括采用控制物流车辆走行的无人驾驶系统和控制物流道岔转换线路的道岔控制信号系统。无人驾驶系统和道岔控制信号系统在物流运输的结合使用,可增加运输效率、节约人力成本,并且减少人为操作的失误,很好地满足长距离运输的需要。This patent proposes a logistics monorail transportation system that uses a logistics signal system, including an unmanned driving system that controls the movement of logistics vehicles, and a turnout control signal system that controls a logistics turnout conversion line. The combination of unmanned driving system and turnout control signal system in logistics transportation can increase transportation efficiency, save manpower costs, and reduce human error, which can meet the needs of long-distance transportation.
本专利通过设计了一种物流单轨交通系统,通过在在同一个墩柱上设有双制式的单轨交通,使双制式的单轨交通在同一墩柱运营,可解决目前单制式单轨交通空间利用率低、层次少的问题,真正达到提升双制式单轨交通层次的目标。This patent has designed a logistics monorail transportation system. By setting up a dual-standard monorail on the same pier, the dual-standard monorail can be operated on the same pier, which can solve the current single-system monorail transportation space utilization rate. The problems of low level and few levels have truly reached the goal of improving the level of dual-system monorail transportation.
本专利通过设计了一种物流单轨交通系统,桥墩线路上可采用双制式的单轨交通,采用一体化建设的形式,两种单轨交通可独立运行,不会相互干扰,可达到提升空间利用率的目的。This patent has designed a logistics monorail transportation system. Double-standard monorail transportation can be used on the bridge pier line. In the form of integrated construction, the two types of monorail transportation can be operated independently without interfering with each other and can improve space utilization. purpose.
附图说明BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
图1是在高速公路中分带上设置独墩柱磁浮式轨道梁桥系统的示意图。FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a single-pier column magnetic levitation track beam bridge system installed on a middle zone of a freeway.
图2是在高速公路中分带上设置框架式墩柱磁浮式轨道梁桥系统的示意图。FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a frame-type pier column magnetic levitation track beam bridge system provided on a middle zone of a freeway.
图3是在田野上设置独墩柱磁浮式轨道梁桥系统的示意图。FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of a single-pier column magnetic levitation track beam bridge system installed on a field.
图4是在田野上设置框架式墩柱磁浮式轨道梁桥系统的示意图。FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of a frame-type pier column magnetic levitation track beam bridge system installed on a field.
图5是在市区街道上设置独墩柱磁浮式轨道梁桥系统的示意图。FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of a single-pier column magnetic levitation track beam bridge system installed on an urban street.
图6是在市区街道上设置框架式墩柱磁浮式轨道梁桥系统的示意图。FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of a frame-type pier column magnetic levitation track beam bridge system installed on an urban street.
图7是磁浮式物流轨道梁桥独墩柱系统的主视图。Fig. 7 is a front view of a single-pier column system of a maglev logistics track beam bridge.
图8是磁浮式物流轨道梁桥独墩柱系统的三维示意图。FIG. 8 is a three-dimensional schematic diagram of a single pier column system of a magnetically levitated logistics track beam bridge.
图9是磁浮式物流轨道梁桥框架式墩柱系统的主视图。Fig. 9 is a front view of a frame-type pier column system of a maglev logistics track beam bridge.
图10是磁浮式物流轨道梁桥框架式墩柱系统的三维示意图。Fig. 10 is a three-dimensional schematic diagram of a frame-type pier column system of a maglev logistics track beam bridge.
图11是磁浮式物流车辆分散式动力系统的主视图。FIG. 11 is a front view of a decentralized power system of a magnetic levitation logistics vehicle.
图12是磁浮式物流车辆分散式动力系统的三维示意图。FIG. 12 is a three-dimensional schematic diagram of a decentralized power system of a magnetic levitation logistics vehicle.
图13是磁浮式物流车辆集中式动力系统的主视图。FIG. 13 is a front view of a centralized power system of a magnetic levitation logistics vehicle.
图14是磁浮式物流车辆集中式动力系统的三维示意图。FIG. 14 is a three-dimensional schematic diagram of a centralized power system of a magnetic levitation logistics vehicle.
图15是磁浮式物流道岔系统的三维示意图。FIG. 15 is a three-dimensional schematic diagram of a magnetic levitation type logistics turnout system.
图16是磁浮式物流装卸系统的主视图。FIG. 16 is a front view of a magnetic levitation logistics loading and unloading system.
图17是磁浮式物流信号系统的示意图。FIG. 17 is a schematic diagram of a magnetic levitation logistics signal system.
图18是在高速公路中分带上设置独墩柱跨座式物流单轨轨道梁桥系统的示意图。FIG. 18 is a schematic diagram of a single-pier post straddle-type logistics monorail track girder bridge system provided on the middle zone of the expressway.
图19是跨座式物流单轨车辆系统的主视图。FIG. 19 is a front view of a straddle-type logistics monorail vehicle system.
图20是跨座式物流单轨车辆系统的三维示意图。20 is a three-dimensional schematic diagram of a straddle-type logistics monorail vehicle system.
图21是在高速公路中分带上设置独墩柱悬挂式物流单轨轨道梁桥系统的示意图。FIG. 21 is a schematic diagram of a single-pier column suspension type logistics monorail track beam bridge system provided on the middle zone of the expressway.
图22是悬挂式物流单轨轨道梁桥独墩柱系统的主视图。Fig. 22 is a front view of a single pier column system of a suspended logistics monorail track beam bridge.
图23是悬挂式物流单轨轨道梁桥独墩柱系统的三维示意图。FIG. 23 is a three-dimensional schematic view of a single pier column system of a suspended logistics monorail track beam bridge.
图24是悬挂式物流单轨轨道梁桥框架式墩柱系统的主视图。Figure 24 is a front view of a framed pier column system of a suspended logistics monorail track beam bridge.
图25是悬挂式物流单轨轨道梁桥框架式墩柱系统的三维示意图。Fig. 25 is a three-dimensional schematic diagram of a framed pier column system of a suspended logistics monorail track beam bridge.
图26是悬挂式物流单轨车辆系统的主视图。FIG. 26 is a front view of a suspended logistics monorail vehicle system.
图27是悬挂式物流单轨车辆系统的三维示意图。FIG. 27 is a three-dimensional schematic view of a suspended logistics monorail vehicle system.
图28是悬挂式物流单轨道岔系统的三维示意图。Fig. 28 is a three-dimensional schematic diagram of a suspended logistics single track switch system.
图29是悬挂式物流单轨道岔系统的俯视图。FIG. 29 is a top view of a suspended logistics single track switch system.
图30是悬挂式物流单轨装卸系统的主视图。Fig. 30 is a front view of the suspended logistics monorail loading and unloading system.
图31是悬挂式物流单轨信号系统的示意图。FIG. 31 is a schematic diagram of a suspended logistics monorail signal system.
图32是上磁浮式钢箱轨道梁下悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁的双制式单轨交通系统的三维示意图。FIG. 32 is a three-dimensional schematic diagram of a dual-system monorail transportation system with an upper magnetic floating steel box track beam and a suspended single-track I-beam steel track beam.
图33是上磁浮式钢箱轨道梁下悬挂式单轨底部开口钢箱轨道梁的双制式单轨交通系统的三维示意图。FIG. 33 is a three-dimensional schematic diagram of a dual-system monorail transportation system with an upper magnetic floating steel box track beam and a suspended single-track steel box track beam with a bottom opening.
图34是上磁浮式工字钢轨道梁下悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁的双制式单轨交通系统的三维示意图。FIG. 34 is a three-dimensional schematic diagram of a dual-system monorail transportation system with an upper magnetic floating I-beam rail beam and a suspended monorail I-beam rail beam under the suspension.
图35是上磁浮式工字钢轨道梁下悬挂式单轨底部开口钢箱轨道梁的双制式单轨交通系统的三维示意图。FIG. 35 is a three-dimensional schematic diagram of a dual-system monorail transportation system with an upper magnetic floating I-beam steel rail beam and a suspended single-rail steel box rail beam at the bottom of the suspension.
图36是上跨座式单轨钢箱轨道梁下悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁的双制式单轨交通系统的三维示意图。FIG. 36 is a three-dimensional schematic diagram of a dual-system monorail transportation system with an upper straddle monorail steel box rail beam and a suspended monorail I-beam rail beam.
图37是上跨座式单轨钢箱轨道梁下悬挂式单轨底部开口钢箱轨道梁的双制式单轨交通系统的三维示意图。FIG. 37 is a three-dimensional schematic diagram of a dual-system monorail transportation system with an upper-span monorail steel box rail beam and a lower-suspended monorail steel box rail beam at the bottom.
图38是上磁浮式混凝土轨道梁下悬挂式单轨底部开口混凝土轨道梁的双制式单轨交通系统的三维示意图。FIG. 38 is a three-dimensional schematic diagram of a dual-system monorail transportation system with an upper magnetic floating concrete track beam and a suspended monorail bottom open concrete track beam under a single track.
图39是上跨座式单轨混凝土轨道梁下悬挂式单轨底部开口混凝土轨道梁的双制式单轨交通系统三维示意图。FIG. 39 is a three-dimensional schematic diagram of a dual-system monorail transportation system with an upper-span monorail concrete track beam and a lower suspension monorail bottom-open concrete track beam.
图40是上磁浮式混凝土轨道梁下悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁框架的双制式单轨交通系统的三维示意图。FIG. 40 is a three-dimensional schematic diagram of a dual-system monorail transportation system with an upper magnetic floating concrete track beam and a suspended single-track I-steel track beam frame.
图41是上跨座式单轨混凝土轨道梁下悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁框架的双制式单轨交通系统的三维示意图。Fig. 41 is a three-dimensional schematic diagram of a dual-system monorail transportation system with an upper-span monorail concrete track beam and a suspended monorail I-steel track beam frame.
图42是本专利作用原理的说明图。FIG. 42 is an explanatory diagram of the working principle of this patent.
本领域技术人员结合以下实施例不难明白图中编号所示的特征,因此不再赘述。Those skilled in the art can easily understand the features indicated by the numbers in the figures in combination with the following embodiments, and therefore will not repeat them.
具体实施方式detailed description
以下将对本专利的作用原理进行说明。The working principle of this patent will be described below.
以下结合图7和图8对一种物流单轨交通系统的作用原理作进一步说明,在此之前应当指出,通过附图所描述的实施例只是作为示范进行原理说明,不能理解为对本发明的限制。The working principle of a logistics monorail transportation system is further described below with reference to FIG. 7 and FIG. 8. It should be noted before that, the embodiment described by the drawings is only used as an example to explain the principle, and cannot be understood as a limitation on the present invention.
首先结合图7和图8对基于本专利的所述磁浮式物流交通系统的作用原理进行示 范说明。从受力角度来看,磁浮式轨道梁3a通过支座6a与支座7a安装于盖梁10a与盖梁11a顶部,磁浮式轨道梁4a通过支座8a与支座9a安装于盖梁10a与盖梁11a顶部,磁浮式轨道梁的重力G 1与其受到的无人驾驶货车重力G 2与冲击力F 1通过支座6a与支座7a传递给盖梁10a与盖梁11a再由桥墩1a与桥墩2a传递到地基。 First, the working principle of the magnetic levitation type logistics transportation system based on the present patent will be exemplified with reference to FIGS. 7 and 8. From the perspective of the force, the magnetic levitation track beam 3a is installed on the top of the cover beam 10a and the cover beam 11a through the support 6a and the support 7a, and the magnetic levitation track beam 4a is installed on the cover beam 10a and the support through the support 8a and the support 9a. top cap beam 11a, unmanned trucks gravity gravity maglev rail beam as G 1 in the G 2 by its impact force F 1 by the abutment 6a and 7a is transmitted to the support beam 10a of the cover cap beams 11a and then by piers 1a The pier 2a is passed to the foundation.
物流单轨交通系统,建设成本需考虑以下因素的影响:The construction cost of a logistics monorail system needs to consider the following factors:
Figure PCTCN2019104239-appb-000002
Figure PCTCN2019104239-appb-000002
式中:W 1—单轨交通用于物流运输中材料与施工造价; In the formula: W 1 — Monorail transportation is used for material and construction cost in logistics transportation;
W 2—单轨交通用于物流运输中车辆的速度要求提高的造价; W 2 — Monorail transportation is used to increase the speed of vehicles in logistics transportation;
W 3—单轨交通用于物流运输中针对货物的车内与配送站建设要求提高的造价。 W 3 — Monorail transportation is used in logistics transportation to increase the cost of the construction of the interior of the car and the distribution station.
因为是货物运输,可以相对减少对车辆舒适性要求和结构对周围噪声的影响,减少建设成本。Because it is cargo transportation, it can relatively reduce the impact of vehicle comfort requirements and structure on surrounding noise, and reduce construction costs.
目前,既有单轨交通系统在一条线路中均为单制式的单轨交通。例如悬挂式单轨交通只利用了桥墩盖梁的下部空间而舍弃了桥墩盖梁的上部空间,而跨座式单轨交通以及磁浮交通只利用了其上部空间而舍弃了桥墩盖梁的下部空间。因此,对这种单一制式的单轨交通来说,存在的最大问题是空间利用率太低,从交通层次上来说,仅有1个层次得到了利用。其交通断面客流量Q=q 0,q 0为单位时间内横截面上单一制式的交通客流量;而同样断面物流量W=w 0,w 0为单位时间内横截面上单一制式交通的物流量。 At present, the existing monorail systems are single-mode monorails on one line. For example, suspended monorail transportation uses only the lower space of the bridge pier cover beam and abandons the upper space of the bridge pier cover beam, while straddle-type monorail transportation and maglev traffic use only its upper space and abandon the lower space of the bridge pier cover beam. Therefore, the biggest problem for this single-system monorail is that the space utilization rate is too low. From the transportation level, only one level is used. The passenger volume of the traffic section is Q = q 0 , where q 0 is the traffic volume of a single system on the cross-section per unit time; and the same section of traffic volume W = w 0 , w 0 is the logistics of a single system of traffic on the cross-section per unit time. the amount.
同时,针对上述问题,结合单轨交通的实际情况和特点,专利人经过大量分析和仿真,根据既有理论和实际经验,从充分利用单轨交通的优势与高架立体空间的理念出发,进行了大量研究,最终提出本专利。At the same time, in view of the above problems, combined with the actual situation and characteristics of monorail transportation, the patentee has conducted a lot of research and analysis based on existing theories and practical experience, and based on the full use of the advantages of monorail transportation and the concept of elevated three-dimensional space. , Finally filed this patent.
本发明进一步提出了一种双制式单轨交通系统,以下结合附图对这种双制式单轨交通系统的作用原理作进一步说明,在此之前应当指出,通过附图所描述的实施例只是作为示范进行原理说明,不能理解为对本发明的限制。The present invention further proposes a dual-system monorail transportation system. The working principle of this dual-system monorail transportation system will be further described below with reference to the drawings. Before this, it should be pointed out that the embodiments described by the drawings are only used as examples. The description of the principle cannot be understood as a limitation on the present invention.
首先结合图32对基于本专利的双制式单轨交通系统的作用原理进行示范说明。从结构上来说磁浮式钢箱轨道梁3a”’和磁浮式钢箱轨道梁4a”’安装于盖梁7a”’与盖梁8a”’顶部,悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁5a”’和悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁6a”’安装于盖梁7a”’与盖梁8a”’底部。磁浮式钢箱轨道梁的重力G 1、悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁的重力G 2传递到桥墩盖梁中。 First, the working principle of the dual-system monorail transportation system based on this patent will be illustrated with reference to FIG. 32. Structurally, the maglev steel box track beam 3a "'and the maglev steel box track beam 4a"' are installed on top of the cover beam 7a "'and the cover beam 8a"', and the suspended single-track I-beam steel track beam 5a "'and The suspended monorail I-beam steel rail beam 6a "'is installed at the bottom of the cover beam 7a"' and the cover beam 8a "'. Magnetic steel box of gravity G of the rail beam 1, beam gravity suspended monorail track beam G 2 are transferred to the pier cap beam.
结合图42对基于本专利的所述双制式单轨交通系统的作用原理进行示范说明。本专利通过设计了一种双制式单轨交通系统,通过在在同一个墩柱上设有双制式的单轨交通。桥墩盖梁结构将空间分为盖梁下上K1、K2两个层次,利用下上两层交通层次提高断面客流或物流量,提高了断面客流或物流的输送能力。The working principle of the dual-system monorail transportation system based on this patent will be exemplified with reference to FIG. 42. This patent has designed a dual-system single-rail transportation system, by setting a dual-system single-rail transportation on the same pier. The bridge pier cover beam structure divides the space into two levels, K1 and K2 below the cover beam. The lower and upper two levels of traffic are used to increase the cross-section passenger flow or material flow, and improve the cross-section passenger flow or logistics transportation capacity.
从客流方面来说,某断面总的客流量按照下式计算:In terms of passenger flow, the total passenger flow of a section is calculated according to the following formula:
Figure PCTCN2019104239-appb-000003
Figure PCTCN2019104239-appb-000003
式中:q 1—K1层次中单轨交通客流量; In the formula: q 1 —K1 level of monorail traffic passenger flow;
q 2—K2层次中单轨交通客流量。 q 2 —K2 passenger traffic in the monorail.
则相比于既有单层次运输体系,本专利客流输送能力变为了两个层次的空间客流运输能力,比于既有单层次运输体系的客流运输能力增大了一倍。Compared with the existing single-level transportation system, the passenger capacity of this patent has become a two-level space passenger capacity, which has doubled the passenger capacity of the existing single-level transportation system.
从物流方面来说,某断面总的物流量按照下式进行计算:In terms of logistics, the total material flow of a section is calculated according to the following formula:
Figure PCTCN2019104239-appb-000004
Figure PCTCN2019104239-appb-000004
式中:w 1—K1层次中单轨交通物流量; In the formula: w 1 —K1 level monorail traffic volume;
w 2—K2层次中单轨交通物流量。 w 2 —K2 level monorail traffic volume.
则相比于既有单层次运输体系,本专利物流输送能力变为了两个层次的空间物流运输能力,比于既有单层次运输体系的物流运输能力增大了一倍。使将双制式的单轨交通在同一立体空间运营,可解决目前单制式单轨交通空间利用率低、层次少的问题,真正达到提升双制式单轨交通层次的目标。很好地分担地面客流、物流,减轻地面交通的负担。Compared with the existing single-level transportation system, the logistics transportation capacity of this patent has become a two-level space logistics transportation capacity, which has doubled the logistics transportation capacity of the existing single-level transportation system. The operation of the dual-system monorail in the same three-dimensional space can solve the current problem of low space utilization and low levels of the single-system monorail, and truly achieve the goal of improving the level of the dual-system monorail. Share the ground passenger flow and logistics well, and reduce the burden of ground transportation.
本专利通过设计了一种双制式单轨交通系统,桥墩线路上可采用双制式的单轨交通,采用一体化建设的形式,两种单轨交通独立运行,不会相互干扰,可达到提升空间利用率的目的。结合实例对本专利做进一步说明。This patent has designed a dual-standard monorail transportation system. The dual-standard monorail transportation can be used on the bridge pier line. With the form of integrated construction, the two types of single-rail transportation operate independently and do not interfere with each other, which can improve space utilization. purpose. This patent is further described with reference to examples.
实施例1.在公路中分带上设置带分散式动力物流车辆的磁浮式物流交通系统。Embodiment 1. A magnetic levitation logistics transportation system with decentralized power logistics vehicles is provided on a highway mid-strip.
已知某公路中分带上建设一段磁浮式物流交通系统,包括磁浮式物流轨道梁桥系统、磁浮式物流车辆系统、磁浮式物流道岔系统、磁浮式物流装卸系统和磁浮式物流信号系统,其中磁浮式物流车辆系统采用分散式动力的物流车辆,具体实施方式如下:It is known that a magnetic levitation logistics transportation system is constructed on a highway mid-strip, including a magnetic levitation logistics track beam bridge system, a magnetic levitation logistics vehicle system, a magnetic levitation logistics turnout system, a magnetic levitation logistics loading and unloading system, and a magnetic levitation logistics signal system. The magnetic levitation logistics vehicle system adopts a decentralized powered logistics vehicle. The specific implementation is as follows:
结合图1、图2、图7~图12、图15~图17对基于本专利的一种磁浮式物流交通系统进行示范说明。A magnetic levitation type logistics transportation system based on the present patent will be exemplarily described with reference to FIGS. 1, 2, 7 to 12, 15 to 17.
磁浮式物流轨道梁桥系统包括,独墩柱形式和框架式墩柱形式,独墩柱形式设置在公路中央的分隔带上,即公路G1与公路G2中间,如图1所示;当分隔带间距过小,或是有障碍物影响时,采用框架式墩柱形式,框架式墩柱架设在公路两旁,即公路G3与公路G4两旁,如图2所示。The maglev logistics track beam bridge system includes a single pier column form and a frame type pier column form. The single pier column form is arranged on the highway separation zone, that is, between the highway G1 and the highway G2, as shown in Figure 1; when the separation zone When the distance is too small or there are obstacles, the frame type pier is adopted. The frame type pier is set up on both sides of the highway, that is, on both sides of highway G3 and highway G4, as shown in Figure 2.
在磁浮式物流轨道梁桥系统的独墩柱形式中,所述磁浮式物流轨道梁桥系统的独墩柱结构由桥墩1a、桥墩2a、磁浮式轨道梁3a、磁浮式轨道梁4a、磁浮式物流车辆5a组成。磁浮式轨道梁3a通过支座6a与支座7a安装于盖梁10a与盖梁11a顶部;磁浮式轨道梁4a通过支座8a与支座9a安装于盖梁10a与盖梁11a顶部,无人驾驶的磁浮式物流车辆5a跨坐在磁浮式轨道梁4a上运行。In the form of a single pier column of a magnetic levitation logistics track beam bridge system, the single pier column structure of the magnetic levitation logistics track beam bridge system is composed of a pier 1a, a pier 2a, a magnetic levitation track beam 3a, a magnetic levitation track beam 4a, The logistics vehicle 5a is composed. The magnetic levitation track beam 3a is installed on the top of the cover beam 10a and the cover beam 11a through the support 6a and the support 7a; the magnetic levitation track beam 4a is installed on the top of the cover beam 10a and the cover beam 11a through the support 8a and the support 9a. The maglev-type logistics vehicle 5a that is driven runs across the maglev-type track beam 4a.
在部分复杂线路中,采用磁浮式物流轨道梁桥系统的框架式墩柱形式,所述磁浮式物流轨道梁桥系统的框架式墩柱结构由桥墩1-1b、桥墩1-2b、桥墩2-1b、桥墩2-2b、磁浮式轨道梁3b、磁浮式轨道梁4b、磁浮式物流车辆5b组成。磁浮式轨道梁3b通过支座6b与支座7b安装于盖梁10b与盖梁11b顶部;磁浮式轨道梁4b通过支座8b与支座9b安装于盖梁10b与盖梁11b顶部,无人驾驶的磁浮式物流车辆5b跨坐在磁浮式轨道梁4b上运行。应该指出磁浮式物流轨道梁桥系统的独墩柱形式的采用与磁浮式物流轨道梁桥系统的框架式墩柱形式的采用应视线路具体情况而定,可只采用磁浮式物流轨道梁桥系统的独墩柱形式一种;或者只采用磁浮式物流轨道梁桥系统的框架式墩柱形式一种;亦可同时采用磁浮式物流轨道梁桥系统的独墩柱形式的与磁浮式物流轨道梁桥系统的框架式墩柱形式。In some complex lines, the frame-type pier-pillar form of the magnetic levitation logistics track beam bridge system is adopted. The frame-type pier-pillar structure of the magnetic levitation logistics track beam bridge system consists of the pier 1-1b, the pier 1-2b, and the pier 2- 1b, bridge piers 2-2b, maglev track beam 3b, maglev track beam 4b, maglev logistics vehicle 5b. Maglev track beam 3b is installed on top of cover beam 10b and cover beam 11b through supports 6b and 7b; Maglev track beam 4b is installed on top of cover beam 10b and cover beam 11b through support 8b and support 9b. The maglev-type logistics vehicle 5b is driven across a maglev-type track beam 4b. It should be pointed out that the use of the single-pier column form of the maglev logistics track beam bridge system and the use of the frame-type pier column form of the maglev logistics track beam bridge system should depend on the specific conditions of the line, and only the maglev logistics track beam bridge system can be used. One type of single pier column; or one type of frame type pier column using magnetic levitation logistics track beam bridge system; one type of pier column and magnetic levitation logistics track beam can also be used at the same time Frame pier form of bridge system.
以上所述的磁浮式物流车辆系统,所述磁浮式物流车辆结构由车体5-11、车体5-31、磁浮式转向架5-14、磁浮式转向架5-34和连接件5-2组成。车体5-11与车体5-31为开敞式结构,货物集装箱5-12和货物集装箱5-13安装于车体5-11上;货物集装箱5-32和货物集装箱5-33安装于车体5-31上。车体5-11底部安装有磁浮式转向架5-14,磁浮式转向架5-14包括电磁铁5-15和直线电机5-16,电磁铁5-15用于车体5-11的悬浮与导向,直线电机5-16用于车体5-11的前后驱动;车体5-31底部安装有磁浮式转向架5-34,磁浮式转向架5-34包括电磁铁5-35和直线电机5-36,电磁铁5-35用于车体5-31的悬浮与导向,直线电机5-36用于车体5-31的前后驱动,车体5-11与车体5-31之间通过连接系5-2进行连接。应该指出,磁浮式物流车辆系统中物流车辆的节数并非只有两节,具体物流车辆的节数视具体物流运输情况综合考虑。The magnetic levitation logistics vehicle system described above, the magnetic levitation logistics vehicle structure is composed of a vehicle body 5-11, a vehicle body 5-31, a magnetic levitation bogie 5-14, a magnetic levitation bogie 5-34, and a connection member 5- 2 Composition. Car body 5-11 and car body 5-31 are open structures. Cargo container 5-12 and cargo container 5-13 are installed on car body 5-11; cargo container 5-32 and cargo container 5-33 are installed on On the body 5-31. A maglev bogie 5-14 is installed at the bottom of the car body 5-11. The maglev bogie 5-14 includes an electromagnet 5-15 and a linear motor 5-16. The electromagnet 5-15 is used for the suspension of the car body 5-11. With guidance, the linear motor 5-16 is used for front and rear drive of the car body 5-11; the bottom of the car body 5-31 is equipped with a magnetic suspension bogie 5-34. The magnetic suspension bogie 5-34 includes an electromagnet 5-35 and a linear Motor 5-36, electromagnet 5-35 are used for suspension and guidance of car body 5-31, linear motor 5-36 is used for front and rear drive of car body 5-31, car body 5-11 and car body 5-31 The connection is made via a connection system 5-2. It should be noted that the number of sections of logistics vehicles in a maglev type logistics vehicle system is not only two, and the number of sections of a specific logistics vehicle is comprehensively considered depending on the specific logistics transportation situation.
在磁浮式物流道岔系统中,所述磁浮式物流道岔结构由独墩柱1c、框架2c、框 架3c、框架4c和磁浮式道岔梁5c组成。磁浮式道岔梁5c为关节可挠型道岔梁,磁浮式道岔梁5c可在框架2c顶部区域和框架3c顶部区域进行转动,轨道小车9c设置于框架2c顶部的轨道6c上;用于驱动磁浮式道岔梁5c的转动,轨道小车10c设置于框架3c顶部的轨道7c上,用于驱动磁浮式道岔梁5c的转动;轨道小车11c设置于框架4c顶部的轨道8c上,用于驱动磁浮式道岔梁5c的转动。轨道小车9c、轨道小车10c和轨道小车11c的协同工作,使磁浮式道岔梁5c转动到适合的位置,达到磁浮式物流道岔系统转向的目标。In the maglev type logistics turnout system, the maglev type logistics turnout structure is composed of a single pier column 1c, a frame 2c, a frame 3c, a frame 4c, and a maglev type turnout beam 5c. Maglev turnout beam 5c is a articulated flexible turnout beam. Maglev turnout beam 5c can be rotated in the top area of frame 2c and the top area of frame 3c. The rail car 9c is set on the track 6c at the top of the frame 2c. Turning of the turnout beam 5c, the track cart 10c is set on the track 7c at the top of the frame 3c, and is used to drive the rotation of the magnetic levitation turnout beam 5c; the track cart 11c is set on the track 8c at the top of the frame 4c, and is used to drive the maglev turnout beam 5c rotation. The coordinated work of the track trolley 9c, the track trolley 10c, and the track trolley 11c makes the maglev turnout beam 5c turn to a suitable position, and achieves the goal of turning the maglev logistics turnout system.
在磁浮式物流装卸系统中,所述磁浮式物流装卸结构由配送站1d、天车2d、天车3d和天车4d组成。装载时,天车2d、天车3d和天车4d将货物5d、货物6d、货物7d、货物8d、货物9d和货物10d从上部装入物流车辆中,卸货时,天车2d、天车3d和天车4d将货物5d、货物6d、货物7d、货物8d、货物9d和货物10d从物流车辆中取出,并运送到适合的存放处。应该指出,以上仅为实施方式,实际配送站中,天车的数目并非只有三辆,具体天车的数目应该视配送站的规模情况综合考虑。In the magnetic levitation logistics loading and unloading system, the magnetic levitation logistics loading and unloading structure is composed of a distribution station 1d, a crane 2d, a crane 3d, and a crane 4d. When loading, the crane 2d, crane 3d, and crane 4d load cargo 5d, cargo 6d, cargo 7d, cargo 8d, cargo 9d, and cargo 10d into the logistics vehicle from the top. When unloading, the crane 2d and crane 3d The crane 4d takes out the goods 5d, 6d, 7d, 8d, 9d, and 10d from the logistics vehicle and transports them to a suitable storage place. It should be noted that the above is only an embodiment. In actual distribution stations, the number of overhead cranes is not only three. The specific number of overhead cranes should be comprehensively considered according to the scale of the distribution stations.
在磁浮式物流信号系统中,磁浮式物流信号系统由无人驾驶系统和道岔控制信号系统组成。无人驾驶系统根据线路情况控制磁浮式物流车辆走行,道岔控制信号系统根据磁浮式物流车辆的运行控制磁浮式物流道岔转换线路使磁浮式物流车辆沿着目标线路走行。In the maglev logistics signal system, the maglev logistics signal system consists of an unmanned driving system and a turnout control signal system. The unmanned system controls the movement of the maglev logistics vehicle according to the line conditions, and the turnout control signal system controls the maglev logistics turnout conversion line based on the operation of the maglev logistics vehicle to make the maglev logistics vehicle run along the target line.
实施例2.在田野中设置带分散式动力物流车辆的磁浮式物流交通系统。Embodiment 2. A magnetic levitation logistics transportation system with a decentralized power logistics vehicle is installed in a field.
已知某田野中建设一段磁浮式物流交通系统,包括磁浮式物流轨道梁桥系统、磁浮式物流车辆系统、磁浮式物流道岔系统、磁浮式物流装卸系统和磁浮式物流信号系统,其中磁浮式物流车辆系统采用分散式动力的物流车辆,具体实施方式如下:It is known that a magnetic levitation logistics transportation system is constructed in a field, including a magnetic levitation logistics track beam bridge system, a magnetic levitation logistics vehicle system, a magnetic levitation logistics turnout system, a magnetic levitation logistics loading and unloading system, and a magnetic levitation logistics signal system. Among them, the magnetic levitation logistics vehicle The system uses distributed powered logistics vehicles. The specific implementation is as follows:
结合图3、图4、图7~图12、图15~图17对基于本专利的一种磁浮式物流交通系统进行示范说明。A magnetic levitation type logistics transportation system based on the present patent will be exemplarily described with reference to FIGS. 3, 4, 7, 7-12, 15-17.
磁浮式物流轨道梁桥系统包括,独墩柱形式和框架式墩柱形式,独墩柱形式设置在田野T1规划好的线路上,如图3所示,当田野T2中规划好的线路中有障碍物T3如树木等的影响时,采用框架式墩柱形式,框架式墩柱架设在障碍物T3两旁,如图4所示。Maglev logistics track beam bridge system includes single pier column form and frame type pier column form. The single pier column form is set on the planned line of Field T1, as shown in Figure 3. When the planned line in Field T2 has When the obstacle T3 is affected by trees, etc., a frame-type pier is adopted, and the frame-type pier is erected on both sides of the obstacle T3, as shown in FIG. 4.
在该实施例2中,磁浮式物流交通系统的磁浮式物流轨道梁桥系统的独墩柱形式和框架式墩柱形式、磁浮式物流车辆系统、磁浮式物流道岔系统、磁浮式物流装卸系统以及磁浮式物流信号系统的原理和结构与上述实施例1相同,在此不再赘述。In the second embodiment, the maglev type logistics track beam bridge system of the maglev type logistics transportation system has the form of a single pier column and a frame type pier column type, a maglev type logistics vehicle system, a maglev type logistics turnout system, a maglev type logistics handling system, and The principle and structure of the magnetic levitation type logistics signal system are the same as those of the above-mentioned Embodiment 1, and are not repeated here.
实施例3.在市区街道中设置带分散式动力物流车辆的磁浮式物流交通系统。Embodiment 3. A magnetic levitation logistics transportation system with decentralized power logistics vehicles is installed in urban streets.
已知某市区街道中建设一段磁浮式物流交通系统,包括磁浮式物流轨道梁桥系统、磁浮式物流车辆系统、磁浮式物流道岔系统、磁浮式物流装卸系统和磁浮式物流信号系统,其中磁浮式物流车辆系统采用分散式动力的物流车辆,具体实施方式如下:It is known that a section of a maglev logistics transportation system is constructed in a street in an urban area, including a maglev logistics track beam bridge system, a maglev logistics vehicle system, a maglev logistics turnout system, a maglev logistics loading and unloading system, and a maglev logistics signal system. The logistics vehicle system adopts distributed power logistics vehicles. The specific implementation is as follows:
结合图5~图12、图15~图17对基于本专利的一种磁浮式物流交通系统进行示范说明。A magnetic levitation logistics transportation system based on the present patent will be exemplarily described with reference to FIGS. 5 to 12 and 15 to 17.
磁浮式物流轨道梁桥系统包括,独墩柱形式和框架式墩柱形式,独墩柱形式设置在市区街道中央的分隔带上,即市区街道C1与市区街道C2之间,如图5所示,当市区街道中央的分隔带间距过小,或是有障碍物影响时,采用框架式墩柱形式,框架式墩柱架设在市区街道C3两旁,如图6所示。The maglev type logistics track beam bridge system includes a single pier column form and a frame type pier column form. The single pier column form is arranged on the central zone of the urban street, that is, between urban street C1 and urban street C2, as shown in the figure. As shown in Figure 5, when the distance between the partitions in the center of the urban street is too small or there are obstacles, the frame type pier is adopted, and the frame type pier is erected on both sides of the urban street C3, as shown in Figure 6.
在该实施例3中,磁浮式物流交通系统的磁浮式物流轨道梁桥系统的独墩柱形式和框架式墩柱形式、磁浮式物流车辆系统、磁浮式物流道岔系统、磁浮式物流装卸系统以及磁浮式物流信号系统的原理和结构与上述实施例1相同,在此不再赘述。In the third embodiment, the maglev type logistics track beam bridge system of the maglev type logistics transportation system has the form of a single pier column and a frame type pier column type, a maglev type logistics vehicle system, a maglev type logistics turnout system, a maglev type logistics handling system, and The principle and structure of the magnetic levitation type logistics signal system are the same as those of the above-mentioned Embodiment 1, and are not repeated here.
实施例4.在公路中分带上设置带集中式动力物流车辆的磁浮式物流交通系统。Embodiment 4. A magnetic levitation logistics transportation system with a centralized power logistics vehicle is provided on a highway mid-strip.
已知某公路中分带上建设一段磁浮式物流交通系统,包括磁浮式物流轨道梁桥系统、磁浮式物流车辆系统、磁浮式物流道岔系统、磁浮式物流装卸系统和磁浮式物流信号系统,其中磁浮式物流车辆系统采用集中式动力物流车辆,具体实施方式如下:It is known that a magnetic levitation logistics transportation system is constructed on a highway mid-strip, including a magnetic levitation logistics track beam bridge system, a magnetic levitation logistics vehicle system, a magnetic levitation logistics turnout system, a magnetic levitation logistics loading and unloading system, and a magnetic levitation logistics signal system. The magnetic levitation logistics vehicle system uses a centralized power logistics vehicle. The specific implementation is as follows:
结合图1、图2、图7~图10、图13~图17对基于本专利的一种磁浮式物流交通系统进行示范说明。A magnetic levitation type logistics transportation system based on the present patent will be exemplarily described with reference to FIGS. 1, 2, 7 to 10, and 13 to 17.
磁浮式物流轨道梁桥系统包括,独墩柱形式和框架式墩柱形式,独墩柱形式设置在公路中央的分隔带上,即公路G1与公路G2中间,如图1所示;当分隔带间距过小,或是有障碍物影响时,采用框架式墩柱形式,框架式墩柱架设在公路两旁,即公路G3与公路G4两旁,如图2所示。The maglev logistics track beam bridge system includes a single pier column form and a frame type pier column form. The single pier column form is arranged on the highway separation zone, that is, between the highway G1 and the highway G2, as shown in Figure 1; when the separation zone When the distance is too small or there are obstacles, the frame type pier is adopted. The frame type pier is set up on both sides of the highway, that is, on both sides of highway G3 and highway G4, as shown in Figure 2.
在该实施例4中,磁浮式物流交通系统的磁浮式物流轨道梁桥系统的独墩柱形式和框架式墩柱形式、磁浮式物流道岔系统、磁浮式物流装卸系统以及磁浮式物流信号系统的原理和结构与上述实施例1相同,在此不再赘述。以下重点说明该实施例中的磁浮式物流车辆系统。In the fourth embodiment, the maglev type logistics track beam bridge system of the maglev type logistics transportation system has the form of a single pier column and a frame type pier column type, a maglev type logistics turnout system, a maglev type logistics handling system, and a maglev type logistics signal system. The principle and structure are the same as those of the first embodiment, and will not be repeated here. The following mainly describes the magnetic levitation logistics vehicle system in this embodiment.
实施例4中的磁浮式物流车辆系统,所述磁浮式物流车辆结构由车体5-41、车体5-61、磁浮式转向架5-44、磁浮式转向架5-64和连接件5-5组成。车体5-41与车体5-61为开敞式结构,货物集装箱5-42和货物集装箱5-43安装于车体5-41上;货物集 装箱5-62和货物集装箱5-63安装于车体5-61上,车体5-41底部安装有磁浮式转向架5-44,磁浮式转向架5-44包括电磁铁5-45和直线电机5-46,电磁铁5-45用于车体5-41的悬浮与导向,直线电机5-46用于车体5-41的前后驱动;车体5-61底部安装有磁浮式转向架5-64,磁浮式转向架5-64包括电磁铁5-65,电磁铁5-65用于车体5-61的悬浮与导向,车体5-41与车体5-61之间通过连接系5-5进行连接。应该指出,磁浮式物流车辆系统中物流车辆的节数并非只有两节,具体物流车辆的节数视具体物流运输情况综合考虑,带直线电机5-46的转向架5-44的位置可在编组物流车辆的头部,也可在编组物流车辆的尾部,亦可在编组物流车辆的中部。The magnetic levitation logistics vehicle system in Embodiment 4, the magnetic levitation logistics vehicle structure is composed of a vehicle body 5-41, a vehicle body 5-61, a magnetic levitation bogie 5-44, a magnetic levitation bogie 5-64, and a connecting member 5 -5 composition. The car body 5-41 and the car body 5-61 are open structures. The cargo container 5-42 and the cargo container 5-43 are installed on the car body 5-41; the cargo container 5-62 and the cargo container 5-63 are installed on On the car body 5-61, the bottom of the car body 5-41 is equipped with a magnetic levitation bogie 5-44. The magnetic levitation bogie 5-44 includes an electromagnet 5-45 and a linear motor 5-46. The electromagnet 5-45 is used for The suspension and guidance of the car body 5-41, the linear motor 5-46 is used to drive the front and rear of the car body 5-41; the bottom of the car body 5-61 is equipped with a magnetic suspension bogie 5-64, and the magnetic suspension bogie 5-64 includes The electromagnet 5-65 is used for the suspension and guidance of the car body 5-61. The car body 5-41 and the car body 5-61 are connected through a connection system 5-5. It should be noted that the number of sections of the logistics vehicle in the maglev logistics vehicle system is not only two. The number of sections of the specific logistics vehicle is comprehensively considered according to the specific logistics transportation situation. The position of the bogie 5-44 with the linear motor 5-46 can be grouped in The head of a logistics vehicle may also be at the tail of a grouped logistics vehicle, or in the middle of a grouped logistics vehicle.
实施例5.在田野中设置带集中式动力物流车辆的磁浮式物流交通系统。Embodiment 5. A magnetic levitation logistics transportation system with a centralized power logistics vehicle is installed in a field.
已知某田野中建设一段磁浮式物流交通系统,包括磁浮式物流轨道梁桥系统、磁浮式物流车辆系统、磁浮式物流道岔系统、磁浮式物流装卸系统和磁浮式物流信号系统,其中磁浮式物流车辆系统采用集中式动力物流车辆,具体实施方式如下:It is known that a magnetic levitation logistics transportation system is constructed in a field, including a magnetic levitation logistics track beam bridge system, a magnetic levitation logistics vehicle system, a magnetic levitation logistics turnout system, a magnetic levitation logistics handling system, and a magnetic levitation logistics signal system. The system uses centralized power logistics vehicles, and the specific implementation is as follows:
结合图3、图4、图7~图10、图13~图17对基于本专利的一种磁浮式物流交通系统进行示范说明。A magnetic levitation logistics transportation system based on the present patent will be exemplarily described with reference to FIG. 3, FIG. 4, FIG. 7 to FIG. 10, and FIG. 13 to FIG.
磁浮式物流轨道梁桥系统包括,独墩柱形式和框架式墩柱形式,独墩柱形式设置在田野T1规划好的线路上,如图3所示,当田野T2中规划好的线路中有障碍物T3如树木等的影响时,采用框架式墩柱形式,框架式墩柱架设在障碍物T3两旁,如图4所示。Maglev logistics track beam bridge system includes single pier column form and frame type pier column form. The single pier column form is set on the planned line of Field T1, as shown in Figure 3. When the planned line in Field T2 has When the obstacle T3 is affected by trees, etc., a frame-type pier is adopted, and the frame-type pier is erected on both sides of the obstacle T3, as shown in FIG. 4.
在该实施例5中,磁浮式物流交通系统的磁浮式物流轨道梁桥系统的独墩柱形式和框架式墩柱形式、磁浮式物流车辆系统、磁浮式物流道岔系统、磁浮式物流装卸系统以及磁浮式物流信号系统的原理和结构与上述实施例4相同,在此不再赘述。In the fifth embodiment, the maglev type logistics track beam bridge system of the maglev type logistics transportation system has the form of a single pier column and a frame type pier column type, a maglev type logistics vehicle system, a maglev type logistics turnout system, a maglev type logistics handling system, and The principle and structure of the magnetic levitation type logistics signal system are the same as those of the above-mentioned embodiment 4, and are not repeated here.
实施例6.在市区街道中设置带集中式动力物流车辆的磁浮式物流交通系统。Embodiment 6. A magnetic levitation logistics transportation system with a centralized power logistics vehicle is installed in an urban street.
已知某市区街道中建设一段磁浮式物流交通系统,包括磁浮式物流轨道梁桥系统、磁浮式物流车辆系统、磁浮式物流道岔系统、磁浮式物流装卸系统和磁浮式物流信号系统,其中磁浮式物流车辆系统采用集中式动力物流车辆,具体实施方式如下:It is known that a section of a maglev logistics transportation system is constructed in a street in an urban area, including a maglev logistics track beam bridge system, a maglev logistics vehicle system, a maglev logistics turnout system, a maglev logistics loading and unloading system, and a maglev logistics signal system. The logistics vehicle system uses centralized power logistics vehicles, and the specific implementation is as follows:
结合图5~图10、图13~图17对基于本专利的一种磁浮式物流交通系统进行示范说明。A magnetic levitation logistics transportation system based on the present patent will be exemplified and described with reference to FIGS. 5 to 10 and 13 to 17.
磁浮式物流轨道梁桥系统包括,独墩柱形式和框架式墩柱形式,独墩柱形式设置在市区街道中央的分隔带上,即市区街道C1与市区街道C2之间,如图5所示,当市区街道中央的分隔带间距过小,或是有障碍物影响时,采用框架式墩柱形式,框架式 墩柱架设在市区街道C3两旁,如图6所示。The maglev type logistics track beam bridge system includes a single pier column form and a frame type pier column form. The single pier column form is arranged on the central zone of the urban street, that is, between urban street C1 and urban street C2, as shown in the figure. As shown in Figure 5, when the distance between the partitions in the center of the urban street is too small or there are obstacles, the frame type pier is adopted, and the frame type pier is erected on both sides of the urban street C3, as shown in Figure 6.
在该实施例6中,磁浮式物流交通系统的磁浮式物流轨道梁桥系统的独墩柱形式和框架式墩柱形式、磁浮式物流车辆系统、磁浮式物流道岔系统、磁浮式物流装卸系统以及磁浮式物流信号系统的原理和结构与上述实施例4相同,在此不再赘述。In the sixth embodiment, the maglev type logistics track beam bridge system of the maglev type logistics transportation system has the form of a single pier column and a frame type pier column type, a maglev type logistics vehicle system, a maglev type logistics turnout system, a maglev type logistics handling system, The principle and structure of the magnetic levitation type logistics signal system are the same as those of the above-mentioned embodiment 4, and are not repeated here.
以上以磁浮式物流交通系统为例对根据本发明的物流交通系统进行了说明,根据本发明的物流交通系统还可以包括跨座式物流单轨交通系统或悬挂式物流单轨交通系统,以下参照附图对其区别进行说明。The above has described the logistics transportation system according to the present invention by using a magnetic levitation logistics transportation system as an example. The logistics transportation system according to the present invention may further include a straddle-type logistics monorail transportation system or a suspended logistics monorail transportation system. The differences are explained.
实施例7.跨座式物流单轨交通系统。Embodiment 7. Straddle-type logistics monorail transportation system.
根据本发明的跨座式物流单轨交通系统与上述磁浮式物流交通系统具有基本相同的结构,其区别仅在于采用了跨座式单轨轨道梁和跨座式物流单轨车辆。图18示出在高速公路中分带上设置独墩柱跨座式物流单轨轨道梁桥系统的示意图,其中采用了跨座式单轨轨道梁。当然,该跨座式物流单轨交通系统也可以具有图2-图6中所示的设置形式。The straddle-type logistics monorail transportation system according to the present invention has basically the same structure as the above-mentioned maglev-type logistics transportation system, and the only difference is that a straddle-type monorail track beam and a straddle-type logistics monorail vehicle are used. FIG. 18 shows a schematic diagram of a single-pier column straddle-type logistics monorail track girder bridge system provided on a highway sub-strip, wherein a straddle-type monorail track beam is used. Of course, the straddle-type logistics monorail transportation system may also have the arrangement form shown in FIGS. 2 to 6.
以下对本实施例7中的跨座式物流单轨车辆系统进行说明,参见图19和图20,跨座式物流单轨车辆结构由车体5-11’、车体5-31’、跨座式单轨转向架5-14’、跨座式单轨转向架5-34’和连接件5-2’组成。车体5-11’与车体5-31’为开敞式结构,货物集装箱5-12’和货物集装箱5-13’安装于车体5-11’上;货物集装箱5-32’和货物集装箱5-33’安装于车体5-31’上。车体5-11’底部安装有跨座式单轨转向架5-14’,跨座式单轨转向架5-14’包括走行轮5-15’、导向轮5-16’和稳定轮5-17’,走行轮5-15’用于车体5-11’的支撑与牵引,导向轮5-16’用于车体5-11’的导向,稳定轮5-17’用于保持车体5-11’的平衡和稳定;车体5-31’底部安装有跨座式单轨转向架5-34’,跨座式单轨转向架5-34’包括走行轮5-35’、导向轮5-36’和稳定轮5-37’,走行轮5-35’用于车体5-31’的支撑与牵引,导向轮5-36’用于车体5-31’的导向,稳定轮5-37’用于保持车体5-31’的平衡和稳定,车体5-11’与车体5-31’之间通过连接系5-2’进行连接。应该指出,跨座式物流单轨车辆系统中物流车辆的节数并非只有两节,具体物流车辆的节数视具体物流运输情况综合考虑。上述跨座式物流单轨车辆可以为分散式动力物流车辆,其也可以为集中式动力物流车辆,当为集中式动力物流车辆,两个或更多个车体可以共用一个走行轮。The straddle-type logistics monorail vehicle system in the seventh embodiment is described below. Referring to FIG. 19 and FIG. 20, the straddle-type logistics monorail vehicle structure is composed of a car body 5-11 ', a car body 5-31', and a straddle type monorail. The bogie 5-14 ', the straddle-type monorail bogie 5-34' and the connecting piece 5-2 '. The car body 5-11 'and the car body 5-31' are open structures, and the cargo container 5-12 'and the cargo container 5-13' are installed on the car body 5-11 '; the cargo container 5-32' and the cargo The container 5-33 'is mounted on the vehicle body 5-31'. A 5-14 'straddle type monorail bogie is installed at the bottom of the vehicle body 5-11'. The straddle type monorail bogie 5-14 'includes running wheels 5-15', guide wheels 5-16 ', and stabilizer wheels 5-17. ', Running wheels 5-15' are used for supporting and traction of the vehicle body 5-11 ', guide wheels 5-16' are used for guiding the vehicle body 5-11 ', and stabilizing wheels 5-17' are used for holding the vehicle body 5 -11 'balance and stability; straddle type monorail bogie 5-34' is installed at the bottom of the body 5-31 ', straddle type monorail bogie 5-34' includes running wheels 5-35 ', guide wheels 5- 36 'and stabilizer wheels 5-37', running wheels 5-35 'are used for support and traction of vehicle body 5-31', guide wheels 5-36 'are used for guide of vehicle body 5-31', and stability wheels 5- 37 'is used to maintain the balance and stability of the vehicle body 5-31', and the vehicle body 5-11 'and the vehicle body 5-31' are connected through a connection system 5-2 '. It should be noted that the number of sections of logistics vehicles in a straddle-type logistics monorail vehicle system is not only two, and the number of sections of a specific logistics vehicle is comprehensively considered depending on the specific logistics transportation situation. The above-mentioned straddle-type logistics monorail vehicle may be a decentralized power logistics vehicle, or it may be a centralized power logistics vehicle. When it is a centralized power logistics vehicle, two or more vehicle bodies may share one traveling wheel.
在该实施例7中,跨座式物流单轨交通系统的跨座式物流单轨轨道梁桥系统的独墩柱形式和框架式墩柱形式、跨座式物流单轨道岔系统、跨座式物流单轨装卸系统以 及跨座式物流单轨信号系统分别与上述磁浮式物流交通系统的磁浮式物流轨道梁桥系统的独墩柱形式和框架式墩柱形式、磁浮式物流道岔系统、磁浮式物流装卸系统以及磁浮式物流信号系统的原理和结构基本相同,在此不再赘述。根据本发明的带分散式动力物流车辆的跨座式物流单轨交通系统或带集中式动力物流车辆的跨座式物流单轨交通系统可以设置在公路中分带上、设置在田野中或设置在市区街道中,其与磁浮式物流交通系统的设置方式相同,在此不再赘述。In the seventh embodiment, the single-seat type and the frame-type pier type of the straddle-type logistics monorail track and bridge system of the straddle-type logistics monorail transportation system, the straddle-type logistics single-track bifurcation system, and the straddle-type logistics monorail loading and unloading The system and the straddle-type logistics monorail signal system are respectively in the form of a single pier and a frame pier, the magnetic levitation logistics turnout system, the magnetic levitation logistics loading and unloading system, and the magnetic levitation. The principle and structure of the distributed logistics signal system are basically the same, and will not be repeated here. The straddle-type logistics monorail transportation system with decentralized power logistics vehicles or the straddle-type logistics monorail transportation system with centralized power logistics vehicles according to the present invention can be installed on a highway sub-belt, in a field, or in an urban area. In the street, it is set in the same way as the magnetic levitation logistics transportation system, so it will not be repeated here.
实施例8.悬挂式物流单轨交通系统。Embodiment 8. Suspended logistics monorail transportation system.
根据本发明的悬挂式物流单轨交通系统与上述磁浮式物流交通系统具有基本相同的结构,其区别仅在于采用了悬挂式单轨轨道梁和悬挂式物流单轨车辆。图21示出在高速公路中分带上设置独墩柱悬挂式物流单轨轨道梁桥系统的示意图,其中采用了跨座式单轨轨道梁。该悬挂式物流单轨交通系统也可以具有图2-图6中所示的设置形式,即可以设置在田野中或设置在市区街道中。The suspended logistics monorail transportation system according to the present invention has basically the same structure as the magnetic levitation logistics transportation system described above, and the only difference is that a suspended monorail track beam and a suspended logistics monorail vehicle are used. FIG. 21 shows a schematic diagram of a single-pier column suspension type logistics monorail track beam bridge system provided on the middle zone of the expressway, wherein a straddle-type monorail track beam is used. The suspended logistics monorail transportation system may also have the installation form shown in FIGS. 2 to 6, that is, it may be installed in a field or in an urban street.
以下对本实施例8中的悬挂式物流单轨车辆系统进行说明,参见图22-图31,在悬挂式物流单轨轨道梁桥系统的独墩柱形式中,悬挂式物流单轨轨道梁桥系统的独墩柱结构由桥墩1a”、桥墩2a”、悬挂式单轨轨道梁3a”、悬挂式单轨轨道梁4a”、悬挂式物流单轨车辆5a”组成。悬挂式单轨轨道梁3a”通过钢索12a”、支座6a”与支座7a”安装于盖梁10a”与盖梁11a”底部,悬挂式单轨轨道梁4a”通过钢索13a”、支座8a”与支座9a”安装于盖梁10a”与盖梁11a”底部,无人驾驶的悬挂式物流单轨车辆5a”悬挂在悬挂式单轨轨道梁4a”上运行。The suspended logistics monorail vehicle system in this embodiment 8 is described below. Referring to FIG. 22 to FIG. 31, in the form of a single pier column of the suspended logistics monorail track beam bridge system, the single pier of the suspended logistics monorail track beam bridge system The column structure consists of bridge piers 1a ", bridge piers 2a", suspended monorail track beams 3a ", suspended monorail track beams 4a", and suspended logistics monorail vehicles 5a ". Suspended monorail track beams 3a" pass through steel cables 12a ", and support Seat 6a "and support 7a" are installed on the bottom of cover beam 10a "and cover beam 11a". Suspended monorail track beam 4a "is installed on cover beam 10a '' and steel beam 13a '', support 8a '' and support 9a ''. At the bottom of the cover beam 11a ", an unmanned suspended logistics monorail vehicle 5a" is suspended and run on the suspended monorail track beam 4a ".
在部分复杂线路中,采用悬挂式物流单轨轨道梁桥系统的框架式墩柱形式,所述悬挂式物流单轨轨道梁桥系统的框架式墩柱结构由桥墩1-1b”、桥墩1-2b”、桥墩2-1b”、桥墩2-2b”、悬挂式单轨轨道梁3b”、悬挂式单轨轨道梁4b”、悬挂式物流单轨车辆5b”组成。悬挂式单轨轨道梁3b”通过钢索12b”、支座6b”与支座7b”安装于盖梁10b”与盖梁11b”底部,悬挂式单轨轨道梁4b”通过钢索13b”、支座8b”与支座9b”安装于盖梁10b”与盖梁11b”底部,无人驾驶的悬挂式物流单轨车辆5b”悬挂在悬挂式单轨轨道梁4b”上运行。应该指出悬挂式物流单轨轨道梁桥系统的独墩柱形式的采用与悬挂式物流单轨轨道梁桥系统的框架式墩柱形式的采用应视线路具体情况而定,可只采用悬挂式物流单轨轨道梁桥系统的独墩柱形式一种;或者只采用悬挂式物流单轨轨道梁桥系统的框架式墩柱形式一种;亦可同时采用悬挂式物流单轨轨道梁桥系统的独墩柱形式的与悬挂式物流单轨轨道梁桥系统的框架式墩柱形式。In some complex lines, the frame pier column form of the suspended logistics monorail track beam bridge system is adopted. The frame pier column structure of the suspended logistics monorail track beam bridge system consists of the pier 1-1b ", the pier 1-2b" , Pier 2-1b ", pier 2-2b", suspended monorail track beam 3b ", suspended monorail track beam 4b", suspended logistics monorail vehicle 5b ". Suspended monorail track beam 3b" through steel cable 12b " The support 6b "and the support 7b" are installed on the bottom of the cover beam 10b "and the cover beam 11b", and the suspended monorail track beam 4b "is installed on the cover beam 10b through the steel cable 13b", the support 8b "and the support 9b" At the bottom of the "and cover beam 11b", an unmanned suspended logistics monorail vehicle 5b "is suspended on the suspended monorail track beam 4b". It should be pointed out that the adoption and suspension of the form of a single pier column for the suspended logistics monorail track beam bridge system The use of the framed pier and pillar form of the single-track logistics monorail track and bridge system depends on the specific conditions of the line. Only one type of single pier column of the suspended logistics monorail track beam bridge system can be used; or only the suspended logistics monorail track Beam bridge system Form of rack pier; pier frame type may form separate pier while using stream form suspended monorail track girder bridge system stream with suspended monorail track girder bridge system.
以上所述的悬挂式物流单轨车辆系统,所述悬挂式物流单轨车辆结构由车体5-11”、车体5-31”、悬挂式单轨转向架5-14”、悬挂式单轨转向架5-34”和连接件5-2”组成。车体5-11”与车体5-31”为底部开敞式结构,货物集装箱5-12”和货物集装箱5-13”安装于车体5-11”下,货物集装箱5-32”和货物集装箱5-33”安装于车体5-31”下,车体5-11”顶部安装有悬挂式单轨转向架5-14”,悬挂式单轨转向架5-14”每一侧包括走行轮5-15”、走行轮5-16”、走行轮5-17”和导向轮5-18”,走行轮5-15”、走行轮5-16”和走行轮5-17”用于车体5-11”的支撑与牵引,导向轮5-18”用于车体5-11”的导向;车体5-31”顶部安装有悬挂式单轨转向架5-34”,悬挂式单轨转向架5-34”每一侧包括走行轮5-35”、走行轮5-36”、走行轮5-37”和导向轮5-38”,走行轮5-35”、走行轮5-36”和走行轮5-37”用于车体5-31”的支撑与牵引,导向轮5-38”用于车体5-31”的导向,车体5-11”与车体5-31”之间通过连接系5-2”进行连接。应该指出,悬挂式物流单轨车辆系统中物流车辆的节数并非只有两节,具体物流车辆的节数视具体物流运输情况综合考虑。The suspension logistics monorail vehicle system described above, the structure of the suspension logistics monorail vehicle consists of a vehicle body 5-11 ", a vehicle body 5-31", a suspension monorail bogie 5-14 ", and a suspension monorail bogie 5 -34 "and connector 5-2". Car body 5-11 "and car body 5-31" are open bottom structure. Cargo container 5-12 "and cargo container 5-13" are installed on car body 5 Under -11 ", cargo container 5-32" and cargo container 5-33 "are installed under the car body 5-31". The top of the car body 5-11 "is mounted with a suspended monorail bogie 5-14", a suspended monorail Each side of the bogie 5-14 "includes traveling wheels 5-15", traveling wheels 5-16 ", traveling wheels 5-17" and guide wheels 5-18 ", traveling wheels 5-15", traveling wheels 5-16 ”And running wheels 5-17” for the support and traction of the vehicle body 5-11 ”, guide wheels 5-18” for the guidance of the vehicle body 5-11 ”; a suspension monorail is installed on the top of the vehicle body 5-31” Bogie 5-34 ", suspended monorail bogie 5-34" Each side includes traveling wheels 5-35 ", traveling wheels 5-36", traveling wheels 5-37 ", and guide wheels 5-38", traveling wheels 5-35 ", running wheels 5-36" and running wheels 5-37 "are used for car body 5- The support and traction of 31 ", the guide wheel 5-38" is used for the guidance of the body 5-31 ", and the body 5-11" and the body 5-31 "are connected through the connection system 5-2". It should be noted that the number of sections of logistics vehicles in a suspended logistics monorail vehicle system is not only two, and the number of sections of specific logistics vehicles is comprehensively considered depending on the specific logistics transportation situation.
在悬挂式物流单轨道岔系统中,所述悬挂式物流单轨道岔结构由独墩柱1c”、框架2c”、框架3c”、框架4c”和悬挂式单轨道岔梁5c”组成。悬挂式单轨道岔梁5c”为关节可挠型道岔梁,悬挂式单轨道岔梁5c”可在框架2c”底部区域和框架3c”底部区域进行转动,轨道小车9c”设置于框架2c”底部的轨道6c”上,用于驱动悬挂式单轨道岔梁5c”的转动,轨道小车10c”设置于框架3c”底部的轨道7c”上,用于驱动悬挂式单轨道岔梁5c”的转动,轨道小车11c”设置于框架4c”底部的轨道8c”上,用于驱动悬挂式单轨道岔梁5c”的转动。轨道小车9c”、轨道小车10c”和轨道小车11c”的协同工作,使悬挂式单轨道岔梁5c”转动到适合的位置,达到悬挂式物流单轨道岔系统转向的目标。In a suspended logistics single track switch system, the suspended logistics single track switch structure is composed of a single pier column 1c ", a frame 2c", a frame 3c ", a frame 4c", and a suspended single track switch beam 5c ". A suspended single track switch beam 5c "is a joint-flexible turnout beam. The suspended single-track turnout beam 5c" can be rotated in the bottom area of the frame 2c "and the bottom area of the frame 3c". The track cart 9c "is installed on the track 6c" at the bottom of the frame 2c. For driving the suspension of a single-track bifurcated beam 5c ", a track cart 10c" is provided on the track 7c "at the bottom of the frame 3c", for driving the rotation of the single-track bifurcated beam 5c ", and the track cart 11c" is provided on the frame 4c " The bottom track 8c "is used to drive the rotation of the suspended single track fork beam 5c". The coordinated work of the track trolley 9c ", the track trolley 10c" and the track trolley 11c "makes the suspension single track fork beam 5c" turn into a suitable Position, to achieve the goal of turning the suspension logistics single track switch system.
在悬挂式物流单轨装卸系统中,所述悬挂式物流单轨装卸结构由配送站1d”、叉车2d”和叉车3d”组成。装载时,叉车2d”和叉车3d”将货物4d”、货物5d”、货物6d”、货物7d”、货物8d”和货物9d”从底部装入物流车辆中,卸货时,叉车2d”和叉车3d将货物4d”、货物5d”、货物6d”、货物7d”、货物8d”和货物9d”从物流车辆中取出,并运送到适合的存放处。应该指出,以上仅为实施方式,实际配送站中,天车的数目并非只有三辆,叉车的数目也并非只有两辆,具体天车与叉车的数目应该视配送站的规模情况综合考虑。在悬挂式物流单轨信号系统中,悬挂式物流单轨信号系统由无人驾驶系统和道岔控制信号系统组成。无人驾驶系统根据线路情况控制悬挂式物流单轨 车辆走行,道岔控制信号系统根据悬挂式物流单轨车辆的运行控制悬挂式物流单轨道岔转换线路使悬挂式物流单轨车辆沿着目标线路走行。In the suspended logistics monorail loading and unloading system, the suspended logistics monorail loading and unloading structure is composed of a distribution station 1d ", a forklift 2d", and a forklift 3d ". When loading, the forklift 2d" and the forklift 3d "load the goods 4d" and the goods 5d " , Cargo 6d ", cargo 7d", cargo 8d "and cargo 9d" are loaded into the logistics vehicle from the bottom. When unloading, forklift 2d "and forklift 3d load cargo 4d", cargo 5d ", cargo 6d", cargo 7d ", The cargo 8d "and cargo 9d" are taken out of the logistics vehicle and transported to a suitable storage place. It should be noted that the above is only an embodiment. In actual distribution stations, the number of cranes is not only three, and the number of forklifts is not only two. The number of specific cranes and forklifts should be comprehensively considered according to the size of the distribution station. In the suspended logistics monorail signal system, the suspended logistics monorail signal system consists of an unmanned driving system and a turnout control signal system. The unmanned driving system controls the movement of the suspended logistics monorail vehicle according to the line situation, and the turnout control signal system controls the suspended logistics single track fork conversion line based on the operation of the suspended logistics monorail vehicle to make the suspended logistics monorail vehicle run along the target line.
以上以在公路中分带上、在田野中或在市区街道中设置带分散式动力物流车辆的悬挂式物流单轨交通系统为例对实施例8进行了说明,根据本发明的悬挂式物流单轨交通系统还可以包括集中式动力物流车辆,其同样可以进行上述三种设置方式。以下对集中式动力物流车辆进行说明。The embodiment 8 has been described above by taking the suspended logistics monorail transportation system with decentralized power logistics vehicles on the highway, in the field, or in urban streets as an example. The suspended logistics monorail transportation according to the present invention The system can also include a centralized power logistics vehicle, which can also perform the three settings described above. The centralized power logistics vehicle will be described below.
如图26和图27所示,悬挂式物流单轨车辆结构由车体5-11”、车体5-31”、悬挂式单轨转向架5-14”、悬挂式单轨转向架5-34”和连接件5-2”组成。车体5-11”与车体5-31”为开敞式结构,货物集装箱5-12”和货物集装箱5-13”安装于车体5-11”下,货物集装箱5-32”和货物集装箱5-33”安装于车体5-31”下,车体5-11”顶部安装有悬挂式单轨转向架5-14”,悬挂式单轨转向架5-14”包括走行轮5-15”、导向轮5-16”和稳定轮5-17”,走行轮5-15”用于车体5-11”的支撑与牵引,导向轮5-16”用于车体5-11”的导向,稳定轮5-17”用于保持车体5-11”的平衡和稳定,车体5-31”顶部安装有悬挂式单轨转向架5-34”,悬挂式单轨转向架5-34”包括走行轮5-35”、导向轮5-36”和稳定轮5-37”,走行轮5-35”用于车体5-31”的支撑,导向轮”5-36用于车体5-31”的导向,稳定轮5-37”用于保持车体5-31”的平衡和稳定,车体5-11”与车体5-31”之间通过连接系5-2”进行连接。应该指出,悬挂式物流单轨车辆系统中物流车辆的节数并非只有两节,具体物流车辆的节数视具体物流运输情况综合考虑,带牵引功能的走行轮5-15”的转向架5-14”的位置可在编组物流车辆的头部,也可在编组物流车辆的尾部,亦可在编组物流车辆的中部。As shown in Figures 26 and 27, the structure of a suspended logistics monorail vehicle consists of a body 5-11 ", a body 5-31", a suspended monorail bogie 5-14 ", a suspended monorail bogie 5-34", and The connector 5-2 "is composed of the car body 5-11" and the car body 5-31 ". The cargo container 5-12" and the cargo container 5-13 "are installed under the car body 5-11". The cargo container 5-32 "and the cargo container 5-33" are installed under the car body 5-31 ". The top of the car body 5-11" is mounted with a suspended monorail bogie 5-14 ", and a suspended monorail bogie 5-14 ”Including running wheels 5-15”, guide wheels 5-16 ”and stabilizer wheels 5-17”, running wheels 5-15 ”are used for support and traction of the vehicle body 5-11”, and guide wheels 5-16 ”are used for The 5-11 "guide of the car body, the 5-17" stabilizing wheels are used to maintain the balance and stability of the 5-11 "car body, and the suspension monorail bogie 5-34" is mounted on the top of the 5-31 "car body. The monorail bogie 5-34 "includes traveling wheels 5-35", guide wheels 5-36 ", and stabilizer wheels 5-37". The traveling wheels 5-35 "are used to support the body 5-31", and the guide wheels "5 -36 is used for the guidance of the body 5-31 ", and the stabilizer wheel 5-37" is used to maintain the body of the 5-31 " Balanced and stable, the body 5-11 "and the body 5-31" are connected through the connection system 5-2 ". It should be noted that the number of sections of the logistics vehicle in the suspended logistics monorail vehicle system is not only two. The number of sections of the specific logistics vehicle is comprehensively considered according to the specific logistics transportation situation. The traveling wheels with traction function 5-15 "bogies 5-14 "Can be located at the head of the marshalling logistics vehicle, at the tail of the marshalling logistics vehicle, or at the middle of the marshalling logistics vehicle.
根据本发明的带分散式动力物流车辆的悬挂式物流单轨交通系统或带集中式动力物流车辆的悬挂式物流单轨交通系统可以设置在公路中分带上、设置在田野中或设置在市区街道中,其与磁浮式物流交通系统的设置方式相同,在此不再赘述。The suspension logistics monorail transportation system with decentralized power logistics vehicles or the suspension logistics monorail transportation system with centralized power logistics vehicles according to the present invention can be installed on a highway sub-belt, in a field, or in an urban street. , Which is the same as the magnetic levitation logistics transportation system, and will not be repeated here.
实施例9.上磁浮式钢箱轨道梁下悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁的双制式单轨交通系统。Embodiment 9. A dual-system monorail transportation system with an upper magnetic floating steel box rail beam and a suspended single-track I-beam steel rail beam.
结合图32对基于本专利的一种双制式单轨交通系统进行示范说明。所述结构由桥墩1a”’、桥墩2a”’、磁浮式钢箱轨道梁3a”’、磁浮式钢箱轨道梁4a”’、悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁5a”’和悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁6a”’组成,磁浮式钢箱轨道梁3a”’和磁浮式钢箱轨道梁4a”’通过支座安装于盖梁7a”’与盖梁8a”’顶部,悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁5a”’和悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁6a”’通过支座与拉索安装于盖梁7a”’与盖梁8a”’ 底部。An exemplary description of a dual-system monorail transportation system based on this patent is given in conjunction with FIG. 32. The structure consists of bridge piers 1a "', bridge piers 2a"', magnetic floating steel box rail beams 3a "', magnetic floating steel box rail beams 4a"', suspended monorail I-beam steel rail beams 5a "', and suspended monorail workers. -Shaped steel track beam 6a "', magnetically levitated steel box track beam 3a"' and magnetically levitated steel box track beam 4a "'are installed on the top of cover beam 7a"' and cover beam 8a "'through a support, a suspended monorail The steel beams 5a "'and the suspended single-track I-beam steel beams 6a"' are mounted on the bottom of the cover beam 7a "'and the cover beam 8a"' via supports and cables.
实施例10.上磁浮式钢箱轨道梁下悬挂式单轨底部开口钢箱轨道梁的双制式单轨交通系统。Embodiment 10. A dual-system monorail transportation system with an upper magnetic floating steel box track beam and a suspended single-track steel box track beam with a bottom opening.
结合图33对基于本专利的一种双制式单轨交通系统进行示范说明。所述结构由桥墩1b”’、桥墩2b”’、磁浮式钢箱轨道梁3b”’、磁浮式钢箱轨道梁4b”’、悬挂式单轨底部开口钢箱轨道梁5b”’和悬挂式单轨底部开口钢箱轨道梁6b”’组成,磁浮式钢箱轨道梁3b”’和磁浮式钢箱轨道梁4b”’通过支座安装于盖梁7b”’与盖梁8b”’顶部,悬挂式单轨底部开口钢箱轨道梁5b”’和悬挂式单轨底部开口钢箱轨道梁6b”’通过支座与拉索安装于盖梁7b”’与盖梁8b”’底部。An exemplary description of a dual-system monorail transportation system based on this patent is given in conjunction with FIG. 33. The structure consists of a bridge pier 1b "', a bridge pier 2b"', a maglev steel box track beam 3b "', a maglev steel box track beam 4b"', a suspended monorail bottom opening steel box track beam 5b "', and a suspended monorail The bottom opening steel box track beam 6b "'is composed of a magnetically levitated steel box track beam 3b"' and a magnetically levitated steel box track beam 4b "'mounted on the top of the cover beam 7b"' and the cover beam 8b "'through a support, suspended type The monorail bottom open steel box rail beam 5b "'and the suspended monorail bottom open steel box rail beam 6b"' are mounted on the bottom of the cover beam 7b "'and the cover beam 8b"' through the support and the cable.
实施例11.上磁浮式工字钢轨道梁下悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁的双制式单轨交通系统。Embodiment 11. A double-type monorail transportation system with an upper magnetic floating I-beam steel beam and a suspended single-track I-beam steel beam.
结合图34对基于本专利的一种双制式单轨交通系统进行示范说明。所述结构由桥墩1c”’、桥墩2c”’、磁浮式工字钢轨道梁3c”’、磁浮式工字钢轨道梁4c”’、悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁5c”’和悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁6c”’组成,磁浮式工字钢轨道梁3c”’和磁浮式工字钢轨道梁4c”’通过支座安装于盖梁7c”’与盖梁8c”’顶部,悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁5c”’和悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁6c”’通过支座与拉索安装于盖梁7c”’与盖梁8c”’底部。A dual-standard monorail transportation system based on this patent will be exemplified with reference to FIG. 34. The structure is composed of a bridge pier 1c "', a bridge pier 2c"', a maglev I-beam steel track beam 3c "', a maglev I-beam steel track beam 4c"', a suspended single-track I-beam steel track beam 5c "', and a suspension type It consists of a single-track I-beam track beam 6c "', a magnetically levitated I-beam track beam 3c"' and a magnetically levitated I-beam track beam 4c "'are mounted on the top of the cover beam 7c"' and the cover beam 8c "'through a support, The suspended monorail I-steel rail beam 5c "'and the suspended monorail I-steel rail beam 6c"' are mounted on the bottom of the cover beam 7c "'and the cover beam 8c"' via a support and a cable.
实施例12.上磁浮式工字钢轨道梁下悬挂式单轨底部开口钢箱轨道梁的双制式单轨交通系统。Embodiment 12. A dual-type monorail transportation system with an upper magnetic floating I-beam steel rail beam and a suspended single rail bottom steel box rail beam at the bottom.
结合图35对基于本专利的一种双制式单轨交通系统进行示范说明。所述结构由桥墩1d”’、桥墩2d”’、磁浮式工字钢轨道梁3d”’、磁浮式工字钢轨道梁4d”’、悬挂式单轨底部开口钢箱轨道梁5d”’和悬挂式单轨底部开口钢箱轨道梁6d”’组成,磁浮式工字钢轨道梁3d”’和磁浮式工字钢轨道梁4d”’通过支座安装于盖梁7d”’与盖梁8d”’顶部,悬挂式单轨底部开口钢箱轨道梁5d”’和悬挂式单轨底部开口钢箱轨道梁6d”’通过支座与拉索安装于盖梁7d”’与盖梁8d”’底部。An example of a dual-system monorail transportation system based on this patent will be described with reference to FIG. 35. The structure consists of a bridge pier 1d "', a bridge pier 2d"', a maglev type I-steel track beam 3d "', a maglev type I-steel track beam 4d"', a suspended monorail bottom opening steel box track beam 5d "', and a suspension Type monorail bottom opening steel box track beam 6d "', magnetically levitated I-beam steel beam 3d"' and magnetically levitated I-beam steel beam 4d "'are installed on the cover beam 7d"' and the cover beam 8d "'through the support The top, suspended monorail bottom open steel box rail beam 5d "'and the suspended monorail bottom open steel box rail beam 6d"' are mounted on the bottom of the cover beam 7d "'and the cover beam 8d"' via supports and cables.
实施例13.上跨座式单轨钢箱轨道梁下悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁的双制式单轨交通系统。Embodiment 13. A double-type monorail transportation system with an upper straddle-type monorail steel box rail beam and a suspended monorail I-beam rail beam.
结合图36对基于本专利的一种双制式单轨交通系统进行示范说明。所述结构由桥墩1e”’、桥墩2e”’、跨座式单轨钢箱轨道梁3e”’、跨座式单轨钢箱轨道梁4e”’、悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁5e”’和悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁6e”’组成,跨座式单轨钢箱轨 道梁3e”’和跨座式单轨钢箱轨道梁4e”’通过支座安装于盖梁7e”’与盖梁8e”’顶部,悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁5e”’和悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁6e”’通过支座与拉索安装于盖梁7e”’与盖梁8e”’底部。An example of a dual-system monorail transportation system based on this patent will be described with reference to FIG. 36. The structure consists of a bridge pier 1e "', a bridge pier 2e"', a straddle type monorail steel box track beam 3e "', a straddle type monorail steel box track beam 4e"', a suspended monorail I-beam steel track beam 5e "'and Hanging monorail I-beam steel rail beam 6e "', straddle monorail steel box rail beam 3e"' and straddle monorail steel box rail beam 4e "'are installed on the cover beam 7e"' and the cover beam 8e via bearings "" Top, suspended monorail I-steel rail beam 5e "'and suspended monorail I-steel rail beam 6e"' are mounted on the bottom of the cover beam 7e "'and the cover beam 8e"' via supports and cables.
实施例14.上跨座式单轨钢箱轨道梁下悬挂式单轨底部开口钢箱轨道梁的双制式单轨交通系统。Embodiment 14. A double-type monorail transportation system with an upper straddle type monorail steel box track beam and a lower suspension monorail bottom opening steel box track beam.
结合图37对基于本专利的一种双制式单轨交通系统进行示范说明。所述结构由桥墩1f”’、桥墩2f”’、跨座式单轨钢箱轨道梁3f”’、跨座式单轨钢箱轨道梁4f”’、悬挂式单轨底部开口钢箱轨道梁5f”’和悬挂式单轨底部开口钢箱轨道梁6f”’组成,跨座式单轨钢箱轨道梁3f”’和跨座式单轨钢箱轨道梁4f”’通过支座安装于盖梁7f”’与盖梁8f”’顶部,悬挂式单轨底部开口钢箱轨道梁5f”’和悬挂式单轨底部开口钢箱轨道梁6f”’通过支座与拉索安装于盖梁7f”’与盖梁8f”’底部。An exemplary description of a dual-system monorail transportation system based on this patent is given in conjunction with FIG. 37. The structure consists of a bridge pier 1f "', a bridge pier 2f"', a straddle type monorail steel box rail beam 3f "', a straddle type monorail steel box rail beam 4f"', and a suspended monorail bottom opening steel box rail beam 5f "' And suspended monorail steel box rail beam 6f "'at the bottom, straddle monorail steel box rail beam 3f"' and straddle monorail steel box rail beam 4f "'installed on the cover beam 7f"' through the support and the cover Beam 8f "'top, suspended monorail bottom open steel box rail beam 5f"' and suspended monorail bottom open steel box rail beam 6f "'are mounted on the cover beam 7f"' and the cover beam 8f "'via a support and a cable bottom.
实施例15.上磁浮式混凝土轨道梁下悬挂式单轨底部开口混凝土轨道梁的双制式单轨交通系统。Embodiment 15. A dual-system monorail transportation system with an upper magnetic floating concrete track beam and a suspended single track bottom opening concrete track beam.
结合图38对基于本专利的一种双制式单轨交通系统进行示范说明。所述结构由桥墩1g”’、桥墩2g”’、磁浮式混凝土轨道梁3g”’、磁浮式混凝土轨道梁4g”’、悬挂式单轨底部开口混凝土轨道梁5g”’和悬挂式单轨底部开口混凝土轨道梁6g”’组成,磁浮式混凝土轨道梁3g”’和磁浮式混凝土轨道梁4g”’通过支座安装于盖梁7g”’与盖梁8g”’顶部,悬挂式单轨底部开口混凝土轨道梁5g”’和悬挂式单轨底部开口混凝土轨道梁6g”’通过支座与拉索安装于盖梁7g”’与盖梁8g”’底部。An example of a dual-system monorail transportation system based on this patent will be described with reference to FIG. 38. The structure consists of a bridge pier 1g "', a bridge pier 2g"', a magnetic floating concrete track beam 3g "', a magnetic floating concrete track beam 4g"', a suspended monorail bottom opening concrete track beam 5g "', and a suspended monorail bottom opening concrete The track beam is composed of 6g "', the magnetic floating concrete track beam 3g"' and the magnetic floating concrete track beam 4g "'are installed on the top of the cover beam 7g"' and the cover beam 8g "'through the support, and the suspended monorail is opened at the bottom of the concrete track beam 5g "'and the suspended monorail bottom opening concrete track beam 6g"' are installed on the bottom of the cover beam 7g "'and the cover beam 8g"' through the support and the cable.
实施例16.上跨座式单轨混凝土轨道梁下悬挂式单轨底部开口混凝土轨道梁的双制式单轨交通系统。Embodiment 16. A double-type monorail transportation system with an upper straddle type monorail concrete track beam and a lower suspension monorail bottom-open concrete track beam.
结合图39对基于本专利的一种双制式单轨交通系统进行示范说明。所述结构由桥墩1h”’、桥墩2h”’、跨座式单轨混凝土轨道梁3h”’、跨座式单轨混凝土轨道梁4h”’、悬挂式单轨底部开口混凝土轨道梁5h”’和悬挂式单轨底部开口混凝土轨道梁6h”’组成,跨座式单轨混凝土轨道梁3h”’和跨座式单轨混凝土轨道梁4h”’通过支座安装于盖梁7h”’与盖梁8h”’顶部,悬挂式单轨底部开口混凝土轨道梁5h”’和悬挂式单轨底部开口混凝土轨道梁6h”’通过支座与拉索安装于盖梁7h”’与盖梁8h”’底部。An example of a dual-system monorail transportation system based on this patent will be described with reference to FIG. 39. The structure consists of a bridge pier 1h "', a bridge pier 2h"', a straddle type monorail concrete track beam 3h "', a straddle type monorail concrete track beam 4h"', a suspended monorail bottom opening concrete track beam 5h "', and a suspension type The single-track concrete track beam at the bottom is composed of 6h "', the straddle-type monorail concrete track beam 3h"' and the straddle-type monorail concrete track beam 4h "'are installed on the top of the cover beam 7h"' and the cover beam 8h "'through the support, The suspended single-track bottom-opened concrete track beam 5h "'and the suspended single-track bottom-opened concrete track beam 6h"' are installed at the bottom of the cover beam 7h "'and the cover beam 8h"' through the support and the cable.
实施例17.上磁浮式混凝土轨道梁下悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁框架的双制式单轨交通系统。Embodiment 17. A dual-system monorail transportation system with an upper magnetic floating concrete track beam and a suspended single-track I-beam steel track beam frame.
结合图40对基于本专利的一种双制式单轨交通系统进行示范说明。所述结构由 桥墩1-1i”’、桥墩1-2i”’、桥墩2-1i”’、桥墩2-2i”’、磁浮式混凝土轨道梁3i”’、磁浮式混凝土轨道梁4i”’、悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁5i”’和悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁6i”’组成,磁浮式混凝土轨道梁3i”’和磁浮式混凝土轨道梁4i”’通过支座安装于盖梁7i”’与盖梁8i”’顶部,悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁5i”’和悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁6i”’通过支座与拉索安装于盖梁7i”’与盖梁8i”’底部。A dual-standard monorail transportation system based on this patent will be exemplified with reference to FIG. 40. The structure consists of a bridge pier 1-1i "', a bridge pier 1-2i"', a bridge pier 2-1i "', a bridge pier 2-2i"', a maglev concrete track beam 3i "', a maglev concrete track beam 4i"', Hanging monorail I-beam steel rail beam 5i "'and suspension monorail I-beam steel rail beam 6i"', the magnetic floating concrete track beam 3i "'and the magnetic floating concrete track beam 4i"' are installed on the cover beam 7i through the support ”'And cover beam 8i”' on top, suspended monorail I-beam steel rail beam 5i ”'and suspended monorail I-beam steel rail beam 6i”' are mounted on the cover beam 7i ”'and the cover beam 8i via supports and cables "'bottom.
实施例18.上跨座式单轨混凝土轨道梁下悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁框架的双制式单轨交通系统。Embodiment 18. A dual-system monorail transportation system with an upper-span monorail concrete track beam and a suspended monorail I-steel rail beam frame.
结合图41对基于本专利的一种双制式单轨交通系统进行示范说明。所述结构由桥墩1-1j”’、桥墩1-2j”’、桥墩2-1j”’、桥墩2-2j”’、跨座式单轨混凝土轨道梁3j”’、跨座式单轨混凝土轨道梁4j”’、悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁5j”’和悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁6j”’组成,跨座式单轨混凝土轨道梁3j”’和跨座式单轨混凝土轨道梁4j”’通过支座安装于盖梁7j”’与盖梁8j”’顶部,悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁5j”’和悬挂式单轨工字钢轨道梁6j”’通过支座与拉索安装于盖梁7j”’与盖梁8j”’底部。An exemplary description of a dual-system monorail transportation system based on this patent is given in conjunction with FIG. 41. The structure consists of piers 1-1j "', piers 1-2j"', piers 2-1j "', piers 2-2j"', straddle type monorail concrete track beams 3j "', straddle type monorail concrete track beams 4j "', suspended monorail I-beam steel rail beam 5j"' and suspended monorail I-beam steel rail beam 6j "', straddle monorail concrete track beam 3j"' and straddle monorail concrete track beam 4j "' Mounted on the top of the cover beam 7j "'and the cover beam 8j"' through the support, the suspended monorail I-beam steel track beam 5j "'and the suspended single-rail I-beam steel track beam 6j"' are mounted on the cover by the support and cable The bottom of the beam 7j "'and the cover beam 8j"'.
以上所述的具体实施方法,对本专利的目的、技术方案和有益效果进行了说明。所应强调的是,以上所述仅为本专利的具体实施例而已,并不能用于限制本专利的范围。凡在本专利的精神和原则之内,所做的任何修改、等同替换或改进等,均应包含在本专利的保护范围之内。The specific implementation method described above explains the purpose, technical solution and beneficial effects of this patent. It should be emphasized that the above descriptions are only specific embodiments of the patent and cannot be used to limit the scope of the patent. Any modification, equivalent replacement or improvement made within the spirit and principle of this patent shall be included in the protection scope of this patent.

Claims (13)

  1. 一种物流单轨交通系统,其特征在于,所述物流单轨交通系统包括物流轨道梁桥系统、物流车辆系统、物流道岔系统、物流装卸系统和物流信号系统;其中,所述物流轨道梁桥系统以独墩柱或框架式墩柱的形式设置在公路、田野或市区街道上。A logistics monorail transportation system, characterized in that the logistics monorail transportation system includes a logistics rail beam bridge system, a logistics vehicle system, a logistics turnout system, a logistics loading and unloading system, and a logistics signal system; wherein the logistics rail beam bridge system is based on The form of a single pier or a frame pier is set on a road, field or urban street.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的物流单轨交通系统,其特征在于:所述物流单轨交通系统包括磁浮式物流单轨交通系统、跨座式物流单轨交通系统或悬挂式物流单轨交通系统。The logistics monorail transportation system according to claim 1, wherein the logistics monorail transportation system comprises a maglev logistics monorail transportation system, a straddle-type logistics monorail transportation system, or a suspended logistics monorail transportation system.
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的物流单轨交通系统,其特征在于:所述物流车辆系统采用开敞式结构,用于运输货物集装箱;所述物流车辆系统内设置有货物集装箱。The logistics monorail transportation system according to claim 1, wherein the logistics vehicle system adopts an open structure for transporting cargo containers; and the cargo vehicle system is provided in the logistics vehicle system.
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的物流单轨交通系统,其特征在于:所述物流车辆系统采用集中式动力系统或者分散式动力系统。The logistics monorail transportation system according to claim 3, wherein the logistics vehicle system adopts a centralized power system or a decentralized power system.
  5. 根据权利要求1所述的物流单轨交通系统,其特征在于:所述物流道岔系统采用框架式结构,在空中实现线路的转换。The logistics monorail transportation system according to claim 1, characterized in that: the logistics turnout system adopts a frame structure, and realizes line conversion in the air.
  6. 根据权利要求5所述的物流单轨交通系统,其特征在于:所述物流道岔系统包括墩柱、框架和道岔梁;所述道岔梁为关节可挠型道岔梁或移梁型道岔梁或枢轴型道岔梁。The logistics monorail transportation system according to claim 5, characterized in that: the logistics turnout system comprises a pier, a frame, and a turnout beam; the turnout beam is a joint-flexible turnout beam or a moving beam-type turnout beam or pivot Type turnout beam.
  7. 根据权利要求1所述的物流单轨交通系统,其特征在于:所述物流装卸系统采用天车或装卸车,对物流车辆上的集装箱进行装卸。The logistics monorail transportation system according to claim 1, wherein the logistics loading and unloading system uses a crane or a loading and unloading vehicle to load and unload containers on the logistics vehicle.
  8. 根据权利要求1所述的物流单轨交通系统,其特征在于:所述物流信号系统包括采用控制所述物流车辆系统的物流单轨车辆走行的无人驾驶系统和控制所述物流道岔系统进行物流单轨道岔转换线路的道岔控制信号系统。The logistics monorail transportation system according to claim 1, wherein the logistics signal system comprises an unmanned driving system that controls the movement of a logistics monorail vehicle of the logistics vehicle system and a logistics single track turnout that controls the logistics turnout system Turnout control signal system for switching lines.
  9. 根据权利要求2所述的物流单轨交通系统,其特征在于:在同一个墩柱上设有单制式的单轨交通或双制式的单轨交通;或者在同一个框架上设有单制式的单轨交通或双制式的单轨交通。The logistics monorail transportation system according to claim 2, characterized in that: a single monorail or a dual monorail is provided on the same pier; or a single monorail or a monorail is provided on the same frame; Double-standard monorail.
  10. 根据权利要求9所述的物流单轨交通系统,其特征在于:所述的双制式的单轨交通的上层次是跨座式单轨交通系统或磁浮交通系统;所述的双制式的单轨交通的下层次是悬挂式单轨交通系统。The logistics monorail transportation system according to claim 9, characterized in that: the upper level of the dual-system monorail transportation is a straddle-type monorail transportation system or a maglev transportation system; and the lower level of the dual-system monorail transportation It is a suspended monorail system.
  11. 根据权利要求10所述的物流单轨交通系统,其特征在于:所述的双制式的单轨交通中的跨座式单轨交通系统的轨道梁是钢箱轨道梁或混凝土轨道梁。The logistics monorail transportation system according to claim 10, wherein the track beam of the straddle-type monorail transportation system in the dual-system monorail is a steel box rail beam or a concrete rail beam.
  12. 根据权利要求10所述的物流单轨交通系统,其特征在于:所述的双制式的单轨交通中的磁浮交通系统的轨道梁是钢箱轨道梁、工字钢轨道梁或混凝土轨道梁。The logistics monorail transportation system according to claim 10, wherein the track beam of the maglev transportation system in the dual-system monorail is a steel box track beam, an I-beam track beam or a concrete track beam.
  13. 根据权利要求10所述的物流单轨交通系统,其特征在于:所述的双制式的单轨交通中的悬挂式单轨交通系统的轨道梁是底部开口钢箱轨道梁、工字钢轨道梁或底部开口混凝土轨道梁。The logistics monorail transportation system according to claim 10, wherein the track beam of the suspended monorail transportation system in the dual-system monorail is a bottom-open steel box rail beam, an I-beam steel rail beam or a bottom opening Concrete track beam.
PCT/CN2019/104239 2018-09-03 2019-09-03 Logistic monorail transportation system WO2020048460A1 (en)

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CN201811021475.3A CN109137641A (en) 2018-09-03 2018-09-03 A kind of double-standard monorail traffic system
CN201811023548.2 2018-09-03
CN201811021621.2A CN109131375A (en) 2018-09-03 2018-09-03 A kind of suspended material-transfer monorail traffic system
CN201811021475.3 2018-09-03
CN201811022993.7 2018-09-03
CN201811021621.2 2018-09-03
CN201811022993.7A CN109131376A (en) 2018-09-03 2018-09-03 A kind of maglev type Logistics Transportation system
CN201811023548.2A CN109162156A (en) 2018-09-03 2018-09-03 A kind of straddle-type logistics monorail traffic system

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