WO2020034357A1 - Rock core fidelity cabin - Google Patents

Rock core fidelity cabin Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2020034357A1
WO2020034357A1 PCT/CN2018/108978 CN2018108978W WO2020034357A1 WO 2020034357 A1 WO2020034357 A1 WO 2020034357A1 CN 2018108978 W CN2018108978 W CN 2018108978W WO 2020034357 A1 WO2020034357 A1 WO 2020034357A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
core
valve
capsule
fidelity
flap
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PCT/CN2018/108978
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谢和平
高明忠
陈领
张茹
张志龙
张泽天
鲁义强
李聪
何志强
华夏
明传剑
彭高友
陆彤
Original Assignee
四川大学
深圳大学
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Priority to CN201810917805.0 priority Critical
Priority to CN201810917805.0A priority patent/CN109113610A/en
Application filed by 四川大学, 深圳大学 filed Critical 四川大学
Publication of WO2020034357A1 publication Critical patent/WO2020034357A1/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B25/00Apparatus for obtaining or removing undisturbed cores, e.g. core barrels, core extractors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K1/00Lift valves or globe valves, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closure members having at least a component of their opening and closing motion perpendicular to the closing faces
    • F16K1/16Lift valves or globe valves, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closure members having at least a component of their opening and closing motion perpendicular to the closing faces with pivoted closure-members
    • F16K1/18Lift valves or globe valves, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closure members having at least a component of their opening and closing motion perpendicular to the closing faces with pivoted closure-members with pivoted discs or flaps
    • F16K1/20Lift valves or globe valves, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closure members having at least a component of their opening and closing motion perpendicular to the closing faces with pivoted closure-members with pivoted discs or flaps with axis of rotation arranged externally of valve member
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K1/00Lift valves or globe valves, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closure members having at least a component of their opening and closing motion perpendicular to the closing faces
    • F16K1/32Details
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K1/00Lift valves or globe valves, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closure members having at least a component of their opening and closing motion perpendicular to the closing faces
    • F16K1/32Details
    • F16K1/34Cutting-off parts, e.g. valve members, seats
    • F16K1/36Valve members

Abstract

A rock core fidelity cabin, comprising an inner core taking cylinder (8) and an outer core taking cylinder (6), the outer core taking cylinder (6) is sleeved on the inner core taking cylinder (8), an upper end of the inner core taking cylinder (8) is sealed, the inner core taking cylinder (8) is provided with a piston (7), the piston (7) radially separates the inner core taking cylinder (8), the upper end of the inner core taking cylinder (8) is connected with one end of a pipeline, the other end of the pipeline is connected with a liquid nitrogen storage tank (25), a valve (26) is disposed on the pipeline, the liquid nitrogen storage tank (25) is located in the outer core taking cylinder (6), and the outer core taking cylinder (6) is provided with a flap valve (3). The pressure in the rock core fidelity cabin can be adjusted such that the rock core (1) is maintained at a state in the in-situ environment.

Description

岩芯保真舱Core fidelity capsule 技术领域Technical field
本发明涉及油气田勘探领域,尤其涉及一种岩芯保真舱。The invention relates to the field of oil and gas field exploration, in particular to a rock core fidelity capsule.
背景技术Background technique
在油气田勘探过程中,岩芯是发现油气层和研究地层、生油层、储油层、盖层、构造等的重要资料,通过对岩芯的观察研究,可以直接地了解地下岩层的岩性、物性和含油、气、水产状特征。油田投入开发后,要通过岩芯进一步研究和认识油层沉积特征,储层的物性、孔隙结构、润湿性、相对渗透率、岩相特征,油层物理模拟和油层水淹规律;认识和掌握不同开发阶段、不同含水阶段油层水淹特征,搞清剩余油分布,为油田开发方案设计,层系、井网调整和加密井提供科学依据。During the exploration of oil and gas fields, cores are important data for discovering oil and gas layers and studying formations, oil layers, reservoirs, caps, structures, etc. Through the observation and study of cores, you can directly understand the lithology and physical properties of underground rocks. And oily, gas, aquatic characteristics. After the oilfield is put into development, it is necessary to further study and understand the sedimentary characteristics of the reservoir through the core, the physical properties, pore structure, wettability, relative permeability, lithofacies of the reservoir, physical simulation of the reservoir, and the law of water flooding in the reservoir; Water flooding characteristics of the reservoirs in the development stage and in different water-cutting stages, to clarify the distribution of remaining oil, and to provide scientific basis for the design of oilfield development schemes, layer system, well pattern adjustment, and infill wells.
取岩芯是在钻井过程中使用特殊的取芯工具把地下岩石成块地取到地面上来,这种成块的岩石叫做岩芯,通过它可以测定岩石的各种性质,直观地研究地下构造和岩石沉积环境,了解其中的流体性质等。在矿产勘探和开发过程中,需要按地质设计的地层层位和深度,开展钻进工作,向井内下入取芯工具,钻取出的岩芯样品,并存储在岩芯存储舱中,在设备上升过程中,岩芯存储舱的压力等环境参数会降低,使得岩芯不能保持其在原位环境下的状态。Coring is the use of special coring tools to pull underground rocks into the ground during drilling. This type of rock is called a core, which can be used to determine various properties of the rock and intuitively study the underground structure. And rock sedimentary environment, and understand the fluid properties. In the process of mineral exploration and development, it is necessary to carry out drilling according to the stratigraphic level and depth of the geological design. The core tools are drilled into the well, and the core samples are drilled and stored in the core storage compartment. During the ascent, environmental parameters such as the pressure of the core storage compartment will decrease, making the core unable to maintain its state in the in-situ environment.
发明内容Summary of the Invention
本发明旨在提供岩芯保真舱,能够调整舱内的压力,有利于岩芯保持其在原位环境下的状态。The invention aims to provide a core fidelity capsule, which can adjust the pressure in the capsule, and is beneficial to the core to maintain its state in the in-situ environment.
为达到上述目的,本发明是采用以下技术方案实现的:To achieve the above object, the present invention is implemented by using the following technical solutions:
本发明公开的岩芯保真舱,包括内取芯筒和外取芯筒,所述外取芯筒套在内取芯筒上,所述内取芯筒上端封闭,内取芯筒的设有活塞,所述活塞径向隔断内取芯筒,内取芯筒上端连接管道的一端,所述管道的另一端连接液氮存储罐,管道上设有阀门,所述液氮存储罐位于外取芯筒内,所述外取芯筒设有翻板阀。The core fidelity capsule disclosed by the invention comprises an inner core cylinder and an outer core cylinder, the outer core cylinder is sleeved on the inner core cylinder, the upper end of the inner core cylinder is closed, and the inner core cylinder is provided with a device. There is a piston, the piston radially cuts off the inner core cylinder, the upper end of the inner core cylinder is connected to one end of a pipeline, and the other end of the pipeline is connected to a liquid nitrogen storage tank, and a valve is arranged on the pipeline, and the liquid nitrogen storage tank is located outside Inside the coring cylinder, the outer coring cylinder is provided with a flap valve.
进一步的,所述内取芯筒的内壁附着石墨烯层。Further, a graphene layer is attached to an inner wall of the inner core cylinder.
进一步的,所述内取芯筒上部填充滴水成膜剂。Further, the upper part of the inner core tube is filled with a dripping film-forming agent.
优选的,所述翻板阀包括阀座和阀瓣,所述阀瓣包括弹性密封圈、弹性连接条、密封件和多个依次平行排列的锁条,弹性连接条将所有锁条串连并由弹性密封圈将所有锁条箍在一起形成整体结构,锁条上有与弹性密封圈适配的卡槽,弹性密封圈装在卡槽中,相邻两个锁条间设有密封件,阀瓣一端通过限位铰链活动连接在阀座上端。Preferably, the flap valve includes a valve seat and a valve disc, and the valve disc includes an elastic sealing ring, an elastic connecting bar, a sealing member, and a plurality of locking bars arranged in parallel in sequence. The elastic connecting bar connects all the locking bars in series and All the lock bars are hooped together by the elastic sealing ring to form an integrated structure. The lock bar has a card slot adapted to the elastic seal ring. The elastic seal ring is installed in the card slot, and a seal is provided between two adjacent lock bars. One end of the valve flap is movably connected to the upper end of the valve seat through a limit hinge.
优选的,所述阀瓣在未翻下时为弧形,阀瓣与内取芯筒的外壁贴合;阀瓣在翻下时为平面并盖住阀座上端。Preferably, the valve flap is curved when it is not turned down, and the valve flap is in conformity with the outer wall of the inner core barrel; when it is turned down, the valve flap is flat and covers the upper end of the valve seat.
进一步的,所述外取芯筒内壁设有密封腔,所述翻板阀位于密封腔,所述密封腔与内取芯筒连通。Further, a sealing cavity is provided on an inner wall of the outer coring cylinder, the flap valve is located in the sealing cavity, and the sealing cavity is in communication with the inner coring cylinder.
进一步的,所述外取芯筒内壁设有密封圈,所述密封圈位于翻板阀的下方。Further, a sealing ring is provided on the inner wall of the outer core barrel, and the sealing ring is located below the flap valve.
优选的,所述内取芯筒为PVC材质。Preferably, the inner core barrel is made of PVC.
优选的,所述阀门为电控阀。Preferably, the valve is an electronically controlled valve.
本发明的有益效果如下:The beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows:
1、本发明可通过液氮推动活塞调整舱内的压力,有利于岩芯保持其在原位环境下的状态。1. The present invention can adjust the pressure in the cabin by pushing the piston with liquid nitrogen, which is beneficial for the core to maintain its state in the in-situ environment.
2、本发明的翻板阀机构能够在取芯完成时自动封闭保真舱,结构简单,安全可靠。2. The flap valve mechanism of the present invention can automatically close the fidelity compartment when the coring is completed, and has a simple structure, safety and reliability.
3、本发明的石墨烯层能够降低岩芯在PVC管内侧的滑动阻力,同时提高内侧的强度和表面精度,增强热导系数等。3. The graphene layer of the present invention can reduce the sliding resistance of the rock core on the inside of the PVC pipe, at the same time improve the strength and surface accuracy of the inside, and enhance the thermal conductivity.
4、本发明的密封腔可以隔绝通过保真腔内的钻井液。4. The sealed cavity of the present invention can isolate the drilling fluid passing through the fidelity cavity.
附图说明BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
图1为本发明结构示意图;FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention;
图2为翻板阀未翻下时的结构示意图;2 is a schematic structural diagram of a flap valve when it is not turned down;
图3为翻板阀已翻下时的结构示意图;3 is a schematic structural diagram of a flap valve when it has been turned down;
图4为阀瓣的结构示意图;4 is a schematic structural diagram of a valve disc;
图5为密封腔的结构示意图;5 is a schematic structural diagram of a sealed cavity;
图6为内取芯筒的局部剖视图。Fig. 6 is a partial cross-sectional view of an inner core barrel.
具体实施方式detailed description
为了使本发明的目的、技术方案及优点更加清楚明白,以下结合附图,对本发明进行进一步详细说明。In order to make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention clearer, the present invention is further described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
如图1所示,本发明公开的岩芯保真舱,包括内取芯筒8和外取芯筒6,内取芯筒8用于放置岩芯1,外取芯筒6套在内取芯筒6上,内取芯筒8上端封闭,内取芯筒8的设有活塞7,活塞7径向隔断内取芯筒8,内取芯筒8上端连接管道的一端,管道的另一端连接液氮存储罐25,管道上设有阀门26,液氮存储罐25位于外取芯筒6内,外取芯筒6设有翻板阀3。As shown in FIG. 1, the core fidelity capsule disclosed in the present invention includes an inner core cylinder 8 and an outer core cylinder 6. The inner core cylinder 8 is used for placing the core 1 and the outer core cylinder 6 is set inside. On the core cylinder 6, the upper end of the inner core cylinder 8 is closed. The inner core cylinder 8 is provided with a piston 7. The piston 7 radially separates the inner core cylinder 8. The upper end of the inner core cylinder 8 is connected to one end of the pipe and the other end of the pipe Connected to the liquid nitrogen storage tank 25, a valve 26 is provided on the pipeline. The liquid nitrogen storage tank 25 is located inside the outer core cylinder 6, and the outer core cylinder 6 is provided with a flap valve 3.
具体的,如图2、图3、图4所示,翻板阀3包括阀座36和阀瓣37,阀瓣37包括弹性密封圈34、弹性连接条32、密封件和多个依次平行排列的锁条35,弹性连接条32将所有锁条35串连并由弹性密封圈34将所有锁条35箍在一起形成整体结构,锁条35上有与弹性密封圈适配的卡槽31,弹性密封圈34装在卡槽31中,相邻两个锁条35间设有密封件,阀瓣3一端通过限位铰链33活动连 接在阀座36上端;阀瓣37在未翻下时为弧形,阀瓣37与内取芯筒8的外壁贴合;阀瓣37在翻下时为平面并盖住阀座36上端。Specifically, as shown in FIG. 2, FIG. 3, and FIG. 4, the flap valve 3 includes a valve seat 36 and a valve disc 37, and the valve disc 37 includes an elastic sealing ring 34, an elastic connecting bar 32, a seal, and a plurality of parallel arrays in order. The lock strip 35 and the elastic connecting strip 32 connect all the lock strips 35 in series and hoop all the lock strips 35 together by the elastic seal ring 34 to form an integrated structure. The lock strip 35 has a slot 31 adapted to the elastic seal ring. An elastic seal ring 34 is installed in the slot 31, and a seal is provided between two adjacent lock bars 35. One end of the valve flap 3 is movably connected to the upper end of the valve seat 36 through a limit hinge 33. The valve flap 37 is In an arc shape, the valve flap 37 fits on the outer wall of the inner core barrel 8; the valve flap 37 is flat and covers the upper end of the valve seat 36 when it is turned down.
如图5所示,外取芯筒6内设有密封腔37,所述翻板阀3位于密封腔37中,所述密封腔与内取芯筒连通。As shown in FIG. 5, a sealing cavity 37 is provided in the outer coring cylinder 6, and the flap valve 3 is located in the sealing cavity 37, and the sealing cavity is in communication with the inner coring cylinder.
如图6所示,内取芯筒8采用PVC材质,内取芯筒8的内壁附着石墨烯层81,内取芯筒8上部填充滴水成膜剂82,滴水成膜剂82位于活塞7下方。As shown in FIG. 6, the inner core cylinder 8 is made of PVC. The inner wall of the inner core cylinder 8 is attached with a graphene layer 81. The upper part of the inner core cylinder 8 is filled with a drip film-forming agent 82, which is located below the piston 7. .
当然,本发明还可有其它多种实施例,在不背离本发明精神及其实质的情况下,熟悉本领域的技术人员可根据本发明作出各种相应的改变和变形,但这些相应的改变和变形都应属于本发明所附的权利要求的保护范围。Of course, the present invention may have various other embodiments. Without departing from the spirit and essence of the present invention, those skilled in the art may make various corresponding changes and modifications according to the present invention, but these corresponding changes All modifications and variations shall fall within the protection scope of the appended claims.

Claims (9)

  1. 岩芯保真舱,其特征在于:包括内取芯筒和外取芯筒,所述外取芯筒套在内取芯筒上,所述内取芯筒上端封闭,内取芯筒的设有活塞,所述活塞径向隔断内取芯筒,内取芯筒上端连接管道的一端,所述管道的另一端连接液氮存储罐,管道上设有阀门,所述液氮存储罐位于外取芯筒内,所述外取芯筒设有翻板阀。The core core fidelity capsule is characterized in that it includes an inner core barrel and an outer core barrel, the outer core barrel is sleeved on the inner core barrel, the upper end of the inner core barrel is closed, and the inner core barrel is provided with There is a piston, the piston radially cuts off the inner core cylinder, the upper end of the inner core cylinder is connected to one end of a pipeline, and the other end of the pipeline is connected to a liquid nitrogen storage tank. Inside the coring cylinder, the outer coring cylinder is provided with a flap valve.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的岩芯保真舱,其特征在于:所述内取芯筒的内壁附着石墨烯层。The rock core fidelity capsule according to claim 1, wherein a graphene layer is attached to an inner wall of the inner core barrel.
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的岩芯保真舱,其特征在于:所述内取芯筒上部填充滴水成膜剂。The rock core fidelity capsule according to claim 2, wherein the upper part of the inner core tube is filled with a dripping film-forming agent.
  4. 根据权利要求1-3任意一项所述的岩芯保真舱,其特征在于:所述翻板阀包括阀座和阀瓣,所述阀瓣包括弹性密封圈、弹性连接条、密封件和多个依次平行排列的锁条,弹性连接条将所有锁条串连并由弹性密封圈将所有锁条箍在一起形成整体结构,锁条上有与弹性密封圈适配的卡槽,弹性密封圈装在卡槽中,相邻两个锁条间设有密封件,阀瓣一端通过限位铰链活动连接在阀座上端。The rock core fidelity capsule according to any one of claims 1-3, wherein the flap valve includes a valve seat and a valve disc, and the valve disc includes an elastic seal ring, an elastic connecting bar, a seal and A plurality of lock bars arranged in parallel in sequence. The elastic connecting bar connects all the lock bars in series and all the lock bars are hooped together by an elastic sealing ring to form an integrated structure. The ring is installed in the slot, and a seal is provided between two adjacent lock bars. One end of the valve flap is movably connected to the upper end of the valve seat through a limit hinge.
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的岩芯保真舱,其特征在于:所述阀瓣在未翻下时为弧形,阀瓣与内取芯筒的外壁贴合;阀瓣在翻下时为平面并盖住阀座上端。The rock core fidelity capsule according to claim 4, characterized in that: the valve flap is curved when it is not turned down, and the valve flap is in conformity with the outer wall of the inner core barrel; the valve flap is flat when turned down And cover the upper end of the valve seat.
  6. 根据权利要求4所述的岩芯保真舱,其特征在于:所述外取芯筒内壁设有密封腔,所述翻板阀位于密封腔,所述密封腔与内取芯筒连通。The rock core fidelity capsule according to claim 4, characterized in that: an inner wall of the outer core barrel is provided with a sealed cavity, the flap valve is located in the sealed cavity, and the sealed cavity is in communication with the inner core barrel.
  7. 根据权利要求4所述的岩芯保真舱,其特征在于:所述外取芯筒内壁设有密封圈,所述密封圈位于翻板阀的下方。The rock core fidelity capsule according to claim 4, wherein a seal ring is provided on an inner wall of the outer coring cylinder, and the seal ring is located below the flap valve.
  8. 根据权利要求4所述的岩芯保真舱,其特征在于:所述内取芯筒为PVC材质。The rock core fidelity capsule according to claim 4, wherein the inner core barrel is made of PVC.
  9. 根据权利要求1所述的岩芯保真舱,其特征在于:所述阀门为电控阀。The core fidelity capsule according to claim 1, wherein the valve is an electronically controlled valve.
PCT/CN2018/108978 2018-08-13 2018-09-30 Rock core fidelity cabin WO2020034357A1 (en)

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US20120111635A1 (en) * 2010-04-13 2012-05-10 George Caffell Sample Encapsulation and Cache Device and Methods
CN102561970A (en) * 2011-12-20 2012-07-11 大连理工大学 Fidelity transfer device for natural drill cores of natural gas hydrates and method
CN106124242A (en) * 2016-06-01 2016-11-16 四川大学 Fidelity coring system and coring method in situ
CN107313732A (en) * 2017-08-17 2017-11-03 北京探矿工程研究所 A kind of rope swinging heat-insulation pressure keeping Sampling driller
CN108266147A (en) * 2018-01-16 2018-07-10 四川大学 Pressurize core transfer device and method
CN109113615A (en) * 2018-08-13 2019-01-01 四川大学 Core fidelity cabin with pressure-keeping functions

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