WO2020025027A1 - Guide plate capable of adjusting air induction volume and air direction, air conditioner indoor unit and air conditioner - Google Patents

Guide plate capable of adjusting air induction volume and air direction, air conditioner indoor unit and air conditioner Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2020025027A1
WO2020025027A1 PCT/CN2019/098889 CN2019098889W WO2020025027A1 WO 2020025027 A1 WO2020025027 A1 WO 2020025027A1 CN 2019098889 W CN2019098889 W CN 2019098889W WO 2020025027 A1 WO2020025027 A1 WO 2020025027A1
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WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
air
guide plate
duct
conditioning
plate
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PCT/CN2019/098889
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曲通
曾福祥
冯景学
许晓滨
胡颉
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青岛海尔空调器有限总公司
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Priority to CN201810872420.7A priority Critical patent/CN110848954A/en
Priority to CN201810872420.7 priority
Priority to CN201810871654.X priority
Priority to CN201810871654.XA priority patent/CN110805959A/en
Application filed by 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司 filed Critical 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司
Publication of WO2020025027A1 publication Critical patent/WO2020025027A1/en

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F1/00Room units for air-conditioning, e.g. separate or self-contained units or units receiving primary air from a central station
    • F24F1/0007Indoor units, e.g. fan coil units
    • F24F1/0018Indoor units, e.g. fan coil units characterised by fans
    • F24F1/0025Cross-flow or tangential fans
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/08Air-flow control members, e.g. louvres, grilles, flaps or guide plates
    • F24F13/10Air-flow control members, e.g. louvres, grilles, flaps or guide plates movable, e.g. dampers
    • F24F13/14Air-flow control members, e.g. louvres, grilles, flaps or guide plates movable, e.g. dampers built up of tilting members, e.g. louvre

Abstract

A guide plate (410) capable of adjusting an air induction volume and an air direction, an air conditioner indoor unit and an air conditioner. The air conditioner comprises a first air conditioner body (100) and a second air conditioner body (200) adjacent to each other, and a through duct is formed between the first air conditioner body (100) and the second air conditioner body (200). The through duct comprises an air induction duct (310) at the rear side and an air supply duct (320) at the front side, the guide plate (410) and a driving mechanism (430) are provided within the through duct, the guide plate (410) is provided between the air induction duct (310) and the air supply duct (320), the driving mechanism (430) drives the guide plate (410) to move, and by means of adjusting the opening angle, the air induction volume entering the air supply duct (320) can be adjusted and the air outlet direction can be adjusted. The guide plate (410) can rotate and be positioned between a fully open state and a fully closed state, the air induction volume can be dynamically and quantitatively adjusted, and the air outlet direction can also be adjusted.

Description

可调引风量和风向的导板、空调室内机及空调器Air guide with adjustable air volume and direction, air conditioner indoor unit and air conditioner 技术领域Technical field
本发明涉及空调技术领域,特别是涉及一种可调引风量和风向的导板、空调室内机及空调器。The present invention relates to the technical field of air conditioners, and in particular, to a guide plate, an air conditioner indoor unit, and an air conditioner capable of adjusting the amount of induced wind and direction.
背景技术Background technique
双贯流空调一般在一个壳体内设置有两组贯流风扇机、与贯流风扇对应的进风口和出风口,以提高效率。为了实现送风的舒适,现有的双贯流空调采用引风技术,可以实现室内空气与换热后空气混合,后进入室内环境,可以实现凉而不冷,关闭引风后可实现速冷。但是实际使用中,因用户年龄、身体状况等不同,对空调的送风需求不同,现有的空调中引风量不可调节,难以满足舒适性的需求。A double cross-flow air conditioner is generally provided with two sets of cross-flow fans, an air inlet and an air outlet corresponding to the cross-flow fans in one casing to improve efficiency. In order to achieve the comfort of air supply, the existing double cross-flow air conditioner adopts air induction technology, which can realize the mixing of indoor air and heat-exchanged air, and then enter the indoor environment, which can achieve coolness without being cold, and fast cooling after closing the induced air. . However, in actual use, due to different ages and physical conditions of users, the air supply requirements of the air conditioners are different, and the amount of induced air in the existing air conditioners cannot be adjusted, and it is difficult to meet the needs of comfort.
发明内容Summary of the invention
基于此,本发明要解决的技术问题是提供一种能够既可以调节引风量、又可以调节出风风向的导板及具有该导板的空调室内机和空调器。Based on this, the technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide a guide plate capable of adjusting both the amount of induced air and the direction of the outgoing wind, and an air-conditioning indoor unit and air conditioner having the guide plate.
进一步地,本发明还提供一种结构简单、重量轻的导板。Further, the present invention also provides a guide plate with a simple structure and light weight.
为解决上述技术问题,本发明采用下述技术方案予以实现:To solve the above technical problems, the present invention is implemented using the following technical solutions:
一种可调引风量和风向的导板,用于空调器,A guide plate with adjustable air volume and direction for air conditioners,
所述空调器包括相邻的第一空调本体和第二空调本体,所述第一空调本体和所述第二空调本体之间形成贯通风道,所述贯通风道包括引风风道和送风风道,所述引风风道和所述送风风道分别位于所述贯通风道的后部和前部,所述引风风道用于将外部空气引入所述贯通风道,所述第一空调本体的第一出风口和所述第二空调本体的第二出风口均位于所述送风风道,其中,The air conditioner includes a first air conditioner body and a second air conditioner body adjacent to each other. A through air duct is formed between the first air conditioner body and the second air conditioner body. Wind air duct, the induced air duct and the supply air duct are respectively located at the rear and front of the through air duct, and the induced air duct is used to introduce external air into the through air duct, so The first air outlet of the first air conditioning body and the second air outlet of the second air conditioning body are both located in the air supply duct, wherein,
所述贯通风道内设置有导板和驱动机构,所述导板设置在所述引风风道和所述送风风道之间,所述驱动机构配置为驱动所述导板运动,以通过改变所述导板的打开角度调节进入所述送风风道的引风量,并同时调节所述送风风道的出风风向。A guide plate and a driving mechanism are provided in the through-air duct, the guide plate is disposed between the induced air duct and the air supply duct, and the driving mechanism is configured to drive the guide plate to move by changing the guide plate The opening angle of the guide plate adjusts the amount of induced air entering the air supply duct, and at the same time adjusts the airflow direction of the air supply duct.
进一步地,所述导板可转动地设置在所述贯通风道在长度方向上的中线上,且配置为可受控绕所述中线旋转。Further, the guide plate is rotatably disposed on a center line of the through-air duct in the length direction, and is configured to be controlled to rotate around the center line.
进一步地,所述导板的长度与所述引风风道和所述送风风道的连通处的长度相适配,以在所述导板转动至与所述第一空调本体和所述第二空调本体的对称面垂直时,隔离所述引风风道和所述送风风道的所述连通处。Further, the length of the guide plate is adapted to the length at the junction of the induced air duct and the supply air duct to rotate the guide plate to the first air-conditioning body and the second air-conditioning duct. When the symmetry plane of the air conditioner body is vertical, the connecting portion of the air induction duct and the air supply duct is isolated.
进一步地,所述导板设置在所述第一空调本体上,所述导板的一端与所述第一空调本体的位于所述贯通风道内侧的壳体铰接,所述导板的另一端能够绕其铰接的所述一端转动,当所述另一端转动至与所述第二空调本体的位于所述贯通风道内侧的壳体贴合时,所述导板隔离所述引风风道和所述送风风道。Further, the guide plate is disposed on the first air-conditioning body, one end of the guide plate is hinged with a housing of the first air-conditioning body located inside the through-air duct, and the other end of the guide plate can be wound around it. The one end of the hinge is rotated, and when the other end is rotated to fit with the casing of the second air-conditioning body located inside the through-air duct, the guide plate isolates the induced air duct and the air supply. Air duct.
进一步地,所述导板通过固定件与所述第一空调本体和第二空调本体连接;所述固定件包括上连接板和下连接板;所述上连接板的两端分别与所述第一空调本体的位于所述贯通风道内侧的壳体的上部和第二空调本体的位于所述贯通风道内侧的壳体的上部连接,所述下连接板的两端分别与所述第一空调本体的位于所述贯通风道内侧的壳体的下部和第二空调本体的位于所述贯通风道内侧的壳体的下部连接。Further, the guide plate is connected to the first air conditioning body and the second air conditioning body through a fixing member; the fixing member includes an upper connection plate and a lower connection plate; and two ends of the upper connection plate are respectively connected to the first and second air conditioning bodies. The upper part of the casing of the air-conditioning body located inside the through-air duct is connected to the upper part of the casing of the second air-conditioning body located inside the through-air duct, and both ends of the lower connection plate are respectively connected to the first air conditioner. The lower part of the housing of the body located inside the through-air duct is connected to the lower part of the housing of the second air-conditioning body located inside the through-air duct.
进一步地,所述驱动机构包括电机,所述电机固定设置在所述上连接板或所述下连接板上,所述导板通过转轴与所述上连接板或所述下连接板连接。Further, the driving mechanism includes a motor, the motor is fixedly disposed on the upper connection plate or the lower connection plate, and the guide plate is connected to the upper connection plate or the lower connection plate through a rotating shaft.
进一步地,所述驱动机构包括两个电机,所述两个电机分别固定设置在所述上连接板和所述下连接板上,所述导板通过转轴分别与所述两个电机连接。Further, the driving mechanism includes two motors, the two motors are fixedly disposed on the upper connection plate and the lower connection plate, respectively, and the guide plate is respectively connected to the two motors through a rotating shaft.
进一步地,所述导板具有中空腔体。Further, the guide plate has a hollow cavity.
进一步地,所述导板的截面形状为长方形、椭圆形或针锥形的一种。Further, the cross-sectional shape of the guide plate is one of a rectangular shape, an oval shape, or a needle cone shape.
进一步地,所述导板的中空腔体的截面为针锥形。Further, a cross section of the hollow cavity of the guide plate is a needle cone.
进一步地,沿所述贯通风道的送风方向,所述贯通风道的内口径先减缩再渐扩,所述引风风道的内口径减缩,所述送风风道的内口径渐扩。Further, along the air supply direction of the through-air duct, the inner diameter of the through-air duct is reduced and then gradually expanded, the inner diameter of the induced air duct is reduced, and the inner diameter of the air duct is gradually expanded. .
本发明还提供一种空调室内机,包括上述任一项所述的可调引风量和风向的导板。The invention also provides an indoor unit of an air conditioner, comprising the guide plate with adjustable air volume and wind direction according to any one of the above.
本发明还提供一种空调器,包括上述任一项所述的可调引风量和风向的导板。The present invention also provides an air conditioner, which includes the guide plate with adjustable air volume and wind direction according to any one of the above.
与现有技术相比,本发明的优点和积极效果是:Compared with the prior art, the advantages and positive effects of the present invention are:
上述可调引风量和风向的导板,结构简单,通过设置风量调节部,可以 调节引风量,导板设置在引风风道和送风风道之间,可在完全打开状态和完全关闭状态之间转动并定位,不仅可以实现引风量的动态调节及定量调节,还可以与两侧的出风口相配合,调节出风风向,提高送风的舒适性。The above-mentioned guide plate with adjustable air volume and wind direction has a simple structure. The air volume can be adjusted by providing an air volume adjustment section. The guide plate is arranged between the air induction duct and the air supply duct, and can be between a fully opened state and a fully closed state. Rotating and positioning can not only realize the dynamic adjustment and quantitative adjustment of the amount of induced air, but also cooperate with the air outlets on both sides to adjust the wind direction and improve the comfort of the air supply.
进一步地,导板具有中空腔体,可以减小导板的重量,便于导板的调节。Further, the guide plate has a hollow cavity, which can reduce the weight of the guide plate and facilitate the adjustment of the guide plate.
附图说明BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
图1为本发明空调器的结构示意图一,图示为导板为完全关闭状态;FIG. 1 is a structural schematic diagram I of an air conditioner according to the present invention, and the guide plate is completely closed;
图2为本发明空调器的结构示意图二,图示为导板为开启状态;FIG. 2 is a second structural diagram of an air conditioner according to the present invention, and the guide plate is in an opened state;
图3为本发明空调器的结构示意图三,图示为导板为转动一定角度的中间状态;FIG. 3 is a third structural schematic diagram of the air conditioner according to the present invention, showing the intermediate state of the guide plate being rotated at a certain angle;
图4为本发明空调器中风量调节部的结构示意图;4 is a schematic structural diagram of an air volume adjustment section in an air conditioner according to the present invention;
图5为本发明导板的第一种结构的示意图;5 is a schematic diagram of a first structure of a guide plate according to the present invention;
图6为本发明导板的第二种结构的示意图;6 is a schematic diagram of a second structure of a guide plate according to the present invention;
附图标记说明:Reference sign description:
第一空调本体100;第一壳体101;第一进风口102;第一出风口103;第一贯流风扇104;第一风道105;第一换热器106;第一导风板107;First air-conditioning body 100; first casing 101; first air inlet 102; first air outlet 103; first cross-flow fan 104; first air duct 105; first heat exchanger 106; first air deflector 107 ;
第二空调本体200;第二壳体201;第二进风口202;第二出风口203;第二贯流风扇204;第二风道205;第二换热器206;第二导风板207;Second air-conditioning body 200; second casing 201; second air inlet 202; second air outlet 203; second cross-flow fan 204; second air duct 205; second heat exchanger 206; second air deflector 207 ;
引风风道310;送风风道320;后端引风口301;送风口302;连通处321;Air induction duct 310; Air supply duct 320; Rear air induction duct 301; Air supply duct 302; Connection point 321;
导板410;电机盒420;驱动机构430;Guide plate 410; motor box 420; drive mechanism 430;
长度方向L;中线C。Length direction L; center line C.
具体实施方式detailed description
以下将结合说明书附图对本发明的具体实施方案进行详细阐述,但是本发明可以由权利要求限定和覆盖的多种不同方式实施。The specific embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings of the specification, but the present invention can be implemented in many different ways defined and covered by the claims.
首先,对具体实施方式中涉及到的技术术语作一简要说明:First, a brief description of the technical terms involved in the specific implementation:
下述在提到每个结构件的前或后、上或下、左或右时,是以结构件正常使用状态下相对于使用者的位置来定义的。而且,需要说明的是,用前或后、上或下、左或右仅是为了便于描述和简化描述,而不是指示或暗示所指的装置或结构件必须具有特定的方位、以特定的方位构造和操作,因此不能理解为对发明的限制。下述的热交换风是指来自空调本体内部、经热交换器热交换后的风;非热交换风是指来自空调本体所处环境空间的风,是相对于热交 换风而言、不是直接来自于热交换器的风;混合风是指热交换风与非热交换风混合形成的风。In the following, when referring to the front or back, up or down, left or right of each structural member, it is defined by the position of the structural member relative to the user in the normal use state. Moreover, it should be noted that the use of front or back, up or down, left or right is only for the convenience of description and simplifying the description, and does not indicate or imply that the device or structure referred to must have a specific orientation, a specific orientation Construction and operation should therefore not be construed as limiting the invention. The following heat-exchanging wind refers to the wind coming from the inside of the air-conditioning body after being heat-exchanged by the heat exchanger; the non-heat-exchanging wind refers to the wind from the environmental space where the air-conditioning body is located. It is not direct relative to the heat-exchanging wind. Wind from the heat exchanger; mixed wind refers to wind formed by mixing heat exchange wind with non-heat exchange wind.
双贯流空调器包括室内机和室外机,室内机和室外机通过联机管连接实现冷媒的循环,室内机和室外机通过联机线连接实现供电和通讯,室内机接水盘的排水管引出至室外。The double cross-flow air conditioner includes indoor unit and outdoor unit. The indoor unit and outdoor unit are connected through the online pipe to realize the circulation of the refrigerant. The indoor unit and the outdoor unit are connected through the online line to realize power supply and communication. The drain pipe of the indoor unit water tray is led to outdoor.
空调室内机包括至少两个空调本体,本实施例以立式空调室内机为例进行说明,参照图1-图3,本实施例的立式空调室内机包括两个空调本体,即第一空调本体100和第二空调本体200,第一空调本体100与第二空调本体200对称设置。The air conditioner indoor unit includes at least two air conditioner bodies. This embodiment is described by using a vertical air conditioner indoor unit as an example. Referring to FIGS. The main body 100 and the second air-conditioning body 200 are arranged symmetrically.
第一空调本体100包括柱形第一壳体101,在第一壳体101上开设有第一进风口102和第一出风口103,第一壳体101内设置有第一风道105和第一贯流风扇104,第一贯流风扇104与第一进风口102之间设置有第一换热器106。第一贯流风扇104用于使空气从第一进风口102流向第一出风口103,也即,第一空调本体100工作时,第一贯流风扇104转动,将第一空调本体100外部的空气经过第一进风口102进入第一空调本体100内部,与第一换热器106进行热交换后,从第一出风口103吹出热交换风。在第一出风口103处设置有调整出风方向的第一摆叶(图中未示出)和/或第一导风板107,以满足用户的出风方向需求。第一出风口103、第一进风口102均为长条状。The first air-conditioning body 100 includes a cylindrical first casing 101, and a first air inlet 102 and a first air outlet 103 are opened on the first casing 101. The first casing 101 is provided with a first air duct 105 and a first air duct 105. A cross-flow fan 104 is provided with a first heat exchanger 106 between the first cross-flow fan 104 and the first air inlet 102. The first cross-flow fan 104 is used to make the air flow from the first air inlet 102 to the first air outlet 103, that is, when the first air-conditioning body 100 works, the first cross-flow fan 104 rotates, and The air enters the first air conditioner body 100 through the first air inlet 102, and performs heat exchange with the first heat exchanger 106, and then blows out the heat exchange air from the first air outlet 103. A first swing leaf (not shown in the figure) and / or a first air deflector 107 for adjusting the air outlet direction are provided at the first air outlet 103 to meet a user's air outlet direction requirements. The first air outlet 103 and the first air inlet 102 are both elongated.
第二空调本体200与第一空调本体100的结构相同。第二空调本体200包括柱形第二壳体201,在第二壳体201上开设有第二进风口202和第二出风口203,第二壳体201内设置有第二风道205和第二贯流风扇204,第二贯流风扇204与第二进风口202之间设置有第二换热器206。第二贯流风扇204用于使空气从第二进风口202流向第二出风口203,也即,第二空调本体200工作时,第二贯流风扇204转动,将第二空调本体200外部的空气经过第二进风口202进入第二空调本体200内部,与第二换热器206进行热交换后,从第二出风口203吹出热交换风。在第二出风口203处设置有调整出风方向的第二摆叶(图中未示出)和/或第二导风板207,以满足用户的出风方向需求。第二出风口203、第二进风口202均为长条状。The structure of the second air-conditioning body 200 is the same as that of the first air-conditioning body 100. The second air-conditioning body 200 includes a cylindrical second casing 201, and a second air inlet 202 and a second air outlet 203 are opened on the second casing 201. A second air duct 205 and a first air duct 205 are disposed in the second casing 201. The second cross-flow fan 204 is provided with a second heat exchanger 206 between the second cross-flow fan 204 and the second air inlet 202. The second cross-flow fan 204 is used to make the air flow from the second air inlet 202 to the second air outlet 203. That is, when the second air-conditioning body 200 is in operation, the second cross-flow fan 204 is rotated to rotate the air outside the second air-conditioning body 200. The air passes through the second air inlet 202 and enters the inside of the second air-conditioning body 200, and after heat exchange with the second heat exchanger 206, the heat exchange air is blown out from the second air outlet 203. A second swing leaf (not shown in the figure) and / or a second air deflector 207 for adjusting the air outlet direction are provided at the second air outlet 203 to meet the user's air outlet direction requirements. The second air outlet 203 and the second air inlet 202 are both elongated.
第一空调本体100和第二空调本体200之间形成贯通风道,贯通风道包括后侧的引风风道310和前侧的送风风道320,引风风道310用于将外部空气引入贯通风道。也即是,引风风道310和送风风道320分别位于贯通风道 的后部和前部。外部空气自空调器后侧进入贯通风道,依次经由引风风道310和送风风道320,向空调器前侧吹出。第一空调本体100和第二空调本体200的后端形成引风风道310的后端引风口301,第一空调本体100和第二空调本体200的前端之间形成送风风道320的送风口302。第一空调本体100的第一出风口103和第二空调本体200的第二出风口203位于送风风道320内。第一贯流风扇104和第二贯流风扇204转动时,第一空调本体100和第二空调本体200内的热交换风分别从其出风口吹出至贯通风道内。第一出风口103和第二出风口203均位于贯通风道内且靠近送风口302的位置,第一出风口103和第二出风口203吹出的风不会互相干扰,送风角度和送风距离大大提高,有利于室内空气的流动。在第一空调本体100和第二空调本体200的同一横截面上,第一空调本体100的前端、后端所在的第一连线与第二空调本体200的前端、后端所在的第二连线平行。第一空调本体100和第二空调本体200配置为对应的贯流风扇转动时产生的负压使第一空调本体100和第二空调本体200外部的空气经过后端引风口301进入贯通风道,也即非热交换风进入贯通风道内,热交换风和非热交换风在贯通风道内混合,形成温度适宜的混合风;送风口302送出贯通风道内的空气,也即混合风。第一出风口103和第二出风口203位于贯通风道内,出风口的出风能够在贯通风道内形成较大的负压,引入外部较多的非热交换风与热交换风混合形成混合风,混合风能够从送风口快速、均匀地扩散,送风温度较为均匀、舒适;贯通风道可以对吸入的非热交换风进行梳理,不仅有助于提高吸风量,且能够提高非热交换风与热交换风的混合均匀性,提高送风的舒适性及均匀性。A through-air duct is formed between the first air-conditioning body 100 and the second air-conditioning body 200. The through-air duct includes a rear air induction duct 310 and a front air supply duct 320. The air induction duct 310 is used for drawing external air. Introduce through-air ducts. That is, the induced air duct 310 and the supply air duct 320 are located at the rear and front of the through-air duct, respectively. The outside air enters the through air duct from the rear side of the air conditioner, and blows out to the front side of the air conditioner through the air induction duct 310 and the air supply duct 320 in this order. The rear ends of the first air-conditioning body 100 and the second air-conditioning body 200 form a rear air-intake opening 301 of the air-intake air duct 310, and the air-conditioning air duct 320 is formed between the first air-conditioning body 100 and the front-end of the second air-conditioning body 200. Air outlet 302. The first air outlet 103 of the first air conditioning body 100 and the second air outlet 203 of the second air conditioning body 200 are located in the air supply duct 320. When the first cross-flow fan 104 and the second cross-flow fan 204 rotate, the heat exchange air in the first air-conditioning body 100 and the second air-conditioning body 200 is blown out from the air outlet to the through-air duct, respectively. The first air outlet 103 and the second air outlet 203 are both located in the through air duct and close to the air outlet 302. The wind from the first air outlet 103 and the second air outlet 203 will not interfere with each other, the air supply angle and the air supply distance It is greatly improved and is conducive to the flow of indoor air. In the same cross-section of the first and second air-conditioning bodies 100 and 200, a first line where the front and rear ends of the first air-conditioning body 100 are located and a second line where the front and rear ends of the second air-conditioning body 200 are located The lines are parallel. The first air-conditioning body 100 and the second air-conditioning body 200 are configured so that the negative pressure generated when the corresponding cross-flow fans rotate causes the air outside the first air-conditioning body 100 and the second air-conditioning body 200 to enter the through air duct through the rear air inlet 301, That is, the non-heat-exchange wind enters the through-air duct, and the heat-exchange wind and the non-heat-exchange wind are mixed in the through-air duct to form a mixed air at a suitable temperature; the air supply port 302 sends out the air in the through-air duct, that is, the mixed air. The first air outlet 103 and the second air outlet 203 are located in the through-air duct. The air from the air outlet can form a large negative pressure in the through-air duct, and the external non-heat-exchange air and the heat-exchange air are mixed to form a mixed air. The mixed air can spread quickly and uniformly from the air supply port, and the air supply temperature is relatively uniform and comfortable; the through air duct can comb the non-heat exchange air that is sucked in, which not only helps to increase the suction volume, but also can improve the non-heat exchange air The uniformity of mixing with heat exchange air improves the comfort and uniformity of the air supply.
本实施例中贯通风道由第一壳体101和第二壳体201之间的间隙形成,贯通风道的风道壁为第一壳体101和第二壳体201的相对侧,也即第一壳体101和第二壳体201的内侧面。该内侧面是指位于空调内部的、且位于贯通风道内部的侧面。当然,贯通风道的风道壁也可以是单独设置的,独立于第一壳体101和第二壳体201,能够与壳体固定或不与壳体固定的风道壁,此时,贯通风道为风道壁之间的空间。当然,风道壁也可以包括部分壳体和单独设置的部分风道壁,部分风道壁与部分壳体固定形成为一体,共同形成完整的风道壁,此时,贯通风道为部分风道壁之间、部分壳体之间的空间。In this embodiment, the through air duct is formed by a gap between the first casing 101 and the second casing 201, and the air duct wall of the through duct is the opposite side of the first casing 101 and the second casing 201, that is, The inner side surfaces of the first case 101 and the second case 201. The inner side surface is a side surface located inside the air conditioner and located inside the through-air duct. Of course, the air duct wall penetrating the air duct may also be provided separately, independently of the first casing 101 and the second casing 201, the air duct wall that can be fixed to the casing or not fixed to the casing. The air duct is the space between the air duct walls. Of course, the air duct wall may also include a part of the casing and a part of the air duct wall separately provided. Part of the air duct wall is fixedly formed with the part of the casing to form a complete air duct wall. At this time, the through air duct is part of the wind. The space between the walls of the road and between the shells.
本实施例中,第一壳体101和第二壳体201的横截面均为近似椭圆形,当然,本发明第一壳体101和第二壳体201的横截面也可以为椭圆形、圆形、 三边形和多边形等,均在本发明的保护范围之内。In this embodiment, the cross-sections of the first casing 101 and the second casing 201 are approximately elliptical. Of course, the cross-sections of the first casing 101 and the second casing 201 of the present invention may also be oval and circular. Shapes, triangles, and polygons are all within the protection scope of the present invention.
为了实现引风量的调节,贯通风道内设置有风量调节部,风量调节部包括导板410和驱动机构430,导板410设置在引风风道310和送风风道320之间,驱动机构430驱动导板410运动,能够通过调节打开角度调节进入送风风道320的引风量,同时导板410伸入至送风风道320内,能够与第一出风口的第一导板107和第二出风口的第二导板207相互配合,调节出风风向。其中,如图5和和图6所示,导板具有中空腔体,可以减小导板的重量,便于导板的调节。导板410的截面形状优选为长方形、椭圆形或针锥形的一种。导板的中空腔体截面优选为针锥形,以保证导板410的强度。In order to adjust the induced air volume, an air volume adjusting part is provided in the through-air duct. The air volume adjusting part includes a guide plate 410 and a driving mechanism 430. The guide plate 410 is disposed between the air induction duct 310 and the air supply duct 320. The driving mechanism 430 drives the guide plate The movement of 410 can adjust the amount of induced air entering the air supply duct 320 by adjusting the opening angle. At the same time, the guide plate 410 extends into the air supply duct 320 and can communicate with the first guide plate 107 of the first air outlet and the first The two guide plates 207 cooperate with each other to adjust the wind direction. As shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, the guide plate has a hollow cavity, which can reduce the weight of the guide plate and facilitate the adjustment of the guide plate. The cross-sectional shape of the guide plate 410 is preferably one of a rectangular shape, an oval shape, and a needle cone shape. The cross section of the hollow cavity of the guide plate is preferably a needle cone to ensure the strength of the guide plate 410.
在本实施例中,导板410设置在贯通风道在长度方向上的中线上,且能够绕该中线旋转,导板410的旋转中心设置在导板中间。贯通风道的长度方向L为图1中双向箭头所示的方向,中线C垂直于纸面延伸。导板410的长度与引风风道310和送风风道320连通处321的长度相适配。导板410可转动至完全打开状态,此时,导板410与第一空调本体100和第二空调本体200的对称面重合,导板410对后侧的引风风道的引风基本没有阻挡作用,此时,引风量最大;由于导板410的前端伸入至送风风道320内,可以对第一出风口和第二出风口的出风风向进行调整,如图1所示。导板410可转动至完全关闭状态,此时,导板410与第一空调本体100和第二空调本体200的对称面垂直,将引风风道310和第一出风口103和第二出风口203隔离,贯通风道无法实现从后端引风口301的引风;此时也无法调整出风风向,如图2所示。参照图3,导板410可在完全打开状态和完全关闭状态之间转动,以实现引风量及出风风向的动态调节;导板410可在完全打开状态和完全关闭状态之间定位,以实现从后端引风口301引入固定的引风量及保持特定的出风风向,且能够保证导板410两侧实现等量引风;当然,定位的角度可根据实际情况进行确定,以在不同定位位置实现不同的引风量。In this embodiment, the guide plate 410 is disposed on the midline of the through-air duct in the length direction and can be rotated around the midline, and the rotation center of the guide plate 410 is disposed in the middle of the guide plate. The length direction L of the through air duct is the direction shown by the double-headed arrow in FIG. 1, and the center line C extends perpendicular to the paper surface. The length of the guide plate 410 is adapted to the length of the connecting portion 321 of the air induction duct 310 and the air supply duct 320. The guide plate 410 can be rotated to a fully opened state. At this time, the guide plate 410 coincides with the symmetry planes of the first air-conditioning body 100 and the second air-conditioning body 200. The guide plate 410 basically has no blocking effect on the wind induced by the air-inducing duct on the rear side. At this time, the amount of induced air is the largest; since the front end of the guide plate 410 extends into the air supply duct 320, the wind directions of the first and second air outlets can be adjusted, as shown in FIG. The guide plate 410 can be rotated to a completely closed state. At this time, the guide plate 410 is perpendicular to the symmetry planes of the first air conditioning body 100 and the second air conditioning body 200, and isolates the air introduction duct 310 from the first air outlet 103 and the second air outlet 203. , The through-air duct cannot achieve the wind induction from the rear air inlet 301; at this time, the wind direction cannot be adjusted, as shown in FIG. 2. Referring to FIG. 3, the guide plate 410 can be rotated between a fully opened state and a fully closed state to achieve dynamic adjustment of the amount of induced air and the wind direction; the guide plate 410 can be positioned between the fully opened state and the fully closed state to realize from the rear The end air inlet 301 introduces a fixed amount of induced air and maintains a specific airflow direction, and can ensure that equal amounts of air are induced on both sides of the guide plate 410; of course, the positioning angle can be determined according to the actual situation, so that different positioning positions can be achieved. Induced air volume.
在另外的实施例中,导板410可以设置在第一空调本体100上,导板410一端与第一空调本体100的壳体内侧铰接,另一端的自由端转动时能够与第二空调本体200的壳体内侧贴合。导板410贴近第一空调本体100上且其自由端伸入到送风风道320内时,导板410对后侧的引风风道的引风基本没有阻挡作用,此时,引风量最大,同时能够配合第一出风口和第二出风口进行出风风向的调节。导板410的自由端转动至第二空调本体200的壳体内侧贴 合时,此时导板410将引风风道310和送风风道320隔离,无法实现引风。In another embodiment, the guide plate 410 may be disposed on the first air-conditioning body 100. One end of the guide plate 410 is hinged to the inside of the housing of the first air-conditioning body 100, and the free end of the other end can be connected to the shell of the second air-conditioning body 200 when the free end is rotated. Fit inside the body. When the guide plate 410 is close to the first air-conditioning body 100 and the free end of the guide plate 410 extends into the air supply duct 320, the guide plate 410 basically has no blocking effect on the wind induced by the rear air induction duct. At this time, the amount of induced air is the largest, and at the same time, It can cooperate with the first air outlet and the second air outlet to adjust the wind direction. When the free end of the guide plate 410 is rotated until the inside of the housing of the second air-conditioning body 200 is attached, the guide plate 410 isolates the air induction duct 310 and the air supply duct 320 at this time, and the air induction cannot be achieved.
导板410通过固定件与第一空调本体100和第二空调本体200连接。固定件包括上连接板和下连接板。上连接板的两端分别与第一空调本体的壳体内侧上部和第二空调本体的壳体内侧上部连接,下连接板的两端分别与第一空调本体的壳体内侧下部和第二空调本体的后端壳体内侧下部连接。The guide plate 410 is connected to the first air conditioning body 100 and the second air conditioning body 200 through a fixing member. The fixing member includes an upper connection plate and a lower connection plate. The two ends of the upper connection plate are connected to the upper part of the inside of the first air conditioning body and the upper part of the inside of the second air conditioning body, and the two ends of the lower connection plate are connected to the lower part of the first air conditioning body and the second air conditioner. The lower part inside the rear case of the body is connected.
驱动机构包括电机,电机固定设置在上连接板或下连接板上,导板410通过转轴与上连接板或下连接板连接。参照图4,在本实施例中,驱动机构包括两个电机,两个电机分别固定设置在上连接板和下连接板上,导板410通过转轴分别与两个电机连接。上连接板和下连接板均为电机盒420,电机安装于电机盒420内,电机盒420与空调本体通过螺钉固定。The driving mechanism includes a motor. The motor is fixedly disposed on the upper connection plate or the lower connection plate. The guide plate 410 is connected to the upper connection plate or the lower connection plate through a rotating shaft. Referring to FIG. 4, in this embodiment, the driving mechanism includes two motors, the two motors are fixedly disposed on the upper connection plate and the lower connection plate, respectively, and the guide plate 410 is connected to the two motors through a rotating shaft, respectively. The upper connecting plate and the lower connecting plate are both a motor box 420. The motor is installed in the motor box 420, and the motor box 420 and the air conditioner body are fixed by screws.
为了进一步提高引风效果,对贯通风道的结构进行优化设计,沿贯通风道的送风方向,贯通风道的内口径先减缩再渐扩。也即是,贯通风道的内口径先具有缩减的趋势而后具有扩大的趋势。其中,引风风道310的内口径减缩,送风风道320的内口径渐扩。即,导板410设置在贯通风道的内口径的最窄处。第一出风口103和第二出风口203位于送风风道320的渐扩段,出风不会相互干扰,扩大了出风角度和送风距离。同时负压区形成在第一出风口103、第二出风口203和送风口303之间,在负压的作用下,外部空气经后端引风口301进入贯通风道,先经过渐缩通道再经过渐扩通道,使风速得以提高,提高引风效果。In order to further improve the air-inducing effect, the structure of the through-air duct is optimized and designed. In the direction of air supply through the through-air duct, the inner diameter of the through-air duct is first reduced and then gradually expanded. That is, the inner diameter of the through-air duct has a tendency to shrink first and then to expand. Among them, the inner diameter of the air induction duct 310 is reduced, and the inner diameter of the air supply duct 320 is gradually expanded. That is, the guide plate 410 is provided at the narrowest point of the inner diameter of the through-air duct. The first air outlet 103 and the second air outlet 203 are located in the gradually expanding section of the air supply duct 320, and the air output does not interfere with each other, and the air output angle and the air supply distance are enlarged. At the same time, a negative pressure zone is formed between the first air outlet 103, the second air outlet 203, and the air outlet 303. Under the effect of negative pressure, the external air enters the through-air duct through the rear air inlet 301, and then passes through the tapered channel and then After gradually expanding the channel, the wind speed can be increased and the effect of introducing wind can be improved.
本发明还包括一种空调器,空调器包括上述的双贯流空调室内机。The present invention also includes an air conditioner. The air conditioner includes the above-mentioned double cross-flow air conditioner indoor unit.
以上所述实施例仅表达了本发明的几种实施方式,其描述较为具体和详细,但并不能因此而理解为对本发明专利范围的限制。应当指出的是,对于本领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明构思的前提下,还可以做出若干变形和改进,这些都属于本发明的保护范围。因此,本发明专利的保护范围应以所附权利要求为准。The above-mentioned embodiments only express several implementation manners of the present invention, and their descriptions are more specific and detailed, but they cannot be understood as limiting the scope of the patent of the present invention. It should be noted that, for those of ordinary skill in the art, without departing from the concept of the present invention, several modifications and improvements can be made, which all belong to the protection scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the invention patent shall be subject to the appended claims.

Claims (13)

  1. 一种可调引风量和风向的导板,用于空调器,A guide plate with adjustable air volume and direction for air conditioners,
    所述空调器包括相邻的第一空调本体和第二空调本体,所述第一空调本体和所述第二空调本体之间形成贯通风道,所述贯通风道包括引风风道和送风风道,所述引风风道和所述送风风道分别位于所述贯通风道的后部和前部,所述引风风道用于将外部空气引入所述贯通风道,所述第一空调本体的第一出风口和所述第二空调本体的第二出风口均位于所述送风风道,其中,The air conditioner includes a first air conditioner body and a second air conditioner body adjacent to each other. A through air duct is formed between the first air conditioner body and the second air conditioner body. Wind air duct, the induced air duct and the supply air duct are respectively located at the rear and front of the through air duct, and the induced air duct is used to introduce external air into the through air duct, so The first air outlet of the first air conditioning body and the second air outlet of the second air conditioning body are both located in the air supply duct, wherein,
    所述贯通风道内设置有导板和驱动机构,所述导板设置在所述引风风道和所述送风风道之间,所述驱动机构配置为驱动所述导板运动,以通过改变所述导板的打开角度调节进入所述送风风道的引风量,并同时调节所述送风风道的出风风向。A guide plate and a driving mechanism are provided in the through-air duct, the guide plate is disposed between the induced air duct and the air supply duct, and the driving mechanism is configured to drive the guide plate to move by changing the guide plate The opening angle of the guide plate adjusts the amount of induced air entering the air supply duct, and at the same time adjusts the airflow direction of the air supply duct.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的可调引风量和风向的导板,其中,所述导板可转动地设置在所述贯通风道在长度方向上的中线上,且配置为可受控绕所述中线旋转。The guide plate with adjustable air volume and direction according to claim 1, wherein the guide plate is rotatably disposed on a centerline of the through-air passage in a length direction, and is configured to be controlled to rotate around the centerline .
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的可调引风量和风向的导板,其中,所述导板的长度与所述引风风道和所述送风风道的连通处的长度相适配,以在所述导板转动至与所述第一空调本体和所述第二空调本体的对称面垂直时,隔离所述引风风道和所述送风风道的所述连通处。The guide plate with adjustable air volume and direction according to claim 2, wherein the length of the guide plate is adapted to the length at the junction of the air induction duct and the air supply duct, so that When the guide plate is rotated to be perpendicular to the plane of symmetry of the first air-conditioning body and the second air-conditioning body, the communication place of the air introduction duct and the air supply duct is isolated.
  4. 根据权利要求1所述的可调引风量和风向的导板,其中,所述导板设置在所述第一空调本体上,所述导板的一端与所述第一空调本体的位于所述贯通风道内侧的壳体铰接,所述导板的另一端能够绕其铰接的所述一端转动,当所述另一端转动至与所述第二空调本体的位于所述贯通风道内侧的壳体贴合时,所述导板隔离所述引风风道和所述送风风道。The guide plate with adjustable air volume and direction according to claim 1, wherein the guide plate is disposed on the first air-conditioning body, and one end of the guide plate and the first air-conditioning body are located in the through-air duct. The inner casing is hinged, and the other end of the guide plate can be rotated around the one end of the hinge. When the other end is rotated to fit with the casing of the second air conditioner body located inside the through air duct, The guide plate isolates the induced air duct and the supplied air duct.
  5. 根据权利要求2所述的可调引风量和风向的导板,其中,所述导板通过固定件与所述第一空调本体和第二空调本体连接;所述固定件包括上连接板和下连接板;所述上连接板的两端分别与所述第一空调本体的位于所述贯通风道内侧的壳体的上部和第二空调本体的位于所述贯通风道内侧的壳体的上部连接,所述下连接板的两端分别与所述第一空调本体的位于所述贯通风道内侧的壳体的下部和第二空调本体的位于所述贯通风道内侧的壳体的下部连接。The guide plate with adjustable air volume and direction according to claim 2, wherein the guide plate is connected to the first air-conditioning body and the second air-conditioning body through a fixing member; the fixing member includes an upper connection plate and a lower connection plate ; Both ends of the upper connecting plate are respectively connected to the upper part of the housing of the first air conditioning body located inside the through-air duct and the upper part of the housing of the second air-conditioning body located inside the through-air duct, Both ends of the lower connection plate are respectively connected to a lower portion of the casing of the first air conditioning body located inside the through-air duct and a lower portion of the casing of the second air conditioning body located inside the through-air duct.
  6. 根据权利要求5所述的可调引风量和风向的导板,其中,所述驱动机 构包括电机,所述电机固定设置在所述上连接板或所述下连接板上,所述导板通过转轴与所述上连接板或所述下连接板连接。The guide plate with adjustable air volume and direction according to claim 5, wherein the driving mechanism includes a motor, the motor is fixedly disposed on the upper connection plate or the lower connection plate, and the guide plate is connected with the shaft through a rotating shaft. The upper connecting plate or the lower connecting plate is connected.
  7. 根据权利要求5所述的可调引风量和风向的导板,其中,所述驱动机构包括两个电机,所述两个电机分别固定设置在所述上连接板和所述下连接板上,所述导板通过转轴分别与所述两个电机连接。The guide plate with adjustable air volume and direction according to claim 5, wherein the driving mechanism includes two motors, and the two motors are fixedly disposed on the upper connection plate and the lower connection plate, respectively. The guide plate is respectively connected to the two motors through a rotating shaft.
  8. 根据权利要求1所述的可调引风量和风向的导板,其中,所述导板具有中空腔体。The guide plate with adjustable air volume and direction according to claim 1, wherein the guide plate has a hollow cavity.
  9. 根据权利要求8所述的可调引风量和风向的导板,其中,所述导板的截面形状为长方形、椭圆形或针锥形的一种。The guide plate according to claim 8, wherein a cross-sectional shape of the guide plate is one of a rectangular shape, an oval shape, and a needle cone shape.
  10. 根据权利要求9所述的可调引风量和风向的导板,其中,所述导板的中空腔体的截面为针锥形。The guide plate with adjustable air volume and direction according to claim 9, wherein a cross section of the hollow cavity of the guide plate is a needle cone.
  11. 根据权利要求1所述的可调引风量和风向的导板,其中,沿所述贯通风道的送风方向,所述贯通风道的内口径先减缩再渐扩,所述引风风道的内口径减缩,所述送风风道的内口径渐扩。The guide plate with adjustable air volume and direction according to claim 1, wherein, along the air supply direction of the through-air duct, the inner diameter of the through-air duct is first reduced and then gradually expanded. The inner diameter is reduced, and the inner diameter of the air supply duct is gradually expanded.
  12. 一种空调室内机,包括如权利要求1所述的可调引风量和风向的导板。An indoor unit for an air conditioner includes a guide plate capable of adjusting the amount of induced air and the direction of air according to claim 1.
  13. 一种空调器,包括如权利要求1所述的可调引风量和风向的导板。An air conditioner comprises a guide plate capable of adjusting the amount of induced wind and the direction of wind according to claim 1.
PCT/CN2019/098889 2018-08-02 2019-08-01 Guide plate capable of adjusting air induction volume and air direction, air conditioner indoor unit and air conditioner WO2020025027A1 (en)

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CN201810872420.7A CN110848954A (en) 2018-08-02 2018-08-02 Guide plate capable of adjusting induced air volume and air direction and air conditioner
CN201810872420.7 2018-08-02
CN201810871654.X 2018-08-02
CN201810871654.XA CN110805959A (en) 2018-08-02 2018-08-02 Air conditioner indoor unit capable of controlling air guiding quantity and air direction and air conditioner

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH09269139A (en) * 1996-03-29 1997-10-14 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Air-conditioner
CN104296343A (en) * 2014-09-26 2015-01-21 广州华凌制冷设备有限公司 Wind blocking piece, air flue assembly and vertical air conditioner indoor unit
CN105333503A (en) * 2015-09-22 2016-02-17 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司 Air conditioner indoor unit
CN105987425A (en) * 2014-10-31 2016-10-05 Lg电子株式会社 Air conditioner
CN106052072A (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-10-26 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Air conditioner with multidirectional air outlet function and air outlet control method thereof
CN208920285U (en) * 2018-08-02 2019-05-31 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司 The adjustable double through-flow air conditioner indoor unit of absorbing quantity and air conditioner

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH09269139A (en) * 1996-03-29 1997-10-14 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Air-conditioner
CN104296343A (en) * 2014-09-26 2015-01-21 广州华凌制冷设备有限公司 Wind blocking piece, air flue assembly and vertical air conditioner indoor unit
CN105987425A (en) * 2014-10-31 2016-10-05 Lg电子株式会社 Air conditioner
CN105333503A (en) * 2015-09-22 2016-02-17 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司 Air conditioner indoor unit
CN106052072A (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-10-26 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Air conditioner with multidirectional air outlet function and air outlet control method thereof
CN208920285U (en) * 2018-08-02 2019-05-31 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司 The adjustable double through-flow air conditioner indoor unit of absorbing quantity and air conditioner

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