WO2019218214A1 - Wall and wall system capable of integrating pipes and cables - Google Patents

Wall and wall system capable of integrating pipes and cables Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2019218214A1
WO2019218214A1 PCT/CN2018/086982 CN2018086982W WO2019218214A1 WO 2019218214 A1 WO2019218214 A1 WO 2019218214A1 CN 2018086982 W CN2018086982 W CN 2018086982W WO 2019218214 A1 WO2019218214 A1 WO 2019218214A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
wiring member
groove
wall panel
wall
longitudinal
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PCT/CN2018/086982
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨泓斌
李缙
陈祥祥
颜旺龙
郑泽杭
Original Assignee
增城市碧桂园物业发展有限公司
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 增城市碧桂园物业发展有限公司 filed Critical 增城市碧桂园物业发展有限公司
Priority to PCT/CN2018/086982 priority Critical patent/WO2019218214A1/en
Priority to CN201880000572.6A priority patent/CN112166227A/en
Publication of WO2019218214A1 publication Critical patent/WO2019218214A1/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/44Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the purpose
    • E04C2/52Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the purpose with special adaptations for auxiliary purposes, e.g. serving for locating conduits
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16LPIPES; JOINTS OR FITTINGS FOR PIPES; SUPPORTS FOR PIPES, CABLES OR PROTECTIVE TUBING; MEANS FOR THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16L3/00Supports for pipes, cables or protective tubing, e.g. hangers, holders, clamps, cleats, clips, brackets
    • F16L3/02Supports for pipes, cables or protective tubing, e.g. hangers, holders, clamps, cleats, clips, brackets partly surrounding the pipes, cables or protective tubing

Abstract

A wall and a wall system capable of integrating pipes and cables. In a process of molding a wall body, regularly shaped longitudinal recesses are formed at the wall body. The wall system comprises a wall and cable routing members (5, 6). The cable routing members (5, 6) are fixedly fitted to the longitudinal recesses (11). The cable routing members comprise bases (51, 61) and cover boards (52, 62). The bases (51, 61) are provided with cable channels (511, 611) for embedding pipes and cables. The cover boards (52, 62) have engagement structures to be engaged at and connected to channel openings of the cable channels (511, 611). Pipes and cables are embedded in the cable channels of the cable routing members. The wall enables the cable routing members (5, 6) to be fitted to the longitudinal recesses (11), thereby forming a wall system capable of integrating pipes and cables. The cover boards (52, 62) of the cable routing members (5, 6) can be opened to arrange pipes and cables in the cable channels of the bases (51, 61). After the cover boards have been closed, the pipes and cables are stored inside the cable routing members.

Description

一种墙板以及可安装管线的墙板系统Wall panel and wall panel system capable of installing pipeline
本发明属于建筑技术领域,尤其涉及一种墙板以及可安装管线的墙板系统。The invention belongs to the field of building technology, and in particular relates to a wall panel and a wall panel system capable of installing pipelines.
推动建筑产业现代化最重要的是要促进建设发展方式的转变,必须要摆脱传统建造的模式,寻求一种建筑产业现代化为目标的发展路径。The most important thing to promote the modernization of the construction industry is to promote the transformation of the construction mode. It is necessary to get rid of the traditional construction model and seek a development path aiming at the modernization of the construction industry.
目前,国内水电施工多采用在墙体预埋方式布设管线,如水管、强电电线(例如,火线、零线、地线等电力线缆)、弱电电线(例如,网线、电话线、数字电视线等用于传输信息的线缆)多预埋于主体结构墙板和楼板中,然而设备及管线使用年限一般在10-20年左右,在房屋使用年限内需要多次更换,导致多次破坏主体结构,降低房屋使用寿命。另外,在进行内装修改时,也需要破坏主体结构,重新铺设管线,降低了房屋耐久性。At present, domestic hydropower construction mostly uses pipelines in the pre-buried way, such as water pipes, strong electric wires (for example, fire wires, neutral wires, ground wires, etc.) and weak wires (for example, network cables, telephone lines, digital TVs). Cables for transmitting information, such as wires, are pre-buried in the main structural wall panels and floor slabs. However, the service life of equipment and pipelines is generally around 10-20 years. It needs to be replaced several times during the service life of the house, resulting in multiple damages. The main structure reduces the service life of the house. In addition, when the interior modification is carried out, it is also necessary to destroy the main structure and re-lay the pipeline to reduce the durability of the house.
可见,传统水电预埋方法,维修时需要破坏主体结构,且维修难度较大,成本高,维修效率较低;同时,维修时产生大量建筑垃圾及噪音污染,会对楼下用户影响较大。由于主体结构受到损害,不利于后期内装修改,改修成本及耗时较长,此外,由于管线采用预埋方式,管线与主体结构形成一体,管线与结构主体不便分离,不利于后期户型修改,难以满足居住者多样化及灵活化的需求。It can be seen that the traditional hydropower pre-buried method needs to destroy the main structure during maintenance, and the maintenance is difficult, the cost is high, and the maintenance efficiency is low. At the same time, a large amount of construction waste and noise pollution are generated during maintenance, which will greatly affect the downstairs users. Because the main structure is damaged, it is not conducive to the modification of the internal decoration, the cost of repairing and the time-consuming is long. In addition, because the pipeline adopts the pre-buried mode, the pipeline and the main structure are integrated, and the pipeline and the structure main body are inconvenient to be separated, which is not conducive to the modification of the later household type. Meet the needs of residents' diverse and flexible.
发明内容Summary of the invention
本发明所要解决的技术问题在于提供一种墙板以及可安装管线的墙板系统,旨在解决现有技术中采用预埋方式将管线设置于主体结构中所导致的线路维修时会损害主体结构,且维修麻烦,噪音大的问题。The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide a wall panel and a wall panel system capable of installing pipelines, which aims to solve the damage to the main structure when repairing the line caused by installing the pipeline in the main structure by using the pre-buried method in the prior art. And the maintenance is troublesome and the noise is big.
本发明实施例提供了一种墙板,所述墙板包括墙体,所述墙体于成型时形成至少一个规则的纵向凹槽,所述纵向凹槽位于所述墙体的一侧面上。Embodiments of the present invention provide a wall panel that includes a wall body that forms at least one regular longitudinal groove when formed, the longitudinal groove being located on one side of the wall.
进一步地,所述墙体于成型时形成至少一个规则的横向凹槽,所述横向凹槽与纵向凹槽位于所述墙体的同一侧面上,并且,所述横向凹槽与纵向凹槽相交错。Further, the wall body forms at least one regular lateral groove when being formed, the lateral groove and the longitudinal groove are located on the same side of the wall, and the lateral groove is opposite to the longitudinal groove staggered.
进一步地,所述墙板为起支撑作用的剪力墙或者起填充作用的墙板。Further, the wall panel is a supporting shear wall or a filling wall panel.
本发明为解决上述技术问题,还提供了一种可安装管线的墙板系统,包括墙板以及布线件,所述墙板的墙体上开设有至少两个相互间隔的纵向凹槽,所述布线件固定安装于所述纵向凹槽内;所述布线件包括底座以及盖板,所述底座的外轮廓与所述纵向凹槽的形状相匹配,所述底座上设置有至少一个能嵌入管线的线槽,所述线槽贯穿所述底座的长度方向,所述盖板上具有数量与线槽匹配的卡扣结构,所述盖板的卡扣结构与所述线槽的槽口卡扣连接;所述管线嵌置于所述布线件的线槽内。The present invention provides a wall panel system capable of installing pipelines, including a wall panel and a wiring member, the wall of the wall panel having at least two longitudinal grooves spaced apart from each other, The wiring member is fixedly mounted in the longitudinal groove; the wiring member comprises a base and a cover plate, the outer contour of the base is matched with the shape of the longitudinal groove, and the base is provided with at least one embedded pipeline a wire slot extending through a length of the base, the cover plate having a plurality of snap-fit structures matching the wire slots, the snap-fit structure of the cover plate and the slot of the wire slot being buckled Connecting; the pipeline is embedded in a wire slot of the wiring member.
进一步地,所述线槽的侧壁为连续延伸的壁体或者沿线槽的长度方向开设有若干间距分布的空隙。Further, the sidewall of the slot is a continuously extending wall or a plurality of spaced apart gaps are formed along the length of the slot.
进一步地,所述墙板上开设有至少一个横向凹槽,所述横向凹槽与所述纵向凹槽相互连通;所述布线件固定安装在所述横向凹槽内。Further, the wall panel is provided with at least one lateral groove, and the lateral groove communicates with the longitudinal groove; the wiring member is fixedly mounted in the lateral groove.
进一步地,所述弱电布线件包括纵向弱电布线件以及横向弱电布线件,所述纵向弱电布线件固定于所述纵向凹槽内,所述横向弱电布线件固定于所述横向凹槽内;所述纵向弱电布线件的底座侧面上开设有穿孔,所述穿孔的一端与其上的线槽连通,另一端与所述横向弱电布线件的线槽连通;所述强电布线件包括纵向强电布线件以及横向强电布线件,所述纵向强电布线件固定于所述纵向凹槽内,所述横向强电布线件固定于所述横向凹槽内;所述纵向强电布线件的底座侧面上开设有穿孔,所述穿孔的一端与其上的线槽连通,另一端与所述横向强电布线件的线槽连通。Further, the weak electric wiring member includes a longitudinal weak electric wiring member fixed in the longitudinal groove, and a lateral weak electric wiring member fixed in the lateral groove; a through hole is formed on a side surface of the base of the longitudinal weak electric wiring member, one end of the through hole communicates with the wire groove thereon, and the other end communicates with the wire groove of the lateral weak electric wiring member; the strong electric wiring member includes a longitudinal strong electric wiring And a lateral high-voltage wiring member fixed in the longitudinal groove, the lateral high-electric wiring member is fixed in the lateral groove; and a side surface of the longitudinal high-voltage wiring member The upper opening is provided with a through hole, and one end of the through hole communicates with the wire groove thereon, and the other end communicates with the wire groove of the lateral high-voltage wiring member.
进一步地,所述墙板系统还包括用于卡紧水管的水管卡紧组件,所述水管卡紧组件包括底板、卡托、上盖以及螺钉,所述底板与上盖的形状均与所述纵向凹槽的形状相匹配;所述底板通过所述螺钉固定安装于所述纵向凹槽内,所述卡托固定在所述底板的顶面上,所述卡托具有用于卡紧水管的弹性卡持部,所述上盖能卡扣于所述底板的两侧壁上。Further, the wallboard system further includes a water pipe clamping assembly for clamping the water pipe, the water pipe clamping assembly including a bottom plate, a card holder, an upper cover, and a screw, the bottom plate and the upper cover are both shaped and The longitudinal grooves are matched in shape; the bottom plate is fixedly mounted in the longitudinal groove by the screw, and the card holder is fixed on a top surface of the bottom plate, the card holder having a clamping tube The elastic latching portion can be fastened to the two side walls of the bottom plate.
进一步地,所述墙板系统还包括水管压紧组件,所述水管压紧组件包括压板以及螺钉,所述压板中间位置设置有压槽,所述压槽的形状与所述水管的形状相匹配,所述压板的两侧边均设置有安装孔,所述螺钉穿过所述安装孔,固定在所述纵向凹槽的槽底上。Further, the wallboard system further includes a water pipe pressing assembly, the water pipe pressing assembly includes a pressing plate and a screw, and the pressing plate is provided with a pressure groove at an intermediate position, and the shape of the pressure groove matches the shape of the water pipe The two sides of the pressure plate are provided with mounting holes, and the screws pass through the mounting holes and are fixed on the groove bottom of the longitudinal groove.
进一步地,所述布线件的底座的制作材料包括一定量的PVC基体树脂、与PVC基体树脂质量相同的木材粉末、PVC基体树脂质量的1.5%-2%的发泡剂、PVC基体树脂质量的40%的碳酸钙、PVC基体树脂质量的4%的稳定剂以及PVC基体树脂质量的0.7%-1%的润滑剂。Further, the material of the base of the wiring member comprises a certain amount of PVC matrix resin, wood powder of the same quality as the PVC matrix resin, 1.5%-2% foaming agent of the quality of the PVC matrix resin, and the quality of the PVC matrix resin. 40% calcium carbonate, 4% stabilizer for PVC matrix resin and 0.7%-1% lubricant for PVC matrix resin.
本发明与现有技术相比,有益效果在于:本发明的墙板设置有纵向凹槽,从而可以将布线件安装于纵向凹槽内,从而构成了一个可安装管线的墙板系统。打开布线件的盖板,可以将管线装入底座的线槽内,盖上盖板后,管线即被收纳于布线件内。本实用新型克服了传统预埋线路维修时需开凿楼板、墙板的弊端,实现了管线与主体结构分离(SI分离);能减少对结构主体的破坏,大大增加了房屋安全可靠性、耐久性。 The present invention is advantageous in comparison with the prior art in that the wall panel of the present invention is provided with longitudinal grooves so that the wiring member can be installed in the longitudinal grooves, thereby constituting a wall panel system in which the pipeline can be installed. When the cover of the wiring member is opened, the pipeline can be installed in the slot of the base, and after the cover is closed, the pipeline is stored in the wiring member. The utility model overcomes the drawbacks of the need to excavate the floor slab and the wall panel during the maintenance of the traditional pre-buried line, realizes the separation of the pipeline from the main structure (SI separation); can reduce the damage to the structural main body, and greatly increases the safety, durability and durability of the building. .
通过管线与主体结构采用分离式设计,为内装及设备更新提供更大空间,管线及设备可在不破坏主体结构情况下进行更新,大大节约后期维修及改装成本。极大减少了后期维修及改造时产生的建筑垃圾及噪音污染,减少对自然环境的破坏。减少维修时对楼下用户影响,可极大提升居住者满足度。另外,居住者可根据各人需求对户型进行改造,最大化满足住宅使用要求。The separate design is adopted by the pipeline and the main structure to provide more space for interior installation and equipment renewal. The pipeline and equipment can be updated without destroying the main structure, which greatly saves the cost of later maintenance and modification. It greatly reduces the construction waste and noise pollution generated during the later maintenance and renovation, and reduces the damage to the natural environment. Reducing the impact on the downstairs users during maintenance can greatly improve the satisfaction of the occupants. In addition, the occupants can modify the unit according to the needs of each individual to maximize the satisfaction of residential use requirements.
附图说明DRAWINGS
一个或多个实施例通过与之对应的附图中的图片进行示例性说明,这些示例性说明并不构成对实施例的限定,附图中具有相同参考数字标号的元件表示为类似的元件,除非有特别申明,附图中的图不构成比例限制。The one or more embodiments are exemplified by the accompanying drawings in the accompanying drawings, and FIG. The figures in the drawings do not constitute a scale limitation unless otherwise stated.
图1是本发明实施例提供的一种具有纵向凹槽的墙板的示意图;1 is a schematic view of a wall panel having longitudinal grooves according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图2是本发明实施例提供的一种具有纵向凹槽以及横向凹槽的墙板的示意图;2 is a schematic view of a wall panel having a longitudinal groove and a lateral groove according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图3是本发明实施例提供的一种线路分布示意图;3 is a schematic diagram of a line distribution according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图4是本发明实施例提供的一种集成有水管、强电与弱电电线的墙板系统的示意图;4 is a schematic diagram of a wall panel system integrated with a water pipe, a strong electric power, and a weak electric wire according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图5是本发明实施例提供的一种布设有弱电电线的弱电布线件的横截面示意图;5 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a weak electric wiring member provided with a weak electric wire according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图6是本发明实施例提供的一种布设有强电电线的强电布线件的横截面示意图;6 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a strong electric wiring member provided with a strong electric wire according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图7是本发明实施例提供的一种侧壁连续延伸的线槽的示意图;FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of a wire slot extending continuously from a sidewall according to an embodiment of the present invention; FIG.
图8是本发明实施例提供的一种侧壁开设有空隙的线槽的示意图;FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram of a wire slot with a gap formed in a side wall according to an embodiment of the present invention; FIG.
图9是本发明实施例提供的另一种线路分布示意图;FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram of another line distribution according to an embodiment of the present invention; FIG.
图10是本发明实施例提供的另一种集成有水管、强电与弱电电线的墙板系统的示意图;10 is a schematic diagram of another wall panel system integrated with a water pipe, a strong electric power and a weak electric wire according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图11是本发明实施例提供的一种水管卡紧组件的结构示意图;11 is a schematic structural view of a water pipe clamping assembly according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图12是本发明实施例提供的一种水管压紧组件的结构示意图。FIG. 12 is a schematic structural view of a water pipe pressing assembly according to an embodiment of the present invention.
具体实施方式Detailed ways
为了使本发明所要解决的技术问题、技术方案及有益效果更加清楚明白,以下结合附图及实施例,对本发明进行进一步详细说明。应当理解,此处所描述的具体实施例仅仅用以解释本发明,并不用于限定本发明。The present invention will be further described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It is understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
如图1及图2所示,为本发明的较佳实施例,提供了一种墙板,包括墙体1,墙体1于成型时形成至少一个规则的纵向凹槽11以及至少一个规则的横向凹槽12,所述横向凹槽12与纵向凹槽11位于所述墙体1的同一侧面上,并且,所述横向凹槽12与纵向凹槽11相交错。As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a wall panel is provided, including a wall 1 that forms at least one regular longitudinal groove 11 and at least one regular shape when formed. The transverse groove 12 is located on the same side of the wall 1 as the longitudinal groove 11 and the transverse groove 12 is interlaced with the longitudinal groove 11.
本实施例的墙板为起支撑作用的剪力墙或者起填充作用的墙板。The wall panel of this embodiment is a shear wall for supporting or a wall panel for filling.
请参见图3及图4,本实施例还提供了一种可安装管线的墙板系统,包括上述的墙板以及布线件,所述墙板的墙体1上开设有至少两个相互间隔的纵向凹槽11,所述布线件固定安装于所述纵向凹槽11内。Referring to FIG. 3 and FIG. 4 , the embodiment further provides a wall panel system capable of installing pipelines, including the wall panel and the wiring member, wherein the wall panel 1 has at least two spaced apart walls. The longitudinal groove 11 is fixedly mounted in the longitudinal groove 11.
具体的,上述布线件包括用于收纳弱电电线3的弱电布线件4以及用于收纳强电电线4的强电布线件6,所述弱电布线件4以及强电布线件6均固定安装在所述纵向凹槽11内。Specifically, the wiring member includes a weak electric wiring member 4 for accommodating the weak electric wire 3 and a strong electric wiring member 6 for accommodating the electric electric wire 4, and the weak electric wiring member 4 and the electric electric wiring member 6 are fixedly mounted at the same. Said in the longitudinal groove 11.
请参见图5,所述弱电布线件5包括底座51以及盖板52,所述底座51的外轮廓与所述纵向凹槽11的形状相匹配,所述底座51上设置有至少一个能嵌入线缆的线槽511,所述线槽511贯穿所述底座51的长度方向,所述盖板52上具有数量与线槽511匹配的卡扣结构,所述盖板52的卡扣结构与所述线槽511的槽口卡扣连接。弱电电线3嵌置于弱电布线件5的线槽511内。Referring to FIG. 5, the weak electric wiring member 5 includes a base 51 and an outer cover 52. The outer contour of the base 51 matches the shape of the longitudinal groove 11. The base 51 is provided with at least one embedding line. a cable slot 511 of the cable, the slot 511 extends through the length of the base 51, and the cover 52 has a latching structure matched with the slot 511, and the latching structure of the cover 52 is The slot of the slot 511 is snap-fitted. The weak electric wire 3 is embedded in the wire groove 511 of the weak electric wiring member 5.
请参见图6,所述强电布线件6包括底座61以及盖板62,所述底座61的外轮廓与所述纵向凹槽11的形状相匹配,所述底座61上设置有至少一个能嵌入线缆的线槽611,所述线槽611贯穿所述底座61的长度方向,所述盖板62上具有数量与线槽611匹配的卡扣结构,所述盖板62的卡扣结构与所述线槽611的槽口卡扣连接;强电电线4嵌置于所述强电布线件6的线槽611内。Referring to FIG. 6, the high-voltage wiring member 6 includes a base 61 and an outer cover 62. The outer contour of the base 61 matches the shape of the longitudinal groove 11. The base 61 is provided with at least one capable of being embedded. a slot 611 of the cable, the slot 611 extends through the length of the base 61, and the cover 62 has a latching structure matched with the slot 611, and the latch structure of the cover 62 The slot of the slot 611 is snap-fitted; the strong electric wire 4 is embedded in the slot 611 of the high-voltage wiring member 6.
进一步地,请参见图7,布线件的线槽的侧壁为连续延伸的壁体,从而可以使相邻的线缆得到更好的电气隔离。请参见图8,所述线槽的侧壁也可以沿其长度方向开设有若干间距分布的空隙,从而在固定管线的同时可以节省材料。Further, referring to FIG. 7, the side walls of the wiring groove of the wiring member are continuously extending walls, so that adjacent cables can be better electrically isolated. Referring to FIG. 8 , the sidewall of the slot can also be provided with a plurality of spaced-apart gaps along its length to save material while fixing the pipeline.
请参见图9及图10上述墙板1上开设有至少两个相互间隔的纵向凹槽11,弱电布线件5以及强电布线件6固定安装在纵向凹槽11内,而弱电电线3则布设于弱电布线件5内,强电电线4则布设于强电布线件6内。Referring to FIG. 9 and FIG. 10, the wall panel 1 is provided with at least two longitudinal grooves 11 which are spaced apart from each other. The weak electric wiring member 5 and the strong electric wiring member 6 are fixedly mounted in the longitudinal groove 11, and the weak electric wires 3 are arranged. In the weak electric wiring member 5, the strong electric wire 4 is disposed in the electric wiring member 6.
具体地,本实施例的墙板系统还包括水管固定组件,本实施例为水管固定提供了两种方式:Specifically, the wall panel system of the embodiment further includes a water pipe fixing component, and the embodiment provides two ways for the water pipe fixing:
请参见图11,其中一种方式是设置水管卡紧组件7,所述水管卡紧组件7包括底板71、卡托72、上盖73以及螺钉74,所述底板71与上盖73的形状均与所述纵向凹槽11的形状相匹配;所述底板71通过螺钉74固定安装于所述纵向凹槽11内,所述卡托72固定在所述底板71的顶面上,所述卡托72具有弹性卡持部721,所述水管2嵌置于所述弹性卡持部721内,所述上盖73卡扣于所述底板71的两侧壁上,并盖罩所述水管2。Referring to FIG. 11, one way is to provide a water pipe clamping assembly 7 including a bottom plate 71, a card holder 72, an upper cover 73 and a screw 74. The shape of the bottom plate 71 and the upper cover 73 are both Matching the shape of the longitudinal groove 11; the bottom plate 71 is fixedly mounted in the longitudinal groove 11 by a screw 74, and the card holder 72 is fixed on the top surface of the bottom plate 71, the card holder 72 has an elastic retaining portion 721, the water pipe 2 is embedded in the elastic holding portion 721, and the upper cover 73 is buckled on both side walls of the bottom plate 71, and covers the water pipe 2.
请参见图12,另一种方式是水管压紧组件8,所述水管压紧组件8包括压板81以及螺钉82,所述压板81中间位置设置有压槽811,所述压槽811的形状与所述水管2的形状相匹配,所述压板81的两侧边均设置有安装孔,所述螺钉82穿过所述安装孔,固定在所述纵向凹槽11的槽底上,优化地,为了填充压板81与纵向凹槽11内壁之间的缝隙,可以在缝隙内嵌入填充条9。Referring to FIG. 12, another way is a water pipe pressing assembly 8 including a pressure plate 81 and a screw 82. The pressure plate 81 is provided with a pressure groove 811 at an intermediate position, and the shape of the pressure groove 811 is The water tubes 2 are matched in shape, and both sides of the pressure plate 81 are provided with mounting holes through which the screws 82 are fixed on the groove bottom of the longitudinal groove 11 , optimally, In order to fill the gap between the pressure plate 81 and the inner wall of the longitudinal groove 11, a filling strip 9 can be embedded in the gap.
为了避免水管2浸水干扰到电线,水管2与弱电电线3布设在不同的纵向凹槽11内;水管2与强电电线4布设在不同的纵向凹槽11内。由于水管2是从墙板1顶部的天花吊顶引出,所以,所述水管2从纵向凹槽11的顶部端口伸入纵向凹槽11。而弱电电线3与强电电线4布设在不同的内纵向凹槽11,也可以分别布设在同一纵向凹槽11的两端。当弱电电线3与强电电线4布设于同一纵向凹槽11时,由于强电电线4是从墙板1顶部的天花吊顶引出,所以将强电电线4从所述纵向凹槽11的顶部端口伸入纵向凹槽11,而弱电电线3是从墙板1底部的踢脚线引出,所以弱电电线3从所述纵向凹槽11的底部端口伸入纵向凹槽11。In order to prevent the water pipe 2 from being immersed in water, the water pipe 2 and the weak electric wire 3 are disposed in different longitudinal grooves 11; the water pipe 2 and the high electric wire 4 are disposed in different longitudinal grooves 11. Since the water pipe 2 is taken out from the ceiling of the ceiling of the wall panel 1, the water pipe 2 projects from the top port of the longitudinal groove 11 into the longitudinal groove 11. The weak electric wires 3 and the high electric wires 4 are disposed in different inner longitudinal grooves 11 or may be respectively disposed at both ends of the same longitudinal groove 11. When the weak electric wire 3 and the high electric wire 4 are disposed in the same longitudinal groove 11, since the high electric wire 4 is taken out from the ceiling of the ceiling of the wall panel 1, the high electric wire 4 is taken from the top port of the longitudinal groove 11. The longitudinal groove 11 is extended, and the weak electric wire 3 is drawn from the skirting of the bottom of the wall panel 1, so that the weak electric wire 3 projects from the bottom port of the longitudinal groove 11 into the longitudinal groove 11.
在实际应用中,弱电电线3、强电电线4的引出位置需要接插座,而水管2引出位置需要接水龙头,由于仅设置纵向凹槽11不能在水平方向调节插座或水龙头的位置,当用户想在某一位置安装插座或水龙头时,所以,有可能会限制用户的具体需求。为此,请参见图6至图8,本实施例的墙板1上还开设有至少一个横向凹槽12,所述横向凹槽12与所述纵向凹槽11相互连通;所述水管固定组件、弱电布线件5以及强电布线件6均能固定安装在所述横向凹槽12内。In practical applications, the lead-out position of the weak electric wire 3 and the strong electric wire 4 needs to be connected to the socket, and the outlet position of the water pipe 2 needs to be connected to the faucet. Since only the longitudinal groove 11 is provided, the position of the socket or the faucet cannot be adjusted in the horizontal direction, when the user wants When installing a socket or faucet at a certain location, it may limit the specific needs of the user. To this end, referring to FIG. 6 to FIG. 8 , at least one lateral groove 12 is further defined in the wall panel 1 of the embodiment, and the lateral groove 12 and the longitudinal groove 11 communicate with each other; the water pipe fixing component The weak electric wiring member 5 and the strong electric wiring member 6 can be fixedly mounted in the lateral groove 12.
具体的,上述弱电布线件5包括纵向弱电布线件5a以及横向弱电布线件5b,所述纵向弱电布线件5b固定于所述纵向凹槽11内,所述横向弱电布线件5b固定于所述横向凹槽12内。所述纵向弱电布线件5a的底座51侧面上开设有穿孔,所述穿孔的一端与其上的线槽511连通,另一端与底座51外部连通;部分或所有的弱电电线3通过所述纵向弱电布线件5a的穿孔伸出所述纵向弱电布线件5a外面,并伸入所述横向弱电布线件5b的线槽511内。Specifically, the above-mentioned weak electric wiring member 5 includes a longitudinal weak electric wiring member 5b and a lateral weak electric wiring member 5b, and the longitudinal weak electric wiring member 5b is fixed in the longitudinal groove 11, and the lateral weak electric wiring member 5b is fixed to the lateral direction. Inside the groove 12. A through hole is formed in a side surface of the base 51 of the longitudinal weak electric wiring member 5a, one end of the through hole communicates with the wire groove 511 thereon, and the other end communicates with the outside of the base 51; part or all of the weak electric wires 3 pass through the longitudinal weak electric wiring The perforation of the piece 5a protrudes outside the longitudinal weak electric wiring member 5a and protrudes into the wire groove 511 of the lateral weak electric wiring member 5b.
同理,上述强电布线件6包括纵向强电布线件6a以及横向强电布线件6b,所述纵向强电布线件6a固定于所述纵向凹槽11内,所述横向强电布线件6b固定于所述横向凹槽12内;所述纵向强电布线件6a的底座61侧面上开设有穿孔,所述穿孔的一端与其上的线槽611连通,另一端与底座61外部连通;部分或所有的强电电线4通过所述纵向强电布线件6a的穿孔伸出所述纵向强电布线件6a外面,并伸入所述横向强电布线件6b的线槽611内。Similarly, the above-mentioned strong electric wiring member 6 includes a longitudinal high-voltage wiring member 6a and a lateral high-voltage wiring member 6b, and the longitudinal high-voltage wiring member 6a is fixed in the longitudinal groove 11, the lateral high-voltage wiring member 6b And being fixed in the lateral groove 12; the side surface of the base 61 of the longitudinal high-voltage wiring member 6a is provided with a through hole, one end of the through hole communicates with the wire groove 611 thereon, and the other end communicates with the outside of the base 61; All of the high-voltage electric wires 4 protrude from the outside of the longitudinal high-voltage wiring member 6a through the perforations of the longitudinal high-voltage wiring member 6a, and protrude into the wire grooves 611 of the lateral high-voltage wiring member 6b.
为了便于制作以及成型,所述弱电布线件5的底座51、盖板52均由塑料制成,可通过注塑成型,同样的,强电布线件6的底座61、盖板62均由塑料制成,也可通过注塑成型。当然,在实际应用中,也可能采用其他材料,如木材等切割成型。本实施例为底座51、盖板52、底座61、盖板62的制作材料提供了一种优选的材料,该材料的配方包括一定量的PVC(聚氯乙烯)基体树脂、与PVC基体树脂质量相同的木材粉末、PVC基体树脂质量的1.5%-2%的发泡剂、PVC基体树脂质量的40%的碳酸钙、PVC基体树脂质量的4%的稳定剂以及PVC基体树脂质量的0.7%-1%的润滑剂,通过该材料制作的底座61、盖板62具有一定的结构强度,有效地保证了产品的耐用性,并且其质量较轻,便于生产和安装。In order to facilitate the fabrication and molding, the base 51 and the cover 52 of the weak electric wiring member 5 are made of plastic and can be injection molded. Similarly, the base 61 and the cover 62 of the electric wiring member 6 are made of plastic. It can also be molded by injection. Of course, in practical applications, other materials, such as wood, may be used for cutting. This embodiment provides a preferred material for the material of the base 51, the cover 52, the base 61, and the cover 62. The formulation of the material includes a certain amount of PVC (polyvinyl chloride) matrix resin, and the quality of the PVC matrix resin. The same wood powder, 1.5%-2% foaming agent of PVC matrix resin quality, 40% calcium carbonate of PVC matrix resin quality, 4% stabilizer of PVC matrix resin quality and 0.7% of PVC matrix resin quality - 1% of the lubricant, the base 61 and the cover plate 62 made of the material have a certain structural strength, effectively ensuring the durability of the product, and the quality thereof is light, and is convenient for production and installation.
本实施例采用螺钉10固定弱电布线件5和强电布线件6,所述底座51、底座61的中间位置设置安装槽,所述安装槽的底部开设有用于与墙板凹槽固定的安装孔,于安装孔内拧入螺钉10,可使底座51、底座61固定在墙板1的纵向凹槽11或横向凹槽12内。In this embodiment, the weak electric wiring member 5 and the high-voltage wiring member 6 are fixed by the screw 10. The bottom of the base 51 and the base 61 are provided with a mounting groove, and the bottom of the mounting groove is provided with a mounting hole for fixing the groove with the wall plate. The screw 10 is screwed into the mounting hole to fix the base 51 and the base 61 in the longitudinal groove 11 or the lateral groove 12 of the wall panel 1.
本实施例的墙板系统,其墙板1上设置有纵向凹槽11以及横向凹槽12,从而可以将水管2、弱电布线件5以及强电布线件6布设于纵向凹槽11以及横向凹槽12内,而弱电电线3与强电电线4可以分别布设于弱电布线件5以及强电布线件6内。克服了传统预埋线路维修时需开凿楼板、墙板的弊端,实现了管线与主体结构分离(SI分离);能减少对结构主体的破坏,大大增加了房屋安全可靠性、耐久性。 In the wall panel system of the embodiment, the wall panel 1 is provided with a longitudinal groove 11 and a lateral groove 12, so that the water pipe 2, the weak electric wiring member 5 and the strong electric wiring member 6 can be disposed in the longitudinal groove 11 and the lateral concave In the groove 12, the weak electric wire 3 and the high electric wire 4 can be disposed in the weak electric wiring member 5 and the high electric wiring member 6, respectively. It overcomes the drawbacks of the need to excavate the floor and wall panels during the maintenance of the traditional pre-buried line, and realizes the separation of the pipeline from the main structure (SI separation); it can reduce the damage to the structural body and greatly increase the safety, reliability and durability of the house.
通过线路与主体结构采用分离式设计,为内装及设备更新提供更大空间,线路及设备可在不破坏主体结构情况下进行更新,大大节约后期维修及改装成本。极大减少了后期维修及改造时产生的建筑垃圾及噪音污染,减少对自然环境的破坏。减少维修时对楼下用户影响,可极大提升居住者满足度。另外,居住者可根据各人需求对户型进行改造,最大化满足住宅使用要求。Separate design is adopted by the line and the main structure to provide more space for interior installation and equipment renewal. The line and equipment can be updated without destroying the main structure, which greatly saves the cost of later maintenance and modification. It greatly reduces the construction waste and noise pollution generated during the later maintenance and renovation, and reduces the damage to the natural environment. Reducing the impact on the downstairs users during maintenance can greatly improve the satisfaction of the occupants. In addition, the occupants can modify the unit according to the needs of each individual to maximize the satisfaction of residential use requirements.
以上所述仅为本发明的较佳实施例而已,并不用以限制本发明,凡在本发明的精神和原则之内所作的任何修改、等同替换和改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the present invention. Any modifications, equivalent substitutions and improvements made within the spirit and principles of the present invention should be included in the protection of the present invention. Within the scope.

Claims (10)

  1. 一种墙板,其特征在于,所述墙板包括墙体,所述墙体于成型时形成至少一个规则的纵向凹槽,所述纵向凹槽位于所述墙体的一侧面上。A wall panel characterized in that the wall panel comprises a wall body that forms at least one regular longitudinal groove when formed, the longitudinal groove being located on one side of the wall.
  2. 如权利要求1所述的墙板,其特征在于,所述墙体于成型时形成至少一个规则的横向凹槽,所述横向凹槽与纵向凹槽位于所述墙体的同一侧面上,并且,所述横向凹槽与纵向凹槽相交错。The wall panel according to claim 1, wherein said wall body forms at least one regular lateral groove when formed, said lateral groove and said longitudinal groove being located on the same side of said wall, and The lateral grooves are interlaced with the longitudinal grooves.
  3. 如权利要求1所述的墙板,其特征在于,所述墙板为起支撑作用的剪力墙或者起填充作用的墙板。The wall panel according to claim 1, wherein the wall panel is a supporting shear wall or a filling wall panel.
  4. 一种可安装管线的墙板系统,其特征在于,包括墙板以及布线件,所述墙板的墙体上开设有至少两个相互间隔的纵向凹槽,所述布线件固定安装于所述纵向凹槽内;所述布线件包括底座以及盖板,所述底座的外轮廓与所述纵向凹槽的形状相匹配,所述底座上设置有至少一个能嵌入管线的线槽,所述线槽贯穿所述底座的长度方向,所述盖板上具有数量与线槽匹配的卡扣结构,所述盖板的卡扣结构与所述线槽的槽口卡扣连接;所述管线嵌置于所述布线件的线槽内。A wall panel system capable of installing pipelines, comprising: a wall panel and a wiring member, wherein the wall of the wall panel is provided with at least two longitudinal grooves spaced apart from each other, and the wiring member is fixedly mounted on the wall a longitudinal groove; the wiring member includes a base and an outer cover, the outer contour of the base is matched with the shape of the longitudinal groove, and the base is provided with at least one wire slot that can be embedded in the pipeline, the wire The slot extends through the length of the base, and the cover has a latching structure matched with the slot. The latching structure of the cover is snap-fitted with the slot of the slot; the pipeline is embedded In the wire groove of the wiring member.
  5. 如权利要求4所述的墙板系统,其特征在于,所述线槽的侧壁为连续延伸的壁体或者沿线槽的长度方向开设有若干间距分布的空隙。The wall panel system according to claim 4, wherein the side wall of the trunking is a continuously extending wall or a plurality of spaced apart gaps are formed along the length of the trunking.
  6. 如权利要求4或5所述的墙板系统,其特征在于,所述墙板上开设有至少一个横向凹槽,所述横向凹槽与所述纵向凹槽相互连通;所述布线件固定安装在所述横向凹槽内。The wall panel system according to claim 4 or 5, wherein the wall panel is provided with at least one lateral groove, and the lateral groove communicates with the longitudinal groove; the wiring member is fixedly mounted In the lateral groove.
  7. 如权利要求5所述的墙板系统,其特征在于,所述弱电布线件包括纵向弱电布线件以及横向弱电布线件,所述纵向弱电布线件固定于所述纵向凹槽内,所述横向弱电布线件固定于所述横向凹槽内;所述纵向弱电布线件的底座侧面上开设有穿孔,所述穿孔的一端与其上的线槽连通,另一端与所述横向弱电布线件的线槽连通;所述强电布线件包括纵向强电布线件以及横向强电布线件,所述纵向强电布线件固定于所述纵向凹槽内,所述横向强电布线件固定于所述横向凹槽内;所述纵向强电布线件的底座侧面上开设有穿孔,所述穿孔的一端与其上的线槽连通,另一端与所述横向强电布线件的线槽连通。The wall panel system according to claim 5, wherein said weak electric wiring member comprises a longitudinal weak electric wiring member and said lateral weak electric wiring member, said longitudinal weak electric wiring member being fixed in said longitudinal groove, said lateral weak electric current The wiring member is fixed in the lateral groove; the side surface of the longitudinal weak electric wiring member is provided with a through hole, one end of the through hole communicates with the wire groove thereon, and the other end communicates with the wire groove of the lateral weak electric wiring member The strong electric wiring member includes a longitudinal high-voltage wiring member fixed in the longitudinal groove, and a lateral strong electric wiring member fixed to the lateral groove A through hole is formed on a side surface of the base of the longitudinal high-voltage wiring member, and one end of the through hole communicates with a wire groove thereon, and the other end communicates with a wire groove of the lateral high-voltage wiring member.
  8. 如权利要求5所述的墙板系统,其特征在于,所述墙板系统还包括用于卡紧水管的水管卡紧组件,所述水管卡紧组件包括底板、卡托、上盖以及螺钉,所述底板与上盖的形状均与所述纵向凹槽的形状相匹配;所述底板通过所述螺钉固定安装于所述纵向凹槽内,所述卡托固定在所述底板的顶面上,所述卡托具有用于卡紧水管的弹性卡持部,所述上盖能卡扣于所述底板的两侧壁上。The wall panel system of claim 5, wherein the wall panel system further comprises a water tube clamping assembly for clamping the water tube, the water tube clamping assembly comprising a bottom plate, a card holder, an upper cover, and a screw. The shape of the bottom plate and the upper cover are matched with the shape of the longitudinal groove; the bottom plate is fixedly mounted in the longitudinal groove by the screw, and the card holder is fixed on the top surface of the bottom plate The card holder has an elastic latching portion for clamping the water pipe, and the upper cover can be fastened to both side walls of the bottom plate.
  9. 如权利要求5所述的墙板系统,其特征在于,所述墙板系统还包括水管压紧组件,所述水管压紧组件包括压板以及螺钉,所述压板中间位置设置有压槽,所述压槽的形状与所述水管的形状相匹配,所述压板的两侧边均设置有安装孔,所述螺钉穿过所述安装孔,固定在所述纵向凹槽的槽底上。The wall panel system according to claim 5, wherein the wall panel system further comprises a water pipe pressing assembly, the water pipe pressing assembly comprises a pressure plate and a screw, and the pressure plate is provided with a pressure groove at an intermediate position thereof, The shape of the pressure groove is matched with the shape of the water pipe, and both sides of the pressure plate are provided with mounting holes through which the screws are fixed on the groove bottom of the longitudinal groove.
  10. 如权利要求5所述的墙板系统,其特征在于,所述布线件的底座的制作材料包括一定量的PVC基体树脂、与PVC基体树脂质量相同的木材粉末、PVC基体树脂质量的1.5%-2%的发泡剂、PVC基体树脂质量的40%的碳酸钙、PVC基体树脂质量的4%的稳定剂以及PVC基体树脂质量的0.7%-1%的润滑剂。The wallboard system according to claim 5, wherein the base material of the wiring member comprises a certain amount of PVC matrix resin, wood powder of the same quality as the PVC matrix resin, and 1.5% of the mass of the PVC matrix resin. 2% foaming agent, 40% calcium carbonate of PVC matrix resin quality, 4% stabilizer of PVC matrix resin quality and 0.7%-1% lubricant of PVC matrix resin quality.
PCT/CN2018/086982 2018-05-16 2018-05-16 Wall and wall system capable of integrating pipes and cables WO2019218214A1 (en)

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CN102492242A (en) * 2011-12-06 2012-06-13 山东博拓塑业股份有限公司 Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) wood-plastic board and preparation method thereof
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CN111255114A (en) * 2020-02-19 2020-06-09 新昌县万才建材科技有限公司 Heat preservation outer wall modularization continuous installation device for construction
CN111255114B (en) * 2020-02-19 2021-04-23 安徽翔誉千秋建设集团有限公司 Heat preservation outer wall modularization continuous installation device for construction

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