WO2019210700A1 - Sports equipment having left and right pedal cranks and related comovement structures thereof driven in parallel or alternately - Google Patents

Sports equipment having left and right pedal cranks and related comovement structures thereof driven in parallel or alternately Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2019210700A1
WO2019210700A1 PCT/CN2019/000083 CN2019000083W WO2019210700A1 WO 2019210700 A1 WO2019210700 A1 WO 2019210700A1 CN 2019000083 W CN2019000083 W CN 2019000083W WO 2019210700 A1 WO2019210700 A1 WO 2019210700A1
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pedal
return
crank
exercise
elliptical
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PCT/CN2019/000083
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
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孟杰
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Meng Jie
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Priority to CN201810454659.2 priority Critical
Priority to CN201810454659 priority
Priority to CN201810566358 priority
Priority to CN201810566358.9 priority
Priority to CN201810794909 priority
Priority to CN201810794909.7 priority
Application filed by Meng Jie filed Critical Meng Jie
Publication of WO2019210700A1 publication Critical patent/WO2019210700A1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62MRIDER PROPULSION OF WHEELED VEHICLES OR SLEDGES; POWERED PROPULSION OF SLEDGES OR SINGLE-TRACK CYCLES; TRANSMISSIONS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR SUCH VEHICLES
    • B62M1/00Rider propulsion of wheeled vehicles
    • B62M1/12Rider propulsion of wheeled vehicles operated by both hand and foot power

Abstract

Sports equipment having left and right pedal cranks (1, 2) and related comovement structures thereof driven in parallel or alternately. By means of the provided crank return structure system in a cable or eccentric cam or eccentric bearing or crankshaft or other suitable forms or/and a corresponding crank angle variation mechanism (123), left and right pedal cranks (1, 2) or/and left and right elliptical (circumferential) sports pedals (90) driven thereby or/and left and right manual swing arm structures (91) of related sports equipment are driven in parallel or alternately, and the left and right elliptical (circumferential) sports pedals (90), etc. which are parallel to each other are easily started and driven better by 360 degrees, so that corresponding sports equipment such as an exercise bike or elliptical machine or horse riding machine or rowing machine or bicycle and composite sports equipment products that can be easily formed can achieve more plentiful and more complete use function and higher market value.

Description

左右脚踏曲柄及其相关联动结构采用平行或及交替驱动的运动器械Left and right foot cranks and their associated linkages use parallel or alternately driven exercise equipment
所属领域Field
属于运动和健身器械领域In the field of sports and fitness equipment
背景技术Background technique
现有的健身车、椭圆机、自行车等运动器械一般采用左右曲柄成180度的交替驱动状态,有些健身车、自行车之上也可同时采用左右曲柄可同向的平行驱动状态,但采用平行驱动时,脚踏曲柄的待动位置将对整个运动过程的启动影响很大,待动位置若不适宜将无法启动运动过程,同时一般情况下,单一的踩踏过程只能实现半周驱动,即使采用特制的可360度全周驱动的脚踏系统,其提带驱动过程可形成的驱动力也相对明显较小,这会形成一种矛盾,若运动阻力设置的较大,则提带驱动过程的运动速度会明显变慢,运动的均衡性很差,甚至会无法完成整个提带驱动过程及整个360度驱动过程,若运动阻力设置的过小,由于双脚平行用力同时踩踏过程的驱动力量相对明显更大,故极易采空。如此形成十分明显的矛盾,并成为制约双脚平行驱动过程均衡完好和相关的健身车、椭圆机、自行车等运动器械更好发展应用的关键问题。若进一步考虑要在可采用站立驱动方式的椭圆机、健身车、自行车等器械之上采用站立式的平行驱动方式,则整个运动过程的启动和较好的完成,曲柄应具有更好的待启动位置和强的自然回位能力变得十分重要。本案通过提出相应的拉索式和偏心顶轮式等形式的曲柄回位结构系统可很好地解决上述矛盾与问题,从而使健身车、椭圆机、自行车等运动器械之上可更好地实现左右脚踏曲柄等结构间相互平行的驱动方式,使可同时实现平行驱动方式与交替驱动方式的相关运动器械得到大的发展。The existing exercise equipments such as exercise bikes, elliptical machines, bicycles, etc. generally adopt the alternate driving state of the left and right cranks at 180 degrees. Some exercise bikes and bicycles can also adopt the parallel drive state of the left and right cranks in the same direction, but adopt parallel drive. When the position of the pedal crank is to be moved, the movement of the pedal will be greatly affected. If the position is not suitable, the movement process cannot be started. In general, the single pedaling process can only achieve half-cycle driving, even if it is specially designed. The 360-degree full-cycle-driven pedal system has a relatively small driving force for the belt driving process, which creates a contradiction. If the motion resistance is set larger, the speed of the belt driving process is increased. It will obviously slow down, the balance of motion is very poor, and even the entire belt driving process and the entire 360-degree driving process will not be completed. If the motion resistance is set too small, the driving force of the pedaling process will be relatively obvious due to the parallel force of both feet. Large, so it is easy to go. This creates a very obvious contradiction, and becomes a key issue that restricts the balance of the parallel driving process of the two feet and the related development and application of exercise equipment such as exercise bikes, elliptical machines and bicycles. If further consideration is given to the use of a stand-up parallel drive on an elliptical machine, exercise bike, bicycle or the like that can be used in a standing drive mode, the cranking should have a better start to be activated and better finished. Position and strong natural return ability become very important. This case can solve the above contradictions and problems by proposing the corresponding crank-return structure system in the form of cable-type and eccentric top wheel, so that the exercise equipment such as exercise bike, elliptical machine and bicycle can be better realized. The parallel driving manners of the left and right pedal cranks and the like enable the development of the related motion devices capable of simultaneously implementing the parallel driving mode and the alternate driving mode.
发明创造的目的Purpose of invention
本发明创造的目的在于:通过设置一种拉索式或偏心顶轮式的曲柄回位结构系统及相应的其它结构系统使健身车、自行车、椭圆机等运动器械的左、右脚踏曲柄及其相应的其它左、右连带运动结构间能够很好地实现彼此平行同步驱动或及彼此交替驱动的运动锻炼方式,从而更好地丰富相关运动器械的使用功能,形成更好更丰富的锻炼过程,更好地满足人们的需要,也会明显地提升相关产品的价值。The purpose of the invention is to make the left and right foot cranks of exercise equipment such as exercise bikes, bicycles and elliptical machines and the like by setting a crank type or eccentric top wheel type crank return structure system and corresponding other structural systems. The corresponding other left and right joint motion structures can well realize the parallel exercise driving synchronously or alternately driving each other, thereby enriching the use function of the related sports equipment and forming a better and richer exercise process. To better meet people's needs, it will also significantly increase the value of related products.
发明创造的内容Invented content
本发明创造的目的是这样实现的:相应的运动器械可由支架结构、左右脚踏曲柄、脚踏曲柄枢轴、左右脚踏板、运动传递及联动机构、运动阻力-阻尼结构及相应的其它结构系统所组成;其特征是:通过相应设置的拉索式或偏心凸轮式或曲轴式或偏心轴承式或其它适宜形式的曲柄回位结构系统或及相应设置的变角机构、使左右脚踏曲柄或及其可带动的左右椭圆或圆周运动踏板结构或及其可带动的左右手动摆臂结构或及其它相关的左右连带结构采用相互平行或及相互交替的驱动方式,从而使相应的运动器械可获得更丰富、更完善的使用功能与更高的市场价值。相关运动器械为骑马机或健身车或椭圆机或划船机或自行车或其它适宜的运动器械或及它们间相互整合所形成的多功能运动器械。The purpose of the invention is to achieve: the corresponding sports equipment can be supported by a bracket structure, left and right foot cranks, pedal crank pivots, left and right foot pedals, motion transmission and linkage mechanism, motion resistance-damping structure and corresponding other structures. The system is composed of: a crank-type or eccentric cam type or a crank-type or eccentric bearing type or other suitable form of the crank return structure system or a correspondingly set angle changing mechanism, and the left and right foot cranks are respectively provided Or its movable left and right elliptical or circular motion pedal structure or its movable left and right manual swing arm structure or other related left and right belt structure adopt parallel or alternate driving manners, so that the corresponding sports equipment can be Get richer, more complete use and higher market value. The related exercise equipment is a horse-riding machine or an exercise machine or an elliptical machine or a rowing machine or a bicycle or other suitable sports equipment or a multi-functional sports machine formed by integrating them with each other.
左右脚踏曲柄间采用相互平行的固定连接方式,或通过相应设置的变角机构的调控使左右脚踏曲柄间形成相互平行驱动或180度彼此交替驱动或其它适宜的可调的连接角度关系。The left and right foot cranks are connected in parallel with each other, or by the correspondingly arranged angle changing mechanism, the left and right foot cranks are formed to drive parallel to each other or 180 degrees alternately with each other or other suitable adjustable angle of connection.
相应变角机构设在脚踏曲柄结构与脚踏曲柄中轴结构之间,或设在脚踏曲柄结构与脚踏曲柄回位结构系统的相应的曲轴结构或偏心轴承结构或偏心凸轮结构之间,或设在其它适宜的结构位置之上;The corresponding variable angle mechanism is disposed between the pedal crank structure and the pedal crank axle structure, or between the pedal crank structure and the corresponding crankshaft structure or the eccentric bearing structure or the eccentric cam structure of the pedal crank return structure system. Or located at other suitable structural locations;
设置可分别直接或间接地与左、右脚踏曲柄结构相连接的左、右手动摆臂结构;Providing left and right manual swing arm structures that can be directly or indirectly connected to the left and right foot pedal structures, respectively;
相应的拉索式或偏心凸轮式或曲轴式或偏心轴承式曲柄回位结构系统,为由弹簧提供回位力的相应的弹力曲柄回位结构系统或由重力提供回位力的相应的重力曲柄回位结构系统或弹力与重力相互组合、共同作用的相应的曲柄回系统位结构。Corresponding cable-type or eccentric cam or crankshaft or eccentric bearing crank return structure system, the corresponding elastic crank return structure system that provides the return force by the spring or the corresponding gravity crank that provides the return force by gravity The return structure system or the corresponding crank-back system position structure in which the elastic force and the gravity force combine and work together.
通过设置拉索式或偏心凸轮式或曲轴式或偏心轴承式或及其他适宜形式的曲柄回位结构系统,使处于平行状态的左右脚踏曲柄可自动地处于脚踏曲柄中轴的上方,从而使左右脚踏曲柄及其连带的左右圆周运动脚踏板或左右椭圆运动踏板或其它相应结构处于最适宜的待动状态。同时,通过弹簧或重力回位力的加减作用,可确保处于彼此平行关系的左右圆周运动脚踏板或左右椭圆运动脚踏板或其它相应结构更好地完成360度的全周驱动过程,并使整个运动的受力过程等更加均衡化。By providing a cable type or eccentric cam type or crank or eccentric bearing type or other suitable form of the crank return structure system, the left and right foot cranks in a parallel state can be automatically placed above the middle shaft of the pedal crank, thereby The left and right foot cranks and their associated left and right circular motion pedals or left and right elliptical motion pedals or other corresponding structures are in an optimum state to be moved. At the same time, the addition or subtraction of the spring or gravity return force ensures that the left and right circular motion pedals or the left and right elliptical motion pedals or other corresponding structures in parallel with each other can better complete the 360-degree full-cycle driving process. And make the whole process of the force of the movement more equal.
曲轴式或偏心轴承式或偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统的相应的曲轴结构或偏心轴承的内圈结构或偏心凸轮结构直接或间接地与脚踏曲柄中轴结构相连接,或直接或间接地与左右脚踏曲柄结构相连接。The corresponding crankshaft structure of the crankshaft or eccentric bearing or eccentric cam-type crank return structure system or the inner ring structure or eccentric cam structure of the eccentric bearing is directly or indirectly connected to the pedal crank axle structure, either directly or indirectly Connected to the left and right foot crank structures.
与曲轴式或偏心轴承式或偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统的相应的曲轴或偏心轴承结构或顶轮结构相配合,设置相应的回位连杆结构,回位连杆结构的一端与曲轴式或偏心轴承式或偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统的相应的曲轴结构或偏心轴承的外圈结构或偏心凸轮的顶轮结构相枢接或连接,回位连杆结构的另一端与回位连杆摆臂结构或其它适宜结构相连接或通过相应的滚轮结构与相应的回位连杆轨道结构相配合。Cooperating with the corresponding crankshaft or eccentric bearing structure or top wheel structure of the crankshaft or eccentric bearing or eccentric cam type crank return structure system, the corresponding return link structure is set, one end of the return link structure and the crankshaft type Or the corresponding crankshaft structure of the eccentric bearing or eccentric cam type crank return structure system or the outer ring structure of the eccentric bearing or the top wheel structure of the eccentric cam is pivotally connected or connected, and the other end of the return link structure is connected with the return position The rod swing arm structure or other suitable structure is coupled or coupled to the corresponding return link track structure by a corresponding roller structure.
在回位连杆结构之上可设置相应的鞍座结构或相应的脚踏结构或同时设置相应的鞍座结构与相应的脚踏结构。A corresponding saddle structure or a corresponding pedal structure or a corresponding saddle structure and a corresponding pedal structure may be provided on the return link structure.
回位连杆结构直接或间接地与相应的弹力或重力回位结构系统或弹力与重力相互组合的回位结构系统相连接。The return link structure is directly or indirectly connected to a corresponding elastic or gravity return structure system or a return structure system in which the elastic force and the gravity are combined with each other.
在相应的运动器械之上,可独立地使用拉索式或偏心轴承式或曲轴式或偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统,或与相应的惯性蓄能结构相联合地使用,拉索式或偏心轴承式或曲轴式或偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统彼此间也可相互配合使用。Above the corresponding exercise equipment, the cable-type or eccentric bearing or crankshaft or eccentric cam-type crank return structure system can be used independently, or in combination with the corresponding inertial energy storage structure, cable or eccentric Bearing-type or crank-type or eccentric cam-type crank return structure systems can also be used with each other.
左、右脚踏曲柄结构分别拥有自己独立的相应形式的曲柄回位结构系统或共同拥有同一套相应形式的曲柄回位结构系统。The left and right pedal crank structures respectively have their own independent corresponding crank return structure systems or a common set of crank return structure systems.
设置相应的圆周运动踏板结构或椭圆运动踏板结构,椭圆运动踏板结构的一端与脚踏曲柄结构相枢接,另一端与椭圆运动踏板摆臂结构或其它适宜结构或通过相应的滚轮结构与相应的椭圆运动踏板轨道结构相配合。A corresponding circular motion pedal structure or an elliptical motion pedal structure is provided, one end of the elliptical motion pedal structure is pivotally connected with the pedal crank structure, the other end is connected with the elliptical motion pedal swing arm structure or other suitable structure or through the corresponding roller structure and corresponding The elliptical pedal pedal structure is matched.
设置相应的椭圆运动踏板结构与相应的手动摆臂结构,椭圆运动踏板结构的一端与脚踏曲柄结构相枢接,另一端或其它事宜部分直接或间接地与手动摆臂结构相连接。A corresponding elliptical motion pedal structure and a corresponding manual swing arm structure are provided. One end of the elliptical motion pedal structure is pivotally connected to the pedal crank structure, and the other end or other matters are directly or indirectly connected to the manual swing arm structure.
手动摆臂结构与相应的椭圆运动踏板结构直接相枢接或通过相应的手动摆臂连杆结构与椭圆运动踏板结构直接相连接;手动摆臂连杆结构的一端通过连杆-摆臂枢轴结构与手动摆臂结构的下端相枢接,手动摆臂连杆结构的另一端通过连杆-踏板枢轴结构与椭圆运动踏板结构相枢接,由此形成包含有完整的椭圆机的结构与功能的相应的运动器械。The manual swing arm structure is directly connected with the corresponding elliptical motion pedal structure or directly connected to the elliptical motion pedal structure through a corresponding manual swing arm link structure; one end of the manual swing arm link structure passes the link-swing arm pivot The structure is pivotally connected to the lower end of the manual swing arm structure, and the other end of the manual swing arm link structure is pivotally connected with the elliptical motion pedal structure through the link-pedal pivot structure, thereby forming a structure including a complete elliptical machine and The corresponding sports equipment for the function.
与相关产品的其它结构系统相配合,可形成含拉索式或偏心顶轮式或曲轴式或偏心轴承式曲柄回位结构系统的相应的健身车或椭圆机或骑马机或自行车或其它适宜的运动器械产品。Cooperating with other structural systems of related products, it can form a corresponding exercise bike or elliptical machine or horse-riding machine or bicycle or other suitable one with a cable-type or eccentric top wheel or crankshaft or eccentric bearing crank return structure system. Sports equipment products.
在相应的健身车或椭圆机或其它适宜的产品之上,设置相应的手动摇臂结构、手动摇臂把手结构及其它相关结构,由此可形成含手动摇臂结构系统的手脚可联动的健身车或椭圆机产品或健身车——椭圆机组合产品。On the corresponding exercise bike or elliptical machine or other suitable products, the corresponding manual rocker arm structure, manual rocker arm handle structure and other related structures are set, thereby forming a fitness joint with hands and feet including a manual rocker arm structure system. Car or elliptical machine products or exercise bikes - elliptical machine combination products.
在相应的椭圆机或健身车或其它适宜的运动器械之上,可采用坐式运动的结构形式或采用站式运动的结构形式或采用同时可实现坐式运动及站立运动的结构形式。On top of the corresponding elliptical or exercise bike or other suitable exercise equipment, a structural form of the seated movement or a structural form of the standing movement or a structural form in which the sitting movement and the standing movement can be simultaneously realized may be employed.
在相应的椭圆机或健身车或其它适宜的运动器械之上,可同时采用带靠背或不带靠背的低位座椅结构,与之相适应可在左、右手动摆臂结构的下端或左、右椭圆运动踏板结构的前部或其它适宜的结构位置上设置相应的配合低位座椅使用的左、右低位脚踏板结构,以使锻炼者的双腿可实现充分的前后舒展运动,并可形成更好的手脚联动的运动状态。On the corresponding elliptical or exercise bike or other suitable exercise equipment, the low seat structure with or without the backrest can be used at the same time, which can be adapted to the lower or left side of the left and right manual swing arm structures. The front part of the right elliptical pedal structure or other suitable structural position is provided with a corresponding left and right lower pedal structure for the lower seat, so that the exerciser's legs can achieve sufficient forward and backward stretching movement, and Form a better movement state of the hands and feet.
设置在椭圆运动踏板结构上或其它适宜的结构位置上的左、右低位脚踏板结构可采用直接设置的结构形式或采用可方便地添加与拆下的相应的结构形式或采用可方便地折叠或及其它适宜的隐蔽设置的结构形式——只在使用时展开、不使用时收起并隐蔽起来的结构形式。The left and right lower foot pedal structures disposed on the elliptical motion pedal structure or other suitable structural position may adopt a directly arranged structural form or may be conveniently folded by adopting a corresponding structural form that can be easily added and removed or adopted. Or other suitable concealed structural forms - structures that are only unfolded when in use, and are closed and concealed when not in use.
偏心轴承式曲柄回位结构系统的相关运动器械与含曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统的相关运动器械在具体结构上可有许多相近同的地方,彼此可以相互借鉴、相互派生、相互整合,从而可形成结构更适宜、形式也更丰富的相应的运动器械产品。The related sports equipment of the eccentric bearing crank return structure system and the related sports equipment with the crankshaft crank return structure system can have many similarities in the specific structure, and can learn from each other, derive from each other, and integrate with each other. Corresponding sports equipment products with more suitable structures and more forms are formed.
相关运动器械可同时实现电动化——既在可依靠人体力量实现相关运动的同时,也可借助相应的电动驱动系统实现相关的运动过程,以使整个运动器械在拥有强的健身锻炼功能的同时,具有娱乐和康复的功能与价值;The related exercise equipment can be simultaneously electrified - while relying on the human body to achieve the relevant movements, the corresponding movement process can also be realized by means of the corresponding electric drive system, so that the entire exercise machine has a strong fitness exercise function. , with the functions and value of entertainment and rehabilitation;
为更好地适应可同时采用站式运动、高位座式运动或及低位座式运动等多种情况下人体处于不同相对位置、不同运动形式等状态的需要,在相应的椭圆机或健身车或其它适宜的运动器械的左右手动摆臂结构系统上可进一步选择加设下述结构系统:In order to better adapt to the needs of the body in different relative positions, different forms of motion, etc., in the case of standing motion, high seat motion or low seat motion, in the corresponding elliptical machine or exercise bike or The following structural systems can be further selected for the left and right manual swing arm structure systems of other suitable exercise equipment:
1、在相应的椭圆机或健身车或其它适宜的运动器械的左、右手动摆臂上加设相应的手动摆臂纵向——即前后向运动位置调角结构系统,通过其的调节作用,可使左、右手动摆臂的上部更加靠前或靠后,从而可更好地满足人们或站立锻炼或座式锻炼、或高位座式锻炼或低位座式锻炼时,人体的运动重心、运动位置、运动形式的不同而形成的不同需要。1. Add the corresponding manual swing arm longitudinal direction on the left and right manual swing arms of the corresponding elliptical machine or exercise bike or other suitable exercise equipment, that is, the forward and backward movement position adjustment structure system, through its adjustment function, The upper part of the left and right manual swing arms can be more forward or rearward, so as to better meet the center of gravity and movement of the human body when standing or standing exercise or seat type exercise, or high seat type exercise or low seat type exercise. Different needs due to different positions and movement patterns.
2、在相应的椭圆机或健身车或其它适宜的运动器械的左、右手动摆臂上加设可使左、右手动摆臂的上部做横向——即左右向摆动运动或及可使手动摆臂上部横向变角、变位锁止的相应的手动摆臂上部横向运动结构系统。2. On the left and right manual swing arms of the corresponding elliptical or exercise bike or other suitable exercise equipment, the upper part of the left and right manual swing arms can be made horizontally, that is, the left and right swinging motion or manual operation The upper lateral movement structure system of the corresponding manual swing arm of the upper lateral angle of the swing arm and the displacement lock.
3、在相应的椭圆机或健身车或其它适宜的运动器械的左、右手动摆臂上或在前述的相对独立的横向运动的手动摆臂上加设上下运动摆臂结构系统或上下运动套管结构系统。3. Add an up and down motion swing arm structure system or upper and lower motion sleeves on the left and right manual swing arms of the corresponding elliptical or exercise machine or other suitable exercise equipment or on the aforementioned relatively independent lateral movement manual swing arm. Pipe structure system.
4、在相应的健身车或自行车或其它适宜的运动器械上设置相互平行的左、右圆周驱动手臂、驱动手柄等手圆周驱动结构系统,相应的手圆周驱动系统通过链条或同步带结构或以其它适宜的方式与脚踏中轴结构、脚踏曲柄结构直接或间接相连接,从而可形成更适于人体锻炼等需要的新的相应的运动器械。4. Set the hand-circle drive structure systems such as the left and right circular driving arms and the driving handles parallel to each other on the corresponding exercise bike or bicycle or other suitable exercise equipment, and the corresponding hand-circle drive system through the chain or timing belt structure or Other suitable means are directly or indirectly connected to the pedal center shaft structure and the pedal crank structure, so that a new corresponding exercise apparatus more suitable for human body exercise and the like can be formed.
附图说明DRAWINGS
对附图1-29做如下说明:Figure 1-29 is illustrated as follows:
附图1a、1b分别为含弹力拉索式曲柄回位结构系统且左右脚踏曲柄间处于平行驱动状态的椭圆机的主视图、左视图。1a and 1b are respectively a front view and a left side view of an elliptical machine including a resilient cable type crank return structure system and a parallel driving state between left and right pedal cranks.
附图2a、2b分别为含拉索式曲柄回位结构系统的椭圆机或健身车的脚踏曲柄、脚踏曲柄中轴等结构部分的视图与剖视图情况。2a and 2b are respectively a view and a cross-sectional view of a structural part of an elliptical machine or an exercise bike including a cable crank return structure system, a pedal crank, and a middle shaft of a pedal crank.
附图3a、3b分别为含重块拉索式曲柄回位结构的且左右脚踏曲柄间处于平行驱动状态的健身车的主视图、左视图。3a and 3b are respectively a front view and a left side view of the exercise vehicle including the heavy-duty cable-type crank returning structure and the parallel driving state between the left and right pedal cranks.
附图4a、4b分别为含弹簧拉索式曲柄回位结构及手圆周驱动结构的健身车的主 视图、左视图。4a and 4b are a front view and a left side view, respectively, of the exercise vehicle including the spring cable type crank return structure and the hand circumference drive structure.
附图5a、5b分别为含偏心顶轮式曲柄回位结构的且左右脚踏曲柄间处于平行驱动状态的自行车的主视图、左视图。5a and 5b are respectively a front view and a left side view of the bicycle including the eccentric top wheel type crank return structure and the left and right pedal cranks in a parallel driving state.
附图6为含偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统且左右脚踏曲柄等之间处于平行驱动状态的椭圆机(及其可与健身车等形成的组合产品)的视图情况。Fig. 6 is a view showing a state of an elliptical machine (and a combination product thereof which can be formed with an exercise bike or the like) including an eccentric cam type crank return structure system and a left and right pedal cranks and the like in a parallel driving state.
附图7a、7b分别为含偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统的椭圆机或健身车的脚踏曲柄——中轴等结构系统的视图与剖视图情况。7a and 7b are respectively a view and a cross-sectional view of a structural system such as a pedal crank of a elliptical machine or an exercise machine including an eccentric cam type crank return structure system.
附图8为含偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统的椭圆机或健身车的脚踏曲柄——偏心凸轮等结构系统的视图与剖视图情况。Fig. 8 is a view and a cross-sectional view showing a structural system of an elliptical machine or an exercise bicycle with an eccentric cam type crank return structure system, such as an eccentric cam.
附图9a、9b分别为相应的脚踏中轴偏心凸轮结构与其顶轮结构处于可相互作用和完全分离状态的自行车的视图情况。Figures 9a, 9b are views of the bicycle of the respective pedal center axis eccentric cam structure in an interactive and fully disengageable state with its top wheel structure.
附图10a、10b分别为含偏心轴承式曲柄回位结构系统且偏心轴承结构系统前置的椭圆机(及其可与骑马机、健身车等形成的组合产品)的主视图、俯视图。10a and 10b are respectively a front view and a plan view of an elliptical machine (and a combination product thereof, which can be formed with a riding machine, an exercise machine, etc.) having an eccentric bearing type crank return structure system and an eccentric bearing structure system.
附图11a、11b均为含偏心轴承式曲柄回位结构系统且偏心轴承结构系统后置的椭圆机(及其可与骑马机、健身车等形成的组合产品)的视图情况。11a and 11b are views of an elliptical machine (and its combination with a riding machine, exercise bike, etc.) having an eccentric bearing type crank return structure system and an eccentric bearing structure system.
附图12为含偏心轴承式曲柄回位结构系统且同时设有回位弹簧结构的椭圆机(及其可与骑马机、健身车等形成的组合产品)的视图情况。Figure 12 is a view of the elliptical machine (and its combination with a riding machine, exercise bike, etc.) having an eccentric bearing type crank return structure system and having a return spring structure.
附图13为含偏心轴承式曲柄回位结构系统且鞍座等结构可充分低置的椭圆机(及其可与骑马机、健身车等形成的组合产品)的视图情况。Figure 13 is a view of the elliptical machine (and its combination with a riding machine, exercise bike, etc.) having an eccentric bearing type crank return structure system and a structure such as a saddle can be sufficiently lowered.
附图14a、14b分别为含偏心轴承式曲柄回位结构系统且左右脚踏曲柄间处于平行驱动状态的椭圆机(及其可与骑马机、健身车等形成的组合产品)的主视图、俯视图。14a and 14b are respectively a front view and a top view of an elliptical machine (and a combination product thereof, which can be formed with a riding machine, an exercise machine, etc.) including an eccentric bearing type crank return structure system and a parallel driving state between left and right pedal cranks. .
附图15为含偏心轴承式曲柄回位结构系统及可设低位鞍座等的多功能组合产品的视图情况。Figure 15 is a view showing a multi-functional combination product including an eccentric bearing type crank return structure system and a low position saddle.
附图16为含偏心轴承式曲柄回位结构系统及前后可滑移鞍座的多功能组合产品的视图情况。Figure 16 is a view of the multi-functional combination of an eccentric bearing type crank return structure system and a front and rear slideable saddle.
附图17为含偏心轴承式曲柄回位结构系统及手动摇臂驱动系统的多功能组合产品的视图情况。Figure 17 is a view of the multi-functional combination of an eccentric bearing crank return structure system and a manual rocker drive system.
附图18为含偏心轴承式曲柄回位结构系统及前后双鞍座系统的多功能组合产品的视图情况。Figure 18 is a view of the multi-functional combination of an eccentric bearing type crank return structure system and a front and rear double saddle system.
附图19为含偏心轴承式曲柄回位结构系统且同时可实现脚踏椭圆机式驱动、脚踏健身车式驱动以及骑马机式驱动等驱动的自行车运动产品的视图情况。Fig. 19 is a view showing a bicycle sport product including an eccentric bearing type crank return structure system and simultaneously driving a pedal elliptical drive, a pedal exerciser drive, and a horse riding machine drive.
附图20为含曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统且同时可实现脚踏椭圆机式驱动、脚踏健身车式驱动以及骑马机式驱动等驱动的自行车运动产品的视图情况。Fig. 20 is a view showing a bicycle sports product including a crank-type crank return structure system and simultaneously driving a pedal elliptical drive, a pedal exerciser drive, and a horse riding machine drive.
附图21a、21b分别为含曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统且曲轴结构系统前置的相关椭圆机(及其可与骑马机、健身车等形成的组合产品)的主视图、俯视图。21a and 21b are respectively a front view and a top view of a related elliptical machine (and its combination with a riding machine, exercise bike, etc.) having a crank-type crank return structure system and a crankshaft structure system.
附图22a、22b均为含曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统且曲轴结构系统后置的相关椭圆机(及其可与骑马机、健身车等形成的组合产品)的视图情况。Figures 22a, 22b are views of a related elliptical machine (and its combination with a riding machine, exercise bike, etc.) having a crankshaft crank return structure system and a rear crankshaft structure system.
附图23a为含曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统的椭圆机与卧式健身车的组合产品的视图情况。Figure 23a is a view of the combination of an elliptical machine and a horizontal exercise bike including a crankshaft crank return structure system.
附图23b为含曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统的椭圆机与鞍座可滑移式健身车或划船器的组合产品的视图情况。Figure 23b is a view of the combination of an elliptical machine with a crank-type crank return structure system and a saddle-slidable exercise bike or rowing machine.
附图24a为含曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统的脚踏式椭圆机与手脚同动式健身车的组合产品的视图情况。Figure 24a is a view showing a combination of a pedal type elliptical machine including a crank type crank return structure system and a hand and foot exercise bicycle.
附图24b为含曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统的手脚同动式椭圆机与手脚同动式健身车的组合产品的视图情况。Figure 24b is a view showing the combination of the hand-foot-operated elliptical machine and the hand-foot-type exercise bicycle with the crank-type crank return structure system.
附图25a、25b分别为含曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统且相应曲轴结构的中心枢轴与脚踏曲柄中轴结构分开设置的相关椭圆机(及其可与骑马机、健身车等形成的组合产品)的主视图、俯视图。25a and 25b are respectively related elliptical machines (including a combination of a horse-riding machine, an exercise bicycle, etc.), which are provided with a crank-type crank return structure system and a central pivot of the corresponding crank structure and a middle axle structure of the pedal crank. Product view), top view.
附图26为含可调角度手动摆臂系统及可同时设置使用高位和低位鞍座的手脚可同时驱动的健身车(及其可与骑马机、椭圆机等形成的组合产品)的视图情况。Figure 26 is a view of the exercise cart with an adjustable angle manual swing arm system and a set of exercise machines (and their combination with a horse riding machine, elliptical machine, etc.) that can simultaneously be driven by the hands and feet of the high and low saddles.
附图27为含可调角度手动摆臂系统或及可同时设置使用低位及高位鞍座的手脚可同时驱动的椭圆机(及其可与骑马机、健身车等形成的组合产品)的视图情况。Figure 27 is a view of the elliptical machine (and its combination with a riding machine, exercise bike, etc.) with an adjustable angle manual swing arm system or a hand and foot that can be simultaneously driven using a low and high saddle. .
附图28为含上下向运动的手动摆臂系统或及可同时设置使用低位和高位鞍座的手脚可同时驱动的椭圆机(及其可与骑马机、健身车等形成的组合产品)的视图情况。Figure 28 is a view of a manual swing arm system with up and down movement or an elliptical machine (and its combination with a horse riding machine, exercise bike, etc.) that can simultaneously be driven by the hands and feet of the low and high saddles. Happening.
附图29为含上下向手动套管结构系统或及可同时设置使用低位和高位鞍座的手脚可同时驱动的椭圆机(及其可与骑马机、健身车等形成的组合产品)的视图情况。Figure 29 is a view of the elliptical machine (and its combination with a riding machine, exercise bike, etc.) that can be simultaneously driven by the up-and-down manual bushing structure system or the hands and feet that can simultaneously be used with the low and high saddles. .
具体实施方式detailed description
对相关运动器械及其相关结构系统的具体实施方式说明如下:The specific implementation of the relevant exercise equipment and related structural systems is as follows:
一、含拉索式曲柄回位结构系统及其运动器械的较具体实现方式:First, the specific implementation of the cable-type crank return structure system and its sports equipment:
相应的拉索式曲柄回位结构可分为由弹簧提供回位力的弹力拉索式曲柄回位结构和由重块提供回位力的重力拉索式曲柄回位结构。其较具体的结构设置及相关运动器械的情况结合附图说明如下:The corresponding cable-type crank return structure can be divided into a elastic cable type crank return structure provided by a spring and a gravity cable type crank return structure provided by a weight. The more specific structural settings and related sports equipment are described below with reference to the drawings:
如附图1、3、4等中所示,在相关运动器械的左、右脚踏曲柄结构1、2适宜的位置处或直接在左、右脚踏心轴结构之上分别设置左、右回位拉索轴承结构7、8,在左、右脚踏曲柄结构1、2(或部分椭圆机的脚踏圆盘结构)的中轴结构3的前上方方向(10点、11点附近方向)两侧的适宜空间位置上设置相应的左、右第一回位拉索导轮结构4,同时,在相应的适宜的结构位置处设置相应的其它导轮结构,依托和通过上述导轮结构系统的左、右回位拉索结构5、6的一端分别与设置于左、右脚踏曲柄结构1、2或直接设置于左、右脚踏枢轴结构之上的左、右回位拉索轴承结构7、8相连接,另一端分别直接或间接地与可设于整个运动器械的适宜骨架结构之中的左、右回位弹簧结构9、10或左、右回位重块结构或其它适宜的回位结构系统相连接。(如附图1、3、4等中所示。)As shown in Figures 1, 3, 4, etc., left and right are respectively placed at appropriate positions of the left and right foot crank structures 1, 2 of the related exercise equipment or directly above the left and right foot pedal structures. The return cable bearing structures 7, 8 are in the front upper direction of the center shaft structure 3 of the left and right foot pedal structures 1, 2 (or the pedal disc structure of a partial elliptical machine) (10 points, 11 points) The corresponding left and right first return cable guide wheel structures 4 are disposed at suitable spatial positions on both sides, and corresponding other guide wheel structures are disposed at corresponding suitable structural positions, relying on and passing through the above-mentioned guide wheel structure One ends of the left and right return cable structures 5, 6 of the system are respectively pulled to the left and right pedals, and the left and right pedals are directly disposed on the left and right pedal pivot structures. The cable bearing structures 7, 8 are connected, and the other end is directly or indirectly connected to the left and right return spring structures 9, 10 or the left and right return weight structures which may be disposed in a suitable skeletal structure of the entire exercise machine or Other suitable return structure systems are connected. (As shown in Figures 1, 3, 4, etc.)
在相关运动器械的左、右脚踏曲柄结构1、2的反向沿出结构65、66之上分别设置曲柄左、右回位轴承结构67、68,在左、右脚踏曲柄结构1、2(或部分椭圆机的脚踏圆盘结构)的中轴结构3的后下方方向(4点、5点附近方向)两侧的适宜空间位置上设置相应的左、右回位拉索导轮结构64,同时,若需要可在相应的适宜的结构位置处设置相应的其它导轮结构,依托和通过上述导轮结构系统的左、右回位拉索结构5、6的一端分别与设置于左、右脚踏曲柄结构1、2的反向沿出结构之上分别设置的曲柄左、右回位轴承结构67、68相连接,另一端分别直接或间接地与可设于整个运动器械的适宜骨架结构之中的左、右回位弹簧结构9、10或左、右回位重块结构或其它适宜的回位结构系统相连接。(如附图3中所示的情况。)The crank left and right return bearing structures 67, 68 are respectively disposed on the reverse edge-out structures 65, 66 of the left and right foot crank structures 1, 2 of the related exercise equipment, and the crank structure is left and right. 2 (or the pedal structure of a partial elliptical machine) The corresponding left and right return cable guide wheels are arranged at appropriate spatial positions on the sides of the central axis structure 3 (directions near 4 o'clock and 5 o'clock). Structure 64, and at the same time, if necessary, a corresponding other guide wheel structure can be provided at the corresponding suitable structural position, and one end of the left and right return cable structures 5, 6 which are supported and passed through the above-mentioned guide wheel structure system are respectively disposed The left and right foot crank structures 1, 2 are respectively connected to the crank left and right return bearing structures 67, 68 respectively disposed on the upper structure, and the other ends are directly or indirectly connected to the entire exercise machine. The left and right return spring structures 9, 10 or the left and right return weight structures or other suitable return structure systems among the suitable skeletal structures are connected. (as shown in Figure 3.)
通过上述相应的结构设置,回位弹簧或回位重块和左、右回位拉索一起可使处于彼此独立状态或相互平行状态的左、右脚踏曲柄结构1、2在待动状态时自然地处于脚踏曲柄中轴结构3的前上方方向位置上(10点、11点附近方向位置上),从而使左、右脚踏板结构和左、右脚踏曲柄结构1、2及其可带动的椭圆机左、右椭圆运动踏板结构90或及其它相应结构处于十分便于启动的待动位置状态,同时,通过弹簧或重块回位力的加减作用(——通过相伴随的回位弹簧结构或回位重块结构系统中弹力势 能或重力势能的相应的形成、增加与释放、减小过程),也可很好地确保处于彼此平行关系的左、右脚踏板、左、右脚踏曲柄1、2等完成360度的全周驱动过程,并使整个运动锻炼过程的力量分布等更加均衡、更加适宜。(如附图1、3、4等中所示。)With the above-mentioned corresponding structural arrangement, the return spring or the return weight together with the left and right return cables can make the left and right pedal structures 1, 2 in a state of being independent or parallel to each other in a moving state. Naturally located in the front upper direction position of the crankshaft center shaft structure 3 (10 o'clock, 11 o'clock direction position), so that the left and right foot pedal structures and the left and right foot pedal structure 1, 2 and The elliptical machine left and right elliptical motion pedal structure 90 or other corresponding structure is in a state of being ready to be moved, and the returning force of the spring or the weight returning force (by the accompanying return) The corresponding formation, addition and release, reduction process of the elastic potential energy or the gravitational potential energy in the spring structure or the return weight structure system can also ensure the left and right pedals in the parallel relationship with each other, left, The right foot pedals 1, 2, etc. complete the 360-degree full-cycle driving process, and make the power distribution of the entire exercise process more balanced and more appropriate. (As shown in Figures 1, 3, 4, etc.)
采用上述回位拉索结构系统连接左右脚踏曲柄结构1、2与可设于更适宜位置和更大空间中的回位弹簧结构系统或回位重块结构系统,一方面可使回位弹簧结构系统或回位重块结构系统可提供的回位能力更强大、更均衡(可采用更长的弹簧与相对更小的变形,以使弹力的变化更小),另一方面也可使相应的回位力度、回位能力的调节变得更易实现,第三,也有利于整个产品各结构系统的高效配置与优化组合。The above-mentioned return cable structure system is used to connect the left and right foot crank structures 1, 2 and the return spring structure system or the return weight structure system which can be set in a more suitable position and a larger space, on the one hand, the return spring can be made The structural system or the return weight system can provide a more powerful and more balanced return (longer springs and relatively smaller deformations can be used to make the change in spring force smaller), on the other hand The adjustment of the return strength and the returning ability has become easier to implement. Thirdly, it is also beneficial to the efficient configuration and optimization of the entire product structure system.
一般情况下,左、右脚踏曲柄结构1、2可分别拥有自己的独立的回位弹簧结构系统或回位重块结构系统;在一些相应的运动器械之中,也可使左、右脚踏曲柄结构1、2共用同一套回位弹簧结构系统或同一套回位重块结构系统。In general, the left and right foot crank structures 1, 2 can each have their own independent return spring structure system or return weight structure system; in some corresponding sports equipment, the left and right feet can also be used. The taut structure 1 and 2 share the same set of return spring structure systems or the same set of return weight structure systems.
在回位弹簧结构系统中,可设置相应的弹力调节结构系统,如可设置相应的枢接在弹力调节枢轴13之上的弹力调节杆14,弹力调节杆14的一端同时与左、右回位弹簧9、10相连接,另一端设置调节手柄结构,同时在适宜的位置处可配合设置一系列的卡齿式或多位孔式的控位结构15。当需要增加回位弹簧结构系统的回位力度时,可通过弹力调节杆14进一步拉紧回位弹簧,使所设置的回位弹力进一步增大,同时利用相应的反向力亦可使弹力调节杆14被定位在相应的卡齿式或多位孔式的控位结构15的适宜的加力位置之上。相反,若需要减小回位弹簧结构系统的回位力度时,则可使弹力调节杆14处于相应的减力位置之上,以减小对回位弹簧等的作用力。(如附图1中所示)。In the return spring structure system, a corresponding elastic adjustment structure system can be provided, for example, a corresponding elastic adjustment rod 14 pivotally connected above the elastic adjustment pivot 13 can be provided, and one end of the elastic adjustment rod 14 is simultaneously and left and right. The position springs 9, 10 are connected, and the other end is provided with an adjustment handle structure, and at the same time, a series of card-type or multi-position type position control structures 15 can be matched at a suitable position. When it is necessary to increase the returning force of the return spring structure system, the return spring can be further tightened by the elastic adjusting rod 14, so that the set return spring force is further increased, and the elastic force can also be adjusted by using the corresponding reverse force. The rod 14 is positioned above a suitable urging position of the corresponding knurled or multi-positioned position control structure 15. On the contrary, if it is necessary to reduce the returning force of the return spring structure system, the elastic adjusting lever 14 can be placed above the corresponding force reducing position to reduce the force on the return spring and the like. (as shown in Figure 1).
在回位重块结构系统中,一方面可设置能够提供一定的基本回位力量的基础回位重块结构;另一方面可同时或完全独立地设置可方便地调位以变换作用力臂的调位重块结构16,借以实现回位力矩、力度的可调节过程。基础回位重块结构11和调位重块结构16均可设置在相应的调位摆杆结构17之上,调位重块结构16可在自身重力或所设置的弹簧结构18的弹力的作用下趋向于向某一方向运动,同时可设置与前述的回位弹簧结构系统中的弹力调节杆结构系统相近同的结构系统,并使其可带动调位重块结构16做与上述的某一方向相反的运动,从而共同实现调位重块结构16的位置与相应作用力臂及回位拉索可提供的回位力量的变化及锁定。(如附图3中所示)。In the returning weight structure system, on the one hand, a basic returning weight structure capable of providing a certain basic returning force can be provided; on the other hand, it can be set at the same time or completely independently, and can be conveniently adjusted to change the force arm. The weight structure 16 is adjusted to realize an adjustable process of the return torque and the force. Both the basic return weight structure 11 and the adjustment weight structure 16 can be disposed on the corresponding alignment swing structure 17, and the adjustment weight structure 16 can be in its own gravity or the spring force of the spring structure 18 provided. The lower trend tends to move in a certain direction, and at the same time, a structural system similar to the elastic adjusting rod structural system in the aforementioned return spring structural system can be provided, and the movable weighting structure 16 can be driven to perform the above-mentioned one. The opposite direction of motion, thereby collectively achieving the position of the aligning weight structure 16 and the change and locking of the return force that the corresponding force arm and the return cable can provide. (as shown in Figure 3).
根据需要,左、右脚踏曲柄结构1、2共用同一套拉索式曲柄回位结构系统,当左、右脚踏曲柄结构1、2之间以180度相对关系交替驱动时,可通过弹力调节杆14等相关调节机构使回位弹簧结构系统或回位重块结构系统的作用力大大弱化甚至为零,从而使左、右脚交替驱动的受力对称性、均衡性得到好的保证。According to the need, the left and right foot crank structures 1 and 2 share the same set of cable type crank return structure system. When the left and right foot pedal structure 1 and 2 are alternately driven in a 180 degree relative relationship, the elastic force can be adopted. The adjusting mechanism of the adjusting rod 14 and the like makes the force of the return spring structure system or the returning weight block structure system greatly weakened or even zero, so that the force symmetry and balance of the left and right feet alternately driven are well ensured.
在上述情况中,左、右脚踏曲柄结构1、2、脚踏中轴结构3和回位拉索轴承结构7、脚踏驱动轮结构70等之间的较更具体的连接与配合关系可以为:使脚踏驱动轮结构70固接在脚踏曲柄中轴结构3的一端之上或使脚踏驱动轮结构70与脚踏曲柄中轴结构3的一端同体化制造,并在此一端的外侧设置相应的曲柄调角轴道结构71,在曲柄调角轴道结构71之上设置左或右脚踏曲柄结构1或2,通过在脚踏驱动轮结构70之上设置彼此角位关系可为180度的相互对称的锁孔结构72和可在左或右脚踏曲柄结构1或2之上设置的锁孔结构及相应的锁销结构73等,可使左或右脚踏曲柄结构1或2与脚踏中轴结构3之间的锁固连接角度改变180度。从而使此侧的左或右脚踏曲柄结构1或2可相对于脚踏曲柄中轴结构3及其另一侧可固定设置的脚踏曲柄结构进行较方便的角度调节。(当然,根据需要在上述相应的结构之上也可选择设置其它适宜的或更自动化的调角方式。)。在上述脚踏曲柄中轴3的另一侧可通过梢型方孔等方式设置固定连接的左或右脚踏曲柄结构1或2,在此左或右脚踏曲柄结构1或 2之上的适宜位置处设置回位拉索轴承结构7。(如附图2a、2b中所示)。In the above case, a more specific connection and cooperation relationship between the left and right foot pedal structure 1, 2, the pedal center shaft structure 3, the return cable bearing structure 7, the pedal driving wheel structure 70, and the like may be To: fix the pedal drive wheel structure 70 to one end of the pedal crank shaft structure 3 or to make the pedal drive wheel structure 70 and the end of the pedal crank shaft shaft structure 3, and at one end thereof A corresponding crank angled axle structure 71 is disposed on the outer side, and a left or right pedal structure 1 or 2 is disposed on the crank angled axle structure 71, and the angular relationship between the pedal drive wheel structures 70 is set. The 180-degree mutually symmetric keyhole structure 72 and the keyhole structure and the corresponding lock pin structure 73 which can be arranged on the left or right foot pedal structure 1 or 2 can make the left or right foot pedal structure 1 Or the locking connection angle between the 2 and the pedal center shaft structure 3 is changed by 180 degrees. Therefore, the left or right foot crank structure 1 or 2 on this side can be more conveniently adjusted with respect to the pedal crank structure 3 and the pedal crank structure which can be fixedly disposed on the other side. (Of course, other suitable or more automated angle adjustment methods may be optionally provided above the corresponding structure as desired.). On the other side of the above-mentioned pedal crank center shaft 3, a fixedly connected left or right pedal crank structure 1 or 2 may be provided by a tip type square hole or the like, on which the left or right foot pedal structure 1 or 2 is The return cable bearing structure 7 is provided at a suitable position. (as shown in Figures 2a, 2b).
根据需要,也可使左、右脚踏曲柄结构1、2分别拥有自己独立的拉索式曲柄回位结构系统。According to the need, the left and right pedal crank structures 1 and 2 respectively have their own independent cable-type crank return structure system.
根据需要,可独立地采用或在采用上述拉索式曲柄回位结构系统的同时加设偏心顶轮式或偏心配重式或其它适宜形式的曲柄回位结构系统,并形成相应的运动器械。If necessary, the eccentric top wheel type or the eccentric weight type or other suitable form of the crank return structure system may be independently employed or used while the above-mentioned cable type crank return structure system is employed, and a corresponding exercise apparatus is formed.
与相关产品的其它结构系统相配合,可形成含上述拉索式曲柄回位结构系统的相应的健身车、椭圆机、自行车等运动器械产品。(如附图1、3、4等中所示)。Cooperating with other structural systems of related products, a corresponding exercise machine product such as an exercise bike, an elliptical machine, or a bicycle including the above-mentioned cable-type crank return structure system can be formed. (as shown in Figures 1, 3, 4, etc.).
二、含偏心顶轮式曲柄回位结构系统的运动器械的较具体实现方式:Second, the specific implementation of the sports equipment with eccentric top wheel crank return structure system:
相应的偏心顶轮式曲柄回位结构也可分为由弹簧提供回位力的弹力偏心顶轮式曲柄回位结构和由重块提供回位力的重力偏心顶轮式曲柄回位结构,其较具体的结构设置及相关运动器械的情况结合附图说明如下:The corresponding eccentric top wheel crank return structure can also be divided into an elastic eccentric top wheel crank return structure provided by a spring and a gravity eccentric top wheel crank return structure provided by the weight. More specific structural settings and related sports equipment are described below with reference to the drawings:
一)、偏心顶轮式曲柄回位结构系统及其相关运动器械的具体结构情况之一a) One of the specific structural conditions of the eccentric top wheel crank return structure system and its related sports equipment
根据需要,可使左、右脚踏曲柄结构1、2分别拥有自己独立的偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统。According to the need, the left and right foot crank structures 1 and 2 respectively have their own independent eccentric cam type crank return structure system.
如附图5、6等中所示,在相应的自行车或健身车或椭圆机等运动器械的适宜的位置之上分别设置与左、右曲柄结构1、2相连接及联动的左、右偏心顶轮结构19、20,左、右偏心顶轮结构的外周作用轮廓相对于左、右曲柄中轴结构3的轴心为非对称的偏心设置形式,在弹簧力或重力或其它适宜力量直接或间接作用下的相应的左、右推压轮结构21、22分别直接顶推在左、右偏心顶轮结构19、20的偏心外周轮廓之上,从而使左、右偏心顶轮19、20及其连接和联动的左、右曲柄结构1、2均可处于所需的适宜的待动角度位置之上,从而实现所需的脚踏曲柄回位及脚踏曲柄全周运动作用力均衡化的过程。As shown in Figures 5, 6 and the like, left and right eccentricities connected to and linked to the left and right crank structures 1, 2 are respectively disposed at appropriate positions of the corresponding bicycle or exercise machine or elliptical machine. The top wheel structure 19, 20, the outer peripheral action profile of the left and right eccentric top wheel structures is asymmetrically eccentrically arranged relative to the axis of the left and right crank central axis structures 3, in the spring force or gravity or other suitable force directly or The corresponding left and right pushing wheel structures 21, 22 under indirect action are directly pushed over the eccentric outer contours of the left and right eccentric top wheel structures 19, 20, respectively, so that the left and right eccentric top wheels 19, 20 and The connecting and interlocking left and right crank structures 1, 2 can be at a desired suitable angular position to achieve the desired pedal crank return and the balance of the pedal crank full-circumference motion. process.
在相应的自行车或健身车或椭圆机等运动器械之上,左、右顶轮结构21、22可直接地处在弹簧23的弹力力或相应重块的重力或其它适宜力量的作用之下。(如附图5、6等中所示的情况)。Above the corresponding bicycle or exercise machine or elliptical machine, the left and right top wheel structures 21, 22 may be directly under the spring force of the spring 23 or the weight of the corresponding weight or other suitable force. (as shown in Figures 5, 6 and the like).
在相应的椭圆机或健身车等运动器械之上,左、右顶轮结构21、22可通过相应的顶推摆杆结构24或及拉索等结构间接地处在弹簧9、10的弹力或相应重力或其它适宜力量的作用之下。(如附图6中所示的情况)。On top of the corresponding elliptical or exercise machine, the left and right top wheel structures 21, 22 may be indirectly biased to the springs 9, 10 by the corresponding push-push structure 24 or a cable or the like. Corresponding to gravity or other suitable forces. (as in the case shown in Figure 6).
左、右顶轮结构21、22或直接处在弹簧力或重力或其它适宜力量的直接作用下,或通过相应的摆杆、拉索等结构间接地处在弹簧力或重力或其它适宜力量的作用之下。(分别如附图5、6等中所示的情况)。The left and right top wheel structures 21, 22 are directly under the direct action of spring force or gravity or other suitable force, or indirectly by spring force or gravity or other suitable force through a corresponding structure such as a pendulum or cable. Under the effect. (as shown in Figures 5, 6, etc., respectively).
(虽然偏心顶轮式曲柄回位结构系统可能易形成会使人体感受到的不适震动,但若设置较大的顶推导轮和使偏心顶轮的外轮廓作用面的光洁度较高,则可很好地避免形成不良震动的现象,同时使顶推导轮受到更大的弹簧力等力量的直接作用,则也可形成大的回位作用力与回位作用能力;而使弹簧等的作用力可调节则可使曲柄的回位力、回位能力的可调节,可更好地满足需要。)。(Although the eccentric top wheel crank return structure system may easily form the uncomfortable vibration that the human body feels, if the larger pusher guide wheel is set and the outer contour of the eccentric top wheel is higher, the finish is very high. Goodly avoid the formation of bad vibration phenomenon, and at the same time make the push-pull guide wheel directly subjected to the force of greater spring force, etc., it can also form a large return force and returning ability; and the force of the spring can be Adjustment can make the crank's returning force and returning ability adjustable, which can better meet the needs.).
与相关产品的其它结构系统相配合,可形成含上述偏心顶轮式曲柄回位结构系统的相应的自行车、椭圆机、健身车等运动器械产品。(如附图5、6等中所示)。Cooperating with other structural systems of related products, a corresponding bicycle, elliptical, exercise bike and other sports equipment products including the above-described eccentric top wheel crank return structure system can be formed. (as shown in Figures 5, 6 and the like).
二)、偏心顶轮式曲柄回位结构系统及其相关运动器械的具体结构情况之二b) The specific structure of the eccentric top wheel crank return structure system and its related sports equipment
根据需要,也可使左、右脚踏曲柄结构1、2共用同一套偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统。The left and right foot crank structures 1 and 2 can also share the same set of eccentric cam type crank return structure systems as needed.
如附图6、7等中所示,在相应的运动器械之上设置与左或右曲柄结构1或2相连接及联动的偏心凸轮结构19,偏心凸轮结构19的外周作用轮廓相对于左、右曲柄中轴结构3的轴心为非对称的偏心设置形式,在弹簧力或重力或其它适宜力量直接或 间接作用下的相应的顶轮结构21直接顶推在偏心凸轮结构19的偏心外周轮廓之上,从而使偏心凸轮结构19及其连接和联动的左或右曲柄结构1或2均可处于所需的适宜的待动角度位置之上,从而实现脚踏曲柄自动回位及脚踏曲柄全周运动作用力均衡化的过程。As shown in Figures 6, 7 and the like, an eccentric cam structure 19 connected and linked to the left or right crank structure 1 or 2 is disposed above the corresponding exercise machine, and the outer peripheral action contour of the eccentric cam structure 19 is opposite to the left, The axis of the right crank central axis structure 3 is an asymmetric eccentric arrangement, and the corresponding top wheel structure 21 directly or indirectly under the action of spring force or gravity or other suitable force directly pushes the eccentric outer contour of the eccentric cam structure 19. Above, so that the eccentric cam structure 19 and its connected and linked left or right crank structure 1 or 2 can be placed at a desired suitable angular position to achieve the pedal crank automatic return and pedal crank The process of equalizing the motion of the whole week.
在相应的健身车、自行车等运动器械之上,顶轮结构21可直接地处在相应的弹簧的弹力力或相应重块的重力或其它适宜力量的作用之下。On top of the corresponding exercise equipment such as exercise bikes and bicycles, the top wheel structure 21 can be directly under the action of the corresponding spring force or the weight of the corresponding weight or other suitable force.
在相应的椭圆机、健身车等运动器械之上,顶轮结构21可通过相应的顶推摆杆结构24或及拉索等结构间接地处在弹簧9的弹力或相应重力或其它适宜力量的作用之下。(如附图6中所示的情况)。On top of the corresponding elliptical machine, exercise machine and other sports equipment, the top wheel structure 21 can be indirectly in the elastic force of the spring 9 or the corresponding gravity or other suitable force through the corresponding push-push rod structure 24 or the structure of the cable or the like. Under the effect. (as in the case shown in Figure 6).
在上述情况中,可使可相互平行驱动的左、右脚踏曲柄结构1、2共用同一套偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统,当左、右脚踏曲柄结构1、2之间以180度相对关系交替驱动时,可通过弹力调节杆等相关调节机构使回位弹簧结构系统或回位重块结构系统的作用力大大弱化甚至为零,从而使左、右脚交替驱动的受力对称性、均衡性得到好的保证。In the above case, the left and right pedal crank structures 1, 2, which can be driven in parallel with each other, can share the same set of eccentric cam type crank return structure system, when the left and right foot pedal structures 1, 2 are 180 degrees apart. When the relative relationship is alternately driven, the force of the return spring structure system or the returning heavy block structure system can be greatly weakened or even zero by the elastic adjusting rod and the like adjusting mechanism, so that the force symmetry of the left and right feet alternately driving Balance is well guaranteed.
在上述情况中,左、右脚踏曲柄结构1、2、脚踏中轴结构3和偏心凸轮结构19、脚踏驱动轮结构70等之间的较更具体的连接与配合关系可以为:使脚踏驱动轮结构70固接在脚踏中轴结构3的一端之上或使脚踏驱动轮结构70与脚踏中轴结构3的一端同体化制造,并在此一端的外侧设置相应的调角轴道结构71,在调角轴道结构71之上设置左或右脚踏曲柄结构1或2,通过在脚踏驱动轮结构70之上设置彼此角位关系可为180度的相互对称的锁孔结构72和可在左或右脚踏曲柄结构1或2之上设置的锁孔结构及相应的锁销结构73等,可使左或右脚踏曲柄结构1或2与脚踏中轴结构3之间的锁固连接角度改变180度。使此侧的左或右脚踏曲柄结构1或2可相对于脚踏中轴结构3及其另一侧可固定设置的脚踏曲柄结构和偏心凸轮结构19进行较方便的角度调节。(当然,根据需要在上述相应的结构之上也可选择设置其它适宜的或更自动化的调角方式。)In the above case, a more specific connection and cooperation relationship between the left and right foot pedal structures 1, 2, the pedal center shaft structure 3, the eccentric cam structure 19, the pedal driving wheel structure 70, and the like may be: The pedal driving wheel structure 70 is fixed on one end of the pedal middle shaft structure 3 or the pedal driving wheel structure 70 is manufactured in the same manner as one end of the pedal center shaft structure 3, and a corresponding tone is set on the outer side of the pedal end structure. The corner axle structure 71, the left or right pedal structure 1 or 2 is disposed above the angle adjustment axle structure 71, and the mutual angular relationship between the pedal drive wheel structures 70 can be 180 degrees symmetric with each other. The keyhole structure 72 and the keyhole structure and the corresponding lock pin structure 73 which can be arranged on the left or right foot pedal structure 1 or 2 can make the left or right foot pedal structure 1 or 2 and the pedal middle shaft The locking connection angle between the structures 3 is changed by 180 degrees. The left or right foot crank structure 1 or 2 on this side can be more conveniently angled with respect to the pedal crank structure and the eccentric cam structure 19 which can be fixedly disposed on the other side of the pedal center structure 3 and the other side. (Of course, other suitable or more automated angle adjustment methods may be optionally provided above the corresponding structure as needed.)
偏心凸轮结构19可直接独立地或与其可固定连接的同侧曲柄结构一起通过梢型方孔等方式固定设置于上述脚踏中轴结构3的另一侧,偏心凸轮结构19也可独立地设置于上述脚踏中轴结构3另一侧之上的相应的偏心凸轮调角轴道结构74之上,同时在偏心凸轮结构19之上可设置彼此角位关系可为90度或及180度或及其它适宜角度的若干锁孔结构75,通过上述锁孔结构75和可在左或右脚踏曲柄结构1或2之上设置的相应的锁孔结构及相应的锁销结构73等一起可调节偏心凸轮结构19与脚踏曲柄结构间的角度配合关系,从而可更好地适应不同运动模式情况下的不同需要。(如附图7a、7b中所示)。The eccentric cam structure 19 can be fixedly disposed on the other side of the pedal center shaft structure 3 by a tip type square hole or the like directly or independently with the same side crank structure that can be fixedly connected thereto, and the eccentric cam structure 19 can also be independently set. Above the corresponding eccentric cam angled axle structure 74 on the other side of the pedal center axle structure 3, while the eccentric cam structure 19 can be disposed at an angle of 90 degrees or 180 degrees or And a plurality of keyhole structures 75 at suitable angles are adjustable by the above-mentioned keyhole structure 75 and corresponding keyhole structures and corresponding lock pin structures 73 which can be disposed on the left or right pedal structure 1 or 2, and the like. The angular cooperation relationship between the eccentric cam structure 19 and the pedal crank structure can better adapt to different needs in different motion modes. (as shown in Figures 7a, 7b).
与相关产品的其它结构系统相配合,可形成含上述偏心顶轮式曲柄回位结构系统的相应的自行车、椭圆机、健身车等运动器械产品。(如附图6等中所示)。Cooperating with other structural systems of related products, a corresponding bicycle, elliptical, exercise bike and other sports equipment products including the above-described eccentric top wheel crank return structure system can be formed. (as shown in Figure 6 and the like).
三)、偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统及其相关运动器械的具体结构情况之三c) The specific structure of the eccentric cam-type crank return structure system and its related sports equipment
可将偏心凸轮结构19设于相关运动器械的脚踏中轴结构3的中部位置,其两侧可设置脚踏中轴结构3的轴承结构、轴座结构及相应的中轴轴座支架(骨架)结构。上述结构形式可与自行车或健身车或其它相关运动器械的具体结构方式相融合,从而应用于相应的运动器械之上。The eccentric cam structure 19 can be disposed at a middle position of the pedal center shaft structure 3 of the related exercise machine, and the bearing structure of the pedal center shaft structure 3, the shaft seat structure and the corresponding center shaft shaft bracket can be disposed on both sides thereof (skeleton )structure. The above-described structural form can be combined with the specific structure of a bicycle or exercise bike or other related exercise equipment to be applied to the corresponding exercise apparatus.
当与自行车或健身车或骑马机或椭圆机或或其它适宜的运动器械相结合时,相应的可与顶轮结构21联动的推杆结构——顶轮推杆结构76可设于相应的车架等结构之中,其较具体的设置方式以自行车为例说明如下:When combined with a bicycle or exercise bike or a horse riding machine or elliptical machine or other suitable sports equipment, a corresponding push rod structure that can be coupled with the top wheel structure 21 - the top wheel push rod structure 76 can be provided in the corresponding vehicle Among the structures such as racks, the more specific setting method is as follows:
如附图9中所示的情况,首先,可将顶轮推杆结构76设于一般自行车鞍座立管 结构101所处在的自行车车架竖管结构77之中或车架前下管结构等之中。顶轮推杆结构78相关定向运动的确保可通过顶轮推杆结构78与车架竖管结构77或车架前下管结构等在截面形状或及相关结构的相互配合来实现,同时,可采用凸凹面配合形式的顶轮结构21与偏心凸轮结构19之间的接触面或其它适宜的相互配合的外观形态与结构形式等也会对顶轮推杆结构76的定向运动发挥好的控制作用。As in the case shown in Figure 9, first, the top wheel pusher structure 76 can be placed in the bicycle frame riser structure 77 in which the general bicycle saddle riser structure 101 is located or in front of the frame. Waiting for it. The directional movement of the top wheel pusher structure 78 can be ensured by the interaction of the top wheel push rod structure 78 with the frame vertical tube structure 77 or the front and rear tube structure of the frame in cross-sectional shape or related structure, and at the same time, The contact surface between the top wheel structure 21 and the eccentric cam structure 19 in the form of a convex-concave surface fit or other suitable mutual matching appearance and structural form can also exert a good control effect on the directional movement of the top wheel push rod structure 76. .
其二,可使设于相应车架竖管结构77之中的下端设有顶轮结构21的顶轮推杆结构76的上端沿出于车架竖管结构77的顶部之外,且保有适当尺寸的长度,同时,通过相应的结构设置可使自行车鞍座立管结构101插接于上述顶轮推杆结构76的上端之中。(如附图9a、9b中所示)。Secondly, the upper end of the top wheel pusher structure 76 provided with the top wheel structure 21 at the lower end of the corresponding frame standpipe structure 77 can be placed outside the top of the frame standpipe structure 77, and is properly maintained. The length of the dimensions, at the same time, allows the bicycle saddle riser structure 101 to be inserted into the upper end of the top wheel pusher structure 76 by a corresponding structural arrangement. (as shown in Figures 9a, 9b).
在车架竖管结构77之上端和顶轮推杆结构76的上端分别设置车架竖管快拆快锁结构78和顶轮推杆快拆快锁结构79。通过顶轮推杆快拆快锁结构79可使可插接于顶轮推杆结构76之中的自行车鞍座立管结构101被锁止于所需的高度等位置之上;通过车架竖管快拆快锁结构78可使处于车架竖管结构77之中的顶轮推杆结构76锁止于所需的高度等位置之上,当使车架竖管快拆快锁结构78处于打开状态时,则顶轮推杆结构76在顶轮结构21和偏心凸轮结构19及人体重量等的作用下可做相应的往复运动。At the upper end of the frame standpipe structure 77 and the upper end of the top wheel pusher structure 76, a frame standpipe quick release quick lock structure 78 and a top wheel pusher quick release quick lock structure 79 are respectively disposed. The bicycle saddle riser structure 101 that can be inserted into the top wheel pusher structure 76 can be locked by the top wheel pusher structure 76 by the top wheel pusher quick release quick lock structure 79; The tube quick release quick lock structure 78 can lock the top wheel push rod structure 76 in the frame vertical tube structure 77 above the desired height and the like, when the frame vertical tube quick release quick lock structure 78 is at In the open state, the top wheel push rod structure 76 can perform corresponding reciprocating motion under the action of the top wheel structure 21 and the eccentric cam structure 19 and the weight of the human body.
通过上述的结构设置,可实现如下目的:当使车架竖管快拆快锁结构78处于打开状态时,可形成自行车的鞍座等可上下起伏运动的骑马机运动模式;当通过车架竖管快拆快锁结构78将顶轮推杆结构76锁固于超过一定的高度之上后,顶轮推杆结构76下端的顶轮结构21将与偏心凸轮结构19完全脱离接触,从而使与脚踏曲柄结构一起旋转的偏心凸轮结构19不对顶轮结构21和顶轮推杆结构76以及鞍座立管结构101产生任何直接作用,鞍座立管结构101及其鞍座结构将可处于完全固定的结构状态。(分别如附图6a和附图6b中所示的情况。)。Through the above-mentioned structural arrangement, the following purpose can be achieved: when the frame vertical quick release quick lock structure 78 is in an open state, a saddle motion of the bicycle can be formed, such as a saddle seat, which can move up and down; After the tube quick release quick lock structure 78 locks the top wheel push rod structure 76 above a certain height, the top wheel structure 21 at the lower end of the top wheel push rod structure 76 will completely disengage from the eccentric cam structure 19, thereby The eccentric cam structure 19 that rotates the pedal crank structure together does not have any direct effect on the top wheel structure 21 and the top wheel push rod structure 76 and the saddle riser structure 101. The saddle riser structure 101 and its saddle structure will be completely Fixed structural state. (as shown in Figure 6a and Figure 6b, respectively).
通过顶轮推杆快拆快锁结构79的调节作用,可使完全静止或上下运动的自行车鞍座均处于适宜的高度等位置之上。Through the adjustment function of the top wheel push rod quick release quick lock structure 79, the bicycle saddles that are completely stationary or up and down can be placed at a suitable height and the like.
上述结构形式及相应的原理与过程亦可应用于健身车或其它适宜的运动器械之上。The above structural forms and corresponding principles and processes can also be applied to exercise machines or other suitable exercise equipment.
与相关产品的其它结构系统相配合,可形成含上述偏心顶轮式曲柄回位结构系统的相应的自行车、健身车、骑马机、椭圆机等运动器械产品。Cooperating with other structural systems of the related products, a corresponding bicycle, exercise machine, horse-riding machine, elliptical machine and the like can be formed with the above-mentioned eccentric top wheel type crank return structure system.
四)、对称布局形式的偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统及其与相关运动器械的配合情况Iv. Eccentric cam-type crank return structure system with symmetrical layout and its cooperation with related sports equipment
偏心凸轮结构19一般可采用使其外缘最低点(距轴心最近点)与外缘最高点(距轴心最远点)之间相隔180度的角度位置关系的对称布局形式,从而使其蓄能、释能工作过程可分别与脚踏曲柄等由最高点运动至最低点的“前180度”的方便踩踏驱动工作过程和由最低点返回至最高点的“后180度”的不方便驱动乃至无法踩踏驱动的工作过程相完全对应。(如附图5等中所示)。The eccentric cam structure 19 can generally adopt a symmetrical layout form such that the lowest point of the outer edge (the closest point from the axis) and the highest point of the outer edge (the farthest point from the axis) are angularly separated by 180 degrees, thereby making it The energy storage and energy release work process can be easily operated with the "first 180 degrees" of the pedal crank and the "first 180 degrees" from the highest point to the lowest point, and the "back 180 degrees" from the lowest point to the highest point is inconvenient. The drive does not even correspond to the working process of the driver. (as shown in Figure 5 and the like).
采用上述对称形式的偏心凸轮结构(19)及其相应的偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统,同时通过调整脚踏曲柄与偏心凸轮结构19间的相对角度配合关系等,可使整个运动器械产品能够较好较方便地同时适应高低鞍座的健身车运动模式、椭圆机运动模式、划船机运动模式或及骑马机运动模式等多种不同运动模式的多种不同需要。The symmetrical form of the eccentric cam structure (19) and its corresponding eccentric cam type crank return structure system, and by adjusting the relative angular cooperation relationship between the pedal crank and the eccentric cam structure 19, can enable the entire sports equipment product It is better and more convenient to adapt to the different needs of various different sports modes such as the exercise mode of the high and low saddle, the elliptical motion mode, the rowing machine motion mode or the horse riding machine motion mode.
当由前后踩踏发力为主的划船器或低位座椅健身车等的运动模式与由上下踩踏发力为主的椭圆机或高位座椅健身车等的运动模式间相互转化时,可通过对偏心凸轮结构19和相应的脚踏曲柄结构间的相对固定配合角度调整90度的方式,来确保相应的偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统始终可提供高效的回位力,始终使运动的受力等过程 均衡化。When the sport mode of the rowing device or the low-position exercise bike, which is mainly based on the front and rear pedaling force, and the sport mode of the elliptical or high-position exercise bike, which is mainly composed of the upper and lower pedaling force, are mutually converted, The relative fixed engagement angle between the eccentric cam structure 19 and the corresponding pedal crank structure is adjusted by 90 degrees to ensure that the corresponding eccentric cam type crank return structure system can always provide efficient return force and always exert the force of motion. Equal process equalization.
五)、非对称布局形式的偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统及其与相关运动器械的配合情况5) Eccentric cam-type crank return structure system with asymmetric layout and its cooperation with related sports equipment
为使偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统能更好地同时适应椭圆机运动方式和健身车运动方式,以及更好地适应可同时进行高位鞍座和低位鞍座乃至卧式鞍座运动形式的需要,相应的偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统的偏心凸轮结构19的外缘最低点(距轴心最近点)A点与外缘最高点(距轴心最远点)B点之间可采用相隔90度(也是相隔270度)或其它适宜的角度位置关系的非对称布局形式。In order to make the eccentric cam-type crank return structure system better adapt to the elliptical motion mode and the exercise mode, and better adapt to the need of high-position saddle and low-position saddle and even horizontal saddle motion. The point of the lowest point of the outer edge of the eccentric cam structure 19 of the corresponding eccentric cam type crank return structure system (the closest point from the axis) and the point of the highest point of the outer edge (the farthest point from the axis) can be separated. An asymmetric layout of 90 degrees (also 270 degrees apart) or other suitable angular positional relationship.
相隔90度(也是270度)角度位置关系的非对称布局形式的偏心顶轮式曲柄回位结构系统的较具体结构情况与相应的工作过程为:The more specific structure and corresponding working process of the eccentric top wheel crank return structure system with asymmetric positional relationship of 90 degrees (also 270 degrees) angular position relationship is:
当健身车或椭圆机的踏板结构90等处于最高端的工作位置时,顶轮结构21恰好顶推偏心凸轮结构19的外缘的最低点A1点;当健身车或椭圆机的踏板结构90等处于最前端的工作位置时,顶轮结构(21)恰好顶推偏心凸轮结构19外缘的最高点B2点。这样,无论是椭圆运动,还是健身车运动,无论是高位鞍座情况、还是低位鞍座乃至卧式鞍座情况,在双脚均可最好蹬踏发力的踏板结构90等由最高端运动至最前端,相应的左、右曲柄结构1、2及偏心凸轮结构19均扫过90度的工作角度的过程中,顶轮结构21分别依次与偏心凸轮结构19的外缘的最低点、90度中间过渡段的外缘各点及偏心凸轮结构19的外缘的最高点相接触、相作用、相互顶推,由此可实现相应的增加运动阻力及增加功耗和蓄能的过程。(如附图8中所示)。When the pedal structure 90 of the exercise bike or the elliptical machine is at the highest working position, the top wheel structure 21 just pushes the lowest point A1 of the outer edge of the eccentric cam structure 19; when the pedal structure 90 of the exercise bike or elliptical machine is At the foremost working position, the top wheel structure (21) just pushes the highest point B2 of the outer edge of the eccentric cam structure 19. In this way, whether it is elliptical or exercise bike, whether it is a high saddle situation, a low saddle or even a horizontal saddle, the pedal structure 90, which can best pedal on both feet, is moved by the highest end. To the forefront, the corresponding left and right crank structures 1, 2 and the eccentric cam structure 19 are all swept through a working angle of 90 degrees, and the top wheel structure 21 is sequentially the lowest point of the outer edge of the eccentric cam structure 19, respectively. The outer edge of the intermediate transition portion and the highest point of the outer edge of the eccentric cam structure 19 are in contact with each other, interacting, and pushing each other, thereby achieving a corresponding process of increasing motion resistance and increasing power consumption and energy storage. (as shown in Figure 8).
在双脚驱动踏板结构90等由最前端经最低端和最后端再回到最高端的过程,也是相应的左、右曲柄结构1、2及偏心凸轮结构19均扫过270度的工作角度的过程中,顶轮结构21分别依次与偏心凸轮结构19的外缘的最高点B2点、270度中间过渡段外缘各点及偏心凸轮结构19的外缘的最低点A1点相接触、相作用、相互顶推,由此可形成相应的增加运动动力及助动释能的过程。(如附图8中所示)。In the process of the two-leg drive pedal structure 90 and the like from the foremost end to the highest end through the lowest end and the last end, the corresponding left and right crank structures 1, 2 and the eccentric cam structure 19 are all swept by a working angle of 270 degrees. The top wheel structure 21 is in contact with the highest point B2 point of the outer edge of the eccentric cam structure 19, the outer edge of the intermediate transition section of 270 degrees, and the lowest point A1 of the outer edge of the eccentric cam structure 19, respectively. Pushing each other, thereby forming a corresponding process of increasing motion and assisted release. (as shown in Figure 8).
在上述脚踏曲柄等扫过270度的工作角度且偏心凸轮结构19等增加运动动力及助动释能的整个过程中,在顶轮结构21顶推偏心凸轮结构19的最高点之后的最初的90度的工作行程区段中,可考虑采用等高轨迹或减高轨迹或略有增高轨迹的三种结构形式,即使偏心凸轮结构19的外缘在上述90度的范围内采用与最高点高度等高的延展结构方式或降低高度的延展结构方式或小量增加高度的延展结构方式。In the whole process in which the pedal crank or the like sweeps over a working angle of 270 degrees and the eccentric cam structure 19 increases the motion power and the assisted release energy, the initial position after the top wheel structure 21 pushes the highest point of the eccentric cam structure 19 In the 90-degree working stroke section, three structural forms of contour trajectory or reduced trajectory or slightly increased trajectory may be considered, even if the outer edge of the eccentric cam structure 19 adopts the highest point height within the above 90 degree range. Contours of the extended structure or a reduced height of the extended structure or a small amount of increased height of the extended structure.
当采用等高轨迹的延展结构方式时,在相应的90度的工作行程中,既不形成相应的附加阻力也不形成相应的附加动力;当采用降低高度的减高轨迹的延展结构方式时,在相应的90度的工作行程中,将形成相应的附加动力,即已进入可自动回位的行程阶段。When the extension structure of the contour trajectory is adopted, no corresponding additional resistance or corresponding additional power is formed in the corresponding 90-degree working stroke; when the extended structure method of reducing the height of the trajectory is adopted, In the corresponding 90 degree working stroke, a corresponding additional power will be formed, ie the stroke phase that has been automatically returned is entered.
当采用小量增加高度的延展结构方式时,在相应的90度的工作行程中,将形成相应的较小的附加阻力,这在低位座椅特别是卧式健身车的运动模式中,由于已处于非蹬踏行程阶段,除非依靠相应的双脚提拉结构的设置与相应的提拉工作行程,则需要依靠相应的惯性结构的设置与惯性力的作用冲过此90度行程。When using a small amount of increased height of the extended structure, a correspondingly small additional resistance will be formed in the corresponding 90-degree working stroke, which is in the low-position seat, especially in the sport mode of the horizontal exercise bike. In the non-slipping stroke stage, unless it depends on the corresponding two-legged lifting structure and the corresponding lifting working stroke, it is necessary to rush through the 90-degree stroke by the corresponding inertial structure setting and the inertial force.
在经过上述的最初的90度的工作行程之后,即在剩余的180度行程中均采用依次降低高度的轨迹延展结构方式,以依靠最初蹬踏工作行程所获得的储备力实现脚踏曲柄等的自动回位的工作行程与运动过程。After the above-mentioned initial 90-degree working stroke, that is, in the remaining 180-degree stroke, the trajectory extension structure in which the height is sequentially lowered is adopted, and the pedal crank or the like is realized by the reserve force obtained by the initial pedaling work stroke. Automatic return work stroke and movement process.
根据上述最高点与最低点相隔90度(也是270度)的角度位置关系的非对称布局形式的偏心顶轮式曲柄回位结构系统的工作原理,结合不同运动器械产品的工作过程等的不同特点,也可设计和制作最高点与最低点相隔其它适宜角度的非对称布局形式的偏心顶轮式曲柄回位结构系统及其相应的整个运动器械产品。The working principle of the eccentric top wheel type crank return structure system based on the angular position relationship of the highest point and the lowest point separated by 90 degrees (also 270 degrees), combined with the different characteristics of the working process of different sports equipment products It is also possible to design and fabricate an eccentric top wheel crank return structure system with an asymmetric layout of the highest point and the lowest point at other suitable angles and its corresponding overall sports equipment product.
三、偏心轴承式曲柄回位结构系统及其相关运动器械Third, eccentric bearing crank return structure system and related sports equipment
在健身车或椭圆机或其它相应运动器械的脚踏曲柄中轴结构3等之上设置相应的偏心轴承结构,可形成相应的偏心轴承式曲柄回位结构系统,对偏心轴承式曲柄回位结构系统的较具体情况说明如下:The corresponding eccentric bearing structure is arranged on the pedal structure middle shaft structure 3 of the exercise bicycle or the elliptical machine or other corresponding exercise equipment, and the corresponding eccentric bearing type crank return structure system can be formed, and the eccentric bearing type crank return structure is formed. The specific details of the system are as follows:
可将相应的变角机构123设在偏心轴承式曲柄回位结构系统的脚踏曲柄中轴结构3或脚踏曲柄结构1或2与偏心轴承内圈结构124等之间,以实现脚踏曲柄中轴结构3或脚踏曲柄结构1或2与偏心轴承内圈结构124之间的分与合。The corresponding variable angle mechanism 123 can be disposed between the pedal crank shaft shaft structure 3 or the pedal crank structure 1 or 2 of the eccentric bearing type crank return structure system and the eccentric bearing inner ring structure 124, etc., to realize the pedal crank The division and combination between the central axle structure 3 or the pedal crank structure 1 or 2 and the eccentric bearing inner ring structure 124.
回位连杆结构80的前端或后端或其它适宜部分与偏心轴承外圈结构125直接或间接相连接,并可与偏心轴承外圈结构125、偏心轴承内圈结构124等一起相互作用、相互联动。相应地回位连杆结构80的后端或前端与相应的回位连杆摆臂结构85相枢接并相应地做曲线式的往复运动或通过设置于其上的滚轮结构在所设定的回位连杆轨道结构130之上做相应形式的往复运动。(分别如附图10、、11、14等中所示的情况)。The front end or the rear end of the return link structure 80 or other suitable portion is directly or indirectly connected to the eccentric bearing outer ring structure 125, and can interact with the eccentric bearing outer ring structure 125, the eccentric bearing inner ring structure 124, etc. Linkage. Correspondingly, the rear end or the front end of the return link structure 80 is pivotally connected with the corresponding return link swing arm structure 85 and correspondingly curved reciprocating or by the roller structure disposed thereon A corresponding form of reciprocating motion is performed on the return link track structure 130. (as shown in Figures 10, 11, 14, etc., respectively).
回位连杆轨道结构130即可采用直线直杆式形式,也可采用曲线曲杆式形式,其一端或两端可采用完全固定的设置方式或采用高低、前后位置可调节的设置方式,从而使其可更好地满足运动与锻炼等的需要。(如附图10、11b等中所示的情况)。The return link track structure 130 can be in the form of a straight straight rod or a curved curved rod type, and one end or both ends can adopt a completely fixed setting manner or adopt a high and low front and rear position adjustable setting manner, thereby Make it better to meet the needs of sports and exercise. (as shown in Figures 10, 11b, etc.).
当通过相应的脚踏曲柄调角机构使左、右脚踏曲柄结构1与2之间处于相互平行的状态时,若同时通过相应的调角机构123使脚踏曲柄中轴结构3或脚踏曲柄结构1或2与偏心轴承内圈结构124之间处于接合与联动状态,则回位连杆结构80及其之上设置的鞍座结构97将可做近椭圆轨迹等的运动,从而可实现骑马机或划船器等运动模式。在相应的骑马机等运动模式中,鞍座结构97的起落进退可与左右踏板结构90等的起落进退相互配合,彼此间可形成相差180度或及其它适宜角度的运动配合关系。从而使相应的骑马机等运动模式更加真实、更加符合人体——生物运动、锻炼规律的要求。When the left and right foot pedal structures 1 and 2 are in a mutually parallel state by the corresponding pedal crank angle adjustment mechanism, if the pedal adjustment mechanism 123 is simultaneously used to make the pedal crank shaft shaft structure 3 or pedal When the crank structure 1 or 2 and the eccentric bearing inner ring structure 124 are in a jointing and interlocking state, the return link structure 80 and the saddle structure 97 disposed thereon can be moved by a near elliptical trajectory or the like, thereby realizing Sport mode such as horse riding machine or rowing machine. In the corresponding riding machine and other sports modes, the landing advance and retreat of the saddle structure 97 can cooperate with the landing and retreat of the left and right pedal structures 90, and can form a motion fit relationship of 180 degrees or other suitable angles with each other. Therefore, the corresponding riding machine and other sports modes are more realistic and more in line with the requirements of the human body - biological movement and exercise law.
当通过相应的脚踏曲柄调角机构使左、右脚踏曲柄结构1与2之间处于相互平行的状态时,若同时通过相应的调角机构123使脚踏曲柄中轴结构3或脚踏曲柄结构1或2与偏心轴承内圈结构124之间处于分离与非联动状态,则回位连杆结构80及其之上设置的鞍座结构97将处于相对静止状态,从而可实现鞍座静止的健身车等运动模式。When the left and right foot pedal structures 1 and 2 are in a mutually parallel state by the corresponding pedal crank angle adjustment mechanism, if the pedal adjustment mechanism 123 is simultaneously used to make the pedal crank shaft shaft structure 3 or pedal When the crank structure 1 or 2 and the eccentric bearing inner ring structure 124 are in a separated and non-linked state, the return link structure 80 and the saddle structure 97 disposed thereon will be in a relatively static state, thereby realizing the saddle stationary. Exercise bike and other sport modes.
当通过相应的脚踏曲柄调角机构使左、右脚踏曲柄结构1与2之间处于相差180度的角度关系状态时,若同时通过相应的调角机构123使脚踏曲柄中轴结构3或脚踏曲柄结构1或2与偏心轴承内圈结构124之间处于分离与非联动状态,则回位连杆结构80及其之上设置的鞍座结构97将处于相对静止状态,从而可实现站立奔跑的椭圆机运动模式以及鞍座静止的健身车等运动模式。When the left and right foot pedal structures 1 and 2 are in an angular relationship of 180 degrees by the corresponding pedal crank angle adjustment mechanism, if the pedal adjustment mechanism 123 is simultaneously used, the pedal crank shaft shaft structure 3 is simultaneously Or if the pedal crank structure 1 or 2 and the eccentric bearing inner ring structure 124 are in a separated and non-linked state, the return link structure 80 and the saddle structure 97 disposed thereon will be in a relatively static state, thereby realizing The running elliptical sport mode and the saddle-seat exercise bike and other sports modes.
在与整个偏心轴承系统相互联动的回位连杆结构80之上可设置可调位及可固定的或可前后滑移形式的或其它适宜形式的鞍座结构系统,以更好地可同时适应骑马机模式、健身车模式、或及划船器模式等不同运动与锻炼过程的需要。(如附图14、15、16、17、18等中所示的情况)。An adjustable position and a fixed or forward-slipable or other suitable form of the saddle structure system may be provided on the return link structure 80 interlocking with the entire eccentric bearing system for better adaptation at the same time. The needs of different sports and exercise processes such as horse riding machine mode, exercise bike mode, or rowing machine mode. (as shown in Figures 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, etc.).
设置相应的椭圆运动踏板结构90与手动摆臂结构91,椭圆运动踏板结构90的一端与脚踏曲柄结构相枢接,另一端直接或间接地与手动摆臂结构91相连接;A corresponding elliptical pedal structure 90 and a manual swing arm structure 91 are disposed, one end of the elliptical pedal structure 90 is pivotally connected to the pedal crank structure, and the other end is directly or indirectly connected to the manual swing arm structure 91;
手动摆臂结构91与相应的椭圆运动踏板结构90直接相枢接或通过相应的手动摆臂连杆结构94与椭圆运动踏板结构90直接相连接;手动摆臂连杆结构94的一端通过连杆-摆臂枢轴结构95与手动摆臂结构91的下端相枢接,手动摆臂连杆结构94的另一端通过连杆-踏板枢轴结构96与椭圆运动踏板结构90相枢接。The manual swing arm structure 91 is directly pivotally connected to the corresponding elliptical pedal structure 90 or directly connected to the elliptical motion pedal structure 90 via a corresponding manual swing arm linkage structure 94; one end of the manual swing arm linkage structure 94 passes through the connecting rod The swing arm pivot structure 95 is pivotally coupled to the lower end of the manual swing arm structure 91, and the other end of the manual swing arm link structure 94 is pivotally coupled to the elliptical motion pedal structure 90 via the link-pedal pivot structure 96.
相应的手动摆臂连杆结构94的一端通过连杆-摆臂枢轴结构95与手动摆臂结构91的下端相枢接,手动摆臂连杆结构94的另一端通过连杆-踏板枢轴结构96与椭圆运动踏板结构90相枢接。One end of the corresponding manual swing arm link structure 94 is pivotally connected to the lower end of the manual swing arm structure 91 via the link-swing arm pivot structure 95, and the other end of the manual swing arm link structure 94 is passed through the link-pedal pivot Structure 96 is pivotally coupled to elliptical motion pedal structure 90.
通过下移设置连杆-摆臂枢轴结构95和连杆-踏板枢轴结构96等结构设置方式及相应的结构设计可使手动摆臂连杆结构94的相关部分在整个运动锻炼使用过程中或完全处于椭圆运动踏板结构90的前部或完全处于椭圆运动踏板结构90的下部,以使整个手动摆臂连杆结构94对整个运动锻炼过程不产生任何的不利影响。由此可形成更适宜的手脚联动的椭圆机产品或椭圆机——健身车等组合产品(如附图10、12等中所示的情况)。By setting the connecting rod-swing arm pivot structure 95 and the connecting rod-pushing pivot structure 96 and the corresponding structural design, the relevant part of the manual swing arm connecting rod structure 94 can be used throughout the exercise exercise. Or completely at the front of the elliptical pedal structure 90 or completely below the elliptical pedal structure 90 such that the entire manual swing link structure 94 does not adversely affect the overall exercise process. Thereby, a more suitable hand-foot linkage elliptical machine product or an elliptical machine-exercise product such as an exercise bike (as shown in Figs. 10, 12, etc.) can be formed.
手动摆臂连杆结构94可采用长度可调节的结构形式,从而在其它相关结构不变的情况下,可直接改变连杆-摆臂枢轴结构95与手动摆臂结构91的配合位置与运动轨迹;连杆-摆臂枢轴结构95与手动摆臂结构91之间或(及)连杆-踏板枢轴结构96与椭圆运动踏板结构90之间也可采用相对位置可调节的结构设置方式,从而可更好地适应不同运动与锻炼模式等的需要。(如附图10、12等中所示的情况)。The manual swing arm link structure 94 can adopt an adjustable length structure, so that the position and movement of the link-swing arm pivot structure 95 and the manual swing arm structure 91 can be directly changed while other related structures are unchanged. The trajectory; the relative position adjustable structure arrangement between the link-swing arm pivot structure 95 and the manual swing arm structure 91 or (and) the link-pedal pivot structure 96 and the elliptical motion pedal structure 90 may also be employed. Therefore, it can better adapt to the needs of different sports and exercise modes. (as shown in Figures 10, 12, etc.).
当采用手动摆臂结构91与相应的椭圆运动踏板结构90直接相枢接的结构方式之时,相应的椭圆运动踏板结构90的长度也可采用可调节的结构形式,从而在其它相关结构不变的情况下,也可直接改变手动摆臂结构91的配合位置与运动轨迹。(如附图11a、11b中所示的情况)。When the manual swing arm structure 91 is directly pivotally connected to the corresponding elliptical pedal structure 90, the length of the corresponding elliptical pedal structure 90 can also be adjusted, so that the other related structures remain unchanged. In the case of the manual swing arm structure 91, the matching position and the motion trajectory can also be directly changed. (as in the case shown in Figures 11a, 11b).
与偏心轴承式曲柄回位结构系统的偏心轴承结构相配合,以使相关运动器械的处于平行状态的左右脚踏曲柄、左右脚踏板结构具有更高效的相应的回位功能,可设置相应的左、右回位弹簧结构87,左、右回位弹簧结构87的一端可分别与左、右椭圆运动踏板结构90或左、右手动摆臂连杆结构94或左、右手动摆臂结构91的下端部分直接或间接相连接,左、右回位弹簧结构87的另一端可与相应的弹簧拉力调控结构直接或间接相连接。当左右脚踏曲柄、左右脚踏板结构等处于双脚易于发力的工作行程时,左、右回位弹簧结构87被拉长或被压缩而储存能量,当左右脚踏曲柄、左右脚踏板结构等处于双脚不易发力的工作行程时,被拉长或被压缩的左、右回位弹簧结构87恢复变形前状态而释放能量,并直接或间接地带动和帮助左右脚踏曲柄、左右脚踏板结构顺利完成双脚不易发力的工作行程。(可如附图12中所示的情况)。Cooperating with the eccentric bearing structure of the eccentric bearing type crank return structure system, so that the left and right pedal cranks and the left and right foot pedal structures in parallel state of the related sports instruments have more efficient corresponding return function, and corresponding settings can be set. The left and right return spring structures 87, one end of the left and right return spring structures 87 and the left and right elliptical motion pedal structures 90 or the left and right manual swing arm link structures 94 or the left and right manual swing arm structures 91, respectively. The lower end portions are directly or indirectly connected, and the other ends of the left and right return spring structures 87 may be directly or indirectly connected to the corresponding spring tension regulating structures. When the left and right foot cranks, the left and right foot pedal structures, and the like are in a working stroke in which the legs are easy to force, the left and right return spring structures 87 are elongated or compressed to store energy, and when the left and right pedals are cranked, the left and right pedals are When the plate structure or the like is in a working stroke in which the feet are not easy to force, the elongated or compressed left and right return spring structures 87 restore the state before the deformation to release the energy, and directly or indirectly drive and help the left and right pedals, The left and right foot pedal structure smoothly completes the working stroke in which the feet are not easy to force. (The situation can be as shown in Fig. 12).
为更好地适应低位鞍座的健身车运动模式和可前后滑移鞍座的划船器运动模式等的需要,可将相应的前后方向受力为主的前后踏板结构126设置在椭圆运动踏板结构90或手动摆臂结构91或其它适宜的结构位置之上。(可分别如附图15、16中所示的情况)。In order to better adapt to the needs of the exercise mode of the low-seat saddle and the rowing machine movement mode of the front and rear saddle, the corresponding front-rear direction-based front and rear pedal structure 126 can be set in the elliptical motion pedal structure. 90 or manual swing arm structure 91 or other suitable structural position. (The cases can be as shown in Figures 15, 16 respectively).
根据需要,可使回位连杆结构80等的设置高度低于偏心轴承结构系统顶部的高度,从而可使鞍座结构97等可获得更低的设置高度,以使相应的划船机运动模式、卧式健身车运动等模式中的人体重心可充分降低,同时对立式椭圆机运动等模式的不利影响也可更小化。(可如附图13中所示的情况)。If necessary, the height of the return link structure 80 or the like can be set lower than the height of the top of the eccentric bearing structure system, so that the saddle structure 97 and the like can obtain a lower set height, so that the corresponding rower movement mode, In the mode of horizontal exercise bike exercise, the weight of the person can be fully reduced, and the adverse effects of the mode of the vertical elliptical motion can be further reduced. (The situation can be as shown in Fig. 13).
根据需要,可设计和生产同时含偏心轴承式曲柄回位结构系统及相应的手动摇臂驱动系统的多功能组合产品。(如附图17中所示的情况)。Depending on the requirements, a multi-functional combination of eccentric bearing crank return structure systems and corresponding manual rocker drive systems can be designed and produced. (as in the case shown in Figure 17).
根据需要,可设计和生产同时含偏心轴承式曲柄回位结构系统及前后设置的双鞍座结构系统的可同时供双人锻炼使用的多功能组合产品。(如附图18中所示的情况)。According to the needs, we can design and produce a multi-functional combination of eccentric bearing-type crank return structure system and double saddle structure system for front and rear. (as in the case shown in Figure 18).
根据需要,可设计和生产含偏心轴承式曲柄回位结构系统且同时可实现脚踏椭圆机式驱动、脚踏健身车式驱动以及骑马机式驱动等驱动的自行车运动产品,其既可以做为运动和锻炼用自行车,也可以变化成为可固定使用的组合式健身器械。(如附图19中所示的情况)。According to the needs, it is possible to design and produce a bicycle sports product with an eccentric bearing type crank return structure system and at the same time, a pedal elliptical drive, a pedal exerciser drive, and a horse riding machine drive, which can be used as Exercise and exercise bikes can also be changed into a combination exercise machine that can be used in a fixed manner. (as in the case shown in Figure 19).
含偏心轴承式曲柄回位结构系统的相关运动器械与前述的含曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统的相关运动器械在具体结构上可有许多相近同和相互借鉴的地方,在许多情况下,偏心轴承式曲柄回位结构系统及其相关运动器械总体上的结构效率可实现的更好。The related sports equipment with eccentric bearing crank return structure system and the related sports equipment with crankshaft crank return structure system can have many similar and mutual reference places in specific structures. In many cases, eccentric bearing type The overall structural efficiency of the crank return structure system and its associated motion equipment can be better achieved.
四、含曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统的运动器械的较具体实现方式:Fourth, the specific implementation of the sports equipment with crankshaft crank return structure system:
曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统的可分为由相应的重力系统提供回位力的重力曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统和由相应的弹力系统提供回位力的弹力曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统。重力曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统又可以分为以人体重力为主的人体重力式和以相应的重块结构的重力为主的重块重力式。The crank-type crank return structure system can be divided into a gravity crank-type crank return structure system that provides a return force by a corresponding gravity system and an elastic crank-type crank return structure system that provides a return force by a corresponding elastic system. The gravity crank type crank return structure system can be further divided into a human gravity type mainly based on human gravity and a heavy weight type mainly based on gravity of a corresponding heavy block structure.
一)、曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统的基本结构与工作原理为:a) The basic structure and working principle of the crankshaft crank return structure system are:
在健身车或椭圆机或其它相应运动器械的脚踏中轴结构3之上设置相应的回位曲轴结构系统,回位曲轴结构系统由与回位连杆结构80相枢接的曲轴枢轴结构81及曲轴曲柄结构82等一起构成,在曲轴结构系统的两侧设置相应的左右支架结构83与左右轴承结构84及曲轴左右枢轴结构即脚踏中轴结构3;在曲轴左右枢轴结构即脚踏中轴结构3的两侧分别设置左右脚踏曲柄结构1、2,且使当左右脚踏曲柄结构1、2相互平行设置时与曲轴曲柄结构82之间形成180度的或其它适宜角度的角位配合关系。(如附图21a、21b等中所示的情况)。A corresponding return crankshaft structure system is disposed on the pedal center shaft structure 3 of the exercise bike or the elliptical machine or other corresponding exercise equipment, and the return crankshaft structure system is pivotally connected to the return link structure 80. 81 and the crank structure 82 and the like are configured together, and the left and right bracket structures 83 and the left and right bearing structures 84 and the left and right pivot structures of the crankshaft, that is, the pedal center shaft structure 3, are disposed on both sides of the crankshaft structure system; The left and right foot crank structures 1 and 2 are respectively disposed on both sides of the pedal center shaft structure 3, and form a 180 degree or other suitable angle with the crank crank structure 82 when the left and right foot pedal structures 1 and 2 are disposed in parallel with each other. The angular position of the relationship. (as shown in Figures 21a, 21b, etc.).
通过上述结构的设置,可使相应的弹力、重块重力或及人体的重力通过回位连杆结构80等对双脚平行踩踏的或以其它适宜方式踩踏的左右踏板结构和左右脚踏曲柄结构1、2等形成相应的反向平衡力的作用过程,从而实现踏板运动前的待动定位及踏板运动第一行程阶段的增阻蓄能过程和运动第二行程阶段的释能助动过程。Through the arrangement of the above structure, the corresponding elastic force, weight gravity or gravity of the human body can be stepped on by the return link structure 80, etc., and the left and right pedal structures and the left and right pedal crank structures which are stepped on in parallel or in other suitable manners. 1, 2, etc. form a corresponding reverse balancing force action process, thereby realizing the moving position before pedaling and the increasing resistance storage process of the first stroke phase of the pedal motion and the release assisting process of the second stroke phase of the motion.
对曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统的结构、原理等进一步说明如下:The structure and principle of the crankshaft crank return structure system are further described as follows:
曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统的回位连杆结构80的一端与曲轴枢轴结构81相枢接,从而可做360度圆周运动,另一端与相应的回位连杆摆臂结构85相枢接并相应地做曲线式的往复运动或通过设置于其上的滚轮结构在所设定的回位连杆轨道结构130之上做相应形式的往复运动。(分别如附图22a、22b等中所示的情况)。One end of the return link structure 80 of the crankshaft crank return structure system is pivotally connected with the crankshaft pivot structure 81, so that 360 degree circular motion can be performed, and the other end is pivotally connected with the corresponding return link swing arm structure 85. Correspondingly, a reciprocating motion is performed in a curved manner or a corresponding form of reciprocating motion is performed on the set return link track structure 130 by a roller structure disposed thereon. (as shown in Figures 22a, 22b, etc., respectively).
在后一种情况中,与回位连杆结构80一端的360度圆周运动相配合,通过对所设定的回位连杆轨道结构130的形式与结构的选择,可使回位连杆结构80之上可设置的鞍座与鞍座上的锻炼者形成更加有利的运动轨迹和更加适宜的运动形式。In the latter case, in conjunction with the 360 degree circular motion of one end of the return link structure 80, the return link structure can be made by selecting the form and structure of the set return link track structure 130. The erectable saddle on the 80 and the exerciser on the saddle form a more favorable trajectory and a more suitable form of motion.
回位连杆轨道结构130即可采用直线直杆式形式,也可采用曲线曲杆式形式,其一端或两端可采用完全固定的设置方式或采用高低、前后位置可调节的设置方式,从而使其可更好地满足运动与锻炼等的需要。(如附图22b中所示的情况)。The return link track structure 130 can be in the form of a straight straight rod or a curved curved rod type, and one end or both ends can adopt a completely fixed setting manner or adopt a high and low front and rear position adjustable setting manner, thereby Make it better to meet the needs of sports and exercise. (as in the case shown in Figure 22b).
回位连杆摆臂结构85或回位连杆轨道结构130可设于回位连杆结构80的前端,也可设于回位连杆结构80的后端,相应地曲轴枢轴结构81则可设于回位连杆结构80的后端或前端。(分别如附22a、22b、21a、21b中所示的情况)。The return link swing arm structure 85 or the return link track structure 130 may be disposed at the front end of the return link structure 80 or at the rear end of the return link structure 80, and correspondingly the crankshaft pivot structure 81 It may be provided at the rear end or the front end of the return link structure 80. (As shown in the attached 22a, 22b, 21a, 21b, respectively).
当设于回位连杆结构80之上的鞍座结构97处于曲轴枢轴结构81的正上方时,其运动轨迹近为正圆形,当其逐渐远离曲轴枢轴结构81时,其近椭圆运动轨迹逐渐扁化(远离正圆化),使鞍座结构87形成适当扁化的椭圆或近椭圆运动轨迹可更好地满足人们进行骑马式等运动锻炼的需要。When the saddle structure 97 disposed above the return link structure 80 is directly above the crankshaft pivot structure 81, its motion trajectory is nearly a perfect circle, and its near ellipse as it gradually moves away from the crankshaft pivot structure 81. The trajectory is gradually flattened (away from the rounding), so that the saddle structure 87 forms an appropriately flattened elliptical or near-elliptical trajectory to better meet the needs of people performing exercise such as riding.
在回位连杆结构80之上可设置相应的回位重块结构86或鞍座结构97;通过调整回位重块结构86或鞍座结构97与曲轴枢轴结构81之间的位置关系与距离,可改变重力回位力矩与回位能力的大小及鞍座的运动轨迹。A corresponding return weight structure 86 or saddle structure 97 may be disposed on the return link structure 80; by adjusting the positional relationship between the return weight structure 86 or the saddle structure 97 and the crankshaft pivot 81 The distance can change the magnitude of the gravity return torque and the returning ability and the movement trajectory of the saddle.
当鞍座结构97设于曲轴枢轴结构81的正上方时,其运动轨迹近为正圆形,当其逐渐远离曲轴枢轴结构81时,其近椭圆运动轨迹逐渐扁化(远离正圆化),使鞍座结 构87形成适当扁化的椭圆或近椭圆运动轨迹可更好地满足人们进行骑马式等运动锻炼的需要。When the saddle structure 97 is disposed directly above the crankshaft pivot structure 81, its motion trajectory is nearly circular, and as it gradually moves away from the crankshaft pivot structure 81, its near elliptical motion trajectory is gradually flattened (away from the rounding The saddle structure 87 is formed into a suitably flattened elliptical or near elliptical motion trajectory to better meet the needs of people performing exercise such as riding.
可在回位连杆结构80与曲轴枢轴结构81的枢接端的外侧加设回位连杆的增力沿出结构88,使重块结构86或弹力结构87的重力或弹力直接或间接地作用在增力沿出结构88之上,可增强重力或弹力的作用效果。(如附图23、24中所示的情况)。The force of the return link can be added to the outer side of the pivotal end of the return link structure 80 and the crankshaft pivot structure 81 to extend the structure 88, so that the gravity or elastic force of the weight structure 86 or the elastic structure 87 is directly or indirectly Acting on the force increasing along the structure 88 can enhance the effect of gravity or elasticity. (as shown in Figures 23 and 24).
二)、含曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统的椭圆机、健身车、划船器等运动器械或及其组合式运动器械产品2) Elliptical machines, exercise bikes, rowing machines and other sports equipments or their combined sports equipment products with crankshaft crank return structure system
可设计和生产含重力或弹力的曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统的相应的椭圆机、健身车、骑马机、划船器、自行车等运动器械或及它们的组合产品。(可如附图21、22、23、24、20等中所示的情况)。The corresponding elliptical machine, exercise bike, horse-riding machine, rowing machine, bicycle and other sports equipment or combination thereof can be designed and produced with a gravity or elastic crankshaft crank return structure system. (The case can be as shown in Figures 21, 22, 23, 24, 20, etc.).
当在左右脚踏曲柄结1、2之上只设置相应的健身车踏板结构89之时,则可形成相应的健身车产品。When only the corresponding exercise bike pedal structure 89 is provided on the left and right foot crank knots 1, 2, the corresponding exercise bike product can be formed.
当在左右脚踏曲柄结构1、2之上只设置相应的椭圆机的椭圆运动踏板结构90之时,则可形成相应的椭圆机产品。When only the elliptical moving pedal structure 90 of the corresponding elliptical machine is disposed on the left and right foot crank structures 1, 2, a corresponding elliptical product can be formed.
当在左右脚踏曲柄结构1、2之上同时设置健身车踏板结构89和椭圆机的椭圆运动踏板结构90之时,则可形成相应的健身车——椭圆机组合产品。When the exercise bicycle pedal structure 89 and the elliptical motion pedal structure 90 of the elliptical machine are simultaneously disposed on the left and right foot crank structures 1, 2, a corresponding exercise vehicle-elliptical machine combination product can be formed.
当同时设有相应的摆臂结构——运动桨臂结构及相应的鞍座与踏板结构之时,则可形成相应的划船机产品。When the corresponding swing arm structure - the movable paddle arm structure and the corresponding saddle and pedal structure are simultaneously provided, the corresponding rowing machine product can be formed.
当在上述的健身车或椭圆机或健身车-椭圆机产品之上加设划船机所需的相应的可滑动鞍座结构97等结构系统之时,则可分别形成相对应的健身车——划船机、椭圆机——划船机、健身车——椭圆机——划船机等组合式运动器械产品。(如附图23b中所示)。When a structural system such as a corresponding slidable saddle structure 97 required for the rowing machine is added to the above-mentioned exercise bike or elliptical machine or exercise bike-elliptical machine product, the corresponding exercise bikes can be respectively formed. Rowing machines, elliptical machines - rowing machines, exercise bikes - elliptical machines - rowing machines and other combined sports equipment products. (as shown in Figure 23b).
在上述的椭圆机产品或健身车——椭圆机组合产品之上,可设置相应的手动摆臂结构91、手动摆臂支架结构92、手动摆臂摆转枢轴结构93、手动摆臂连杆结构94,手动摆臂连杆结构94的一端通过连杆-摆臂枢轴结构95与手动摆臂结构91的下端相枢接,手动摆臂连杆结构94的另一端通过踏板-摆臂枢轴结构96与椭圆运动踏板结构90相枢接,由此可形成更适宜的含重力曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统的手脚联动的椭圆机产品或椭圆机——健身车组合产品(如附图21、23等中所示)。On the elliptical machine product or the exercise machine-elliptical machine combination product, a corresponding manual swing arm structure 91, a manual swing arm support structure 92, a manual swing arm swing pivot structure 93, a manual swing arm link can be provided. Structure 94, one end of the manual swing arm link structure 94 is pivotally connected to the lower end of the manual swing arm structure 91 through the link-swing arm pivot structure 95, and the other end of the manual swing arm link structure 94 is passed through the pedal-swing arm pivot The shaft structure 96 is pivotally connected with the elliptical motion pedal structure 90, thereby forming a more suitable elliptical machine product or elliptical machine with a gravity crank crank type crank return structure system--the exercise bicycle combination product (such as FIG. 21) , 23, etc.).
在相应的含重力曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统的健身车或椭圆机产品或健身车——椭圆机组合产品之上,可设置相应的手动摇臂结构103、手动摇臂把手结构104及其它相关结构,由此可形成含手动摇臂结构系统的手脚可联动的健身车或椭圆机产品或健身车——椭圆机组合产品。(可如附图24a、24b中所示的情况)。On the corresponding exercise bike or elliptical machine product or exercise machine-elliptical machine combination product with gravity crankshaft crank return structure system, corresponding manual rocker arm structure 103, manual rocker arm handle structure 104 and other related The structure can thereby form an exercise bike or an elliptical machine product or an exercise machine-elliptical machine combination product with a hand-foot linkage of a manual rocker arm structure system. (The situation can be as shown in Figures 24a, 24b).
当同时设有前后车轮结构、转向结构及其它相关结构之时,可形成相应的自行车产品或及自行车与健身车、自行车与椭圆机、自行车与健身车与椭圆机等的多功能组合式产品。(可如附图20中所示)。When the front and rear wheel structure, the steering structure and other related structures are provided at the same time, a corresponding bicycle product or a multifunctional combination product of a bicycle and an exercise bicycle, a bicycle and an elliptical machine, a bicycle and an exercise bicycle, and an elliptical machine can be formed. (can be as shown in Figure 20).
通过相应的蓄能运动结构、支架结构或辅助支撑车轮等结构的设置,可使上述自行车及其与其它相关产品的组合产品同时成为可为完全固定形式的,同时可更适于室内等空间使用的产品。Through the corresponding structure of the energy storage movement structure, the bracket structure or the auxiliary support wheel, the bicycle and its combination with other related products can be simultaneously fixed and can be more suitable for indoor space use. The product.
三)、含曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统的骑马机及其与健身车或椭圆机或自行车等的组合产品c), the riding machine with crankshaft crank return structure system and its combination with exercise bike or elliptical machine or bicycle
当在回位连杆结构80之上设置相应的鞍座结构97时,可形成相应的含曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统的骑马机以及骑马机与相应的健身车或椭圆机或及自行车等的组合产品。When a corresponding saddle structure 97 is disposed on the return link structure 80, a corresponding riding machine including a crank-type crank return structure system and a riding machine and a corresponding exercise bike or elliptical machine or bicycle are formed. Combination product.
当在含曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统的自行车产品的回位连杆结构80之上设置鞍座 结构97之时即可形成相应的自行车——骑马机组合产品。(可如附图10中所示)。When a saddle structure 97 is placed over the return link structure 80 of the bicycle product containing the crankshaft crank return structure system, a corresponding bicycle-horse rider combination can be formed. (can be as shown in Figure 10).
当在的含曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统的健身车——椭圆机组合产品的回位连杆结构80之上设置鞍座结构97之时即可形成相应的健身车——椭圆机——骑马机组合产品。(可如附图21、24中所示)。When the saddle structure 97 is arranged on the return link structure 80 of the elliptical machine combination product of the exercise machine with the crank-type crank return structure system, the corresponding exercise vehicle can be formed - the elliptical machine - riding Machine combination products. (can be as shown in Figures 21 and 24).
当在含曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统的健身车——椭圆机——划船机组合产品的回位连杆结构80之上设置鞍座结构97之时即可形成相应的健身车——椭圆机——划船机——骑马机组合产品。When a saddle structure 97 is arranged on the return link structure 80 of the exercise machine-elliptical machine-type rowing machine combination system with the crank-type crank return structure system, the corresponding exercise vehicle can be formed. - Rowing machine - a combination of horse riding machines.
通过相应的结构设置,可形成含曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统的脚踏式椭圆机与手脚同动式健身车的组合产品。(可如附图24a中所示)。Through the corresponding structural arrangement, a combination of a pedal type elliptical machine with a crank-type crank return structure system and a hand-footed exercise bicycle can be formed. (can be as shown in Figure 24a).
通过相应的结构设置,可形成含曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统的手脚同动式椭圆机与手脚同动式健身车的组合产品。(可如附图24b中所示)。Through the corresponding structural arrangement, a combination of a hand-foot-type elliptical machine with a crank-type crank return structure system and a hand-footed exercise bicycle can be formed. (can be as shown in Figure 24b).
四)、采用可变移、可变化的组合式鞍座结构系统,形成相应的含曲轴式或偏心轴承式或其它适宜形式的曲柄回位结构系统的多功能组合式产品。d), using a variable displacement, variable combination saddle structure system to form a corresponding multi-functional combination product with crankshaft or eccentric bearing or other suitable form of crank return structure system.
在前述的骑马机与健身车、骑马机与椭圆机、骑马机与自行车等的组合产品之中,其鞍座结构系统可分为两种基本情况。一种情况是:在一些产品之中可同时设置完全独立的两套鞍座结构,即在回位连杆结构80之上设置鞍座结构97的同时,在相应的固定鞍座的基础结构或其它适宜结构之上设置独立的第二鞍座结构系统105,从而可同时实现相应的健身车运动模式或划船机运动模式等,且在一些情况下可形成可同时供双人一起进行运动和锻炼使用的相应的产品形式。(可如附图24b中所示的情况)。Among the aforementioned combination products of riding machines and exercise machines, horse riding machines and elliptical machines, horse riding machines and bicycles, the saddle structure system can be divided into two basic cases. In one case, two sets of saddle structures that are completely independent can be provided at the same time in some products, that is, the saddle structure 97 is disposed above the return link structure 80, and the corresponding fixed saddle base structure or A separate second saddle structure system 105 is disposed on the other suitable structure, so that the corresponding exercise mode of the exercise bike or the sport mode of the rowing machine can be simultaneously realized, and in some cases, it can be formed for the two people to exercise and exercise together. The corresponding product form. (The situation can be as shown in Figure 24b).
另一种情况是:当相应的可调鞍座结构97通过相应的基座结构设置在回位连杆结构80之上时即可形成骑马机的运动模式,当相应的可调鞍座结构97设置在相应的固定鞍座的基座结构或其它适宜结构之上之时即可形成的健身车运动模式或划船机运动模式等。故可考虑设置一套可调鞍座结构97加上相应的两套或及多套基座结构的组合模式,形成组合式的鞍座结构系统。Another case is when the corresponding adjustable saddle structure 97 is placed over the return link structure 80 through the corresponding base structure to form a movement mode of the riding machine, when the corresponding adjustable saddle structure 97 An exercise bike sport mode or a rower sport mode that can be formed when the base structure or other suitable structure of the corresponding fixed saddle is placed. Therefore, it is considered to provide a combined saddle structure 97 plus a corresponding combination of two or more sets of base structures to form a combined saddle structure system.
在适宜的空间位置上加设相应的专用滑道结构99,专用滑道结构99为完全固定式结构或可调位或可调角或可调长短形式的结构;A corresponding special chute structure 99 is added at a suitable space position, and the special chute structure 99 is a completely fixed structure or a structure of adjustable or adjustable angle or adjustable length and length;
相应的基座结构可分别为:可设置于回位连杆结构80之上的回位连杆鞍座基座结构98,设置于专用滑道结构99之上的专用滑道鞍座基座结构100,或及其它适宜的基座结构。回位连杆鞍座基座结构98和专用滑道鞍座基座结构100在使用中均可进行前后方向的调位选择与变化,它们或可分别完全锁止于回位连杆结构80和专用滑道结构99的适宜的位置之上或做为划船机式的移动鞍座结构的基座结构可分别往返移动于回位连杆结构80和专用滑道结构99之上。The corresponding base structure can be: a return link saddle base structure 98 that can be disposed on the return link structure 80, and a dedicated slide saddle base structure disposed on the special slide structure 99. 100, or other suitable base structure. The return link saddle base structure 98 and the dedicated slide saddle base structure 100 can be adjusted and changed in the front-rear direction in use, and they may be completely locked to the return link structure 80 and respectively. The pedestal structure above the appropriate position of the dedicated chute structure 99 or as a rowing machine-type moving saddle structure can be reciprocally moved over the return link structure 80 and the dedicated chute structure 99, respectively.
可调鞍座结构97之下可设有鞍座立管结构101,在回位连杆鞍座基座结构98和专用滑道鞍座基座结构100之上可均设有相应的快拆结构102,鞍座立管结构101可方便可靠地与上述快拆结构(102)相结合锁固或分离,且通过其配合可方便可靠地实现可调鞍座结构97空间位置的上下调节,再加上基座结构98和100的可前后调节移动变位,整个组合式鞍座结构系统可很好地适应骑马机运动模式、划船机运动模式、健身车运动模式等多种运动模式的需要。同时使可调鞍座结构97处于适宜的位置或使其完全从整个运动器械的组合式鞍座结构系统中撤下,将可充分地满足椭圆机运动模式的需要,相应的基座结构(98)和(100)的结构设置也可紧凑、高效。(如附图21、23、24、20中所示的情况)。A saddle riser structure 101 may be disposed under the adjustable saddle structure 97, and a corresponding quick release structure may be disposed on the return link saddle base structure 98 and the dedicated slide saddle base structure 100. 102, the saddle riser structure 101 can be conveniently and reliably locked or separated in combination with the quick release structure (102), and the upper and lower adjustment of the spatial position of the adjustable saddle structure 97 can be conveniently and reliably realized by the cooperation thereof. The upper base structure 98 and 100 can be adjusted back and forth, and the entire combined saddle structure system can be well adapted to various sports modes such as the riding machine movement mode, the rowing machine movement mode, and the exercise vehicle movement mode. At the same time, the adjustable saddle structure 97 is in a suitable position or completely removed from the combined saddle structure system of the entire exercise machine, which can fully meet the needs of the elliptical motion mode, and the corresponding base structure (98) The structural settings of () and (100) can also be compact and efficient. (as shown in Figures 21, 23, 24, 20).
上述回位连杆结构80和专用滑道结构99均可全面或在必要的结构区段采用适宜的双轨式的结构形式,相应的双轨式的结构形式一方面可方便可靠地与基座结构98和100之上设置的相应的锁止结构及滚轮或其它适宜的滑移结构相配合,另一方面可 使可调鞍座结构97之下设置的鞍座立管结构101始终处于相应的左右双轨结构之间,使其可方便地前后上下串移变位,整个结构配置可更加紧凑高效。(可如附图21a、21b中所示的情况)。The above-mentioned return link structure 80 and the dedicated slide structure 99 can adopt a suitable double-track structure form in a comprehensive manner or in a necessary structural section, and the corresponding double-track type structure can conveniently and reliably cooperate with the base structure 98 on the one hand. Corresponding to the corresponding locking structure provided on the 100 and the roller or other suitable sliding structure, on the other hand, the saddle riser structure 101 disposed under the adjustable saddle structure 97 can always be in the corresponding left and right double rails. Between the structures, it can be easily moved up and down and up and down, and the entire structure can be more compact and efficient. (The situation can be as shown in Figures 21a, 21b).
可进一步形成由处于中部位置的内双轨式形式的回位连杆结构80与处于两侧位置的外双轨式形式的专用滑道结构99,既彼此和谐相处,又共同使整个结构系统紧凑、可靠,以对整个器械可进行的椭圆运动等不形成任何不利影响。(可如附图21a、21b中所示的情况)。The return rail structure 80 in the form of an inner double rail in the middle position and the special rail structure 99 in the outer double rail form at the two sides can be further formed, which are harmonious with each other and together make the entire structural system compact and reliable. , does not have any adverse effect on the elliptical motion and the like that can be performed on the entire instrument. (The situation can be as shown in Figures 21a, 21b).
上述设置于回位连杆鞍座基座结构98之上的快拆结构102还可用于与相应的回位重块结构86等的方便可靠的结合与分离配合过程,从而使其可发挥更大的价值。(如附图23a、23b中所示的情况)。The quick release structure 102 disposed above the return link saddle base structure 98 can also be used for convenient and reliable combination and separation with the corresponding return weight structure 86, etc., so that it can be made larger the value of. (as in the case shown in Figures 23a, 23b).
五)、含弹力曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统的健身器械的较具体实施方式V) More specific implementation of fitness equipment with elastic crankshaft crank return structure system
可借鉴前述的含拉索式曲柄回位结构系统中的相应结构的设置情况,一方面,在曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统的曲轴枢轴结构81之上设置相应的弹力回位轴承结构(106),同时设置相应的可直接或间接地发挥作用力的弹簧结构87或及相应的拉索结构、导轮结构乃至弹力调控结构等。另一方面,相应的弹簧结构87等也可直接或间接地作用于与曲轴枢轴结构81相枢接的回位连杆结构80,在这种情况下,可较方便地通过改变弹力在回位连杆结构80之上的作用位置而改变相应的作用力和作用力臂,从而可调节回位弹力的作用力矩的大小,以更好地满足不同锻炼过程的不同需要。(如附图24a中所示的情况)。Referring to the foregoing arrangement of the corresponding structure in the cable-type crank return structure system, on the one hand, a corresponding elastic return bearing structure (106) is arranged on the crankshaft pivot structure 81 of the crank-type crank return structure system. At the same time, a corresponding spring structure 87 that can directly or indirectly exert a force or a corresponding cable structure, a guide wheel structure or even an elastic regulation structure is provided. On the other hand, the corresponding spring structure 87 or the like can also directly or indirectly act on the return link structure 80 pivotally connected to the crankshaft pivot structure 81. In this case, it is more convenient to change the elastic force back. The position of the position above the link structure 80 changes the corresponding force and the force arm, so that the magnitude of the action torque of the return spring force can be adjusted to better meet the different needs of different exercise processes. (as in the case shown in Figure 24a).
六)、同时含有重力和弹力回位力的曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统的健身器械(6) Fitness equipment with crankshaft crank return structure system containing both gravity and elastic return force
可在回位连杆结构80之上同时加设适宜的重力和弹力,从而可实现相应的重力与弹力联合作用形式的复合式回位结构系统。这样,通过相应的联合设置可更好地满足一些运动器械产品之上应设有更强或可更方便地调节的回位结构系统的需要,具体而言:可在加设相应的弹力作用结构系统的同时,在工作位置及相应的作用力臂均方便可调的回位连杆鞍座基座结构98之上加设相应的重块结构86,从而即可强化总的回位作用力,又使其具体作用能力的大小可方便调节。(如附图23a中所示的情况)。Appropriate gravity and elastic force can be added on the return link structure 80 at the same time, so that the composite return structure system in the form of the combined force of gravity and elasticity can be realized. In this way, the corresponding joint arrangement can better meet the needs of some of the sports equipment products that should be equipped with a stronger or more convenient adjustment of the return structure system. Specifically, a corresponding elastic structure can be added. At the same time, the corresponding weight structure 86 is added on the working position and the corresponding return arm saddle base structure 98 which is conveniently adjustable, so that the total return force can be strengthened. Moreover, the size of its specific action ability can be easily adjusted. (as in the case shown in Figure 23a).
另一方面,通过相应的设置,可使回位连杆结构80及其之上设置的基座结构98等的重量被相应的弹力结构系统可提供的弹力全部或大部分反向平衡掉,从而使人们在进行双腿交替驱动锻炼等情况下的受力均衡性等不受设置回位结构系统等的影响,使人们无论是采用双脚平行驱动还是采用双脚交替驱动均可形成良好、高效、均衡和适宜的锻炼过程。同时,可通过减小回位连杆结构80及其之上设置的基座结构98等的重量来更好地确保双腿交替驱动过程的受力均衡性等。On the other hand, by corresponding arrangement, the weight of the return link structure 80 and the base structure 98 and the like provided thereon can be reversely balanced by all or most of the elastic force that the corresponding elastic structural system can provide, thereby It is not affected by the setting of the return structure system, etc., so that people can use the double-leg parallel drive or the alternate driving of both feet to form a good and efficient effect. Balanced and appropriate exercise process. At the same time, it is possible to better ensure the force balance of the alternate driving process of the legs and the like by reducing the weight of the return link structure 80 and the base structure 98 and the like provided thereon.
七)、根据需要,含曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统的相应曲轴结构的中心枢轴与脚踏曲柄中轴结构也可分开设置,彼此之间可通过相应的传动机构,如轴或皮带或链条结构122等实现相应的连接与联动过程。(如附图25a、25b中所示的情况)。VII) According to requirements, the central pivot of the corresponding crankshaft structure with the crankshaft crank return structure system and the crankshaft middle axle structure can also be arranged separately, and can pass each other through corresponding transmission mechanisms, such as shafts or belts or chains. Structure 122 and the like implement corresponding connection and linkage processes. (as in the case shown in Figures 25a, 25b).
八)、上述含曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统的相关运动器械与前述的含偏心轴承式曲柄回位结构系统的相关运动器械在具体结构上可有许多相近同的地方,彼此可以相互借鉴、相互派生、相互整合,从而可形成结构更适宜、形式也更丰富的相应的运动器械产品。VIII) The related sports equipment with crankshaft crank return structure system and the related sports equipment with eccentric bearing crank return structure system may have many similarities in specific structures, and they can learn from each other and mutual Derived and integrated, so that the corresponding sports equipment products with more suitable structure and more forms can be formed.
五、含曲柄回位结构系统的相关运动器械的电动化5. Motorization of related sports equipment with crank return structure system
上述含曲柄回位结构系统的相关运动器械可同时实现电动化——既在可依靠人体力量实现相关运动的同时,可借助相应的电动驱动系统实现相关的运动过程,以使整个运动器械在拥有强的健身锻炼功能的同时,具有娱乐和康复的功能与价值。The above-mentioned related sports equipment with a crank return structure system can be simultaneously electrified - while the relevant motion can be realized by relying on the human body force, the relevant motion process can be realized by the corresponding electric drive system, so that the entire exercise machine is owned. The powerful fitness function also has the functions and value of entertainment and rehabilitation.
在上述可将骑马机运动、椭圆机运动、健身车运动等较好地整合在一起的含曲轴 式或偏心轴承式曲柄回位结构系统的运动器械之上加设相应的电动驱动系统,即可形成相应的可同时具有电动骑马机、电动椭圆机、电动健身车等运动模式及功能的可集锻炼、娱乐及康复等为一体的复合型运动器械,从而可更好更全面地满足大众化的家用健身等方面的需要。In the above-mentioned sports equipment including a crankshaft type or an eccentric bearing type crank return structure system which can better integrate the riding machine movement, the elliptical motion, the exercise bicycle movement, etc., a corresponding electric driving system can be added. The utility model can form a composite exercise device which can integrate exercise, entertainment and rehabilitation, such as an electric riding machine, an electric elliptical machine and an electric exercise machine, so as to better meet the popular households in a comprehensive and comprehensive manner. Fitness and other needs.
通过相应的结构设计,相关电动驱动系统,或可只具有相应的电动驱动功能,或可同时具有发电乃至作为发电式阻力系统的功能。Through the corresponding structural design, the relevant electric drive system may have only the corresponding electric drive function, or may have the function of generating electricity or even as a power generation resistance system.
六、相关运动器械的可折叠化6. Collapsible of related sports equipment
上述含曲柄回位结构系统等的相关运动器械可同时实现可折叠化——通过采用可伸缩等相应的结构设置可同时改变相关运动器械的左右椭圆运动踏板结构90、左右手动摆臂连杆结构94及底部机座骨架等结构的总长度,并使它们在较长时间不使用等必要的情况下可处于总长度尽量减小的状态,从而可明显缩小相应的空间占用范围。同时,使左右曲柄等相关结构处于相互平行的状态也可更有利于减小整个运动器械的占空范围。The above-mentioned related exercise equipment including the crank return structure system and the like can be simultaneously foldable--the left and right elliptical motion pedal structure 90 and the left and right manual swing arm link structure can be simultaneously changed by adopting corresponding structural settings such as retractable and the like. The total length of the structure such as the 94 and the bottom frame skeleton, and the fact that they can be minimized as long as they are not used for a long time, can significantly reduce the corresponding space occupation range. At the same time, it is more advantageous to reduce the space occupied by the entire exercise machine by making the related structures such as the left and right cranks in parallel with each other.
七、相关运动器械之上可同时实现登山机等的运动功能7. The sports function of the climbing machine can be realized at the same time on the relevant sports equipment.
在上述的含椭圆机运动模式的相关运动器械之上可同时实现登山机等的运动模式与功能,其具体实现方式可以为:在左、右椭圆运动踏板结构90与左右脚踏曲柄结构1的连接端(脚踏芯轴处)的外侧(连接端向后部或前部沿出部分)设置相应的固定形式的或可折叠形式的登山机踏板结构131,由于左、右椭圆运动踏板结构90在上述连接端(脚踏芯轴处)的内侧部分的运动轨迹为水平向扁平的近椭圆轨迹,相应地左、右椭圆运动踏板结构90在上述连接端的外侧部分——登山机踏板结构131之上的运动轨迹则为竖直向扁平的近椭圆运动轨迹,且离连接端(脚踏芯轴处)的距离越远其椭圆运动轨迹的上下起伏度越大,登山等运动的抬腿幅度也越大。(相关结构可分别如附图6、22b及附图13中所示的情况)。In the above-mentioned related sports equipment including the elliptical motion mode, the motion mode and function of the climbing machine and the like can be simultaneously realized, and the specific implementation manner thereof can be: the left and right elliptical motion pedal structure 90 and the left and right foot pedal structure 1 The outer side of the connecting end (at the pedal mandrel) (the connecting end to the rear or the front portion) is provided with a corresponding fixed form or foldable form of the climber pedal structure 131, since the left and right elliptical moving pedal structures 90 The trajectory of the inner portion of the connecting end (at the pedal mandrel) is a horizontally flattened near elliptical trajectory, and correspondingly the left and right elliptical pedal structures 90 are at the outer portion of the connecting end - the climber pedal structure 131 The upper trajectory is a vertically flattened near elliptical trajectory, and the farther away from the connection end (at the pedal mandrel), the greater the undulation of the elliptical motion trajectory, and the leg lift of the mountaineering and other movements. The bigger. (Related structures may be as shown in Figures 6, 22b and 13 respectively).
可同时考虑通过结构可伸缩等方式使登山机踏板结构131与连接端(脚踏芯轴处)的距离可调节,从而改变登山机踏板结构131的运动轨迹、上下起落幅度等,使其即可更好地满足不同人士的锻炼需要,又能够占据尽可能小的停放空间。At the same time, the distance between the pedal structure 131 and the connecting end (at the pedal mandrel) can be adjusted by means of structural resilience, etc., thereby changing the movement track of the pedal structure 131 of the mountaineering machine, the amplitude of up and down movement, etc., so that Better meet the exercise needs of different people, and can occupy as little parking space as possible.
可在相关的鞍座结构或其它相应结构之上设置登山机扶手结构132,或通过相应的结构设置使左、右手动摆臂结构91的位置可调节以使其同时可做为登山机运动的扶手结构使用。(分别如附图6、22b及附图13中所示的情况)。The climber armrest structure 132 can be placed over the associated saddle structure or other corresponding structure, or the position of the left and right manual swing arm structures 91 can be adjusted by corresponding structural settings to enable simultaneous movement of the climber. The armrest structure is used. (as shown in Figures 6, 22b and 13 respectively).
上述登山机等的运动模式与功能的实现方式亦可应用于包括非前面所述的其它各种相关形式的椭圆机等运动器械之上,从而可丰富相关运动器械的功能,提升其价值。The implementation of the motion mode and function of the above-mentioned climbing machine or the like can also be applied to sports equipment such as an elliptical machine other than the various related forms described above, thereby enriching the functions of the related sports equipment and enhancing its value.
八、相关的手脚同时运动的椭圆机、健身车等运动器械的部分具体实现方式Eight, the specific implementation of the related sports equipment such as elliptical machines and exercise bikes
(由于将相应的椭圆运动踏板结构变成单一的运动联动拉杆结构,并加设相应的鞍座、脚蹬等结构,则相应的椭圆机即变为带手动摆臂结构系统的相应的健身车,故这里在许多情况下将相应的椭圆机与相应的健身车同时进行表述与说明)(Because the corresponding elliptical pedal structure becomes a single motion linkage rod structure, and the corresponding saddle, ankle and other structures are added, the corresponding elliptical machine becomes the corresponding exercise bike with the manual swing arm structure system. Therefore, in many cases, the corresponding elliptical machine and the corresponding exercise bike are simultaneously described and explained)
在相应的椭圆机、健身车等运动器械之上,设置相应的与左、右脚踏曲柄1、2直接或间接连接及联动的左、右联动踏板结构90(或左右联动拉杆结构)及左、右手动摆臂结构91;左、右联动踏板结构90(或左右联动拉杆结构)的一端分别与左、右脚踏曲柄结构1、2相枢接、另一端分别与左、右手动摆臂结构91相枢接。左、右脚踏曲柄结构1、2可带动(或相互带动)左、右联动踏板结构90(或左右联动拉杆结构)及左、右手动摆臂结构91共同采用彼此相平行或及彼此相互交替的运动锻炼方式。(如附图1、6等中所示的情况)。On the corresponding elliptical machine, exercise machine and other sports equipment, set the corresponding left and right linkage pedal structure 90 (or left and right linkage lever structure) and left and right and left indirectly connected with the left and right pedals 1 and 2 The right manual swing arm structure 91; one end of the left and right linkage pedal structure 90 (or the left and right linkage pull rod structure) is pivotally connected to the left and right pedal tactile structures 1, 2, respectively, and the other end is respectively connected to the left and right manual swing arms. The structure 91 is pivotally connected. The left and right foot crank structures 1, 2 can be driven (or mutually driven), and the left and right linkage pedal structures 90 (or the left and right linkage lever structures) and the left and right manual swing arm structures 91 are mutually parallel or alternate with each other. The way to exercise. (as shown in Figures 1, 6, etc.).
在相应的椭圆机、健身车等运动器械之上,可采用坐式运动的结构形式或采用站 式运动的结构形式或采用同时可实现坐式运动及站立运动的结构形式On the corresponding elliptical machine, exercise bike and other sports equipment, the structure of the seated movement or the structure of the standing movement or the structural form that can simultaneously realize the sitting movement and the standing movement can be adopted.
在相应的椭圆机、健身车等运动器械之上,可同时采用带靠背或不带靠背的低位座椅34的结构形式,与之相适应可在左、右手动摆臂结构91的下端或左、右椭圆运动踏板结构90的前部或其它适宜的结构位置上设置相应的使用低位座椅34的左、右低位脚踏板结构35、36,以使锻炼者的双腿可实现充分的前后舒展运动,并可形成更好的手脚联动的运动状态。(如附图26、27等中所示的情况)。On the corresponding elliptical machine, exercise machine and other sports equipment, the structure of the lower seat 34 with or without the backrest can be used at the same time, and can be adapted to the lower end or left of the left and right manual swing arm structure 91. The front and other suitable structural positions of the right elliptical pedal structure 90 are provided with respective left and right lower pedal structures 35, 36 using the lower seat 34 to enable the exerciser's legs to achieve sufficient front and rear Stretching the movement and forming a better movement state of the hands and feet. (as shown in Figures 26, 27, etc.).
设置在椭圆运动踏板结构上或其它适宜的结构位置上的左、右低位脚踏板结构35、36可采用直接设置的结构形式或采用可方便地添加与拆下的相应的结构形式或采用可方便地折叠或及其它适宜的隐蔽设置的结构形式——只在使用时展开、不使用时收起并隐蔽起来的结构形式。The left and right lower footrest structures 35, 36 disposed on the elliptical motion pedal structure or other suitable structural position may be of a directly disposed configuration or may be conveniently added and removed with a corresponding structural form or adopted. A form of structure that is conveniently folded or otherwise suitable for concealing settings - a form that is only unfolded when in use, and retracted and concealed when not in use.
九、相关运动器械的其它相关运动结构系统及其较具体实现方式9. Other related sports structural systems of related sports equipment and their more specific implementation methods
在相应的椭圆机、健身车等运动器械之上,为更好地适应可同时采用站式运动、高位座式运动或及低位座式运动等多种情况下人体处于不同相对位置、不同运动形式等状态的需要,在左右手动摆臂等结构系统上可进一步选择加设下述结构系统。On the corresponding elliptical machines, exercise bikes and other sports equipment, in order to better adapt to the simultaneous use of station-type motion, high-position motion or low-position motion, the human body is in different relative positions and different forms of motion. For the needs of the state, the following structural system can be further selected on the structural system such as the left and right manual swing arms.
1、在相应的椭圆机或健身车等运动器械的左、右手动摆臂前后运动铰接轴37的上端设可使左、右手动摆臂的上部38、39与左、右手动摆臂的下部处于不同角度位置关系的手动摆臂纵向(前后运动向)调角结构系统,通过其的调节作用,可使左、右手动摆臂的上部38、39更加靠前或靠后,从而可更好地满足人们或站立锻炼或座式锻炼、或高位座式锻炼或低位座式锻炼时,人体的运动重心、运动位置、运动形式的不同而形成的不同需要。手动摆臂纵向调角结构系统可由相应的调角骨架结构40及与其相配合的调角枢轴41、调角锁孔42、调角锁销43等组成。(如附图26、27等中所示的情况)。1. The upper end of the left and right manual swing arm of the corresponding elliptical machine or exercise machine, such as the left and right manual swing arm, is provided with the upper part 38, 39 of the left and right manual swing arms and the lower part of the left and right manual swing arms. The manual swing arm longitudinal (forward and backward movement) angle adjustment structure system with different angular positional relationship can adjust the upper and lower manual arms of the left and right manual swing arms to the front or the back, thereby making it better. The different needs of the human body's movement center of gravity, movement position, and movement form are met when people meet standing or standing exercises or seat-type exercises, or high-seat exercise or low-seat exercise. The manual swing arm longitudinal angle adjustment structure system can be composed of a corresponding angle adjustment skeleton structure 40 and a matching angle adjustment pivot 41, a corner adjustment key hole 42, a angle adjustment lock pin 43 and the like. (as shown in Figures 26, 27, etc.).
2、在相应的椭圆机、健身车等运动器械的左、右手动摆臂前后运动铰接轴37的上端设使左、右手动摆臂的上部38、39可做横向(左右向)摆动运动或及横向变角、变位的相应的横向运动铰接轴结构,或及进一步同时设置可使左、右手动摆臂上部38、39的横向摆动运动可被完全锁止于多个适宜位置的手动摆臂横向运动及横向调角锁固结构系统。2. The upper ends of the left and right manual swing arms of the left and right manual swing arms of the corresponding elliptical machines, exercise machines and the like are arranged such that the upper portions 38, 39 of the left and right manual swing arms can be moved horizontally (left and right) or Corresponding transversely moving hinged shaft structure for laterally varying angles, displacements, or further simultaneous setting of a manual pendulum that allows the lateral oscillating motion of the left and right manual swing arm upper portions 38, 39 to be fully locked in a plurality of suitable positions Lateral arm movement and lateral angle locking structure system.
手动摆臂横向运动及横向调角锁固结构系统的较具体结构可与前述的手动摆臂纵向(前后向)调角结构系统相近似,即可设置相应的手动摆臂上部的横向运动及调角枢轴结构44,横向调角骨架结构45,横向调角锁孔结构46,横向调角锁销结构47等,同时还可通过直接或间接地设置相应的弹簧形式或其它适宜形式的横向运动阻力-阻尼结构,使左、右手动摆臂的上部38、39的横向摆动运动处于适宜的有阻力、有阻尼状态;(如附图1、29中所示的情况)。The more specific structure of the manual swing arm lateral movement and the lateral angle locking structure system can be similar to the aforementioned manual swing arm longitudinal (forward and backward) angle adjustment structure system, and the corresponding lateral movement and adjustment of the upper portion of the manual swing arm can be set. An angular pivot structure 44, a laterally angled skeletal structure 45, a laterally angled keyhole structure 46, a laterally angled locking pin structure 47, etc., and may also be provided with a corresponding spring form or other suitable form of lateral motion either directly or indirectly. The resistance-damping structure causes the lateral oscillating motion of the upper portions 38, 39 of the left and right manual swing arms to be in a suitably resistive, damped state; (as shown in Figures 1, 29).
上述手动摆臂横向运动结构系统也可设计成为相对更加独立的横向运动的手动摆臂结构系统。The manual swing arm lateral motion structure system described above can also be designed as a relatively more independent lateral motion manual swing arm structure system.
3、在相应的椭圆机或健身车等运动器械的左、右手动摆臂的上部结构38、39的适当位置上可以枢接或套接等方式加设可使手臂在推拉整个左、右手动摆臂结构32、33做前后向摆动运动的同时,可进行相应的适宜的上下运动的(左、右手臂)上下运动摆臂结构系统或上下运动套管结构系统。(如附图28、29等中所示的情况)。3. In the appropriate position of the upper structure 38, 39 of the left and right manual swing arms of the corresponding elliptical machine or exercise machine, it can be pivoted or socketed to make the arm push and pull the whole left and right manually. While the swing arm structures 32 and 33 are oscillating in the forward and backward directions, correspondingly suitable up and down movements (left and right arms) can be performed to move the swing arm structure system or the up and down motion sleeve structure system. (as shown in Figures 28, 29, etc.).
也可在前述的相对更加独立的横向运动的手动摆臂结构上加设相应的上下运动摆臂结构系统或上下运动套管结构系统。It is also possible to add a corresponding up-and-down motion swing arm structure system or an up-and-down motion sleeve structure system to the aforementioned relatively more independent lateral movement manual swing arm structure.
上下运动摆臂结构系统可由相应的可直接设置在左、右手动摆臂的上部结构38、39之上的或设置在其它适宜的结构位置之上的左、右上下运动摆臂结构49、50,左、右上下运动摆臂枢轴结构51,左、右上下运动摆臂把手结构52,以及相应的根据需 要使左、右上下运动摆臂也可以被选择锁止于某一所需的角度位置的相应的上下运动摆臂锁止结构53,同时,也可通过直接或间接设置相应的上下运动摆臂的阻力-阻尼结构54,以使左、右上下运动摆臂结构49、50的上下摆动运动处于适宜的有阻力、有阻尼状态。(如附图26、27、28、29中所示的情况)。The up and down motion swing arm structure system can be configured by corresponding left and right up and down motion swing arm structures 49, 50 which can be directly disposed on the upper and upper manual swing arms 38, 39 of the left and right manual swing arms or disposed at other suitable structural positions. The left and right up and down movement swing arm pivot structure 51, the left and right up and down movement swing arm handle structure 52, and the corresponding left and right up and down motion swing arms can also be selectively locked to a desired angle. The corresponding upper and lower movement swing arm locking structure 53 of the position, at the same time, can also directly or indirectly set the corresponding resistance-damping structure 54 of the upper and lower motion swing arm, so that the left and right movements of the swing arm structure 49, 50 up and down The oscillating motion is in a suitable resistance and damping state. (as shown in Figures 26, 27, 28, 29).
在直杆式或等圆心弯管式的左、右手动摆臂的上部结构38、39之上,可直接套接直管式或等圆心弯管(弯曲套管)式的上下运动套管结构系统,上下运动套管结构系统可由上下向运动套管结构55上下向运动套管把手结构56或及上下向运动套管阻力-阻尼结构或及相应的上下向运动套管结构锁止结构58所组成,上下向运动套管结构55直接套接在左、右手动摆臂的上部结构38、39的直杆式或等圆心曲杆式的相关结构部分之上;上下向运动套管把手结构56直接或间接地设于上下向运动套管结构55之上;上下向运动套管阻力-阻尼结构可为直接套接在左、右手动摆臂的上部结构38、39的直杆式或等圆心曲杆式的相关结构部分之上的弹簧结构57或其它相应的适宜结构(如附图29中所示的情况)。On the upper structure 38, 39 of the left or right manual swing arm of the straight or equal center bend type, the upper and lower movement sleeve structure of the straight tube type or the equal center bend tube (bending sleeve) can be directly sleeved. The system, the up and down motion casing structure system can be moved up and down the moving sleeve structure 55 up and down the moving sleeve handle structure 56 or the up and down motion sleeve resistance-damping structure or the corresponding up and down motion sleeve structure locking structure 58 In the composition, the up-and-down moving sleeve structure 55 is directly sleeved on the straight structure of the upper structure 38, 39 of the left and right manual swing arms or the related structural part of the equal-center curved rod type; the up-and-down motion sleeve handle structure 56 Directly or indirectly disposed above the up and down motion sleeve structure 55; the up and down motion sleeve resistance-damping structure may be a straight rod or equal center directly attached to the upper structures 38, 39 of the left and right manual swing arms A spring structure 57 over the associated structural portion of the curved rod or other corresponding suitable structure (as is the case shown in Figure 29).
4、在相应的健身车或自行车等运动器械上设置相互平行的左、右驱动手柄结构69、70,相应的手驱动系统通过链条或同步带结构71或其它适宜的方式与脚踏中轴3、脚踏曲柄结构直接或间接相连接,从而可形成更适于人体锻炼等需要的新的相应的运动器械。(如附图4等中所示的情况)。4. Set the parallel left and right drive handle structures 69, 70 on the corresponding exercise equipment such as exercise bikes or bicycles, and the corresponding hand drive system through the chain or timing belt structure 71 or other suitable manner and the pedal center shaft 3 The pedal crank structure is directly or indirectly connected to form a new corresponding exercise device that is more suitable for human exercise and the like. (as shown in Figure 4 and the like).

Claims (46)

  1. 左右脚踏曲柄及其相关联动结构采用平行或及交替驱动的运动器械,其由支架结构、左右脚踏曲柄、脚踏曲柄中轴、左右脚踏板、运动传递及联动机构、运动阻力-阻尼结构及相关的其它结构系统所组成;其特征是:通过相应设置的拉索式或偏心凸轮式或曲轴式或偏心轴承式或其它适宜形式的曲柄回位结构系统或及相应设置的变角机构、使左右脚踏曲柄或及其可带动的左右椭圆或圆周运动踏板结构或及其可带动的左右手动摆臂结构或及其它相关的左右连带结构采用相互平行或及相互交替的驱动方式,相关运动器械为骑马机或健身车或椭圆机或划船机或自行车或其它适宜的运动器械或及它们间相互整合所形成的多功能运动器械。The left and right pedal cranks and their associated linkage structures adopt parallel or alternately driven exercise equipment, which consists of a bracket structure, left and right pedal cranks, a pedal crank shaft, left and right foot pedals, motion transmission and linkage mechanism, and motion resistance-damping. Structure and related structural system; characterized by: correspondingly provided cable-type or eccentric cam type or crankshaft or eccentric bearing type or other suitable form of crank return structure system or correspondingly set angle changing mechanism The left and right foot cranks or their movable left and right elliptical or circular motion pedal structures or their movable left and right manual swing arm structures or other related left and right joint structures are driven in parallel or alternately with each other. The exercise machine is a horse-riding machine or an exercise machine or an elliptical or rowing machine or a bicycle or other suitable sports equipment or a multi-functional sports machine formed by integrating them with each other.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的运动器械,其特征是:左右脚踏曲柄间采用相互平行的固定连接方式,或通过相应设置的变角机构的调控使左右脚踏曲柄间形成相互平行驱动或180度彼此交替驱动或其它适宜的可调的连接角度关系;The exercise device according to claim 1, wherein the left and right foot cranks are fixedly connected to each other in parallel, or the left and right foot cranks are mutually driven in parallel or 180 degrees by the correspondingly arranged angle changing mechanism. Alternating drive or other suitable adjustable connection angle relationship;
    相应变角机构设在脚踏曲柄结构与脚踏曲柄中轴结构之间,或设在脚踏曲柄结构与脚踏曲柄回位结构系统的相应的曲轴结构或偏心轴承结构或偏心凸轮结构之间,或设在其它适宜的结构位置之上;The corresponding variable angle mechanism is disposed between the pedal crank structure and the pedal crank axle structure, or between the pedal crank structure and the corresponding crankshaft structure or the eccentric bearing structure or the eccentric cam structure of the pedal crank return structure system. Or located at other suitable structural locations;
    设置可分别直接或间接地与左、右脚踏曲柄结构相连接的左、右手动摆臂结构;Providing left and right manual swing arm structures that can be directly or indirectly connected to the left and right foot pedal structures, respectively;
    设置相应的拉索式或偏心凸轮式或偏心轴承式或曲轴式或及其它适宜形式的曲柄回位结构系统,使处于平行状态的左右脚踏曲柄可自动地处于脚踏曲柄中轴的上方,从而使左右脚踏曲柄及其连带的左右圆周运或左右椭圆运动踏板结构或及其它的结构处于适宜的待动状态,进而通过弹簧或重力回位力的加减作用确保处于彼此平行关系的左右脚踏曲柄及其连带结构更好地完成360度的全周或其它相应的驱动过程。Corresponding cable or eccentric cam or eccentric bearing or crankshaft or other suitable form of crank return structure system is provided, so that the left and right pedals in parallel can be automatically placed above the middle shaft of the pedal crank. Therefore, the right and left pedal cranks and the left and right circular or left and right elliptical pedal structures or other structures in the associated left and right cranks are in a suitable state to be moved, and then the parallel relationship between the springs or the gravity return force is ensured. The pedal crank and its associated structure better complete 360 degree full circumference or other corresponding driving process.
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的运动器械,其特征是:可设置拉索式曲柄回位结构系统,并形成含拉索式曲柄回位结构系统的骑马机或健身车或椭圆机或划船机或自行车或其它适宜的运动器械或及它们间相互整合所形成的多功能运动器械;The exercise apparatus according to claim 1, wherein a cable-type crank return structure system is provided, and a riding machine or an exercise machine or an elliptical machine or a rowing machine or a bicycle including a cable-type crank return structure system is formed. Or other suitable exercise equipment or a multi-functional exercise device formed by integrating them;
    相应的拉索式曲柄回位结构系统为由弹簧提供回位力的弹力拉索式曲柄回位结构系统或由重力提供回位力的重力拉索式曲柄回位结构系统或弹力与重力相互组合的拉索式曲柄回位结构系统;The corresponding cable-type crank return structure system is a elastic cable-type crank return structure system that provides a return force by a spring or a gravity cable-type crank return structure system that provides a return force by gravity or a combination of elastic force and gravity. Cable-type crank return structure system;
    左、右脚踏曲柄结构(1)、(2)分别拥有自己独立的拉索式曲柄回位结构系统或共同拥有同一套拉索式曲柄回位结构系统;The left and right pedal crank structures (1) and (2) respectively have their own independent cable-type crank return structure systems or have the same set of cable-type crank return structure systems;
    在相应的运动器械之上,可独立地使用拉索式曲柄回位结构系统,或与相应的惯性蓄能结构相联合地使用拉索式曲柄回位结构系统,或与偏心凸轮式或曲轴式或偏心轴承式或其它适宜形式的曲柄回位结构系统相联合地使用拉索式曲柄回位结构系统。Above the corresponding exercise machine, the cable-type crank return structure system can be used independently, or the cable-type crank return structure system can be used in combination with the corresponding inertial energy storage structure, or with an eccentric cam type or a crank type Either an eccentric bearing or other suitable form of crank return structure system uses a cable-type crank return structure system in combination.
  4. 根据权利要求1或2或3所述的运动器械,其特征是:在相关运动器械的左、右脚踏曲柄结构(1)、(2)适宜的位置处或直接在左、右脚踏心轴结构之上分别设置左、右回位拉索轴承结构(7)、(8),在左、右脚踏曲柄结构(1)、(2)或部分椭圆机的脚踏圆盘结构的中轴结构——脚踏曲柄中轴结构(3)的前上方方向——类似钟表的10点、11点附近的方向上的两侧的适宜空间位置上设置相应的左、右第一回位拉索导轮结构(4),同时,在相应的适宜的结构位置处设置相应的其它导轮结构,依托和通过上述导轮结构系统的左、右回位拉索结构(5)、(6)的一端分别与设置于左、右脚踏曲柄结构(1)、(2)或直接设置于左、右脚踏枢轴结构之上的左、右回位拉索轴承结构(7)、(8)相连接,另一端分别直接或间接地与可设于整个运动器械的适宜骨架结构之中的左、右回位弹簧结构(9)、(10)或左、右回位重块结构或其它适宜的回位结构系统相连接。The exercise machine according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, characterized in that: at the appropriate positions of the left and right foot crank structures (1), (2) of the related exercise equipment or directly on the left and right feet The left and right return cable bearing structures (7), (8) are respectively arranged on the shaft structure, and are in the pedal structure of the left and right foot crank structures (1), (2) or part of the elliptical machine Axis structure - the front upper direction of the middle shaft structure (3) of the pedal crank - the corresponding left and right first return positions are set at suitable spatial positions on both sides in the direction similar to 10 o'clock and 11 o'clock in the timepiece The cable guide wheel structure (4), at the same time, corresponding corresponding guide wheel structures are arranged at corresponding suitable structural positions, and the left and right return cable structures (5), (6) are supported and passed through the above-mentioned guide wheel structure system. One end is respectively connected to the left and right foot crank structures (1), (2) or the left and right return cable bearing structures (7), (8) which are directly disposed on the left and right pedal pivot structures. ) connected at the other end, directly or indirectly, to the left and right return spring structures (9), (10) or in a suitable skeletal structure that can be placed throughout the motion device. Right return weight structures or other suitable structural system is connected to the return.
  5. 根据权利要求1或2或3所述的运动器械,其特征是:在相关运动器械的左、右脚踏曲柄结构(1)、(2)的反向沿出结构(65)、(66)之上分别设置曲柄左、右回位轴承结构(67)、(68),在左、右脚踏曲柄结构(1)、(2)或部分椭圆机的脚踏圆盘结构的中轴结构————脚踏曲柄中轴结构(3)的后下方方向——类似钟表的4点、5点附近的方向上的两侧的适宜空间位置上设置相应的左、右回位拉索导轮结构(64),同时,若需要可在相应的适宜的结构位置处设置相应的其它导轮结构,依托和通过上述导轮结构系统的左、右回位拉索结构(5)、(6)的一端分别与设置于左、右脚踏曲柄结构(1)、(2)的反向沿出结构之上分别设置的曲柄左、右回位轴承结构(67)、(68)相连接,另一端分别直接或间接地与可设于整个运动器械的适宜骨架结构之中的左、右回位弹簧结构(9)、(10)或左、右回位重块结构或其它适宜的回位结构系统相连接。The exercise machine according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, characterized in that the reverse edge structure (65), (66) of the left and right foot crank structures (1), (2) of the associated exercise machine The crankshaft left and right return bearing structures (67), (68) are respectively arranged on the left and right foot pedal structures (1), (2) or the central axis structure of the pedal disc structure of the partial elliptical machine - ———The lower rear direction of the middle axle structure (3) of the pedal crank—the corresponding left and right return cable guide wheels are set at suitable space positions on both sides of the direction similar to the 4 o'clock and 5 o'clock of the timepiece. Structure (64), and at the same time, if necessary, other corresponding guide wheel structures can be provided at corresponding suitable structural positions, and the left and right return cable structures (5), (6) are supported and passed through the above-mentioned guide wheel structure system. One end is connected to the crank left and right return bearing structures (67) and (68) respectively disposed on the reverse edge structure of the left and right foot pedal structures (1), (2), respectively. One end is directly or indirectly connected to the left and right return spring structures (9), (10) or left and right return blocks that can be disposed in the appropriate skeletal structure of the entire exercise machine. The structure or other suitable return structure system is connected.
  6. 根据权利要求1或2或3所述的运动器械,其特征是:在相应的回位弹簧结构系统中,可设置相应的弹力调节结构系统,如可设置相应的枢接在弹力调节枢轴(13)之上的弹力调节杆(14),弹力调节杆(14)的一端同时与回位弹簧(9)相连接,另一端设置调节手柄结构,同时在适宜的位置处可配合设置一系列的卡齿式或多位孔式的控位结构(15);当需要增加回位弹簧结构系统的回位力度时,可通过弹力调节杆(14)进一步拉紧回位弹簧,使所设置的回位弹力进一步增大,同时利用相应的反向力亦可使弹力调节杆(14)被定位在相应的卡齿式或多位孔式的控位结构(15)的适宜的加力位置之上。相反,若需要减小回位弹簧结构系统的回位力度时,则可使弹力调节杆(14)处于相应的减力位置之上,以减小对回位弹簧等的作用力。The exercise device according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, wherein in the corresponding return spring structure system, a corresponding elastic adjustment structure system can be provided, for example, a corresponding pivotal connection can be set in the elastic adjustment pivot ( 13) Above the elastic adjustment rod (14), one end of the elastic adjustment rod (14) is simultaneously connected with the return spring (9), and the other end is provided with an adjustment handle structure, and at the same time, a series of positions can be matched A toothed or multi-positioned position control structure (15); when it is necessary to increase the return force of the return spring structure system, the return spring can be further tightened by the elastic adjustment lever (14) to make the set back The positional spring force is further increased, and the corresponding force can also be used to position the spring adjustment lever (14) above the appropriate force-applying position of the corresponding toothed or multi-positioned position control structure (15). . Conversely, if it is necessary to reduce the return force of the return spring structure system, the elastic adjustment lever (14) can be placed above the corresponding force reduction position to reduce the force on the return spring or the like.
  7. 根据权利要求1或2或3所述的运动器械,其特征是:在重力拉索式曲柄回位结构系统中,一方面可设置能够提供一定的基本回位力量的基础回位重块结构;另一方面可同时或完全独立地设置可方便地调位以变换作用力臂的调位重块结构(16),借以实现回位力矩、力度的可调节过程。基础回位重块结构(11)和调位重块结构(16)均可设置在相应的调位摆杆结构(17)之上,调位重块结构(16)可在自身重力或所设置的弹簧结构(18)的弹力的作用下趋向于向某一方向运动,同时可设置与前述的回位弹簧结构系统中的弹力调节杆结构系统相近同的结构系统,并使其可带动调位重块结构(16)做与上述的某一方向相反的运动,从而共同实现调位重块结构(16)的位置与相应作用力臂及回位拉索可提供的回位力量的变化及锁定。The exercise apparatus according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, wherein in the gravity cable type crank return structure system, on the one hand, a basic return weight structure capable of providing a certain basic returning force can be disposed; On the other hand, the positioning weight structure (16), which can be conveniently adjusted to change the force arm, can be set simultaneously or completely independently, thereby realizing an adjustable process of the return torque and the force. The basic return weight structure (11) and the adjustment weight structure (16) can be disposed on the corresponding alignment swing structure (17), and the adjustment weight structure (16) can be set in its own gravity or The elastic structure of the spring structure (18) tends to move in a certain direction, and at the same time, a structural system similar to that of the elastic adjusting rod structure system in the aforementioned return spring structural system can be provided, and the positioning system can be adjusted. The weight structure (16) performs a movement opposite to a certain direction described above, thereby jointly realizing the position of the positioning weight block structure (16) and the change and locking of the return force provided by the corresponding force arm and the returning cable. .
  8. 根据权利要求1或2或3所述的运动器械,其特征是:左、右脚踏曲柄结构(1)、(2)、脚踏曲柄中轴结构(3)和回位拉索轴承结构(7)、脚踏驱动轮结构(70)之间的具体的连接与配合关系可以为:使脚踏驱动轮结构(70)固接在脚踏曲柄中轴结构(3)的一端之上或使脚踏驱动轮结构(70)与脚踏曲柄中轴结构(3)的一端同体化制造,并在此一端的外侧设置相应的曲柄调角轴道结构(71),在曲柄调角轴道结构(71)之上设置左或右脚踏曲柄结构(1)或(2),通过在脚踏驱动轮结构(70)之上设置彼此角位关系可为180度的相互对称的锁孔结构(72)和可在左或右脚踏曲柄结构(1)或(2)之上设置的锁孔结构及相应的锁销结构(73)等,可使左或右脚踏曲柄结构(1)或(2)与脚踏中轴结构(3)之间的锁固连接角度改变180度,从而使此侧的左或右脚踏曲柄结构(1)或(2)可相对于脚踏中轴结构(3)及其另一侧可固定设置的脚踏曲柄结构进行较方便的角度调节;在上述相应的结构之上也可选择设置其它适宜的或更自动化的调角方式;在上述脚踏曲柄中轴(3)的另一侧可通过梢型方孔等方式设置固定连接的左或右脚踏曲柄结构(1)或(2),在此左或右脚踏曲柄结构(1)或(2)之上的适宜位置处设置回位拉索轴承结构(7)。The exercise machine according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, characterized in that: the left and right foot crank structures (1), (2), the pedal crank shaft structure (3) and the return cable bearing structure ( 7) The specific connection and cooperation relationship between the pedal driving wheel structure (70) may be such that the pedal driving wheel structure (70) is fixed on one end of the pedal crank shaft structure (3) or The pedal driving wheel structure (70) is manufactured in the same manner as one end of the pedal crank shaft shaft structure (3), and a corresponding crank angle adjusting axle structure (71) is arranged outside the one end, and the crank angle adjusting axle structure is arranged. (71) The left or right pedal structure (1) or (2) is set on the pedal drive wheel structure (70), and the angular relationship between the two can be 180 degrees of mutually symmetric keyhole structure ( 72) and the lock hole structure and corresponding lock pin structure (73) which can be arranged on the left or right foot pedal structure (1) or (2), etc., can make the left or right foot pedal structure (1) or (2) The locking connection angle between the pedal center shaft structure (3) is changed by 180 degrees, so that the left or right foot pedal structure (1) or (2) on this side can be relative to the pedal center axis structure. (3) and the other side can be fixed The pedal structure is more convenient for angle adjustment; other suitable or more automated angle adjustment modes can be selected on the corresponding structure; the other side of the shaft (3) of the pedal crank can pass Set the left or right pedal structure (1) or (2) of the fixed connection by means of a tip square hole, etc., and set the return position at a suitable position above the left or right pedal structure (1) or (2). Cable bearing structure (7).
  9. 根据权利要求1所述的运动器械,其特征是:可设置偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结 构系统,并形成含偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统的骑马机或健身车或椭圆机或划船机或自行车或其它适宜的运动器械或及它们间相互整合所形成的多功能运动器械;The exercise apparatus according to claim 1, wherein an eccentric cam type crank return structure system is provided, and a riding machine or an exercise machine or an elliptical machine or a rowing machine or a bicycle including an eccentric cam type crank return structure system is formed. Or other suitable exercise equipment or a multi-functional exercise device formed by integrating them;
    相应的偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统为由弹簧提供回位力的弹力偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统或由重力提供回位力的重力偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统或弹力与重力相互组合的凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统;The corresponding eccentric cam type crank return structure system is an elastic eccentric cam type crank return structure system that provides a return force by a spring or a gravity eccentric cam type crank return structure system that provides a return force by gravity or a combination of elastic force and gravity. Cam type crank return structure system;
    左、右脚踏曲柄结构(1)、(2)分别拥有自己独立的偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统或共同拥有同一套偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统;The left and right pedal crank structures (1) and (2) respectively have their own independent eccentric cam type crank return structure system or have the same set of eccentric cam type crank return structure system;
    在相应的运动器械之上,可独立地使用偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统,或与相应的惯性蓄能结构相联合地使用偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统,或与拉索式或曲轴式或偏心轴承式或其它适宜形式的曲柄回位结构系统相联合地使用偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统。Above the corresponding exercise machine, the eccentric cam type crank return structure system can be used independently, or the eccentric cam type crank return structure system can be used in combination with the corresponding inertial energy storage structure, or with a cable type or crank type Eccentric cam type crank return structure systems are used in conjunction with eccentric bearing or other suitable forms of crank return structure systems.
  10. 根据权利要求1或2或9所述的运动器械,其特征是:在相应运动器械的适宜的位置之上分别设置与左、右曲柄结构(1)、(2)相连接及联动的左、右偏心凸轮结构(19)、(20),左、右偏心凸轮结构的外周作用轮廓相对于左、右曲柄中轴结构(3)的轴心为非对称的偏心设置形式,在弹簧力或重力或其它适宜力量直接或间接作用下的相应的左、右顶轮结构(21)、(22)分别直接顶推在左、右偏心凸轮结构(19)、(20)的偏心外周轮廓之上,从而使左、右偏心凸轮(19)、(20)及其连接和联动的左、右曲柄结构(1)、(2)均可处于所需的适宜的待动角度位置之上,从而实现所需的脚踏曲柄回位及脚踏曲柄全周运动作用力均衡化的过程;The exercise machine according to claim 1 or 2 or 9, wherein the left and right crank structures (1), (2) are connected and linked to the left, respectively, at appropriate positions of the respective exercise equipment. Right eccentric cam structure (19), (20), the outer peripheral action profile of the left and right eccentric cam structures is asymmetrically eccentric with respect to the axis of the left and right crank central axis structures (3), in spring force or gravity Or the corresponding left and right top wheel structures (21), (22) directly or indirectly acting under the appropriate force are directly pushed over the eccentric outer contours of the left and right eccentric cam structures (19), (20), Thereby, the left and right eccentric cams (19), (20) and their connected and linked left and right crank structures (1), (2) can be placed at a desired suitable angular position to achieve the desired position. The required pedal crank return and the equalization of the pedal motion of the pedal crank;
    左、右顶轮结构(21)、(22)或直接处在弹力或重力或其它适宜力量的直接作用下,或通过相应的顶推摆杆结构(24)或拉索结构或其它适宜结构间接地处在弹力或重力或其它适宜力量的作用之下。The left and right top wheel structures (21), (22) are either directly under the direct action of spring force or gravity or other suitable force, or indirectly through the corresponding thrust pendulum structure (24) or cable structure or other suitable structure. It is under the influence of elasticity or gravity or other suitable force.
  11. 根据权利要求1或2或9所述的运动器械,其特征是:在相应的运动器械之上设置与左或右曲柄结构(1)或(2)相连接及联动的偏心凸轮结构(19),偏心凸轮结构(19)的外周作用轮廓相对于左、右曲柄中轴结构(3)的轴心为非对称的偏心设置形式,在弹簧力或重力或其它适宜力量直接或间接作用下的相应的顶轮结构(21)直接顶推在偏心凸轮结构(19)的偏心外周轮廓之上,从而使偏心凸轮结构(19)及其连接和联动的左或右曲柄结构(1)或(2)均可处于所需的适宜的待动角度位置之上,从而实现脚踏曲柄自动回位及脚踏曲柄全周运动作用力均衡化的过程;The exercise machine according to claim 1 or 2 or 9, wherein an eccentric cam structure (19) connected and linked to the left or right crank structure (1) or (2) is disposed on the corresponding exercise machine. The outer peripheral action profile of the eccentric cam structure (19) is an asymmetrical eccentric arrangement with respect to the axial center of the left and right crank central axis structures (3), correspondingly under the direct or indirect action of spring force or gravity or other suitable force The top wheel structure (21) is directly pushed over the eccentric outer contour of the eccentric cam structure (19) such that the eccentric cam structure (19) and its associated and linked left or right crank structure (1) or (2) It can be placed at the desired position of the desired moving angle, so as to realize the process of automatic return of the pedal crank and equalization of the pedaling motion of the pedal crank;
    顶轮结构(21)或直接处在弹力或重力或其它适宜力量的直接作用下,或通过相应的顶推摆杆结构(24)或拉索结构或其它适宜结构间接地处在弹力或重力或其它适宜力量的作用之下。The top wheel structure (21) is either directly under the direct action of spring force or gravity or other suitable force, or indirectly by spring force or gravity or by a corresponding jacking rod structure (24) or cable structure or other suitable structure. Under the influence of other suitable forces.
  12. 根据权利要求1或2或9所述的运动器械,其特征是:左、右脚踏曲柄结构(1)、(2)、脚踏中轴结构(3)和偏心凸轮结构(19)、脚踏驱动轮结构(70)等之间的较更具体的连接与配合关系可以为:使脚踏驱动轮结构(70)固接在脚踏中轴结构(3)的一端之上或使脚踏驱动轮结构(70)与脚踏中轴结构(3)的一端同体化制造,并在此一端的外侧设置相应的调角轴道结构(71),在调角轴道结构(71)之上设置左或右脚踏曲柄结构(1)或(2),通过在脚踏驱动轮结构(70)之上设置彼此角位关系可为180度的相互对称的锁孔结构(72)和可在左或右脚踏曲柄结构(1)或(2)之上设置的锁孔结构及相应的锁销结构(73)等,可使左或右脚踏曲柄结构(1)或(2)与脚踏曲柄中轴结构(3)之间的锁固连接角度改变180度;使此侧的左或右脚踏曲柄结构(1)或(2)可相对于脚踏中轴结构(3)及其另一侧可固定设置的脚踏曲柄结构和偏心凸轮结构(19)进行较方便的角度调节;The exercise machine according to claim 1 or 2 or 9, characterized in that the left and right foot pedal structures (1), (2), the pedal center shaft structure (3) and the eccentric cam structure (19), the foot A more specific connection and cooperation relationship between the stepping drive wheel structure (70) and the like may be: fixing the pedal driving wheel structure (70) to one end of the pedal center shaft structure (3) or making the pedal The driving wheel structure (70) is manufactured in the same manner as one end of the pedal center shaft structure (3), and a corresponding angle adjusting axle structure (71) is arranged outside the one end, above the angle adjusting axle structure (71) Setting the left or right foot crank structure (1) or (2), by setting the angular relationship between the pedal driving wheel structures (70), the 180-degree mutually symmetric keyhole structure (72) and The lock hole structure provided on the left or right pedal structure (1) or (2) and the corresponding lock pin structure (73), etc., can make the left or right foot crank structure (1) or (2) and the foot The locking connection angle between the taut middle shaft structure (3) is changed by 180 degrees; the left or right foot tact structure (1) or (2) on this side can be relative to the pedal center axis structure (3) and a pedal crank structure that can be fixedly disposed on the other side and The heart cam structure (19) for angular adjustment more convenient;
    偏心凸轮结构(19)可直接独立地或与其可固定连接的同侧曲柄结构一起通过梢 型方孔等方式固定设置于上述脚踏中轴结构(3)的另一侧,偏心凸轮结构(19)也可独立地设置于上述脚踏中轴结构(3)另一侧之上的相应的偏心凸轮调角轴道结构(74)之上,同时在偏心凸轮结构(19)之上可设置彼此角位关系可为90度或及180度或及其它适宜角度的若干锁孔结构(75),通过上述锁孔结构(75)和可在左或右脚踏曲柄结构(1)或(2)之上设置的相应的锁孔结构及相应的锁销结构(73)等一起可调节偏心凸轮结构(19)与脚踏曲柄结构间的角度配合关系,从而可更好地适应不同运动模式情况下的不同需要。The eccentric cam structure (19) can be fixedly disposed on the other side of the pedal center shaft structure (3) by a tip type square hole or the like directly or independently with the same side crank structure that can be fixedly connected thereto, and the eccentric cam structure (19) ) can also be independently disposed on the respective eccentric cam angled axle structure (74) on the other side of the pedal center axle structure (3), while being disposed above the eccentric cam structure (19) The angular relationship may be 90 degrees or 180 degrees or other suitable angles of a number of keyhole structures (75) through the above-described keyhole structure (75) and the left or right foot crank structure (1) or (2) The corresponding locking hole structure and the corresponding locking pin structure (73) disposed thereon can adjust the angular matching relationship between the eccentric cam structure (19) and the pedal crank structure, thereby being better adapted to different motion modes. Different needs.
  13. 根据权利要求1或2或9所述的运动器械,其特征是:将偏心凸轮结构(19)设于相关运动器械的脚踏曲柄中轴结构(3)的中部位置,其两侧可设置脚踏曲柄中轴结构(3)的轴承结构、轴座结构及相应的中轴轴座支架/骨架结构,上述结构形式可与自行车或健身车或其它相关运动器械的具体结构方式相融合,从而应用于相应的运动器械之上;The exercise machine according to claim 1 or 2 or 9, wherein the eccentric cam structure (19) is disposed at a middle position of the pedal crank center shaft structure (3) of the associated exercise machine, and the legs can be disposed on both sides thereof. The bearing structure of the crankshaft middle shaft structure (3), the axle seat structure and the corresponding central axle axle bracket/skeleton structure, the above structural form can be integrated with the specific structure of the bicycle or exercise bike or other related sports equipment, thereby applying Above the corresponding exercise equipment;
    当与健身车、或骑马机或自行车或其它适宜的运动器械相结合时,相应的可与顶轮结构(21)联动的推杆结构——顶轮推杆结构(76)可设于车架结构之中或其它适宜的结构之上。When combined with an exercise bike, or a horse riding machine or a bicycle or other suitable exercise equipment, a corresponding push rod structure that can be coupled with the top wheel structure (21) - the top wheel push rod structure (76) can be placed on the frame Among the structures or other suitable structures.
  14. 根据权利要求1或2或9所述的运动器械,其特征是:将偏心凸轮结构(19)设于相关运动器械的脚踏曲柄中轴结构(3)的中部位置,其两侧可设置脚踏曲柄中轴结构(3)的轴承结构、轴座结构及相应的中轴轴座支架/骨架结构,上述结构形式可与自行车或健身车或其它相关运动器械的具体结构方式相融合,从而应用于相应的运动器械之上;The exercise machine according to claim 1 or 2 or 9, wherein the eccentric cam structure (19) is disposed at a middle position of the pedal crank center shaft structure (3) of the associated exercise machine, and the legs can be disposed on both sides thereof. The bearing structure of the crankshaft middle shaft structure (3), the axle seat structure and the corresponding central axle axle bracket/skeleton structure, the above structural form can be integrated with the specific structure of the bicycle or exercise bike or other related sports equipment, thereby applying Above the corresponding exercise equipment;
    当与健身车、或骑马机或自行车或其它适宜的运动器械相结合时,相应的可与顶轮结构(21)联动的推杆结构——顶轮推杆结构(76)可设于车架结构之中或其它适宜的结构之上,其较具体的设置方式可以为:When combined with an exercise bike, or a horse riding machine or a bicycle or other suitable exercise equipment, a corresponding push rod structure that can be coupled with the top wheel structure (21) - the top wheel push rod structure (76) can be placed on the frame Above the structure or other suitable structures, the more specific arrangement can be:
    首先,可将顶轮推杆结构(76)设于一般自行车鞍座立管结构(101)所处在的自行车车架竖管结构(77)之中或车架前下管结构等之中。顶轮推杆结构(78)相关定向运动的确保可通过顶轮推杆结构(78)与车架竖管结构(77)或车架前下管结构等在截面形状或及相关结构的相互配合来实现,同时,可采用凸凹面配合形式的顶轮结构(21)与偏心凸轮结构(19)之间的接触面或其它适宜的相互配合的外观形态与结构形式等也会对顶轮推杆结构(76)的定向运动发挥好的控制作用;First, the top wheel pusher structure (76) can be placed in the bicycle frame riser structure (77) where the general bicycle saddle riser structure (101) is located or in the front and rear tube structure of the frame. The related directional movement of the top wheel pusher structure (78) can be ensured by the cross-sectional shape or the related structure through the top wheel push rod structure (78) and the frame vertical tube structure (77) or the frame front lower tube structure. To achieve, at the same time, the contact surface between the top wheel structure (21) and the eccentric cam structure (19) in the form of a convex-concave surface fit or other suitable mutual matching appearance and structure form, etc. The directional motion of structure (76) plays a good control role;
    其二,可使设于相应车架竖管结构(77)之中的下端设有顶轮结构(21)的顶轮推杆结构(76)的上端沿出于车架竖管结构(77)的顶部之外,且保有适当尺寸的长度,同时,通过相应的结构设置可使自行车鞍座立管结构(101)插接于上述顶轮推杆结构(76)的上端之中;Secondly, the upper end of the top wheel pusher structure (76) provided with the top wheel structure (21) at the lower end of the corresponding frame vertical pipe structure (77) can be used for the frame vertical pipe structure (77) In addition to the top of the top, and maintaining the length of the appropriate size, at the same time, through the corresponding structural arrangement, the bicycle saddle riser structure (101) can be inserted into the upper end of the top pusher structure (76);
    在车架竖管结构(77)之上端和顶轮推杆结构(76)的上端分别设置车架竖管快拆快锁结构(78)和顶轮推杆快拆快锁结构(79),通过顶轮推杆快拆快锁结构(79)可使可插接于顶轮推杆结构(76)之中的自行车鞍座立管结构(101)被锁止于所需的高度等位置之上;通过车架竖管快拆快锁结构78可使处于车架竖管结构(77)之中的顶轮推杆结构(76)锁止于所需的高度等位置之上,当使车架竖管快拆快锁结构(78)处于打开状态时,则顶轮推杆结构(76)在顶轮结构(21)和偏心凸轮结构(19)及人体重量等的作用下可做相应的往复运动。At the upper end of the frame vertical pipe structure (77) and the upper end of the top wheel push rod structure (76), a frame vertical pipe quick release quick lock structure (78) and a top wheel push rod quick release quick lock structure (79) are respectively arranged. The bicycle saddle riser structure (101) that can be inserted into the top wheel push rod structure (76) can be locked to the desired height and the like by the top wheel push rod quick release quick lock structure (79). Up; through the frame standpipe quick release quick lock structure 78, the top wheel push rod structure (76) in the frame standpipe structure (77) can be locked above the desired height and the like, when the car is made When the vertical tube quick release quick lock structure (78) is in an open state, the top wheel push rod structure (76) can be correspondingly under the action of the top wheel structure (21) and the eccentric cam structure (19) and the weight of the human body. Reciprocating motion.
  15. 根据权利要求1或2或9所述的运动器械,其特征是:对称布局形式的偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统及其与相关运动器械的配合情况为:The exercise apparatus according to claim 1 or 2 or 9, wherein the eccentric cam type crank return structure system in a symmetrical layout form and the cooperation with the related exercise equipment are:
    偏心凸轮结构(19)一般可采用使其外缘最低点——距离轴心最近点与外缘最高点距离轴心最远点之间相隔180度的角度位置关系的对称布局形式,从而使其蓄能、 释能工作过程可分别与脚踏曲柄等由最高点运动至最低点的“前180度”的方便踩踏驱动工作过程和由最低点返回至最高点的“后180度”的不方便驱动乃至无法踩踏驱动的工作过程相完全对应;The eccentric cam structure (19) can generally adopt a symmetrical layout form such that the lowest point of the outer edge, that is, the angular positional relationship between the closest point of the axial center and the farthest point of the outer edge from the farthest point of the axial center, so that The energy storage and energy release work process can be easily operated with the "first 180 degrees" of the pedal crank and the "first 180 degrees" from the highest point to the lowest point, and the "back 180 degrees" from the lowest point to the highest point is inconvenient. The driver's working process can't even step on the driver;
    采用上述对称形式的偏心凸轮结构(19)及其相应的偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统,同时通过调整脚踏曲柄与偏心凸轮结构(19)间的相对角度配合关系等,可使整个运动器械产品能够较好较方便地同时适应高低鞍座的健身车运动模式、椭圆机运动模式、划船机运动模式或及骑马机运动模式等多种不同运动模式的多种不同需要;The symmetrical form of the eccentric cam structure (19) and its corresponding eccentric cam type crank return structure system, and the entire angular motion device can be adjusted by adjusting the relative angular cooperation relationship between the pedal crank and the eccentric cam structure (19). The product can better and conveniently adapt to the different needs of various different sports modes such as the exercise mode of the high and low saddle, the movement mode of the elliptical machine, the sport mode of the rowing machine or the sport mode of the riding machine;
    当由前后踩踏发力为主的划船器或低位座椅健身车等的运动模式与由上下踩踏发力为主的椭圆机或高位座椅健身车等的运动模式间相互转化时,可通过对偏心凸轮结构(19)和相应的脚踏曲柄结构间的相对固定配合角度调整90度的方式,来确保相应的偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统始终可提供高效的回位力,始终使运动的受力等过程均衡化。When the sport mode of the rowing device or the low-position exercise bike, which is mainly based on the front and rear pedaling force, and the sport mode of the elliptical or high-position exercise bike, which is mainly composed of the upper and lower pedaling force, are mutually converted, The relative fixed engagement angle between the eccentric cam structure (19) and the corresponding pedal crank structure is adjusted by 90 degrees to ensure that the corresponding eccentric cam-type crank return structure system always provides efficient return force, always making the movement The process of stress and other processes is equalized.
  16. 根据权利要求1或2或9所述的运动器械,其特征是:非对称布局形式的偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统及其与相关运动器械的配合情况为:The exercise device according to claim 1 or 2 or 9, wherein the eccentric cam type crank return structure system in an asymmetric layout form and the cooperation with the related exercise equipment are:
    为使偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统能更好地同时适应椭圆机运动方式和健身车运动方式,以及更好地适应可同时进行高位鞍座和低位鞍座乃至卧式鞍座运动形式的需要,相应的偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统的偏心凸轮结构(19)的外缘最低点——距离轴心最近点A点与外缘最高点——距离轴心最远点B点之间可采用相隔90度或相隔270度或相隔其它适宜的角度位置关系的非对称布局形式。In order to make the eccentric cam-type crank return structure system better adapt to the elliptical motion mode and the exercise mode, and better adapt to the need of high-position saddle and low-position saddle and even horizontal saddle motion. , the lowest point of the outer edge of the eccentric cam structure (19) of the corresponding eccentric cam type crank return structure system - between the point A of the closest point of the axis and the highest point of the outer edge - the point farthest from the point of the axis Use an asymmetrical layout that is 90 degrees apart or 270 degrees apart or other suitable angular positional relationship.
  17. 根据权利要求1或2或9所述的运动器械,其特征是:非对称布局形式的偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统及其与相关运动器械的配合情况为:The exercise device according to claim 1 or 2 or 9, wherein the eccentric cam type crank return structure system in an asymmetric layout form and the cooperation with the related exercise equipment are:
    为使偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统能更好地同时适应椭圆机运动方式和健身车运动方式,以及更好地适应可同时进行高位鞍座和低位鞍座乃至卧式鞍座运动形式的需要,相应的偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统的偏心凸轮结构(19)的外缘最低点——距离轴心最近点A点与外缘最高点——距离轴心最远点B点之间可采用相隔90度或相隔270度的非对称布局形式;In order to make the eccentric cam-type crank return structure system better adapt to the elliptical motion mode and the exercise mode, and better adapt to the need of high-position saddle and low-position saddle and even horizontal saddle motion. , the lowest point of the outer edge of the eccentric cam structure (19) of the corresponding eccentric cam type crank return structure system - between the point A of the closest point of the axis and the highest point of the outer edge - the point farthest from the point of the axis Use an asymmetric layout that is 90 degrees apart or 270 degrees apart;
    相隔90度或相隔270度的角度位置关系的非对称布局形式的偏心顶轮式曲柄回位结构系统的较具体结构情况与相应的工作过程为:The more specific structure and corresponding working process of the eccentric top wheel crank return structure system with asymmetrical positional relationship of 90 degrees or 270 degrees apart is:
    当健身车或椭圆机的踏板结构(90)等处于最高端的工作位置时,顶轮结构(21)恰好顶推偏心凸轮结构(19)的外缘的最低点A1点;当健身车或椭圆机的踏板结构(90)处于最前端的工作位置时,顶轮结构(21)恰好顶推偏心凸轮结构(19)外缘的最高点B2点;这样,无论是椭圆运动,还是健身车运动,无论是高位鞍座情况、还是低位鞍座乃至卧式鞍座情况,在双脚均可最好蹬踏发力的踏板结构90等由最高端运动至最前端,相应的左、右曲柄结构(1)、(2)及偏心凸轮结构(19)均扫过90度的工作角度的过程中,顶轮结构(21)分别依次与偏心凸轮结构(19)的外缘的最低点、90度中间过渡段的外缘各点及偏心凸轮结构(19)的外缘的最高点相接触、相作用、相互顶推,由此可实现相应的增加运动阻力及增加功耗和蓄能的过程;When the pedal structure (90) of the exercise bike or elliptical machine is at the highest working position, the top wheel structure (21) just pushes the lowest point A1 of the outer edge of the eccentric cam structure (19); when the exercise bike or elliptical machine When the pedal structure (90) is at the foremost working position, the top wheel structure (21) just pushes the highest point B2 of the outer edge of the eccentric cam structure (19); thus, whether it is an elliptical motion or an exercise bike movement, It is a high saddle situation, a low saddle or even a horizontal saddle. The pedal structure 90, which can best pedal the foot on both feet, moves from the highest end to the front end, and the corresponding left and right crank structures (1) During the process of sweeping the working angle of 90 degrees, the top wheel structure (21) is sequentially transitioned with the lowest point of the outer edge of the eccentric cam structure (19) and 90 degrees. The outer edge of the segment and the highest point of the outer edge of the eccentric cam structure (19) are in contact with each other, interacting, and pushing each other, thereby achieving a corresponding process of increasing motion resistance and increasing power consumption and energy storage;
    在双脚驱动踏板结构(90)等由最前端经最低端和最后端再回到最高端的过程,也是相应的左、右曲柄结构(1)、(2)及偏心凸轮结构(19)均扫过270度的工作角度的过程中,顶轮结构(21)分别依次与偏心凸轮结构(19)的外缘的最高点B2点、270度中间过渡段外缘各点及偏心凸轮结构(19)的外缘的最低点A1点相接触、相作用、相互顶推,由此可形成相应的增加运动动力及助动释能的过程;In the process of the two-leg drive pedal structure (90) and the front end passing through the lowest end and the last end and returning to the highest end, the corresponding left and right crank structures (1), (2) and the eccentric cam structure (19) are both swept. In the process of working angle of 270 degrees, the top wheel structure (21) is sequentially connected with the highest point B2 point of the outer edge of the eccentric cam structure (19), the outer edge of the intermediate transition section of 270 degrees, and the eccentric cam structure (19). The lowest point of the outer edge of the outer edge, A1, contacts, acts, and pushes each other, thereby forming a corresponding process of increasing the dynamic power and assisting the release energy;
    在上述脚踏曲柄等扫过270度的工作角度且偏心凸轮结构(19)等增加运动动力及助动释能的整个过程中,在顶轮结构(21)顶推偏心凸轮结构(19)的最高点之后 的最初的90度的工作行程区段中,可考虑采用等高轨迹或减高轨迹或略有增高轨迹的三种结构形式,即使偏心凸轮结构(19)的外缘在上述90度的范围内采用与最高点高度等高的延展结构方式或降低高度的延展结构方式或小量增加高度的延展结构方式;The eccentric cam structure (19) is pushed up in the top wheel structure (21) during the entire process of increasing the kinetic power and the assisted release energy by the pedal crank or the like and the eccentric cam structure (19). In the first 90-degree working stroke section after the highest point, three configurations of contour trajectories or trajectories or slightly increased trajectories may be considered, even if the outer edge of the eccentric cam structure (19) is at the above 90 degrees. In the range of extension structure with the same height as the highest point or an extended structure with a reduced height or a small amount of extended height structure;
    当采用等高轨迹的延展结构方式时,在相应的90度的工作行程中,既不形成相应的附加阻力也不形成相应的附加动力;当采用降低高度的减高轨迹的延展结构方式时,在相应的90度的工作行程中,将形成相应的附加动力,即已进入可自动回位的行程阶段;When the extension structure of the contour trajectory is adopted, no corresponding additional resistance or corresponding additional power is formed in the corresponding 90-degree working stroke; when the extended structure method of reducing the height of the trajectory is adopted, In the corresponding 90-degree working stroke, a corresponding additional power will be formed, that is, the stroke phase that has been automatically returned can be entered;
    当采用小量增加高度的延展结构方式时,在相应的90度的工作行程中,将形成相应的较小的附加阻力,这在低位座椅特别是卧式健身车的运动模式中,由于已处于非蹬踏行程阶段,除非依靠相应的双脚提拉结构的设置与相应的提拉工作行程,则需要依靠相应的惯性结构的设置与惯性力的作用冲过此90度行程;When using a small amount of increased height of the extended structure, a correspondingly small additional resistance will be formed in the corresponding 90-degree working stroke, which is in the low-position seat, especially in the sport mode of the horizontal exercise bike. In the non-slipping stroke phase, unless relying on the corresponding two-legged lifting structure setting and the corresponding lifting working stroke, it is necessary to rush through the 90-degree stroke by the corresponding inertial structure setting and the inertial force;
    在经过上述的最初的90度的工作行程之后,即在剩余的180度行程中均采用依次降低高度的轨迹延展结构方式,以依靠最初蹬踏工作行程所获得的储备力实现脚踏曲柄等的自动回位的工作行程与运动过程;After the above-mentioned initial 90-degree working stroke, that is, in the remaining 180-degree stroke, the trajectory extension structure in which the height is sequentially lowered is adopted, and the pedal crank or the like is realized by the reserve force obtained by the initial pedaling work stroke. Automatic return work stroke and movement process;
    根据上述最高点与最低点相隔90度——也是270度的角度位置关系的非对称布局形式的偏心顶轮式曲柄回位结构系统的工作原理,结合不同运动器械产品的工作过程等的不同特点,也可设计和制作最高点与最低点相隔其它适宜角度的非对称布局形式的偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统及其相应的整个运动器械产品。According to the above-mentioned highest point and the lowest point 90 degrees - also 270 degrees of angular position relationship of the asymmetric layout of the eccentric top wheel crank return structure system, combined with the different characteristics of different sports equipment work process It is also possible to design and fabricate an eccentric cam type crank return structure system with an asymmetric layout of the highest point and the lowest point at other suitable angles and its corresponding entire sports equipment product.
  18. 根据权利要求1所述的运动器械,其特征是:可设置偏心轴承式或曲轴式或偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统,并形成含偏心轴承式或曲轴式或偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统的相应的骑马机或健身车或椭圆机或划船机或自行车或其它适宜的运动器械或及它们间相互整合所形成的多功能运动器械;The exercise apparatus according to claim 1, wherein an eccentric bearing type or a crank type or eccentric cam type crank return structure system is provided, and an eccentric bearing type or a crank type or eccentric cam type crank return structure system is formed. Corresponding riding machine or exercise bike or elliptical or rowing machine or bicycle or other suitable sports equipment or a multi-functional sports machine formed by integrating them;
    相应偏心轴承式或曲轴式或偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统,为由弹簧提供回位力的相应的弹力曲柄回位结构系统或由重力提供回位力的相应的重力曲柄回位结构系统或弹力与重力相互组合、共同作用的相应的曲柄回系统位结构;Corresponding eccentric bearing or crankshaft or eccentric cam type crank return structure system, corresponding to the elastic crank return structure system that provides the return force by the spring or the corresponding gravity crank return structure system that provides the return force by gravity or a corresponding crank-back system position structure in which elastic force and gravity are combined and act together;
    曲轴式或偏心轴承式或偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统的相应的曲轴结构或偏心轴承的内圈结构或偏心凸轮结构直接或间接地与脚踏曲柄中轴结构相连接,或直接或间接地与左右脚踏曲柄结构相连接;The corresponding crankshaft structure of the crankshaft or eccentric bearing or eccentric cam-type crank return structure system or the inner ring structure or eccentric cam structure of the eccentric bearing is directly or indirectly connected to the pedal crank axle structure, either directly or indirectly Connected to the left and right foot crank structures;
    设置相应的回位连杆结构,回位连杆结构的一端与曲轴式或偏心轴承式或偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统的相应的曲轴结构或偏心轴承的外圈结构或偏心凸轮的顶轮结构相枢接或连接,回位连杆结构的另一端与回位连杆摆臂结构或其它适宜结构相连接或通过相应的滚轮结构与相应的回位连杆轨道结构相配合;Set the corresponding return link structure, one end of the return link structure and the corresponding crankshaft structure of the crankshaft or eccentric bearing or eccentric cam type crank return structure system or the outer ring structure of the eccentric bearing or the top wheel of the eccentric cam The structural phase is pivotally connected or connected, and the other end of the return link structure is connected with the return link swing arm structure or other suitable structure or through the corresponding roller structure and the corresponding return link track structure;
    在回位连杆结构之上可设置相应的鞍座结构或相应的脚踏结构或同时设置相应的鞍座结构与相应的脚踏结构;A corresponding saddle structure or a corresponding pedal structure or a corresponding saddle structure and a corresponding pedal structure may be disposed on the return link structure;
    在相应的运动器械之上,可独立地使用偏心轴承式或曲轴式或偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统,或与相应的惯性蓄能结构相联合地使用偏心轴承式或曲轴式或偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统,或与拉索式曲柄回位结构系统相联合地使用偏心轴承式或曲轴式或偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统,偏心轴承式或曲轴式或偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统彼此间也可相互配合使用;On top of the corresponding exercise equipment, the eccentric bearing or crankshaft or eccentric cam type crank return structure system can be used independently, or in combination with the corresponding inertial energy storage structure, eccentric bearing or crankshaft or eccentric cam type can be used. Crank return structure system, or eccentric bearing type or crankshaft or eccentric cam type crank return structure system, eccentric bearing type or crank type or eccentric cam type crank return structure in combination with cable type crank return structure system The systems can also be used together with each other;
    左、右脚踏曲柄结构分别拥有自己独立的相应形式的曲柄回位结构系统或共同拥有同一套相应形式的曲柄回位结构系统;The left and right pedal crank structures respectively have their own independent corresponding crank return structure systems or a common set of crank return structure systems;
    设置相应的圆周运动踏板结构或椭圆运动踏板结构,椭圆运动踏板结构的一端与脚踏曲柄结构相枢接,另一端与椭圆运动踏板摆臂结构或其它适宜结构或通过相应的 滚轮结构与相应的椭圆运动踏板轨道结构相配合;A corresponding circular motion pedal structure or an elliptical motion pedal structure is provided, one end of the elliptical motion pedal structure is pivotally connected with the pedal crank structure, the other end is connected with the elliptical motion pedal swing arm structure or other suitable structure or through the corresponding roller structure and corresponding Elliptical pedal pedal structure is matched;
    通过设置偏心轴承式或曲轴式或偏心凸轮式或及其它适宜形式的曲柄回位结构系统,使处于平行状态的左右脚踏曲柄可自动地处于脚踏曲柄中轴的上方,从而使左右脚踏曲柄及其连带的左右圆周运动脚踏板或左右椭圆运动踏板或其它相应结构处于最适宜的待动状态,同时,通过弹簧或重力回位力的加减作用,可确保处于彼此平行关系的左右圆周运动脚踏板或左右椭圆运动脚踏板或其它相应结构更好地完成360度的全周驱动过程,并使整个运动的受力过程更加均衡化。By providing an eccentric bearing type or a crank type or eccentric cam type or other suitable form of the crank return structure system, the left and right foot cranks in a parallel state can be automatically placed above the middle shaft of the pedal crank, thereby making the left and right pedals The crank and its associated left and right circular motion pedals or left and right elliptical motion pedals or other corresponding structures are in an optimum state to be moved, and at the same time, the addition or subtraction of springs or gravity returning forces ensures that they are in parallel relationship with each other. The circular motion pedal or the left and right elliptical motion pedal or other corresponding structure better completes the 360 degree full-cycle driving process and makes the force of the entire motion more even.
  19. 根据权利要求1所述的运动器械,其特征是:可设置偏心轴承式或曲轴式或偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统,并形成含偏心轴承式或曲轴式或偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统的相应的骑马机或健身车或椭圆机或划船机或自行车或其它适宜的运动器械或及它们间相互整合所形成的多功能运动器械;The exercise apparatus according to claim 1, wherein an eccentric bearing type or a crank type or eccentric cam type crank return structure system is provided, and an eccentric bearing type or a crank type or eccentric cam type crank return structure system is formed. Corresponding riding machine or exercise bike or elliptical or rowing machine or bicycle or other suitable sports equipment or a multi-functional sports machine formed by integrating them;
    曲轴式或偏心轴承式或偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统的相应的曲轴结构或偏心轴承的内圈结构或偏心凸轮结构直接或间接地与脚踏曲柄中轴结构相连接,或直接或间接地与左右脚踏曲柄结构相连接;The corresponding crankshaft structure of the crankshaft or eccentric bearing or eccentric cam-type crank return structure system or the inner ring structure or eccentric cam structure of the eccentric bearing is directly or indirectly connected to the pedal crank axle structure, either directly or indirectly Connected to the left and right foot crank structures;
    设置相应的回位连杆结构,回位连杆结构的一端与曲轴式或偏心轴承式或偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统的相应的曲轴结构或偏心轴承的外圈结构或偏心凸轮的顶轮结构相枢接或连接,回位连杆结构的另一端与回位连杆摆臂结构或其它适宜结构相连接或通过相应的滚轮结构与相应的回位连杆轨道结构相配合;Set the corresponding return link structure, one end of the return link structure and the corresponding crankshaft structure of the crankshaft or eccentric bearing or eccentric cam type crank return structure system or the outer ring structure of the eccentric bearing or the top wheel of the eccentric cam The structural phase is pivotally connected or connected, and the other end of the return link structure is connected with the return link swing arm structure or other suitable structure or through the corresponding roller structure and the corresponding return link track structure;
    回位连杆结构直接或间接地与相应的弹力或重力回位结构系统或弹力与重力相互组合的回位结构系统相连接;The return link structure is directly or indirectly connected to a corresponding elastic or gravity return structure system or a return structure system in which the elastic force and the gravity are combined with each other;
    在相应的运动器械之上,可独立地使用偏心轴承式或曲轴式或偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统,或与相应的惯性蓄能结构相联合地使用偏心轴承式或曲轴式或偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统,或与拉索式曲柄回位结构系统相联合地使用偏心轴承式或曲轴式或偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统,偏心轴承式或曲轴式或偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统彼此间也可相互配合使用;On top of the corresponding exercise equipment, the eccentric bearing or crankshaft or eccentric cam type crank return structure system can be used independently, or in combination with the corresponding inertial energy storage structure, eccentric bearing or crankshaft or eccentric cam type can be used. Crank return structure system, or eccentric bearing type or crankshaft or eccentric cam type crank return structure system, eccentric bearing type or crank type or eccentric cam type crank return structure in combination with cable type crank return structure system The systems can also be used together with each other;
    左、右脚踏曲柄结构分别拥有自己独立的相应形式的曲柄回位结构系统或共同拥有同一套相应形式的曲柄回位结构系统;The left and right pedal crank structures respectively have their own independent corresponding crank return structure systems or a common set of crank return structure systems;
    设置相应的圆周运动踏板结构或椭圆运动踏板结构,椭圆运动踏板结构的一端与脚踏曲柄结构相枢接,另一端与椭圆运动踏板摆臂结构或其它适宜结构或通过相应的滚轮结构与相应的椭圆运动踏板轨道结构相配合;A corresponding circular motion pedal structure or an elliptical motion pedal structure is provided, one end of the elliptical motion pedal structure is pivotally connected with the pedal crank structure, the other end is connected with the elliptical motion pedal swing arm structure or other suitable structure or through the corresponding roller structure and corresponding Elliptical pedal pedal structure is matched;
  20. 根据权利要求1或2或18或19所述的运动器械,其特征是:设置相应的椭圆运动踏板结构(90)与相应的手动摆臂结构(91),椭圆运动踏板结构(90)的一端与脚踏曲柄结构相枢接,另一端或其它事宜部分直接或间接地与手动摆臂结构(91)相连接;The exercise apparatus according to claim 1 or 2 or 18 or 19, wherein a corresponding elliptical pedal structure (90) and a corresponding manual swing arm structure (91) and one end of the elliptical pedal structure (90) are provided. Connected to the pedal crank structure, the other end or other matters are directly or indirectly connected to the manual swing arm structure (91);
    手动摆臂结构(91)与相应的椭圆运动踏板结构(90)直接相枢接或通过相应的手动摆臂连杆结构(94)与椭圆运动踏板结构(90)直接相连接;手动摆臂连杆结构(94)的一端通过连杆-摆臂枢轴结构(95)与手动摆臂结构(91)的下端相枢接,手动摆臂连杆结构(94)的另一端通过连杆-踏板枢轴结构(96)与椭圆运动踏板结构(90)相枢接,由此形成包含有完整的椭圆机的结构与功能的相应的运动器械。The manual swing arm structure (91) is directly connected to the corresponding elliptical motion pedal structure (90) or directly connected to the elliptical motion pedal structure (90) through a corresponding manual swing arm linkage structure (94); One end of the rod structure (94) is pivotally connected to the lower end of the manual swing arm structure (91) through a connecting rod-swing arm pivot structure (95), and the other end of the manual swing arm link structure (94) is passed through the connecting rod-pedal The pivot structure (96) is pivotally coupled to the elliptical motion pedal structure (90), thereby forming a corresponding exercise apparatus that includes the structure and function of the complete elliptical machine.
  21. 根据权利要求1或2或18或19所述的运动器械,其特征是:设置相应的椭圆运动踏板结构(90)与相应的手动摆臂结构(91),椭圆运动踏板结构(90)的一端与脚踏曲柄结构相枢接,另一端或其它事宜部分直接或间接地与手动摆臂结构(91)相连接;The exercise apparatus according to claim 1 or 2 or 18 or 19, wherein a corresponding elliptical pedal structure (90) and a corresponding manual swing arm structure (91) and one end of the elliptical pedal structure (90) are provided. Connected to the pedal crank structure, the other end or other matters are directly or indirectly connected to the manual swing arm structure (91);
    手动摆臂结构(91)与相应的椭圆运动踏板结构(90)直接相枢接或通过相应的 手动摆臂连杆结构(94)与椭圆运动踏板结构(90)直接相连接;手动摆臂连杆结构(94)的一端通过连杆-摆臂枢轴结构(95)与手动摆臂结构(91)的下端相枢接,手动摆臂连杆结构(94)的另一端通过连杆-踏板枢轴结构(96)与椭圆运动踏板结构(90)相枢接,由此形成包含有完整的椭圆机的结构与功能的相应的运动器械;The manual swing arm structure (91) is directly connected to the corresponding elliptical motion pedal structure (90) or directly connected to the elliptical motion pedal structure (90) through a corresponding manual swing arm linkage structure (94); One end of the rod structure (94) is pivotally connected to the lower end of the manual swing arm structure (91) through a connecting rod-swing arm pivot structure (95), and the other end of the manual swing arm link structure (94) is passed through the connecting rod-pedal The pivot structure (96) is pivotally coupled to the elliptical motion pedal structure (90), thereby forming a corresponding exercise apparatus including the structure and function of the complete elliptical machine;
    设置相应的回位连杆结构(80),回位连杆结构(80)的前端或后端或其它适宜部分与相应的偏心轴承外圈结构(125)或相应的曲轴枢轴结构(81)直接或间接相连接;回位连杆结构(80)的后端或前端与相应的回位连杆摆臂结构(85)相枢接并相应地做曲线式的往复运动或通过设置于其上的滚轮结构在所设定的回位连杆轨道结构(130)之上做相应形式的往复运动;Providing a corresponding return link structure (80), a front end or a rear end of the return link structure (80) or other suitable portion and a corresponding eccentric bearing outer ring structure (125) or a corresponding crankshaft pivot structure (81) Directly or indirectly connected; the rear end or front end of the return link structure (80) is pivotally connected to the corresponding return link swing arm structure (85) and correspondingly curved or reciprocated thereon The roller structure performs a corresponding form of reciprocating motion on the set return link track structure (130);
    回位连杆轨道结构(130)即可采用直线直杆式形式,也可采用曲线曲杆式形式,其一端或两端可采用完全固定的设置方式或采用高低、前后位置可调节的设置方式,从而使其可更好地满足运动与锻炼等的需要;The return link track structure (130) can be in the form of a straight straight rod or a curved curved rod. The one or both ends can be completely fixed or can be adjusted by high and low, front and rear positions. So that it can better meet the needs of sports and exercise;
    回位连杆摆臂结构(85)或回位连杆轨道结构(130)可设于回位连杆结构(80)的前端,也可设于回位连杆结构(80)的后端,相应地偏心轴承外圈结构(125)或曲轴枢轴结构(81)则可设于回位连杆结构(80)的后端或前端;The return link swing arm structure (85) or the return link track structure (130) may be disposed at the front end of the return link structure (80) or at the rear end of the return link structure (80). Correspondingly, the eccentric bearing outer ring structure (125) or the crankshaft pivot structure (81) may be disposed at the rear end or the front end of the return link structure (80);
    在回位连杆结构(80)之上设置可固定、可调位或可做前后滑移运动形式的或其它适宜形式的鞍座结构系统,以更好地同时适应骑马机模式、健身车模式、或及划船器模式或其它适宜模式的不同运动与锻炼过程的需要;A saddle structure system which can be fixed, adjustable or can be used in the form of front and rear sliding motion or other suitable forms is arranged on the return link structure (80) to better adapt to the riding machine mode and the exercise vehicle mode at the same time. Or the need for different sports and exercise processes in the rowing machine mode or other suitable mode;
    为更好地适应低位鞍座的健身车运动模式和可前后滑移鞍座的划船器运动模式等的需要,可将相应的前后方向受力为主的前后踏板结构(126)设置在椭圆运动踏板结构(90)或手动摆臂结构(91)或其它适宜的结构位置之上。In order to better adapt to the needs of the exercise mode of the low-seat saddle and the rowing machine movement mode of the front and rear saddle, the corresponding front-rear direction-based front and rear pedal structure (126) can be set in the elliptical motion. The pedal structure (90) or the manual swing arm structure (91) or other suitable structural position.
  22. 根据权利要求1或2或18或19所述的运动器械,其特征是:设置相应的椭圆运动踏板结构(90)与相应的手动摆臂结构(91),椭圆运动踏板结构(90)的一端与脚踏曲柄结构相枢接,另一端或其它事宜部分直接或间接地与手动摆臂结构(91)相连接;The exercise apparatus according to claim 1 or 2 or 18 or 19, wherein a corresponding elliptical pedal structure (90) and a corresponding manual swing arm structure (91) and one end of the elliptical pedal structure (90) are provided. Connected to the pedal crank structure, the other end or other matters are directly or indirectly connected to the manual swing arm structure (91);
    手动摆臂结构(91)与相应的椭圆运动踏板结构(90)直接相枢接或通过相应的手动摆臂连杆结构(94)与椭圆运动踏板结构(90)直接相连接;手动摆臂连杆结构(94)的一端通过连杆-摆臂枢轴结构(95)与手动摆臂结构(91)的下端相枢接,手动摆臂连杆结构(94)的另一端通过连杆-踏板枢轴结构(96)与椭圆运动踏板结构(90)相枢接,由此形成包含有完整的椭圆机的结构与功能的相应的运动器械;The manual swing arm structure (91) is directly connected to the corresponding elliptical motion pedal structure (90) or directly connected to the elliptical motion pedal structure (90) through a corresponding manual swing arm linkage structure (94); One end of the rod structure (94) is pivotally connected to the lower end of the manual swing arm structure (91) through a connecting rod-swing arm pivot structure (95), and the other end of the manual swing arm link structure (94) is passed through the connecting rod-pedal The pivot structure (96) is pivotally coupled to the elliptical motion pedal structure (90), thereby forming a corresponding exercise apparatus including the structure and function of the complete elliptical machine;
    通过下移设置连杆-摆臂枢轴结构(95)和连杆-踏板枢轴结构(96)等结构设置方式及相应的结构设计可使手动摆臂连杆结构(94)的相关部分在整个运动锻炼使用过程中或完全处于椭圆运动踏板结构(90)的前部或完全处于椭圆运动踏板结构(90)的下部,以使整个手动摆臂连杆结构(94)对整个运动锻炼过程不产生任何的不利影响。由此可形成更适宜的手脚联动的椭圆机产品或椭圆机——健身车等组合产品;By setting the connecting rod-swing arm pivot structure (95) and the connecting rod-pushing pivot structure (96) and the corresponding structural design, the relevant part of the manual swing arm connecting rod structure (94) can be The entire exercise is either in the front of the elliptical pedal structure (90) or completely below the elliptical pedal structure (90) so that the entire manual swing link structure (94) does not affect the entire exercise process. Produce any adverse effects. Thereby, a more suitable hand-foot linkage elliptical machine product or an elliptical machine-exercise vehicle and the like can be formed;
    手动摆臂连杆结构(94)可采用长度可调节的结构形式,从而在其它相关结构不变的情况下,可直接改变连杆-摆臂枢轴结构(95)与手动摆臂结构(91)的配合位置与运动轨迹;连杆-摆臂枢轴结构(95)与手动摆臂结构(91)之间或(及)连杆-踏板枢轴结构(96)与椭圆运动踏板结构(90)之间也可采用相对位置可调节的结构设置方式,从而可更好地适应不同运动与锻炼模式等的需要;The manual swing arm link structure (94) can adopt an adjustable length structure, so that the link-swing arm pivot structure (95) and the manual swing arm structure can be directly changed under the condition that other related structures are unchanged. Coordination position and motion trajectory; between the link-swing arm pivot structure (95) and the manual swing arm structure (91) or (and) the link-pedal pivot structure (96) and the elliptical motion pedal structure (90) The relative position adjustable structure can also be adopted, so that it can better adapt to the needs of different sports and exercise modes;
    当采用手动摆臂结构(91)与相应的椭圆运动踏板结构(90)直接相枢接的结构方式之时,相应的椭圆运动踏板结构(90)的长度也可采用可调节的结构形式,从而在其它相关结构不变的情况下,也可直接改变手动摆臂结构(91)的配合位置与运动轨迹。When the manual swing arm structure (91) is directly pivotally connected to the corresponding elliptical pedal structure (90), the length of the corresponding elliptical pedal structure (90) can also adopt an adjustable structure, thereby In the case where the other related structures are unchanged, the matching position and the motion trajectory of the manual swing arm structure (91) can also be directly changed.
  23. 根据权利要求1或2或18或19所述的运动器械,其特征是:在健身车或椭圆机或其它相应运动器械的脚踏曲柄中轴结构(3)之上设置相应的偏心轴承结构,可形成相应的偏心轴承式曲柄回位结构系统,偏心轴承式曲柄回位结构系统的具体情况为:The exercise machine according to claim 1 or 2 or 18 or 19, characterized in that: a corresponding eccentric bearing structure is arranged on the pedal crank shaft structure (3) of the exercise bike or the elliptical machine or other corresponding exercise equipment, The corresponding eccentric bearing crank return structure system can be formed, and the specific situation of the eccentric bearing crank return structure system is:
    相应的离合器结构(123)设在偏心轴承式曲柄回位结构系统的脚踏中轴结构(3)或脚踏曲柄结构(1)或(2)与偏心轴承内圈结构(124)之间,以实现脚踏中轴结构(3)或脚踏曲柄结构(1)或(2)与偏心轴承内圈结构(124)之间的分与合;The corresponding clutch structure (123) is disposed between the pedal center shaft structure (3) or the pedal crank structure (1) or (2) of the eccentric bearing type crank return structure system and the eccentric bearing inner ring structure (124). To realize the division and combination between the pedal middle shaft structure (3) or the pedal crank structure (1) or (2) and the eccentric bearing inner ring structure (124);
    回位连杆结构(80)的前端或后端或其它适宜部分与偏心轴承外圈结构(125)直接或间接相连接,并可与偏心轴承外圈结构(125)、偏心轴承内圈结构(124)一起相互作用、相互联动。相应地回位连杆结构(80)的后端或前端与相应的回位连杆摆臂结构(85)相枢接并相应地做曲线式的往复运动或通过设置于其上的滚轮结构在所设定的回位连杆轨道结构(130)之上做相应形式的往复运动;The front end or the rear end of the return link structure (80) or other suitable portion is directly or indirectly connected to the eccentric bearing outer ring structure (125), and can be combined with the eccentric bearing outer ring structure (125) and the eccentric bearing inner ring structure ( 124) interact and interact with each other. Correspondingly, the rear end or the front end of the return link structure (80) is pivotally connected to the corresponding return link swing arm structure (85) and correspondingly curved reciprocating or through the roller structure disposed thereon a corresponding form of reciprocating motion on the set return link track structure (130);
    设置相应的椭圆运动踏板结构(90),椭圆运动踏板结构(90)的一端与脚踏曲柄结构相枢接,另一端直接或间接地与手动摆臂结构(91)相连接;A corresponding elliptical pedal structure (90) is disposed, one end of the elliptical pedal structure (90) is pivotally connected to the pedal crank structure, and the other end is directly or indirectly connected to the manual swing arm structure (91);
    设置相应的手动摆臂结构(91),手动摆臂结构(91)与相应的椭圆运动踏板结构(90)直接相枢接或通过相应的手动摆臂连杆结构(94)与椭圆运动踏板结构(90)直接相连接;手动摆臂连杆结构(94)的一端通过连杆-摆臂枢轴结构(95)与手动摆臂结构(91)的下端相枢接,手动摆臂连杆结构(94)的另一端通过连杆-踏板枢轴结构(96)与椭圆运动踏板结构(90)相枢接。A corresponding manual swing arm structure (91) is provided, and the manual swing arm structure (91) is directly pivotally connected to the corresponding elliptical motion pedal structure (90) or through a corresponding manual swing arm link structure (94) and an elliptical motion pedal structure. (90) Directly connected; one end of the manual swing arm link structure (94) is pivotally connected to the lower end of the manual swing arm structure (91) through the connecting rod-swing arm pivot structure (95), and the manual swing arm link structure The other end of (94) is pivotally coupled to the elliptical pedal structure (90) via a link-push pivot structure (96).
  24. 根据权利要求1或2或18或19所述的运动器械,其特征是:在健身车或椭圆机或其它相应运动器械的脚踏曲柄中轴结构(3)之上设置相应的回位曲轴结构系统,回位曲轴结构系统由与回位连杆结构(80)相枢接的曲轴枢轴结构(81)及曲轴曲柄结构(82)一起构成,在曲轴结构系统的两侧设置相应的左右支架结构(83)与左右轴承结构(84)及脚踏曲柄中轴结构(3);在脚踏中轴结构(3)的两侧分别设置左右脚踏曲柄结构(1)、(2),且使当左右脚踏曲柄结构(1)、(2)相互平行设置时与曲轴曲柄结构(82)之间形成180度的或其它适宜角度的角位配合关系;The exercise machine according to claim 1 or 2 or 18 or 19, characterized in that the corresponding return crankshaft structure is arranged on the pedal crank axle structure (3) of the exercise bike or elliptical machine or other corresponding exercise equipment. The system, the return crankshaft structure system is composed of a crankshaft pivot structure (81) and a crank crank structure (82) pivotally connected with the return link structure (80), and corresponding left and right brackets are arranged on both sides of the crankshaft structure system. Structure (83) and left and right bearing structure (84) and pedal crank shaft structure (3); left and right pedal crank structures (1), (2) are respectively arranged on both sides of the pedal middle shaft structure (3), and Forming an angular position relationship of 180 degrees or other suitable angle with the crank structure (82) when the left and right foot crank structures (1), (2) are arranged in parallel with each other;
    曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统的回位连杆结构(80)的一端与曲轴枢轴结构(81)相枢接,从而可做360度圆周运动,另一端与相应的回位连杆摆臂结构(85)相枢接并相应地做曲线式的往复运动或通过设置于其上的滚轮结构在所设定的回位连杆轨道结构(130)之上做相应形式的往复运动。One end of the return link structure (80) of the crank-type crank return structure system is pivotally connected with the crankshaft pivot structure (81), so that 360 degree circular motion can be performed, and the other end and the corresponding return link swing arm structure (85) pivotally and correspondingly perform a reciprocating motion in a curved manner or a corresponding form of reciprocating motion on the set return link track structure (130) by a roller structure disposed thereon.
  25. 根据权利要求1或2或18或19所述的运动器械,其特征是:在相应的回位连杆结构(80)之上可设置相应的回位弹力结构或回位重块结构(86)或鞍座结构(97);通过调整回位弹力结构或回位重块结构(86)或鞍座结构(97)与脚踏曲柄中轴结构(3)之间的位置关系与距离,可改变重力回位力矩与回位能力的大小及鞍座的运动轨迹;The exercise apparatus according to claim 1 or 2 or 18 or 19, wherein a corresponding return elastic structure or a return weight structure (86) is disposed on the corresponding return link structure (80). Or saddle structure (97); can be changed by adjusting the positional relationship and distance between the return spring structure or the return weight structure (86) or the saddle structure (97) and the pedal crank center shaft structure (3) The magnitude of the gravity return torque and the returning ability and the movement trajectory of the saddle;
    根据需要,可在回位连杆结构(80)与相应的曲轴枢轴结构(81)的枢接端或与相应的偏心轴承外圈结构的连接端的外侧加设回位连杆的增力沿出结构(88),使重块结构(86)或弹力结构(87)的重力或弹力直接或间接地作用在增力沿出结构(88)之上,可增强重力或弹力的作用效果。If necessary, a force-increasing edge of the return link may be added on the outer side of the pivotal end of the return link structure (80) and the corresponding crankshaft pivot structure (81) or the connection end of the corresponding eccentric bearing outer ring structure. The structure (88) is such that the gravity or elastic force of the weight structure (86) or the elastic structure (87) acts directly or indirectly on the force-increasing structure (88), which can enhance the effect of gravity or elasticity.
  26. 根据权利要求1或2或18或19所述的运动器械,其特征是:在相应的椭圆机或健身车或其它适宜的产品之上,可设置相应的手动摆臂结构(91)、手动摆臂支架结构(92)、手动摆臂摆转枢轴结构(93)、手动摆臂连杆结构(94),手动摆臂连杆结构(94)的一端通过连杆-摆臂枢轴结构(95)与手动摆臂结构(91)的下端相枢接,手动摆臂连杆结构(94)的另一端通过连杆-踏板枢轴结构(96)与椭圆运动 踏板结构(90)相枢接,由此可形成更适宜的含曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统的手脚联动的椭圆机产品或椭圆机——健身车组合产品;The exercise machine according to claim 1 or 2 or 18 or 19, characterized in that the corresponding manual swing arm structure (91) and manual pendulum can be arranged on the corresponding elliptical machine or exercise bike or other suitable products. The arm support structure (92), the manual swing arm swing pivot structure (93), the manual swing arm link structure (94), and one end of the manual swing arm link structure (94) pass the link-swing arm pivot structure ( 95) pivotally connected to the lower end of the manual swing arm structure (91), and the other end of the manual swing arm link structure (94) is pivotally connected to the elliptical pedal structure (90) through the link-pedal pivot structure (96) Therefore, a more suitable elliptical machine product or an elliptical machine-arm exercise machine combination with a crank-cranked crank return structure system can be formed;
    手动摆臂连杆结构(94)可采用长度可调节的结构形式,从而在其它相关结构不变的情况下,可直接改变连杆-摆臂枢轴结构(95)与手动摆臂结构(91)的配合位置与运动轨迹;连杆-摆臂枢轴结构(95)与手动摆臂结构(91)之间或(及)连杆-踏板枢轴结构(96)与椭圆运动踏板结构(90)之间也可采用相对位置可调节的结构设置方式,从而可更好地适应不同运动与锻炼模式等的需要;The manual swing arm link structure (94) can adopt an adjustable length structure, so that the link-swing arm pivot structure (95) and the manual swing arm structure can be directly changed under the condition that other related structures are unchanged. Coordination position and motion trajectory; between the link-swing arm pivot structure (95) and the manual swing arm structure (91) or (and) the link-pedal pivot structure (96) and the elliptical motion pedal structure (90) The relative position adjustable structure can also be adopted, so that it can better adapt to the needs of different sports and exercise modes;
    当采用手动摆臂结构(91)与相应的椭圆运动踏板结构(90)直接相枢接的结构方式之时,相应的椭圆运动踏板结构(90)的长度也可采用可调节的结构形式,从而在其它相关结构不变的情况下,也可直接改变手动摆臂结构(91)的配合位置与运动轨迹。When the manual swing arm structure (91) is directly pivotally connected to the corresponding elliptical pedal structure (90), the length of the corresponding elliptical pedal structure (90) can also adopt an adjustable structure, thereby In the case where the other related structures are unchanged, the matching position and the motion trajectory of the manual swing arm structure (91) can also be directly changed.
  27. 根据权利要求1或2或18或19所述的运动器械,其特征是:在相应的健身车或椭圆机或其它适宜的产品之上,设置相应的手动摇臂结构(103)、手动摇臂把手结构(104)及其它相关结构,由此可形成含手动摇臂结构系统的手脚可联动的健身车或椭圆机产品或健身车——椭圆机组合产品。The exercise machine according to claim 1 or 2 or 18 or 19, characterized in that a corresponding manual rocker arm structure (103) and a manual rocker arm are arranged on the corresponding exercise bike or elliptical machine or other suitable products. The handle structure (104) and other related structures can thereby form an exercise bike or an elliptical machine product or an exercise machine-elliptical machine combination product with a hand-foot linkage of the manual rocker arm structure system.
  28. 根据权利要求1或2或18或19所述的运动器械,其特征是:在相应的健身车或椭圆机或其它适宜的产品之上,设置相应的手动摇臂结构(103)、手动摇臂把手结构(104)及其它相关结构,由此可形成含手动摇臂结构系统的手脚可联动的健身车或椭圆机产品或健身车——椭圆机组合产品;The exercise machine according to claim 1 or 2 or 18 or 19, characterized in that a corresponding manual rocker arm structure (103) and a manual rocker arm are arranged on the corresponding exercise bike or elliptical machine or other suitable products. The handle structure (104) and other related structures, thereby forming an exercise bike or elliptical machine product or an exercise machine-elliptical machine combination product with a hand-foot linkage of the manual rocker arm structure system;
    当同时设有前后车轮结构、转向结构及其它相关结构之时,可形成相应的自行车产品或及自行车与健身车、自行车与椭圆机、自行车与健身车与椭圆机等的多功能组合式产品;When the front and rear wheel structure, the steering structure and other related structures are provided at the same time, a corresponding bicycle product or a multifunctional combination product of a bicycle and an exercise bicycle, a bicycle and an elliptical machine, a bicycle and an exercise bicycle, and an elliptical machine can be formed;
    通过相应的蓄能运动结构、支架结构或辅助支撑车轮等结构的设置,可使上述自行车及其与其它相关产品的组合产品同时成为可为完全固定形式的,同时可更适于室内等空间使用的产品。Through the corresponding structure of the energy storage movement structure, the bracket structure or the auxiliary support wheel, the bicycle and its combination with other related products can be simultaneously fixed and can be more suitable for indoor space use. The product.
  29. 根据权利要求1或2或18或19所述的运动器械,其特征是:The exercise machine according to claim 1 or 2 or 18 or 19, characterized in that:
    可形成含偏心轴承式或曲轴式或偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统的相应的椭圆机或健身车或骑马机或划船器或自行车或其它适宜的运动器械或及它们的组合产品;Corresponding elliptical or exercise bikes or horse-riding machines or rowing machines or bicycles or other suitable sports equipment or combinations thereof comprising an eccentric bearing or crankshaft or eccentric cam-type crank return structure system;
    当在左右脚踏曲柄结构(1)、(2)之上设置相应的健身车踏板结构(89)之时,可形成相应的健身车产品;When the corresponding exercise bike pedal structure (89) is arranged on the left and right pedal crank structures (1), (2), a corresponding exercise bike product can be formed;
    当在左右脚踏曲柄结构(1)、(2)之上设置相应的椭圆机的椭圆运动踏板结构90之时,可形成相应的椭圆机产品;When the elliptical moving pedal structure 90 of the corresponding elliptical machine is disposed on the left and right foot crank structures (1), (2), a corresponding elliptical machine product can be formed;
    当在左右脚踏曲柄结构(1)、(2)之上同时设置健身车踏板结构(89)和椭圆机的椭圆运动踏板结构(90)时,可形成相应的健身车——椭圆机组合产品;When the exercise pedal structure (89) and the elliptical motion pedal structure (90) of the elliptical machine are simultaneously set on the left and right pedal crank structures (1), (2), the corresponding exercise vehicle-elliptical machine combination product can be formed. ;
    当同时设有相应的摆臂结构——运动桨臂结构及相应的鞍座与踏板结构之时,可形成相应的划船机产品;When the corresponding swing arm structure-moving paddle arm structure and the corresponding saddle and pedal structure are simultaneously provided, corresponding rowing machine products can be formed;
    当在回位连杆结构(80)之上设置相应的鞍座结构(97)时,可形成相应的含偏心轴承式或曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统的骑马机或健身车或椭圆机或自行车或它们之间的相应的组合产品;When a corresponding saddle structure (97) is placed above the return link structure (80), a corresponding riding machine or exercise bike or elliptical machine or bicycle including an eccentric bearing or crank crank return structure system can be formed. Or the corresponding combination of products between them;
    当在相应的健身车或椭圆机或健身车-椭圆机产品之上加设划船机所需的相应的可滑动鞍座结构(97)结构系统之时,则可分别形成相对应的健身车与划船机、或椭圆机与划船机、或健身车与椭圆机与划船机的组合式运动器械;When the corresponding slidable saddle structure (97) structure system required for the rowing machine is added on the corresponding exercise bike or elliptical machine or exercise bike-elliptical machine product, the corresponding exercise bike can be respectively formed. Rowing machine, or elliptical machine and rowing machine, or combined exercise equipment of exercise bike and elliptical machine and rowing machine;
    可设计和生产同时含偏心轴承式或曲轴式或偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统及前后设置的双鞍座结构系统的可同时供双人锻炼使用的多功能组合产品;It can design and produce multi-functional combination products that can be used for two-person exercise at the same time with eccentric bearing or crankshaft or eccentric cam-type crank return structure system and double saddle structure system arranged before and after;
    可设计和生产含偏心轴承式或曲轴式或偏心凸轮式曲柄回位结构系统且同时可实现脚踏椭圆机式驱动、脚踏健身车式驱动以及骑马机式驱动的自行车运动产品,其既可以做为运动和锻炼用自行车,也可以变化成为可固定使用的组合式健身器械;It can design and produce bicycle products with eccentric bearing or crankshaft or eccentric cam-type crank return structure system, which can realize pedal elliptical drive, pedal exerciser drive and horse-riding machine drive. As a sports and exercise bicycle, it can also be changed into a fixed-type combination exercise machine;
    通过相应的结构设置,可形成含偏心轴承式或曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统的脚踏式椭圆机与手脚同动式健身车的组合产品;Through the corresponding structural arrangement, a combination of a pedal type elliptical machine with an eccentric bearing type or a crank type crank return structure system and a hand and foot synchronous exercise vehicle can be formed;
    通过相应的结构设置,可形成含偏心轴承式或曲轴式曲柄回位结构系统的手脚同动式椭圆机与手脚同动式健身车的组合产品。Through the corresponding structural arrangement, a combination of a hand-foot elliptical machine with a eccentric bearing type or a crank-type crank return structure system and a hand-footed exercise bicycle can be formed.
  30. 根据权利要求1或2或18或19所述的运动器械,其特征是:采用可变移、可变化的组合式鞍座结构系统,设置相应的可调鞍座结构(97)及与其相配合的相应的基座结构;The exercise device according to claim 1 or 2 or 18 or 19, wherein a variable-moving, variable-change combined saddle structure system is provided, and a corresponding adjustable saddle structure (97) is provided and matched thereto. Corresponding pedestal structure;
    相应的基座结构为:设置于回位连杆结构80之上的回位连杆鞍座基座结构(98),或设置于可在适宜的空间位置上加设的相应的专用滑道结构(99)之上的专用滑道鞍座基座结构(100),或其它适宜的基座结构;回位连杆鞍座基座结构(98)或专用滑道鞍座基座结构(100)在使用中均可进行前后方向的调位选择与变化,它们或可分别完全锁止于回位连杆结构(80)和专用滑道结构(99)的适宜的位置之上或做为划船机式的移动鞍座结构的基座结构分别往返移动于回位连杆结构(80)和专用滑道结构(99)之上。The corresponding base structure is: a return link saddle base structure (98) disposed on the return link structure 80, or a corresponding dedicated slide structure that can be disposed at a suitable space position. Dedicated slide saddle base structure (100) above (99), or other suitable base structure; return link saddle base structure (98) or dedicated slide saddle base structure (100) In the use, the adjustment and change of the front and rear direction can be performed, and they can be completely locked on the appropriate position of the return link structure (80) and the dedicated slide structure (99) or as a rowing machine respectively. The base structure of the movable saddle structure is reciprocally moved over the return link structure (80) and the dedicated slide structure (99), respectively.
  31. 根据权利要求1或2或18或19所述的运动器械,其特征是:其特征是:通过设置可变移、可变化的组合式鞍座结构系统,可形成相应的含曲轴式或偏心轴承式或其它适宜形式的曲柄回位结构系统的多功能组合式产品;The exercise device according to claim 1 or 2 or 18 or 19, characterized in that: by providing a variable-moving, variable-change combined saddle structure system, a corresponding crankshaft-containing or eccentric bearing can be formed. a multi-functional modular product of a crank or return system of a suitable form or other suitable form;
    在相应的的骑马机或健身车或椭圆机或其它适宜的产品及其组合产品之中,其鞍座结构系统进一步可采用两种设置方式,一种方式是:在一些产品之中可同时设置完全独立的两套鞍座结构,即在回位连杆结构(80)之上设置鞍座结构(97)的同时,在相应的固定鞍座的基础结构或其它适宜结构之上设置独立的第二鞍座结构系统(105),从而可同时实现相应的健身车运动模式、骑马机运动模式或划船机运动模式,且在一些情况下可形成可同时供双人一起进行运动和锻炼使用的相应的产品形式;Among the corresponding riding machines or exercise machines or elliptical machines or other suitable products and combinations thereof, the saddle structure system can further adopt two settings, one way: in some products can be set at the same time Two sets of saddle structures that are completely independent, that is, a saddle structure (97) is provided on the return link structure (80), and an independent first is provided on the base structure of the corresponding fixed saddle or other suitable structure. The two saddle structure system (105), so that the corresponding exercise mode, the riding machine movement mode or the rowing machine movement mode can be simultaneously realized, and in some cases, a corresponding one can be formed for the two people to exercise and exercise together. Product form
    另一种方式是:当相应的可调鞍座结构(97)通过相应的基座结构设置在回位连杆结构(80)之上时即可形成骑马机的运动模式,当相应的可调鞍座结构(97)设置在相应的固定鞍座的基座结构或其它适宜结构之上之时即可形成的健身车运动模式或划船机运动模式,故可考虑采用设置一套可调鞍座结构(97)加上相应的两套或及多套基座结构的组合模式,形成相应的组合式的鞍座结构系统。Another way is to form a movement mode of the riding machine when the corresponding adjustable saddle structure (97) is placed on the return link structure (80) through the corresponding base structure, when the corresponding adjustable The saddle structure (97) is provided with the exercise vehicle movement mode or the rowing machine movement mode formed when the corresponding saddle structure of the saddle or the other suitable structure is formed, so it is considered to adopt a set of adjustable saddles. The structure (97) plus a corresponding combination of two or more sets of base structures forms a corresponding combined saddle structure system.
  32. 根据权利要求1或2或18或19所述的运动器械,其特征是:其特征是:设置可变移、可变化的组合式鞍座结构系统,在适宜的空间位置上加设相应的专用滑道结构(99),专用滑道结构(99)为完全固定式结构或可调位或可调角或可调长短形式的结构;The exercise device according to claim 1 or 2 or 18 or 19, characterized in that: a variable-shifting, variable-change combined saddle structure system is provided, and a corresponding dedicated space is added at a suitable spatial position. The slide structure (99), the special slide structure (99) is a completely fixed structure or a structure of adjustable or adjustable angle or adjustable length and length;
    设置相应的可调鞍座结构(97)及与其相配合的相应的基座结构;Providing a corresponding adjustable saddle structure (97) and a corresponding base structure cooperating therewith;
    相应的基座结构为:设置于回位连杆结构(80)之上的回位连杆鞍座基座结构98,或设置于可在适宜的空间位置上加设的相应的专用滑道结构(99)之上的专用滑道鞍座基座结构(100),或其它适宜的基座结构;回位连杆鞍座基座结构(98)或专用滑道鞍座基座结构(100)在使用中均可进行前后方向的调位选择与变化,它们或可分别完全锁止于回位连杆结构80和专用滑道结构(99)的适宜的位置之上或做为划船机式的移动鞍座结构的基座结构分别往返移动于回位连杆结构(80)和专用滑道结构(99)之上。The corresponding base structure is: a return link saddle base structure 98 disposed on the return link structure (80), or a corresponding dedicated slide structure that can be disposed at a suitable space position. Dedicated slide saddle base structure (100) above (99), or other suitable base structure; return link saddle base structure (98) or dedicated slide saddle base structure (100) In use, the adjustment and change of the front-rear direction can be performed, and they can either be completely locked above the appropriate position of the return link structure 80 and the dedicated slide structure (99) or as a rowing machine. The base structure of the moving saddle structure is reciprocally moved over the return link structure (80) and the dedicated slide structure (99), respectively.
  33. 根据权利要求1或2或18或19所述的运动器械,其特征是:设置相应的可 调鞍座结构(97)、回位连杆鞍座基座结构(98)和专用滑道鞍座基座结构(100);The exercise apparatus according to claim 1 or 2 or 18 or 19, wherein a corresponding adjustable saddle structure (97), a return link saddle base structure (98) and a dedicated slide saddle are provided. Base structure (100);
    可调鞍座结构(97)之下可设有鞍座立管结构(101),在回位连杆鞍座基座结构(98)和专用滑道鞍座基座结构(100)之上可均设有相应的快拆结构(102),鞍座立管结构(101)可方便可靠地与上述快拆结构(102)相结合锁固或分离,且通过其配合可方便可靠地实现可调鞍座结构(97)空间位置的上下调节,再加上基座结构(98)和(100)的可前后调节移动变位,整个组合式鞍座结构系统可很好地适应骑马机运动模式、划船机运动模式、健身车运动模式等多种运动模式的需要;同时,使可调鞍座结构(97)处于适宜的位置或使其完全从整个运动器械的组合式鞍座结构系统中撤下,将可充分地满足椭圆机运动模式的需要,相应的基座结构(98)和(100)的结构设置也可紧凑、高效。A saddle riser structure (101) may be provided under the adjustable saddle structure (97), above the return link saddle base structure (98) and the dedicated slide saddle base structure (100) Each has a corresponding quick release structure (102), and the saddle riser structure (101) can be conveniently and reliably combined with the quick release structure (102) to lock or separate, and can be easily and reliably adjusted through the cooperation thereof. The up and down adjustment of the space position of the saddle structure (97), together with the front and rear adjustable movement displacement of the base structure (98) and (100), the entire combined saddle structure system can be well adapted to the riding machine movement mode, The need for a variety of sports modes, such as rowing machine motion mode, exercise bike motion mode, etc.; at the same time, the adjustable saddle structure (97) is in a suitable position or completely removed from the combined saddle structure system of the entire exercise machine. It will fully meet the needs of the elliptical motion mode, and the corresponding base structure (98) and (100) can also be compact and efficient.
  34. 根据权利要求1或2或18或19所述的运动器械,其特征是:设置相应的可调鞍座结构(97)、回位连杆鞍座基座结构(98)和专用滑道鞍座基座结构(100);The exercise apparatus according to claim 1 or 2 or 18 or 19, wherein a corresponding adjustable saddle structure (97), a return link saddle base structure (98) and a dedicated slide saddle are provided. Base structure (100);
    可调鞍座结构(97)之下可设有鞍座立管结构(101),在回位连杆鞍座基座结构(98)和专用滑道鞍座基座结构(100)之上可均设有相应的快拆结构(102),鞍座立管结构(101)可方便可靠地与上述快拆结构(102)相结合锁固或分离,且通过其配合可方便可靠地实现可调鞍座结构(97)空间位置的上下调节,再加上基座结构(98)和(100)的可前后调节移动变位,整个组合式鞍座结构系统可很好地适应骑马机运动模式、划船机运动模式、健身车运动模式等多种运动模式的需要;同时,使可调鞍座结构(97)处于适宜的位置或使其完全从整个运动器械的组合式鞍座结构系统中撤下,将可充分地满足椭圆机运动模式的需要,相应的基座结构(98)和(100)的结构设置也可紧凑、高效。A saddle riser structure (101) may be provided under the adjustable saddle structure (97), above the return link saddle base structure (98) and the dedicated slide saddle base structure (100) Each has a corresponding quick release structure (102), and the saddle riser structure (101) can be conveniently and reliably combined with the quick release structure (102) to lock or separate, and can be easily and reliably adjusted through the cooperation thereof. The up and down adjustment of the space position of the saddle structure (97), together with the front and rear adjustable movement displacement of the base structure (98) and (100), the entire combined saddle structure system can be well adapted to the riding machine movement mode, The need for a variety of sports modes, such as rowing machine motion mode, exercise bike motion mode, etc.; at the same time, the adjustable saddle structure (97) is in a suitable position or completely removed from the combined saddle structure system of the entire exercise machine. It will fully meet the needs of the elliptical motion mode, and the corresponding base structure (98) and (100) can also be compact and efficient.
    回位连杆结构(80)和专用滑道结构(99)均可全面或在必要的结构区段采用适宜的双轨式的结构形式,相应的双轨式的结构形式一方面可方便可靠地与基座结构(98和(100)之上设置的相应的锁止结构及滚轮或其它适宜的滑移结构相配合,另一方面可使可调鞍座结构(97)之下设置的鞍座立管结构(101)始终处于相应的左右双轨结构之间,使其可方便地前后上下串移变位,整个结构配置可更加紧凑高效。The return link structure (80) and the dedicated slide structure (99) can adopt a suitable double-track structure in a comprehensive manner or in a necessary structural section, and the corresponding double-track structure can be conveniently and reliably combined with the base. The corresponding locking structure provided on the seat structure (98 and (100) cooperates with the roller or other suitable sliding structure, and on the other hand, the saddle riser provided under the adjustable saddle structure (97) The structure (101) is always between the corresponding left and right double rail structures, so that it can be easily moved up and down and up and down, and the entire structure configuration can be more compact and efficient.
  35. 根据权利要求1所述的运动器械,其特征是:含曲柄回位结构系统的相关运动器械的电动化及其实现方式为:The exercise device according to claim 1, wherein the motorization of the related exercise device including the crank return structure system and the implementation thereof are as follows:
    含曲柄回位结构系统的相关运动器械可同时实现电动化——既在可依靠人体力量实现相关运动的同时,也可借助相应的电动驱动系统实现相关的运动过程,以使整个运动器械在拥有强的健身锻炼功能的同时,具有娱乐和康复的功能与价值;The related exercise equipment with the crank return structure system can be simultaneously electrified - both the relevant movements can be realized by the human body force, and the corresponding motion process can be realized by the corresponding electric drive system, so that the entire exercise machine is owned. The powerful fitness function has the functions and value of entertainment and rehabilitation;
    在含曲轴式或偏心轴承式或偏心凸轮式或拉索式曲柄回位结构系统的运动器械之上加设相应的电动驱动系统,即可形成相应的可同时具有电动骑马机、电动椭圆机、电动健身车等运动模式及功能的可集锻炼、娱乐及康复等为一体的复合型运动器械,从而可更好更全面地满足大众化的家用健身等方面的需要;In the crankshaft-type or eccentric bearing type or eccentric cam type or cable type crank return structure system, a corresponding electric drive system can be added to form a corresponding electric riding machine, electric elliptical machine, Electric exercise bikes and other sports modes and functions can be combined with exercise, recreation and rehabilitation as a composite sports equipment, so that it can better meet the needs of popular home fitness and other aspects;
    通过相应的结构设计,相关电动驱动系统,或可只具有相应的电动驱动功能,或可同时具有发电乃至作为发电式阻力系统的功能。Through the corresponding structural design, the relevant electric drive system may have only the corresponding electric drive function, or may have the function of generating electricity or even as a power generation resistance system.
  36. 根据权利要求1所述的运动器械,其特征是:含曲柄回位结构系统的相关运动器械的可折叠化及其实施方式为:含曲柄回位结构系统等的相关运动器械可同时实现可折叠化——通过采用可伸缩等相应的结构设置可改变相关运动器械的左右椭圆运动踏板结构(90)、或左右手动摆臂连杆结构(94)或及底部机座骨架等结构的总长度,从而实现相应的结构与功能方面的调整;并使它们在较长时间不使用的情况下可处于总长度尽量减小的状态,从而可明显缩小相应的空间占用范围。The exercise device according to claim 1, wherein the folding of the related exercise device including the crank return structure system and the embodiment thereof are: the related exercise device including the crank return structure system and the like can be simultaneously folded. - the total length of the structure of the left and right elliptical motion pedal structure (90), or the left and right manual swing arm linkage structure (94) or the bottom frame skeleton can be changed by using a corresponding structural arrangement such as retractability. Thereby, the corresponding structural and functional adjustments are realized; and if they are not used for a long time, the total length can be minimized, so that the corresponding space occupation range can be significantly reduced.
  37. 根据权利要求1所述的运动器械,其特征是:在含椭圆机运动模式或其它 适宜运动模式的相关运动器械之上可同时实现登山机的运动模式与功能,其具体实现方式可以为:在左、右椭圆运动踏板结构(90)与左右脚踏曲柄结构(1)的连接端——脚踏芯轴处的外侧(连接端向后部或前部沿出部分)设置相应的固定形式的或可折叠形式的登山机踏板结构(131),由于左、右椭圆运动踏板结构(90)在上述连接端(脚踏芯轴处)的内侧部分的运动轨迹为水平向扁平的近椭圆轨迹,相应地左、右椭圆运动踏板结构(90)在上述连接端的外侧部分——登山机踏板结构(131)之上的运动轨迹则为竖直向扁平的近椭圆运动轨迹,且离连接端(脚踏芯轴处)的距离越远其椭圆运动轨迹的上下起伏度越大,登山等运动的抬腿幅度也越大。The exercise device according to claim 1, wherein the movement mode and function of the climbing machine can be simultaneously realized on the related sports equipment including the elliptical motion mode or other suitable motion mode, and the specific implementation manner can be: The left and right elliptical pedal structure (90) and the left and right foot crank structure (1) are connected to each other at the outer side of the pedal mandrel (the connecting end to the rear or the front portion). Or a collapsible form of the climber pedal structure (131), wherein the movement trajectory of the left and right elliptical pedal structures (90) at the inner side of the connecting end (at the pedal mandrel) is a horizontally flattened near elliptical trajectory, Correspondingly, the movement trajectory of the left and right elliptical pedal structure (90) above the outer portion of the connecting end, the climber pedal structure (131), is a vertically flattened near elliptical motion path, and is away from the connecting end (foot) The farther the distance from the mandrel is, the greater the up and down undulation of the elliptical motion trajectory, and the greater the leg lift of the mountaineering and other movements.
  38. 根据权利要求1、37或37所述的运动器械,其特征是:可同时考虑通过结构可伸缩等方式使登山机踏板结构(131)与连接端——脚踏芯轴处的距离可调节,从而改变登山机踏板结构(131)的运动轨迹、上下起落幅度等,使其即可更好地满足不同人士的锻炼需要,又能够占据尽可能小的停放空间;The exercise device according to claim 1, 37 or 37, characterized in that the distance between the climbing machine pedal structure (131) and the connecting end-foot mandrel can be adjusted by means of structural retraction or the like. Thereby changing the movement track of the pedal structure (131) of the mountaineering machine, the amplitude of up and down movement, etc., so that it can better meet the exercise needs of different people, and can occupy the parking space as small as possible;
    可在相关的鞍座结构或其它相应结构之上设置登山机扶手结构(132),或通过相应的结构设置使左、右手动摆臂结构(91)的位置可调节以使其同时可做为登山机运动的扶手结构使用;The climber armrest structure (132) can be placed over the associated saddle structure or other corresponding structure, or the position of the left and right manual swing arm structures (91) can be adjusted by corresponding structural settings so that they can simultaneously serve as Use of the armrest structure of the mountaineering machine movement;
    上述登山机等的运动模式与功能的实现方式亦可应用于包括非前面所述的其它各种相关形式的椭圆机或其它适宜的运动器械之上,从而可丰富相关运动器械的功能,提升其价值。The implementation of the motion mode and function of the above-mentioned climbing machine or the like can also be applied to other elliptical machines or other suitable exercise equipments not including the above-mentioned various related forms, thereby enriching the functions of the related exercise equipment and enhancing the value.
  39. 根据权利要求1所述的运动器械,其特征是:在相应的椭圆机或健身车或其它适宜的运动器械之上,可采用坐式运动的结构形式或采用站式运动的结构形式或采用同时可实现坐式运动及站立运动的结构形式;The exercise device according to claim 1, characterized in that, on the corresponding elliptical machine or exercise bike or other suitable exercise equipment, the structure of the seated movement or the structure of the standing movement or the simultaneous use may be employed. The structural form of sitting movement and standing movement can be realized;
    在相应的椭圆机或健身车或其它适宜的运动器械之上,可同时采用带靠背或不带靠背的低位座椅(34)的结构形式,与之相适应可在左、右手动摆臂结构(91)的下端或左、右椭圆运动踏板结构(90)的前部或其它适宜的结构位置上设置相应的使用低位座椅(34)的左、右低位脚踏板结构(35)、(36),以使锻炼者的双腿可实现充分的前后舒展运动,并可形成更好的手脚联动的运动状态;On the corresponding elliptical or exercise bike or other suitable exercise equipment, the structure of the lower seat (34) with or without the backrest can be used at the same time, and the manual swing arm structure can be applied to the left and right. The lower end of the (91) or the front of the left and right elliptical pedal structure (90) or other suitable structural position is provided with a corresponding left and right lower pedal structure (35) using the lower seat (34), ( 36), so that the exerciser's legs can achieve full front and rear stretching movement, and can form a better movement state of the hands and feet linkage;
    设置在椭圆运动踏板结构上或其它适宜的结构位置上的左、右低位脚踏板结构(35)、(36)可采用直接设置的结构形式或采用可方便地添加与拆下的相应的结构形式或采用可方便地折叠或及其它适宜的隐蔽设置的结构形式——只在使用时展开、不使用时收起并隐蔽起来的结构形式。The left and right lower pedal structures (35), (36) disposed on the elliptical pedal structure or other suitable structural position may be directly disposed or may be conveniently added and removed. The form may be in the form of a structure that can be easily folded or otherwise suitably concealed - a form that is only unfolded when in use, closed and concealed when not in use.
  40. 根据权利要求1所述的运动器械,其特征是:在相应的椭圆机或健身车或其它适宜的运动器械的左、右手动摆臂上加设相应的手动摆臂纵向——即前后向运动位置调角结构系统,通过其的调节作用,可使左、右手动摆臂的上部更加靠前或靠后,从而可更好地满足人们或站立锻炼或座式锻炼、或高位座式锻炼或低位座式锻炼时,人体的运动重心、运动位置、运动形式的不同而形成的不同需要。The exercise device according to claim 1, wherein a corresponding manual swing arm longitudinal direction is added to the left and right manual swing arms of the corresponding elliptical or exercise machine or other suitable exercise equipment, that is, forward and backward movement. The position adjustment structure system, through its adjustment function, can make the upper part of the left and right manual swing arms more forward or backward, so as to better meet people or standing exercise or seat type exercise, or high seat exercise or In the low seat type exercise, the human body's movement center of gravity, movement position, and different forms of movement form different needs.
  41. 根据权利要求1或40所述的运动器械,其特征是:在相应的椭圆机或健身车或其它适宜的运动器械的左、右手动摆臂结构的前后运动铰接轴(37)的上端设可使左、右手动摆臂的上部(38)、(39)与左、右手动摆臂的下部处于不同角度位置关系的手动摆臂纵向——即前后运动向调角结构系统,通过其的调节作用,可使左、右手动摆臂的上部(38)、(39)更加靠前或靠后,从而可更好地满足人们或站立锻炼或座式锻炼、或高位座式锻炼或低位座式锻炼时,人体的运动重心、运动位置、运动形式的不同而形成的不同需要。手动摆臂纵向调角结构系统可由相应的调角骨架结构(40)及与其相配合的调角枢轴(41)、调角锁孔(42)、调角锁销(43)组成。The exercise machine according to claim 1 or 40, characterized in that the upper end of the front and rear movement hinge shaft (37) of the left and right manual swing arm structures of the corresponding elliptical or exercise machine or other suitable exercise equipment is provided. The upper arm (38), (39) of the left and right manual swing arms and the lower part of the left and right manual swing arms are in a longitudinal position of the manual swing arm in different angular positional relationship, that is, the forward and backward movement to the angle adjustment structure system, through which adjustment The function can make the upper part (38) and (39) of the left and right manual swing arms more forward or backward, so as to better satisfy people or standing exercise or seat type exercise, or high seat type exercise or low seat type. When exercising, the different needs of the body's movement center of gravity, movement position, and movement form are different. The manual swing arm longitudinal angle adjustment structure system can be composed of a corresponding angle adjustment skeleton structure (40) and a matching angle adjustment pivot (41), a angle adjustment keyhole (42) and a angle adjustment lock pin (43).
  42. 根据权利要求1所述的运动器械,其特征是:在相应的椭圆机或健身车或其 它适宜的运动器械的左、右手动摆臂上加设可使左、右手动摆臂的上部做横向——即左右向摆动运动或及可使手动摆臂上部横向变角、变位锁止的相应的手动摆臂上部横向运动结构系统。The exercise device according to claim 1, wherein the left and right manual swing arms of the corresponding elliptical or exercise machine or other suitable exercise equipment are added to make the upper part of the left and right manual swing arms horizontal. ——The left-side oscillating motion or the corresponding manual swing arm upper lateral motion structure system that can make the upper side of the manual swing arm laterally change and positionally lock.
  43. 根据权利要求1或42所述的运动器械,其特征是:在相应的椭圆机或健身车或其它适宜的运动器械的左、右手动摆臂的前后运动铰接轴(37)的上端设使左、右手动摆臂的上部(38)、(39)可做横向——左右向摆动运动或及横向变角、变位的相应的横向运动铰接轴结构,或及进一步同时设置可使左、右手动摆臂上部(38)、(39)的横向摆动运动可被完全锁止于多个适宜位置的手动摆臂横向运动及横向调角锁固结构系统;The exercise machine according to claim 1 or 42, wherein the upper end of the front and rear movement hinge shaft (37) of the left and right manual swing arms of the corresponding elliptical or exercise machine or other suitable exercise equipment is left. The upper part (38) and (39) of the right manual swing arm can be used for lateral-left-right oscillating motion or laterally-angled and displaced corresponding lateral motion hinged shaft structures, or further simultaneous setting for left and right hands The lateral oscillating motion of the upper swing arms (38), (39) can be completely locked to a plurality of suitable positions of the manual swing arm lateral movement and the lateral angle locking structure system;
    手动摆臂横向运动及横向调角锁固结构系统的较具体结构可与前述的手动摆臂纵向——前后向调角结构系统相近似,即可设置相应的手动摆臂上部的横向运动及调角枢轴结构(44),横向调角骨架结构(45)、横向调角锁孔结构,横向调角锁销结构47),同时还可通过直接或间接地设置相应的弹簧形式或其它适宜形式的横向运动阻力-阻尼结构,使左、右手动摆臂的上部(38)、(39)的横向摆动运动处于适宜的有阻力、有阻尼状态。The more specific structure of the manual swing arm lateral movement and the lateral angle locking structure system can be similar to the above-mentioned manual swing arm longitudinal-forward and backward angle adjustment structure system, and the corresponding lateral movement and adjustment of the upper portion of the manual swing arm can be set. Angle pivot structure (44), lateral angle adjustment skeleton structure (45), lateral angle adjustment keyhole structure, lateral angle adjustment lock pin structure 47), and can also directly or indirectly set corresponding spring form or other suitable form The lateral motion resistance-damping structure causes the lateral oscillating motion of the upper (38), (39) of the left and right manual swing arms to be in a suitable resistance and damping state.
  44. 根据权利要求1所述的运动器械,其特征是:在相应的椭圆机或健身车或其它适宜的运动器械的左、右手动摆臂上或在相对独立的横向运动的手动摆臂上加设上下运动摆臂结构系统或上下运动套管结构系统。The exercise apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, wherein: the left and right manual swing arms of the respective elliptical or exercise machine or other suitable exercise equipment or the relatively independent laterally movable manual swing arms are provided. Up and down motion swing arm structure system or up and down motion sleeve structure system.
  45. 根据权利要求1或44所述的运动器械,其特征是:在相应的椭圆机或健身车或其它适宜的运动器械的左、右手动摆臂的上部结构(38)、(39)的适当位置上可以枢接或套接等方式加设可使手臂在推拉整个左、右手动摆臂结构(32)、(33)做前后向摆动运动的同时,可进行相应的适宜的上下运动的左、右手臂的上下运动摆臂结构系统;Sports apparatus according to claim 1 or 44, wherein the upper structures (38), (39) of the left and right manual swing arms of the respective elliptical or exercise machine or other suitable exercise equipment are in position The upper arm or the socket can be pivotally connected or sleeved to allow the arm to push and pull the entire left and right manual swing arm structures (32) and (33) to perform the forward and backward swing motion, and the corresponding appropriate up and down motion can be performed on the left side. Up and down movement swing arm structure system of the right arm;
    上下运动摆臂结构系统可由相应的可直接设置在左、右手动摆臂的上部结构(38)、(39)之上的或设置在其它适宜的结构位置之上的左、右上下运动摆臂结构(49)、(50),左、右上下运动摆臂枢轴结构(51),左、右上下运动摆臂把手结构(52),以及相应的根据需要使左、右上下运动摆臂也可以被选择锁止于某一所需的角度位置的相应的上下运动摆臂锁止结构(53),同时,也可通过直接或间接设置相应的上下运动摆臂的阻力-阻尼结构(54),以使左、右上下运动摆臂结构(49)、(50)的上下摆动运动处于适宜的有阻力、有阻尼状态。The up and down motion swing arm structure system can be configured by corresponding upper and lower vertical swing arms that can be directly disposed on the upper structures (38), (39) of the left and right manual swing arms or disposed at other suitable structural positions. Structure (49), (50), left and right up and down movement swing arm pivot structure (51), left and right up and down movement swing arm handle structure (52), and corresponding left and right movements of the swing arm as needed The corresponding up and down motion swing arm lock structure (53) can be selected to be locked at a desired angular position, and the resistance-damping structure (54) of the corresponding up and down motion swing arm can also be set directly or indirectly. In order to make the left and right up and down motion swing arm structures (49), (50) up and down swing motion in a suitable resistance, damping state.
  46. 根据权利要求1或44所述的运动器械,其特征是:在相应的椭圆机或健身车或其它适宜的运动器械的左、右手动摆臂的上部结构(38)、(39)的适当位置上可以枢接或套接等方式加设可使手臂在推拉整个左、右手动摆臂结构(32)、(33)做前后向摆动运动的同时,可进行相应的适宜的上下运动的左、右手臂的上下运动套管结构系统;Sports apparatus according to claim 1 or 44, wherein the upper structures (38), (39) of the left and right manual swing arms of the respective elliptical or exercise machine or other suitable exercise equipment are in position The upper arm or the socket can be pivotally connected or sleeved to allow the arm to push and pull the entire left and right manual swing arm structures (32) and (33) to perform the forward and backward swing motion, and the corresponding appropriate up and down motion can be performed on the left side. Up and down motion casing structure system of the right arm;
    在直杆式或等圆心弯管式的左、右手动摆臂的上部结构(38)、(39)之上,可直接套接直管式或等圆心弯管式或弯曲套管式的上下运动套管结构系统,上下运动套管结构系统可由上下向运动套管结构(55)、上下向运动套管把手结构(56)或及上下向运动套管阻力-阻尼结构或及相应的上下向运动套管结构锁止结构(58)所组成,上下向运动套管结构(55)直接套接在左、右手动摆臂的上部结构(38)、(39)的直杆式或等圆心曲杆式的相关结构部分之上;上下向运动套管把手结构(56)直接或间接地设于上下向运动套管结构(55)之上;上下向运动套管阻力-阻尼结构可为直接套接在左、右手动摆臂的上部结构(38)、(39)的直杆式或等圆心曲杆式的相关结构部分之上的弹簧结构(57)或其它相应的适宜结构。On the upper structure (38), (39) of the left and right manual swing arms of the straight or equal center bend type, the straight tube type or the equal center bend type or the curved sleeve type can be directly sleeved up and down. The moving sleeve structure system, the up and down moving sleeve structure system can be moved up and down the moving sleeve structure (55), the up and down moving sleeve handle structure (56) or the up and down motion sleeve resistance-damping structure or corresponding up and down direction The moving sleeve structure locking structure (58) is composed of the up-and-down moving sleeve structure (55) directly sleeved on the left and right manual swing arm upper structure (38), (39) straight rod or equal center curve Above the rod-related structure; the up-and-down motion sleeve handle structure (56) is directly or indirectly disposed above the up-and-down motion sleeve structure (55); the up-and-down motion sleeve resistance-damping structure can be a direct sleeve A spring structure (57) or other corresponding suitable structure attached to the upper structure (38), (39) of the left and right manual swing arms, or the associated structural portion of the equal center curved rod type.
PCT/CN2019/000083 2018-05-02 2019-04-30 Sports equipment having left and right pedal cranks and related comovement structures thereof driven in parallel or alternately WO2019210700A1 (en)

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CN1271612A (en) * 1999-04-26 2000-11-01 孟杰 Body-building vehicle
CN2406910Y (en) * 1999-12-13 2000-11-22 葛甫阳 Transmission of bicycle
CN2563085Y (en) * 2002-08-15 2003-07-30 黄修文 Wild horst type amusement sport bicycle
CN1548328A (en) * 2003-05-10 2004-11-24 杰 孟 Bicycle with several easy-to-change driving modes
US8936535B1 (en) * 2013-08-23 2015-01-20 Healthstream Taiwan Inc. Elliptical trainer
US20170028250A1 (en) * 2015-07-31 2017-02-02 Rexon Industrial Corp., Ltd. Elliptical trainer variable stride

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2194860Y (en) * 1994-08-02 1995-04-19 韩传梁 Bicycle driven by reciprocating foot lever
CN1271612A (en) * 1999-04-26 2000-11-01 孟杰 Body-building vehicle
CN2406910Y (en) * 1999-12-13 2000-11-22 葛甫阳 Transmission of bicycle
CN2563085Y (en) * 2002-08-15 2003-07-30 黄修文 Wild horst type amusement sport bicycle
CN1548328A (en) * 2003-05-10 2004-11-24 杰 孟 Bicycle with several easy-to-change driving modes
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