WO2019029181A1 - Domestic garbage processing servo vehicle - Google Patents

Domestic garbage processing servo vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2019029181A1
WO2019029181A1 PCT/CN2018/082796 CN2018082796W WO2019029181A1 WO 2019029181 A1 WO2019029181 A1 WO 2019029181A1 CN 2018082796 W CN2018082796 W CN 2018082796W WO 2019029181 A1 WO2019029181 A1 WO 2019029181A1
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WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
box
pressing
vehicle
rebounding
garbage
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PCT/CN2018/082796
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐恬
Original Assignee
信照亮
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Priority to CN201710669074.8A priority Critical patent/CN107309252A/en
Priority to CN201710669074.8 priority
Application filed by 信照亮 filed Critical 信照亮
Publication of WO2019029181A1 publication Critical patent/WO2019029181A1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless
    • B09B3/0058Removing gases or liquids enclosed in discarded articles, e.g. aerosol cans, cooling systems of refrigerators ; Removing gases from discarded plastic foam products
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B5/00Operations not covered by single other subclass or by a single other group in this subclass

Abstract

An urban and rural domestic garbage processing servo vehicle, comprising a closed vehicle body (1), a middle layer of the vehicle body being sequentially provided from a rear end to a front end with a feeding hopper (4), a conical tearing box (5), a pushing box (6), a conveyor belt weighing box (7), a section-cutting box (8) and a climbing conveyor belt box having a discharge port (9), which are in communication; a lower layer and an upper layer within the vehicle body are both provided with a storage frame (10), and an outer side of the feeding hopper (4) is provided with a lifting platform (11); a filter plate (20) is arranged below the feeding hopper (4), and a liquid collector (51) and a storage box (66) are arranged under the filter plate, while a large cover plate (15) that is driven by a first motor and that is connected to a first rail (17) on the feeding hopper is arranged above the feeding hopper; the large cover plate is provided thereon with a small cover plate (16) that fits with the large cover plate, the small cover plate (16) being driven by a second motor and being connected to the large cover plate by means of a second rail (23) on the large cover plate (15); the servo vehicle may complete the functions of the front-end disposal, storage and transportation of garbage before loading, has the function of weighing the garbage, and may obtain the position of the vehicle and garbage processing information in real time.

Description

生活垃圾处理伺服车Domestic garbage disposal servo car 技术领域Technical field
本发明涉及一种垃圾处理车,尤其涉及一种生活垃圾处理伺服车。The invention relates to a garbage disposal vehicle, in particular to a domestic garbage treatment servo vehicle.
背景技术Background technique
随着人民生活水平的提高,无论城市还是农村所产生的生活垃圾将越来越多,生活垃圾已成为社会的痛点,其处理已成为各国及其各级地方政府头疼的问题。目前,为了避免这些垃圾对环境产生污染以及出于废物利用的目的,政府对垃圾处理和回收利用也持大力支持的态度。因城乡生活垃圾的组成非常复杂,因此,如何提供好的前置处理,从而为“城乡生活垃圾初分类车”的分类提供保障和便利就显得十分重要。With the improvement of people's living standards, there will be more and more domestic garbage generated in cities and rural areas. Domestic garbage has become a pain point of society, and its treatment has become a headache for countries and local governments at all levels. At present, in order to avoid the pollution of the garbage to the environment and the purpose of waste utilization, the government also strongly supports the disposal and recycling of waste. Because the composition of urban and rural domestic garbage is very complicated, it is very important to provide good pre-treatment to provide protection and convenience for the classification of “urban and rural domestic garbage primary classification vehicles”.
发明内容Summary of the invention
为解决现有技术中存在的技术问题,本发明提供一种生活垃圾处理伺服车。本发明是“城乡生活垃圾初分类车”的伺服车,本发明在垃圾的装车地就可完成垃圾的前端处置和储运功能。In order to solve the technical problems existing in the prior art, the present invention provides a domestic garbage disposal servo vehicle. The invention is a servo vehicle of “the urban and rural domestic garbage primary classification vehicle”, and the invention can complete the front end disposal, storage and transportation function of the garbage in the loading place of the garbage.
为实现上述目的,本发明采用的技术方案是一种生活垃圾处理的伺服车,车体(1),内设工作层(100)和至少一层储物层(111);In order to achieve the above object, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is a domestic garbage disposal servo vehicle, a vehicle body (1) having a working layer (100) and at least one storage layer (111) therein;
进料斗(4),设有进料口(400),所述进料斗(4)下方设有滤板(12),所述滤板(12)从所述进料斗(4)延伸至下一个工位;a feed hopper (4) is provided with a feed port (400), and a filter plate (12) is disposed under the feed hopper (4), and the filter plate (12) extends from the feed hopper (4) To the next station;
锥撕箱(5),设有刺压刺压撕推装置(19),进料斗(4)和锥撕箱(5)的连通处设有垃圾拨手(22),所述垃圾拨手(22)用于将垃圾扒至所述锥撕箱(5);The cone tearing box (5) is provided with a puncture and tearing pushing device (19), and a garbage picker (22) is provided at a communication portion between the feeding hopper (4) and the cone tearing box (5), and the garbage picker (22) for smashing garbage into the cone tear box (5);
推出箱(6),顶部设有影像监视器(31),底部设有传送带(32),传送带(32)前后的上方均设有可上下移动的挡板(33),两个挡板(33)之间设有推出装置(34),在所述推出装置(34)的推出方向上设有开合门(35);The box (6) is provided with an image monitor (31) at the top and a conveyor belt (32) at the bottom. The front and rear of the conveyor belt (32) are provided with a baffle (33) that can move up and down, and two baffles (33). Between the) is provided with a pushing device (34), in the direction of the ejection device (34) is provided with a opening and closing door (35);
称重箱(7),用于对垃圾进行称重;Weighing box (7) for weighing waste;
切段箱(8),内设有切段装置(37)和前推装置(38),所述切段装置(37)用于将垃圾切成段,所述前推装置(38)推动切段后的垃圾进入下一工序;The segment box (8) is provided with a cutting device (37) and a front pushing device (38) for cutting the garbage into segments, and the pushing device (38) pushes the cutting The garbage after the paragraph enters the next process;
传送带箱(9),一端与所述前推装置(38)工序上衔接,所述传动带箱(9)的另一端为出料口(90);a conveyor belt box (9), one end is engaged with the front pushing device (38), the other end of the belt box (9) is a discharge port (90);
储包框(10),位于所述储物层(111);以及a storage box (10) located at the storage layer (111);
控制系统(600),与所述进料斗(4)、锥撕箱(5)、推出箱(6)、称重箱(7)、切段 箱(8)和传送带箱(9)电连接;a control system (600) electrically connected to the feed hopper (4), the cone tear box (5), the push box (6), the weighing box (7), the cut box (8) and the conveyor belt box (9);
其中,所述进料斗(4)、锥撕箱(5)、推出箱(6)、称重箱(7)、切段箱(8)和传送带箱(9)均设于工作层,并依次相连通。Wherein, the feeding hopper (4), the cone tearing box (5), the pushing box (6), the weighing box (7), the cutting box (8) and the conveyor belt box (9) are all disposed on the working layer, and in turn Connected.
于本发明一实施例中,所述进料斗(4)沿车宽方向的一侧设有升降平台(11),所述升降平台用于升降和倾倒垃圾桶,以及升降和输运分类后的垃圾至所述储物层的储包框中。In an embodiment of the invention, the feeding hopper (4) is provided with a lifting platform (11) on one side of the vehicle width direction, the lifting platform is used for lifting and dumping the garbage bin, and after lifting and transporting classification Garbage to the storage box of the storage layer.
于本发明一实施例中,所述刺压刺压撕推装置(19)的下方设有承重滤板(20),所述承重滤板(20)和滤板(12)相接,所述滤板(12)沿所述进料斗(4)至所述锥撕箱(5)的方向向下倾斜。In an embodiment of the present invention, a load-bearing filter plate (20) is disposed under the puncturing and puncturing device (19), and the load-bearing filter plate (20) and the filter plate (12) are connected to each other. The filter plate (12) is inclined downward in the direction of the feed hopper (4) to the cone tear box (5).
于本发明一实施例中,所述滤板(12)和承重滤板(20)的下方设有可转头的集液器(51)。In an embodiment of the invention, a filter head (51) is provided below the filter plate (12) and the load-bearing filter plate (20).
于本发明一实施例中,所述垃圾拨手(22)固定设置在车体(1)上,用于将所述滤板(12)上的垃圾扒至所述承重滤板(20),所述垃圾拨手(22)处设有清理机构(221),用于将垃圾拨手(22)上残余垃圾去除。In an embodiment of the invention, the garbage hand (22) is fixedly disposed on the vehicle body (1) for smashing the garbage on the filter plate (12) to the load-bearing filter plate (20). A cleaning mechanism (221) is provided at the garbage hand (22) for removing residual garbage from the garbage hand (22).
于本发明一实施例中,所述刺压刺压撕推装置(19)有若干套,每套刺压刺压撕推装置(19)均包括平移轨道(30)、平移驱动装置(300)、移动块(29)、刺针(24)、下压板(26),第一下压回弹机构(27)、第二下压回弹机构(28),所述移动块(29)与所述平移驱动装置(300)连接,所述刺针(24)、下压板分别与所述移动块(29)通过第一下压回弹机构(27)、第二下压回弹机构(28)活动连接,所述移动块可延所述平移轨道(30)来回移动,所述平移轨道(30)固定设置在所述车体(10)上,所述第一下压回弹机构和第二下压回弹机构均与所述移动块相连接,所述第一下压回弹机构与所述刺针(24)相配合,所述第二下压回弹机构与所述下压板相配合。In an embodiment of the invention, the puncturing and puncturing device (19) has a plurality of sleeves, and each set of puncturing and puncturing device (19) includes a translation rail (30) and a translation driving device (300). a moving block (29), a lancet (24), a lower pressing plate (26), a first pressing and rebounding mechanism (27), a second pressing and rebounding mechanism (28), the moving block (29) and the The translation driving device (300) is connected, and the lancet (24) and the lower pressing plate are respectively movably connected to the moving block (29) through the first pressing and rebounding mechanism (27) and the second pressing and rebounding mechanism (28). The moving block can extend the translational track (30) to move back and forth, the translational track (30) is fixedly disposed on the vehicle body (10), the first pressing and rebounding mechanism and the second pressing The rebounding mechanism is connected to the moving block, the first pressing and rebounding mechanism cooperates with the lancet (24), and the second pressing and rebounding mechanism cooperates with the lower pressing plate.
于本发明一实施例中,所述刺针(24)上端设有横梁(25),所述刺针(24)与所述横梁(25)固定连接,所述刺针(24)通过所述横梁(25)连接至所述移动块(29),所述横梁(25)与所述第一下压回弹机构相连接;所述横梁(25)下方设有下压板(26),所述刺针(24)穿过所述下压板(26),所述下压板(26)与所述第二下压回弹机构相连接。In an embodiment of the invention, the upper end of the lancet (24) is provided with a beam (25), the lancet (24) is fixedly connected with the beam (25), and the lancet (24) passes through the beam (25) Connected to the moving block (29), the beam (25) is connected to the first pressing and rebounding mechanism; below the beam (25) is provided a lower pressing plate (26), the needle (24) Passing through the lower pressing plate (26), the lower pressing plate (26) is connected to the second pressing and rebounding mechanism.
于本发明一实施例中,第一下压回弹机构(27)包括第一下压动力装置(271)、第一回弹装置(272),所述第一下压动力装置与所述横梁固定连接,所述第一回弹装置的一端与所述横梁固定连接,另一端与所述移动块(29)固定连接;所述第二下压回弹机构(28)包括第二下压动力装置(281)、第二回弹装置(282),所述第二下压动力装置与所述下压 板固定连接,所述第二回弹装置的一端与所述下压板固定连接,另一端与所述横梁固定连接;所述第一下压动力装置和第二下压动力装置均与所述移动块固定连接。In an embodiment of the invention, the first pressing and rebounding mechanism (27) includes a first pressing power device (271), a first rebounding device (272), the first pressing power device and the beam a fixed connection, one end of the first rebound device is fixedly connected to the beam, and the other end is fixedly connected with the moving block (29); the second pressing and rebounding mechanism (28) includes a second pressing force The device (281) and the second rebounding device (282) are fixedly connected to the lower pressing plate, and one end of the second rebounding device is fixedly connected to the lower pressing plate, and the other end is The beam is fixedly connected; the first pressing power device and the second pressing power device are both fixedly connected to the moving block.
于本发明一实施例中,所述进料斗(4)上方设有大盖板(15),所述大盖板(15)上设有小盖板(16),所述小盖板(16)与大盖板(15)活动连接。In an embodiment of the invention, a large cover plate (15) is disposed above the feeding hopper (4), and a small cover plate (16) is disposed on the large cover plate (15), and the small cover plate ( 16) Connected to the large cover (15).
于本发明一实施例中,所述进料斗(4)上设有第一轨道(17),所述大盖板(15)沿所述第一轨道(17)运动;所述大盖板(15)上设有第二轨道(23),所述小盖板(16)沿所述第二轨道(23)运动。In an embodiment of the invention, the feeding hopper (4) is provided with a first rail (17), and the large cover plate (15) moves along the first rail (17); A second track (23) is provided on the (15), and the small cover (16) moves along the second track (23).
于本发明一实施例中,所述推出装置(34)设置在两个挡板(33)之间的推出箱(6)的侧壁上,所述开合门(35)外侧下方设有接收箱(36)。In an embodiment of the invention, the ejection device (34) is disposed on a side wall of the ejection box (6) between the two baffles (33), and the opening and closing (35) is provided under the outer side of the opening and closing door (35). Box (36).
于本发明一实施例中,所述切段装置(37)包括压切机构(45)、自动回位机构(44),所述压切机构(45)设置在切段箱(8)顶部,所述自动回位机构与所述压切机构相配合,所述压切机构(45)上设有横向切刀(46)和若干把纵向切刀(47)。In an embodiment of the invention, the cutting device (37) includes a press cutting mechanism (45) and an automatic return mechanism (44), and the press cutting mechanism (45) is disposed at the top of the segment box (8). The automatic return mechanism cooperates with the press cutting mechanism, and the press cutting mechanism (45) is provided with a transverse cutter (46) and a plurality of longitudinal cutters (47).
于本发明一实施例中,所述前推装置(38)包括前推板(48),所述前推板安装在所述车体上,所述前推板(48)将切段后的垃圾推至所述传送带箱(9)。In an embodiment of the invention, the thrust forward device (38) includes a front push plate (48), the front push plate is mounted on the vehicle body, and the front push plate (48) will be cut after the segment The garbage is pushed to the conveyor belt box (9).
于本发明一实施例中,所述工作层位于车体内空间的中间层位置,所述工作层的上方和下方均为储物层,所述储物层设有输送装置(101),所述输送装置与所述升降平台(11)相配合,用于将分类后的垃圾运输至所述储物层。In an embodiment of the invention, the working layer is located at an intermediate layer position in the vehicle body space, and the working layer is a storage layer above and below, and the storage layer is provided with a conveying device (101), A conveyor device cooperates with the lifting platform (11) for transporting the sorted refuse to the storage layer.
于本发明一实施例中,所述进料斗(4)的内侧壁上设有升降装置500,所述升降装置500包括升降轨道(53)、翻料手(54),所述翻料手(54)沿所述升降轨道(53)可上下运动,所述升降轨道(53)设在所述进料斗(4)的内壁上,所述翻料手(54)可折起。In an embodiment of the invention, the inner side wall of the feeding hopper (4) is provided with a lifting device 500, and the lifting device 500 comprises a lifting rail (53) and a turning hand (54), the turning hand (54) Up and down movement along the lifting rail (53), the lifting rail (53) is provided on the inner wall of the feeding hopper (4), and the turning hand (54) can be folded up.
于本发明一实施例中,所述的翻料手(54)包括座板(55)、翻料手指(59)、第一动力装置(57),所述翻料手指(59)与所述座板(55)固定连接,所述座板(55)与升降轨道(53)滑动连接,所述第一动力装置(57)用于驱动所述座板(55),所述第一动力装置(57)设于所述进料斗(4)的内壁。In an embodiment of the invention, the turning hand (54) includes a seat plate (55), a turning finger (59), a first power unit (57), the turning finger (59) and the The seat plate (55) is fixedly connected, the seat plate (55) is slidably connected to the lifting rail (53), and the first power device (57) is used for driving the seat plate (55), the first power device (57) is provided on the inner wall of the feed hopper (4).
于本发明一实施例中,在所述座板(55)沿车宽方向的一侧设有第二动力装置(60),所述第二动力装置(60)与所述底板固定连接,所述第二动力装置(60)用于将所述翻料手指(59)折起。所述翻料手指(59)与所述第二动力装置(60)的折起轴600固定连接,所述翻料手指有若干个,若干个翻料手指分别运动。In an embodiment of the present invention, a second power device (60) is disposed on a side of the seat plate (55) along the vehicle width direction, and the second power device (60) is fixedly connected to the bottom plate. The second power unit (60) is used to fold the turning finger (59). The turning finger (59) is fixedly connected to the folding shaft 600 of the second power device (60), and the turning fingers have a plurality of fingers, and the plurality of turning fingers move respectively.
于本发明一实施例中,所述车体(1)上设有通风口(64),所述通风口(64)一端连通所述车体(1)的工作层,另一端延伸至所述车体(1)的外部,所述通风口(64)内设 有净化装置(63)。所述净化装置为排风扇(631)和活性炭过滤层(632)。In an embodiment of the invention, the vehicle body (1) is provided with a vent (64), one end of the vent (64) communicates with the working layer of the vehicle body (1), and the other end extends to the On the outside of the vehicle body (1), a purifying device (63) is disposed in the vent (64). The purification device is an exhaust fan (631) and an activated carbon filter layer (632).
于本发明一实施例中,还包括中控室(62)、维修门(70)、电缆连接接口(80),所述中控室(62)内设有控制系统(600)、卫星定位装置(601)和无线通讯装置(602),所述卫星定位装置(601)和无线通讯装置(602)与所述控制系统(600)电连接,所述维修门(70)用于进入车体(1)内部,所述电缆连接接口(80)用于与垃圾分类车连接。In an embodiment of the invention, a central control room (62), a maintenance door (70), and a cable connection interface (80) are further included. The central control room (62) is provided with a control system (600) and a satellite positioning device (601). And a wireless communication device (602), the satellite positioning device (601) and the wireless communication device (602) are electrically connected to the control system (600), the maintenance door (70) is used to enter the vehicle body (1) Internally, the cable connection interface (80) is used to connect to a garbage sorter.
与现有技术相比,本发明可以将垃圾进行包括垃圾废液滤(压)干,垃圾袋刺破和撕裂,垃圾压实和称重,大块垃圾推出、垃圾切段等前处理,前处理后的垃圾即可被传送至如垃圾分类车中进行处理,同时,还可将垃圾分类车形成的分类产品包括箱和包存储在储物层中,实现了垃圾的前端处置和储运功能。因此,本发明在垃圾的装车地就可完成垃圾的前端处置和储运功能,并具有可以实时掌握垃圾处理车位置和处理情况信息等优点。Compared with the prior art, the invention can carry out the garbage disposal including the waste waste liquid filtration (pressure), the garbage bag puncture and tear, the garbage compaction and weighing, the large garbage introduction, the garbage cutting and the like, and the like. The pre-treated garbage can be transferred to a garbage sorting vehicle for processing. At the same time, the classified products formed by the garbage sorting vehicle, including the box and the bag, can be stored in the storage layer, and the front end disposal, storage and transportation of the garbage can be realized. Features. Therefore, the present invention can complete the front-end disposal, storage and transportation functions of the garbage in the loading place of the garbage, and has the advantages of real-time grasping the position and processing information of the garbage disposal vehicle.
附图说明DRAWINGS
图1是本发明的侧视剖视图。BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Figure 1 is a side cross-sectional view of the present invention.
图2是图1的A-A剖视图。Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view taken along line A-A of Fig. 1;
图3是本发明切段装置的结构示意图。Figure 3 is a schematic view showing the structure of the cutting device of the present invention.
图4是图1推出箱的B-B视图。Figure 4 is a B-B view of the ejection box of Figure 1.
图5是本发明大盖板和小盖板连接进料斗的结构示意图。Figure 5 is a schematic view showing the structure of the large cover and the small cover of the present invention connected to the hopper.
图6是本发明刺压撕推装置的结构示意图。Figure 6 is a schematic view showing the structure of the puncture and tearing device of the present invention.
图7是本发明翻料手的俯视图。Figure 7 is a top plan view of the turning hand of the present invention.
图8是本发明翻料手的侧视图。Figure 8 is a side elevational view of the flipper of the present invention.
附图中的标记为:1-车体,2-后端,3-前端,111-储物层,4-进料斗,5-锥撕箱,6-推出箱,7-称重箱,8-切段箱,9-传送带箱,90-出料口,10-储包框,101-输送装置,11-升降平台,12-滤板,15-大盖板,16-小盖板,17-第一轨道,19-刺压撕推装置,20-承重滤板,21-椭圆形轨道,22-垃圾拨手,221-清理机构,23-第二轨道,24刺针,25-横梁,26-下压板,27-第一下压回弹机构,271-第一下压动力装置,272-第一回弹装置,28-第二下压回弹机构,281-第二下压动力装,282-第二回弹装置,29-移动块,30-平移轨道,300-平移驱动装置;31-影像监视器,32-运输带,33-挡板,34-推出装置,35-开合门,36-接收箱,37-切段装置,38-前推装置,44-自动回位机构,45-压切机构,46-横向切刀,47-纵向切刀,48-前推板,50-三角形轨道,51-集液器,52-气压杆,500-升降装置,53-升降轨道,54-翻料手,55-座板,56-支架,57-第一动力装置,59-翻料手指,60-第二动力装置,600-折起轴,61-轴座,62-中控室,63-净化装置,631-排风扇,632-活性炭过 滤层,64-通风口,66-储物箱,70-维修门,80-电缆连接接口,600-控制系统,601-卫星定位装置,602-无线通讯装置。The markings in the drawings are: 1-car body, 2-back end, 3-front end, 111-storage layer, 4-feed hopper, 5-cone tear box, 6-outlet box, 7-weighing box, 8 - cut section box, 9-belt box, 90-discharge port, 10-packing frame, 101-conveyor, 11-lifting platform, 12-filter plate, 15-large cover, 16-small cover, 17 - first track, 19-puncture tearing device, 20-load-bearing filter plate, 21-oval track, 22-garbage picker, 221-cleaning mechanism, 23-second track, 24 needle, 25-beam, 26 - lower pressing plate, 27 - first pressing and rebounding mechanism, 271 - first pressing power device, 272 - first rebounding device, 28 - second pressing and rebounding mechanism, 281 - second pressing power loading, 282-second rebound device, 29-moving block, 30-translation track, 300-translation drive; 31-image monitor, 32-transport belt, 33-baffle, 34-pull device, 35-opening door , 36-receiving box, 37-cutting device, 38-pushing device, 44-automatic returning mechanism, 45-pressure cutting mechanism, 46-transverse cutter, 47-longitudinal cutter, 48-front pusher, 50 -Triangle track, 51-sump, 52-pneumatic rod, 500-lift, 53-lifting track, 54-turning hand, 55 - seat plate, 56-bracket, 57-first power unit, 59-turning finger, 60-second power unit, 600-folding shaft, 61-shaft seat, 62-central control room, 63-purification device, 631 - Exhaust fan, 632-activated carbon filter, 64-vent, 66-storage box, 70-service door, 80-cable connection, 600-control system, 601-satellite positioning device, 602-wireless communication device.
具体实施方式Detailed ways
下面结合附图和实施例对本发明作进一步的说明,但并不作为对本发明限制的依据。The invention is further illustrated by the following figures and embodiments, but is not to be construed as limiting the invention.
一种城乡生活垃圾处理伺服车,如图1、图2、图3、图4和图5所示,包括全封闭的车体1,车体1内的工作层100从后端2到前端3依次设有连通的进料斗4、锥撕箱5、推出箱6、称重箱7、切段箱8和带有出料口90的传送带箱9;本实施例中车体1内可设三层,其中上下大部分为储物层111,中间为工作层100。所述储物层111上设有储包框10。所述车体1还包括一个带有显示屏和控制系统600的中控室62,用于对各工序进行监视和控制。所述中控室62内还设有卫星定位装置601和无线通讯装置装置602。车体1上还设有维修门70、电缆连接接口80,所述维修门70用于进入车体1内部,所述电缆连接接口80用于与垃圾分类车相连接,实现联机(车)工作。An urban and rural domestic garbage processing servo vehicle, as shown in FIG. 1 , FIG. 2 , FIG. 3 , FIG. 4 and FIG. 5 , includes a fully enclosed vehicle body 1 , and a working layer 100 in the vehicle body 1 is from a rear end 2 to a front end 3 . The feeding hopper 4, the cone tearing box 5, the pushing box 6, the weighing box 7, the cutting box 8 and the conveyor belt box 9 with the discharging port 90 are provided in this order; in the embodiment, the vehicle body 1 can be provided with three The layer, wherein the upper and lower portions are mostly the storage layer 111, and the middle is the working layer 100. A storage box 10 is disposed on the storage layer 111. The vehicle body 1 also includes a central control room 62 with a display screen and control system 600 for monitoring and controlling the various processes. A satellite positioning device 601 and a wireless communication device device 602 are also disposed in the central control room 62. The vehicle body 1 is further provided with a maintenance door 70 and a cable connection interface 80 for entering the interior of the vehicle body 1. The cable connection interface 80 is used for connecting with the garbage sorting vehicle to realize online (vehicle) work. .
在所述进料斗4沿车宽方向的一侧设有升降平台11,升降平台11设有由升降装置、倾倒和移动装置,所述升降平台11用于升降和倾倒垃圾桶,以及升降和输运分类后的垃圾至所述储物层111的储包框10中。所述储物层111设有输送装置101,所述输送装置101与所述升降平台11相配合,用于将分类后的垃圾运输至所述储物层111中储放。所述输送装置101包括沿车长方向移动的前后移动部和沿车宽方向移动的左右移动部两部分组成;前后移动部包括滚筒式传送带及其间的顶升装置,滚筒式传送带相接于升降机的升降托板上的移动装置。所述左右移动部为传送带装置。A lifting platform 11 is disposed on a side of the feeding hopper 4 in the vehicle width direction, and the lifting platform 11 is provided with lifting devices, a dumping and moving device, the lifting platform 11 is used for lifting and dumping the trash can, and lifting and lowering The classified garbage is transported to the storage box 10 of the storage layer 111. The storage layer 111 is provided with a conveying device 101, which cooperates with the lifting platform 11 for transporting the classified garbage into the storage layer 111 for storage. The conveying device 101 comprises a front and rear moving portion that moves in the vehicle length direction and a left and right moving portion that moves in the vehicle width direction. The front and rear moving portions include a drum conveyor belt and a jacking device therebetween, and the drum conveyor belt is connected to the elevator. Mobile device on the lift pallet. The left and right moving parts are conveyor belt devices.
所述进料斗4上方设有大盖板15和小盖板16,大盖板15由电机驱动且滑动连接在设置于进料斗4上的第一轨道17上。所述大盖板15靠升降平台的一侧设有与大盖板15嵌合的小盖板16,小盖板16也通过电机驱动并通过大盖板15上的第二轨道23连接于大盖板15。Above the feed hopper 4, a large cover plate 15 and a small cover plate 16 are provided. The large cover plate 15 is driven by a motor and slidably connected to a first rail 17 provided on the feed hopper 4. The large cover plate 15 is provided with a small cover plate 16 fitted to the large cover plate 15 on one side of the lifting platform, and the small cover plate 16 is also driven by the motor and connected to the large through the second track 23 on the large cover plate 15. Cover plate 15.
如图7和图8所示,所述进料斗4的前内壁上设有升降装置500,所述升降装置500包括气缸式升降轨道53,升降轨道53通过支架56连接进料斗4壁上,升降装置500上设有可折叠的翻料手54。所述的翻料手54包括与升降轨道53连接的竖向的座板55,座板55上设有和座板55连接的第一动力装置57,本实施例中,所述第一动力装置57包括电机,电机57通过传动机构58连接于进料斗4的前侧壁。本实施例中,所述传动机构58为齿轮和齿条。在其它实施例中,第一动力装置57还可以是气缸或液压机构。所述座板55靠近车体1后端2的一侧设有三根翻料手指59,在座板55沿车宽方向的一侧设有第二 动力装置60,本实施例中,所述第二动力装置60也包括电机,该电机轴连接于折起轴600,所述折起轴600上还套装有连接座板55的轴座61,折起轴600串联所有翻料手指59。第一动力装置57的电机驱动所述翻料手54在进料斗中上下移动,所述第二动力装置60的电机驱动翻料手54上的翻料手指59转动,以此实现翻动进料斗4内的垃圾。As shown in FIG. 7 and FIG. 8, the front inner wall of the feed hopper 4 is provided with a lifting device 500, and the lifting device 500 includes a cylinder type lifting rail 53. The lifting rail 53 is connected to the wall of the feeding hopper 4 through the bracket 56. The lifting device 500 is provided with a foldable hand 54. The turning hand 54 includes a vertical seat plate 55 connected to the lifting rail 53. The seat plate 55 is provided with a first power unit 57 connected to the seat plate 55. In this embodiment, the first power unit 57 includes a motor that is coupled to the front side wall of the feed hopper 4 via a transmission mechanism 58. In this embodiment, the transmission mechanism 58 is a gear and a rack. In other embodiments, the first power unit 57 can also be a cylinder or hydraulic mechanism. The side of the seat plate 55 near the rear end 2 of the vehicle body 1 is provided with three turning fingers 59, and the second power device 60 is disposed on one side of the seat plate 55 in the vehicle width direction. In this embodiment, the second The power unit 60 also includes a motor shaft that is coupled to the folding shaft 600. The folding shaft 600 is also provided with a shaft seat 61 that connects the seat plate 55. The folding shaft 600 is connected in series with all of the turning fingers 59. The motor of the first power unit 57 drives the turning hand 54 to move up and down in the feeding hopper, and the motor of the second power unit 60 drives the turning finger 59 on the turning hand 54 to rotate, thereby realizing the turning feed. Garbage in bucket 4.
所述进料斗4的下方设有向锥撕箱5下斜的滤板12,垃圾通过滤板12滑入锥撕箱5。所述锥撕箱5内设有刺压撕推装置19,所述刺压撕推装置19的下方设有和滤板12连接的承重滤板20。所述进料斗4和锥撕箱5的连通处设有垃圾拨手22,所述垃圾拨手22用于将垃圾扒至所述锥撕箱5的承重滤板20上。所述垃圾拨手22沿椭圆形轨道21运动,椭圆形轨道21靠车体1的后端2处设有将垃圾拨手22上残余垃圾去除的清理机构221。本实施例中,所述清理机构221包括短指扒手。A filter plate 12 that is inclined downward toward the cone tear box 5 is disposed below the feed hopper 4, and the garbage is slid into the cone tear box 5 through the filter plate 12. A squeezing and tearing device 19 is disposed in the cone tearing box 5, and a load-bearing filter plate 20 connected to the filter plate 12 is disposed under the squeezing and tearing device 19. A communication hand 22 is provided at the communication between the feed hopper 4 and the cone tear box 5, and the garbage hand 22 is used to smash the garbage onto the load-bearing filter plate 20 of the cone tear box 5. The garbage hand 22 moves along the elliptical track 21, and the oval track 21 is provided with a cleaning mechanism 221 for removing the residual garbage on the garbage hand 22 from the rear end 2 of the vehicle body 1. In this embodiment, the cleaning mechanism 221 includes a short finger.
同时,在所述滤板12和承重滤板20的下方设有可转头的集液器51,所述滤板12和承重滤板20上均开设有孔,用于将垃圾中的废液滤出。所述集液器51上连接有气压杆52,所述气压杆52通过气缸装置驱动。进一步,在所述集液器51远端的下方还设有用于收集集液器51中废液的储物箱66。At the same time, under the filter plate 12 and the load-bearing filter plate 20, a liquid-collecting device 51 is provided, and the filter plate 12 and the load-bearing filter plate 20 are provided with holes for discharging waste liquid in the garbage. Filter out. A gas pressure rod 52 is connected to the liquid trap 51, and the gas pressure rod 52 is driven by a cylinder device. Further, a storage tank 66 for collecting the waste liquid in the accumulator 51 is further provided below the distal end of the liquid trap 51.
扒至所述锥撕箱5的承重滤板20上垃圾通过锥撕箱5中的刺压撕推装置19进行进一步处理,然后输送至推出箱6。所述刺压撕推装置19至少有两套,每套刺压撕推装置19均包括平移轨道30、平移驱动装置300、移动块29、一排刺针24、下压板26,第一下压回弹机构27、第二下压回弹机构28。所述移动块29与所述平移驱动装置300连接,本实施例中,所述平移驱动装置300为电机,电机驱动移动块29沿平移轨道30前后移动,所述平移轨道30固定设置在车体10内壁上。The rubbish on the load-bearing filter plate 20 of the taper box 5 is further processed by the puncture and tearing device 19 in the taper box 5 and then delivered to the ejection box 6. The puncturing and tearing device 19 has at least two sets, and each set of puncturing and tearing device 19 comprises a translation rail 30, a translation driving device 300, a moving block 29, a row of lancets 24, and a lower pressing plate 26, and the first pressing back The elastic mechanism 27 and the second pressing and rebounding mechanism 28. The moving block 29 is connected to the translation driving device 300. In the embodiment, the translation driving device 300 is a motor, and the motor driving moving block 29 moves back and forth along the translation rail 30. The translation rail 30 is fixedly disposed on the vehicle body. 10 on the inner wall.
所述刺针24、下压板26分别与所述移动块29通过第一下压回弹机构27、第二下压回弹机构28活动连接。每排刺针24上端固定连接有横梁25,横梁25下方设有下压板26,刺针24穿设在下压板26上。所述第一下压回弹机构27包括第一下压动力装置271、第一回弹装置272,本实施例中,所述第一下压动力装置271为气缸,所述第一下压动力装置271一端与所述移动块29固定连接,另一端与所述横梁25固定连接。所述第一回弹装置272为弹簧,所述第一回弹装置272的一端与所述横梁25固定连接,另一端与所述移动块29固定连接。The lancet 24 and the lower pressing plate 26 are movably connected to the moving block 29 by the first pressing and rebounding mechanism 27 and the second pressing and rebounding mechanism 28, respectively. A beam 25 is fixedly connected to the upper end of each row of the lancets 24, and a lower pressing plate 26 is disposed below the beam 25, and the lancet 24 is disposed on the lower platen 26. The first pressing force rebounding mechanism 27 includes a first pressing power device 271 and a first rebounding device 272. In the embodiment, the first pressing power device 271 is a cylinder, and the first pressing force is One end of the device 271 is fixedly connected to the moving block 29, and the other end is fixedly connected to the beam 25. The first rebound device 272 is a spring, and one end of the first rebound device 272 is fixedly connected to the beam 25, and the other end is fixedly connected to the moving block 29.
所述第二下压回弹机构28包括第二下压动力装置281、第二回弹装置282,本实施例中,所述第二下压动力装置281为气缸,所述第二下压动力装置281的一端与所述移动块29固定连接,另一端与所述下压板26固定连接。所述第二回弹装置282也为弹簧,所述 第二回弹装置282的一端与所述下压板26固定连接,另一端与所述横梁25固定连接。The second pressing force rebounding mechanism 28 includes a second pressing power device 281 and a second rebounding device 282. In this embodiment, the second pressing power device 281 is a cylinder, and the second pressing power is One end of the device 281 is fixedly connected to the moving block 29, and the other end is fixedly connected to the lower pressing plate 26. The second rebounding device 282 is also a spring, and one end of the second rebounding device 282 is fixedly connected to the lower pressing plate 26, and the other end is fixedly connected to the beam 25.
本实施例中,所述推出箱6的顶部设有影像监视器31,下部设有传送带32,传送带32上方的前后侧均设有可上下移动的挡板33,推出箱6的一侧壁上还设有推出装置34,用于将筛选出的垃圾推出工作层100。筛选出的垃圾通过开合门35输出至设在开合门35外侧下方的接收箱36中。所述开合门35位于推出装置34的推出方向上。而通过推出箱6进入到切段箱8的垃圾则要经过称重箱7进行称重,然后再在切段箱8中被分切成段。In this embodiment, the top of the ejection box 6 is provided with an image monitor 31, and the lower part is provided with a conveyor belt 32. The front and rear sides above the conveyor belt 32 are respectively provided with a baffle 33 movable up and down, and a side wall of the ejection box 6 is provided. A launching device 34 is also provided for pushing the screened trash out of the working layer 100. The sorted garbage is output through the opening and closing door 35 to the receiving box 36 provided below the outside of the opening and closing door 35. The opening and closing door 35 is located in the pushing direction of the pushing device 34. The garbage entering the cutting box 8 through the ejection box 6 is weighed by the weighing box 7, and then cut into segments in the cutting box 8.
所述切段箱8内设有切段装置37和前推装置38,两者均固定安装在所述车体上,前推装置38推动垃圾进入爬坡传动带箱9。所述切段装置37包括连接在切段箱8顶部的带有自动回位机构44的压切机构45,自动回位机构44为弹簧,所述压切机构45上安装有横向切刀46和若干把纵向切刀47。所述前推装置38包括位于纵向切刀47之间的若干前推板48,所述前推板48由电机驱动且沿位于切段箱37两侧壁上的三角形轨道50移动,将分段后的垃圾推送至传送带箱9。The segment box 8 is provided with a cutting device 37 and a front pushing device 38, both of which are fixedly mounted on the vehicle body, and the front pushing device 38 pushes the garbage into the climbing belt box 9. The cutting device 37 includes a press cutting mechanism 45 connected to the top of the segment box 8 with an automatic return mechanism 44. The automatic return mechanism 44 is a spring, and the cutting mechanism 45 is mounted with a transverse cutter 46 and A plurality of longitudinal cutters 47 are provided. The thrust forward device 38 includes a plurality of front push plates 48 between the longitudinal cutters 47 that are driven by the motor and that move along a triangular track 50 on both sidewalls of the segment box 37, which will be segmented. The post garbage is pushed to the conveyor belt box 9.
所述车体1上设有通风口64,如图6所示,通风口64位于传送带箱9处,将车体1的工作层100和车体1的外部进行连通。通风口64内设有净化装置63,本实施例中,净化装置63包括排风扇631和活性炭过滤层632。The vehicle body 1 is provided with a vent 64. As shown in FIG. 6, the vent 64 is located at the conveyor box 9, and communicates the working layer 100 of the vehicle body 1 with the outside of the vehicle body 1. A purifying device 63 is disposed in the vent 64. In the present embodiment, the purifying device 63 includes an exhaust fan 631 and an activated carbon filter layer 632.
工作时,日常的垃圾桶经过升降平台1运送到进料斗4的上方,将垃圾倾倒进进料斗2,翻料手54可以对进料斗内的垃圾翻动,以及垃圾经垃圾拨手27使得垃圾从进料斗2到达锥撕箱3中,刺压撕推装置4先对垃圾进行刺破然后压实和撕推完成后,将垃圾推送到推出箱6中;符合要求的垃圾通过挡板33与运输带32之间的间隙被运输带32送至称重箱7,较大块垃圾被挡板33挡住,可以通过推出装置34将极少数大块垃圾推到接收箱36;进入称重箱7的垃圾在传送带式称重完毕后送入切段箱8;进入切段箱8的垃圾经切段装置37切段后,前推装置38将垃圾推送进入爬坡状的传送带箱9,然后处理好的垃圾从传送带箱9的出料口90处输出,进入城市生活垃圾分类车中进行分类处理。分类车形成的压缩包和储物箱66经升降平台11转运至储物层111而进入储包框10内放置。During work, the daily garbage bin is transported to the top of the feed hopper 4 via the lifting platform 1, and the garbage is dumped into the feeding hopper 2, and the turning hand 54 can flip the garbage in the feeding hopper, and the garbage passes through the garbage hand 27 The garbage is caused to pass from the feeding hopper 2 to the cone tearing box 3, and the puncturing and tearing pushing device 4 first punctures the garbage and then compacts and tears and pushes the garbage, and then pushes the garbage into the ejection box 6; The gap between the plate 33 and the conveyor belt 32 is sent to the weighing box 7 by the conveyor belt 32, and the larger piece of garbage is blocked by the baffle 33, and a small amount of large pieces of garbage can be pushed to the receiving box 36 by the pushing device 34; The garbage of 7 is sent to the cutting box 8 after the belt type weighing is completed; after the garbage entering the cutting box 8 is cut by the cutting device 37, the front pushing device 38 pushes the garbage into the climbing belt box 9 and then The processed garbage is discharged from the discharge port 90 of the conveyor belt box 9 and is sorted into the municipal solid waste sorting vehicle. The compression pack and storage compartment 66 formed by the sorting vehicle are transported to the storage layer 111 via the lifting platform 11 and placed into the storage box 10.
本发明在垃圾的装车地就可完成垃圾的前端处置和储运功能,还具有对垃圾的称重的功能,不会产生费用结算不正确的问题。中控室62可以随时监视和控制整个伺服车的运行,还可以实时掌握垃圾处理车的位置和处理信息等信息。The invention can complete the front end disposal, storage and transportation function of the garbage in the loading place of the garbage, and also has the function of weighing the garbage, and does not cause the problem that the settlement of the fee is incorrect. The central control room 62 can monitor and control the operation of the entire servo vehicle at any time, and can also grasp the information of the position and processing information of the garbage disposal vehicle in real time.
上述具体实施例只是用来解释说明本发明,而非是对本发明进行限制,在本发明的宗旨和权利要求的保护范围内,对本发明做出的任何不付出创造性劳动的替换和改变,皆落入本发明专利的保护范围。The above-mentioned embodiments are only intended to explain the present invention, and are not intended to limit the invention, and all the substitutions and changes made to the present invention without creative work are within the scope of the invention and the scope of the claims. Into the scope of protection of the invention patent.

Claims (19)

  1. 一种生活垃圾处理伺服车,其特征在于,包括:A domestic garbage disposal service vehicle, characterized in that it comprises:
    车体(1),内设工作层(100)和至少一层储物层(111);a vehicle body (1) having a working layer (100) and at least one storage layer (111);
    进料斗(4),设有进料口(400),所述进料斗(4)下方设有滤板(12),所述滤板(12)从所述进料斗(4)延伸至下一个工位;a feed hopper (4) is provided with a feed port (400), and a filter plate (12) is disposed under the feed hopper (4), and the filter plate (12) extends from the feed hopper (4) To the next station;
    锥撕箱(5),设有刺压撕推装置(19),进料斗(4)和锥撕箱(5)的连通处设有垃圾拨手(22),所述垃圾拨手(22)用于将垃圾扒至所述锥撕箱(5);The cone tear box (5) is provided with a puncture and tearing device (19), and a garbage picker (22) is provided at the communication between the feed hopper (4) and the cone tear box (5), and the garbage picker (22) ) for smashing garbage into the cone tear box (5);
    推出箱(6),顶部设有影像监视器(31),底部设有传送带(32),传送带(32)前后的上方均设有可上下移动的挡板(33),两个挡板(33)之间设有推出装置(34),在所述推出装置(34)的推出方向上设有开合门(35);The box (6) is provided with an image monitor (31) at the top and a conveyor belt (32) at the bottom. The front and rear of the conveyor belt (32) are provided with a baffle (33) that can move up and down, and two baffles (33). Between the) is provided with a pushing device (34), in the direction of the ejection device (34) is provided with a opening and closing door (35);
    称重箱(7),用于对垃圾进行称重;Weighing box (7) for weighing waste;
    切段箱(8),内设有切段装置(37)和前推装置(38),所述切段装置(37)用于将垃圾切成段,所述前推装置(38)推动切段后的垃圾进入下一工序;The segment box (8) is provided with a cutting device (37) and a front pushing device (38) for cutting the garbage into segments, and the pushing device (38) pushes the cutting The garbage after the paragraph enters the next process;
    传送带箱(9),一端与所述前推装置(38)工序上衔接,所述传动带箱(9)的另一端为出料口(90);a conveyor belt box (9), one end is engaged with the front pushing device (38), the other end of the belt box (9) is a discharge port (90);
    储包框(10),位于所述储物层(111);以及a storage box (10) located at the storage layer (111);
    控制系统(600),与所述进料斗(4)、锥撕箱(5)、推出箱(6)、称重箱(7)、切段箱(8)和传送带箱(9)电连接;a control system (600) electrically connected to the feed hopper (4), the cone tear box (5), the push box (6), the weighing box (7), the cut box (8) and the conveyor belt box (9);
    其中,所述进料斗(4)、锥撕箱(5)、推出箱(6)、称重箱(7)、切段箱(8)和传送带箱(9)均设于工作层,并依次相连通。Wherein, the feeding hopper (4), the cone tearing box (5), the pushing box (6), the weighing box (7), the cutting box (8) and the conveyor belt box (9) are all disposed on the working layer, and in turn Connected.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的生活垃圾处理伺服车,其特征在于:所述进料斗(4)沿车宽方向的一侧设有升降平台(11),所述升降平台用于升降和倾倒垃圾桶,以及升降和输运分类后的垃圾包和箱至所述储物层的储包框(10)中。The domestic garbage disposal service vehicle according to claim 1, wherein the feeding hopper (4) is provided with a lifting platform (11) on one side in the vehicle width direction, and the lifting platform is used for lifting and dumping garbage. The tub, as well as the ascending and transporting classified garbage packs and boxes, into the storage box (10) of the storage layer.
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的生活垃圾处理伺服车,其特征在于:所述刺压撕推装置(19)的下方设有承重滤板(20),所述承重滤板(20)和滤板(12)相接。The domestic garbage disposal service vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that: under the puncture and tearing device (19), a load-bearing filter plate (20), the load-bearing filter plate (20) and a filter plate ( 12) Connected.
  4. 根据权利要求1所述的生活垃圾处理伺服车,其特征在于:所述滤板(12)和承重滤板(20)的下方设有可转头的集液器(51)。The domestic garbage disposal service vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that a filter (51) for turning the head is provided below the filter plate (12) and the load-bearing filter plate (20).
  5. 根据权利要求1所述的生活垃圾处理伺服车,其特征在于:所述垃圾拨手(22)固定设置在车体(1)上,用于将所述滤板(12)上的垃圾扒至所述承重滤板(20),所述垃圾拨手(22)处设有清理机构(221),用于将垃圾拨手(22)上残余垃圾去除。The domestic garbage disposal service vehicle according to claim 1, wherein the garbage hand (22) is fixedly disposed on the vehicle body (1) for smashing the garbage on the filter plate (12) The load-bearing filter plate (20) is provided with a cleaning mechanism (221) at the garbage hand (22) for removing residual garbage on the garbage hand (22).
  6. 根据权利要求1所述的生活垃圾处理伺服车,其特征在于:所述刺压撕推装置(19)有若干套,每套刺压撕推装置(19)均包括平移轨道(30)、平移驱动装置(300)、移动块(29)、刺针(24)、下压板(26),第一下压回弹机构(27)、第二下压回弹机构(28),所述移动块(29)与所述平移驱动装置(300)连接,所述刺针(24)、下压板分别与所述移动块(29)通过第一下压回弹机构(27)、第二下压回弹机构(28)活动连接,所述移动块可延所述平移轨道(30)来回移动,所述平移轨道(30)固定设置在所述车体(10)上,所述第一下压回弹机构和第二下压回弹机构均与所述移动块相连接,所述第一下压回弹机构与所述刺针(24)相配合,所述第二下压回弹机构与所述下压板相配合。The domestic garbage disposal service vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that: the puncture and tearing device (19) has a plurality of sets, and each set of puncture and tearing device (19) comprises a translational track (30) and a translation. a driving device (300), a moving block (29), a lancet (24), a lower pressing plate (26), a first pressing and rebounding mechanism (27), a second pressing and rebounding mechanism (28), and the moving block ( 29) connected to the translation driving device (300), the lancet (24) and the lower pressing plate respectively pass the first pressing and rebounding mechanism (27) and the second pressing and rebounding mechanism with the moving block (29) (28) an active connection, the moving block can extend the translational track (30) to move back and forth, the translational track (30) is fixedly disposed on the vehicle body (10), the first pressing and rebounding mechanism And the second pressing and rebounding mechanism is connected to the moving block, the first pressing and rebounding mechanism cooperates with the lancet (24), the second pressing and rebounding mechanism and the lower pressing plate Match.
  7. 根据权利要求6所述的生活垃圾处理伺服车,其特征在于:所述刺针(24)上端设有横梁(25),所述刺针(24)与所述横梁(25)固定连接,所述刺针(24)通过所述横梁(25)连接至所述移动块(29),所述横梁(25)与所述第一下压回弹机构相连接;所述横梁(25)下方设有下压板(26),所述刺针(24)穿过所述下压板(26),所述下压板(26)与所述第二下压回弹机构相连接。The domestic garbage disposal service vehicle according to claim 6, characterized in that: the upper end of the lancet (24) is provided with a beam (25), and the lancet (24) is fixedly connected with the beam (25), the lancet (24) connected to the moving block (29) by the beam (25), the beam (25) is connected to the first pressing and rebounding mechanism; and the lower pressing plate is arranged below the beam (25) (26), the lancet (24) passes through the lower pressing plate (26), and the lower pressing plate (26) is coupled to the second pressing and rebounding mechanism.
  8. 根据权利要求6所述的生活垃圾处理伺服车,其特征在于:第一下压回弹机构(27)包括第一下压动力装置(271)、第一回弹装置(272),所述第一下压动力装置与所述横梁固定连接,所述第一回弹装置的一端与所述横梁固定连接,另一端与所述移动块(29)固定连接;所述第二下压回弹机构(28)包括第二下压动力装置(281)、第二回弹装置(282),所述第二下压动力装置与所述下压板固定连接,所述第二回弹装置的一端与所述下压板固定连接,另一端与所述横梁固定连接;所述第一下压动力装置和第二下压动力装置均与所述移动块固定连接。The domestic garbage disposal service vehicle according to claim 6, wherein the first pressing and rebounding mechanism (27) comprises a first pressing power device (271) and a first rebounding device (272), wherein the a pressing force device is fixedly connected to the beam, one end of the first rebound device is fixedly connected to the beam, and the other end is fixedly connected with the moving block (29); the second pressing and rebounding mechanism is (28) comprising a second pressing power device (281) and a second rebounding device (282), wherein the second pressing power device is fixedly connected to the lower pressing plate, and one end of the second rebounding device The pressing plate is fixedly connected, and the other end is fixedly connected to the beam; the first pressing power device and the second pressing power device are both fixedly connected to the moving block.
  9. 根据权利要求1所述的生活垃圾处理伺服车,其特征在于:所述进料斗(4)上方设有大盖板(15),所述大盖板(15)靠升降平台(11)的一侧设有小盖板(16),所述小盖板(16)与大盖板(15)活动连接。The domestic garbage disposal service vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that: a large cover plate (15) is arranged above the feeding hopper (4), and the large cover plate (15) is supported by the lifting platform (11). A small cover (16) is provided on one side, and the small cover (16) is movably connected to the large cover (15).
  10. 根据权利要求9所述的生活垃圾处理伺服车,其特征在于:所述进料斗(4)上设有第一轨道(17),所述大盖板(15)沿所述第一轨道(17)运动;所述大盖板(15)上设有第二轨道(23),所述小盖板(16)沿所述第二轨道(23)运动。A domestic garbage disposal service vehicle according to claim 9, wherein said feed hopper (4) is provided with a first rail (17) along said first rail (15) 17) Movement; the large cover (15) is provided with a second track (23), and the small cover (16) moves along the second track (23).
  11. 根据权利要求1所述的生活垃圾处理伺服车,其特征在于:所述推出装置(34)设置在两个挡板(33)之间的推出箱(6)的侧壁上,所述开合门(35)外侧下方设有接收箱(36)。A domestic garbage disposal service vehicle according to claim 1, wherein said ejection means (34) is disposed on a side wall of the ejection box (6) between the two shutters (33), said opening and closing A receiving box (36) is provided below the outside of the door (35).
  12. 根据权利要求1所述的生活垃圾处理伺服车,其特征在于:所述切段装置(37)包括压切机构(45)、自动回位机构(44),所述压切机构(45)设置在切段箱(8)顶部,所述自动回位机构与所述第三下压机构相配合,所述压切机构(45)上设有横向切刀(46)和若干把纵向切刀(47)。A domestic garbage disposal service vehicle according to claim 1, wherein said cutting device (37) comprises a press cutting mechanism (45), an automatic return mechanism (44), and said press cutting mechanism (45) is provided. At the top of the segment box (8), the automatic return mechanism cooperates with the third pressing mechanism, and the pressure cutting mechanism (45) is provided with a transverse cutter (46) and a plurality of longitudinal cutters ( 47).
  13. 根据权利要求10所述的生活垃圾处理伺服车,其特征在于:所述前推装置(38)包括前推板(48),所述前推装置固定安装在所述车体上,所述前推板(48)将切段后的垃圾推至所述传送带箱(9)。A domestic garbage disposal service vehicle according to claim 10, wherein said thrusting device (38) includes a front push plate (48), and said front thrust device is fixedly mounted on said vehicle body, said front The push plate (48) pushes the cut waste to the conveyor belt box (9).
  14. 根据权利要求1所述的生活垃圾处理伺服车,其特征在于:所述工作层位于车体(1)内空间的中间层位置,所述工作层(100)的上方和下方均为储物层(111),所述储物层设有输送装置(101),所述输送装置与所述升降平台(11)相配合,用于将分类后的垃圾运输至所述储物层。The domestic garbage disposal service vehicle according to claim 1, wherein the working layer is located at an intermediate layer of the inner space of the vehicle body (1), and the storage layer is above and below the working layer (100). (111), the storage layer is provided with a conveying device (101), which cooperates with the lifting platform (11) for transporting the classified garbage to the storage layer.
  15. 根据权利要求1所述的生活垃圾处理伺服车,其特征在于:所述进料斗(4)的内侧壁上设有升降装置500,所述升降装置500包括升降轨道(53)、翻料手(54),所述翻料手(54)沿所述升降轨道(53)可上下运动,所述升降轨道(53)设在所述进料斗(4)的内壁上,所述翻料手(54)可折起。The domestic garbage disposal service vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that: the inner side wall of the feeding hopper (4) is provided with a lifting device 500, and the lifting device 500 comprises a lifting rail (53) and a turning hand. (54), the turning hand (54) is movable up and down along the lifting rail (53), and the lifting rail (53) is disposed on an inner wall of the feeding hopper (4), the turning hand (54) Foldable.
  16. 根据权利要求15所述的生活垃圾处理伺服车,其特征在于:所述的翻料手(54)包括座板(55)、翻料手指(59)、第一动力装置(57),所述翻料手指(59)与所述座板(55)固定连接,所述座板(55)与升降轨道(53)滑动连接,所述第一动力装置(57)用于驱动所述座板(55),所述第一动力装置(57)设于所述进料斗(4)的内壁。The domestic garbage disposal service vehicle according to claim 15, wherein said turning hand (54) comprises a seat plate (55), a turning finger (59), and a first power unit (57), A flipping finger (59) is fixedly coupled to the seat panel (55), the seat panel (55) is slidably coupled to the lifting rail (53), and the first power unit (57) is configured to drive the seat panel ( 55) The first power unit (57) is disposed on an inner wall of the feed hopper (4).
  17. 根据权利要求16所述的生活垃圾处理伺服车,其特征在于:在所述座板(55)沿 车宽方向的一侧设有第二动力装置(60),所述第二动力装置(60)与所述底板固定连接,所述第二动力装置(60)用于将所述翻料手指(59)折起。The domestic garbage disposal service vehicle according to claim 16, wherein a second power unit (60) is provided on a side of the seat plate (55) in the vehicle width direction, and the second power unit (60) ) is fixedly coupled to the base plate, and the second power unit (60) is for folding the turning finger (59).
  18. 根据权利要求1所述的生活垃圾处理伺服车,其特征在于:所述车体(1)上设有通风口(64),所述通风口(64)一端连通所述车体(1)的工作层,另一端延伸至所述车体(1)的外部,所述通风口(64)内设有净化装置(63)。The domestic garbage disposal service vehicle according to claim 1, wherein the vehicle body (1) is provided with a vent (64), and one end of the vent (64) communicates with the vehicle body (1). The working layer has the other end extending to the outside of the vehicle body (1), and a cleaning device (63) is disposed in the vent (64).
  19. 根据权利要求1所述的生活垃圾处理伺服车,其特征在于:还包括中控室(62)、维修门(70)、电缆连接接口(80),所述中控室(62)内设有控制系统(600)、卫星定位装置(601)和无线通讯装置(602),所述卫星定位装置(601)和无线通讯装置(602)与所述控制系统(600)电连接,所述维修门(70)用于进入车体(1)内部,所述电缆连接接口(80)用于与垃圾分类车相连接。The domestic garbage disposal service vehicle according to claim 1, further comprising a central control room (62), a maintenance door (70), a cable connection interface (80), and a control system in the central control room (62) (600), a satellite positioning device (601) and a wireless communication device (602), the satellite positioning device (601) and the wireless communication device (602) being electrically connected to the control system (600), the maintenance door (70) ) for accessing the interior of the vehicle body (1), the cable connection interface (80) for connecting to the garbage sorting vehicle.
PCT/CN2018/082796 2017-08-08 2018-04-12 Domestic garbage processing servo vehicle WO2019029181A1 (en)

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CN107309252A (en) * 2017-08-08 2017-11-03 信照亮 A kind of urban and rural domestic refuse handles servo car
CN207170491U (en) * 2017-08-08 2018-04-03 信照亮 A kind of urban and rural domestic refuse handles servo car

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CN107309252A (en) * 2017-08-08 2017-11-03 信照亮 A kind of urban and rural domestic refuse handles servo car
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