WO2019008048A1 - A foetal eeg probe - Google Patents

A foetal eeg probe Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2019008048A1
WO2019008048A1 PCT/EP2018/068111 EP2018068111W WO2019008048A1 WO 2019008048 A1 WO2019008048 A1 WO 2019008048A1 EP 2018068111 W EP2018068111 W EP 2018068111W WO 2019008048 A1 WO2019008048 A1 WO 2019008048A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
probe
eeg
fingers
foetal
electroencephalogram
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/EP2018/068111
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
James Roche
Original Assignee
Incereb Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to GBGB1710749.1A priority Critical patent/GB201710749D0/en
Priority to GB1710749.1 priority
Application filed by Incereb Ltd filed Critical Incereb Ltd
Publication of WO2019008048A1 publication Critical patent/WO2019008048A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/68Arrangements of detecting, measuring or recording means, e.g. sensors, in relation to patient
    • A61B5/6801Arrangements of detecting, measuring or recording means, e.g. sensors, in relation to patient specially adapted to be attached to or worn on the body surface
    • A61B5/683Means for maintaining contact with the body
    • A61B5/6839Anchoring means, e.g. barbs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/04Measuring bioelectric signals of the body or parts thereof
    • A61B5/0402Electrocardiography, i.e. ECG
    • A61B5/0444Foetal cardiography
    • A61B5/0448Electrodes specially adapted therefor, e.g. scalp electrodes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/04Measuring bioelectric signals of the body or parts thereof
    • A61B5/0476Electroencephalography
    • A61B5/0478Electrodes specially adapted therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/43Detecting, measuring or recording for evaluating the reproductive systems
    • A61B5/4306Detecting, measuring or recording for evaluating the reproductive systems for evaluating the female reproductive systems, e.g. gynaecological evaluations
    • A61B5/4343Pregnancy and labour monitoring, e.g. for labour onset detection
    • A61B5/4362Assessing foetal parameters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B2503/00Evaluating a particular growth phase or type of persons or animals
    • A61B2503/02Foetus
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B2562/00Details of sensors; Constructional details of sensor housings or probes; Accessories for sensors
    • A61B2562/04Arrangements of multiple sensors of the same type
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/68Arrangements of detecting, measuring or recording means, e.g. sensors, in relation to patient
    • A61B5/6801Arrangements of detecting, measuring or recording means, e.g. sensors, in relation to patient specially adapted to be attached to or worn on the body surface
    • A61B5/683Means for maintaining contact with the body
    • A61B5/6835Supports or holders, e.g., articulated arms

Abstract

A foetal electroencephalogram (EEG) probe comprising a delivery tube defining a lumen and an array of fingers displaceable between a collapsed state at least partially housed within the lumen and an expanded state in which the array of fingers are at least partially displaced out of a free end of the delivery tube. The tip of each finger of the probe comprising an electrode.

Description

A foetal EEG probe

Field of the invention

The present invention relates to a foetal electroencephalogram (EEG) probe incorporating an electrode array and a method of introducing same to the scalp of an infant while the mother is in labour and prior to delivery.

Background of the invention

Currently, oxygen deprivation or distress in an infant during birth can be monitored by attaching a scalp electrode to the head of the infant. This electrode is used to measure the infant heart rate, known as an electrocardiograph (ECG). This electrode is typically a single bipolar electrode which clips through the skin, or is screwed into the scalp by the clinician.

This type of device can only record infant ECG, the anode and cathode of the electrode not being sufficiently far apart to allow for electroencephalograph (EEG) recordings to allow monitoring of brain function. In order to facilitate EEG recordings multiple electrodes would have to be applied by the clinician sufficiently far apart to allow such recordings, and in particular three electrodes including a positive electrode, a negative electrode and a common/ground electrode with sufficient inter electrode distance to record EEG activity would be a minimum technical requirement to record a single channel of bipolar EEG.

It is known to provide multiple insertions of clip or screw electrodes for foetal ECG monitoring. The known systems break the skin to a depth of 2-3mm in order to attach to the scalp of the infant. As a result such electrodes represent an infection control risk, and are know to leave scarring on the head. The known systems all comprise basic bipolar electrodes for recording ECG only. Several such electrodes would be required, sufficiently spaced apart, in order to record EEG activity. These electrodes would be difficult to insert by the clinician, and their position on the head would be by estimated placement only. It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide an alternative electrode based device which can be inserted vaginally by the clinician, and on reaching the head of the infant, deploy an array of electrodes which grip the skin. The electrodes are sufficiently spread to allow for EEG recording between the electrodes once the device is connected to suitable recording apparatus. It is a further object of the present invention to provide an alternative electrode based device which will not break the skin, but rather grip the skin with sufficient force to break through the nonconducting outer layers of skin and debris without causing bleeding or skin breakage. The present invention allows multiple electrodes to be deployed simultaneously and quickly. The electrodes may break the skin superficially but are designed to 'dig in' gently. The mechanism would be spring loaded so that opposing tensions would force the electrode tips to grip the skin, breaking through the stratum corneum to conducting layers of skin, allowing for conduction, and also for adherence. The electrode based device is preferably connected to a suitable EEG recording apparatus and may also be used to record ECG less invasively to the infant than traditional foetal Scalp Electrodes. The electrode based device of the invention can provide a secure adherence to the scalp, with low electrode skin impedance, and is therefore able to record reliable physiological signals from the infant.

Summary of the invention

According to a first aspect of the present invention there is provided a foetal electroencephalogram (EEG) probe comprising a delivery tube defining a lumen; an array of fingers displaceable between a collapsed state at least partially housed within the lumen and an expanded state in which the array of fingers are at least partially displaced out of a free end of the delivery tube, a tip of each finger comprising an electrode.

Preferably, the array of fingers is biased towards the expanded state.

Preferably, the fingers are formed from a resiliently deformable material.

Preferably, the fingers are arranged in a substantially circular array. Preferably, the fingers each comprise a fixed end and a free end, the free ends being displaceable from a position in close proximity or contact with one another in the collapsed state to a position radially spaced from one another in the expanded state.

Preferably, the fixed ends remain stationary relative to one another as the fingers are displaced between the collapsed and expanded states.

Preferably, the individual fingers may be contoured or otherwise arranged to fan outwardly from one another when displaced out of the free end of the delivery tube, in order to allow the electrodes to be engaged against the scalp of an infant at suitably distributed locations. Preferably, the probe is spring loaded or otherwise biased to ensure that the individual electrodes effectively grip the scalp such as to remain in position during the necessary procedure.

Preferably, each tip has an off axis orientation to the respective finger.

Preferably, the number of electrodes is sufficient to facilitate the monitoring of at least two channels of EEG activity.

Preferably, the probe comprises a guide member slidably housed within the delivery tube and through which the electrodes pass.

Preferably, the probe comprises an actuator operable to displace the fingers in and out of the free end of the delivery tube. Preferably, the actuator comprises a manually operable carriage to which each of the fingers is connected at or adjacent the fixed end.

Preferably, the probe comprises an elongate hollow stem connecting the delivery tube to the actuator and through which the fingers extend.

Preferably, the actuator is removably mountable to the delivery tube.

Preferably, the system comprises a transmission element adapted to transmit electrical signals from the electrodes to a receiver.

Preferably, the transmission element comprises a cable extending from the actuator. Preferably, the cable comprises an electrically shielded multi-core cable. Preferably, the transmission element comprises an electrical connector. Preferably, the probe is electrically passive.

According to a second aspect of the present invention there is provided a method of attaching a foetal electroencephalogram (EEG) probe to the scalp of an infant in utero, the method comprising the steps of:

providing an array of fingers, in a collapsed state, at least partially within a delivery tube;

locating a free end of the delivery tube adjacent the scalp of the infant;

displacing the fingers at least partially out of the free end of the tube and into an expanded state; and engaging a tip of each finger against the scalp of the infant. Preferably, the method comprises displacing the fingers into the expanded state through resilient deformation of the fingers.

Preferably, the method comprises engaging the electrodes against the scalp of the infant without breaking the skin.

Preferably, the method comprises applying the electrodes against the scalp with sufficient force to provide the electrical conductivity necessary to facilitate EEG monitoring of the infant. Preferably, the method comprises achieving sufficient force to provide the electrical conductivity by means of the resilience of the fingers.

Preferably, the method comprises vaginal insertion of the probe. Preferably, the method comprises manually displacing the fingers out of the delivery tube and into the expanded state.

Brief description of the drawings

The present invention will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 illustrates a schematic representation of an EEG probe according to an embodiment of the invention, in which a delivery tube forming part of the probe is shown in section, and with an array of electrodes in an extended state;

Figure 2 illustrates a perspective view of the EEG probe shown in Figure 1 ;

Figure 3 illustrates the EEG probe of Figures 1 and 2 with the electrodes in a retracted state within the delivery tube, which is again shown in section;

Figure 4 illustrates a schematic representation of the EEG probe in which a delivery tube has been omitted and an actuator forming a handle of the probe is shown in section; Figure 5 illustrates a perspective view of a piston which in use is located within the delivery tube but is shown in isolation;

Figure 6 illustrates a side elevation of one of the electrodes in isolation; Figure 7 illustrates a perspective view of a carriage forming part of the probe of the invention; and Figure 8 illustrates the EEG probe of the present invention being advanced toward the head of an infant prior to delivery of the infant.

Detailed description of the drawings

Referring now to the accompanying drawings there is illustrated an electroencephalogram (EEG) probe, generally indicated as 10, for use in EEG monitoring of an infant in vivo. The probe 10 comprises a delivery tube 12 which defines an interior lumen 14 which extends axially along the length of the delivery tube 12, for receiving an array 16 of fingers 18 therein which are utilised, as hereinafter described, to contact the head of the infant to facilitate EEG monitoring. The delivery tube 12 may be formed from any suitable material, preferably a flexible material such as a polymer in order to allow the tube 12 to bend, deflect, or otherwise deform in order to facilitate the vaginal insertion of the tube 12, safely and with minimum discomfort, to reach the in utero infant. The probe 10 is adapted, as will be described hereinafter in detail, to enable the ends of the fingers 18 to be collapsed against and substantially parallel to one another, in which state the ends of the fingers 18 may be housed partially or wholly within the lumen 14 of the delivery tube 12 as illustrated in Figure 3. The surrounding delivery tube 12 thus acts to retain the fingers 18 in this collapsed state, in particular during the insertion phase of the probe 10. The probe 10 is further adapted to enable the fingers 18 to be at least partially displaced out of a first end 20 of the delivery tube 12, wherein the fingers 18 are displaced into an expanded state as illustrated in Figures 1 and 2. In this expanded state the free end of each of the fingers 18, as defined by a tip 22, are spaced or fanned outwardly from one another, such that the scalp of the infant may be gripped between the tips 22 as will be described in detail hereinafter. In the preferred embodiment illustrated the action of displacing the fingers 18 out of the first end 20 the delivery tube 12 effects the simultaneous displacement of the fingers 18 into the expanded state, and is preferably achieved by means of resilience and deformation of the fingers 18 as will be described. This process may however be performed in two stages, the first stage involving the displacement of the fingers 18 out of the delivery tube 12, and the second stage involving the splaying of the fingers 18 away from one another.

In the preferred embodiment illustrated the fingers 18 are at least partially formed from a resiliently deformable material, each finger 18 being shaped or oriented such as to be biased towards the expanded state, in which state the fingers 18 are preferably neutrally biased and will thus remain in this state in the absence of any external forces. As a result, as the fingers 18 are displaced from the collapsed state out of the first end 20 of the delivery tube 12, the fingers 18 will be simultaneously biased outwardly away from one another into the expanded state, effectively forming a claw which can then grip the scalp of the infant. However by enabling the fingers 18 to be placed in the collapsed state within the delivery tube 12 the probe 10 may be vaginally introduced and the fingers 18 only displaced into the expanded state once the probe 10 is adjacent the head of the infant. In the preferred embodiment illustrated each finger 18 includes an electrode as defined by the respective tip 22, the probe 10 preferably comprising at least three fingers 18 and thus at least three electrodes, in order to allow five channel EEG monitoring. It will of course be understood that the probe 10 may comprise a greater number of the fingers 18, for example 5 or more, with a corresponding increase in the number of channels available for EEG monitoring. The exact configuration of each of the fingers 18 is described in further detail hereinafter.

The tip 22 of each finger 18 is preferably at an off axis orientation with respect to a longitudinal axis of the respective finger 18, and preferably oriented towards a central longitudinal axis of the probe 10 or the array 16, when in the expanded state. In this way the tips 22 will provide the necessary opposing grip to maintain the tips 22 in contact with the scalp of the infant, while preferably establishing a contact impedance at the interface between the skin and the electrode tip 22 of less than 20KOhms, such as to allow EEG monitoring. The tips 22 may comprise a pointed, spaded, or otherwise contoured or comb shaped end, preferably such as to dissipate the gripping force on the scalp such as to avoid breaking the skin of the scalp. In an exemplary embodiment the fingers 18 comprise an electrically insulated length of steel wire, the tip 22 comprising an extension of wire of the finger 18 but without the electrical insulation thereon. The tips 22 may be suitably sharpened or shaped to superficially break the skin at all three contact points on the scalp of an infant in order to facilitate an accurate EEG reading.

Extending from a second end 24 of the delivery tube 12 is an elongate hollow shaft or stem 26 which connects the delivery tube 12 to an actuator in the form of a handle 28. The handle 28 is operable, preferably manually, to displace the fingers 18 relative to the delivery tube 12, such as to enable displacement of the fingers 18 from the first end 20 between the extended and retracted states. The handle 26 may take any suitable form, and the stem 26 may be reversibly mountable to the delivery tube 12 in order to allow the handle 28 and stem 26 to be disconnected once the electrode tips 22 have been secured in position on the scalp of the infant.

The fingers 18 each extend through the second end 24 of the delivery tube 12 and into the stem 26 from where they exit into the interior space defined by the hollow handle 28. Each of the fingers 18 is captured within a sliding carriage 30 which is reciprocally slidable in the handle 28 on two pairs of opposed tracks 32 which run in channels 34 formed in the carriage 30. The carriage 30, shown in isolation in Figure 7, comprises a button 36 which projects through the outer wall of the handle 28 and is therefore manually operable in order to slide the carriage 30 forward or backwards toward or away from the delivery tube 12. This action serves to displace the fingers 18 longitudinally through the stem 26 to displace the first free ends of the fingers 18, including tips 22, in and out of the delivery tube 12 as hereinbefore described in order to effect the expansion or collapse of the fingers 18 relative to one another. In order to provide an improved or smooth action to the extension and retraction of the fingers 18 relative to the delivery tube 12 the probe 10 preferably comprises a guide member in the form of a piston 38 which is slidably captured within the lumen 14 of the delivery tube 12 and through which each of the fingers 18 pass via a respective aperture 40 in the piston 38. The piston 38 is shown in isolation in Figure 5. The piston 38 preferably comprises a pair of keyways 39 which will run on corresponding keys (not shown) on the interior of the delivery tube 12. Each of the fingers 18 is suitably fixed to the piston 38, as hereinafter described, such that the piston 38 will move reciprocally within the delivery tube 12 as the fingers 18 are longitudinally displaced by the carriage 30 in the handle 28. The piston 38 serves to both retain the fingers 18 at the desired spatial orientation relative to one another in order to ensure the correct resilient deformation of the fingers 18 as they are displaced in and out of the first end 20 of the delivery tube 12, in addition to providing a guiding function to the longitudinal movement of the fingers 18 and ensuring a smooth action for this movement. Each of the apertures 40 initially comprise a circular cross section of substantially the same diameter as the fingers 18 on the side of the piston 38 facing the second end 24 of the delivery tube 12, before enlarging to have a radially extending slotted cross section on the side of the piston 38 facing the first end 20. This radially extending slot accommodates the deformation of each finger 18 as each finger 18 moves between the extended and retracted states. In the preferred embodiment illustrated each finger 18 comprises a kink, bend or shoulder 42 positioned to be located internally of the piston 38 at the transition in the aperture 40 between the slotted and circular cross sections, such that the shoulder 42 will prevent unwanted relative longitudinal movement between the piston 38 and the finger 18, thereby ensuring that the piston 38 and fingers 18 remain fixed relative to one another during extension and retraction of the fingers 18.

In order to prevent any unwanted rotational displacement of the fingers 18 during the longitudinal movement and corresponding deformation the first end 20 of the delivery tube 12 may be provided with a number of short slots 44 extending rearwardly from the free end 20 in the sidewall of the delivery tube 12 and into each of which a respective finger 18 is captured, thereby allowing the extension and retraction of the fingers 18 while preventing any rotational displacement thereof.

Referring now to Figure 6 one of the fingers 18 is shown in isolation from the probe 10. It can be seen that the finger 18 comprises a stepped section 46 which in use is located within a

corresponding respective socket 48 formed on a underside of the carriage 30 in order to provide an interlocking interface between the finger 18 and the carriage 30 which thus allows the carriage 30 to positively engage or grip the finger 18 to facilitate the longitudinal displacement of the finger 18 via the carriage 30. The fingers 18 may also be glued or otherwise additionally secured to the carriage 30. Each finger 18 extends a small distance beyond the stepped section 46 to a root 50 of the finger 18, at or adjacent which is electrically connected an individual core of multi-core cable 52, which is preferably a shielded cable, in order to facilitate connection of the probe 10 to EEG recording and display equipment (not shown). Thus each tip 22 is electrically connected to one of the cores of the cable 28. The cable 28 is preferably provided with a looping or otherwise extended path within the handle 28 in order to provide sufficient slack to accommodate the longitudinal displacement of the fingers 18. The cable 28 then exits the handle 28 and is preferably provided with an conventional electrical connector (not shown) at the opposed end thereof in order to permit reversible connection of the probe 10 to the above mentioned EEG recording display equipment, for example a conventional 1.5mm touch proof connector.

Thus in use the fingers 18 are withdrawn into the lumen 14 of the delivery tube 12, such as to be in the collapsed state. The delivery tube 12 is then vaginally or otherwise inserted until the first end 20 is located adjacent the scalp of the in utero infant, the handle 28 and stem 26 providing suitable reach to locate the delivery tube 12 at the requisite location. The handle 28 or functionally equivalent actuator is then operated in order to displace the fingers 18 out of the first end 20 of the delivery tube 12. This action simultaneously results in the resiliently deformable fingers 18 spreading or fanning outwardly away from one another in order to define a suitable space between the tips 22 into which the appropriate portion of the scalp of the infant may be contained. The probe 10 is then advanced until the array of tips 22 contact that portion of the scalp, as illustrated in Figure 8. At this point the handle 28 may be released to allow the tips 22 to lightly grip and preferably superficially break the skin on the scalp of the infant. As discussed above, the fingers 18 are preferably provided with a preformed shape or orientation which biases the fingers 18 radially outwardly away from one another to reach a stable or neutrally biased condition or configuration in the expanded state. If the fingers 18 are forced further outwardly beyond this state, for example by means of the further actuation of the carriage 30, the resilience of the fingers 18 would then act to bias the fingers 18 back towards one another to reach the above mentioned stable configuration or orientation. By opening the fingers 18 beyond the stable condition, advancing the tips 22 into position about the scalp, and releasing the expanding force being applied to the fingers 18, the fingers 18 will be biased back towards the stable configuration which bring the tips 22 into engagement with the scalp of the infant, thus gripping the scalp. This action will hold the probe 10 in position on the scalp of the infant and with sufficient force to establish the requisite electrical impedance between the tips 22 and the scalp, to allow EEG monitoring to be performed.

As this point the handle 28 and/or stem 26 may be removed from the probe 10 if required, depending on the configuration of the probe 10, and the cable 52 then connected by suitable means to the EEG monitoring and recording equipment. EEG and/or EKG monitoring may then be preformed for a desired period of time. Once the EEG/EKG monitoring has been completed the probe 10 is preferably disposed of.

It will thus be appreciated that the present invention provides a simple yet effective means of performing EEG monitoring of an infant in utero. The three electrodes defined by the fingers 18 and tips 22 make contact with the scalp of the infant simultaneously, rather than requiring three separate electrode insertions as required by prior art systems, while also being less invasive that traditional corkscrew or clip type electrodes.

The invention is not limited to the embodiment described herein but can be amended or modified without departing from the scope of the present invention.

Claims

CLAIMS:
1. A foetal electroencephalogram (EEG) probe comprising a delivery tube defining a lumen; an array of fingers displaceable between a collapsed state at least partially housed within the lumen and an expanded state in which the array of fingers are at least partially displaced out of a free end of the delivery tube, a tip of each finger comprising an electrode.
2. The foetal electroencephalogram (EEG) probe of claim 1 , wherein the array of fingers is biased towards the expanded state.
3. The foetal electroencephalogram (EEG) probe of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the fingers are formed from a resiliently deformable material
4. The foetal electroencephalogram (EEG) probe of any of claims 1 to 3, wherein the fingers are arranged in a substantially circular array.
5. The foetal electroencephalogram (EEG) probe of any of claims 1 to 4, wherein the fingers each comprise a fixed end and a free end, the free ends being displaceable from a position in close proximity or contact with one another in the collapsed state to a position radially spaced from one another in the expanded state.
6. The foetal electroencephalogram (EEG) probe of claim 5, wherein the fixed ends remain stationary relative to one another as the fingers are displaced between the collapsed and expanded states.
7. The foetal electroencephalogram (EEG) probe of claim 5 or claim 6, wherein the individual fingers may be contoured or otherwise arranged to fan outwardly from one another when displaced out of the free end of the delivery tube, in order to allow the electrodes to be engaged against the scalp of an infant at suitably distributed locations.
8. The foetal electroencephalogram (EEG) probe of any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the probe is spring loaded or otherwise biased to ensure that the individual electrodes effectively grip the scalp such as to remain in position during the necessary procedure.
9. The foetal electroencephalogram (EEG) probe of any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein each tip has an off axis orientation to the respective finger.
10. The foetal electroencephalogram (EEG) probe of any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein the number of electrodes is sufficient to facilitate the monitoring of at least two channels of EEG activity.
1 1. The foetal electroencephalogram (EEG) probe of any one of claims 1 to 10, wherein the probe comprises a guide member slidably housed within the delivery tube and through which the electrodes pass.
12. The foetal electroencephalogram (EEG) probe of claim 5 or any one of claims 6 to 1 1 when dependent on claim 5, wherein the probe comprises an actuator operable to displace the fingers in and out of the free end of the delivery tube.
13. The foetal electroencephalogram (EEG) probe of claim 12, wherein the actuator comprises a manually operable carriage to which each of the fingers is connected at or adjacent the fixed end.
14. The foetal electroencephalogram (EEG) probe of any one of claims 12 or 13, wherein the probe comprises an elongate hollow stem connecting the delivery tube to the actuator and through which the fingers extend.
15. The foetal electroencephalogram (EEG) probe of any one of claims 12 to14, wherein the actuator is removably mountable to the delivery tube.
16. The foetal electroencephalogram (EEG) probe of any one of claims 1 to 15, further
comprising a transmission element adapted to transmit electrical signals from the electrodes to a receiver.
17. The foetal electroencephalogram (EEG) probe of claim 16, wherein the transmission
element comprises a cable extending from the actuator.
18. The foetal electroencephalogram (EEG) probe of claim 17, wherein the cable comprises an electrically shielded multi-core cable.
19. The foetal electroencephalogram (EEG) probe of any one of claims 16 to 18, wherein the transmission element comprises an electrical connector.
20. The foetal electroencephalogram (EEG) probe of any one of claims 1 to 19, wherein the probe is electrically passive.
21. A method of attaching a foetal electroencephalogram (EEG) probe to the scalp of an infant in utero, the method comprising the steps of: providing an array of fingers, in a collapsed state, at least partially within a delivery tube; locating a free end of the delivery tube adjacent the scalp of the infant; displacing the fingers at least partially out of the free end of the tube and into an expanded state; and engaging a tip of each finger against the scalp of the infant.
22. The method of claim 21 , further comprising the step of displacing the fingers into the
expanded state through resilient deformation of the fingers.
23. The method of claim 21 or claim 22, further comprising the step of engaging the electrodes against the scalp of the infant without breaking the skin.
24. The method of any of claims 21 to 23, further comprising the step of applying the electrodes against the scalp with sufficient force to provide the electrical conductivity necessary to facilitate EEG monitoring of the infant.
25. The method of claim 24, further comprising the step of achieving sufficient force to provide the electrical conductivity by means of the resilience of the fingers.
26. The method of any of claims 21 to 25, further comprising the step of vaginal insertion of the probe.
27. The method of any of claims 21 to 26, further comprising the step of manually displacing the fingers out of the delivery tube and into the expanded state.
PCT/EP2018/068111 2017-07-04 2018-07-04 A foetal eeg probe WO2019008048A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GBGB1710749.1A GB201710749D0 (en) 2017-07-04 2017-07-04 A Foetal EEG Probe
GB1710749.1 2017-07-04

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2019008048A1 true WO2019008048A1 (en) 2019-01-10

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/EP2018/068111 WO2019008048A1 (en) 2017-07-04 2018-07-04 A foetal eeg probe

Country Status (2)

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GB (1) GB201710749D0 (en)
WO (1) WO2019008048A1 (en)

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040082842A1 (en) * 2002-10-28 2004-04-29 Lumba Vijay K. System for monitoring fetal status

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040082842A1 (en) * 2002-10-28 2004-04-29 Lumba Vijay K. System for monitoring fetal status

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
None

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