WO2018205868A1 - Charcoal hand warmer - Google Patents

Charcoal hand warmer Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2018205868A1
WO2018205868A1 PCT/CN2018/085222 CN2018085222W WO2018205868A1 WO 2018205868 A1 WO2018205868 A1 WO 2018205868A1 CN 2018085222 W CN2018085222 W CN 2018085222W WO 2018205868 A1 WO2018205868 A1 WO 2018205868A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
carbon block
transmission
gear
sleeve
block sleeve
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2018/085222
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
崔仁海
Original Assignee
崔仁海
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN201710320127.5A priority Critical patent/CN106940038A/en
Priority to CN201710320127.5 priority
Application filed by 崔仁海 filed Critical 崔仁海
Publication of WO2018205868A1 publication Critical patent/WO2018205868A1/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D15/00Other domestic- or space-heating systems
    • F24D15/02Other domestic- or space-heating systems consisting of self-contained heating units, e.g. storage heaters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D19/00Details
    • F24D19/10Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D2200/00Heat sources or energy sources
    • F24D2200/06Solid fuel fired boiler
    • F24D2200/065Wood fired boilers

Abstract

A charcoal hand warmer comprises a heat conduction housing (1) and a charcoal block sleeve (8, 13). The heat conduction housing (1) is an openable box and is provided with air vent holes (2). The charcoal block sleeve (8, 13) is fixed in the heat conduction housing (1), and a charcoal block (14) is located in the charcoal block sleeve (8, 13). The heat conduction housing (1) also comprises a drive mechanism and a transmission mechanism therein, and the drive mechanism drives the transmission mechanism to rotate. An opening is formed in the charcoal block sleeve (8, 13), and a charcoal block fixing clamp (15) is disposed in the charcoal block sleeve (8, 13). Movement of the charcoal block (14) in the charcoal block sleeve (8, 13) is implemented by means of the connection between the charcoal block fixing clamp (15) and the transmission mechanism. Because the opening is formed in the charcoal block sleeve (8, 13), the charcoal block (14) in the charcoal block sleeve (8, 13) is burnt only at the opening, and balanced heat is generated; the charcoal block (14) at the opening of the charcoal block sleeve (8, 13) is moved and uniformly burnt by driving the charcoal block fixing clamp (15) to move; and in addition, the temperature of the charcoal hand warmer can be controlled by adjusting the size or the movement speed of the charcoal block fixing clamp (15). The charcoal hand warmer has the characteristics of being simple in structure and convenient to carry outdoors.

Description

一种炭手炉Charcoal stove 技术领域Technical field
本发明属于取暖用品,具体涉及一种炭手炉。The invention belongs to a heating article, in particular to a carbon hand furnace.
背景技术Background technique
热宝或者手炉是冬季手部取暖常用的产品,绝大多数产品采用电加热或电蓄热加热,但无电源环境下如长时间户外活动或工作则此类产品难以应用。这种情况下炭加热取暖手炉成为优选产品,但已有的炭手炉产品,炭的燃烧过程是:从点燃点迅速引燃炭块整体外表面,然后炭块整体从外部向内部燃烧,这就会存在发热持续时间短,温差起伏较大,使用效果不佳的问题。The hot treasure or the hand oven is a common product for hand heating in winter. Most of the products are heated by electric heating or electric heat storage, but such products are difficult to apply if there is no power environment such as long-term outdoor activities or work. In this case, the charcoal heating and heating stove is the preferred product, but in the existing charcoal stove product, the carbon burning process is: quickly igniting the entire outer surface of the carbon block from the ignition point, and then the carbon block is entirely burned from the outside to the inside, which is There will be problems in that the duration of fever is short, the temperature difference fluctuates greatly, and the use effect is not good.
技术问题technical problem
炭的燃烧过程是:从点燃点迅速引燃整体外表面,然后整体从外部向内部燃烧,这就会存在发热持续时间短,温差起伏较大,使用效果不佳的问题。The combustion process of carbon is: quickly igniting the entire outer surface from the ignition point, and then burning from the outside to the inside as a whole, which has the problem that the heat generation duration is short, the temperature difference fluctuates greatly, and the use effect is not good.
技术解决方案Technical solution
本发明为克服上述缺陷,提供了一种适合户外活动长时间使用,且温度恒定的炭手炉。In order to overcome the above drawbacks, the present invention provides a carbon hand furnace suitable for long-term use in outdoor activities and having a constant temperature.
本发明采用的技术方案在于:一种炭手炉,包括:导热外壳和炭块套筒,所述导热外壳为可开合的盒体,在导热外壳上还设有空气流通孔,所述炭块套筒固定在导热外壳内,炭块位于炭块套筒内,导热外壳内还包括驱动机构和传动机构,所述传动机构由多个相互啮合的单个齿轮构成,所述驱动机构带动传动机构转动,在炭块套筒上设有开口,在炭块套筒内还设有炭块固定夹具,连接轴穿过炭块套筒与位于炭块套筒内的炭块固定夹具连接,所述传动机构带动连接轴、炭块固定夹具和炭块在炭块套筒内转动。The technical solution adopted by the present invention is: a carbon hand furnace comprising: a heat conducting outer casing and a carbon block sleeve, wherein the heat conducting outer casing is an openable casing, and the heat conducting outer casing is further provided with an air circulation hole, the carbon block The sleeve is fixed in the heat-conducting casing, and the carbon block is located in the carbon block sleeve. The heat-conducting casing further comprises a driving mechanism and a transmission mechanism. The transmission mechanism is composed of a plurality of intermeshing single gears, and the driving mechanism drives the transmission mechanism to rotate. An opening is arranged on the carbon block sleeve, and a carbon block fixing jig is further disposed in the carbon block sleeve, and the connecting shaft is connected to the carbon block fixing jig located in the carbon block sleeve through the carbon block sleeve, the transmission The mechanism drives the connecting shaft, the carbon block fixing jig and the carbon block to rotate in the carbon block sleeve.
优选地,所述炭块套筒为上下套合的圆形炭块套筒,且其侧面设有开口,所述下圆形炭块套筒通过固定架固定在导热外壳内,位于圆形炭块套筒内的炭块固定夹具为圆形炭块固定夹具,所述下圆形炭块套筒、圆形炭块固定夹具和上圆形炭块套筒同心设置。Preferably, the carbon block sleeve is a circular carbon block sleeve which is sleeved up and down, and has an opening on a side thereof, and the lower circular carbon block sleeve is fixed in the heat conductive shell by a fixing frame, and is located in a circular carbon The carbon block fixing jig in the block sleeve is a circular carbon block fixing jig, and the lower circular carbon block sleeve, the circular carbon block fixing jig and the upper circular carbon block sleeve are concentrically arranged.
优选地,所述驱动机构为手动驱动机构,所述手动驱动机构包括:原动件机构和擒纵调速机构,所述原动件机构通过传动机构与擒纵调速机构进行连接,所述原动件机构包括发条旋钮和发条盒,所述发条盒位于条盒轮上,在条盒轮的圆心垂直固定有条轴,所述条轴的顶端与发条旋钮固定,所述发条盒内设有发条,发条为卷曲弹簧,发条一端固定缠绕在条轴上,另一端被固定在发条盒上,条盒轮通过传动机构与擒纵调速机构和圆形炭块套筒连接;所述擒纵调速机构包括:擒纵轮、擒纵叉、摆轮和游丝,擒纵叉的叉尾与擒纵轮配合使用,擒纵轮的中心设有轮轴,在传动机构中设有与擒纵轮同轴的齿轮,在所述摆轮的中心垂直设有摆轴,在摆轴上还固定缠绕有卷曲的游丝,擒纵叉的叉头通过擒纵叉轴固定在摆轮上,擒纵叉的叉头与摆轴顶端配合,在擒纵叉的叉头两侧的摆轮上等距设有定位钉。Preferably, the driving mechanism is a manual driving mechanism, and the manual driving mechanism includes: a motive mechanism and an escapement speed adjusting mechanism, wherein the motive mechanism is connected to the escapement speed regulating mechanism through a transmission mechanism, The original mechanism includes a clockwork knob and a barrel, the barrel is located on the barrel wheel, and a shaft is vertically fixed at a center of the barrel, and a top end of the shaft is fixed with a clockwork knob, The barrel is provided with a spring, and the spring is a curling spring. One end of the spring is fixedly wound on the shaft, and the other end is fixed on the barrel. The barrel passes through the transmission mechanism and the escapement mechanism and the circular shape. The carbon block sleeve is connected; the escapement speed regulating mechanism comprises: an escape wheel, a pallet fork, a balance wheel and a balance spring, the fork tail of the pallet fork is used together with the escape wheel, and the center of the escape wheel is provided with an axle. A gear coaxial with the escape wheel is disposed in the transmission mechanism, a swing shaft is vertically disposed at a center of the balance wheel, and a curled hairspring is fixedly wound on the swing shaft, and the fork of the pallet fork passes through the pallet fork The shaft is fixed on the balance wheel, and the fork head of the pallet fork cooperates with the top end of the pendulum shaft in the escapement Both sides of the fork head is provided with equidistant balance wheel is positioned on the staple.
优选地,驱动机构为电动驱动机构,所述电动驱动机构包括:电源、步进电机驱动器和步进电机,所述电源、步进电机驱动器与步进电机依次连接,调速开关的输出端与步进电机驱动器的输入端电连接,用于向步进电机驱动器提供工作电源和档位信号,所述步进电机的输出端与立轮连接,所述立轮通过与组合齿轮啮合与传动机构同步联动,所述组合齿轮包括伞形齿轮和位于其下的第二直齿轮,且伞形齿轮和第二直齿轮同轴。Preferably, the driving mechanism is an electric driving mechanism, and the electric driving mechanism comprises: a power source, a stepping motor driver and a stepping motor, wherein the power source, the stepping motor driver and the stepping motor are sequentially connected, and the output end of the speed regulating switch is An input end of the stepping motor driver is electrically connected to provide a working power source and a gear position signal to the stepping motor driver, the output end of the stepping motor is connected to the vertical wheel, and the vertical wheel is engaged with the combined gear and the transmission mechanism Synchronously linked, the combined gear includes a bevel gear and a second spur gear located thereunder, and the bevel gear and the second spur gear are coaxial.
优选地,所述炭块固定夹具由2个大小相同的圆形片状结构组成,所述炭块位于2个片状圆形结构之间,圆形炭块固定夹具可以按直径分成大、中、小不同尺寸。Preferably, the carbon block fixing jig is composed of two circular sheet-like structures of the same size, the carbon block is located between two sheet-like circular structures, and the circular carbon block fixing jig can be divided into large and medium diameters according to the diameter. Small and different sizes.
一种炭手炉,包括:导热外壳和炭块套筒,所述导热外壳为可开合盒体,在导热外壳上设有空气流通孔,所述炭块套筒固定在导热外壳内,炭块位于炭块套筒内,导热外壳内还包括驱动机构和传动机构,所述传动机构由多个相互啮合的单个齿轮和齿条构成,驱动机构带动传动机构移动,所述炭块套筒设有开口,在炭块套筒内设有炭块固定夹具,炭块固定在炭块固定夹具上,所述炭块固定夹具上设有连接杆,所述连接杆与炭块套筒下方设置的传动机构连接,所述传动机构带动连接杆、炭块固定夹具和炭块在炭块套筒内移动。The utility model relates to a carbon hand furnace, comprising: a heat conducting outer casing and a carbon block sleeve, wherein the heat conducting outer casing is a closable casing, and an air circulation hole is arranged on the heat conducting outer casing, and the carbon block sleeve is fixed in the heat conducting outer casing, the carbon block Located in the carbon block sleeve, the heat conducting housing further includes a driving mechanism and a transmission mechanism. The transmission mechanism is composed of a plurality of intermeshing single gears and racks, and the driving mechanism drives the transmission mechanism to move. The carbon block sleeve is provided Opening, a carbon block fixing jig is disposed in the carbon block sleeve, and the carbon block is fixed on the carbon block fixing jig, wherein the carbon block fixing jig is provided with a connecting rod, and the connecting rod and the transmission disposed under the carbon block sleeve The mechanism is connected, and the transmission mechanism drives the connecting rod, the carbon block fixing jig and the carbon block to move in the carbon block sleeve.
优选地,所述炭块套筒为水平设置的直筒型炭块套筒,位于直筒型炭块套筒内的炭块固定夹具为凹槽型炭块固定夹具,所述传动机构中的齿条水平设置在直筒型炭块套筒下方,在直筒型炭块套筒与齿条相邻的一侧设有开口槽,所述连接杆一端与齿条垂直连接,所述连接杆在齿条的带动下可在开口槽内移动。Preferably, the carbon block sleeve is a horizontally arranged straight-type carbon block sleeve, and the carbon block fixing jig located in the straight-type carbon block sleeve is a groove type carbon block fixing jig, and the rack in the transmission mechanism Horizontally disposed under the straight-type carbon block sleeve, an open groove is provided on a side of the straight-type carbon block sleeve adjacent to the rack, and one end of the connecting rod is perpendicularly connected to the rack, and the connecting rod is at the rack It can be moved in the open slot under the driving.
优选地,所述驱动机构为手动驱动机构,所述手动驱动机构包括:原动件机构和擒纵调速机构,所述原动件机构通过传动机构与擒纵调速机构进行连接,所述原动件机构包括发条旋钮和发条盒,所述发条盒位于条盒轮上,在条盒轮的圆心垂直固定有条轴,所述条轴的顶端与发条旋钮固定,所述发条盒内设有发条,发条为卷曲弹簧,发条一端固定缠绕在条轴上,另一端被固定在发条盒上,条盒轮通过传动机构与擒纵调速机构和连接杆连接;所述擒纵调速机构包括:擒纵轮、擒纵叉、摆轮和游丝,擒纵叉的叉尾与擒纵轮配合使用,擒纵轮的中心设有轮轴,在传动机构中设有与擒纵轮同轴的齿轮,在所述摆轮的中心垂直设有摆轴,在摆轴上还固定缠绕有卷曲的游丝,擒纵叉的叉头通过擒纵叉轴固定在摆轮上,擒纵叉的叉头与摆轴顶端配合,在擒纵叉的叉头两侧的摆轮上等距设有定位钉。Preferably, the driving mechanism is a manual driving mechanism, and the manual driving mechanism includes: a motive mechanism and an escapement speed adjusting mechanism, wherein the motive mechanism is connected to the escapement speed regulating mechanism through a transmission mechanism, The original mechanism includes a clockwork knob and a barrel, the barrel is located on the barrel wheel, and a shaft is vertically fixed at a center of the barrel, and a top end of the shaft is fixed with a clockwork knob, The barrel is provided with a spring, and the spring is a curling spring. One end of the spring is fixedly wound on the shaft, and the other end is fixed on the barrel. The barrel passes through the transmission mechanism and the escapement regulating mechanism and the connecting rod. The escapement speed adjustment mechanism comprises: an escapement wheel, a pallet fork, a balance wheel and a balance spring, the fork tail of the pallet fork is used together with the escapement wheel, and the center of the escapement wheel is provided with an axle, in the transmission mechanism a gear coaxial with the escape wheel is disposed, a pendulum shaft is vertically disposed at a center of the balance wheel, and a curled hairspring is fixedly wound on the swing shaft, and the fork head of the pallet fork is fixed to the pendulum through the pallet fork shaft On the wheel, the fork of the pallet fork cooperates with the top of the pendulum shaft, and the fork of the pallet fork Locating pins equidistantly provided on both sides of the balance wheel.
优选地,驱动机构为电动驱动机构,所述电动驱动机构包括:电源、步进电机驱动器和步进电机,所述电源、步进电机驱动器与步进电机依次连接,调速开关的输出端与步进电机驱动器的输入端电连接,用于向步进电机驱动器提供工作电源和档位信号,所述步进电机的输出端与立轮连接,所述立轮通过与组合齿轮啮合与传动机构同步联动,所述组合齿轮包括伞形齿轮和位于其下的第二直齿轮,且伞形齿轮和第二直齿轮同轴。Preferably, the driving mechanism is an electric driving mechanism, and the electric driving mechanism comprises: a power source, a stepping motor driver and a stepping motor, wherein the power source, the stepping motor driver and the stepping motor are sequentially connected, and the output end of the speed regulating switch is An input end of the stepping motor driver is electrically connected to provide a working power source and a gear position signal to the stepping motor driver, the output end of the stepping motor is connected to the vertical wheel, and the vertical wheel is engaged with the combined gear and the transmission mechanism Synchronously linked, the combined gear includes a bevel gear and a second spur gear located thereunder, and the bevel gear and the second spur gear are coaxial.
有益效果Beneficial effect
本发明的有益效果是:在炭块套筒内设有开口,使炭块套筒内的炭块在炭块套筒开口处燃烧,而位于炭块套筒内部的炭块为不燃烧状态,通过驱动炭块固定夹具运动,使炭块套筒内部的炭块不断移动到炭块套筒开口部位,从而逐渐持续的产生燃烧作用,这就使得炭块燃烧如同点燃的香烛那样稳定均匀的燃烧,从而产生出均衡的热量,并可以持续长时间发热。同时也可通过调整炭块固定夹具的移动速度或炭块固定夹具的尺寸来控制炭手炉的温度,具有结构简单、便于户外携带的特点。The invention has the beneficial effects that an opening is arranged in the carbon block sleeve, so that the carbon block in the carbon block sleeve is burned at the opening of the carbon block sleeve, and the carbon block located inside the carbon block sleeve is in a non-combustible state. By driving the carbon block fixing jig movement, the carbon block inside the carbon block sleeve is continuously moved to the opening portion of the carbon block sleeve, thereby gradually producing combustion, which makes the carbon block burn as stable and uniform combustion as the ignited incense candle. , thus producing a balanced heat, and can continue to heat for a long time. At the same time, the temperature of the carbon hand furnace can be controlled by adjusting the moving speed of the carbon block fixing jig or the size of the carbon block fixing jig, and has the characteristics of simple structure and convenient outdoor carrying.
附图说明DRAWINGS
图1为本发明中实施例1的结构示意图;1 is a schematic structural view of Embodiment 1 of the present invention;
图2为圆形炭块套筒的内部结构示意图;Figure 2 is a schematic view showing the internal structure of a circular carbon block sleeve;
图3为图1中传动机构的原理图;Figure 3 is a schematic diagram of the transmission mechanism of Figure 1;
图4为小尺寸的圆形炭块固定夹具的结构示意图;4 is a schematic structural view of a small-sized circular carbon block fixing jig;
图5为中尺寸的圆形炭块固定夹具的结构示意图;Figure 5 is a schematic view showing the structure of a medium-sized circular carbon block fixing jig;
图6为大尺寸的圆形炭块固定夹具的结构示意图;6 is a schematic structural view of a large-sized circular carbon block fixing jig;
图7为实施例3的结构示意图;Figure 7 is a schematic structural view of Embodiment 3;
图8为电动驱动机构的原理图;Figure 8 is a schematic diagram of an electric drive mechanism;
图9为实施例2中传动机构的原理图;Figure 9 is a schematic diagram of a transmission mechanism in Embodiment 2;
图10为相同重量的炭块采用传统炭手炉与本发明的炭手炉的温度变化对比图;Figure 10 is a comparison of temperature changes of a carbon block of the same weight using a conventional carbon hand furnace and a carbon hand furnace of the present invention;
其中:1导热外壳、2空气流通孔、3擒纵轮、4擒纵叉、5摆轮、6发条旋钮、7发条盒、8圆形炭块套筒、9固定架、10圆形炭块固定夹具、11连接轴、12第一直齿轮、13直筒型炭块套筒、14炭块、15凹槽型炭块固定夹具、16齿条、17连接杆、18调速开关、19电池、20步进电机、21步进电机驱动器、22传动机构、22-1第一齿轮、22-2第二齿轮、22-3第三齿轮、22-4第四齿轮、22-5第五齿轮、23条盒轮、24立轮、25伞形齿轮、26第二直齿轮、a为传统炭手炉温度变化曲线、b为本发明的炭手炉温度变化曲线。Among them: 1 heat-conducting shell, 2 air circulation holes, 3 escapement wheels, 4 pallets, 5 balance wheel, 6 spring knob, 7 barrel, 8 round carbon block sleeve, 9 fixed frame, 10 round Carbon block fixing fixture, 11 connecting shaft, 12 first spur gear, 13 straight carbon block sleeve, 14 carbon block, 15 groove type carbon block fixing fixture, 16 rack, 17 connecting rod, 18 speed switch, 19 Battery, 20 stepper motor, 21 stepper motor driver, 22 transmission mechanism, 22-1 first gear, 22-2 second gear, 22-3 third gear, 22-4 fourth gear, 22-5 fifth Gear, 23 box wheels, 24 vertical wheels, 25 bevel gears, 26 second spur gears, a is the temperature curve of the conventional carbon hand furnace, and b is the temperature change curve of the carbon hand furnace of the present invention.
本发明的实施方式Embodiments of the invention
实施例1Example 1
如图1所示,本发明的一种炭手炉,包括:导热外壳1、空气流通孔2和炭块套筒,所述导热外壳1为可开合的盒体。在导热外壳1上还设有空气流通孔2,空气流通孔2与导热外壳1的内部连通,可提供炭块燃烧所需空气。所述炭块套筒固定在导热外壳1内,炭块14位于炭块套筒内,导热外壳1内还包括驱动机构和传动机构22,所述传动机构22由多个相互啮合的单个齿轮构成,驱动机构与传动机构22啮合,且带动传动机构22转动,所述炭块套筒上设有开口,在炭块套筒内还设有炭块固定夹具,连接轴11穿过炭块套筒与位于炭块套筒内的炭块固定夹具连接,所述传动机构22带动连接轴11、炭块固定夹具和炭块14在炭块套筒内转动。As shown in FIG. 1, a carbon hand furnace of the present invention comprises: a heat conducting outer casing 1, an air circulation hole 2 and a carbon block sleeve, and the heat conducting outer casing 1 is an openable casing. An air flow hole 2 is also provided in the heat conducting outer casing 1, and the air circulation hole 2 communicates with the inside of the heat conductive outer casing 1 to provide air required for combustion of the carbon block. The carbon block sleeve is fixed in the heat conducting outer casing 1, and the carbon block 14 is located in the carbon block sleeve. The heat conducting outer casing 1 further includes a driving mechanism and a transmission mechanism 22, and the transmission mechanism 22 is composed of a plurality of single gears meshing with each other. The driving mechanism is meshed with the transmission mechanism 22, and drives the transmission mechanism 22 to rotate. The carbon block sleeve is provided with an opening, and a carbon block fixing jig is further disposed in the carbon block sleeve, and the connecting shaft 11 passes through the carbon block sleeve. Connected to a carbon block fixing jig located in the carbon block sleeve, the transmission mechanism 22 drives the connecting shaft 11, the carbon block fixing jig and the carbon block 14 to rotate in the carbon block sleeve.
如图2所示,所述炭块套筒为上下套在一起的2个空心的圆形炭块套筒8,在圆形炭块套筒8侧面设有开口,在圆形炭块套筒8与导热外壳1内壁之间还设有传动机构22,所述下圆形炭块套筒通过固定架9固定在导热外壳1内,在圆形炭块套筒8内的炭块固定夹具为圆形炭块固定夹具10,所述圆形炭块固定夹具10由2个大小相同的圆形片状结构组成,其对称地设置在炭块14的两侧,所述上圆形炭块套筒、圆形炭块固定夹具10、下圆形炭块套筒同心设置,且被连接轴11依次穿过,所述连接轴11分别与传动机构22和圆形炭块固定夹具10键连接,2个圆形炭块固定夹具10、炭块14、连接轴11与传动机构22同步转动,且圆形炭块套筒8不随传动机构22转动。如图4至图6所示,圆形炭块固定夹具10可以按直径分成大、中、小不同尺寸,使用者可以选用不同直径圆形炭块固定夹具10,通过改变圆形炭块固定夹具10与炭块14的接触面积来改变炭块14的燃烧区域,较大的圆形炭块固定夹具10会对炭块14产生较大的遮盖区域,从而减少其燃烧区域,进而使燃烧温度降低,较小的圆形炭块固定夹具10作用相反,所以可通过选用不同尺寸的圆形炭块夹具10来调整炭手炉的发热温度。As shown in FIG. 2, the carbon block sleeve is two hollow circular carbon block sleeves 8 which are sleeved together, and an opening is provided on the side of the circular carbon block sleeve 8 in a circular carbon block sleeve. 8 is further disposed with a transmission mechanism 22 between the inner wall of the heat-conducting outer casing 1, and the lower circular carbon block sleeve is fixed in the heat-conducting outer casing 1 through the fixing frame 9, and the carbon block fixing jig in the circular carbon block sleeve 8 is The circular carbon block fixing jig 10 is composed of two circular sheet-like structures of the same size, which are symmetrically disposed on both sides of the carbon block 14, and the upper circular carbon block The cylinder, the circular carbon block fixing jig 10 and the lower circular carbon block sleeve are concentrically arranged, and are sequentially passed through the connecting shaft 11 , and the connecting shaft 11 is respectively connected with the transmission mechanism 22 and the circular carbon block fixing jig 10 . The two circular carbon block fixing jigs 10, the carbon block 14, the connecting shaft 11 and the transmission mechanism 22 rotate synchronously, and the circular carbon block sleeve 8 does not rotate with the transmission mechanism 22. As shown in FIG. 4 to FIG. 6 , the circular carbon block fixing jig 10 can be divided into large, medium and small sizes according to the diameter, and the user can select the circular carbon block fixing jig 10 of different diameters by changing the circular carbon block fixing jig. 10 The contact area with the carbon block 14 changes the combustion area of the carbon block 14, and the larger circular carbon block fixing jig 10 generates a large covering area for the carbon block 14, thereby reducing the combustion area thereof, thereby lowering the combustion temperature. The smaller circular carbon block fixing jig 10 functions in the opposite direction, so the heating temperature of the carbon hand furnace can be adjusted by selecting the circular carbon block jig 10 of different sizes.
所述驱动机构为手动驱动机构,所述手动驱动机构包括:原动件机构和擒纵调速机构,所述原动件机构通过传动机构22与擒纵调速机构进行连接,所述原动件机构包括发条旋钮6和发条盒7,所述发条盒7位于条盒轮23上,在条盒轮23的圆心垂直固定有条轴,所述条轴的顶端与发条旋钮6固定,所述发条盒7内设有发条,发条为卷曲弹簧,发条一端固定缠绕在条轴上,另一端被固定在发条盒7上,条盒轮23通过传动机构22与擒纵调速机构和连接轴11连接。如图3所示,所述传动机构22包括:第一齿轮22-1、第二齿轮22-2、第三齿轮22-3、第四齿轮22-4、第五齿轮22-5和第一直齿轮12,所述第一直齿轮12位于圆形炭块套筒8与导热外壳1的内壁之间,所述第一齿轮22-1分别与第一直齿轮12和条盒轮23啮合;第二齿轮22-2与条盒轮23啮合,在第二齿轮22-2下面设有第三齿轮22-3,第二齿轮22-2与第三齿轮22-3同轴;所述第三齿轮22-3与第四齿轮22-4啮合;所述第四齿轮22-4与第五齿轮22-5啮合。The driving mechanism is a manual driving mechanism, and the manual driving mechanism includes: a motive mechanism and an escapement speed adjusting mechanism, wherein the motive mechanism is connected to the escapement speed regulating mechanism through the transmission mechanism 22, and the motive mechanism The mechanism includes a clockwork knob 6 and a barrel 7 which is located on the barrel wheel 23, and a strip shaft is vertically fixed at the center of the barrel wheel 23, the top end of the shaft and the clockwork knob 6 Fixed, the barrel 7 is provided with a spring, the spring is a coil spring, one end of the spring is fixedly wound on the shaft, and the other end is fixed on the barrel 7, and the barrel 23 passes through the transmission mechanism 22 The escapement speed governing mechanism is connected to the connecting shaft 11. As shown in FIG. 3, the transmission mechanism 22 includes a first gear 22-1, a second gear 22-2, a third gear 22-3, a fourth gear 22-4, a fifth gear 22-5, and a first a spur gear 12, the first spur gear 12 is located between the circular carbon block sleeve 8 and the inner wall of the heat conducting outer casing 1, the first gear 22-1 meshing with the first spur gear 12 and the barrel wheel 23, respectively; The second gear 22-2 is meshed with the barrel wheel 23, and the third gear 22-3 is disposed below the second gear 22-2, and the second gear 22-2 is coaxial with the third gear 22-3; The gear 22-3 is meshed with the fourth gear 22-4; the fourth gear 22-4 is meshed with the fifth gear 22-5.
所述擒纵调速机构包括:擒纵轮3和擒纵叉4,擒纵叉4的叉尾与擒纵轮3配合使用,擒纵轮3与第五齿轮22-5同轴,且位于第五齿轮22-5上面,通过轮轴连接,为了使原动件机构提供更加持续稳定的动力,所述擒纵调速机构还设有摆轮5,在所述摆轮5的中心垂直设有摆轴,在摆轴上还固定缠绕有卷曲的游丝,擒纵叉4通过擒纵叉轴固定在摆轮5上,擒纵叉4的叉头与摆轴顶端配合,在擒纵叉4的叉头两侧的摆轮5上等距设有限位定位钉,所述限位定位钉用来限制擒纵叉4的摆动幅度。发条通过传动机构22驱动擒纵轮3,擒纵轮3的轮齿依次推动擒纵叉4,摆轮5在回程中反推擒纵叉4,擒纵叉4解锁再次释放发条的一点能量,循环往复,每次摆动都解锁擒纵轮3使其能再次推动擒纵叉4。The escapement speed regulating mechanism comprises: an escape wheel 3 and a pallet fork 4, the fork tail of the pallet fork 4 is used in conjunction with the escape wheel 3, the escape wheel 3 and the fifth gear 22-5 are coaxial and located Above the fifth gear 22-5, through the axle connection, in order to provide a more continuous and stable power to the motive mechanism, the escapement speed adjustment mechanism is further provided with a balance 5, which is vertically disposed at the center of the balance 5 The swing shaft is also fixedly wound with a curled hairspring on the swing shaft, and the pallet fork 4 is fixed on the balance wheel 5 via the pallet fork shaft, and the fork head of the pallet fork 4 is engaged with the top end of the swing shaft, in the pallet fork 4 The balance wheel 5 on both sides of the fork head is equidistantly provided with a limit positioning pin, and the limit positioning pin is used to limit the swing amplitude of the pallet fork 4. The clockwork drives the escape wheel 3 through the transmission mechanism 22. The teeth of the escape wheel 3 sequentially push the pallet fork 4, and the balance wheel 5 pushes the pallet fork 4 in the return stroke, and the pallet fork 4 unlocks the point of releasing the spring again. The energy, reciprocating, unlocks the escape wheel 3 with each swing so that it can push the pallet 4.
实施例2Example 2
实施例2与实施例1的不同之处在于,如图8和图9所示,所述驱动机构为电动驱动机构,所述电动驱动机构包括:电源、步进电机驱动器21和步进电机20,所述电源、步进电机驱动器21、步进电机20依次连接,所述步进电机20的输出端通过立轮24和组合齿轮的啮合,所述组合齿轮包括:伞形齿轮25和第二直齿轮26,伞形齿轮25位于第二直齿轮26上面,且两者同轴,伞形齿轮25与立论24啮合,第二直齿轮26与传动机构22啮合。所述传动机构22包括:第一齿轮22-1、第二齿轮22-2、第三齿轮22-3和第一直齿轮12,所述第一直齿轮12位于圆形炭块套筒8与导热外壳1的内壁之间,所述第一齿轮22-1分别与第一直齿轮12和第二齿轮22-2啮合,所述第二齿轮22-2下面设有第三齿轮22-3,且同轴;所述第三齿轮22-3与直齿轮26啮合。调速开关18的输出端与步进电机驱动器21的输入端电连接,用于向步进电机驱动器21提供工作电源和档位信号,所述调速开关18设有多个档位可实现多档调节,通过控制档位来改变炭块14移动的速度,从而改变炭块14燃烧的温度。所述电源采用电池19,电池19用来提供动能,步进电机驱动器21根据设定来控制步进电机20,将步进电机20作为换能器,把秒脉冲信号变成机械齿轮的转动,带动圆形炭块固定夹具10在圆形炭块套筒8内旋转。Embodiment 2 is different from Embodiment 1 in that, as shown in FIGS. 8 and 9, the driving mechanism is an electric driving mechanism including: a power source, a stepping motor driver 21, and a stepping motor 20 The power supply, the stepping motor driver 21, and the stepping motor 20 are sequentially connected, and the output end of the stepping motor 20 is meshed by the vertical wheel 24 and the combined gear, and the combined gear includes: a bevel gear 25 and a second The spur gear 26, the bevel gear 25 is located above the second spur gear 26, and the two are coaxial, the bevel gear 25 meshes with the theory 24, and the second spur gear 26 meshes with the transmission mechanism 22. The transmission mechanism 22 includes a first gear 22-1, a second gear 22-2, a third gear 22-3, and a first spur gear 12, the first spur gear 12 is located at the circular carbon block sleeve 8 and Between the inner walls of the heat-conducting outer casing 1, the first gear 22-1 meshes with the first spur gear 12 and the second gear 22-2, respectively, and the second gear 22-2 is provided with a third gear 22-3. And coaxial; the third gear 22-3 meshes with the spur gear 26. An output end of the speed control switch 18 is electrically connected to an input end of the stepping motor driver 21 for supplying a working power source and a gear position signal to the stepping motor driver 21. The speed control switch 18 is provided with a plurality of gear positions to achieve a plurality of gear positions. The gear adjustment adjusts the speed at which the carbon block 14 moves by controlling the gear position, thereby changing the temperature at which the carbon block 14 is burned. The power source uses a battery 19, and the battery 19 is used to provide kinetic energy. The stepping motor driver 21 controls the stepping motor 20 according to the setting, and uses the stepping motor 20 as a transducer to change the second pulse signal into a mechanical gear. The circular carbon block fixing jig 10 is rotated within the circular carbon block sleeve 8.
实施例3Example 3
如图7所示,一种炭手炉,包括:导热外壳1和炭块套筒,所述导热外壳1为可开合的盒体,在导热外壳1上设有空气流通孔2,空气流通孔2与导热外壳1的内部连通,可提供炭块燃烧所需空气。所述炭块套筒固定在导热外壳1内,炭块14位于炭块套筒内,导热外壳1内还包括驱动机构和传动机构22,所述传动机构22由多个相互啮合的单个齿轮和齿条构成,驱动机构带动传动机构22移动,所述炭块套筒设有开口,在炭块套筒内设有炭块固定夹具,炭块14固定在炭块固定夹具上,所述炭块固定夹具上设有连接杆17,所述连接杆17与炭块套筒下方设有传动机构22连接,所述传动机构22带动连接杆17、炭块固定夹具和炭块14在炭块套筒内移动。As shown in FIG. 7, a carbon hand furnace includes: a heat conducting outer casing 1 and a carbon block sleeve, wherein the heat conducting outer casing 1 is an openable and closable casing, and the heat conducting outer casing 1 is provided with an air circulation hole 2 and an air circulation hole. 2 is in communication with the interior of the thermally conductive outer casing 1 to provide the air required for the combustion of the carbon block. The carbon block sleeve is fixed in the heat conducting outer casing 1, and the carbon block 14 is located in the carbon block sleeve. The heat conducting outer casing 1 further comprises a driving mechanism and a transmission mechanism 22, wherein the transmission mechanism 22 is composed of a plurality of single gears meshing with each other and a rack is formed, the driving mechanism drives the transmission mechanism 22 to move, the carbon block sleeve is provided with an opening, and a carbon block fixing jig is disposed in the carbon block sleeve, and the carbon block 14 is fixed on the carbon block fixing jig, the carbon block The fixing jig is provided with a connecting rod 17, and the connecting rod 17 is connected with a transmission mechanism 22 below the carbon block sleeve, and the transmission mechanism 22 drives the connecting rod 17, the carbon block fixing jig and the carbon block 14 in the carbon block sleeve. Move inside.
所述炭块套筒为两端开口的水平设置的空心的直筒型炭块套筒13,在直筒型炭块套筒13与传动机构22相邻的一侧设有开口槽。炭块固定夹具为凹槽型炭块固定夹具15,所述凹槽型炭块固定夹具15的开口与直筒型炭块套筒13的一端开口相对,凹槽型炭块固定夹具15可放置在直筒型炭块套筒13的开口内,在凹槽型炭块固定夹具15的底部设有与传动机构22固定的连接杆17,在传动机构22带动下连接杆17可带动凹槽型炭块固定夹具15和炭块14沿开口槽在直筒型炭块套筒13内左右移动。The carbon block sleeve is a horizontally disposed hollow straight-type carbon block sleeve 13 which is open at both ends, and an open groove is provided on a side of the straight-type carbon block sleeve 13 adjacent to the transmission mechanism 22. The carbon block fixing jig is a groove type carbon block fixing jig 15, and the opening of the groove type carbon block fixing jig 15 is opposite to one end opening of the straight type carbon block sleeve 13, and the groove type carbon block fixing jig 15 can be placed at In the opening of the straight-type carbon block sleeve 13, a connecting rod 17 fixed to the transmission mechanism 22 is disposed at the bottom of the groove-type carbon block fixing jig 15, and the connecting rod 17 is driven by the transmission mechanism 22 to drive the groove-shaped carbon block. The fixing jig 15 and the carbon block 14 move left and right in the straight cylindrical carbon block sleeve 13 along the open groove.
所述驱动机构为手动驱动机构,所述手动驱动机构包括:原动件机构和擒纵调速机构,所述原动件机构通过传动机构22与擒纵调速机构进行连接,所述原动件机构包括发条旋钮6和发条盒7,所述发条盒7位于条盒轮23上,在条盒轮23的圆心垂直固定有条轴,所述条轴的顶端与发条旋钮6固定,所述发条盒7内设有发条,发条为卷曲弹簧,发条一端固定缠绕在条轴上,另一端被固定在发条盒7上,条盒轮23通过传动机构22与擒纵调速机构和连接杆17连接。手动驱动机构所采用的传动机构22包括:第一齿轮22-1、第二齿轮22-2、第三齿轮22-3、第四齿轮22-4、第五齿轮22-5和齿条16,所述齿条16位于直筒型炭块套筒13下方,且与连接杆17端部垂直连接,所述第一齿轮22-1分别与齿条16和条盒轮23啮合;第二齿轮22-2与条盒轮23啮合,在第二齿轮22-2下面设有第三齿轮22-3,第二齿轮22-2与第三齿轮22-3同轴;所述第三齿轮22-3与第四齿轮22-4啮合;所述第四齿轮22-4与第五齿轮22-5啮合。该设计将原动件机构产生的圆周运动转化为直线移动,从而可以使凹槽型炭块固定夹具15带动炭块14在直筒型炭块套筒13内作直线移动。The driving mechanism is a manual driving mechanism, and the manual driving mechanism includes: a motive mechanism and an escapement speed adjusting mechanism, wherein the motive mechanism is connected to the escapement speed regulating mechanism through the transmission mechanism 22, and the motive mechanism The mechanism includes a clockwork knob 6 and a barrel 7 which is located on the barrel wheel 23, and a strip shaft is vertically fixed at the center of the barrel wheel 23, the top end of the shaft and the clockwork knob 6 Fixed, the barrel 7 is provided with a spring, the spring is a coil spring, one end of the spring is fixedly wound on the shaft, and the other end is fixed on the barrel 7, and the barrel 23 passes through the transmission mechanism 22 The escapement speed governing mechanism is connected to the connecting rod 17. The transmission mechanism 22 employed by the manual drive mechanism includes a first gear 22-1, a second gear 22-2, a third gear 22-3, a fourth gear 22-4, a fifth gear 22-5, and a rack 16, The rack 16 is located below the straight cylindrical carbon block sleeve 13 and is perpendicularly connected to the end of the connecting rod 17, the first gear 22-1 meshing with the rack 16 and the barrel wheel 23, respectively; the second gear 22- 2 meshing with the barrel wheel 23, and a third gear 22-3 is disposed under the second gear 22-2, the second gear 22-2 is coaxial with the third gear 22-3; the third gear 22-3 is The fourth gear 22-4 is engaged; the fourth gear 22-4 is meshed with the fifth gear 22-5. This design converts the circular motion generated by the motive mechanism into a linear movement, so that the groove-type carbon block fixing jig 15 can drive the carbon block 14 to move linearly in the straight-type carbon block sleeve 13.
所述擒纵调速机构包括:擒纵轮3、擒纵叉4、摆轮5和游丝,擒纵叉4的叉尾与擒纵轮3配合使用,擒纵轮3位于第五齿轮22-5上面且与其同轴,擒纵轮3的中心设有轮轴,在轮轴上设有与传动机构22啮合的齿轮,在所述摆轮5的中心垂直设有摆轴,在摆轴上还固定缠绕有卷曲的游丝,擒纵叉4的叉头通过擒纵叉轴固定在摆轮3上,擒纵叉4的叉头与摆轴顶端配合,在擒纵叉4的叉头两侧的摆轮3上等距设有定位钉。The escapement speed regulating mechanism comprises: an escapement wheel 3, a pallet fork 4, a balance wheel 5 and a balance spring. The fork tail of the pallet fork 4 is used in combination with the escape wheel 3, and the escape wheel 3 is located at the fifth gear 22- 5 is coaxial with the upper side of the escape wheel 3, and an axle is arranged on the axle, and a gear meshing with the transmission mechanism 22 is arranged on the axle, and a swing shaft is vertically arranged at the center of the balance 5, and is fixed on the swing shaft. The curled hairspring is wound, and the fork of the pallet fork 4 is fixed to the balance wheel 3 via the pallet fork shaft, and the fork head of the pallet fork 4 is engaged with the top end of the swing shaft, and the pendulum on both sides of the fork head of the pallet fork 4 Positioning pins are provided on the wheel 3 at equal intervals.
实施例4Example 4
实施例4与实施例3的不同之处在于,所述驱动机构为电动驱动机构,所述电动驱动机构包括:电源、步进电机驱动器21和步进电机20,所述电源、步进电机驱动器21、步进电机20依次连接,所述步进电机20的输出端通过立轮24和组合齿轮的啮合,所述组合齿轮包括:伞形齿轮25和第二直齿轮26,伞形齿轮25位于直齿轮26上面,且两者同轴,伞形齿轮25与立论24啮合,第二直齿轮26与传动机构22啮合。所述传动机构22包括:第一齿轮22-1、第二齿轮22-2、第三齿轮22-3和齿条16,所述齿条16位于直筒型炭块套筒13下方,且与连接杆17连接,所述第一齿轮22-1分别与齿条16和第二齿轮22-2啮合,所述第二齿轮22-2下面设有第三齿轮22-3,且同轴;所述第三齿轮22-3与第二直齿轮26啮合。调速开关18的输出端与步进电机驱动器21的输入端电连接,用于向步进电机驱动器21提供工作电源和档位信号,所述调速开关18设有多个档位可实现多档调节,通过控制档位来改变炭块14移动的速度,从而改变炭块14燃烧的温度。所述电源采用电池19,电池19用来提供动能,步进电机驱动器21根据设定来控制步进电机20,将步进电机20作为换能器,把秒脉冲信号变成机械齿轮和齿条16的运动,带动凹槽型炭块固定夹具15在直筒型炭块套筒13内左右移动。The fourth embodiment is different from the third embodiment in that the driving mechanism is an electric driving mechanism, and the electric driving mechanism includes: a power source, a stepping motor driver 21, and a stepping motor 20, and the power source and the stepping motor driver 21, the stepping motor 20 is sequentially connected, the output end of the stepping motor 20 is engaged by the vertical wheel 24 and the combined gear, the combined gear includes: a bevel gear 25 and a second spur gear 26, the bevel gear 25 is located The spur gear 26 is above and coaxial with the two, the bevel gear 25 meshes with the theory 24, and the second spur gear 26 meshes with the transmission mechanism 22. The transmission mechanism 22 includes a first gear 22-1, a second gear 22-2, a third gear 22-3, and a rack 16, which is located below the straight cylindrical carbon block sleeve 13 and connected thereto. The rods 17 are connected, the first gears 22-1 are respectively meshed with the rack 16 and the second gear 22-2, and the second gears 22-2 are provided with a third gear 22-3 and coaxial; The third gear 22-3 is meshed with the second spur gear 26. An output end of the speed control switch 18 is electrically connected to an input end of the stepping motor driver 21 for supplying a working power source and a gear position signal to the stepping motor driver 21. The speed control switch 18 is provided with a plurality of gear positions to achieve a plurality of gear positions. The gear adjustment adjusts the speed at which the carbon block 14 moves by controlling the gear position, thereby changing the temperature at which the carbon block 14 is burned. The power source uses a battery 19, the battery 19 is used to provide kinetic energy, the stepping motor driver 21 controls the stepping motor 20 according to the setting, and the stepping motor 20 is used as a transducer to change the second pulse signal into a mechanical gear and a rack. The movement of 16 causes the groove type carbon block fixing jig 15 to move left and right in the straight type carbon block sleeve 13.
所述擒纵调速机构、调速开关、步进电机、步进电机驱动器均为现有技术,本领域的技术人员可以根据其使用功能的需要自行选择,在此不再赘述。The escapement speed governing mechanism, the speed governing switch, the stepping motor, and the stepping motor driver are all prior art, and those skilled in the art can select according to the needs of their functions, and details are not described herein again.
工作过程:work process:
使用前,先将导热外壳1的盒体打开,将炭块14放到炭块套筒内将炭块14固定在炭块固定夹具上,将炭块套筒开口处的炭块14点燃,如果采用手动驱动机构,当我们手动旋转发条旋钮6,上紧发条后,就产生了原动力,这种动力通过传动机构22传递到擒纵调速机构,然后由这个机构控制传动机构22的转速,再由炭块固定夹具带动炭块14进行运动;如果采用电动驱动机构,由电池19对步进电机20提供动能,然后通过传动机构22带动炭块固定夹具使炭块14同步运动。炭块14在炭块套筒的开口位置处于燃烧状态,而炭块套筒内部的炭块14由于缺乏空气处于不燃烧状态,因此随着炭块固定夹具的位移带动炭块套筒内的炭块14也逐步向开口处移动,进而炭块14继续燃烧,直到炭块14燃尽。如图10所示,传统炭块燃烧因为是整体燃烧,所以燃烧剧烈,最高温度高,时间短,本发明为控制局部燃烧,燃烧缓慢,最高温度低,持续时间长,稳定。用户可以根据需要对炭块14的燃烧速度进行调整,当采用圆形炭块套筒8时,手动驱动方式下可通过调整圆形炭块固定夹具10的大小,电动驱动方式下可通过调速开关18来调整炭块14的移动速度;当电动驱动方式下采用直筒型炭块套筒13,可通过调整步进电机驱动器21的调速开关18来控制凹槽型炭块固定夹具15的移动速度,从而调整炭块14的燃烧速度,从而调整炭手炉的发热温度。Before use, the box of the heat-conducting outer casing 1 is opened, and the carbon block 14 is placed in the carbon block sleeve to fix the carbon block 14 on the carbon block fixing jig, and the carbon block 14 at the opening of the carbon block sleeve is ignited. With the manual drive mechanism, when we manually rotate the clockwork knob 6, after the spring is tightened, the motive force is generated. This power is transmitted to the escapement speed regulating mechanism through the transmission mechanism 22, and then the rotation speed of the transmission mechanism 22 is controlled by this mechanism. Then, the carbon block fixing jig drives the carbon block 14 to move; if the electric driving mechanism is used, the kinetic energy is supplied to the stepping motor 20 by the battery 19, and then the carbon block fixing jig is driven by the transmission mechanism 22 to synchronously move the carbon block 14. The carbon block 14 is in a burning state at the opening position of the carbon block sleeve, and the carbon block 14 inside the carbon block sleeve is in a non-combustion state due to lack of air, so the carbon in the carbon block sleeve is driven by the displacement of the carbon block fixing jig. The block 14 also gradually moves toward the opening, and the carbon block 14 continues to burn until the carbon block 14 is burned out. As shown in FIG. 10, since the conventional carbon block combustion is an overall combustion, the combustion is severe, the maximum temperature is high, and the time is short. The present invention controls the local combustion, the combustion is slow, the maximum temperature is low, the duration is long, and the stability is stable. The user can adjust the burning speed of the carbon block 14 as needed. When the circular carbon block sleeve 8 is used, the size of the circular carbon block fixing jig 10 can be adjusted by the manual driving mode, and the speed can be adjusted by the electric driving mode. The switch 18 is used to adjust the moving speed of the carbon block 14; when the straight type carbon block sleeve 13 is used in the electric driving mode, the movement of the groove type carbon block fixing jig 15 can be controlled by adjusting the speed control switch 18 of the stepping motor driver 21. The speed, thereby adjusting the burning rate of the carbon block 14, thereby adjusting the heating temperature of the charcoal stove.

Claims (10)

  1. 一种炭手炉,包括:导热外壳(1)和炭块套筒,所述导热外壳(1)为可开合的盒体,在导热外壳(1)上还设有空气流通孔(2),所述炭块套筒固定在导热外壳(1)内,炭块(14)位于炭块套筒内,其特征在于:导热外壳(1)内还包括驱动机构和传动机构(22),所述传动机构(22)由多个相互啮合的单个齿轮构成,所述驱动机构带动传动机构(22)转动,在炭块套筒上设有开口,在炭块套筒内还设有炭块固定夹具,连接轴(11)穿过炭块套筒与位于炭块套筒内的炭块固定夹具连接,所述传动机构(22)带动连接轴(11)、炭块固定夹具和炭块(14)在炭块套筒内转动。A carbon hand stove comprising: a heat conducting outer casing (1) and a carbon block sleeve, wherein the heat conducting outer casing (1) is an openable casing, and an air circulation hole (2) is further disposed on the heat conducting outer casing (1). The carbon block sleeve is fixed in the heat conducting outer casing (1), and the carbon block (14) is located in the carbon block sleeve, wherein the heat conducting outer casing (1) further comprises a driving mechanism and a transmission mechanism (22), The transmission mechanism (22) is composed of a plurality of intermeshing single gears, and the driving mechanism drives the transmission mechanism (22) to rotate, and an opening is arranged on the carbon block sleeve, and a carbon block fixing fixture is further disposed in the carbon block sleeve. The connecting shaft (11) is connected to the carbon block fixing jig located in the carbon block sleeve through the carbon block sleeve, and the transmission mechanism (22) drives the connecting shaft (11), the carbon block fixing jig and the carbon block (14) Rotate inside the carbon block sleeve.
  2. 如权利要求1所述的一种炭手炉,其特征在于:所述炭块套筒为上下套合的圆形炭块套筒(8),且其侧面设有开口,所述下圆形炭块套筒通过固定架(9)固定在导热外壳(1)内,位于圆形炭块套筒(8)内的炭块固定夹具为圆形炭块固定夹具(10),所述下圆形炭块套筒、圆形炭块固定夹具(10)和上圆形炭块套筒同心设置。A carbon hand stove according to claim 1, wherein said carbon block sleeve is a circular carbon block sleeve (8) which is sleeved up and down, and has an opening on the side thereof, said lower circular carbon The block sleeve is fixed in the heat conducting casing (1) by a fixing frame (9), and the carbon block fixing jig located in the circular carbon block sleeve (8) is a circular carbon block fixing jig (10), the lower circle The carbon block sleeve, the circular carbon block fixing jig (10) and the upper circular carbon block sleeve are concentrically arranged.
  3. 如权利要求1或2所述的一种炭手炉,其特征在于:所述驱动机构为手动驱动机构,所述手动驱动机构包括:原动件机构和擒纵调速机构,所述原动件机构通过传动机构(22)与擒纵调速机构进行连接,所述原动件机构包括发条旋钮(6)和发条盒(7),所述发条盒(7)位于条盒轮(23)上,在条盒轮(23)的圆心垂直固定有条轴,所述条轴的顶端与发条旋钮(6)固定,所述发条盒(7)内设有发条,发条为卷曲弹簧,发条一端固定缠绕在条轴上,另一端被固定在发条盒(7)上,条盒轮(23)通过传动机构(22)与擒纵调速机构和连接轴(11)连接;所述擒纵调速机构包括:擒纵轮(3)、擒纵叉(4)、摆轮(5)和游丝,擒纵叉(4)的叉尾与擒纵轮(3)配合使用,擒纵轮(3)的中心设有轮轴,在传动机构(22)中设有与擒纵轮(3)同轴的齿轮,在所述摆轮(5)的中心垂直设有摆轴,在摆轴上还固定缠绕有卷曲的游丝,擒纵叉(4)的叉头通过擒纵叉轴固定在摆轮(3)上,擒纵叉(4)的叉头与摆轴顶端配合,在擒纵叉(4)的叉头两侧的摆轮(3)上等距设有定位钉。A charcoal stove according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the driving mechanism is a manual driving mechanism, and the manual driving mechanism comprises: a motive mechanism and an escapement speed adjusting mechanism, the motive member The mechanism is connected to the escapement speed regulating mechanism by a transmission mechanism (22), the original moving mechanism comprises a clockwork knob (6) and a barrel (7), and the barrel (7) is located at the barrel wheel ( 23) upper, a strip shaft is vertically fixed at a center of the barrel wheel (23), the top end of the strip shaft is fixed with a clockwork knob (6), and the spring box (7) is provided with a spring and a spring For the coil spring, one end of the spring is fixedly wound on the shaft, and the other end is fixed on the barrel (7). The barrel wheel (23) passes through the transmission mechanism (22) and the escapement governing mechanism and the connecting shaft (11). The connecting speed adjusting mechanism comprises: an escape wheel (3), a pallet fork (4), a balance wheel (5) and a balance spring, a fork tail of the pallet fork (4) and an escape wheel (3) In combination, the center of the escape wheel (3) is provided with an axle, and a gear coaxial with the escape wheel (3) is provided in the transmission mechanism (22). The center of (5) is vertically provided with a swing shaft, and a curled hairspring is fixedly wound on the swing shaft, and the fork of the pallet fork (4) is fixed to the balance wheel (3) through the pallet fork shaft, and the pallet fork ( 4) The fork head is matched with the top end of the swing shaft, and positioning pins are arranged equidistantly on the balance wheel (3) on both sides of the fork head of the pallet fork (4).
  4. 如权利要求1或2所述的一种炭手炉,其特征在于:驱动机构为电动驱动机构,所述电动驱动机构包括:电源、步进电机驱动器(21)和步进电机(20),所述电源、步进电机驱动器(21)与步进电机(20)依次连接,调速开关(18)的输出端与步进电机驱动器(21)的输入端电连接,用于向步进电机驱动器(21)提供工作电源和档位信号,所述步进电机(20)的输出端与立轮(24)连接,所述立轮(24)通过与组合齿轮啮合与传动机构(22)同步联动,所述组合齿轮包括伞形齿轮(25)和位于其下的第二直齿轮(26),且伞形齿轮(25)和第二直齿轮(26)同轴。A carbon hand stove according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the driving mechanism is an electric driving mechanism, and the electric driving mechanism comprises: a power source, a stepping motor driver (21) and a stepping motor (20). The power supply, the stepping motor driver (21) and the stepping motor (20) are sequentially connected, and the output end of the speed control switch (18) is electrically connected with the input end of the stepping motor driver (21) for the stepping motor driver. (21) providing a working power source and a gear position signal, the output end of the stepping motor (20) is connected to the vertical wheel (24), and the vertical wheel (24) is synchronously coupled with the transmission mechanism (22) by meshing with the combined gear The combination gear includes a bevel gear (25) and a second spur gear (26) located thereunder, and the bevel gear (25) and the second spur gear (26) are coaxial.
  5. 如权利要求2所述的一种炭手炉,其特征在于:所述圆形炭块固定夹具(10)由2个大小相同的圆形片状结构组成,所述炭块(14)位于2个片状圆形结构之间,圆形炭块固定夹具(10)可以按直径分成大、中、小不同尺寸。A carbon hand stove according to claim 2, wherein said circular carbon block fixing jig (10) is composed of two circular sheet-like structures of the same size, and said carbon block (14) is located at two. Between the sheet-like circular structures, the circular carbon block fixing jig (10) can be divided into large, medium and small sizes according to the diameter.
  6. 一种炭手炉,包括:导热外壳(1)和炭块套筒,所述导热外壳(1)为可开合盒体,在导热外壳(1)上设有空气流通孔(2),所述炭块套筒固定在导热外壳(1)内,炭块(14)位于炭块套筒内,其特征在于:导热外壳(1)内还包括驱动机构和传动机构(22),所述传动机构(22)由多个相互啮合的单个齿轮和齿条构成,驱动机构带动传动机构(22)移动,所述炭块套筒设有开口,在炭块套筒内设有炭块固定夹具,炭块(14)固定在炭块固定夹具上,所述炭块固定夹具上设有连接杆(17),所述连接杆(17)与炭块套筒下方设置的传动机构(22)连接,所述传动机构(22)带动连接杆(17)、炭块固定夹具和炭块(14)在炭块套筒内移动。A charcoal stove comprising: a heat-conducting outer casing (1) and a carbon block sleeve, the heat-conducting outer casing (1) being a closable casing, and an air circulation hole (2) disposed on the heat-conducting outer casing (1), The carbon block sleeve is fixed in the heat conducting outer casing (1), and the carbon block (14) is located in the carbon block sleeve, wherein the heat conducting outer casing (1) further comprises a driving mechanism and a transmission mechanism (22), the transmission mechanism (22) consisting of a plurality of intermeshing single gears and racks, the driving mechanism drives the transmission mechanism (22) to move, the carbon block sleeve is provided with an opening, and a carbon block fixing jig is arranged in the carbon block sleeve, and the carbon is fixed The block (14) is fixed on the carbon block fixing jig, and the carbon block fixing jig is provided with a connecting rod (17), and the connecting rod (17) is connected with the transmission mechanism (22) disposed under the carbon block sleeve. The transmission mechanism (22) drives the connecting rod (17), the carbon block fixing jig and the carbon block (14) to move within the carbon block sleeve.
  7. 如权利要求6所述的一种炭手炉,其特征在于:所述炭块套筒为水平设置的直筒型炭块套筒(13),位于直筒型炭块套筒(13)内的炭块固定夹具为凹槽型炭块固定夹具(15),所述传动机构(22)中的齿条(16)水平设置在直筒型炭块套筒(13)下方,在直筒型炭块套筒(13)与齿条(16)相邻的一侧设有开口槽,所述连接杆(17)一端与齿条(16)连接,连接杆(17)在齿条(16)的带动下可在开口槽内移动。A charcoal stove according to claim 6, wherein said carbon block sleeve is a horizontally disposed straight cylindrical carbon block sleeve (13), and the carbon block is located in a straight cylindrical carbon block sleeve (13). The fixing jig is a groove type carbon block fixing jig (15), and the rack (16) in the transmission mechanism (22) is horizontally disposed under the straight type carbon block sleeve (13) in a straight type carbon block sleeve ( 13) an opening groove is provided on a side adjacent to the rack (16), one end of the connecting rod (17) is connected to the rack (16), and the connecting rod (17) is driven by the rack (16). Move inside the open slot.
  8. 如权利要求6或7所述的一种炭手炉,其特征在于:所述驱动机构为手动驱动机构,所述手动驱动机构包括:原动件机构和擒纵调速机构,所述原动件机构通过传动机构(22)与擒纵调速机构进行连接,所述原动件机构包括发条旋钮(6)和发条盒(7),所述发条盒(7)位于条盒轮(23)上,在条盒轮(23)的圆心垂直固定有条轴,所述条轴的顶端与发条旋钮(6)固定,所述发条盒(7)内设有发条,发条为卷曲弹簧,发条一端固定缠绕在条轴上,另一端被固定在发条盒(7)上,条盒轮(23)通过传动机构(22)与擒纵调速机构和连接杆(17)连接;所述擒纵调速机构包括:擒纵轮(3)、擒纵叉(4)、摆轮(5)和游丝,擒纵叉(4)的叉尾与擒纵轮(3)配合使用,擒纵轮(3)的中心设有轮轴,在传动机构(22)中设有与擒纵轮(3)同轴的齿轮,在所述摆轮(5)的中心垂直设有摆轴,在摆轴上还固定缠绕有卷曲的游丝,擒纵叉(4)的叉头通过擒纵叉轴固定在摆轮(3)上,擒纵叉(4)的叉头与摆轴顶端配合,在擒纵叉(4)的叉头两侧的摆轮(3)上等距设有定位钉。A carbon hand stove according to claim 6 or 7, wherein the driving mechanism is a manual driving mechanism, and the manual driving mechanism comprises: a motive mechanism and an escapement speed adjusting mechanism, the original moving member The mechanism is connected to the escapement speed regulating mechanism by a transmission mechanism (22), the original moving mechanism comprises a clockwork knob (6) and a barrel (7), and the barrel (7) is located at the barrel wheel ( 23) upper, a strip shaft is vertically fixed at a center of the barrel wheel (23), the top end of the strip shaft is fixed with a clockwork knob (6), and the spring box (7) is provided with a spring and a spring For the coil spring, one end of the spring is fixedly wound on the strip shaft, and the other end is fixed on the barrel (7). The barrel wheel (23) passes through the transmission mechanism (22) and the escapement governing mechanism and the connecting rod (17). The connecting speed adjusting mechanism comprises: an escape wheel (3), a pallet fork (4), a balance wheel (5) and a balance spring, a fork tail of the pallet fork (4) and an escape wheel (3) In combination, the center of the escape wheel (3) is provided with an axle, and a gear coaxial with the escape wheel (3) is provided in the transmission mechanism (22). The center of (5) is vertically provided with a swing shaft, and a curled hairspring is fixedly wound on the swing shaft, and the fork of the pallet fork (4) is fixed to the balance wheel (3) through the pallet fork shaft, and the pallet fork ( 4) The fork head is matched with the top end of the swing shaft, and positioning pins are arranged equidistantly on the balance wheel (3) on both sides of the fork head of the pallet fork (4).
  9. 如权利要求6或7所述的一种炭手炉,其特征在于:驱动机构为电动驱动机构,所述电动驱动机构包括:电源、步进电机驱动器(21)和步进电机(20),所述电源、步进电机驱动器(21)与步进电机(20)依次连接,调速开关(18)的输出端与步进电机驱动器(21)的输入端电连接,用于向步进电机驱动器(21)提供工作电源和档位信号,所述步进电机(20)的输出端与立轮(24)连接,所述立轮(24)通过与组合齿轮啮合与传动机构(22)同步联动,所述组合齿轮包括伞形齿轮(25)和位于其下的直齿轮(26),且伞形齿轮(25)和第二直齿轮(26)同轴。A carbon hand stove according to claim 6 or 7, wherein the driving mechanism is an electric driving mechanism, and the electric driving mechanism comprises: a power source, a stepping motor driver (21) and a stepping motor (20). The power supply, the stepping motor driver (21) and the stepping motor (20) are sequentially connected, and the output end of the speed control switch (18) is electrically connected with the input end of the stepping motor driver (21) for the stepping motor driver. (21) providing a working power source and a gear position signal, the output end of the stepping motor (20) is connected to the vertical wheel (24), and the vertical wheel (24) is synchronously coupled with the transmission mechanism (22) by meshing with the combined gear The combination gear includes a bevel gear (25) and a spur gear (26) located thereunder, and the bevel gear (25) and the second spur gear (26) are coaxial.
  10. 如权利要求9所述的一种炭手炉,其特征在于:所述调速开关(18)设有多个调节档。A charcoal stove according to claim 9, wherein said speed control switch (18) is provided with a plurality of adjustment gears.
PCT/CN2018/085222 2017-05-08 2018-04-30 Charcoal hand warmer WO2018205868A1 (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106940038A (en) * 2017-05-08 2017-07-11 崔仁海 A kind of charcoal handwarmer

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2099921U (en) * 1991-08-13 1992-03-25 杨庆年 Foot stove
US5638807A (en) * 1995-12-21 1997-06-17 Flamenbaum; Judith Charcoal starter
CN201847503U (en) * 2010-11-19 2011-06-01 王旭东 Electric oven
KR20160066706A (en) * 2014-12-03 2016-06-13 손분자 Chair for Heating
CN106940038A (en) * 2017-05-08 2017-07-11 崔仁海 A kind of charcoal handwarmer
CN206786832U (en) * 2017-05-08 2017-12-22 崔仁海 A kind of charcoal handwarmer

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2099921U (en) * 1991-08-13 1992-03-25 杨庆年 Foot stove
US5638807A (en) * 1995-12-21 1997-06-17 Flamenbaum; Judith Charcoal starter
CN201847503U (en) * 2010-11-19 2011-06-01 王旭东 Electric oven
KR20160066706A (en) * 2014-12-03 2016-06-13 손분자 Chair for Heating
CN106940038A (en) * 2017-05-08 2017-07-11 崔仁海 A kind of charcoal handwarmer
CN206786832U (en) * 2017-05-08 2017-12-22 崔仁海 A kind of charcoal handwarmer

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