WO2018205287A1 - High-strength and -toughness corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy material and method for fabricating same - Google Patents

High-strength and -toughness corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy material and method for fabricating same Download PDF

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WO2018205287A1
WO2018205287A1 PCT/CN2017/084607 CN2017084607W WO2018205287A1 WO 2018205287 A1 WO2018205287 A1 WO 2018205287A1 CN 2017084607 W CN2017084607 W CN 2017084607W WO 2018205287 A1 WO2018205287 A1 WO 2018205287A1
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content
corrosion
aluminum alloy
toughness
strength
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许应龙
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南通江中光电有限公司
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C1/00Making alloys
    • C22C1/02Making alloys by melting
    • C22C1/026Alloys based on aluminium
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C1/00Making alloys
    • C22C1/02Making alloys by melting
    • C22C1/03Making alloys by melting using master alloys
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C21/00Alloys based on aluminium
    • C22C21/02Alloys based on aluminium with silicon as the next major constituent
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22FCHANGING THE PHYSICAL STRUCTURE OF NON-FERROUS METALS AND NON-FERROUS ALLOYS
    • C22F1/00Changing the physical structure of non-ferrous metals or alloys by heat treatment or by hot or cold working
    • C22F1/04Changing the physical structure of non-ferrous metals or alloys by heat treatment or by hot or cold working of aluminium or alloys based thereon
    • C22F1/043Changing the physical structure of non-ferrous metals or alloys by heat treatment or by hot or cold working of aluminium or alloys based thereon of alloys with silicon as the next major constituent

Abstract

Provided is a high-strength and -toughness corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy material, containing 7.93-8.92 wt% of silicon, 1.98-2.11 wt% of copper, 0.001-0.02 wt% of manganese, 0.001-0.02 wt% of magnesium, 0.005-0.23 wt% of zinc, 0.182-0.62 wt% of zirconium, and 0.0346-0.0391 wt% or 0.0391-0.04 wt% of strontium. On the basis of the composition design of conventional Al-Si-Cu series aluminum-alloy casting, the content of silicon, copper, zirconium, and strontium is adjusted and the silicon phase of the aluminum alloy is very effectively refined, such that the dimensions of the silicon are concentrated at the submicron level; furthermore, the length-to-diameter ratio is concentrated at ≤2, such that the material impact toughness is ≥34.3 J/cm^2, the tensile strength is ≥208 MPa, the elongation after fracture is ≥6.5%, and the corrosion rate is ≤0.049 mm/y after the invention material is immersed in a 3.5% NaCl aqueous solution for 93 h.

Description

一种高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料及其制备方法High-strength and toughness corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy material and preparation method thereof 技术领域Technical field
本发明涉及合金材料领域,尤其涉及一种高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料,还涉及该铝合金材料的制备方法。The invention relates to the field of alloy materials, in particular to a high-strength and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy material, and to a preparation method of the aluminum alloy material.
背景技术Background technique
Al-Si-Cu系铸造铝合金是当前在工业中应用最多的铸造铝合金材料,如国内YL102(AlSi12)、YL112(AlSi8.5Cu3.5)和YL113(AlSi811Cu3),日本ADC12(AlSi11Cu3)、ADC10(AlSi8.5Cu3.5)以及美国A380(AlSi8.5Cu3.5)等,这些合金具有优异的铸造性能、高的强度和较好的抗腐蚀性,在扶梯电梯、汽车关键零部件(减速器壳体、控制臂)等众多领域广泛应用,但其韧性、塑性较低,如:Y112合金(GB/T15115-94)的强度为240MPa,延伸率仅为1%。如能进一步提高其塑性无疑将提高产品的可靠性和轻量化水平。迄今为止,国内外对铸造成型好、强韧性高、耐腐蚀性好的铸造铝合金材料都进行了大量研究,但冲击韧性≥34.3J/cm2,抗拉强度≥208MPa,断后延伸率≥6.5%,在3.5%NaCl水溶液中浸泡93h的腐蚀速率≤0.049mm/y的铸造铝合金材料尚未见报道。Al-Si-Cu cast aluminum alloy is currently the most widely used cast aluminum alloy material in the industry, such as domestic YL102 (AlSi12), YL112 (AlSi8.5Cu3.5) and YL113 (AlSi811Cu3), Japan ADC12 (AlSi11Cu3), ADC10 (AlSi8.5Cu3.5) and American A380 (AlSi8.5Cu3.5), etc., these alloys have excellent casting properties, high strength and good corrosion resistance, in escalator elevators, key parts of automobiles (reducer shells) Body, control arm, etc. are widely used in many fields, but their toughness and plasticity are low. For example, Y112 alloy (GB/T15115-94) has a strength of 240 MPa and an elongation of only 1%. If you can further improve its plasticity, it will undoubtedly improve the reliability and lightness of the product. So far, a large number of researches have been carried out on cast aluminum alloys with good casting, high toughness and good corrosion resistance, but the impact toughness is ≥34.3J/cm 2 , the tensile strength is ≥208MPa, and the elongation after fracture is ≥6.5. %, the cast aluminum alloy material with a corrosion rate of ≤0.049 mm/y immersed in a 3.5% NaCl aqueous solution for 93 hours has not been reported.
如中国专利CN101798649A公开了一种锆和锶微合金化的6013型铝合金,主要由铝、1.22~1.52%的镁、0.90~1.15%的硅、0.804~1.04%的铜、0.451~0.661%的锰、0.311~0.135%的锌、0.0915~0.135%的锆和0.0157~0.0391%的锶组成;该合金的制备方法是:将纯Al融化后加入Al-Cu中间合金、Al-Si中间合金、Al-Mn中间合金、Al-Zr中间合金、Al-Sr中间合金、纯Mg、纯Zn,待其融化后加入六氯乙烷精炼,静置保温5~10min后去渣并浇铸成锭。该发明合金硬度为156.0~159.1HV,抗晶间腐蚀性能处于四级,抗剥落腐蚀性能不低于PB级。该发明提供的微合金化铝合金的制备方法为本发明提供了一定的指导思路,但是,相比于本发明,该发明制备的铝合金在强韧性和可塑性方面远不如本发明制备的铝合金。For example, Chinese patent CN101798649A discloses a zirconium and niobium microalloyed 6013 aluminum alloy, mainly composed of aluminum, 1.22 to 1.52% magnesium, 0.90 to 1.15% silicon, 0.804 to 1.04% copper, and 0.451 to 0.661%. Manganese, 0.311-0.135% zinc, 0.0915-0.135% zirconium and 0.0157-0.0391% bismuth composition; the alloy is prepared by melting pure Al and adding Al-Cu intermediate alloy, Al-Si intermediate alloy, Al -Mn intermediate alloy, Al-Zr intermediate alloy, Al-Sr intermediate alloy, pure Mg, pure Zn, after it is melted, it is added with hexachloroethane for refining, and after standing for 5 to 10 minutes, it is slag and cast into ingot. The hardness of the alloy of the invention is 156.0-159.1 HV, the intergranular corrosion resistance is in the fourth grade, and the anti-flaking corrosion performance is not lower than the PB grade. The preparation method of the microalloyed aluminum alloy provided by the invention provides a certain guiding idea for the invention, but compared with the invention, the aluminum alloy prepared by the invention is far less in strength and plasticity than the aluminum alloy prepared by the invention. .
又如中国专利CN103572111A公开了一种高强韧铸造用铝合金,其成分按重量百分比为:Si:6.5~7.50%、Mg:0.3~0.45%、Sr:0.1~0.2%、Cu≤0.1%、Cr:0.02%、Ti≤0.2%、Mn≤0.5%、Zn≤0.05%、Fe≤0.12%,余量为Al。其制造方法包括以下步骤:首先熔炼铝材,去掉废渣;将温度升至780℃,加入Sr;铝 液温度调整至740℃除气30分钟;将温度降至浇铸温度690℃;倒入模具进行浇铸;将铝合金铸件经人工时效处理。该发明提供的高强韧铸造铝合金抗拉强度为250MPa,伸长率为5%,布氏硬度80HBW。而本发明提供的高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料,其伸长率明显优于该发明。Another example is Chinese patent CN103572111A, which discloses an aluminum alloy for high-strength and toughness casting, the composition of which is by weight: Si: 6.5 to 7.50%, Mg: 0.3 to 0.45%, Sr: 0.1 to 0.2%, Cu ≤ 0.1%, Cr : 0.02%, Ti ≤ 0.2%, Mn ≤ 0.5%, Zn ≤ 0.05%, Fe ≤ 0.12%, and the balance is Al. The manufacturing method comprises the steps of: first melting the aluminum material, removing the waste residue; raising the temperature to 780 ° C, adding Sr; aluminum The liquid temperature was adjusted to 740 ° C for 30 minutes; the temperature was lowered to the casting temperature of 690 ° C; poured into a mold for casting; the aluminum alloy castings were artificially aged. The high strength and toughness cast aluminum alloy provided by the invention has a tensile strength of 250 MPa, an elongation of 5% and a Brinell hardness of 80 HBW. However, the high-strength and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy material provided by the present invention has a significantly higher elongation than the invention.
发明内容Summary of the invention
为克服现有技术中存在的铸造铝合金材料韧性和塑性低、耐腐蚀性不高的问题,本发明提供了一种高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料及其制备方法。In order to overcome the problems of low toughness and low corrosion resistance and low corrosion resistance of the cast aluminum alloy material existing in the prior art, the present invention provides a high strength and toughness corrosion resistant aluminum alloy material and a preparation method thereof.
一种高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料,包含主合金化元素铝、硅和铜,微合金化元素锰、镁和锌,同时添加微量锆和锶元素进行复合微合金化,其特征在于:所述主合金化元素中硅含量为7.93~8.92wt%,铜含量为1.98~2.11wt%;所述微合金化元素中锰含量为0.001~0.02wt%,镁含量为0.001~0.02wt%,锌含量为0.005~0.23wt%,锆含量为0.182~0.62wt%,锶含量为0.0346~0.0391wt%或0.0391~0.04wt%,余量为铝。A high-strength and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy material comprising main alloying elements aluminum, silicon and copper, microalloying elements manganese, magnesium and zinc, and adding a small amount of zirconium and hafnium elements for composite microalloying, characterized in that: The main alloying element has a silicon content of 7.93 to 8.92 wt%, a copper content of 1.98 to 2.11 wt%, a manganese content of the microalloying element of 0.001 to 0.02 wt%, a magnesium content of 0.001 to 0.02 wt%, and a zinc content. The content is 0.005 to 0.23 wt%, the zirconium content is 0.182 to 0.62 wt%, the niobium content is 0.0346 to 0.0391 wt% or 0.0391 to 0.04 wt%, and the balance is aluminum.
在一些实施方式中,所述主合金化元素中硅含量为8.21~8.92wt%,铜含量为1.98~2.08wt%;所述微合金化元素中锰含量为0.001~0.02wt%,镁含量为0.001~0.02wt%,锌含量为0.005~0.23wt%,锆含量为0.32~0.62wt%,锶含量为0.0346~0.0391wt%,余量为铝。In some embodiments, the main alloying element has a silicon content of 8.21 to 8.92 wt%, a copper content of 1.98 to 2.08 wt%, and a microalloying element having a manganese content of 0.001 to 0.02 wt%, and the magnesium content is 0.001 to 0.02 wt%, zinc content of 0.005 to 0.23 wt%, zirconium content of 0.32 to 0.62 wt%, niobium content of 0.0346 to 0.0391 wt%, and balance of aluminum.
在一些实施方式中,所述主合金化元素中硅含量为8.61~8.92wt%,铜含量为1.98~2.04wt%;所述微合金化元素中锰含量为0.001~0.02wt%、镁含量为0.001~0.02wt%、锌含量为0.005~0.23wt%,锆含量为0.55~0.62wt%,锶含量为0.0391~0.04wt%,余量为铝。In some embodiments, the main alloying element has a silicon content of 8.61 to 8.92 wt%, a copper content of 1.98 to 2.04 wt%, and a microalloying element having a manganese content of 0.001 to 0.02 wt% and a magnesium content of 0.001 to 0.02 wt%, zinc content of 0.005 to 0.23 wt%, zirconium content of 0.55 to 0.62 wt%, niobium content of 0.0391 to 0.04 wt%, and balance of aluminum.
在一些实施方式中,所述主合金化元素中硅含量为8.92wt%,铜含量为1.98wt%;所述微合金化元素中锰含量为0.001~0.02wt%,镁含量为0.001~0.02wt%,锌含量为0.005~0.23wt%,锆含量为0.62wt%,锶含量为0.04%,余量为铝。In some embodiments, the main alloying element has a silicon content of 8.92 wt% and a copper content of 1.98 wt%; the microalloying element has a manganese content of 0.001 to 0.02 wt% and a magnesium content of 0.001 to 0.02 wt. %, the zinc content is 0.005 to 0.23 wt%, the zirconium content is 0.62 wt%, the niobium content is 0.04%, and the balance is aluminum.
在一些实施方式中,所述高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料冲击韧性≥34.3J/cm2,抗拉强度≥208MPa,断后延伸率≥6.5%,在3.5%NaCl水溶液中浸泡93h的腐蚀速率≤0.049mm/y,可应用在航天、汽车和自动扶梯的梯级上。In some embodiments, the high toughness and corrosion resistant aluminum alloy material has an impact toughness of ≥34.3 J/cm 2 , a tensile strength of ≥208 MPa, an elongation after fracture of ≥6.5%, and a corrosion rate of immersion for 93 hours in a 3.5% NaCl aqueous solution of ≤0.049. Mm/y, can be applied to aerospace, automotive and escalator steps.
一种高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料的制备方法,其特征在于:包括以下步骤:A method for preparing a high-strength and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy material, comprising: the following steps:
步骤一:高温融化,使铝融化成铝液; Step 1: melting at high temperature to melt aluminum into aluminum liquid;
步骤二:加入合金化元素Si、Cu、Zr、Sr、Mn、Mg和Zn,使其各元素最终含量满足配比要求;Step 2: adding alloying elements Si, Cu, Zr, Sr, Mn, Mg and Zn, so that the final content of each element satisfies the ratio requirement;
步骤三:去除废渣,降温排气;Step 3: remove the waste residue and cool the exhaust gas;
步骤四:浇铸成型。Step 4: Cast molding.
在一些实施方式中,所述步骤二中合金化元素的加入方法以铝基中间合金的方式加入,其中,Al-Si中间合金含量15.86~17.84wt%,Si的质量百分比为50%;Al-Cu中间合金含量5.66~6.03wt%,Cu的质量百分比为35%;Al-Zr中间合金含量1.86~6.33wt%,Zr的质量百分比为9.8%;Al-Sr中间合金含量0.23~0.257wt%或0.257~0.263wt%,Sr的质量百分比为15.2%;Al-Mg中间合金含量0.019~0.39wt%,Mg的质量百分比为5.1%;Al-Mn中间合金含量0.016~0.33wt%,Mn的质量百分比为6%;Al-Zn中间合金0.065~3.067wt%,Zn的质量百分比为7.6%。In some embodiments, the method of adding the alloying element in the second step is added in the form of an aluminum-based intermediate alloy, wherein the Al-Si intermediate alloy content is 15.86 to 17.84% by weight, and the mass percentage of Si is 50%; The content of Cu intermediate alloy is 5.66-6.03 wt%, the mass percentage of Cu is 35%, the content of Al-Zr intermediate alloy is 1.86-6.33 wt%, the mass percentage of Zr is 9.8%, and the content of Al-Sr master alloy is 0.23-0.257 wt% or 0.257 to 0.263 wt%, the mass percentage of Sr is 15.2%; the content of Al-Mg intermediate alloy is 0.019 to 0.39 wt%, the mass percentage of Mg is 5.1%; the content of Al-Mn intermediate alloy is 0.016 to 0.33 wt%, and the mass percentage of Mn It is 6%; the Al-Zn master alloy is 0.065 to 3.067 wt%, and the mass percentage of Zn is 7.6%.
在一些实施方式中,所述步骤一种高温融化温度为750~800℃,所述步骤三中降温排气温度为700~750℃,时间为20~30min。In some embodiments, the step has a high temperature melting temperature of 750 to 800 ° C, and the step 3 has a temperature of exhaust gas of 700 to 750 ° C for a period of 20 to 30 minutes.
在一些实施方式中,所述步骤四种浇铸成型包括浇铸凝固和后处理加工,浇铸温度为680~740℃,凝固时间控制为1~3min;后处理加工为铝合金表面瑕疵的处理,依次包括退火和回火处理。In some embodiments, the four castings of the step include casting solidification and post-treatment, the casting temperature is 680-740 ° C, and the solidification time is controlled to 1-3 min; the post-treatment processing is the treatment of the surface of the aluminum alloy, including Annealing and tempering treatment.
与现有技术相比,本发明提供的一种高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料及其制备方法产生的有益效果是:Compared with the prior art, the high-toughness and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy material provided by the invention and the preparation method thereof have the following beneficial effects:
一、本发明提供的一种高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料及其制备方法,在常规Al-Si-Cu系铸造铝合金成分设计的基础上,通过调整硅含量至7.93~8.92wt%,铜含量至1.98~2.11wt%,同时添加0.182~0.62wt%的锆,0.0346~0.0391wt%或0.0391~0.04wt%的锶进行复合微合金化,在不降低铝合金铸造性能(流动性)的同时,高效细化了铝合金中的硅相,使硅尺寸集中在亚微米级,并且长径比集中在≤2,大幅提高了铝合金的韧性、塑性和耐腐蚀性,同时,合金的强度也得到提高,具有非常显著的性能效果。1. A high-strength, toughness and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy material and a preparation method thereof provided by the invention, which are based on the design of a conventional Al-Si-Cu cast aluminum alloy composition, by adjusting the silicon content to 7.93 to 8.92 wt%, copper content To 1.98 to 2.11% by weight, while adding 0.182 to 0.62% by weight of zirconium, 0.0346 to 0.0391% by weight or 0.0391 to 0.04% by weight of ruthenium for composite microalloying, without lowering the casting properties (fluidity) of the aluminum alloy, Efficiently refines the silicon phase in the aluminum alloy, so that the silicon size is concentrated on the sub-micron level, and the aspect ratio is concentrated at ≤2, which greatly improves the toughness, plasticity and corrosion resistance of the aluminum alloy, and at the same time, the strength of the alloy is also obtained. Improved, with very significant performance effects.
二、本发明提供的一种高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料及其制备方法,获得的铸造铝合金其性能突破了国际标准规范,经机械工业材料质量检测中心检测:其冲击韧性≥34.3J/cm2,抗拉强度≥208MPa,断后延伸率≥6.5%,在3.5%NaCl水溶 液中浸泡93h的腐蚀速率≤0.049mm/y,其中断后延伸率是其他材料不可比拟的,能显著提高铝合金材料的强韧性和可塑性。2. The high-strength and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy material provided by the invention and the preparation method thereof, the performance of the obtained cast aluminum alloy breaks through the international standard specification, and is tested by the mechanical industry material quality testing center: the impact toughness is ≥34.3 J/cm 2 , tensile strength ≥ 208MPa, elongation after fracture ≥ 6.5%, corrosion rate immersion in 3.5% NaCl aqueous solution for 93h ≤ 0.049mm / y, its elongation after interruption is unmatched by other materials, can significantly improve the aluminum alloy material Strong toughness and plasticity.
三、本发明提供的一种高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料及其制备方法,制备得到的高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料可制备得到更具轻量化的产品,可广泛应用于自动扶梯、汽车、航空等工业领域,以减轻扶梯、汽车、航天器的重量,从而降低扶梯、汽车、航天器的能耗,并提高其可靠性。3. The high-strength and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy material provided by the invention and the preparation method thereof, the prepared high-strength and toughness corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy material can be prepared into a more lightweight product, and can be widely applied to escalators, automobiles and aviation. In the industrial field, to reduce the weight of escalators, automobiles, and spacecraft, thereby reducing the energy consumption of escalators, automobiles, and spacecraft, and improving their reliability.
四、本发明提供的一种高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料及其制备方法,通过理论分析、JMatPro材料设计软件计算和试验研究,研究主合金化元素(Si、Cu)、微合金化元素(Zr、Sr、Mn、Mg、Zn)及其含量对高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金铸造性能(流动性)、组织、力学性能的影响规律,为制定实验方案提供了精确指导,为确保获得硅相细小、合金致密的优良铸态组织提供了有力的数据支持和性能保障。4. A high-strength and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy material provided by the invention and a preparation method thereof, and the main alloying elements (Si, Cu) and microalloying elements (Zr) are studied through theoretical analysis, JMatPro material design software calculation and experimental research. , Sr, Mn, Mg, Zn) and their content on the casting properties (fluidity), microstructure, mechanical properties of high-strength, toughness and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy, provide precise guidance for the development of experimental schemes, to ensure that the silicon phase is small, The alloy's dense, excellent as-cast microstructure provides powerful data support and performance guarantees.
附图说明DRAWINGS
图1是本发明披露的高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金的微观组织;1 is a microstructure of a high-strength and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy disclosed in the present invention;
图2是本发明披露的高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金在冲击韧性时的断口形貌;2 is a fracture morphology of the high-strength and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy disclosed in the present invention in impact toughness;
图3是本发明披露的高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金在拉伸时的断口形貌。3 is a fracture morphology of the high-strength and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy disclosed in the present invention during stretching.
具体实施方式detailed description
以下结合附图和实施例,对本发明进行进一步详细说明。应当理解,此处所描述的具体实施例仅用以解释本发明,并不用于限定本发明。The present invention will be further described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It is understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
本发明披露了一种高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金,包含主合金化元素铝、硅和铜,微合金化元素锰、镁和锌,同时添加微量锆和锶元素进行复合微合金化。作为本发明的一个发明点,所述主合金化元素中硅含量为7.93~8.92wt%,铜含量为1.98~2.11wt%;所述微合金化元素中锰含量为0.001~0.02wt%,镁含量为0.001~0.02wt%,锌含量为0.005~0.23wt%,锆含量为0.182~0.62wt%,锶含量为0.0346~0.0391wt%或0.0391~0.04wt%,余量为铝。本发明在常规Al-Si-Cu系铸造铝合金成分设计的基础上,通过调整硅含量至7.93~8.92wt%,铜含量至1.98~2.11wt%,同时添加0.182~0.62wt%的锆,0.0346~0.0391wt%或0.0391~0.04wt%的锶进行复合微合金化,在不降低铝合金铸造性能(流动性)的同时,高效细化了铝合金中的硅相。The invention discloses a high-strength and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy, comprising a main alloying element aluminum, silicon and copper, micro-alloying elements manganese, magnesium and zinc, and adding a small amount of zirconium and hafnium elements for composite micro-alloying. As an invention of the present invention, the main alloying element has a silicon content of 7.93 to 8.92 wt%, a copper content of 1.98 to 2.11 wt%, and a manganese content of the microalloying element of 0.001 to 0.02 wt%, magnesium. The content is 0.001 to 0.02 wt%, the zinc content is 0.005 to 0.23 wt%, the zirconium content is 0.182 to 0.62 wt%, the niobium content is 0.0346 to 0.0391 wt% or 0.0391 to 0.04 wt%, and the balance is aluminum. The invention is based on the design of the conventional Al-Si-Cu cast aluminum alloy composition, by adjusting the silicon content to 7.93-8.92 wt%, the copper content to 1.98-2.11 wt%, and adding 0.182-0.62 wt% zirconium, 0.0346. ~0.0391 wt% or 0.0391 to 0.04 wt% of ruthenium is subjected to composite microalloying, and the silicon phase in the aluminum alloy is efficiently refined without lowering the casting properties (fluidity) of the aluminum alloy.
对上述实施方式所得到的高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金进行性能表征和测试,具体如 下:通过光学电镜,观察所得高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金的表面微观组织,结果如图1所示,由图1可知,硅相尺寸集中在亚微米级,并且长径比集中在≤2。通过扫面电镜,观察所得高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金在冲击韧性时的断口形貌,结果如图2所示,由图2可知,高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料在冲击韧性时的断口呈韧窝特征的典型韧性断裂形貌;观察所得高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金在拉伸时的断口形貌,结果如图3所示,由图3可知,高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料在拉伸时的断口也呈韧窝特征的典型韧性断裂形貌;对高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金进行腐蚀试验:将试样放入温度为(37±2)℃的3.5%氯化钠溶液中进行93小时浸泡试验后观察,发现试样表面有白色腐蚀物,去除腐蚀物后称重,得出试样的均匀腐蚀速率为0.049mm/y。对高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金进行拉伸性能测试,测试方法参照GB/T228.1-2010,测试结果如表1所示,由表1可知,其抗拉强度≥208MPa,断后延伸率≥6.5%,规定塑性延伸强度≥88MPa。对高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金进行冲击性能测试,测试方法参照GB/T229-2007,测试结果如表2所示,由表2可知,其冲击韧性≥34.3J/cm2The performance and test of the high-strength and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy obtained in the above embodiment are as follows: The surface microstructure of the obtained high-toughness and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy is observed by optical electron microscopy, and the result is shown in FIG. The silicon phase size is concentrated on the submicron scale, and the aspect ratio is concentrated at ≤2. The fracture morphology of the obtained high-strength and toughness corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy was observed by scanning electron microscopy. The results are shown in Fig. 2. It can be seen from Fig. 2 that the fracture of the high-strength and toughness-resistant aluminum alloy material in impact toughness is dimple The characteristic ductile fracture morphology of the characteristic; observe the fracture morphology of the obtained high-strength and toughness corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy during stretching. The results are shown in Fig. 3. It can be seen from Fig. 3 that the fracture of the high-strength and toughness corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy material during stretching Typical ductile fracture morphology with dimple characteristics; corrosion test of high strength and toughness corrosion resistant aluminum alloy: the sample was placed in a 3.5% sodium chloride solution at a temperature of (37 ± 2) °C for 93 hours after immersion test Observed, it was found that there was white corrosion on the surface of the sample, and the corrosion was removed, and the uniform corrosion rate of the sample was 0.049 mm/y. The tensile strength test is carried out on high-strength and toughness-resistant aluminum alloy. The test method refers to GB/T228.1-2010. The test results are shown in Table 1. It can be seen from Table 1 that the tensile strength is ≥ 208 MPa and the elongation after fracture is ≥ 6.5%. , the specified plastic elongation strength ≥ 88MPa. The impact performance test is carried out on high-strength and toughness-resistant aluminum alloy. The test method is referred to GB/T229-2007. The test results are shown in Table 2. It can be seen from Table 2 that the impact toughness is ≥34.3 J/cm 2 .
表1高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金拉伸性能测试Table 1 tensile strength test of high strength and toughness corrosion resistant aluminum alloy
检测项目Test items 1#1# 2#2# 3#3# 4#4# 5#5#
抗拉强度(MPa)Tensile strength (MPa) 208208 208208 211211 208208 209209
断后延伸率(%)Elongation after break (%) 6.76.7 6.56.5 7.17.1 7.87.8 6.66.6
规定塑性延伸强度(MPa)Specified plastic elongation (MPa) 8888 8989 9090 9393 8888
表2高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金冲击性能测试Table 2 Impact test of high strength and toughness corrosion resistant aluminum alloy
Figure PCTCN2017084607-appb-000001
Figure PCTCN2017084607-appb-000001
综上所述,本发明制备所得的高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料大幅提高了铝合金的韧性、塑性和耐腐蚀性,具体而言,该高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料冲击韧性≥34.3J/cm2,抗拉强度≥208MPa,断后延伸率≥6.5%,在3.5%NaCl水溶液中浸泡93h的腐蚀速率≤0.049mm/y,其中断后延伸率是其他材料不可比拟的,能显著提高 铝合金材料的强韧性和可塑性,获得的高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金其性能突破了国际标准规范。In summary, the high-toughness and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy material prepared by the invention greatly improves the toughness, plasticity and corrosion resistance of the aluminum alloy. Specifically, the impact toughness of the high-strength and toughness-resistant aluminum alloy material is ≥34.3 J/cm. 2 , tensile strength ≥ 208MPa, elongation after fracture ≥ 6.5%, corrosion rate immersion in 3.5% NaCl aqueous solution for 93h ≤ 0.049mm / y, its elongation after interruption is unmatched by other materials, can significantly improve the aluminum alloy material The toughness and plasticity of the obtained high-strength, toughness and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy have exceeded the international standard.
在上述实施方式的基础之上,以下通过实施例1-3三个对比实施例具体阐述该高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金各元素含量对材料性能的影响。Based on the above embodiments, the effects of the content of each element of the high-toughness and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy on the material properties are specifically described by the three comparative examples of Examples 1-3.
实施例1:Example 1:
所述主合金化元素中硅含量为8.21~8.92wt%,铜含量为1.98~2.08wt%;所述微合金化元素中锰含量为0.001~0.02wt%,镁含量为0.001~0.02wt%,锌含量为0.005~0.23wt%,锆含量为0.32~0.62wt%,锶含量为0.0346~0.0391wt%,余量为铝。The main alloying element has a silicon content of 8.21 to 8.92 wt%, a copper content of 1.98 to 2.08 wt%, a microalloying element having a manganese content of 0.001 to 0.02 wt%, and a magnesium content of 0.001 to 0.02 wt%. The zinc content is 0.005 to 0.23 wt%, the zirconium content is 0.32 to 0.62 wt%, the niobium content is 0.0346 to 0.0391 wt%, and the balance is aluminum.
该实施方式获得的高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料冲击韧性≥38.4J/cm2,抗拉强度≥210MPa,断后延伸率≥6.8%,在3.5%NaCl水溶液中浸泡93h的腐蚀速率≤0.047mm/y。The impact toughness of the high-strength and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy obtained by the embodiment is ≥38.4 J/cm 2 , the tensile strength is ≥210 MPa, the elongation after fracture is ≥6.8%, and the corrosion rate of immersion in the 3.5% NaCl aqueous solution for 93 hours is ≤0.047 mm/y. .
实施例2:Example 2:
所述主合金化元素中硅含量为8.61~8.92wt%,铜含量为1.98~2.04wt%;所述微合金化元素中锰含量为0.001~0.02wt%、镁含量为0.001~0.02wt%、锌含量为0.005~0.23wt%,锆含量为0.55~0.62wt%,锶含量为0.0391~0.04wt%,余量为铝。The main alloying element has a silicon content of 8.61 to 8.92% by weight and a copper content of 1.98 to 2.04% by weight; the microalloying element has a manganese content of 0.001 to 0.02% by weight and a magnesium content of 0.001 to 0.02% by weight. The zinc content is 0.005 to 0.23 wt%, the zirconium content is 0.55 to 0.62 wt%, the niobium content is 0.0391 to 0.04 wt%, and the balance is aluminum.
该实施方式获得的高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料冲击韧性≥39.1J/cm2,抗拉强度≥209MPa,断后延伸率≥7.1%,在3.5%NaCl水溶液中浸泡93h的腐蚀速率≤0.045mm/y。The impact toughness of the high-strength and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy obtained by the embodiment is ≥39.1 J/cm 2 , the tensile strength is ≥209 MPa, the elongation after fracture is ≥7.1%, and the corrosion rate of immersion in the 3.5% NaCl aqueous solution for 93 hours is ≤0.045 mm/y. .
实施例3:Example 3:
所述主合金化元素中硅含量为8.92wt%,铜含量为1.98wt%;所述微合金化元素中锰含量为0.001~0.02wt%,镁含量为0.001~0.02wt%,锌含量为0.005~0.23wt%,锆含量为0.62wt%,锶含量为0.04%,余量为铝。The main alloying element has a silicon content of 8.92 wt% and a copper content of 1.98 wt%; the microalloying element has a manganese content of 0.001 to 0.02 wt%, a magnesium content of 0.001 to 0.02 wt%, and a zinc content of 0.005. ~0.23 wt%, zirconium content of 0.62% by weight, cerium content of 0.04%, balance of aluminum.
该实施方式获得的高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料冲击韧性≥40.1J/cm2,抗拉强度≥211MPa,断后延伸率≥7.8%,在3.5%NaCl水溶液中浸泡93h的腐蚀速率≤0.042mm/y。The impact toughness of the high-strength and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy obtained by the embodiment is ≥40.1 J/cm 2 , the tensile strength is ≥211 MPa, the elongation after fracture is ≥7.8%, and the corrosion rate of immersion in the 3.5% NaCl aqueous solution for 93 hours is ≤0.042 mm/y. .
以上三种实施方式,对主合金化元素硅和铜的含量进行进一步的优化,同时 对微合金化元素锆和锶的含量也进行进一步的优化,经过一系列检测,得到了高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料的冲击韧性、抗拉强度、断后延伸率以及在3.5%NaCl水溶液中浸泡93h的腐蚀速率。由测试结果发现,当主合金化元素中硅含量为8.92wt%,铜含量为1.98wt%;微合金化元素中锰含量为0.001~0.02wt%,镁含量为0.001~0.02wt%,锌含量为0.005~0.23wt%,锆含量为0.62wt%,锶含量为0.04%时,所得的高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料击韧性≥40.1J/cm2,抗拉强度≥211MPa,断后延伸率≥7.8%,在3.5%NaCl水溶液中浸泡93h的腐蚀速率≤0.042mm/y,相比于之前的实施例,具有最佳的实施效果。在实际生产应用中,本发明提供的实施方式:主合金化元素中硅含量为7.93~8.92wt%,铜含量为1.98~2.11wt%;微合金化元素中锰含量为0.001~0.02wt%,镁含量为0.001~0.02wt%,锌含量为0.005~0.23wt%,锆含量为0.182~0.62wt%,锶含量为0.0346~0.0391wt%或0.0391~0.04wt%已能满足目标产品需求,但是,为了具备更优化的实施效果,可选择实施例1-3所述的实施方式或在此范围内的其他实施方式,尤其可选择实施例3所述的实施方式。另外,在理想状态下,所述高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金中杂质含量可为0,但是,在实际生产中,为了避免一些不可控的因素,本发明提供的高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料中不可避免的杂志含量控制在≤0.05wt%的范围内即可达到生产需求。The above three embodiments further optimize the content of the main alloying elements silicon and copper, and further optimize the content of the microalloying elements zirconium and hafnium. After a series of tests, high strength and toughness corrosion resistant aluminum is obtained. Impact toughness, tensile strength, elongation after fracture, and corrosion rate of 93 h immersed in a 3.5% NaCl aqueous solution. It is found from the test results that when the main alloying element has a silicon content of 8.92 wt% and a copper content of 1.98 wt%; the microalloying element has a manganese content of 0.001 to 0.02 wt%, a magnesium content of 0.001 to 0.02 wt%, and a zinc content of 0.005~0.23wt%, zirconium content is 0.62wt%, bismuth content is 0.04%, the obtained high-toughness and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy material has a toughness ≥40.1J/cm 2 , tensile strength ≥211MPa, elongation after fracture ≥7.8% The corrosion rate of immersion in a 3.5% NaCl aqueous solution for 93 h is ≤0.042 mm/y, which has the best effect compared to the previous examples. In practical production applications, the present invention provides an embodiment in which the main alloying element has a silicon content of 7.93 to 8.92 wt%, a copper content of 1.98 to 2.11 wt%, and a microalloying element having a manganese content of 0.001 to 0.02 wt%. The magnesium content is 0.001 to 0.02 wt%, the zinc content is 0.005 to 0.23 wt%, the zirconium content is 0.182 to 0.62 wt%, and the niobium content is 0.0346 to 0.0391 wt% or 0.0391 to 0.04 wt%, which can meet the target product demand, however, In order to have a more optimized implementation effect, the embodiment described in Embodiments 1-3 or other embodiments within the scope may be selected, and in particular, the embodiment described in Embodiment 3 may be selected. In addition, in an ideal state, the impurity content of the high-toughness and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy may be 0. However, in actual production, in order to avoid some uncontrollable factors, the high-strength and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy material provided by the present invention may not be The magazine content controlled to avoid the production requirement in the range of ≤0.05wt%.
作为进一步优选的,在本发明的此实施方式中,通过理论分析、JMatPro材料设计软件计算和试验研究,研究主合金化元素(Si、Cu)、微合金化元素(Zr、Sr、Mn、Mg、Zn)及其含量对高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金铸造性能(流动性)、组织、力学性能的影响规律。As a further preferred embodiment, in this embodiment of the invention, the main alloying elements (Si, Cu) and microalloying elements (Zr, Sr, Mn, Mg) are studied by theoretical analysis, JMatPro material design software calculation and experimental research. , Zn) and its content on the casting properties (fluidity), microstructure and mechanical properties of high strength and toughness corrosion resistant aluminum alloy.
具体的,包括以下研究内容:Specifically, the following research contents are included:
(1)高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料铸造性能的研究:通过流动性试验,研究主合金化元素、微合金化元素及其含量对合金液态流动性能的影响规律。(1) Study on casting properties of high strength and toughness corrosion resistant aluminum alloy materials: Through the fluidity test, the influence of main alloying elements, microalloying elements and their contents on the liquid flow properties of the alloy was studied.
(2)高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料铸态组织的研究:通过光学显微镜和扫面电镜,研究确立主合金化元素、微合金化元素、熔铸工艺等因素与合金铸态组织之间内在联系。(2) Study on as-cast microstructure of high-strength and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy materials: Through optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy, the relationship between main alloying elements, microalloying elements, and casting process was established.
(3)高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料铸态冲击韧性和多冲疲劳性能的研究:通过摆锤冲击韧性试验、多冲疲劳试验,研究高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料铸态韧性和多 冲疲劳性能及其关键影响因素(化学成分、熔铸工艺、组织等)。(3) Study on as-cast impact toughness and multi-flush fatigue properties of high-strength, toughness and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy materials: study the toughness and toughness of high-strength and toughness corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy materials by pendulum impact toughness test and multi-crush fatigue test Fatigue performance and its key influencing factors (chemical composition, casting process, organization, etc.).
(4)高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料铸态强度、塑性的研究:通过拉伸试验,研究合金的化学成分、熔铸工艺、微观组织等关键因素对高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料的强度、延伸率的影响并进行检测。(4) Study on as-cast strength and plasticity of high-strength, toughness and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy materials: Through tensile test, the strength and elongation of high-strength and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy materials by key factors such as chemical composition, casting process and microstructure of the alloy were studied. The impact and testing.
(5)高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料铸态耐腐蚀性能的研究:通过腐蚀试验,检测高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料的耐腐蚀性能,进一步优化合金的化学成分、熔铸工艺和微观组织。(5) Study on as-cast corrosion resistance of high-strength and toughness-resistant aluminum alloy materials: Through corrosion test, the corrosion resistance of high-strength and toughness-resistant aluminum alloy materials was tested, and the chemical composition, melting process and microstructure of the alloy were further optimized.
通过以上研究内容,高度细化了高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金制备过程中的实验数据,为制定实验方案提供了精确指导,同时也为确保获得硅相细小、合金致密的优良铸态铝合金组织提供了有力的数据支持和性能保障。Through the above research content, the experimental data in the preparation process of high-strength, toughness and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloys are highly refined, which provides precise guidance for the formulation of experimental schemes, and also provides for the provision of excellent as-cast aluminum alloys with fine silicon phases and dense alloys. Strong data support and performance guarantee.
在上述实施方式的基础之上,本发明还提供了这种高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料的制备方法,具体包括以下步骤:Based on the above embodiments, the present invention also provides a preparation method of the high-strength and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy material, which specifically comprises the following steps:
步骤一:将铝放入高温炉内进行高温融化,高温融化温度为750~800℃;Step 1: The aluminum is placed in a high temperature furnace for high temperature melting, and the high temperature melting temperature is 750-800 ° C;
步骤二:待融化成铝液后,依次加入合金化元素Si、Cu、Zr、Sr、Mn、Mg和Zn,使其各元素最终含量满足配比要求;Step 2: After being melted into aluminum liquid, the alloying elements Si, Cu, Zr, Sr, Mn, Mg and Zn are sequentially added, so that the final content of each element satisfies the ratio requirement;
步骤三:待充分搅拌融化后,去除废渣,然后降温排气直至没有气体溢出,降温排气温度为700~750℃,时间为20~30min;Step 3: After thorough stirring and melting, remove the waste residue, and then cool the exhaust gas until there is no gas overflow, the temperature of the exhaust gas is 700-750 ° C, and the time is 20-30 min;
步骤四:最后进行浇铸成型,具体包括浇铸凝固和后处理加工,浇铸温度为680~740℃,凝固时间控制为1~3min;后处理加工为铝合金表面瑕疵的处理,依次包括退火和回火处理。Step 4: Finally, the casting is carried out, specifically including casting solidification and post-treatment processing, the casting temperature is 680-740 ° C, and the solidification time is controlled to 1-3 min; the post-treatment processing is the treatment of the surface of the aluminum alloy, including annealing and tempering in sequence. deal with.
进一步优化的,所述步骤二中合金化元素的加入方法以铝基中间合金的方式加入,其中,Al-Si中间合金含量15.86-17.84wt%,Si的质量百分比为50%;Al-Cu中间合金含量5.66~6.03wt%,Cu的质量百分比为35%;Al-Zr中间合金含量1.86~6.33wt%,Zr的质量百分比为9.8%;Al-Sr中间合金含量0.23~0.257wt%或0.257~0.263wt%,Sr的质量百分比为15.2%;Al-Mg中间合金含量0.019~0.39wt%,Mg的质量百分比为5.1%;Al-Mn中间合金含量0.016~0.33wt%,Mn的质量百分比为6%;Al-Zn中间合金0.065~3.067wt%,Zn的质量百分比为7.6%。此外,也可选用复合铝基中间合金,如以Al-Si-Mg中间合金、Al-Cu-Mn中间合金等中间合金的方式添加进入铝液中,在保证最终铝合金材料中各元素配比含量满足本 发明要求的前提下可以以任意多种铝基组合中间合金的方式加入。不选用金属单质而使用铝基中间合金是为了减少烧损,所述中间合金可采用常规方法:如铝热法或溶化合成法,进行自行配置,也可根据配比在市场进行购买;中间合金的加入方式可以一次性加入也可待前一种中间合金融化后再加入另一种中间合金,优选后一种加入方式。Further optimized, the method for adding the alloying elements in the second step is added in the form of an aluminum-based intermediate alloy, wherein the Al-Si intermediate alloy content is 15.86-17.84 wt%, the mass percentage of Si is 50%; and the Al-Cu intermediate The alloy content is 5.66-6.03 wt%, the mass percentage of Cu is 35%, the Al-Zr intermediate alloy content is 1.86-6.33 wt%, the mass percentage of Zr is 9.8%, and the Al-Sr intermediate alloy content is 0.23-0.257 wt% or 0.257- 0.263 wt%, the mass percentage of Sr is 15.2%; the content of Al-Mg intermediate alloy is 0.019 to 0.39 wt%, the mass percentage of Mg is 5.1%; the content of Al-Mn intermediate alloy is 0.016 to 0.33 wt%, and the mass percentage of Mn is 6 %; Al-Zn master alloy is 0.065 to 3.067 wt%, and the mass percentage of Zn is 7.6%. In addition, a composite aluminum-based intermediate alloy may also be selected, such as an Al-Si-Mg intermediate alloy or an Al-Cu-Mn intermediate alloy, which is added into the aluminum liquid to ensure the ratio of each element in the final aluminum alloy material. Content meets this The invention may be added in the form of any of a plurality of aluminum-based combination master alloys. The aluminum-based master alloy is used instead of the metal element to reduce the burning loss. The intermediate alloy can be self-configured by conventional methods such as aluminothermic or melt-synthesis, or can be purchased in the market according to the ratio; The joining method can be added at one time or after the former intermediate financialization and then adding another intermediate alloy, preferably the latter joining method.
本发明实现了高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料的研究,制备了铸造性能优,强韧性高、耐腐蚀性能好的铸造铝合金材料。通过该方法制备得到的高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料可制备得到更具轻量化的产品,可广泛应用于自动扶梯、汽车、航空等工业领域,以减轻扶梯、汽车、航天器的重量,从而降低扶梯、汽车、航天器的能耗,并提高其可靠性。The invention realizes the research of the high-strength and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy material, and prepares the cast aluminum alloy material with excellent casting performance, high toughness and good corrosion resistance. The high-strength and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy material prepared by the method can be prepared into a more lightweight product, and can be widely used in industrial fields such as escalators, automobiles, and aviation to reduce the weight of escalators, automobiles, and spacecraft, thereby reducing Energy consumption of escalators, automobiles, and spacecraft, and improve their reliability.
上述说明示出并描述了本发明的优选实施例,如前所述,应当理解本发明并非局限于本文所披露的形式,不应看作是对其他实施例的排除,而可用于各种其他组合、修改和环境,并能够在本文所述发明构想范围内,通过上述教导或相关领域的技术或知识进行改动。而本领域人员所进行的改动和变化不脱离本发明的精神和范围,则都应在本发明所附权利要求的保护范围内。 The above description shows and describes a preferred embodiment of the present invention. As described above, it should be understood that the present invention is not limited to the form disclosed herein, and should not be construed as being Combinations, modifications, and environments are possible, and can be modified by the teachings of the above teachings or related art within the scope of the inventive concept described herein. All changes and modifications made by those skilled in the art are intended to be within the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (9)

  1. 一种高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料,包含主合金化元素铝、硅和铜,微合金化元素锰、镁和锌,同时添加微量锆和锶元素进行复合微合金化,其特征在于:所述主合金化元素中硅含量为7.93~8.92wt%,铜含量为1.98~2.11wt%;所述微合金化元素中锰含量为0.001~0.02wt%,镁含量为0.001~0.02wt%,锌含量为0.005~0.23wt%,锆含量为0.182~0.62wt%,锶含量为0.0346~0.0391wt%或0.0391~0.04wt%,余量为铝。A high-strength and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy material comprising main alloying elements aluminum, silicon and copper, microalloying elements manganese, magnesium and zinc, and adding a small amount of zirconium and hafnium elements for composite microalloying, characterized in that: The main alloying element has a silicon content of 7.93 to 8.92 wt%, a copper content of 1.98 to 2.11 wt%, a manganese content of the microalloying element of 0.001 to 0.02 wt%, a magnesium content of 0.001 to 0.02 wt%, and a zinc content. The content is 0.005 to 0.23 wt%, the zirconium content is 0.182 to 0.62 wt%, the niobium content is 0.0346 to 0.0391 wt% or 0.0391 to 0.04 wt%, and the balance is aluminum.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料,其特征在于:所述主合金化元素中硅含量为8.21~8.92wt%,铜含量为1.98~2.08wt%;所述微合金化元素中锰含量为0.001~0.02wt%,镁含量为0.001~0.02wt%,锌含量为0.005~0.23wt%,锆含量为0.32~0.62wt%,锶含量为0.0346~0.0391wt%,余量为铝。The high-toughness and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy material according to claim 1, wherein the main alloying element has a silicon content of 8.21 to 8.92% by weight and a copper content of 1.98 to 2.08% by weight; The manganese content in the element is 0.001 to 0.02 wt%, the magnesium content is 0.001 to 0.02 wt%, the zinc content is 0.005 to 0.23 wt%, the zirconium content is 0.32 to 0.62 wt%, and the niobium content is 0.0346 to 0.0391 wt%, and the balance is For aluminum.
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的一种高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料,其特征在于:所述主合金化元素中硅含量为8.61~8.92wt%,铜含量为1.98~2.04wt%;所述微合金化元素中锰含量为0.001~0.02wt%、镁含量为0.001~0.02wt%、锌含量为0.005~0.23wt%,锆含量为0.55~0.62wt%,锶含量为0.0391~0.04wt%,余量为铝。A high-toughness and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy material according to claim 2, wherein said main alloying element has a silicon content of 8.61 to 8.92% by weight and a copper content of 1.98 to 2.04% by weight; said microalloy The manganese content in the element is 0.001 to 0.02 wt%, the magnesium content is 0.001 to 0.02 wt%, the zinc content is 0.005 to 0.23 wt%, the zirconium content is 0.55 to 0.62 wt%, and the niobium content is 0.0391 to 0.04 wt%, and the balance For aluminum.
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的一种高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料,其特征在于:所述主合金化元素中硅含量为8.92wt%,铜含量为1.98wt%;所述微合金化元素中锰含量为0.001~0.02wt%,镁含量为0.001~0.02wt%,锌含量为0.005~0.23wt%,锆含量为0.62wt%,锶含量为0.04%,余量为铝。The high-strength and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy material according to claim 3, wherein the main alloying element has a silicon content of 8.92 wt% and a copper content of 1.98 wt%; and the microalloying element manganese The content is 0.001 to 0.02 wt%, the magnesium content is 0.001 to 0.02 wt%, the zinc content is 0.005 to 0.23 wt%, the zirconium content is 0.62 wt%, the niobium content is 0.04%, and the balance is aluminum.
  5. 根据权利要求1-4任一项所述的一种高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料,其特征在于:所述高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料冲击韧性≥34.3J/cm2,抗拉强度≥208MPa,断后延伸率≥6.5%,在3.5%NaCl水溶液中浸泡93h的腐蚀速率≤0.049mm/y,可应用在航天、汽车和自动扶梯的梯级上。The high-toughness and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy material according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the high-toughness and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy material has an impact toughness of ≥34.3 J/cm 2 and a tensile strength of ≥208 MPa. The elongation after fracture is ≥6.5%, and the corrosion rate of immersion in 3.5% NaCl aqueous solution for 93h is ≤0.049mm/y, which can be applied to the aerospace, automobile and escalator steps.
  6. 一种权利要求1所述的高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料的制备方法,其特征在于:包括以下步骤:A method for preparing a high-strength and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy material according to claim 1, comprising the steps of:
    步骤一:高温融化,使铝融化成铝液;Step 1: melting at high temperature to melt aluminum into aluminum liquid;
    步骤二:加入合金化元素Si、Cu、Zr、Sr、Mn、Mg和Zn,使其各元素最终含量满足配比要求;Step 2: adding alloying elements Si, Cu, Zr, Sr, Mn, Mg and Zn, so that the final content of each element satisfies the ratio requirement;
    步骤三:去除废渣,降温排气; Step 3: remove the waste residue and cool the exhaust gas;
    步骤四:浇铸成型。Step 4: Cast molding.
  7. 根据权利要求6所述的一种高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料的制备方法,其特征在于:所述步骤二中合金化元素的加入方法以铝基中间合金的方式加入,其中,Al-Si中间合金含量15.86~17.84wt%,Si的质量百分比为50%;Al-Cu中间合金含量5.66~6.03wt%,Cu的质量百分比为35%;Al-Zr中间合金含量1.86~6.33wt%,Zr的质量百分比为9.8%;Al-Sr中间合金含量0.23~0.257wt%或0.257~0.263wt%,Sr的质量百分比为15.2%;Al-Mg中间合金含量0.019~0.39wt%,Mg的质量百分比为5.1%;Al-Mn中间合金含量0.016~0.33wt%,Mn的质量百分比为6%;Al-Zn中间合金0.065~3.067wt%,Zn的质量百分比为7.6%。The method for preparing a high-toughness and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy material according to claim 6, wherein the method for adding the alloying element in the second step is added in the form of an aluminum-based intermediate alloy, wherein the middle of the Al-Si The alloy content is 15.86~17.84wt%, the mass percentage of Si is 50%; the Al-Cu intermediate alloy content is 5.66~6.03wt%, the mass percentage of Cu is 35%; the Al-Zr intermediate alloy content is 1.86~6.33wt%, Zr The mass percentage is 9.8%; the Al-Sr master alloy content is 0.23 to 0.257 wt% or 0.257 to 0.263 wt%, the mass percentage of Sr is 15.2%; the Al-Mg intermediate alloy content is 0.019 to 0.39 wt%, and the mass percentage of Mg is 5.1. %; Al-Mn intermediate alloy content is 0.016 to 0.33 wt%, mass percentage of Mn is 6%; Al-Zn intermediate alloy is 0.065 to 3.067 wt%, and mass percentage of Zn is 7.6%.
  8. 根据权利要求6所述的一种高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料的制备方法,其特征在于:所述步骤一种高温融化温度为750~800℃,所述步骤三中降温排气温度为700~750℃,时间为20~30min。The method for preparing a high-toughness and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy material according to claim 6, wherein the step is: a high-temperature melting temperature is 750-800 ° C, and the step-down exhaust temperature is 700- 750 ° C, time is 20 ~ 30min.
  9. 根据权利要求6所述的一种高强韧耐腐蚀铝合金材料的制备方法,其特征在于:所述步骤四种浇铸成型包括浇铸凝固和后处理加工,浇铸温度为680~740℃,凝固时间控制为1~3min;后处理加工为铝合金表面瑕疵的处理,依次包括退火和回火处理。 The method for preparing a high-toughness and corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy material according to claim 6, wherein the step of the four casting forms comprises casting solidification and post-treatment, the casting temperature is 680-740 ° C, and the solidification time is controlled. It is 1~3min; the post-treatment is processed into the surface of the aluminum alloy, including annealing and tempering.
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