WO2018198170A1 - Hose structure - Google Patents

Hose structure Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2018198170A1
WO2018198170A1 PCT/JP2017/016218 JP2017016218W WO2018198170A1 WO 2018198170 A1 WO2018198170 A1 WO 2018198170A1 JP 2017016218 W JP2017016218 W JP 2017016218W WO 2018198170 A1 WO2018198170 A1 WO 2018198170A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
member
hose
elastic body
inner member
water
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/JP2017/016218
Other languages
French (fr)
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
前田 達也
秀一 恵良
Original Assignee
株式会社タカギ
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 株式会社タカギ filed Critical 株式会社タカギ
Priority to JP2017016218W priority Critical patent/JPWO2018198170A1/en
Priority claimed from JP2017016218W external-priority patent/JPWO2018198170A1/en
Publication of WO2018198170A1 publication Critical patent/WO2018198170A1/en
Publication of JPWO2018198170A1 publication Critical patent/JPWO2018198170A1/en
Application status is Pending legal-status Critical

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16LPIPES; JOINTS OR FITTINGS FOR PIPES; SUPPORTS FOR PIPES, CABLES OR PROTECTIVE TUBING; MEANS FOR THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16L11/00Hoses, i.e. flexible pipes
    • F16L11/04Hoses, i.e. flexible pipes made of rubber or flexible plastics
    • F16L11/11Hoses, i.e. flexible pipes made of rubber or flexible plastics with corrugated wall
    • F16L11/118Hoses, i.e. flexible pipes made of rubber or flexible plastics with corrugated wall having arrangements for particular purposes, e.g. electrically conducting
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16LPIPES; JOINTS OR FITTINGS FOR PIPES; SUPPORTS FOR PIPES, CABLES OR PROTECTIVE TUBING; MEANS FOR THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16L11/00Hoses, i.e. flexible pipes
    • F16L11/04Hoses, i.e. flexible pipes made of rubber or flexible plastics
    • F16L11/12Hoses, i.e. flexible pipes made of rubber or flexible plastics with arrangements for particular purposes, e.g. specially profiled, with protecting layer, heated, electrically conducting

Abstract

A hose structure that comprises: an inner member that transmits water; and an elastic body that is separate from the inner member, extends along the inner member, and can stretch/contract in the extension direction of the inner member in accordance with the liquid transmission state of the inner member.

Description

Hose structure

This disclosure relates to a hose structure.

Patent Document 1 discloses a hose that automatically expands in the longitudinal direction and automatically expands in the lateral direction when a liquid pressure is applied.

JP 2013-249948 A

Here, in the hose as described in Patent Document 1, the portion through which the liquid passes is expanded and contracted to be deformable according to the liquid. In such a hose, when the expansion and contraction of the liquid passage portion is repeated, the liquid passage portion may be damaged. In the case where the portion through which the liquid passes is broken, both the liquid permeability and stretchability functions are impaired in the hose.

Therefore, an object of the present disclosure is to provide a hose structure that can be deformed according to a fluid while suppressing breakage of a portion through which the fluid passes.

A hose structure according to an aspect of the present disclosure includes a flow member that allows fluid to pass therethrough, and is provided separately from the flow member and extends along the flow member, and flows according to a flow state in the flow member. A telescopic member configured to be stretchable in the extending direction of the member. In the hose structure according to one aspect of the present disclosure, the expansion member separate from the flow member can be expanded and contracted in the extending direction of the flow member according to the flow state of the flow member. Since such an expansion / contraction member extends along the flow passage member, the flow passage member is deformed in response to the expansion / contraction of the expansion / contraction member. Thereby, in the hose structure, the flowing part (flowing member) and the expanding / contracting part (expanding member) are separated, and the flowing part is deformed without expanding / contracting the flowing part (for example, compact) Can be summarized). Thus, it is possible to adopt a configuration in which damage to the flowing portion, which is a problem when the flowing portion mainly expands and contracts, hardly occurs. As described above, according to the hose structure according to one aspect of the present disclosure, it is possible to provide a configuration that can be deformed according to the fluid while suppressing breakage of a portion that flows.

The hose structure may further include an outer member that covers an inner member that is a flow-through member, and the elastic member may be provided separately from the inner member and the outer member. Thus, the inner member and the outer member are covered with the outer member, and the inner member and the outer member are provided separately from the inner member and the outer member while covering the inner member with the outer member and making the inner member more difficult to break. Can be appropriately deformed.

The stretchable member may be disposed between the inner member and the outer member. Thereby, the influence by expansion-contraction of an expansion-contraction member can be effectively given to both an inner member and an outer member, and an inner member and an outer member can be deform | transformed more appropriately. Moreover, since it can be set as the structure which an expansion-contraction member does not contact with the fluid which flows through an inner member, degradation of the expansion-contraction member by contacting with a fluid can be suppressed.

The stretchable member may be arranged close to a predetermined region in the circumferential direction of the inner member. When the elastic member is arranged in various regions in the circumferential direction of the inner member, when the elastic member expands and contracts, the elastic member and the inner member are easily entangled, and the inner member is difficult to deform, and There may be a problem that the flowability of the inner member is deteriorated. In this respect, the expansion and contraction member is arranged close to a predetermined region in the circumferential direction of the inner member, whereby the inner member can be easily deformed and the flowability of the inner member can be ensured.

The elastic member may be arranged outside the outer member. When the inner member and the expansion / contraction member are close to each other, the inner member may be entangled with the expansion / contraction member that expands and contracts when flowing to the inner member. In this case, there is a possibility that the inner member is difficult to be deformed and the flowability of the inner member is deteriorated. In this respect, since the elastic member is arranged outside the outer member, the inner member and the elastic member are effectively prevented from being tangled at the time of flow and the inner member is easily deformed. The flowability of the inner member can be ensured.

The hose structure may further include a covering member that covers the elastic member disposed outside the outer member. Thereby, the mechanism for flow constituted by the inner member and the outer member can be separated from the mechanism for expansion / contraction constituted by the expansion / contraction member and the covering member. It is possible to effectively suppress the influence on the mechanism (inner member and outer member).

The hose structure may further include a pressure reducing valve that controls the pressure applied to the flow passage member. Thereby, it becomes possible to reduce the load of the pressure applied to the flow member, and the durability of the flow member can be improved.

According to the present disclosure, it is possible to provide a hose structure that can be deformed according to a fluid while suppressing breakage of a portion through which the fluid passes.

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the hose structure according to the first embodiment. 2A and 2B are diagrams for explaining deformation according to expansion and contraction of the elastic body. FIG. 2A shows a non-water-permeable hose structure, and FIG. 2B shows a water-permeable hose structure. Yes. FIG. 3 is a view for explaining deformation in the hose structure according to the second embodiment according to the expansion and contraction of the elastic body. FIG. 3 (a) is a non-water-permeable hose structure, FIG. 3 (b). Shows a hose structure in a water flow state. FIG. 4 is a diagram for explaining deformation according to the expansion and contraction of the elastic body in the hose structure according to the third embodiment. FIG. 4 (a) is a non-water-permeable hose structure, FIG. 4 (b). Is a hose structure at the start of water flow, and FIG. 4C shows a hose structure in a state where time has passed since the start of water flow. FIG. 5 is a view for explaining deformation according to the expansion and contraction of the elastic body in the hose structure according to the fourth embodiment. FIG. 5A is a hose structure in a non-water-permeable state, and FIG. Is a hose structure at the start of water flow, and FIG. 5C shows a hose structure in a state where time has passed since the start of water flow. FIG. 6 is a diagram showing another example hose structure according to the fourth embodiment. FIG. 7 is a view for explaining deformation of the hose structure according to the fifth embodiment according to the expansion and contraction of the elastic body. FIG. 7 (a) is a non-water-permeable hose structure, FIG. 7 (b). Shows a hose structure in a water flow state. FIG. 8 is a view for explaining deformation according to the expansion and contraction of the elastic body in the hose structure according to the sixth embodiment. FIG. 8 (a) is a non-water-permeable hose structure, FIG. 8 (b). Shows a hose structure in a water flow state.

[First Embodiment]
Hereinafter, the first embodiment will be described in detail with reference to the drawings. In the description, the same elements or elements having the same functions are denoted by the same reference numerals, and redundant description is omitted.

(Hose structure)
As shown in FIG. 1, the hose structure 1 includes a hose part 10, a liquid source connector 11, a nozzle connector 12, and a nozzle part 13. The hose structure 1 is configured to be portable and has a function of supplying a liquid (fluid) such as water from a supply source (liquid source) outdoors or indoors. In the present embodiment, the hose structure 1 that supplies fluid is described as supplying liquid, but gas may be supplied.

The hose part 10 is a long hollow tube for sending the liquid supplied from the liquid source. The hose unit 10 sends a liquid such as water. In the present embodiment, the hose portion 10 will be described as one that sends water, but is not limited to this, and may be one that sends other liquid, for example. Although the hose part 10 is described as being connected to a water supply facility (for example, a water faucet) that is a liquid source via the liquid source connector 11, the hose unit 10 is not limited to this and is not limited to the liquid source connector 11. It may be indirectly connected to the water supply equipment through a hose or the like. The hose portion 10 is fully extended due to water pressure in a water passage state (a state where water flows), and is folded when the water pressure is removed in a non-water passage state (a state where water does not flow) (see FIG. 1). Details of the hose portion 10 will be described later.

The liquid source connector 11 is a connector for connecting the water supply equipment and the hose portion 10. The liquid source connector 11 is connected to the proximal end side of the hose portion 10. That is, the liquid source connector 11 is an inflow port of water sent from the water supply facility to the hose unit 10.

The nozzle connector 12 is a connector that connects the hose part 10 and the nozzle part 13 together. The nozzle connector 12 is connected to the distal end side of the hose portion 10. That is, the nozzle connector 12 is an outlet for water to be sent from the hose portion 10 to the nozzle portion 13.

The nozzle unit 13 is a watering nozzle that sprinkles water sent from the water supply facility via the hose unit 10 to a water supply destination. The nozzle unit 13 includes a gun lever 14 and a nozzle screen 15. The nozzle unit 13 discharges water from the nozzle screen 15 when the gun lever 14 is gripped (pushed in) by the user.

(Details of hose part)
Next, details of the hose portion 10 will be described with reference to FIG. The hose portion 10 includes an inner member 16 (flow member), an outer member 17, and an elastic body 18 (expandable member). The inner member 16, the outer member 17, and the elastic body 18 are all connected to the liquid source connector 11 at the proximal end and to the nozzle connector 12 at the distal end.

The inner member 16 and the outer member 17 have a form in which a mountain fold and a valley fold are repeated in a cut section cut by a section in the longitudinal direction, in other words, a bellows member (see FIG. 2A). When the inner member 16 and the outer member 17 are in a water-permeable state, the height of the above-described mountain fold and valley fold is reduced and apparently extends in the longitudinal direction (see FIG. 2B). The height of the mountain fold and the valley fold increases, and apparently shrinks in the longitudinal direction (see FIG. 2A). When the water passage state is changed to the non-water passage state, the inner member 16 and the outer member 17 themselves try to shrink to some extent, but the length in the longitudinal direction of the hose portion 10 is reduced only by the force to try to shrink. Will be small. Therefore, the hose portion 10 includes an elastic body 18 and is configured to shorten the length in the longitudinal direction when the elastic body 18 is changed from a water-transmitting state to a non-water-transmitting state by a force to be contracted. Yes.

That is, the presence of the elastic body 18 allows the hose portion 10 to be contracted to a predetermined length (non-water-passage initial length A) in a non-water-permeable state, and the elastic body 18 has a shrinking function. If not, the hose part 10 cannot be shrunk to the initial length A of the non-water-permeable state. When the length of the hose portion 10 in the non-water-permeable state when the elastic body 18 does not have a contraction function is the non-water-permeable state virtual length B, A / B is set to about 0.3 to 0.5, for example. The When A / B is smaller than the value, the load in the stretched state of the elastic body 18 is increased, and the stretchability of the elastic body 18 is likely to be reduced. When A / B is larger than the value, the shrinkage function of the hose portion 10 is deteriorated, and the elasticity of the inner member 16 and the outer member 17 is increased, and cracking or the like is likely to occur due to repeated use. It becomes a problem. Based on these, A / B may be about 0.4, for example.

The length of the hose portion 10 in a non-water-permeable state (a state in which internal water flows to the outside due to the contraction) is L1, and the length when liquid is passed at a predetermined water pressure (for example, 0.15 Mpa to 0.4 Mpa). Is L2, L1 / L2 is set to 0.3 to 0.7. When L1 / L2 is smaller than the value, each member is likely to deteriorate due to repeated use. For this reason, L1 / L2 may be 0.4 or more, further 0.45 or more. Moreover, when L1 / L2 becomes larger than the value, it becomes difficult to shorten (it is difficult to shrink). For this reason, L1 / L2 may be 0.6 or less, and further 0.55 or less.

The inner member 16 is a water passage through which water passes. The inner member 16 itself may be made of a material having elasticity, or may be made of a material having no elasticity. The inner member 16 is made of a material such as polyvinyl chloride, silicon, elastomer, polyurethane, or fluorine resin. The length of the inner member 16 in the extending direction is, for example, in the range of 5 m to 50 m, for example, 15 m. The inner member 16 has an inner diameter (inner diameter when water is passed), for example, in a range of φ7 mm to φ15 mm, for example, φ12 mm to φ13.5 mm.

The outer member 17 is a member that covers the inner member 16. The outer member 17 may be made of a material having elasticity or may be made of a material having no elasticity. The outer member 17 is made of a material such as polyester or nylon. The length of the outer member 17 in the extending direction is, for example, in the range of 5 m to 50 m, for example, 15 m. For example, the inner diameter of the outer member 17 (the inner diameter when water is passed) is set to be approximately 0 mm to 2 mm larger than the inner diameter of the inner member.

The elastic body 18 is a string-like elastic member that extends along the inner member 16 and can be expanded and contracted in the extending direction (longitudinal direction) of the inner member 16 according to the liquid passing state in the inner member 16. The elastic body 18 is provided separately from the inner member 16 and the outer member 17. The elastic body 18 is disposed between the inner member 16 and the outer member 17 (between in the radial direction). That is, the elastic body 18 is disposed outside the inner member 16 and inside the outer member 17. The elastic body 18 is arranged in a biased state in a predetermined region in the circumferential direction of the inner member 16 (see FIGS. 2A and 2B).

The elastic body 18 extends in the extending direction of the inner member 16 by water pressure when water flows in the inner member 16 (water passing state) (see FIG. 2B). Further, the elastic body 18 returns to its original length (shrinks) by removing the water pressure in a state where water does not flow in the inner member 16 (non-water passing state) (see FIG. 2A). “Elongation” and “shrink” of the elastic body 18 means that the elastic body 18 actually expands and contracts in the stretching direction and the length in the stretching direction changes. The apparent lengths of the inner member 16 and the outer member 17 change as the elastic body 18 expands and contracts in the extending direction. That is, as shown in FIG. 2B, in the water passage state, the inner member 16 and the outer member 17 are fully extended as the elastic body 18 extends in the extending direction. On the other hand, as shown in FIGS. 2A and 1, in the non-water-permeable state, the inner member 16 and the outer member according to the elastic body 18 contracting in the extending direction (returning to the original length). For example, 17 contracts in a spiral shape and is folded.

The elastic body 18 is made of a material such as natural rubber, nitrile rubber, ethylene propylene rubber, silicon rubber, or fluorine rubber. The length of the elastic body 18 in the stretching direction is 50% to 80% of the stretched state due to water pressure, for example, in a normal state (shrinked state), for example, 7.5 m to 12 m.

The elastic body 18 may be linear in a non-water-permeable state (however, it may be bent by bending of the hose portion 10 itself) in order to increase the extent to which the length of the hose portion 10 can be shortened. In a non-water-permeable state, it may be spiral. Further, the elastic body 18 is a solid elastic member in order to achieve both the increase of the contraction force and the reduction of the cross-sectional area. The elastic body 18 may be a hollow elastic member.

(Operational effects of the first embodiment)

As described above, the hose structure 1 according to the present embodiment is provided separately from the inner member 16 through which water passes and the inner member 16, and extends along the inner member 16, so that the inner member 16 is in a liquid-permeable state. Accordingly, an elastic body 18 configured to be extendable and contractable in the extending direction of the inner member 16 is provided.

In such a hose structure 1, the elastic member 18, which is separate from the inner member 16, can be expanded and contracted in the extending direction of the inner member 16 according to the liquid passage state in the inner member 16. Since such an elastic body 18 extends along the inner member 16, the inner member 16 is deformed as the elastic body 18 expands and contracts. As a result, in the hose structure 1, the portion (the inner member 16) through which the liquid passes is separated from the portion (the elastic body 18) that expands and contracts, and the portion that passes through is deformed without expanding or contracting the portion through which the liquid passes ( For example, it can be made compact. By this, it can be set as the structure which is hard to occur to the failure | damage etc. of the liquid-passing part which becomes a problem when the part to which liquid flows mainly expands / contracts. As mentioned above, according to the hose structure 1, the structure which can be deform | transformed according to the liquid can be provided, suppressing the failure | damage of the part which lets liquid flow.

The hose structure 1 further includes an outer member 17 that covers the inner member 16, and the elastic body 18 is provided separately from the inner member 16 and the outer member 17. Accordingly, the inner member 16 that is a portion through which the liquid passes is covered with the outer member 17, and the inner member 16 is less likely to be damaged, while the elastic member 18 provided separately from the inner member 16 and the outer member 17. The inner member 16 and the outer member 17 can be appropriately deformed.

The elastic body 18 is disposed between the inner member 16 and the outer member 17. Thereby, the influence by expansion / contraction of the elastic body 18 can be effectively given to both the inner member 16 and the outer member 17, and the inner member 16 and the outer member 17 can be deformed more appropriately. Moreover, since it can be set as the structure which the elastic body 18 does not contact with the water which flows through the inner member 16, degradation of the elastic body 18 by contacting with water can be suppressed.

The elastic body 18 is arranged close to a predetermined region in the circumferential direction of the inner member 16. When the elastic body is disposed in various regions in the circumferential direction of the inner member, the elastic body and the inner member are easily entangled when the elastic body expands and contracts, and the inner member is less likely to be deformed, and There may be a problem that the liquid permeability in the inner member is deteriorated. In this respect, the elastic body 18 is arranged close to a predetermined region in the circumferential direction of the inner member 16, whereby the inner member 16 is easily deformed and the liquid permeability of the inner member 16 can be ensured. it can.

In addition, since the configuration in which the inner member 16 and the like are folded by the elastic member 18 as a separate member is adopted, the elongation of the hose can be easily adjusted by adjusting the length of the elastic member 18.

[Second Embodiment]
Next, the hose structure 2 according to the second embodiment will be described with reference to FIG. In the description of the present embodiment, differences from the first embodiment will be mainly described.

As shown in FIG. 3A and FIG. 3B, the hose portion 20 of the hose structure 2 according to the second embodiment includes a water passage mechanism 21 for water passage and expansion / contraction for expansion and contraction in the extending direction. And a mechanism 22.

The water flow mechanism 21 includes an inner member 26 and an outer member 27. The inner member 26 has the same configuration as the inner member 16 of the first embodiment, and the outer member 27 has the same configuration as the outer member 17 of the first embodiment. That is, the inner member 26 is a water passage that allows water to pass therethrough, and the outer member 27 is a member that covers the inner member 16.

The telescopic mechanism 22 is provided along the extending direction of the water passage mechanism 21 (specifically, the outer member 27). The expansion / contraction mechanism 22 includes an elastic body 28 and a covering member 29. The elastic body 28 is made of the same material as that of the elastic body 18 of the first embodiment, and is disposed outside the outer member 27. The elastic body 28 extends in the extending direction of the inner member 26 and the outer member 27. The covering member 29 is a member that covers the elastic body 28 disposed outside the outer member 27, and extends in the extending direction of the inner member 26 and the outer member 27. The covering member 29 is provided so as to be continuous with the outer member 27 in a predetermined region in the circumferential direction of the outer member 27. The covering member 29 is made of, for example, the same material as the outer member 27, such as polyester and nylon.

As described above, the hose portion 20 of the hose structure 2 according to the second embodiment includes the region (room) of the water passage mechanism 21 partitioned by the outer member 27 and the region of the expansion / contraction mechanism 22 partitioned by the covering member 29. (Room) and a two-room structure. Then, as shown in FIG. 3B, in the water flow state, the elastic member 28 of the expansion / contraction mechanism 22 extends in the extending direction, and the covering member 29 of the expansion / contraction mechanism 22 and the water supply mechanism 21 The inner member 26 and the outer member 27 are in a fully extended state. On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 3A, in the non-water-permeable state, the covering member 29, the inner member 26, and the outer member 28 according to the elastic body 28 contracting in the extending direction (returning to the original length). For example, the member 27 is contracted in a spiral shape and is in a folded state.

As described above, in the hose structure 2 according to the second embodiment, the elastic body 28 is disposed outside the outer member 27. For example, when the inner member and the elastic body are close to each other, the inner member may be entangled with the elastic body that expands and contracts when water passes through the inner member. In this case, there is a possibility that the inner member is difficult to be deformed and the water permeability in the inner member is deteriorated. In this regard, since the elastic body 28 is disposed outside the outer member 27, the inner member 26 and the elastic body 28 are effectively prevented from being entangled during water flow and the inner member 26 is deformed. While becoming an easy structure, the water permeability of the inner member 26 can be ensured.

The hose structure 2 includes a covering member 29 that covers an elastic body 28 disposed outside the outer member 27. Thereby, the area (room) of the water flow mechanism 21 related to water flow constituted by the inner member 26 and the outer member 27 and the area (room) of the expansion / contraction mechanism 22 related to expansion / contraction constituted by the elastic body 28 and the covering member 29. And the expansion and contraction of the elastic body 28 can be effectively suppressed from affecting the inner member 26 and the outer member 27 for water flow.

[Third Embodiment]
Next, the hose structure 3 according to the third embodiment will be described with reference to FIG. In the description of the present embodiment, differences from the first and second embodiments will be mainly described.

As shown in FIGS. 4A to 4C, the hose portion 30 of the hose structure 3 according to the third embodiment includes a main hose 31, an extendable hose 32, and an elastic body 33. The main hose 31, the telescopic hose 32, and the elastic body 33 are all connected to the liquid source connector 11 at the proximal end and to the nozzle connector 12 at the distal end.

The main hose 31 is a bellows-like hose configured to be expandable and contractable in the direction of sending water. The main hose 31 is made of, for example, a material such as polyester, nylon, polyvinyl chloride, soft polyvinyl chloride, soft polypropylene, soft polyethylene, polyethylene vinyl acetate, or a polyester or nylon woven cloth coated with a resin. . The main hose 31 has a cylindrical structure and is configured to repeat so-called mountain folds and valley folds. With such a structure, the main hose 31 can be expanded and contracted in the extending direction, and is a closed space with a variable volume. The length of the main hose 31 in the extending direction is, for example, in a range of 5 m to 50 m, for example, 7.5 m in a normal state (a contracted state). Further, the length of the main hose 31 in the extending direction is, for example, 2 to 3 times the contracted state in the expanded state due to water pressure, for example, 15 m.

The telescopic hose 32 is a bellows-like hose that is passed through the inside of the main hose 31 and configured to be stretchable in the direction of sending water. The stretchable hose 32 is made of, for example, a material such as polyester, nylon, polyvinyl chloride, soft polyvinyl chloride, soft polypropylene, soft polyethylene, polyethylene vinyl acetate, or a polyester or nylon woven cloth coated with a resin. . The telescopic hose 32 has a cylindrical structure and has a structure in which so-called mountain folds and valley folds are repeated. With such a structure, the telescopic hose 32 can be expanded and contracted in the extending direction, and is a closed space with a variable volume. The telescopic hose 32 is sealed at the tip portion connected to the nozzle connector 12. The length of the expansion / contraction hose 32 in the extending direction is, for example, in the range of 5 m to 50 m, for example, 7.5 m in a normal state (a contracted state). Further, the length of the main hose 31 in the extending direction is, for example, 2 to 3 times the contracted state in the expanded state due to water pressure, for example, 15 m.

The elastic body 33 is an elastic member that is passed inside the telescopic hose 32. The elastic body 33 is made of the same material as that of the elastic body 18 of the first embodiment, for example.

In the hose part 30 of the hose structure 3 according to the third embodiment, in the non-water-permeable state, as shown in FIG. 4A, the elastic body 33 is not extended, and the main hose 31 and the expansion / contraction The hose 32 is in a contracted state. From this state, as shown in FIG. 4 (b), when water is passed from the liquid source connector 11 to a region inside the main hose 31 and outside the telescopic hose 32, the water passage state is shown in FIG. 4 (c). As described above, the elastic body 33 extends in the extending direction due to water pressure, and the main hose 31 and the telescopic hose 32 are fully extended accordingly. Thereafter, when the water is stopped and the water non-flowing state is obtained, the main hose 31 and the expansion / contraction hose 32 shown in FIG. 4A are again contracted.

In such a hose part 30, since the elastic body 33 basically expands and contracts only in the longitudinal direction (stretching direction), the frictional resistance with the stretchable hose 32 is small. Thereby, even when the elastic body 33 is repeatedly expanded and contracted, it is possible to realize a highly durable configuration that is unlikely to be damaged.

Further, since the elastic body 33 is passed through the inside of the telescopic hose 32 and water can flow outside the telescopic hose 32 (the elastic body 33 is not a water passage member), the elastic body 33 is temporarily worn. In addition, the hose portion 30 does not leak or rupture.

Furthermore, since the elastic body 33 is not a water-permeable member, it is possible to form a thin structure that mainly expands and contracts in the hose (the elastic body 33 in the hose portion 30). Thereby, the elastic body 33 becomes easy to extend and the water pressure for expanding and contracting the elastic body 33 can be set low. That is, the usable water pressure range can be expanded.

[Fourth Embodiment]
Next, the hose structure 4 according to the fourth embodiment will be described with reference to FIG. In the description of the present embodiment, differences from the first to third embodiments will be mainly described.

The hose part 40 of the hose structure 4 according to the fourth embodiment shown in FIGS. 5A to 5C is the same as the hose part 30 of the hose structure 3 according to the third embodiment described above. Yes, it includes a main hose 31, a telescopic hose 32, and an elastic body 33. In addition to these configurations, the hose portion 40 includes a check valve 41 and a discharge valve 42 on the proximal end side (liquid source connector 11 side) of the hose portion 40.

The check valve 41 is a valve that suppresses the expansion / contraction hose 32 from contracting even when the water flow is completed and the pressure in the flow path is reduced (see FIG. 5C). That is, the check valve 41 regulates the pressure applied in the telescopic hose 32. And by controlling the discharge valve 42, the telescopic hose 32 can be arbitrarily shrunk and stored. The discharge valve 42 may be provided on the nozzle connector 12 side. With such a configuration, it is possible to reduce the pressure load applied to the telescopic hose 32 and improve durability.

In addition, it may replace with the hose part 40 of the hose structure 4 mentioned above, and may employ | adopt the hose part 40X of the hose structure 4X shown in FIG. The hose part 40X has the same basic configuration as the hose part 40 described above, and includes a pressure control valve 41X (pressure reducing valve) instead of the check valve 41 and the discharge valve 42. The pressure control valve 41X is provided in the liquid source connector 11 which is the primary side of the hose part 40X. The pressure control valve 41X regulates (controls) the pressure applied to the telescopic hose 32. Thereby, the load of the pressure concerning the expansion-contraction hose 32 can be reduced, and durability can be improved.

[Fifth Embodiment]
Next, the hose structure 5 according to the fifth embodiment will be described with reference to FIG. In the description of this embodiment, differences from the first to fourth embodiments will be mainly described.

7A and 7B, the hose portion 50 of the hose structure 5 according to the fifth embodiment includes a main hose 51 and an elastic body 52. Each of the main hose 51 and the elastic body 52 has a base end connected to the liquid source connector 11 and a tip connected to the nozzle connector 12.

The main hose 51 is a bellows-like hose configured to be expandable and contractable in the direction of feeding water. The main hose 51 is made of the same material as the main hose 31 of the third embodiment, for example.

The elastic body 52 is an elastic member passed through the inside of the main hose 51. The elastic body 52 is made of the same material as that of the elastic body 33 of the third embodiment, for example.

In the hose part 50 of the hose structure 5 according to the fifth embodiment, the non-water-permeable state is a state in which the elastic body 52 is not extended as shown in FIG. The body 52 is in a contracted state. From this state, when water is allowed to flow from the liquid source connector 11 to a region inside the main hose 51 and outside the elastic body 52, the elastic body 52 is stretched by water pressure as shown in FIG. 7B. The main hose 51 is fully extended accordingly. Then, when the water is stopped and the water non-permeating state is reached, the main hose 51 shown in FIG. 7A is again contracted.

In such a hose part 50, when the elastic body 52 is thinned when extending in the extending direction in the water passing state, the water passing area (the area inside the main hose 51 and the outside of the elastic body 52) is widened. Therefore, water can be efficiently sprayed. Moreover, since the thickness of the elastic body 52 becomes thick when shrinking in a non-water-passing state, the water-passing region is narrowed, and the accumulated water in the hose portion 50 can be discharged efficiently.

And, for the same reason as the hose part 30 according to the third embodiment, the structure in which the elastic body 52 is difficult to break, the structure in which water leakage from the hose part 50 is difficult even if the elastic body 52 is worn, and The structure which can expand the water pressure range which can be used is realizable.

[Sixth Embodiment]
Next, the hose structure 6 according to the sixth embodiment will be described with reference to FIG. In the description of the present embodiment, differences from the first to fifth embodiments will be mainly described.

The hose part 60 of the hose structure 6 according to the sixth embodiment shown in FIGS. 8A and 8B is the same as the hose part 50 of the hose structure 5 according to the fifth embodiment described above. is there. The hose part 60 includes an elastic body 62 instead of the elastic body 52 of the hose part 50.

The elastic body 62 is made of the same material as the elastic body 52 of the fifth embodiment, and the arrangement is different from that of the elastic body 52. That is, the elastic body 62 is disposed in a biased state in a predetermined region (lower part in FIG. 8) in the circumferential direction of the main hose 51.

In the configuration in which the hose is expanded and contracted by water pressure, if the friction between the hose and an elastic body such as a rubber tube is large, the hose is difficult to expand and contract, and the usable water pressure becomes high. In this respect, in the hose portion 60, since the elastic body 62 is arranged in a biased state in a predetermined area (lower part in FIG. 8) in the circumferential direction of the main hose 51, the area where the main hose 51 and the elastic body 62 are in contact with each other. The friction between the main hose 51 and the elastic body 62 can be reduced. Thereby, the water pressure range which can be used can be expanded.

1, 2, 3, 4, 4X, 5, 6 ... hose structure 10, 20, 30, 40, 40X, 50, 60 ... hose portion, 16, 26 ... inner member, 17, 27 ... outer member, 18 , 28 ... elastic body, 29 ... covering member, 41X ... pressure control valve (pressure reducing valve).

Claims (7)

  1. A flow passage member for passing a fluid;
    A telescopic member provided separately from the flow member and extending along the flow member and configured to be extendable in the extending direction of the flow member according to a flow state of the flow member. A hose structure provided.
  2. An outer member that covers the inner member that is the flow member;
    The hose structure according to claim 1, wherein the elastic member is provided separately from the inner member and the outer member.
  3. The hose structure according to claim 2, wherein the elastic member is disposed between the inner member and the outer member.
  4. The hose structure according to claim 3, wherein the elastic member is arranged close to a predetermined region in the circumferential direction of the inner member.
  5. The hose structure according to claim 2, wherein the elastic member is disposed outside the outer member.
  6. The hose structure according to claim 5, further comprising a covering member that covers the elastic member disposed outside the outer member.
  7. The hose structure according to any one of claims 1 to 6, further comprising a pressure reducing valve that controls a pressure applied to the flow member.
JP2017016218W 2017-04-24 Hose structure Pending JPWO2018198170A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2017016218W JPWO2018198170A1 (en) 2017-04-24 Hose structure

Applications Claiming Priority (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201780089948.0A CN110582663A (en) 2017-04-24 2017-04-24 Hose structure
JP2017016218W JPWO2018198170A1 (en) 2017-04-24 Hose structure
CN201780089943.8A CN110546419A (en) 2017-04-24 2017-12-08 Hose structure
JP2017044144W JPWO2018198416A1 (en) 2017-04-24 2017-12-08 Hose structure
TW107105282A TW201839299A (en) 2017-04-24 2018-02-13 Hose structure

Publications (2)

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WO2018198170A1 true WO2018198170A1 (en) 2018-11-01
JPWO2018198170A1 JPWO2018198170A1 (en) 2020-01-16

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Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6523539B2 (en) * 2001-07-02 2003-02-25 Be Intellectual Property Inc. Self-elongating oxygen hose for stowable aviation crew oxygen mask
US20060070679A1 (en) * 2001-11-24 2006-04-06 Ragner Gary D Linearly retractable pressure hose
JP2013177963A (en) * 2012-02-28 2013-09-09 Yasushi Nakanishi Method for use of water spray hose
JP2013249948A (en) * 2011-11-04 2013-12-12 Blue Gentian Llc Expandable and contractible hose
US20140230945A1 (en) * 2001-11-24 2014-08-21 Ragner Technology Corporation Linearly retractable pressure hose structure
CN104565596A (en) * 2013-10-16 2015-04-29 常彬礼品厂 Flexible pipe
US20160319965A1 (en) * 2015-04-28 2016-11-03 Thomas William David Ashcroft Expandable and contractible hose
US20160363242A1 (en) * 2015-02-12 2016-12-15 Den Di De Nora Paolo Extensible hose
JP2016223623A (en) * 2015-05-30 2016-12-28 アイメディア株式会社 Flexible two-layer water spray hose

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6523539B2 (en) * 2001-07-02 2003-02-25 Be Intellectual Property Inc. Self-elongating oxygen hose for stowable aviation crew oxygen mask
US20060070679A1 (en) * 2001-11-24 2006-04-06 Ragner Gary D Linearly retractable pressure hose
US20140230945A1 (en) * 2001-11-24 2014-08-21 Ragner Technology Corporation Linearly retractable pressure hose structure
JP2013249948A (en) * 2011-11-04 2013-12-12 Blue Gentian Llc Expandable and contractible hose
JP2013177963A (en) * 2012-02-28 2013-09-09 Yasushi Nakanishi Method for use of water spray hose
CN104565596A (en) * 2013-10-16 2015-04-29 常彬礼品厂 Flexible pipe
US20160363242A1 (en) * 2015-02-12 2016-12-15 Den Di De Nora Paolo Extensible hose
US20160319965A1 (en) * 2015-04-28 2016-11-03 Thomas William David Ashcroft Expandable and contractible hose
JP2016223623A (en) * 2015-05-30 2016-12-28 アイメディア株式会社 Flexible two-layer water spray hose

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CN110582663A (en) 2019-12-17
WO2018198416A1 (en) 2018-11-01
CN110546419A (en) 2019-12-06
TW201839299A (en) 2018-11-01

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