WO2018109643A1 - Bisaryl heterocycles as nrf2 acti - Google Patents

Bisaryl heterocycles as nrf2 acti Download PDF

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WO2018109643A1
WO2018109643A1 PCT/IB2017/057801 IB2017057801W WO2018109643A1 WO 2018109643 A1 WO2018109643 A1 WO 2018109643A1 IB 2017057801 W IB2017057801 W IB 2017057801W WO 2018109643 A1 WO2018109643 A1 WO 2018109643A1
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methyl
ethyl
benzo
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James Francis Callahan
Roderick S. Davis
Nicole Cathleen Goodwin
Jeffrey K. Kerns
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Glaxosmithkline Intellectual Property Development Limited
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C07DHETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
    • C07D515/00Heterocyclic compounds containing in the condensed system at least one hetero ring having nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms, not provided for in groups C07D463/00, C07D477/00 or C07D499/00 - C07D507/00
    • C07D515/02Heterocyclic compounds containing in the condensed system at least one hetero ring having nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms, not provided for in groups C07D463/00, C07D477/00 or C07D499/00 - C07D507/00 in which the condensed system contains two hetero rings
    • C07D515/04Ortho-condensed systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61PSPECIFIC THERAPEUTIC ACTIVITY OF CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS OR MEDICINAL PREPARATIONS
    • A61P11/00Drugs for disorders of the respiratory system
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61PSPECIFIC THERAPEUTIC ACTIVITY OF CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS OR MEDICINAL PREPARATIONS
    • A61P37/00Drugs for immunological or allergic disorders
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C07DHETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
    • C07D409/00Heterocyclic compounds containing two or more hetero rings, at least one ring having sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms
    • C07D409/14Heterocyclic compounds containing two or more hetero rings, at least one ring having sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms containing three or more hetero rings
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C07DHETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
    • C07D417/00Heterocyclic compounds containing two or more hetero rings, at least one ring having nitrogen and sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms, not provided for by group C07D415/00
    • C07D417/14Heterocyclic compounds containing two or more hetero rings, at least one ring having nitrogen and sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms, not provided for by group C07D415/00 containing three or more hetero rings
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C07DHETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
    • C07D498/00Heterocyclic compounds containing in the condensed system at least one hetero ring having nitrogen and oxygen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms
    • C07D498/02Heterocyclic compounds containing in the condensed system at least one hetero ring having nitrogen and oxygen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms in which the condensed system contains two hetero rings
    • C07D498/04Ortho-condensed systems

Abstract

The present invention relates to bisaryl heterocycle compounds, methods of making them, pharmaceutical compositions containing them and their use as NRF2 activators. In particular, the invention relates to bisaryl heterocycles of Formula (I),

Description

BISARYL HETEROCYCLES AS NRF2 ACTIVATORS

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to bisaryl heterocycle compounds, methods of making them, pharmaceutical compositions containing them and their use as NRF2 activators.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

NRF2 (NF-E2 related factor 2) is a member of the cap-n-collar family of transcription factors containing a characteristic basic-leucine zipper motif. Under basal conditions, NRF2 levels are tightly controlled by the cytosolic actin-bound repressor, KEAP1 (Kelch-like ECH associating protein 1), which binds to NRF2 and targets it for ubiquitylation and proteasomal degradation via the Cul3-based E3-ubiquitin ligase complex. Under conditions of oxidative stress, DJ1 (PARK7) is activated and stabilizes NRF2 protein by preventing NRF2 from interacting with KEAP1 . Also, modification of reactive cysteines on KEAP1 can cause a conformational change in KEAP1 that alters NRF2 binding and promotes NRF2 stabilization. Thus, the levels of NRF2 in the cell are usually kept low in normal conditions but the system is designed to respond quickly to environmental stress by increasing NRF2 levels and thus downstream NRF2 activity.

Inappropriately low NRF2 activity in the face of on-going oxidative stress appears to be a pathological mechanism underlying chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Yamada, K., et al. BMC Pulmonary Medicine, 2016, 16: 27. This may be a result of an altered equilibrium between NRF2 activators with both inappropriate lack of positive activators such as DJ1 , and overabundance of negative activators such as Keapl and Bachl . Therefore, restoration of NRF2 activity in the lungs of COPD patients should result in repair of the imbalance and mitigation of deleterious processes such as apoptosis of structural cells (including alveolar epithelial and endothelial cells) and inflammation. The results of these effects would be enhanced cytoprotection, preservation of lung structure, and structural repair in the COPD lung, thus slowing disease progression. Therefore, NRF2 activators may treat COPD (Boutten, A., et al. 201 1 . Trends Mol. Med. 17:363-371 ) and other respiratory diseases, including asthma, Acute Lung Injury (ALI) (Cho, H.Y., and Kleeberger, S.R., 2015, Arch Toxicol. 89:1931 -1957; Zhao, H. et al., 2017, Am J Physiol Lung Clee Mol Physiol 312:L155-L162, first published November 18, 2016;

doi:10.1 152/ajplung.00449.2016), Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) and pulmonary fibrosis (Cho, H.Y., and Kleeberger, S.R. 2010. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 244:43-56). The therapeutic potential of an NRF2 activator is exemplified in pulmonary macrophages from COPD patients where NRF2 pathway appears maladaptive. These cells have impaired bacterial phagocytosis compared with similar cells from control patients, and this effect is reversed by the addition of NRF2 activators in vitro. Therefore, in addition to the effects mentioned above, restoration of appropriate NRF2 activity could also rescue COPD exacerbations by reducing lung infection.

This is demonstrated by the NRF2 activator, Sulforaphane, which increases the expression of Macrophage Receptor with Collagenous structure (MARCO) by COPD macrophages and alveolar macrophages from cigarette smoke-exposed mice, thereby improving in these cells bacterial phagocytosis (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, non-typable Haemophilus influenzae) and bacterial clearance both ex vivo and in vivo. (Harvey, C. J., et al. 201 1 . Sci. Transl. Med. 3:78ra32J.

The therapeutic potential of targeting NRF2 in the lung is not limited to COPD. Rather, targeting the NRF2 pathway could provide treatments for other human lung and respiratory diseases that exhibit oxidative stress components such as chronic asthma and acute asthma, lung disease secondary to environmental exposures including but not limited to ozone, diesel exhaust and occupational exposures, fibrosis, acute lung infection (e.g., viral (Noah, T.L. et al. 2014. PLoS ONE 9(6): e98671 ), bacterial or fungal), chronic lung infection, a1 antitrypsin disease, ALI, ARDS and cystic fibrosis (CF, Chen, J. et al. 2008. PLoS One. 2008:3(10):e3367).

A therapy that targets the NRF2 pathway also has many potential uses outside the lung and respiratory system. Many of the diseases for which an NRF2 activator may be useful are autoimmune diseases (psoriasis, IBD, MS), suggesting that an NRF2 activator may be useful in autoimmune diseases in general. In the clinic, a drug targeting the NRF2 pathway (bardoxolone methyl) has shown efficacy in diabetic patients with diabetic nephropathy / chronic kidney disease (CKD) (Aleksunes, L.M., et al. 2010. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 335:2-12), though phase III trials with this drug in patients with the most severe stage of CKD were

terminated. Furthermore, there is evidence to suspect that such a therapy would be effective in sepsis-induced acute kidney injury, other acute kidney injury (AKI) (Shelton, L.M., et al. 2013. Kidney International. Jun 19. doi: 10.1038/ki.2013.248.), and kidney disease or malfunction seen during kidney transplantation. In the cardiac area, bardoxolone methyl is currently under investigation in patients 30 with Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension and so a drug targeting NRF2 by other mechanisms may also be useful in this disease area. Oxidative stress is increased in the diseased myocardium, resulting in accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) which impairs cardiac function [Circ (1987) 76(2); 458-468] and increases susceptibility to arrhythmia [J of Mol & Cell Cardio (1991) 23(8); 899-918] by a direct toxic effect of increased necrosis and apoptosis [Circ Res (2000) 87(12); 1 172-1 179]. In a mouse model of pressure overload (TAC), NRF2 gene and protein expression is increased during the early stage of cardiac adaptive hypertrophy, but decreased in the later stage of maladaptive cardiac remodeling associated with systolic dysfunction [Arterioscler Thromb Vase Biol (2009) 29(11 ); 1843- 5 1850; PLOS ONE (2012) 7(9); e44899]. In addition, NRF2 activation has been shown to suppress myocardial oxidative stress as well as cardiac apoptosis, fibrosis, hypertrophy, and dysfunction in mouse models of pressure overload [Arterioscler Thromb Vase Biol (2009) 29(11 ); J of Mol & Cell Cardio (2014) 72; 305-315; and 1843-1850; PLOS ONE (2012) 7(9); e44899]. NRF2 activation has also been shown to protect against cardiac l/R injury in mice 10 [Circ Res (2009) 105(4); 365- 374; J of Mol & Cell Cardio (2010) 49(4); 576-586] and reduce myocardial oxidative damage following cardiac l/R injury in rat. Therefore, a drug targeting NRF2 by other mechanisms may be useful in a variety of cardiovascular diseases including but not limited to atherosclerosis, hypertension, and heart failure (Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 104308, 10 pages), acute coronary 15 syndrome, myocardial infarction, myocardial repair, cardiac remodeling, cardiac arrhythmias, heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, heart failure with reduced ejection fraction and diabetic cardiomyopathy. A drug activating the NRF2 pathway could also be useful for treatment of several neurodegenerative diseases including Parkinson's disease (PD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) (Brain Res. 2012 Mar 29;1446:109-18.

201 1 .12.064. Epub 2012 Jan 12.) and multiple sclerosis (MS). Multiple in vivo models have shown that NRF2 KO mice are more sensitive to neurotoxic insults than their wild-type counterparts. Treatment of rats with the NRF2 activator tert-butylhydroquinone (tBHQ) reduced cortical damage in rats in a cerebral ischemia-reperfusion model, and cortical glutathione levels were increased in NRF2 wild-type but not KO mice after administration of tBHQ (Shih, A.Y.,et al. 2005. J. Neurosci. 25: 10321 -10335). Tecfidera™ (dimethyl fumarate), which activates NRF2 among other targets, is approved in the U.S. to treat relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS). Activation of NRF2 may also help treat cases of Friedreich's Ataxia, where increased sensitivity to oxidative stress and impaired NRF2 activation has been reported (Paupe V., et al, 2009. PLoS One; 4(1 ):e4253.

Omaveloxolone (RTA-408) is also in clinical trials for Friedreich's Ataxia.

There is preclinical evidence of the specific protective role of the NRF2 pathway in models of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD, Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis) and/or colon cancer (Khor, T.O., et al 2008. Cancer Prev. Res. (Phila) 1 :187-191).

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a common cause of vision loss in people over the age of 50. Cigarette smoking is a major risk factor for the development of non-neovascular (dry) AMD and perhaps also neovascular (wet) AMD. Findings in vitro and in preclinical species support the notion that the NRF2 pathway is involved in the antioxidant response of retinal epithelial cells and modulation of inflammation in pre-clinical models of eye injury (Schimel, et al. 201 1 . Am. J. Pathol. 178:2032-2043). Fuchs Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy (FECD) is a progressive, blinding disease characterized by corneal endothelial cells apoptosis. It is a disease of aging and increased oxidative stress related to low levels of NRF2 expression and/or function (Bitar, M.S., et al. 2012. Invest Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. August 24, 2012 vol. 53 no. 9 5806-5813). In addition, an NRF2 activator may be useful in uveitis or other inflammatory eye condtions.

Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a disease of fat deposition, inflammation, and damage in the liver that occurs in patients who drink little or no alcohol. In pre-clinical models, development of NASH is greatly accelerated in KO mice lacking NRF2 when challenged with a methionine- and choline-deficient diet (Chowdhry S., et al. 2010. Free Rad. Biol. & Med. 48:357-371). Administration of the NRF2 activators oltipraz and NK-252 in rats on a choline-deficient L-amino acid-defined diet significantly attenuated progression of histologic abnormalities, especially hepatic fibrosis (Shimozono R. et al. 2012. Molecular Pharmacology. 84:62-70). Other liver diseases that may be amenable to NRF2 modulation are toxin-induced liver disease (e.g., acetaminophen-induced hepatic disease), viral hepatitis, and cirrhosis (Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity

Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 763257, 9 page).

Recent studies have also begun to elucidate the role of ROS in skin diseases such as psoriasis. A study in psoriasis patients showed an increase in serum malondialdehyde and nitric oxide end products and a decrease in erythrocyte-superoxide dismutase activity, catalase activity, and total antioxidant status that correlated in each case with disease severity index (Dipali P.K., et al. Indian J Clin Biochem. 2010 October; 25(4): 388-392). Also, an NRF2 activator may be useful in treating the dermatitis/topical effects of radiation (Schafer, M. et al. 2010. Genes & Devi. 24:1045-1058), and the immunosuppression due to radiation exposure (Kim, J.H. et al., J. Clin. Invest. 2014 Feb 3; 124(2):730-41).

There are also data suggesting that an NRF2 activator may be beneficial in preeclampsia, a disease that occurs in 2-5% of pregnancies and involves hypertension and proteinuria (Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger Volume 196, Issue 5, September 2014, Pages 268-277).

Preclinical data has shown that compounds with NRF2 activating activity are better at reversing high altitude-induced damage than compounds without NRF2 activity, using animal and cellular models of Acute Mountain Sickness (Lisk C. et al, 2013, Free Radic Biol Med. Oct 2013; 63: 264-273.)

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

In one aspect, this invention provides for bisaryl heterocycle analogs, or a salt, particularly a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and pharmaceutical compositions containing them. In particular, the compounds of this invention include a compound of Formula (I):

The present invention provides for compounds of Formula (I):

Figure imgf000006_0001

wherein: B is benzotriazolyl, phenyl, triazolopyridinyl, -0-(CH2)-triazolyl, or -(CH2)2-triazolyl wherein each of benzotriazolyl, phenyl, triazolopyridinyl, -0-(CH2)-triazolyl, or -(CH2)2-triazolyl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from -C i_ 3alkyl, -O-Ci-salkyl,

-CN, -(CH2)2-0-(CH2)2-OR3 and halo; D is -C(0)OH, -C(0)NR3R4, -C(0)NHS02CH3, -S02NHC(0)CH3, -5-(trifluoromethyl)-4H- 1 ,2,4-triazol-2-yl, -NR3-C(0)-R4, -NR3-C(0)-NR3R4; -NR3-C(0)-0-R4 or tetrazolyl; Ri is independently hydrogen, -Ci_3alkyl, F, -C3-6spirocycloalkyl, oxetane, or the two Ri groups together with the carbon to which they are attached form a cyclopropyl group;

R2 is hydrogen, methyl, -CF3, or halo;

R3 is hydrogen or -Ci-3alkyl; R4 is hydrogen, -Ci-salkyl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, -C^heterocycloalkyl, -Ci-salkoxy, -Ci-3alkyl-0-Ci- 3alkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-NH-Ci-3alkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-S02Ci-3alkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-C4-8heterocycloalkyl, -Ci_ 3alkyl-C(0)NR4R5, aryl or heteroaryl, wherein each of -C1-5 alkyl, -C3.7 cycloalkyl, -C4- 7 heterocycloalkyl, -Ci-5alkoxy, -Ci.3alkyl-0-Ci.3alkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-NH-Ci-3alkyl, -Ci_3alkyl- C(0)NR4R5, aryl or heteroaryl is unsubstituted or substituted by one or two substituents selected from -OH, -C02H, -C(0)NR4R5,-C(0)OR3, -N-C(0)-Ci-3alkyl, F, -CN, -CH-F2, - CF3, -(CH2)n-0-(CH2)m-CH3, -C3.7cycloalkyl and a 5-6-membered heteroaryl ring containing 1 , 2 or 3 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S; or R3 and R together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a 5-8- membered heterocyclic ring, an 8-1 1 -membered bicyclic heterocyclic ring or a 9-10- membered bridged bicyclic heterocyclic ring, wherein each 5-8-membered ring, 8-1 1 - membered bicyclic ring, or 9-10-membered bridged bicyclic ring optionally includes one - C(O) or one -S(0)2, and wherein each 5-8-membered ring, 8-1 1 -membered bicyclic ring, or 9-10-membered bridged bicyclic ring optionally contains one, two or three oxygen ring atoms, one, two or three sulfur ring atoms or one, two or three nitrogen ring atoms, and wherein each 5-8-membered ring, 8-1 1 -membered bicyclic ring, or 9-10-membered bridged bicyclic ring is unsubstituted or substituted by one, two or three substituents independently selected from -Ci_5alkyl, -C3.7cycloalkyl, -C - 7heterocycloalkyl, -(CH2)phenyl, halogen, -NR3R5, -CHF2, -CF3, and -(CH2)n-0-(CH2)m-CH3;

Linker is -CH2-, -CH2-N(-cyclopropyl)-CH2-, -CH2-N(CH3)-CH2- or -N-(CH3)-CH2-; A is tetrahydrobenzoxazepinyl, tetrahydro-pyrido-oxazepinyl, piperidinyl,

tetrahydrobenzazepinyl, phenyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl,

tetrahydropyrrolopyrazinyl, imidazopyridinyl, pyridyl, benzimidazolyl,

tetrahydrobenzodiazepinyl, piperidopyrimidinyl, dioxidotetrahydrothiophenyl,

tetrahydroimidazodiazepinyl, pyrrolidinyl, oxazepane or morpholinyl; wherein each of tetrahydrobenzoxazepinyl, tetrahydro-pyrido-oxazepinyl, piperidinyl, tetrahydrobenzazepinyl, phenyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl,

tetrahydropyrrolopyrazinyl, imidazopyridinyl, pyridyl, benzimidazolyl, tetrahydrobenzodiazepinyl, piperidopyrimidinyl, dioxidotetrahydrothiophenyl,

tetrahydroimidazodiazepinyl, pyrrolidinyl, oxazepane or morpholinyl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from -Ci_3alkyl, -C3.

espirocycloalkyl, halo, -CN, -O-Ci-salkyl, -CH2-0-CH3, and -OH; and wherein the piperidinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by a substituent independently selected from pyrazolyl, -CH2pyrazolyl, and oxadiazolyl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted by -Ci_3alkyl, or, when A is piperidinyl, it is unsubstituted or substituted by -S02R, wherein R is -Ci_3alkyl, phenyl or -C3-7cycloalkyl; and wherein the oxazepane is further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from -Ci_3alkyl and -C3-7cycloalkyl; and wherein the morpholinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by phenyl which phenyl is unsubstituted or substituted by a substituent independently selected from -Ci_3 alkyl and -O- Ci-3 alkyl; and wherein the pyrrolidinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by a triazolyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by -Ci_3alkyl; and wherein the imidazolyl, triazolyl, pyrazolyl, and tetrazolyl groups each are further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from -CH2-C4- ycycloalkyl, -CH2-C5-7heterocycloalkyl, -CH2-azabicycloheptanyl, -CH2-oxepane, and -CH2- azabicyclohexanyl, and wherein each of -CH2-C4-7cycloalkyl, -CH2-C5-7heterocycloalkyl, - CH2-azabicycloheptanyl, -CH2-oxepane, or -CH2-azabicyclohexanyl, including the -CH2-, are further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from -Ci-3 alkyl and F;

Figure imgf000008_0001

Y is independently selected from N or CH; Z is O, CH2, NR5, S, S(O) or S(0)2; R5 is independently selected from hydrogen or -Ci_4alkyl; R6 is hydrogen, -Ci_5alkyl or -(CH2)m-C3-5cycloalkyl; R7 is hydrogen or -Ci-4alkyl; or R6 and R7, together with the carbon to which they are attached form a C3-C5-membered cycloalkyl ring;

Figure imgf000009_0001
it is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from halo, -CF3, -Ci_4alkyl, -CN, -OMe,

-C(0)NH2, -OCF3 and -Ci-4alkylNR7R8;

R8 is -Ci-3alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)Ci-3alkyl, -S02Ci-3alkyl, -C(0)aryl, -C(0)heteroaryl, -S02aryl, -S02heteroaryl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3.

7heterocycloalkyl,

-Ci-3alkyl-heteroaryl or -Ci_3alkyl-aryl, wherein each of -Ci_3alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)Ci_ 3alkyl, -S02Ci-3alkyl, -C(0)aryl, -C(0)heteroaryl, -S02aryl, -S02heteroaryl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, - Ci-3alkylC3.7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3.7heterocycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-heteroaryl or -Ci_3alkyl-aryl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from halo, - CN, -CF3, -OCF3,

-OCH3, -Ci_3alkyl, -OCi_3alkyl, -OC3-7cycloalkyl, -OC3.7hetercycloalkyl, -O-aryl and

-O-heteroaryl;

X is independently (CH)n, S, O or N, and wherein the ring containing X is a 5-membered heteroaromatic ring; m is 0, 1 or 2; and n is 1 or 2; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In a second aspect, this invention provides for the use of the compounds of Formula (I) as NRF2 activators. Accordingly, the present invention is also directed to a method of regulating NRF2 which method comprises contacting a cell with a compound according to Formula (I), or a salt, particularly a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, thereof.

In another aspect, this invention provides for the use of the compounds of Formula (I) for treating and preventing conditions associated with NRF2 imbalance.

In one aspect, the invention is provides a pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of the invention according to Formula (I), or a salt, particularly a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and a pharmaceutically acceptable excipient. Particularly, this invention is directed to a pharmaceutical composition for the treatment of an NRF2 regulated disease or disorder, wherein the composition comprises a compound according to Formula (I), or a salt, particularly a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and a pharmaceutically acceptable excipient.

In a further aspect, this invention provides for a method of treating a respiratory or non-respiratory disorder, including COPD, asthma, ALI, ARDS, fibrosis, chronic asthma and acute asthma, lung disease secondary to environmental exposures, acute lung infection, chronic lung infection, a1 antitrypsin disease, cystic fibrosis, autoimmune diseases, diabetic nephropathy, chronic kidney disease, sepsis-induced acute kidney injury, acute kidney injury (AKI), kidney disease or malfunction seen during kidney transplantation, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, atherosclerosis, hypertension, heart failure, acute coronary syndrome, myocardial infarction, myocardial repair, cardiac remodelling, cardiac arrhythmias, Parkinson's disease (PD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), Friedreich's Ataxia (FA), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), multiple sclerosis (MS), inflammatory bowel disease, colon cancer, neovascular (dry) AMD and neovascular (wet) AMD, eye injury, Fuchs Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy (FECD), uveitis or other inflammatory eye condtions, non-alcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH), toxin-induced liver disease (e.g., acetaminophen-induced hepatic disease), viral hepatitis, cirrhosis, psoriasis, dermatitis/topical effects of radiation, immunosuppression due to radiation exposure, Preeclampsia, and high altitude sickness, which comprises administering to a human in need thereof, a compound of Formula (I). In one aspect, this invention relates to a method of treating COPD, which comprises administering to a human in need thereof, a compound of Formula (I), or a salt, particularly a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. In one aspect, this invention relates to a method of treating heart failure, which comprises administering to a human in need thereof, a compound of Formula (I), or a salt, particularly a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In yet another aspect, this invention provides for the use of a compound of Formula (I), or a salt, particularly a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, for the treatment of a respiratory or non-respiratory disorder, including COPD, asthma, ALI, ARDS, fibrosis, chronic asthma and acute asthma, lung disease secondary to environmental exposures, acute lung infection, chronic lung infection, a1 antitrypsin disease, cystic fibrosis, autoimmune diseases, diabetic nephropathy, chronic kidney disease, sepsis-induced acute kidney injury, acute kidney injury (AKI), kidney disease or malfunction seen during kidney transplantation, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, atherosclerosis, hypertension, heart failure, acute coronary syndrome, myocardial infarction, myocardial repair, cardiac remodelling, cardiac arrhythmias, Parkinson's disease (PD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), Friedreich's Ataxia (FA), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), multiple sclerosis (MS), inflammatory bowel disease, colon cancer, neovascular (dry) AMD and neovascular (wet) AMD, eye injury, Fuchs Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy (FECD), uveitis or other inflammatory eye condtions, Non-alcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH), toxin-induced liver disease (e.g., acetaminophen-induced hepatic disease), viral hepatitis, cirrhosis, psoriasis, dermatitis/topical effects of radiation, immunosuppression due to radiation exposure, Preeclampsia, and high altitude sickness.

In one aspect, this invention relates to the use of a compound of Formula (I), or a salt, particularly a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, for the treatment of COPD.

In one aspect, this invention relates to the use of a compound of Formula (I), or a salt, particularly a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, for the treatment of heart failure.

In a further aspect, this invention relates to use of a compound of Formula (I), or a salt, particularly a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, in the manufacture of a medicament for use in the treatment of a respiratory or non-respiratory disorder, including COPD, asthma, ALI, ARDS, fibrosis, chronic asthma and acute asthma, lung disease secondary to environmental exposures, acute lung infection, chronic lung infection, a1 antitrypsin disease, cystic fibrosis, autoimmune diseases, diabetic nephropathy, chronic kidney disease, sepsis-induced acute kidney injury, acute kidney injury (AKI), kidney disease or malfunction seen during kidney transplantation, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, atherosclerosis, hypertension, heart failure, acute coronary syndrome, myocardial infarction, myocardial repair, cardiac remodelling, cardiac arrhythmias, Parkinson's disease (PD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), Friedreich's Ataxia (FA), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), multiple sclerosis (MS), inflammatory bowel disease, colon cancer, neovascular (dry) AMD and neovascular (wet) AMD, eye injury, Fuchs Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy (FECD), uveitis or other inflammatory eye condtions, non-alcoholic

Steatohepatitis (NASH), toxin-induced liver disease (e.g., acetaminophen-induced hepatic disease), viral hepatitis, cirrhosis, psoriasis, dermatitis/topical effects of radiation, immunosuppression due to radiation exposure, Preeclampsia, and high altitude sickness. In one aspect, this invention relates to use of a compound of Formula (I), or a salt, particularly a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, in the manufacture of a

medicament for the treatment of COPD.

In one aspect, this invention relates to use of a compound of Formula (I), or a salt, particularly a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, in the manufacture of a

medicament for the treatment of heart failure.

In a further aspect, this invention relates to a compound of Formula (I), or a salt, particularly a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, for use in medical therapy.This invention relates to a compound of Formula (I), or a salt, particularly a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, for use in therapy, specifically for use in the treatment of a respiratory or non-respiratory disorder, including COPD, asthma, ALI, ARDS, fibrosis, chronic asthma and acute asthma, lung disease secondary to environmental exposures, acute lung infection, chronic lung infection, a1 antitrypsin disease, cystic fibrosis, autoimmune diseases, diabetic nephropathy, chronic kidney disease, sepsis-induced acute kidney injury, acute kidney injury (AKI), kidney disease or malfunction seen during kidney transplantation, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, atherosclerosis, hypertension, heart failure, acute coronary syndrome, myocardial infarction, myocardial repair, cardiac remodelling, cardiac arrhythmias, Parkinson's disease (PD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), Friedreich's Ataxia (FA), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), multiple sclerosis (MS), inflammatory bowel disease, colon cancer, neovascular (dry) AMD and neovascular (wet) AMD, eye injury, Fuchs Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy (FECD), uveitis or other inflammatory eye condtions, non-alcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH), toxin-induced liver disease (e.g., acetaminophen-induced hepatic disease), viral hepatitis, cirrhosis, psoriasis, dermatitis/topical effects of radiation, immunosuppression due to radiation exposure, Preeclampsia, and high altitude sickness. In one aspect, this invention relates to a compound of Formula (I), or a salt, particularly a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, for use in the treatment of COPD.

In one aspect, this invention relates to a compound of Formula (I), or a salt, particularly a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, for use in the treatment of heart failure.

Other aspects and advantages of the present invention are described further in the following detailed description of the preferred embodiments thereof.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The present invention provides for compounds of Formula (I):

Figure imgf000013_0001

wherein:

B is benzotriazolyl, phenyl, triazolopyridinyl, -0-(CH2)-triazolyl, or -(CH2)2-triazolyl wherein each of benzotriazolyl, phenyl, triazolopyridinyl, -0-(CH2)-triazolyl, or -(CH2)2-triazolyl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from -C i_ 3alkyl, -O-Ci-salkyl,

-CN, -(CH2)2-0-(CH2)2-OR3 and halo;

D is -C(0)OH, -C(0)NR3R4, -C(0)NHS02CH3, -S02NHC(0)CH3, -5-(trifluoromethyl)-4H- 1 ,2,4-triazol-2-yl, -NR3-C(0)-R4, -NR3-C(0)-NR3R4; -NR3-C(0)-0-R4 or tetrazolyl;

Ri is independently hydrogen, -Ci_3alkyl, F, -C3-6spirocycloalkyl, oxetane, or the two Ri groups together with the carbon to which they are attached form a cyclopropyl group;

R2 is hydrogen, methyl, -CF3, or halo;

R3 is hydrogen or -Ci_3alkyl; R4 is hydrogen, -Ci_5alkyl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, -C .8heterocycloalkyl, -Ci-5alkoxy, -Ci-3alkyl-0-Ci. 3alkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-NH-Ci-3alkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-S02Ci-3alkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-C4-8heterocycloalkyl, -Ci_ 3alkyl-C(0)NR4R5, aryl or heteroaryl, wherein each of -Ci_5 alkyl, -C3.7 cycloalkyl, -C4- 7 heterocycloalkyl, -Ci-5alkoxy, -Ci.3alkyl-0-Ci.3alkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-NH-Ci-3alkyl, -Ci_3alkyl- C(0)NR4R5, aryl or heteroaryl is unsubstituted or substituted by one or two substituents selected from -OH, -CO2H, -C(0)NR4R5,-C(0)OR3, -N-C(0)-Ci-3alkyl, F, -CN, -CH-F2, - CF3, -(CH2)n-0-(CH2)m-CI-l3, -C3.7cycloalkyl and a 5-6-membered heteroaryl ring containing 1 , 2 or 3 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S; or R3 and R together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a 5-8- membered heterocyclic ring, an 8-1 1 -membered bicyclic heterocyclic ring or a 9-10- membered bridged bicyclic heterocyclic ring, wherein each 5-8-membered ring, 8-1 1 - membered bicyclic ring, or 9-10-membered bridged bicyclic ring optionally includes one - C(O) or one -S(0)2, and wherein each 5-8-membered ring, 8-1 1 -membered bicyclic ring, or 9-10-membered bridged bicyclic ring optionally contains one, two or three oxygen ring atoms, one, two or three sulfur ring atoms or one, two or three nitrogen ring atoms, and wherein each 5-8-membered ring, 8-1 1 -membered bicyclic ring, or 9-10-membered bridged bicyclic ring is unsubstituted or substituted by one, two or three substituents independently selected from -Ci_5alkyl, -C3.7cycloalkyl, -C - 7heterocycloalkyl, -(CH2)phenyl, halogen, -NR3R5, -CHF2, -CF3, and -(CH2)n-0-(CH2)m-CH3; Linker is -CH2-, -CH2-N(-cyclopropyl)-CH2-, -CH2-N(CH3)-CH2- or -N-(CH3)-CH2-;

A is tetrahydrobenzoxazepinyl, tetrahydro-pyrido-oxazepinyl, piperidinyl,

tetrahydrobenzazepinyl, phenyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl,

tetrahydropyrrolopyrazinyl, imidazopyridinyl, pyridyl, benzimidazolyl,

tetrahydrobenzodiazepinyl, piperidopyrimidinyl, dioxidotetrahydrothiophenyl,

tetrahydroimidazodiazepinyl, pyrrolidinyl, oxazepane or morpholinyl; wherein each of tetrahydrobenzoxazepinyl, tetrahydro-pyrido-oxazepinyl, piperidinyl, tetrahydrobenzazepinyl, phenyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl,

tetrahydropyrrolopyrazinyl, imidazopyridinyl, pyridyl, benzimidazolyl,

tetrahydrobenzodiazepinyl, piperidopyrimidinyl, dioxidotetrahydrothiophenyl,

tetrahydroimidazodiazepinyl, pyrrolidinyl, oxazepane or morpholinyl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from -Ci_3alkyl, -C3.

espirocycloalkyl, halo, -CN, -0-Ci-3alkyl, -CH2-0-CH3, and -OH; and wherein the piperidinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by a substituent independently selected from pyrazolyl, -CH2pyrazolyl, and oxadiazolyl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted by -Ci_3alkyl, or, when A is piperidinyl, it is unsubstituted or substituted by -S02R, wherein R is -Ci_3alkyl, phenyl or -C3-7cycloalkyl; and wherein the oxazepane is further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from -Ci_3alkyl and -C3-7cycloalkyl; and wherein the morpholinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by phenyl which phenyl is unsubstituted or substituted by a substituent independently selected from -Ci-3 alkyl and -O- Ci-3 alkyl; and wherein the pyrrolidinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by a triazolyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by -Ci_3alkyl; and wherein the imidazolyl, triazolyl, pyrazolyl, and tetrazolyl groups each are further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from -CH2-C . ycycloalkyl, -CH2-C5-7heterocycloalkyl, -CH2-azabicycloheptanyl, -CH2-oxepane, and -CH2- azabicyclohexanyl, and wherein each of -CH2-C4-7cycloalkyl, -CH2-C5-7heterocycloalkyl, - CH2-azabicycloheptanyl, -CH2-oxepane, or -CH2-azabicyclohexanyl, including the -CH2-, are further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from -Ci-3 alkyl and F;

Figure imgf000015_0001

Y is independently selected from N or CH;

Z is O, CH2, NR5, S, S(O) or S(0)2;

R5 is independently selected from hydrogen or -Ci_ ,

R6 is hydrogen, -Ci_5alkyl or -(CH2)m-C3-5cycloalkyl;

R7 is hydrogen or -Ci_ alkyl; or R6 and R7, together with the carbon to which they are attached form a C3-C5-membered cycloalkyl ring;

Figure imgf000016_0001
it is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from halo, -CF3, -Ci_4alkyl, -CN, -OMe,

-C(0)NH2, -OCF3 and -Ci-4alkylNR7R8;

R8 is -Ci-3alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)Ci-3alkyl, -S02Ci-3alkyl, -C(0)aryl, -C(0)heteroaryl, -S02aryl, -S02heteroaryl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3.

7heterocycloalkyl,

-Ci-3alkyl-heteroaryl or -Ci_3alkyl-aryl, wherein each of -Ci_3alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)Ci_ 3alkyl, -S02Ci-3alkyl, -C(0)aryl, -C(0)heteroaryl, -S02aryl, -S02heteroaryl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, - Ci-3alkylC3.7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3.7heterocycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-heteroaryl or -Ci_3alkyl-aryl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from halo, - CN, -CF3, -OCF3,

-OCH3, -Ci_3alkyl, -OCi_3alkyl, -OC3-7cycloalkyl, -OC3.7hetercycloalkyl, -O-aryl and

-O-heteroaryl;

X is independently (CH)n, S, O or N, and wherein the ring containing X is a 5-membered heteroaromatic ring; m is 0, 1 or 2; and n is 1 or 2; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

"AlkyI" refers to a monovalent saturated hydrocarbon chain having the specified number of carbon member atoms. For example, Ci_4 alkyl refers to an alkyl group having from 1 to 4 carbon member atoms. Alkyl groups may be straight or branched.

Representative branched alkyl groups have one, two, or three branches. Alkyl includes methyl, ethyl, propyl, (n-propyl and isopropyl), butyl (n-butyl, isobutyl, s-butyl, and t-butyl), pentyl (n-pentyl, tert-pentyl, iso-pentyl), and hexyl (n-hexyl, isohexyl, ter-hexyl).

When used herein, the terms "5-6-membered ring or an 8-10-membered bicyclic ring or a 9-10-membered bridged bicyclic ring" include both saturated and unsaturated ring structures containing the indicated number of carbon atoms. The terms "8-10-membered bicyclic ring or a 9-10-membered bridged bicyclic ring" can be aryl or heteroaryl, and also encompass bicyclic aryl groups containing an aryl ring moiety fused to a cycloalkyl ring moiety. "Alkoxy" refers to an "alkyl-oxy-" group, containing an alkyl moiety attached through an oxygen linking atom. For example, the term "(Ci-C4)alkoxy" represents a saturated, straight or branched hydrocarbon moiety having at least 1 and up to 4 carbon atoms attached through an oxygen linking atom. Exemplary "(Ci-C4)alkoxy" groups include, but are not limited to, methoxy, ethoxy, n-propoxy, isopropoxy, n-butoxy, s-butoxy, and t- butoxy.

"Aryl" refers to a group or moiety comprising an aromatic, monocyclic or bicyclic hydrocarbon radical containing from 5- to 10-carbon ring atoms and having at least one aromatic ring. Examples of "aryl" groups are phenyl, naphthyl, indenyl, and dihydroindenyl (indanyl). "Cycloalkyl" refers to a monovalent saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbon ring having the specified number of carbon member atoms. For example, C3-6cycloalkyl refers to a cycloalkyl group having from 3 to 6 carbon member atoms. Unsaturated cycloalkyl groups have one or more carbon-carbon double bonds within the ring. Cycloalkyl groups are not aromatic. Cycloalkyl includes cyclopropyl, cyclopropenyl, cyclobutyl, cyclobutenyl, cyclopentyl, cyclopentenyl, cyclohexyl, and cyclohexenyl.

A heterocyclic group is a cyclic group having, as ring members, atoms of at least two different elements, which cyclic group may be saturated, partially unsaturated (non aromatic) or fully unsaturated (aromatic). The terms "heterocyclic" or "heterocyclyl" includes heterocycloalkyl and heteroaryl groups. It is to be understood that the terms heterocyclic, heterocyclyl, heteroaryl, and heterocycloalkyl, are intended to encompass stable groups where a ring nitrogen heteroatom is optionally oxidized (e.g., heteroaryl groups containing an N oxide, such as oxo-pyridyl (pyridyl N oxide) and oxo-oxadiazolyl (oxo-4,5-dihydro-1 ,3,4-oxadiazolyl) or where a ring sulfur heteroatom is optionally oxidized (e.g., heterocycloalkyl groups containing sulfones or sulfoxide moieties, such as tetrahydrothienyl 1 oxide (tetrahydrothienyl sulfoxide, tetrahydrothiophenyl sulfoxide) and tetrahydrothienyl 1 ,1 dioxide (tetrahydrothienyl sulfone)). "C4- eheterocycloalkyl" refers to a a saturated, non-aromatic, monocyclic or bicyclic group containing 4-8 ring atoms, unless otherwise limited in size, containing up to 4 hetero atoms, including, nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur. Examples are azetidine, thietane, thietane 1 -oxide, thietane 1 ,1 -dioxide, tetrahydrofuran, pyrrolidine, tetrahydrothiophene, tetrahydrothiophene 1 -oxide, tetrahydrothiophene 1 , 2-dioxide, piperidine, morpholine, thiomorpholine, thiomorpholine 1 -oxide, thiomorpholine 1 ,1 -dioxide, tetrahydropyran, tetrahydrothiopyran, tetrahydrothiopyran 1 -oxide, tetrahydrothiopyran 1 -1 dioxide, piperidine-2-one, azepan-2-one, pyrrolidin-2-one, azepane, oxepane, oxazepane, thiepane, thiepane 1 -oxide, thiepane 1 ,1 -dioxide, and thiazepane. When used herein, the terms 'halogen' and 'halo' include fluorine, chlorine, bromine and iodine, and fluoro, chloro, bromo, and iodo, respectively.

"Heteroaryl" represents a group or moiety comprising an aromatic monocyclic radical, containing 5-to 6-ring atoms unless otherwise limited in size, including 1 to 4 heteroatoms independently selected from nitrogen, oxygen and sulfur. This term also encompasses 9- to 10-membered bicyclic heterocyclic-aryl groups containing either an aryl ring moiety fused to a heterocycloalkyl ring moiety or a heteroaryl ring moiety fused to a cycloalkyl ring moiety.

Illustrative examples of heteroaryls include, but are not limited to, furanyl, thienyl, pyrrolyl, imidazolyl, pyrazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl, thiazolyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, oxadiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, isothiazolyl, pyridinyl (pyridyl), oxo-pyridyl (pyridyl-N-oxide), pyridazinyl, pyrazinyl, pyrimidinyl, triazinyl, benzofuranyl, isobenzofuryl, 2,3-dihydrobenzofuryl, 1 ,3- benzodioxolyl, dihydrobenzodioxinyl, benzothienyl, indolizinyl, indolyl, isoindolyl, dihydroindolyl, benzimidazolyl, dihydrobenzimidazolyl, benzoxazolyl, dihydrobenzoxazolyl, benzothiazolyl, benzoisothiazolyl, dihydrobenzoisothiazolyl, indazolyl, imidazopyridinyl, pyrazolopyridinyl, benzotriazolyl, triazolopyridinyl, purinyl, quinolinyl, tetrahydroquinolinyl, isoquinolinyl, tetrahydroisoquinolinyl, quinoxalinyl, cinnolinyl, phthalazinyl, quinazolinyl, 1 ,5-naphthyridinyl, 1 ,6-naphthyridinyl, 1 ,7-naphthyridinyl, 1 ,8-naphthyridinyl, and pteridinyl.

Bicyclic heteroaryl groups include 6,5-fused heteroaryl (9-membered heteroaryl) and 6,6-fused heteroaryl (10-membered heteroaryl) groups. Examples of 6,5-fused heteroaryl (9-membered heteroaryl) groups include benzothienyl, benzofuranyl, indolyl, indolinyl, isoindolyl, isoindolinyl, indazolyl, indolizinyl, isobenzofuryl, 2,3-dihydrobenzofuryl, benzoxazolyl, benzthiazolyl, benzimidazolyl, benzoxadiazolyl, benzthiadiazolyl, benzotriazolyl, 1 ,3-benzoxathiol-2-on-yl (2-oxo-1 ,3-benzoxathiolyl), purinyl and imidazopyridinyl.

Examples of 6,6-fused heteroaryl (10-membered heteroaryl) groups include quinolyl, isoquinolyl, phthalazinyl, naphthridinyl (1 ,5-naphthyridinyl, 1 ,6-naphthyridinyl, 1 ,7- naphthyridinyl, 1 ,8-naphthyridinyl), quinazolinyl, quinoxalinyl, 4H-quinolizinyl,

tetrahydroquinolinyl, cinnolinyl, and pteridinyl.

"Oxo" represents a double-bonded oxygen moiety; for example, if attached directly to a carbon atom forms a carbonyl moiety (C = O). "Hydroxy" or "hydroxyl" is intended to mean the radical -OH. As used herein, the term "cyano" refers to the group -CN.

"Substituted" in reference to a group indicates that one or more hydrogen atom attached to a member atom within the group is replaced with a substituent selected from the group of defined substituents. It should be understood that the term "substituted" includes the implicit provision that such substitution be in accordance with the permitted valence of the substituted atom and the substituent and that the substitution results in a stable compound (i.e., one that does not spontaneously undergo transformation such as by rearrangement, cyclization, or elimination and that is sufficiently robust to survive isolation from a reaction mixture). When it is stated that a group may contain one or more substituents, one or more (as appropriate) member atoms within the group may be substituted. In addition, a single member atom within the group may be substituted with more than one substituent as long as such substitution is in accordance with the permitted valence of the atom. Suitable substituents are defined herein for each substituted or optionally substituted group.

The term "independently" means that where more than one substituent is selected from a number of possible substituents, those substituents may be the same or different. That is, each substituent is separately selected from the entire group of recited possible substituents.

The invention also includes various isomers of the compounds of Formula (I) and mixtures thereof. "Isomer" refers to compounds that have the same composition and molecular weight but differ in physical and/or chemical properties. The structural difference may be in constitution (geometric isomers) or in the ability to rotate the plane of polarized light (stereoisomers). The compounds according to Formula (I) contain one or more asymmetric centers, also referred to as chiral centers, and may, therefore, exist as individual enantiomers, diastereomers, or other stereoisomeric forms, or as mixtures thereof. All such isomeric forms are included within the present invention, including mixtures thereof.

Chiral centers may also be present in a substituent such as an alkyl group. Where the stereochemistry of a chiral center present in Formula (I), or in any chemical structure illustrated herein, is not specified the structure is intended to encompass any stereoisomer and all mixtures thereof. Thus, compounds according to Formula (I) containing one or more chiral centers may be used as racemic mixtures, enantiomerically enriched mixtures, or as enantiomerically pure individual stereoisomers.

Individual stereoisomers of a compound according to Formula (I) which contain one or more asymmetric centers may be resolved by methods known to those skilled in the art. For example, such resolution may be carried out (1 ) by formation of diastereoisomeric salts, complexes or other derivatives; (2) by selective reaction with a stereoisomer-specific reagent, for example by enzymatic oxidation or reduction; or (3) by gas-liquid or liquid chromatography in a chiral environment, for example, on a chiral support such as silica with a bound chiral ligand or in the presence of a chiral solvent. The skilled artisan will appreciate that where the desired stereoisomer is converted into another chemical entity by one of the separation procedures described above, a further step is required to liberate the desired form. Alternatively, specific stereoisomers may be synthesized by asymmetric synthesis using optically active reagents, substrates, catalysts or solvents, or by converting one enantiomer to the other by asymmetric transformation.

For compounds falling within the scope of the invention, the structural conventions used in the Examples are as follows: (a) absolute stereochemistry is defined by the structure; (b) when annotated by "or", then stereochemistry is unknown but resolved; and (c) when annotated by "&" or "and", then stereochemistry is relative, but racemic. It is to be understood that the references herein to a compound of Formula (I) or a salt thereof includes a compound of Formula (I) as a free base [or acid, as appropriate], or as a salt thereof, for example as a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. Thus, in one embodiment, the invention is directed to a compound of Formula (I). In another embodiment, the invention is directed to a salt of a compound of Formula (I). In a further embodiment, the invention is directed to a pharmaceutically acceptable salt of a compound of Formula (I). In another embodiment, the invention is directed to a compound of Formula (I) or a salt thereof. In a further embodiment, the invention is directed to a compound of Formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. Compounds of Formula (I) have both a basic amine group and a carboxylic acid group and can consequently be in the form of a zwitterion, also known as an inner salt. Therefore, in an embodiment the compound of Formula (I) is in a zwitterion form.

As used herein, "pharmaceutically acceptable" refers to those compounds

(including salts), materials, compositions, and dosage forms which are, within the scope of sound medical judgment, suitable for use in contact with the tissues of human beings and animals without excessive toxicity, irritation, or other problem or complication,

commensurate with a reasonable benefit/risk ratio.

Pharmaceutically acceptable salts include, amongst others, those described in Berge, J. Pharm. Sci., 1977, 66, 1 -19, or those listed in P H Stahl and C G Wermuth, editors, Handbook of Pharmaceutical Salts; Properties, Selection and Use, Second Edition Stahl/Wermuth: Wiley- VCH/VHCA, 201 1 (see

http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/VVileyTitle/productCd-39Q6390519.html).

The skilled artisan will appreciate that pharmaceutically acceptable salts of the compounds according to Formula (I) may be prepared. These pharmaceutically acceptable salts may be prepared in situ during the final isolation and purification of the compound, or by separately treating the purified compound in its free acid or free base form with a suitable base or acid, respectively.

It will be understood that if a compound of Formula (I) contains two or more basic moieties, the stoichiometry of salt formation may include 1 , 2 or more equivalents of acid. Such salts would contain 1 , 2 or more acid counterions, for example, a dihydrochloride salt.

Stoichiometric and non-stoichiometric forms of a pharmaceutically acceptable salt of a compound of Formula (I) are included within the scope of the invention, including sub- stoichiometric salts, for example where a counterion contains more than one acidic proton.

Representative pharmaceutically acceptable acid addition salts include, but are not limited to, 4-acetamidobenzoate, acetate, adipate, alginate, ascorbate, aspartate, benzenesulfonate (besylate), benzoate, bisulfate, bitartrate, butyrate, calcium edetate, camphorate, camphorsulfonate (camsylate), caprate (decanoate), caproate (hexanoate), caprylate (octanoate), cinnamate, citrate, cyclamate, digluconate, 2,5-dihydroxybenzoate, disuccinate, dodecylsulfate (estolate), edetate (ethylenediaminetetraacetate), estolate (lauryl sulfate), ethane-1 ,2-disulfonate (edisylate), ethanesulfonate (esylate), formate, fumarate, galactarate (mucate), gentisate (2,5-dihydroxybenzoate), glucoheptonate (gluceptate), gluconate, glucuronate, glutamate, glutarate, glycero phosphorate, glycolate, hexylresorcinate, hippurate, hydrabamine (/V,/V'-di(dehydroabietyl)-ethylenediamine), hydrobromide, hydrochloride, hydroiodide, hydroxynaphthoate, isobutyrate, lactate, lactobionate, laurate, malate, maleate, malonate, mandelate, methanesulfonate

(mesylate), methylsulfate, mucate, naphthalene-1 ,5-disulfonate (napadisylate), naphthalene-2-sulfonate (napsylate), nicotinate, nitrate, oleate, palmitate, p- aminobenzenesulfonate, p-aminosalicyclate, pamoate (embonate), pantothenate, pectinate, persulfate, phenylacetate, phenylethylbarbiturate, phosphate, polygalacturonate, propionate, p-toluenesulfonate (tosylate), pyroglutamate, pyruvate, salicylate, sebacate, stearate, subacetate, succinate, sulfamate, sulfate, tannate, tartrate, teoclate (8- chlorotheophyllinate), thiocyanate, triethiodide, undecanoate, undecylenate, and valerate.

Representative pharmaceutically acceptable base addition salts include, but are not limited to, aluminium, 2-amino-2-(hydroxymethyl)-1 ,3-propanediol (TRIS,

tromethamine), arginine, benethamine (/V-benzylphenethylamine), benzathine (Λ/,Λ/'- dibenzylethylenediamine), £>/'s-(2-hydroxyethyl)amine, bismuth, calcium, chloroprocaine, choline, clemizole (1 -p chlorobenzyl-2-pyrrolildine-1 '-ylmethylbenzimidazole),

cyclohexylamine, dibenzylethylenediamine, diethylamine, diethyltriamine, dimethylamine, dimethylethanolamine, dopamine, ethanolamine, ethylenediamine, L-histidine, iron, isoquinoline, lepidine, lithium, lysine, magnesium, meglumine (/V-methylglucamine), piperazine, piperidine, potassium, procaine, quinine, quinoline, sodium, strontium, t- butylamine, and zinc.

As used herein, the term "a compound of Formula (I)" or "the compound of Formula (I)" refers to one or more compounds according to Formula (I). The compound of

Formula (I) may exist in solid or liquid form. In the solid state, it may exist in crystalline or noncrystalline form, or as a mixture thereof. The skilled artisan will appreciate that pharmaceutically acceptable solvates may be formed from crystalline compounds wherein solvent molecules are incorporated into the crystalline lattice during crystallization.

Solvates may involve non-aqueous solvents such as, but not limited to, ethanol, isopropanol, DMSO, acetic acid, ethanolamine, or ethyl acetate, or they may involve water as the solvent that is incorporated into the crystalline lattice. Solvates wherein water is the solvent incorporated into the crystalline lattice are typically referred to as "hydrates." Hydrates include stoichiometric hydrates as well as compositions containing variable amounts of water. The invention includes all such solvates. The skilled artisan will further appreciate that certain compounds of the invention that exist in crystalline form, including the various solvates thereof, may exhibit polymorphism (i.e., the capacity to occur in different crystalline structures). These different crystalline forms are typically known as "polymorphs." The invention includes all such polymorphs. Polymorphs have the same chemical composition but differ in packing, geometrical arrangement, and other descriptive properties of the crystalline solid state. Polymorphs, therefore, may have different physical properties such as shape, density, hardness, deformability, stability, and dissolution properties. Polymorphs typically exhibit different melting points, IR spectra, and X-ray powder diffraction patterns, which may be used for identification. The skilled artisan will appreciate that different polymorphs may be produced, for example, by changing or adjusting the reaction conditions or reagents, used in making the compound. For example, changes in temperature, pressure, or solvent may result in polymorphs. In addition, one polymorph may spontaneously convert to another polymorph under certain conditions. The subject invention also includes isotopically-labelled compounds, which are identical to those recited in formula (I) and following, but for the fact that one or more atoms are replaced by an atom having an atomic mass or mass number different from the atomic mass or mass number usually found in nature. Examples of isotopes that can be incorporated into compounds of the invention and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof include isotopes of hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorous, sulphur, fluorine, iodine, and chlorine, such as 2H, 3H, 11C, 13C, 14C, 15N, 170, 180, 31P, 32P, 35S, 18F, 36CI, 123l and 125l.

Compounds of the present invention and pharmaceutically acceptable salts of said compounds that contain the aforementioned isotopes and/or other isotopes of other atoms are within the scope of the present invention. Isotopically-labelled compounds of the present invention, for example those into which radioactive isotopes such as 3H, 14C are incorporated, are useful in drug and/or substrate tissue distribution assays. Tritiated, i.e., 3H, and carbon-14, i.e., 14C, isotopes are particularly preferred for their ease of preparation and detectability. 11C and 18F isotopes are particularly useful in PET (positron emission tomography), and 125l isotopes are particularly useful in SPECT (single photon emission computerized tomography), all useful in brain imaging. Further, substitution with heavier isotopes such as deuterium, i.e., 2H, can afford certain therapeutic advantages resulting from greater metabolic stability, for example increased in vivo half-life or reduced dosage requirements and, hence, may be preferred in some circumstances. Isotopically labeled compounds of Formula (I) and following of this invention can generally be prepared by carrying out the procedures disclosed in the Schemes and/or in the Examples below, by substituting a readily available isotopically labeled reagent for a non-isotopically labeled reagent.

Representative Embodiments

The present invention provides for compounds of Formula (I):

Figure imgf000024_0001

wherein:

B is benzotriazolyl, phenyl, triazolopyridinyl, -0-(CH2)-triazolyl, or -(CH2)2-triazolyl wherein each of benzotriazolyl, phenyl, triazolopyridinyl, -0-(CH2)-triazolyl, or -(CH2)2-triazolyl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from -C i_ 3alkyl, -O-Ci-salkyl,

-CN, -(CH2)2-0-(CH2)2-OR3 and halo;

D is -C(0)OH, -C(0)NR3R4, -C(0)NHS02CH3, -S02NHC(0)CH3, -5-(trifluoromethyl)-4H- 1 ,2,4-triazol-2-yl, -NR3-C(0)-R4, -NR3-C(0)-NR3R4; -NR3-C(0)-0-R4 or tetrazolyl;

Ri is independently hydrogen, -Ci_3alkyl, F, -C3-6spirocycloalkyl, oxetane, or the two Ri groups together with the carbon to which they are attached form a cyclopropyl group;

R2 is hydrogen, methyl, -CF3, or halo;

R3 is hydrogen or -Ci_3alkyl;

R4 is hydrogen, -Ci_5alkyl, -C3.7cycloalkyl, -C .8heterocycloalkyl, -Ci-5alkoxy, -Ci-3alkyl-0-Ci- 3alkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-NH-Ci-3alkyl, -Ci.3alkyl-S02Ci-3alkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-C .8heterocycloalkyl, -Ci_ 3alkyl-C(0)NR R5, aryl or heteroaryl, wherein each of -Ci_5 alkyl, -C3.7 cycloalkyl, -C .7 heterocycloalkyl, -Ci-5alkoxy, -Ci.3alkyl-0-Ci.3alkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-NH-Ci-3alkyl, -Ci_3alkyl- C(0)NR R5, aryl or heteroaryl is unsubstituted or substituted by one or two substituents selected from -OH, -C02H, -C(0)NR4R5,-C(0)OR3, -N-C(0)-Ci-3alkyl, F, -CN, -CH-F2, - CF3, -(CH2)n-0-(CH2)m-CH3, -C3.7cycloalkyl and a 5-6-membered heteroaryl ring containing 1 , 2 or 3 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S; or R3 and R4 together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a 5-8- membered heterocyclic ring, an 8-1 1 -membered bicyclic heterocyclic ring or a 9-10- membered bridged bicyclic heterocyclic ring, wherein each 5-8-membered ring, 8-1 1 - membered bicyclic ring, or 9-10-membered bridged bicyclic ring optionally includes one - C(O) or one -S(0)2, and wherein each 5-8-membered ring, 8-1 1 -membered bicyclic ring, or 9-10-membered bridged bicyclic ring optionally contains one, two or three oxygen ring atoms, one, two or three sulfur ring atoms or one, two or three nitrogen ring atoms, and wherein each 5-8-membered ring, 8-1 1 -membered bicyclic ring, or 9-10-membered bridged bicyclic ring is unsubstituted or substituted by one, two or three substituents independently selected from -Ci_5alkyl, -C3.7cycloalkyl, -C4- 7heterocycloalkyl, -(CH2)phenyl, halogen, -NR3R5, -CHF2, -CF3, and -(CH2)n-0-(CH2)m-CH3; Linker is -CH2-, -CH2-N(-cyclopropyl)-CH2-, -CH2-N(CH3)-CH2- or -N-(CH3)-CH2-;

A is tetrahydrobenzoxazepinyl, tetrahydro-pyrido-oxazepinyl, piperidinyl,

tetrahydrobenzazepinyl, phenyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl,

tetrahydropyrrolopyrazinyl, imidazopyridinyl, pyridyl, benzimidazolyl,

tetrahydrobenzodiazepinyl, piperidopyrimidinyl, dioxidotetrahydrothiophenyl,

tetrahydroimidazodiazepinyl, pyrrolidinyl, oxazepane or morpholinyl; wherein each of tetrahydrobenzoxazepinyl, tetrahydro-pyrido-oxazepinyl, piperidinyl, tetrahydrobenzazepinyl, phenyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl,

tetrahydropyrrolopyrazinyl, imidazopyridinyl, pyridyl, benzimidazolyl,

tetrahydrobenzodiazepinyl, piperidopyrimidinyl, dioxidotetrahydrothiophenyl,

tetrahydroimidazodiazepinyl, pyrrolidinyl, oxazepane or morpholinyl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from -Ci_3alkyl, -C3.

espirocycloalkyl, halo, -CN, -0-Ci-3alkyl, -CH2-0-CH3, and -OH; and wherein the piperidinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by a substituent independently selected from pyrazolyl, -CH2pyrazolyl, and oxadiazolyl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted by -Ci_3alkyl, or, when A is piperidinyl, it is unsubstituted or substituted by -S02R, wherein R is -Ci_3alkyl, phenyl or -C3.7cycloalkyl; and wherein the oxazepane is further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from -Ci_3alkyl and -C3-7cycloalkyl; and wherein the morpholinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by phenyl which phenyl is unsubstituted or substituted by a substituent independently selected from -Ci-3 alkyl and -O- Ci-3 alkyl; and wherein the pyrrolidinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by a triazolyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by -Ci_3alkyl; and wherein the imidazolyl, triazolyl, pyrazolyl, and tetrazolyl groups each are further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from -CH2-C4- ycycloalkyl, -CH2-C5-7heterocycloalkyl, -CH2-azabicycloheptanyl, -CH2-oxepane, and -CH2- azabicyclohexanyl, and wherein each of -CH2-C4-7cycloalkyl, -CH2-C5-7heterocycloalkyl, - CH2-azabicycloheptanyl, -CH2-oxepane, or -CH2-azabicyclohexanyl, including the -CH2-, are further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from -Ci-3 alkyl and F;

Figure imgf000026_0001

Y is independently selected from N or CH;

Z is O, CH2, NR5, S, S(O) or S(0)2;

R5 is independently selected from hydrogen or -Ci_4alkyl;

R6 is hydrogen, -Ci_5alkyl or -(CH2)m-C3-5cycloalkyl;

R7 is hydrogen or -Ci_ alkyl; or R6 and R7, together with the carbon to which they are attached form a C3-C5-membered cycloalkyl ring; and, wherein when A is

Figure imgf000027_0001
, it is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from halo, -CF3, -Ci_4alkyl, -CN, -OMe,

-C(0)NH2, -OCF3 and -Ci-4alkylNR7R8;

R8 is -Ci-3alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)Ci-3alkyl, -S02Ci-3alkyl, -C(0)aryl, -C(0)heteroaryl, -S02aryl, -S02heteroaryl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3.

yheterocycloalkyl,

-Ci-3alkyl-heteroaryl or -Ci_3alkyl-aryl, wherein each of -Ci_3alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)Ci_ 3alkyl, -S02Ci-3alkyl, -C(0)aryl, -C(0)heteroaryl, -S02aryl, -S02heteroaryl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, - Ci-3alkylC3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3-7heterocycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-heteroaryl or -Ci_3alkyl-aryl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from halo, - CN, -CF3, -OCF3,

-OCH3, -Ci_3alkyl, -OCi_3alkyl, -OC3-7cycloalkyl, -OC3.7hetercycloalkyl, -O-aryl and

-O-heteroaryl;

X is independently (CH)n, S, O or N, and wherein the ring containing X is a 5-membered heteroaromatic ring; m is 0, 1 or 2; and n is 1 or 2; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In a second embodiment, the compound of Formula (I) is substituted as follows: B is benzotriazolyl, phenyl, triazolopyridinyl, -0-(CH2)-triazolyl, or -(CH2)2-triazolyl wherein each of benzotriazolyl, phenyl, triazolopyridinyl, -0-(CH2)-triazolyl, or -(CH2)2-triazolyl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from -C 1 - 3alkyl, -0-Ci-3alkyl,

-CN, -(CH2)2-0-(CH2)2-OR3 and halo; D is -C(0)OH, -C(0)NR3R4, -C(0)NHS02CH3, -S02NHC(0)CH3, 5-(trifluoromethyl)-4H- 1 ,2,4-triazol-2-yl or tetrazolyl; Ri is independently hydrogen, -Ci_3alkyl, F, -C3-6spirocycloalkyl, oxetane, or the two Ri groups together with the carbon to which they are attached form a cyclopropyl group;

R2 is hydrogen, methyl, -CF3, or halo;

R3 is hydrogen or -Ci-3alkyl; R4 is hydrogen, -Ci-salkyl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, -C^heterocycloalkyl, -Ci-salkoxy, -Ci-3alkyl-0-Ci- 3alkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-NH-Ci-3alkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-S02Ci-3alkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-C4-8heterocycloalkyl, -Ci_ 3alkyl-C(0)NR4R5, aryl or heteroaryl, wherein each of -C1-5 alkyl, -C3.7 cycloalkyl, -C4- 7 heterocycloalkyl, -Ci-5alkoxy, -Ci.3alkyl-0-Ci.3alkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-NH-Ci-3alkyl, -Ci_3alkyl- C(0)NR4R5, aryl or heteroaryl is unsubstituted or substituted by one or two substituents selected from -OH, -C02H, -C(0)NR4R5,-C(0)OR3, -N-C(0)-Ci-3alkyl, F, -CN, -CH-F2, - CF3, -(CH2)n-0-(CH2)m-CH3, -C3.7cycloalkyl and a 5-6-membered heteroaryl ring containing 1 , 2 or 3 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S; or R3 and R together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a 5-8- membered heterocyclic ring, an 8-1 1 -membered bicyclic heterocyclic ring or a 9-10- membered bridged bicyclic heterocyclic ring, wherein each 5-8-membered ring, 8-1 1 - membered bicyclic ring, or 9-10-membered bridged bicyclic ring optionally includes one - C(O) or one -S(0)2, and wherein each 5-8-membered ring, 8-1 1 -membered bicyclic ring, or 9-10-membered bridged bicyclic ring optionally contains one, two or three oxygen ring atoms, one, two or three sulfur ring atoms or one, two or three nitrogen ring atoms, and wherein each 5-8-membered ring, 8-1 1 -membered bicyclic ring, or 9-10-membered bridged bicyclic ring is unsubstituted or substituted by one, two or three substituents independently selected from -Ci_5alkyl, -C3.7cycloalkyl, -C - 7heterocycloalkyl, -(CH2)phenyl, halogen, -NR3R5, -CHF2, -CF3, and -(CH2)n-0-(CH2)m-CH3;

Linker is -CH2-, -CH2-N(-cyclopropyl)-CH2-, -CH2-N(CH3)-CH2- or -N-(CH3)-CH2-; A is tetrahydrobenzoxazepinyl, tetrahydro-pyrido-oxazepinyl, piperidinyl,

tetrahydrobenzazepinyl, phenyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl,

tetrahydropyrrolopyrazinyl, imidazopyridinyl, pyridyl, benzimidazolyl,

tetrahydrobenzodiazepinyl, piperidopyrimidinyl, dioxidotetrahydrothiophenyl,

tetrahydroimidazodiazepinyl, pyrrolidinyl, oxazepane or morpholinyl; wherein each of tetrahydrobenzoxazepinyl, tetrahydro-pyrido-oxazepinyl, piperidinyl, tetrahydrobenzazepinyl, phenyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl,

tetrahydropyrrolopyrazinyl, imidazopyridinyl, pyridyl, benzimidazolyl, tetrahydrobenzodiazepinyl, piperidopyrimidinyl, dioxidotetrahydrothiophenyl,

tetrahydroimidazodiazepinyl, pyrrolidinyl, oxazepane or morpholinyl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from -Ci_3alkyl, -C3.

espirocycloalkyl, halo, -CN, -O-Ci-salkyl, -CH2-0-CH3, and -OH; and wherein the piperidinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by a substituent independently selected from pyrazolyl, -CH2pyrazolyl, and oxadiazolyl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted by -Ci_3alkyl, or, when A is piperidinyl, it is unsubstituted or substituted by -S02R, wherein R is -Ci_3alkyl, phenyl or -C3-7cycloalkyl; and wherein the oxazepane is further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from -Ci_3alkyl and -C3-7cycloalkyl; and wherein the morpholinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by phenyl which phenyl is unsubstituted or substituted by a substituent independently selected from -Ci_3 alkyl and -O- Ci-3 alkyl; and wherein the pyrrolidinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by a triazolyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by -Ci_3alkyl; and wherein the imidazolyl, triazolyl, pyrazolyl, and tetrazolyl groups each are further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from -CH2-C4- ycycloalkyl, -CH2-C5-7heterocycloalkyl, -CH2-azabicycloheptanyl, -CH2-oxepane, and -CH2- azabicyclohexanyl, and wherein each of -CH2-C4-7cycloalkyl, -CH2-C5-7heterocycloalkyl, - CH2-azabicycloheptanyl, -CH2-oxepane, or -CH2-azabicyclohexanyl, including the -CH2-, are further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from -Ci-3 alkyl and F;

R5 is independently selected from hydrogen or -Ci_4alkyl;

X is independently (CH)n or S, and wherein the ring containing X is a 5-membered heteroaromatic ring; m is 0, 1 or 2; and n is 1 ; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In another embodiment, the compound of Formula (I) is substituted as follows: B is benzotriazolyl, phenyl, triazolopyridinyl, -0-(CH2)-triazolyl, or -(CH2)2-triazolyl wherein each of benzotriazolyl, phenyl, triazolopyridinyl, -0-(CH2)-triazolyl, or -(CH2)2-triazolyl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from -C i_ 3alkyl, -O-Ci-salkyl,

-CN, -(CH2)2-0-(CH2)2-OR3 and halo;

D is -C(0)OH, -C(0)NR3R4, -C(0)NHS02CH3, -S02NHC(0)CH3, 5-(trifluoromethyl)-4H- 1 ,2,4-triazol-2-yl, or tetrazolyl;

Ri is independently hydrogen, -Ci_3alkyl, F, -C3-6spirocycloalkyl, oxetane, or the two Ri groups together with the carbon to which they are attached form a cyclopropyl group; R2 is hydrogen, methyl, -CF3, or halo;

R3 is hydrogen or -Ci_3alkyl;

R4 is hydrogen, -Ci_5alkyl, -C3.7cycloalkyl, -C^eheterocycloalkyl, -Ci-5alkoxy, -Ci-3alkyl-0-Ci- 3alkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-NH-Ci-3alkyl, -Ci.3alkyl-S02Ci-3alkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-C4-8heterocycloalkyl, -Ci_ 3alkyl-C(0)NR4R5, aryl or heteroaryl, wherein each of -C1-5 alkyl, -C3_ 7 cycloalkyl, -C4- 7 heterocycloalkyl, -Ci-5alkoxy, -Ci.3alkyl-0-Ci.3alkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-NH-Ci-3alkyl, -Ci_3alkyl- C(0)NR4R5, aryl or heteroaryl is unsubstituted or substituted by one or two substituents selected from -OH, -C02H, -C(0)NR4R5,-C(0)OR3, -N-C(0)-Ci-3alkyl, F, -CN, -CH-F2, - CF3, -(CH2)n-0-(CH2)m-CH3, -C3.7cycloalkyl and a 5-6-membered heteroaryl ring containing 1 , 2 or 3 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S; or R3 and R4 together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a 5-8- membered heterocyclic ring, an 8-1 1 -membered bicyclic heterocyclic ring or a 9-10- membered bridged bicyclic heterocyclic ring, wherein each 5-8-membered ring, 8-1 1 - membered bicyclic ring , or 9-10-membered bridged bicyclic ring optionally includes one - C(O) or one -S(0)2, and wherein each 5-8-membered ring, 8-1 1 -membered bicyclic ring, or 9-10-membered bridged bicyclic ring optionally contains one, two or three oxygen ring atoms, one, two or three sulfur ring atoms or one, two or three nitrogen ring atoms, and wherein each 5-8-membered ring, 8-1 1 -membered bicyclic ring, or 9-10-membered bridged bicyclic ring is unsubstituted or substituted by one, two or three substituents independently selected from -Ci_5alkyl, -C3.7cycloalkyl, -C4- 7heterocycloalkyl, -(CH2)phenyl, halogen , -NR3R5, -CHF2, -CF3, and -(CH2)n-0-(CH2)m-CH3;

Linker is -CH2-, -CH2-N(-cyclopropyl)-CH2-, -CH2-N(CH3)-CH2- or -N-(CH3)-CH2-;

Figure imgf000031_0001

Y is independently selected from N or CH;

Z is O, CH2, NR5, S, S(O) or S(0)2;

R5 is independently selected from hydrogen or -Ci_4alkyl;

R6 is hydrogen, -Ci_5alkyl or -(CH2)m-C3-5cycloalkyl;

R7 is hydrogen or -Ci-4alkyl; or R6 and R7, together with the carbon to which they are attached form a C3-C5-membered cycloalkyl ring;

Figure imgf000031_0002
it is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from halo, -CF3, -Ci_4alkyl, -CN, -OMe,

-C(0)NH2, -OCF3 and -Ci-4alkylNR7R8;

R8 is -Ci-3alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)d-3alkyl, -S02Ci-3alkyl, -C(0)aryl, -C(0)heteroaryl, -S02aryl, -S02heteroaryl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3.7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3.

7heterocycloalkyl,

-Ci-3alkyl-heteroaryl or -Ci_3alkyl-aryl, wherein each of -Ci_3alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)Ci_ 3alkyl, -S02Ci-3alkyl, -C(0)aryl, -C(0)heteroaryl, -S02aryl, -S02heteroaryl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, - Ci-3alkylC3.7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3.7heterocycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-heteroaryl or -Ci_3alkyl-aryl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from halo, - CN, -CF3, -OCF3,

-OCH3, -Ci_3alkyl, -OCi_3alkyl, -OC3-7cycloalkyl, -OC3.7hetercycloalkyl, -O-aryl and

-O-heteroaryl; X is independently (CH)n or S, and wherein the ring containing X is a 5-membered heteroaromatic ring; m is 0, 1 or 2; and n is 1 ; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In yet another embodiment, the compound of Formula (I) is substituted as follows:

B is benzotriazolyl, phenyl, triazolopyridinyl, -0-(CH2)-triazolyl, or -(CH2)2-triazolyl wherein each of benzotriazolyl, phenyl, triazolopyridinyl, -0-(CH2)-triazolyl, or -(CH2)2-triazolyl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from -C i_ 3alkyl, -O-Ci-salkyl,

-CN, -(CH2)2-0-(CH2)2-OR3 and halo;

D is -C(0)OH, -C(0)NR3R4, -C(0)NHS02CH3, -S02NHC(0)CH3, 5-(trifluoromethyl)-4H- 1 ,2,4-triazol-2-yl, -NR3-C(0)-R4, -NR3-C(0)-NR3R4; -NR3-C(0)-0-R4 or tetrazolyl;

Ri is independently hydrogen, -Ci_3alkyl, F, -C3-6spirocycloalkyl, oxetane, or the two Ri groups together with the carbon to which they are attached form a cyclopropyl group;

R2 is hydrogen, methyl, -CF3, or halo;

R3 is hydrogen or -Ci_3alkyl;

R4 is hydrogen, -Ci-salkyl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, -C4-8heterocycloalkyl, -Ci-salkoxy, -Ci-3alkyl-0-Ci- 3alkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-NH-Ci-3alkyl, -Ci.3alkyl-S02Ci-3alkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-C .8heterocycloalkyl, -Ci_ 3alkyl-C(0)NR R5, aryl or heteroaryl, wherein each of -Ci_5 alkyl, -C3.7 cycloalkyl, -C .7 heterocycloalkyl, -Ci-5alkoxy, -Ci.3alkyl-0-Ci.3alkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-NH-Ci-3alkyl, -Ci_3alkyl- C(0)NR4R5, aryl or heteroaryl is unsubstituted or substituted by one or two substituents selected from -OH, -C02H, -C(0)NR4R5,-C(0)OR3, -N-C(0)-Ci-3alkyl, F, -CN, -CH-F2, - CF3, -(CH2)n-0-(CH2)m-CH3, -C3.7cycloalkyl and a 5-6-membered heteroaryl ring containing 1 , 2 or 3 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S; or R3 and R together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a 5-8- membered heterocyclic ring, an 8-1 1 -membered bicyclic heterocyclic ring or a 9-10- membered bridged bicyclic heterocyclic ring, wherein each 5-8-membered ring, 8-1 1 - membered bicyclic ring, or 9-10-membered bridged bicyclic ring optionally includes one - C(O) or one -S(0)2, and wherein each 5-8-membered ring, 8-1 1 -membered bicyclic ring, or 9-10-membered bridged bicyclic ring optionally contains one, two or three oxygen ring atoms, one, two or three sulfur ring atoms or one, two or three nitrogen ring atoms, and wherein each 5-8-membered ring, 8-1 1 -membered bicyclic ring, or 9-10-membered bridged bicyclic ring is unsubstituted or substituted by one, two or three substituents independently selected from -Ci_5alkyl, -C3- 7cycloalkyl, -C4- 7heterocycloalkyl, -(CH2)phenyl, halogen, -NR3R5, -CHF2, -CF3, and -(CH2)n-0-(CH2)m-CH3;

Linker is -CH2-, -CH2-N(-cyclopropyl)-CH2-, -CH2-N(CH3)-CH2- or -N-(CH3)-CH2-;

A is tetrahydrobenzoxazepinyl, tetrahydro-pyrido-oxazepinyl, piperidinyl,

tetrahydrobenzazepinyl, phenyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl,

tetrahydropyrrolopyrazinyl, imidazopyridinyl, pyridyl, benzimidazolyl,

tetrahydrobenzodiazepinyl, piperidopyrimidinyl, dioxidotetrahydrothiophenyl,

tetrahydroimidazodiazepinyl, pyrrolidinyl, oxazepane or morpholinyl; wherein each of tetrahydrobenzoxazepinyl, tetrahydro-pyrido-oxazepinyl, piperidinyl, tetrahydrobenzazepinyl, phenyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl,

tetrahydropyrrolopyrazinyl, imidazopyridinyl, pyridyl, benzimidazolyl,

tetrahydrobenzodiazepinyl, piperidopyrimidinyl, dioxidotetrahydrothiophenyl,

tetrahydroimidazodiazepinyl, pyrrolidinyl, oxazepane or morpholinyl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from -Ci_3alkyl, -C3.

espirocycloalkyl, halo, -CN, -0-Ci-3alkyl, -CH2-0-CH3, and -OH; and wherein the piperidinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by a substituent independently selected from pyrazolyl, -CH2pyrazolyl, and oxadiazolyl each of which is unsubstituted or substituted by -Ci_3alkyl, or, when A is piperidinyl, it is unsubstituted or substituted by -S02R, wherein R is -Ci_3alkyl, phenyl or -C3.7cycloalkyl; and wherein the oxazepane is further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from -Ci_3alkyl and -C3.7cycloalkyl; and wherein the morpholinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by phenyl which phenyl is unsubstituted or independently substituted by a substituent selected from -Ci_3 alkyl and -O- Ci-3 alkyl; and wherein the pyrrolidinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by a triazolyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by -Ci_3alkyl; and wherein the imidazolyl, triazolyl, pyrazolyl, and tetrazolyl groups each are further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from -CH2-C4- ycycloalkyl, -CH2-C5-7heterocycloalkyl, -CH2-azabicycloheptanyl, -CH2-oxepane, and -CH2- azabicyclohexanyl, and wherein each of -CH2-C4-7cycloalkyl, -CH2-C5-7heterocycloalkyl, - CH2-azabicycloheptanyl, -CH2-oxepane, or -CH2-azabicyclohexanyl, including the -CH2-, are further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from -Ci-3 alkyl and F;

Figure imgf000034_0001
Y is independently selected from N or CH;

Z is O, CH2, NR5, S, S(O) or S(0)2;

F¾ is independently selected from hydrogen or -Ci-4alkyl;

R6 is hydrogen, -Ci_5alkyl or -(CH2)m-C3-5cycloalkyl;

R7 is hydrogen or -Ci_ alkyl; or R6 and R7, together with the carbon to which they are attached form a C3-C5-membered cycloalkyl ring;

Figure imgf000034_0002
it is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from halo, -CF3, -Ci_4alkyl, -CN, -OMe,

-C(0)NH2, -OCF3 and -Ci-4alkylNR7R8;

R8 is -Ci-3alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)Ci-3alkyl, -S02Ci-3alkyl, -C(0)aryl, -C(0)heteroaryl, -S02aryl, -S02heteroaryl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3.7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3.

7heterocycloalkyl,

-Ci-3alkyl-heteroaryl or -Ci_3alkyl-aryl, wherein each of -Ci_3alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)Ci_ 3alkyl, -S02Ci-3alkyl, -C(0)aryl, -C(0)heteroaryl, -S02aryl, -S02heteroaryl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, - Ci-3alkylC3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3-7heterocycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-heteroaryl or -Ci_3alkyl-aryl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from halo, - CN, -CF3, -OCF3,

-OCH3, -Ci_3alkyl, -OCi_3alkyl, -OC3-7cycloalkyl, -OC3.7hetercycloalkyl, -O-aryl and

-O-heteroaryl;

X is independently (CH)n, S, O or N, and wherein the ring containing X is a 5-membered heteroaromatic ring; m is 0, 1 or 2; and n is 1 ; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In still another embodiment, the compound of Formula (I) is substituted as follows:

B is benzotriazolyl, phenyl, triazolopyridinyl, -0-(CH2)-triazolyl, or -(CH2)2-triazolyl wherein each of benzotriazolyl, phenyl, triazolopyridinyl, -0-(CH2)-triazolyl, or -(CH2)2-triazolyl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from -C i_ 3alkyl, -0-Ci-3alkyl,

-CN, -(CH2)2-0-(CH2)2-OR3 and halo;

D is -C(0)OH, -C(0)NHS02CH3, -S02NHC(0)CH3, 5-(trifluoromethyl)-4H-1 ,2,4-triazol-2- yl, or tetrazolyl;

Ri is independently hydrogen, -Ci_3alkyl, F, -C3-6spirocycloalkyl, oxetane, or the two Ri groups together with the carbon to which they are attached form a cyclopropyl group;

R2 is hydrogen, methyl, -CF3, or halo;

R3 is hydrogen or -Ci_3alkyl;

Linker is -CH2-, -CH2-N(-cyclopropyl)-CH2-, -CH2-N(CH3)-CH2- or -N-(CH3)-CH2-;

A is tetrahydrobenzoxazepinyl, tetrahydro-pyrido-oxazepinyl, piperidinyl,

tetrahydrobenzazepinyl, phenyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl,

tetrahydropyrrolopyrazinyl, imidazopyridinyl, pyridyl, benzimidazolyl,

tetrahydrobenzodiazepinyl, piperidopyrimidinyl, dioxidotetrahydrothiophenyl,

tetrahydroimidazodiazepinyl, pyrrolidinyl, oxazepane or morpholinyl; wherein each of tetrahydrobenzoxazepinyl, tetrahydro-pyrido-oxazepinyl, piperidinyl, tetrahydrobenzazepinyl, phenyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl,

tetrahydropyrrolopyrazinyl, imidazopyridinyl, pyridyl, benzimidazolyl,

tetrahydrobenzodiazepinyl, piperidopyrimidinyl, dioxidotetrahydrothiophenyl,

tetrahydroimidazodiazepinyl, pyrrolidinyl, oxazepane or morpholinyl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from -Ci_3alkyl, -C3- espirocycloalkyl, halo, -CN, -O-Ci-salkyl, -CH2-O-CH3, and -OH; and wherein the piperidinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by a substituent independently selected from pyrazolyl, -CH2pyrazolyl, and oxadiazolyl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted by -Ci_3alkyl, or, when A is piperidinyl, it is unsubstituted or substituted by -S02R, wherein R is -Ci_3alkyl, phenyl or -C3-7cycloalkyl; and wherein the oxazepane is further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from -Ci_3alkyl and -C3-7cycloalkyl; and wherein the morpholinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by phenyl which phenyl is unsubstituted or substituted by a substituent independently selected from -C1-3 alkyl and -O- C1-3 alkyl; and wherein the pyrrolidinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by a triazolyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by -Ci_3alkyl; and wherein the imidazolyl, triazolyl, pyrazolyl, and tetrazolyl groups each are further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from -CH2-C4- ycycloalkyl, -CH2-C5-7heterocycloalkyl, -CH2-azabicycloheptanyl, -CH2-oxepane, and -CH2- azabicyclohexanyl, and wherein each of -CH2-C4-7cycloalkyl, -CH2-C5-7heterocycloalkyl, - CH2-azabicycloheptanyl, -CH2-oxepane, or -CH2-azabicyclohexanyl, including the -CH2-, are further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from -C1-3 alkyl and F;

Figure imgf000036_0001

Y is independently selected from N or CH; Z is O, CH2, NR5, S, S(O) or S(0)2;

R5 is independently selected from hydrogen or -Ci_4alkyl;

R6 is hydrogen, -Ci_5alkyl or -(CH2)m-C3-5cycloalkyl;

R7 is hydrogen or -Ci-4alkyl; or R6 and R7, together with the carbon to which they are attached form a C3-C5-membered cycloalkyl ring;

Figure imgf000037_0001
it is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from halo, -CF3, -Ci_4alkyl, -CN, -OMe,

-C(0)NH2, -OCF3 and -Ci-4alkylNR7R8;

R8 is -Ci-3alkyl, -C(0)d-3alkyl, -S02Ci-3alkyl, -C(0)aryl, -C(0)heteroaryl,

-S02aryl, -S02heteroaryl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3.7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3.

7heterocycloalkyl,

-Ci-3alkyl-heteroaryl or -Ci_3alkyl-aryl, wherein each of -Ci_3alkyl, -C(0)Ci_3alkyl, -S02Ci_ 3alkyl,

-C(0)aryl, -C(0)heteroaryl, -S02aryl, -S02heteroaryl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3.

7cycloalkyl, or

-Ci-3alkylC3.7heterocycloalkyl, is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from halo, -CF3, -OCF3, and -OCH3, and -O-heteroaryl;

X is independently (CH)n, S, O or N, and wherein the ring containing X is a 5-membered heteroaromatic ring; m is 0, 1 or 2; and n is 1 ; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In still yet another embodiment, the compound of Formula (I) is substituted as follows: B is benzotriazolyl, phenyl, triazolopyridinyl, -0-(CH2)-triazolyl, or -(CH2)2-triazolyl wherein each of benzotriazolyl, phenyl, triazolopyridinyl, -0-(CH2)-triazolyl, or -(CH2)2-triazolyl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from -C i_ 3alkyl, -O-Ci-salkyl,

-CN, -(CH2)2-0-(CH2)2-OR3 and halo;

D is -C(0)OH, -C(0)NHS02CH3, -S02NHC(0)CH3, 5-(trifluoromethyl)-4H-1 ,2,4-triazol-2- yl, or tetrazolyl;

Ri is independently hydrogen, -Ci_3alkyl, F, -C3-6spirocycloalkyl, oxetane, or the two Ri groups together with the carbon to which they are attached form a cyclopropyl group;

R2 is hydrogen, methyl, -CF3, or halo;

R3 is hydrogen or -Ci_3alkyl;

Linker is -CH2-, -CH2-N(-cyclopropyl)-CH2-, -CH2-N(CH3)-CH2- or -N-(CH3)-CH2-;

Figure imgf000038_0001
Y is independently selected from N or CH;

Z is O, CH2, NR5, S, S(O) or S(0)2;

R5 is independently selected from hydrogen or -Ci_4alkyl;

R6 is hydrogen, Ci_5alkyl or -(CH2)m-C3-5cycloalkyl;

R7 is hydrogen or -Ci-4alkyl; or R6 and R7, together with the carbon to which they are attached form a C3-C5-membered cycloalkyl ring; and, wherein when A is

Figure imgf000039_0001
it is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from halo, -CF3, -Ci_4alkyl, -CN, -OMe,

-C(0)NH2, -OCF3 and -Ci-4alkylNR7R8; R8 is -Ci-3alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)Ci-3alkyl, -S02Ci-3alkyl, -C(0)aryl, -C(0)heteroaryl, -S02aryl, -S02heteroaryl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3.

yheterocycloalkyl,

-Ci-3alkyl-heteroaryl or -Ci_3alkyl-aryl, wherein each of -Ci_3alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)Ci_ 3alkyl, -S02Ci-3alkyl, -C(0)aryl, -C(0)heteroaryl, -S02aryl, -S02heteroaryl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, - Ci-3alkylC3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3-7heterocycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-heteroaryl or -Ci_3alkyl-aryl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from halo, - CN, -CF3, -OCF3,

-OCH3, -Ci_3alkyl, -OCi_3alkyl, -OC3-7cycloalkyl, -OC3.7hetercycloalkyl, -O-aryl and

-O-heteroaryl; X is independently (CH)n, S, O or N, and wherein the ring containing X is a 5-membered heteroaromatic ring; m is 0, 1 or 2; and n is 1 ; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. In another embodiment, the compound of Formula (I) is substituted as follows:

B is benzotriazolyl, phenyl, triazolopyridinyl, -0-(CH2)-triazolyl, or -(CH2)2-triazolyl wherein each of benzotriazolyl, phenyl, triazolopyridinyl, -0-(CH2)-triazolyl, or -(CH2)2-triazolyl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from -C 1- 3alkyl, -0-Ci-3alkyl,

-CN, -(CH2)2-0-(CH2)2-OR3 and halo;

D is -C(0)OH, -C(0)NHS02CH3, -S02NHC(0)CH3, 5-(trifluoromethyl)-4H-1 ,2,4-triazol-2- yl, or tetrazolyl; Ri is independently hydrogen, -Ci_3alkyl, F, -C3-6spirocycloalkyl, oxetane, or the two Ri groups together with the carbon to which they are attached form a cyclopropyl group;

R2 is hydrogen, methyl, -CF3, or halo;

R3 is hydrogen or -Ci-3alkyl; Linker is -CH2-, -CH2-N(-cyclopropyl)-CH2-, -CH2-N(CH3)-CH2- or -N-(CH3)-CH2-;

Figure imgf000040_0001

Y is independently selected from N or CH;

Z is O, CH2, NR5, S, S(O) or S(0)2;

R5 is independently selected from hydrogen or -Ci_4alkyl;

R6 is hydrogen, -Ci_5alkyl or -(CH2)m-C3-5cycloalkyl;

R7 is hydrogen or -Ci-4alkyl; or R6 and R7, together with the carbon to which they are attached form a C3-C5-membered cycloalkyl ring;

Figure imgf000040_0002
it is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from halo, -CF3, -Ci_4alkyl, -CN, -OMe,

-C(0)NH2, -OCF3 and -Ci-4alkylNR7R8;

R8 is -Ci-3alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)Ci-3alkyl, -S02Ci-3alkyl, -C(0)aryl, -C(0)heteroaryl, -S02aryl, -S02heteroaryl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3.

yheterocycloalkyl,

-Ci-3alkyl-heteroaryl or -Ci_3alkyl-aryl, wherein each of -Ci_3alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)Ci_ 3alkyl, -S02Ci-3alkyl, -C(0)aryl, -C(0)heteroaryl, -S02aryl, -S02heteroaryl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, - Ci-3alkylC3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3-7heterocycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-heteroaryl or -Ci_3alkyl-aryl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from halo, - CN, -CF3, -OCF3,

-OCH3, -Ci_3alkyl, -OCi_3alkyl, -OC3-7cycloalkyl, -OC3.7hetercycloalkyl, -O-aryl and

-O-heteroaryl;

X is independently (CH)n, S, O or N, and wherein the ring containing X is a 5-membered heteroaromatic ring; m is 0, 1 or 2; and n is 1 ; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In a further embodiment, the compound of Formula (I) is substituted as follows:

B is benzotriazolyl, phenyl, triazolopyridinyl, -0-(CH2)-triazolyl, or -(CH2)2-triazolyl wherein each of benzotriazolyl, phenyl, triazolopyridinyl, -0-(CH2)-triazolyl, or -(CH2)2-triazolyl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from -C i_ 3alkyl, -0-Ci-3alkyl,

-CN, -(CH2)2-0-(CH2)2-OR3 and halo; D is -C(0)OH;

Ri is independently hydrogen, -Ci_3alkyl, F, -C3-6spirocycloalkyl, oxetane, or the two Ri groups together with the carbon to which they are attached form a cyclopropyl group;

R2 is hydrogen, methyl, -CF3, or halo;

R3 is hydrogen or -Ci_3alkyl;

Linker is -CH2-, -CH2-N(-cyclopropyl)-CH2-, -CH2-N(CH3)-CH2- or -N-(CH3)-CH2-;

A is tetrahydrobenzoxazepinyl, tetrahydro-pyrido-oxazepinyl, piperidinyl,

tetrahydrobenzazepinyl, phenyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl,

tetrahydropyrrolopyrazinyl, imidazopyridinyl, pyridyl, benzimidazolyl,

tetrahydrobenzodiazepinyl, piperidopyrimidinyl, dioxidotetrahydrothiophenyl,

tetrahydroimidazodiazepinyl, pyrrolidinyl, oxazepane or morpholinyl; wherein each of tetrahydrobenzoxazepinyl, tetrahydro-pyrido-oxazepinyl, piperidinyl, tetrahydrobenzazepinyl, phenyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl,

tetrahydropyrrolopyrazinyl, imidazopyridinyl, pyridyl, benzimidazolyl,

tetrahydrobenzodiazepinyl, piperidopyrimidinyl, dioxidotetrahydrothiophenyl,

tetrahydroimidazodiazepinyl, pyrrolidinyl, oxazepane or morpholinyl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from -Ci_3alkyl, -C3- espirocycloalkyl, halo, -CN, -O-Ci-salkyl, -CH2-O-CH3, and -OH; and wherein the piperidinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by a substituent independently selected from pyrazolyl, -CH2pyrazolyl, and oxadiazolyl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted by -Ci_3alkyl, or, when A is piperidinyl, it is unsubstituted or substituted by -S02R, wherein R is -Ci_3alkyl, phenyl or -C3-7cycloalkyl; and wherein the oxazepane is further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from -Ci_3alkyl and -C3-7cycloalkyl; and wherein the morpholinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by phenyl which phenyl is unsubstituted or substituted by a substituent independently selected from -C1-3 alkyl and -O- C1-3 alkyl; and wherein the pyrrolidinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by a triazolyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by -Ci_3alkyl; and wherein the imidazolyl, triazolyl, pyrazolyl, and tetrazolyl groups each are further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from -CH2-C4- ycycloalkyl, -CH2-C5-7heterocycloalkyl, -CH2-azabicycloheptanyl, -CH2-oxepane, and -CH2- azabicyclohexanyl, and wherein each of -CH2-C4-7cycloalkyl, -CH2-C5-7heterocycloalkyl, - CH2-azabicycloheptanyl, -CH2-oxepane, or -CH2-azabicyclohexanyl, including the -CH2-, are further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from -C1-3 alkyl and F;

Figure imgf000042_0001

Y is independently selected from N or CH; Z is O, CH2, NR5, S, S(O) or S(0)2;

R5 is independently selected from hydrogen or -Ci_4alkyl;

R6 is hydrogen, -Ci_5alkyl or -(CH2)m-C3-5cycloalkyl;

R7 is hydrogen or -Ci-4alkyl; or R6 and R7, together with the carbon to which they are attached form a C3-C5-membered cycloalkyl ring;

Figure imgf000043_0001
it is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from halo, -CF3, -Ci_4alkyl, -CN, -OMe,

-C(0)NH2, -OCF3 and -Ci-4alkylNR7R8;

R8 is -Ci-3alkyl, -C(0)d-3alkyl, -S02Ci-3alkyl, -C(0)aryl, -C(0)heteroaryl,

-S02aryl, -S02heteroaryl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3.

yheterocycloalkyl,

-Ci-3alkyl-heteroaryl or -Ci_3alkyl-aryl, wherein each of -Ci_3alkyl, -C(0)Ci_3alkyl, -S02Ci 3alkyl,

-C(0)aryl, -C(0)heteroaryl, -S02aryl, -S02heteroaryl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3.

ycycloalkyl, or

-Ci-3alkylC3-7heterocycloalkyl, is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from halo, -CF3, -OCF3, and -OCH3, and -O-heteroaryl;

X is independently (CH)n or S, and wherein the ring containing X is a 5-membered heteroaromatic ring; m is 0, 1 or 2; and n is 1 ; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In one embodiment, the compound of Formula (I) is substituted as follows: B is benzotriazolyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from Ci_3alkyl;

D is -C(0)OH;

Ri is independently hydrogen or -Ci-3alkyl; R2 is methyl or chloro; Linker is -CH2;

Figure imgf000044_0001

Y is independently selected from N or CH;

R5 is independently hydrogen or -Ci_ alkyl; and, wherein A is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from halo, -CF3, -d-4alkyl, -CN, -OMe, -C(0)NH2, -OCF3, -Ci- 4alkylNR7R8;

R7 is hydrogen or -Ci_ alkyl;

R8 is -Ci-3alkyl, -C(0)Ci-3alkyl, -S02Ci-3alkyl, -C(0)aryl, -C(0)heteroaryl,

-S02aryl, -S02heteroaryl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3.

7heterocycloalkyl,

-Ci-3alkyl-heteroaryl or -Ci_3alkyl-aryl, wherein each of -Ci_3alkyl, -C(0)Ci_3alkyl, -S02Ci_ 3alkyl,

-C(0)aryl, -C(0)heteroaryl, -S02aryl, -S02heteroaryl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3. 7cycloalkyl, or

-Ci-3alkylC3.7heterocycloalkyl, is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from halo, -CF3, -OCF3, and -OCH3, and -O-heteroaryl;

X is independently (CH)n or S, and wherein the ring containing X is a 5-membered heteroaromatic ring; and n is 1 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In one embodiment, the compound of Formula (I) is substituted as follows:

B is benzotriazolyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from Ci_3alkyl; D is -C(0)OH;

Ri is independently hydrogen or -Ci-3alkyl;

R2 is methyl or chloro;

Linker is -CH2;

A is tetrahydrobenzoxazepinyl, tetrahydro-pyrido-oxazepinyl, piperidinyl,

tetrahydrobenzazepinyl, phenyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl,

tetrahydropyrrolopyrazinyl, imidazopyridinyl, pyridyl, benzimidazolyl,

tetrahydrobenzodiazepinyl, piperidopyrimidinyl, dioxidotetrahydrothiophenyl,

tetrahydroimidazodiazepinyl, pyrrolidinyl, oxazepane or morpholinyl; wherein each of tetrahydrobenzoxazepinyl, tetrahydro-pyrido-oxazepinyl, piperidinyl, tetrahydrobenzazepinyl, phenyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl,

tetrahydropyrrolopyrazinyl, imidazopyridinyl, pyridyl, benzimidazolyl,

tetrahydrobenzodiazepinyl, piperidopyrimidinyl, dioxidotetrahydrothiophenyl,

tetrahydroimidazodiazepinyl, pyrrolidinyl, oxazepane or morpholinyl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from -Ci_3alkyl, -C3.

espirocycloalkyl, halo, -CN, -O-Ci-salkyl, -CH2-0-CH3, and -OH; and wherein the piperidinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by a substituent independently selected from pyrazolyl, -CH2pyrazolyl, and oxadiazolyl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted by -Ci_3alkyl, or, when A is piperidinyl, it is unsubstituted or substituted by -S02R, wherein R is -Ci_3alkyl, phenyl or -C3.7cycloalkyl; and wherein the oxazepane is further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from -Ci_3alkyl and -C3-7cycloalkyl; and wherein the morpholinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by phenyl which phenyl is unsubstituted or substituted by a substituent independently selected from -Ci_3 alkyl and -O- Ci-3 alkyl; and wherein the pyrrolidinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by a triazolyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by -Ci_3alkyl; and wherein the imidazolyl, triazolyl, pyrazolyl, and tetrazolyl groups each are further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from -CH2-C4- ycycloalkyl, -CH2-C5-7heterocycloalkyl, -CH2-azabicycloheptanyl, -CH2-oxepane, and -CH2- azabicyclohexanyl, and wherein each of -CH2-C4-7cycloalkyl, -CH2-C5-7heterocycloalkyl, - CH2-azabicycloheptanyl, -CH2-oxepane, or -CH2-azabicyclohexanyl, including the -CH2-, are further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from -Ci-3 alkyl and F; X is independently (CH)n or S, and wherein the ring containing X is a 5-membered heteroaromatic ring; and n is 1 ; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In still yet another embodiment, the compound of Formula (I) is substituted as follows:

B is benzotriazolyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from Ci_3alkyl;

D is -C(0)OH;

Ri is independently hydrogen or -Ci-3alkyl; R2 is methyl or chloro; Linker is -CH2;

Figure imgf000046_0001

Y is independently selected from N or CH;

R5 is independently hydrogen or -Ci_ alkyl; and, wherein A is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from halo, -CF3, -Ci_4alkyl and -OMe;

X is independently (CH)n or S, and wherein the ring containing X is a 5-membered heteroaromatic ring; and n is 1 ; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In one embodiment, the compound of Formula (I) is substituted as follows:

B is benzotriazolyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from Ci_3alkyl;

D is -C(0)OH;

Ri is independently hydrogen or -Ci_3alkyl; R2 is methyl or chloro; Linker is -CH2;

Figure imgf000047_0001
Y is independently selected from N or CH;

R5 is independently selected from hydrogen, methyl or ethyl; and, wherein A is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from halo, -CF3, -Ci_4alkyl and -OMe;

X is independently (CH)n or S, and wherein the ring containing X is a 5-membered heteroaromatic ring; and n is 1 ; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In one embodiment, the compound of Formula (I) is substituted as follows: B is benzotriazolyl, phenyl, triazolopyridinyl, -0-(CH2)-triazolyl, or -(CH2)2-triazolyl whereii each of benzotriazolyl, phenyl, triazolopyridinyl, -0-(CH2)-triazolyl, or -(CH2)2-triazolyl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from -C i_ 3alkyl, -O-Ci-salkyl,

-CN, -(CH2)2-0-(CH2)2-OR3 and halo; D is -C(0)OH;

Ri is independently hydrogen, -Ci_3alkyl, F, -C3-6spirocycloalkyl, oxetane, or the two Ri groups together with the carbon to which they are attached form a cyclopropyl group;

R2 is hydrogen, methyl, -CF3, or halo;

R3 is hydrogen or -Ci_3alkyl;

Linker is -CH2-, -CH2-N(-cyclopropyl)-CH2-, -CH2-N(CH3)-CH2- or -N-(CH3)-CH2-;

A is tetrahydrobenzoxazepinyl, tetrahydro-pyrido-oxazepinyl, piperidinyl,

tetrahydrobenzazepinyl, phenyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl,

tetrahydropyrrolopyrazinyl, imidazopyridinyl, pyridyl, benzimidazolyl,

tetrahydrobenzodiazepinyl, piperidopyrimidinyl, dioxidotetrahydrothiophenyl, tetrahydroimidazodiazepinyl, pyrrolidinyl, oxazepane or morpholinyl; wherein each of tetrahydrobenzoxazepinyl, tetrahydro-pyrido-oxazepinyl, piperidinyl, tetrahydrobenzazepinyl, phenyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl,

tetrahydropyrrolopyrazinyl, imidazopyridinyl, pyridyl, benzimidazolyl,

tetrahydrobenzodiazepinyl, piperidopyrimidinyl, dioxidotetrahydrothiophenyl, tetrahydroimidazodiazepinyl, pyrrolidinyl, oxazepane or morpholinyl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from -Ci_3alkyl, -C3.

espirocycloalkyl, halo, -CN, -0-Ci-3alkyl, -CH2-0-CH3, and -OH; and wherein the piperidinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by a substituent independently selected from pyrazolyl, -CH2pyrazolyl, and oxadiazolyl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted by -Ci_3alkyl, or, when A is piperidinyl, it is unsubstituted or substituted by -S02R, wherein R is -Ci_3alkyl, phenyl or -C3.7cycloalkyl; and wherein the oxazepane is further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from -Ci_3alkyl and -C3.7cycloalkyl; and wherein the morpholinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by phenyl which phenyl is unsubstituted or substituted by a substituent independently selected from -C1-3 alkyl and -O- C1-3 alkyl; and wherein the pyrrolidinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by a triazolyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by -Ci_3alkyl; and wherein the imidazolyl, triazolyl, pyrazolyl, and tetrazolyl groups each are further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from -CH2-C4- ycycloalkyl, -CH2-C5-7heterocycloalkyl, -CH2-azabicycloheptanyl, -CH2-oxepane, and -CH2- azabicyclohexanyl, and wherein each of -CH2-C4-7cycloalkyl, -CH2-C5-7heterocycloalkyl, - CH2-azabicycloheptanyl, -CH2-oxepane, or -CH2-azabicyclohexanyl, including the -CH2-, are further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from -C1-3 alkyl and F;

Figure imgf000049_0001
Y is independently selected from N or CH;

R5 is independently selected from hydrogen or -Ci_4alkyl;

R6 is hydrogen, Ci_5alkyl or -(CH2)m-C3-5cycloalkyl;

R7 is hydrogen or -Ci_ alkyl; or R6 and R7, together with the carbon to which they are attached form a C3-C5-membered cycloalkyl ring;

Figure imgf000049_0002
it is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from halo, -CF3, -Ci_4alkyl, -CN, -OMe,

-C(0)NH2, -OCF3 and -Ci-4alkylNR7R8

R8 is -Ci-3alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)Ci-3alkyl, -S02Ci-3alkyl, -C(0)aryl, -C(0)heteroaryl, -S02aryl, -S02heteroaryl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3.

yheterocycloalkyl,

-Ci-3alkyl-heteroaryl or -Ci_3alkyl-aryl, wherein each of -Ci_3alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)Ci_ 3alkyl, -S02Ci-3alkyl, -C(0)aryl, -C(0)heteroaryl, -S02aryl, -S02heteroaryl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, Ci-3alkylC3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3-7heterocycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-heteroaryl or -Ci_3alkyl-aryl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from halo, CN, -CF3, -OCF3,

-OCH3, -Ci_3alkyl, -OCi_3alkyl, -OC3-7cycloalkyl, -OC3.7hetercycloalkyl, -O-aryl and -O-heteroaryl;

X is independently (CH)n or O, and wherein the ring containing X is a 5-membered heteroaromatic ring; m is 0, 1 or 2; and n is 1 ; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In one embodiment, the compound of Formula (I) is substituted as follows:

B is benzotriazolyl, phenyl, triazolopyridinyl, -0-(CH2)-triazolyl, or -(CH2)2-triazolyl wherein each of benzotriazolyl, phenyl, triazolopyridinyl, -0-(CH2)-triazolyl, or -(CH2)2-triazolyl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from -C 1 - 3alkyl, -0-Ci-3alkyl,

-CN, -(CH2)2-0-(CH2)2-OR3 and halo; D is -C(0)OH;

Ri is independently hydrogen, -Ci_3alkyl, F, -C3-6spirocycloalkyl, oxetane, or the two Ri groups together with the carbon to which they are attached form a cyclopropyl group;

R2 is hydrogen, methyl, -CF3, or halo;

R3 is hydrogen or -Ci_3alkyl;

Linker is -CH2-, -CH2-N(-cyclopropyl)-CH2-, -CH2-N(CH3)-CH2- or -N-(CH3)-CH2- A is tetrahydrobenzoxazepinyl, tetrahydro-pyrido-oxazepinyl, piperidinyl,

tetrahydrobenzazepinyl, phenyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl,

tetrahydropyrrolopyrazinyl, imidazopyridinyl, pyridyl, benzimidazolyl,

tetrahydrobenzodiazepinyl, piperidopyrimidinyl, dioxidotetrahydrothiophenyl,

tetrahydroimidazodiazepinyl, pyrrolidinyl, oxazepane or morpholinyl; wherein each of tetrahydrobenzoxazepinyl, tetrahydro-pyrido-oxazepinyl, piperidinyl, tetrahydrobenzazepinyl, phenyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl,

tetrahydropyrrolopyrazinyl, imidazopyridinyl, pyridyl, benzimidazolyl,

tetrahydrobenzodiazepinyl, piperidopyrimidinyl, dioxidotetrahydrothiophenyl,

tetrahydroimidazodiazepinyl, pyrrolidinyl, oxazepane or morpholinyl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from -Ci_3alkyl, -C3.

espirocycloalkyl, halo, -CN, -O-Ci-salkyl, -CH2-0-CH3, and -OH; and wherein the piperidinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by a substituent independently selected from pyrazolyl, -CH2pyrazolyl, and oxadiazolyl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted by -Ci-3alkyl, or, when A is piperidinyl, it is unsubstituted or substituted by -S02R, wherein R is -Ci_3alkyl, phenyl or -C3-7cycloalkyl; and wherein the oxazepane is further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from -Ci_3alkyl and -C3-7cycloalkyl; and wherein the morpholinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by phenyl which phenyl is unsubstituted or substituted by a substituent independently selected from -Ci_3 alkyl and -O- Ci-3 alkyl; and wherein the pyrrolidinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by a triazolyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by -Ci_3alkyl; and wherein the imidazolyl, triazolyl, pyrazolyl, and tetrazolyl groups each are further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from -CH2-C4- ycycloalkyl, -CH2-C5-7heterocycloalkyl, -CH2-azabicycloheptanyl, -CH2-oxepane, and -CH2- azabicyclohexanyl, and wherein each of -CH2-C4-7cycloalkyl, -CH2-C5-7heterocycloalkyl, - CH2-azabicycloheptanyl, -CH2-oxepane, or -CH2-azabicyclohexanyl, including the -CH2-, are further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from -Ci-3 alkyl and F;

Figure imgf000052_0001

Y is independently selected from N or CH;

R5 is independently selected from hydrogen or -Ci_4alkyl; R6 is hydrogen, Ci_5alkyl or -(CH2)m-C3-5cycloalkyl;

R7 is hydrogen or -Ci-4alkyl; or R6 and R7, together with the carbon to which they are attached form a C3-C5-membered cycloalkyl ring;

Figure imgf000052_0002
it is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from halo, -CF3, -Ci_4alkyl, -CN, -OMe,

-C(0)NH2, -OCF3 and -Ci-4alkylNR7R8;

R8 is -Ci-3alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)Ci-3alkyl, -S02Ci-3alkyl, -C(0)aryl, -C(0)heteroaryl, -S02aryl, -S02heteroaryl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3.7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3.

7heterocycloalkyl,

-Ci-3alkyl-heteroaryl or -Ci_3alkyl-aryl, wherein each of -Ci_3alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)Ci_ 3alkyl, -S02Ci-3alkyl, -C(0)aryl, -C(0)heteroaryl, -S02aryl, -S02heteroaryl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, - Ci-3alkylC3.7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3.7heterocycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-heteroaryl or -Ci_3alkyl-aryl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from halo, - CN, -CF3, -OCF3,

-OCH3, -Ci_3alkyl, -OCi_3alkyl, -OC3-7cycloalkyl, -OC3.7hetercycloalkyl, -O-aryl and

-O-heteroaryl;

X is independently (CH)n, N or S, and wherein the ring containing X is a 5-membered heteroaromatic ring; m is 0, 1 or 2; and n is 1 ; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In one embodiment, the compound of Formula (I) is substituted as follows: B is benzotriazolyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from Ci_3alkyl;

D is -C(0)OH;

Ri is independently hydrogen or -Ci-3alkyl; R2 is methyl or chloro; Linker is -CH2;

Figure imgf000053_0001

Y is independently selected from N or CH;

R5 is independently hydrogen or -Ci_ alkyl; and, wherein when A is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from halo, -CF3, -d-4alkyl, -CN, -OMe, -C(0)NH2, -OCF3, -Ci- 4alkylNR7R8;

R7 is hydrogen or -Ci_ alkyl;

R8 is -Ci-3alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)Ci-3alkyl, -S02Ci-3alkyl, -C(0)aryl, -C(0)heteroaryl, -S02aryl, -S02heteroaryl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3.

7heterocycloalkyl,

-Ci-3alkyl-heteroaryl or -Ci_3alkyl-aryl, wherein each of -Ci_3alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)Ci_ 3alkyl, -S02Ci-3alkyl, -C(0)aryl, -C(0)heteroaryl, -S02aryl, -S02heteroaryl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, Ci-3alkylC3.7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3.7heterocycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-heteroaryl or -Ci-3alkyl-aryl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from halo,

Figure imgf000054_0001

-OCH3, -Ci-3alkyl, -OCi-3alkyl, -OC3-7cycloalkyl, -OC3-7hetercycloalkyl, -O-aryl and -O-heteroaryl;

X is independently (CH)n or O, and wherein the ring containing X is a 5-membered heteroaromatic ring; and n is 1 ; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In one embodiment, the compound of Formula (I) is substituted as follows:

B is benzotriazolyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from Ci_3alkyl;

D is -C(0)OH;

Ri is independently hydrogen or -Ci_3alkyl; R2 is methyl or chloro; Linker is -CH2;

Figure imgf000054_0002

Y is independently selected from N or CH;

R5 is independently hydrogen or -Ci-4alkyl; and, wherein A is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from halo, -CF3, -Ci_4alkyl and -OMe;

X is independently (CH)n or O, and wherein the ring containing X is a 5-membered heteroaromatic ring; and n is 1 ; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. In one embodiment, the compound of Formula (I) is substituted as follows: B is benzotriazolyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by ethyl; D is -C(0)OH;

Ri is independently hydrogen or methyl; R2 is methyl or chloro; Linker is -CH2;

Figure imgf000055_0001

Y is independently selected from N or CH;

R5 is independently selected from hydrogen, methyl or ethyl; and, wherein A is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from halo, -CF3, -Ci_4alkyl and -OMe;

X is independently selected from (CH)n and S, and wherein the ring containing X is a 5- membered heteroaromatic ring; and n is 1 ; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In one embodiment, the compound of Formula (I) is substituted as follows: B is benzotriazolyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by ethyl; D is -C(0)OH;

Ri is independently hydrogen or methyl; R2 is methyl or chloro;

Linker is -CH2;

Figure imgf000056_0001

Y is independently selected from N or CH;

R5 is independently selected from hydrogen, methyl or ethyl; and, wherein A is unsubstituted; X is independently selected from (CH)n and S, and wherein the ring containing X is a 5- membered heteroaromatic ring; and n is 1 ; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In one embodiment, the compound of Formula (I) is substituted as follows: B is benzotriazolyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from Ci_3alkyl;

D is -C(0)OH;

Ri is independently hydrogen or -Ci-3alkyl; R2 is methyl or chloro; Linker is -CH2;

Figure imgf000056_0002

Y is independently selected from N or CH;

R5 is independently selected from hydrogen, methyl or ethyl; and, wherein A is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from halo, -CF3, -Ci_4alkyl and -OMe; X is independently (CH)n or O, and wherein the ring containing X is a 5-membered heteroaromatic ring; and n is 1 ; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In one embodiment, the compound of Formula (I) is substituted as follows:

B is benzotriazolyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from Ci_3alkyl;

D is -C(0)OH;

Ri is independently hydrogen or -Ci-3alkyl; R2 is methyl or chloro; Linker is -CH2;

Figure imgf000057_0001

Y is independently selected from N or CH;

R5 is independently selected from hydrogen, methyl or ethyl; and, wherein A is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from halo, -CF3, -Ci_4alkyl and -OMe;

X is independently (CH)n, N or S, and wherein the ring containing X is a 5-membered heteroaromatic ring; and n is 1 ; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In one embodiment, the compound of Formula (I) is substituted as follows:

B is benzotriazolyl, phenyl, triazolopyridinyl, -0-(CH2)-triazolyl, or -(CH2)2-triazolyl wherein each of benzotriazolyl, phenyl, triazolopyridinyl, -0-(CH2)-triazolyl, or -(CH2)2-triazolyl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from -C i_ 3alkyl, -O-Ci-salkyl,

-CN, -(CH2)2-0-(CH2)2-OR3 and halo; D is -C(0)OH; Ri is independently hydrogen, -Ci_3alkyl, F, -C3-6spirocycloalkyl, oxetane, or the two Ri groups together with the carbon to which they are attached form a cyclopropyl group;

R2 is hydrogen, methyl, -CF3, or halo;

R3 is hydrogen or -Ci_3alkyl;

Linker is -CH2-, -CH2-N(-cyclopropyl)-CH2-, -CH2-N(CH3)-CH2- or -N-(CH3)-CH2-

Figure imgf000058_0001

Y is independently selected from N or CH;

R5 is independently selected from hydrogen or -Ci_4alkyl;

R6 is hydrogen, Ci_5alkyl or -(CH2)m-C3-5cycloalkyl;

R7 is hydrogen or -Ci-4alkyl; or R6 and R7, together with the carbon to which they are attached form a C3-C5-membered cycloalkyl ring;

Figure imgf000058_0002
it is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from halo, -CF3, -Ci_4alkyl, -CN, -OMe,

-C(0)NH2, -OCF3 and -Ci-4alkylNR7R8; R8 is -Ci-3alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)Ci-3alkyl, -S02Ci-3alkyl, -C(0)aryl, -C(0)heteroaryl, -S02aryl, -S02heteroaryl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3.

yheterocycloalkyl,

-Ci-3alkyl-heteroaryl or -Ci_3alkyl-aryl, wherein each of -Ci_3alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)Ci_ 3alkyl, -S02Ci-3alkyl, -C(0)aryl, -C(0)heteroaryl, -S02aryl, -S02heteroaryl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, - Ci-3alkylC3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3-7heterocycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-heteroaryl or -Ci-3alkyl-aryl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from halo, - CN, -CF3, -OCF3,

-OCH3, -Ci_3alkyl, -OCi-3alkyl, -OC3-7cycloalkyl, -OC3-7hetercycloalkyl, -O-aryl and

-O-heteroaryl;

X is independently (CH)n or O, and wherein the ring containing X is a 5-membered heteroaromatic ring; m is 0,1 or 2; and n is 1 ; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In another embodiment, the compound of Formula (I) is substituted as follows:

B is benzotriazolyl, phenyl, triazolopyridinyl, -0-(CH2)-triazolyl, or -(CH2)2-triazolyl wherein each of benzotriazolyl, phenyl, triazolopyridinyl, -0-(CH2)-triazolyl, or -(CH2)2 triazolyl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from -C i_ 3alkyl, -0-Ci-3alkyl, -CN, -(CH2)2-0-(CH2)2-OR3 and halo;

D is -C(0)OH, -C(0)NR3R4, -C(0)NHS02CH3, -S02NHC(0)CH3, 5-(trifluoromethyl)-4H- 1 ,2,4-triazol-2-yl, or tetrazolyl;

Ri is independently hydrogen, -Ci_3alkyl, F, -C3-6spirocycloalkyl, oxetane, or the two Ri groups together with the carbon to which they are attached form a cyclopropyl group;

R2 is hydrogen, methyl, CF3, or halo;

R3 is hydrogen or -Ci_3alkyl

R4 is hydrogen, -Ci_5alkyl, -C3.7cycloalkyl, -C .8heterocycloalkyl, -Ci-5alkoxy, -Ci-3alkyl-0-Ci- 3alkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-NH-Ci-3alkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-S02Ci-3alkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-C4-8heterocycloalkyl, -Ci- 3alkyl-C(0)NR3R4, or heteroaryl, wherein each of -Ci_5 alkyl, -C3.7 cycloalkyl, -C .7 heterocycloalkyl, -Ci-5alkoxy, -Ci-3alkyl-0-Ci-3alkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-NH-Ci-3alkyl, -Ci_3alkyl- C(0)NR3R4, or heteroaryl is unsubstituted or substituted by one or two substituents selected from -OH, -C(O), -N-C(0)-Ci-3alkyl, F, CN, -CH-F2, -CF3, -(CH2)n-0-(CH2)m-CH3, and -C3.7cycloalkyl; or R3 and R4 together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a 5-8- membered heterocyclic ring, an 8-1 1 -membered bicyclic heterocyclic ring or a 9- 10- membered bridged bicyclic heterocyclic ring, wherein each 5-8-membered ring, 8-1 1 - membered bicyclic ring, or 9-10-membered bridged bicyclic ring optionally includes one - C(O) or one -S(0)2, and wherein each 5-8-membered ring, 8-1 1 -membered bicyclic ring, or 9-10-membered bridged bicyclic ring optionally contains one, two or three oxygen ring atoms, one, two or three sulfur ring atoms or one, two or three nitrogen ring atoms, and wherein each 5-8-membered ring, 8-1 1 -membered bicyclic ring, or 9-10-membered bridged bicyclic ring is unsubstituted or substituted by one, two or three substituents independently selected from -Ci_5alkyl, -C3.7cycloalkyl, -C4- 7heterocycloalkyl, -(CH2)phenyl, halogen, -NR3R4, -CHF2, -CF3, and -(CH2)n-0-(CH2)m-CH3;

Linker is -CH2-, -CH2-N(-cyclopropyl)-CH2-, -CH2-N(CH3)-CH2- or -N-(CH3)-CH2-;

A is tetrahydrobenzoxazepinyl, tetrahydro-pyrido-oxazepinyl, piperidinyl,

tetrahydrobenzazepinyl, phenyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl,

tetrahydropyrrolopyrazinyl, imidazopyridinyl, pyridyl, benzimidazolyl,

tetrahydrobenzodiazepinyl, piperidopyrimidinyl, dioxidotetrahydrothiophenyl,

tetrahydroimidazodiazepinyl, pyrrolidinyl, oxazepane or morpholinyl; wherein each of tetrahydrobenzoxazepinyl, tetrahydro-pyrido-oxazepinyl, piperidinyl, tetrahydrobenzazepinyl, phenyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl,

tetrahydropyrrolopyrazinyl, imidazopyridinyl, pyridyl, benzimidazolyl,

tetrahydrobenzodiazepinyl, piperidopyrimidinyl, dioxidotetrahydrothiophenyl,

tetrahydroimidazodiazepinyl, pyrrolidinyl, oxazepane or morpholinyl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from -Ci_3alkyl,

-C3-6spirocycloalkyl, halo, CN, -0-Ci-3alkyl, -CH2-0-CH3, and OH; and wherein the piperidinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by a substituent independently selected from pyrazolyl, -CH2pyrazolyl, and oxadiazolyl each of which is unsubstituted or substituted by -Ci_3alkyl, or, when A is piperidinyl, it is unsubstituted or substituted by -S02R, wherein R is Ci_3alkyl, phenyl or C3.7cycloalkyl; and wherein the oxazepane is further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from -Ci_3alkyl and -C3-7cycloalkyl; and wherein the morpholinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by phenyl which phenyl is unsubstituted or independently substituted by a substituent selected from Ci_3 alkyl and - O- Ci-3 alkyl; and wherein the pyrrolidinyl is further optionally substituted by a triazolyl group which is optionally substituted by -Ci_3alkyl; and wherein the imidazolyl, triazolyl, pyrazolyl, and tetrazolyl groups each are further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from -CH2-C . ycycloalkyl, -CH2-C5-7heterocycloalkyl, -CH2-azabicycloheptanyl, -CH2-oxepane, and -CH2- azabicyclohexanyl, and wherein each of -CH2-C4-7cycloalkyl, -CH2-C5-7heterocycloalkyl, - CH2-azabicycloheptanyl, -CH2-oxepane, or -CH2-azabicyclohexanyl, including the -CH2-, are further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from -Ci-3 alkyl and F;

Figure imgf000061_0001

R5 is hydrogen or -Ci_ alkyl;

R6 is hydrogen, Ci_5alkyl or -(CH2)m-C3-5cycloalkyl;

R7 is hydrogen or -Ci_ alkyl;

R8 is hydrogen or -Ci_ alkyl; X is independently (CH)n, S, O or N; m is 0, 1 or 2; and n is 1 or 2; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In one embodiment, the compound of Formula (I) is substituted as follows: B is benzotriazolyl, phenyl, triazolopyridinyl, -0-(CH2)-triazolyl, or -(CH2)2-triazolyl wherein each of benzotriazolyl, phenyl, triazolopyridinyl, -0-(CH2)-triazolyl, or -(CH2)2-triazolyl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from -C i_ 3alkyl, -O-Ci-salkyl,

-CN, -(CH2)2-0-(CH2)2-OR3 and halo; D is -C(0)OH;

Ri is independently hydrogen, -Ci_3alkyl, F, -C3-6spirocycloalkyl, oxetane, or the two Ri groups together with the carbon to which they are attached form a cyclopropyl group;

R2 is hydrogen, methyl, CF3, or halo;

R3 is hydrogen or -Ci_3alkyl;

Linker is -CH2-, -CH2-N(-cyclopropyl)-CH2-, -CH2-N(CH3)-CH2- or -N-(CH3)-CH2-;

Figure imgf000062_0001

Y is independently selected from N or CH;

R5 is independently selected from hydrogen or -Ci_4alkyl;

R6 is hydrogen, -Ci_5alkyl or -(CH2)m-C3-5cycloalkyl;

R7 is hydrogen or -Ci-4alkyl; or R6 and R7, together with the carbon to which they are attached form a C3-C5-membered cycloalkyl ring;

Figure imgf000062_0002
it is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from halo, -CF3, -Ci_4alkyl, -CN, -OMe,

-C(0)NH2, -OCF3 and -Ci-4alkylNR7R8; R8 is -Ci-3alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)Ci-3alkyl, -S02Ci-3alkyl, -C(0)aryl, -C(0)heteroaryl, -S02aryl, -S02heteroaryl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3.

yheterocycloalkyl,

-Ci-3alkyl-heteroaryl or -Ci_3alkyl-aryl, wherein each of -Ci_3alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)Ci_ 3alkyl, -S02Ci-3alkyl, -C(0)aryl, -C(0)heteroaryl, -S02aryl, -S02heteroaryl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, - Ci-3alkylC3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3-7heterocycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-heteroaryl or -Ci-3alkyl-aryl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from halo, - CN, -CF3, -OCF3,

-OCH3, -Ci_3alkyl, -OCi-3alkyl, -OC3-7cycloalkyl, -OC3-7hetercycloalkyl, -O-aryl and

-O-heteroaryl;

X is independently (CH)n or S, and wherein the ring containing X is a 5-membered heteroaromatic ring; m is 0, 1 or 2; and n is 1 ; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

It is to be understood that the present invention covers all combinations of the embodiments and particular groups described hereinabove.

Specific examples of compounds of the present invention include the following:

(S)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin- 2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoic acid;

(S)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin- 2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoic acid;

(S)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid;

(R)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid; (R)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoic acid;

(R)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H^yrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin- 2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoic acid;

(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid

(S)-3-(4-((4,4-Dimethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid;

(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid;

(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)- 5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid;

(R)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)- 5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid;

(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-((2-((4-ethylpiperidin-1 - yl)methyl)-1 H-imidazol-1 -yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

(R or S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid Isomer 1 ;

(R or S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid Isomer 2;

(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4-((4,6,6- trimethyl-3-oxo-1 ,4-diazepan-1 -yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)propanoic acid; (S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4-(((R)-4- methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2- yl)propanoic acid;

(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4-(((R)-4- methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2- yl)propanoic acid;

(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4-(((S)-4- methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2- yl)propanoic acid;

(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4-(((S)-4- methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2- yl)propanoic acid;

(R or S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5- yl)propanoic acid Isomer 1 ;

(R or S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5- yl)propanoic acid Isomer 2;

(R)-3-(5-chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin- 2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoic acid; (R)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(1 -methyl-5- (((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-1 H- pyrazol-3-yl)propanoic acid;

(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5- yl)propanoic acid;

(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethyl-N-(pyridin-3-yl)propenamide;

(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid (S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid;

(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethyl-N-(pyridin-3-yl)propenamide;

(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[3,2-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid;

(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[3,2-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethyl-N-(pyridin-3-yl)propenamide;

(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(1 -methyl-5-(((S)-4- methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-1 H-pyrazol-3- yl)propanoic acid;

(S)-3-(4-(((S)-3-(1 H-PyrazoM -yl)piperidin-1 -yl)m^

methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

(S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-^[1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-5- methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid;

(S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-^[1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-5- methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-N- (pyridin-3-yl)propenamide;

(R)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

(R)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(1 -methyl-5-(((S)-4- methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)- 1 H-pyrazol-3-yl)propanoic acid;

(R)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin- 2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoic acid; (S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4-(((S)-4- methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2- yl)propenamide;

(S)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid;

(S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-5- methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid;

(S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-5- methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-N- (pyridin-3-yl)propenamide;

(S)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5- dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4-(((S)-4- methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-7-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)thiazol-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4-(((S)-4- methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-7-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)thiazol-2-yl)-N-(pyridin-3-yl)propenamide;

(R)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5- yl)propanoic acid;

(R)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5- yl)propanoic acid;

(S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin- 2(3H)-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethyl-N-(pyridin-3-yl)propenamide; (S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin- 2(3H)-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(1 -methyl-5-(((S)-4- methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)- 1 H-pyrazol-3-yl)propanoic acid;

(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-

5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-^

(pyridin-3-yl)propenamide;

(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4-(((S)-4- methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-N- (pyridin-3-yl)propenamide;

(R)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid;

(S)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin- 2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid;

(S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin- 2(3H)-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

(S)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin- 2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid;

(R)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5- dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

(R)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-2,2-dimethylpentanoic acid; (S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-2,2-dimethylpentanoic acid;

(S)-3-(4-(((R)-2-Ethyl-2,3-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,4]oxazepin-4(5H)-yl)methyl)-5- methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid;

(R)-5-(1 -Ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido- 4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)pentanoic acid;

(S)-5-(1 -Ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido- 4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)pentanoic acid;

(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl) 5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-2,2-dimethylpentanoic acid;

(R)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl) 5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-2,2-dimethylpentanoic acid; and

(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl) 5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-N- (1 H-tetrazol-5-yl)propanamide, O.I OFormic acid salt;

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

Compound Preparation

The skilled artisan will appreciate that if a substituent described herein is not compatible with the synthetic methods described herein, the substituent may be protected with a suitable protecting group that is stable to the reaction conditions. The protecting group may be removed at a suitable point in the reaction sequence to provide a desired intermediate or target compound. Suitable protecting groups and the methods for protecting and de-protecting different substituents using such suitable protecting groups are well known to those skilled in the art; examples of which may be found in T. Greene and P. Wuts, Protecting Groups in Chemical Synthesis (3rd ed.), John Wiley & Sons, NY (1999). In some instances, a substituent may be specifically selected to be reactive under the reaction conditions used. Under these circumstances, the reaction conditions convert the selected substituent into another substituent that is either useful as an intermediate compound or is a desired substituent in a target compound.

The synthesis of the compounds of the general Formula (I) and pharmaceutically acceptable derivatives and salts thereof may be accomplished as outlined below in Schemes 1 -20. In the following description, the groups are as defined above for compounds of Formula (I) unless otherwise indicated. Abbreviations are as defined in the Examples section. Starting materials are commercially available or are made from commercially available starting materials using methods known to those skilled in the art. Scheme 1

Figure imgf000070_0001

Conditions: a) NBS, TFA, H2S04; b) i) MeNH2 (or) EtNH2 THF; ii) Zn, HOAc; iii) NaN02, H2S04

Scheme 1 shows a general scheme for the preparation of 5-bromo-4-methyl-1 -methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazole. Starting with commercially available 1 -fluoro-3-methyl-2- nitrobenzene, bromination with NBS provides intermediate 2. Displacement of the fluoride using an appropriate amine followed by zinc metal reduction of the nitro to the aniline and diazotization and cyclization provides the required triazole 3.

Figure imgf000071_0001

Conditions: a) NH4OH; b) K2C03, THF/H20; c) t-BuOK, DMSO Scheme 2 represents a general scheme for the preparation of sulfonamide 5. In this, (R)- 2-ethyloxirane and substituted 2-fluorobenzene-1 -sulfonyl chloride depicted as starting material are commercially available. Reaction conditions are as described above in the scheme; however, the skilled artisan will appreciate that certain modifications in the reaction conditions and/or reagents used are possible. Epoxide ring opening of (R)-2- ethyloxirane yields a single enantiomerically pure 2. Sulfonamide formation under basic condition with appropriate amino alcohol to give intermediate 4, followed by displacement of fluoride 3 with potassium tert-butoxide provides the required intermediate 5.

S

Figure imgf000071_0002

R4 = (R) ethyl, or di-methyl

Conditions: a) K2C03, THF/H20; b) t-BuOK, DMSO

Scheme 3 represents a general scheme for the preparation of sulfonamide 4. In this, amino alcohol 2 and substituted 2-cholorobenzene-1 -sulfonyl chloride depicted as starting material are commercially available or may be synthesized from readily available materials.. Reaction conditions are as described above in the scheme; however, the skilled artisan will appreciate that certain modifications in the reaction conditions and/or reagents used are possible. Sulfonamide formation under basic condition with appropriate amino alcohol and commercially available 2-chloro-pyridine-3-sulfonyl chloride to give intermediate 3, followed by displacement of choloride with potassium tert-butoxide provides the required intermediate 4. Scheme 4

Figure imgf000072_0001

Conditions: a) TFA, DCM; b) IH-imidazole-2-carbaldehyde, titanium(IV) isopropoxide, NaCNBHs, ethanol Scheme 4 represents a general scheme for the preparation of 1 -((1 H-imidazol-2- yl)methyl)-4-ethylpiperidine used in the invention. Substituted 1 - tert-butyl 4- ethylpiperidine-1 -carboxylate depicted as starting material is commercially available.

Reaction conditions are as described above in the scheme; however, the skilled artisan will appreciate that certain modifications in the reaction conditions and/or reagents used are possible. Deprotection under acid condition followed by reductive amination reaction provides the required intermediate 3.

Figure imgf000072_0002

Conditions: a) POCI3, PCI5; b) H2NCH2CH(R4)OH, K2C03, THF/H20; c) t-BuOK, DMSO

Scheme 5 represents a general scheme for the preparation of 3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide, 4-methyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide, and 4-ethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide used in the invention. In this, 4-hydroxypyridine-3- sulfonic acid depicted as starting material is commercially available. Reaction with the appropriate aminoalcohol followed by displacement of the fluoride provides the required intermediate 4. Scheme 6

Figure imgf000073_0001

Conditions: a) Et3N, DCM; b) AIBN, Bu3SnH, toluene; c) Chiral SFC Scheme 6 represents a general scheme for the preparation of compounds according to Formula (I). Substituted 2-bromo or chloro benzene-sulfonyl chloride 1 is either commercially available or may be synthesized from readily available materials. Reaction conditions are as described above in the scheme; however, the skilled artisan will appreciate that certain modifications in the reaction conditions and/or reagents used are possible. Sulfonamide formation with the appropriate amine 2 and sulfonyl chloride 1 to give compound 3, is followed by radical cyclization with AIBN to yield the cyclic sulfonamide. Resolution of compound 4 via Chiral SFC produces each enantiomerically pure isomer 5 and 6.

Figure imgf000073_0002

Conditions: a) (Boc)20, DCM; b) K2C03, 2-nitrobenzene-1 -sulfonyl chloride, DCM; c) R5I, K2C03, DMF, 90 °C; d) PhSH, K2C03, DMF; e) Et3N, 2-chloroacetyl chloride, DCM; f) NaH, DMF; g) HCI, dioxane, DCM

Scheme 7 represents a general scheme for the preparation of compounds according to Formula (I). 2,2-Dimethylpropane-1 ,3-diamine 1 is commercially available. Reaction conditions are as described above in the scheme; however, the skilled artisan will appreciate that certain modifications in the reaction conditions and/or reagents used are possible. Mono-amine protection of 1 with Boc group followed by sulfonamide formation with 2-nitrobenzene-1 -sulfonyl chloride under basic condition to give compound 3.

Treatment of compound 3 with appropriate available iodo at high temperature to give compound 4, followed by deprotection to give amine 5. Compound 5 was reacted with 2- chloroacetyl chloride in the presence of triethylamine to give compound 6. Cyclization was successful with NaH to give lactam 7. Deprotection the Boc group with HCI to give lactam 8 as hydrochloride salt.

Scheme 8

Figure imgf000074_0001

Scheme 8 shows a general scheme for the preparation of substituted thiophenes. In Scheme 8, Ri is CH3 or CI. R2 is a protecting group linked to an oxygen such as para- methoxy benzyl or ie f-butyldimethylsilyl. Starting with the commercially available carboxylic acid methylation with H2S04 and methanol provides intermediate 2. Bromination of 2 can be achieved using NBS to provide intermediate 3. Reduction of the carboxylic acid ester group of 3 can be performed with a reducing agent such as DIBAL-H to provide intermediate 4. Alkylation of the alcohol using a strong base and a suitable protecting group provides intermediate 5. An alternate route to substituted thiophenes would start with the reduction of commercially available carboxylic acid 6 with a suitable reducing agent like Bh IV^S to provide the intermediate 7. Alkylation of the alcohol using a strong base and a suitable protecting group provides intermediate 8. Bromination of 8 can be achieved using NBS to provide intermediate 5.

Scheme 9

Figure imgf000074_0002
Scheme 9 shows a general scheme for the preparation of substituted thiazoles. Ri and R2 are defined previously. Starting with the commercially available carboxylic acid ester 9, reduction of the carboxylic acid ester group is achieved with a reducing agent such as DIBAL-H to provide intermediate 10. Alkylation of the alcohol using a strong base and a suitable protecting group provides intermediate 11.

Scheme 10

Figure imgf000075_0001

Scheme 10 represents a general scheme for the preparation of compounds according to Formula (I). In Scheme 3 Ri and R2 are previously defined. R3 is either H or CH3. R4 is alkyl. R5 is benzyl. X is either C or N. R6 are amines as depicted in Schemes 2-7. Starting with 5-bromo-4-methyl-1 -methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazole 12, whose preparation is depicted in Scheme 1 , formylation of the bromide is performed using a metal-halogen exchange reaction which is quenched with DMF to provide 13. A metal halogen exchange reaction is then performed on 21 , whose preparation is depicted in Schemes 8 and 9, after which, aldehyde 5 is added to provide the secondary benzylic alcohol 14. Intermediate 15, arises from treatment of alcohol 14 with the appropriate silylketene acetal in the presence of a Lewis acid or via one-pot Bronsted base / Bronsted acid system. At this point, the alkyl ester 15 can be converted to the benzyl ester 16 via hydrolysis of the alkyl ester with base and quenching the carboxylic acid salt with benzyl bromide. One skilled in the art could also envisage using a substituted benzyl group such as para-methoxy benzyl bromide or dimethoxy benzyl bromide. The alcohol can be deprotected with either eerie ammonium nitrate or 4N HCI, where R2 = PMB, to provide 17. In the case where R2 = TBDMS, 1 N HCI in Methanol can be used to deprotect the alcohol to also provide 17. Activation of the benzylic alcohol to a benzylic chloride using a chlorinating reagent like thionyl chloride, and subsequent displacement of the chloride with a suitable electrophile such as a secondary amine or a sulfonamide affords 18. Alternatively the benzylic alcohol may also be displaced by a suitably acidic nucleophile, such as a sulfonamide, under Mitsunobu conditions using tri-n-butyl phosphine and ADDP, to afford 18. The pure enantiomers of 18 can be separated using chiral SFC chromatography to provide 19 and 20. Alternatively, chiral SFC chromatography could be performed on the compounds 15 or 16 or 17 to provide pure enantiomers which could then be carried on through the above scheme as pure enantiomers. The ester groups on 19 and 20 can be removed under acidic or basic conditions to provide 21 . In the case where the ester is benzylic, hydrogenation conditions could also be employed. Scheme 11

Figure imgf000076_0001

Conditions: a) (R)-H2NCH2CH(Et)OH, K2C03, THF/H20; b) t-BuOK, DMSO

Scheme 11 represents a general scheme for the preparation of (R)-4-ethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H- pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide, used in the invention. In this, the 2- chloropyridine-3-sulfonyl chloride depicted as starting material is commercially available. Reaction with the appropriate amino alcohol followed by displacement of the chloride with the alcohol in the presence of a base provides the required intermediate 3.

Figure imgf000076_0002

2 Scheme 12 represents a scheme for the preparation of phenyl (E)-N-(tert-butyl)-N'- (pyridin-3-yl)carbamimidothioate, used in the invention. In this, pyridin-3-amine depicted as starting material is commercially available. The reaction with 2-isocyano-2- methylpropane and S-phenyl benzenesulfonothioate in 2-methyltetrahydrofuran is heated with copper(l) iodide and provides the required intermediate 2.

Scheme 13

Figure imgf000077_0001

Conditions: a) TEA, MsCI; b) NaH, DMF 0°C to 50°C, c) 4M HCI/1 ,4 dioxane Scheme 13 shows a general scheme for the preparation of (S)-3-(1 H-pyrazol-1 - yl)piperidine. Starting with the commercially available (R)-tert-butyl 3-hydroxypiperidine-1 - carboxylate 1 , the alcohol is converted to the mesylate with methanesulfonic acid to provide intermediate 2. Alkylation of commercially available 1 H-pyrazole 3 using a strong base and 2 provides intermediate 4. Deprotection of the amine is achieved using 4N HCI in 1 ,4 dioxane to provide 5.

Figure imgf000077_0002

Conditions: a) DIBAL-H, THF, 0°C; b) PMB-CI, NaH, DMF 0°C, c) EtMgBr, nBuLi, THF, - 40°C, d), silylketene acetal, 2,2,2-trichloroacetonitrile, DBU, Lewis acid, Chiral resolution, e) CAN or 4N HCI, f) nBu3Ph, ADDP, HNR6, g). LiOH THF/MeOH/H20 Scheme 14 represents a general scheme for the preparation of compounds according to Formula (I). R6 is as previously defined. The commercially available carboxylic acid ester 38 is reduced with a suitable reducing agent like DIBAL-H to provide the intermediate 39. Intermediate 40 is prepared by alkylation of 39 using a strong base and para- methoxybenzyl chloride A metal halogen exchange reaction is then performed on 40, after which aldehyde 13, is added to provide the secondary benzylic alcohol 41 .

Intermediate 42, arises from treatment of alcohol 41 with the appropriate silylketene acetal in the presence of a Lewis acid or via one-pot Bronsted base / Bronsted acid system. The protected alcohol can be deprotected with either eerie ammonium nitrate or 4N HCI, to provide the racemic alcohol which can be resolved with chiral SFC or HPLC to provide single enantiomers which could then be carried on through the above scheme as single enantiomers 43 and 44. Activation of the benzylic alcohol of either isomer to a benzylic chloride using a chlorinating reagent like thionyl chloride, and subsequent displacement of the chloride with a suitable electrophile such as a secondary amine or a sulfonamide affords 45 or 46. Alternatively the benzylic alcohol may also be displaced by a suitably acidic nucleophile, such as a sulfonamide, under Mitsunobu conditions using tri-n-butyl phosphine and ADDP, to afford 45 or 46. The ester groups on 45 and 46 can be removed under acidic or basic conditions to provide 47 or 48.

Figure imgf000078_0001

1 2 3 4 5

Conditions: a) EtNH2, EtOH, 0°C b) NBS, DMF; c) Raney Ni, NH2NH2-H20, EtOH, 0°C, d)

NaN02, H2S04,

Scheme 15 shows a general scheme for the preparation of 5-bromo-1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazole. Starting with commercially available 1 ,3-difluoro-2-nitrobenzene, fluoride is displaced with an appropriate amine to afford intermediate 2. Bromination with NBS provides intermediate 3. Zinc metal reduction of the nitro to the aniline provides 4 and diazotization and cyclization affords the required triazole 5.

Figure imgf000079_0001

Scheme 16 represents a general scheme for the preparation of compounds according to Formula (I). Carboxylic acid 1 and phenyl (E)-N-(tert-butyl)-N'-(pyridin-3- yl)carbamimidothioate, was heated with a catalyst such as ferric acetylacetonate to provide the required compound 3. One skilled in the art could envisage performing this amide coupling reaction by other methods including, but not limited to the activation of the carboxylic acid with a chlorinating reagent like thionyl chloride, and subsequent displacement of the chloride with a suitable amine. Alternatively, the amide could be formed by activation of the carboxylic acid with amide coupling reagents and subsequent displacement of the activated carboxylic acid with a suitable amine.

Scheme 17

Figure imgf000079_0002

Scheme 17 represents a general scheme for the preparation of compounds according to Formula (I). Carboxylic acid 1 is activated with a chlorinating reagent like thionyl chloride followed by the subsequent displacement of the chloride with a source of ammonia such as ammonia gas to provide 2. Scheme 18

Figure imgf000080_0001

Scheme 18 represents a general scheme for the preparation of compounds according to Formula (I). Carboxylic acid 1 is activated with the coupling agent 1 -(fluoro(pyrrolidin-1 - yl)methylene)pyrrolidin-1 -ium hexafluorophosphate(V) (BTFFH) in DCM followed by heating with the commercially available amine 1 H-tetrazol-5-amine. One skilled in the art could envisage performing this amide coupling reaction by other methods including, but not limited to, the activation of the carboxylic acid with a chlorinating reagent like thionyl chloride, and subsequent displacement of the chloride with a suitable amine. Alternatively, the amide could be formed by the method in Scheme X.

Scheme 19

Figure imgf000080_0002

Conditions: a) NaN3; b) H2, Pd/C; c) MgS04, NaBH4; d) KOtBu, Boc20; e) HCI

Scheme 19 represents a general scheme for the preparation of (R)-2-Ethyl-2, 3,4,5- tetrahydropyrido[2,3-/][1 ,4]oxazepine, hydrochloride 7, used in the invention. Reaction conditions are as described above in the scheme; however, the skilled artisan will appreciate that certain modifications in the reaction conditions and/or reagents used are possible. The (R)-1 -azidobutan-2-ol 2 is prepared from the commercially available (R)-2- ethyloxirane 1 and an azide source such as sodium azide. The azide can be reduced using hydrogenation conditions and a catalyst such as palladium on carbon to provide 3. A skilled artisan will appreciate that 3 can be prepared directly from the reaction of (R)-2- ethyloxirane and an ammonia source such as ammonium hydroxide. A reductive amination reaction is then performed using the commercially available 3- fluoropicolinaldehyde and 3, using sodium borohydride. Displacement of the fluoride with potassium-t-butoxide followed by amidation of the amine with Boc-anhydride provides 6. The carbamate is deprotected with a suitable acid, such as HCI, to provide the

intermediate 7.

Scheme 20

Figure imgf000081_0001

Scheme 20 represents a general scheme for the preparation of compounds according to Formula (I). Intermediate 2 is prepared by the substitution of the alkyne with trimethylsilyl chloride and nBuLi. Intermediate 3 is prepared by the oxidation of the aceylenic alcohol with PCC in DCM. One skilled in the art could also envisage using other suitable alcohol oxidation methods to perform this conversion. A metal halogen exchange reaction is then performed on 4, after which aldehyde 3 is added to provide the secondary benzylic alcohol 5. Deprotection of the alkyene is performed using K2C03 in MeOH to afford 6.

Intermediate 7, arises from treatment of alcohol 6 with the appropriate silylketene acetal via a one-pot Bronsted base / Bronsted acid system. Intermediate 7 is subjected to a click reaction using sodium azide and ethyl iodide with a copper catalyst to afford the triazole 8. At this point, the alkyl ester 8 can be converted to the benzyl ester 9 via hydrolysis of the alkyl ester with base and quenching the carboxylic acid salt with benzyl bromide. One skilled in the art could also envisage using a substituted benzyl group such as para- methoxy benzyl bromide or dimethoxy benzyl bromide as a protecting group. Racemic compound 9 is resolved with chiral SFC or HPLC to provide single enantiomers which are then carried on separately through the above scheme as single enantiomers 10 and 11. The protected benzyl alcohol of either isomer is deprotected with DDQ to provide 12. One skilled in the art could also envisage using other suitable oxidative or acidic methods to perform this reaction. The benzylic alcohol of either isomer is displaced by sulfonamide 15 under Mitsunobu conditions using tri-n-butyl phosphine and ADDP, to afford 13.

Alternatively, activation of the benzylic alcohol of either isomer to a benzylic chloride using a chlorinating reagent like thionyl chloride, and subsequent displacement of the chloride with a suitable nucleophile such as a secondary amine or a sulfonamide affords 13. The benzyl ester on 13 can be removed under hydrogenation conditions using Pd on carbon to provide 14. Alternatively, the ester can be removed under acidic or basic hydrolysis conditions to provide 14.

Biological Activity

As stated above, the compounds according to Formula I are NRF2 activators, and are useful in the treatment or prevention of human diseases that exhibit oxidative stress components such as respiratory and non-respiratory disorders, including COPD, asthma, ALI, ARDS, fibrosis, chronic and acute asthma, lung disease secondary to environmental exposures, acute lung infection, chronic lung infection, a1 antitrypsin disease, cystic fibrosis, autoimmune diseases, diabetic nephropathy, chronic kidney disease, sepsis- induced acute kidney injury, acute kidney injury (AKI), kidney disease or malfunction seen during kidney transplantation, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, atherosclerosis, hypertension, heart failure, acute coronary syndrome, myocardial infarction, myocardial repair, cardiac remodelling, cardiac arrhythmias, Parkinson's disease (PD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), Friedreich's Ataxia (FA), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), multiple sclerosis (MS), inflammatory bowel disease, colon cancer, neovascular (dry) AMD and neovascular (wet) AMD, eye injury, Fuchs Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy (FECD), uveitis or other inflammatory eye condtions, Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH), toxin-induced liver disease (e.g., acetaminophen-induced hepatic disease), viral hepatitis, cirrhosis, psoriasis, dermatitis/topical effects of radiation, immunosuppression due to radiation exposure, Preeclampsia, and high altitude sickness.

The biological activity of the compounds according to Formula I can be determined using any suitable assay for determining the activity of a candidate compound as a NRF2 activator, as well as tissue and in vivo models.

The biological activity of the compounds of Formula (I) are demonstrated by the following tests.

BEAS-2B NQ01 MTT Assay

NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQ01 ), also called DT diaphorase, is a homodimeric FAD-containing enzyme that catalyzes obligatory NAD(P)H-dependent two- electron reductions of quinones and protects cells against the toxic and neoplastic effects of free radicals and reactive oxygen species arising from one-electron reductions. The transcription of NQ01 is finely regulated by NRF2, and thus NQ01 activity is a good marker for NRF2 activation. On day one, frozen BEAS-2B cells (ATCC) were thawed in a water bath, counted, and re-suspended at a concentration of 250,000 cells/mL. Fifty microliters of cells were plated in 384 well black clear-bottomed plates. Plates were incubated at 37°C, 5% C02 overnight. On day two, plates were centrifuged and 50nl_ of compound or controls were added to the cells. Plates were then incubated at 37°C, 5% C02 for 48 hours. On day four, medium was aspirated from the plate and crude cell lysates were made by adding 13uL of 1X Cell Signaling Technologies lysis buffer with 1 Complete, Mini, EDTA-free Protease Inhibitor Tablet (Roche) for each 10ml_ of lysis buffer. After lysis plates were incubated for 20 minutes at room temperature. Two microliters of lysate were removed for use in Cell Titer Glo assay (Promega) and MTT cocktail was prepared (Prochaska et. al. 1998) for measurement of NQ01 activity. Fifty microliters of MTT cocktail is added to each well, plate is centrifuged, and analyzed on an Envision plate reader (Perkin Elmer) using Absorbance 570nm label for 30 minutes. Product formation was measured kinetically and the pEC5o of NQ01 specific activity induction was calculated by plotting the change in absorbance (Delta OD/min) versus the log of compound concentration followed by 3-parameter fitting. pEC5o is the negative log of the EC5o.

All examples described herein possessed NQ01 specific enzyme activity in BEAS- 2B cells with EC5oS between >10μΜ -<1 nM unless otherwise noted (see table below). EC50S <1 nM (+++++), EC50S 1 nM-10nM (++++), EC50s 10nM-100nM (+++), EC50s 100nM- 1 uM (++), EC50S 1 uM-10uM (+), EC5oS >10uM (-), or were not determined (ND).

Figure imgf000084_0001

* in some determinations EC50 values were > 10 uM #in some determinations EC50 values were < 170 pM

Ex # EC50 Ex # EC50 Ex # EC50

23 + 37 ++ 51

24 ++ 38 52

25 ++ 39 53

26 _| \ 1 \ 11 |_ 40 54

27 _| \ 1 \ 1 \ 11 |_ 41 1 1 11 | r_ *55

28 ++ 42 56

29 _| \ 1 \ 11 |_ 43 57

30 ++ 44 1 1 11 | r_ 58

31 ++ 45 59

32 ++ 46 60

33 _| 1 1 1 |_ 47 61

34 ++ 48 62

35 ++ *49 1 1 11 | r_ 63

36 ++ 50 1 1 64 1 1

65

Methods of Use

The compounds of the invention are NRF2 activators, and are useful in the treatment or prevention of respiratory and non-respiratory disorders, including COPD, asthma, ALI, ARDS, fibrosis, chronic asthma and acute asthma, lung disease secondary to environmental exposures, acute lung infection, chronic lung infection, a1 antitrypsin disease, cystic fibrosis, autoimmune diseases, diabetic nephropathy, chronic kidney disease, sepsis-induced acute kidney injury, acute kidney injury (AKI), kidney disease or malfunction seen during kidney transplantation, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, atherosclerosis, hypertension, heart failure, acute coronary syndrome, myocardial infarction, myocardial repair, cardiac remodelling, cardiac arrhythmias, Parkinson's disease (PD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), Friedreich's Ataxia (FA), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), multiple sclerosis (MS), inflammatory bowel disease, colon cancer, neovascular (dry) AMD and neovascular (wet) AMD, eye injury, Fuchs Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy (FECD), uveitis or other inflammatory eye condtions, Non-alcoholic

Steatohepatitis (NASH), toxin-induced liver disease (e.g., acetaminophen-induced hepatic disease), viral hepatitis, cirrhosis, psoriasis, dermatitis/topical effects of radiation, immunosuppression due to radiation exposure, Preeclampsia, and high altitude sickness.

Accordingly, in another aspect the invention is directed to methods of treating such conditions. The methods of treatment of the invention comprise administering a safe and effective amount of a compound according to Formula I or a pharmaceutically-acceptable salt thereof to a patient in need thereof.

As used herein, "treat" in reference to a condition means: (1) to ameliorate or prevent the condition or one or more of the biological manifestations of the condition, (2) to interfere with (a) one or more points in the biological cascade that leads to or is responsible for the condition or (b) one or more of the biological manifestations of the condition, (3) to alleviate one or more of the symptoms or effects associated with the condition, or (4) to slow the progression of the condition or one or more of the biological manifestations of the condition. The skilled artisan will appreciate that "prevention" is not an absolute term. In medicine, "prevention" is understood to refer to the prophylactic administration of a drug to substantially diminish the likelihood or severity of a condition or biological manifestation thereof, or to delay the onset of such condition or biological manifestation thereof. As used herein, "safe and effective amount" in reference to a compound of the invention or other pharmaceutically-active agent means an amount of the compound sufficient to treat the patient's condition but low enough to avoid serious side effects (at a reasonable benefit/risk ratio) within the scope of sound medical judgment. A safe and effective amount of a compound will vary with the particular compound chosen (e.g.

consider the potency, efficacy, and half-life of the compound); the route of administration chosen; the condition being treated; the severity of the condition being treated; the age, size, weight, and physical condition of the patient being treated; the medical history of the patient to be treated; the duration of the treatment; the nature of concurrent therapy; the desired therapeutic effect; and like factors, but can nevertheless be routinely determined by the skilled artisan.

As used herein, "patient" refers to a human or other animal.

The compounds of the invention may be administered by any suitable route of administration, including both systemic administration and topical administration. Systemic administration includes oral administration, parenteral administration, transdermal administration, rectal administration, and administration by inhalation. Parenteral administration refers to routes of administration other than enteral, transdermal, or by inhalation, and is typically by injection or infusion. Parenteral administration includes intravenous, intramuscular, and subcutaneous injection or infusion. Inhalation refers to administration into the patient's lungs whether inhaled through the mouth or through the nasal passages. Topical administration includes application to the skin as well as intraocular, otic, intravaginal, and intranasal administration.

The compounds of the invention may be administered once or according to a dosing regimen wherein a number of doses are administered at varying intervals of time for a given period of time. For example, doses may be administered one, two, three, or four times per day. Doses may be administered until the desired therapeutic effect is achieved or indefinitely to maintain the desired therapeutic effect. Suitable dosing regimens for a compound of the invention depend on the pharmacokinetic properties of that compound, such as absorption, distribution, and half-life, which can be determined by the skilled artisan. In addition, suitable dosing regimens, including the duration such regimens are administered, for a compound of the invention depend on the condition being treated, the severity of the condition being treated, the age and physical condition of the patient being treated, the medical history of the patient to be treated, the nature of concurrent therapy, the desired therapeutic effect, and like factors within the knowledge and expertise of the skilled artisan. It will be further understood by such skilled artisans that suitable dosing regimens may require adjustment given an individual patient's response to the dosing regimen or over time as individual patient needs change.

Typical daily dosages may vary depending upon the particular route of administration chosen. Typical dosages for oral administration range from 1 mg to 1000 mg per person per day. Preferred dosages are 1 - 500 mg once daily, more preferred is 1 - 100 mg per person per day. IV dosages range form 0.1 -000mg/day, preferred is 0.1 - 500mg/day, and more preferred is 0.1 -100mg/day. Inhaled daily dosages range from 10ug-10mg/day, with preferred 10ug-2mg/day, and more preferred 50uug-500ug/day.

Additionally, the compounds of the invention may be administered as prodrugs. As used herein, a "prodrug" of a compound of the invention is a functional derivative of the compound which, upon administration to a patient, eventually liberates the compound of the invention in vivo. Administration of a compound of the invention as a prodrug may enable the skilled artisan to do one or more of the following: (a) modify the onset of the compound in vivo; (b) modify the duration of action of the compound in vivo; (c) modify the transportation or distribution of the compound in vivo; (d) modify the solubility of the compound in vivo; and (e) overcome a side effect or other difficulty encountered with the compound. Typical functional derivatives used to prepare prodrugs include modifications of the compound that are chemically or enzymatically cleaved in vivo. Such modifications, which include the preparation of phosphates, amides, ethers, esters, thioesters, carbonates, and carbamates, are well known to those skilled in the art.

Compositions

The compounds of the invention will normally, but not necessarily, be formulated into pharmaceutical compositions prior to administration to a patient. Accordingly, in another aspect the invention is directed to pharmaceutical compositions comprising a compound of the invention and one or more pharmaceutically-acceptable excipient.

The pharmaceutical compositions of the invention may be prepared and packaged in bulk form wherein a safe and effective amount of a compound of the invention can be extracted and then given to the patient such as with powders or syrups. Alternatively, the pharmaceutical compositions of the invention may be prepared and packaged in unit dosage form wherein each physically discrete unit contains a safe and effective amount of a compound of the invention. When prepared in unit dosage form, the pharmaceutical compositions of the invention typically contain from 1 mg to 1000 mg. The pharmaceutical compositions of the invention typically contain one compound of the invention. However, in certain embodiments, the pharmaceutical compositions of the invention contain more than one compound of the invention. For example, in certain embodiments the pharmaceutical compositions of the invention contain two compounds of the invention. In addition, the pharmaceutical compositions of the invention may optionally further comprise one or more additional pharmaceutically active compounds.

As used herein, "pharmaceutically-acceptable excipient" means a pharmaceutically acceptable material, composition or vehicle involved in giving form or consistency to the pharmaceutical composition. Each excipient must be compatible with the other ingredients of the pharmaceutical composition when commingled such that interactions which would substantially reduce the efficacy of the compound of the invention when administered to a patient and interactions which would result in pharmaceutical compositions that are not pharmaceutically acceptable are avoided. In addition, each excipient must of course be of sufficiently high purity to render it pharmaceutically-acceptable. The compound of the invention and the pharmaceutically-acceptable excipient or excipients will typically be formulated into a dosage form adapted for administration to the patient by the desired route of administration. For example, dosage forms include those adapted for (1) oral administration such as tablets, capsules, caplets, pills, troches, powders, syrups, elixers, suspensions, solutions, emulsions, sachets, and cachets; (2) parenteral administration such as sterile solutions, suspensions, and powders for reconstitution; (3) transdermal administration such as transdermal patches; (4) rectal administration such as suppositories; (5) inhalation such as dry powders, aerosols, suspensions, and solutions; and (6) topical administration such as creams, ointments, lotions, solutions, pastes, sprays, foams, and gels. Suitable pharmaceutically-acceptable excipients will vary depending upon the particular dosage form chosen. In addition, suitable pharmaceutically-acceptable excipients may be chosen for a particular function that they may serve in the composition. For example, certain pharmaceutically-acceptable excipients may be chosen for their ability to facilitate the production of uniform dosage forms. Certain pharmaceutically- acceptable excipients may be chosen for their ability to facilitate the production of stable dosage forms. Certain pharmaceutically-acceptable excipients may be chosen for their ability to facilitate the carrying or transporting of the compound or compounds of the invention once administered to the patient from one organ, or portion of the body, to another organ, or portion of the body. Certain pharmaceutically-acceptable excipients may be chosen for their ability to enhance patient compliance.

Suitable pharmaceutically-acceptable excipients include the following types of excipients: diluents, fillers, binders, disintegrants, lubricants, glidants, granulating agents, coating agents, wetting agents, solvents, co-solvents, suspending agents, emulsifiers, sweeteners, flavoring agents, flavor masking agents, coloring agents, anticaking agents, hemectants, chelating agents, plasticizers, viscosity increasing agents, antioxidants, preservatives, stabilizers, surfactants, and buffering agents. The skilled artisan will appreciate that certain pharmaceutically-acceptable excipients may serve more than one function and may serve alternative functions depending on how much of the excipient is present in the formulation and what other ingredients are present in the formulation.

Skilled artisans possess the knowledge and skill in the art to enable them to select suitable pharmaceutically-acceptable excipients in appropriate amounts for use in the invention. In addition, there are a number of resources that are available to the skilled artisan which describe pharmaceutically-acceptable excipients and may be useful in selecting suitable pharmaceutically-acceptable excipients. Examples include Remington's Pharmaceutical Sciences (Mack Publishing Company), The Handbook of Pharmaceutical Additives (Gower Publishing Limited), and The Handbook of Pharmaceutical Excipients (the American Pharmaceutical Association and the Pharmaceutical Press). The pharmaceutical compositions of the invention are prepared using techniques and methods known to those skilled in the art. Some of the methods commonly used in the art are described in Remington's Pharmaceutical Sciences (Mack Publishing Company).

In one aspect, the invention is directed to a solid oral dosage form such as a tablet or capsule comprising a safe and effective amount of a compound of the invention and a diluent or filler. Suitable diluents and fillers include lactose, sucrose, dextrose, mannitol, sorbitol, starch (e.g. corn starch, potato starch, and pre-gelatinized starch), cellulose and its derivatives (e.g. microcrystalline cellulose), calcium sulfate, and dibasic calcium phosphate. The oral solid dosage form may further comprise a binder. Suitable binders include starch (e.g. corn starch, potato starch, and pre-gelatinized starch), gelatin, acacia, sodium alginate, alginic acid, tragacanth, guar gum, povidone, and cellulose and its derivatives (e.g. microcrystalline cellulose). The oral solid dosage form may further comprise a disintegrant. Suitable disintegrants include crospovidone, sodium starch glycolate, croscarmelose, alginic acid, and sodium carboxymethyl cellulose. The oral solid dosage form may further comprise a lubricant. Suitable lubricants include stearic acid, magnesium stearate, calcium stearate, and talc.

In another aspect, the invention is directed to a dosage form adapted for administration to a patient parenterally including subcutaneous, intramuscular, intravenous or intradermal. Pharmaceutical formulations adapted for parenteral administration include aqueous and non-aqueous sterile injection solutions which may contain anti-oxidants, buffers, bacteriostats, and solutes that render the formulation isotonic with the blood of the intended recipient; and aqueous and non-aqueous sterile suspensions which may include suspending agents and thickening agents. The formulations may be presented in unit- dose or multi-dose containers, for example sealed ampules and vials, and may be stored in a freeze-dried (lyophilized) condition requiring only the addition of the sterile liquid carrier, for example water for injections, immediately prior to use. Extemporaneous injection solutions and suspensions may be prepared from sterile powders, granules, and tablets. In another aspect, the invention is directed to a dosage form adapted for administration to a patient by inhalation. For example, the compound of the invention may be inhaled into the lungs as a dry powder, an aerosol, a suspension, or a solution.

Dry powder compositions for delivery to the lung by inhalation typically comprise a compound of the invention as a finely divided powder together with one or more pharmaceutically acceptable excipients as finely divided powders. Pharmaceutically acceptable excipients particularly suited for use in dry powders are known to those skilled in the art and include lactose, starch, mannitol, and mono-, di-, and polysaccharides.

The dry powder compositions for use in accordance with the present invention are administered via inhalation devices. As an example, such devices can encompass capsules and cartridges of for example gelatin, or blisters of, for example, laminated aluminum foil. In various embodiments, each capsule, cartridge or blister may contain doses of composition according to the teachings presented herein. Examples of inhalation devices can include those intended for unit dose or multi-dose delivery of composition, including all of the devices set forth herein. As an example, in the case of multi-dose delivery, the formulation can be pre-metered (e.g., as in Diskus®, see GB2242134, U.S. Patent Nos. 6,032,666, 5,860,419, 5,873,360, 5,590,645, 6,378,519 and 6,536,427 or Diskhaler, see GB 2178965, 2129691 and 2169265, US Pat. Nos. 4,778,054, 4,81 1 ,731 , 5,035,237) or metered in use (e.g., as in Turbuhaler, see EP 69715, or in the devices described in U.S. Patent No 6,321 ,747). An example of a unit-dose device is Rotahaler (see GB 2064336). In one embodiment, the Diskus® inhalation device comprises an elongate strip formed from a base sheet having a plurality of recesses spaced along its length and a lid sheet peelably sealed thereto to define a plurality of containers, each container having therein an inhalable formulation containing the compound optionally with other excipients and additive taught herein. The peelable seal is an engineered seal, and in one embodiment the engineered seal is a hermetic seal. Preferably, the strip is sufficiently flexible to be wound into a roll. The lid sheet and base sheet will preferably have leading end portions which are not sealed to one another and at least one of the leading end portions is constructed to be attached to a winding means. Also, preferably the engineered seal between the base and lid sheets extends over their whole width. The lid sheet may preferably be peeled from the base sheet in a longitudinal direction from a first end of the base sheet.

A dry powder composition may also be presented in an inhalation device which permits separate containment of two different components of the composition. Thus, for example, these components are administrable simultaneously but are stored separately, e.g., in separate pharmaceutical compositions, for example as described in WO 03/061743 A1 WO 2007/012871 A1 and/or WO2007/068896, as well as U.S. Patent Nos. 8,1 13,199, 8,161 ,968, 8,51 1 ,304, 8,534,281 , 8,746,242 and 9,333,310. In one embodiment an inhalation device permitting separate containment of components is an inhaler device having two peelable blister strips, each strip containing pre-metered doses in blister pockets arranged along its length, e.g., multiple containers within each blister strip, e.g., as found in ELLIPTA®. Said device has an internal indexing mechanism which, each time the device is actuated, peels opens a pocket of each strip and positions the blisters so that each newly exposed dose of each strip is adjacent to the manifold which communicates with the mouthpiece of the device. When the patient inhales at the mouthpiece, each dose is simultaneously drawn out of its associated pocket into the manifold and entrained via the mouthpiece into the patient's respiratory tract. A further device that permits separate containment of different components is DUOHALER™ of Innovata. In addition, various structures of inhalation devices provide for the sequential or separate delivery of the pharmaceutical composition(s) from the device, in addition to simultaneous delivery.

Aerosols may be formed by suspending or dissolving a compound of the invention in a liquefied propellant. Suitable propellants include halocarbons, hydrocarbons, and other liquefied gases. Representative propellants include: trichlorofluoromethane

(propellant 1 1 ), dichlorofluoromethane (propellant 12), dichlorotetrafluoroethane

(propellant 1 14), tetrafluoroethane (HFA-134a), 1 ,1 -difluoroethane (HFA-152a), difluoromethane (HFA-32), pentafluoroethane (HFA-12), heptafluoropropane (HFA- 227a), perfluoropropane, perfluorobutane, perfluoropentane, butane, isobutane, and pentane. Aerosols comprising a compound of the invention will typically be administered to a patient via a metered dose inhaler (MDI). Such devices are known to those skilled in the art.

The aerosol may contain additional pharmaceutically acceptable excipients typically used with multiple dose inhalers such as surfactants, lubricants, cosolvents and other excipients to improve the physical stability of the formulation, to improve valve performance, to improve solubility, or to improve taste.

Suspensions and solutions comprising a compound of the invention may also be administered to a patient via a nebulizer. The solvent or suspension agent utilized for nebulization may be any pharmaceutically acceptable liquid such as water, aqueous saline, alcohols or glycols, e.g., ethanol, isopropyl alcohol, glycerol, propylene glycol, polyethylene glycol, etc. or mixtures thereof. Saline solutions utilize salts which display little or no pharmacological activity after administration. Both organic salts, such as alkali metal or ammonium halogen salts, e.g., sodium chloride, potassium chloride or organic salts, such as potassium, sodium and ammonium salts or organic acids, e.g., ascorbic acid, citric acid, acetic acid, tartaric acid, etc. may be used for this purpose.

Other pharmaceutically acceptable excipients may be added to the suspension or solution. The compound of the invention may be stabilized by the addition of an inorganic acid, e.g., hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, sulfuric acid and/or phosphoric acid; an organic acid, e.g., ascorbic acid, citric acid, acetic acid, and tartaric acid, etc., a complexing agent such as EDTA or citric acid and salts thereof; or an antioxidant such as antioxidant such as vitamin E or ascorbic acid. These may be used alone or together to stabilize the compound of the invention. Preservatives may be added such as benzalkonium chloride or benzoic acid and salts thereof. Surfactant may be added particularly to improve the physical stability of suspensions. These include lecithin, disodium dioctylsulphosuccinate, oleic acid and sorbitan esters.

The compounds of Formula (I) and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof may be used in combination with one or more other agents which may be useful in the prevention or treatment of allergic disease, inflammatory disease, autoimmune disease, for example; antigen immunotherapy, anti-histamines, corticosteroids, (eg fluticasone propionate, fluticasone furoate, beclomethasone dipropionate, budesonide, ciclesonide, mometasone furoate, triamcinolone, flunisolide), NSAIDs, leukotriene modulators (e.g. montelukast, zafirlukast, pranlukast), iNOS inhibitors, tryptase inhibitors, IKK2 inhibitors, p38 inhibitors, Syk inhibitors, protease inhibitors such as elastase inhibitors, integrin antagonists (e.g., beta-2 integrin antagonists), adenosine A2a agonists, mediator release inhibitors such as sodium chromoglycate, 5-lipoxygenase inhibitors (zyflo),, DP1 antagonists, DP2 antagonists, PI3K delta inhibitors, ITK inhibitors, LP (lysophosphatidic) inhibitors or FLAP (5-lipoxygenase activating protein) inhibitors (e.g. sodium 3-(3-(tert- butylthio)-1 -(4-(6-ethoxypyridin-3-yl)benzyl)-5-((5-methylpyridin-2-yl)methoxy)-1 H-indol-2- yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate), bronchodilators (e.g., muscarinic antagonists, beta-2 agonists), methotrexate, and similar agents; monoclonal antibody therapy such as anti-lgE, anti-TNF, anti-IL-5, anti-IL-6, anti-IL-12, anti-IL-1 and similar agents; cytokine receptor therapies e.g. etanercept and similar agents; antigen non-specific immunotherapies (e.g. interferon or other cytokines/chemokines, chemokine receptor modulators such as CCR3, CCR4 or CXCR2 antagonists, other cytokine/chemokine agonists or antagonists, TLR agonists and similar agents).

Suitably, for the treatment of asthma, compounds or pharmaceutical formulations of the invention may be administered together with an anti-inflammatory agent such as, for example, a corticosteroid, or a pharmaceutical formulation thereof. For example, a compound of the invention may be formulated together with an anti-inflammatory agent, such as a corticosteroid, in a single formulation, such as a dry powder formulation for inhalation. Alternatively, a pharmaceutical formulation comprising a compound of the invention may be administered in conjunction with a pharmaceutical formulation comprising an anti-inflammatory agent, such as a corticosteroid, either simultaneously or sequentially. In one embodiment, a pharmaceutical formulation comprising a compound of the invention and a pharmaceutical formulation comprising an anti-inflammatory agent, such as a corticosteroid, may each be held in device suitable for the simultaneous administration of both formulations via inhalation. Suitable corticosteroids for administration together with a compound of the invention include, but are not limited to, fluticasone furoate, fluticasone propionate, beclomethasone diproprionate, budesonide, ciclesonide, mometasone furoate, triamcinolone, flunisolide and prednisilone. In one embodiment of the invention a corticosteroid for administration together with a compound of the invention via inhalation includes fluticasone furoate, fluticasone propionate, beclomethasone diproprionate, budesonide, ciclesonide, mometasone furoate, and, flunisolide.

Suitably, for the treatment of COPD, compounds or pharmaceutical formulations of the invention may be administered together with one or more bronchodilators, or pharmaceutical formulations thereof. For example, a compound of the invention may be formulated together with one or more bronchodilators in a single formulation, such as a dry powder formulation for inhalation. Alternatively, a pharmaceutical formulation comprising a compound of the invention may be administered in conjunction with a pharmaceutical formulation comprising one or more bronchodilators, either simultaneously or sequentially. In a further alternative, a formulation comprising a compound of the invention and a bronchodilator may be administered in conjunction with a pharmaceutical formulation comprising a further bronchodilator. In one embodiment, a pharmaceutical formulation comprising a compound of the invention and a pharmaceutical formulation comprising one or more bronchodilators may each be held in device suitable for the simultaneous administration of both formulations via inhalation. In a further embodiment, a

pharmaceutical formulation comprising a compound of the invention together with a bronchodilator and a pharmaceutical formulation comprising a further bronchodilator may each be held in one or more devices suitable for the simultaneous administration of both formulations via inhalation. Suitable bronchodilators for administration together with a compound of the invention include, but are not limited to, p2-adrenoreceptor agonists and anticholinergic agents. Examples of p2-adrenoreceptor agonists, include, for example, vilanterol, salmeterol, salbutamol, formoterol, salmefamol, fenoterol carmoterol, etanterol, naminterol, clenbuterol, pirbuterol, flerbuterol, reproterol, bambuterol, indacaterol, terbutaline and salts thereof, for example the xinafoate (1 -hydroxy-2-naphthalenecarboxylate) salt of salmeterol, the sulphate salt of salbutamol or the fumarate salt of formoterol. Suitable anticholinergic agents include umeclidinium (for example, as the bromide), ipratropium (for example, as the bromide), oxitropium (for example, as the bromide) and tiotropium (for example, as the bromide). In one embodiment of the invention, a compound of the invention may be administered together with a p2-adrenoreceptor agonist, such as vilanterol, and an anticholinergic agent, such as, umeclidinium. The compounds may also be used in combination with agents for aiding transplantation including Cyclosporines, Tacrolimus, Mycophenolate mofetil, Prednisone, Azathioprine , Sirolimus, Daclizumab, Basiliximab, or OKT3.

They may also be used in combination with agents for Diabetes: metformin (biguanides), meglitinides, sulfonylureas, DPP-4 inhibitors, Thiazolidinediones, Alpha- glucosidase inhibitors, Amylin mimetics, Incretin mimetics, and insulin.

The compounds may be used in combination with antihypertensives such as diuretics, ACE inhibitors, ARBS, calcium channel blockers, and beta blockers.

One embodiment of the invention encompasses combinations comprising one or two other therapeutic agents. It will be clear to a person skilled in the art that, where appropriate, the other therapeutic ingredient(s) may be used in the form of salts, for example as alkali metal or amine salts or as acid addition salts, or prodrugs, or as esters, for example lower alkyl esters, or as solvates, for example hydrates to optimize the activity and/or stability and/or physical characteristics, such as solubility, of the therapeutic ingredient. It will be clear also that, where appropriate, the therapeutic ingredients may be used in optically pure form.

The combinations referred to above may conveniently be presented for use in the form of a pharmaceutical formulation and thus pharmaceutical formulations comprising a combination as defined above together with a pharmaceutically acceptable diluent or carrier represent a further aspect of the invention.

The individual compounds of such combinations may be administered either sequentially or simultaneously in separate or combined pharmaceutical formulations. In one embodiment, the individual compounds will be administered simultaneously in a combined pharmaceutical formulation. Appropriate doses of known therapeutic agents will readily be appreciated by those skilled in the art.

The invention thus provides, in a further aspect, a pharmaceutical composition comprising a combination of a compound of the invention together with another therapeutically active agent.

EXAMPLES The following examples illustrate the invention. These examples are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, but rather to provide guidance to the skilled artisan to prepare and use the compounds, compositions, and methods of the present invention. While particular embodiments of the present invention are described, the skilled artisan will appreciate that various changes and modifications can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. All temperatures are given in degrees Celsius, all solvents are highest available purity and all reactions run under anhydrous conditions in an argon (Ar) or nitrogen (N2) atmosphere where necessary.

Analtech Silica Gel GF and E. Merck Silica Gel 60 F-254 thin layer plates were used for thin layer chromatography. Both flash and gravity chromatography were carried out on E. Merck Kieselgel 60 (230-400 mesh) silica gel. The CombiFlash® system used for purification in this application was purchased from Isco, Inc. CombiFlash® purification was carried out using prepacked silica gel columns, a detector with UV wavelength at 254 nm and a variety of solvents or solvent combinations.

Preparative HPLC was performed using a Gilson Preparative System with variable wavelength UV detection or an Agilent Mass Directed AutoPrep (MDAP) system with both mass and variable wavelength UV detection or Waters Preparative System with UV / PDA detection or an Shimadzu PREP LC 20AP. A variety of reverse phase columns, e.g., Luna 5m C18(2) 100A, SunFire C18, XBridge C18, Atlantics T3 were used in the purification with the choice of column support dependent upon the conditions used in the

purification. The compounds are eluted using a gradient of CH3CN and water. Neutral conditions used an CH3CN and water gradient with no additional modifier, acidic conditions used an acid modifier, 0.1 % TFA (added to both the CH3CN and water) or 0.1 % formic acidand basic conditions used a basic modifier, 0.1 % NH4OH (added to the water) or 10 mM ammonium bicarbonate. Analytical HPLC was run using an Agilent system, Shimadzu/Sciex LCMS with variable wavelength UV detection using reverse phase chromatography with a CH3CN and water gradient with a 0.02 or 0.1 % TFA modifier (added to each solvent). LC-MS was determined using either a PE Sciex Single Quadrupole 150EX LC-MS, or Waters ZQ Single Quadrupole LC-MS or Agilent 1200 series SL (dectectors: Agilent 6140 single quadrupole and Agilent 1200 MWD SL) instruments. The compound is analyzed using a reverse phase column, e.g., Thermo Hypersil Gold C18, eluted using a gradient of CH3CN and water with a low percentage of an acid modifier such as 0.02% TFA or 0.1 % formic acid or a base modifier such as 5mM ammonium bicarbonate (adjusted to pH 10 with aqueous ammonia). When specified "acid method" refers to 0.1 % formic acid in water and CH3CN gradient (1 .8 min. 0.9 mL/min flow) with a Waters Acquity UPLC HSS C18; 1 .8μ; 2.1x50mm at 50 °C; "basic method" refers to 95:5 H2O+0.1 % NH4OH:CH3CN (pH = 9.4) and water gradient (1 .8 min. 0.9 mL/min flow) with a Waters Acquity UPLC BEH C18; 1 .7μ; 2.1x50mm at 50 °C and "overnight basic method" refers to 95:5 H2O+0.1 %

NH4OH:CH3CN (pH = 9.4) and water gradient (16 min. 0.8 mL/min flow) with a Waters Acquity UPLC BEH C18; 1 .7μ; 2.1 x50mm at 50 °C.

Preparative Chiral SFC was performed using a Thar/Waters Preparative SFC System with single wavelength UV detection system or PDA detector. A variety of chiral SFC columns, e.g. Chiralpak IA, IC, AY, AD. OD, OJ, C2 were used in the purification. The compounds are eluted using supercritical fluid C02 and co-solvents, such as MeOH, EtOH, IPA, and combination of these solvent in different ratio based on the compound

selectivity. Modifiers (0.1 % of TFA, NH4OH, DEA) would be used as needed.

Analytical Chiral SFC was run using a Thar/Waters SFC system with variable wavelength UV detection or PDA detector. A variety of chiral SFC columns, e.g. Chiralpak IA, IB, IC, ID, AY, AD, AS, CCL4 were used in the purification. The compounds are eluted using supercritical fluid C02 and co-solvents, such as MeOH, EtOH, IPA, and combination of these solvent in different ratio based on the compound selectivity. Modifiers (0.1 % of TFA, NH4OH, DEA) would be used as needed. Celite® is a filter aid composed of acid-washed diatomaceous silica, and is a registered trademark of Manville Corp., Denver, Colorado. Isolute® is a functionalized silica gel based sorbent, and is a registered trademark of Biotage AB Corp., Sweden.

Nuclear magnetic resonance spectra were recorded at 400 MHz using a Bruker AVANCE 400 or Brucker DPX400 or Varian MR400 400 MHz spectrometer. CDCI3 is

deuteriochloroform, DMSO-D6 is hexadeuteriodimethylsulfoxide, and MeOD is

tetradeuteriomethanol, CD2CI2 is deuteriodichloromethane. Chemical shifts are reported in parts per million (δ) downfield from the internal standard tetramethylsilane (TMS) or calibrated to the residual proton signal in the NMR solvent (e.g., CHCI3 in

CDC ). Abbreviations for NMR data are as follows: s = singlet, d = doublet, t = triplet, q = quartet, m = multiplet, dd = doublet of doublets, dt = doublet of triplets, app = apparent, br = broad. J indicates the NMR coupling constant measured in Hertz. Heating of reaction mixtures with microwave irradiations was carried out on a Biotage Initiator® or CEM microwave reactor, typically employing the high absorbance setting.

Cartridges or columns containing polymer based functional groups (acid, base, metal chelators, etc) can be used as part of compound workup. The "amine" columns or cartridges are used to neutralize or basify acidic reaction mixtures or products. These include NH2 Aminopropyl SPE-ed SPE Cartridges available from Applied Separations and diethylamino SPE cartridges available from United Chemical Technologies, Inc.

Table of Abbreviations

[Rh(cod)CI]2 or [RhCI(cod)]2: di^-chlorido-bis[r|2,r|2-(cycloocta-1 ,5- diene)rhodium

®T3P: 2,4,6-tripropyl-1 ,3,5,2,4,6-trioxatriphosphorinane 2,4,6-trioxide

LC: degree Celsius

AcOH: acetic acid

ADDP: (E)-diazene-l ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 -ylmethanone)

aq = aqueous

BINAP: 2,2'-bis(diphenylphosphino)-1 ,1 '- binaphthalene

CDI: Carbonyl dimidazole

CH2CI2: dichloromethane

CH3CN: acetonitrile

CHCI3: chloroform

Cs2C03: cesium carbonate

DBU: 1 ,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene

DCE: dichloroethane

DCM: dichloromethane

DIPEA or DIEA: diisopropylethyl amine

DME: dimethyl ether

DMF: Λ/,/V-dimethylformamide

DMF-DMA or DMF-dimethyl acetal: Ν,Ν-dimethylformaide-dimethyl acetal

DMSO: dimethyl sulfoxide

EDC: 1 -ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide

Et20: diethyl ether

Et3N: triethylamine EtOAc: ethyl acetate

EtOH: ethanol

g: gram(s)

h: hour(s)

HATU: 0-(7-azabenzotriazol-1-yl)-N,N,N',N'-tetramethyluronium h exaf I u o ro p h os ph ate

HBTU: N,N,N',N'-tetramethyl-0-(1 H-benzotriazol-1 -yl)uronium h exaf I u o ro p h os ph ate

HCI: hydrochloric acid

HOAt: 1 -hydroxy-7-azabenzotriazole

HPLC: high performance liquid chromatography

IPA: isopropyl alcohol

K2C03: potassium carbonate

KOAc: potassium acetate

LAH: lithium aluminum hydride

LC: liquid chromatography

LC-MS: liquid chromatography-mass spectroscopy

LiBH4: lithium borohydride

LiHMDS: lithium hexamethyldisilazane

LiOH: lithium hydroxide

M: molar

MeCN: acetonitrile

Mel: methyl iodide

MeOH: methanol

mg: milligram(s)

MgCI2: magnesium chloride

MgS04: magnesium sulfate

MHz: megahertz

min: minute(s)

ml_: milliliter(s)

mmol: millimole(s)

MS: mass spectroscopy

N2: nitrogen gas

Na2C03: sodium carbonate Na2S04: sodium sulfate

NaBH3CN or NaCNBH3: sodium cya n o bo ro hydride

NaCI: sodium chloride

NaH: sodium hydride

NaHC03: sodium bicarbonate

NaHMDS: sodium hexamethyldisilazane

NaHS04: sodium bisulfate

NaOAc: sodium acetate

NaOH: sodium hydroxide

NBS: N-bromosuccinimide

nBuLi: n-butyl lithium

NH4CI: ammonium chloride

NMR: nuclear magnetic resonance

P(tBu)3: tri-t-butyl phosphine

Pd(PhP3)4: tetrakistriphenylphosphine palladium

Pd/C: pallidium on carbon

Pd2(dba)3: f/7s(dibenzylideneacetone)-dipalladium(0)

PdC (dppf) or Pd(dppf)CI2 : [1 ,1 '-Jb/'s(diphenylphosphino)-ferrocene] dichloropalladium(ll)

Petrol: petroleum ether

PS-PPh3: polymer supported triphenylphosphine

Pt02: platinum(IV) oxide

RT: room temperature

T3P: 2,4,6-tripropyl-1 ,3,5,2,4,6-trioxatriphosphorinane-2,4,6-trioxide solution

TEA: triethylamine

TFA: trifluoroacetic acid

TFFH: tetrafluoroformamidinium hexafluorophosphate

THF: tetrahydrofuran

triflic anhydride: trifluoromethanesulfonic anhydride

TsOH: p-toluenesulfonic acid

wt%: weight percent

Intermediates Intermediate 1 : (S)-tert-Butyl 3-(1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl)piperidine-1 -carboxylate

Figure imgf000101_0001

To a solution of 60% NaH in mineral oil (20.04 g, 501 mmol) in N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF)(250 mL), at 0°C was added 1 H-pyrazole (34.1 g, 501 mmol) in N,N- dimethylformamide(DMF) (250 mL) dropwise over a period of 30 min and stirred for 30 min at the same temperature. (R)-tert-butyl 3-((methylsulfonyl)oxy)piperidine-1 -carboxylate (70 g,251 mmol) in Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide (DMF) (250 mL), was then added at 0°C dropwise for 30 min and then stirred for 30 min at 0°C. The reaction mixture was heated to 50°C and stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was cooled to 0°C, quenched with ice cold water and extracted with EtOAc (2 X 10000 mL). The organic layer was washed with cold water (2 X 500mL), dried over anhydrous Na2S04, evaporated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by flash chromatography, eluting with 0-5% EtOAc in petroleum ether to provide the title compound. (14g, 55.7 mmol, 22.23 % yield), LCMS /z 252 (M+H)+, 4.32 min (ret. time). Intermediate 2: (S)-3-(1 H-Pyrazol-1 -yl)piperidine Hydrochloride

Figure imgf000101_0002

To a solution of (S)-tert-butyl 3-(1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl)piperidine-1 -carboxylate (14 g, 55.7 mmol)in 1 ,4-dioxane (140 mL) was added 4M HCI(1 ,4- dioxane) (100 mL, 400 mmol) slowly at 10 °C and stirred for 2h at 27° C. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to afford the title compound. (1 1 g, 47.1 mmol, 85 % yield), LCMS m/z 152 (M+H)+, 1 .48 min (ret. time).

Intermediate 3: N-(2,4-Dimethoxybenzyl)-2-methylenebutan-1 -amine

Figure imgf000101_0003
To a solution of 2-methylenebutanal (50 g, 594 mmol) in toluene (500 ml_) was added (2,4- dimethoxyphenyl)methanamine (99 g, 594 mmol) and stirred at 1 10 °C for 48 hr.The reaction mixture was concentrated and dissolved in ethanol (300 ml_). NaBH4 (45.0 g, 1 189 mmol) was added at 0 °C and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 6 hr. The reaction mixture was evaporated under reduced pressure, quenched with water (400 ml_) and extracted with DCM (2 x 800 ml_). The organic layer was dried over anhydrous Na2S04 and filtered. The filtrate was evaporated under reduced pressure and the crude product was purified by column chromatography eluting with EtOAc: Hexane (15:85), to afford the title compound (75 g, 185 mmol, 31 .1 % yield), LCMS m/z 236 (M+H)+, 1 .51 min (ret. time).

Intermediate 4: 2-Chloropyridine-3-sulfonyl chloride

Figure imgf000102_0001

Step A: Thionyl chloride (159 ml_, 2178 mmol) was added drop wise over 60 min to water (450 ml_) at 0°C. The solution was allowed to stirred at ambient temperature for 17 h then copper(l) chloride (0.554 g, 5.60 mmol) was added to the mixture at -3 °C and the resulting yellow green solution was stirred for 1 hour at -3 °C.

Step B: 37% HCI (503 ml_, 6129 mmol) was added with vigorous stirring to 2-chloropyridin- 3-amine (40 g, 31 1 mmol) at -5 °C and a solution of sodium nitrite (37.8 g, 548 mmol) in water (82 ml_) was added drop wise over 45 min, the temperature of the reaction mixture was maintained at -5 °C and stirred for 10 min.

Step C: The mixture obtained from step B was added to the solution obtained from step A over 30 min at -3 °C. The reaction mixture was maintained at 0°C for 75 min with vigorous stirring. The solid was filtered and dried to give the title compound (20 g, 92 mmol, 29.5% yield) as brown color solid. LCMS /z 212.02(M+H) +, 2.058 min (ret. time) Intermediate 5: 2-Chloro-N-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-N-(2-methylenebutyl)pyridine-3- sulfonamide

Figure imgf000103_0001

To a solution of N-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-2-methylenebutan-1 -amine (30 g, 83 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (300 ml_) was added 2-chloropyridine-3-sulfonyl chloride (17.57 g, 83mmol) and TEA (23.10 ml_, 166 mmol) at 0°C. The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 16 h. The reaction mixture was quenched with ice water, and extracted with DCM (2 X 300 ml_). The organic layer was washed with cold water (2 X 300 ml_), and brine (200 ml_). The organic layer was dried over anhydrous Na2S04 and filtered. The filtrate was evaporated under reduced pressure and the crude compound was purified by column chromatography eluting with EtOAc: Hexane (1 1 :89) as solvent to afford the title compound. (28 g, 53.5 mmol, 64.5 % yield). LCMS m/z 41 1 (M+H)+, 2.73 min (ret. time).

Intermediate 6: 2-Chloro-N-(2-methylenebutyl)pyridine-3-sulfonamide N60160-98-A2

Figure imgf000103_0002

To a solution of 2-chloro-N-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-N-(2-methylenebutyl)pyridine-3- sulfonamide (28 g, 53.1 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (280 ml_) was added anisole (9 ml_, 82 mmol) and TFA (30 ml_, 389 mmol) at 0°C. The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 16 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated under vacuum, quenched with saturated NaHC03, and extracted with DCM (2 X 250 ml_). The organic layer was dried over anhydrous Na2S04 and filtered. The filtrate was evaporated under reduced pressure and purified by column chromatography eluting with EtOAc: Hexane (12:88) as solvent to afford the title compound. (13 g, 38.0 mmol, 71 .6 % yield), LCMS m/z 260 (M+H)+, 1 .97 min (ret. time).

Intermediate 7: 4-Ethyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide

Figure imgf000103_0003
To a solution of 2-chloro-N-(2-methylenebutyl)pyridine-3-sulfonamide (14 g, 46.2 mmol) in benzene (90 mL) was added AIBN (3.79 g, 23.09 mmol) and tributylstannane (40.3g, 139 mmol) at 65°C. The reaction was stirred at 85°C for 16 h. The reaction mixture was evaporated under reduced pressure and purified by column chromatography eluting with EtOAc: Hexane (14:86) as solvent to afford the title compound (14 g, 28.2 mmol, 61 .1 % yield) LCMS m/z 227 (M+H)+, 1 .74 min (ret. time). This batch compound was combined with other batches of this compound prepared by the same method, and purified by column chromatography eluting with using EtOAc: Hexane (12:88) as solvent. The solvents were concentrated and the compound was cooled to 0 °C and washed with pentane (40 mL) and diethyl ether (15 mL) to afford the title compound. (5.1 g, 97% pure) LCMS m/z 227 (M+H)+, 1 .55 min (ret. time).

Intermediate 8: (S)-4-Ethyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide and

Intermediate 9: (R)-4-ethyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide

Figure imgf000104_0001

The compound was resolved by chiral SFC (Column: Chiralpak AS-H (30x250 mm), 5μ; Co-solvent: 20% EtOH; Flowrate: 100 g/min; Back pressure: 100Bar, 80% C02) to provide (S)-4-ethyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (2.29 g, 45% yield). LCMS /z 227 (M+H)+, 1 .94 min (ret. time), (chiral SFC ret. time: 4.07 min) and (R)-4- ethyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (2.3 g, 46% yield). LCMS m/z 227 (M+H)+, 1 .98 min (ret. time), (chiral SFC ret. time: 4.53 min).

Intermediate 10: (R)-2-Fluoro-N-(2-hydroxybutyl)benzenesulfonamide

Figure imgf000104_0002

To a solution of (R)-1 -aminobutan-2-ol (14.66 g, 164 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (200 mL) and water (60 mL) at ambient temperature was added K2C03 (14.20 g, 103 mmol) and 2-fluorobenzene-1 -sulfonyl chloride (20 g, 103 mmol). It was stirred for 16 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with water (100 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 100 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with brine solution (200 mL) and dried over anhydrous Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the title compound (14 g, 53.8 mmol, 52.3 % yield) as a gummy liquid. LC-MS /z 494.83 (2M-H)+, 1 .660 min (ret. time). Intermediate 11 : (R)-4-Ethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide

Figure imgf000105_0001

To a solution of (R)-2-fluoro-N-(2-hydroxybutyl)benzenesulfonamide (14 g, 56.6 mmol) in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) (140 mL) at 0°C was added potassium tert-butoxide (6.35 g, 56.6 mmol). It was then heated at 80 °C for 4 h. The reaction mixture was cooled and neutralized with 1 N HCI, diluted with ice water (500 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 400 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with chilled brine solution (200 mL) and dried over anhydrous Na2S04, filtered and concentrated. The crude residue was purified on flash column chromatography eluting with 50 % EtOAc in hexane. Desired fractions were concentrated to give the title compound (1 1 .12 g, 48.9 mmol, 86 % yield) as a white solid. LC-MS m/z 228.05 (M+H)+, 1 .84 min (ret. time).

Example 1

(S)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000105_0002

(R)-1 -Aminobutan-2-ol NH2

OH

To a solution of ammonium hydroxide (1 13 ml, 2912 mmol) was added (R)-2-ethyloxirane (21 g, 291 mmol) and the resulting reaction mixture was stirred at 25 °C for 20 h. The reaction mixture was evaporated under vacuum on lyophilization to give the title compound (16g, 180 mmol, 61 .6 % yield). It was carried to next step without further purification.

4-Chloropyridine-3-sulfonyl chloride

Figure imgf000106_0001

To a suspension of 4-hydroxypyridine-3-sulfonic acid (17.5 g, 100 mmol) at 0 °C was added PCI5 (72.8 g, 350 mmol) and POCI3 (18.62 ml, 200 mmol). It was heated at 120 °C for 1 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature and concentrated. It was diluted with EtOAc and poured over ice. Solid NaHC03 was added and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was dried over anhydrous Na2S04 and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated to give the title compound (18 g, 84 mmol, 84 % yield) as pale yellow liquid. LC/MS m/z = 21 1 .96 (M+H)+, 1 .94 min (ret. time). (R)-4-Chloro-N-(2-hydroxybutyl)pyridine-3-sulfonamide

Figure imgf000106_0002

To a suspension of 4-chloropyridine-3-sulfonyl chloride (18 g, 85 mmol) in mixture of tetrahydrofuran (THF) (120 mL) and water (60ml_) at 0 °C was added K2C03 (14.08 g, 102 mmol) and (R)-1 -aminobutan-2-ol (7.57 g, 85 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 16 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, quenched with ice water, extracted with DCM twice. The combined organic layer was dried over anhydrous Na2S04, filtered and concentrated. The crude product was purified with flash column chromatography eluting with MeOH: DCM (2:98) to give the title compound (17 g, 64.2 mmol, 76 % yield) as a liquid. LC/MS m/z = 265.15 (M+H)+, 1 .39 min (ret. time). (R)-4-Ethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide

Figure imgf000107_0001

To a solution of (R)-4-chloro-N-(2-hydroxybutyl)pyridine-3-sulfonamide (17 g, 64.2 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (200 mL) at 0 °C was added KOtBu (14.41 g, 128 mmol). It was stirred for 5 min, and then the reaction mixture was refluxed at 80 °C for 6 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and quenched with 1 N HCI, extracted with EtOAc twice. The organic layer was dried over anhydrous Na2S04, filtered and concentrated. The crude product was purified via flash column chromatography eluting with EtOAc:Pet. ether (55:45) under vacuum to get a gum. The gummy residue was washed with n-pentane and diethyl ether to afford the title compound (7.52 g, 32.3 mmol, 50.3 % yield) as white solid. LC/MS m/z = 229.06 (M+H)+, 1 .46 min (ret. time).

Methyl 2-chlorothiophene-3-carboxylate

Figure imgf000107_0002

To a solution of 2-chlorothiophene-3-carboxylic acid (5g, 30.8 mmol) dissolved in methanol (60 mL) was added sulfuric acid (10.65 mL, 200 mmol) slowly at ambient temperature and the mixture was refluxed for 18 h. Saturated aqueous NaHC03 was added to the reaction mixture until pH = 8. The mixture was extracted with EtOAc (3X). The combined organics were dried and evaporated to afford the title compound. (5 g, 28.3 mmol, 92% yield), LC/MS m/z = 176(M+H)+, 0.78 (ret. time).

Methyl 5-bromo-2-chlorothiophene-3-carboxylate

Figure imgf000107_0003

A solution of methyl 2-chlorothiophene-3-carboxylate (10 g, 56.6 mmol) in N,N- dimethylformamide (DMF) (40 mL) was cooled in an ice bath to 0°C. N-Bromosuccinimide (1 1 .08 g, 62.3 mmol) was added portion wise and stirred at 0 °C for 10 min. The reaction was warmed to ambient temperature and stirred for 30 min. It was then heated to 50°C for 30 min and at ambient temperature for 2 h. The reaction was then cooled and quenched with water and diluted with diethyl ether. The aqueous layer was then extracted with diethyl ether (2X). The combined organics were washed with water (2X) and dried with MgS04. The residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-5% acetone / hexane to provide the title compound. (7.56 g, 52% yield). 1H NMR (400 MHz,

CHLOROFORM-d) δ 7.37 (s, 1 H), 3.90 (s, 3H).

(5-Bromo-2-chlorothiophen-3-yl)methanol

Figure imgf000108_0001

A solution of methyl 5-bromo-2-chlorothiophene-3-carboxylate (7.56 g, 29.6 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (250 mL) under nitrogen was cooled in ice bath. To the solution was added DIBAL-H (59.2 mL, 59.2 mmol) and stirred for 1 h at 0°C. The reaction was then quenched with 1 N HCI and 6N HCI at 0°C until the solution was acidic and gelatinous solids had broken up. The layers were separated and the aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (3X). The combined organics were washed with water, brine and dried with MgS04 and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-20% EtOAc / hexane to provide the title compound. (5.75 g, 85% yield). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ 7.04 (s, 1 H), 4.61 (s, 2H), 1 .69 (br. s., 1 H).

5-Bromo-2-chloro-3-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophene

Figure imgf000108_0002
(5-Bromo-2-chlorothiophen-3-yl)methanol (5.75 g, 25.3 mmol) was dissolved in N,N- dimethylformamide (DMF) (50 mL) under argon and cooled in an ice-bath. 60% sodium hydride (2.022 g, 50.5 mmol) was added portion wise and the reaction was stirred at 23°C for 1 h. The reaction was cooled again to 10°C and 1 -(chloromethyl)-4-methoxybenzene (5.54 mL, 37.9 mmol) was added and stirred at 23°C for 14h. The reaction was quenched with water (25 mL) and stirred for 5 min. The reaction was diluted with water (100 mL) and EtOAc (300 mL) and extracted with additional EtOAc (2 X 200 mL). The combined EtOAc layers were washed with water (4 X 100 mL) and then saturated aqueous NaCI (2 X 100 mL), dried over Na2S04 and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash

chromatography eluting with 0-10% EtOAc / hexane to provide the title compound. (6.7 g, 76% yield). Ή NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ 7.28-7.31 (m, 2H), 7.01 (s, 1 H), 6.92 (d, J=8.03 Hz, 2H), 4.49 (s, 2H), 4.44 (s, 2H), 3.84 (s, 3H).

1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazole-5-carbaldehyde

Figure imgf000109_0001

To a solution of 1 M ethylmagnesium bromide in THF (7.84 mL, 7.84 mmol) in toluene (60 mL) at -40°C, in an oven dried 500mL flask under argon, was added dropwise via syringe 1 .6M nBuLi in hexane (10.77 mL, 17.24 mmol) and stirred for 1 h. To this solution was added 5-bromo-1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazole (4.09 g, 15.67 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (20 mL) via addition funnel and stirred for 1 h. The reaction was transferred to an ice/NaCI bath and stirred at -15°C. DMF (7.28 mL, 94 mmol) was added dropwise via addition funnel and stirred at -15°C for 1 h and then at ambient temperature for 45 min. The reaction was quenched with saturated NH4CI, and diluted with water. The layers were separated and the aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (3X).. The combined organics were washed with water (2X), brine and dried with MgS04. The residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-30% EtOAc / hexane to provide the title compound. (2.63 g, 89% yield). LC/MS m/z = 190 (M+H)+, 0.60 min (ret time). (5-Chloro-4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)methanol

Figure imgf000109_0002
5-Bromo-2-chloro-3-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophene (4.2 g, 12.08 mmol) was dissolved in dry tetrahydrofuran (THF) (5ml_) in an oven dried and argon flushed flask and stirred with molecular sieves for 2h. In a separate flask, 1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazole-5-carbaldehyde (2.74 g, 14.50 mmol) was also dissolved in dry tetrahydrofuran (THF) (5ml_) in an oven dried and argon flushed flask and stirred with activated molecular sieves as well for 2h. After this, the thiophene reaction flask was cooled to -78°C and n-butyllithium (1 .6M in hexanes) (8.31 mL, 13.29 mmol) was added to the reaction mixture and stirred for 30 min. To this solution was added the aldehyde solution and was stirred in a dry ice-acetone bath cooling for 2 h. The reaction was then diluted with water (25mL) and EtOAc (75 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with an additional portion of EtOAc (50 mL) and the combined EtOAc layers were washed with water (50 mL) and saturated aqueous NaCI (50 mL), dried over Na2S04 and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-50% EtOAc / hexane to provide the title compound. (4.5 g, 81 % yield). LC/MS m/z = 458 (M+H)+, 1 .16 min (ret time).

(S)-Methyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate and (R)-methyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((4- methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate

Figure imgf000110_0001

(5-chloro-4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)methanol (1 g, 2.184 mmol) and tert-butyl((1 - methoxyvinyl)oxy)dimethylsilane (1 .430 mL, 6.55 mmol) were dissolved in dry

dichloromethane (DCM) (30 mL), and cooled at 0°C. Titanium tetrachloride (2.184 mL, 2.184 mmol) dissolved in dichloromethane (DCM) (30 mL) was also cooled to 0°C and added dropwise to the reaction mixture. The reaction was stirred at 0°C and was allowed to warm slowly to ambient temperature and stirred for 24h. A 5% aqueous NaHS04 solution was added and the organic layers were separated, dried with MgS04, filtered and then concentrated to afford methyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophen- 2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate (500 mg, 0.973 mmol, 44.5% yield). This compound was resolved by chiral SFC (Column: Chiralpak IA

20x250mm, 5u; Co-solvent: 25% EtOH; Flowrate: 50 g/min; Back pressure: 100Bar) to give (S)-Methyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate (0.244 g, 21 % yield). LC/MS m/z = 514 (M+H)+, 1 .30 min (ret time) and (R)-methyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((4- methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5- yl)propanoate (0.234 g, 20% yield). LC/MS m/z = 514 (M+H)+, 1 .31 min (ret time).

(S)-Methyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(hydroxymethyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate

Figure imgf000111_0001

(S)-methyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl- 1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate (230mg, 0.447 mmol) was dissolved in 4N hydrochloric acid (10 ml_, 40.0 mmol) and let stir for 1 h. The compound was then purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-50% EtOAc / hexane to provide the title compound. (0.144 g, 65% yield). LC/MS m/z = 394 (M+H)+, 1 .02 min (ret time).

(S)-Methyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate

Figure imgf000111_0002
To a solution of (S)-methyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(hydroxymethyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate (48 mg, 0.122 mmol), (R)-4-ethyl-3,4- dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (55.6 mg, 0.244 mmol) and (E)- diazene-1 ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 -ylmethanone) (61 .5 mg, 0.244 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (4 ml_) was added tributylphosphine (0.061 ml_, 0.244 mmol) and stirred for 1 .5h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.058 g, 79% yield). LC/MS /z = 604 (M+H)+, 1 .16 min (ret. time).

(S)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000112_0001

To a solution of (S)-methyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- pyrido[4,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate (58 mg, 0.096 mmol) dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2.000 ml_), water (1 ml_) and methanol (2.000 ml_) was added lithium hydroxide (1 1 .50 mg, 0.480 mmol) and stirred at ambient temperature for 1 h. The reaction was acidified with a 10% formic acid solution and concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.047 g, 83% yield). LC/MS m/z = 590 (M+H)+, 1 .06 min (ret. time).

Example 2

(S)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000113_0001

(R)-2-Chloro-N-(2-hydroxybutyl)pyridine-3-sulfonamide

Figure imgf000113_0002

To a solution of 2-chloropyridine-3-sulfonyl chloride (15 g, 70.7 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran

(THF) (100 mL) was added (R)-1 -aminobutan-2-ol (6.31 g, 70.7 mmol), potassium carbonate (9.78 g, 70.7 mmol) and water (30 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred for 2 h at ambient temperature. The reaction mixture was quenched with water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (3 x 20 mL). The combined organic layer was dried over anhydrous Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the title compound (14 g, 43.6 mmol, 61 .7 % yield). LC/MS m/z = 262.95 (M-H)+, 2.627 min (ret. time).

(R)-4-Ethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide

Figure imgf000113_0003

To a solution of (R)-2-chloro-N-(2-hydroxybutyl)pyridine-3-sulfonamide (13 g, 49.1 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (130 mL) at 5°C was added potassium tert-butoxide (16.53 g, 147 mmol), then was heated to 75 °C for 3 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature and then quenched with ice water (200 mL) and neutralized with 1 N HCI (10 mL) solution. It was extracted with ethyl acetate (4 x 100 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with ice cold water (30 mL), washed with brine solution (30 mL), dried over anhydrous Na2S04, filtered and concentrated. The crude residue was purified with flash column chromatography eluting with EtOAc: hexane (4:6) to give the title compound (4.9 g, 20.77 mmol, 42.3 % yield) as an off- white solid. LC/MS /z = 229.08 (M+H) 2.555 min (ret. time).

(S)-Methyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate

Figure imgf000114_0001

To a solution of (S)-methyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(hydroxymethyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate (48 mg, 0.122 mmol), (R)-4-ethyl-3,4- dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (55.6 mg, 0.244 mmol) and (E)- diazene-1 ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 -ylmethanone) (61 .5 mg, 0.244 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (4 ml_) was added tributylphosphane (0.061 ml_, 0.244 mmol) and the reaction stirred for 1 .5h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.065 g, 88% yield). LC/MS m/z = 604 (M+H)+, 1 .17 min (ret. time). (S)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000114_0002

To a solution of (S)-methyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate (65 mg, 0.108 mmol) dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2.000 mL), water (1 mL) and methanol (2.000 mL) was added lithium hydroxide (12.88 mg, 0.538 mmol) and stirred at ambient temperature for 1 h. The reaction was acidified with a 10% formic acid solution and concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.054 g, 85% yield). LC/MS m/z = 590 (M+H)+, 1 .06 min (ret. time).

Example 3

(S)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000115_0001

(2-Chlorothiophen-3-yl)methanol

Figure imgf000115_0002

To a solution of 2-chlorothiophene-3-carboxylic acid (2.5 g, 15.38 mmol) in

tetrahydrofuran (THF) (12.07 mL), was added borane-methyl sulfide complex (2.92 mL, 30.8 mmol) at 0°C. The reaction was warmed to 23°C and stirred for 14h. Afterwards, additional borane-methyl sulfide complex (0.730 mL, 7.69 mmol) was added to the reaction mixture and stirred for several hours. The reaction was cooled in an ice water bath and was quenched slowly with methanol (6.04 mL). When most of the bubbling ended the solvents were removed in vacuo and the residue was dissolved in EtOAc (10mL) and washed with saturated aqueous NaHC03. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (50mL) and the combined EtOAc layers were washed with water (5mL) and saturated aqueous NaCI, dried over Na2S04 and concentrated to afford the title compound (2.2 g, 95% yield) 1H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ 6.98-7.19 (m, 2H), 4.67 (d, J=4.52 Hz, 2H), 1 .65-1 .81 (m, 1 H).

2-Chloro-3-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophene

Figure imgf000116_0001
To a solution of (2-chlorothiophen-3-yl)methanol (2.2 g, 14.80 mmol) dissolved in N,N- dimethylformamide (DMF) (24.47 mL) under argon and cooled in an ice-bath was added 60% sodium hydride (1 .184 g, 29.6 mmol) portion wise. The reaction was stirred at 23°C for 1 h then cooled again to 10°C with the ice bath. 1 -(chloromethyl)-4-methoxybenzene (3.48 g, 22.21 mmol) was added and the reaction was stirred at 23°C for 14 h. The reaction was quenched with water (25 mL) and stirred for 5 min. The reaction was diluted with water (100 mL) and EtOAc (300 mL) and the product was extracted with an additional EtOAc (2 x 200 mL). The combined EtOAc layers were washed with water (4 X 100 mL) and then saturated aqueous NaCI (2 X 100 mL), dried with Na2S04 and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-10% EtOAc / hexane to provide the title compound. (3.5 g, 84% yield).1 H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ ppm 7.26 - 7.34 (m, 2 H), 7.03 (d, J=5.52 Hz, 1 H) 7.1 1 (d, J=5.52 Hz, 1 H), 6.91 (d, J=8.28 Hz, 2 H), 4.44 - 4.64 (m, 4 H), 3.84 (s, 3 H).

5-Bromo-2-chloro-3-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophene

Figure imgf000116_0002
A solution of 2-chloro-3-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophene (3.3 g, 12.28 mmol) in Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide (DMF) (20mL) was cooled to 0°C. N-bromosuccinimide (2.404 g, 13.51 mmol) was added portion wise and stirred at 0°C for 10 min. The reaction was warmed to ambient temperature and stirred for 30 min. It was then heated to 50°C for 30 min and at ambient temperature for 2 h. The reaction was then cooled and diethyl ether and water were added. The aqueous layer was then extracted with diethyl ether (2X). The combined organics were washed with water (2X) and dried with MgS04. The residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-5% acetone / hexane to provide the title compound. (2.40 g, 56% yield). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ 7.26-7.32 (m, 2H), 7.01 (s, 1 H), 6.92 (d, J=8.28 Hz, 2H), 4.49 (s, 2H), 4.44 (s, 2H), 3.84 (s, 3H).

Methyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000117_0001

2,2,2-Trichloroacetonitrile (252 mg, 1 .747 mmol) was added to a solution of (5-chloro-4- (((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5- yl)methanol (400 mg, 0.873 mmol) in acetonitrile (10ml_). 2,3,4,6,7,8,9,10- octahydropyrimido[1 ,2-a]azepine (6.65 mg, 0.044 mmol) was then added and the reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 40 min. ((1 -methoxy-2-methylprop-1 -en-1 - yl)oxy)trimethylsilane (381 mg, 2.184 mmol) was dissolved in acetonitrile, followed by 1 ,1 ,1 -trifluoro-N-((trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl)methanesulfonamide (24.56 mg, 0.087 mmol) and the solution stirred at ambient temperature for 1 h. The reaction mixture was partitioned between saturated NH4CI and ethyl acetate. The water layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (2 X 100ml_). The combined organic phases were dried with MgSC>4 and concentrated to get crude product. The crude residue was purified by flash

chromatography eluting with 0-60% EtOAc / hexane to provide the title compound. (0.450 g, 95% yield). LC/MS m/z = 542/543/544 m/z (M+H)+, 1 .38 min (ret time).

(S)-Benzyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate and (R)-benzyl 3-(5- chloro-4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000118_0001

To a solution of methyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 - ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (800 mg, 1 .476 mmol) dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2.000 mL), methanol (2 mL) and water (1 .000 mL) in a microwave reaction vial was added lithium hydroxide (177 mg, 7.38 mmol) and stirred at 100°C for 2 h on the microwave. The solvents were concentrated and the residue was dried on high vacuum. The residue was then dissolved in DMF and benzyl bromide (0.702 mL, 5.90 mmol) was added to the reaction mixture and allowed to stir. The product was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-50% EtOAc / hexane to provide benzyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (800 mg, 88% yield). This compound was resolved by chiral SFC (Column: Chiralpak AY 20x250mm, 5u; Co-solvent: 25% EtOH; Flowrate: 50 g/min; Back pressure: 100Bar) to give the (S)-Benzyl 3-(5-chloro-4- (((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (0.362 g, 39% yield). LC/MS /z = 618 (M+H)+, 1 .54 min (ret time), (chiral SFC ret. time: 3.43 min). and (R)-benzyl 3-(5-chloro-4- (((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (0.380 g, 41 % yield). LC/MS m/z = 618 (M+H)+, 1 .54 min (ret time), (chiral SFC ret. time: 5.77 min). (S)-Benzyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(hydroxymethyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000118_0002
To a solution of (S)-benzyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3- (1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (362 mg, 0.586 mmol) dissolved in acetonitrile (9.00 mL) was added eerie ammonium nitrate (963 mg, 1 .757 mmol) and water (1 mL ) and stirred for 2 h. The reaction was diluted with EtOAc (100 mL) and water (50 mL), and the phases were separated. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (50 mL) and the combined EtOAc layers were washed with water (50 mL) and saturated aqueous NaCI. The reaction was dried with Na2S04 and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-100% EtOAc / hexane to provide the title compound. (0.150 g, 51 % yield). LC/MS /z = 498 (M+H)+, 1 .12 min (ret time).

(S)-Benzyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000119_0001

To a solution of (S)-benzyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(hydroxymethyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (50 mg, 0.100 mmol), (R)-4- ethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (45.6 mg, 0.201 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 -ylmethanone) (50.7 mg, 0.201 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (4mL) was added tributylphosphine (0.050 mL, 0.201 mmol) and stirred for 1 h 15 min. The reaction was then concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.050 g, 70% yield). LC/MS m/z = 707 (M+H)+, 1 .54 min (ret. time).

(S)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000120_0001

To a solution of (S)-benzyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (50mg, 0.071 mmol) dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2 mL) water (1 .000 mL) and methanol (2.000 mL) in a microwave reaction vial, was added lithium hydroxide (8.46 mg, 0.353 mmol) and stirred at 100 °C for 1 h on the microwave. A solution of 10% formic acid and added dropwise to the reaction until it had reached acidic conditions Reaction was condensed, and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.015 g, 34% yield). LC/MS m/z = 617 (M+H)+, 1 .27 min (ret. time).

Example 4

(R)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000120_0002

(R)-2-Fluoro-N-(2-hydroxybutyl)benzenesulfonamide

Figure imgf000120_0003
To a solution of (R)-1 -aminobutan-2-ol (14.66 g, 164 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (200 mL) and water (60 mL) at ambient temperature was added K2C03 (14.20 g, 103 mmol) and 2-fluorobenzene-1 -sulfonyl chloride (20 g, 103 mmol). It was stirred for 16 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with water (100 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 100 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with brine solution (200 mL) and dried over anhydrous Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the title compound (14 g, 53.8 mmol, 52.3 % yield) as a gummy liquid. LC/MS /z = 494.83 (2M-H)+, 1 .660 min (ret. time).

(R)-4-Ethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide

Figure imgf000121_0001
To a solution of (R)-2-fluoro-N-(2-hydroxybutyl)benzenesulfonamide (14 g, 56.6 mmol) in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) (140 mL) at 0°C was added potassium tert-butoxide (6.35 g, 56.6 mmol). It was then heated at 80 °C for 4 h. The reaction mixture was cooled and neutralized with 1 N HCI, diluted with ice water (500 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 400 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with chilled brine solution (200 mL) and dried over anhydrous Na2S04, filtered and concentrated. The crude residue was purified via flash column chromatography eluting with 50 % EtOAc in hexane to give the title compound (1 1 .12 g, 48.9 mmol, 86 % yield) as a white solid. LC/MS m/z = 228.05 (M+H)+, 1 .84 min (ret. time).

(R)-Benzyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(hydroxymethyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000121_0002

(R)-benzyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl- 1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (250 mg, 0.404 mmol) was dissolved in acetonitrile (5.00 mL) combined with eerie ammonium nitrate (222 mg, 0.404 mmol) and water (1 mL ) and stirred 1 h. Additional ceric ammonium nitrate (1 1 1 mg, 0.202 mmol) was added and the reaction was allowed to stir for an additional 1 h. The reaction was then diluted with EtOAc (100 mL) and water (50 mL), and the phases were separated. The aqueous layer was extracted again with EtOAc (50 mL) and the combined EtOAc layers were washed with water (50 mL) and saturated aqueous NaCI. The reaction was dried with Na2S04 and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-1 00% EtOAc / hexane to provide the title compound. (0.126 g, 62% yield). LC/MS m/z = 498 (M+H)+, 1 .20 min (ret time).

(R)-Benzyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000122_0001

To a solution of (R)-benzyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(hydroxymethyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (61 mg, 0.122 mmol), and (R)-4-ethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 , 1 -dioxide (55.7 mg, 0.245 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 -ylmethanone) (61 .8 mg, 0.245 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (4 mL) was added tributylphosphine (0.061 mL, 0.245 mmol) and stirred for 1 h 15 min. The reaction was then concentrated, and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.090 g, 104% yield). LC/MS m/z = 707 (M+H)+, 1 .51 min (ret. time).

(R)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000123_0001

To a solution of (R)-benzyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (90mg, 0.127 mmol) dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2 mL), water (1 .000 mL) and methanol (2.000 mL) in a microwave reaction vial was added lithium hydroxide (15.24 mg, 0.636 mmol) and stirred at 100 °C for 2 h on the microwave. A solution of 10% formic acid and added dropwise to the reaction until it was acidic. The reaction was then concentrated, and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.020 g, 25% yield). LC/MS m/z = 617 (M+H)+, 1 .24 min (ret. time).

Example 5

(R)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000123_0002

(R)-Methyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(hydroxymethyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate

Figure imgf000124_0001

(R)-methyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate (220mg, 0.428 mmol) was dissolved in 4N hydrochloric acid (10 mL, 40.0 mmol) and stirred for 1 h. The reaction was concentrated and the residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-50% EtOAc / hexanes to provide the title compound. (0.145 g, 86% yield). LC/MS /z = 394 (M+H)+, 1 .02 min (ret time).

(R)-Methyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate

Figure imgf000124_0002

To a solution of (S)-methyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(hydroxymethyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate (48 mg, 0.122 mmol), (R)-4-ethyl-3,4- dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (55.4 mg, 0.244 mmol) and (E)- diazene-1 ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 -ylmethanone) (61 .5 mg, 0.244 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (4 mL) was added tributylphosphine (0.061 mL, 0.244 mmol) stirred for 1 h 15 min. The reaction was then concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.061 g, 83% yield). LC/MS m/z = 603 (M+H)+, 1 .34 min (ret. time). (R)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000125_0001

To a solution of (R)-methyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate (61 mg, 0.101 mmol) dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2.000 ml_), water (1 mL) and methanol (2.000 mL) was added lithium hydroxide (12.1 1 mg, 0.506 mmol) and the reaction mixture stirred at ambient temperature for 1 h. A solution of 10% formic acid was added dropwise to the reaction until the solution was acidic. The solvents were concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.028 g, 47% yield). LC/MS m/z = 589 (M+H)+, 1 .24 min (ret. time).

Example 6

(R)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000125_0002

(R)-Methyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate

Figure imgf000126_0001

To a solution of (R)-methyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(hydroxymethyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate (48 mg, 0.122 mmol), (R)-4-ethyl-3,4- dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (55.6 mg, 0.244 mmol) and (E)- diazene-1 ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 -ylmethanone) (61 .5 mg, 0.244 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (4 mL) was added tributylphosphine (0.061 mL, 0.244 mmol) and stirred for 1 h 15 min. . The reaction was then concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.063 g, 86% yield). LC/MS m/z = 604 (M+H)+, 1 .17 min (ret. time). (R)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000126_0002

To a solution of (R)-methyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate (63 mg, 0.104 mmol) dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2.000 mL), water (1 mL) and methanol (2.000 mL) was added lithium hydroxide (12.49 mg, 0.521 mmol) and stirred at ambient temperature for 2h. A solution of 10% formic acid was added dropwise to the reaction until the solution was acidic. The solvents were concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.024 g, 39% yield). LC/MS m/z = 590 (M+H)+, 1 .08 min (ret. time). Example 7

(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000127_0001

(5-Bromo-2-methylthiophen-3-yl)methanol

Figure imgf000127_0002

A solution of ethyl 5-bromo-2-methylthiophene-3-carboxylate (3.915 g, 15.72 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (79 ml_) was cooled in ice bath. To this was added DIBAL-H (40.9 ml_, 40.9 mmol) and stirred for 3 h at 0°C. Another portion of DIBAL-H (7.86 ml_, 7.86 mmol) was added and stirred for 30 min followed by the addition of another portion of DIBAL-H (3.93 mL, 3.93 mmol) and stirred for 30 min. The reaction was quenched with 140mL 1 N HCI at 0°C. The solution was extracted with EtOAc (3X). The organic layers were washed with 1 N HCI, brine and dried MgS04 and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 100% DCM to provide the title compound. (3.30 g, 97% yield). LC/MS m/z = 189/190 (M-OH)+, 0.75 min (ret time).

((5-Bromo-2-methylthiophen-3-yl)methoxy)(tert-butyl)dimethylsilane

Figure imgf000127_0003
A solution of (5-bromo-2-methylthiophen-3-yl)methanol (3.30 g, 14.50 mmol) in N,N- dimethylformamide (DMF) (72.5 mL) was cooled to 0°C and to it was added imidazole (2.96 g, 43.5 mmol) followed by TBDMS-CI (3.28 g, 21 .75 mmol). The reaction was stirred at 0°C for 1 h and warmed to ambient temperature and stirred for 2 h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was suspended in water. The aqueous layer was extracted with DCM (3X). The combined organics were washed with water, brine and dried with MgS04. The crude compound was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 100% hexane to provide the title compound. (4.513 g, 95% yield). 1H NMR (400 MHz,

CHLOROFORM-d) δ 6.89 (s, 1 H), 4.53 (s, 2H), 2.31 (s, 3H), 0.91 (s, 9H), 0.08 (s, 6H). (4-(((Tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)methanol

Figure imgf000128_0001

A solution of ((5-bromo-2-methylthiophen-3-yl)methoxy)(tert-butyl)dimethylsilane (3.49 g, 10.86 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (45 mL) was cooled to -78 °C. 1 M n-butyllithium in THF (10.52 mL, 16.83 mmol) was added dropwise and stirred for 1 .5 h. 1 -ethyl-4-methyl- 1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazole-5-carbaldehyde (2.466 g, 13.03 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (15 mL) was then added dropwise and stirred at -78 °C for 1 h. The reaction was quenched with water (3 mL) and allowed to warm to ambient temperature. It was then diluted with EtOAc and the organic layer was washed with water (3X). The aqueous layer was back extracted with EtOAc (2X) and the combined organic layers were washed with brine and dried with MgSC The crude residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0- 35% EtOAc/hexane and again with 0-15% EtOAc/DCM. Impure chromatography fractions were repurified eluting with 0-20% EtOAc/DCM. All product batches were combined to provide the title compound. (2.97 g, 63% yield). LC/MS m/z = 432 (M+H)+, 1 .40 min (ret. time).

Methyl 3-(4-(((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000129_0001

To a solution of (4-(((tert-butyldimethylsNyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)(1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)methanol (2.97 g, 6.88 mmol) in acetonitrile (60 mL) at 0°C, was added 2,2,2-trichloroacetonitrile (1 .035 mL, 10.32 mmol) in acetonitrile (12 mL), via addition funnel, dropwise and stirred for 10 min. DBU (0.052 mL, 0.344 mmol) in acetonitrile (5 mL), was then added dropwise, via addition funnel, and stirred for 1 h. The reaction was warmed to ambient temperature for 10 min and re-cooled. Afterwards, ((1 - methoxy-2-methylprop-1 -en-1 -yl)oxy)trimethylsilane (1 .677 mL, 8.26 mmol) was added dropwise, via syringe, in acetonitrile (12 mL) followed by dropwise addition of 1 ,1 ,1 - trifluoro-N-((trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl)methanesulfonamide (0.193 g, 0.688 mmol) in acetonitrile (15 mL) and stirred at ambient temperature for 2h. The reaction was quenched with saturated. NaHC03 and the aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (4X). The combined organics were washed with brine and dried with MgS04 and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-20% EtOAc / hexanes. Impure chromatography fractions were repurified eluting with 0-15% EtOAc/hexanes. All product batches were combined to provide the title compound. (2.83 g, 80% yield). LC/MS m/z = 516 (M+H)+, 1 .60 min (ret. time).

(S)-Benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(hydroxymethyl)-5- methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate and (R)-benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(hydroxymethyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000129_0002

This reaction was divided equally into three individual microwave reactions. To a solution of methyl 3-(4-(((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (2.83 g, 5.49 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (15 mL) methanol (15.00 mL) and water (15.00 mL) was added LiOH (0.526 g, 21 .95 mmol) and heated on a microwave to 150 °C for 2 h. The reactions were combined and the solvents were concentrated and pumped on high vacuum overnight. The lithium salt was dissolved in Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide (DMF) (20mL) and benzyl bromide (0.653 mL, 5.49 mmol) in Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide (DMF) (5 mL) was added dropwise and stirred for 3 h. Additional benzyl bromide (0.065 mL, 0.549 mmol) was then added and stirred for 5h. Additional benzyl bromide (0.163 mL, 1 .372 mmol) was added and stirred for 40 min. The reaction was quenched with 20 mL of 1 N HCI and the aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with water (2X). The combined aqueous layers were extracted with EtOAc. The combined organics were washed with water and brine and dried with MgS04 and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-50% EtOAc / hexanes to provide benzyl 3- (1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(hydroxymethyl)-5-methylthiophen-2- yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (1 .58 g, 58% yield). This compound was resolved by chiral SFC (Column: Chiralpak AY 20x250mm, 5u; Co-solvent: 20% EtOH; Flowrate: 50 g/min; Back pressure: 100Bar) to give (S)-benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5- yl)-3-(4-(hydroxymethyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (0.682 g, 26% yield) and (R)-benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4- (hydroxymethyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (0.694 g, 26% yield).

(S)-Benzyl 3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000130_0001

To a solution of (S)-benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4- (hydroxymethyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (50 mg, 0.105 mmol) tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2 mL) was added (R)-4-ethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (56.4 mg, 0.247 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2- diylbis(piperidin-l -ylmethanone) (ADDP) (62.3 mg, 0.247 mmol). The reaction was degassed with vacuum and flushed with nitrogen. Tri-n-butylphosphine (0.061 ml_, 0.247 mmol) was then added and the reaction was stirred at ambient temperature for 1 h. The solvents were concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.062 g, 86% yield). LC/MS /z = 688 (M+H)+, 1 .38 min (ret. time).

(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000131_0001

A solution of (S)-benzyl 3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (62 mg, 0.090 mmol) in methanol (6 ml_) was run through an H-Cube at full H2 pressure with a 10% Pd/C cartridge for 20 min. The system was flushed with methanol and the solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.028 g, 52% yield). LC/MS m/z = 598 (M+H)+, 1 .07 min (ret. time).

Example 8 (S)-3-(4-((4,4-Dimethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000132_0001

2-Chloro-N-(2-hydroxy-2-methylpropyl)pyridine-3-sulfonamide

Figure imgf000132_0002

To a solution of 2-chloropyridine-3-sulfonyl chloride (9 g, 42.4 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (150 mL) was added 1 -amino-2-methylpropan-2-ol (3.78 g, 42.4 mmol), potassium carbonate (5.87 g, 42.4 mmol) and water (45 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 2 h. The reaction mixture was quenched with water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (3 x 20 mL). The combined organic layer was dried over anhydrous Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the title compound (9 g, 33.1 mmol, 78 % yield) as off-whit solid. LC/MS m/z = 265.00 (M+H)+, 1 .372 min (ret. time).

4,4-Dimethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide

Figure imgf000132_0003

To a solution of 2-chloro-N-(2-hydroxy-2-methylpropyl)pyridine-3-sulfonamide (9 g, 34.0 mmol) in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) (90 mL) at 10°C was added potassium tert-butoxide (1 1 .44 g, 102 mmol), then heated to 75 °C for 1 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature and poured into water (400 mL). It was neutralized with 1 N HCI and the obtained solid was filtered, washed with water and dried well to give the title compound (4.96 g, 21 .70 mmol, 63.8 % yield) as light yellow solid. LC/MS m/z = 229.01 (M+H)+, 2.192 min (ret. time). (S)-Benzyl 3-(4-((4,4-dimethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000133_0001
To a solution of (S)-benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-

(hydroxymethyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (50 mg, 0.105 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2 ml_) was added 4,4-dimethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (56.4 mg, 0.247 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2- diylbis(piperidin-l -ylmethanone) (ADDP) (62.3 mg, 0.247 mmol). The reaction was degassed with vacuum and flushed with nitrogen. Tri-n-butylphosphine (0.061 ml_, 0.247 mmol) was then added and the reaction was stirred at ambient temperature for 3 days. The solvents were concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.048 g, 66% yield). LC/MS m/z = 688 (M+H)+, 1 .31 min (ret. time). (S)-3-(4-((4,4-Dimethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000133_0002

A solution of (S)-benzyl 3-(4-((4,4-dimethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (48 mg, 0.070 mmol) in methanol (6 mL) was run through a H-Cube at full H2 pressure with a 10% Pd/C cartridge for 20 min. The system was flushed with methanol and the solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.025 g, 60% yield). LC/MS m/z = 598 (M+H)+, 1 .03 min (ret. time).

Example 9

(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000134_0001

(S)-Benzyl 3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000134_0002
To a solution of (S)-benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-

(hydroxymethyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (50 mg, 0.105 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2 mL) was added (R)-4-ethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (47.8 mg, 0.209 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2- diylbis(piperidin-l -ylmethanone) (ADDP) (52.8 mg, 0.209 mmol). The reaction was degassed with vacuum and flushed with nitrogen. Tri-n-butylphosphine (0.052 mL, 0.209 mmol) was added and the reaction was stirred at ambient temperature for 3 h. The solvents were concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.060 g, 83% yield). LC/MS /z = 688 (M+H)+, 1 .37 min (ret. time). (S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000135_0001

A solution of (S)-benzyl 3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (60 mg, 0.087 mmol) in methanol (6 ml_) and was run through a H-Cube at full H2 pressure with a 10% Pd/C cartridge for 15 min. The system was flushed with methanol and the solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.037 g, 71 % yield). LC/MS m/z = 598 (M+H)+, 1 .06 min (ret. time).

Example 10

(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000136_0001

(S)-Benzyl 3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin- 2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5- yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000136_0002

To a solution of (S)-benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4- (hydroxymethyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (101 mg, 0.21 1 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (4 ml_) was added (R)-4-ethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (1 14 mg, 0.502 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2- diylbis(piperidin-l -ylmethanone) (ADDP) (127mg, 0.503 mmol). Tri-n-butylphosphine (0.124 ml_, 0.504 mmol) was then added and stirred at ambient temperature for 1 h. The solvents were concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.134 g, 92% yield). LC/MS m/z = 687 (M+H)+, 1 .46 min (ret. time). (S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000137_0001

A solution of (S)-benzyl 3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (134 mg, 0.195 mmol) in methanol (8 mL) was subjected to 10% Pd/C using 30x4 mm cartridge on H-Cube using full H2 mode. After 45 min the pressure was increased to 20 bar and run for 5h. The solvents were concentrated and the residue was dissolved in methanol (8.00 mL). The flask was flushed with nitrogen and 10% palladium on carbon (20.76 mg, 0.020 mmol) was added. The flask was evacuated and purged with hydrogen in balloon. This procedure was repeated three times and the reaction stirred under H2 for 18h. The completed reaction was filtered through Celite and washed with MeOH. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.080 g, 70% yield). LC/MS m/z = 597 (M+H)+, 1 .21 min (ret. time).

Example 11 (R)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000137_0002

(S)-Methyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(hydroxymethyl)-5- methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate and (R)-methyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(hydroxymethyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000138_0001

To a solution of methyl 3-(4-(((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3- (1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (0.413 g, 0.785 mmol) in methanol (30 mL) at 0°C, was added 1 M HCI (0.942 ml_, 0.942 mmol) and stirred for 1 h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide methyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(hydroxymethyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoate (0.333 g, 55% yield) This compound was resolved by chiral SFC (Column: Chiralpak AY 20x250mm, 5u; Co-solvent: 20% EtOH; Flowrate: 50 g/min; Back pressure: 100Bar) to provide (S)-methyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 3-(4-(hydroxymethyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (0.047 g, 15% yield). LC/MS m/z = 402 (M+H)+, 0.99 min (ret. time) and (R)-methyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(hydroxymethyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoate (0.046 g, 14% yield). LC/MS m/z = 402 (M+H)+, 0.99 min (ret. time).

(R)-Methyl 3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin- 2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5- yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000138_0002

To a solution of (R)-methyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4- (hydroxymethyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (46 mg, 0.1 15 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2 mL) was added (R)-4-ethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (52.1 mg, 0.229 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2- diylbis(piperidin-l -ylmethanone) (ADDP) (57.8 mg, 0.229 mmol). Tri-n-butylphosphine (0.057 mL, 0.229 mmol) was then added and stirred at ambient temperature for 4 h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound. (0.061 g, 87% yield).

LC/MS m/z = 61 1 (M+H)+, 1 .38 min (ret. time).

(R)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000139_0001

To a solution of (R)-methyl 3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (51 mg, 0.083 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (1 mL) methanol (1 .000 mL) and water (1 .000 mL) was added LiOH (8.00 mg, 0.334 mmol) and stirred at ambient temperature. The reaction was then transferred to a microwave reaction vessel and heated on a microwave to 120 °C for 3 h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was redissolved in acetonitrile and acidified with formic acid. The residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound. (0.034 g, 69% yield). LC/MS m/z = 597 (M+H)+, 1 .17 min (ret. time).

Example 12

(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-((2-((4-ethylpiperidin-1 - yl)methyl)-1 H-imidazol-1 -yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000140_0001

tert-Butyl 4-ethylidenepiperidine-1 -carboxylate

Figure imgf000140_0002

Under nitrogen, ethyltriphenylphosphonium bromide (19.10 g, 51 .4 mmol) was added portionwise to the 1 M LiHMDS (51 .4 mL, 51 .4 mmol) in THF at 0 °C and stirred for 1 hr. A solution of benzyl 4-oxopiperidine-1 -carboxylate (10 g, 42.9 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (20mL) was added and stirred for 2h. The reaction was quenched with brine, and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 100mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried and concentrated. The residue was purified by eluting with PE/EA = 10/ 1 to give the title compound (8.0 g, 32.6 mmol, 76 % yield), LC/MS m/z = 247.0 (M+H)+, 2.27 min (ret. time)

4-Ethylpiperidine

Figure imgf000140_0003

The mixture of benzyl 4-ethylidenepiperidine-1 -carboxylate (8000 mg, 32.6 mmol), Pd/C (1735 mg, 16.31 mmol) in methanol (100 mL) was hydrogenated at room atmosphere for 5h. The reaction was filtered and concentrated to give the title compound. (2500 mg,22.08 mmol, 67.7 % yield), LC/MS m/z = 1 14 (M+H)+, 1 .23 min (ret. time)

1 -((1 H-lmidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-ethylpiperidine

Figure imgf000141_0001

To a mixture of 4-ethylpiperidine (2500 mg, 22.08 mmol) and 1 H-imidazole-2-carbaldehyde (2122 mg, 22.08 mmol) was added titanium(IV) isopropoxide (7.77 mL, 26.5 mmol) dropwise. After stirring at 25 °C for 2h. ethanol (120 mL) and sodium cyanotrihydroborate (1388 mg, 22.08 mmol) were added and stirred for another 8h. The reaction was quenched with water (2ml), was filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by reversed phase the title compound. (3000mg, 14.74 mmol, 66.8 % yield), LC/MS m/z = 194 (M+H)+, 1 .63 min (ret. time)

(S)-Benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-((2-((4- ethylpiperidin-1 -yl)methyl)-1 H-imidazol-1 -yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000141_0002

To a solution of(S)-benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4- (hydroxymethyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (60 mg, 0.126 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (3 mL) was added thionyl chloride (0.018 mL, 0.251 mmol) and stirred at ambient temperature for 30 min. The solvent was removed and the residue was dissolved in acetonitrile (3.00 mL) in a 10mL microwave reaction vessel. To this solution was added 1 -((1 H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-ethylpiperidine, Trifluoroacetic acid salt (42.5 mg, 0.138 mmol) and DIEA (0.088 mL, 0.502 mmol). The reaction was heated on microwave to 120 °C for 1 h. The compound was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under trifluoroacetic acid conditions to provide the title compound. (0.028 g, 34% yield). LC/MS m/z = 653 (M+H)+, 1 .12 min (ret. time). (S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-((2-((4-ethylpiperidin-1 - yl)methyl)-1 H-imidazol-1 -yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000142_0001
To a solution of (S)-benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-((2-((4- ethylpiperidin-1 -yl)methyl)-1 H-imidazol-1 -yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoate (28 mg, 0.043 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (1 ml_) methanol (1 .000 mL) and water (1 .000 mL) was added LiOH (5.14 mg, 0.214 mmol) and stirred at ambient temperature for 1 h. The reaction was then transferred to a microwave reaction vessel and heated on a microwave to 120 °C for 4.5 h. Afterwards, additional LiOH (2.054 mg, 0.086 mmol) was added and heated on a microwave to 120 °C for 2.5 h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound. (0.007 g, 29% yield). LC/MS m/z = 563 (M+H)+, 0.91 min (ret. time). Example 13

(R or S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid Isomer 1

Figure imgf000142_0002
(2-Bromo-5-methylthiazol-4-yl)methanol

Figure imgf000143_0001

A solution of methyl 2-bromo-5-methylthiazole-4-carboxylate (1 .00 g, 4.24 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (21 .18 mL) was cooled in ice bath. To this was added DIBAL-H (10.59 mL, 10.59 mmol) and stirred for 2 h at 0°C. Additional DIBAL-H (8.47 mL, 8.47 mmol) was added and stirred for 1 h at 0°C. The reaction was quenched with 1 N HCI (10mL) and stirred at 0°C for 15 minutes. Another 1 N HCI (10mL) was added at ambient temperature and the aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (4X). The combined organic layers were washed with 1 N HCI, brine, dried with MgS04 and concentrated to provide the title compound. (0.497 g, 56% yield). LC/MS m/z = 208/209 (M+H)+, 0.047 min (ret. time).

2-Bromo-4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiazole

Figure imgf000143_0002

A solution of (2-bromo-5-methylthiazol-4-yl)methanol (0.497 g, 2.389 mmol) in N, Nidimethylformamide (DMF) (10 mL) under nitrogen was cooled to 0 °C. 60% NaH (0.191 g, 4.78 mmol) was added to the solution portion wise and stirred at 0 °C for 30 min. A solution of 1 -(chloromethyl)-4-methoxybenzene (0.561 g, 3.58 mmol) in N,N- dimethylformamide (DMF) (5 mL) was then added dropwise and reaction was allowed to warm to ambient temperature over 2.5 h. The reaction was then quenched with water and the solvents were concentrated. The residue was dissolved in EtOAc and washed with water. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (3X) and the combined organics were washed with water, brine and dried with MgS04 and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-20% EtOAc / hexanes to provide the title compound. (0.237 g, 26% yield). LC/MS m/z = 327/329 (M+H)+, 1 .05 min (ret. time). (1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)(4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5- methylthiazol-2-yl)methanol

Figure imgf000144_0001

A solution of 2-bromo-4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiazole (0.237 g, 0.722 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (5 ml_) was cooled to -78 °C. 1 .6 M n-butyllithium in hexanes (0.700 ml_, 1 .1 19 mmol) was added dropwise and stirred for 1 .5 h. 1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazole-5-carbaldehyde (0.164 g, 0.866 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (3 ml_) was then added dropwise and stirred at -78 °C for 1 h. The reaction was quenched with water (1 ml_) and allowed to warm to ambient temperature. It was then diluted with EtOAc and washed with water (3X). The combined aqueous layers were extracted with EtOAc (2X). The combined organic layers were washed with brine and dried with MgS04. The residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-80% EtOAc / hexanes to provide the title compound. (0.236 g, 74% yield). LC/MS m/z = 439 (M+H)+, 0.97 min (ret. time).

Methyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(((4- methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000144_0002

To a solution of (1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)(4-(((4- methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)methanol (0.236 g, 0.538 mmol) in acetonitrile (6 mL) at 0°C, was added 2,2,2-trichloroacetonitrile (0.081 ml_, 0.807 mmol) in acetonitrile (2 mL), dropwise, via addition funnel and stirred for 10 min. DBU (4.06 μΙ, 0.027 mmol) in acetonitrile (1 mL), was then added dropwise, via addition funnel, and stirred for 1 h. The reaction was warmed to ambient temperature for 10 min and recooled. Afterwards, ((1 -methoxy-2-methylprop-1 -en-1 -yl)oxy)trimethylsilane (0.131 mL, 0.646 mmol) was added dropwise, via syringe, in acetonitrile (2 mL) followed by dropwise addition of 1 ,1 ,1 -trifluoro-N-((trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl)methanesulfonamide (0.015 g, 0.054 mmol) in acetonitrile (3 mL) and stirred at ambient temperature for 1 .5h. The reaction was quenched with saturated. NaHC03 and aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (4X). The combined organics were washed with brine and dried with MgS04 and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-50% EtOAc / hexane to provide the title compound. (0.236 g, 84% yield). LC/MS /z = 523 (M+H)+, 1 .26 min (ret. time).

(R or S)-Benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(((4- methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate Isomer 1 and (R or S)-benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(((4- Methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate Isomer 2

Figure imgf000145_0001

To a solution of methyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(((4- methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (0.236 g, 0.452 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (3 mL), methanol (3.00 mL) and water (3.00 mL) in a 20 mL microwave reaction vessel was added LiOH (0.054 g, 2.258 mmol) and heated on a microwave to 100°C for 1 h 35 min. The solvents were concentrated and pumped dry on high vacuum. The lithium salt was dissolved in DMF and benzyl bromide (0.215 mL, 1 .806 mmol) was added and stirred at ambient temperature for 1 .5 h. The solvents were concentrated and the residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-50% EtOAc / hexane to provide Benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4- (((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate.as a mixture of isomers (0.236 g, 84% yield). This compound was resolved by chiral SFC (Column: Chiralpak AY 20x250mm, 5u; Co-solvent: 30% IPA; Flowrate: 50 g/min; Back pressure: 100Bar, Temperature: 30°C) to provide single enantiomerically pure (R or S)-benzyl 3-(1 - ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5- methylthiazol-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate Isomer 1 (0.094 g, 34% yield). LC/MS m/z = 599 (M+H)+, 1 .44 min (ret. time), (chiral SFC ret. time: 2.8 min) and single

enantiomerically pure (R or S)-benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3- (4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate Isomer 2 (0.096 g, 35% yield). LC/MS m/z = 599 (M+H)+, 1 .44 min (ret. time), (chiral SFC ret. time: 3.85 min).

(R or S)-Benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4- (hydroxymethyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate Isomer 1

Figure imgf000146_0001

To a solution of (R or S)-benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4- (((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate Isomer 1 (94 mg, 0.157 mmol) in acetonitrile (2 mL) was added ceric ammonium nitrate (258 mg, 0.471 mmol) and stirred at ambient temperature for 1 h. The reaction was diluted with ethyl acetate and washed with water. The water was back extracted with ethyl acetate and the combined organics were washed with water, brine and dried with MgS04. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-50% EtOAc / hexane to provide the title compound. (0.066 g, 88% yield). LC/MS m/z = 479 (M+H)+, 1 .08 min (ret. time).

(R or S)-Benzyl 3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl- 1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate Isomer 1

Figure imgf000146_0002
To a solution of (R or S)-benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4- (hydroxymethyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate Isomerl (66 mg, 0.138 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2 mL) was added (R)-4-ethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (62.7 mg, 0.276 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2- diylbis(piperidin-l -ylmethanone) (ADDP) (69.6 mg, 0.276 mmol). Tri-n-butylphosphine (0.068 mL, 0.276 mmol) was then added and stirred at ambient temperature for 23 h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound. (0.077 g, 81 % yield). LC/MS m/z = 687 (M+H)+, 1 .47 min (ret. time). (R or S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000147_0001

To a solution of (R or S)-benzyl 3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate Isomer 1 (77 mg, 0.1 12 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2 mL), methanol (2.000 mL), and water (2.000 mL) in a 10mL microwave reaction tube, was added LiOH (13.40 mg, 0.560 mmol) and heated on a microwave to 120°C for 1 .5 h. The solvents were concentrated and the residue was suspended in acetonitrile and acidified with formic acid. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound. (0.042 g, 62% yield). LC/MS m/z = 598 (M+H)+, 1 .19 min (ret. time).

Example 14 (R or S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid Isomer 2

Figure imgf000148_0001

To a solution of (R or S)-benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4- (((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate Isomer 2 (96 mg, 0.160 mmol) in acetonitrile (2 mL) was added ceric ammonium nitrate (264 mg, 0.481 mmol) and stirred at ambient temperature for 1 h. The reaction was diluted with ethyl acetate and washed with water. The aqueous layer was back extracted with ethyl acetate and the combined organics were washed with water, brine and dried with MgS04. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-55% EtOAc / hexane to provide the title compound. (0.061 g, 79% yield). LC/MS m/z = 479 (M+H)+, 0.94 min (ret. time).

(R or S)-Benzyl 3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl- 1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate Isomer 2

Figure imgf000149_0001

To a solution of (R or S)-benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4- (hydroxymethyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate Isomer 2 (61 mg, 0.127 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2 mL) was added (R)-4-ethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (57.9 mg, 0.255 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2- diylbis(piperidin-l -ylmethanone) (ADDP) (64.3 mg, 0.255 mmol). Tri-n-butylphosphine (0.063 mL, 0.255 mmol) was added and the reaction was stirred at ambient temperature for 23 h The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound. (0.078 g, 89% yield). LC/MS m/z = 688 (M+H)+, 1 .45 min (ret. time).

(R or S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid Isomer 2

Figure imgf000149_0002
To a solution of (R or S)-benzyl 3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate Isomer 2 (78 mg, 0.1 13 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2 mL), methanol (2.000 mL), and water (2.000 mL) in a 10mL microwave reaction tube, was added LiOH (13.58 mg, 0.567 mmol) and heated on a microwave to 120°C for 1 .5 h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was suspended in acetonitrile and acidified with formic acid. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound. (0.052 g, 78% yield). LC/MS /z = 598 (M+H)+, 1 .20 min (ret. time).

Example 15 (S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4- ((4,6,6-trimethyl-3-oxo-1 ,4-diazepan-1 -yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000150_0001
tert-Butyl (2,2-dimethyl-3-(N-methyl-2-nitrophenylsulfonamido)propyl)carbamate

Figure imgf000150_0002
To a solution of tert-butyl (2,2-dimethyl-3-(2-nitrophenylsulfonamido)propyl)carbamate (10 g, 25.8 mmol) in Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide (DMF) (100 ml_) at 0 °C was added potassium carbonate (5.35 g, 38.7 mmol) portion wise. It was stirred at ambient temperature for 12 h. It was quenched with water (10 ml_) and extracted with DCM (2 x 50 ml_). The combined organic layer was washed with brine solution (10 ml_) and dried over anhydrous Na2S04, filtered and concentrated. The crude residue was purified with flash column

chromatography using EtOAc: hexane (3:7) as solvent. The eluted fractions were concentrated under vacuum to give the title compound (8 g, 19.68 mmol, 76 % yield) as gummy liquid. LC/MS m/z = 402.50 (M+H)+, 2.502 min (ret. time). tert-Butyl (2,2-dimethyl-3-(methylamino)propyl)carbamate H

Figure imgf000151_0001

To a solution of tert-butyl (2,2-dimethyl-3-(N-methyl-2- nitrophenylsulfonamido)propyl)carbamate (8 g, 19.93 mmol) in N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) at 0 °C was added K2C03 (2.75 g, 19.93 mmol) and thiophenol (2.052 mL, 19.93 mmol). It was stirred at ambient temperature for 6 h. It was quenched with water (10 mL) and then acidified with 1 N HCI. It was extracted with ethyl acetate (2 x 10 mL). The aqueous layer was basified with 1 N NaOH and extracted with ethyl acetate (2 x 20 mL). The second organic layer was washed with brine (10 mL) and concentrated to give the title compound (4 g, 18.49 mmol, 93 % yield) as a gummy liquid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3) δ ppm 0.93 (s, 6 H), 1 .43 (s, 9 H), 2.86 (d, J = 6.80 Hz, 2 H), 3.16 (s, 3 H), 3.18 - 3.23 (m, 2 H), 5.91 (br s, 1 H). tert-Butyl (3-(2-chloro-N-methylacetamido)-2,2-dimethylpropyl)carbamate

Figure imgf000151_0002

To a solution of tert-butyl (2,2-dimethyl-3-(methylamino)propyl)carbamate (4 g, 18.49 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (40 mL) at 0 °C was added chloroacetyl chloride (1 .777 mL, 22.19 mmol). It was stirred at ambient temperature for 12 h under nitrogen. The reaction mixture was quenched with saturated sodium bicarbonate solution (20 mL) and extracted with DCM (2 x 20 mL). The organic layer was concentrated. The crude residue was purified with flash column chromatography using EtOAc: hexane (4:6) as solvent to give the title compound (4.5 g, 13.60 mmol, 73.6 % yield) as gummy liquid. LC/MS m/z = 193.0 (M-Boc)+, 3.426 min (ret. time). tert-Butyl 4,6,6-trimethyl-3-oxo-1 ,4-diazepane-1 -carboxylate

Figure imgf000151_0003
To a solution of tert-butyl (3-(2-chloro-N-methylacetamido)-2,2-dimethylpropyl)carbamate (4.2 g, 14.34 mmol) in Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide (DMF) (40 mL) at 0 °C was added NaH (0.516 g, 21 .52 mmol) portionwise. It was stirred at ambient temperature for 6 h. It was quenched with cold water (100 mL) and extracted with DCM (2 x 50 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with brine solution (10 mL), dried over anhydrous Na2S04, filtered and concentrated. It was purified with flash column chromatography using EtOAc : hexane (4:6) as solvent to give the title compound (1 .9 g, 7.31 mmol, 50.9 % yield) as an off- white solid. LC/MS m/z = 257.16 (M+H)+, 1 .907 min (ret. time).

1 ,6,6-TrimethyM ,4-diazepan-2-one, hydrochloride

Figure imgf000152_0001

To a solution of tert-butyl 4,6,6-trimethyl-3-oxo-1 ,4-diazepane-1 -carboxylate (1 .345 g, 5.25 mmol) in 1 ,4-dioxane (5 mL) was added 4 M HCI in 1 ,4 dioxane (3.00 mL, 12.00 mmol) and stirred at ambient temperature for 19 h 45 min. Additional 4M HCI in 1 ,4 dioxane (1 .312 mL, 5.25 mmol) was added and continued stirring for 47 h. The solvents were concentrated and dried to give the title compound (0.924 g, 4.80 mmol, 91 %). LCMS m/z 156 (M+H)+, 1 .17 min (ret time) Ή NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.80 (br. s., 1 H), 5.24 (br. s., 3H), 3.81 (br. s., 2H), 2.96 (br. s., 2H), 2.91 (s, 2H), 0.99 (s, 6H).

(S)-Benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5- methyl-4-((4,6,6-trimethyl-3-oxo-1 ,4-diazepan-1 -yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)propanoate

Figure imgf000152_0002

To a solution of (S)-benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4- (hydroxymethyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (60 mg, 0.126 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (3 mL) was added thionyl chloride (0.018 mL, 0.251 mmol) and stirred at ambient temperature for 30 min. The solvent was removed and the residue was dissolved in acetonitrile (3.00 ml_) in a 10ml_ microwave reaction vessel. To this solution was added 1 ,6,6-trimethyl-1 ,4-diazepan-2-one hydrochloride (26.6 mg, 0.138 mmol) and DIEA (0.088 ml_, 0.502 mmol). The reaction was heated on microwave to 120 °C for 1 h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound. (0.067 g, 87% yield). LC/MS /z = 616 (M+H)+, 1 .04 min (ret. time).

(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4- ((4,6,6-trimethyl-3-oxo-1 ,4-diazepan-1 -yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000153_0001

To a solution of (S)-benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl- 3-(5-methyl-4-((4,6,6-trimethyl-3-oxo-1 ,4-diazepan-1 -yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)propanoate (67 mg, 0.109 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2 ml_), methanol (2.000 ml_), and water (2.000 ml_), in a 10 mL microwave reaction vial was added LiOH (13.03 mg, 0.544 mmol) and heated on microwave at 120°C for 1 h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was suspended in acetonitrile and acidified with formic acid. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound. (0.042 g, 73% yield). LC/MS m/z = 526 (M+H)+, 0.79 min (ret. time). Example 16

(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4- (((R)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000154_0001

(S)-Benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5- methyl-4-(((R)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)propanoate

Figure imgf000154_0002

To a solution of (S)-benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4- (hydroxymethyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (50 mg, 0.105 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2 ml_) was added (R)-4-methyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyrido[2,3- f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (44.4 mg, 0.209 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 - ylmethanone) (ADDP) (52.8 mg, 0.209 mmol). Tri-n-butylphosphine (0.052 ml_, 0.209 mmol) was added and the reaction was stirred at ambient temperature for 2 h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound. (0.053 g, 75% yield). LC/MS m/z = 672 (M+H)+, 1 .39 min (ret. time). (S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4- (((R)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000155_0001

To a solution of (S)-benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl- 3-(5-methyl-4-(((R)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H) yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)propanoate (53 mg, 0.079 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2 ml_), methanol (2.000 ml_), and water (2.000 ml_) in a 10ml_ microwave reaction tube, was added LiOH (9.45 mg, 0.394 mmol) and heated on a microwave to 120°C for 3 h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was suspended in acetonitrile and acidified with formic acid. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound. (0.037 g, 81 % yield). LC/MS m/z = 582 (M+H)+, 1 .10 min (ret. time).

Example 17

(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4- (((R)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000155_0002

(S)-Benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5- methyl-4-(((R)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)propanoate N40237-20-A1

Figure imgf000156_0001

To a solution of (S)-benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4- (hydroxymethyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (50 mg, 0.105 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2 mL) was added (R)-4-methyl-2, 3,4,5- tetrahydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (44.2 mg, 0.209 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2- diylbis(piperidin-l -ylmethanone) (ADDP) (52.8 mg, 0.209 mmol). Tri-n-butylphosphine (0.052 mL, 0.209 mmol) was added and stirred at ambient temperature for 2 h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound. (0.055 g, 78% yield). LC/MS m/z = 670 (M+H)+, 1 .52 min (ret. time).

(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4- (((R)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000156_0002
To a solution of (S)-benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl- 3-(5-methyl-4-(((R)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)propanoate (55 mg, 0.082 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2 mL), methanol (2.000 mL), and water (2.000 mL) in a 10mL microwave reaction tube, was added LiOH (9.82 mg, 0.410 mmol) and heated on a microwave to 120°C for 3 h and at 150°C for 1 h. Additional LiOH (9.82 mg, 0.410 mmol) was added and the reaction was heated on a microwave at 150°C for 1 h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was suspended in acetonitrile and acidified with formic acid. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound. (0.037 g, 78% yield). LC/MS /z = 581 (M+H)+, 1 .24 min (ret. time). Example 18

(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4- (((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000157_0001
2-Bromo-N-(2-methylallyl)benzenesulfonamide

Figure imgf000157_0002

To a solution of 2-bromobenzene-1 -sulfonyl chloride (25 g, 98 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (250 mL) at 0 °C was added TEA (13.64 mL, 98 mmol) and 2-methylprop-2-en-1 - amine (6.96 g, 98 mmol) and stirred for 10 min. Then it was stirred at ambient temperature for 16 h. The reaction mixture was quenched with ice cold water and extracted with DCM (2 x 200 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with ice cold water (2 x 100 mL), washed with brine solution(100 mL), dried over anhydrous Na2S04. It was filtered and concentrated to give the title compound (20 g, 68.3 mmol, 69.8 % yield). LC/MS m/z = 289.81 (M+H)+, 2.20 min (ret. time). 4-Methyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide

Figure imgf000158_0001

To a solution of 2-bromo-N-(2-methylallyl)benzenesulfonamide (16 g, 55.1 mmol) in toluene (160 ml_) at ambient temperature was added AIBN (1 .81 1 g, 1 1 .03 mmol). The reaction mixture was heated to 75°C and added tri-n-butyltin hydride (29.4 ml_, 1 10 mmol). It was heated at 1 10°C for 18 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature, diluted with ice water (500 ml_) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 300 ml_). The combined organic layer was washed with chilled brine solution (200 ml_) and dried over anhydrous Na2S04, filtered and concentrated. The crude residue was purified via flash column chromatography eluting with 15 % ethyl acetate in hexane to give the title compound (8.51 g, 39.9 mmol, 72.3 % yield) as a white solid. LC/MS m/z = 21 1 .1 1 (M+H)+, 1 .826 min (ret. time).

(S)-4-Methyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide and (R)-4-methyl- 2,3,4,5-tetrahydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide

Figure imgf000158_0002
4-Methyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (4000 mg, 18.93 mmol) was resolved by Chiral SFC (Column: Chiralpak AY 20x250mm, 5u; co-solvent: 20 % EtOH; Flow rate: 50 mg/min; Back pressure: 100Bar) to give single enantiomerically pure (S)-4- methyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (2.2996 g, 10.88 mmol, 57.5 % yield) (chiral SFC ret. time: 1 .85 min) LC-MS m/z 21 1 .9 (M+H)+, 0.72 min (ret. time) and single enantiomerically pure (R)-4-methyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 - dioxide (2.2195 g, 10.50 mmol, 55.5 % yield) (chiral SFC ret. time: 2.5 min) LC/MS m/z = 21 1 .9 (M+H)+, 0.72 min (ret. time).

(S)-Benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5- methyl-4-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)propanoate

Figure imgf000159_0001

To a solution of (S)-benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4- (hydroxymethyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (50 mg, 0.105 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2 mL) was added (S)-4-methyl-2,3,4,5- tetrahydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (44.2 mg, 0.209 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2- diylbis(piperidin-l -ylmethanone) (ADDP) (52.8 mg, 0.209 mmol). Tri-n-butylphosphine (0.052 mL, 0.209 mmol) was added and stirred at ambient temperature for 22 h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound. (0.049 g, 69% yield). LC/MS m/z = 671 (M+H)+, 1 .51 min (ret. time).

(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4- (((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000159_0002
To a solution of (S)-benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl- 3-(5-methyl-4-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)propanoate (49 mg, 0.073 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2 mL) methanol (2.000 mL), and water (2.000 mL) in a 10mL microwave reaction tube was added LiOH (8.75 mg, 0.365 mmol) and heated on a microwave to 120°C for 3 h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was suspended in acetonitrile and acidified with formic acid. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound. (0.032 g, 75% yield). LC/MS m/z = 581 (M+H)+, 1 .24 min (ret. time).

Example 19

(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4- (((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000160_0001

2-Chloropyridine-3-sulfonyl chloride

Figure imgf000160_0002
Step a: Thionyl chloride (159 mL, 2178 mmol) was added drop wise over 60 min to water (450 mL) at 0°C. The solution was allowed to stirred at ambient temperature for 17 h then copper(l) chloride (0.554 g, 5.60 mmol) was added to the mixture at -3 °C and the resulting yellow green solution was stirred at -3°C for 1 h.

Step b: HCI (503 mL, 6129 mmol) was added with vigorous stirring to 2-chloropyridin-3- amine (40 g, 31 1 mmol) at -5 °C and a solution of sodium nitrite (37.8 g, 548 mmol) in water (82 mL) was added drop wise over 45 min, the temperature of the reaction mixture was maintained at -5 °C and stirred for 10 min.

Step c: The mixture obtained from step b was added to the solution obtained from step a over 30 min at -3 °C. Reaction mixture was maintained at 0°C for 75 min with vigorous stirring. The solid was filtered and dried to give the title compound (20 g, 92 mmol, 29.5 % yield) as brown color solid. LC/MS m/z = 212.02(M+H) +, 2.058 min (ret. time).

2-Chloro-N-(2-methylallyl)pyridine-3-sulfonamide

Figure imgf000161_0001

To a solution of 2-chloropyridine-3-sulfonyl chloride (20g, 94 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (200 mL) was added 2-methylprop-2-en-1 -amine (7.38 g, 104 mmol) and TEA (26.3 mL, 189 mmol). It was stirred for 1 h at ambient temperature. The reaction mixture was quenched with water (100 mL) and extracted with DCM (3 x 80 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with brine solution (80 mL), dried over anhydrous Na2S04, filtered and concentrated. The crude residue was purified by column chromatography eluting with 25 % ethyl acetate in n-hexane to give the title compound (16 g, 63.5 mmol, 67.4 % yield). LC/MS m/z = 246.97 (M+H)+, 1 .800 min (ret. time). 4-Methyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide

Figure imgf000161_0002

To a solution of 2-chloro-N-(2-methylallyl)pyridine-3-sulfonamide (15 g, 60.8 mmol) in toluene (150 mL) was added AIBN (1 .997 g, 12.16 mmol) and heated to 75°C then added tri-n-butyltin hydride (48.7 mL, 182 mmol) and the reaction mixture was heated to 1 10 °C for 20 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated. The residue was diluted with ethyl acetate (200 mL) water was added and extracted. The organic layer was washed with brine solution (80 mL), dried over anhydrous Na2S04, filtered and concentrated. The crude residue was purified by column chromatography eluting with 25% ethyl acetate in n- hexane to give the title compound (4.27 g, 19.80 mmol, 32.6 % yield) LC/MS m/z = 213.07 (M+H)+, 1 .372 min (ret. time).

(S)-4-Methyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide and (R)-4- methyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide

Figure imgf000161_0003
4-methyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (4.27 g, 20.12 mmol) was resolved by Chiral SFC (Column: Chiralpak IC 20x150mm, 5u; co-solvent: 20 % IPA; flowrate: 50 g/min; Back presure: 100Bar) to give single enantiomerically pure (S)-4- methyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (1 .96 g, 9.23 mmol, 45.9 % yield) LC-MS m/z 213.0 (M+H)+, 0.43 min (ret. time) (chiral SFC ret. time: 2.95 min) and single enantiomerically pure (R)-4-methyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (1 .96 g, 9.23 mmol, 45.9 % yield) LC/MS m/z = 213.0 (M+H)+, 0.44 min (ret. time) (chiral SFC ret. time: 4.09 min).

(S)-Benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5- methyl-4-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)propanoate

Figure imgf000162_0001

To a solution of (S)-benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4- (hydroxymethyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (59 mg, 0.124 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2 ml_) was added (S)-4-methyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyrido[2,3- f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (52.4 mg, 0.247 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 - ylmethanone) (ADDP) (62.3 mg, 0.247 mmol). Tri-n-butylphosphine (0.061 ml_, 0.247 mmol) was added and the reaction was stirred at ambient temperature for 2 h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound. (0.01 1 g, 13% yield). LC/MS m/z = 672 (M+H)+, 1 .39 min (ret. time).

(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4- (((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000163_0001

To a solution of (S)-benzyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl- 3-(5-methyl-4-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-^[1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)^ yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)propanoate (1 1 mg, 0.016 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (1 mL), methanol (1 .000 mL), and water (1 .000 mL) in a 10mL microwave reaction tube was added LiOH (1 .960 mg, 0.082 mmol) and heated on a microwave to 120°C for 3 h and at 150°C for 2 h. Additional LiOH (3.92 mg, 0.164 mmol) was added and the reaction was heated on a microwave to 150°C for 1 .5 h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was suspended in acetonitrile and acidified with formic acid. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound. (0.03 g, 35% yield). LC/MS m/z = 582 (M+H)+, 1 .10 min (ret. time).

Example 20

(R or S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5- yl)propanoic acid Isomer 1

Figure imgf000163_0002

Ethyl 5-bromo-2-methylthiophene-3-carboxylate

Figure imgf000164_0001

To a solution of ethyl 2-methylthiophene-3-carboxylate (10.00 g, 58.7 mmol) in N,N- dimethylformamide (DMF) (60 mL) was added acetic acid (40 mL). The reaction warmed up after adding acetic acid to DMF solution so it was cooled in ice bath. NBS (10.46 g, 58.7 mmol) was then added and the reaction was stirred at ambient temperature for 20h. The reaction was diluted with water and extracted with EtOAc (3X). The combined organics were washed with water, saturated NaHS03, brine, dried with MgS04 and concentrated. The residue was redissolved in EtOAc and washed with water (4X), brine, dried with MgS04 and concentrated. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-5% EtOAc / hexane to provide the title compound. (12.32 g, 73% yield). LC/MS m/z = 248/250 (M+H)+, 1 .21 min (ret. time).

(5-Bromo-2-methylthiophen-3-yl)methanol

Figure imgf000164_0002

A solution of ethyl 5-bromo-2-methylthiophene-3-carboxylate (12.32 g, 43.0 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (215 mL) under nitrogen was cooled in an ice bath. To this was added 1 M DIBAL-H in THF (1 12 mL, 1 12 mmol) and stirred for 3 h at 0°C. Additional 1 M DIBAL-H in THF (21 .51 mL, 21 .51 mmol) was added and reaction was stirred at 0°C for 1 h and ambient temperature for 1 h. The reaction was cooled to 0°C and additional 1 M DIBAL- H in THF (32.3 mL, 32.3 mmol) was added and stirred at ambient temperature for 18h. The reaction was cooled in an ice bath and additional 1 M DIBAL-H in THF (23.23 mL, 23.23 mmol) was added and stirred at 0°C for 3.5 h. Additional 1 M DIBAL-H in THF (13 mL, 13.00 mmol) was added and stirred for 1 h at 0°C and 1 h at ambient temperature. The reaction was cooled in an ice bath and additional 1 M DIBAL-H in hexane (20 mL, 20.00 mmol) was added and stirred for 1 h at 0°C. Additional 1 M DIBAL-H in DCM (25 mL, 25.00 mmol) was added and stirred for 15 min. Additional 1 M DIBAL-H in DCM (25 mL, 25.00 mmol) was added and stirred for 15 min and at -78°C for 18h. The reaction was quenched with 1 N HCI and 6N HCI and stirred at 0°C. The mixture was transferred to separatory funnel and layers were separated. Aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (3X). The combined organics were washed with water, brine, dried with MgS04 and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-12% EtOAc / hexane to provide the title compound. (10.09 g, 100% yield). LC/MS m/z = 189/191 (M+H-OH)+, 0.071 min (ret. time).

5-Bromo-3-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-2-methylthiophene

Figure imgf000165_0001

A solution of (5-bromo-2-methylthiophen-3-yl)methanol (10.03 g, 42.6 mmol) in N,N- dimethylformamide (DMF) (100 mL) under nitrogen was cooled to 0°C. 60% NaH (2.56 g, 63.9 mmol) was added to the solution portion wise over 1 h and stirred at 0°C for 1 h until most of gas evolution had subsided. A solution of 1 -(chloromethyl)-4-methoxybenzene (8.68 g, 55.4 mmol) in Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide (DMF) (20ml_) was then added dropwise and reaction was allowed to stir for 2h at 0°C and at ambient temperature for 2.5h. The reaction was quenched with water and ice and then diluted with water. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (4X). The combined organics were washed with water (4X), brine, and dried with MgS04. The residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-50% EtOAc / hexane to provide the title compound. (10.51 g, 68% yield). LC/MS m/z = 327/329 (M+H)+, 1 .35 min (ret. time).

(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)(4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5- methylthiophen-2-yl)methanol

Figure imgf000165_0002

A solution of 5-bromo-3-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-2-methylthiophene (6.28 g, 19.19 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (150 mL) in an oven dried flask, under nitrogen, was cooled to -78 °C. 1 .6 M n-butyllithium in hexanes (17.99 mL, 28.8 mmol) was added dropwise via syringe and stirred for 1 .5 h. 1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazole-5- carbaldehyde (3.63 g, 19.19 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (90 mL) was then added dropwise over 1 .5 h and stirred at -78 °C for 1 h. The reaction was quenched with water (30 mL) and allowed to warm to ambient temperature. The reaction was diluted with EtOAc and the organic layer was washed with water (2X). The organic layer was back extracted with EtOAc (2X). The combined organic layers were washed with brine and dried with MgS04. The residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-50% EtOAc / hexane to provide the title compound. (6.78 g, 81 % yield). LC/MS m/z = 438 (M+H)+, 1 .07 min (ret. time).

Methyl 3-(4-(chloromethyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate , (R)-methyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2- yl)propanoate and (S)-methyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4- (((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)propanoate

Figure imgf000166_0001

To a solution of (1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)(4-(((4- methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)methanol (0.500 g, 1 .143 mmol) and tert-butyl((1 -methoxyvinyl)oxy)dimethylsilane (0.757 mL, 3.43 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (50 mL) in an oven dried flask, under nitrogen atmosphere, at 0 °C, was added a solution of 1 M titanium tetrachloride in DCM (1 .143 mL, 1 .143 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (15 mL) over 1 h and stirred at 0°C for 30 min. The reaction was quenched with 5% NaHS04 (20 mL) while cooled. The layers were separated in separatory funnel and aqueous layer was washed with DCM (3X). Emulsions formed and extraction had to be filtered. The combined organics were washed with water (2X), brine, dried with MgS04 and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-50% EtOAc / hexane to provide Methyl 3-(4-(chloromethyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate (0.68 g, 15% yield). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ 7.29-7.38 (m, 2H), 6.65 (s, 1 H), 5.09 (t, J=7.78 Hz, 1 H), 4.64 (q, J=7.1 1 Hz, 2H), 4.43 (s, 2H), 3.59 (s, 3H), 3.14-3.23 (m, 1 H), 2.99-3.09 (m, 1 H), 2.88 (s, 3H), 2.34 (s, 3H), 1 .61 (t, J=7.28 Hz, 3H), and methyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2- yl)propanoate (0.367 g, 65% yield).

Methyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(((4- methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)propanoate was resolved by chiral SFC (Column: Chiralpak IA 20x250mm, 5u; Co-solvent: 30% MeOH; Flowrate: 50 g/min; Back pressure: 100Bar) to give single enantiomerically pure (R)-methyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2- yl)propanoate (0.138 g, 24% yield). LC/MS /z = 494 (M+H)+, 1 .23 min (ret. time), (chiral SFC ret. time: 1 .82 min) and single enantiomerically pure (S)-methyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl- 1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2- yl)propanoate (0.137 g, 24% yield). LC/MS m/z = 494 (M+H)+, 1 .25 min (ret. time), (chiral SFC ret. time: 2.41 min).

(R or S)-Methyl 3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl- 1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2, 3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate Isomer 1 and (R or S)-methyl 3-(4-(((R)-4- ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5- methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2, 3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate Isomer 2

Figure imgf000167_0001

To a solution of (R)-4-ethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (0.047 g, 0.208 mmol) in Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide (DMF) (3 ml_) under nitrogen and cooled to 0 °C, was added 60% NaH (10.41 mg, 0.260 mmol) portion wise. The reaction was then warmed to ambient temperature and stirred for 1 h. Methyl 3-(4-(chloromethyl)-5- methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate (0.068 g, 0.174 mmol) in Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide (DMF) (3.00 ml_) was then added dropwise to reaction and stirred for 30 min. Reaction was quenched with saturated. NaHC03, diluted with water and EtOAc and the aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (3X). The combined organic layers were washed with water (2X), brine and dried with MgS04 and concentrated. The residue was resolved by chiral SFC (Column: Chiralpak IA 20x250mm, 5u; Co-solvent: 30% EtOH; Flowrate: 50 g/min; Back pressure: 100Bar) to give single enantiomerically pure (R or S)-methyl 3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2, 3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate Isomer 1 (0.037 g, 36% yield). LC/MS m/z = 583 (M+H)+, 1 .24 min (ret. time), (chiral SFC ret. time: 2.07 min) and single enantiomerically pure (R or S)-methyl 3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2, 3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate Isomer 2 N40237-70-P2 (0.038 g, 35% yield). LC/MS m/z = 583 (M+H)+, 1 .24 min (ret. time), (chiral SFC ret. time: 3.97 min).

(R or S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5- yl)propanoic acid Isomer 1

Figure imgf000168_0001

To a solution of (R or S)-methyl 3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2, 3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate Isomer 1 (37 mg, 0.063 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2 mL), methanol (2 ml_), and water (1 .00 ml_) was added lithium hydroxide (7.60 mg, 0.317 mmol) and stirred at ambient temperature for 19 h. The reaction was acidified with formic acid and the solvents were concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound. (0.026 g, 72% yield). LC/MS m/z = 569 (M+H)+, 1 .13 min (ret. time).

Example 21 (R or S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5- yl)propanoic acid Isomer 2

Figure imgf000169_0001
To a solution of (R or S)-methyl 3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate Isomer 2 (38 mg, 0.062 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2 mL), methanol (2 ml_), and water (1 .00 ml_) was added lithium hydroxide (7.42 mg, 0.310 mmol) and stirred at ambient temperature for 19h. The reaction was acidified with formic acid and the solvents were concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound. (0.027 g, 77% yield). LC/MS m/z = 569 (M+H)+, 1 .13 min (ret. time).

Example 22

(R)-3-(5-chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000169_0002

(R)-Methyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate

Figure imgf000170_0001

To a solution of (R)-methyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(hydroxymethyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate (48 mg, 0.122 mmol), and (R)-4-ethyl- 3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (55.6 mg, 0.244 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 -ylmethanone) (61 .5 mg, 0.244 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (4 ml_) was added tributylphosphine (0.061 ml_, 0.244 mmol) and stirred for 1 h 15 min. The reaction was then concentrated, and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound. (0.065 g, 78% yield). LC/MS m/z = 604 (M+H)+, 1 .14 min (ret. time). (R)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000170_0002

To a solution of (R)-methyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- pyrido[4,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate (65 mg, 0.108 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2.000 ml_), water (1 mL) and methanol (2.000 mL) was added lithium hydroxide (12.88 mg, 0.538 mmol) and stirred at ambient temperature for 1 h. A solution of 10% formic acid was then added dropwise to the reaction until it was acidic. The reaction was then concentrated, and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound. (0.039 g, 61 % yield). LC/MS m/z = 604 (M+H)+, 1 .14 min (ret. time). Example 23

(R)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(1 -methyl-5- (((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-1 H- pyrazol-3-yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000171_0001

Ethyl 3-bromo-1 -methyl-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylate

Figure imgf000171_0002

A solution of ethyl 1 -methyl-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylate (8.20 g, 53.2 mmol) in

tetrahydrofuran (THF) (53.2 ml_) in an oven dried 500ml_ flask, flushed with nitrogen, was cooled to -15 C. 1 M 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-piperdinylmagnesiumchloride lithium chloride complex in THF/toluene (58.5 ml_, 58.5 mmol) was then added dropwise and stirred for 18h at -15°C. The reaction was cooled to -20°C and 1 ,2-dibromo-1 ,1 ,2,2-tetrachloroethane (20.78 g, 63.8 mmol) was added portion wise as a solid. The reaction was stirred at -20 C for 30 min and was allowed to warm to 20°C over 1 .5 h and stirred for an additional 1 h. The reaction was quenched with portion wise addition of 40 ml_ brine, and diluted with EtOAc. Emulsions formed so the reaction was filtered, the layers were separated and the aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (2X). Saturated aqueous NhUCI was added to bring the aqueous layer to neutral pH and break up emulsions. The aqueous layer was then extracted with EtOAc (2X). The combined organic layers were washed with water, brine and dried with MgS04 and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-10% EtOAc / hexanes to provide the title compound. (2.00 g, 14% yield). LC/MS m/z 233/235 (M+H)+, 0.85 min (ret time).

(3-Bromo-1 -methyl-1 H-pyrazol-5-yl)methanol

Figure imgf000172_0001

A solution of ethyl 3-bromo-1 -methyl-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylate (2.00 g, 8.58 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (42.9 mL) under nitrogen, was cooled in an ice bath. To it was added 1 M DIBAL-H in THF (25.7 mL, 25.7 mmol) and stirred for 1 hour at 0°C The reaction was quenched with 1 N HCI (38.6 mL, 38.6 mmol). The reaction was transferred to separatory funnel and the layers were separated. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (4X). The combined organics were washed with water. Emulsions formed which were filtered and the layers were separated. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc. The combined organics were washed with brine, dried with MgS04 and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-50% EtOAc / hexanes to provide the title compound. (1 .21 g, 73% yield). LC/MS /z = 191 /193 (M+H)+, 0.37 min (ret. time).

3-Bromo-5-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-1 -methyl-1 H-pyrazole

Figure imgf000172_0002

A solution of (3-bromo-1 -methyl-1 H-pyrazol-5-yl)methanol (1 .21 g, 6.33 mmol) in N,N- dimethylformamide (DMF) (15 mL) under nitrogen was cooled to 0°C. 60% NaH (0.380 g, 9.50 mmol) was added to the solution portion wise over 30 min and stirred at 0°C for 1 .5 h until most of frothing had subsided. A solution of 1 -(chloromethyl)-4-methoxybenzene (1 .488 g, 9.50 mmol) in Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide (DMF) (5 mL) was then added dropwise and the reaction was allowed to stir for 2 h at 0°C. Additional 1 -(chloromethyl)-4- methoxybenzene (0.248 g, 1 .584 mmol) in Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide (DMF) (2 mL) was added and the reaction stirred at 0°C for 1 h. Additional 60% NaH (0.063 g, 1 .584 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred for 1 .5h. The reaction was quenched with water and then diluted with more water. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (3X). The combined organics were washed with water (4X), brine, and dried with MgS04. The residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-30% EtOAc / hexanes to provide the title compound. (1 .55 g, 70% yield). LC/MS m/z = 31 1 ,313 (M+H)+, 0.99 min (ret. time). (1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)(5-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-1 - methyl-1 H-pyrazol-3-yl)methanol

Figure imgf000173_0001

To a solution of 1 M ethylmagnesium bromide in THF (1 .909 mL, 1 .909 mmol) in toluene (1 1 .45 mL) at -40 °C (dry ice/CH3CN bath), in an oven dried 25 mL flask under argon, was added, dropwise, 1 .6M nBuLi in Hexane (2.62 mL, 4.20 mmol) and stirred for 45 min. To this solution was added 3-bromo-5-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-1 -methyl-1 H-pyrazole (1 .32 g, 3.82 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (10 mL) via syringe and stirred for 2h. The reaction was monitored by LCMS. Additional 1 .6M BuLi in hexane (0.597 mL, 0.954 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred for 1 h. Additional 1 .6M BuLi in hexane (0.597 mL, 0.954 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred for 30 min. After which, 1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazole-5-carbaldehyde (0.722 g, 3.82 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (10 mL) was added dropwise via an addition funnel and the reaction was allowed to warm to ambient temperature over 18h. The reaction was quenched with saturated aqueous NH4CI and diluted with water. The layers were separated and the aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (3X). The combined organics were washed with water (3X), brine and dried with MgS04. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-5% MeOH/DCM to provide the title compound. (0.543 g, 33% yield). LC/MS m/z = 422 (M+H)+, 0.85 min (ret time). Methyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(5-(((4- methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-1 -methyl-1 H-pyrazol-3-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000173_0002
To a solution of (1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)(5-(((4- methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-1 -methyl-1 H-pyrazol-3-yl)methanol (0.543 g, 1 .288 mmol) in acetonitrile (4.00 mL), under dry argon, was added 2,2,2-trichloroacetonitrile (0.258 mL, 2.58 mmol). DBU (9.71 μΙ, 0.064 mmol) in acetonitrile (1 .000 mL), was then added dropwise, and stirred for 1 h. Additional, 2,2,2-trichloroacetonitrile (0.129 mL, 1 .288 mmol) was added followed by DBU (4.27 μΙ, 0.028 mmol) in acetonitrile (1 .00 mL) and stirred for 45 min. ((1 -methoxy-2-methylprop-1 -en-1 -yl)oxy)trimethylsilane (0.654 mL, 3.22 mmol) was then added dropwise, followed by addition of 1 ,1 ,1 -trifluoro-N- ((trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl)methanesulfonamide (0.109 g, 0.386 mmol) in acetonitrile (2.000 mL) and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 1 h. The reaction was quenched with saturated aqueous NaHC03 and the aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (4X). The combined organics were washed with brine and dried with MgS04 and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-40% (3:1

EtOAc:EtOH)/Hexane to provide the title compound. (0.380 g, 58% yield), m/z = 506 (M+H)+, 1 .14 min (ret. Time).

Methyl (S)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(5-(hydroxymethyl)-1 - methyl-1 H-pyrazol-3-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate and methyl ®-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl- 1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(5-(hydroxymethyl)-1 -methyl-1 H-pyrazol-3-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000174_0001

A solution of methyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(5-(((4- methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-1 -methyl-1 H-pyrazol-3-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (0.380 g, 0.752 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (20 mL) and water (2.000 mL), was cooled to 0°C and DDQ (0.171 g, 0.752 mmol) was added portion wise over 10 min. and stirred at 0°C for 3.5h. The ice bath was removed and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 2.5h. Additional DDQ (0.017 g, 0.075 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred for 45 min. The reaction was diluted with DCM and quenched with saturated aqueous NaHC03. The layers were separated and the aqueous layer was extracted with DCM (4X). The combined organics were washed with water, brine and dried with MgSQ4. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-50% (3:1 EtOAc:EtOH)/Hexane to provide the title compound as a racemate. (0.189 g, 65% yield). LC/MS m/z = 386 (M+H)+, 0.74 min (ret. time). The compound was resolved by chiral SFC (Column: Chiralpak IG 20x250mm, 5u; Co-solvent: 25% EtOH; Flowrate: 50 g/min; Back pressure: 100Bar) to provide Methyl (S)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(5-(hydroxymethyl)-1 -methyl-1 H-pyrazol-3-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoate (0.086 g, 29% yield). LCMS m/z = 386 (M+H)+, 0.74 min (ret. time), (chiral SFC ret. time: 2.92 min) and Methyl (R)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(5-(hydroxymethyl)-1 -methyl-1 H-pyrazol-3-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoate (0.086 g, 29% yield). LCMS m/z 386 (M+H)+, 0.74 min (ret. time), (chiral SFC ret. time: 6.97 min).

Methyl (R)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(1 - methyl-5-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)-1 H-pyrazol-3-yl)propanoate

Figure imgf000175_0001

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(5- (hydroxymethyl)-1 -methyl-1 H-pyrazol-3-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (43 mg, 0.1 12 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (4 ml_) was added (S)-4-methyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyrido[2,3- f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (47.4 mg, 0.223 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 - yimethanone) (ADDP) (56.3 mg, 0.223 mmol). After all solids were dissolved, the solution was degassed and purged with argon after which tri-n-butylphosphine (0.055 ml_, 0.223 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 18 h. Additional tri-n- butylphosphine (0.028 ml_, 0.1 12 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred for 6h. The residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.039 g, 60% yield). LC/MS m/z 580 (M+H)+, 1 .04 min (ret. time). (R)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(1 -methyl-5- (((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-1 H- pyrazol-3-yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000176_0001
To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl- 3-(1 -methyl-5-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)-1 H-pyrazol-3-yl)propanoate (39 mg, 0.067 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2 mL), methanol (1 mL) and water (1 mL) in a microwave reaction vessel, was added LiOH (8.06 mg, 0.336 mmol) and the reaction was heated via microwave at 140°C for 2h.

Thesolvents were concentrated and the residue was suspended in acetonitrile and acidified with formic acid. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.020 g, 53% yield). LC/MS m/z 566 (M+H)+, 0.90 min (ret. time).

Example 24 (S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5- yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000176_0002

(S)-Methyl 3-(4-(chloromethyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate

Figure imgf000177_0001

To a solution of (S)-methyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(((4- methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)propanoate (0.137 g, 0.278 mmol) in 1 ,4-dioxane (15 ml_) was added 4N HCI in 1 ,4 dioxane (0.694 ml_, 2.78 mmol) and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 30 min. No deprotection was observed by LCMS so the solvent was concentrated and the starting material in the residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-12% EtOAc/Hexane to recover (S)-methyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5- methylthiophen-2-yl)propanoate. This material was dissolved in 4N HCI in 1 ,4 dioxane (4.00 ml_, 16.00 mmol) and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 21 h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was redissolved in 4N HCI in 1 ,4 dioxane (4.00 ml_, 16.00 mmol) and stirred for 18 h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in dichloromethane (DCM) (5 ml_). To this solution was added SOCI2 (10.13 μΙ, 0.139 mmol) and stirred for 18h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-40% EtOAc/Hexane to provide the title compound. (0.054 g, 44% yield). LC/MS m/z 392 (M+H)+, 1 .13 min (ret. time).

(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5- yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000177_0002
To a solution of (R)-4-ethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (0.039 g, 0.170 mmol) in Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide (DMF) (3 mL) under nitrogen and cooled to 0°C, was added 60% NaH (7.85 mg, 0.196 mmol) portion wise. The reaction was warmed to ambient temperature and stirred for 30 min. (S)-methyl 3-(4-(chloromethyl)-5- methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate (0.057 g, 0.131 mmol) in Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide (DMF) (3.00 mL) was then added dropwise to the reaction and stirred for 18 h. The reaction was quenched with water and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2.00 mL), methanol (2.00 mL) and water (1 .00 mL). LiOH (0.016 g, 0.654 mmol) was added and the reaction was stirred at ambient temperature for 19h. The reaction was acidified with formic acid and the solvents were concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.040 g, 53% yield). LC/MS m/z 570 (M+H)+, 1 .00 min (ret. time).

Example 25 (S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethyl-N-(pyridin-3-yl)propanamide

Figure imgf000178_0001

To a solution of (S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid (68.0 mg, 0.1 14 mmol) in isopropanol (2.00 mL) was added phenyl (E)-N-(tert-butyl)-N'-(pyridin-3- yl)carbamimidothioate (27 mg, 0.095 mmol) and ferric acetylacetonate (6.68 mg, 0.019 mmol) and the reaction was heated at 83°C for 21 h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.031 g, 47% yield). LC/MS m/z 675 (M+H)+, 0.81 min (ret. time). Example 26

(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000179_0001

Benzyl (S)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(((4- methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate and benzyl (R)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(((4- methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000179_0002

Methyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(((4- methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (8.31 g, 15.90 mmol) was dissolved into tetrahydrofuran (THF) (75 mL), methanol (75 mL), and water (35 mL) and LiOH (3.81 g, 159 mmol) was added and the reaction was heated to 65°C for 25h. Thesolvents were concentrated, the residue was dissolved in N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) (60 mL) and benzyl bromide (7.56 mL, 63.6 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred for 1 h. The reaction was diluted with water and EtOAc and the pH was adjusted to neutral with 1 N HCI. The layers were separated and aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (3X). The combined organics were washed with water (2X), brine and dried with MgS04. The solvents were concentrated and the residue was purified by flash

chromatography eluting with 0-50% EtOAc/Hexane to provide the title compound as a racemate. (9.04 g, 95% yield). LC/MS m/z 599 (M+H)+, 1 .46 min (ret. time). The compound was resolved by chiral SFC (Column: Chiralpak IA 20x250mm, 5u; Co-solvent: 25% EtOH; Flowrate: 50 g/min; Back pressure: 100Bar) to provide Benzyl (S)-3-(1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5- methylthiazol-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (4.09 g, 43% yield), /z 599 (M+H)+, 1 .45 min (ret. time), (chiral SFC ret. time: 3.17 min) and benzyl (R)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoate (4.45 g, 46% yield). LCMS m/z 599 (M+H)+, 1 .45 min (ret. time), (chiral SFC ret. time: 4.26 min).

Benzyl (S)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(hydroxymethyl)-5- methylthiazol-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000180_0001

To a solution of benzyl (S)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(((4- methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (4.09 g, 6.83 mmol) in acetonitrile (88 mL) and water (10 mL) was added ceric ammonium nitrate (7.49 g, 13.66 mmol) in acetonitrile (30 mL) and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 4h. Additional ceric ammonium nitrate (0.749 g, 1 .366 mmol) was added as a solid and stirred for 1 .5h. Additional ceric ammonium nitrate (0.374 g, 0.683 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred for 30 min. The reaction was diluted with ethyl acetate and washed with water. The water was back extracted with ethyl acetate (3X) and the combined organics were washed with water (2X), brine and dried with MgS04. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-50% EtOAc/Hexane to provide the title compound. (2.96 g, 91 % yield). LCMS m/z 479 (M+H)+, 1 .13 min (ret. time). Benzyl (S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000181_0001

Benzyl (S)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(hydroxymethyl)-5- methylthiazol-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (100 mg, 0.209 mmol), (R)-4-ethyl-3,4-dihydro- 2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (95 mg, 0.418 mmol) and (E)-diazene- 1 ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 -ylmethanone) (ADDP) (105 mg, 0.418 mmol) were combined and dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (8 mL). After all solids were dissolved, tri-n- butylphosphine (0.103 mL, 0.418 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 18 h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.106 g, 73% yield). LC/MS m/z 689 (M+H)+, 1 .45 min (ret. time).

(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000181_0002
A solution of benzyl (S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (0.106 g, 0.154 mmol) in methanol (10 mL) was flushed with nitrogen after which 5% Pd/C (0.016 g, 7.69 μηιοΙ) was added to the solution. The flask was evacuated and purged with hydrogen gas and stirred under a hydrogen balloon for 3h. The reaction was filtered through a filter disk and the solvent was concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.078 g, 86% yield). LC/MS m/z 599(M+H)+, 1 .07 min (ret. time).

Example 27

(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000182_0001

Benzyl (S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000182_0002

Benzyl (S)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(hydroxymethyl)-5- methylthiazol-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (100 mg, 0.209 mmol), (R)-4-ethyl-3,4-dihydro- 2H-pyrido[4,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (95 mg, 0.418 mmol) and (E)-diazene- 1 ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 -ylmethanone) (ADDP) (105 mg, 0.418 mmol) were combined and dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (8 ml_). After all solids were dissolved, tri-n- butylphosphine (0.103 ml_, 0.418 mmol) was added and the reaction was stirred at ambient temperature for 18h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.1 1 1 g, 77% yield). LC/MS m/z 689 (M+H)+, 1 .36 min (ret. time). (S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000183_0001
A solution of benzyl (S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (0.1 1 12 g, 0.161 mmol) in methanol (10 mL) was flushed with nitrogen, after which 5% Pd/C (0.017 g, 8.07 μηιοΙ) was added to the solution. The flask was evacuated and purged with hydrogen gas and stirred under a hydrogen balloon for 23h. Additional 5% Pd/C (0.069 g, 0.032 mmol) was added and the reaction was stirred under hydrogen for 3.5h. The reaction was filtered and the solvent was concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.064 g, 70% yield). LC/MS m/z 598(M+H)+, 1 .05 min (ret. time). Example 28

(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethyl-N-(pyridin-3-yl)propanamide

Figure imgf000183_0002
To a solution of (S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid (57.1 mg, 0.095 mmol) in isopropanol (2.00 mL) was added phenyl (E)-N-(tert-butyl)-N'-(pyridin-3- yl)carbamimidothioate (22.7 mg, 0.080 mmol) and ferric acetylacetonate (5.62 mg, 0.016 mmol). The vial was heated at 83°C for 21 h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.024 g, 46% yield). LC/MS /z 675 (M+H)+, 0.81 min (ret. time). (R)-3-fluoro-N-(2-hydroxybutyl)pyridine-2 -sulfonamide

Figure imgf000184_0001

To the mixture of isopropylmagnesium chloride (17.05 mL, 34.1 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (15 mL) was added BuLi (21 .31 mL, 34.1 mmol) dropwise under nitrogen atmosphere at ambient temperature and stirred for 15min. The solution was cooled to -10°C and 2- bromo-3-fluoropyridine (5 g, 28.4 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (15 mL) was added dropwise over 5 min and stirred for 45 min. The mixture was then added to a solution of sulfuryl chloride (6.93 mL, 85 mmol) in toluene (15.00 mL) at -10°C and stirred for 20min. Then temperature was raised to 10°C and a mixture of 1 -amino-2-methylpropan-2-ol (380 mg, 4.26 mmol) and DIEA (0.744 mL, 4.26 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (1 .500mL) was added and stirred at ambient temperature for 18 hr. The reaction mixture was quenched with saturated NH4CI solution (15mL) and extracted with ethylacetate (3 x 10mL). The combined organic layer was washed with brine (15 mL) and dried over anhydrous Na2S04, filtered, concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound (2.5 g, 7.61 mmol, 26.8% yield). LCMS m/z 248.89 (M+Na)+, 1 .33 min (ret. time). (R)-4-ethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[3,2-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide

Figure imgf000184_0002
To the mixture of (R)-3-fluoro-N-(2-hydroxybutyl)pyridine-2-sulfonamide (2.5 g, 8.06 mmol) in DMSO (1 5 mL) was added potassium tert-butoxide (1 .810 g, 16.13 mmol) at 0°C. The reaction mixture was stirred at 1 00°C for 16h after which was added 1 N HCI to pH 6-7 and the mixture extracted with ethylacetate (3 x 30ml_). The combined organic layer was washed with brine (30ml_), dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure, purified with flash silica gel column chromotography using ethyl acetate and hexanes as eluent to give the title compound (750 mg, 3.26 mmol, 40.4% yield). LCMS m/z 229.06 (M+Na)+, 1 .50 min (ret. time).

Example 29 (S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[3,2-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000185_0001

Benzyl (S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[3,2- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000185_0002

Benzyl (S)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(hydroxymethyl)-5- methylthiazol-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (100 mg , 0.209 mmol), (R)-4-ethyl-3,4-dihydro- 2H-pyrido[3,2-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 , 1 -dioxide (95 mg , 0.418 mmol) and (E)-diazene- 1 ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 -ylmethanone) (ADDP) (105 mg, 0.418 mmol) were combined and dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (8 mL). After all solids were dissolved, tri-n- butylphosphine (0.103 mL, 0.418 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 18h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.1 10 g, 76% yield). LC/MS m/z 688(M+H)+, 1 .43 min (ret. time).

(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[3,2-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000186_0001

A solution of benzyl (S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[3,2- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (0.1097 g, 0.159 mmol) in methanol (10 mL) was flushed with nitrogen after which 5% Pd/C (0.017 g, 7.96 μηιοΙ) was added to the solution. The flask was evacuated and purged with hydrogen gas and stirred under a hydrogen balloon for 23h. The reaction was filtered and the solvent was concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.069 g, 73% yield). LC/MS m/z 598(M+H)+, 1 .06 min (ret. time). Example 30

(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[3,2-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethyl-N-(pyridin-3-yl)propanamide

Figure imgf000187_0001

To a solution of (S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[3,2- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid (58.9 mg, 0.098 mmol) in isopropanol (2.00 ml_) was added phenyl (E)-N-(tert-butyl)-N'-(pyridin-3- yl)carbamimidothioate (23.4 mg, 0.082 mmol) and ferric acetylacetonate (5.79 mg, 0.016 mmol). The vial was heated at 83°C for 21 h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.028 g, 46% yield). LC/MS m/z 675 (M+H)+, 0.81 min (ret. time).

Example 31

(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(1 -methyl-5- (((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-1 H- pyrazol-3-yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000187_0002

Methyl (S)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(1 - methyl-5-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)-1 H-pyrazol-3-yl)propanoate

Figure imgf000188_0001

To a solution of methyl (S)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(5- (hydroxymethyl)-1 -methyl-1 H-pyrazol-3-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (43 mg, 0.1 12 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (4 ml_) was added (S)-4-methyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyrido[2,3- f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (47.4 mg, 0.223 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 - ylmethanone) (ADDP) (56.3 mg, 0.223 mmol). After all solids were dissolved, the solution was degassed and purged with argon after which tri-n-butylphosphine (0.055 ml_, 0.223 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 23h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-90% EtOAc / hexanes to provide the title compound. (0.081 g, 83% yield). LC/MS m/z 580 (M+H)+, 1 .04 min (ret. time).

(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(1 -methyl-5- (((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-1 H- pyrazol-3-yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000188_0002

To a solution of methyl (S)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl- 3-(1 -methyl-5-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)-1 H-pyrazol-3-yl)propanoate (81 mg, 0.092 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2 ml_), methanol (1 ml_) and water (1 ml_) in a microwave reaction vessel, was added LiOH (1 1 .04 mg, 0.461 mmol) and the reaction was heated via microwave at 100°C for 1 h. Additional LiOH (1 1 .04 mg, 0.461 mmol) was added and the reaction was heated via microwave at 140°C for 3h. The solvents were concentrated and the residue was suspended in acetonitrile and acidified with formic acid. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.025 g, 48% yield). LC/MS m/z 566 (M+H)+. 0.90 min (ret. time).

Example 32

(S)-3-(4-(((S)-3-(1 H-Pyrazol-1 -yl)piperidin-1 -yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 - ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000189_0001

Benzyl (S)-3-(4-(((S)-3-(1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl)piperidin-1 -yl)methyl)-5-methylthioph' 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000189_0002

To a solution of benzyl (S)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4- (hydroxymethyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (100 mg, 0.209 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (4 ml_) was added thionyl chloride (0.031 ml_, 0.419 mmol) and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 30 min. The solvent was removed and the residue was dissolved in acetonitrile (4.00 ml_) in a 10ml_ microwave reaction vessel. To this solution was added (S)-3-(1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl)piperidine, hydrochloride (39.3 mg, 0.209 mmol) and DIEA (0.183 ml_, 1 .047 mmol). The reaction was heated via microwave to 120°C for 30 min. An additional portion of (S)-3-(1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl)piperidine, hydrochloride (3.93 mg, 0.021 mmol) was added and the reaction was heated via microwave at 120°C for 20 min. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-5% MeOH / DCM to provide the title compound. (0.097 g, 76% yield). LC/MS m/z 61 1 (M+H), 0.88 min (ret. time).

(S)-3-(4-(((S)-3-(1 H-Pyrazol-1 -yl)piperidin-1 -yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 - ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000190_0001

A solution of benzyl (S)-3-(4-(((S)-3-(1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl)piperidin-1 -yl)methyl)-5- methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoate (97 mg, 0.159 mmol) in methanol was evacuated and purged with nitrogen. 5% Pd/C (33.8 mg, 0.016 mmol) was then added and the reaction was evacuated and purged with hydrogen gas and then stirred under a balloon of hydrogen gas at ambient temperature for 20.5h. The reaction was filtered through Celite and concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.047 g, 55% yield). LC/MS m/z 521 (M+H)+. 0.65 min (ret. time).

Example 33

(S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000191_0001

Benzyl (S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000191_0002

Benzyl (S)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(hydroxymethyl)-5- methylthiazol-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (100 mg, 0.209 mmol), (S)-4-ethyl-2,3,4,5- tetrahydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (95 mg, 0.418 mmol) and (E)-diazene- 1 ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 -ylmethanone) (ADDP) (105 mg, 0.418 mmol) were combined and dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (8 ml_). After all solids were dissolved, tri-n- butylphosphine (0.103 ml_, 0.418 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 18h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.121 g, 84% yield). LC/MS m/z 689 (M+H)+, 1 .49 min (ret. time).

(S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000192_0001

A solution of benzyl (S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin- 2(3H)-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpropanoate (0.121 g , 0.176 mmol) in methanol (10 ml_) was flushed with nitrogen after which 5% Pd/C (0.019 g, 8.81 μηιοΙ) was added to the solution. The flask was evacuated and purged with hydrogen gas and stirred under a hydrogen balloon for 2h. The reaction was filtered through a filter disk and the solvent was concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.092 g, 88% yield). LC/MS m/z 597(M+H)+, 1 .13 min (ret. time).

Example 34

(S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethyl-N-(pyridin-3-yl)propanamide

Figure imgf000192_0002

To a solution of (S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin- 2(3H)-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid (80 mg, 0.135 mmol) in isopropanol (2.00 ml_) was added phenyl (E)-N-(tert-butyl)-N'-(pyridin-3-yl)carbamimidothioate (32 mg, 0.1 12 mmol) and ferric acetylacetonate (7.92 mg, 0.022 mmol). The vial was heated at 83°C for 18h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.039 g, 52% yield). LC/MS m/z 673 (M+H)+, 0.88 min (ret. time).

Example 35 (R)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000193_0001

(R)-Benzyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000193_0002

To a solution of (R)-benzyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(hydroxymethyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (61 mg, 0.122 mmol), (R)-4- ethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (55.7 mg, 0.245 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 -ylmethanone) (61 .8 mg, 0.245 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (4 ml_) was added tributylphosphine (0.061 ml_, 0.245 mmol) and allowed to stir for 1 h. The reaction was concentrated, and was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.090 g, 100% pure). LC/MS m/z 707(M+H)+, 1 .54 min (ret. time). (R)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000194_0001
(R)-Benzyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (90mg, 0.127 mmol) was dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2 mL), water (1 .000 mL) and methanol (2.000 mL) in a microwave reaction vial. Lithium hydroxide (15.24 mg, 0.636 mmol) was added to the reaction mixture and was heated via microwave at 100°C for 2h. The reaction was acidified with 10% aqueous formic acid. The reaction was concentrated and purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.020 g, 25% yield). LC/MS m/z 617(M+H)+, 1 .24 min (ret. time).

Example 36 (R)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000194_0002
(R)-Benzyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000195_0001
To a solution of (R)-benzyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(hydroxymethyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (65 mg, 0.131 mmol), (R)-4- ethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (59.6 mg, 0.261 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 -ylmethanone) (65.9 mg, 0.261 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (4 mL) was added tributylphosphine (0.065 mL, 0.261 mmol) and the reaction stirred for 1 h. The reaction was concentrated and purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (70 mg, 0.099 mmol, 76 % yield). LC/MS m/z 708(M+H)+, 1 .38 min (ret. time).

(R)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000195_0002

To a solution of (R)-benzyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- pyrido[4,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (70 mg, 0.099 mmol), in chloroform (3 mL), was added methanesulfonic acid (0.039 mL, 0.593 mmol) and the reaction stirred 24h at ambient temperature. The reaction was concentrated, and was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (16 mg, 0.026 mmol, 26.2 % yield). LC/MS m/z 576(M+H)+, 1 .00 min (ret. time).

(S)-4-Methyl-8-(trif luoromethyl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide

Figure imgf000196_0001

(S)-4-Methyl-8-(trifluoromethyl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide of the invention was made using compounds described in WO 2017/060854 on page 137, published April 13, 2017, and incorporated herein by reference.

Example 37

(R)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(1 -methyl-5- (((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)-1 H-pyrazol-3-yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000196_0002

Methyl (R)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(1 - methyl-5-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5- di hydro be nzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-1 H-pyrazol-3-yl)propanoate

Figure imgf000197_0001

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(5- (hydroxymethyl)-1 -methyl-1 H-pyrazol-3-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (43 mg, 0.1 12 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (4 ml_) was added (S)-4-methyl-8-(trifluoromethyl)-2, 3,4,5- tetrahydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (62.3 mg, 0.223 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2- diylbis(piperidin-l -ylmethanone) (ADDP) (56.3 mg, 0.223 mmol). After all solids were dissolved, the solution was degassed and purged with argon after which tri-n- butylphosphine (0.055 ml_, 0.223 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 18h. Another portion of tri-n-butylphosphine (0.028 ml_, 0.1 12 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred for 24.5h. The reaction was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (16 mg, 62 % yield). LC/MS m/z 647 (M+H)+, 1 .30 min (ret. time).

(R)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(1 -methyl-5- (((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)-1 H-pyrazol-3-yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000197_0002

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl- 3-(1 -methyl-5-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5- dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-1 H-pyrazol-3-yl)propanoate (45 mg, 0.070 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2 mL), methanol (1 mL) and water (1 mL) in a microwave reaction vessel, was added LiOH (8.33 mg, 0.348 mmol) and the reaction was heated via microwave at 140°C for 2h. The reaction was concentrated, and was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.035g, 81 % yield). LC/MS m/z 633 (M+H)+, 1 .18 min (ret. time).

Example 38

(R)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000198_0001

(R)-Methyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate

Figure imgf000198_0002
To a solution of (R)-methyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(hydroxymethyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate (48 mg, 0.122 mmol), (R)-4-ethyl-3,4- dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (55.6 mg, 0.244 mmol) and (E)- diazene-1 ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 -ylmethanone) (61 .5 mg, 0.244 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (4 mL) was added tributylphosphine (0.061 mL, 0.244 mmol) and stirred for 1 h. The reaction was concentrated, and was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.063g, 86% yield). LC/MS m/z

604(M+H)+, 1 .17 min (ret. time).

(R)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000199_0001

To a solution of (R)-methyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate (63 mg, 0.104 mmol) was in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2.000 ml_), water (1 mL) and methanol (2.000 mL) was added lithium hydroxide (12.49 mg, 0.521 mmol) and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 2h. The reaction was acidified with 10% aqueous formic acid and concentrated. The reaction was concentrated, and was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.024g, 39% yield). LC/MS /z 590 (M+H)+, 1 .08 (ret. time). Example 39

(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4- (((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)propanamide

Figure imgf000199_0002
A mixture of (S)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5- methyl-4-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)propanoic acid (70 mg, 0.121 mmol) and thionyl chloride (1 mL, 13.70 mmol) was stirred at ambient temperature for 2h. The reaction was concentrated and the residue was pumped on high vacuum for 5min.The residue was dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (5 mL) cooled reaction in an ice bath. Ammonia gas was bubbled into the solution for 1 min and the reaction was stirred for 1 h. The reaction was concentrated, and was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.038g, 54% yield). LC/MS m/z 580 (M+H)+, 1 .16 min (ret. time).

Example 40

(S)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000200_0001

N-Ethyl-3-fluoro-2-nitroaniline

Figure imgf000200_0002

To a solution of 1 ,3-difluoro-2-nitrobenzene (10 g, 62.9 mmol) in ethanol (300 mL) was added ethanamine (47.2 g, 314 mmol) slowly at 0 °C. The reaction mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 0.5 h and then warmed to 25 °C for another 4 h. After removing the solvent, the residue was purified via silica gel chromatography (80 g, PE/EA= 5%) to give the title compound (8.0 g, 43.4 mmol, 69.1 % yield) as a solid. LC/MS: /z 185 (M+H)+, 1 .70 min (ret. time). 4-Bromo-N-ethyl-3-fluoro-2-nitroaniline

Figure imgf000201_0001

To a solution of N-ethyl-3-fluoro-2-nitroaniline (8.0 g, 43.4 mmol) in DMF (100ml_) at 0 °C was added a solution of N-bromosuccinimide (6.19 g, 34.8 mmol) dropwise. The mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 6 h. The mixture was quenched with water (500 ml_) and extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 400 ml_). The combined organic layer was washed with water (2 x 100 ml_), brine (2 x 100 ml_), dried (Na2S04) and concentrated. The residue was purified by silica gel chromatography (PE/EA =12 %) to give the title compound (8.2 g, 31 .2 mmol, 71 .8 % yield) as yellow oil. LCMS : m/z 263 (M+H)+ 1 .80 min (ret. time) 4-Bromo-N1 -ethyl-3-fluorobenzene-1 ,2-diamine

Figure imgf000201_0002

To a solution of 4-bromo-N-ethyl-3-fluoro-2-nitroaniline (8000 mg, 30.4 mmol) in ethanol (100 mL) and 1 ,2-dichloroethane (DCE) (100 mL) under nitrogen at 0 °C was added Raney nickel (1983 mg, 30.4 mmol, 90 % in water) slowly. Hydrazine hydrate (2.237 mL, 45.6 mmol) was added dropwise. The reaction mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 1 h, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by silica gel chromatography (hexane: ethyl acetate = 4:1) to give the title compound (6500 mg, 27.9 mmol, 92 % yield). LC-MS m/z 233.0 (M+H)+ 1 .90 (ret. time)

5-Bromo-1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazole

Figure imgf000201_0003

A stirred suspension of 4-bromo-N1 -ethyl-3-fluorobenzene-1 ,2-diamine (6.5 g, 27.9 mmol) and sulfuric acid (5.95 mL, 1 12 mmol) in water (300 mL) at 0 °C was treated with a solution of sodium nitrite (2.89 g, 41 .8 mmol) in water (50 mL). The mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 2 h. The mixture at 0 °C was basified to pH 8 using 2 N NaOH and extracted with DCM (3 x 200 mL). The combined organics were washed with water (2 x 80 mL), brine (2 x 80 mL), dried (Na2S04) and concentrated. The residue was purified by silica gel chromatography (120 g, PE/EA = 60%) to give the title compound (5.2 g, 21 .31 mmol, 76 % yield) as a colorless oil. LCMS: m/z 243.9 (M+H)+ 1 .63 min (ret. time)

5-Chloro-4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophene-2-carbaldehyde

Figure imgf000202_0001

To a solution 5-bromo-2-chloro-3-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophene (1 .4 g, 4.03 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (1 .00 mL) in an oven dried 50 mL flask under argon and cooled to -70°C , was added, dropwise via syringe, n-butyllithium (1 .6M) (2.77 mL, 4.43 mmol) and stirred for 1 h. N,N-dimethylformamide (1 .777 mL, 24.16 mmol) was then added dropwise via addition funnel and stirred at -70°C for 1 h and then at ambient temperature for 45 min. The reaction was subsequently quenched with sat NH4CI, and purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-40% EtOAc / Hexanes to provide the title compound. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ ppm 9.80 (s, 1 H), 7.70 (s, 1 H), 7.31 (d, J=7.78 Hz, 2H), 6.93 (d, J=7.78 Hz, 2H), 4.45-4.56 (m, 4H), 3.84 (s,3H).

(5-Chloro-4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)methanol

Figure imgf000202_0002

To a solution of 5-bromo-1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazole (1 .122 g, 4.60 mmol), was dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (10 mL) and cooled to -78°C was added n- butyllithium (2.55 mL, 4.08 mmol) and allowed to stir for 30 min. A solution of 5-chloro-4- (((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophene-2-carbaldehyde (1 .1 g, 3.71 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (10 mL) was added slowly and the reaction was stirred at -78°C for 2 h. Afterwards, the reaction was diluted with water (25ml_) and EtOAc (75 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (50 mL). The combined EtOAc layers were washed with water (50 mL) and saturated aqueous NaCI (50 mL), dried with Na2S04 and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-50% EtOAc / Hexane to provide the title compound. (0.60 g, 30% yield). LC/MS /z 462 (M+H), 1 .24 min (ret. time).

Methyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4- fluoro-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000203_0001

To a solution of (5-chloro-4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro- 1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)methanol (600 mg, 1 .299 mmol), was added 2,2,2- trichloroacetonitrile (0.260 mL, 2.60 mmol) followed by DBU (0.017 mL, 0.065 mmol). Then ((1 -methoxy-2-methylprop-1 -en-1 -yl)oxy)trimethylsilane (0.666 mL, 3.25 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 1 hr. 1 ,1 ,1 -trifluoro-N- ((trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl) methanesulfonamide (0.027 mL, 0.130 mmol) was dissolved in acetonitrile, and added to the solution via syringe, and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 1 h.. The reaction was partitioned between saturated aqueous NH4CI and EtOAc. The aqueous later was extracted with EtOAc (2X) and the combined organic layers were dried with MgS04 and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash

chromatography eluting with 0-70% EtOAc / Hexane to provide the title compound. (0.50 g, 70% yield). LC/MS m/z 546 (M+H), 1 .41 min (ret. time).

Benzyl (R)-3-(5-chloro-4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4- fluoro-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate and benzyl (S)-3-(5- chloro-4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000204_0001

Methyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (0.500 g, 0.897 mmol) was dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (5 ml_), methanol (5 ml_), and water (5 ml_). LiOH (0.107 g, 4.49 mmol) was added and the reaction was heated via microwave to 100°C for 1 .5h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide (DMF) (10 ml_). Benzyl bromide (0.427 ml_, 3.59 mmol) was added and the reaction was stirred for 2h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was diluted with water and EtOAc. Layers were separated and organic layer was washed with water. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc. The combined organics were washed with brine and dried with MgS04. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by flash

chromatography eluting with 0-50% EtOAc / Hexane to provide the title compound as a racemate. (0.361 g, 64% yield). LC/MS m/z 622 (M+H)+, 1 .54 min (ret. time). The compound was resolved by chiral SFC (Column: Chiralpak IA 20x250mm, 5u; Co-solvent: 25% EtOH; Flowrate: 50 g/min; Back pressure: 100Bar, 30°C) to provide benzyl (R)-3-(5- chloro-4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (0.143 g, 25% yield). LCMS m/z 622 (M+H)+, 1 .58 min (ret. time), (chiral SFC ret. time: 2.97 min) and benzyl (S)-3-(5-chloro-4- (((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol- 5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (0.147 g, 26% yield). LCMS m/z 622 (M+H)+, 1 .57 min (ret. time), (chiral SFC ret. time: 5.19 min).

Benzyl (S)-3-(5-chloro-4-(hydroxymethyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000205_0001

4N HCI in 1 ,4 dioxane (2.00 mL, 8.00 mmol) was added to benzyl (S)-3-(5-chloro-4-(((4- methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5- yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (0.147 g, 0.236 mmol) and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 2h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-50% EtOAc / Hexane to provide the title compound. (0.102 g, 86% yield). LC/MS m/z 502 (M+H)+, 1 .21 min (ret. time).

Benzyl (S)-3-(5-chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000205_0002

To a solution of benzyl (S)-3-(5-chloro-4-(hydroxymethyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro- 1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (36 mg, 0.072 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2 mL) was added (R)-4-ethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (32.6 mg, 0.143 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2- diylbis(piperidin-l -ylmethanone) (ADDP) (36.2 mg, 0.143 mmol). After all solids were dissolved, tri-n-butylphosphine (0.035 mL, 0.143 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 2h. Additional portions of (E)-diazene-l ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 - ylmethanone) (ADDP) (181 mg, 0.717 mmol) and then tri-n-butylphosphine (0.177 mL, 0.717 mmol) were added and stirred for 3 days The reaction was concentrated, and was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.038g, 75% yield). LC/MS m/z 71 1 (M+H)+, 1 .55 min (ret. time). (S)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000206_0001
To a solution of benzyl (S)-3-(5-chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (38.5 mg, 0.054 mmol) in chloroform (3 mL) was added methanesulfonic acid (0.021 mL, 0.325 mmol) and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 3.5h. Additional methanesulfonic acid (0.021 mL, 0.325 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred for 3 days. An additional portion of methanesulfonic acid (0.070 mL, 1 .083 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred for 22h. The reaction was heated at 50°C for 5h. The reaction was concentrated, and was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.0027g, 8% yield). LC/MS m/z 621 (M+H)+, 1 .28 min (ret. time). (S)-4-Ethyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide

Figure imgf000206_0002

The following compound of the invention was made using compounds described in WO 2017/060854 on page 135, published April 13, 2017, and incorporated herein by reference. Example 41 (S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-5- methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000207_0001
Benzyl (S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000207_0002

Benzyl (S)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(hydroxymethyl)-5- methylthiazol-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (100 mg, 0.209 mmol), (S)-4-ethyl-2,3,4,5- tetrahydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (94 mg, 0.418 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2- diylbis(piperidin-l -ylmethanone) (ADDP) (105 mg, 0.418 mmol) were combined and dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (8 ml_). After all solids were dissolved, tri-n- butylphosphine (0.103 ml_, 0.418 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 18h. The reaction was concentrated, and was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.123g, 86% yield). LC/MS m/z 686 (M+H)+, 1 .65 min (ret. time).

(S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-5- methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000208_0001

A solution of benzyl (S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin- 2(3H)-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpropanoate (0.123 g, 0.179 mmol) in methanol (10 ml_) was flushed with nitrogen after which 5% Pd/C (0.019 g, 8.97 μηιοΙ) was added to the solution. The flask was evacuated and purged with hydrogen gas and stirred under a hydrogen balloon for 20h. Additional 5% Pd/C (0.007 g, 3.29 μηιοΓ) was added and the reaction stirred for 2.5h. The reaction was filtered and the solvent was concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.091 g, 86% yield). LC/MS m/z 596(M+H)+, 1 .29 min (ret. time).

Example 42

(S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-5- methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-N- (pyridin-3-yl)propanamide

Figure imgf000208_0002

To a solution of (S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid (78 mg, 0.130 mmol) in isopropanol (2.00 ml_) was added phenyl (E)-N-(tert-butyl)-N'-(pyridin-3-yl)carbamimidothioate (31 mg, 0.109 mmol) and ferric acetylacetonate (7.67 mg, 0.022 mmol). The vial was heated at 83°C for 18h. The reaction was concentrated, and was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.038g, 50% yield). LC/MS m/z 672 (M+H)+, 1 .00 min (ret. time).

Example 43

(S)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5- di hydro be nzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000209_0001

2-Bromo-N-(2-methylallyl)-4-(trifluoromethyl)benzenesulfonamide

Figure imgf000209_0002

To a solution of 2-bromo-4-(trifluoromethyl)benzene-1 -sulfonyl chloride (20 g, 61 .8 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (200 mL) at 0°C was added 2-methylprop-2-en-1 -amine (4.84 g, 68.0mmol) and TEA (17.23 mL, 124 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature. The reaction mixture quenched with water (500 mL) and extracted with DCM (2 x 500 mL). The combined organic layer washed with brine solution (100 mL), dried over anhydrous Na2S04, filtered and concentrated the solvent under reduced pressure to give the title compound (19 g). LCMS /z 358 (M+H)+, 2.46 mins (ret. time)

4-Methyl-7-(trifluoromethyl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide

Figure imgf000210_0001

To a solution of 2-bromo-N-(2-methylallyl)-4-(trifluoromethyl)benzenesulfonamide (19 g, 53.0 mmol) in toluene (290 mL) was added AIBN (4.36 g, 26.5 mmol) and the reaction was heated to 70 °C. Then Bu3SnH (28.3 mL, 106 mmol) was added into the reaction mixture at this temperature. The reaction was stirred at 1 10 °C for 16 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature and concentrated under reduced pressure to get crude compound. The crude compound was purified by silica gel column chromatography (Mesh size 100-200) eluted with 30 % EtOAc:Hexane to afford the title compound (6 g) as light brownish solid compound. LCMS m/z 278Λ 4 (M-H)+, 2.094 mins (ret. time) (R)-4-Methyl-7-(trifluoromethyl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide and (S)-4-methyl-7-(trifluoromethyl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 - dioxide

Figure imgf000210_0002

4-Methyl-7-(trifluoromethyl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (5.4 g, 19.34 mmol) was resolved by Chiral SFC (Column: Chiralpak AS-H (250 x 30) mm, 5u; co-solvent: 50 % IPA; flowrate:100 g/min; Back pressure: 100 Bar) to give (R)-4-methyl-7- (trifluoromethyl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (2.3 g, 8.17 mmol, 42.3 % yield) as white solid 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-c/6) δ ppm 7.98 (d, J=7.89 Hz, 1 H) 7.75 - 7.85 (m, 3 H) 3.35 (br s, 1 H) 3.21 (br s, 3 H) 1 .85 (br s, 1 H) 0.85 (br d, J=5.92 Hz, 3 H) LCMS m/z 278.07 (M-H)+, 2.715 mins (ret. time) (chiral SFC ret. time: 1 1 .815 min) and (S)-4-methyl-7-(trifluoromethyl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (2.06 g, 7.32 mmol, 37.8 % yield) as white solid 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-c6) δ ppm 7.98 (d, J=7.89 Hz, 1 H) 7.75 - 7.85 (m, 3 H) 3.35 (br s, 1 H) 3.21 (br s, 3 H) 1 .85 (br s, 1 H) 0.85 (br d, J=5.92 Hz, 3 H) LCMS m/z 278.07 (M-H)+, 2.715 mins (ret. time) (chiral SFC ret. time: 14.631 min) Benzyl (S)-3-(5-chloro-4-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5- di hydro be nzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000211_0001
To a solution of benzyl (S)-3-(5-chloro-4-(hydroxymethyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1-ethyl-4-fluoro- 1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (50 mg, 0.100 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2 mL) was added (S)-4-methyl-8-(trifluoromethyl)-2, 3,4,5- tetrahydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1-dioxide (55.6 mg, 0.199 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2- diylbis(piperidin-l-ylmethanone) (ADDP) (50.3 mg, 0.199 mmol). After all solids were dissolved, tri-n-butylphosphine (0.049 mL, 0.199 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 20h. Additional portions of (E)-diazene-l ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1- ylmethanone) (ADDP) (25.1 mg, 0.100 mmol) and tri-n-butylphosphine (0.025 mL, 0.100 mmol) were added and stirred for 2.5h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.055g, 72% yield). LC/MS m/z 763 (M+H)+, 1.64 min (ret. time).

(S)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5- di hydro be nzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000211_0002
To a solution of benzyl (S)-3-(5-chloro-4-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5- dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (55 mg, 0.072 mmol) in chloroform (3 ml_) was added methanesulfonic acid (0.028 ml_, 0.432 mmol) and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 3.5h. Additional methanesulfonic acid (0.028 ml_, 0.432 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred for 3 days. An additional portion of methanesulfonic acid (0.094 ml_, 1 .441 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred for 22h. The reaction was heated at 50°C for 5h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.0057g, 1 1 % yield). LC/MS m/z 673 (M+H)+, 1 .40 min (ret. time).

Example 44

(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4- (((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-7-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)thiazol-2-yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000212_0001

Benzyl (S)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5- methyl-4-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-7-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5- dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiazol-2-yl)propanoate

Figure imgf000212_0002
Benzyl (S)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(hydroxymethyl)-5- methylthiazol-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (102 mg, 0.213 mmol) (S)-4-methyl-7- (trifluoromethyl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (1 19 mg, 0.426 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 -ylmethanone) (ADDP) (108 mg, 0.426 mmol) were combined and dissolved in dry tetrahydrofuran (THF) (8 mL). After all solids were dissolved, tri-n-butylphosphine (0.105 mL, 0.426 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 18h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.138g, 88% yield). LC/MS /z 740 (M+H)+, 1 .68 min (ret. time). (S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4-

(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-7-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)thiazol-2-yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000213_0001

A solution of benzyl (S)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3- (5-methyl-4-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-7-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin- 2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiazol-2-yl)propanoate (0.138 g, 0.187 mmol) in methanol (10 mL) was flushed with nitrogen after which 5% Pd/C (0.020 g, 9.33 μηιοΙ) was added to the solution. The flask was evacuated and purged with hydrogen gas and stirred under a hydrogen balloon for 20h. Additional 5% Pd/C (0.006 g, 2.82 μηιοΓ) was added and the reaction stirred for 2.5h. The reaction was filtered with a filter disk and the solvent was

concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.103g, 84% yield). LC/MS m/z 650(M+H)+, 1 .35 min (ret. time).

Example 45 (S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4- (((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-7-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)thiazol-2-yl)-N-(pyridin-3-yl)propanamide

Figure imgf000214_0001
To a solution of (S)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5- methyl-4-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-7-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin- 2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiazol-2-yl)propanoic acid (90 mg, 0.139 mmol) in isopropanol (2.00 ml_) was added phenyl (E)-N-(tert-butyl)-N'-(pyridin-3-yl)carbamimidothioate (33 mg, 0.1 16 mmol) and ferric acetylacetonate (2.042 mg, 5.78 μηιοΙ). The vial was flushed with oxygen and the reaction was heated at 83°C for 18h. Additional ferric acetylacetonate (4.08 mg, 0.012 mmol) was added and heating was continued for 6h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.060g, 72% yield). LC/MS /z 726 (M+H)+, 1 .07 min (ret. time). Example 46

(R)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5- yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000214_0002
(R)-Methyl 3-(4-(chloromethyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate

Figure imgf000215_0001

To a solution of (R)-methyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(((4- methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)propanoate (0.138 g, 0.280 mmol) in 1 ,4-dioxane (15 mL) was added 4N HCI in 1 ,4 dioxane (4.00 mL, 16.00 mmol) and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 23h. Solvents were concentrated and residue was redissolved in 4N HCI in 1 ,4 dioxane (4.00 mL, 16.00 mmol) and stirred for 18h. The reaction was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in dichloromethane (DCM) (5 mL) followed by addition of SOCI2 (0.020 mL, 0.280 mmol) and stirred for 18h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-40% EtOAc / Hexane to provide the title compound. (0.072 g, 59% yield). LC/MS m/z 392 (M+H)+, 1 .13 min (ret. time).

(R)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5- yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000215_0002

To a solution of (R)-4-ethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (0.020 g, 0.088 mmol) in Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide (DMF) (3 mL) under nitrogen and cooled to 0°C, was added 60% NaH (4.41 mg, 0.1 10 mmol) portion wise. The reaction was warmed to ambient temperature and stirred for 30 min. (R)-methyl 3-(4-(chloromethyl)-5- methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate (0.032 g, 0.073 mmol) in Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide (DMF) (3.00 mL) was then added dropwise to the reaction and stirred for 18h. The reaction was quenched with water and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (3.00 mL), methanol (3.00 mL), and water (3.00 mL) and LiOH (8.80 mg, 0.367 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 19h. The reaction was acidified with formic acid and was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.023g, 54% yield). LC/MS /z 570 (M+H)+, 1 .00 min (ret. time).

Example 47 (R)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5- yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000216_0001

To a solution of (R)-4-ethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (0.020 g, 0.088 mmol) in Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide (DMF) (3 mL) under nitrogen and cooled to 0°C, was added 60% NaH (4.41 mg, 0.1 10 mmol) portion wise. The reaction was warmed to ambient temperature and stirred for 30 min. (R)-methyl 3-(4-(chloromethyl)-5- methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoate (0.032 g, 0.073 mmol) in Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide (DMF) (3.00 mL) was then added dropwise to the reaction and stirred for 18h. The reaction was quenched with water and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (3.00 mL), methanol (3.00 mL), and water (3.00 mL) and LiOH (8.80 mg, 0.367 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 19h. The reaction was acidified with formic acid and was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.027g, 62% yield). LC/MS m/z 570 (M+H)+, 0.99 min (ret. time). Example 48

(S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5- dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-N-(pyridin-3-yl)propanamide

Figure imgf000217_0001

N-(2,4-Dimethoxybenzyl)-2-methylenebutan-1 -amine

Figure imgf000217_0002

To a solution of 2-methylenebutanal (100 g, 1 189 mmol) in toluene (135 mL) was added (2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)methanamine (199 g, 1 189 mmol) and stirred at 1 10°C for 48 hr. The reaction mixture was concentrated and dissolved in ethanol (82 mL). NaBH4 (90 g, 2378 mmol) was added at 0°C and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 6h. The reaction mixture was evaporated under reduced pressure, quenched with water (200 mL) and extracted with DCM (2 x 200 mL). The organic layer was dried over anhydrous Na2S04 and filtered. The filtrate was evaporated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 1 :9 EtOAc:Hexane. To provide the title compound. (68 g, 16.53 % yield). LC/MS m/z 236 (M+H)+, 3.62 min (ret. time).

2-Bromo-N-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-N-(2-methylenebutyl)-5- (trifluoromethyl)benzenesulfonamide

Figure imgf000218_0001

To a solution of N-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-2-methylenebutan-1 -amine (15 g, 43.3 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (300 mL) was added Et3N (12.08 mL, 87 mmol) at 0°C followed by addition of 2-bromo-5-(trifluoromethyl)benzene-1 -sulfonyl chloride (14.02 g, 43.3 mmol) and the reaction allowed to stir at ambient temperature for 16 h. The reaction mixture was evaporated under reduced pressure, quenched with water (300 mL) and extracted with DCM (2 x 300 mL). The organic layer was dried over anhydrous Na2S04 and filtered. The filtrate was evaporated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 2%, 4% then 8% petroleum ether/ ethyl acetate to provide the title compound. (20 g, 81 % yield). GC/MS m/z 521/523 (M+H)+, 10.66 min (ret. time).

2-Bromo-N-(2-methylenebutyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)benzenesulfonamide

Figure imgf000218_0002

To a solution of 2-bromo-N-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-N-(2-methylenebutyl)-5- (trifluoromethyl)benzenesulfonamide (39 g, 38.1 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (300 mL) was added TFA (32 mL, 415 mmol) at 0°C. Anisole (10 mL, 92 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 16h. The reaction mixture was evaporated under reduced pressure, quenched with water (200 mL) and extracted with DCM (2 x 200 mL). The organic layer was dried over anhydrous Na2S04 and filtered. The filtrate was evaporated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 2%, 4% then 8% petroleum ether/ ethyl acetate to provide the title compound. (17 g, 96 % yield). LC/MS m/z 369/371 (M-H)(M), 2.67 min (ret. time).

(S)-4-Ethyl-8-(trifluoromethyl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide and (R)-4-ethyl-8-(trifluoromethyl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 - dioxide

Figure imgf000219_0001

To a solution of 2-bromo-N-(2-methylenebutyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)benzenesulfonamide (17.5 g, 45.1 mmol) in toluene (200 mL) was added AIBN (3.71 g, 22.57 mmol) and the reaction was heated to 70°C. Tri -n-butyltin hydride (36.4 mL, 135 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred at 1 10°C for 16h. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with EtOAc: Hexane (15:85) to provide the title compound as a racemate. (1 1 .5 g, 79 % yield). LC/MS m/z 292 (M-H), 2.54 min (ret. time). The compound was resolved by chiral SFC (Column: Lux Cellulose-2 30x250mm, 5u; Co-solvent: 20% (100% IPA); 80% C02, Flowrate: 90 g/min; Back pressure: 90Bar) to provide (S)-4-ethyl-8- (trifluoromethyl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (4.2 g, 36% yield). m/z 294 (M+H)+, 3.29 min (ret. time), (chiral SFC ret. time: 4.91 min) and (R)-4-ethyl-8- (trifluoromethyl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (3.8 g, 32% yield). LCMS /z 294 (M+H)+, 3.29 min (ret. time), (chiral SFC ret. time: 6.71 min).

Benzyl (S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5- dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000219_0002

Benzyl (S)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(hydroxymethyl)-5- methylthiazol-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (102 mg, 0.213 mmol), (S)-4-ethyl-8- (trifluoromethyl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (125 mg, 0.426 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 -ylmethanone) (ADDP) (108 mg, 0.426 r were combined and dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (8 mL). After all solids were dissolved, tri-n-butylphosphine (0.105 mL, 0.426 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 18h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.147g, 91 % yield). LC/MS m/z 754 (M+H)+, 1 .73 min (ret. time).

(S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5- dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-N-(pyridin-3-yl)propanamide

Figure imgf000220_0001
To a solution of (S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5- dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl- 1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid (81 mg, 0.122 mmol) in isopropanol (2.00 mL) was added phenyl (E)-N-(tert-butyl)-N'-(pyridin-3- yl)carbamimidothioate (30.2 mg, 0.106 mmol) and ferric acetylacetonate (7.47 mg, 0.021 mmol). The vial was heated at 83°C for 18h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.037g, 47% yield). LC/MS m/z 740 (M+H)+, 1 .16 min (ret. time).

Example 49 (S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5- dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000221_0001

A solution of benzyl (S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5- dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl- 1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (0.147 g, 0.195 mmol) in methanol (10 mL) was flushed with nitrogen after which 5% Pd/C (0.021 g, 9.75 μηιοΙ) was added to the solution. The flask was evacuated and purged with hydrogen gas and stirred under a hydrogen balloon for 20h. Additional 5% Pd/C (0.005 g, 2.349 μηιοΓ) was added and the reaction stirred for 2.5h. The reaction was filtered with a filter disk and the solvent was concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.093g, 71 % yield). LC/MS /z 664(M+H)+, 1 .38 min (ret. time).

Example 50

(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(1 -methyl-5- (((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)-1 H-pyrazol-3-yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000221_0002

Methyl (S)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(1 - methyl-5-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5- dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-1 H-pyrazol-3-yl)propanoate

Figure imgf000222_0001

To a solution of methyl (S)-3-(1-ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(5- (hydroxymethyl)-1 -methyl-1 H-pyrazol-3-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (43 mg, 0.1 12 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (4 ml_) was added (S)-4-methyl-8-(trifluoromethyl)-2, 3,4,5- tetrahydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1-dioxide (62.3 mg, 0.223 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2- diylbis(piperidin-l-ylmethanone) (ADDP) (56.3 mg, 0.223 mmol). After all solids were dissolved, the solution was degassed and purged with argon after which tri-n- butylphosphine (0.055 ml_, 0.223 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 41 h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-90% EtOAc / Hexane to provide the title compound. (0.061 g, 64% yield). LC/MS m/z 647 (M+H)+, 1 .31 min (ret. time).

(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(1 -methyl-5- (((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)-1 H-pyrazol-3-yl)propanoic acid

Figure imgf000222_0002

To a solution of methyl (S)-3-(1-ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl- 3-(1-methyl-5-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1-dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5- dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-1 H-pyrazol-3-yl)propanoate (61 mg, 0.072 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2 ml_), methanol (1 ml_) and water (1 ml_) in a microwave reaction vessel, was added LiOH (8.58 mg, 0.358 mmol) and the reaction was heated via microwave at 100°C for 1 h. An additional portion of LiOH (8.58 mg, 0.358 mmol) was added and the reaction was heated via microwave at 140°C for 3h. The solvents were concentrated and the residue was suspended in acetonitrile and acidified with formic acid. The solvent was concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.035g, 77% yield). LC/MS m/z 633 (M+H)+ 1 .18 min (ret. time).

Example 51

(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethyl-N-(pyridin-3-yl)propanamide

Figure imgf000223_0001

To a solution of (S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid (18.31 mg, 0.031 mmol) in isopropanol (2.00 mL) in a microwave reaction vessel as added phenyl (E)-N-(tert-butyl)- N'-(pyridin-3-yl)carbamimidothioate (12.70 mg, 0.044 mmol) and ferric acetylacetonate (0.542 mg, 1 .534 μηιοΙ) and the reaction was heated via microwave at 120°C for 2h. The solvent was concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.01 1 g, 57% yield). LC/MS m/z 673 (M+H)+, 0.95 min (ret. time).

Example 52

(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4- (((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-N-(pyridin-3-yl)propanamide

Figure imgf000224_0001

To a solution of (S)-3-(1-ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5- methyl-4-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1-dioxido-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)propanoic acid (15.5 mg, 0.027 mmol) in isopropanol (2.00 mL) in a microwave reaction vessel as added phenyl (E)-N-(tert-butyl)-N'-(pyridin-3- yl)carbamimidothioate (11.05 mg, 0.039 mmol) and ferric acetylacetonate (0.471 mg, 1.334 μηιοΙ) and the reaction was heated via microwave at 120°C for 2h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.012g, 69% yield). LC/MS m/z 657 (M+H)+, 0.97 min (ret. time).

Example 53

(R)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000224_0002

Benzyl (R)-3-(5-chloro-4-(hydroxymethyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000225_0001

4N HCI in 1 ,4 dioxane (2.00 mL, 8.00 mmol) was added to benzyl (R)-3-(5-chloro-4-(((4- methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5- yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (0.143 g, 0.230 mmol) and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 2h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-50% EtOAc / Hexane to provide the title compound. (0.097 g, 82% yield). LC/MS m/z 502 (M+H)+, 1 .21 min(ret. time).

Benzyl (R)-3-(5-chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000225_0002

To a solution of benzyl (R)-3-(5-chloro-4-(hydroxymethyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro- 1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (50 mg, 0.100 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2 mL) was added (R)-4-ethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (45.3 mg, 0.199 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2- diylbis(piperidin-l -ylmethanone) (ADDP) (50.3 mg, 0.199 mmol). After all solids were dissolved, tri-n-butylphosphine (0.049 mL, 0.199 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 20h. Additional portions of (E)-diazene-l ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 - ylmethanone) (ADDP) (0.00 mmol) and tri-n-butylphosphine (0.049 mL, 0.199 mmol) were added and stirred for 2.5h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.059g, 83% yield). LC/MS m/z 71 1 (M+H)+, 1 .55 min (ret. time). (R)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000226_0001
To a solution of benzyl (R)-3-(5-chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (59 mg, 0.083 mmol) in chloroform (3 mL) was added methanesulfonic acid (0.032 mL, 0.498 mmol) and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 3.5h. Additional methanesulfonic acid (0.032 mL, 0.498 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred for 3 days. An additional portion of methanesulfonic acid (0.108 mL, 1 .659 mmol) and stirred for 22h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.01 1 g, 21 % yield). LC/MS m/z 621 (M+H)+, 1 .30 min (ret. time). Example 54

(S)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000226_0002
Methyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000227_0001

To a solution of (5-chloro-4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)(1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)methanol (750 mg, 1 .638 mmol) in acetonitrile (10ml_) was added 2,2,2-trichloroacetonitrile (0.328 ml_, 3.28 mmol), followed by

2,3,4,6,7,8,9, 10-octahydropyrimido[1 ,2-a]azepine (12.47 mg, 0.082 mmol) and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 1 h. ((1 -methoxy-2-methylprop-1 -en-1 - yl)oxy)trimethylsilane (0.832 mL, 4.09 mmol) was dissolved in acetonitrile (5.00 ml_), and added to the reaction mixture via syringe. This addition was followed by 1 ,1 ,1 -trifluoro-N- ((trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl)methanesulfonamide (0.034 mL, 0.164 mmol) dissolved in acetonitrile and added via syringe. The reaction was stirred at ambient temperature for 1 h. The reaction was partitioned between saturated aqueous NH4CI and ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (2 X 100ml_) and the combined organic phases were dried with MgSCV The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-70% EtOAc / Hexane to provide the title compound. (0.650 g, 71 % yield). LC/MS m/z 542 (M+H)+, 1 .38 min(ret. time).

(S)-Benzyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(hydroxymethyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000227_0002

(S)-benzyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl- 1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (260 mg, 0.421 mmol) was dissolved in acetonitrile (5.00 mL) and stirred with ceric ammonium nitrate (346 mg, 0.631 mmol) and water (1 mL ) at 0°C for 2h. The reaction was diluted with EtOAc (100 mL) and water (50 mL), and the phases were separated. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (50 mL) and the combined EtOAc layers were washed with water (50 mL), saturated aqueous NaCI and dried with Na2S04. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-100% EtOAc / Hexane to provide the title compound. (0.125 g, 59% yield). LC/MS /z 498 (M+H)+, 1 .2 min (ret. time).

(S)-Benzyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000228_0001

To a solution of (S)-benzyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(hydroxymethyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (61 mg, 0.122 mmol), (R)-4- ethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (55.9 mg, 0.245 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 -ylmethanone) (61 .8 mg, 0.245 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (4 mL) was added tributylphosphine (0.061 mL, 0.245 mmol) and stirred for 1 h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.075g, 86% yield). LC/MS m/z 708 (M+H)+, 1 .38 min (ret. time).

(S)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000229_0001

To a solution of (S)-benzyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (75mg, 0.106 mmol) in chloroform (3 mL), was added methanesulfonic acid (0.041 mL, 0.635 mmol) and allowed to stir for 24h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.01 Og, 15% yield). LC/MS m/z 618 (M+H)+, 1 .09 min (ret. time).

Example 55 (S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5- dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000229_0002

Methyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(((4- methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000230_0001

To a solution of (1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)(4-(((4- methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)methanol (8.71 g, 19.91 mmol) and ((1 - methoxy-2-methylprop-1 -en-1 -yl)oxy)trimethylsilane (12.13 mL, 59.7 mmol) in

dichloromethane (DCM) (800 mL) in an oven dried flask, at -5°C under nitrogen atmosphere, was added a solution of 1 M titanium tetrachloride in DCM (19.91 mL, 19.91 mmol) diluted in dichloromethane (DCM) (125 mL), over 3h and was stirred at -5°C for an additional 30 min. The reaction was quenched with 300 mL of 5% NaHS04 while cooled. The layers were separated in a separatory funnel and the organic layer was washed with water (2X). The combined aqueous layers were washed with DCM (3X). The combined organics were washed with saturated NaHC03, brine and dried with MgS04. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0- 50% EtOAc / Hexane to provide the title compound. (6.26 g, 54% yield). LC/MS m/z 522 (M+H)+, 1 .33 min (ret. time). Benzyl (S)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(((4- methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate and benzyl (R)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(((4- methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000230_0002
To a solution of methyl 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(((4- methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (6.26 g, 12.00 mmol) dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (65 mL), methanol (65 mL), and water (32mL) was added LiOH (1 .437 g, 60.0 mmol) and the reaction was heated to 65°C for 20h.

Additional LiOH (0.575 g, 24.00 mmol) was added and continued heating for 5.5h. Another portion of LiOH (0.287 g, 12.00 mmol) was added and the reaction was heated to 75°C for 2h, at 65°C for 24h and then at ambient temperature for 2 days. The solvents were concentrated and the residue was dissolved in Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide (DMF) (60 mL) and benzyl bromide (5.71 mL, 48.0 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred for 1 h. The reaction was diluted with water and EtOAc and acidified with 1 N HCI. The layers were separated and the aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (2X). The combined organics were washed with water, brine and dried with MgS04. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-40% EtOAc / Hexane to provide the title compound as a racemate. (6.17 g, 86% yield). LC/MS m/z 598 (M+H)+, 1 .51 min (ret. time). The compound was resolved by chiral SFC (Column: Chiralpak IA 20x250mm, 5u; Co-solvent: 30% EtOH; Flowrate: 50 g/min; Back pressure: 100Bar, 30°C) to provide benzyl (S)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(((4- methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (2.74 g, 38% yield), m/z 598 (M+H)+, 1 .48 min (ret. time) (chiral SFC ret. time: 1 .9 min) and benzyl (R)- 3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5- methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (2.81 g, 39% yield). LCMS /z 598 (M+H)+, 1 .48 min (ret. time), (chiral SFC ret. time: 3.38 min). Benzyl (S)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(hydroxymethyl)-5- methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000231_0001

To a solution of benzyl (S)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(((4- methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (2.64 g, 4.42 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (60 mL) and water (5.5 mL) cooled to 0°C, was added DDQ (1 .003 g, 4.42 mmol) portion wise over 10 min. and stirred at 0°C for 2.5h. Additional DDQ (0.100 g, 0.442 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred at 0°C for 3.5h. The reaction was warmed to ambient temperature and stirred for 1 h. It was then diluted with DCM and quenched with saturated NaHC03. The layers were separated and the aqueous layer was extracted with DCM (4X). Added brine to break up the emulsions. Washed combined organics with water, brine and dried with MgS04. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-40% EtOAc / Hexane to provide the title compound as a racemate. (1 .81 g, 86% yield). LC/MS m/z 478 (M+H)+, 1 .15 min (ret. time).

Benzyl (S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5- dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000232_0001
Benzyl (S)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-(hydroxymethyl)-5- methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (104 mg, 0.218 mmol), (S)-4-ethyl-8- (trifluoromethyl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (63.9 mg, 0.218 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 -ylmethanone) (ADDP) (54.9 mg, 0.218 mmol) were combined and dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (7 mL). After all solids were dissolved, the reaction was flushed with nitrogen and tri-n-butylphosphine (0.054 mL,

0.218 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 1 h. Additional tri-n-butylphosphine (0.054 mL, 0.218 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred for 30 min. Additional portions of (E)-diazene-l ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 -ylmethanone) (ADDP) (54.9 mg, 0.218 mmol) followed by tri-n-butylphosphine (0.054 mL, 0.218 mmol) and (S)-4-ethyl- 8-(trifluoromethyl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (63.9 mg, 0.218 mmol) were added and stirred for 1 h. The reaction was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-30% EtOAc / Hexane to provide the title compound as a racemate. (0.121 g, 75% yield). LC/MS m/z 753 (M+H)+, min (ret. time).

(S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5- dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000233_0001

A solution of benzyl (S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5- dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl- 1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (0.125 g, 0.166 mmol) in methanol (8 mL) was flushed with nitrogen after which 5% Pd/C (0.035 g, 0.017 mmol) was added to the solution. The flask was evacuated and purged with hydrogen gas and stirred under a hydrogen balloon 18h. The reaction was filtered through Celite and the solvent was concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.090g, 82% yield). LC/MS /z 663 (M+H)+, 1 .38 min (ret. time).

Example 56

(S)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000233_0002

(S)-Benzyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000234_0001

To a solution of (S)-benzyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(hydroxymethyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4- methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (64 mg, 0.129 mmol), (R)-4- ethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (58.7 mg, 0.257 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 -ylmethanone) (64.8 mg, 0.257 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (4 ml_) was added tributylphosphine (0.064 ml_, 0.257 mmol) and stirred for 1 h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.070g, 77% yield). LC/MS m/z 708(M+H)+, 1 .38 (ret. time).

(S)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000234_0002
To a solution of (S)-benzyl 3-(5-chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- pyrido[4,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (70mg, 0.099 mmol) in chloroform (3 ml_), was added methanesulfonic acid (0.039ml_ 0.593 mmol) and stirred for 24 hours at ambient temperature. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.006g, 9.8% yield). LC/MS m/z 618(M+H)+ 1 .09 (ret. time). Example 57

(R)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5- di hydro be nzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000235_0001

Benzyl (R)-3-(5-chloro-4-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5- di hydro be nzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000235_0002

To a solution of benzyl (R)-3-(5-chloro-4-(hydroxymethyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro- 1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (31 mg, 0.062 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2 mL) was added (S)-4-methyl-8-(trifluoromethyl)-2, 3,4,5- tetrahydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1-dioxide (34.5 mg, 0.124 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2- diylbis(piperidin-l-ylmethanone) (ADDP) (31.2 mg, 0.124 mmol). After all solids were dissolved, tri-n-butylphosphine (0.030 mL, 0.124 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 2h. An additional portion of (E)-diazene-l ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1- ylmethanone) (ADDP) (31.2 mg, 0.124 mmol) was added followed by the addition of tri-n- butylphosphine (0.030 mL, 0.124 mmol). The reaction was stirred for 4h. Afterwards, an additional portion of (E)-diazene-l ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 -ylmethanone) (ADDP) (31 .2 mg, 0.124 mmol) was added followed by the addition of tri-n-butylphosphine (0.152 mL, 0.618 mmol) and stirred for 1 h. A white solid that formed was filtered through a filter cartridge and (E)-diazene-l ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 -ylmethanone) (ADDP) (312 mg, 1 .236 mmol) was added followed by tri-n-butylphosphine (0.152 mL, 0.618 mmol) and stirred for 18h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.027g, 57% yield). LC/MS m/z 762 (M+H)+, 1 .60 min (ret. time). (R)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5- di hydro be nzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000236_0001

To a solution of benzyl (R)-3-(5-chloro-4-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5- dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (27 mg, 0.035 mmol) in chloroform (3 mL) was added methanesulfonic acid (0.014 mL, 0.212 mmol) and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 3.5h. Additional methanesulfonic acid (0.014 mL, 0.212 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred for 3 days. Afterwards, an additional portion of methanesulfonic acid (0.046 mL, 0.707 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred for 22.5h. The reaction was heated to 50°C for 5h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.0048g, 19% yield). LC/MS m/z 673 (M+H)+, 1 .40 min (ret. time). Example 58 (R)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-2,2- dimethylpentanoic acid

Figure imgf000237_0001
5-(Trimethylsilyl)pent-4-yn-1 -ol,
Figure imgf000237_0002

To a solution of n-butyllithium (319 mL, 797 mmol) at -60°C, was added a solution of pent- 4-yn-1 -ol (33.5 g, 398 mmol) in diethyl ether (500 mL) and stirred for 1 h.

Trimethylchlorosilane (204 mL, 1593 mmol) was then added to the reaction mixture and left to stir for additional 15 min, after which the reaction mixture was warmed to 0°C and quenched with water (50 mL). The aqueous layer was washed with 1 N HCI (3X). The combined organic phases were washed with water (2 x 50 mL), brine (50 mL) and dried over Na2S04, concentrated under reduced pressure to give 5-(trimethylsilyl)pent-4-yn-1 -ol (30 g, 173 mmol, 43.4 % yield). Ή NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3) δ 3.75 (d, J = 6.0 Hz, 2H), 2.35 (t, J = 6.9 Hz, 2H), 1 .77 (dd, J = 9.6, 3.4 Hz, 2H), 0.18 - 0.12 (m, 9H).

5-(Trimethylsilyl)pent-4-ynal

Figure imgf000237_0003

To a solution of 5-(trimethylsilyl)pent-4-yn-1 -ol (5g, 32.0 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (100 mL) was added PCC (8.27 g, 38.4 mmol) and 8.27 g of silica gel. The reaction mixture was stirred at 20°C for 16h. The crude product was added to a silica gel column and was eluted with ether to give 5-(trimethylsilyl)pent-4-ynal (3.3 g, 19.25 mmol, 60.2 % yield). 1 H NMR (500 MHz, CDCI3) δ 9.79 (s, 1 H), 2.68 (t, J = 7.3 Hz, 2H), 2.33 (t, J = 7.1 Hz, 2H), 0.14 (s, 9H).

1 -(4-(((4-Methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-5-(trimethylsilyl)pent-4- yn-1 -ol

Figure imgf000238_0001

To a stirred solution of 5-bromo-3-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-2-methylthiophene (10 g, 30.6 mmol) in THF (80 mL) was added butyllithium (13.45 ml_, 33.6 mmol, 2.5 M solution in Hexanes) dropwise at -78 °C under nitrogen. The mixture was stirred at -78°C for 30 mins. 5-(trimethylsilyl)pent-4-ynal (8.25 g, 53.5 mmol) in 20 mL of THF was added slowly under nitrogen and stirred for 2 h at -78 °C. The reaction was quenched by saturated NH4CI (50 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (3X100 mL). The organic layer was washed with brine (100 mL) and dried over Na2S04. After removing solvent, the residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 3:1 hexane:ethyl acetate to give the 1 - (4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-5-(trimethylsilyl)pent-4-yn-1 -ol (6.9 g, 9.94 mmol, 32.5 % yield). LC/MS m/z 425 (M+Na)+, 1 .97 min (ret. time).

1 -(4-(((4-Methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)pent-4-yn-1 -ol

Figure imgf000238_0002

To a solution of 1 -(4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-5- (trimethylsilyl)pent-4-yn-1 -ol (6.9 g, 17.14 mmol) in methanol (30 mL), was added K2C03 (9.47 g, 68.6 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at 20°C for 2h. Afterwards, water (50mL) was added, and was extracted with ethyl acetate (3X50 mL). The organic layer was washed with brine (100mL) and dried over Na2S04. After filtrated and concentrated to give the title compound (5.1 g, 1 1 .79 mmol, 68.8 % yield). LC/MS m/z 313 (M-17)+, 1 .75 min (ret. time). Methyl 3-(4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2- dimethylhept-6-ynoate

Figure imgf000239_0001

To a solution of 1 -(4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)pent-4-yn-1 -ol (3.1 g, 9.38 mmol) in dry acetonitrile (60 mL) was slowly added DBU (1 .414 mL, 9.38 mmol) and 2,2,2-trichloroacetonitrile (1 .761 g, 12.20 mmol) under N2 protection at 20°C. The mixture was stirred at 20°C for 30min. ((1 -methoxy-2-methylprop-1 -en-1 - yl)oxy)trimethylsilane (4.09 g, 23.45 mmol) was added into reaction, subsequently 1 ,1 ,1 - trifluoro-N-((trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl) methanesulfonamide (0.158 g, 0.563 mmol) was added into the reaction under N2 protection. The mixture was stirred at 20°C for 16h. The reaction was quenched with H2O (50mL). The mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate (3X150 mL) and the organic layer was washed with brine (200 mL) and dried over Na2S04. The solvent was removed and the residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 4:1 petroleum ether:EtOAc to give the title compound. (1 .5 g, 3.51 mmol, 37.4 % yield). LC/MS m/z 437 (M-23)+, 1 .98 min (ret. time).

Methyl 5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-3-(4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5- methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpentanoate

Figure imgf000239_0002

To a solution of methyl 3-(4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2- dimethylhept-6-ynoate (2.5 g, 6.03 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (50 mL) and water (30 mL) was slowly added sodium azide (1 .176 g, 18.09 mmol), iodoethane (2.82 g, 18.09 mmol), copper(l) iodide (0.230 g, 1 .206 mmol) and sodium bicarbonate (1 .520 g, 18.09 mmol) under nitrogen. The reaction mixture was stirred at 70°C for 16h. The reaction was quenched with H20 (30mL). The mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate (3X50 mL) and the organic layer was washed with brine (80 mL) and dried over Na2S04. The solvent was removed and the residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 2:1 petroleum ether:EtOAc to give the title compound. (1 .8 g, 3.52 mmol, 58.4 % yield). LC/MS /z 486 (M+H)+, 1 .84 min (ret. time).

Benzyl 5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-3-(4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5- methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpentanoate

Figure imgf000240_0001

To a solution of methyl 5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-3-(4-(((4- methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpentanoate (1 .8 g, 3.71 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (10 ml_)/methanol (10.00 mL) was added LiOH (0.444 g, 18.53 mmol) in water (10.00 mL) The reaction mixture was stirred at 100°C for 16h. The solvent was removed. The residue was dissolved in Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide (DMF) (20 mL) and (bromomethyl)benzene (2.54 g, 14.83 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred at 70°C for 16h. Then H20 (20 mL) was added, the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate (3X80mL). The combined organic layers were dried over Na2S04 and evaporated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 3:1 petroleum ether:EtOAc to give the title compound as a racemate. (1 g, 1 .780 mmol, 48.0 % yield). LC/MS m/z 562 (M+H)+, 1 .95 min (ret. time).

Benzyl (S)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-3-(4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5- methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpentanoate and benzyl (R)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3- triazol-4-yl)-3-(4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2- dimethylpentanoate

Figure imgf000240_0002
Racemic benzyl 5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-3-(4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5- methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpentanoate was resolved by chiral SFC (Column:

Chiralpak AY 20x250mm, 5u; Co-solvent: 30% IPA; Flowrate: 50 g/min; Back pressure: "l OOBar, 30°C) to provide Benzyl (S)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2, 3-triazol-4-yl)-3-(4-(((4- methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpentanoate (0.400 g, 100% pure), m/z 562 (M+H)+, 1 .42 min(ret. time) (chiral SFC ret. time: 2.8 min) and benzyl (R)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-3-(4-(((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5- methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpentanoate (0.428 g, 100% pure). LCMS m/z 562 (M+H)+, 1 .41 min(ret. time), (chiral SFC ret. time: 3.85 min).

Benzyl (R)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-3-(4-(hydroxymethyl)-5-methylthiophen-2- yl)-2,2-dimethylpentanoate

Figure imgf000241_0001

To a solution of benzyl (R)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-3-(4-(((4- methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpentanoate (0.428 g, 0.762 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (87 mL) was added DDQ (0.173 g, 0.762 mmol) at ambient temperature. Water (8.66 mL) was then added to reaction and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 23h. Additional DDQ (0.043 g, 0.190 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 2h. The reaction was quenched with saturated NaHC03. The layers were separated and aqueous layer was extracted with DCM (3X). The combined organics were washed with water, brine, dried with MgS04. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0- 80% EtOAc/Hexane to provide the title compound. (0.190 g, 56% yield). LC/MS /z 442 (M+H)+, 1 .03 min (ret. time).

Benzyl (R)-3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol- 4-yl)-2,2-dimethylpentanoate

Figure imgf000242_0001

To a solution of benzyl (R)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-3-(4-(hydroxymethyl)-5- methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpentanoate (0.064g, 0.145 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (3.00 mL) was added (R)-4-ethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (0.066 g, 0.290 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 -ylmethanone) (ADDP) (0.073 g, 0.290 mmol). The reaction was evacuated and purged with nitrogen and tri-n-butylphosphine (0.072 mL, 0.290 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 18h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.055g, 59% yield). LC/MS m/z 652 (M+H)+, 1 .28 min (ret. time).

(R)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-2,2- dimethylpentanoic acid

Figure imgf000242_0002
A solution of benzyl (R)-3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3- b][1 ,4, 5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 , 2,3-triazol-4-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpentanoate (58.8 mg, 0.090 mmol) in methanol (5 mL), was purged with nitrogen and 5% Pd/C (19.20 mg, 9.02 μηιοΙ) was added. The reaction was evacuated and purged with hydrogen and stirred under a hydrogen balloon for 2h. The reaction was filtered through a filter cartridge. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.034g, 68% yield). LC/MS /z 562 (M+H)+, 0.96 min (ret. time).

Example 59

(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-2,2- dimethylpentanoic acid

Figure imgf000243_0001

Benzyl (S)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-3-(4-(hydroxymethyl)-5-methylthiophen-2- yl)-2,2-dimethylpentanoate

Figure imgf000243_0002

To a solution of benzyl (S)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-3-(4-(((4- methoxybenzyl)oxy)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpentanoate (0.400 g, 0.712 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (81 mL) was added DDQ (0.162 g, 0.712 mmol) at ambient temperature. Water (8.09 mL) was then added to reaction and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 18h. The reaction was quenched with saturated NaHC03. The layers were separated and aqueous layer was extracted with DCM (4X). The combined organics were washed with water (2X), brine, and dried with MgS04. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-40% 3:1 EtOAc:EtOH/Hexane to provide the title compound. (0.280 g, 66% yield). LC/MS m/z 442 (M+H)+, 1 .03 min (ret. time). Benzyl (S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-

4-yl)-2,2-dimethylpentanoate

Figure imgf000244_0001
To a solution of benzyl (S)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-3-(4-(hydroxymethyl)-5- methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpentanoate (0.070 g, 0.159 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (3.00 mL) was added (R)-4-ethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide (0.072 g, 0.317 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 -ylmethanone) (ADDP) (0.080 g, 0.317 mmol). The reaction was evacuated and purged with nitrogen and tri-n-butylphosphine (0.078 mL, 0.317 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 18h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.083g, 81 % yield). LC/MS m/z 652 (M+H)+, 1 .25 min (ret. time).

(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-2,2- dimethylpentanoic acid

Figure imgf000244_0002

A solution of benzyl (S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3- b][1 ,4, 5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 , 2,3-triazol-4-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpentanoate (48.2 mg, 0.074 mmol) in methanol (5 mL), was purged with nitrogen and 5% Pd/C (15.74 mg, 7.39 μηιοΙ) was added. The reaction was evacuated and purged with hydrogen and stirred under a hydrogen balloon for 2h. The reaction was filtered through a cartridge filter and the solvent was concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.035g, 86% yield). LC/MS m/z 562 (M+H)+, 0.98 min (ret. time).

Example 60

(S)-3-(4-(((R)-2-Ethyl-2,3-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,4]oxazepin-4(5H)-yl)methyl)-5- methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000245_0001

(R)-1 -Azidobutan-2-ol

Figure imgf000245_0002

To a round bottom flask equipped with a reflux condenser was added (R)-2-ethyloxirane (26.0 g, 361 mmol), sodium azide (28.1 g, 433 mmol) and ammonium chloride (23.15 g, 433 mmol) followed by a solution of ethanol (200 ml_) and water (200 ml_). The reaction mixture was heated at 100 °C for 24 hr. The reaction mixture was cooled, the ethanol removed under reduced pressure and the residual aqueous layer extracted with diethyl ether (3 X 250 ml_). The organic extracts were combined, washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, filtered and the solvent evaporated under reduced pressure to afford an oil. The oil was purified by silica gel chromatography (0-10% MeOH/DCM) to afford (R)-1 - azidobutan-2-ol (19.8 g, 172 mmol, 47.7 % yield). 1H NMR (CHCb-d) δ: 3.64-3.76 (m, 1 H), 3.35-3.46 (m, 1 H), 3.20-3.34 (m, 1 H), 2.19 (s, 1 H), 1 .47-1 .60 (m, 2H), 0.90-1 .06 (m, 3H)

(R)-1 -Aminobutan-2-ol OH

H2N

To a solution of (R)-1 -azidobutan-2-ol (19.80 g, 172 mmol) in ethanol (250 mL) was added 10% palladium on carbon (1 .830 g, 17.20 mmol) and the suspension was placed under a hydrogen atmosphere for 72 hr. Additional 10% palladium on carbon (1 .830 g, 17.20 mmol) was added at 24 and 48 hr time points. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite and then evaporated under reduced pressure to afford a light yellow oil (R)-1 - aminobutan-2-ol (13.5 g, 151 mmol, 88 % yield). Ή NMR (CHCb-d) δ: 3.43 (m, 1 H), 2.77 (m, 1 H), 2.64 (br. s., 3H), 2.52 (m, 1 H), 1 .36-1 .48 (m, 2H), 0.87-0.96 (m, 3H).

(R)-1 -(((3-Fluoropyridin-2-yl)methyl)amino)butan-2-ol

Figure imgf000246_0001

To a solution of (R)-1 -aminobutan-2-ol (3.70 g, 41 .5 mmol) in methanol (150 mL) was added 3-fluoropicolinaldehyde (4.67 g, 37.4 mmol) followed by magnesium sulfate (4.50 g, 37.4 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 1 hr. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite and washed with methanol (300mL). Sodium borohydride (1 .413 g, 37.4 mmol) was added in two portions to the filtrate and the reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 30 min. The reaction mixture was quenched with 10% sodium bicarbonate solution and the methanol evaporated under reduced pressure. The remaining aqueous phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 125 mL) and the combined organic extracts were washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, filtered and the solvent evaporated under reduced pressure. The crude residue was purified by silica gel chromatography (0-100% /3:1 ethyl acetate:ethanol/hexanes) to afford a yellow oil (R)-1 - (((3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)methyl)amino)butan-2-ol (5.3 g, 24.06 mmol, 58.0 % yield). 1H NMR (CHCI3-d) δ: 8.36-8.45 (m, 1 H), 7.37-7.45 (m, 1 H), 7.22-7.32 (m, 1 H), 4.10-4.16 (m, 2H), 3.68-3.77 (m, 1 H), 2.89 (m, 1 H), 2.64 (m, 1 H), 1 .43-1 .55 (m, 2H), 0.90-1 .02 (m, 3H). LC- MS: m/z 199.2 (M+H)+

(R)-Tert-butyl 2-ethyl-2,3-dihydropyrido[2,3-f|[1 ,4]oxazepine-4(5H)-carboxylate

Figure imgf000247_0001

To a solution of (R)-1 -(((3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)methyl)amino)butan-2-ol (5.20 g, 26.2 mmol) in dimethyl sulfoxide (100 mL) was added potassium fe/ -butoxide (3.68 g, 32.8 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at 90 °C for 45 min. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature to afford a deep red-colored solution. Boc-anhydride (6.09 mL, 26.2 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was allowed to stir for 18 hr. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate (500 mL) and the organic phase washed with water (4 X 200 mL), brine, dried over sodium sulfate, filtered and the solvent evaporated under reduced pressure. The crude residue was purified by silica gel chromatography (0-50% ethyl acetate/hexanes) to afford an orange oil (R)-tert-butyl 2-ethyl-2,3-dihydropyrido[2,3- /][1 ,4]oxazepine-4(5H)-carboxylate (4.84 g, 17.39 mmol, 66.3 % yield). Ή NMR (DMSO- d6) δ: 8.17 (m, 1 H), 7.36 (m, 1 H), 7.24 (m, 1 H), 4.49-4.76 (m, 2H), 3.93 (br. s., 1 H), 3.47- 3.74 (m, 2H), 1 .52-1 .66 (m, 2H), 1 .36 (br. s., 4H), 1 .25 (s, 5H), 0.96-1 .07 (m, 3H). LC-MS: m/z 279.2 (M+H)+. (R)-2-Ethyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyrido[2,3-f|[1 ,4]oxazepine, hydrochloride

Figure imgf000247_0002

To a solution of (R)-tert-butyl 2-ethyl-2,3-dihydropyrido[2,3-/][1 ,4]oxazepine-4(5H)- carboxylate (4.84 g, 17.39 mmol) in 1 ,4-dioxane (20 mL), at ambient temperature, was added 4N HCI in dioxane (100 mL, 400 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 2h. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure and azeotroped with diethyl ether (3X) to afford a cream solid (R)-2-ethyl-2, 3,4,5- tetrahydropyrido[2,3-/][1 ,4]oxazepine, hydrochloride (3.55 g, 16.54 mmol, 95 % yield). 1H NMR (DMSO-de) δ: 9.95-10.36 (m, 2H), 8.38 (m, 1 H), 7.66 (m, 1 H), 7.51 (m, 1 H), 4.39- 4.57 (m, 2H), 4.04-4.18 (m, 1 H), 3.47-3.60 (m, 1 H), 3.24-3.40 (m, 1 H), 1 .69 (m, 2H), 1 .05 (m, 3H). LC-MS: m/z 179.2 (M+H)+

R)-2-Chloro-N-(2-hydroxybutyl)pyridine-3-sulfonamide

Figure imgf000248_0001

To a solution of 2-chloropyridine-3-sulfonyl chloride (15 g, 70.7 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (100 mL) was added (R)-1 -aminobutan-2-ol (6.31 g, 70.7 mmol), potassium carbonate (9.78 g, 70.7 mmol) and water (30 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred for 2 h at ambient temperature. The reaction mixture was quenched with water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (3 x 20 mL). The combined organic layer was dried over anhydrous Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the title compound (14 g, 43.6 mmol, 61 .7 % yield). LC-MS m/z 262.95 (M-H)+, 2.627 min (ret. time).

(R)-4-Ethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 -dioxide

Figure imgf000248_0002

To a solution of (R)-2-chloro-N-(2-hydroxybutyl)pyridine-3-sulfonamide (13 g, 49.1 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (130 mL) at 5°C was added potassium tert-butoxide (16.53 g, 147 mmol), and the reaction was heated to 75 °C for 3 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature and then quenched with ice water (200 mL) and neutralized with 1 N HCI (10 mL) solution. It was extracted with ethyl acetate (4 x 100 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with ice cold water (30 mL), washed with brine solution (30 mL), dried over anhydrous Na2S04, filtered and concentrated. The crude residue was purified via flash chromatography eluting with EtOAc: hexane (4:6). Desired fractions were concentrated to give the title compound (4.9 g, 20.77 mmol, 42.3 % yield) as an off- white solid. LCMS m/z = 229.08 (M+H)+, 2.555 min (ret. time).

Benzyl (S)-3-(4-(((R)-2-ethyl-2,3-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,4]oxazepin-4(5H)-yl)methyl)-5- methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoate

Figure imgf000249_0001

To a solution of benzyl (S)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4- (hydroxymethyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoate (100 mg, 0.209 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (4 mL) was added thionyl chloride (0.031 mL, 0.419 mmol) and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 30 min. The solvent was removed and the residue was dissolved in acetonitrile (4.00 mL) in a 10mL microwave reaction vessel. To this solution was added (R)-2-ethyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,4]oxazepine, hydrochloride (49.4 mg, 0.230 mmol) and DIEA (0.183 mL, 1 .047 mmol). The reaction was heated via microwave to 120°C for 30 min. The reaction was purified by flash chromatography eluting with 0-5% MeOH/DCM to provide the title compound. (0.109 g, 82% yield). LC/MS m/z 638 (M+H), 0.96 min (ret. time).

(S)-3-(4-(((R)-2-Ethyl-2,3-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,4]oxazepin-4(5H)-yl)methyl)-5- methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid

Figure imgf000249_0002

A solution of benzyl (S)-3-(4-(((R)-2-ethyl-2,3-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,4]oxazepin-4(5H)- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoate (109 mg, 0.171 mmol) in methanol (5 mL) was evacuated and purged with nitrogen. 5% Pd/C (36.4 mg, 0.017 mmol) was then added and the reaction was evacuated and purged with hydrogen gas and stirred under a balloon of hydrogen gas at ambient temperature for 2h. The reaction was filtered through Celite and the solvent was concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.065g, 68% yield). LC/MS /z 548 (M+H)+. 0.73 min (ret. time).

Example 61 (R)-5-(1 -Ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 - dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2- yl)pentanoic acid

Figure imgf000250_0001

Benzyl (R)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4-(((S)-4-methyl- 1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2- yl)pentanoate

Figure imgf000250_0002

To a solution of benzyl (R)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-3-(4-(hydroxymethyl)-5- methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpentanoate (0.0644g, 0.146 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (3.00 mL) was added (S)-4-methyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 - dioxide (0.065 g, 0.308 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 -ylmethanone) (ADDP) (0.074 g, 0.292 mmol). The reaction was evacuated and purged with nitrogen and tri-n-butylphosphine (0.072 mL, 0.292 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 18h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.059g, 64% yield). LC/MS m/z 636 (M+H)+, 1 .29 min (ret. time).

(R)-5-(1 -Ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 - dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2- yl)pentanoic acid

Figure imgf000251_0001

A solution of benzyl (R)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4-(((S)-4- methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2- yl)pentanoate (59.5 mg, 0.094 mmol) in methanol (5 ml_), was purged with nitrogen and 5% Pd/C (19.92 mg, 9.36 μηιοΙ) was added. The reaction was evacuated and purged with hydrogen and stirred under a hydrogen balloon for 2h. The reaction was filtered through a cartridge filter and the solvent was concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.031 g, 62% yield). LC/MS m/z 546 (M+H)+, 0.97 min (ret. time). Example 62

(S)-5-(1 -Ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 - dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2- yl)pentanoic acid

Figure imgf000251_0002
Benzyl (S)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4-(((S)-4-methyl- 1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2- yl)pentanoate

Figure imgf000252_0001

To a solution of benzyl (S)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 , 2, 3-triazol-4-yl)-3-(4-(hydroxymethyl)-5- methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpentanoate (0.0715 g, 0.162 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (3.00 mL) was added (S)-4-methyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepine 1 ,1 - dioxide (0.073 g, 0.342 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 -ylmethanone) (ADDP) (0.082 g, 0.324 mmol). The reaction was evacuated and purged with nitrogen and tri-n-butylphosphine (0.080 mL, 0.324 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 18h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.087g, 85% yield). LC/MS m/z 636 (M+H)+, 1 .27 min (ret. time). (S)-5-(1 -Ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 - dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2- yl)pentanoic acid

Figure imgf000252_0002

To a solution of benzyl (S)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 , 2, 3-triazol-4-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4- (((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen- 2-yl)pentanoate (49.2 mg, 0.077 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2 mL), methanol (2 mL), water (1 mL) was added LiOH (9.26 mg, 0.387 mmol) and the reaction was heated via microwave at 100°C for 4h. Additional LiOH (9.26 mg, 0.387 mmol) was added and the reaction was heated at 100°C for 2h. The solvents were concentrated. The residue was acidified with formic acid and was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.034g, 81 % yield). LC/MS m/z 546 (M+H)+, 0.99 min (ret. time).

Example 63

(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-2,2- dimethylpentanoic acid

Figure imgf000253_0001

Benzyl (S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazep 2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-2,2- dimethylpentanoate

Figure imgf000253_0002

To a solution of benzyl (S)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-3-(4-(hydroxymethyl)-5- methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpentanoate (0.064 g, 0.145 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (3.00 mL) was added (R)-4-ethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 dioxide (0.066 g, 0.290 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 -ylmethanone) (ADDP) (0.073 g, 0.290 mmol). The reaction was evacuated and purged with nitrogen and tri-n-butylphosphine (0.072 ml_, 0.290 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 18h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.065g, 68% yield). LC/MS m/z 651 (M+H)+, 1 .37 min (ret. time).

(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-2,2- dimethylpentanoic acid

Figure imgf000254_0001
To a solution of benzyl (S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol- 4-yl)-2,2-dimethylpentanoate (19 mg, 0.029 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (1 ml_), methanol (1 .000 ml_), water (0.50 mL) was added LiOH (3.50 mg, 0.146 mmol) and the reaction was heated via microwave at 100°C for 4h. Additional LiOH (3.50 mg, 0.146 mmol) was added and the reaction was heated for 2h at 100°C. The solvents were concentrated. The residue was acidified with formic acid and was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.012g, 73% yield). LC/MS m/z 561 (M+H)+, 1 .22 min (ret. time).

Example 64 (R)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-2,2- dimethylpentanoic acid

Figure imgf000255_0001

Benzyl (R)-3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin- 2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-2,2- dimethylpentanoate

Figure imgf000255_0002

To a solution of benzyl (R)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-3-(4-(hydroxymethyl)-5- methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpentanoate (0.064 g, 0.145 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (3.00 mL) was added (R)-4-ethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepine 1 ,1 - dioxide (0.066 g, 0.290 mmol) and (E)-diazene-l ,2-diylbis(piperidin-1 -ylmethanone) (ADDP) (0.073 g, 0.290 mmol). The reaction was evacuated and purged with nitrogen and tri-n-butylphosphine (0.072 mL, 0.290 mmol) was added and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 18h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under neutral conditions to provide the title compound (0.052g, 55% yield). LC/MS m/z 651 (M+H)+, 1 .40 min (ret. time). (R)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-2,2- dimethylpentanoic acid

Figure imgf000256_0001

A solution of benzyl (R)-3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol- 4-yl)-2,2-dimethylpentanoate (52.7 mg, 0.081 mmol) in methanol (5 ml_), was purged with nitrogen and 5% Pd/C (17.23 mg, 8.10 μηιοΙ) was added. The reaction was evacuated and purged with hydrogen and stirred under a hydrogen balloon for 5.5h. The reaction was filtered through a cartridge filter and the solvent was concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.031 g, 70% yield). LC/MS m/z 561 (M+H)+, 1 .10 min (ret. time). Example 65

(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethyl-N-(1 H-tetrazol-5-yl)propanamide, 0.10Formic acid salt

Figure imgf000256_0002

To a dry 10ml_ microwave reaction vial was added under nitrogen (S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-ethyl- 1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2- yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid (0.050 g, 0.084 mmol) and 1 -(fluoro(pyrrolidin-1 -yl)methylene)pyrrolidin-1 -ium

hexafluorophosphate(V) (BTFFH) (0.040 g, 0.126 mmol) and dichloromethane (DCM) (2 ml_). DIEA (0.066 ml_, 0.377 mmol) was then added and stirred for 1 .5h. 1 H-tetrazol-5- amine (7.84 mg, 0.092 mmol) was then added and the vial was heated via microwave at 100°C for 1 .5h. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC under formic acid conditions to provide the title compound (0.020g, 34% yield). LC/MS m/z 634 (M+H)+, 1 .24 min (ret. time).

Claims

What is claimed is:
1 . A compound of Formula (I):
Figure imgf000258_0001
wherein:
B is benzotriazolyl, phenyl, triazolopyridinyl, -0-(CH2)-triazolyl, or -(CH2)2-triazolyl wherein each of benzotriazolyl, phenyl, triazolopyridinyl, -0-(CH2)-triazolyl, or -(CH2)2-triazolyl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from -C i_ 3alkyl, -O-Ci-salkyl,
-CN, -(CH2)2-0-(CH2)2-OR3 and halo;
D is -C(0)OH, -C(0)NR3R4, -C(0)NHS02CH3, -S02NHC(0)CH3, 5-(trifluoromethyl)-4H- 1 ,2,4-triazol-2-yl, -NR3-C(0)-R4, -NR3-C(0)-NR3R4; -NR3-C(0)-0-R4 or tetrazolyl;
Ri is independently hydrogen, -Ci_3alkyl, F, -C3-6spirocycloalkyl, oxetane, or the two Ri groups together with the carbon to which they are attached form a cyclopropyl group;
R2 is hydrogen, methyl, CF3, or halo;
R3 is hydrogen or -Ci_3alkyl;
R4 is hydrogen, -Ci_5alkyl, -C3.7cycloalkyl, -C .8heterocycloalkyl, -Ci-5alkoxy, -Ci-3alkyl-0-Ci- 3alkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-NH-Ci-3alkyl, -Ci.3alkyl-S02Ci-3alkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-C .8heterocycloalkyl, -Ci_ 3alkyl-C(0)NR R5, aryl or heteroaryl, wherein each of -Ci_5 alkyl, -C3.7 cycloalkyl, -C .7 heterocycloalkyl, -Ci-5alkoxy, -Ci.3alkyl-0-Ci.3alkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-NH-Ci-3alkyl, -Ci_3alkyl- C(0)NR4R5, aryl or heteroaryl is unsubstituted or substituted by one or two substituents selected from -OH, -C02H, -C(0)NR4R5,-C(0)OR3, -N-C(0)-Ci-3alkyl, F, -CN, -CH-F2, - CF3, -(CH2)n-0-(CH2)m-CH3, -C3.7cycloalkyl and a 5-6-membered heteroaryl ring containing 1 , 2 or 3 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S; or R3 and R4 together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a 5-8- membered heterocyclic ring, an 8-1 1 -membered bicyclic heterocyclic ring or a 9-10- membered bridged bicyclic heterocyclic ring, wherein each 5-8-membered ring, 8-1 1 - membered bicyclic ring, or 9-10-membered bridged bicyclic ring optionally includes one - C(O) or one -S(0)2, and wherein each 5-8-membered ring, 8-1 1 -membered bicyclic ring, or 9-10-membered bridged bicyclic ring optionally contains one, two or three oxygen ring atoms, one, two or three sulfur ring atoms or one, two or three nitrogen ring atoms, and wherein each 5-8-membered ring, 8-1 1 -membered bicyclic ring, or 9-10-membered bridged bicyclic ring is unsubstituted or substituted by one, two or three substituents independently selected from -Ci_5alkyl, -C3- 7cycloalkyl, -C4- 7heterocycloalkyl, -(CH2)phenyl, halogen, -NR3R5, -CHF2, -CF3, and -(CH2)n-0-(CH2)m-CH3;
Linker is -CH2-, -CH2-N(-cyclopropyl)-CH2-, -CH2-N(CH3)-CH2- or -N-(CH3)-CH2-;
A is tetrahydrobenzoxazepinyl, tetrahydro-pyrido-oxazepinyl, piperidinyl,
tetrahydrobenzazepinyl, phenyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl,
tetrahydropyrrolopyrazinyl, imidazopyridinyl, pyridyl, benzimidazolyl,
tetrahydrobenzodiazepinyl, piperidopyrimidinyl, dioxidotetrahydrothiophenyl,
tetrahydroimidazodiazepinyl, pyrrolidinyl, oxazepane or morpholinyl; wherein each of tetrahydrobenzoxazepinyl, tetrahydro-pyrido-oxazepinyl, piperidinyl, tetrahydrobenzazepinyl, phenyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl,
tetrahydropyrrolopyrazinyl, imidazopyridinyl, pyridyl, benzimidazolyl,
tetrahydrobenzodiazepinyl, piperidopyrimidinyl, dioxidotetrahydrothiophenyl,
tetrahydroimidazodiazepinyl, pyrrolidinyl, oxazepane or morpholinyl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from -Ci_3alkyl, -C3.
espirocycloalkyl, halo, -CN, -0-Ci-3alkyl, -CH2-0-CH3, and -OH; and wherein the piperidinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by a substituent independently selected from pyrazolyl, -CH2pyrazolyl, and oxadiazolyl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted by -Ci_3alkyl, or, when A is piperidinyl, it is unsubstituted or substituted by -S02R, wherein R is -Ci_3alkyl, phenyl or -C3.7cycloalkyl; and wherein the oxazepane is further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from -Ci_3alkyl and -C3.7cycloalkyl; and wherein the morpholinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by phenyl which phenyl is unsubstituted or substituted by a substituent independently selected from -C1-3 alkyl and -O- C1-3 alkyl; and wherein the pyrrolidinyl is further unsubstituted or substituted by a triazolyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by -Ci_3alkyl; and wherein the imidazolyl, triazolyl, pyrazolyl, and tetrazolyl groups each are further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from -CH2-C4- ycycloalkyl, -CH2-C5-7heterocycloalkyl, -CH2-azabicycloheptanyl, -CH2-oxepane, and -CH2- azabicyclohexanyl, and wherein each of -CH2-C4-7cycloalkyl, -CH2-C5-7heterocycloalkyl, - CH2-azabicycloheptanyl, -CH2-oxepane, or -CH2-azabicyclohexanyl, including the -CH2-, are further unsubstituted or substituted by 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from -C1-3 alkyl and F;
Figure imgf000260_0001
Y is independently selected from N or CH;
Z is O, CH2, NR5, S, S(O) or S(0)2;
R5 is independently selected from hydrogen or -Ci_4alkyl;
R6 is hydrogen, -Ci_5alkyl or -(CH2)m-C3-5cycloalkyl;
R7 is hydrogen or -Ci_ alkyl; or R6 and R7, together with the carbon to which they are attached form a C3-C5-membered cycloalkyl ring; and, wherein when A is
Figure imgf000261_0001
it is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from halo, -CF3, -Ci_4alkyl, -CN, -OMe,
-C(0)NH2, -OCF3 and -Ci-4alkylNR7R8;
R8 is -Ci-3alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)Ci-3alkyl, -S02Ci-3alkyl, -C(0)aryl, -C(0)heteroaryl, -S02aryl, -S02heteroaryl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3.
yheterocycloalkyl,
-Ci-3alkyl-heteroaryl or -Ci_3alkyl-aryl, wherein each of -Ci_3alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)Ci_ 3alkyl, -S02Ci-3alkyl, -C(0)aryl, -C(0)heteroaryl, -S02aryl, -S02heteroaryl, -C3-7cycloalkyl, - Ci-3alkylC3-7cycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkylC3-7heterocycloalkyl, -Ci-3alkyl-heteroaryl or -Ci_3alkyl-aryl is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from halo, - CN, -CF3, -OCF3,
-OCH3, -Ci_3alkyl, -OCi_3alkyl, -OC3-7cycloalkyl, -OC3.7hetercycloalkyl, -O-aryl and
-O-heteroaryl;
X is independently (CH)n, S, O or N, and wherein the ring containing X is a 5-membered heteroaromatic ring; m is 0, 1 or 2; and n is 1 or 2; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
2. A compound of claim 1 wherein:
B is benzotriazolyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 , 2, or 3 substituents independently selected from Ci_3alkyl;
D is -C(0)OH; Ri is independently hydrogen or -Ci_3alkyl;
R2 is methyl or chloro; Linker is -CH2;
Figure imgf000262_0001
Y is independently selected from N or CH;
R5 is independently selected from hydrogen, methyl or ethyl; and, wherein A is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from halo, -CF3, -Ci_4alkyl and -OMe;
X is independently selected from (CH)n and S, and wherein the ring containing X is a 5- membered heteroaromatic ring; and n is 1 ; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
3. The compound of claim 1 selected from
(S)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin 2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoic acid;
(S)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin 2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoic acid;
(S)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid;
(R)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid; (R)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoic acid;
(R)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H^yrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin- 2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoic acid;
(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid
(S)-3-(4-((4,4-Dimethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid;
(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid;
(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)- 5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid;
(R)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)- 5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid;
(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-3-(4-((2-((4-ethylpiperidin-1 - yl)methyl)-1 H-imidazol-1 -yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;
(R or S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid Isomer 1 ;
(R or S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid Isomer 2;
(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4-((4,6,6- trimethyl-3-oxo-1 ,4-diazepan-1 -yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)propanoic acid; (S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4-(((R)-4- methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2- yl)propanoic acid;
(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4-(((R)-4- methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2- yl)propanoic acid;
(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4-(((S)-4- methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2- yl)propanoic acid;
(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4-(((S)-4- methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2- yl)propanoic acid;
(R or S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5- yl)propanoic acid Isomer 1 ;
(R or S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5- yl)propanoic acid Isomer 2;
(R)-3-(5-chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin- 2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoic acid; (R)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(1 -methyl-5- (((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-1 H- pyrazol-3-yl)propanoic acid;
(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5- yl)propanoic acid;
(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethyl-N-(pyridin-3-yl)propenamide; (S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid
(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid;
(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethyl-N-(pyridin-3-yl)propenamide;
(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[3,2-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid;
(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[3,2-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethyl-N-(pyridin-3-yl)propenamide;
(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(1 -methyl-5-(((S)-4- methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-1 H-pyrazol-3- yl)propanoic acid;
(S)-3-(4-(((S)-3-(1 H-Pyrazol-1 -yl)piperidin-^
methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;
(S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-^[1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-5- methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid;
(S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-^[1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-5- methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-N- (pyridin-3-yl)propenamide;
(R)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3- b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid; (R)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(1 -methyl-5-(((S)-4- methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)- 1 H-pyrazol-3-yl)propanoic acid;
(R)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin- 2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)propanoic acid;
(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4-(((S)-4- methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2- yl)propenamide;
(S)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid;
(S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-5- methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid;
(S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)-5- methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-N- (pyridin-3-yl)propenamide;
(S)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5- dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;
(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4-(((S)-4- methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-7-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)thiazol-2-yl)propanoic acid;
(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4-(((S)-4- methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-7-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)- yl)methyl)thiazol-2-yl)-N-(pyridin-3-yl)propenamide;
(R)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5- yl)propanoic acid; (R)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5- yl)propanoic acid;
(S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin- 2(3H)-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethyl-N-(pyridin-3-yl)propenamide;
(S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin- 2(3H)-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiazol-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;
(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(1 -methyl-5-(((S)-4- methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)- 1 H-pyrazol-3-yl)propanoic acid;
(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-
5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-^
(pyridin-3-yl)propenamide;
(S)-3-(1 -Ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4-(((S)-4- methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-N- (pyridin-3-yl)propenamide;
(R)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid;
(S)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin- 2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid;
(S)-3-(4-(((S)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5-dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin- 2(3H)-yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)- 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;
(S)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((R)-4-ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[4,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin- 2-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid; (R)-3-(5-Chloro-4-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-8-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5- dihydrobenzo[f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-fluoro-1 H- benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;
(R)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-2,2-dimethylpentanoic acid;
(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2- yl)methyl)-5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-2,2-dimethylpentanoic acid;
(S)-3-(4-(((R)-2-Ethyl-2,3-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,4]oxazepin-4(5H)-yl)methyl)-5- methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2- dimethylpropanoic acid;
(R)-5-(1 -Ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido- 4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)pentanoic acid;
(S)-5-(1 -Ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4-(((S)-4-methyl-1 ,1 -dioxido- 4,5-dihydropyrido[2,3-f][1 ,2]thiazepin-2(3H)-yl)methyl)thiophen-2-yl)pentanoic acid;
(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)- 5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-2,2-dimethylpentanoic acid;
(R)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)- 5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-5-(1 -ethyl-1 H-1 ,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-2,2-dimethylpentanoic acid; and
(S)-3-(4-(((R)-4-Ethyl-1 ,1 -dioxido-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1 ,4,5]oxathiazepin-2-yl)methyl)-
5-methylthiophen-2-yl)-3-(1 -ethyl-4-methyl-1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-5-yl)-2,2-dimeth
(1 H-tetrazol-5-yl)propanamide, O.I OFormic acid salt; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
4. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of any one of claims 1-3 and a pharmaceutically acceptable excipient.
5. A method of treating respiratory and non-respiratory disorders, including COPD, asthma, ALI, ARDS, fibrosis, chronic asthma and acute asthma, lung disease secondary to environmental exposures, acute lung infection, chronic lung infection, a1 antitrypsin disease, cystic fibrosis, autoimmune diseases, diabetic nephropathy, chronic kidney disease, sepsis-induced acute kidney injury, acute kidney injury (AKI), kidney disease or malfunction seen during kidney transplantation, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, atherosclerosis, hypertension, heart failure, acute coronary syndrome, myocardial infarction, myocardial repair, cardiac remodelling, cardiac arrhythmias, Parkinson's disease (PD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), Friedreich's Ataxia (FA), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), multiple sclerosis (MS), inflammatory bowel disease, colon cancer, neovascular (dry) AMD and neovascular (wet) AMD, eye injury, Fuchs Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy (FECD), uveitis or other inflammatory eye condtions, Non-alcoholic
Steatohepatitis (NASH), toxin-induced liver disease (e.g., acetaminophen-induced hepatic disease), viral hepatitis, cirrhosis, psoriasis, dermatitis/topical effects of radiation, immunosuppression due to radiation exposure, Preeclampsia, and high altitude sickness, which comprises administering to a human in need thereof, a compound of any one of claims 1 -4.
6. The method according to claim 5 wherein the disease is COPD.
7. The method according to claim 5 wherein the disease is heart failure.
8. The method according to claims 5, 6 and 7 wherein the compound is administered orally.
9. The method according to claims 5, 6 and 7 wherein the compound is administered intravenously.
10. The method according to claims 5, 6 and 7 wherein the compound is administered by inhalation.
1 1 . Use of a compound of Formula (I), according to claim 1 , or a salt, particularly a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, for the treatment of a respiratory or nonrespiratory disorder, including COPD, asthma, ALI, ARDS, fibrosis, chronic asthma and acute asthma, lung disease secondary to environmental exposures, acute lung infection, chronic lung infection, a1 antitrypsin disease, cystic fibrosis, autoimmune diseases, diabetic nephropathy, chronic kidney disease, sepsis-induced acute kidney injury, acute kidney injury (AKI), kidney disease or malfunction seen during kidney transplantation, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, atherosclerosis, hypertension, heart failure, acute coronary syndrome, myocardial infarction, myocardial repair, cardiac remodelling, cardiac arrhythmias, Parkinson's disease (PD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), Friedreich's Ataxia (FA), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), multiple sclerosis (MS), inflammatory bowel disease, colon cancer, neovascular (dry) AMD and neovascular (wet) AMD, eye injury, Fuchs Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy (FECD), uveitis or other inflammatory eye condtions, Non- alcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH), toxin-induced liver disease (e.g., acetaminophen- induced hepatic disease), viral hepatitis, cirrhosis, psoriasis, dermatitis/topical effects of radiation, immunosuppression due to radiation exposure, Preeclampsia, and high altitude sickness.
12. Use of a compound of Formula (I) according to claim 1 , or a salt, particularly a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, for the treatment of COPD.
13. Use of a compound of Formula (I) according to claim 1 , or a salt, particularly a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, for the treatment of heart failure.
PCT/IB2017/057801 2016-12-14 2017-12-11 Bisaryl heterocycles as nrf2 acti WO2018109643A1 (en)

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