WO2018103715A1 - Automatic control system for silicon slag separation - Google Patents

Automatic control system for silicon slag separation Download PDF

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WO2018103715A1
WO2018103715A1 PCT/CN2017/115087 CN2017115087W WO2018103715A1 WO 2018103715 A1 WO2018103715 A1 WO 2018103715A1 CN 2017115087 W CN2017115087 W CN 2017115087W WO 2018103715 A1 WO2018103715 A1 WO 2018103715A1
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silicon
slag
receives
silicon slag
upper computer
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PCT/CN2017/115087
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
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羊实
周旭
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成都斯力康科技股份有限公司
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03BSEPARATING SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS
    • B03B11/00Feed or discharge devices integral with washing or wet-separating equipment
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03BSEPARATING SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS
    • B03B13/00Control arrangements specially adapted for wet-separating apparatus or for dressing plant, using physical effects

Abstract

An automatic control system for silicon slag separation, comprising a stirring cavity and an upper computer. The upper computer sends information about an organic solution charge ratio and a capacity value to an organic solution inlet center, information about a silicon slag weight value and time value to a silicon slag feed center, and a stirring instruction to a separation stirring center. The organic solution inlet center comprises a solution inlet PID controller, a solution storage container, a solution weighing groove module, a metering sensor, a solution level sensor, and a concentration sensor. The silicon slag feed center comprises a feed controller, a timer, a material storage container, a beltweigher module, and a material weighing groove module. The separation stirring center comprises a time sequence controller, a nozzle stirrer, an infrared detector, and a rotary stirrer. The solution inlet PID controller receives the information about the organic solution charge ratio and the capacity value sent by the upper computer, and sends an out-transportation instruction to the solution storage container. The solution storage container receives the out-transportation instruction sent by the solution inlet PID controller, and transports alcohol or tribromoethane out to the solution weighing groove module.

Description

一种用于硅渣分离的自动控制系统Automatic control system for separation of silicon slag 技术领域Technical field
本实用新型涉及一种硅渣分离系统,具体涉及一种用于硅渣分离的自动控制系统。The utility model relates to a silicon slag separation system, in particular to an automatic control system for separating silicon slag.
背景技术Background technique
硅渣一般是指原矿提炼之后的剩余部分,还含有一定量的硅。硅渣分很多种,工业硅渣,太阳能硅渣,半导体硅渣等等。硅渣可以用来回炉重新结晶、提纯、现在硅料紧缺,价格不菲。硅锰渣也叫硅锰冶炼渣,是冶炼硅锰合金时排放的一种工业废渣,其结构疏松,外观常为浅绿色的颗粒,由一些形状不规则的多孔非晶质颗粒组成。硅锰渣,性脆易碎,通过破碎机可以将大块的硅锰渣破碎成小块,然后进入细碎机将粗碎后的物料进一步粉碎,确保进入料仓,的物料能够达到单体解离的程度,然后通过振动给料机和皮带输送机均匀的将物料给入,梯形跳汰机进行分选。破碎的主要目的在于打破连生体结构,跳汰的主要目的在于从硅锰渣中回收硅锰合金。硅锰渣和硅锰合金存在较大的比重差,通过跳汰机的重选作用可以将金属和废渣分离,获得纯净的合金和废渣,最后可以通过脱水筛的脱水作用分别将精矿和尾矿进行脱水。由于硅锰渣中含有一定量的硅锰合金,回收硅锰合金可以获利,同时减少硅锰渣对土地的占用和对环境的污染。硅锰渣经重选的方法首先从废弃的硅锰渣中回收硅锰合金处理后,将废渣作为建筑材料,可用于建筑工业。Silicon slag generally refers to the remainder of the ore after refining, and also contains a certain amount of silicon. There are many kinds of silicon slag, industrial silicon slag, solar silicon slag, semiconductor silicon slag and so on. Silicon slag can be used to re-crystallize, purify, and now silicon is scarce, and the price is high. Silico-manganese slag, also called silico-manganese smelting slag, is an industrial waste slag emitted when smelting silicon-manganese alloy. Its structure is loose, and its appearance is often light green particles, which are composed of some irregular amorphous amorphous particles. Silicon-manganese slag, brittle and brittle, through the crusher can crush large pieces of silico-manganese slag into small pieces, and then into the fine crusher to further crush the coarsely crushed material to ensure that the material entering the silo can reach the monomer solution The degree of separation is then uniformly fed through the vibrating feeder and the belt conveyor, and the trapezoidal jig is sorted. The main purpose of the crushing is to break the structure of the continuous body. The main purpose of the jigging is to recover the silicon-manganese alloy from the silicon-manganese slag. There is a large difference in specific gravity between silicomanganese slag and silicomanganese alloy. The metal and waste slag can be separated by the re-selection of the jig to obtain pure alloy and waste slag. Finally, the concentrate and tail can be separated by dehydration of the dewatering sieve. The mine is dehydrated. Since the silicon-manganese slag contains a certain amount of silicon-manganese alloy, the recovery of the silicon-manganese alloy can be profitable, and at the same time reduce the occupation of the land and the environmental pollution of the silicon-manganese slag. The method of re-selecting silicon-manganese slag firstly recovers the silicon-manganese alloy from the waste silico-manganese slag, and then uses the waste slag as a building material, which can be used in the construction industry.
传统的硅渣分离的过程中,都是采用自然分离的方式,经过漫长的时间,使得有机溶液和硅渣自然分离,但是这样使得真个分离时间漫长,而且在进料时,有机溶液和硅渣分布不均匀,分离效果不佳,同时在进料这一环节:一般采用一次性加入有机溶液和硅渣,待工作加工完成后,通过人工手动继续增加硅渣和补充有机溶液;在加工完成以后,会有部分有机溶液流失,剩余的有机溶液比例也发生了改变,但是人工判断的都是整体的容量,只会继续增加,但是无法判别有机溶液中所以物质含量的偏差,导致分离效果变差。所以我们急需要研究出一种加工完成后自动补料补液,并且在运行过程中实时调整有机溶剂中酒精和三溴乙烷的比值和容量的系统,来解决这一问题,并改善人工控制增加这一问题。In the process of separating traditional silicon slag, natural separation is adopted. After a long period of time, the organic solution and the silicon slag are naturally separated, but this makes the separation time long, and the organic solution and silicon are fed during the feeding. The slag distribution is uneven, and the separation effect is not good. At the same time, in the feeding process, the organic solution and the silicon slag are generally added at one time. After the work is completed, the silicon slag and the organic solution are continuously added by manual manual; Later, some organic solutions will be lost, and the proportion of the remaining organic solution will also change. However, the artificial capacity is the overall capacity, which will only continue to increase, but it is impossible to discriminate the deviation of the substance content in the organic solution, resulting in the separation effect. difference. Therefore, we urgently need to study a system that automatically replenishes rehydration after processing, and adjusts the ratio and capacity of alcohol and tribromoethane in organic solvent in real time during operation to solve this problem and improve manual control. This problem.
实用新型内容Utility model content
本实用新型所要解决的技术问题是加工完成后自动补料补液,并且在运行过程中实时调整有机溶剂中酒精和三溴乙烷的比值和容量,同时需避免有机溶液和硅渣分布不均匀使得分离效果差,提高分离过程的速度减少时长,目的在于提供一种用于硅渣分离的自动控制系统,解决加工完成后自动补料补液,并且在运行过程中实时调整有机溶剂中酒精和三溴乙烷的比值和容量,同时需避免有机溶液和硅渣分布不均匀使得分离效果差,提高分离过程的速度减 少时长的问题。The technical problem to be solved by the utility model is that the liquid refilling is automatically added after the processing is completed, and the ratio and capacity of the alcohol and the tribromoethane in the organic solvent are adjusted in real time during the operation, and the uneven distribution of the organic solution and the silicon slag is avoided. The separation effect is poor, the speed of the separation process is increased, and the purpose is to provide an automatic control system for the separation of silicon slag, which solves the automatic replenishment replenishment after the completion of the processing, and adjusts the alcohol and tribromide in the organic solvent in real time during the operation. The ratio and capacity of ethane, while avoiding the uneven distribution of organic solution and silicon slag, make the separation effect poor, and increase the speed of the separation process. The problem of less time.
本实用新型通过下述技术方案实现:The utility model is realized by the following technical solutions:
一种用于硅渣分离的自动控制系统,包括An automatic control system for separating silicon slag, including
一种用于硅渣分离的自动控制系统,包括搅拌腔,上位机,所述上位机发出有机溶液配料比值及容量值信息到有机溶液进液中心、发送硅渣重量值及时间值信息到硅渣进料中心、以及发送搅拌指令到分离搅拌中心;所述有机溶液进液中心:包括进液PID控制器、储液器、称液槽模块、计量传感器、液位传感器和浓度传感器;所述硅渣进料中心:包括进料控制器、计时器、储料器、皮带秤模块、和称料槽模块;所述分离搅拌中心:包括时序控制器、喷嘴搅拌器、红外探测器和旋转搅拌器;其中所述进液PID控制器接收上位机发送有机溶液配料比值及容量值信息,发送输出指令到储液器,所述储液器接收进液PID控制器发送的输出指令,输出酒精或三溴乙烷到称液槽模块;所述计量传感器实时采集称液槽模块流入量,并发送计量信号到进液PID控制器;进液PID控制器接收计量传感器实时发送的计量信号,同时与上位机发出有机溶液配料比值及容量值信息对比,达到设定的目标时,发送断开指令到储液器;所述储液器接收断开指令,停止输入酒精或三溴乙烷到称液槽模块;所述称液槽模块包括重力传感器,同时受重力传感器控制,输送酒精或三溴乙烷到搅拌腔;所述液位传感器探测搅拌腔内液位信息,所述浓度传感器探测搅拌腔内有机溶液浓度信息,均发送到进液PID控制器;所述进料控制器接收上位机发送的硅渣重量值信息,发送输出指令到储料器;述所述储料器接收进料控制器发送的输出指令,输出硅渣到称料槽模块;所述皮带秤模块实时采集称料槽模块的重量,并发送重量信号到进料控制器;进料控制器接收皮带秤模块实时发送的重量信号,同时与上位机发出的硅渣重量值及时间值信息对比,达到设定的目标时,发送断开指令到储料器;所述储料器接收断开指令,停止输入硅渣到称料槽模块;所述称料槽模块包括重力传感器,同时受重力传感器控制,输送硅渣到搅拌腔;所述计时器为进料控制器计时,所述进料控制器根据接收的上位机发送的硅渣时间值信息。所述时序控制器:接收上位机发送的操作时间指令,并通过计时器的计时,对喷嘴搅拌器发送搅拌指令;所述喷嘴搅拌器:接收时序控制器发送的搅拌指令,对搅拌腔搅拌;所述红外探测器:探测搅拌腔内的图层信息,实时发送至上位机,上位机接收图层信息并处理,发送旋转指令到旋转搅拌模块;所述旋转搅拌模块:接收上位机的旋转指令,对搅拌腔旋转;所述残渣过滤器接收上位机发送的收渣指令对搅拌腔收渣;所述单质硅过滤器接收上位机发送的收硅指令对搅拌腔收硅。所述硅渣过滤器接收上位机发送的收硅指令对搅拌腔收硅渣。传统的硅渣分离的过程中,在进料这一环节:一般采用一次性加入有机溶液和硅渣,待工作加工完成后,通过人工手动继续增加硅渣和补充有机溶液;在加工完成以后,会有部分有机溶液流失,剩余的有机溶液比 例也发生了改变,但是人工判断的都是整体的容量,只会继续增加,但是无法判别有机溶液中所以物质含量的偏差,导致分离效果变差。所以本实用新型研究出一种加工完成后自动补料补液,并且在运行过程中实时调整有机溶剂中酒精和三溴乙烷的比值和容量的系统,来解决这一问题,在进料部分,接收上位机发送的硅渣重量值信息,通过皮带秤模块实时采集称料槽模块的重量与上位机发出的硅渣重量值及时间值信息对比,达到设定的目标时,停止进料,区别于传统技术在于,第一机械称重进料,不用人工手动进料,减轻了工人体力的输出;第二采取了循环装置,也是更加的自能化,减轻人力手动控制,节约人力成本。在进液部分有了更大的突破,和进料过程一样,完全智能化,而且还有浓度配比的检测,有机溶液是酒精和三溴乙烷组成的,但是在分离硅渣的过程中,对酒精和三溴乙烷的消耗比例不是完全一样,本实用新型增加了检测装置,并且通过PID控制器调节,更加充分的利用了有机溶液分离硅渣,提高了分离率,产生了十分有益的效果,在分离的过程中,都是采用自然分离的方式,经过漫长的时间,使得有机溶液和硅渣自然分离,但是这样使得真个分离时间漫长,而且在进料时,有机溶液和硅渣分布不均匀,分离效果不佳,为了解决这个问题,本实用新型采取了增加搅拌,搅拌可以加快分离速度,并且可以改善进料时有机溶液和硅渣分布不均匀这个我问题,从两个方面来实现这个目的,首先是设置了时序控制器,可以根据每次进硅渣的时间特性,设置时序控制器的工作时段,目的在于,每一次进硅渣,都工作10秒,发出工作指令到喷嘴搅拌器,喷嘴搅拌器对搅拌腔进行搅拌,使得有机溶液和硅渣均匀分布,提高分离效果,在这个基础上,进一步的增加了红外探测器,探测搅拌腔内的液体信息,这是做了一个双重的保障,第一层搅拌受时间的控制,10秒以后自动停止,可是还是会有可能搅拌不均匀,所以增加红外探测器探测信息,在上位机内转换为灰度图,根据内置的灰度比做判断,发出指令给旋转搅拌模块,通过对搅拌腔底部的旋转来改善有机溶液和硅渣的分布情况。本实用新型解决了避免有机溶液和硅渣分布不均匀使得分离效果差,提高分离过程的速度减少时长的问题,所述时序控制器的时间设定是可以自由设定的,本实用新型仅以10秒为例。An automatic control system for separating silicon slag, comprising a stirring chamber and a host computer, wherein the upper machine sends the organic solution ratio and capacity value information to the organic solution inlet center, and sends the silicon slag weight value and time value information to the silicon a slag feed center, and sending a stirring command to the separation and stirring center; the organic solution inlet center: including an inlet PID controller, a liquid storage device, a weighing tank module, a metering sensor, a liquid level sensor, and a concentration sensor; Silicon slag feed center: including feed controller, timer, hopper, belt scale module, and weighing tank module; the separation and stirring center: including timing controller, nozzle agitator, infrared detector and rotary stirring The liquid inlet PID controller receives the information of the organic solution batch ratio and the capacity value, and sends an output command to the accumulator, and the accumulator receives the output command sent by the liquid PID controller, and outputs the alcohol or Tribromoethane to the weighing tank module; the metering sensor collects the inflow amount of the weighing tank module in real time, and sends the metering signal to the liquid inlet PID controller; the liquid inlet PID The controller receives the metering signal sent by the metering sensor in real time, and simultaneously compares with the upper machine to issue the organic solution ratio and the capacity value information, and when the set target is reached, sends a disconnect command to the accumulator; the accumulator receives the disconnection Instructing to stop the input of alcohol or tribromoethane to the weighing tank module; the weighing tank module includes a gravity sensor and is controlled by a gravity sensor to deliver alcohol or tribromoethane to the stirring chamber; the liquid level sensor detects agitation In the cavity liquid level information, the concentration sensor detects the concentration information of the organic solution in the stirring chamber, and sends the information to the liquid inlet PID controller; the feeding controller receives the silicon slag weight value information sent by the upper computer, and sends an output instruction to the storage The hopper receives the output command sent by the feed controller, and outputs the silicon slag to the weighing tank module; the belt scale module collects the weight of the weighing tank module in real time, and sends the weight signal to the feeding control The feeding controller receives the weight signal sent by the belt scale module in real time, and simultaneously compares with the silicon slag weight value and time value information sent by the upper computer to reach Sending a disconnection command to the hopper when the target is determined; the hopper receives the disconnection command, and stops inputting the silicon slag to the weighing tank module; the weighing tank module includes a gravity sensor and is controlled by the gravity sensor. The silicon slag is transported to the stirring chamber; the timer is timed by the feed controller, and the feed controller is based on the received silicon slag time value information sent by the upper computer. The timing controller: receiving an operation time instruction sent by the upper computer, and sending a stirring instruction to the nozzle agitator by timing of the timer; the nozzle agitator: receiving the stirring instruction sent by the timing controller, stirring the stirring chamber; The infrared detector detects the layer information in the stirring chamber, sends it to the upper computer in real time, receives the layer information and processes the upper computer, and sends a rotation command to the rotating stirring module; the rotating stirring module: receives the rotation instruction of the upper computer The residue filter rotates; the residue filter receives the slag command sent by the upper computer to collect the slag from the stirring chamber; and the single-type silicon filter receives the silicon receiving command sent by the upper computer to receive the silicon in the stirring chamber. The silicon slag filter receives the silicon receiving command sent by the upper computer to collect the silicon slag from the stirring chamber. In the process of separating the traditional silicon slag, in the feeding process, the organic solution and the silicon slag are generally added at one time, and after the work is completed, the silicon slag and the organic solution are continuously added by manual manual; after the processing is completed, There will be some organic solution loss, the remaining organic solution ratio The case has also changed, but the overall judgment is the overall capacity, which will only continue to increase, but it is impossible to discriminate the deviation of the substance content in the organic solution, resulting in poor separation effect. Therefore, the utility model solves this problem by developing a system for automatically replenishing liquid replenishment after processing, and adjusting the ratio and capacity of alcohol and tribromoethane in an organic solvent in real time during operation, in the feed portion, Receiving the weight information of the silicon slag sent by the host computer, collecting the weight of the weighing tank module in real time through the belt scale module and comparing the weight value and time value information of the silicon slag sent by the upper computer, and stopping the feeding when the set target is reached, the difference is The traditional technology lies in that the first mechanical weighing feed does not require manual manual feeding, which reduces the output of the worker's physical strength; the second adopts a circulation device, which is also more self-energy, reduces manual manual control, and saves labor costs. A greater breakthrough in the liquid inlet section, as well as the feeding process, is completely intelligent, and there is also a concentration ratio test. The organic solution is composed of alcohol and tribromoethane, but in the process of separating the silicon slag. The consumption ratio of alcohol and tribromoethane is not exactly the same. The utility model increases the detecting device, and adjusts by the PID controller, more fully utilizes the organic solution to separate the silicon slag, improves the separation rate, and is very beneficial. The effect is that in the process of separation, natural separation is used. After a long period of time, the organic solution and the silicon residue are naturally separated, but this makes the separation time long, and the organic solution and silicon are fed during the feeding. The slag distribution is uneven and the separation effect is not good. In order to solve this problem, the utility model adopts the method of increasing the stirring, the stirring can speed up the separation speed, and the problem of uneven distribution of the organic solution and the silicon slag during the feeding can be improved, from two problems. To achieve this goal, the first step is to set up the timing controller, which can be set according to the time characteristic of each silicon slag. The working period of the controller is to work for 10 seconds each time to enter the silicon slag, and issue a working command to the nozzle agitator. The nozzle agitator stirs the stirring chamber to evenly distribute the organic solution and the silicon slag, thereby improving the separation effect. On this basis, the infrared detector is further added to detect the liquid information in the stirring chamber. This is a double guarantee. The first layer of stirring is controlled by time and automatically stops after 10 seconds, but it is still possible. Stirring is uneven, so the infrared detector detection information is increased, converted into grayscale image in the upper computer, judged according to the built-in grayscale ratio, and the instruction is given to the rotary stirring module to improve the organic solution by rotating the bottom of the stirring chamber. The distribution of silicon slag. The utility model solves the problem that the uneven distribution of the organic solution and the silicon slag is avoided, the separation effect is poor, and the speed of the separation process is reduced, and the time setting of the timing controller can be freely set, and the utility model only 10 seconds as an example.
所述有机溶液中酒精和三溴乙烷重量比为17:1。根据单质硅、酒精和三溴乙烷的密度值,得出最佳比例,17:1,这样可以使得分离距离和效果最佳化。The weight ratio of alcohol to tribromoethane in the organic solution was 17:1. Based on the density values of elemental silicon, alcohol and tribromoethane, the optimum ratio, 17:1, is obtained, which optimizes the separation distance and effect.
一种用于硅渣分离的自动控制系统还包括报警器,所述上位机发送报警信息到报警器,报警器接收上位机的报警信息,发出鸣笛警报音,为了避免因为其他部件的失效导致液体过多,或搅拌时液体向外溢出,设置了一个安全功能,液位传感器并且将信息上位机,超过限定值,发送信息到报警器,报警器发出警报声。An automatic control system for separating silicon slag further includes an alarm device, and the upper computer sends an alarm message to the alarm device, and the alarm device receives the alarm information of the upper computer and emits a whistle alarm sound, in order to avoid failure due to failure of other components. Excessive liquid, or the liquid overflows when stirring, set a safety function, the liquid level sensor and the information on the host computer, exceed the limit value, send a message to the alarm, and the alarm sounds an alarm.
所述上位机还发送收渣指令、收硅指令或收硅渣指令到回收中心;所述回收中心包括硅渣过滤器、单质硅过滤器和残渣过滤器。所述残渣过滤器接收上位机发送的收渣指令对搅拌 腔收渣;所述单质硅过滤器接收上位机发送的收硅指令对搅拌腔收硅。所述硅渣过滤器接收上位机发送的收硅指令对搅拌腔收硅渣。传统的回收系统都是工作完了以后统一的回收,所有物料均通过滤网排除,但是这样做有一个非常大的问题,硅渣分离过程中,分离出来的物质不仅是单质硅和残渣好,还有一部分没有分离出来的小颗粒硅渣,如果直接排除,非常的浪费,如果是排除后二次加入,也费时费力;本系统在上位机可以设置结束后固定的排除单质硅和残渣,对于剩余的硅渣可以根据红外探测器探测的信息,在上位机进行处理,形成灰度图,由工作人员手动控制是否需要清除。这样就避免了传统方式带来的不足。The upper computer also sends a slag discharge command, a silicon receiving command or a silicon slag command to the recycling center; the recycling center includes a silicon slag filter, a single silicon filter and a residue filter. The residue filter receives the slag command sent by the host computer to stir The slag is collected by the cavity; the single-crystal silicon filter receives the silicon receiving command sent by the upper computer to receive silicon from the stirring chamber. The silicon slag filter receives the silicon receiving command sent by the upper computer to collect the silicon slag from the stirring chamber. The traditional recycling system is unified after the work is completed, all materials are removed through the filter, but there is a very big problem in this process. During the separation process of silicon slag, the separated substances are not only good for elemental silicon and residue, but also There is a part of the small particle silicon slag that has not been separated. If it is directly excluded, it is very wasteful. If it is excluded after the second addition, it will take time and effort; the system can be set to remove the elemental silicon and residue after the end of the upper machine, for the remaining The silicon slag can be processed in the upper computer according to the information detected by the infrared detector to form a gray scale image, which is manually controlled by the staff to be cleared. This avoids the deficiencies of the traditional approach.
本实用新型与现有技术相比,具有如下的优点和有益效果:Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the following advantages and beneficial effects:
1、本实用新型一种用于硅渣分离的自动控制系统,有机溶液是酒精和三溴乙烷组成的,但是在分离硅渣的过程中,对酒精和三溴乙烷的消耗比例不是完全一样,所以增加了检测装置,并且通过PID控制器调节,更加充分的利用了有机溶液分离硅渣,提高了分离率;1. The utility model relates to an automatic control system for separating silicon slag. The organic solution is composed of alcohol and tribromoethane, but in the process of separating the silicon slag, the consumption ratio of alcohol and tribromoethane is not complete. The same, so the detection device is added, and the adjustment by the PID controller makes full use of the organic solution to separate the silicon slag and improves the separation rate;
2、本实用新型一种用于硅渣分离的自动控制系统,喷嘴搅拌器对搅拌腔进行搅拌,使得有机溶液和硅渣均匀分布,提高分离效果;2. The utility model relates to an automatic control system for separating silicon slag, wherein the nozzle agitator stirs the stirring chamber to uniformly distribute the organic solution and the silicon slag, thereby improving the separation effect;
3、本实用新型一种用于硅渣分离的自动控制系统,进一步的增加了红外探测器,探测搅拌腔内的液体信息,这是做了一个双重的保障,第一层搅拌受时间的控制,10秒以后自动停止,可是还是会有可能搅拌不均匀,所以增加红外探测器探测信息,在上位机内转换为灰度图,根据内置的灰度比做判断,发出指令给旋转搅拌模块,通过对搅拌腔底部的旋转来改善有机溶液和硅渣的分布情况。3. The utility model relates to an automatic control system for separating silicon slag, further adding an infrared detector and detecting liquid information in the stirring chamber, which is a double guarantee, and the first layer stirring is controlled by time. After 10 seconds, it will stop automatically, but there may still be uneven stirring. Therefore, the detection information of the infrared detector is increased, and it is converted into a grayscale image in the upper computer. According to the built-in grayscale ratio, a command is given to the rotary stirring module. The distribution of the organic solution and the silicon slag is improved by the rotation of the bottom of the stirring chamber.
附图说明DRAWINGS
此处所说明的附图用来提供对本实用新型实施例的进一步理解,构成本申请的一部分,并不构成对本实用新型实施例的限定。在附图中:The drawings described herein are provided to provide a further understanding of the embodiments of the invention, and are not intended to limit the embodiments of the invention. In the drawing:
图1为本实用新型系统结构示意图。Figure 1 is a schematic view showing the structure of the system of the present invention.
具体实施方式detailed description
为使本实用新型的目的、技术方案和优点更加清楚明白,下面结合实施例和附图,对本实用新型作进一步的详细说明,本实用新型的示意性实施方式及其说明仅用于解释本实用新型,并不作为对本实用新型的限定。The present invention will be further described in detail below with reference to the embodiments and the accompanying drawings in which FIG. The novel type is not intended to limit the invention.
实施例Example
如图1所示,本实用新型一种用于硅渣分离的自动控制系统,包括搅拌腔,采用AL7480的报警器;采用研华P4工业控制微机的上位机,所述上位机发出有机溶液配料比值及容量值信息到有机溶液进液中心、发送硅渣重量值及时间值信息到硅渣进料中心、以及发送搅拌指令到分离搅拌中心;所述有机溶液进液中心:包括采用AT-704进液PID控制器、储液器、称液 槽模块、采用BT-457B的计量传感器、采用PD-067C的液位传感器和采用TD-028C的浓度传感器;所述硅渣进料中心:包括采用KY02S的进料控制器、计时器、储料器、采用TAJ5的计时器、有1个储液缸并带电动阀门的储料器、采用Z6FD1的皮带秤模块、和称料槽模块;所述分离搅拌中心:包括时序控制器、喷嘴搅拌器、采用X3-1的红外探测器和旋转搅拌器;所述进液PID控制器接收上位机发送有机溶液配料比值及容量值信息,发送输出指令到储液器,所述储液器接收进液PID控制器发送的输出指令,输出酒精或三溴乙烷到称液槽模块;所述计量传感器实时采集称液槽模块流入量,并发送计量信号到进液PID控制器;进液PID控制器接收计量传感器实时发送的计量信号,同时与上位机发出有机溶液配料比值及容量值信息对比,达到设定的目标时,发送断开指令到储液器;所述储液器接收断开指令,停止输入酒精或三溴乙烷到称液槽模块;所述称液槽模块包括重力传感器,同时受重力传感器控制,输送酒精或三溴乙烷到搅拌腔;所述液位传感器探测搅拌腔内液位信息,所述浓度传感器探测搅拌腔内有机溶液浓度信息,均发送到进液PID控制器;所述进料控制器接收上位机发送的硅渣重量值信息,发送输出指令到储料器;述所述储料器接收进料控制器发送的输出指令,输出硅渣到称料槽模块;所述皮带秤模块实时采集称料槽模块的重量,并发送重量信号到进料控制器;进料控制器接收皮带秤模块实时发送的重量信号,同时与上位机发出的硅渣重量值及时间值信息对比,达到设定的目标时,发送断开指令到储料器;所述储料器接收断开指令,停止输入硅渣到称料槽模块;所述称料槽模块包括重力传感器,同时受重力传感器控制,输送硅渣到搅拌腔;所述计时器为进料控制器计时,所述进料控制器根据接收的上位机发送的硅渣时间值信息,所述时序控制器:接收上位机发送的操作时间指令,并通过计时器的计时,对喷嘴搅拌器发送搅拌指令;所述喷嘴搅拌器:接收时序控制器发送的搅拌指令,对搅拌腔搅拌;所述红外探测器:探测搅拌腔内的图层信息,实时发送至上位机,上位机接收图层信息并处理,发送旋转指令到旋转搅拌模块;所述旋转搅拌模块:接收上位机的旋转指令,对搅拌腔旋转;所述残渣过滤器接收上位机发送的收渣指令对搅拌腔收渣;所述单质硅过滤器接收上位机发送的收硅指令对搅拌腔收硅。所述硅渣过滤器接收上位机发送的收硅指令对搅拌腔收硅渣。所述有机溶液中酒精和三溴乙烷重量比为17:1。所述上位机还发送收渣指令、收硅指令或收硅渣指令到回收中心;所述回收中心包括硅渣过滤器、单质硅过滤器和残渣过滤器。所述残渣过滤器接收上位机发送的收渣指令对搅拌腔收渣;所述单质硅过滤器接收上位机发送的收硅指令对搅拌腔收硅。所述硅渣过滤器接收上位机发送的收硅指令对搅拌腔收硅渣。设置时序控制器的工作时段,每一次进硅渣,都工作10秒,发出工作指令到喷嘴搅拌器,喷嘴搅拌器对搅拌腔进行搅拌,使得有机溶液和硅渣均匀分布,提高分离效果。As shown in FIG. 1 , the utility model relates to an automatic control system for separating silicon slag, comprising a stirring chamber, using an alarm of AL7480; and using an upper computer of the Advantech P4 industrial control microcomputer, the upper machine issuing an organic solution ratio And the capacity value information is sent to the organic solution inlet center, the silicon slag weight value and the time value information are sent to the silicon slag feed center, and the stirring command is sent to the separation and stirring center; the organic solution inlet center: including the AT-704 Liquid PID controller, accumulator, weighing Tank module, metering sensor with BT-457B, liquid level sensor with PD-067C and concentration sensor with TD-028C; the silicon slag feed center: including feed controller, timer and storage material using KY02S , TAJ5 timer, hopper with one reservoir and electric valve, belt scale module with Z6FD1, and weighing tank module; separation and mixing center: including timing controller, nozzle mixer The X3-1 infrared detector and the rotary agitator are used; the liquid inlet PID controller receives the information of the organic solution batch ratio and the capacity value, and sends an output command to the liquid storage device, and the liquid storage device receives the liquid inlet. The output command sent by the PID controller outputs alcohol or tribromoethane to the weighing tank module; the measuring sensor collects the inflow amount of the weighing tank module in real time, and sends the measuring signal to the liquid inlet PID controller; the liquid inlet PID controller Receiving the metering signal sent by the metering sensor in real time, and simultaneously comparing with the upper machine to issue the ratio of the organic solution ingredients and the capacity value information, and when the set target is reached, sending a disconnection command to the accumulator; Receiving the disconnection command, stopping the input of alcohol or tribromoethane to the weighing tank module; the weighing tank module comprises a gravity sensor and being controlled by the gravity sensor to deliver alcohol or tribromoethane to the stirring chamber; The liquid level sensor detects the liquid level information in the stirring chamber, and the concentration sensor detects the organic solution concentration information in the stirring chamber, and sends the information to the liquid inlet PID controller; the feeding controller receives the silicon slag weight value information sent by the upper computer, Sending an output command to the hopper; the hopper receives an output command sent by the feed controller, and outputs silicon slag to the weighing tank module; the belt scale module collects the weight of the weighing tank module in real time, and sends the weight The signal is sent to the feed controller; the feed controller receives the weight signal sent by the belt scale module in real time, and compares with the weight value and time value information of the silicon slag sent by the upper computer. When the set target is reached, the disconnect command is sent to the storage. The hopper receives a disconnection command to stop inputting silicon slag to the weighing tank module; the weighing tank module includes a gravity sensor and is controlled by a gravity sensor Delivering silicon slag to the stirring chamber; the timer is for timing of the feed controller, the feed controller is configured to receive the operation time sent by the host computer according to the received silicon slag time value information sent by the upper computer Commanding, and sending a stirring command to the nozzle agitator by timing of the timer; the nozzle agitator: receiving a stirring command sent by the timing controller to stir the stirring chamber; and detecting the layer in the stirring chamber The information is sent to the upper computer in real time, the upper computer receives the layer information and processes, and sends a rotation command to the rotary stirring module; the rotary stirring module: receives the rotation instruction of the upper computer, rotates the stirring chamber; and the residue filter receives the upper position The slag receiving command sent by the machine collects the slag from the stirring chamber; the single-purpose silicon filter receives the silicon receiving command sent by the upper computer to receive the silicon in the stirring chamber. The silicon slag filter receives the silicon receiving command sent by the upper computer to collect the silicon slag from the stirring chamber. The weight ratio of alcohol to tribromoethane in the organic solution was 17:1. The upper computer also sends a slag discharge command, a silicon receiving command or a silicon slag command to the recycling center; the recycling center includes a silicon slag filter, a single silicon filter and a residue filter. The residue filter receives the slag discharge command sent by the upper computer to collect the slag from the stirring chamber; the single-purpose silicon filter receives the silicon receiving command sent by the upper computer to receive the silicon in the stirring chamber. The silicon slag filter receives the silicon receiving command sent by the upper computer to collect the silicon slag from the stirring chamber. Set the working period of the timing controller, each time the silicon slag is introduced, it works for 10 seconds, and sends a work instruction to the nozzle agitator. The nozzle agitator stirs the stirring chamber to evenly distribute the organic solution and the silicon slag, thereby improving the separation effect.
以上所述的具体实施方式,对本实用新型的目的、技术方案和有益效果进行了进一步详 细说明,所应理解的是,以上所述仅为本实用新型的具体实施方式而已,并不用于限定本实用新型的保护范围,凡在本实用新型的精神和原则之内,所做的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本实用新型的保护范围之内。 The specific embodiments described above further detail the purpose, technical solutions and beneficial effects of the present invention. It is to be understood that the foregoing is only illustrative of the embodiments of the invention, and is not intended to limit the scope of the invention, Modifications, equivalent substitutions, improvements, etc., are intended to be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

  1. 一种用于硅渣分离的自动控制系统,包括搅拌腔,其特征在于:还包括上位机,所述上位机发出有机溶液配料比值及容量值信息到有机溶液进液中心、发送硅渣重量值及时间值信息到硅渣进料中心、以及发送搅拌指令到分离搅拌中心;所述有机溶液进液中心:包括进液PID控制器、储液器、称液槽模块、计量传感器、液位传感器和浓度传感器;所述硅渣进料中心:包括进料控制器、计时器、储料器、皮带秤模块、和称料槽模块;所述分离搅拌中心:包括时序控制器、喷嘴搅拌器、红外探测器和旋转搅拌器;其中,An automatic control system for separating silicon slag, comprising a stirring chamber, characterized in that: further comprising an upper machine, the upper machine sends an organic solution proportion ratio and capacity value information to an organic solution inlet center, and sends a silicon slag weight value And time value information to the silicon slag feed center, and sending a stirring command to the separation and stirring center; the organic solution inlet center: including the liquid inlet PID controller, the liquid storage device, the weighing tank module, the metering sensor, the liquid level sensor And a concentration sensor; the silicon slag feed center: including a feed controller, a timer, a hopper, a belt scale module, and a weigh tank module; the separation and agitation center: including a timing controller, a nozzle agitator, Infrared detector and rotary agitator;
    所述进液PID控制器接收上位机发送有机溶液配料比值及容量值信息,发送输出指令到储液器,所述储液器接收进液PID控制器发送的输出指令,输出酒精或三溴乙烷到称液槽模块;所述计量传感器实时采集称液槽模块流入量,并发送计量信号到进液PID控制器;进液PID控制器接收计量传感器实时发送的计量信号,同时与上位机发出有机溶液配料比值及容量值信息对比,达到设定的目标时,发送断开指令到储液器;所述储液器接收断开指令,停止输入酒精或三溴乙烷到称液槽模块;所述称液槽模块包括重力传感器,同时受重力传感器控制,输送酒精或三溴乙烷到搅拌腔;The liquid inlet PID controller receives the information of the organic solution batch ratio and the capacity value, and sends an output command to the accumulator, and the accumulator receives the output command sent by the liquid PID controller, and outputs the alcohol or the tribromide. The alkane is called a liquid tank module; the metering sensor collects the inflow amount of the liquid tank module in real time, and sends a metering signal to the liquid inlet PID controller; the liquid inlet PID controller receives the metering signal sent by the metering sensor in real time, and simultaneously sends the metering signal with the upper station The organic solution ratio ratio and the capacity value information are compared. When the set target is reached, a disconnection command is sent to the accumulator; the accumulator receives the disconnection command, and stops inputting alcohol or tribromoethane to the weighing tank module; The weighing tank module comprises a gravity sensor and is controlled by a gravity sensor to deliver alcohol or tribromoethane to the stirring chamber;
    所述液位传感器探测搅拌腔内液位信息,所述浓度传感器探测搅拌腔内有机溶液浓度信息,均发送到进液PID控制器;The liquid level sensor detects liquid level information in the stirring chamber, and the concentration sensor detects the concentration information of the organic solution in the stirring chamber, and sends the information to the liquid inlet PID controller;
    所述进料控制器接收上位机发送的硅渣重量值信息,发送输出指令到储料器;述所述储料器接收进料控制器发送的输出指令,输出硅渣到称料槽模块;所述皮带秤模块实时采集称料槽模块的重量,并发送重量信号到进料控制器;进料控制器接收皮带秤模块实时发送的重量信号,同时与上位机发出的硅渣重量值及时间值信息对比,达到设定的目标时,发送断开指令到储料器;所述储料器接收断开指令,停止输入硅渣到称料槽模块;所述称料槽模块包括重力传感器,同时受重力传感器控制,输送硅渣到搅拌腔;The feed controller receives the silicon slag weight value information sent by the upper computer, and sends an output command to the hopper; the hopper receives the output command sent by the feed controller, and outputs the silicon slag to the weighing tank module; The belt scale module collects the weight of the weighing tank module in real time and sends a weight signal to the feeding controller; the feeding controller receives the weight signal sent by the belt scale module in real time, and simultaneously carries out the weight value and time of the silicon slag sent by the upper computer. Comparing the value information, when the set target is reached, sending a disconnection command to the hopper; the hopper receives the disconnection command, and stops inputting the silicon slag to the weighing tank module; the weighing tank module includes a gravity sensor, At the same time, controlled by the gravity sensor, the silicon slag is transported to the stirring chamber;
    所述计时器为进料控制器计时,所述进料控制器根据接收的上位机发送的硅渣时间值信息。The timer is timed by a feed controller, and the feed controller is based on the received silicon slag time value information sent by the host computer.
    所述时序控制器:接收上位机发送的操作时间指令,并通过计时器的计时,对喷嘴搅拌器发送搅拌指令;所述喷嘴搅拌器:接收时序控制器发送的搅拌指令,对搅拌腔搅拌;所述红外探测器:探测搅拌腔内的图层信息,实时发送至上位机,上位机接收图层信息并处理,发送旋转指令到旋转搅拌模块;所述旋转搅拌模块:接收上位机的旋转指令,对搅拌腔旋转;The timing controller: receiving an operation time instruction sent by the upper computer, and sending a stirring instruction to the nozzle agitator by timing of the timer; the nozzle agitator: receiving the stirring instruction sent by the timing controller, stirring the stirring chamber; The infrared detector detects the layer information in the stirring chamber, sends it to the upper computer in real time, receives the layer information and processes the upper computer, and sends a rotation command to the rotating stirring module; the rotating stirring module: receives the rotation instruction of the upper computer Rotating the stirring chamber;
    所述残渣过滤器接收上位机发送的收渣指令对搅拌腔收渣;所述单质硅过滤器接收上位机发送的收硅指令对搅拌腔收硅。所述硅渣过滤器接收上位机发送的收硅指令对搅拌腔收硅渣。The residue filter receives the slag discharge command sent by the upper computer to collect the slag from the stirring chamber; the single-purpose silicon filter receives the silicon receiving command sent by the upper computer to receive the silicon in the stirring chamber. The silicon slag filter receives the silicon receiving command sent by the upper computer to collect the silicon slag from the stirring chamber.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种用于硅渣分离的自动控制系统,其特征在于:所述有机溶液中酒精和三溴乙烷重量比为17:1。 An automatic control system for silicon slag separation according to claim 1, wherein the organic solution has a weight ratio of alcohol to tribromoethane of 17:1.
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的一种用于硅渣分离的自动控制系统,其特征在于:还包括报警器,所述上位机发送报警信息到报警器,报警器接收上位机的报警信息,发出鸣笛警报音。The automatic control system for separating silicon slag according to claim 1, further comprising an alarm, wherein the upper computer sends an alarm message to the alarm, and the alarm device receives the alarm information of the upper computer and emits a sound. Flute alarm sound.
  4. 根据权利要求1所述的一种用于硅渣分离的自动控制系统,其特征在于:所述上位机还发送收渣指令、收硅指令或收硅渣指令到回收中心;所述回收中心包括硅渣过滤器、单质硅过滤器和残渣过滤器。The automatic control system for separating silicon slag according to claim 1, wherein the upper computer further sends a slag command, a silicon receiving command or a silicon slag command to the recycling center; and the recycling center includes Silicon slag filter, elemental silicon filter and residue filter.
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的一种用于硅渣分离的自动控制系统,其特征在于:所述残渣过滤器接收上位机发送的收渣指令对搅拌腔收渣;所述单质硅过滤器接收上位机发送的收硅指令对搅拌腔收硅,所述硅渣过滤器接收上位机发送的收硅指令对搅拌腔收硅渣。 The automatic control system for separating silicon slag according to claim 4, wherein the residue filter receives the slag command sent by the upper computer to collect the slag from the stirring chamber; the single-crystal silicon filter receives the upper position. The silicon receiving command sent by the machine receives silicon from the stirring chamber, and the silicon slag filter receives the silicon receiving instruction sent by the upper computer to collect the silicon slag from the stirring chamber.
PCT/CN2017/115087 2016-12-09 2017-12-07 Automatic control system for silicon slag separation WO2018103715A1 (en)

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CN206372945U (en) * 2016-12-09 2017-08-04 永平县泰达废渣开发利用有限公司 A kind of automatic control system separated for white residue

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