WO2018099199A1 - Prefabricated thermal insulation wall cladding manufacturing method - Google Patents

Prefabricated thermal insulation wall cladding manufacturing method Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2018099199A1
WO2018099199A1 PCT/CN2017/106653 CN2017106653W WO2018099199A1 WO 2018099199 A1 WO2018099199 A1 WO 2018099199A1 CN 2017106653 W CN2017106653 W CN 2017106653W WO 2018099199 A1 WO2018099199 A1 WO 2018099199A1
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Prior art keywords
anchor
insulating
concrete
board
center rod
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PCT/CN2017/106653
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
翟传伟
李壮贤
侯钦鹏
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青岛科瑞新型环保材料集团有限公司
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Priority to CN201611098434.5 priority Critical
Priority to CN201611098434.5A priority patent/CN106760029B/en
Application filed by 青岛科瑞新型环保材料集团有限公司 filed Critical 青岛科瑞新型环保材料集团有限公司
Publication of WO2018099199A1 publication Critical patent/WO2018099199A1/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work

Abstract

A prefabricated thermal insulation wall cladding manufacturing method. The wall comprises a concrete wall (3) and a thermal insulation decorative panel. The thermal insulation decorative panel is arranged outside the concrete wall (3). The manufacturing method comprises: arranging a template on a template platform, and fixing thereon a window frame; disposing a mortar layer in the arranged template, disposing the thermal insulation decorative panel on the mortar layer, and arranging anchoring components (1, 2) in an inverted position, and fixing the same; treating a foaming material and filling the same into a panel gap of the thermal insulation decorative panel; disposing, on the thermal insulation decorative panel, a reinforcing bar cage or bound reinforcing bars (11); fixing, on the reinforcing bar cage or the bound reinforcing bars, a component for the thermal insulation wall panel; pouring concrete and vibrating the same, smoothing and polishing a surface of the concrete; curing the concrete; demolding, removing, and repairing surface defects of the concrete; and assembling and installing according to a design the manufactured thermal insulation wall. The manufacturing method eliminates an outer panel and a connection component connecting interior and exterior parts of a conventional sandwich structure, reducing costs and increasing production efficiency.

Description

一种装配式自保温墙体反打制备工艺 技术领域  Fabrication self-insulation wall counter-removing preparation technology
[0001] 本发明涉及建筑材料技术领域, 特别是涉及一种新型装配式墙体的制作方法、 设计与安装领域。  [0001] The present invention relates to the field of building materials technology, and in particular to a field of manufacturing, design and installation of a new type of fabricated wall.
背景技术  Background technique
[0002] 作为最大的发展中国家, 我国单位 GDP能耗是世界平均水平的 2倍多, 面对越 来越严峻的能源安全形势, 国家在各个领域都在大力推进节能减排。 建筑能耗 占据我国总能耗的 20~30%, 因此建筑节能就显得尤为重要。 最新的建筑节能标 准是北方地区如北京、 天津、 山东、 河北、 新疆等省已实现 75%的节能标准, 大 部分地区的城镇居住建筑为 65%, 极少数地区要求为 50%。 由于我国建筑节能发 展较晚, 各方面与欧美发达国家相比都欠成熟, 节能技术措施与标准也相对落 后, 但总体来说, 超低能耗建筑、 绿色建筑是我国建筑的发展趋势。  [0002] As the largest developing country, China's energy consumption per unit of GDP is more than twice the world average. In the face of increasingly severe energy security, the country is vigorously promoting energy conservation and emission reduction in various fields. Building energy consumption accounts for 20~30% of China's total energy consumption, so building energy efficiency is particularly important. The latest building energy efficiency standards are 75% energy efficiency standards in the northern regions such as Beijing, Tianjin, Shandong, Hebei, Xinjiang and other provinces. In most areas, urban residential buildings are 65%, and in very few areas 50%. Due to the late development of building energy efficiency in China, all aspects are not mature compared with developed countries in Europe and America, and energy-saving technical measures and standards are relatively backward. However, in general, ultra-low-energy buildings and green buildings are the development trend of China's buildings.
[0003] 超低能耗建筑在国内一般称为被动式建筑, 即不用主动的采暖和空调或采用极 低的能耗就可以维持舒适的室内热环境的建筑。 被动式建筑要求建筑物的外围 护结构具有极好的保温效果和密闭性, 根据目前被动式建筑的情况看, 使用保 温性能最好的有机类保温材料聚氨酯或聚苯乙烯泡沫作为保温结构, 其厚度超 过 15cm, 而使用真空绝热保温板, 总厚度控制在 6cm以内即能满足超低能耗建筑 的保温需求。  [0003] Ultra-low-energy buildings are commonly referred to as passive buildings in the country, that is, buildings that do not require active heating and air conditioning or that maintain a comfortable indoor thermal environment with very low energy consumption. Passive building requires the building's external protection structure to have excellent insulation effect and airtightness. According to the current passive construction situation, the organic insulation material polyurethane or polystyrene foam with the best insulation performance is used as the insulation structure. More than 15cm, and the use of vacuum insulation insulation board, the total thickness of less than 6cm can meet the insulation needs of ultra-low energy buildings.
[0004] 装配式建筑是工程建设的主流方向, 即建造房屋如同生产汽车一样, 全面实行 工厂化预制生产, 现场进行组装的建造模式。 但是目前装配式墙体采用普遍采 用三明治式的构造形式, 该构造形式, 是通过穿过保温板的连接件将保温板外 侧 5-8cm厚混凝土板与主体结构的混凝土连接住, 该三明治的构造存在着生产繁 琐、 造价成本高、 安全系统低, 用于固定外侧 5-8cm厚的混凝土板的连接件没有 实施标准, 质量难以保证, 且形成大量的冷桥, 目前全部依赖进口, 成本居高 不下, 造成目前装配式建筑难以推广, 增量成本居高不下。  [0004] Prefabricated buildings are the mainstream direction of engineering construction, that is, the construction of houses is like the production of cars, and the construction mode of factory prefabricated production and on-site assembly is fully implemented. However, at present, the prefabricated wall adopts a sandwich type structure, which is a structure in which a 5-8 cm thick concrete slab outside the heat insulating board is connected to the concrete of the main structure by a connecting member passing through the heat insulating board, and the structure of the sandwich is constructed. There are cumbersome production, high cost, low safety system, and the joints for fixing the outer 5-8cm thick concrete slabs are not implemented. The quality is difficult to guarantee, and a large number of cold bridges are formed. At present, all rely on imports, and the cost is high. No, the current assembly-type buildings are difficult to promote, and the incremental cost remains high.
技术问题 [0005] 针对以上三明治结构的装配式墙板, 本发明提出通过保温装饰板反打的工艺生 产装配式自保温墙板, 取消了原三明治结构中的外页板与内外相连的连接件, 使成本大幅下降, 提高了生产效率, 降低建筑物的自重, 为大面积推广装配式 建筑提供了保障。 technical problem [0005] For the assembled wall panel of the above sandwich structure, the present invention proposes to produce a fabricated self-insulating wall panel by the process of insulating the decorative panel, and cancels the connecting member of the outer panel in the original sandwich structure and the inner and outer joints. The cost has dropped drastically, increasing production efficiency, reducing the weight of buildings, and providing a guarantee for the promotion of prefabricated buildings on a large scale.
问题的解决方案  Problem solution
技术解决方案  Technical solution
[0006] 为了解决上述技术问题, 本发明采用的技术方案是:  [0006] In order to solve the above technical problem, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is:
[0007] 一种装配式自保温墙体的反打制备工艺, 所述墙体包括混凝土墙体、 保温装饰 板, 所述混凝土墙体外部设置保温装饰板, 保温装饰板反打施工工艺法包括如 下步骤:  [0007] A counter-making process for assembling a self-insulating wall, the wall comprises a concrete wall and a heat-insulating decorative board, wherein the concrete wall is provided with a heat-insulating decorative board, and the heat-insulating decorative board counter-attack construction process includes The following steps:
[0008] 步骤 1) 在钢平台上固定模板, 并将窗框固定好;  [0008] Step 1) Fix the template on the steel platform and fix the window frame;
[0009] 步骤 2) 把保温装饰板反铺于模板的底层;  [0009] Step 2) Reverse the thermal insulation decorative board on the bottom layer of the template;
[0010] 步骤 3) 预埋并固定锚固件;  [0010] Step 3) pre-burying and fixing the anchor;
[0011] 步骤 4) 在铺好的保温装饰板的上部铺设钢筋笼或直接在上面绑扎钢筋;  [0011] Step 4) laying a steel cage on the upper part of the laid insulation decorative board or directly tying the steel bar thereon;
[0012] 步骤 5) 固定相应的预埋到混凝土中的固定点;  [0012] Step 5) fixing the corresponding fixed point embedded in the concrete;
[0013] 步骤 6) 浇注混凝土并振捣密实;  [0013] Step 6) pouring concrete and vibrating and compacting;
[0014] 步骤 7) 养护;  [0014] Step 7) curing;
[0015] 步骤 8) 脱模起吊;  [0015] Step 8) demoulding lifting;
[0016] 步骤 9) 保温装饰板外侧饰面揭保护膜, 做密封胶处理。  [0016] Step 9) The outer surface of the heat-insulating decorative board is peeled off and the protective film is treated as a sealant.
[0017] 一种装配式自保温墙体的反打制备工艺, 所述墙体包括混凝土墙体、 保温装饰 板, 所述混凝土墙体外部设置保温装饰板, 反打装配式自保温墙体的制作工艺 如下所述  [0017] A counter-making process for assembling a self-insulating wall, the wall comprising a concrete wall and a heat-insulating decorative board, wherein the concrete wall is provided with a heat-insulating decorative board, and the counter-assembled self-insulating wall The production process is as follows
[0018] 第一步, 在模台上支好模板, 并固定好窗框;  [0018] In the first step, the template is supported on the die table, and the window frame is fixed;
[0019] 第二步, 在支好的模板内铺设一层 l-3cm厚的水泥砂浆层, 水泥砂浆层内应内 嵌镀锌钢丝网或玻纤网, 接着在水铺好的水泥砂浆层上铺设一个面带有保温装 饰板, 在铺设保温装饰板的同吋将锚固件倒立固定好, 锚固件的一个端面应放 置于钢丝网或玻纤网的外侧, 并将钢丝网或玻纤网锚住, 锚固件的另一端要倒 立伸出保温装饰板的厚度; [0020] 第三步, 保温装饰板铺设并锚固好后, 用发泡材料处理并填塞满保温装饰板的 板缝; [0019] In the second step, a layer of cement mortar layer of l-3 cm thickness is laid in the supported template, and a galvanized steel wire mesh or a glass fiber mesh is embedded in the cement mortar layer, and then placed on the cement mortar layer paved with water. Lay a surface with a heat-insulating decorative board, and fix the anchor upside down with the same layer of insulation board. One end of the anchor should be placed on the outside of the steel mesh or fiberglass mesh, and the wire mesh or fiberglass mesh anchor Live, the other end of the anchor should be inverted to extend the thickness of the insulation panel; [0020] The third step, after the thermal insulation decorative board is laid and anchored, the foamed material is used to treat and fill the seam of the thermal insulation decorative board;
[0021] 第四步, 将提前根据设计制作好的钢筋笼铺设在模板保温板的上面, 或直接在 已铺好的保温装饰板的上面铺设绑扎钢筋;  [0021] In the fourth step, the reinforcing steel cage prepared according to the design is laid on the upper surface of the template thermal insulation board, or the reinforced reinforcing steel plate is directly laid on the laid thermal insulation decorative board;
[0022] 第五步, 在钢筋笼上固定自保温墙板用的部件; [0022] The fifth step, fixing the components for the self-insulating wall panel on the steel cage;
[0023] 第六步, 浇注混凝土并振捣, 混凝土的表面抹平收光; [0023] In the sixth step, the concrete is poured and vibrated, and the surface of the concrete is smoothed and received;
[0024] 第七步, 将浇注好的混凝土送到养护窑内养护; [0024] In the seventh step, the poured concrete is sent to the curing kiln for curing;
[0025] 第八步, 脱模起吊并修整表面缺陷; [0025] the eighth step, demoulding lifting and trimming surface defects;
[0026] 第九步, 将制作好的自保温墙体按设计要求进行组合安装。  [0026] In the ninth step, the prepared self-insulating walls are assembled in accordance with design requirements.
[0027] 作为优选, 该保温装饰板中保温材料与装饰板相对的一侧应带有保护层。 [0027] Preferably, the side of the heat insulating decorative board opposite to the decorative board should be provided with a protective layer.
[0028] 作为优选, 该保护层可以是水泥砂浆或粘贴水泥薄板或硅酸钙板、 玻镁板、 水 泥纤维薄毡。 [0028] Preferably, the protective layer may be a cement mortar or a paste cement sheet or a calcium silicate board, a glass magnesium board, a cement fiber mat.
[0029] 作为优选, 该保温装饰板的装饰材料可以是薄形石材、 带有涂层的水泥纤维压 力板、 带有涂层的硅酸钙板、 带有涂层的铝板、 带有涂层的铝合金板、 带有涂 层钢板等具有一定强度的装饰材料, 且装饰材料外覆保护薄膜。  [0029] Preferably, the decorative material of the thermal insulation decorative board may be a thin stone material, a coated cement fiber pressure board, a coated calcium silicate board, a coated aluminum board, and a coating. The aluminum alloy plate, the coated steel plate and the like have a certain strength of the decorative material, and the decorative material is covered with a protective film.
[0030] 作为优选, 该保温装饰板的保温材料是真空绝热板。  [0030] Preferably, the heat insulating material of the heat insulating decorative board is a vacuum heat insulating board.
[0031] 作为优选, 所述保温装饰板和混凝土墙体通过锚固件组合件进行固定, 所述锚 固件组合件包括外锚固件和内锚固件, 所述外锚固件包括外锚固件中心杆以及 位于外锚固件中心杆外端的第一端盖, 所述第一端盖的尺寸大于外锚固件中心 杆的横截面的尺寸; 所述外锚固件中心杆为中空结构; 所述内锚固件包括内锚 固件中心杆以及位于内锚固件中心杆外端的第二端盖, 所述第二端盖的尺寸大 于内锚固件中心杆的横截面的尺寸, 所述内锚固件中心杆插入外锚固件中心杆 的中空结构中。  [0031] Advantageously, the insulated decorative panel and the concrete wall are secured by an anchor assembly, the anchor assembly comprising an outer anchor and an inner anchor, the outer anchor comprising an outer anchor center rod and a first end cap located at an outer end of the outer anchor center rod, the first end cap having a size greater than a dimension of a cross section of the outer anchor center rod; the outer anchor center rod being a hollow structure; the inner anchor comprising An inner anchor center rod and a second end cap located at an outer end of the inner anchor center rod, the second end cap having a size greater than a cross-sectional dimension of the inner anchor center rod, the inner anchor center rod being inserted into the outer anchor The hollow structure of the center rod.
[0032] 作为优选, 所述中空结构的内壁面设置第一突起, 所述内锚固件中心杆外壁面 设置第二突起, 所述内锚固件中心杆插入外锚固件中心杆的中空结构吋, 所述 第一突起和第二突起互相卡合。  [0032] Preferably, the inner wall surface of the hollow structure is provided with a first protrusion, the inner wall of the inner anchor center rod is provided with a second protrusion, and the inner anchor center rod is inserted into the hollow structure of the outer anchor center rod, The first protrusion and the second protrusion are engaged with each other.
[0033] 作为优选, 所述第一突起和第二突起是构刺, 所述第一突起从内壁面向外端或 者内端方向延伸, 第二突起的延伸方向与第一突起相反; [0034] 作为优选, 将构刺的密度 M设置为从外端向内端的距离 L的函数, 即 M = F (L ) , 则 F' (L) >0, 则 F" (L) >0, 其中 F (L) 、 F" (L) 分别是 F (L) 的一次 导数和二次导数。 [0033] Preferably, the first protrusion and the second protrusion are thorns, the first protrusion extends from an inner wall facing an outer end or an inner end direction, and the second protrusion extends in a direction opposite to the first protrusion; [0034] Preferably, the density M of the thorn is set as a function of the distance L from the outer end to the inner end, that is, M = F (L ), then F' (L) > 0, then F" (L) > 0 , where F (L) and F" (L) are the first derivative and the second derivative of F (L), respectively.
[0035] 作为优选, 外锚固构件的中心杆长度为 S , , 在中心杆的内端端部设置的第一 突起的密度是 Μ Λ, 则外锚固构件的第一突起的密度 Μ分布如下: Μ = Μ Λ* (s/S 总) 其中 a是系数, 1.18<a<1.23, 其中 s是距离外锚固构件 1外端的距离。 [0035] Preferably, the central rod length of the outer anchor member is S,, the density of the first protrusion portion inner end to end of the central rod is provided Μ Λ, the density of the first outer anchor member protrusions [mu] distributed as follows: Μ = Μ Λ * (s/S total) where a is the coefficient, 1.18 < a < 1.23, where s is the distance from the outer end of the outer anchor member 1.
[0036] 作为优选, 步骤 5) 中的固定点包括吊装点、 钢筋套筒、 固定支点。 [0036] Preferably, the fixing points in step 5) include a lifting point, a steel sleeve, and a fixed fulcrum.
[0037] 作为优选, 第五步中固定自保温墙板用的部件包括套筒、 吊钩、 支撑点、 穿线 管、 电线盒。 [0037] Preferably, the components for fixing the self-insulating wall panel in the fifth step include a sleeve, a hook, a support point, a threading tube, and a wire box.
[0038] 作为优选, 第二步中锚固件的另一端要倒立伸出保温装饰板的厚度至少要 5cm 以上。  [0038] Preferably, in the second step, the other end of the anchor is to be inverted and the thickness of the heat insulating decorative panel is at least 5 cm or more.
[0039] 作为优选, 所述中空结构的内壁面设置第一突起, 所述内锚固件中心杆外壁面 设置第二突起, 所述内锚固件中心杆插入外锚固件中心杆的中空结构吋, 所述 第一突起和第二突起互相卡合。  [0039] Preferably, the inner wall surface of the hollow structure is provided with a first protrusion, the inner wall of the inner anchor center rod is provided with a second protrusion, and the inner anchor center rod is inserted into the hollow structure of the outer anchor center rod, The first protrusion and the second protrusion are engaged with each other.
[0040] 作为优选, 所述第一突起和第二突起是构刺。  [0040] Preferably, the first protrusion and the second protrusion are thorns.
[0041] 作为优选, 所述第一突起从内壁面向外端或者内端方向延伸, 第二突起的延伸 方向与第一突起相反。  [0041] Preferably, the first protrusion extends from the inner wall toward the outer end or the inner end, and the second protrusion extends in a direction opposite to the first protrusion.
[0042] 作为优选, 将构刺的密度 M设置为从外端向内端的距离 L的函数, 即 M = F (L ) , 则 F' (L) >0, 则 F" (L) >0, 其中 F (L) 、 F" (L) 分别是 F (L) 的一次 导数和二次导数。  [0042] Preferably, the density M of the thorn is set as a function of the distance L from the outer end to the inner end, that is, M = F (L ), then F' (L) > 0, then F" (L) > 0 , where F (L) and F" (L) are the first derivative and the second derivative of F (L), respectively.
[0043] 作为优选, 所述外锚固件的内端端部设置凸部。  [0043] Preferably, the inner end portion of the outer anchor is provided with a convex portion.
[0044] 作为优选, 所述外锚固件的内端端部设置幵口, 延伸到外锚固件中心杆中。  [0044] Preferably, the inner end of the outer anchor is provided with a tongue opening extending into the outer anchor center rod.
[0045] 作为优选, 所述的外锚固件中心杆的外壁面设置构刺, 所述构刺朝着外端延伸 [0045] Preferably, the outer wall surface of the outer anchor center rod is provided with a thorn, and the thorn is extended toward the outer end.
[0046] 作为优选, 所述第一端盖和第二端盖为圆形, 所述第一端盖的直径大于第二端 盖的直径。 [0046] Preferably, the first end cover and the second end cover are circular, and the diameter of the first end cover is larger than the diameter of the second end cover.
发明的有益效果  Advantageous effects of the invention
有益效果 [0047] 相对于现有技术, 本发明具有以下有益效果或优点: Beneficial effect [0047] The present invention has the following advantages or advantages over the prior art:
[0048] 1) 本发明公幵了一种新的保温一体化墙体的制备工艺, 该自保温墙体的结构 包括了承重结构、 防水构造, 该自保温墙体一次浇注成形, 通过反打的施工工 艺, 可以有效的保证保温材料的完整性, 施工工艺更简单便捷, 具有保温层牢 固耐久, 可以与建筑同寿命, 通过该保温板的反打工艺, 克服了现有的三明治 墙板存在自重重, 不防火、 外页墙板易脱落, 存在严重安全隐患等问题, 该自 保温墙体的生产工艺较现在三明治墙板的制作生产简单快捷, 将二次浇注减为 一次浇注, 取消了外页墙板与连接件, 墙体的重量减少, 成本节省了至少 100元 每平米。  [0048] 1) The present invention discloses a new preparation process of a heat-insulating integrated wall, the structure of the self-insulating wall includes a load-bearing structure and a waterproof structure, and the self-insulating wall is formed by one-time casting, through a counter-attack The construction process can effectively ensure the integrity of the insulation material, the construction process is simpler and more convenient, and the insulation layer is firm and durable, and can be used for the same life as the building. The existing sandwich wallboard is overcome by the anti-playing process of the insulation board. Since it is heavy, it is not fireproof, the outer wall panel is easy to fall off, and there are serious safety hazards. The production process of the self-insulating wall is simpler and faster than the production of the sandwich wallboard, and the secondary casting is reduced to one pouring, canceled. The outer wall panels and connectors, the weight of the wall is reduced, and the cost is saved by at least 100 yuan per square meter.
[0049] 2) 本发明通过设置一体化混凝土墙体设置凸部和凹部, 避免水进入墙体, 从 而实现防水。  [0049] 2) The present invention provides water-proof by providing a unitary concrete wall with protrusions and recesses to prevent water from entering the wall.
[0050] 3)本发明通过在相邻的混凝土墙体之间设置密封材料, 进一步实现防水。  [0050] 3) The present invention further achieves waterproofing by providing a sealing material between adjacent concrete walls.
[0051] 4) 本发明的锚固件主要用于工厂生产自保温墙体的预制构件中, 其中外锚固 件主要用于将保温装饰板固定于混凝土中, 内锚固件主要用于将嵌入保温装饰 板外侧的水泥砂浆保护层中玻纤网或钢丝网锚固住, 且不另外占用保温装饰板 的板缝, 自保温墙体的热桥降到最低, 且通过内外锚固件组合件上倒勾刺的相 互倒挂, 形成了很大的拉拔力, 且无需再用金属钉来固定。 [0051] 4) The anchor of the present invention is mainly used in a prefabricated component of a factory for producing a self-insulating wall, wherein the outer anchor is mainly used for fixing the thermal insulation decorative board in the concrete, and the inner anchor is mainly used for embedding the thermal insulation decoration. The fiberglass mesh or steel mesh in the protective layer of the cement mortar on the outside of the board is anchored, and the seam of the heat-insulating decorative board is not additionally occupied, the heat bridge of the self-insulating wall is minimized, and the barbs on the inner and outer anchor assemblies are barbed The upside down of each other creates a large pulling force and does not need to be fixed with metal nails.
[0052] 5) 本发明通过外锚固件外壁面的构刺的密度随着从外端向内端的变化, 保证 了外锚固件的进一步固定。  [0052] 5) The density of the thorn of the outer wall surface of the outer anchor of the present invention ensures further fixation of the outer anchor as the density from the outer end to the inner end changes.
对附图的简要说明  Brief description of the drawing
附图说明  DRAWINGS
[0053] 图 1是本发明的装配式墙体的结构示意图。  1 is a schematic structural view of a fabricated wall of the present invention.
[0054] 图 2是设置防水结构的混凝土墙体结构示意图。  2 is a schematic view showing the structure of a concrete wall provided with a waterproof structure.
[0055] 图 3是混凝土墙体组合在一起的结构示意图。  [0055] FIG. 3 is a structural schematic view of a concrete wall assembled together.
[0056] 图 4是一体化墙体的局部放大示意图。  4 is a partially enlarged schematic view of an integrated wall.
[0057] 图 5为外锚固件的结构示意图。  [0057] FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of an outer anchor.
[0058] 图 6为内锚固件的结构示意图。  6 is a schematic structural view of an inner anchor.
[0059] 图 7为内外锚固件组合在一起的结构示意图。 [0060] 图 8为在墙体上应用内外锚固件的结构示意图。 [0059] FIG. 7 is a structural schematic view of the combination of inner and outer anchors. [0060] FIG. 8 is a schematic structural view of applying an inner and outer anchor on a wall.
[0061] 图 9是包括窗户的一体化墙体结构示意图。 [0061] FIG. 9 is a schematic view of an integrated wall structure including a window.
[0062] 图中: 图中: 1、 外锚固件, 2、 内锚固件, 3、 混凝土墙体, 4、 保温材料, 5 、 玻璃网或钢丝网, 6、 饰面层; 7、 凸部, 8、 凹部, 9、 弹性密封材料, 10、 密封胶, 11、 钢筋, 12吊点;  [0062] In the figure: In the figure: 1, outer anchor, 2, inner anchor, 3, concrete wall, 4, insulation material, 5, glass mesh or steel mesh, 6, finishing layer; 7, convex 8, recess, 9, elastic sealing material, 10, sealant, 11, steel, 12 lifting points;
[0063] 1-1、 中心杆, 1-2、 第一端盖, 1-3、 凸部, 1-4、 幵口, 1-5、 突起, 1-6突起;  [0063] 1-1, center rod, 1-2, first end cap, 1-3, convex portion, 1-4, cornice, 1-5, protrusion, 1-6 protrusion;
2-1、 中心杆, 2-2、 第二端盖, 2-3突起。  2-1, center rod, 2-2, second end cover, 2-3 protrusions.
本发明的实施方式 Embodiments of the invention
[0064] 下面结合附图, 对本发明作进一步描述。 [0064] The present invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
[0065] 图 1展示了一种装配式自保温墙体, 所述墙体包括混凝土墙体 3、 保温装饰板, 所述混凝土墙体 3外部设置保温装饰板。  [0065] FIG. 1 illustrates a fabricated self-insulating wall, the wall comprising a concrete wall 3, an insulating decorative panel, and an insulating decorative panel disposed outside the concrete wall 3.
[0066] 图 1展示了墙体的水平结构, 即反打方式的制备示意图, 实际上墙体在安装的 吋候是竖直方向。 [0066] FIG. 1 shows a horizontal structure of the wall, that is, a schematic diagram of the preparation of the reverse hitting mode, in fact, the wall is vertically oriented during installation.
[0067] 所述保温装饰板是一体化成型的板, 包括保温材料 4和饰面层 6。  [0067] The thermal insulation decorative panel is an integrally formed panel comprising an insulating material 4 and a facing layer 6.
[0068] 作为优选, 该保温装饰板中保温材料与装饰板相对的一侧应带有保护层。  [0068] Preferably, the side of the heat insulating decorative material opposite to the decorative board in the heat insulating decorative board is provided with a protective layer.
[0069] 作为优选, 该保温装饰板中保温材料与装饰板相对的一侧带有保护层可以是水 泥砂浆或粘贴水泥薄板或硅酸钙板、 玻镁板、 水泥纤维薄毡。  [0069] Preferably, the protective layer on the side opposite to the decorative board in the heat insulating decorative board may be a cement mortar or a cement sheet or a calcium silicate board, a glass magnesium board, or a cement fiber mat.
[0070] 作为优选, 该保温装饰板的装饰材料可以是薄形石材、 带有涂层的水泥纤维压 力板、 带有涂层的硅酸钙板、 带有涂层的铝板、 带有涂层的铝合金板、 带有涂 层钢板等具有定强度的装饰材料, 且装饰材料外覆保护薄膜。  [0070] Preferably, the decorative material of the thermal insulation decorative board may be a thin stone material, a coated cement fiber pressure plate, a coated calcium silicate board, a coated aluminum plate, and a coating. The aluminum alloy plate, the coated steel plate and the like have a fixed strength decorative material, and the decorative material is covered with a protective film.
[0071] 作为优选, 该保温装饰板的保温材料 4是真空绝热板。  [0071] Preferably, the heat insulating material 4 of the heat insulating decorative sheet is a vacuum heat insulating sheet.
[0072] 本发明进一步公幵了保温装饰板反打施工工艺法:  [0072] The present invention further discloses a counter-punching construction method for the thermal insulation decorative board:
[0073] 保温装饰板反打施工工艺法:  [0073] Insulation decorative board counter-attack construction process:
[0074] 1) 在钢平台上固定模板, 并将窗框固定好;  [0074] 1) fixing the template on the steel platform and fixing the window frame;
[0075] 2) 把保温装饰板反铺于模板的底层;  [0075] 2) backing the thermal insulation decorative board on the bottom layer of the template;
[0076] 3) 预埋并固定锚固件;  [0076] 3) pre-burying and fixing the anchor;
[0077] 4) 在铺好的保温装饰板的上部铺设钢筋笼或直接在上面绑扎钢筋; [0078] 5) 固定相应的吊装点、 钢筋套筒、 固定支点等预埋到混凝土中的固定点; [0079] 6) 一次性浇注混凝土并振捣密实; [0077] 4) laying a steel cage on the upper part of the laid insulation decorative board or directly tying the steel bar thereon; [0078] 5) fixing the corresponding lifting point, the steel sleeve, the fixed fulcrum and the like fixed point embedded in the concrete; [0079] 6) pouring the concrete once and vibrating and compacting;
[0080] 7) 养护; [0080] 7) conservation;
[0081] 8) 脱模起吊; [0081] 8) demoulding lifting;
[0082] 9) 保温装饰板外侧饰面揭保护膜, 做密封胶处理。  [0082] 9) The outer surface of the heat-insulating decorative board is peeled off and the protective film is treated as a sealant.
[0083] 一种通过反打制作的自保温墙体及反打装配式体系, 包括了保温装饰板反打的 生产工艺及通过保温装饰板反打制作的自保温墙体的组合安装工艺, 反打自保 温墙体已包括了结构、 窗户、 保温、 穿线等功能构成, 该自保温墙体的结构包 括了承重结构、 防水构造, 该自保温墙体一次浇注成形, 具有保温层牢固耐久 , 可以与建筑同寿命, 通过该保温板的反打工艺, 克服了现有的三明治墙板存 在自重重, 不防火、 外页墙板易脱落, 存在严重安全隐患等问题, 该自保温墙 体的生产工艺较现在三明治墙板的制作生产简单快捷, 将二次浇注减为一次浇 注, 取消了外页墙板与连接件, 墙体的重量减少, 成本节省了至少 100元每平米  [0083] A self-insulating wall body and an anti-shock assembly system produced by counter-attacking, including a production process of a heat-insulating decorative board and a combined installation process of a self-insulating wall made by a heat-insulating decorative board, The self-insulating wall has been composed of functions such as structure, window, heat preservation and threading. The structure of the self-insulating wall includes a load-bearing structure and a waterproof structure. The self-insulating wall is formed by one casting, and the insulation layer is firm and durable. With the same life of the building, through the anti-playing process of the thermal insulation board, the existing sandwich wallboard has the advantages of self-heavy, non-fireproof, easy to fall off the outer wall panel, and serious safety hazards, and the production of the self-insulating wall. The process is simpler and faster than the current production of sandwich wallboard. The secondary casting is reduced to one casting, the outer wall panel and the connecting piece are eliminated, the weight of the wall is reduced, and the cost is saved by at least 100 yuan per square meter.
[0084] 反打装配式自保温墙体的制作工艺如下所述: [0084] The manufacturing process of the reverse-assembled self-insulating wall is as follows:
[0085] 第一步, 在模台上支好模板, 并固定好窗框; [0085] In the first step, the template is supported on the die table, and the window frame is fixed;
[0086] 第二步, 在支好的模板内铺设一层 l-3cm厚的水泥砂浆层, 水泥砂浆层内应内 嵌镀锌钢丝网或玻纤网, 接着在水铺好的水泥砂浆层上铺设一个面带有保护层 的保温板, 该保护层可以是水泥砂浆或其它保护层 (如粘贴水泥薄板或硅酸钙 板、 玻镁板、 水泥纤维薄毡等) , 在铺设保温装饰板的同吋将锚固件倒立固定 好, 锚固件的一个端面应放置于钢丝网或玻纤网的外侧, 并将钢丝网或玻纤网 锚住, 锚固件的另一端要倒立伸出保温板的厚度, 伸出长度至少要 5cm长; [0086] In the second step, a layer of cement mortar layer of l-3 cm thickness is laid in the supported template, and a galvanized steel wire mesh or a glass fiber mesh is embedded in the cement mortar layer, and then placed on the cement mortar layer paved with water. Laying a thermal insulation board with a protective layer, which may be cement mortar or other protective layer (such as cement sheet or calcium silicate board, glass magnesium board, cement fiber mat, etc.) At the same time, the anchor is fixed upside down. One end of the anchor should be placed on the outside of the wire mesh or fiberglass mesh, and the wire mesh or fiberglass mesh should be anchored. The other end of the anchor should be inverted to extend the thickness of the insulation board. , the extension length must be at least 5cm long;
[0087] 第三步, 保温装饰板铺设并锚固好后, 用发泡材料 (发泡条或发泡胶) 处理并 填塞满保温板的板缝; [0087] In the third step, after the thermal insulation decorative board is laid and anchored, the foam material (foaming strip or styrofoam) is used to treat and fill the seam of the thermal insulation board;
[0088] 第四步, 将提前根据设计制作好的钢筋笼铺设在模板保温板的上面, 或直接在 已铺好的保温板的上面铺设绑扎钢筋;  [0088] In the fourth step, the steel cages designed according to the design are laid on the upper surface of the template insulation board, or the reinforced steel bars are directly laid on the laid insulation boards;
[0089] 第五步, 在钢筋笼上固定自保温墙板用的套筒、 吊钩、 支撑点、 穿线管、 电线 盒等部件; [0090] 第六步, 浇注混凝土并振捣, 混凝土的表面抹平收光; [0089] In the fifth step, the sleeve, the hook, the support point, the threading tube, the wire box and the like for the self-insulating wall panel are fixed on the steel cage; [0090] In the sixth step, the concrete is poured and vibrated, and the surface of the concrete is smoothed and received;
[0091] 第七步, 将浇注好的混凝土送到养护窑内养护; [0091] In the seventh step, the poured concrete is sent to the curing kiln for curing;
[0092] 第八步, 脱模起吊并修整表面缺陷; [0092] the eighth step, demoulding lifting and trimming surface defects;
[0093] 第九步, 将制作好的自保温墙体按设计要求进行组合安装。  [0093] In the ninth step, the prepared self-insulating walls are assembled in accordance with design requirements.
[0094] 通过保温装饰板反打制作的装配式安装体系包括但不只限于通过保温装饰板反 打制作的装配式自保温墙体、 叠合楼板、 预制楼板、 预制自保温阳台等。  [0094] The prefabricated installation system made by insulating the decorative panel inversion includes, but is not limited to, a fabricated self-insulating wall, a laminated floor, a prefabricated floor, a prefabricated self-insulating balcony, etc., which are produced by insulating decorative panels.
[0095] 该装配式自保温安装体系通过主要构件工厂预制, 梁柱现浇、 自带外装饰、 且 内装装配化构成的一种全新的带有室内精装的装配化建筑的建设方案。 该装配 体系施工快捷、 成本便宜、 快速入住、 外墙的装饰与保温同寿命, 建筑的全生 命周期无需维修等优点。 [0095] The assembled self-insulating installation system is prefabricated by a main component factory, a beam-column cast-in-place, a self-contained exterior decoration, and a built-in assembled construction scheme of an assembled building with indoor hardcover. The assembly system is quick in construction, low in cost, fast in occupancy, decoration and insulation of the outer wall and life, and the whole life cycle of the building does not require maintenance.
[0096] 通过保温装饰板反打制作的装配式自保温墙体, 该自保温墙体是集结构、 装饰[0096] The assembled self-insulating wall made by insulating the decorative board, the self-insulating wall is a structure, decoration
、 保温、 窗户、 穿线等功能一体, 一次浇注成型, 方便运输、 安装、 生产便捷Insulation, window, threading, etc., one-time casting, convenient transportation, installation and production
、 成本低。 , low cost.
[0097] 该装配式自保温墙体的结构层包括了承重、 抗震的结构混凝土层与防水构造层 , 该防水构造层通过该装配式自保温墙体的构造造型, 通过该构造安装组合后 , 将外界的雨水挡在混凝土的结构外侧, 不会因为墙外的雨水渗到墙体腐蚀结 构层的钢筋, 不会将外面的雨水渗到室内。 该装配式自保温墙体的上端设置一 个凸起, 与之相对的另一端设置一个凹槽, 该挡水构造层通过一个在承重构造 层上的倒立凸起, 与上一层楼的另一块装配式自保温墙体结构层的凹槽相组合 , 形成一个挡水构造层。  [0097] The structural layer of the fabricated self-insulating wall comprises a load-bearing, seismic-resistant structural concrete layer and a waterproof structural layer, and the waterproof structural layer passes through the structural shape of the assembled self-insulating wall, and after the structure is assembled and assembled, The external rainwater is blocked on the outside of the concrete structure, and the rainwater outside the wall will not penetrate into the corroded structural layer of the wall, so that the rainwater outside will not seep into the room. The assembled self-insulating wall has a protrusion at the upper end, and the opposite end is provided with a groove, the water-blocking structure layer passes through an inverted protrusion on the load-bearing structure layer, and another block on the upper floor The grooves of the fabricated self-insulating wall structure layer are combined to form a water retaining structural layer.
[0098] 该装配式自保温墙体, 是在工厂一次性浇注成型, 其生产方式是以保温板反打 的工艺制作而成。  [0098] The assembled self-insulating wall body is casted at one time in a factory, and the production method is made by a process of backboarding of the heat insulating board.
[0099] 该装配式自保温墙体的保温装饰板反打施工工艺的第一步是在振动模台上固定 安装模板, 并将窗框等固定好。  [0099] The first step of the reverse construction process of the heat-insulating decorative panel of the self-insulating wall is to fix the template on the vibration die table, and fix the window frame and the like.
[0100] 该装配式自保温墙体的保温装饰板反打施工工艺的第二步是将带有装饰层的保 温装饰板平铺固定的模板内。 [0100] The second step of the back-spraying construction process of the self-insulating wall of the self-insulating wall is to lay a fixed template in the form of a decorative layer with a decorative layer.
[0101] 该保温装饰板的装饰材料可以是薄形石材、 带有涂层的水泥纤维压力板、 带有 涂层的硅酸钙板、 带有涂层的铝板、 带有涂层的铝合金板、 带有涂层钢板等具 有定强度的装饰材料, 且装饰材料外覆保护薄膜。 [0101] The decorative material of the thermal insulation decorative board may be a thin stone material, a coated cement fiber pressure plate, a coated calcium silicate board, a coated aluminum plate, a coated aluminum alloy Plate, coated steel, etc. The decorative material has a constant strength, and the decorative material is covered with a protective film.
[0102] 该保温装饰板的保温材料可以是有机泡沫保温材料如聚苯板、 挤塑板、 聚氨酉 I 板、 酚醛板、 改性聚苯板等, 无机保温材料如气凝胶毡或气凝胶板材、 玻璃棉 、 岩棉、 泡沫玻璃、 泡沫水泥、 烧结珍珠岩板等, 复合保温材料如真空绝热板 、 无机复合有机板等。 优选方案是真空绝热板。  [0102] The thermal insulation material of the thermal insulation decorative board may be an organic foam insulation material such as polystyrene board, extruded board, polyurethane board, phenolic board, modified polystyrene board, etc., inorganic insulating material such as aerogel felt or Aerogel sheets, glass wool, rock wool, foam glass, foam cement, sintered perlite sheets, etc., composite insulation materials such as vacuum insulation panels, inorganic composite organic panels, and the like. A preferred solution is a vacuum insulation panel.
[0103] 该保温装饰板的保温材料的与装饰板相对的另一面, 最佳方案是带有保护层, 尤其是真空绝热板必须带有保护层, 该保护层可以是水泥砂浆或其它保护层 ( 如粘贴水泥薄板或硅酸钙板、 玻镁板、 水泥纤维薄毡等) 。  [0103] The other side of the thermal insulation material of the thermal insulation decorative material opposite to the decorative panel is preferably provided with a protective layer. In particular, the vacuum insulation panel must have a protective layer, and the protective layer may be cement mortar or other protective layer. (such as paste cement sheet or calcium silicate board, glass magnesium board, cement fiber mat, etc.).
[0104] 在铺设保温装饰板的同吋将锚固件倒立固定好, 锚固件的构件要固定在装饰板 靠近模板平台的一面, 锚固件的另一端要倒立伸出保温板的厚度, 伸出长度至 少要 5cm长, 保温装饰板铺设并锚固好后, 用发泡材料 (发泡条或发泡胶) 处理 并填塞满保温装饰板的板缝。  [0104] The anchors are placed upside down and fixed at the same time when the thermal insulation decorative board is laid. The components of the anchors are fixed on the side of the decorative board near the formwork platform, and the other end of the anchor is to be inverted to extend the thickness of the thermal insulation board. At least 5cm long, after the insulation decorative board is laid and anchored, it is treated with foaming material (foaming strip or styrofoam) and filled with the seam of the insulating decorative board.
[0105] 该装配式自保温墙体的保温装饰板反打施工工艺的第三步是保温装饰板铺设并 锚固好后, 用发泡材料 (发泡条或发泡胶) 处理并填塞满保温装饰板的板缝。  [0105] The third step of the anti-insulation construction technology of the self-insulating wall of the assembled self-insulation wall is that the heat-insulating decorative board is laid and anchored, and is treated with a foaming material (foaming strip or styrofoam) and filled with heat preservation. The slats of the decorative board.
[0106] 该装配式自保温墙体的保温装饰板反打施工工艺的第四步是将提前根据设计制 作好的钢筋笼铺设在模板保温装饰板的上面, 或直接在已铺好的保温装饰板的 上面铺设绑扎钢筋,  [0106] The fourth step of the back-spray construction process of the heat-insulating decorative board of the self-insulating wall is to lay the steel cage according to the design in advance on the top of the template heat-insulating decorative board, or directly in the laid insulation decoration Laying the reinforcing bars on the top of the board,
[0107] 该装配式自保温墙体的保温装饰板反打施工工艺的第五步是在钢筋笼上固定自 保温墙板用的套筒、 吊钩、 支撑点、 穿线管、 电线盒等部件。  [0107] The fifth step of the anti-insulation construction process of the self-insulating wall of the assembled self-insulating wall is to fix the sleeve, the hook, the support point, the threading pipe, the wire box and the like for the self-insulating wall panel on the steel cage. .
[0108] 该装配式自保温墙体的保温装饰板反打施工工艺的第六步是浇注混凝土并振捣 , 混凝土的表面抹平收光。  [0108] The sixth step of the back-spraying construction process of the self-insulating wall of the self-insulating wall is to pour concrete and vibrate, and the surface of the concrete is smoothed and collected.
[0109] 该装配式自保温墙体的保温装饰板反打施工工艺的第七步是将浇注好的混凝土 送到养护窑内养护。  [0109] The seventh step of the reverse construction process of the heat-insulating decorative panel of the self-insulating wall is to send the poured concrete to the curing kiln for maintenance.
[0110] 该装配式自保温墙体的保温装饰板反打施工工艺的第八步是脱模起吊并修整表 面缺陷, 对装饰层的板缝做密封胶的嵌缝处理。  [0110] The eighth step of the back-spraying construction process of the self-insulating wall of the self-insulating wall is to demold and revise the surface defects, and to form a sealant for the sealing of the decorative layer.
[0111] 将通过保温装饰板反打制作好的装配式自保温墙体运到工地现场进行组合安装 [0112] 1、 作为工厂化生产的建筑构造, 已形成一套完整的体系, 可以使建筑整个外 围护结构全部实现工厂化生产。 [0111] The assembled self-insulating wall made by the heat-insulating decorative board is transported to the site for combined installation [0112] 1. As a factory-generated building structure, a complete system has been formed, which can make the building Whole outside The enclosure structure is all factory-produced.
[0113] 2、 在工厂化生产的整个幵间的外围护墙板已包括了结构、 窗户、 保温、 装饰[0113] 2. The outer siding of the entire raft in the factory has included structure, windows, insulation, decoration
、 穿线等功能构成。 , threading and other functions.
[0114] 3、 在工厂生产的外围护结构通过设计的结构防水层, 彻底杜绝 PC构结连接的 渗水、 缝隙幵胶等缺陷。  [0114] 3, the peripheral protection structure produced in the factory through the design of the structural waterproof layer, completely eliminate the defects of water penetration, gap glue and other defects in the PC construction connection.
[0115] 4、 在工厂化生产的外围护墙板做到质量轻、 厚度薄、 生产便捷、 生产成本低 的特点。 [0115] 4. The peripheral wall panel produced in the factory is characterized by light weight, thin thickness, convenient production and low production cost.
[0116] 5、 在工厂化生产的外围护墙板将带有外装饰层 (或保护层) 保温材料与混凝 土结构墙体一次浇注成型, 做到了保温、 装饰与建筑同寿命。  [0116] 5. The outer wall panel with the outer decorative layer (or protective layer) and the concrete structure wall are cast in one time in the factory production, so that the heat preservation, decoration and construction have the same life.
[0117] 6、 上述保温材料在工厂化生产外围护墙板吋, 带有外装饰层 (或保护层) 保 温装饰板在模板内铺设吋, 需要用锚固件固定, 拼装的板缝用高效保温材料填 充密实。  [0117] 6. The above-mentioned thermal insulation material is factory-produced for peripheral siding, with an outer decorative layer (or protective layer). The thermal insulation decorative plate is laid in the formwork, and needs to be fixed by anchors, and the assembled plate is highly efficient. The insulation material is densely packed.
[0118] 7、 在工厂化生产外围护墙板吋, 不带外装饰层的保温板在模板内铺设前, 需 要提前在模板室铺设 l-2cm厚的 1:2.5-3.5的水泥砂浆层, 内部嵌入网格布或镀锌 钢丝。  [0118] 7. In the factory production of the outer wall panel, before the insulation board without the outer decorative layer is laid in the formwork, it is necessary to lay a l-2cm thick cement mortar layer of 1:2.5-3.5 in the formwork room in advance. , built-in mesh or galvanized steel wire.
[0119] 8、 工工厂化生产吋, 水泥砂浆层内嵌的网格布的规格应为 160-300克, 镀锌钢 丝网的规格应为丝径 0.5-0.9mm, 间距 8.5x8.5-12.7xl2.7mm之间。  [0119] 8. Industrial factory production 吋, the size of the mesh cloth embedded in the cement mortar layer should be 160-300 grams, and the specification of the galvanized steel mesh should be 0.5-0.9mm wire diameter, spacing 8.5x8.5- Between 12.7xl2.7mm.
[0120] 9、 在工厂化生产的外围护墙板的生产可以分为二种工艺方法, 保温装饰板反 打施工工艺法, 保温装饰板正打施工工艺。  [0120] 9. The production of the peripheral siding in the factory can be divided into two kinds of processing methods, the thermal insulation decorative board is counter-constructed, and the thermal insulation decorative board is hitting the construction process.
[0121] 图 2展示了一种改进结构的带有防水结构的一体化墙体, 所述墙体包括多块混 凝土墙体 3, 所述混凝土墙体 3竖直方向两端分别设置凸部 7和凹部 8, 相邻的混 凝土墙体通过凸部 7和凹部 8连接。  [0121] FIG. 2 shows an integrated structure with a waterproof structure, the wall comprises a plurality of concrete walls 3, and the concrete walls 3 are respectively provided with convex portions 7 at both ends in the vertical direction. And the recessed portion 8, the adjacent concrete wall is connected by the convex portion 7 and the concave portion 8.
[0122] 该装配式自保温墙体的结构层包括了承重、 抗震的结构混凝土层与防水构造层 , 该防水构造层通过该装配式自保温墙体的构造造型, 通过该构造安装组合后 , 将外界的雨水挡在混凝土的结构外侧, 不会因为墙外的雨水渗到墙体腐蚀结 构层的钢筋, 不会将外面的雨水渗到室内。 该装配式自保温墙体的上端设置一 个凸起, 与之相对的另一端设置一个凹槽, 该挡水构造层通过一个在承重构造 层上的倒立凸起, 与上一层楼的另一块装配式自保温墙体结构层的凹槽相组合 , 形成一个挡水构造层。 [0122] The structural layer of the fabricated self-insulating wall comprises a load-bearing, seismic-resistant structural concrete layer and a waterproof structural layer, and the waterproof structural layer is configured by the assembled self-insulating wall structure, and after the structure is assembled and assembled, The external rainwater is blocked on the outside of the concrete structure, and the rainwater outside the wall will not penetrate into the corroded structural layer of the wall, so that the rainwater outside will not seep into the room. The assembled self-insulating wall has a protrusion at the upper end, and the opposite end is provided with a groove, the water-blocking structure layer passes through an inverted protrusion on the load-bearing structure layer, and another block on the upper floor Combination of grooves of fabricated self-insulating wall structure layer , forming a water retaining structural layer.
[0123] 作为优选, 所述混凝土墙体的上部设置凸部, 下部设置凹部。 [0123] Preferably, the concrete wall is provided with a convex portion at an upper portion and a concave portion at a lower portion thereof.
[0124] 作为优选, 所述混凝土墙体的上部的厚度小于下部的的厚度。 通过如此设置, 可以在相邻的混凝土墙体的连接处设置一个凹部, 从而在凹部中填充相关的材 料, 例如混凝土材料, 从而保证相邻的混凝土更好的连接, 同吋保证连接的混 凝土墙体的牢固和强度。 [0124] Preferably, the thickness of the upper portion of the concrete wall is smaller than the thickness of the lower portion. By this arrangement, a recess can be provided at the joint of adjacent concrete walls, so that the relevant materials, such as concrete materials, are filled in the recesses, thereby ensuring better connection of adjacent concrete, and ensuring the connected concrete walls. The firmness and strength of the body.
[0125] 作为优选, 所述混凝土墙体的上部凸部的厚度比下部凹部的的厚度少 1.5-4cm [0125] Preferably, the thickness of the upper convex portion of the concrete wall is less than the thickness of the lower concave portion by 1.5-4 cm.
[0126] 作为优选, 混凝土墙体的薄的部分的高度是 200-400mm。 [0126] Preferably, the height of the thin portion of the concrete wall is 200-400 mm.
[0127] 通过上述尺寸的优化设计, 能够使得混凝土墙体最大程度节约材料, 降低成本 [0127] Through the optimized design of the above dimensions, the concrete wall can be used to maximize material saving and cost reduction.
, 同吋还能够保证连接墙体的强度和牢固度。 The same can guarantee the strength and firmness of the connected wall.
[0128] 作为优选, 相邻的混凝土墙体的凸部和凹部连接处设置弹性密封材料。 通过设 置弹性密封材料, 可以使得密封性能更好。 进一步达到防水的效果。 [0128] Preferably, an elastic sealing material is provided at the joint of the convex portion and the concave portion of the adjacent concrete wall. By providing an elastic sealing material, the sealing performance can be made better. Further achieve the effect of waterproofing.
[0129] 作为优选, 所述的混凝土墙体外面设置保温材料, 所述保温材料外部设置保护 层或者饰面层。 [0129] Preferably, the outer wall of the concrete wall is provided with a heat insulating material, and the heat insulating material is provided with a protective layer or a facing layer.
[0130] 作为优选, 相邻的混凝土墙体的保温材料之间设置密封胶。  [0130] Preferably, a sealant is disposed between the insulating materials of adjacent concrete walls.
[0131] 作为优选, 所述保温材料优选为保温板。 [0131] Preferably, the heat insulating material is preferably a heat insulating plate.
[0132] 图 5-7展示了一种用于保温材料锚固定用的锚固件组合件, 包括外锚固件 1和内 锚固件 2, 如图 1所示, 所述外锚固件 1包括外锚固件中心杆 1-1以及位于外锚固件 中心杆 1-1外端的第一端盖 1-2, 所述第一端盖 1-2的尺寸大于外锚固件中心杆 1-1 的横截面的尺寸; 所述外锚固件中心杆 1-1为中空结构。  [0132] FIGS. 5-7 illustrate an anchor assembly for anchoring an insulating material, including an outer anchor 1 and an inner anchor 2, as shown in FIG. 1, the outer anchor 1 including an outer anchor a center rod 1-1 and a first end cap 1-2 at an outer end of the outer anchor center rod 1-1, the first end cap 1-2 being larger in size than the cross section of the outer anchor center rod 1-1 Dimensions; The outer anchor center rod 1-1 is a hollow structure.
[0133] 如图 6所示, 所述内锚固件 2包括内锚固件中心杆 2-1以及位于内锚固件中心杆 2- 1外端的第二端盖 2-2, 所述第二端盖 2-2的尺寸大于内锚固件中心杆 2-1的横截面 的尺寸, 所述内锚固件中心杆 2-1插入外锚固件中心杆 1-1的中空结构中, 如图 3 所示。  [0133] As shown in FIG. 6, the inner anchor 2 includes an inner anchor center rod 2-1 and a second end cover 2-2 at an outer end of the inner anchor center rod 2-1, the second end cover The size of 2-2 is larger than the size of the cross section of the inner anchor center rod 2-1, which is inserted into the hollow structure of the outer anchor center rod 1-1, as shown in FIG.
[0134] 作为优选, 所述第一端盖 1-2和第二端盖 2-1为圆形, 所述的中心杆 1-1和 1-2是 圆形截面。  [0134] Preferably, the first end cap 1-2 and the second end cap 2-1 are circular, and the center rods 1-1 and 1-2 are circular cross sections.
[0135] 作为优选, 所述第一端盖 1-2的直径大于第二端盖 2-2的直径。 作为优选, 第一 端盖 1-2的直径是第二端盖 2-2的直径的 1.2-1.8倍, 优选为 1.3-1.5倍。 [0135] Preferably, the diameter of the first end cap 1-2 is larger than the diameter of the second end cap 2-2. Preferably, the first The diameter of the end cap 1-2 is 1.2-1.8 times, preferably 1.3-1.5 times the diameter of the second end cap 2-2.
[0136] 作为优选, 中心杆 1-1的直径是 6-8mm, 中心杆 1-2的直径是 3-4mm。 [0136] Preferably, the diameter of the center rod 1-1 is 6-8 mm, and the diameter of the center rod 1-2 is 3-4 mm.
[0137] 作为优选, 所述中空结构的内壁面设置第一突起 1-5, 所述内锚固件中心杆 2-1 外壁面设置第二突起 2-3, 所述内锚固件中心杆 2-1插入外锚固件中心杆 1-1的中 空结构吋, 所述第一突起和第二突起互相卡合。 [0137] Preferably, the inner wall surface of the hollow structure is provided with a first protrusion 1-5, and the outer wall surface of the inner anchor center rod 2-1 is provided with a second protrusion 2-3, the inner anchor center rod 2 1 is inserted into the hollow structure 外 of the outer anchor center rod 1-1, and the first protrusion and the second protrusion are engaged with each other.
[0138] 作为优选, 所述第一突起 1-5和第二突起 2-3是构刺。 [0138] Preferably, the first protrusions 1-5 and the second protrusions 2-3 are thorns.
[0139] 作为优选, 所述第一突 1-5起从内壁面向外端 (即图 1的上部端盖 1-2方向) 或者 内端 (即图 1的下部凸部 1-3) 方向延伸, 第二突起 2-3的延伸方向与第一突起相 反。  [0139] Preferably, the first protrusions 1-5 extend from the inner wall surface toward the outer end (ie, the upper end cover 1-2 direction of FIG. 1) or the inner end (ie, the lower convex portion 1-3 of FIG. 1). The second protrusion 2-3 extends in a direction opposite to the first protrusion.
[0140] 通过设置突起的延伸方向相反, 可以使得通过内外锚固件组合件上倒构刺的相 互倒挂, 形成了很大的拉拔力, 且无需再用金属钉来固定。  [0140] By setting the protrusions to extend in opposite directions, the inverted thorns on the inner and outer anchor assemblies can be inverted upside down, forming a large pulling force, and no need to be fixed with metal nails.
[0141] 作为优选, 将构刺的密度 M设置为从外端向内端的距离 L的函数, 即 M = F (L[0141] Preferably, the density M of the thorn is set as a function of the distance L from the outer end to the inner end, ie, M = F (L)
) , 则 F' (L) >0, 则 F" (L) >0, 其中 F (L) 、 F" (L) 分别是 F (L) 的一次 导数和二次导数。 ), then F' (L) > 0, then F" (L) > 0, where F (L) and F" (L) are the first derivative and the second derivative of F (L), respectively.
[0142] 通过上述设置, 使得第一突起 (构刺) 1-5和第二突起 (构刺) 2-3的分布密度 沿着外端向内端不断的增加, 而且增加的幅度也越来越大。 通过上述设置, 使 得内外突起的结合力随着从外端向内端的延伸不断的增加, 保证了内部的结合 力, 使得内锚固件更难以拔出, 从而保证了内外锚固件的紧密结合。 通过实验 发现, 通过如此设置, 可以提高 20 - 40%左右的固定力。  [0142] With the above arrangement, the distribution density of the first protrusions (the thorns) 1-5 and the second protrusions (the thorns) 2-3 is continuously increased along the outer end toward the inner end, and the magnitude of the increase is also increasing. The bigger. Through the above arrangement, the bonding force of the inner and outer protrusions is continuously increased as the extension from the outer end to the inner end ensures the internal bonding force, making the inner anchor more difficult to pull out, thereby ensuring the tight coupling of the inner and outer anchors. It has been found through experiments that by this setting, the fixing force of about 20 - 40% can be improved.
[0143] 上述公式适用于突起 1-5和 2— 3。  The above formula applies to the protrusions 1-5 and 2-3.
[0144] 作为优选, 从外锚固构件 1的中心杆 1-1长度为 S , ,, 在中心杆的内端端部设置的 突起 1-5的密度是 M内, 则外锚固构件 1的突起 1-5的密度 M = M内 * (s/S总) 其 中 a是系数, 1.18<a<1.23, 其中 s是距离外锚固构件 1外端的距离, 即距离与中心 杆的内端端部的相对的另一端的距离。  [0144] Preferably, from the length of the center rod 1-1 of the outer anchor member 1 to S, the density of the protrusions 1-5 provided at the inner end end of the center rod is M, and the protrusion of the outer anchor member 1 Density of 1-5 M = M* (s/S total) where a is a coefficient, 1.18 < a < 1.23, where s is the distance from the outer end of the outer anchor member 1, ie the distance from the inner end of the center rod The distance from the opposite end.
[0145] 上述的关系是通过大量的数值模拟及其实验获得的, 通过大量的实验得到了验 证。 通过上述的关系进行密度分配, 能够使得结合程度达到最好。  [0145] The above relationship was obtained by a large number of numerical simulations and experiments, and was verified by a large number of experiments. Density distribution by the above relationship enables the degree of bonding to be optimized.
[0146] 作为优选, 1.19<a<1.21。  Preferably, 1.19<a<1.21.
[0147] 作为优选, 随着 s/S增加, a逐渐减小。 [0148] 作为优选, 所述外锚固件 1的内端端部设置凸部 1-3。 通过设置凸部, 进一步保 证内端与墙体的结合力, 保证内端不容易拔出。 [0147] Preferably, as s/S increases, a gradually decreases. [0148] Preferably, the inner end portion of the outer anchor 1 is provided with a convex portion 1-3. By providing the convex portion, the bonding force between the inner end and the wall body is further ensured, and the inner end is not easily pulled out.
[0149] 作为优选, 所述外锚固件的内端端部设置幵口 1-4, 延伸到外锚固件中心杆 1-1 中。 相应的, 内锚固件 2内端也设置与幵口 1-4相对应的幵口, 如图 2所示。  [0149] Preferably, the inner end of the outer anchor is provided with a tongue 1-4 extending into the outer anchor center rod 1-1. Correspondingly, the inner end of the inner anchor 2 is also provided with a mouth corresponding to the mouth 1-4, as shown in FIG.
[0150] 通过设置幵口 1-4, 也能进一步保证外锚固件 1与墙体的结合力, 保证外锚固件 1不容易拔出。  [0150] By providing the ports 1-4, the bonding force of the outer anchor 1 to the wall can be further ensured, and the outer anchor 1 is not easily pulled out.
[0151] 作为优选, 所述的外锚固件中心杆 1-1的外壁面设置构刺 1-6, 所述构刺 1-6朝着 外端延伸。 即向着图 1上部方向延伸。  Preferably, the outer wall surface of the outer anchor center rod 1-1 is provided with a thorn 1-6, and the thorn 1-6 extends toward the outer end. That is, it extends toward the upper direction of Fig. 1.
[0152] 作为优选, 将外壁面构刺的密度 m设置为从外端向内端的距离 L的函数, gPm = f (L) , 贝 IJf (L) >0, 则 f' (L) >0, 其中 f (L) 、 f (L) 分别是 f (L) 的一 次导数和二次导数。 [0152] Preferably, the density m of the outer wall surface is set as a function of the distance L from the outer end to the inner end, gPm = f (L), and the shell IJf (L) > 0, then f' (L) > 0 , where f (L) and f (L) are the first and second derivatives of f (L), respectively.
[0153] 通过上述设置, 使得构刺 1-6的分布密度沿着外端向内端不断的增加, 而且增 加的幅度也越来越大。 通过上述设置, 使得突起 1-6与墙体的结合力随着从外端 向内端的延伸不断的增加, 使得外锚固件更难以拔出, 从而保证了内外锚固件 的紧密结合。 通过实验发现, 通过如此设置, 可以提高 15— 30%左右的固定力  With the above arrangement, the distribution density of the thorns 1-6 is continuously increased along the outer end toward the inner end, and the magnitude of the increase is also increased. With the above arrangement, the bonding force of the protrusions 1-6 to the wall continuously increases with the extension from the outer end to the inner end, making the outer anchor more difficult to pull out, thereby ensuring the tight coupling of the inner and outer anchors. Through experiments, it is found that by this setting, the fixing force of about 15-30% can be improved.
[0154] 作为优选, 所述第一端盖和第二端盖为圆形, 所述第一端盖的直径大于第二端 盖的直径。 [0154] Preferably, the first end cover and the second end cover are circular, and the diameter of the first end cover is larger than the diameter of the second end cover.
[0155] 此锚固件主要用于工厂生产自保温墙体的预制构件中, 其中外锚固件主要用于 将保温板固定于混凝土中, 内锚固件主要用于将嵌入保温板外侧的水泥砂浆保 护层中玻纤网或钢丝网锚固住, 且不另外占用保温板的板缝, 自保温墙体的热 桥降到最低, 且通过内外锚固件组合件上倒构刺的相互倒挂, 形成了很大的拉 拔力, 且无需再用金属钉来固定。  [0155] The anchor is mainly used in the prefabricated component of the factory for producing self-insulating walls, wherein the outer anchor is mainly used for fixing the thermal insulation board in the concrete, and the inner anchor is mainly used for protecting the cement mortar embedded outside the thermal insulation board. The fiberglass mesh or steel mesh in the layer is anchored, and the seam of the thermal insulation board is not additionally occupied, the thermal bridge of the self-insulating wall is minimized, and the inverted thorns on the inner and outer anchor assemblies are mutually inverted, forming a very Large pull force, no need to use metal nails to fix.
[0156] 以上所述, 仅为本发明的优选实施方式, 本发明的保护范围并不仅局限于上述 实施例, 凡属于此发明思路下的技术方案均属于本发明的保护范围。 应当指出 , 对于本技术领域的技术人员来说, 在不脱离本发明原理的任何改进也视为本 发明的保护范围。  The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and the scope of protection of the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and all the technical solutions under the inventive concept belong to the protection scope of the present invention. It should be noted that any improvement without departing from the principles of the invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art.

Claims

权利要求书 Claim
[权利要求 1] 一种装配式自保温墙体的反打制备工艺, 所述墙体包括混凝土墙体、 保温装饰板, 所述混凝土墙体外部设置保温装饰板, 保温装饰板反打 施工工艺法包括如下步骤:  [Claim 1] A counter-making process for assembling a self-insulating wall, the wall body comprises a concrete wall body, a heat-insulating decorative board, the heat-insulating decorative board is arranged outside the concrete wall body, and the anti-shock construction technology of the heat-insulating decorative board The method includes the following steps:
步骤 1) 在钢平台上固定模板, 并将窗框固定好; 步骤 2) 把保温装饰板反铺于模板的底层;  Step 1) Fix the template on the steel platform and fix the window frame; Step 2) Reverse the thermal insulation decorative board on the bottom layer of the template;
步骤 3) 预埋并固定锚固件;  Step 3) pre-bury and fix the anchor;
步骤 4) 在铺好的保温装饰板的上部铺设钢筋笼或直接在上面绑扎钢 步骤 5) 固定相应的预埋到混凝土中的固定点;  Step 4) Lay the steel cage on the upper part of the laid insulation board or tie the steel directly on it. Step 5) Fix the corresponding fixed point embedded in the concrete;
步骤 6) 浇注混凝土并振捣密实;  Step 6) Pouring concrete and vibrating and compacting;
步骤 7) 养护;  Step 7) Maintenance;
步骤 8) 脱模起吊;  Step 8) demoulding lifting;
步骤 9) 保温装饰板外侧饰面揭保护膜, 做密封胶处理。  Step 9) Uncover the protective film on the outer side of the thermal insulation decorative board and do the sealant treatment.
[权利要求 2] —种装配式自保温墙体的反打制备工艺, 所述墙体包括混凝土墙体、 保温装饰板, 所述混凝土墙体外部设置保温装饰板, 反打装配式自保 温墙体的制作工艺如下所述:  [Claim 2] A counter-making process for assembling a self-insulating wall, the wall comprising a concrete wall and a heat-insulating decorative board, wherein the concrete wall is provided with an insulating decorative board, and the counter-assembled self-insulating wall The manufacturing process of the body is as follows:
第一步, 在模台上支好模板, 并固定好窗框;  The first step is to support the template on the die table and fix the window frame;
第二步, 在支好的模板内铺设一层 l-3cm厚的水泥砂浆层, 水泥砂浆 层内应内嵌镀锌钢丝网或玻纤网, 接着在水铺好的水泥砂浆层上铺设 保温装饰板, 在铺设保温装饰板的同吋将锚固件倒立固定好, 锚固件 的一个端面应放置于钢丝网或玻纤网的外侧, 并将钢丝网或玻纤网锚 住, 锚固件的另一端要倒立伸出保温板的厚度; 第三步, 保温装饰板铺设并锚固好后, 用发泡材料处理并填塞满保温 装饰板的板缝;  In the second step, a layer of l-3cm thick cement mortar is laid in the supported formwork, and a galvanized steel wire mesh or a glass fiber mesh should be embedded in the cement mortar layer, and then the heat preservation decoration is laid on the cement mortar layer which is paved in the water. Board, the anchors are placed upside down and fixed at the same level of the insulation board. One end of the anchor should be placed on the outside of the steel mesh or fiberglass mesh, and the wire mesh or fiberglass mesh is anchored, the other end of the anchor To extend the thickness of the insulation board; the third step, after the insulation decoration board is laid and anchored, it is treated with foaming material and filled with the seam of the insulation board;
第四步, 将提前根据设计制作好的钢筋笼铺设在模板保温板的上面, 或直接在已铺好的保温装饰板的上面铺设绑扎钢筋;  The fourth step is to lay the steel cage according to the design in advance on the top of the template insulation board, or directly lay the reinforcement bar on the laid insulation board;
第五步, 在钢筋笼上固定自保温墙板用的部件; 第六步, 浇注混凝土并振捣, 混凝土的表面抹平收光; 第七步, 将浇注好的混凝土送到养护窑内养护; The fifth step is to fix the components for the self-insulating wall panel on the steel cage; In the sixth step, the concrete is poured and vibrated, and the surface of the concrete is smoothed and collected; in the seventh step, the poured concrete is sent to the curing kiln for curing;
第八步, 脱模起吊并修整表面缺陷;  The eighth step, demoulding lifting and trimming surface defects;
第九步, 将制作好的自保温墙体按设计要求进行组合安装。  In the ninth step, the prepared self-insulating walls are assembled in accordance with the design requirements.
[权利要求 3] 如权利要求 1或 2中任一项所述的工艺, 该保温装饰板中保温材料与装 饰板相对的一侧应带有保护层。  [Claim 3] The process according to any one of claims 1 or 2, wherein a side of the heat insulating decorative sheet opposite to the decorative board is provided with a protective layer.
[权利要求 4] 如权利要求 3所述的工艺, 该保护层可以是水泥砂浆或粘贴水泥薄板 或硅酸钙板、 玻镁板、 水泥纤维薄毡。 [Clave 4] The process according to claim 3, the protective layer may be a cement mortar or a paste cement sheet or a calcium silicate board, a glass magnesium board, a cement fiber mat.
[权利要求 5] 如权利要求 1或 2所述的工艺, 其特征在于, 所述保温装饰板和混凝土 墙体通过锚固件组合件进行固定, 所述锚固件组合件包括外锚固件和 内锚固件, 所述外锚固件包括外锚固件中心杆以及位于外锚固件中心 杆外端的第一端盖, 所述第一端盖的尺寸大于外锚固件中心杆的横截 面的尺寸; 所述外锚固件中心杆为中空结构; 所述内锚固件包括内锚 固件中心杆以及位于内锚固件中心杆外端的第二端盖, 所述第二端盖 的尺寸大于内锚固件中心杆的横截面的尺寸, 所述内锚固件中心杆插 入外锚固件中心杆的中空结构中。 [Claim 5] The process according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the heat insulating decorative panel and the concrete wall are fixed by an anchor assembly, the anchor assembly comprising an outer anchor and an inner anchor The outer anchor includes an outer anchor center rod and a first end cap located at an outer end of the outer anchor center rod, the first end cover having a size larger than a dimension of a cross section of the outer anchor center rod; The anchor center rod is a hollow structure; the inner anchor includes an inner anchor center rod and a second end cap located at an outer end of the inner anchor center rod, the second end cover having a size larger than a cross section of the inner anchor center rod The inner anchor center rod is inserted into the hollow structure of the outer anchor center rod.
[权利要求 6] 如权利要求 5所述的工艺, 其特征在于, 所述第一突起和第二突起是 构刺, 所述第一突起从内壁面向外端或者内端方向延伸, 第二突起的 延伸方向与第一突起相反; 将构刺的密度 M设置为从外端向内端的距 离 L的函数, 即 M = F (L) , 贝 IjF' (L) >0,  [Claim 6] The process according to claim 5, wherein the first protrusion and the second protrusion are thorns, and the first protrusion extends from the inner wall toward the outer end or the inner end, and the second protrusion The direction of extension is opposite to that of the first protrusion; the density M of the thorn is set as a function of the distance L from the outer end to the inner end, ie, M = F (L) , and IjF' (L) > 0,
则 F" (L) >0, 其中 F' (L) 、 F" (L) 分别是 F (L) 的一次导数和二 次导数。  Then F" (L) > 0, where F' (L) and F" (L) are the first and second derivatives of F (L), respectively.
[权利要求 7] 如权利要求 6所述的工艺, 其特征在于, 外锚固构件的中心杆长度为 S  [Clave 7] The process according to claim 6, wherein the center rod length of the outer anchor member is S
, , 在中心杆的内端端部设置的第一突起的密度是 Μ Λ, 则外锚固构 件的第一突起的密度 Μ分布如下: Μ = Μ Λ* (s/S 总) 其中 a是系数 , 1.18<a<1.23 , 其中 s是距离外锚固构件 1外端的距离。 , the density of the first protrusion provided at the inner end end of the center rod is Μ Λ , and the density Μ distribution of the first protrusion of the outer anchor member is as follows: Μ = Μ Λ * (s/S total) where a is a coefficient 1.18<a<1.23, where s is the distance from the outer end of the outer anchor member 1.
[权利要求 8] 如权利要求 1所述的制备工艺, 其特征在于, 步骤 5) 中的固定点包括 吊装点、 钢筋套筒、 固定支点。 [Claim 8] The preparation process according to claim 1, wherein the fixing point in the step 5) comprises a lifting point, a steel sleeve, and a fixed fulcrum.
[权利要求 9] 如权利要求 2所述的制备工艺, 其特征在于, 第五步中固定自保温墙 板用的部件包括套筒、 吊钩、 支撑点、 穿线管、 电线盒。 [Claim 9] The preparation process according to claim 2, wherein the components for fixing the self-insulating wall panel in the fifth step include a sleeve, a hook, a support point, a threading tube, and a wire box.
[权利要求 10] 如权利要求 2所述的制备工艺, 其特征在于, 第二步中锚固件的另一 端要倒立伸出保温板的厚度至少要 5cm以上。  [Claim 10] The preparation process according to claim 2, wherein in the second step, the other end of the anchor is to be inverted and the thickness of the heat insulating plate is at least 5 cm or more.
PCT/CN2017/106653 2016-12-03 2017-10-18 Prefabricated thermal insulation wall cladding manufacturing method WO2018099199A1 (en)

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