WO2018044058A2 - Charging apparatus for electric vehicle and charging system including same - Google Patents

Charging apparatus for electric vehicle and charging system including same Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2018044058A2
WO2018044058A2 PCT/KR2017/009461 KR2017009461W WO2018044058A2 WO 2018044058 A2 WO2018044058 A2 WO 2018044058A2 KR 2017009461 W KR2017009461 W KR 2017009461W WO 2018044058 A2 WO2018044058 A2 WO 2018044058A2
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
charging
electric vehicle
charging device
power
user
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PCT/KR2017/009461
Other languages
French (fr)
Korean (ko)
Other versions
WO2018044058A3 (en
Inventor
양기출
박중길
유진
김대용
Original Assignee
이지세이버 주식회사
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Priority to KR20160111732 priority Critical
Priority to KR10-2016-0111732 priority
Priority to KR20160167664 priority
Priority to KR10-2016-0167664 priority
Application filed by 이지세이버 주식회사 filed Critical 이지세이버 주식회사
Publication of WO2018044058A2 publication Critical patent/WO2018044058A2/en
Publication of WO2018044058A3 publication Critical patent/WO2018044058A3/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01RMEASURING ELECTRIC VARIABLES; MEASURING MAGNETIC VARIABLES
    • G01R22/00Arrangements for measuring time integral of electric power or current, e.g. by electricity meters
    • G01R22/06Arrangements for measuring time integral of electric power or current, e.g. by electricity meters by electronic methods
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q20/00Payment architectures, schemes or protocols
    • G06Q20/08Payment architectures
    • G06Q20/14Payment architectures specially adapted for billing systems
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q20/00Payment architectures, schemes or protocols
    • G06Q20/30Payment architectures, schemes or protocols characterised by the use of specific devices or networks
    • G06Q20/32Payment architectures, schemes or protocols characterised by the use of specific devices or networks using wireless devices
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q20/00Payment architectures, schemes or protocols
    • G06Q20/30Payment architectures, schemes or protocols characterised by the use of specific devices or networks
    • G06Q20/34Payment architectures, schemes or protocols characterised by the use of specific devices or networks using cards, e.g. integrated circuit [IC] cards or magnetic cards
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q20/00Payment architectures, schemes or protocols
    • G06Q20/38Payment protocols; Details thereof
    • G06Q20/40Authorisation, e.g. identification of payer or payee, verification of customer or shop credentials; Review and approval of payers, e.g. check credit lines or negative lists
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/46Bases; Cases
    • H01R13/52Dustproof, splashproof, drip-proof, waterproof, or flameproof cases
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/62Means for facilitating engagement or disengagement of coupling parts or for holding them in engagement
    • H01R13/639Additional means for holding or locking coupling parts together, after engagement, e.g. separate keylock, retainer strap
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/66Structural association with built-in electrical component
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/16Information or communication technologies improving the operation of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/167Systems integrating technologies related to power network operation and communication or information technologies for supporting the interoperability of electric or hybrid vehicles, i.e. smartgrids as interface for battery charging of electric vehicles [EV] or hybrid vehicles [HEV]
    • Y02T90/169Aspects supporting the interoperability of electric or hybrid vehicles, e.g. recognition, authentication, identification or billing
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S30/00Systems supporting specific end-user applications in the sector of transportation
    • Y04S30/10Systems supporting the interoperability of electric or hybrid vehicles
    • Y04S30/14Details associated with the interoperability, e.g. vehicle recognition, authentication, identification or billing

Abstract

A charging apparatus according to one embodiment of the present invention is a charging apparatus for an electric vehicle, and comprises: an authentication and approval module for, according to recognition of an electric vehicle, a user terminal, or a payment card possessed by a user of the electric vehicle, authenticating the user or electric vehicle and approving charging of the electric vehicle; a power control module for, when the authentication and the approval of the charging are completed, supplying power to the electric vehicle or cutting off the supply of the power; a measurement module for measuring, in real time, the amount of power supplied to the electric vehicle; a data storage module for storing a charging history of the charging apparatus; and a communication module for delivering charging information of the electric vehicle and the charging history to a charging operator cloud server accessible by the user terminal, wherein the charging apparatus may be arranged such that one or more charging apparatuses are within a predetermined distance from each parking area in a predetermined parking lot.

Description

Charging device for electric vehicle and charging system comprising same

Embodiments of the present invention relate to a charging device and a charging system including the same for quickly and inexpensively constructing a charging infrastructure of an electric vehicle.

Recently, interest in environmental pollution has increased, and in particular, as the air pollution problem caused by automobile exhaust gas has emerged, research and investment in electric vehicles of major global automobile companies have increased. In general, the electric vehicle may be driven using electric energy charged in an internal battery, and the battery may be charged through a charging device. The charging of the electric vehicle is divided into quick charging and slow charging according to the method. In the case of the fast charging method, DC power is supplied to the electric vehicle for a short time through an expensive quick charger equipped with a large capacity converter. ) Power is supplied for a long time. Unlike general vehicle oil, which is mainly supplied to gas stations, electric power, which is the power source of electric vehicles, can be obtained anywhere in the country through the existing electric power grid. Due to the characteristics of ordinary vehicles, which have much more parking time than the charging time, the slow charging method that is charged in the parking lot is expected to be the mainstream.

However, in order to build a conventional charging infrastructure of the fast and slow charging method, complex procedures such as field inspection, charger installation planning, and charger installation are required, which results in excessive time and cost. In addition, the conventional charging system has problems such as difficulty in securing the charger installation position, the entire distribution network distribution and the purchase of the central power control device, the risk of down the entire power system of the building when the rapid charging of a plurality of electric vehicles. In addition, according to the prior art, a separate power supply line and a meter must be installed as a measure for separately calculating the power rate for charging the electric vehicle from the power rate measured by an installed meter, but in the case of an apartment or a complex building, separate power It is very difficult to install a supply line and a meter, or to separate a hat that separates and sets the electricity bill without adding a power supply line. In addition, in the case of a complex building using a common parking lot, the process of offsetting power bills between the tenant, the electric vehicle user, and the building owner is more complicated, and the landlord must avoid installing the electric vehicle charging device. In addition, under the real-time power rate fluctuation system and various power rate systems due to the spread of smart meters, it is expected to be difficult to expand the most important charging infrastructure for electric vehicle dissemination due to the interest caused by settlement problems. Furthermore, according to the conventional charging system, there is a problem that the power reserve ratio cannot be predicted and adjusted when the electric vehicle increases.

In addition, a charging infrastructure model based on a smart charger has been developed by embedding an RFID reader, various sensors, and control functions in a charging cable, and attaching an RF tag to an installed outlet. In this case, an electric vehicle user stores and manages a charging cable. Along with the inconvenience to be done, there is a problem that the price of the charging cable is excessively increased and a new one is purchased at an excessive cost when the charging cable is damaged or lost.

Embodiments of the present invention provide a simple charging device that is equipped with the authentication and payment of the electric vehicle to be charged, the measurement of the amount of electricity, and the wireless communication function to quickly and cheaply disseminate the charging infrastructure of the electric vehicle, and at the same time united electric vehicle The charging service can be conveniently provided to the user.

According to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, a charging device for an electric vehicle, comprising: an authentication for authenticating the user or the electric vehicle and approving the charging of the electric vehicle as the electric vehicle, the user terminal, or the payment card possessed by the user of the electric vehicle is recognized; Approval module; A power control module for supplying power to the electric vehicle or cutting off the supply of power when the authentication and the approval of the charging are completed; A measurement module for measuring in real time the amount of power supplied to the electric vehicle; A data storage module for storing a charging history of the charging device; And a communication module for transferring the charging information of the electric vehicle and the charging history to a charging provider cloud server to which the user terminal is accessible, wherein the charging device is disposed at least one within a set distance from each parking area in the set parking lot. , A charging device is provided.

The charging device may include an outlet.

The charging device may further include a display module for displaying the charging information.

The charging information may include at least one of a charging fee of the electric vehicle, the amount of power, identification information of the electric vehicle, a state of charge of the electric vehicle, an estimated time of completion of charging of the electric vehicle, identification information of the charging device, and an installation position. have.

When the power supplied to each of the charging devices is expected to exceed the total limited capacity of the power supply connected to the charging device or exceed the set time, at least a part of each charging device in the parking lot charges by group or sequentially. You can proceed.

The user terminal may include a location of each parking lot belonging to the area input from the user or an area corresponding to the current location of the user terminal, the number of empty parking zones for charging the electric vehicle for each parking lot, the location and One or more of identification information of the charging device closest to the empty parking area that can be charged may be displayed.

The communication module, the repeater is connected to the charging provider cloud server for the charging information including one or more of the parking lot, the empty parking area, the identification information of the charging device and the identification information of the electric vehicle input from the user in the user terminal Can be received via

The charging related information may further include information regarding a charge rate or a charge amount of the electric vehicle input from the user, and the authentication and approval module may settle the charge rate corresponding to the charge rate or the charge amount upon authentication of the user. Can be approved.

The charging related information may further include information regarding a charging time period input from the user.

The authentication and authorization module may generate a non-chargeable message when recognizing a payment card possessed by another user terminal or another user during the charging time period.

The authentication and approval module is to the present time when the connection between the electric vehicle and the charging device is disconnected by the user while the power is supplied to the electric vehicle or when a charge stop request input from the user terminal is received through the repeater. Only payment for a charging charge corresponding to the amount of power supplied to the electric vehicle may be approved.

The communication module may receive a request for selling power stored in the electric vehicle input from the user terminal through a repeater connected to the charging provider cloud server, and the authentication and approval module may be used by the user or the user according to the selling request. The electric vehicle may be authenticated, and the measurement module may measure an amount of power supplied from the electric vehicle in response to the selling request, and control a direction of a current flowing through the charging device.

The power control module may supply the electric power to the electric vehicle through a charging cable.

The power control module may include a plug for inserting the charging cable, and locking means for fixing the charging cable to prevent the charging cable from being separated from the plug when the charging cable is inserted.

The locking means may be an electromagnet formed on at least a portion of the water polo.

The power control module may further include separating means for pushing the charging cable to the outside of the apparatus according to the user's operation so that the charging cable can be separated from the apparatus when the charging of the electric vehicle is completed. Can be.

The power control module may block the supply of power when the charging cable is separated from the charging device while supplying the power to the electric vehicle.

The charging cable may be fixedly connected to the power control module.

The cover may further include a cover surrounding the charging device for water proofing, dust proof and protection of the charging device from external shock.

The charging device may further include a ground fault blocking module for blocking a ground fault of the charging device.

The charging device may further include a photographing module for photographing within a predetermined distance from the license plate of the electric vehicle or the charging device.

The charging device may further include a sensor for detecting an electric vehicle in the parking area to determine whether the electric vehicle is parked in the parking area.

The charging device may further include a voice guide module for voice guiding a charging process of the electric vehicle.

The power input and output to the charging device may be AC power or DC power.

The data storage module may further store an event log related to maintenance of the charging device.

The data storage module may further store an upgrade file for remote upgrade of each charging device received through a repeater connected to the charging provider cloud server.

In the repeater connected to the charging provider cloud server or the charging provider cloud server, as a big data for demand response (Demand Response) from the charging history collected by each of the at least one charging device for each parking lot, each building, each region The charging history for each vehicle, each season, or each time zone may be calculated.

Each charging device may operate in conjunction with a demand management (DR) command of a demand management operator.

According to the demand management command, charging of one or more charging devices in the parking lot may be stopped for a predetermined time.

The charging device may be linked to a parking lot management system that manages each parking area in the parking lot to inform the user of information about an empty parking area in which the electric vehicle can be charged.

The information on the empty parking area may include one or more of the number, location, and identification information of the charging device closest to the empty parking area capable of charging the electric vehicle in the parking lot. can do.

Information regarding the empty parking area may be displayed in a kiosk installed within a distance set from each of the parking areas.

According to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, a plurality of charging devices described above; And an area in which the plurality of charging devices and other power loads are received which receive information on the first cumulative power usage of the plurality of charging devices through a repeater, and which are received from a power company server through a meter connected to the power company server. Recharge provider cloud server to provide the information on the first cumulative power consumption to the power company server to subtract the first cumulative power usage from the second cumulative power usage in the includes a recharge provider cloud server, A charging system is provided.

According to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, a plurality of charging devices described above; And a maximum power management device that manages peak power of a power supply device that supplies power to the plurality of charging devices, wherein power supplied to each of the plurality of charging devices exceeds a total limited capacity of the power supply device; A charging system is provided that includes a repeater that controls at least some of the plurality of charging devices such that at least some of the plurality of charging devices perform charging by group or sequentially when expected to exceed a predetermined time.

According to the embodiments of the present invention, by recognizing the electric vehicle to be charged in the charging device, to charge the charge and to measure the amount of power supplied to the electric vehicle, there is no need for a separate power supply line and a meter only by installing the charging device. The charging infrastructure of electric vehicles can be built more quickly and cheaply. In addition, in this case, as the function of the charging cable is simplified, it is possible to minimize the cost burden due to damage or loss of the charging cable.

In addition, according to embodiments of the present disclosure, the user may remotely control charging of the electric vehicle through the user terminal, and the charging device may supply power corresponding thereto to the electric vehicle. In addition, the charging device may provide the charging information of the electric vehicle to the charging provider cloud server, the power company server and the payment company server may obtain the charging information through the charging provider cloud server. In this case, it is possible to offset the electric charges between the electric vehicle user and the building owner by deducting the charging power and the electric charge from the charging device from the total electric power and the electric charge of the building without a separate hat. In addition, a user may remotely check the charging information through a user terminal linked with the charging provider cloud server.

In addition, according to embodiments of the present invention, power blackout may be prevented by providing power usage information necessary for peak power control of the power supply device.

In addition, according to embodiments of the present invention, the power stored in the electric vehicle through the charging device can be sold back to the power company or stored in the ESS in the building, thereby enabling efficient power management.

In addition, the charging device according to the embodiments of the present invention does not need a separate installation space, there is an advantage that the construction is easy. In addition, in the case of a charging system using the charging device, the same charging charge can be applied without limitation to the intuitive and convenient charging method and the installation location, and the charging load of each charging device is flexibly operated by interworking with the maximum power management device. can do. Furthermore, the charging provider cloud server of the charging system can check the amount of power used by the charging device in real time, thereby securing big data that is essential for power generation management. In particular, according to embodiments of the present invention, the charging history for each parking lot, each building, each vehicle, each season, or each time zone can be calculated from the charging history collected by each charging device. It can be used as big data for demand response (ie, big data for calculating generation amount criteria). In addition, each charging device may operate in conjunction with the demand management command of the demand management service provider, and thus the demand management service provider may operate an efficient demand management business without establishing a separate infrastructure for each charging device.

1 is a block diagram showing a detailed configuration of a charging system according to an embodiment of the present invention

2 is a block diagram showing a detailed configuration of a charging device according to an embodiment of the present invention

3 is an illustration of a charging device according to a first embodiment of the present invention.

4 is an illustration of a charging device according to a second embodiment of the present invention.

5 is an illustration of a charging device according to a third embodiment of the present invention.

6 is an illustration of a charging device according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention.

7 is an illustration of a charging device according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention.

8 is an illustration of a charging device according to a sixth embodiment of the present invention.

9 illustrates an example display module according to an embodiment of the present invention.

10 is an illustration of a kiosk and charging device in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention.

11 is another illustration of a kiosk and charging device according to an embodiment of the present invention

12 is an illustration showing a sensor according to an embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 13 illustrates an example of a process of determining whether an electric vehicle is parked in a parking area using the sensor of FIG. 12.

14 is a view showing an application example of a charging device according to a first embodiment of the present invention;

15 is a view showing an application example of a charging device according to a second embodiment of the present invention.

16 is a view showing an application example of a charging device according to a third embodiment of the present invention.

17 is a view for explaining the process of separating the power charge in the charging system according to an embodiment of the present invention.

18 is a view for explaining a process of automatically adjusting a charging load in conjunction with a maximum power management device in a charging system according to an embodiment of the present invention.

19 illustrates an example of charging information displayed in a user terminal according to an embodiment of the present invention.

Hereinafter, specific embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. The following detailed description is provided to assist in a comprehensive understanding of the methods, devices, and / or systems described herein. However, this is only an example and the present invention is not limited thereto.

In describing the embodiments of the present invention, when it is determined that the detailed description of the known technology related to the present invention may unnecessarily obscure the gist of the present invention, the detailed description thereof will be omitted. In addition, terms to be described below are terms defined in consideration of functions in the present invention, which may vary according to the intention or custom of a user or an operator. Therefore, the definition should be made based on the contents throughout the specification. The terminology used in the description is for the purpose of describing embodiments of the invention only and should not be limiting. Unless expressly used otherwise, the singular forms “a,” “an,” and “the” include plural forms of meaning. In this description, expressions such as "comprises" or "equipment" are intended to indicate certain features, numbers, steps, actions, elements, portions or combinations thereof, and one or more than those described. It should not be construed to exclude the presence or possibility of other features, numbers, steps, actions, elements, portions or combinations thereof.

1 is a block diagram showing a detailed configuration of a charging system 100 according to an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 1, the charging system 100 according to an embodiment of the present invention includes a charging device 102, a user terminal 108, a power company server 110, a payment company server 112, and a charging service provider. Cloud server 114. In addition, as will be described later, the charging device 102 may operate in conjunction with the parking lot management system 180.

Here, the charging device 102 may be connected to the repeater 120 through the first network 116, the repeater 120 may be connected to the charging provider cloud server 114 through the second network 118.

At this time, the first network 116 is a communication network used for transmitting and receiving data between the charging device 102 and the repeater 120, for example, Zigbee, Z-Wave, LoRa, LTE- It may be a wireless communication network such as M. The repeater 120 converts the data received from the charging device 102 through the first network 116 into a form that can be transmitted through the second network 118, or the provider cloud server through the second network 118. Data received from the 114 may be converted into a form transmittable through the first network 116.

In addition, the second network 118 is used in a broad sense including both wired and wireless Internet networks in addition to packet communication networks such as 3G network, 4G network or LTE network and WiBro network provided by a mobile communication provider. In the present embodiments, the second network 118 may be, for example, a LoRa network, an LTE-M network, or the like. The Laura Network is a dedicated Internet of Things (IoT) network that is used to deliver small units of data with low-speed wireless communications below 10 Mbps. The charging provider cloud server 114 may be, for example, a cloud server of a carrier, and in this case, the second network 118 may be an internet network provided by the carrier. In addition, the charging provider cloud server 114 may be a separate operator, for example, a server of a provider that provides a charging service to be described below.

The charging provider cloud server 114 is connected to the user terminal 108, the power company server 110 and the payment company server 112 through the second network 118, the user terminal 108, the power company server ( 110 and the payment company server 112 and the information stored in the internal database 114a of the charging provider cloud server 114 (for example, charging information, selling information, etc. to be described later) and share the related service to the user terminal ( 108, the power company server 110 and the payment company server 112 may be provided.

The charging device 102 is a device used to charge the electric vehicle 104. The charging device 102 may be, for example, an outlet for charging the electric vehicle 104, and may supply power to the electric vehicle 104 through a separate charging cable (not shown). In this case, the user inserts a charging cable or a charging cable (ie, a charging cable provided by a charging service provider) previously provided on one side of the charging device 102 to the outlet and the electric vehicle 104, respectively. 104) can be charged. Specifically, the user may connect one end of the charging cable to the inlet (not shown) of the electric vehicle 104 and insert the other end of the charging cable into the outlet of the outlet for charging the electric vehicle 104. As will be described later, the charging device 102 may supply power corresponding to the charging fee input from the user to the electric vehicle 104 through the charging cable, and check the battery charging information of the electric vehicle 104 in a wired or wireless manner. Can be.

However, the form of the charging device 102 is not limited thereto, and the charging device 102 may be formed, for example, in a form in which the charging cable is mounted in advance. In this case, the charging cable may be fixedly connected to a power control module (not shown) of the charging device 102, and the user may connect the charging cable to the user or the electric vehicle 104 when the authentication of the electric vehicle 104 is completed and the approval of the charging of the electric vehicle 104 is completed. It can be inserted into the 104 to charge the electric vehicle 104. In this case, the charging cable may be provided in a cable box (not shown), and when the authentication and charging is completed, the cable box may be opened to be used by the user.

On the other hand, in the present embodiments, the electric vehicle 104 is a vehicle that is driven by electric power, and may be, for example, an electric car, an electric motorcycle, an electric cart, or the like.

In the present embodiments, the charging device 102 may charge the electric vehicle 104 in a slow charging (or AC charging) manner. For example, the charging device 102 may supply 220V alternating current (AC) power to the electric vehicle 104, and the supplied power supplies an on-board charger (OBC) (not shown) built in the electric vehicle 104. Through the conversion to the direct current (DC) power source to charge the battery (not shown) inside the electric vehicle 104. However, this is merely an example, and the form and charging method of the power source in / out of the charging device 102 are not limited thereto. For example, the charging device 102 may supply direct current (DC) power to the electric vehicle 104, and may charge the electric vehicle 104 by a quick charging method. In addition, as will be described later, the charging device 102 may be supplied with an alternating current (AC) power or direct current (DC) power from the electric vehicle 104. That is, the power input and output to the charging device 102 may be an AC power source or a DC power source. In addition, the charging device 102 according to the embodiments of the present invention can accommodate AC power and DC power individually or simultaneously, and can switch power (switching) through an automatic or manual switch. In addition, the charging device 102 can measure the AC power source and DC power source separately, and can control the AC power source and the DC power source in both directions.

The charging device 102 can be installed in a wide range in the set area. Specifically, at least one charging device 102 may be disposed within a set distance from each parking area in the set at least one parking lot. Here, the parking lot is used in a broad sense including a garage of a private house, a parking lot of a common house such as an apartment, a parking lot of a public place such as a department store, a hospital, a mart, a public parking lot of a roadside, and the like. The charging device 102 may charge the electric vehicle 104 in a state where the electric vehicle 104 is parked in the parking area of the parking lot. In this case, each charging device 102 may have unique identification information (or unique ID). The identification information may follow a power meter (AMI) identification system used by a power company (for example, Korea Electric Power Corporation). The identification information may be formed of, for example, one or more letters, numbers, or a combination thereof, and may vary depending on the installation location of the charging device 102.

At this time, the charging device 102 may operate in conjunction with the parking lot management system 180 that manages each parking area in the parking lot. The parking management system 180 may transmit and receive various types of information with a gateway (not shown) to which each charging device 102 is connected. In detail, the charging device 102 may guide the user with information about an empty parking area in which the electric vehicle 104 may be charged among the parking areas in cooperation with the parking lot management system 180. For example, the gateway may receive information about the empty parking area from the parking lot management system 180 and transmit it to the charging device 102. Here, the information about the empty parking area is the number of empty parking zones that can be charged for the electric vehicle 104 in the parking lot (for example, the total number of empty parking zones that can be charged for the electric vehicle 104 in the parking lot, in the parking lot). The number of floors of an empty parking area where the electric vehicle 104 can be charged, etc., the location of the empty parking area (e.g., how many floors of the parking lot is the first floor, the first basement, the second underground, etc.) Where (A-1, A-2, A-3, B-1, B-2, B-3, C-1, C-2, C-3, etc.) and the charging of the electric vehicle 104 It may include one or more of identification information of the charging device closest to the available empty parking area, and information about the empty parking area may be displayed in a kiosk (not shown) installed within a set distance from each parking area. Kiosk is a terminal installed in the parking lot, the distance set from each parking area (for example, 100 meters) The kiosk is a kind of charging device 102, for example, it can be installed at the entrance side of the parking lot, and the kiosk is also part of the charging device 102, for example, For example, it may include an authentication and approval module, a display module, and the like, which will be described later.The kiosk may display information about the empty parking area, and thus, the user may check the kiosk while entering the parking lot, and then the electric vehicle. It is easy to find an empty parking area that can be charged 104. That is, according to embodiments of the present invention, parking of the electric vehicle 104 through interworking with the charging device 102 and the parking lot management system 180. And it is possible to perform a charge reservation service more efficiently, and thus it is possible to more efficiently manage a plurality of parking zones in the parking lot.

Subsequently, the charging device 102 authenticates the user or the electric vehicle 104 possessed by the user as the electric vehicle 104, the user terminal 108, or the user of the electric vehicle 104 recognizes the payment card. 104 may approve the charging (or approve the charging request of the user).

To this end, the user may input the charge amount or the charge amount together with the charge request in the charging device 102 or the kiosk, and may charge the charge through the payment card.

In this case, the charging device 102 recognizes the electric vehicle 104 through a photographing module such as a camera, a proximity sensor, or the user terminal 108 through a short range wireless communication module such as a near field communication (NFC) module or a Bluetooth module. Or the user or the electric vehicle 104 may be authenticated by recognizing the user's payment card through an RFID reader such as a card reader.

In addition, a user may input charging related information together with a charging request of the electric vehicle 104 through a mobile application installed in the user terminal 108. The mobile application of the user terminal 108 receives a specific area from the user or checks the current location of the user terminal 108 to obtain information about the area corresponding to the current location, the location of each parking lot belonging to the area, The number and location of the empty parking zones capable of charging the electric vehicle 104 for each parking lot may be displayed, and identification information of the charging device 102 closest to the empty parking zones capable of charging the electric vehicle 104 may be displayed. At this time, the charging provider cloud server 114 may receive the information on the empty parking area from the above-described gateway and transfer to the user terminal 108. A user may input charging request and charging related information through the mobile application, and the charging device 102 receives the charging request and charging related information through the relay 120 connected to the charging provider cloud server 114. can do. The charging information may be, for example, a parking lot input from the user, an empty parking area input from the user, identification information of the charging device 104 input from the user, identification information of the electric vehicle 104 possessed by the user, input from the user. It may include information on the charging charge or the amount of charge. The charging device 102 may approve payment of the charging fee included in the charging related information or the charging fee corresponding to the charging amount when the user or the electric vehicle 104 is authenticated.

When the authentication of the user or the electric vehicle 104 and the approval of the charging (or the approval for the charging request) are completed, the charging device 102 uses the charging cable to power corresponding to the charging charge (or power corresponding to the charging amount). May be supplied to the electric vehicle 104. At this time, the charging device 102 may measure the amount of power supplied to the electric vehicle 104 in real time. For example, the charging device 102 may detect the load current and the load voltage supplied to the electric vehicle 104 and calculate the amount of power supplied to the electric vehicle 104 based on the detected load current and the load voltage. . That is, according to embodiments of the present invention, by charging the charging device 102 to approve the payment of the charge and to measure the amount of power supplied to the electric vehicle 104, the electric vehicle 104 only by the installation of the charging device 102 Can build a charging infrastructure faster and cheaper. In addition, in this case, as the function of the charging cable is simplified, the price of the charging cable becomes cheaper, and thus it is possible to purchase a new one at a low cost when the charging cable is damaged or lost. In the present embodiments, the charging cable does not need to have a built-in RFID reader, various sensors and control functions, but only a power transfer function.

In addition, each charging device 102 may record and store a charging history of the charging device 102. Thereafter, the charging device 102 may transfer the charging information and the charging history of the electric vehicle 104 to the charging provider cloud server 114. The charging information may include, for example, the charge rate or the amount of power (charge amount) corresponding to the charge rate, a payment date and time, a charging state (for example, whether it is currently waiting for charging, currently being charged, or is currently being charged, One or more of charging progress, etc.), identification information of the electric vehicle 104 (for example, a vehicle number of the electric vehicle 104), an estimated time of completion of charging of the electric vehicle 104, identification information of the charging device 102, and an installation position. It may include, and may be stored in the internal database 114a of the charging provider cloud server 114. In addition, the charging history may be, for example, the time when the charging of the electric vehicle 104 is performed in the charging device 102, the charging time of the electric vehicle 104 in the charging device 102 for a predetermined time (for example, one month). The number of times the vehicle has been charged, the type of vehicle of the electric vehicle 104 charged through the charging device 102, the charging amount charged through the charging device 102, or the charging charges paid by the charging device 102 (for example, the individual charge amount per case / Charge rate or total charge amount / total charge rate for a set time, etc.), information about a parking lot, a building, or a region to which the charging device 102 belongs, and the like. The internal database 114a of the charge provider cloud server 114 may be used. ) Can be stored. The power company server 110 and the payment company server 112 are connected to the charging provider cloud server 114 through the second network 118 and stored in the internal database 114a of the charging provider cloud server 114. (For example, charging information, charging history, etc.) can be obtained. The user terminal 108 may also access the charging provider cloud server 114 via the second network 118 to obtain various information stored in the internal database 114a of the charging provider cloud server 114.

Here, the payment company server 112 may be, for example, a card company server, a bank company server, and the like, and may settle a charge using the charging information and bill it to the power company. However, the present invention is not limited thereto, and the charging provider cloud server 114 may settle the charging fee and transmit the settlement information to the power company. In addition, the power company server 110 may receive the settlement information from the payment company server 112 or the charging provider cloud server 114, and may charge the charging fee to the user accordingly. That is, according to the embodiments of the present disclosure, the charging device 102 may identify the charge rate of the electric vehicle 104 and the amount of power corresponding thereto, and transmit the same to the charging company cloud server 114, and the power company server 110. And the payment company server 112 may obtain the charging information through the charging provider cloud server 114. In this case, it is possible to offset power charges between the electric vehicle user and the building owner by deducting the charging power and the electric charge from the charging device 102 from the total power consumption and the electric charge of the building without a separate hat. Details thereof will be described later with reference to FIG. 14.

In addition, the charging device 102 may display the charging information, payment information (payment amount, payment card, etc.), such that the user can check the amount of power supplied (charge amount), the state of charge, etc. in real time. have.

In addition, the user terminal 108 is connected to the carrier cloud server 114 via the second network 118 and stored in the internal database 114a of the carrier cloud server 114 (eg, charging information). Can be obtained. Accordingly, the user checks the charging information in real time through the mobile application of the user terminal 108, and the charging history, the charging amount, the charging progress (ie, the charging state) of the electric vehicle 104, the charging completion time, etc. You can inquire. In addition, the user terminal 108 may receive information on the charging time slot (ie, information on charge reservation) from the user. The charging provider cloud server 114 may receive the information about the time zone from the user terminal 108 and deliver it to the repeater 120. The charging device 102 may receive the information from the repeater 120, and display a non-chargeable message when another user wants to charge the charging device 102 during the time period. That is, when a user reserves a charge for a specific charging device at a specific time period, another user cannot use the charging device at that time. Through such a reservation service, the charging waiting time of the user can be minimized, and the concentration of users on any one charging device 102 can be prevented. In addition, the charging device 102 may proceed to charge the electric vehicle 104 only before the reservation waiting time set from the time when the charging time zone of the charging device 102 is input (that is, the time when the reservation is completed) elapses. . The reservation waiting time may be, for example, 5 minutes. For example, the user must complete charging and charging of the electric vehicle 104 by completing authentication and payment within 5 minutes from the completion of the reservation, and if the charging is not performed within the 5 minutes, the charge reservation is automatically canceled. Can be.

In addition, as will be described later, as the big data for demand response (Demand Response) from the charging history collected in each charging device 102, charging by each parking lot, each building, each region, each vehicle type, each season, or each time zone The history may be calculated, and each charging device 102 may operate in conjunction with a demand management command of the demand management operator. This will be described later in detail with reference to FIG. 2.

In addition, the charging device 102 may provide information regarding a reservation for charging (for example, identification information of the electric vehicle 104 possessed by the user) and information regarding the reservation waiting time (for example, until the reservation waiting time expires). Time remaining), and the user can easily identify the reserved charging device 104 and check whether the reservation is valid.

In addition, the charging device 102 may perform a vehicle-to-grid (V2G) function. In detail, the charging device 102 receives a request for selling the power input by the user from the charging provider cloud server 114, authenticates the user according to the selling request, and measures the amount of power supplied from the electric vehicle 104. The direction of the current flowing through the charging device 102 can be controlled. As one example, a user may enter a request to sell power stored in the electric vehicle 104 through a mobile application of the user terminal 108 to sell power stored in the electric vehicle 104 to the power company. In this case, the user may check the amount of power stored in the electric vehicle 104 through the mobile application, and input the amount of power to be sold or the corresponding cost. The charging provider cloud server 114 may receive a sell request including the amount of electricity or the cost from the user terminal 108 and transmit the received request to the repeater 120, and the repeater 120 may transmit it to the charging device 102. . Accordingly, the charging device 102 may receive power from the electric vehicle 104 corresponding to the amount or cost of power after authenticating the user. As described above, the charging device 102 may authenticate the user or the electric vehicle 104 as the electric vehicle 104, the user terminal 108, or the payment card possessed by the user of the electric vehicle 104 is recognized. The charging device 102 may control the direction of the current flowing through the charging device 102 according to the selling request, and may receive power from the electric vehicle 104 through the charging cable. For example, the charging device 102 may control the direction of the current flowing through the charging device 102 using a mechanical or electronic switch or the like. In this case, the charging device 102 may measure the amount of power supplied from the electric vehicle 104 and transmit the selling information to the charging provider cloud server 114. The selling information may include, for example, one or more of the amount of electricity or the corresponding cost, selling date and time, and identification information of the charging device 102, and the internal database 114a of the charging provider cloud server 114. ) Can be stored. The user terminal 108 may be connected to the charging provider cloud server 114 to obtain the selling information. Accordingly, the user may check the selling information in real time through the mobile application of the user terminal 108, and may query the power selling history, the remaining power amount of the electric vehicle 104, the discharge progress status, the discharge estimated time, and the like. In addition, the power company server 110 and the payment company server 112 may be connected to the charging provider cloud server 114 to obtain the selling information. That is, according to embodiments of the present invention, the power stored in the electric vehicle 104 can be sold back to the electric power company through the charging device 102, thereby enabling efficient power management.

In addition, the user inputs a request for selling the power stored in the electric vehicle 104 through the mobile application of the user terminal 108 to store the power stored in the electric vehicle 104 in an energy storage system (ESS) in the building. You may. The charging provider cloud server 114 may receive a selling request from the user terminal 108, including the amount of power that the user wants to sell or the corresponding cost, to the repeater 120, and the repeater 120 may charge the selling device. May be delivered to 102. Accordingly, the charging device 102 may receive a power corresponding to the amount or cost of the electric vehicle 104 after authenticating the user or the electric vehicle 104. The charging device 102 may store power supplied from the electric vehicle 104 in an ESS (not shown) in a building, and a user may consume power stored in the ESS as needed. In this case, even if the power supply from the power company is interrupted due to a power failure or the like, it is possible to immediately respond to an emergency by using power stored in the ESS in the building (that is, self-consumption).

In addition, the charging device 102 may include a polo port to which the charging cable is inserted, and locking means (not shown) to secure the charging cable to prevent the charging cable from being separated from the polo port when the charging cable is inserted. In this case, the locking means may be an electromagnet formed on at least a portion of the water polo, and the charging cable may be inserted into the water polo to draw a conductive material formed on at least a portion of the charging cable as a current flows to fix the charging cable. . However, this is only an example and the method of fixing the charging cable is not limited thereto. The locking means may be, for example, a protrusion formed in at least a portion of the water polo, and the charging cable may be fixed by engaging the protrusion with a groove formed in at least a portion of the charging cable. In addition, the charging device 102 and the charging cable may be fastened with a screw so that the charging cable may be stably fixed when the electric vehicle 104 is charged. According to embodiments of the present invention, charging of the electric vehicle 104 may be stably performed by preventing the charging cable from being disconnected from the water outlet while charging the electric vehicle 104 through the various locking means.

In addition, the charging device 102 may include a separating means for pushing the charging cable to the outside of the water outlet according to the user's operation so that the charging cable can be separated from the water outlet when the charging of the electric vehicle 104 is completed. The separating means may push the charging cable to the outside of the water polo by protruding a projection (not shown) toward the charging cable as the user applies a force in a specific direction. Accordingly, the user can more easily separate the charging cable from the water polo when the charging of the electric vehicle 104 is completed.

In addition, a circuit for blocking a short circuit of the charging device 102 may be provided inside the charging device 102. The circuit can improve the safety of the user by detecting and blocking a short circuit of the charging device 102.

In addition, the charging device 102 cuts off (ie, stops charging) the power supply when the charging cable is separated from the charging device 102 while supplying power to the electric vehicle 104 (ie, during charging). can do. As one example, when another user randomly pulls out the charging cable while the user is charging the electric vehicle 104, the charging device 102 stops supplying the power. Can be blocked, thereby preventing the challenge.

In addition, the charging device 102 is disconnected from the electric vehicle 104 and the charging device 102 by the user during power supply to the electric vehicle 104 (that is, during charging) or inputted from the user terminal 108. When the charge stop request is received through the repeater 120, only payment for the charge fee corresponding to the amount of power supplied to the electric vehicle 104 may be approved. As an example, the user may input a charge stop request, such as removing the charging cable from the electric vehicle 104 during charging of the electric vehicle 104, or pausing the charge and resetting the charging amount through the user terminal 108. . The charging provider cloud server 114 receives the charge stop request from the user terminal 108 and transmits it to the repeater 120, and the repeater 120 may transmit the charge stop request to the charging device 102. In this case, the charging device 102 may approve payment only for the charging fee corresponding to the amount of power supplied to the actual electric vehicle 104 and stop supplying additional power.

In addition, a cover (not shown) may be formed outside the charging device 102. The cover protects the charging device 102 from external shock and at the same time for water proof and dust proof of the charging device 102, and may be formed to surround the charging device 102. .

In addition, an imaging module (not shown) may be formed in at least a portion of the charging device 102. The photographing module may be, for example, a camera, and may be formed on at least a portion of the charging device 102 to photograph the license plate of the electric vehicle 104 or a predetermined distance from the charging device 102.

Furthermore, the charging system 100 using the charging device 102 may flexibly operate the charging load of each charging device 102 through interworking with the maximum power management device (not shown). Details thereof will be described later with reference to FIG. 11.

The user terminal 108 is a terminal possessed by a user, and may be, for example, a wireless communication terminal such as a smartphone, a tablet PC, a PDA, or the like, or a wearable device such as a smart watch. The user terminal 108 may be installed with a mobile application used to provide a service related to the charging of the electric vehicle 104, and the user may request the charging of the electric vehicle 104 through the mobile application. The mobile application may be, for example, a mobile application provided by the provider cloud server 114.

As an example, a user may input charging related information together with a charging request (or a charging reservation request) of the electric vehicle 104 through the mobile application. The charging provider cloud server 114 may receive the charging request and charging related information from the user terminal 108 and transfer the charging request to the charging device 102. Accordingly, the charging device 102 may approve payment of the charging fee corresponding to the charging fee or the charging amount included in the charging related information when the user or the electric vehicle 104 is authenticated. As another example, the user may input a request to sell the electric power stored in the electric vehicle 104 and an amount of power (or a corresponding cost) to be sold through the mobile application. The charging provider cloud server 114 may receive the selling request from the user terminal 108 and transmit the selling request to the charging device 102. Accordingly, the charging device 102 may receive a power corresponding to the amount or cost of the electric vehicle 104 after authenticating the user or the electric vehicle 104.

In addition, the user may check various information related to the charging and selling through the mobile application. As an example, the user may check the charging information of the electric vehicle 104 in real time through the mobile application, and may query the charging history, the charging amount, the charging progress state, the charging completion time, and the like of the electric vehicle 104. As another example, the user may check the selling information of the electric power stored in the electric vehicle 104 in real time through the mobile application, and may query the electric power selling history, the remaining power amount of the electric vehicle 104, the discharge progress state, the estimated discharge time, and the like. Can be.

2 is a block diagram showing a detailed configuration of a charging device 102 according to an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 2, the charging device 102 according to an embodiment of the present invention includes an authentication and authorization module 202, a power control module 204, a measurement module 206, a communication module 208, and data. The storage module 218 may further include a display module 210, a photographing module 212, a ground fault blocking module 214, a sensor 216, a voice guidance module 220, and the like, as necessary.

The authentication and authorization module 202 recognizes the payment card possessed by the electric vehicle 104, the user terminal 108, or the user of the electric vehicle 104 (i.e., recognizes a charge request), which the user or the user possesses. The electric vehicle 104 is authenticated and the charging of the electric vehicle 104 is approved (or the charging request is approved). As described above, a user may input charging related information together with a charge request of the electric vehicle 104 through a mobile application installed in the user terminal 108, and the authentication and approval module 202 may authenticate the user terminal upon authentication of the user. The payment for the charge or the charge corresponding to the charge amount included in the charge related information received from the 108 may be approved. To this end, the authentication and authorization module 202 may include a near field communication module such as an NFC module, a Bluetooth module, an RFID reader such as a card reader, a QR code reader, or the like.

In addition, the communication module 208 to be described later may receive information about the charging time period input from the user terminal 108 through the relay 120. Thereafter, the authentication and authorization module 202 may generate a non-chargeable message when recognizing a payment card possessed by another user terminal or another user in the time slot. The display module 210 may display the charge impossible message.

In addition, the authentication and approval module 202 supplies the electric vehicle 104 to the present time when the charge stop request input from the user terminal 108 is received through the relay 120 while supplying the electric power to the electric vehicle 104. Only payment for the charge corresponding to the amount of power can be approved. As described above, the user may input the charge stop request through the user terminal 108, such as to pause the charge during the charging of the electric vehicle 104, resetting the charge amount. The charging provider cloud server 114 receives the charge stop request from the user terminal 108 and transmits it to the repeater 120, and the repeater 120 may transmit the charge stop request to the charging device 102.

The power control module 204 supplies power corresponding to the charging fee to the electric vehicle 104 through the charging cable or cuts off the supply of the power. The charging cable may be detachable from the power control module 204 or may be fixedly connected to the power control module 204. When the charging cable is formed to be detachable from the power control module 204, the user may carry the charging cable or the charging cable may be disposed in advance on one side of the charging device 102. At this time, the power control module 204 is a water outlet into which the charging cable is inserted, a locking means for fixing the charging cable when the charging cable is inserted, and the charging cable according to the user's operation when the charging of the electric vehicle 104 is completed. It may include a separation means for pushing to.

The measurement module 206 measures the amount of power supplied to the electric vehicle 104. For example, the measurement module 206 may detect a load current and a load voltage supplied to the electric vehicle 104, and calculate an amount of power supplied to the electric vehicle 104 based on the detected load current and the load voltage. .

In addition, the measurement module 206 may measure the amount of power supplied from the electric vehicle 104 in response to a request for selling the electric power stored in the electric vehicle 104, and control the direction of the current flowing through the charging device 102.

The communication module 208 may be connected to the repeater 120 through the first network 116 to transmit and receive various data. The communication module 208 may receive the charging request and the charging related information of the electric vehicle 104 from the repeater 120, and may transfer the charging information, the amount of power used, and the like of the electric vehicle 104 to the relay 120. The charging provider cloud server 114 may receive the charging request and the charging related information of the electric vehicle 104 from the user terminal 108 and transmit it to the repeater 120. In addition, the charging provider cloud server 114 may receive the charging information, the amount of power used, etc. from the repeater 120 may be delivered to the user terminal 108, power company server 110, billing company server 112 and the like.

In addition, the communication module 208 receives a request for selling the power stored in the electric vehicle 104 and information about the amount of power to be sold or a corresponding cost thereof from the repeater 120, and receives the selling information of the power from the repeater 120. Can be delivered to. The charging provider cloud server 114 may receive a request for selling the power, and information about the amount of power to be sold or the cost corresponding thereto from the user terminal 108 and transmit the information to the repeater 120. In addition, the charging provider cloud server 114 may receive the selling information from the repeater 120 may be delivered to the user terminal 108, power company server 110, billing company server 112 and the like.

The display module 210 displays the charging information, the information about the payment, and the like. The display module 210 may include the charging fee, the amount of power supplied to the electric vehicle 104, the identification information and the installation location of the charging device 102 supplying the electric current and the charging location such as a payment amount, a payment card, an electric vehicle, and the like. Identification information of the 104 (for example, the vehicle number of the electric vehicle 104) and the like can be displayed, so that the user can check the amount of power supplied, the state of charge and the like in real time. The display module 210 may be integrally formed with other components of the charging device 102, but is not limited thereto. The display module 210 may be configured separately from the other components of the charging device 102. When the display module 210 is formed separately from other components of the charging device 102, the display module 210 may be connected to other components of the charging device 102 by wired or wireless communication. Accordingly, the display module 210 may display the charging information, the payment information, and the like received through the communication module 208. In this case, when there are a plurality of charging devices 102 in the set space, the display module 210 may display charging information, payment information, etc. in each charging device 102 for each charging device 102. Can be. On the other hand, the above-described authentication and authorization module 202 may also be configured separately from other components of the charging device 102, in which case the authentication and authorization module 202 is a charging device 102 in a wired, wireless communication manner It can be connected to other configurations of.

The photographing module 212 may be, for example, a camera and may be formed on at least a portion of the charging device 102 to photograph the license plate of the electric vehicle 104 or a predetermined distance from the charging device 102.

The ground fault blocking module 214 blocks a ground fault of the charging device 102. The ground fault blocking module 214 may be provided inside the charging device 102 and may include a circuit for a ground fault blocking. Configurations of the charging device 102 may be integrally formed in one hardware device, but at least a part of the charging device 102 may be separated.

In addition, the sensor 216 detects the electric vehicle 104 in the parking area to determine whether the electric vehicle 104 is parked in the parking area. The sensor may be, for example, a proximity sensor. The sensor 216 may be located within a set distance (eg, 1 meter) from each parking zone to detect the electric vehicle 104 in the parking zone. The charging device 102 may determine that the electric vehicle 104 is parked in the parking area when the state in which the electric vehicle 104 is detected by the sensor 216 continues for a set time (for example, 10 minutes). Can be.

The data storage module 218 stores the charging history of the charging device 102. The charging history may be, for example, a time period during which the electric vehicle 104 is charged in the charging device 102, and a number of times the electric vehicle 104 is charged in the charging device 102 for a set time (for example, for one month). , The type of vehicle of the electric vehicle 104 charged through the charging device 102, the charging amount charged through the charging device 102, or the charging fee paid by the charging device 102 (for example, an individual charge / charge rate per case) Or a total charge amount / total charge rate during a set time), information about a parking lot, a building, or an area to which the charging device 102 belongs. Each charging device 102 stores the charging history in the data storage module 218 whenever the charging of the electric vehicle 104 is completed, and the charging history is transmitted to the charging provider cloud server 114 through the repeater 120. I can deliver it. The repeater 120 or the charging provider cloud server 114 may collect the charging history collected from each charging device 102 in real time, and the collected charging history is used as big data for demand response. Can be. Demand management is a plan or activity in which a power company such as KEPCO, Korea Electric Power Exchange, etc., or a demand management operator such as KT Co., Ltd., and Servone Co., Ltd. reasonably controls and adjusts the use of power on the demand side. It may be activities such as managing the load of (e.g., peak control, increase in the demand of the night, etc.) or improve the efficiency of using the power (e.g., diagnosis of electrical equipment of the customer, providing power saving information, etc.). Repeater 120 (or a separate gateway) or charging provider cloud server 114 may collect the charging history collected from each charging device 102 in real time, through each parking lot, each building, each region It is possible to calculate the charging history for each vehicle, each season or each time zone. As an example, the repeater 120 or the carrier cloud server 114 charges in building B between the daily average total charge of the parking lot A, from 9 am to 12 am, from the charging history collected at each charging device 102. Big data such as the total amount of charges charged, the total number of charges of K electric vehicles in region C over a month, and the building or parking lot with the highest amount of charges during the summer months. That is, it can be used as information for calculating the generation amount standard. In addition, the demand management operator may issue a demand management command based on such big data. The demand management command is a command for adjusting the power usage pattern of the demand side, that is, each charging device 102, for example, a power saving command during a power crisis, for a certain time (for example, from 9 pm to 12 pm). The average power reduction command may correspond to this.

Each charging device 102 may operate in conjunction with a demand management command of a demand management operator. When the demand management operator issues a demand management command, the repeater 120 or the charging provider cloud server 114 performs charging of one or more charging devices 102 in a region, a building, or a parking lot set according to the demand management command for a predetermined time. (For example, from 9 pm to 12 pm) information about the interruption (or reduction) may be passed to each charging device 102 in the area, building, or parking lot, and thus within the area, building, or parking lot. Charging of the one or more charging devices 102 may be stopped for a set time. As an example, when a demand management order for stopping charging of a parking lot belonging to the area A is issued between 9 pm and 12 pm, each charging device 102 in the parking lot belonging to the area A is provided with the demand management command. Accordingly, the charging of the electric vehicle 104 may be stopped between 9 pm and 12 pm. As such, each charging device 102 may operate in conjunction with the demand management command of the demand management service provider, and thus the demand management service provider operates an efficient demand management business without establishing a separate infrastructure for each charging device 102. can do.

In addition, the data storage module 218 may store an event log related to the maintenance of the charging device 102. The event log related to the maintenance of the charging device 102 may include, for example, the time at which the error occurred when the error (or failure) of the charging device 102 occurred, the cause of the error, a part for resolving the error, or It may include information on the replacement history / upgrade history of the algorithm. Each charging device 102 stores an event log related to the maintenance of the charging device 102 in the data storage module 218 when an error occurs or resolution thereof, and stores the event log through the repeater 120 through the charging provider cloud. May be forwarded to server 114. As described above, according to embodiments of the present invention, by recording and storing an event log related to the maintenance of the charging device 102 in each charging device 102, the event log may be used as reference information when an error occurs in the future. Based on this, it is possible to build big data for maintenance of the charging device 102.

In addition, the data storage module 218 may store an upgrade file for remote upgrade of each charging device 102 received through the repeater 120 connected to the charging provider cloud server 114. The upgrade file is, for example, a file for upgrading a function, a service provided by the charging device 102, a part or algorithm applied to the charging device 102, or the like, and the repeater 120 or the charging provider cloud server. Can be downloaded from 114. Each charging device 102 checks whether the repeater 120 (or gateway) or the charging provider cloud server 114 needs an upgrade of the charging device 102 at a set period (for example, once a day). The upgrade file may be downloaded through the repeater 120 and stored in the data storage module 218. In this case, a version related to the aforementioned various functions, services, etc. of each charging device 102 may be remotely upgraded (OTA: Over The Air) through the upgrade file. According to embodiments of the present invention, since a plurality of charging devices 102 are installed for each parking lot, building, or region, a plurality of charging devices 102 may be upgraded by remotely upgrading each charging device 102 using the upgrade file. , Tens of thousands to hundreds of thousands of charging devices 102 can be easily managed.

The voice guide module 220 voice guides the charging process of the electric vehicle 104. To this end, the voice guide module 220 may be provided with a speaker for voice output. The voice guide module 220 may voice guide the charging process such as the charging state (for example, whether it is being charged or completed), the remaining time until the charging is completed, etc. using the speaker. In this way, the user's convenience and stability (because the charging device uses a strong power) can be improved.

3 is an illustration of the charging device 102 according to the first embodiment of the present invention.

Referring to FIG. 3, an authentication and approval module 202 and a power control module 204 may be provided on the outer surface of the charging device 102 according to the first embodiment of the present invention.

As described above, the user may input the charging request and charging related information of the electric vehicle 104 through the mobile application installed in the user terminal 108, the authentication and authorization module 202 is related to the charging at the time of authentication of the user Payment for the charging fee may be approved according to the charging fee or the charging amount included in the information. The authentication and approval module 202 recognizes the electric vehicle 104 through a photographing module such as a camera, a proximity sensor, or the like, or recognizes the user terminal 108 through a short range wireless communication module such as an NFC module, a Bluetooth module, or the like. The user or the electric vehicle 104 may be authenticated by recognizing the payment card of the user through an RFID reader such as a card reader. Authentication and authorization module 202 may display a button indicating the state of charge, such as charging standby, charging, and charging complete. For example, when the payment is in progress in the charging device 102, the button indicating the charging standby may be lit, and when the power is supplied from the charging device 102 to the electric vehicle 104, the button indicating the charging is lit. Can come in. In addition, when the supply of the power is completed, the button indicating the completion of charging may be lit.

When the authentication of the user or the electric vehicle 104 and the approval of the charging are completed, the user may insert a charging cable into the power outlet of the power control module 204, and the charging device 102 may charge the charging fee through the charging cable. Electric power corresponding to the electric vehicle 104 may be supplied.

4 is an illustration of a charging device 102 according to a second embodiment of the present invention.

As described above, the power control module 204 is a plug 402 into which a charging cable is inserted, a locking means (not shown) for fixing the charging cable when the charging cable is inserted, and a user's completion of charging of the electric vehicle 104. It may include a separation means 404, etc. for pushing the charging cable to the outside of the water polo according to the operation.

In this case, the locking means may be an electromagnet formed in at least a portion of the water polo 402, and the charging cable is inserted into the water polo 402 to attract the conductive material formed in at least a portion of the charging cable as the current flows. The cable can be fixed.

In addition, the separating means 404 may protrude a projection (not shown) toward the charging cable as the user applies a force in a specific direction to push the charging cable to the outside of the water polo 402. Accordingly, the user can more easily separate the charging cable from the water polo 402 when the charging of the electric vehicle 104 is completed.

5 is an illustration of a charging device 102 according to a third embodiment of the present invention.

Referring to FIG. 5, a cover 502 may be formed outside the charging device 102. The cover 502 protects the charging device 102 from external shock and at the same time for water proof and dust proof of the charging device 102 and is formed to surround the charging device 102. Can be. The cover 502 may be opened or closed according to a user's operation, and may be configured to be automatically closed by a magnet when the charging device 102 is not in use.

6 is an illustration of a charging device 102 according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention.

Referring to FIG. 6, a display module 210 may be formed on an outer surface of the charging device 102. The display module 210 may display identification information of the electric vehicle 104 (for example, a vehicle number of the electric vehicle 104), a charging state, payment information, and the like.

7 is an illustration of a charging device 102 according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 8 is an illustration of a charging device 102 according to a sixth embodiment of the present invention.

As described above, the charging device 102 may be formed, for example, in a form in which the charging cable 106 is mounted in advance. In this case, the charging cable 106 may be fixedly connected to the power control module 204 of the charging device 102, and the user may connect the charging cable 106 to the electric vehicle 104 upon completion of the approval of the payment for the charging fee. The electric vehicle 104 can be charged by inserting it. 7 and 8 illustrate examples in which the authentication and approval module 202, the display module 210, and the charging cable 106 are provided attached to a wall.

Referring to FIG. 7, the charging cable 106 may be provided in the cable box 106a, and the cable box 106a may be opened when the approval of the payment for the charging fee is completed. Accordingly, the user may charge the electric vehicle 104 using the charging cable 106.

In addition, referring to FIG. 8, one end of the charging cable 106 may be exposed to the outside of the case 106b, and the remaining portion of the charging cable 106 may be disposed in accordance with a user's operation upon completion of the authentication and approval of the charging. 106b may be exposed to the outside. Accordingly, the user may insert the charging cable 106 into the electric vehicle 104 to proceed with the charging. When the charging of the electric vehicle 104 is completed, when the user releases the charging cable 106, the charging cable 106 may be sucked into the case 106b and restored to its original state. Meanwhile, the charging cable 106 may remain locked until the authentication and approval of the charging is completed, and the user may not use the charging cable 106.

9 is an illustration of a display module 210 according to an embodiment of the present invention.

As described above, the display module 210 may be configured separately from other components of the charging device 102. When the display module 210 is formed separately from other components of the charging device 102, the display module 210 may be connected to other components of the charging device 102 by wired or wireless communication. For example, the display module 210 may display charging information, payment information, and the like received through the communication module 208.

Referring to FIG. 9, when it is assumed that there are three charging devices 102 in a set space, the display module 210 may be configured in the corresponding charging device 102 from the communication module 208 of each charging device 102. Receives charging information (for example, identification information of the electric vehicle 104, information on the state of charge), payment information (for example, information about the amount of payment) and the like and display for each charging device 102 can do. In this case, it is sufficient that the parking lot is provided with one display module 210, and it is not necessary to provide a separate display module 210 for each charging device 102, thereby reducing the cost of the charging device 102. Can be.

On the other hand, the above-described authentication and approval module 202 may also be configured separately from other components of the charging device 102, in which case it is sufficient to have one authentication and approval module 202 in the parking lot, each There is no need to have a separate authentication and authorization module 202 for each charging device 102.

*

10 and 11 are illustrations of kiosk 250 and charging devices 102a, 102b, 102c in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention. As described above, one or more kiosks 250 may be installed in the parking lot. The kiosk 250 may include some components of the charging device 102 described above, and may guide the user with information about an empty parking area in the parking lot.

Referring to FIG. 10, a user may perform the above-described authentication and charging approval process in the authentication and approval module 250a of the kiosk 250. In addition, the display module 250b of the kiosk 250 may display information about an empty parking area that can be charged in the parking lot. Accordingly, the user can check the kiosk to obtain information about an empty parking area in which the electric vehicle 104 in the parking lot can be charged. As described above, the kiosk 250 may be installed at the entrance side of the parking lot, and the user may check the kiosk 250 in the process of entering the parking lot.

As an example, as shown in FIG. 10, the display module 250b displays information indicating that there are 12 empty parking spaces on the first basement, 15 on the second basement, and 18 on the third basement. can do. The user may select the second basement floor, and in this case, the display module 250b may provide information regarding the location of the empty parking area in the basement 2 floor (for example, identification information of the empty parking area, the kiosk 250 may display the information on the location). Route to an empty parking area) can be displayed.

In addition, referring to FIG. 11, the kiosk 250 may include information regarding charge reservation of each reserved charging device 102, that is, the first outlet 102a, the second outlet 102b, and the third outlet 102c ( For example, identification information of the electric vehicle 104 possessed by the user, a state of charge, etc.), information on payment, information on an installation location, and the like may be displayed. Accordingly, the user can easily find the charging device 102 reserved by the user. In addition, in this case, some components of the charging device 102 (for example, an authentication and approval module and a display module) are provided in the kiosk 250 and only one kiosk 250 is provided in the parking lot. Can reduce the cost.

In addition, the kiosk 250 is configured to enable wired and wireless communication with each charging device 102, that is, the first outlet 102a, the second outlet 102b, and the third outlet 102c, and the like. Can send and receive

The first outlet 102a, the second outlet 102b, and the third outlet 102c may include information regarding charge reservation (for example, identification information of the electric vehicle 104 possessed by the user) and the reservation waiting time described above. Information (eg, time remaining until the reservation waiting time expires) can be displayed, and the user can easily identify the charged charging device 104 and confirm whether the reservation is valid. . The reservation waiting time may be preset to a specific time (for example, 5 minutes), but is not limited thereto. The reservation waiting time may be set by the user (for example, 30 minutes, 1 hour, etc.). .

12 is an illustration showing a sensor according to an embodiment of the present invention, Figure 13 is an illustration showing a process of determining whether the parking of the electric vehicle in the parking area using the sensor of FIG.

12 and 13, the sensor 216 may detect the electric vehicle 104 in the parking area to determine whether the electric vehicle 104 is parked in the parking area. As described above, the sensor may be, for example, a proximity sensor. The sensor 216 may be located within a set distance (eg, 1 meter) from each parking zone to detect the electric vehicle 104 in the parking zone. The charging device 102 may determine that the electric vehicle 104 is parked in the parking area when the state in which the electric vehicle 104 is detected by the sensor 216 continues for a set time (for example, 10 minutes). Can be.

In this case, the charging device 102 determines whether the electric vehicle 104 is parked in each parking zone by itself without interlocking with the above-described parking management system 180, and transmits the information related to the parking presence to the repeater 120. Through the charging provider cloud server 114 can be delivered. The user terminal 108 may receive information related to the parking from the charging provider cloud server 114, and provide it to the user. In addition, by determining whether the electric vehicle 104 is parked in the parking area by using the sensor 216, it is possible to distinguish between a vehicle that parks in the parking area and a vehicle that parks only without charging while parking in the parking area. In addition, such information may be collected from the charging provider cloud server 114 and used as information for improving a service of a user in the future.

14 is a diagram showing an application example of the charging device 102 according to the first embodiment of the present invention.

Referring to FIG. 14, the charging device 102 according to the first embodiment of the present invention may be installed in a private (home) parking lot such as a garage of a house. The user may park the electric vehicle 104 in the parking area of the personal parking lot, and then charge the electric vehicle 104 by inserting the charging cable 106 into the charging device 102.

15 is a diagram illustrating an application example of the charging device 102 according to the second embodiment of the present invention.

Referring to FIG. 15, the charging device 102 according to the second embodiment of the present invention may be installed in a public parking lot along a roadside. The user may park the electric vehicle 104 in the parking area of the public parking lot, and then charge the electric vehicle 104 by inserting the charging cable 106 into the charging device 102.

16 is a diagram showing an application example of the charging device 102 according to the third embodiment of the present invention.

Referring to FIG. 16, the charging device 102 according to the third embodiment of the present invention may be installed in an underground parking lot of an apartment. The user may park the electric vehicle 104 in the parking area of the underground parking lot, and then charge the electric vehicle 104 by inserting the charging cable 106 into the charging device 102.

As such, the charging device 102 according to the embodiments of the present invention may be widely installed at various locations, and the charging infrastructure of the electric vehicle 104 may be more quickly and cheaply constructed by only installing the charging device 102. can do. As an example, the user may utilize the charging infrastructure by charging the electric vehicle 104 after charging to the charging device 102 and driving the charged electric vehicle 104 the following day. In addition, when charging is stopped due to removal or breakage of the charging cable 106 during charging of the electric vehicle 104, the charging device 102 to notify the user immediately by transmitting a notification message to the user terminal 108. Can be.

In addition, the embodiments of the present invention can be applied to various outdoor electric power demands such as electric cars 104 as well as stalls and camping sites using electricity.

17 is a view for explaining the process of separating the power charge in the charging system 100 according to an embodiment of the present invention.

Referring to FIG. 17, each of the charging devices 102 installed in the parking lot of A apartment has unique identification information (for example, charging device ID number: # 0000 0001-0001, etc.), and displays the amount of charging power in real time. I can measure it. In addition, not only the charging device 102 but also the lighting device 130 may be installed in the A parking lot. The meter 140 is connected to the power company server 110 and has unique identification information (for example, meter ID number: # 0000 0001), for example, may be installed in the parking lot of the apartment A. Hereinafter, the processes of FIG. 17 will be described in sequence.

In step S102, the user pays the charging fee in the charging device 102 using the payment card, and each charging device 102 transmits the charging information of the user whose authentication is completed to the relay 120.

In step S104, the meter 140 is a charging device 102 installed in the parking lot of the apartment A, and the lighting device 130 and the electronic device which is a common device in the area where the charging device 102 is installed (that is, the parking lot of the apartment A) It acquires the total cumulative power consumption (for example, the monthly cumulative power consumption of the A apartment parking lot) of the device (ie other power load), and transfers it to the power company server 110.

In step S106, the repeater 120 collects cumulative power usage (for example, monthly cumulative power usage) at each charging device 102 and transfers the cumulative power usage to the charging provider cloud server 114.

In operation S108, the charging provider cloud server 114 may calculate the cumulative power consumption of each charging device 102 (for example, the monthly cumulative power consumption of the charging devices 102 installed in the parking lot of the apartment A). 110).

When the cumulative power usage of the plurality of charging devices 102 is referred to as first cumulative power usage, and the total cumulative power usage of the region where the charging device 102 and other power loads are installed is assumed to be the second cumulative usage, In step S110, the power company server 110 may subtract the first cumulative power usage from the second cumulative power usage (for example, 1000KW-900KW = 100KW) to separate the caps for the power usage and the power bill accordingly. have. The power company server 110 may charge the landlord of the apartment A for the power consumption (eg, 100KW) for the remaining power consumption (for example, 900KW) except for the power usage (for example, 900KW) used for charging.

18 is a view for explaining a process of automatically adjusting a charging load in conjunction with the maximum power management device 160 in the charging system 100 according to an embodiment of the present invention.

Referring to FIG. 18, the maximum power management device 160 may be connected to the power supply device 150 and the repeater 120, respectively. The power supply device 150 is a device for supplying power to the plurality of charging devices 102 and may be, for example, a distribution panel. In addition, the maximum power management device 160 is a device for managing the peak power of the power supply device 150, the power supply device 150 may measure the amount of power used in real time through the measurement module (150a).

If the maximum load (total limit capacity) of the power supply device 150 is set to 22 KW / h, the amount of charging power (power supplied to each charging device 102) of each charging device 102 exceeds this. Or if it is expected to exceed this in a set time (eg, within 1 hour), the repeater 120 causes the plurality of charging devices to sequentially charge at least some of the plurality of charging devices 102. At least some of the 102 may be controlled. The repeater 120 may give priority to each charging device 102, and at least some of the plurality of charging devices 102 may receive a charging device control message of charging sequentially according to the priority. Can be generated. The repeater 120 may transmit the charging device control message to at least some of the plurality of charging devices 102, and each charging device 102 may sequentially charge the charging device control message. In addition, the repeater 120 may control at least some of the plurality of charging devices 102 such that at least some of the plurality of charging devices 102 sequentially charge by groups. As an example, at a time when the parking time is long (for example, 0 o'clock to 8 o'clock), the repeater 120 divides the charging group and performs charging at least one of the plurality of charging devices 102 alternately. You can control some. In this case, charging can be performed evenly in more vehicles.

19 is an illustration of charging information displayed in the user terminal 108 according to an embodiment of the present invention. As described above, the user checks the charging information in real time through the mobile application installed in the user terminal 108, the charging history, the charging amount, the charging progress (ie, the charging status), the expected charging time of the electric vehicle 104, etc. Can be retrieved.

Referring to FIG. 19, the charging information displayed on the user terminal 108 may include, for example, a charging method, a user approval method, a charging amount, an estimated charging time, a charging progress status, a charging progress rate, a driving distance, a charging device reservation, and the like. Can be. However, this is merely an example, and the charging information displayed and controlled by the user terminal 108 is not limited thereto.

Although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to exemplary embodiments above, those skilled in the art to which the present invention pertains can make various modifications without departing from the scope of the present invention with respect to the above-described embodiments. I will understand. Therefore, the scope of the present invention should not be limited to the described embodiments, but should be defined by the claims below and equivalents thereof.

Claims (31)

  1. As a charging device for an electric vehicle,
    An authentication and approval module for authenticating the user or the electric vehicle and approving the charging of the electric vehicle in accordance with an electric vehicle, a user terminal, or a payment card possessed by a user of the electric vehicle;
    A power control module for supplying power to the electric vehicle or cutting off the supply of power when the authentication and the approval of the charging are completed;
    A measurement module for measuring in real time the amount of power supplied to the electric vehicle;
    A data storage module storing a charging history of the charging device; And
    And a communication module for transferring the charging information and the charging history of the electric vehicle to a charging provider cloud server to which the user terminal is accessible.
    The charging device is arranged in plural within a set distance from each parking zone in the set parking lot,
    Each of the plurality of charging devices stores the charging history in the data storage module whenever the charging of the electric vehicle is completed, and transmits the charging history to the charging provider cloud server through a repeater.
    In the charging provider cloud server or the repeater, the charging history for each parking lot, each building, or each region is calculated as big data for demand response from the charging history collected by each of the plurality of charging devices. Each charging device in the above-mentioned parking lot, building or region can display information on stopping charging of one or more charging devices in the parking lot, building or region set according to the demand management operator's demand management (DR) order based on big data. To,
    The charging of one or more charging devices in the set parking lot, building or region is stopped for a set time according to the information of the stopping content
    The charging history of the charging device may include a time period during which the electric vehicle is charged in the charging device, a number of times the electric vehicle is charged in the charging device for a predetermined time, a charge amount charged through the charging device, or a charging in the charging device. Include one or more of the charges,
    The charging history for each parking lot, each building, or each region includes the total charging amount or the total number of charging for each parking lot, each building, or each region for a set time.
  2. The method according to claim 1,
    And said charging device comprises an outlet.
  3. The method according to claim 1,
    The charging device further comprises a display module for displaying the charging information.
  4. The method according to claim 1,
    The charging information may include at least one of a charging charge of the electric vehicle, the amount of power, identification information of the electric vehicle, a state of charge of the electric vehicle, an estimated time of completion of charging of the electric vehicle, identification information of the charging device, and an installation position. Charging device.
  5. The method according to claim 1,
    When the power supplied to each of the charging devices is expected to exceed the total limited capacity of the power supply connected to the charging device or exceed the set time, at least a part of each charging device in the parking lot charges by group or sequentially. Going on, charging device.
  6. The method according to claim 1,
    The user terminal may include a location of each parking lot belonging to the area input from the user or an area corresponding to the current location of the user terminal, the number of empty parking zones for charging the electric vehicle for each parking lot, the location and And displaying at least one of identification information of the charging device closest to the empty parking area that can be charged.
  7. The method according to claim 6,
    The communication module, the repeater is connected to the charging provider cloud server for the charging information including one or more of the parking lot, the empty parking area, the identification information of the charging device and the identification information of the electric vehicle input from the user in the user terminal Received via, charging device.
  8. The method according to claim 7,
    The charging related information further includes information regarding a charge rate or a charge amount of the electric vehicle input from the user,
    The authentication and approval module, the charging device for approving the payment of the charging fee corresponding to the charging fee or the charging amount during authentication of the user.
  9. The method according to claim 7,
    The charging related information further includes information regarding a charging time period input from the user.
  10. The method according to claim 9,
    The authentication and authorization module, when recognizing a payment card possessed by another user terminal or another user in the charging time period, the charging device, the charging device.
  11. The method according to claim 1,
    The authentication and approval module is to the present time when the connection between the electric vehicle and the charging device is disconnected by the user while the power is supplied to the electric vehicle or when a charge stop request input from the user terminal is received through the repeater. Charging device that only approves payment for the charging fee corresponding to the amount of power supplied to the electric vehicle.
  12. The method according to claim 1,
    The communication module may receive a request for selling power stored in the electric vehicle input from the user terminal through a repeater connected to the charging provider cloud server.
    The authentication and approval module authenticates the user or the electric vehicle according to the selling request,
    And the measuring module measures an amount of power supplied from the electric vehicle in response to the selling request, and controls a direction of a current flowing in the charging device.
  13. The method according to claim 1,
    And the power control module supplies the electric power to the electric vehicle through a charging cable.
  14. The method according to claim 13,
    The power control module includes a plug for inserting the charging cable, and locking means for fixing the charging cable to prevent the charging cable from being separated from the plug when the charging cable is inserted.
  15. The method according to claim 14,
    The locking device is an electromagnet formed on at least a portion of the water polo.
  16. The method according to claim 14,
    The power control module further includes separating means for pushing the charging cable to the outside of the water outlet according to the user's operation so that the charging cable can be separated from the water outlet when the charging of the electric vehicle is completed. Charging device.
  17. The method according to claim 13,
    And the power control module cuts off the power supply when the charging cable is separated from the charging device while supplying the power to the electric vehicle.
  18. The method according to claim 13,
    And the charging cable is fixedly connected to the power control module.
  19. The method according to claim 1,
    And a cover surrounding the charging device for protection of the charging device from water proof, dust proof and external impact of the charging device.
  20. The method according to claim 1,
    The charging device further includes a leakage leakage blocking module for blocking an electrical leakage of the charging device.
  21. The method according to claim 1,
    The charging device further comprises a photographing module for photographing within a distance set from the license plate or the charging device of the electric vehicle.
  22. The method according to claim 1,
    The charging device further includes a sensor for detecting an electric vehicle in the parking area to determine whether the electric vehicle is parked in the parking area.
  23. The method according to claim 1,
    The charging device further includes a voice guide module for voice guiding a charging process of the electric vehicle.
  24. The method according to claim 1,
    Power supply input and output to the charging device, the AC power supply or DC power supply.
  25. The method according to claim 1,
    The data storage module further stores an event log related to the maintenance of the charging device.
  26. The method according to claim 1,
    The data storage module further stores an upgrade file for remote upgrade of each of the charging devices received through a repeater connected to the charging provider cloud server.
  27. The method according to claim 1,
    The charging device, in conjunction with a parking lot management system for managing each parking area in the parking lot, charging device for informing the user of information about an empty parking area in which the electric vehicle can be charged among the parking areas.
  28. The method of claim 27,
    The information on the empty parking area may include one or more of the number, location, and identification information of the charging device closest to the empty parking area capable of charging the electric vehicle in the parking lot. Charging device.
  29. The method of claim 27,
    The information regarding the empty parking area is displayed in a kiosk which is installed within a distance set from each of the parking areas.
  30. The plurality of charging devices according to any one of claims 1 to 29; And
    In a region in which the plurality of charging devices and other power loads are received, which receive information on the first cumulative power usage of the plurality of charging devices through a repeater, and are received from a power company server through a meter connected to the power company server. And a charging provider cloud server configured to provide the power company server with information about the first cumulative power usage so that the first cumulative power usage may be deducted from the second cumulative power usage.
  31. The plurality of charging devices according to any one of claims 1 to 29; And
    It is connected to the maximum power management device for managing the peak power of the power supply device for supplying power to the plurality of charging devices, the power supplied to each of the plurality of charging devices exceeds or set the total limited capacity of the power supply device And a repeater for controlling at least some of said plurality of charging devices such that at least some of said plurality of charging devices advance charging by group or sequentially if expected to exceed in time.
PCT/KR2017/009461 2016-08-31 2017-08-30 Charging apparatus for electric vehicle and charging system including same WO2018044058A2 (en)

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US20090177580A1 (en) * 2008-01-07 2009-07-09 Lowenthal Richard W Collection of electric vehicle power consumption tax
JP5490473B2 (en) * 2009-09-15 2014-05-14 ルネサスエレクトロニクス株式会社 Data processing system, electric vehicle and maintenance service system
KR101210204B1 (en) * 2010-07-02 2012-12-07 엘에스산전 주식회사 System, Apparatus and Method for Charge and Discharge of Electric Energy
US9563215B2 (en) * 2012-07-14 2017-02-07 Causam Energy, Inc. Method and apparatus for actively managing electric power supply for an electric power grid
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