WO2018010153A1 - Multi-surface processing machien tool - Google Patents

Multi-surface processing machien tool Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2018010153A1
WO2018010153A1 PCT/CN2016/090089 CN2016090089W WO2018010153A1 WO 2018010153 A1 WO2018010153 A1 WO 2018010153A1 CN 2016090089 W CN2016090089 W CN 2016090089W WO 2018010153 A1 WO2018010153 A1 WO 2018010153A1
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WO
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Prior art keywords
workpiece
machining
mounting
clamping
bed
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PCT/CN2016/090089
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
童恩东
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深圳市大富科技股份有限公司
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Priority to PCT/CN2016/090089 priority Critical patent/WO2018010153A1/en
Publication of WO2018010153A1 publication Critical patent/WO2018010153A1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q37/00Metal-working machines, or constructional combinations thereof, built-up from units designed so that at least some of the units can form parts of different machines or combinations; Units therefor in so far as the feature of interchangeability is important
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P23/00Machines or arrangements of machines for performing specified combinations of different metal-working operations not covered by a single other subclass
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine

Abstract

A multi-surface processing machine tool, comprising a lathe bed (10), N processing units (20) provided on the lathe bed (10), and a clamp (30). The clamp (30) is provided with clamping surfaces (32) corresponding to each of the processing units (20), at least two processing units (20) simultaneously processing a workpiece (40) mounted on at least two clamping surfaces (32) of the clamp (30). According to the processing machine tool, at least two machining units can simultaneously process the workpiece mounted on the at least two clamping surfaces of the clamp, thus improving production efficiency and reducing machining difficulty.

Description

一种多面加工机床 Multi-face machining machine
【技术领域】[Technical Field]
本发明涉及机床技术领域,特别是涉及一种多面加工机床。The invention relates to the technical field of machine tools, in particular to a multi-face machining machine.
【背景技术】 【Background technique】
传统的机床结构为一般分为卧式和立式,一般有1个加工主轴,这有以下缺点:一次只能运行一把刀具,对一个面的特征加工,因此加工效率不高。The traditional machine tool structure is generally divided into horizontal and vertical, and generally has one machining spindle. This has the following disadvantages: only one tool can be operated at a time, and the characteristics of one surface are processed, so the processing efficiency is not high.
【发明内容】 [Summary of the Invention]
本发明主要解决的技术问题是提供一种多面加工机床,能够提高生产效率,降低加工难度。The technical problem mainly solved by the present invention is to provide a multi-faceted processing machine tool, which can improve production efficiency and reduce processing difficulty.
为解决上述技术问题,本发明提供一种多面加工机床,包括:床身、设置在床身上的N个加工单元以及夹具,夹具对应每个加工单元设置有至少一个夹装面,其中N为大于或等于二的正整数;In order to solve the above technical problem, the present invention provides a multi-face machining machine comprising: a bed body, N processing units disposed on the bed body, and a fixture, wherein the fixture is provided with at least one clamping surface corresponding to each processing unit, wherein N is greater than Or a positive integer equal to two;
至少二个加工单元能够同时对安装在至少一个夹装面上的工件进行加工。At least two processing units are capable of simultaneously processing workpieces mounted on at least one of the clamping faces.
其中,至少二个加工单元能够同时对安装在一个夹装面上的工件进行加工。Among them, at least two processing units can simultaneously process workpieces mounted on one of the clamping faces.
其中,至少二个加工单元能够同时分别对安装在至少二个夹装面上的工件进行加工。Wherein, at least two processing units are capable of simultaneously processing the workpieces mounted on the at least two clamping faces.
其中,加工单元至少包括加工主轴箱;Wherein, the processing unit includes at least a machining headstock;
加工主轴箱相对于夹具周向设置。The machining headstock is arranged circumferentially with respect to the clamp.
其中,加工主轴箱能够在床身平面上沿靠近或远离工件的方向进行前后移动或相对工件进行左右移动,用于加工对应夹装面上工件的正面以及相邻夹装面上工件的侧面;Wherein, the machining headstock is capable of moving back and forth in a direction close to or away from the workpiece on the plane of the bed or moving left and right relative to the workpiece for processing the front side of the workpiece on the corresponding clamping surface and the side surface of the workpiece on the adjacent clamping surface;
夹具能够夹装工件在垂直于床身平面方向上进行竖直移动。The clamp is capable of clamping the workpiece for vertical movement in a direction perpendicular to the plane of the bed.
其中,夹具能够沿着其轴心线旋转。Among them, the clamp can rotate along its axis.
其中,加工单元还包括第一导轨和第二导轨;Wherein, the processing unit further includes a first rail and a second rail;
第一导轨设置在床身上且平行于加工主轴箱轴心线;The first rail is disposed on the bed body and parallel to the machining spindle shaft axis;
第二导轨设置在第一导轨上且垂直于加工主轴箱轴心线;The second rail is disposed on the first rail and perpendicular to the machining spindle shaft axis;
加工主轴箱设置在第二导轨上。The machining headstock is arranged on the second rail.
其中,第一导轨和第二导轨上均设置有导轨防护罩。Wherein, the first rail and the second rail are respectively provided with a rail guard cover.
其中,加工单元还包括刀库,刀库设置于加工主轴箱一侧,用于向加工主轴箱提供刀具。The machining unit further includes a tool magazine, and the tool magazine is disposed on one side of the machining spindle box for providing a tool to the machining headstock.
其中,加工单元是四个,夹装面对应设置为四个,四个加工单元能够同时加工四个工件。Among them, the processing unit is four, the clamping surface is correspondingly set to four, and the four processing units can process four workpieces at the same time.
为了解决上述问题,本发明还提供了一种多面加工机床,包括:一夹具及若干主轴单元,夹具具有多个相邻的安装面,至少二相邻的安装面上设置有待加工工件:第一工件及第二工件,每一主轴单元具有用以加工待加工工件的刀具,刀具能够加工第一工件的正面及相邻第二工件的侧面。In order to solve the above problems, the present invention also provides a multi-face machining machine, comprising: a clamp and a plurality of spindle units, the clamp has a plurality of adjacent mounting faces, and at least two adjacent mounting faces are provided with workpieces to be processed: first The workpiece and the second workpiece, each spindle unit having a tool for machining the workpiece to be processed, the tool capable of machining the front surface of the first workpiece and the side surface of the adjacent second workpiece.
其中,进一步包括一床身,夹具及若干主轴单元安装于床身上,夹具能够沿垂直于床身的方向上下竖直运动。The utility model further comprises a bed, a clamp and a plurality of spindle units mounted on the bed, wherein the clamp can move vertically up and down in a direction perpendicular to the bed.
其中,主轴单元能够沿朝向或远离第一工件的方向前后移动。Wherein, the spindle unit is movable back and forth in a direction toward or away from the first workpiece.
其中,主轴单元能够沿平行于第一工件所在的安装面方向左右移动。Wherein, the spindle unit is movable to the left and right in a direction parallel to the mounting surface where the first workpiece is located.
其中,安装面的数量为四,主轴单元的数量也为四。Among them, the number of mounting faces is four, and the number of spindle units is also four.
其中,每一主轴单元均独立控制,且每一主轴单元具有刀库,以进行独立换刀。Each spindle unit is independently controlled, and each spindle unit has a tool magazine for independent tool change.
其中,夹具能够沿着其轴心线旋转。Among them, the clamp can rotate along its axis.
为了解决上述问题,本发明还提供了一种多面加工机床,包括:床身、设置在床身上的夹具及一主轴单元,夹具具有相邻安装的第一安装面、第二安装面、第三安装面以及第四安装面,第一安装面上安装有第一工件,第二安装面上安装有第二工件,第三安装面上安装有第三工件,第四安装面上安装有第四工件,第一主轴单元能够加工第一工件正面及第二工件和第四工件侧面;In order to solve the above problems, the present invention also provides a multi-face machining machine comprising: a bed, a clamp disposed on the bed body and a spindle unit, the clamp having a first mounting surface, a second mounting surface, and a third installation adjacent to each other a mounting surface and a fourth mounting surface, the first workpiece is mounted on the first mounting surface, the second workpiece is mounted on the second mounting surface, the third workpiece is mounted on the third mounting surface, and the fourth mounting surface is mounted on the fourth mounting surface. a workpiece, the first spindle unit capable of machining the front surface of the first workpiece and the second workpiece and the side of the fourth workpiece;
其中,主轴单元能够沿着垂直于夹具运动方向的平面进行前后及左右运动。Among them, the spindle unit is capable of moving forward and backward and left and right along a plane perpendicular to the moving direction of the jig.
其中,夹具能够沿着垂直于床身的方向进行上下运动,并且能够沿着其中轴线旋转;Wherein the clamp can move up and down along a direction perpendicular to the bed and can rotate along the central axis;
主轴单元在加工完第一工件的正面以及第二工件和第四工件的侧面后,在夹具旋转至第二安装面上的第二工件正对主轴单元后继续加工第二工件的正面以及第一工件和第三工件的侧面。After processing the front surface of the first workpiece and the side surfaces of the second workpiece and the fourth workpiece, the spindle unit continues to process the front surface of the second workpiece and the first after the second workpiece facing the spindle unit is rotated to the second mounting surface The side of the workpiece and the third workpiece.
其中,主轴单元在加工完第二工件的正面以及第一工件和第三工件的侧面后,在夹具旋转至第三安装面上的第三工件正对主轴单元后继续加工第三工件的正面以及第二工件和第四工件的侧面。Wherein, after processing the front surface of the second workpiece and the side surfaces of the first workpiece and the third workpiece, the spindle unit continues to process the front surface of the third workpiece after the third workpiece of the fixture is rotated to the third mounting surface The sides of the second workpiece and the fourth workpiece.
本发明的有益效果是:区别于现有技术的情况,本发明多面加工机床通过在床身上设置至少两个加工单元以及夹具,夹具对应至少两个加工单元设置有至少两个夹装面,至少两个加工单元同时对安装在夹具上至少两个夹装面的工件进行加工,能够提高生产效率,降低加工难度。The beneficial effects of the present invention are: different from the prior art, the multi-face machining machine of the present invention has at least two machining units and clamps disposed on the bed body, and the clamps are provided with at least two clamping faces corresponding to at least two machining units, at least The two processing units simultaneously process the workpieces mounted on the clamp at least two clamping faces, which can improve production efficiency and reduce processing difficulty.
【附图说明】 [Description of the Drawings]
图1是本发明多面加工机床第一实施例的结构示意图;1 is a schematic structural view of a first embodiment of a multi-face machining machine according to the present invention;
图2是本发明多面加工机床第一实施例一应用场景的位置结构示意图;2 is a schematic view showing the position structure of an application scenario of the first embodiment of the multi-face machining machine of the present invention;
图3是本发明多面加工机床第一实施例一应用场景中夹具的结构示意图;3 is a schematic structural view of a jig in an application scenario of the first embodiment of the multi-face machining machine of the present invention;
图4是本发明多面加工机床第一实施例再一应用场景的位置结构示意图。4 is a schematic view showing the positional structure of still another application scenario of the first embodiment of the multi-face machining machine of the present invention.
【具体实施方式】【detailed description】
在以下描述中阐述了具体的细节以便充分理解本发明。但是本发明能够以多种不同于在此描述的其他方式来实施,本领域技术人员可以在不违背本发明内涵的情况下做类似推广。因此本发明不受下面公开的具体实施方式的限制。Specific details are set forth in the description which follows to best understand the invention. However, the present invention can be implemented in various other ways than those described herein, and those skilled in the art can make similar promotion without departing from the scope of the present invention. The invention is therefore not limited by the specific embodiments disclosed below.
针对背景技术中提到的缺陷,本发明提供一种多面加工机床。下面将结合附图和实施方式对本发明作进一步的详细描述。The present invention provides a multi-face machining machine for the drawbacks mentioned in the background art. The invention will be further described in detail below with reference to the drawings and embodiments.
参照图1,图1是本发明多面加工机床第一实施例的结构示意图,同时请参阅图2和图3,图2是本发明多面加工机床第一实施例一应用场景的位置结构示意图,图3是本发明多面加工机床第一实施例一应用场景中夹具30的结构示意图。1 is a schematic structural view of a first embodiment of a multi-face machining machine according to the present invention. Referring to FIG. 2 and FIG. 3, FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a first embodiment of the multi-face machining machine of the present invention. 3 is a schematic structural view of the jig 30 in the application scenario of the first embodiment of the multi-face machining machine of the present invention.
在该实施例中,多面加工机床包括:床身10、设置在床身10上的N个加工单元20(具体的,如图1所示,设置了四个加工单元20)以及夹具30,夹具30对应每个加工单元20设置有夹装面32;至少两个加工单元20同时对安装在夹具30上至少两个夹装面32的工件40进行加工;In this embodiment, the multi-face machining machine includes: a bed 10, N machining units 20 disposed on the bed 10 (specifically, as shown in FIG. 1, four machining units 20 are provided), and a clamp 30, a clamp 30 is provided with a clamping surface 32 corresponding to each processing unit 20; at least two processing units 20 simultaneously process the workpiece 40 mounted on the clamping surface 30 with at least two clamping surfaces 32;
其中N为大于或等于二的正整数。Where N is a positive integer greater than or equal to two.
至少二个加工单元20能够同时对安装在一个夹装面32上的工40件进行加工。At least two of the processing units 20 are capable of simultaneously processing 40 pieces of work mounted on one of the clamping faces 32.
具体的,每个加工单元20加工对应的夹装面32上的工件40以及相邻夹装面上的工件40,夹装面32上也可以设置有至少一个夹装工位322,具体的,夹装面32设置有两个夹装工位322,每个加工单元20可以同时加工对应的夹装面32上的两个夹装工位322上的工件40的正面,以及相邻的夹装面32上的两个夹装工位322上的侧面。Specifically, each processing unit 20 processes the workpiece 40 on the corresponding clamping surface 32 and the workpiece 40 on the adjacent clamping surface. The clamping surface 32 may also be provided with at least one clamping station 322. Specifically, The clamping surface 32 is provided with two clamping stations 322, each of which can simultaneously process the front side of the workpiece 40 on the two clamping stations 322 on the corresponding clamping surface 32, and the adjacent clamping The sides on the two clamping stations 322 on the face 32.
在该实施例中,通过同时使用至少两个加工单元20,具体的是四个加工单元20分别对对应的夹装面32的工件40的正面进行加工,以及对对应的夹装面32相邻的夹装面32的工件40的侧面进行加工,提高了生产效率,合理的加工单元20的位置分布也降低了加工的难度。In this embodiment, by simultaneously using at least two processing units 20, in particular four processing units 20 respectively process the front side of the workpiece 40 of the corresponding clamping surface 32 and adjacent the corresponding clamping surface 32. The side surface of the workpiece 40 of the clamping surface 32 is processed to improve the production efficiency, and the reasonable positional distribution of the processing unit 20 also reduces the difficulty of processing.
继续参照图1,加工单元20至少包括加工主轴箱22;With continued reference to Figure 1, the processing unit 20 includes at least a machining headstock 22;
加工主轴箱22相对于夹具30周向设置,具体的,加工主轴箱22在平行于床身10平面布置在夹具30的四周,加工主轴箱22轴心线垂直于相应的夹装面32,具体的,加工主轴箱22的轴心线正对着夹具30上相应的夹装面32。The machining headstock 22 is circumferentially disposed relative to the clamp 30. Specifically, the machining spindle box 22 is disposed around the plane of the bed 10 parallel to the plane of the bed 10, and the axis of the machining spindle box 22 is perpendicular to the corresponding clamping surface 32. The shaft center of the machining headstock 22 faces the corresponding clamping surface 32 of the clamp 30.
加工主轴箱22在平行于床身10平面上沿靠近或远离工件40的方向进行前后移动或相对工件40进行左右移动,用于加工其正对着的夹装面32上两个夹装工位322上的两个工件40的正面以及相邻两个夹装面32上的四个夹装工位322的四个工件40的侧面;The machining headstock 22 moves back and forth in a direction parallel to or away from the workpiece 40 in a plane parallel to the bed 10 or moves left and right relative to the workpiece 40 for machining two clamping stations on the facing surface 32 opposite thereto. The front side of the two workpieces 40 on the 322 and the sides of the four workpieces 40 of the four clamping stations 322 on the adjacent two clamping faces 32;
夹具30带动其上的工件40在垂直于床身10平面方向上进行竖直移动。The jig 30 drives the workpiece 40 thereon to move vertically in a direction perpendicular to the plane of the bed 10.
可选的,夹具30沿着其轴心线旋转,且包括四个夹装面32,每个夹装面32设有至少一个夹装工位322,用于夹装工件40。Optionally, the clamp 30 rotates along its axis and includes four clamping faces 32, each of which is provided with at least one clamping station 322 for clamping the workpiece 40.
具体的,加工单元20还包括第一导轨24和第二导轨26;Specifically, the processing unit 20 further includes a first rail 24 and a second rail 26;
第一导轨24设置在床身10上且平行于加工主轴箱22轴心线;The first guide rail 24 is disposed on the bed 10 and parallel to the axial line of the machining headstock 22;
第二导轨26设置在第一导轨24上且垂直于加工主轴箱22轴心线;The second guide rail 26 is disposed on the first guide rail 24 and perpendicular to the axial line of the machining headstock 22;
加工主轴箱22设置在第二导轨26上。The machining headstock 22 is disposed on the second rail 26.
通过将加工主轴箱22设置在第二导轨26上,可以实现加工主轴箱22在平行于床身10平面上沿靠近或者远离工件40的方向进行前后移动或相对工件40进行左右移动。By arranging the machining headstock 22 on the second rail 26, the machining headstock 22 can be moved back and forth or moved left and right relative to the workpiece 40 in a direction parallel to or away from the workpiece 40 parallel to the plane of the bed 10.
参照图2,在本发明多面加工机床第一实施例一应用场景中,加工单元20是四个,夹具30上对应设置四个夹装面32,具体的,每个夹装面32上设置有两个夹装工位322,四个加工单元20同时加工四个工件40,每个工件40的三个面均可得到加工。Referring to FIG. 2, in the application scenario of the first embodiment of the multi-face machining machine of the present invention, the processing unit 20 is four, and the clamp 30 is correspondingly provided with four clamping faces 32. Specifically, each of the clamping faces 32 is provided with Two clamping stations 322, four machining units 20 simultaneously process four workpieces 40, and three faces of each workpiece 40 can be processed.
继续参照图1,第一导轨24和第二导轨26上均设置有导轨防护罩27,用于防止切屑落入导轨中,影响导轨的运行精度,加工单元20还包括刀库28,刀库28设置于加工主轴箱22一侧,用于向加工主轴箱22提供刀具。With reference to FIG. 1, the first rail 24 and the second rail 26 are respectively provided with a rail guard 27 for preventing chips from falling into the rail and affecting the running precision of the rail. The processing unit 20 further includes a magazine 28 and a magazine 28 It is disposed on the side of the machining headstock 22 for supplying a tool to the machining headstock 22.
在本发明多面加工机床第一实施例又一应用场景中,多面加工机床包括:加工单元20是两个,夹装面32对应设置为两个相邻的夹装面32,夹装面32上设置有至少两个夹装工位322,(在本发明其他实施例中,夹装面32上设置有两个夹装工位322),每个加工单元20加工对应的夹装面32上夹装工位322上的工件40。In a further application scenario of the first embodiment of the multi-face machining machine of the present invention, the multi-face machining machine comprises: two machining units 20, and the clamping surface 32 is correspondingly disposed as two adjacent clamping faces 32 on the clamping surface 32. At least two clamping stations 322 are provided. (In other embodiments of the present invention, two clamping stations 322 are disposed on the clamping surface 32, and each processing unit 20 processes the corresponding clamping surface 32. The workpiece 40 on the station 322 is loaded.
在该应用场景中,夹具30还可以沿着其轴心线旋转,包括四个夹装面32,每个夹装面32设有至少一个夹装工位322,用于夹装工件40。In this application scenario, the clamp 30 can also be rotated along its axis, including four clamping faces 32, each of which is provided with at least one clamping station 322 for clamping the workpiece 40.
在进行加工时,加工单元20在加工完第一个工件的正面以及第二工件和第四工件的侧面后,在夹具30旋转至第二安装面上的第二工件正对加工单元20后继续加工第二工件的正面以及第一工件和第三工件的侧面。When processing, the processing unit 20 continues after the front surface of the first workpiece and the sides of the second workpiece and the fourth workpiece are processed, after the second workpiece of the clamp 30 is rotated to the second mounting surface is facing the processing unit 20 The front surface of the second workpiece and the sides of the first workpiece and the third workpiece are machined.
参照图4,在本发明多面加工机床第一实施例再一应用场景中,夹具30具有相邻安装的第一安装面322A、第二安装面324A、第三安装面326A以及第四安装面328A,第一安装面322A上安装有第一工件42,第二安装面324A上安装有第二工件44,第三安装面326A上安装有第三工件46,第四安装面328A上安装有第四工件48,加工单元20加工第一工件42正面及第二工件44和第四工件48侧面;Referring to FIG. 4, in a further application scenario of the first embodiment of the multi-face machining machine of the present invention, the clamp 30 has a first mounting surface 322A, a second mounting surface 324A, a third mounting surface 326A, and a fourth mounting surface 328A that are adjacently mounted. The first workpiece 42 is mounted on the first mounting surface 322A, the second workpiece 44 is mounted on the second mounting surface 324A, the third workpiece 46 is mounted on the third mounting surface 326A, and the fourth mounting surface 328A is mounted on the fourth mounting surface 328A. a workpiece 48, the processing unit 20 processes the front surface of the first workpiece 42 and the sides of the second workpiece 44 and the fourth workpiece 48;
其中,加工单元20沿着垂直于夹具30运动方向的平面进行前后及左右运动。The processing unit 20 moves forward and backward and left and right along a plane perpendicular to the moving direction of the jig 30.
夹具30沿着垂直于床身10的方向进行上下运动,并且沿着其中轴线旋转;The clamp 30 moves up and down along a direction perpendicular to the bed 10 and rotates along the central axis thereof;
加工单元20在加工完第一工件42的正面以及第二工件44和第四工件46的侧面后,在夹具30旋转至第二安装面324A上的第二工件44正对加工单元20后继续加工第二工件44的正面以及第一工件42和第三工件46的侧面。After processing the front surface of the first workpiece 42 and the sides of the second workpiece 44 and the fourth workpiece 46, the processing unit 20 continues processing after the second workpiece 44 rotated by the clamp 30 to the second mounting surface 324A faces the processing unit 20. The front side of the second workpiece 44 and the sides of the first workpiece 42 and the third workpiece 46.
加工单元20在加工完第二工件44的正面以及第一工件42和第三工件46的侧面后,在夹具30旋转至第三安装面326A上的第三工件46正对加工单元20后继续加工第三工件46的正面以及第二工件44和第四工件48的侧面。After processing the front surface of the second workpiece 44 and the sides of the first workpiece 42 and the third workpiece 46, the processing unit 20 continues processing after the third workpiece 46 rotated by the clamp 30 to the third mounting surface 326A faces the processing unit 20. The front side of the third workpiece 46 and the sides of the second workpiece 44 and the fourth workpiece 48.
加工单元20在加工完第三工件46的正面以及第二工件44和第四工件48的侧面后,在夹具30旋转至第四安装面328A上的第四工件48正对加工单元20后继续加工第四工件48的正面以及第一工件42和第三工件46的侧面。After processing the front surface of the third workpiece 46 and the side surfaces of the second workpiece 44 and the fourth workpiece 48, the machining unit 20 continues to process after the fourth workpiece 48 rotated by the clamp 30 to the fourth mounting surface 328A faces the processing unit 20. The front side of the fourth workpiece 48 and the sides of the first workpiece 42 and the third workpiece 46.
可选的,上述实施例中提到的加工单元可以是铣削单元或钻削单元。Alternatively, the machining unit mentioned in the above embodiment may be a milling unit or a drilling unit.
在本发明多面加工机床其他实施例中,加工单元20还可以是三个,夹具30对应加工单元20还设有三个夹装面32,且可以进行旋转,以便于切换夹装面32。In other embodiments of the multi-face machining machine of the present invention, the machining unit 20 may also be three. The clamp unit 30 is further provided with three clamping faces 32 corresponding to the machining unit 20, and can be rotated to facilitate switching the clamping faces 32.
以上所述仅为本发明的实施方式,并非因此限制本发明的专利范围,凡是利用本发明说明书及附图内容所作的等效结构或等效流程变换,或直接或间接运用在其他相关的技术领域,均同理包括在本发明的专利保护范围内。The above is only the embodiment of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the scope of the invention, and the equivalent structure or equivalent process transformations made by the description of the invention and the drawings are directly or indirectly applied to other related technologies. The fields are all included in the scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (20)

  1. 一种多面加工机床,其中,包括:床身、设置在床身上的N个加工单元以及夹具,所述夹具对应每个加工单元设置有至少一个夹装面,其中N为大于或等于二的正整数;A multi-face machining machine, comprising: a bed body, N processing units disposed on the bed body, and a fixture, wherein the fixture is provided with at least one clamping surface corresponding to each processing unit, wherein N is greater than or equal to two Integer
    至少二个加工单元能够同时对安装在至少一个所述夹装面上的工件进行加工。At least two processing units are capable of simultaneously processing workpieces mounted on at least one of the clamping faces.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的多面加工机床,其中,所述至少二个加工单元能够同时对安装在一个夹装面上的工件进行加工。The multi-face machining machine according to claim 1, wherein said at least two machining units are capable of simultaneously processing workpieces mounted on one of the clamping faces.
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的多面加工机床,其中,所述至少二个加工单元能够同时分别对安装在至少二个夹装面上的工件进行加工。The multi-face machining machine according to claim 1, wherein said at least two machining units are capable of simultaneously processing workpieces mounted on at least two of the clamping faces.
  4. 根据权利要求1所述的多面加工机床,其中,所述加工单元至少包括加工主轴箱;The multi-face machining machine according to claim 1, wherein the machining unit comprises at least a machining headstock;
    所述加工主轴箱相对于所述夹具周向设置。The machining headstock is circumferentially disposed relative to the clamp.
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的多面加工机床,其中,所述加工主轴箱能够在所述床身平面上沿靠近或远离工件的方向进行前后移动或相对所述工件进行左右移动,用于加工对应所述夹装面上所述工件的正面以及相邻所述夹装面上所述工件的侧面;The multi-face machining machine according to claim 4, wherein said machining headstock is capable of moving back and forth in a direction toward or away from the workpiece on the plane of the bed or moving left and right relative to the workpiece for processing a corresponding office a front surface of the workpiece on the clamping surface and a side surface of the workpiece adjacent to the clamping surface;
    所述夹具能够夹装所述工件在垂直于所述床身平面方向上进行竖直移动。The clamp is capable of clamping the workpiece for vertical movement in a direction perpendicular to the plane of the bed.
  6. 根据权利要求5所述的多面加工机床,其中,所述夹具能够沿着其轴心线旋转。The multi-face machining machine according to claim 5, wherein the jig is rotatable along its axis.
  7. 根据权利要求5所述的多面加工机床,其中,所述加工单元还包括第一导轨和第二导轨;The multi-face machining machine according to claim 5, wherein the machining unit further comprises a first rail and a second rail;
    所述第一导轨设置在所述床身上且平行于所述加工主轴箱轴心线;The first rail is disposed on the bed and parallel to the machining spindle box axis;
    所述第二导轨设置在所述第一导轨上且垂直于所述加工主轴箱轴心线;The second rail is disposed on the first rail and perpendicular to the machining spindle box axis;
    所述加工主轴箱设置在所述第二导轨上。The machining headstock is disposed on the second rail.
  8. 根据权利要求7所述的多面加工机床,其中,所述第一导轨和所述第二导轨上均设置有导轨防护罩。The multi-face machining machine according to claim 7, wherein the first rail and the second rail are each provided with a rail guard.
  9. 根据权利要求8所述的多面加工机床,其中,所述加工单元还包括刀库,所述刀库设置于所述加工主轴箱一侧,用于向所述加工主轴箱提供刀具。A multi-face machining machine according to claim 8, wherein said machining unit further comprises a tool magazine, said tool magazine being disposed on one side of said machining headstock for providing a tool to said machining headstock.
  10. 根据权利要求5所述的多面加工机床,其中,所述加工单元是四个,所述夹装面对应设置为四个,四个所述加工单元能够同时加工四个所述工件。The multi-face machining machine according to claim 5, wherein the machining unit is four, and the clamping faces are correspondingly arranged in four, and the four machining units are capable of simultaneously machining four of the workpieces.
  11. 一种多面加工机床,包括:一夹具及若干主轴单元,所述夹具具有多个相邻的安装面,所述至少二相邻的安装面上设置有待加工工件:第一工件及第二工件,每一主轴单元具有用以加工待加工工件的刀具,所述刀具能够加工第一工件的正面及相邻第二工件的侧面。A multi-face machining machine comprising: a clamp and a plurality of spindle units, the clamp having a plurality of adjacent mounting faces, the at least two adjacent mounting faces being provided with workpieces to be processed: a first workpiece and a second workpiece, Each spindle unit has a tool for machining a workpiece to be machined, the tool being capable of machining the front side of the first workpiece and the side of the adjacent second workpiece.
  12. 根据权利要求11所述的多面加工机床,其中,进一步包括一床身,所述夹具及若干主轴单元安装于所述床身上,所述夹具能够沿垂直于床身的方向上下竖直运动。The multi-face machining machine according to claim 11, further comprising a bed, said jig and a plurality of spindle units mounted on said bed, said jig being vertically movable up and down in a direction perpendicular to the bed.
  13. 根据权利要求11所述的多面加工机床,其中,所述主轴单元能够沿朝向或远离第一工件的方向前后移动。The multi-face machining machine according to claim 11, wherein the spindle unit is movable back and forth in a direction toward or away from the first workpiece.
  14. 根据权利要求13所述的多面加工机床,其中,所述主轴单元能够沿平行于第一工件所在的安装面方向左右移动。The multi-face machining machine according to claim 13, wherein the spindle unit is movable left and right in a direction parallel to a mounting surface in which the first workpiece is located.
  15. 根据权利要求11所述的多面加工机床,其中,所述安装面的数量为四,所述主轴单元的数量也为四。The multi-face machining machine according to claim 11, wherein the number of the mounting faces is four, and the number of the spindle units is also four.
  16. 根据权利要求11所述的多面加工机床,其中,所述每一主轴单元均独立控制,且每一主轴单元具有刀库,以进行独立换刀。The multi-face machining machine according to claim 11, wherein each of said spindle units is independently controlled, and each spindle unit has a magazine for performing independent tool change.
  17. 根据权利要求11所述的多面加工机床,其中,所述夹具能够沿着其轴心线旋转。A multi-face machining machine according to claim 11, wherein said jig is rotatable along its axis.
  18. 一种多面加工机床,包括:床身、设置在床身上的夹具及一主轴单元,所述夹具具有相邻安装的第一安装面、第二安装面、第三安装面以及第四安装面,所述第一安装面上安装有第一工件,所述第二安装面上安装有第二工件,所述第三安装面上安装有第三工件,所述第四安装面上安装有第四工件,所述第一主轴单元能够加工所述第一工件正面及所述第二工件和第四工件侧面;A multi-face machining machine includes: a bed body, a clamp disposed on the bed body, and a spindle unit having a first mounting surface, a second mounting surface, a third mounting surface, and a fourth mounting surface disposed adjacent to each other, a first workpiece is mounted on the first mounting surface, a second workpiece is mounted on the second mounting surface, a third workpiece is mounted on the third mounting surface, and a fourth workpiece is mounted on the fourth mounting surface. a workpiece, the first spindle unit capable of machining the first workpiece front surface and the second workpiece and the fourth workpiece side surface;
    其中,所述主轴单元能够沿着垂直于夹具运动方向的平面进行前后及左右运动。Wherein, the spindle unit is capable of moving forward and backward and left and right along a plane perpendicular to the moving direction of the jig.
  19. 根据权利要求18所述的多面加工机床,其中,所述夹具能够沿着垂直于床身的方向进行上下运动,并且能够沿着其中轴线旋转;The multi-face machining machine according to claim 18, wherein said jig is movable up and down in a direction perpendicular to the bed and is rotatable along a central axis thereof;
    所述主轴单元在加工完所述第一工件的正面以及所述第二工件和所述第四工件的侧面后,在所述夹具旋转至所述第二安装面上的所述第二工件正对所述主轴单元后继续加工所述第二工件的正面以及所述第一工件和所述第三工件的侧面。After the spindle unit has processed the front surface of the first workpiece and the sides of the second workpiece and the fourth workpiece, the second workpiece is rotated on the second mounting surface by the clamp The front surface of the second workpiece and the sides of the first workpiece and the third workpiece are continued to be processed after the spindle unit.
  20. 根据权利要求19所述的多面加工机床,其中,所述主轴单元在加工完所述第二工件的正面以及所述第一工件和所述第三工件的侧面后,在所述夹具旋转至所述第三安装面上的所述第三工件正对所述主轴单元后继续加工所述第三工件的正面以及所述第二工件和所述第四工件的侧面。The multi-face machining machine according to claim 19, wherein said spindle unit rotates at said jig after processing the front surface of said second workpiece and the sides of said first workpiece and said third workpiece The third workpiece on the third mounting surface faces the front surface of the third workpiece and the side surfaces of the second workpiece and the fourth workpiece.
PCT/CN2016/090089 2016-07-15 2016-07-15 Multi-surface processing machien tool WO2018010153A1 (en)

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