本发明要求2016年7月1日向中国国家知识产权局提交的、申请号为201610516379.0、名称为“胶囊自动机”的中国专利申请的优先权。The present invention claims the priority of a Chinese patent application filed on July 1, 2016, to the Chinese State Intellectual Property Office, having the application number 201610516379.0 and entitled "Capsule Automaton".
本公开一般涉及胶囊机领域，尤其涉及胶囊自动机。The present disclosure relates generally to the field of capsule machines, and more particularly to capsule automata.
胶囊药物的出现，使药物的食用更加的方便，同时药物的利用效果更加好。目前胶囊壳的成型完全通过机械传动，生产效率低下并且设备出现故障时，需要将整个设备拆卸进行维修，非常不方便并且生产效率低下。The emergence of capsule drugs makes the consumption of drugs more convenient, and the drug utilization effect is better. At present, the molding of the capsule shell is completely through mechanical transmission. When the production efficiency is low and the equipment fails, the entire equipment needs to be disassembled for maintenance, which is very inconvenient and the production efficiency is low.
发明内容Summary of the invention
鉴于现有技术中的上述缺陷或不足，期望提供一种胶囊机。In view of the above-mentioned drawbacks or deficiencies in the prior art, it is desirable to provide a capsule machine.
第一方面，提供一种胶囊自动机，包括安装在所述胶囊自动机机架上端的胶囊自动机机头，所述胶囊自动机机头包括：平行设置的第一滚珠丝杆、第二滚珠丝杆、第三滚珠丝杆和第四滚珠丝杆，所述第一滚珠丝杆、第二滚珠丝杆、第三滚珠丝杆、第四滚珠丝杆分别通过轴承座固定在机架上；In a first aspect, a capsule automatic machine is provided, comprising a capsule automatic machine head mounted at an upper end of the capsule automatic machine frame, the capsule automatic machine head comprising: a first ball screw and a second ball arranged in parallel a lead screw, a third ball screw and a fourth ball screw, wherein the first ball screw, the second ball screw, the third ball screw and the fourth ball screw are respectively fixed to the frame through a bearing seat;
所述第一滚珠丝杆、第二滚珠丝杆、第三滚珠丝杆、第四滚珠丝杆后端分别安装有同步轮，所述第一滚珠丝杆上同步轮与所述第四滚珠丝杆上同步轮之间连接有第一同步带，所述第二滚珠丝杆上同步轮与所述第三滚珠丝杆上同步轮之间连接有第二同步带；The first ball screw, the second ball screw, the third ball screw, and the fourth ball screw are respectively mounted with a synchronous wheel at the rear end thereof, and the first ball screw upper synchronous wheel and the fourth ball wire a first timing belt is connected between the synchronous wheels on the rod, and a second timing belt is connected between the synchronous wheel on the second ball screw and the synchronous wheel on the third ball screw;
三滚珠丝杆后端通过联轴器连接有第二伺服电机。a first servo motor is connected to a rear end of the first ball screw through a coupling, the first
The rear end of the three ball screw is connected to the second servo motor through the coupling.
根据本申请实施例提供的技术方案，通过在胶囊自动机机头上增加伺服电机带动多跟滚珠丝杆的转动，使得滚珠丝杆能够独立通过伺服电机实现控制，与其他部分的运动脱离开，控制更加方便；并且在出现故障需要进行维修的时候能够方便进行检查并且维修，不需要将整个机头拆开即能实现维修的目的。According to the technical solution provided by the embodiment of the present application, by adding a servo motor on the capsule automatic machine head to drive the rotation of the multi-ball screw, the ball screw can be independently controlled by the servo motor, and is separated from the movement of other parts. The control is more convenient; and it can be easily inspected and repaired in the event of a failure requiring maintenance, and the maintenance can be achieved without disassembling the entire head.
通过阅读参照以下附图所作的对非限制性实施例所作的详细描述，本申请的其它特征、目的和优点将会变得更明显：Other features, objects, and advantages of the present application will become more apparent from the detailed description of the accompanying drawings.
图1为本发明实施例中胶囊自动机机头结构示意图；1 is a schematic structural view of a capsule automatic machine head according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图2为本发明实施例中胶囊自动机机头结构示意图。2 is a schematic structural view of a capsule automatic machine head according to an embodiment of the present invention.
1-第一滚珠丝杆； 2-第二滚珠丝杆；1-first ball screw; 2-second ball screw;
3-第三滚珠丝杆； 4-第四滚珠丝杆；3-third ball screw; 4-fourth ball screw;
5-第一伺服电机； 6-第二伺服电机；5-first servo motor; 6-second servo motor;
7-第一同步带； 8-第二同步带；7-first timing belt; 8-second timing belt;
9、10-联轴器； 11、12、13、14-同步轮。9, 10-coupling; 11, 12, 13, 14-synchronous wheel.
下面结合附图和实施例对本申请作进一步的详细说明。可以理解的是，此处所描述的具体实施例仅仅用于解释相关发明，而非对该发明的限定。另外还需要说明的是，为了便于描述，附图中仅示出了与发明相关的部分。The present application will be further described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It is understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention, rather than the invention. It should also be noted that, for the convenience of description, only parts related to the invention are shown in the drawings.
需要说明的是，在不冲突的情况下，本申请中的实施例及实施例中的特征可以相互组合。下面将参考附图并结合实施例来详细说明本申请。It should be noted that the embodiments in the present application and the features in the embodiments may be combined with each other without conflict. The present application will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
平行设置的第一滚珠丝杆1、第二滚珠丝杆2、第三滚珠丝杆3和第四滚珠丝杆4，所述第一滚珠丝杆1、第二滚珠丝杆2、第三滚珠丝杆3、第四滚珠丝杆4分别通过轴承座固定在机架上；The embodiment of the invention provides a capsule automatic machine, which comprises a capsule automatic machine head mounted on the upper end of the capsule automatic machine frame. Referring to FIG. 1 to FIG. 2, the capsule automatic machine head includes:
a first ball screw 1, a second ball screw 2, a third ball screw 3, and a fourth ball screw 4 disposed in parallel, the first ball screw 1, the second ball screw 2, and the third ball The screw rod 3 and the fourth ball screw rod 4 are respectively fixed on the frame through the bearing seat;
所述第一滚珠丝杆1、第二滚珠丝杆2、第三滚珠丝杆3、第四滚珠丝杆4后端分别安装有同步轮，所述第一滚珠丝杆1上同步轮11与所述第四滚珠丝4杆上同步轮14之间连接有第一同步带7，所述第二滚珠丝杆2上同步轮12与所述第三滚珠丝杆3上同步轮13之间连接有第二同步带8；The rear ends of the first ball screw 1, the second ball screw 2, the third ball screw 3, and the fourth ball screw 4 are respectively mounted with a synchronous wheel, and the first ball screw 1 is provided with a synchronous wheel 11 and A first timing belt 7 is connected between the fourth ball screw 4 upper synchronous wheel 14, and the second ball screw 2 upper synchronous wheel 12 and the third ball screw 3 upper synchronous wheel 13 are connected. There is a second timing belt 8;
所述第一滚珠丝杆1后端通过联轴器9连接有第一伺服电机5，所述第三滚珠丝杆3后端通过联轴器10连接有第二伺服电机6。A rear end of the first ball screw 1 is connected to a first servo motor 5 via a coupling 9, and a rear end of the third ball screw 3 is connected to a second servo motor 6 via a coupling 10.
本发明实施例提供的胶囊自动机上的机头将现有技术中控制滚珠丝杆的部分单独连接至伺服电机，通过伺服电机控制多跟滚珠丝杆的转动进而实现胶囊壳的成型，通过伺服电机对滚珠丝杆单独进行控制使得胶囊机机头各个部件的运动控制更加方便，且分工明确，出现故障能够及时发现并且不需要拆卸机头的情况下进行维修。The machine head on the capsule automatic machine provided by the embodiment of the invention separately connects the part of the ball screw controlled by the prior art to the servo motor, and controls the rotation of the ball screw by the servo motor to realize the molding of the capsule shell through the servo motor. The separate control of the ball screw makes the movement control of the various parts of the capsule machine head more convenient, and the division of labor is clear, and the failure can be found in time and the maintenance can be carried out without disassembling the machine head.
如图2所示，本发明实施例提供的胶囊自动机机头采用四根滚珠丝杆转动实现对顶囊杆和弹簧夹套的控制，并且滚珠丝杆两两一对实现控制，因此，通过两个伺服电机即能实现对两对滚珠丝杆的控制；两两配合使用的滚珠丝杆分别通过同步轮连接起来，伺服电机即能够同时带动两根即一对滚珠丝杆的运动，节约资源的同时保证一对滚珠丝杆运动的同步性，使得胶囊机机头更加精确。As shown in FIG. 2, the capsule automatic machine head provided by the embodiment of the present invention uses four ball screw to realize the control of the top capsule and the spring jacket, and the two pairs of ball screws are controlled, so Two servo motors can realize the control of two pairs of ball screws; the ball screws used in combination with each other are connected by synchronous wheels respectively, and the servo motor can simultaneously drive the movement of two balls or a pair of ball screws, saving resources. At the same time, the synchronization of a pair of ball screw movements is ensured, which makes the capsule machine head more precise.
进一步的，第一滚珠丝杆、第二滚珠丝杆、第三滚珠丝杆、第四滚珠丝杆前端分别安装在前轴承座上，后端分别安装在后轴承座上。Further, the first ball screw, the second ball screw, the third ball screw, and the fourth ball screw front end are respectively mounted on the front bearing housing, and the rear ends are respectively mounted on the rear bearing housing.
滚珠丝杆分别通过轴承座安装在机架上，滚珠丝杆上还需要连接有其他装置，因此在滚珠丝杆前后分别连接轴承座，一方面滚珠丝杆的连接更牢固，另一方面便于其他装置的连接。The ball screw is respectively mounted on the frame through the bearing seat, and other devices need to be connected to the ball screw. Therefore, the bearing seat is respectively connected before and after the ball screw, on the one hand, the ball screw connection is firmer, on the other hand, the other is convenient. Connection of the device.
进一步的，第一滚珠丝杆与所述第四滚珠丝杆上分别设有螺母，所述螺母之间连接有第一连接板。Further, a nut is respectively disposed on the first ball screw and the fourth ball screw, and a first connecting plate is connected between the nuts.
珠丝杆的运动实现胶囊壳的成型，其中第一滚珠丝杆与第四滚珠丝杆为一对进行转动控制顶囊杆的运动，第二滚珠丝杆与第三滚珠丝杆为一对进行转动控制弹簧夹套的运动；在第一滚珠丝杆与第四滚珠丝杆上分别连接螺母，并且螺母之间连接第一连接板，通过该第一连接板连接至顶囊杆，将第一滚珠丝杆与第四滚珠丝杆的运动传递至顶囊杆，使得顶囊杆进行轴线方向的运动。In the embodiment of the invention, the capsule automatic machine head is provided with four ball screws, which are rolled
The movement of the bead rod realizes the molding of the capsule shell, wherein the first ball screw and the fourth ball screw are rotated to control the movement of the top capsule, and the second ball screw and the third ball screw are paired. Rotating the movement of the control spring jacket; respectively connecting the nut on the first ball screw and the fourth ball screw, and connecting the first connecting plate between the nuts, connecting to the top bag rod through the first connecting plate, the first The movement of the ball screw and the fourth ball screw is transmitted to the top capsule, so that the top capsule moves in the axial direction.
进一步的，第一滚珠丝杆与所述第四滚珠丝杆上的螺母分别固定连接在所述第一连接板上。为了将第一滚珠丝杆与第四滚珠丝杆的转动转变为顶囊杆轴线方向的运动，将第一连接板固定在螺母上，顶囊杆安装在第一连接板上，伺服电机带动滚珠丝杆转动，进而螺母转动带动顶囊杆进行轴线方向的运动。Further, the first ball screw and the nut on the fourth ball screw are fixedly connected to the first connecting plate respectively. In order to convert the rotation of the first ball screw and the fourth ball screw into the axial direction of the top capsule rod, the first connecting plate is fixed on the nut, the top bag rod is mounted on the first connecting plate, and the servo motor drives the ball. The screw rotates, and the nut rotates to drive the top capsule to move in the axial direction.
进一步的，第一连接板上安装有多根平行设置的顶囊杆15，多根顶囊杆分别与第一连接板垂直。通过两根滚珠丝杆带动连接板进而带动顶囊杆的运动，保证了该机头的平衡，多根顶囊杆受力相对较为均匀，运动距离相同，精度较高，同时使得顶囊杆和弹簧夹套之间的运动更精确，保证胶囊壳的质量，顶囊杆多根平行设置并且与第一连接板垂直，通过第一连接板带动顶囊杆进行轴向的来回运动，实现胶囊壳的套合。Further, the first connecting plate is mounted with a plurality of top bag rods 15 arranged in parallel, and the plurality of top bag rods are respectively perpendicular to the first connecting plate. The two ball screws drive the connecting plate to drive the movement of the top capsule, which ensures the balance of the head. The multiple top capsules are relatively evenly stressed, the moving distance is the same, the precision is high, and the top capsule and the top The movement between the spring jackets is more precise, and the quality of the capsule shell is ensured. The top capsule rods are arranged in parallel and perpendicular to the first connecting plate, and the top connecting rod is driven by the first connecting plate to perform axial back and forth movement to realize the capsule shell. The fit of the.
进一步的，第二滚珠丝杆与所述第三滚珠丝杆上分别设有螺母，所述螺母之间连接有第二连接板。与第一滚珠丝杆、第四滚珠丝杆的连接并且运动方式相同，在第二滚珠丝杆与第三滚珠丝杆上也设螺母，在螺母上连接第二连接板，将运动传递至弹簧夹套，使得弹簧夹套进行轴线方向的运动。Further, a nut is respectively disposed on the second ball screw and the third ball screw, and a second connecting plate is connected between the nuts. The first ball screw and the fourth ball screw are connected and moved in the same manner. The second ball screw and the third ball screw are also provided with a nut, and the second connecting plate is connected to the nut to transmit the motion to the spring. The jacket allows the spring collet to move in the axial direction.
进一步的，第二滚珠丝杆与所述第三滚珠丝杆上的螺母分别固定连接在所述第二连接板上。Further, the second ball screw and the nut on the third ball screw are fixedly connected to the second connecting plate respectively.
Further, a plurality of spring jackets 16 are arranged in parallel on the second connecting plate, and the plurality of spring jackets are respectively perpendicular to the second connecting plate. The setting principle of the spring jacket is the same as that of the top capsule rod. It is driven by two ball screws to ensure uniform force and high precision of the spring jacket. The top capsule rod and the spring jacket simultaneously move to form the capsule shell. .
进一步的，顶囊杆套设于所述弹簧夹套中。本发明实施例提供的胶囊自动机是实现胶囊壳成型的，在使用过程中将两个机头相对放置，两边的顶囊杆和弹簧夹套分别具有不同的运动速度，相对运动实现胶囊壳的成型，顶囊杆和弹簧夹套分别形成胶囊壳的外壁和内壁。Further, the top capsule is sleeved in the spring jacket. The capsule automatic machine provided by the embodiment of the invention realizes the capsule shell molding, and the two heads are relatively placed during use, and the top capsule rod and the spring jacket on both sides have different movement speeds, and the relative movement realizes the capsule shell. The molding, the top capsule and the spring jacket respectively form the outer and inner walls of the capsule shell.
进一步的，顶囊杆截面与所述弹簧夹套截面为同一圆心。便于包装和后续的填充。Further, the cross section of the top capsule rod and the cross section of the spring jacket are the same center. Easy to pack and follow up.
第一伺服电机和第二伺服电机分别通过伺服电机座固定在机架上。The first servo motor and the second servo motor are respectively fixed to the frame by the servo motor seat.
本发明实施例提供的胶囊自动机在机上头增加伺服电机带动多跟滚珠丝杆的转动，使得滚珠丝杆能够独立通过伺服电机实现控制，与其他部分的运动脱离开，控制更加方便；并且在出现问题需要进行维修的时候能够方便进行检查并且维修，不需要将整个机头拆开即能实现维修的目的。The capsule automatic machine provided by the embodiment of the invention increases the rotation of the servo motor to drive the multi-ball screw, so that the ball screw can be controlled independently by the servo motor, and is separated from the movement of other parts, and the control is more convenient; When there is a problem that needs to be repaired, it can be easily inspected and repaired, and the maintenance can be achieved without disassembling the entire head.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present application and a description of the principles of the applied technology. It should be understood by those skilled in the art that the scope of the invention referred to in the present application is not limited to the specific combination of the above technical features, and should also be covered by the above technical features without departing from the inventive concept. Other technical solutions formed by any combination of their equivalent features. For example, the above features are combined with the technical features disclosed in the present application, but are not limited to the technical features having similar functions.