WO2017215969A1 - Plant arrangement with a horizontally aligned and rotatably mounted plant device - Google Patents

Plant arrangement with a horizontally aligned and rotatably mounted plant device Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2017215969A1
WO2017215969A1 PCT/EP2017/063563 EP2017063563W WO2017215969A1 WO 2017215969 A1 WO2017215969 A1 WO 2017215969A1 EP 2017063563 W EP2017063563 W EP 2017063563W WO 2017215969 A1 WO2017215969 A1 WO 2017215969A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
planting device
plant
drive
drum
characterized
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/EP2017/063563
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Alina Schick
Heiko Schick
Thomas Buck
Klaus Busse
Original Assignee
Alina Schick
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE102016110887.1A priority Critical patent/DE102016110887A1/en
Priority to DE102016110887.1 priority
Application filed by Alina Schick filed Critical Alina Schick
Publication of WO2017215969A1 publication Critical patent/WO2017215969A1/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture
    • Y02P60/21N2O
    • Y02P60/212Reducing the use of fertilizers
    • Y02P60/216Aquaponics or hydroponics

Abstract

The invention relates to a plant arrangement with a non-vertical alignment, comprising at least one rotatably mounted plant device (3), at least one drive and securing unit (1) that is rigidly or removably connected to the at least one plant device (3) by at least one common axle (19), and at least one connecting means for mounting on a surface or on at least one object comprising rounded sections, wherein said at least one plant device (3) interacts with an irrigation and supply system.

Description

 Plant orientation with horizontally oriented and

 rotatably mounted planting device

The invention relates to a planting device which has an orientation outside the vertical and which has at least one rotatably mounted planting device.

Rotationally mounted devices which have an orientation outside the vertical are already known under the name clinostat. As the term per se means a constant tilt, it has been used as a generic term generally for such devices which allow the rotation of an object about an axis horizontally to the direction of the gravity vector.

 Basically, such clinostats are nothing else than horizontally rotating axes, in which the one-sided attraction of gravity has been replaced by an all-round stimulus.

Such clinostats have been used since about the end of the 19th century for setting plants with a horizontal axis of growth, so to speak transversely to gravity, in rotation. It has been shown that by a constant rotation physiological processes in plants are affected. At a suitable rotational speed by means of an axis which is at a right angle or, in principle, at any angle to the gravitational force, a gravitational stimulus is obtained from a constantly changing direction relative to the respective plant. From a phytophysiological point of view, this can lead to a changed perception of the gravitational force up to a lack of gravity. Such a simulated change in the gravity vector up to a simulated absence of gravity may influence the growth behavior, eg with regard to the growth direction, or the biomass growth of the plant.

Julius von Sachs developed the first clinostat in 1879. His modification for research purposes was published in 1884 by Wilhelm Pfeffer. Recent developments are aimed primarily at investigating living organisms, especially plants, in simulated weightlessness.

 Thus, DE10 2011 080 696 A1 has disclosed a fast-rotating clinostat and a method for examining organisms in simulated weightlessness, in which a receptacle rotating about an axis for receiving organisms or substances with a generator of optical radiation in the form of a light source , eg from LEDs, and a detector or sensor for detecting such optical radiation in the form of a co-rotating fluorescence microscope is combined. The receptacle is a slide on which the organisms to be examined are arranged and mixed with a fluorescent dye. Instead of the mentioned slide, a sterile disposable capillary can also be used.

 By evaluating the luminescence radiation then statements can be made about physiological processes of the organisms studied.

Furthermore, US Pat. No. 6,604,321 B2 has disclosed a rotatably mounted plant device which rotates about its axis with a substantially horizontal alignment. In this case, the planting device is designed in the form of a drum and rotatably mounted in a stand. Drive means, which allow the rotary movement of the drum, and a light source within the drum complete the planting device. The interior of the drum is designed in such a way that a multiplicity of plant containers in the form of hydroponics are formed there. can be taken. Water and nutrients are supplied to the hydroponics in such a way that a water reservoir with controlled water level is provided directly under the rotating drum. Each planter then absorbs water and nutrients as it passes the water reservoir. For this purpose, the drum is perforated on all sides. In addition, the drum still has a light source inside it, around which it rotates.

 The interior of the respective plant container, including the plant itself, is secured by means of a disc-shaped closure formed there from neoprene foam and having a recess for the stem of the plant inserted in the plant container.

Based on this prior art, the present invention therefore an object of the invention to provide a rotatably mounted planting device, which allows alignment - relative to the gravity vector - outside the Verti len up to a horizontal orientation and thereby a variety of applications with a high Rotational precision and a cost-saving application combined.

This object is achieved by a planting device having an orientation outside the vertical, with at least one rotatably mounted planting device, at least one drive and fastening unit, which is fixedly or detachably connected to the at least one planting device via at least one common axis and at least one connecting means for attachment to a surface or to at least one object having curves, wherein the at least one planting device cooperates with an irrigation and supply system.

As such, the planting device constitutes a closed container which receives the roots of at least one plant and a substrate of various forms, while a single plant shoot or several of them grow freely in the space. The connection of the drive and fastening unit with the planting device via the at least one gemematic axis either directly by the plant is introduced into the rotatable device, or it is additionally a plant pot, which is designed so that it exactly in the rotatably gelager - te planting device fits, pushed into this. In this case, the rotatably mounted planting device can be permanently or detachably connected to the drive unit independently of these variants.

On its bottom facing the drive and fastening unit, the planting device is provided with at least one axle which serves both as a mechanical support and for transmitting the rotation from the drive. The at least one axis can be designed according to the size of the planting device in different strengths and be connected non-positively with the bottom of the planting device.

The proposed plant arrangement according to the invention allows a flexible use which covers the field of research as well as the commercial application and is accordingly also suitable for the production on a large scale.

This is essentially ensured by the interaction of three structural elements, the drive and fastening unit, which represents an integration of electric drive and fastening device in an overall module and at the same time allows the connection to an object or a surface, as an element that at least one rotatably mounted planting device as a second element, which cooperates with an irrigation and supply system for the plant (s), and the ability to connect the drive and fastening unit with the planting device as a third constructive element.

According to a development of the plant device according to the invention which can be rotated with an alignment outside the vertical, the drive can be used as a motor vehicle. formed with an integrated speed reduction gear or the motor, a speed reduction gear downstream, or the drive can be done by the growth movement of at least one plant in the rotatably mounted planting device.

In the case of the motors, synchronous motors, auxiliary phase synchronous motors, brushless motors, stepper motors, either with or without auxiliary phase, or brush motors may be used in this connection. Synchronous motors are basically well suited as drives of the inventive, with an orientation outside the vertical rotatable planting equipment because of their optimal synchronization. In contrast, in the clinostats known since about the end of the 19th century, clockworks for synchronizing were used to set plants with a horizontal axis of growth, transverse to gravity, in rotation.

 Opposite movements, e.g. in the form of spring clockworks with controlled line frequency, the synchronous motors have the advantage of simplicity, combined with lower costs.

 If necessary, according to a particularly preferred embodiment, the speed can also be adjusted by means of an additional step or reduction step to the drum axis.

 Auxiliary phase synchronous motors are particularly preferred for larger or larger plant devices according to the invention, i. those having a weight of at least about 40 - 50kg. The power consumption is then typically about 2 - 10W or slightly lower. Thus, in the context of the present invention, in one exemplary embodiment, an auxiliary phase motor was used at a power consumption of approximately 1.8W. In this type of motor, the direction of rotation is controlled by changing the sonication of the three terminals with the auxiliary phase.

The use of a speed reduction gear is required, since the rotational speed in synchronous motors with auxiliary phase at 50 Hz in about 250U / min, the rotational movement in the planting device according to the invention, however should be very slow and depending on the application at a few rpm to less than 1 rev / min. The term reduction gear is synonymous with the concept of the over or reduction gear. The ratio between the input and output speeds is referred to as the ratio, and for a ratio greater than one, the term reduction is also used.

 Preferably, in the motors used here with auxiliary phase, a reduction of about 100/1 is used, which is designed as involute.

 In rotatable plant devices according to the invention of smaller to medium size, i. For those weighing up to 10 kg, simple synchronous motors without auxiliary phase can be used. Their power consumption is about 3W, according to the manufacturers. Usually, a reduction gear is already installed in these simple synchronous motors, so that their output is typically 4 or 5 rpm. The rotation, because they have no backstop, manually forced in the desired direction.

In addition to the above-mentioned rotatable plant devices according to the invention also corresponding very small facilities according to the invention are included and technically feasible, which are only a few 100g heavy. These very small rotatable planting equipment can also be operated with the mentioned synchronous motors, preferably those which are used in electro-mechanical timers.

Brushless motors or brushless DC motors, which are also constructed like a three-phase synchronous motor, can alternatively be used. By a suitable control electronics, which is particularly necessary for the drive circuit, a control behavior can be achieved, which largely corresponds to that of a DC motor. With regard to the combination with reduction gears, as far as necessary, reference is made to the above explanations with regard to the synchronous motors, which apply analogously here. In addition, stepper motors with or without auxiliary phase can also be used, which have the advantage of stepless speed regulation. It should be noted, however, that electronic control is required, with associated hardware, at least in the form of a small computer, and combined with appropriate control software.

If the rotatably mounted Pflanzvomchtung provided in the rotatable plant device according to the present invention is arranged substantially perpendicular to the ground and thereby neither a constant rotation with an exact synchronization required nor a continuous operation is desired, brush motors can be used for the drive as well. They are only less suitable for continuous operation, since the wear of the brushes together with a high energy consumption are disadvantageous. A special form of the drive is still to mention, which is due to the growth movements of the plant (s), which is located in the rotatably mounted planting device of the planting device according to the invention or are. This drive is based on the fact that the respective plant tries to align itself to the light during the growth. In the execution of this form of the drive thus taking place by the alignment to the light source displacement of the center of gravity is used to move the Pfianztopf or the planting device. This form of drive can be realized provided that the bearing of the (main) axis of the rotatable planting device according to the invention is very smooth, so that it can react to small changes in the center of gravity within the planting device and move.

According to a further development of the planting device according to the invention, the fastening unit is designed as a holding block which receives the drive, and the fastening unit and the drive are comprised by a housing. Fastening unit and drive are connected to the housing and the Pflanzvomchtung via a triangular suspension. Fastening unit and drive thus together form a drive and fastening unit, which is preferably encompassed by the housing in the manner of an encapsulation. Thus, the housing also serves as a weather protection.

Particularly preferably, this designed as a capsule housing, in which the drive and fixing unit is housed, a protective cap as a lid, such that the drive is easily accessible. The protective cap is most preferably still provided with a seal so that moisture and dirt can not penetrate into the interior of the housing.

The connecting means for attaching the planting device to a surface may be in the form of a base plate or in the form of two mutually corresponding flattened struts. Alternatively, the at least one rounded article may be a mast.

When formed in the form of a base plate, it can then be mounted at any angle on a stationary, planar support, e.g. a house wall or a roof surface are mounted.

In addition, the at least one rotatably mounted planting device of the plant device according to the invention may be formed as a drum having a bottom, a removable lid and optionally an intermediate floor and a support for a plant. The intermediate bottom is then provided approximately centrally with a recess.

 This recess may be provided according to an embodiment to be able to perform there the respective plant or plants.

However, in another embodiment of the plant device according to the invention which can be configured in many ways, it can also serve to receive and store the (main) axis of the planting device. Preferably, the intermediate bottom of the drum is in the form of a one or more parts formed holding plate, wherein in the space between the bottom of the drum and the holding plate or its parts, a nutrient substrate and between the holding plate or its parts and the lid is a buffer material.

It may also be advantageous that in the space between the bottom of the drum and the at least one intermediate floor is a space for a water supply, and that the adjacent to the water supply shelf is provided with at least one additional recess.

This at least one additional recess is then intended for the forwarding of the water from the water supply into the soil or the nutrient substrate.

It may further be advantageously provided that the plant device according to the invention is provided with a liquid Rückhaltelid formed in the form of a matched to the bottom of the drum sheet and attached to the outwardly facing side of the bottom of the drum. This liquid retention lid then has a supply for the liquid from the outside. In addition, bores are provided in the bottom of the drum through which the liquid received by the restraint lid passes further into the interior of the drum. In the holes in the bottom of the drum then preferably still irrigation elements can be fitted, which are rooted on one end and tapered at its opposite end, wherein they have at the tapered end of slots and projecting with this end into the drum.

By Aufbörtelung the manual injection of water into the interior of the drum of the plant device according to the invention is greatly facilitated.

In addition, the slots of the irrigation nails can still be provided with a stainless steel sieve. In a further preferred embodiment of the planting device according to the invention, the support of the plant device is designed as a hollow rod, and / or the common axis as the main axis is in the form of a hollow axle. formed and optionally additionally on an inner tube. The main axis and / or inner tube are in this execution of corrosion resistant material and the inner tube is stationary relative to the rotating main axis.

And according to a further development, it may be advantageous that the plant device according to the invention has at least one device for measuring, monitoring, controlling and / or regulating at least one predetermined parameter for the functionality of the planting device, and that these at least one device within and / or outside the at least one planting device is arranged.

Such pre-determined parameters within the planting device that are important to the serviceability of the planting equipment may include measuring temperature, conductivity measurements, soil moisture measurement, planting weight and pH, which list is meant to be exemplary only and not exhaustive ,

 Accordingly, such devices for measuring, monitoring, controlling, and / or regulating at least one predetermined planting function parameter are preferably selected from temperature sensors, soil moisture measurement capacitive sensors, pressure sensors, EC meters, soil moisture measurement TDR probes, and electrodes for determination of the pH.

By way of example, the predetermined parameters outside the planting device which are important for the serviceability of the planting device are the measurement of the rotational speed of the planting device, the biomass, the longitudinal growth of the plant (s), the measurement of the atmospheric humidity and / or the light intensity, the surface potential, the ethylene content to name the oxygen uptake as well as the C0 2 release. Correspondingly, devices for measuring, monitoring, controlling and / or regulating, in addition to the already mentioned sensors, probes and electrodes, are, for example, pixel sensors, cameras, hygrometers, lumen measuring devices and microelectrodes for the measurement of oxygen absorption, the ethylene content and the CO 2 release ,

And even more advantageous in this context may be that the planting device has a connection to a device for electronic data processing for receiving, storing and / or processing the data of the at least one device for measuring, monitoring, controlling and / or regulating the at least one predetermined parameter.

In this way, the planting device can be suitable for a partially or fully automated use and a personnel and thus costly maintenance can be minimized to a considerable extent.

Advantageously, the connection of the at least one rotatably mounted planting device with the drive and fastening unit can be selected via the common axis from a plug connection, in particular a bayonet plug connection or a frictional and positive plug connection, in each case by frictional engagement, or a plug connection via resilient plungers, or via a screw connection.

When connecting between the Pfianzvorrichtung with the drive and mounting unit via a bayonet connector this holds by the friction.

The same applies to a connection by means of a plug-in system in which the common axis, which simultaneously represents the axis of rotation here as well as in the other possible embodiments, is inserted into an exact recess of the drum or the plant pot used therein. The plug-in system is made in this way in an exact fit, that the axis is held by the frictional resistance in the recess and the rotation of the axis is transmitted without further attachment to the drum or the plant pot. As a further variant of possible connectors is to call a connector by means of resilient plungers. The pressure pieces are arranged radially. Preferably, three to five such pressure pieces are used. In the drive shaft which rotates the drum, then corresponding recesses are introduced, in which fit the plungers.

However, it can also be provided more than one rotatably mounted planting device, which are then driven by a collective drive which is selected from a drive via sprockets, a drive via elastic round belts and belt loops or a worm drive, or the rotatably mounted planting devices are driven by rollers.

In the case of the drive via rollers, the connection of the drive and fastening unit to the planting device takes place via at least two common axes taking advantage of the friction. The drive also serves as a fixture or holder and consists of parallel, rotating rollers. Usually, but not necessarily, more than one cylindrically shaped planting device is placed thereon and the rotation of the rollers is transferred by friction to the planting device (s). The rollers themselves are driven by suitable motors, as discussed elsewhere.

In the following, the invention will now be explained in more detail by means of exemplary embodiments together with the figures of the attached drawing. A sehematic side view of a rotatably mounted planting device according to the invention with a planting, a schematic view of the drive and fastening unit of the planting device as a three-point suspension, with housing and holding block with the protective cap removed to illustrate the drive, a sectional side view of the drive and mounting unit of the planting device of FIG 2a, a side plan view of the drive unit and mounting unit of the planting device with clamp arrangement for mounting, a sectional side view of the drum of the planting device with tree trunk embedded therein and its attachment, a schematic representation of a Wasserrückhaltelids without integrated irrigation nails on the rear wall of the drum, a schematic Representation of a Wasserrückhaltelids with integrated irrigation nails on the rear wall of the drum, a schematic view of another embodiment of the plantin direction with fixed plant pot in exploded view,

7 is a schematic representation of the embodiment of FIG. 6 in a sagittal section, a schematic representation of the drum of a planting device according to the invention with lid and a film to prevent trickling out of earth or substrate showing the connection to the main and rotational axis, a section through the schematic representation of the drum of FIG. 8a, a plan view of the Lid of the drum of FIG. 8a and a corresponding vertical section through the lid, a section of FIG. 8a with water-filling container, a schematic representation of a collective drive for the planting device via sprockets, with a plurality of rotatably mounted planting devices, a schematic representation of a collective drive for the planting unit via elastic round belts in conjunction with pulleys, with several rotatably mounted plowing devices, a schematic representation of a collective drive for the planting device with several rotatably mounted plowing devices in the form of a screw drive bs, a schematic view of a further embodiment of the planting device with a plurality of plant pots mounted thereon and a drive via rollers, a three-dimensional view of a base plate for fastening plant devices according to the invention to a stationary base, such as a house wall, 12a: a sehematic representation of the drum of a planting device according to the invention with lid for attachment to a base plate, with a water reservoir for the plant, Fig. 12b: a section through the schematic representation of the drum according to

 Fig. 12a, and

Fig. 12c: another section through the schematic representation of the drum of FIG. 12a from a different perspective.

1st embodiment:

 Planting device with mast as attachment and separate plant pot In Fig. 1, a plant device according to the invention is shown with a rotatably mounted planting device, which has an orientation outside the vertical and is oriented approximately horizontally. This planting equipment basically comprises a drive and fixing unit, which is provided with the reference numeral 1 and a planting device in the form of a rotatably mounted stainless steel drum, which has the reference numeral 3. The drum 3 is attached in this embodiment to a mast 5, which is formed here of galvanized, especially hot-dip galvanized steel pipe. Due to the attachment to the mast 5, this embodiment of the planting device according to the invention is suitable for any desired location and is weatherproof.

The drum 3 has on its facing away from the mast 5 boundary on a cover 7, which is also made of stainless steel weatherproof. For this projecting out a support 9 in a horizontal orientation, which will be discussed in more detail below. This support 9 supports a plant 11, which is inserted directly into the drum 3 according to a first variant of this embodiment. Then, the drum according to this first variant of the embodiment circumferentially distributed bores, which are not shown here for the sake of simplicity. According to a further, second variant, the plant 11 is likewise inserted directly into the drum 3, which measure this second variant of the embodiment has no circumferentially distributed holes 12. And according to yet a third variant, the plant 11 is planted in a pot, which is inserted in register in the drum 3. In the case of the drum 3, no circumferentially distributed bores must then also be present.

 The plant 11 has the same horizontal orientation as the support 9. In this embodiment, a pillar cherry tree planted as plant 11, or planted in the pot and then inserted into the drum 3 with this. The further explanations apply to all of the variants mentioned, unless expressly stated otherwise.

 It will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art that the selection of the plant 11 is merely exemplary in nature. The invention is not limited to the selection of the columnar cherry tree, as it is not limited to the choice of a tree as a plant 11. The plant device according to the invention, which can be rotated with an alignment outside the vertical, can be used instead for plants of any kind.

At the lateral boundary of the cover 7 stabilizing cables 13 are mounted, which point in the direction of the support 9 and are also attached thereto. These stabilizing cables 13 have the task of centering and stabilizing the plant 11. The stabilizing cables 13 have turnbuckles for their attachment. Type and function of such turnbuckles are known as such, so that it need not be discussed in detail. Adjacent to the bottom of the drum 3, the drive and fixing unit 1 already mentioned above is fastened to the mast 5 by means of an upper and a lower holding clamp 15, screwed in the exemplary embodiment, wherein the holding clamps 15 are only indicated in FIG. This will be discussed in more detail below.

First, the drive and fixing unit 1 will be explained in more detail with reference to Figs. 2a, 2b and 3. The drive and fixing unit 1 has a main axis, which is indicated in FIGS. 2a, 2b with the reference numeral 17. In addition, a virtual main axis of rotation is indicated by dashed lines, which has received the reference numeral 19 and receives the axis of rotation of the drum 3, not shown in FIGS. 2a, 2b. The drive and fixing unit 1 comprises an inner space which receives a motor 21 as a drive for the rotational movement. For the purposes of this embodiment, an auxiliary phase synchronous motor was used, which is designed for a voltage of 8-12V, with a measured power consumption of 2W and a speed of 250 rpm at 50 Hz. As drive sprocket 22 on the main axis 17, one with about 40 teeth is used.

To be able to achieve a slow rotational movement from a few rpm to less than 1 rpm, electric motors are fundamentally suitable as drives, in which a reduction gear is integrated or connected downstream. Accordingly, the reference numeral 23 denotes a reduction gear, and a chain pinion has the reference numeral 25. The reduction gear 23 operates in this embodiment with a reduction of 100: 1 and the chain pinion 25 has fourteen or sixteen teeth in this embodiment, with a pitch of 6mm. That is, between the drive sprocket 22 and the sprocket gear 25, a chain transmission to the main shaft 17 has been incorporated. As a result, greater flexibility was achieved in terms of required space, which means a space savings, and it was achieved an improved transmission adjustment. The reduction is designed as involute toothing. The output axis of the reduction gear 23 can be seen from FIGS. 2a, 2b and 3 with the reference numeral 27. This is eccentric to the cylindrical circumference of the gear housing, or to the imaginary axis of the gear housing, formed and used to adjust the chain tension. In addition, the virtual axis of the output of the reduction gear 23 is indicated by dashed lines in FIGS. 2a and 2b and has the reference numeral 29 obtained. And as a further detail of Fig. 3 is a one-sided hub 31 of the chain pinion 25 can be seen. In this a threaded hole is provided to secure the sprocket 25 on the axis. Basically, the engine 21 is aimed at the most accurate synchronization possible and the highest possible energy efficiency.

Furthermore, a metal part 32 is fixed to the housing of the gearbox 23 in order to be able to rotate the entire gear 23 and to change the position of the pinion 25, which is important for setting the chain tension.

Held is the motor 21 and thus the drive unit for the drum 3 of the planting device via clamps, of which a first clamp 33 is arranged around the reduction gear 23 around and connected to the other clamp 35, by which the entire drive unit attached to a support block 37 adjustable is. 3 shows that the connection of first clamp 33 and second clamp 35 in this embodiment, but not necessarily, by screw 39 is formed. In Fig. 2b, the holder of the drive unit with the motor 21 is designated by the reference numeral 40.

The holding block 37 is best seen in Fig. 2b. He represents a solid support member made of metal in the interior of a housing 41, which is bolted to the housing 41 and made in the exemplary embodiment of solid steel. The holding block 37 receives the main load of the drum 3. He is provided with two turns, which record exactly the necessary bearings. In this embodiment, these are two designated by the reference numerals 43 and 45 ball bearings with different inner and outer diameter, wherein the larger of the two ball bearings has the reference numeral 43. The exit of the main axis 17 from the housing 41, in the direction of the drum 3, is covered by a sealing ring 47 in the form of a rubber sleeve and sealed in this way against the ingress of water from the outside. The main axis 17 is made of stainless steel or coated at this point stainless steel. Bearings 43 and 45 and main shaft 17 are designed so that they can absorb large forces. The torque transverse to the axis of rotation 19 is 300-500 Nm, which corresponds to approximately 30-50 kg m. Overall, this was realized structurally by an L- two-point suspension and this integrated into the housing 41. With the housing 41 of the holding block 37 is connected by screwing. In this case, the upper screw in Fig. 2b is indicated by the reference numeral 49, while the lower screws of Fig. 2b are not apparent and are here given by way of illustration.

The housing 41 has at its upper boundary on a bore 51 which is tubular in this embodiment and for fastening the housing, and thus the entire drive and mounting unit 1, on the upper support bracket 15 of the mast 5 is used.

 As particularly shown in FIG. 2a, the drive and fastening unit 1, with the housing 41, also on the lower boundary on both sides in each case a tab 53 which receives a second bore 55, by means of the lower attachment of the drive and fixing unit. 1 takes place at the corresponding lower retaining clip 15 on the mast 5. For this purpose, the tabs 53 are provided with elongated eyelets and welded to the retaining clips 15. The elongated eyelets are used in the screwing with threaded screws to a certain extent the fine adjustment of the substantially horizontally mounted planting device 1, to align the axis in the desired, but in principle arbitrary angle, preferably horizontally. The default is already done by the angle at which the mast 5 is positioned.

In principle, the rotational inclination angle can be set variably. This is achieved in that the lower breakpoint of the drive and fixing unit 1 is extended by means of a rail with two holes or by means of a threaded rod to the outside. Alternatively, however, the mast 5 can be installed directly at the desired angle.

In this way it is achieved that the rotational inclination angle of horizontal to vertical can be preset, the axis of rotation but remains constant after the default setting. The housing 41 is designed to be open on its boundary facing away from the mast 5 and the drum 3 and is closed there by a protective cap 57, which is not placed in FIGS. 2 a, 2 b but indicated only by dashed lines in FIG. 2 b is. Thus, the housing at the opening forms an edge 59, on which a seal 61 between the housing 41 and the protective cap 57 is still attached. The protective cap 57 may be formed in different ways. According to one variant, it was constructed as a two-part flat lid, and according to another variant it was designed as a hollow lid. For screwing the cap 57 on the housing 41 there are still nubs 63 welded.

 In any case, the protective cap 57 serves to ensure that the drive located in the housing 41 and already explained above is easily accessible from the outside. As a result, assembly or disassembly and maintenance of the drive or drives in the housing, including their parts, such as gears and chains, is easily possible without the drive and fastening unit 1 or the housing 41 being removed from the mast 5 must become.

Driving and fixing unit 1, with the housing 41, and drum 3 are connected to each other via a triangular suspension. The central part of this triangular suspension is shown in Fig. 2b and identified by the reference numeral 65. The respective arms of the triangular suspension show with the reference numeral 67 both the Fig. 2a and Fig. 2b.

 Overall, the housing 41 of the drive and fastening unit 1 thus basically has to fulfill three tasks. It serves as a mechanical attachment, as a weather protection and is Ajitiebseinheit by the drive aumimmt and offers a freedandgeeignetes housing for this. Like the mast, it can be made of stainless steel.

Via an upper eyelet 68, the entire module of the drive and fastening unit 1 is fastened to the mast 5 with a pulley. The driving and fixing unit 1 thus described in total is connected to the planting device in the form of the rotatably mounted drum 3 via the main axis 17 and in this embodiment via the aforementioned triangular or three-point suspension. These will now be discussed in more detail.

The already mentioned, on the side facing away from the mast 5 boundary of the drum 3 provided cover 7 is arranged in this embodiment on the drum 3, that its edge projects beyond the drum edge and overlaps it. Alternatively, it can just as well protrude into the drum 3.

In the direction of the interior of the drum 3 then joins in this embodiment, a two-piece, possibly also multi-part holding plate 69, which holds a befindliches in the interior of the drum 3 Nährsubstrat 71, which may simply be earth, in the interior and so on the falling out of the drum 3, when in the assembled state, an orientation outside the vertical, eg a horizontal orientation, occupies. This is evident from FIG. 4.

 The holding plate 69 can be laid by two or more sides around the plant 11 located in the drum 3-in the exemplary embodiment the pillar cherry tree-with the surfaces of its parts partially overlapping.

As shown in Fig. 4 further shows, between the holding plate 69, or their parts, and the cover 7 is still a buffer material 73 introduced to compensate for the loss that the substrate suffers during its consumption by the plant. For earth in this embodiment, a simple means in the form of an inflatable push cart tube was used. For substrates with less shrinkage than earth, an elastic rigid foam has proven itself. Other elastic materials which can serve the purpose of a buffer material are equally suitable. As a nutrient or plant substrate, a mixture of humus soil and expanded clay has been found suitable. The expanded clay prevents the earth from sticking and thus a reduction of the substrate volume. In addition, a disadvantageous to the roots of the plant 11 waterlogging was avoided by gas chambers in expanded clay waterlogging.

As an alternative Pfianzsubstrat also granules of silica gel or expanded clay has been proven. By using these substrates, the weight of the drums 3 used as plant pots could be considerably reduced with one, which simplifies their handling.

 According to one variant, a silica gel was used whose color changed according to the moisture content of the silica gel. This made it possible to easily display the moisture saturation of this substrate. In this variant, the drum 3 used as a plant pot was provided with viewing windows and thus the water requirement could be controlled in a sufficient manner.

 Corresponding, the color with the moisture content changing silica gel is known and commercially available, so that it need not be discussed in detail. It is also understood that the plant 11 must be supplied with the use of this substrate regularly a nutrient solution. As yet another alternative plant substrate is to be mentioned a nutrient gel substrate based on agar-agar.

The support 9 of the plant 11, here the columnar cherry tree, has already been mentioned above with reference to FIG. Likewise, there already been attached to the lateral boundary of the lid 7 stabilizing cables 13, which center the plant 11 and stabilize.

As further seen in Fig. 4, the support 9, which is formed in the embodiment as a stainless steel hollow rod, connected to the pot of the plant 11. As a result, the root area of the plant 11, here the already lignified cherry tree, centered fixed. As stabilizing cables 13 tensioning wires are used in the exemplary embodiment, which are attached to the edge of the pot of the plant 11, and the support 9 is held by means of the tension wires by adjusting with tension locks not shown in detail in position. The connection of the support 9 with the pillar cherry tree is carried out in the Ausfüh- example with cable ties. However, it should be apparent to those skilled in the art that this compound is to be understood by way of example and is not limited to said cable ties, but can be achieved by other means as well.

With regard to the support 9, which is here parallel to the plant 11, in the Ausfuhrungs- example the tree trunk, attached, it should be noted that it is also possible, but not shown here, a plant support coming from the edge of the drum to install. Already at this point it should also be noted that the formation of the support 9 as a hollow bar offers the advantage of being able to use them simultaneously for the irrigation of the plant 11, which will be discussed below.

In principle, the drum 5 can be permanently or detachably connected to the drive unit. The main axis 17 may be designed according to need in different strengths and is non-positively connected to the bottom of the drum 5.

In the removable connection of drum 5 and drive unit two variants were developed in this exemplary embodiment, which are equally well as a compound own.

According to one variant, this connection is star-shaped executed with bolts, while in the other variant via a plug-in connection by friction and thus non-positively.

For the plants 11 to flourish, which are located in the planting device 1 which rotates with an orientation outside the vertical, a sufficient supply of water and nutrients is of importance. Here, fundamentally different possibilities have been developed, which are to be explained below. In the simplest case, the irrigation was done by rain or by artificial irrigation. For this type of irrigation, the drum 3 is used, as shown in FIG. 1, which is circumferentially distributed with numerous, not shown here provided holes through which water can penetrate. In addition, this drum 3 is designed with a fleece to prevent trickling out of the nutrient substrate 71, which surrounds the plant 11, which is used according to the first variant directly, ie without an additional plant pot, in the drum 3.

In a further development of this type of irrigation, which is not shown in greater detail in the appended figures, the drum 3 was enclosed in its lower region by a trough fixed to the mast 5, in which the rainwater or the water originating from artificial irrigation is collected. In this way, the water can be gradually absorbed by the repetitive immersion of the rotating drum 3 via the holes present on the drum 3 and passed to the nutrient substrate 71 and thus to the plant 11 inserted directly into the drum 3.

If the plant 11 is inserted according to the further, second variant in the drum 3, which has no circumferentially distributed holes, the water supply was controlled according to this variant of the embodiment of a thin tube, which directs the water in a so-called water-Rückhaltelid, from where it gets into the planted drum. The position of the tube for the water supply behind the water-retaining lid is indicated in Fig. 2a by the reference numeral 77, while the position of the water-retaining lid is indicated there by the reference numeral 79.

In FIGS. 5a and 5b, the water retention lid 79 is shown once more in detail. For the purposes of the present invention, the term "lid" originating from English, but quite customary in the corresponding research, is chosen for lid in order to ensure unequivocal distinction from the lid 7 of the drum 3. The water-retaining lid 79 will now be explained in more detail with reference to Fig. 5a attached to the outside facing side of the bottom of the drum 3, from the center of the axis 17, which simultaneously represents the main axis of rotation 19, protrudes. The water-retaining lid 79 in the embodiment is made of a thin stainless steel sheet having an opening 81 in the middle and attached to the outward-facing side of the bottom of the drum 3 by gluing. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that the nature of the application of the water retention lid 79 is exemplified for the purposes of explaining this embodiment by gluing and can also be realized in other ways. The water retaining lid 79 acts as a kind of Aufhahmetasche, in which the water can run even during the rotation of the drum 3. Near the outer edge are located between the interior of the water retaining lid 79 and the bottom of the drum 3 holes through which the water can seep into the drum 3. This type of irrigation can be developed further, as shown in FIGS. 5a and 5b, each in a slightly different embodiment, and what in particular with reference to Fig. 5b will now be explained.

Again, the water-retaining lid 79 is attached to the bottom of the drum 3 and the main axis 17, which simultaneously represents the main axis of rotation 19, protrudes from the center of the bottom of the drum 3. The water-retaining lid 79 is made of said thin stainless steel sheet and has the opening 81 at the center. It is adhesively secured to the rear wall of the outwardly facing side of the bottom of the drum 3. The reference numeral 83 is still an inner septum called having a bore 85 centrally. In particular, said training consists in so-called irrigation nails, which have been given the reference numeral 87 in FIGS. 5a and 5b. To accommodate these irrigation nails 87, the drum 3 has holes 89 in its bottom. In the exemplary embodiment, these are six holes. This number has been shown to be sufficient in order to lead sufficient water into the drum 3 via the irrigation nails 87 accommodated therein, whereby at least one of the bores 89 extends below the lower inner edge of the opening of the water tank. Rückhaltelids 79 is located so that the water does not overflow over the inner edge of the water retaining lid 79 to the outside.

The said irrigation nails 87 are formed as stainless steel pipes, which are rooted at one end and formed at the other end to a nail tip. In this conical part of the tip slots are inserted. The irrigation nails are driven from the outside through the holes 89 in the drum 3 and in the substrate. By attaching a small hose, water can be manually guided into the interior of the drum 3. This is facilitated by the Aufbörtelung.

Plant roots tend to penetrate the finest water-bearing cracks and thus clog even the water supply. Therefore, the slots of the irrigation nails are equipped with a very fine sieve made of stainless steel, through which fits a root hair, but not the growing root tip.

If the plant 11 is implanted in a pot according to the embodiment described at the beginning of the explanation of this embodiment as third variant and inserted with this exact fit in the drum 3, no circumferentially distributed holes are present in the drum 3, and it has proved to be appropriate proved to supply the water through the main axis 17, which is designed as a hollow axle. Then, the main axis 17 is provided with a central bore, through which the water is led to the plant substrate. If the water according to this form of coaxial water supply is fed directly through the main axis 17, it must be made of a suitable material. exist. It must either be made of a corrosion-resistant material, such as stainless steel, or alternatively be equipped with an inner tube made of a corrosion-resistant material. In the latter embodiment, the main shaft 17 is therefore also provided with a central bore through which the inner tube is guided as a water supply tube to the planting substrate.

 For both of the mentioned embodiments equally applies that in addition to the drive end of the water pipe, i. in the region of the housing 41, a seal sleeve not shown in the figures must be attached so that the drive of the planting device suffers no damage.

It can be seen that the provided in this third variant of the exemplary embodiment coaxial water supply via the main axis 17 or via the additional water supply pipe in the main axis 17 can alternatively be used as well when the plant 11 is inserted directly into the drum 3 and the drum 3 circumferentially distributed bores 12, but especially if the plant 11 is inserted directly into the drum 3, but the drum 3 is not provided with circumferentially distributed holes 12. The water supply tube in the major axis is stationary relative to the rotating plant substrate. Therefore, the roots of the plant can not penetrate into the water supply tube due to their constant rotation. The water supply is therefore not hindered. For the special case that particularly vigorous plants are taken up with appropriate roots in the Pflanzvorrrichtung and additionally a slow rotation is selected, it turns out that then possibly in the water supply tube penetrating roots are "strangled" and constipation of the water supply is also prevented.

The planting device explained here in various variants with at least one rotatably mounted and approximately horizontally oriented planting device, including the plant (s) used can be described as suitable for a higher and higher weight load from about 30 kg and reliable in use.

2nd embodiment:

 Planting device with mast as attachment and firmly connected plant pot In the following the invention will be explained with reference to a further embodiment. In this case, the same features are provided with the same, but extended by 100 reference numerals to the first embodiment.

FIG. 6 shows a plant device according to the invention with a rotatably mounted and approximately horizontally oriented planting device, suitable for low weight applications, i. up to a weight of the planting device of up to about 10kg.

 The plant means according to this embodiment comprises a driving and fixing unit 101, which comprises a holding block 137 made of solid polyamide with built-in drive system. In addition, the plant has a planting device in the form of a rotatably mounted stainless steel drum, which is assigned the reference numeral 103. The drive and attachment unit 101 is attached to a mast 105, which in this embodiment is formed of a stainless steel tube having a diameter of about 8 mm. By Befe-stigung on the mast 105, this design of the plant is suitable for any chosen location and is weatherproof.

The holding block 137 acts as a central holding part in which the drive system is installed. For the attachment of the holding block 137 to the mast 105, the holding block 137 holes 191 for attaching the holding block 137 on the mast 105. In addition, the holding block 137 is provided with a bore 193 for direct reception of the main axis 117, as Fig. 7 illustrates. Also, the main axis 117 is formed as a stainless steel tube having an outer diameter of about 8mm.

 As a drive for the rotational movement, the drive and fixing unit 101, a motor 121 which is designed as a synchronous motor without auxiliary phase for a rated voltage of 230V or 21V, with a power consumption according to the manufacturer of 2 - 4W, with integrated reduction gear and a speed of 4 or 5 rpm at 50Hz. These details are also to be understood as examples and serve to explain without limiting.

The motor 121 is fixed to the support block 137 by means of two screws 195. Accordingly, the holding block 137 has complementary bores 196 for receiving the screws 195. By a drive pinion 197, a rotation, a torque is transmitted to a provided with the reference numeral 199 gear of the main axis 117. For this purpose, the holding block 137 has a cut-out on its side facing the engine, in order to drive the two toothed wheels, i. the drive pinion 197 and the gear of the main axis 117 to record.

 Power is transmitted to the drive via chains, toothed belts, V-belts or round belts.

The holding block 137 formed in this embodiment of solid polyamide has approximately centrally two recessed ball bearings 203, which are splash-proof, with an inner diameter of approximately 8 mm, which is mentioned here only for the purposes of illustration. The person skilled in the art will readily appreciate that rotatable plant devices of this type designed according to the invention can also have deviating values. It will also be apparent to those skilled in the art that the retaining block 137 may not be formed solely of polyamide. Other materials, such as PVC (polyvinyl chloride), Pertinax (term for laminates), MDF (medium density fiberboard) or plywood have also been found suitable. On the motor 121 opposite exit side of the main axis 117 of the holding block 137 is still a fixed to the main axis 117 connected flange 205 is present, which can be seen both in FIG. 6 and in FIG. 7 and whose function is to be described in more detail.

 The water supply takes place in this embodiment again on a water-retaining compound 179, which has been made of a thin stainless steel sheet and adhered to the flange 205. The water-retaining agent 79, 179 has already been described in detail in the first exemplary embodiment. Accordingly, in this embodiment too, the water supply to the drum (s) receiving the respective plant (s) 103 is controlled by a thin, cannula-shaped tube 177 which directs the water into the water retention lid 179 from where it enters the planted drum 103 arrived. From Fig. 6, the positioning of the tube 177 for the water supply behind the water-retaining lid is apparent and in addition a connected to the tube 177 irrigation part 207, from which the water flows into the water-retaining lid 179. This irrigation part 207 is fastened to the side of the holding block 137 facing it by screwing, as indicated by an arrow in FIG. 6.

 The flange 205 is also connected to the drum 103 by screwing. In the embodiment, correspondingly used wing nuts have the reference numeral 209, bolts made of stainless steel for attaching the drum 103 to the flange 205 have the reference numeral 211 on. The bores required for the bolts 211 are shown in FIG. 7, where they also bear the reference numeral 211 for reasons of clarity.

The attachment of the drum 103 via a three-point suspension, as Fig. 7 indicates this. The lines indicated by dashed lines lie outside the cutting plane. The reference numeral 215 in Fig. 7 nor the drive is shown in addition to the main axis 117, which can be done via a gear, a sprocket or timing belt, as explained below.

Between the flange 205 and the drum 103, a sealing ring 213 made of rubber is still arranged and as an additional detail, the drum 03 in its central bore 189 in the drum bottom still a sieve 215 on. 6 and 7 for this embodiment, the supply of the plant with water and / or nutrients is not shown again separately, and it will not be discussed again separately on special measures that are necessary, for example, to compensate for the loss, which the soil or substrate suffers during consumption by the plant. Reference is made in full to the comments on the first example. Also with regard to the suitable plant substrate or its alternatives, reference may be made here to the first example as follows. If the plant in the planting device requires a support and / or stabilization ropes, these measures should also be designed according to the constructive principles shown in the first example in order to center and stabilize the plant. The same applies to the possibility of forming the support as a hollow rod in order to be able to use it for irrigating the plant at the same time.

2a. Addition of the second embodiment as a planting device with mast for attachment and firmly connected plant pot and description of the planting device:

In contrast to the second embodiment, as described above, in this supplement and continuation of said embodiment, the main axis 117 is formed as a polyamide rod whose outer diameter has about 15mm. This outer diameter is given for purposes of illustration and explanation and, therefore, should be considered as exemplary in each case. It is obvious to the person skilled in the art that other diameters of the main axis are possible here as well and lead to a functioning planting device.

While the description of the second exemplary embodiment was oriented more to the explanation of the drive and fastening unit 101, the planting device will be described in detail here in addition to FIGS. 8a-8d. provides. For additional reference numerals, even-numbered numerals are used.

 8a, 8b and 8d, the drum 103 has circumferentially distributed no holes, as can be seen already with regard to the second embodiment of FIG. 6. However, while there the irrigation of the contents of the drum 103 via the water-retaining lid 79, 179 is accomplished and described accordingly, here an alternative irrigation is presented and explained in the form of an integrated in the region of the bottom of the drum 103 water tank 104.

This water tank 104 has a Füllöffhung 106, which is located in the bottom of the drum 103. Opposite the bottom of the drum 103, the water tank 104 is bounded by an inner partition 108 which delimits the area of the water tank 104 from the actual inner space 110 of the drum 103 containing the plant in its soil or substrate. Also, the partition wall 108 is provided with an opening which projects as a Bewässerangsöff- tion 112 of the water tank 104 into the interior of the drum 103. The main axis 117 designed as a polyamide rod is guided through a bore 114 approximately centrally in the bottom of the drum 103 into the interior of the drum, ie into the area of the water tank 104 and further via an additional bore 114 'which is located in the inner partition 108 , which delimits the area of the water tank 104 from the actual inner space 110 of the drum 103 held. The attachment of the main axis and rotation axis 117 to the drum 103 and thus the connection of the drive and fastening unit not shown in this embodiment in Figs. 8a - 8d with the planting device by friction and is also designed form-fitting by the main axis and rotation axis 117 is inserted into the formed as a precise recesses holes 114, 114 'of the drum 103. Approximately in the center, the main axis of rotation 117 has a through bore 124, which can be seen in FIG. 8d. This bore 124 is only guided into the water tank. There is also a Einfiillbehälter for the einzufüllende or replenished water shown and designated by the reference numeral 126. The same applies accordingly if the drum 103 additionally has a plant pot 116 which contains the plant, which is schematically indicated in this embodiment in FIGS. 8b and 8d. Then, this plant pot has a corresponding bore 114 ', which passes through the main and - rotation axis 117. The described water tank 104 is still located in the drum 103, as well as the inner partition 108, which delimits the area of the water tank 104 from the actual interior 110 of the plant pot. The connection of the drive and fastening unit with the planting unit then also takes place by friction and is designed in the same manner positive and positive fit by the main and rotation axis 117 in the formed as an exact recesses holes 114, 114 'of the bottom of the Drum 103 is plugged.

Thereby, a plug-in system is formed that is made so accurate that the main and rotational axis 117 is held by the frictional resistance in the here as bores 114, 114 'formed on the drum 103 recesses and the rotation of the shaft 117 without further attachment the drum 103, optionally in addition to the plant pot 116 contained in the drum 103, is transmitted. From Fig. 8d it can be seen that corresponds to the respective recesses in the form of bores 114, 114 ', a corresponding complementarily formed end portion of the main and rotation axis 117 corresponds. The drum 103 has on its the bottom and Aufhahmebereich the main and rotation axis 117 opposite boundary on a lid 107, in the edge of elongated holes 120 are incorporated. To these slots 120 korres- Holes 122, which are each provided with a thread in this exemplary embodiment. By means of screws 124, expediently made of stainless steel, the lid 107 is held on the body of the drum 103. Between the body of the drum 103 and in the interior of the lid 107 is still a film 126 is attached, which serves to prevent leakage out of earth or substrate from the interior of the drum 103, by retaining this.

3rd variant of the embodiments 1st, 2nd and 2a .:

 Planting equipment with mast as attachment and several plant pots connected to it

In principle, this variant of the inventive planting device differs from the other exemplary embodiments presented here in so far as several rotatably mounted planting devices are present in the form of the described drums and are rotated by a single drive. The collection drive (s) developed for this purpose are explained below and shown schematically in FIGS. 9a to 9c. In this case, to the previous embodiments, the same features with the same, but provided by 300 extended reference numerals and it will be explained only the said collective drives, as they come to drive the planting device with a plurality of rotatably mounted planting devices used. For further details, reference is made to the other exemplary embodiments.

In FIG. 9a, a drive via sprockets 317 is shown basically and schematically as a variant, which are located at the base of the individual main axes and are suitable as a collective drive for the planting devices. The reference numeral 319 while a drive pinion is specified.

Another possibility for a collective drive for the planting devices is by means of a drive over elastic round belts and pulleys 321, as shown in FIG. 9b. This drive is characterized by a long Umfassungsstrecke on the pulleys 321, which is advantageous for increasing the friction and for slip or slip reduction. In Fig. 9b, the pulleys 321 are shown at the base of the individual main axes for each of the rotatably mounted planting devices, the main axes themselves are not further apparent. In addition, even smaller pulleys 323 are provided for driving or deflecting the round belt 325.

Another option for a collective drive for the planting devices is screw drives. In these, running on gears 327 at the base of the individual main axes along a rod with screw threads, wherein the screw thread axes 329 are formed of slightly elastic metal. Individual such screws are designated by the reference numeral 331 in FIG. 9c, while positioning bearings for the screw thread axes 329 are designated by the reference numeral 333.

 The rods with the worm threads 331, i. the worm thread axes 329 engage and rotate the respective gears 327 at the base of the individual major axes of the planting devices. The power supply of these and the total shown in the examples drives the plant equipment via a direct AC mains connection, for reasons of safety, preferably those with low voltage up to 30V. For this purpose, a transformer is connected upstream, whereby at the same time the power supply of the electronics used is ensured, which will be explained below. Typical frequencies are 50Hz, 60Hz are still possible. The power consumption is usually not more than 5W.

An exception to the explained power supply is to be considered only with the use of brush and stepper motors, since they are operated with direct current, so that their power is supplied with standard power supplies. 4th variant of the previous embodiments 1st - 3rd

 Planting device with several associated plant pots and a drive via rollers

FIG. 10 shows a further variant of the plant device according to the invention. In this case, the same features with the same, but provided by 400 extended reference numerals to the previous exemplary embodiments. The planting device shown in Fig. 10 also includes a drive and fastening unit 401. In this variant of the previous exemplary embodiments, the planting device more than one rotatably mounted drum 403 on. This consists of PVC (polyvinyl chloride). In this embodiment, the diameter of the PVC tube of the drum 403 was about 120mm. It is understood that this information is for explanation purposes only. The PVC tube forming the drum may have a variety of diameters matched to the particular plant (s). The drum 403 may also receive the plant itself or a pot of the plant. Instead of PVC, another, comparable plastic can be used.

In a particular embodiment of the planting equipment explained here, the drum 403 is not attached to a single mast 405, but to two struts that form each bearing surfaces for the drum 403 and 405 but not tubular but are flattened by the type of a mast. Again, the plant according to the invention can be set up and weatherproof at any chosen location. This is due to the two serving as a support surface struts, which are each formed in the manner of the mast 405. In this embodiment, the planting device on two drums 403, both made of PVC pipe. They have at their respective openings facing away from each other on a cover 407. In addition, a support, not shown in this exemplary embodiment, can project out of the cover 407 in a horizontal orientation. This has already been discussed in the first embodiment, so that essentially the differences of this variant should be shown here. In Fig. 10, only one plant 411 is indicated, which is inserted here in a pot in the drum 403. Therefore, points the drum 403 according to this variant on circumferentially distributed holes. However, it may also be provided in the PVC pipe, that the drum made of this material 403 is used to directly receive the plant, then depending on the execution of extensively distributed holes can be attached to the drum 403, but need not. For example, if a water reservoir is provided in the drum 403, the drum 403 does not have circumferentially distributed holes. The introduced into the drum 403 with horizontal orientation plant 411 is again in this embodiment, a pillar cherry tree, but this has only exemplary character.

In particular, this variant differs from the previous embodiments in that the drive and fixing unit 401 is connected to the respective drum 403 by friction in such a way, and that the drive system serves as a support and fastening at the same time. For this purpose it consists of parallel, rotating rollers 404. On the rollers 404 or between them, the drums 403 are placed and the rotation of the rollers 404 is transferred by friction on the drums 403. The rollers in turn are via a motor 421, in the exemplary embodiment a synchronous motor, driven. As can be seen from FIG. 10, the drive via the synchronous motor, however, concerns only one of the rollers. The second roller runs without its own direct drive and the transmission of this rotational movement takes place by friction on the drums 403. Thus, in this variant, the respective drum 403 is not fixedly coupled to the drive system. In addition to the synchronous motors 421 in the embodiments, as already explained in more detail above, brushless motors, stepping motors with and without auxiliary phase or brush motors can also be used as drives. The power supply of the motor 421 is again via a direct AC mains connection, preferably with low voltage up to 30 volts, and upstream transformer or in the brush and stepper motors, which are driven by direct current, via standard power supplies. The respective end portions in the longitudinal direction of the rollers 404 are fixed to the post-like masts 405 via retaining clips 415 so that their rotation or rotation is not prevented or obstructed. As indicated in Figure 9 by the aborted illustrated embodiment of the post-like masts 405th, these post-like masts 405 may have any length. There may be a single unit of the planting device consisting of two drums 403, as shown in FIG. 10, where, for the sake of simplicity, only in one of the drums 403 is a plant 411 inserted. Said unit of the planting device may be located in the course of the extension of the post-like masts 405, which is arbitrarily extendable, and there may be several arrangements of the drums 403 with the illustrated roller drive on these two post-like, serving as a fastening system mast 405.

5. Third embodiment:

Planting device with attachment to stationary base In this embodiment, a plant according to the invention is explained with rotatably mounted and approximately horizontally oriented planting device, which again, as previously described, has a drive and fastening unit, which is designated by the reference numeral 501, wherein in the following also the other, the same features to the previous embodiments with the same, but are indicated by 500 extended reference numerals. While the technical embodiments in the first embodiment relate to the attachment of the planting device to a mast, the planting device described here relates to attachment to a stationary base, which will be explained later. Incidentally, this embodiment also corresponds to the basic structure, as described above, this not only applies to the first exemplary embodiment, but also for the following embodiments or variants, unless they relate to the mast itself. So- in the following, the differences to the preceding exemplary embodiments will be explained.

 The drive and fastening unit is mounted instead of the mast on a planar support in the form of a base plate 506, on which the drive and fixing unit 501, in the embodiment, a plurality of drive and fastening units 501, are attached. That this embodiment can also be used to either receive only one driving and fixing unit 501 with a drum 503 or more, as shown in FIG.

With each of the drive and fixing units 501 is again connected a rotatably mounted and approximately horizontally oriented planting device in the form of a drum 503 made of stainless steel or plastic. The base plate 506 is mounted in the embodiment described here on a house wall, not shown itself. However, it is also possible to use another surface for attachment, such as a roof surface. In addition, the base plate 506 can be mounted at any angle. Preferably, it is mounted so that the protruding from the drum plant is aligned approximately horizontally. All other embodiments, which have been set out in the previous embodiments for explaining the planting device according to the invention, also apply to this embodiment of the stationary attachment of the planting device according to the invention to the base plate 506.

So it does not depend on the type of attachment to a mast or a stationary base, as here the base plate 506 from which motor is used, so that the previous versions apply here as well. The already described irrigation system in its variants is used here in the same way as in the attachment of the planting device according to the invention on a mast. The drum 503 shown only schematically in FIG. 11 and connected to the drive and fastening unit 501 will be explained in more detail below in its specific construction. 5.1 Structure of Drum of the Plant Arrangement According to Example 5 The drum 503 shown in Figs. 12a to 12c is bolted to the base plate 506, for which holes 508 are provided circumferentially distributed in the bottom of the drum 503.

 The drum 503 according to this embodiment has circumferentially distributed on its longitudinal sides no holes, so that it is intended to still take a pot in which the plant is planted, and is inserted in register in the drum 503.

 As can be seen from FIGS. 12b and 12c, the drum 503 has an intermediate bottom 510 which divides the drum 503 into two separate spaces 512, 514, wherein the upper drum space 512 facing the lid 507 accommodates the plant, not shown, during the process lower, the bottom of the drum 503 facing drum space 514 is formed as a liquid-tight water reservoir. The water reservoir is thus integrated into the drum 503. The water is fed via a supply 516 from the water reservoir of the lower drum space 514 to the upper drum space 512, so that the water can seep into the substrate in which the plant stands. The feed 516 is formed in Fig. IIb as a liquid channel. The water can also be guided by capillary force via a wick to the earth or the substrate in which the plant stands.

6. Explanation of a partially or fully automated use of the planting device for all previously explained embodiments in conjunction with a hardware and software: The planting device in the previously described embodiments can basically be manually controlled, controlled and monitored by staff. However, in order for the above-described embodiments of the planting device a smooth use in practice can be ensured, and the planting device in particular the lowest possible maintenance by on-site staff required, it is preferably monitored by means of sensors and other suitable for setting and control measuring devices and is connected to a computer via a suitable interface. It records, collects and evaluates all data transmitted by the sensors and other measuring equipment so that the computer controls and regulates the parameters necessary for operational efficiency of the planting equipment in automated use in practice, including the electrically controlled components , is guaranteed. The following list of possible sensors and measuring devices is to be understood that they can be used in their entirety or that only a part thereof, depending on the desired level of automation and depending on the need on the spot.

There are no excessive demands on the computer. A small computer is sufficient. This will be briefly discussed further below.

6.1 Measurement, control and regulation of parameters in the environment of the plant within the planting device Within the drum 3, 103, 503, in the environment of the plant 11, 411, a per se known and commercially available temperature sensor is arranged. This can be, for example, an NTC sensor. NTC sensors belong to the group of thermistors, the abbreviation NTC stands for "Negative Temperature Coefficient Thermistors".

Both the said temperature sensor and all other measures described below in monitoring, controlling and regulating both the plant 11, 411, which is inserted directly into the drum 3, 103, 503, as well as for the plant 11, 411, which is planted in a pot and inserted with this exact fit in the drum 3, 103, 503, are integrated into the plant pot.

Within the drum 3, 103, 503, in the vicinity of the plant 11, 411, there is furthermore a per se known and commercially available EC-meter, wherein EC is to be understood as a conventional abbreviation for the electrical conductivity. With this EC-meter the electrical conductivity of the soil is measured, i. more precisely, the molar ion conductivity (electrolytic conductivity) is determined, to which the unit Siemens (S) is assigned.

Such conductivity measurements are temperature-dependent, which is taken into account in the measurements involving the aforementioned temperature sensor.

 In this way, the total mineralization of the (nutrient) substrate in the drum or in the pot, which receives the plant 11, 411, determined and, if necessary, a deficiency targeted over the respective irrigation system can be compensated.

Furthermore, a TDR probe is used, where "TDR" stands for "Time Domain Reflectometry" to perform soil moisture measurements. Again, a known and commercially available probe is used.

The principle in this measurement is based on the fact that the dielectric constant of the ground is determined by measuring the time required for a voltage pulse to pass through an electrical conductor surrounded by the ground or the substrate. From this Dielektrizitätszahl can be on the current soil moisture Close and, for example, trigger irrigation if needed.

As an alternative to the aforementioned TDR probe, a capacitive soil moisture measurement was also carried out. The basis of this measurement principle is the change in the relative dielectric constant of a plate capacitor.

Of importance is also a weight control. This is for the plant 11, 411, which is inserted directly into the drum 3, 103, 503, as well as for the plant 11, 411, which is planted in a pot and inserted with this in the drum 3, 103, 503, achieved via at least one pressure sensor, eg in the form of strain gauges Druckmeßstreifen, and is carried out by storing the main axis 17 on this at least one pressure sensor. If the value of the weight of the soil / substrate measured in this way falls below a predetermined value, this means a loss of soil or substrate, which must be compensated. A regular check by staff, which would be much more time consuming and costly, thereby spared. Another value that may be important to the growth of the particular plant and whose set point may vary from plant to plant is the pH of the soil or substrate. This is also controlled. For this purpose, a commercial pH microelectrode is used.

6.2 Measuring, controlling and controlling parameters in the environment of the plant outside the planting device

In principle, the same applies here, as explained in the introduction under 6.. The plant device in the previously explained embodiments can in principle be manually controlled, controlled and monitored by personnel. To ensure a smooth operation with the lowest possible personnel costs on site is, it is preferably monitored by means of sensors and other measuring devices and connected to a computer.

 For the measurement of parameters outside the planting device while the measurement of the rotational speed of importance. Here are two approaches, one based on the measurement of power consumption and the other method taking advantage of the measurement of the frequency. The rotational speed is determined in this case by means of software integrated in the motor. Biomass is also a parameter that is measured. Within the scope of the exemplary embodiments disclosed herein, the biomass is measured using an image sensor in the form of an "Active Pixel Sensor" (APS) or active pixel sensor other technologies, such as CCD sensors, can be used.

 Such an APS is a semiconductor detector for light measurement, which is manufactured in CMOS technology and is therefore also called a CMOS sensor. In contrast to the Passive Pixel Sensor, which is also produced in CMOS technology, each pixel contains an amplifier circuit for reading out the signals.The APS can be used to perform a black-and-white pixel calculation, which can be used to calculate the biomass.

Another measurement parameter, which is of importance for the plant arrangement according to the invention and is therefore checked computer-assisted in the context of the presented embodiments in a partially or fully automatic replacement, is the growth in length. This is measured here with a camera, which has a scaling and a still image option. The data is saved. Of importance is also the humidity, which is measured by a hygrometer, which is mounted outside of the rotatably mounted planting device. In addition, the light intensity in the immediate vicinity of the planting equipment is measured. For this purpose, a digital meter is used for the brightness in lumens per m 2 (lux). Such meters are known per se. For a good quality of the measurements, a measuring device is used which is based on the technology of phototransistors, ie photosensitive resistors, since these are more sensitive than photodiodes, such as the silicon photodiode.

The sanctimeter used has zero calibration after power up and a sensor curve adapted to the brightness requirements of the particular plant (s). It also has an internal memory and is equipped with data cable and software for transfer to the computer. This will be discussed below. The parameters measured and controlled in the vicinity of the plant are completed by means of devices that measure the surface potential, the ethylene and oxygen as well as the C0 2 content. These measurements are carried out in a manner known per se via microelectrodes which are installed in the outer area of the planting device and which can be brought close to the cell surfaces of the respective plant (s) via electrical control.

6.3 Rules and control of parameters essential to the planting equipment and to the plant (s) of the planting device

6.3.1 Control and regulation of irrigation

6.3.1 Controlling and Controlling Irrigation via the Welding Sensor

For the necessary irrigation control, the data obtained from the above-described weight sensor was used. If the weight of the planting device falls below a given standard value, water will enter the Planting device given. This water addition takes place differently depending on the described embodiment. In the simplest case, it is done manually. In the embodiments in which a water supply line provided or a water reservoir is present, the dosage of the supplied water, for example via a solenoid valve and a pump.

6.3.2 Controlling and Controlling Irrigation by Measuring Soil Moisture It has been described above that soil moisture measurements are carried out and the TDR probe and capacitive soil moisture measurement have been exemplified. The term soil is to be understood in this context in general and also applies when no soil, but another substrate for the plant (s) is used.

The results of the soil moisture measurements are in the case of a computer-aided operation of the planting device directly compared and compared with a database stored there, over which each of the plant-specific target values are stored and retrievable. In addition, the computer-aided control also includes software controlling a pump which supplies water in a suitable amount when the soil or substrate is too dry.

6.3.3 Controlling and controlling the speed of rotation

Essential for the planting device presented here is controlling and regulating the rotational speed of the rotatably mounted planting device. Next, suitable electric motors have been described as driving the planting equipment. The rotational speed of the respective suitably used electric motor is controlled by a voltage change in the electric motor. This can be achieved in a manner known per se by means of an electronically controllable voltage transformer. As such a voltage converter, for example, a transformer may be mentioned. In the case of computer-assisted control, this is controlled by software stored in the computer, the control program converting various possibilities of the drive in such a way. summarizes that a range of presets ranging from only periodic rotation or pulse regulation for periodic torques with a "stop and go" over a continuous rotation with desired, adjustable and variable speeds, is arbitrarily programmable and thus possible.

6.3.3 Control and regulation of soil or substrate temperature

The planting equipment, as explained here in detail and in various variants with the rotatably mounted planting device, is suitable for a permanent arrangement, e.g. on a house wall to attach there plants of any kind in a rotatably mounted planting device with an orientation outside the vertical. To ensure this objective, precaution must be taken to ensure that a possible frost period can be outlasted. For this purpose, the planting device in one embodiment has a temperature regulation via a heating cable. In this case, an electrical heating cable is integrated into the soil or generally the substrate in which the respective plant (s) is / are embedded. This can be thermostatically or software controlled. For safety reasons, it is intended to operate this with low voltage. If the planting device has a main axis 17, 117, which is formed as a hollow axle, then the required heating cable is guided in the hollow axle. It need not be expressly pointed out that it makes sense for such a case also to make the water and storm supply over the hollow axle. The current is transmitted via slip rings in this version.

Alternatively, when the plant equipment is manually operated, ie when no computerized regulation and control is provided, or if such is provided, but no temperature regulation or supplementation is to be provided, then regulation of the soil or substrate temperature can be made via waterproof silicone elements respectively. 6.4 Store and transmit the data generated by measuring parameters in the environment of the plant inside and outside the planting device

For the storage and transmission of the data generated by measuring parameters in the environment of the plant inside and outside the planting device, a so-called data logger is used within the scope of the embodiments explained here. In this case, commercially available and small-sized, matched to the particular sensors and measuring devices used dataloggers are installed either in the drive and mounting unit 1, 101, 401, 501 or in the rotatably mounted planting device.

 Such a data logger is understood to mean a processor-controlled storage unit. The latter has an interface with which the data obtained from the sensors and other measuring devices, as detailed in sections 6.1 and 6.2, are recorded and stored in a data memory, i. be transferred to this. Two variants are possible for this transfer:

6.4.1 Wireless data transmission

In this type of data transmission, the data from the sensors and other measuring instruments are transmitted and received via the known RFID technology and the sensors are supplied with the necessary voltage. RFID is to be understood as an abbreviation for "Radio Frequency Identification".

As a further variant of a wireless data transmission, the framework for wireless radio networks "Zigbee" can be used as a receiver and transmitter of data. "ZigBee" becomes a wireless personal area network (WPAN) via a terminal, a router and a coordinator as essential components. "built, which works with the same frequency as the W-Lan.

Zigbee is ideal for low-traffic wireless networks and short-range networks of approximately 10 to 100 meters. In addition, ranges are also possible beyond and even up to several kilometers.

6.4.2 Wired data transmission For the storage and transmission of the data generated by measuring parameters in the environment of the plant inside and outside the planting device, it was also possible to realize a thoroughly wired data transmission and processing. With good results, there was a continuous wireless transmission of both low- and high-frequency signals from the respective sensors and measuring instruments to the data memory. Carefully shielded cables were used for this purpose.

 The cables used for signal transmission have been e.g. guided in the region of the main axis 17, 117, which was then formed as a hollow axle. Some of the signals were also frequency-modulated by the same cables used to supply the heating current, as explained above.

6.4.3 Data memory

As a data storage were consistently small computers that were equipped with an SD card, as sufficient and suitable.

 The term "SD card" stands for "Secure Digital Memory Card" and thus for a digital storage medium, which works on the principle of the Flash-Speicherang. 6.4.4 Evaluation of the data

The evaluation of the measured data stored on the computer is carried out by a software installed in the (small) computer. Due to the respective The results are then regulated and controlled for the individual parameters required for the proper functioning of the planting equipment, including proper supply of the plant (s) in the planting device.

The same signals can be registered in a time axis or just in a time axis.

The planting device according to the invention can, as has already been explained above, be controlled by a computer. This can be set up away from the planting device. The connection between the computer and the planting device can be wireless or wired, for example. In a wired connection, it is conceivable that a LAN connection is provided. For example, several planting devices may be connected to the one computer in order to be able to control these centrally. As already explained above, the planting device and / or the environment can be assigned different sensors. The measured data of the sensors can be transmitted to the computer and visualized there. Furthermore, the measurement data can additionally or alternatively be used to control the planting device. For example, provision may be made for automatic irrigation to be provided for the ideal supply of the plant. This can be realized, for example, simply by using a soil moisture sensor. This measures the moisture of the substrate in which the roots of the plant are kept. As soon as the humidity drops below a predetermined threshold, automatic irrigation can be automatically activated by the computer. It is also conceivable that the irrigation is not carried out automatically, but that over the computer only a signaling is made. Then the irrigation can be initiated manually. As already described above, the irrigation can be integrated into the planting device. It is also conceivable to monitor environmental conditions of the plant, for which purpose a particulate matter sensor can be used in particular. The evaluation of such sensors makes it possible to draw a conclusion between the environmental conditions and the growth of the plant. The computer can not only control irrigation. For example, it is also conceivable that via the interface to the computer, a power supply, which is supplied to the planting device can be controlled. The power supply can not only be used to drive the plant. For example, it is also conceivable to assign lighting elements of the planting device. By means of these lighting elements, a lighting of the plant can be made. For example, illuminants, such as LEDs, for example, can be installed in the planting device, by means of which the plant is irradiated to produce special optical effects. It is also conceivable in this context to use a programmable timer. This allows the lighting at predetermined times.

With the use of the computer, a fully-automated control of the planting device becomes possible. This full automation can also be extended. For example, the computer can be connected via a network connection, for example, a Wi-Fi connection to an externally established data processing device. With this externally established data processing device, either directly to the planting device or via the computer associated with the planting device to the planting device can be accessed and controlled.

The prescribed type of monitoring of the plant is particularly advantageous because it can be supplied species-specific ideal. In particular, care work is thereby reduced.

Claims

claims
1 . Planting device having an orientation outside the vertical, with at least one rotatably mounted planting device, at least one drive and fastening unit which is fixedly or detachably connected to the at least one planting device via at least one common axis and at least one connecting means for attachment to a surface or comprises at least one object having curves, wherein the at least one planting device cooperates with an irrigation and supply system.
2. planting device, according to claim 1, characterized in that the drive comprises a motor with an integrated speed reduction gearbox or with a downstream speed reduction gearbox, or that the drive is effected by the growth movement of at least one plant in the rotatably mounted planting device.
3. planting device according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the fastening unit is formed as a holding block which receives the drive, that the fastening unit and the drive are covered by a housing, and that the fastening unit and the drive to the housing and the Planting device are connected to each other via a triangular suspension.
4. planting device according to one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the connecting means for attachment to a surface in the form of a base plate or in the form of two mutually corresponding, flattened struts is formed, or that the at least one, rounding article having a mast is.
5. planting device according to one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the at least one rotatably mounted planting device is designed as a rotary body with an inner receptacle having a bottom, a removable lid and optionally at least one intermediate floor and / or a support for a plant , wherein the at least one intermediate bottom is provided approximately centrally with a recess.
6. Plant according to claim 5, characterized in that the intermediate bottom of the rotary body (3) in the form of a one or more parts formed holding plate, wherein in the space between the bottom of the rotary body (3) and the holding plate or its parts Nutrient substrate and between the holding plate or its parts and the lid is a buffer material.
7. Plant according to claim 5 or 6, characterized in that there is a space for a water supply in the space between the bottom of the rotating body and the at least one intermediate floor, and that the adjacent to the water supply intermediate floor is provided with at least one additional recess.
8. Planting device according to one of claims 1 -7, characterized in that a liquid Rückhaltelid (79), which is preferably in the form of a bottom of the rotary body (3) adapted sheet, in particular sheet is formed on the outwardly facing side of the Rotary body (3) mounted and provided with a supply for the liquid from the outside, wherein additionally in the bottom of the rotary body (3) bores are provided, through which the fluid received from the retaining lug further into the interior of the rotary body (3).
9. Plant according to claim 8, characterized in that in the holes in the bottom of the rotary body (3) irrigation elements are used, preferably fitted, which are preferably tapered at one end, in particular tapered and at the tapered end has at least one slot and protrude with this end in the rotary body (3).
10. Plant according to claim 9, characterized in that the one or more slots of the irrigation elements are provided with a stainless steel screen.
1 1. Planting device according to one of claims 1 to 10, characterized in that the support of the planting device is designed as a rod and / or a stem of the plant engaging holder, and / or that the common axis as the main axis (17), preferably in the form of a hollow axis is formed and optionally additionally comprises an inner tube, wherein the main axis and / or the inner tube made of corrosion-resistant material and that inner tube is stationary relative to the rotating main axis.
12. Plant according to one of claims 1 to 1 1, characterized in that it comprises at least one device for measuring, monitoring, controlling and / or regulating at least one predetermined parameter for the functioning of the planting device, and that these at least one device within and / or outside the at least one planting device is arranged.
13. Plant according to claim 12, characterized in that the planting device has a connection to a device for electronic data processing, for receiving, storing and / or processing the data of the at least one device for measuring, monitoring, controlling and / or regulating the at least one predetermined parameter.
14. Plant according to one of claims 1 to 13, characterized in that the connection of the at least one rotatably mounted planting device with the drive and fixing unit on the common axis is selected from a plug connection, in particular a bayonet connection or a friction and / or positive connection or a connection via springs of the pressure pieces or via a screw connection.
15. Plant according to one of claims 1 to 14, characterized in that more than one rotatably mounted planting device, which are driven by a collective drive, wherein the collective drive is preferably selected from a drive via sprockets, a chain or belt drive, a friction gear or a drive over rollers.
PCT/EP2017/063563 2016-06-14 2017-06-02 Plant arrangement with a horizontally aligned and rotatably mounted plant device WO2017215969A1 (en)

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US6604321B2 (en) 2001-04-05 2003-08-12 Ted Marchildon Rotary plant growing apparatus
US20040237396A1 (en) * 2001-10-16 2004-12-02 Angel Castillo Germination device for production of sprouts
US20080110088A1 (en) * 2005-03-07 2008-05-15 Nicholas Gordon Brusatore Method and Apparatus For Growing Plants
DE102011080696A1 (en) 2011-08-09 2013-02-14 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. Fast rotating clinostat useful for weightlessness simulation, comprises receptacle for receiving organisms or substances, radiation generator for generating optical radiation, and radiation receiver device for detecting optical radiation

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DE3216638A1 (en) * 1982-05-04 1983-11-10 Wilhelm Debor Apparatus for the correctly illuminated arrangement of plants

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB343689A (en) * 1930-01-14 1931-02-26 W & J George Ltd Improvements in or relating to klinostats
US3973353A (en) * 1974-05-29 1976-08-10 Gravi-Mechanics Co. Plant growth accelerating apparatus
US6604321B2 (en) 2001-04-05 2003-08-12 Ted Marchildon Rotary plant growing apparatus
US20030041800A1 (en) * 2001-09-04 2003-03-06 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. Application apparatus of 3-dimensional kilonostat and growing method using the same
US20040237396A1 (en) * 2001-10-16 2004-12-02 Angel Castillo Germination device for production of sprouts
US20080110088A1 (en) * 2005-03-07 2008-05-15 Nicholas Gordon Brusatore Method and Apparatus For Growing Plants
DE102011080696A1 (en) 2011-08-09 2013-02-14 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. Fast rotating clinostat useful for weightlessness simulation, comprises receptacle for receiving organisms or substances, radiation generator for generating optical radiation, and radiation receiver device for detecting optical radiation

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