WO2017211618A2 - Device for transporting objects - Google Patents

Device for transporting objects Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2017211618A2
WO2017211618A2 PCT/EP2017/062999 EP2017062999W WO2017211618A2 WO 2017211618 A2 WO2017211618 A2 WO 2017211618A2 EP 2017062999 W EP2017062999 W EP 2017062999W WO 2017211618 A2 WO2017211618 A2 WO 2017211618A2
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
station
packaging
particular
transport
carrier
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/EP2017/062999
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
WO2017211618A3 (en
Inventor
Jörg SCHMEISER
Original Assignee
Weber Maschinenbau Gmbh Breidenbach
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE102016110756.5 priority Critical
Priority to DE102016110756 priority
Priority to DE102016111357.3A priority patent/DE102016111357A1/en
Priority to DE102016111357.3 priority
Application filed by Weber Maschinenbau Gmbh Breidenbach filed Critical Weber Maschinenbau Gmbh Breidenbach
Publication of WO2017211618A2 publication Critical patent/WO2017211618A2/en
Publication of WO2017211618A3 publication Critical patent/WO2017211618A3/en

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G54/00Non-mechanical conveyors not otherwise provided for
    • B65G54/02Non-mechanical conveyors not otherwise provided for electrostatic, electric, or magnetic
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B43/00Forming, feeding, opening or setting-up containers or receptacles in association with packaging
    • B65B43/42Feeding or positioning bags, boxes, or cartons in the distended, opened, or set-up state; Feeding preformed rigid containers, e.g. tins, capsules, glass tubes, glasses, to the packaging position; Locating containers or receptacles at the filling position; Supporting containers or receptacles during the filling operation
    • B65B43/44Feeding or positioning bags, boxes, or cartons in the distended, opened, or set-up state; Feeding preformed rigid containers, e.g. tins, capsules, glass tubes, glasses, to the packaging position; Locating containers or receptacles at the filling position; Supporting containers or receptacles during the filling operation from supply magazines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B51/00Devices for, or methods of, sealing or securing package folds or closures; Devices for gathering or twisting wrappers, or necks of bags
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B59/00Arrangements to enable machines to handle articles of different sizes, to produce packages of different sizes, to vary the contents of packages, to handle different types of packaging material, or to give access for cleaning or maintenance purposes
    • B65B59/005Adjustable conveying means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B7/00Closing containers or receptacles after filling
    • B65B7/16Closing semi-rigid or rigid containers or receptacles not deformed by, or not taking-up shape of, contents, e.g. boxes or cartons
    • B65B7/162Closing semi-rigid or rigid containers or receptacles not deformed by, or not taking-up shape of, contents, e.g. boxes or cartons by feeding web material to securing means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B7/00Closing containers or receptacles after filling
    • B65B7/16Closing semi-rigid or rigid containers or receptacles not deformed by, or not taking-up shape of, contents, e.g. boxes or cartons
    • B65B7/162Closing semi-rigid or rigid containers or receptacles not deformed by, or not taking-up shape of, contents, e.g. boxes or cartons by feeding web material to securing means
    • B65B7/164Securing by heat-sealing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G59/00De-stacking of articles
    • B65G59/10De-stacking nested articles
    • B65G59/105De-stacking nested articles by means of reciprocating escapement-like mechanisms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G59/00De-stacking of articles
    • B65G59/10De-stacking nested articles
    • B65G59/107De-stacking nested articles by means of rotary devices or endless elements
    • B65G59/108De-stacking nested articles by means of rotary devices or endless elements the axis of rotation being substantially parallel to the axis of the stack
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B1/00Packaging fluent solid material, e.g. powders, granular or loose fibrous material, loose masses of small articles, in individual containers or receptacles, e.g. bags, sacks, boxes, cartons, cans, or jars
    • B65B1/30Devices or methods for controlling or determining the quantity or quality or the material fed or filled
    • B65B1/46Check-weighing of filled containers or receptacles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B2220/00Specific aspects of the packaging operation
    • B65B2220/14Adding more than one type of material or article to the same package
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B25/00Packaging other articles presenting special problems
    • B65B25/02Packaging agricultural or horticultural products
    • B65B25/04Packaging fruit or vegetables
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B25/00Packaging other articles presenting special problems
    • B65B25/06Packaging slices or specially-shaped pieces of meat, cheese, or other plastic or tacky products
    • B65B25/065Packaging slices or specially-shaped pieces of meat, cheese, or other plastic or tacky products of meat
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B31/00Packaging articles or materials under special atmospheric or gaseous conditions; Adding propellants to aerosol containers
    • B65B31/02Filling, closing, or filling and closing, containers or wrappers in chambers maintained under vacuum or superatmospheric pressure or containing a special atmosphere, e.g. of inert gas
    • B65B31/025Filling, closing, or filling and closing, containers or wrappers in chambers maintained under vacuum or superatmospheric pressure or containing a special atmosphere, e.g. of inert gas specially adapted for rigid or semi-rigid containers
    • B65B31/028Filling, closing, or filling and closing, containers or wrappers in chambers maintained under vacuum or superatmospheric pressure or containing a special atmosphere, e.g. of inert gas specially adapted for rigid or semi-rigid containers closed by a lid sealed to the upper rim of the container, e.g. tray-like container

Abstract

The invention relates to a device for transporting objects, in particular portions of at least one food product, comprising a least one transport mover which comprises at least one rotor for interacting with a rail system, in which the transport mover can be moved along at least one track along a transport direction, and at least one support mounted on the rotor. The device also comprises a track system, and a control device for controlling the movements of the transport mover in the track system. The invention is characterised in that the support of the transport mover is designed to maintain at least one, in particular open-topped, base part of the packaging, which can receive at least one object, and that the transport mover can be moved with base part of the packaging on at least one station and/or between at least two stations of the device, along the track.

Description

 Device for transporting objects

The present invention relates to a device for transporting objects, in particular portions of at least one food product, comprising at least one transport mover, which has at least one runner for interacting with a web system in which the transport mover is movable along at least one web along a transport direction, and at least one runner-mounted carrier, the web system, and control means for controlling the movements of the transport movers in the web system.

From DE 10 2014 106 400 A1 a transport device with a plurality of individually movable or in each case as a combined unit movable Transportmover for transporting portions is known, wherein the portions each comprise at least one of a food product, in particular by means of a slicing, separated slices.

Such a transport device has many advantages over conventional conveyor systems. For example, the portions can be transported from picking to delivery without another portion transfer. In comparison, conveyor belt systems have many transitions between individual belts. These transitions can adversely affect the portions, eg their structure or structure. Portions are avoided or at least minimized by the railway system. Furthermore, sensors can be saved, which are necessary, for example, as light barriers for checking the positions of the portions in conveyor belt systems. The transport movers and the transport device are not limited in their applicability to food products. They can also be used for the transport of other products, so this is generally speaking of objects.

The transport movers each comprise at least one runner cooperating with the web system and at least one runner-mounted support for the objects, such as the mentioned portions. Each transport movers or each transport movers unit preferably transports an object directly or indirectly on the carrier. Alternatively, several objects can also be picked up on a carrier, which is then e.g. lie one behind the other in the direction of travel. Also, several, e.g. two immediately successive, transport movers together transport one or more objects. Furthermore, a holder for portion carrier can be used, which is suitable for receiving at least one carrier and is fixed to a Transportmover or a Transportmover- unit.

A transport system which can be used in principle for this purpose, to which reference is expressly made with regard to the requirement of practicability, is offered by the company MagneMotion Inc., located in Devens, Massachusetts, USA. This system is based on a so-called LSM drive, ie on a drive by linear synchronous motors, which is to be distinguished from a so-called linear induction motor (LIM drive). In contrast to a LIM drive, a magnetic field is not induced by the so-called electromagnetic traveling field in an LSM drive, but the magnetic field is provided by permanent magnets. If the rotor of the linear motor carries the permanent magnets and the stator of the linear motor generates the traveling electromagnetic field, then one can visualize the drive principle of an LSM drive in such a way that the transport mover provided with the permanent magnet moves from the stator along the stator. the magnetic field is pulled over the transport route. Such a transport system or drive principle is described, for example, in WO 2003/029651 A2 and WO 2010/085670 A1. These documents are hereby expressly incorporated by reference for the disclosure of a possible drive or operating principle for the invention.

In particular for specific applications, it may be desirable for the device for transporting objects to be provided with at least one additional device in order to facilitate the transport, processing and / or handling of the transported objects.

DE 10 2014 000 132 A1 relates to a method and a device for arranging a plurality of foods, in particular different types of sliced meat and sausage products, in at least one lower part of a packaging, which is moved on a guideway.

The present invention has for its object to provide an improved device for transporting objects. In particular, it is an object of the present invention to provide a device of the type mentioned above with regard to the preparation of finished packages, i. from sealed packages having at least one object in or over it.

The object is achieved by a device having the features of claim 1. Preferred developments and embodiments of the invention are specified in the dependent claims.

The object is achieved in particular by further developing a device of the type mentioned at the outset in that the carrier of the at least one transport movers is designed to hold at least one, in particular the top open, packaging bottom, which can accommodate at least one object, is formed, and that the Transportmover is movable with the packaging base to at least one station and / or between at least two stations of the device along the path.

In the apparatus according to the invention, the packaging bases can thus be moved by the transport movers to at least one station and / or between at least two stations. In this case, actions can be carried out in connection with the transport movers or on the transported lower packaging parts, such as arranging a lower packaging part on a

Transport movers or the removal of the same from a transport movers or the loading of a packaging base with at least one object. In addition, the packaging base can be closed by means of a packaging top or cover to enclose the object or objects on the packaging base or to be enclosed in the packaging base and thus to form a finished packaging.

In general, any conceivable action that can be carried out by the stations on a transport mover or on the transported lower parts can be made along the path. The transport system according to the invention can thus be designed such that at least substantially a complete production process along the web and using the stations for producing a finished package can be realized. In the following, the term "shell" is used synonymously for the term "packaging base".

The carrier may be designed to cooperate with at least one station for carrying out at least one process. The carrier can thus so be configured and / or set up and / or actuated that he can actively participate in the process.

The carrier can be designed to carry out at least one movement attributable to the process. The wearer can thus actively participate in the process by the movement.

Preferably, the movement of the carrier does not or not exclusively along the transport direction. The movement is thus not or not exclusively a traversing movement of the transport movers along the track but a different movement, e.g. an up and down movement or rotation of the carrier relative to the station.

The carrier and / or a support for the packaging lower part can be designed as a tool for use in a process carried out by a station. The tool can thus, e.g. in combination with a tool at the station, used in the process.

It is particularly advantageous if all stations of a production process to be carried out in relation to the shell are arranged along the web in such a way that they can be operated by the at least one transport movers. In particular, the production process may be a production process for the production of, in particular finished, ie packages containing at least one object. Each pack consists of a closed shell or of a closed packaging base with one or more objects received therein. Each object can be arranged in a predetermined amount in the shell. In addition, it may be provided that the objects are arranged in a certain arrangement, also relative to each other, in the shell. As a result of the arrangement of all stations for carrying out a specific production process along the path, at least substantially the entire production process can thus be realized by means of the device according to the invention. The individual stations of the production process can be approached by the transport movers, so that the shells can be transported from station to station by the transport movers. This makes the production process easier and more efficient.

A station may be a loading station which is designed to arrange a respective tray on or on a respective carrier of a transport movers. The trays can thus be arranged automatically on or on the carriers. In this case, for example, a respective carrier can have a receptacle and / or holder for at least one shell, wherein the shell can be inserted, for example, from above into the receptacle or holder.

The carrier may also have a particular planar support surface on which the shell of the loading station can be placed or placed as it were.

On the carrier and / or on the shell, a fixing device for releasably fixing the shell to the carrier may be present.

The loading station may have at least one storage for trays and comprise a separating device, by means of which a single tray can be conveyed out of the store and fed to the carrier of a respective transport movers. The trays can thus be fed individually and automatically to the transport movers. The loading station may have a plurality of shells arranged in line and / or in parallel.

If the dispensers are arranged in line, the transport movers can also be lined up in succession so that each transport movers can be operated by a donor.

For parallel dispensers, e.g. For different shells, it is advantageous if the web branches in the region of the dispenser into a plurality of parallel path sections, so that one dispenser can serve one respective section of the web.

A station can also be an unloading station, which is designed to remove a respective tray from a respective carrier of a transport movers. In particular, at the end of a production process, the trays or finished packs can thus be removed from the transport movers and further processed independently of the transport movers. The trays, normally closed with a foil or the like, can for example be arranged in an outer packaging.

Preferably, at least one station is designed to supply an object to the shell. Several stations can be provided along the track, so that gradually different objects can be supplied to a shell and thus a mixed package can be formed.

Several stations may be arranged in a row along the path and / or in parallel. In a parallel arrangement of stations, the train branches in the appropriate manner, so that all stations can be approached by the Transportmovern. In addition to feeding at a station, all conceivable treatment, handling and processing steps are included.

At least one station may be used to dose at least one object, e.g. a fluid, such as cream, may be formed in the shell. The station may be a metering station by which the object is e.g. can be introduced with a relatively accurate weight and / or a relatively accurate volume in the shell. At least one station may be configured to rotate the shell and / or an object lying in the shell. The station may in particular be designed so that it can remove the shell by lifting briefly from the carrier and can rotate about a vertically extending through the center of the shell axis of rotation by a predetermined angle, for example 90 °. After turning, the shell can be lowered again and thus placed on the carrier.

At least one station can be designed for weighing the shell and / or an object lying in the shell. This can be done a weight control.

At least one station may be configured to seal the tray.

The station may, for example, be designed such that it places the one cover, such as a foil, on the upper side of the shell and fixes it to a peripheral, upper outer edge of the shell. The laying of the cover and the sealing can take place while the shell is arranged on Transportmover, so in a continuous process. At least one station may be configured to perform an automated quality control. The quality control can be done, for example, by means of image recognition, by means of which it is checked whether a shell actually contains the desired objects.

A station can also be designed for sorting trays, in particular trays removed from the transport wallets. For example, the trays can be sorted based on the contained objects. The at least one transport movers can, in particular by means of the control device, be controllable in such a way that they perform at least one movement along at least one station, in particular a reciprocating movement. As a result, an action performed by the station can be supported or also taken over by the transport movers, this encompassing both movements of the transport movers and a mechanical operative connection.

For example, a station may be a device for slicing a food product. Such a device is also referred to as a high performance slicer. Such a device is designed to feed food products to be cut in one cutting plane moving cutting knife single or multi-track to cut the products into individual slices. The separated, falling slices can be stored directly in eg a transported by a transport movers shell. The transport mover may be moved along the track to form portions of falling slices in a desired manner. The movements of the transport movers can run, for example, in such a way that the transport movers assume the function of a portioning unit, as described in DE 10 2013 221 194 A1. By means of the movements of a transport movers, a pattern can be generated in the shell carried by the transport movers during dosing.

In addition, the movement of the transport movers may include passing through the station along the transport direction. A metered amount can be adjusted for example via the driving speed.

By the movement of the Transportmovers also a shaking can be effected. By reciprocating the Transportmovers while the Transportmover is driven between two stations, for example, a Rüttelstrecke for shaking the lying in the shell of the Transportmovers objects can be realized. Such shaking can also be realized under a metering device. A shaking motion can be achieved in particular by a rapid oscillation, that is, a fast reciprocating movement of the Transportmovers along the track. By shaking, a uniform filling of the shell or a flow apart and a distribution of bulk material, such as vegetables, or a distribution of particular viscous liquids, such as sauce, can be achieved.

One of the stations is preferably a packaging machine, in particular a sealing station, in particular a tray sealer or thermoformer, wherein the packaging machine is designed to arrange and close a cover, in particular a film, on the upper side of the tray. Thus, a finished package can be formed.

According to one embodiment of the invention, the cover can be arranged at the top of the shell, while the shell is arranged on the carrier. Alternatively, to close the tray with the cover, the tray may be removed from the carrier. For example, the shell, in particular together with at least a part of the support, which may, for example, be a receptacle for the shell, be removed from the carrier, for example, by the shell and the part of the carrier lifted upwards and against the Press cover to seal the cover to the shell and cut to size.

According to a preferred development of the invention, the at least one transport movers can be moved to an unloading area of the packaging machine, in particular the sealing station, wherein in the unloading area an unloading device removes the at least one tray from the transport conveyor and feeds it to the packaging machine in order to close the at least one tray, and wherein the at least one transport movers can be moved to a loading area of the packaging machine in which a loading device of the packaging machine loads the transport movers with the at least one closed tray. The finished package formed in the form of the closed shell can be transported further along the web by means of the transport movers and placed, for example, in an outer packaging.

The unloading device and / or the loading device can have at least one type of rake, by means of which the at least one tray can be "combed out" of the at least one transport movers in the unloading area and transferred to a station-related conveyor or conveyed into the packaging machine. At the output of the packaging machine, the rake can then reapply the trays to the transport movers driven into the loading area for further processing.

The packaging machine or the sealing station may have an evacuation and / or gassing device in front of the at least one shell to evacuate the closure and / or to fill with inert gas. The durability of the objects in the shell can thus be improved, especially if the objects are food products. In the unloading area, two or more transport movers can be arranged in a predetermined arrangement relative to each other along the optionally split into two or more branches web.

If the web runs only in one lane through the unloading area, two or more transport movers can be arranged at a predetermined, adjustable distance from one another in the unloading area. A required format distance can thus be realized already for the transported trays in the railway system. The transport movers can thus assume the functionality of a stringing or a grouping.

If the web divides into two or more branches in the unloading area, the transport movers may be arranged in a particular formation to form a particular format for the trays being transported. In this case too, the transport movers can assume the functionality of a sequential arrangement or a grouping.

According to a preferred embodiment of the invention, at least one of the stations on a lifting device, which is adapted to at least one shell and optionally at least a portion of the carrier, in particular at least the receptacle for the shell, opposite the Transportmover and / or the railway line and / or lift the web-side linear drive. When the shell is raised, its weight can be easily determined by means of a balance or the like. Under a dosing station, the weight of the mass discharged into the shell can thus be determined relatively easily and the dosing device Gang can be controlled or regulated depending on the measured weight.

In particular, a height adjustment of the tray in the region of the station can be accomplished by the lifting device. This may facilitate the inclusion of an object, subset or portion in the station. For example, the empty tray can be raised at a dosing station and then a targeted, predeterminable, preferably process-oriented, lowering of the tray can take place while, for example, a fluid such as yoghurt is filled into the tray. Splashing or foaming of the fluid can be reduced or avoided altogether.

By raising or lowering during a filling process of the shell patterns can be formed, especially during dosing. For example, icing can be "pulled". The shell can be picked up and lifted directly by the lifting device. Alternatively, the lifting device can capture, grasp or grasp a receptacle for the shell and thus lift or lower the receptacle together with the shell.

The lifting device may comprise a rotating device, by means of which the raised shell can be rotated about an axis of rotation. Preferably, the axis of rotation extends in the vertical direction and through the center of the shell. The station with the lifting device may have a scale and / or a metering device for introducing at least one object, in particular with a predetermined weight, into the shell. The shell can be placed on the balance, for example, during the dosing process, so that the dosing process is monitored by means of the balance and a weight-accurate supply of the can be realized via the metering device supplied object, such as a fluid such as yogurt.

The lifting device may have a ramp configured to cooperate with the shell, which is designed in such a way that a transport movers moving into the station brings the shell into contact with the ramp and as the transport movers move further, the shell runs onto the ramp and away from the platform Ramp is raised upwards. The ramp can be designed so that the shell is also raised relative to the carrier. Alternatively, the ramp may be configured so that not only the shell but also at least part of the support, such as a receptacle for the shell, is also lifted.

Preferably, two ramps can be provided on both sides next to the web. In the case of cantilevered girders, an individually arranged ramp can also be provided.

After lifting the shell of the transport movers can be moved away from the shell, for example, by a slight return of the Transportmovers. The shell can thus be freed or released, in such a way that there is no contact between the shell and the Transportmover or its carrier. The shell can be held in a position by receiving mandrels or receiving rails.

The scale can be realized by means of strain gauges, which are arranged, for example, on the bearing surface provided by the rails.

The shell may have on its underside a contour, for example a shaft, a pocket, a bulge, a notch, a shoulder or the like, which is associated with a mating contour, in the region of the station on the shell a target position horizontally centered or fixed. As a result, a weighing process can be simplified or weighing errors can be avoided.

The counter-contour for centering the shell can be part of the lifting device or a component of a station-side receptacle for the shell. For example, a sliding surface or a sliding path for the shell can be integrated with the mating contour.

The station with the lifting device may be a packaging machine, in particular a sealing station, which has a, in particular immovable, sealing chamber upper part with at least one sealing tool associated with a shell, which is arranged above the web, and wherein the shell, optionally with the part of Carrier, by means of the lifting device is movable upwards against the sealing tool to set for closing the shell provided between a shell and sealing tool cover, in particular foil, at the upper, outer edge of the shell. Thus, a finished package can be formed.

The sealing chamber top may include a plurality of sealing tools disposed in a row above the web, and a plurality of transport movers may be arranged in a row along the path with shells associated with the sealing tools such that each shell is aligned with a respective overlying sealing tool. The distance between the shells to each other can thus be adjusted by appropriate arrangement of the transport movers along the path to the sealing tools of the sealing chamber upper part.

Each of the shells can be moved individually, ie independently of the other shells, against the associated sealing tool of the sealing chamber upper part in order to close the shell with a cover provided between the shell and the sealing tool. Alternatively, a plurality of trays or all trays may be moved together against the associated sealing tools to secure a cover provided between the trays and the sealing tools at the upper, outer edge of the trays and thus close the trays.

The cover, in particular film, can be withdrawn from a supply roll and passed below the sealing chamber upper part through the station or the sealing chamber, and in particular with a determined by the length of the juxtaposed shells clock / feed promoted. On the opposite side of the supply roll of the sealing station, the cover can be rolled up. There, the cover contains recesses, so in a simplified way lattice-like, since the surfaces of the cover, which close the shells, were punched out or cut out.

Several sealing stations for different formats can be provided in parallel arrangement. These can be approached depending on the tray or package format and depending on the required film in each case by the Transportmovern.

The trained as a packaging machine station can be closed to the atmosphere and have an evacuation and / or gassing device to evacuate air from the shell and / or to exchange it for an inert gas. The durability of the objects arranged in the shell can thereby be improved, in particular if the objects are food products.

The part of the carrier, which can be lifted by the lifting device together with the shell, preferably comprises a receptacle for the shell, wherein the receptacle has an upwardly open opening for inserting the Shell and having a circumferential boundary around the opening, wherein the boundary has a support surface for a particular upper edge of the shell, and wherein the boundary is formed as a lower part of a sealing tool. The receptacle can thus cooperate with a respective, corresponding sealing tool of the sealing chamber upper part in order to close the shell with the cover.

In particular, the receptacle can be designed as an aluminum plate. On the one hand, it can thus be designed to be particularly light and, on the other hand, sufficiently massive for the drainage steps at a sealing station.

Preferably, the boundary is adapted to the outer contour of the shell.

In the bearing surface of the boundary can be provided for engagement with a knife of the upper sealing tool a, in particular circumferential groove, to separate the shell closing the cover of the film web.

The circumferential groove preferably extends outside the edge of the shell. The course of the groove can be adapted to the outer contour of the shell edge. The edge of the groove may form the counterknife for the knife of the upper sealing tool.

The groove or recess may also be provided for receiving and fixing the mostly downwardly bent edge of a shell.

The knife or the blade for separating the all-over protruding cover is preferably located on the sealing chamber upper part and is in each case assigned a sealing shape. Preferably, the knife in the sealing chamber top is slightly set back to the sealing plane. In a further groove on the support surface may be arranged around the opening of the receptacle encircling ring made of rubber or silicone. As a result, a flexibility in the area of the support surface is achieved, which in particular unevenness of the shell edge can be compensated.

Support rails for lifting the serving as a sealing chamber bottom receptacle may be provided below the sealing station, preferably on both sides. Alternatively, one or more recordings can be detected and lifted together with a pincer-like gripping tool, which acts on both sides and also provides lateral relaxation.

The web may be passed through the sealing station and in particular through a part of the sealing station that is closable to the atmosphere. The transport movers can thus be driven through the station.

The web is preferably guided through a part of the sealing station that can be closed to the atmosphere. The transport movers can thus be driven through the closable part of the sealing station, which may in particular be a sealing chamber.

The sealing chamber may, for example, have a closable entrance gate and / or a closable exit gate, the track passing through the two gates. In this case, the web may have a respective gap in the region of the gates, in which the respective door can engage to close the chamber. The respective port of the sealing chamber can thus reach through into the respective gap between two successive web elements of the magnetic conveyor track and at least one track element, ie in particular a linear motor element, thereby enclose. Alternatively, the sealing station or the sealing chamber can be designed such that it can enclose a shell or package from above and / or from below. Other movable conveyors may be used to convey the trays into and out of a sealed chamber. For example, a section element of the magnetic conveyor system, that is to say a section of the path with at least one linear motor element and with transport wallmops arranged thereon, can be conveyed through the sealing station. The track element can be lifted out of the remaining track and temporarily decoupled, for example, so that it can be passed through the sealing station by a corresponding conveyor with the transport movers arranged thereon and then reinserted into the track. As a further example, a conveyor may be mentioned, to which shells, which are transported by the transport movers, are delivered and which conveys the shells through the sealing station. Subsequently, the conveyor can return the shells to the Transportmover. According to a development of the invention, the device comprises at least one transponder, in particular an RFID chip, which is arranged on at least one transport movers and / or on at least one shell.

The transponder may store a variety of data relating to the device, the shell, and / or the objects contained therein, as well as the production process. The data can be used to control the production process. For example, on the transponder, data about the transport movers, about a structure mounted on the carrier, about the shell and contents of the shell, as well as the already traversed and still be stored or stored to be traversed stations or to the steps in the stations.

The present invention also relates to a transport mover for transporting objects having at least one runner for cooperation with a web system in which the transport mover is movable along at least one predetermined path along a transport direction, and at least one runner-mounted support for at least one object. The carrier comprises at least one receptacle for a, in particular open at the top, shell into which at least one object can be inserted.

The recording can be interchangeable fastened to the carrier and / or directly on the runner. In a direct attachment of the recording on the runner can be saved on the Transportmover remaining part of the carrier.

Due to the interchangeability of a respective adapted to the shape of the trays to be transported and / or to the intended handling recording on Transportmover be provided. The transport movers can thus be converted depending on the shells to be transported, in the sense that a respective suitable receptacle for the shells and / or for stations to be passed to the Transportmovern is attachable.

The receptacle may have an upwardly open opening for inserting the shell and a peripheral boundary around the opening, which has a bearing surface for a, in particular upper, edge of the shell.

The boundary can be designed as an element corresponding to at least one station. The recording and in particular the limitation can thus be adapted to a process performed by the station. The receptacle or boundary may be formed as a tool for use in a process performed by the station. It is thus made with a specially designed recording the operative connection to a station. In particular, the boundary may be formed as a lower part of a sealing tool. It is advantageous if the recording is movable or removable from the transport movers, since then, for example, the recording can be raised together with the recorded shell and pressed against a matching seal chamber shell to a chamber between the seal upper shell and the shell with the recording Set film lying to close the top of the shell on the shell edge.

The present invention also relates to a system comprising at least one transport mover according to the invention and a station which can be approached by the transport mover along the path, the carrier, in particular the receptacle for the shell, being designed to cooperate with the station for carrying out a process.

The invention also relates to a method for transporting objects in a device according to the invention, in which at least one of the transport movers has a carrier which has a receptacle for a, in particular open at the top, shell, in which at least one object can be inserted, and is designed to cooperate with at least one station, wherein in the method the transport mover is driven to the station and the carrier there cooperates with the station for carrying out at least one process. In particular, the carrier or the receptacle can be designed as a tool that is used in the process. Furthermore, the movement of the transport movers on the web can be used for the process or be part of the process. The invention will now be described by way of example with reference to the drawings. It show, each schematically:

1 is a cross-sectional view of a Transportmovers and a

 Web section,

2 shows a schematic plan view of a possible embodiment of an overall system according to the invention, FIG. 3 shows a cross section through a tray dispenser,

4 shows a cross section through another tray dispenser,

5 is a schematic representation of a possible embodiment of a part of an overall system according to the invention,

6 shows a schematic longitudinal section through a variant of a device according to the invention in the region of a sealing station,

7 is a detailed view of the device of Fig. 6,

8 is a lower schematic view of a sealing chamber upper part for the sealing station of FIG. 6, FIG.

9 shows a cross section through a sealing chamber lower part of the sealing station of FIG. 6, FIG.

10 shows a cross section through a receptacle for a shell, 1 is a schematic longitudinal section through a variant of a device according to the invention in the region of a traysealer, FIG. 12 is a schematic plan view of a sealing station,

Fig. 13 is a cross-sectional view of a variant of a finished

 14, a longitudinal section through a sealing station with a sealing chamber, and

15 is a longitudinal section through a variant of a device according to the invention with a conveyor for conveying a track element of the railway system.

The embodiments of the invention described below are based on a drive principle for movers in a web system by linear synchronous motors (LSM drive), as exemplified in the introductory part with reference to the transport system of MagneMotion Inc. Any number of movers in an arbitrarily complex railway system can be controlled individually by means of a control device, i. independently of one another, moved in the railway system and localized and identified by means of the control device. Furthermore, the movers in the rail system can be moved and positioned with extremely high accuracy. The movement speeds as well as accelerations and decelerations for the movers can also be arbitrarily and individually selected and made.

FIG. 1 shows a cross section, that is to say a section perpendicular to the transport direction, through a web with transport movers arranged therein. A track section 41 of the railway system comprises a base serving as a stator 43 of the LSM drive, which also serves as a mechanical base for attaching the track section 41, for example, to a substructure or to any kind of racks or brackets.

Shown in Fig. 1 is a so-called U-type track section, i. The track section is open at the top and the transport movers 19 are located above the stator 43. Guideways 33, which run in slots 35 and run on the left and right side surfaces of a traveler 27 of the transport movers 19, serve as guides for the transport movers 19 are formed. The guides of the railway system for the Transportmover 19 but can also be configured differently.

The guidance of the track system ensures a defined relative position of the rotor 27 with respect to the stator 43. In particular, this ensures that a permanent magnet arrangement M of the rotor 27 maintains a precisely defined distance from the stator 43.

According to the LSM drive, the rotor 27 provided with the permanent magnet arrangement M is movable by appropriate control of the stator 43 by means of a control device, not shown here, in the transport direction T along the stator 43 and thus in the web 51 comprising the stator 43. During this movement, the rotor 27 is guided by the guide rails 33.

On the rotor 27, a carrier 29 is arranged, which provides an example flat support surface 39 to transport food portions. The carrier 29 may be fixedly connected to the rotor 27. In an alternative embodiment, the carrier 29 is releasably attached to the rotor 27.

Between carrier 29 and rotor 27 a basically arbitrarily ausgestalteter holder 31 is provided. In releasable attachment of the carrier 29 on the rotor 27, the holder 31 may be formed as part of a coupling or form a coupling portion which cooperates with a corresponding coupling portion 37 of the carrier 29. The interaction between runner 27 and holder 31 or between holder 31 and support 29 can in principle be done in any manner. It may be provided a purely mechanical connection. It is also possible that the carrier 29 is held magnetically on the holder 31 or the holder 31 on the rotor 27. The holder 31 can also be designed to allow relative movements of the carrier 29 relative to the rotor 27, for example a rotation about a vertical axis, in order to be able to rotate or align portions in this way.

The carrier 29 may also be connected directly to the rotor 27. The holder 31 between carrier 29 and rotor 27 is then formed by the cooperating regions or coupling sections 37, 37 'of carrier 29 and rotor 27.

As indicated in Fig. 1, allows a releasable attachment of the carrier 29 on the holder 31, a use of the rotor 27 with different, for example, different sizes carriers 29, 29 '. Thus, by way of example only, FIG. 1 shows a carrier 29 'provided with a coupling section 37', whose bearing surface 39 'is larger than that of the carrier 29 mounted on the rotor 27 in FIG. 1.

In the transport movers 19 described below, at least one shell 59 is arranged on the carrier 29. The carrier 29 may have a receptacle 97 as a holder for the shell 59 or be configured as a receptacle 97. The overall system shown in FIG. 2 comprises a web 51 with transport movers 19 arranged thereon along the web 51. Along the web 51, a plurality of stations 53, 55, 65, 89, 91 are arranged, which are approached by the transport movers 19 can. The stations are, in particular, a loading station 53, by means of which individual trays 59 can be arranged on the carrier 29 of a respective transport movers 19. Another loading station 55 is arranged in series with the first loading station 53. With the loading station 55, for example, a different type of shell 59 can be provided for the transport movers 19.

Each of the loading stations 53, 55 may have a storage 57 for trays 59. As shown in FIG. 3, the trays 59 may be stacked in a receptacle 61. By means of a separating device 63, which is designed in the manner of a screw singler in the case of FIG. 3, the respectively underlying tray 59 can be conveyed out of the store 57 and provided to a transport movers 19 driven into the loading area of the loading station 53. A respective loading station 55 may have a modified memory 57 according to FIG. 4, the receptacle 61 of which is designed for shells 59 of different depths. The tray storage according to FIG. 4 can also have a separating device 63, as was described with reference to FIG. 3, in order to be able to provide individual trays 59 to the transport movers 19.

Shown in FIG. 4 is another embodiment of a separating device 63, which operates with horizontally movable elements for releasing individual shells 59. In this case, on both sides of the shells 59 each two superimposed, horizontally movable slide elements are provided. Alternatively, will on each side actuates the upper and lower horizontal slide member to release the lower shell 59, leaving the overlying stack locked.

FIG. 2 shows that, in the direction of transport T downstream of the loading stations 53, 55, one or more linked stations 65 are arranged, which are provided on the transport movers 19 for executing a process.

One of the stations may, for example, be a station for filling the trays 59 transported by the transport movers 19 with at least one object, for example a food product.

In the presence of multiple stations 65, it is not necessary for each station to be approached by each transport movers 19. A respective transport mover 19 can thus selectively approach stations or not start or pass through without stopping.

The stations 65 may be arranged in series and / or parallel to each other.

In a parallel arrangement of the stations 65, the web 51 branches in front of the stations 65 in a plurality of parallel track sections, so that all stations 65 can be approached by the transponders 19. After the stations 65, the track sections can unite again in a train.

FIG. 5 schematically shows a possible embodiment of a plurality of stations arranged in series for producing a ready meal, which can be approached successively by the transport movers 19. For example, a first station 67 can dispense a portion of rice into a tray, which is arranged on a transport mover 19, which is located in a holding point 69 located below the first station 67. In a further, second station 71, a portion of a first vegetable can be introduced into the dish 59, after the Transportmover 19 was driven to the breakpoint 73 below the second station 71. A third station 75 may provide a portion of another vegetable into the tray 59 after the transport mover 19 has moved to the stopping point 77 associated with the third station 75. At a further, fourth station 79, a portion of meat can be placed in the tray 59 after the transport mover 19 has moved at the stopping point 81 assigned to the fourth station 79 under the fourth station 79. At a fifth station 83, a sauce can still be added to the dish 59 after the transport mover 19 has moved to the holding point 85 assigned to the fifth station 83. At a further, downstream breakpoint 87, a weighing of the shell 59 and / or an automated optical final inspection of the contents of the shell 59 can be made to ensure that the total portion introduced into the shell 59 fulfills a specific criterion, for example a specific, predetermined total weight and / or that in fact all products or objects have entered the shell 59.

At least one of the stations 67, 71, 75, 79, 83 may also have a control device, such as a scale, arranged to ensure that the portion given by the respective station into the bowl 59 meets a certain criterion, for example a particular one Has weight.

The double arrows drawn in the holding points 69, 73, 77, 81, 85, 87 are intended to indicate that at each station the tray 59, optionally together with the carrier 29, 29 'or at least one receptacle provided on the carrier 29, 29' the bowl 59 can be lifted upwards for easier filling. In particular, by raising the shell 59 during the filling process, spatters can be avoided and stabilization at or under a station generally takes place. As indicated with respect to the fifth station 83 with the double arrow, each station for filling the shell 59 can be lowered and raised again. Referring again to FIG. 2, at least one sealing means 89 may be disposed downstream of the stations 65. As indicated by the dashed line in FIG. 2, more than one sealing device 89 may also be provided. For example, two sealing devices 89 arranged in parallel can be provided which can be approached by the transport movers 19 by path sections running parallel to one another.

In the sealing device 89, a sealing of the shells 59 with a film 109 or the like can take place, as will be explained in more detail below. The finished packs thus formed can then be fed by the transport movers 19 further in the transport direction T to a packaging device 91 in which they are packaged, for example, for transport to a supermarket.

An exemplary sealer 89, also referred to herein as a seal station, will be described in greater detail below with reference to FIGS. 6-10.

As shown in Figs. 6 and 7, the web 51 passes under the sealer 89 so that a plurality of transport movers 19 can be driven in a row below the station 89. At a seal chamber upper part 93 four sealing tools 95 are arranged in a row above the web 53. Each sealing tool 95 is designed to match the trays 59 transported by the transport movers 19.

As particularly shown in FIGS. 7 and 10, a receptacle 97 for the respective shell 59 is provided on the carrier 29 of a respective transport movers 19. The receptacle 97 forms a seat for the shell 59. In particular, the receptacle 97 has an upwardly open recess or opening 99 into which the recessed area of the shell 59 can be inserted. The receptacle 97 has a peripheral around the opening 99 delimitation 101, the upper side forms a support surface for the upper, outer edge of the shell 59.

At the bearing surface of the boundary 101, a circumferential ring 103 is arranged, for example made of silicone or rubber, which serves in particular to compensate for unevenness of the shell edge. Outside the ring 103 is a circumferential recess 105. This can serve to receive and fix the edge of the shell 59. In addition, the recess forms a gap for a knife 107, which can also be configured as a blade, and which is arranged on the respective sealing tool 95 of the sealing chamber upper part 93 and is provided for separating the all-over projecting foil 109.

Each receptacle 92 may be formed of aluminum, for example. The respective receptacle 92 can also optionally be divided so that only a first sub-element enclosing the shell 59 is moved around with the respective transport mover 19. A further subelement corresponds to the first one and, if necessary, reinforces it in the region of a station, in particular the sealing station 89. The further element is thus present only intermittently or in sections. It can be formed by an associated recording, namely for recording on Transportmover 19, at a station, which is in particular provided as a conveying element, for example as a lifting device.

In each Transportmover 19, the receptacle 97 forms a respective lower part for one of the upper sealing tools 95. Each receptacle 97, in particular by using a lifting device 1 17, are lifted up to the receptacle 97 and thus the shell 59 against the respective sealing tool 95th of the seal upper chamber part 93 to press. The shells 59 are through the sealed under the sealing tools 95 of the seal chamber upper part 93 extending film 109. The film 109 is thereby withdrawn from a supply roll 1 1 1, passed horizontally between the sealing tools, preferably promoted with a determined by the length of the juxtaposed shells 59 clock or feed, and on the other side rolled up on another roll 1 13. There, the film has 109 recesses, since the used for sealing the shells 59 films, in particular by means of the aforementioned knife 107, were separated out. As can be seen from FIG. 7, the distance of the shell 59 matched to the upper sealing tools 95 can be adjusted by means of the movers 19.

The upper four sealing tools 95 will be described in more detail with reference to FIG. 8. The four sealing tools 95 can be fixedly arranged on the seal chamber upper part 93. So they can be immobile. The drawn to each sealing tool 95 thick line represents a so-called sealing edge 1 15, which, as shown in FIG. 10, for sealing the film 109 at the edge of the shell 59 from above the foil 109 presses against the shell edge. The thinner circumferential line, which is shown in FIG. 8 for each sealing tool 95, represents the already mentioned circumferential knife 107 of the sealing tool 95.

Fig. 9 shows schematically a lifting device 1 17 for lifting the shells 59 together with the receptacles 97. The lifting device 1 17 can for example be formed by vertical guides 1 19, which engage and lift the receptacles 97 with fasteners. By lifting over the vertical guides 1 19, the receptacles 97 together with the shells 59 are moved up and down.

For sealing the trays 59 with the film 109, the following procedure can be performed. In a first step, the images are 97 except one Target dimension introduced to the sealing tools 95, for example, to slightly push the film 109 and thereby promote the preheating from above. In a second step, the lifting and pressing on the upper, fixed sealing edge 1 15. In a third step, a little further lifted, so that the slightly recessed knife 107 can cut off the protruding film edges.

The sealing device 89 shown in FIG. 11 is configured as a so-called tray sealer and has an unloading region 121 adjacent to the web 51, at which a transfer of the trays 59 transported by the transport movers 19 to a conveyor belt 123 passing through the traysealer 89 takes place , by means of which the trays 59 are conveyed through the tray sealer 89. The transfer of the shells 59 from the transport movers 19 to the conveyor 123 can be done for example by means of a rake. The shells 59 are transported through the traysealer 89 by means of the conveyor belt 123 and reach a loading area 125 for the transport movers 19, in which the finished packages, ie the trays 59 closed with a respective film, again by means of the rake from the conveyor belt 123 the transport movers 19 are brought. The transport movers 19 are moved between the unloading area 121 and the loading area 125 via the track 51 passing laterally on the traysealer 89.

12 serves to illustrate that in the region of a sealing device 89 with a vacuum chamber 127, a gripper 129 for gripping a plurality of receptacles 97 with the shells 59 therein may be formed, and that the gripper 129 the shells 59 together with the receptacles 97 in the vacuum chamber 127 can promote. After the cups 59 have been evacuated and closed, the gripper 129 can again convey the finished packages out of the vacuum chamber 127 and onto the previously unloaded, further driven transport movers 19 put on. A possibly used identifier of the transport movers 19 in the controller thus remains.

FIG. 13 shows a cross-sectional representation of a special variant of a finished package 131 with a packaging base 133, on which at least one object 137 is placed. The lower packaging part 133 is closed, for example by means of a correspondingly configured sealing device, with a hood-like cover 139, which is an attached, in particular preformed, packaging upper part. On the abutting surfaces, the lower packaging part 133 and the upper packaging part 139 may be sealed or welded together.

The term shell 59 is to be understood in the context of the present application. A packaging base 133, as shown in FIG. 13, is also still to be understood as a shell 59.

FIGS. 14 and 15 show a longitudinal section through a sealing device 89 with a sealing chamber upper part 93 and a sealing chamber lower part 141. The sealing chamber upper part 93 is surrounded by an upper housing 147, the underside of which is open and which, as shown by the double arrow in Fig. 15, from the position shown in Fig. 15 can be lowered down.

The sealing chamber lower part 141 is surrounded by a lower housing 143, which has an upwardly open top and is liftable upwards. Optionally, only the sealing chamber lower part 141 can be moved out of the housing 143 when the upper housing 147 can be lowered relatively far. By raising the lower housing 143 and lowering the upper housing 147, the enclosure around the two sealing chamber parts 93, 141 can be closed. As shown in FIG. 15, a track member 149 of the web 51 may be removed from the remainder of the web 51. The track element 149 can be moved with the transport movers 19 arranged thereon between the sealing chamber parts 93, 141, for example by means of a correspondingly designed conveying device. For closing the shells (not shown) arranged on the carrier 19 with a foil 109, the sealing chamber bottom 141 can be raised by means of, for example, two lifting devices 145, which are guided through the lower casing 143, for example using seals, and the upper casing 147 can be lowered to, as described above, the shells 59 by means of the two sealing chamber parts 93, 141 with foil 109 to close. Prior to closing the trays 59 with film 109, the housing 143, 147 may be closed to evacuate the trays 59 or to fill with an inert gas. The track element 149 with the finished packages can be re-integrated into the web 51 to further transport the finished packages 131 by means of the transport movers 19.

By means of a device according to the invention, various portions, in particular of food products, can be filled in the trays 59 and thus form finished packs 131. By using the different stations that can perform a specific task, specialization and detailing can be achieved, for example, in terms of the type and arrangement of ingredients and / or supplements in a package. In addition, different types of foils and trays can be used in a process line. Variable packages may be formed, particularly as regards the shape and content of the trays 59, for example the type of filling, the arrangement of the filling in the tray 59, the quantities. Even smaller batches can be realized easily. There is a high degree of flexibility in production, for example the creation of different combinations or various product compositions in the trays 59, for example by the transport movers approaching 19 different stations.

A change in the production process can be realized with short set-up times and a low conversion effort.

Since, as mentioned, the transport movers 19 can approach different stations and the stations can also be arranged parallel to each other, a parallel operation without product conversion take place.

A device according to the invention can be used, in particular, to produce ready meals, for example in the catering sector and in commercial kitchens.

Since the transport movers 19 can approach different stations and also the dosage made by the stations can be adjusted, a high degree of customization of dishes, for example, to order, can be realized.

After a sealing station 89, for example, a printer or a labeler may be provided which attaches the composition, quantities and mandatory declarations directly to the package with respect to the total portion actually contained in the package 131.

It is also possible to use different pieces of meat from a cutting area by using different tray formats on a railway line. A variance may only be required over a few stations and correspondingly adapted transport mover recordings and routes. LIST OF REFERENCE NUMBERS

19 transport movers

 27 runners

 29 carriers

 29 'carrier

 31 holders

 33 guide rail

 35 slot

 37 coupling section

 37 'coupling section

 39 bearing surface

 39 'bearing surface

 41 railway section

 43 stator

 51 train

 53 Loading station

 55 loading station

 57 memory

 59 bowl, lower packaging part

61 recording

 63 Separating device

65 station

 67 first stop

 69 breakpoint

 71 second station

 73 breakpoint

 75 third station

 77 breakpoint

79 fourth station 81 breakpoint

 83 fifth station

 85 breakpoint

 87 breakpoint

 89 Sealer

91 Packaging device

93 Sealing chamber upper part

95 sealing tool

 97 recording

 99 opening

 101 limit

 103 ring

 105 recess

 107 knives

 109 foil

 1 1 1 supply roll

 1 13 roll

 1 15 sealed edge

 1 17 lifting device

1 19 vertical guidance

 121 unloading area

 123 conveyor belt

 125 loading area

 127 vacuum chamber

 129 grippers

 131 pack

 133 packaging lower part

137 object

 139 cover

141 Sealing chamber lower part 143 lower enclosure

 145 lifting device

 147 upper enclosure

 149 track element

M pernnan magnet arrangement

T transport direction

Claims

claims
Device for transporting objects (137), in particular portions of at least one food product, with
 at least one transport mover (19), which has at least one runner (27) for cooperation with a web system, in which the transport mover (19) is movable along at least one web (51) along a transport direction (T), and at least one runner (27) ) has mounted carrier (29, 29 '),
 the railway system, and
 a control device for controlling the movements of the transport movers in the railway system,
By doing so, that is
the support (29, 29 ') of the transport movers (19) is designed to hold at least one, in particular open-top, packaging lower part (59) capable of receiving at least one object (137), and in that the transport movers (19) engage with the packaging lower part (59) to at least one station (53, 55, 65, 67, 71, 75, 79, 83, 89, 91) and / or between at least two stations (53, 55, 65, 67, 71, 75, 79, 83, 89, 91) of the device along the web (51) is movable.
Device according to claim 1,
By doing so, that is
the carrier (29, 29 ') for cooperating with at least one station
(53, 55, 65, 67, 71, 75, 79, 83, 89, 91) for carrying out at least one
Is formed, wherein, preferably, the carrier (29, 29 ') to do so is formed to carry out at least one movement associated with the process, wherein, further preferably, the process of the assignable movement of the carrier (53, 55, 65, 67, 71, 75, 79, 83, 89, 91) not or not exclusively along the Transport direction (T) runs.
Apparatus according to claim 1 or 2,
By doing so, that is
the carrier (29, 29 ') and / or a support (97) for the packaging base (59) as a tool for use in one of a station (53, 55, 65, 67, 71, 75, 79, 83 , 89, 91) executed process is formed.
Device according to at least one of the preceding claims, characterized in that e
all stations (53, 55, 65, 67, 71, 75, 79, 83, 89, 91) of a production process to be carried out with respect to the packaging base (59) are arranged along the web (51) so as to be separated from the at least one Transport movers (19) can be operated.
Device according to at least one of the preceding claims, characterized in that e
a station (53, 55) is a loading station which is designed to arrange the packaging base (59) on the carrier (29, 29 '), and / or
in that a station is an unloading station (91) which is designed to remove the packaging base (59) from the carrier (29, 29 '), wherein, preferably, the unloading station (91) comprises a device for arranging, in particular Inserting a finished package in a package, especially outer packaging, has. Device according to claim 5,
By doing so, that is
the loading station (53, 55) has at least one storage (57) for packaging lower parts (59), in particular trays, and a separating device (63) by means of which a single packaging lower part (59) is conveyed out of the store (57) and conveyed to the carrier (57). 29, 29 ') of the Transportmovers (19) can be supplied.
Apparatus according to claim 5 or 6,
By doing so, that is
the loading station (53, 55) comprises a plurality of in-line and / or parallel dispensers or storage means (57) for packaging bases (59), the parallel-arranged dispensers or storage (57) being associated with parallel web sections.
Device according to at least one of the preceding claims, characterized in that e
at least one station (65, 67, 71, 75, 79, 83) is designed to supply an object to the packaging lower part (59).
Device according to at least one of the preceding claims, characterized in that e
at least one station (65, 67, 71, 75, 79, 83) is adapted to perform at least one of the following actions:
 Dosing at least one object (137) into the packaging base (59),
 Rotating the packaging base (59) and / or an object (137) therein;
Weighing the packaging base (59) and / or an object (137) located therein, Sealing the packaging lower part (59),
 Performing an automated quality control,
 Sorting, in particular by the Transportmovern (19) removed packaging bottom parts (59) or finished packages (131).
Device according to one of the preceding claims,
 By doing so, that is
 the at least one transport movers (19), in particular by means of the control device, being controllable in such a way that they are conveyed along at least one station (53, 55, 65, 67, 71, 75, 79, 83, 89, 91) along the path (51) performing at least one movement, in particular a reciprocating movement, in order to at least support an action performed by the station (53, 55, 65, 67, 71, 75, 79, 83, 89, 91).
Device according to one of the preceding claims,
 By doing so, that is
 one of the stations is a packaging machine (89, 91), in particular a sealing station, in particular a tray sealer or a thermoformer, the packaging machine (89, 91) being designed to provide a cover, in particular a film (109), on the packaging lower part ( 59) and to close the lower packaging part (59) with the cover (109). 12. Device according to claim 11,
 By doing so, that is
the at least one transport movers (19) can be moved to an unloading area of the packaging machine (89), in particular sealing station, wherein in the unloading area (121) an unloading device (129) removes the at least one packaging base (59) from the transport movers (19) and the packaging machine (89) feeds to the packaging bottom part (59), in particular with a cover (109) to close, and wherein the at least one Transportmover (19) to a loading area (125) of the packaging machine (89) is mobile, in which a loading device (129) loads the transport mover (19) with the closed packaging lower part (59).
Device according to claim 11 or 12,
 By doing so, that is
 the sealing station (89) has an evacuation and / or gassing device for evacuating the packaging lower part (59) before closing and / or filling it with inert gas.
14. Device according to claim 12 or 13,
 By doing so, that is
 in the unloading area (121), two or more transport movers (19) can be arranged in a predetermined arrangement relative to one another along the path (51) optionally dividing into two or more branches. 15. Device according to one of the preceding claims,
 By doing so, that is
 at least one of the stations (53, 55, 65, 67, 71, 75, 79, 83, 89, 91) has a lifting device (117) which is designed to have at least one lower packaging part (59) and optionally at least one part (97 ) of the carrier (29, 29 ') relative to the transport mover (19).
Device according to claim 15,
 By doing so, that is
the station (53, 55, 65, 67, 71, 75, 79, 83, 89, 91) comprises a scale and / or a metering device for applying or introducing at least one obturator jekt (137), in particular with a predetermined weight, in or on the packaging lower part (59).
17. Device according to claim 15 or 16,
 By doing so, that is
 the station is a packaging machine, in particular a sealing station (89), which has a, in particular immovable, sealing chamber upper part (93) with at least one sealing tool (95) associated with a packaging lower part (59), wherein the sealing tool (95) above the web ( 51) is arranged, and wherein the packaging base (59), optionally with the part (97) of the carrier (29, 29 '), by means of the lifting device (117) up against the sealing tool (95) is movable in order to close the Packaging lower part (59) a between the packaging base (59) and sealing tool (95) provided cover (109), in particular film, to be set at the edge of the packaging base (59).
18. Device according to claim 17,
 By doing so, that is
 the sealing chamber upper part (93) has a multiplicity of sealing tools (95) arranged in a row above the web (51), and a plurality of transport movers (19) with packaging bases (59) associated with the sealing tools (95) in a row along the web (51 ) can be arranged, that in each case a packaging base (59) with a respective overlying sealing tool (95) is aligned.
19. Device according to claim 17 or 18,
 By doing so, that is
the station (89) can be closed off from the atmosphere and has an evacuation and / or gassing device in order to remove air from the atmosphere. Packungsuntererteil (59) to evacuate and / or to exchange for an inert gas.
Device according to at least one of claims 15 to 19,
By doing so, that is
the part of the carrier has a receptacle (97) for the packaging lower part (59), the receptacle (97) having an upwardly open opening (99) for inserting the packaging lower part (59) and a boundary (101) running around the opening, wherein the boundary (101) has a bearing surface for a, in particular upper, edge of the packaging lower part (59), and wherein the boundary (101) is formed as a lower part of a sealing tool (95).
Device according to at least one of claims 11 to 20,
By doing so, that is
a conveying device (123, 129) for conveying at least one transport movers (19) with a packaging lower part (59) arranged thereon or for conveying the packaging lower part (59), optionally with at least one part (97) of the carrier (29, 29 '), through which Sealing station (89) and in particular by a relative to the atmosphere closable part (127) of the sealing station (89) is provided.
Device according to at least one of claims 11 to 21,
By doing so, that is
the web (51) is guided through the sealing station (89) and in particular through a part (127) of the sealing station (89) which can be closed to the atmosphere.
Device according to at least one of the preceding claims, characterized in that at least one transponder, in particular RFID chip, is arranged on at least one transport movers (19) and / or on at least one packaging lower part (59).
Transport movers for transporting objects (137) with
 at least one rotor (27) for cooperation with a web system in which the transport mover (19) along at least one predetermined path (51) along a transport direction (T) is movable, and
 at least one carrier (29, 29 ') attached to the rotor (27) for at least one object (137),
in particular transport mover (19) for a device according to at least one of the preceding claims,
By doing so, that is
the support (29, 29 ') has at least one receptacle (97) for a, in particular open at the top, packaging lower part (59) into which at least one object (137) can be inserted.
Transport movers according to claim 24,
By doing so, that is
the receptacle (97) replaceable on the carrier (29, 29 ') and / or on the rotor
(27) is attached.
Transport movers according to claim 24 or 25,
By doing so, that is
the receptacle (97) has an upwardly open opening (99) for inserting the packaging lower part (59) and a peripheral edge (101) around the opening (99), which has a support surface for a, in particular upper, edge of the packaging lower part (59). having. Transport movers according to claim 26,
 By doing so, that is
 the boundary (101) is designed as an element corresponding to a station (53, 55, 65, 67, 71, 75, 79, 83, 89, 91), in particular as a lower part of a sealing tool (95).
System comprising at least one transport movers (19) according to at least one of claims 24 to 27 and a station (53, 55, 65, 67, 71, 75, 79, 83, 53, 55, 65, 67, 71, 75, 79, 83) which can be approached along the path (51) by the transport movers (19). 89, 91), wherein the carrier (29, 29 '), in particular the receptacle (97) for the packaging base (59), is adapted to communicate with the station (53, 55, 65, 67, 71, 75, 79, 83, 89, 91) to cooperate in carrying out a process. 29. Method for transporting objects (137) in a device according to at least one of claims 1 to 23, in which at least one of the transport movers (19) has a carrier (29, 29 ') which has a receptacle (97) for a in particular open at the top, packaging lower part (59), in which at least one object (137) can be inserted, and for cooperation with at least one station (53, 55, 65, 67, 71, 75, 79,
83, 89, 91), wherein in the method the transport mover (19) is moved to the station (53, 55, 65, 67, 71, 75, 79, 83, 89, 91) and the carrier (29, 29 ') there cooperates with the station (53, 55, 65, 67, 71, 75, 79, 83, 89, 91) for carrying out at least one process.
PCT/EP2017/062999 2016-06-10 2017-05-30 Device for transporting objects WO2017211618A2 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102016110756.5 2016-06-10
DE102016110756 2016-06-10
DE102016111357.3A DE102016111357A1 (en) 2016-06-10 2016-06-21 Device for transporting objects
DE102016111357.3 2016-06-21

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

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EP17727565.8A EP3468876A2 (en) 2016-06-10 2017-05-30 Device for transporting objects

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DE102016111357A1 (en) 2017-12-14
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