WO2017182295A1 - Liquid cleaning compositions - Google Patents

Liquid cleaning compositions Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2017182295A1
WO2017182295A1 PCT/EP2017/058406 EP2017058406W WO2017182295A1 WO 2017182295 A1 WO2017182295 A1 WO 2017182295A1 EP 2017058406 W EP2017058406 W EP 2017058406W WO 2017182295 A1 WO2017182295 A1 WO 2017182295A1
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ci
hydrogen
compound
liquid
formula
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PCT/EP2017/058406
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French (fr)
Inventor
Hauke Rohwer
Ullrich Menge
Catharina WOHLMUTH
Original Assignee
Basf Se
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Priority to EP16165730.9 priority
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Publication of WO2017182295A1 publication Critical patent/WO2017182295A1/en

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/39Organic or inorganic per-compounds
    • C11D3/3947Liquid compositions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/16Organic compounds
    • C11D3/20Organic compounds containing oxygen
    • C11D3/2003Alcohols; Phenols
    • C11D3/2041Dihydric alcohols
    • C11D3/2044Dihydric alcohols linear
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/16Organic compounds
    • C11D3/20Organic compounds containing oxygen
    • C11D3/2068Ethers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/16Organic compounds
    • C11D3/20Organic compounds containing oxygen
    • C11D3/22Carbohydrates or derivatives thereof
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/39Organic or inorganic per-compounds
    • C11D3/3902Organic or inorganic per-compounds combined with specific additives
    • C11D3/3905Bleach activators; Bleach catalysts
    • C11D3/3907Organic compounds
    • C11D3/3917Nitrogen-containing compounds

Abstract

The present invention relates to a process for preventing the reduction of hydrogenperoxide or a precursor of hydrogen peroxide during storage in liquid cleaning compositions, like deteregents. Further aspects of the invention are liquid cleaning compositions containing hydrogenperoxide or a precursor of hydrogen peroxide, an acylhydrazone compound and a polyalkyleneglykol derivative and the use of an acylhydrazone compound together with a polyalkyleneglykol derivative in a liquid cleaning composition containing hydrogenperoxide or a precursor of hydrogen peroxide. The liquid cleaning compositions essentially cause no spotting.

Description

Liquid cleaning compositions

Description The present invention relates to a process for preventing the reduction of hydrogenperoxide or a precursor of hydrogen peroxide during storage in liquid cleaning compositions, like bleach boosters, detergents, washing or pre-treatment compositions. Further aspects of the invention are liquid cleaning compositions containing hydrogenperoxide or a precursor of hydrogen peroxide, an acylhydrazone compound and a polyalkylene glykol derivative and the use of an acylhydrazone compound together with a polyalkylene glykol derivative in a liquid cleaning composition containing hydrogenperoxide or a precursor of hydrogen peroxide. The liquid compositions essentially cause no spotting.

Today's commercial liquid detergents are formulated without hydrogenperoxide or a precur- sor of hydrogen peroxide because these would be rapidly destroyed in the aqueous medium and other ingredients, such as fragrants or enzymes would be oxidised under these conditions. Hitherto, liquid bleach boosters are only formulated at low pH (pH 3.0 or lower) and only in absence of any bleach activators or catalysts due to similar stability constraints as described above for the liquid detergents.

It has been an object of the instant invention to provide a liquid cleaning composition having an improved stability. That is, the hydrogenperoxide content should remain ideally unchanged after storage for several days even at elevated pH as well as other components, such as bleach catalysts.

Using liquid detergent formulations in household laundry processes it is desirable achieving a high uptake of the active ingredients. The active ingredients should, however, not exhaust in localized (micro)spots. The concentration should be equally distributed over the fabric. This feature is often called levelling property. A good levelling property means that there is no or almost no spectroscopic difference between a spot and the surrounding/background. The extent of leveling depends not only on the way of pre-treatment but also on the detergent formulation, the washing conditions, concentration levels, affinity/substantivity and the kind of active ingredients. A good levelling property is a prerequisite to avoid spotting or staining on the fabrics which may otherwise be caused.

Very commonly, in particular liquid detergents and especially pre-treatment formulations are directly applied on the fabric by the consumer without prior dilution. Due to this consumer habit undesired localized accumulation may occur on the fabric. The instant composition and process avoid also this negative effect. This is particularly important since local spots of, for example, hydrogen peroxide could even lead to a damage of the fibres.

At present it is almost impossible to use a bleach catalyst together with hydrogen peroxide or a precursor of hydrogen peroxide in liquid cleaning compositions, especially at pH values high enough to be applied in the washing machine to exhibit reasonable bleach perfor- mance. It has now been found that liquid cleaning compositions containing hydrogenperoxide or a precursor of hydrogen peroxide, an acylhydrazone compound and a polyalkylene glykol derivative exhibit almost no reduction in peroxide content when stored for a considerable time.

The bleach activity after storage remains almost unchanged compared to the initial bleach activity and essentially no spotting occurs.

The instant invention is directed to a cleaning composition in liquid form comprising

A) 0.0001 to 5% of a compound of formula (1 ) based on the total weight of the liquid composition

Figure imgf000003_0001
wherein

Ri, F¾2, F¾3, R4 independently from each other are hydrogen, unsubstituted or substituted Ci- C28alkyl, Ci-C2salkoxy, C2-C2salkenyl, C2-C22alkinyl, C3-Ci2cycloalkyl, C3-Ci2cycloalkenyl, C7-Cgaralkyl, C3-C2oheteroalkyl, C3-Ci2cycloheteroalkyl, Cs-Ci6heteroaralkyl, unsubstituted or substituted phenyl or napththyl, wherein the substituents for the radicals are selected from the group consisting of Ci-C4alkyl; Ci-C4alkoxy; hydroxy; sulfo; sulfato; halogen; cyano; nitro; carboxy; amino; N-mono- or N,N-di-Ci-C4alkylamino unsubstituted or substituted by hydroxy in the alkyl moiety; N-phenylamino; N-naphthylamino wherein the amino groups may be quaternised; phenyl; phenoxy; naphthyloxy; ORn; NR11 R12; NO2 or halogen; or Ri and R2, R2 and R3 or R3 and R4 are linked together to form 1 , 2 or 3 carbocyclic or heterocyclic rings, which may be uninterrupted or interrupted by one or more -0-, -S- or -NR13- and or which may be further fused with other aromatic rings and/or which may be substituted with one or more Ci-C6akyl groups;

R5 denotes hydrogen, unsubstituted or substituted Ci-C2salkyl, C2-C2salkenyl, C2-C22al- kinyl, C3-Ci2cycloalkyl, C3-Ci2cycloalkenyl, Cz-Cgaralkyl, C3-C2oheteroalkyl, C3-Ci2cyclohet- eroalkyl, Cs-Ci6heteroaralkyl, unsubstituted or substituted phenyl, or unsubstituted or substituted heteroaryl; wherein the substituents for the radicals are selected from the group consisting of Ci-C4alkyl; Ci-C4alkoxy; hydroxy; sulfo; sulfato; halogen; cyano; nitro; carboxy; amino; N-mono- or N,N-di-Ci-C4alkylamino unsubstituted or substituted by hydroxy in the alkyl moiety; N-phenylamino; N-naphthylamino wherein the amino groups may be quaternised; phenyl; phenoxy or naphthyloxy;

Re denotes hydrogen, Ci-C2salkyl, C2-C2salkenyl, C2-C22alkinyl, C3-Ci2cycloalkyl, C3-Ci2cy- cloalkenyl, Cz-Cgaralkyl, C3-C2oheteroalkyl, C3-Ci2cycloheteroalkyl, Cs-Ci6heteroaralkyl, un- substituted or substituted phenyl or naphtyl, or unsubstituted or substituted heteroaryl; wherein the substituents for the radicals are selected from the group consisting of Ci-C4alkyl; Ci-C4alkoxy; hydroxy; sulfo; sulfato; halogen; cyano; nitro; carboxy; amino; N-mono- or N,N- di-Ci-C4alkylamino unsubstituted or substituted by hydroxy in the alkyl moiety; N-phenyla- mino; N-naphthylamino wherein the amino groups may be quaternised; phenyl; phenoxy or naphthyloxy;

^10 ^10 ^10

R7 is a group \ + \ , \ + \ , \ + ~~i or a K (CH,)— N O (CH,)— N S (CH,)— N I k N— / k N— / k N— O each group with an anion A-;

Figure imgf000004_0001

k is an integer from 1 to 4;

A- is the anion of an organic or inorganic acid;

Rio denotes hydrogen, Ci-C2salkyl, C2-C2salkenyl, C2-C22alkinyl, C3-Ci2cycloalkyl, C3- Ci2cycloalkenyl, C7-Cgaralkyl, C3-C2oheteroalkyl, C3-Ci2cycloheteroalkyl, Cs-Ci6het- eroaralkyl;

R11 , R12 independently are hydrogen, Ci-Ciealkyl or phenyl; or Rn and R12 together with the nitrogen atom to which they are bonded form a 5 or 6 membered-ring which may contain a further N, O or S atom.

R13 denotes hydrogen or Ci-Cisalkyl;

B) from 0.1 % to 30% H2O2 or a precursor of H2O2 based on the total weight of the liquid composition;

C) from 5% to 99% of a compound of formula (2) based on the total weight of the liquid composition;

Figure imgf000004_0002

m (2),

wherein

n is an integer from 2 to 500,

m is an integer from 1 to 6,

the R groups are independently hydrogen or Ci-C4alkyl; and

A is hydrogen, the residue of an alcohol, or a sugar residue;

D) from 0% to 70% of at least one solvent based on the total weight of the liquid composition; E) from 0 to 94% of an anionic and/or non-ionic surfactant based on the total weight of the liquid composition;

F) from 0% to 20% of at least one further additive based on the total weight of the liquid composition;

the components adding to a total of 100%.

Liquid cleaning compositions according to the present invention are preferably liquid detergent, washing, pre-treatment and bleaching compositions as well as liquid bleach boosters. More preferably the liquid cleaning composiitons are liquid detergent, washing, pre-treatment and bleaching compositions, especially liquid detergent compositions.

Liquid bleach boosters are products that are added, for example, additionally to / on top of the detergent into the wash to further enhance stain removal. They can furthermore not only be used through the wash but also to pre-treat a fabric to further enhance stain removal.

The compounds of formula (1 ) are known and disclosed in WO 2012/080088 as a new class of bleach catalysts. These specific acylhydrazone compounds provide excellent bleach performance, in particular as metal free bleach catalysts. The compounds are efficient without a central transition metal when used together with hydrogen peroxide or a precursor of hydrogen peroxide.

Hitherto, it was almost impossible to use hydrogen peroxide or a precursor of hydrogen peroxide in liquid detergents and consequently a bleach catalyst could hardly be used to increase bleach activity.

For example, in the compound of formula (1 )

Ri, R2, R3, R4 independently from each other are hydrogen, d-Cealkyl, d-Cealkoxy, halo-

Figure imgf000005_0001

R5 denotes hydrogen or Ci-Cisalkyl;

Re denotes hydrogen or C-i-dsalkyl; or

Figure imgf000005_0002

k is an integer from 1 to 4;

A- is the anion of an organic or inorganic acid;

R10 denotes hydrogen or Ci-Cisalkyl,

R11, R12 independently are hydrogen, C-i-dsalkyl or phenyl.

For instance in the compound of formula (1 )

Ri, R2, Rj, R4 independently from each other are hydrogen, OH, or methyl; R5 denotes hydrogen;

Re denotes hydrogen;

R7 is a group each group with an anion A-;

Figure imgf000006_0001

k is 1 ;

A- is is the anion of an organic or inorganic acid;

R10 denotes methyl.

In a specific embodiment of the invention in the compound of formula (1 )

Ri, R2, Rj, R4 are hydrogen;

R5 denotes hydrogen;

R6 denotes hydrogen;

R7 is a group EACH GR°U W'TH 3Π 3ΠΗ Λ"'

Figure imgf000006_0002

k is 1 ;

A- is CI- or Br;

R10 denotes methyl.

Particularl suitable individual compounds of formula (1 ) are

compound 102 . compound 104

Figure imgf000006_0003
¾ compound 105,

H

especially the compound of formula 101. The amount of compound (1 ) (component A)) is preferably 0.001 to 5 weight-%, especially 0.01 to 5 weight-% and more preferably 0.1 to 2 weight-%, based on the total weight of the composition.

The compounds of formula (2) are known and widely used items of commerce. For example, in formula (2) A denotes the residue of sugar alcohols, glycerine, sorbitol, pentoses in their isomeric forms, hexoses in their isomeric forms, or Ci -Cis alkohols that may be of linear, branched, saturated, unsaturated, aromatic, or cyclic nature. The alkohols may have 1 to 6 functionalities, corresponding to the value of the integer m.

A as a residue of a sugar is preferably glycerine, sorbitol, pentose in its isomeric forms or hexose in its isomeric forms.

A as a residue of an alcohol is preferably a C1-C18 alkohol which may be of linear, branched, saturated, unsaturated, aromatic, or cyclic nature and which may be optionally substituted by hydroxyl. Most preferred are linear or branched C1-C18 alkohols, especially C1-C8 alkohols, each of which may be optionally substituted by hydroxyl, and which have 1 to 6 functionalities, especially one functionality. A is preferably hydrogen or the residue a linear or branched d-Ce alkohol, which may be optionally substituted by hydroxyl. More preferably, A is hydrogen.

The R groups are preferably independently from each other hydrogen or methyl. More preferably, R is hydrogen. n is preferably an integer from 2 to 300, especially from 2 to 100 and more preferably from 2 to 50. It is highly preferred that n is an integer from 2 to 40, especially 2 to 25, and more importantly 2 to 14. In addition, preference is given to a lower limit of n of 3 or especially 5, a range of n from 5 to 100 being specifically preferred. m is preferably an integer from 1 to 4, for example in case of glycerine or monoethylene residues. More preferably, m is 1 .

Formula (2) represents derivatives of polyalkylene glycols preferably polyethylene or poly- propylene glycol and copolymers thereof. If copolymers are used the copolymers are preferably statistically distributed, however, it is also possible to use block copolymers.

Compounds of formula (2) wherein R is hydrogen and methyl are available from BASF under the trade names Dehypon® and Plurafac®.

Compounds wherein R is hydrogen are available from BASF under the trade names Luten- sol® and Dehydol®.

Most preferred are polyethylene glycol (PEG) derivatives. In such polyethylene glycols A and R are each hydrogen, and m is preferably 1.

The PEGs are commercially available also with different geometries. Branched PEGs have typically 3 to 6 chains emanating from a central core. Examples are pentaerythritol, sorbitol, glycerol or mannitol. Preferably liquid polyethylene glycols are used.

For instance in the compound of formula (2) n = 5 - 100; m = 1 ;

R = hydrogen; and A = hydrogen.

In a specific embodiment the compound of formula (2) is a polyethylene glycol having an average molecular weight Mw of from about 90 to 600. Polyethylene glycol of a certain average molecular weight is usually referred to as, for example PEG 200 or PEG 400. Alternatively the number of the repeating units n may be given. For an average molecular weight of 90 to 600 this would correspond to roughly n is 2 to 14.

Corresponding compounds are available from BASF under the trade name Pluriol®.

The amount of compound (2) (component C)) is preferably from 5 to 90 weight-%, espe- daily 10 to 90 weight-% and more preferably 15 to 90 weight-%. Highly preferred is an amount of 20 to 90 weight-%, especially 30 to 90 weight-% and more preferably 40 to 90 weight-%, based on the total weight of the composition.

The amount of the peroxide or the peroxide-forming component B) is preferably 0.1 - 30 weight-%, more preferably 0.1 - 20 weight-% and especially preferably 1 - 15 weight-% based on the total weight of the composition.

As the possible peroxide component B) there come into consideration hydrogen peroxide, every compound which is capable of yielding hydrogen peroxide in aqueous solutions, for example, the organic and inorganic peroxides known in the literature and available commercially that bleach textile materials at conventional washing temperatures, for example at from 10° C to 95°C.

Preferably, however, inorganic peroxides are used, for example persulfates, perborates, percarbonates and/or persilicates.

Examples of suitable inorganic peroxides are sodium perborate tetrahydrate or sodium per- borated monohydrate, sodium percarbonate, inorganic peroxyacid compounds, such as for example potassium monopersulphate (MPS). If organic or inorganic peroxyacids are used as the peroxygen compound, the amount thereof will normally be within the range of about 2-30 wt-%, preferably from 4-30 wt-%.

The organic peroxides are, for example, mono- or poly-peroxides, urea peroxides, a combination of a Ci-C4alkanol oxidase and Ci-C4alkanol (such as methanol oxidase and ethanol as described in WO95/07972), alkylhydroxy peroxides, such as cumene hydroperoxide and t-butyl hydroperoxide.

The peroxides may be in a variety of crystalline forms and have different water contents, and they may also be used together with other inorganic or organic compounds in order to improve their storage stability. All these peroxy compounds may be utilized alone or in conjunction with an organic bleach catalyst not containing a transition metal. Generally, the bleaching composition of the invention can be suitably formulated to contain from 0.1 to 30 wt-%, of the peroxy bleaching agent.

As oxidants, peroxo acids can also be used. One example is organic mono peracids of for- O

, R^C-O-OM

mula ia

wherein

M signifies hydrogen or a cation,

Rig signifies unsubstituted C-i-C-isalkyl; substituted C-i-C-isalkyl; unsubstituted aryl; substituted aryl; -(Ci-C6alkylene)-aryl, wherein the alkylene and/or the aryl group may be substituted; and phthalimidoC-i-Cealkylene, wherein the phthalimido and/or the alkylene group may be substituted.

O

Preferred mono organic peroxy acids and their salts are those of formula ia

wherein

M signifies hydrogen or an alkali metal, and

R'i9 signifies unsubstituted Ci-C4alkyl; phenyl;-Ci-C2alkylene-phenyl or

Phthalimido-Ci-C8alkylene.

Especially preferred is CH3COOOH and its alkali salts.

Especially preferred is also ε-phthalimido peroxy hexanoic acid and its alkali salts. Also suitable are diperoxyacids, for example, 1 ,12-diperoxydodecanedioic acid (DPDA), 1 ,9-diperoxyazelaic acid, diperoxybrassilic acid, diperoxysebasic acid, diperoxyisophthalic acid, 2-decyldiperoxybutane-1 ,4-diotic acid and 4,4'-sulphonylbisperoxybenzoic acid.

Instead of the peroxy acid it is also possible to use organic peroxy acid precursors and H2O2. Such precursors are the corresponding carboxyacid or the corresponding carboxy- anhydrid or the corresponding carbonylchlorid, or amides, or esters, which can form the peroxy acids on perhydrolysis. Such reactions are commonly known.

Peroxyacid bleach precursors are known and amply described in literature, such as in the British Patents 836,988; 864,798; 907,356; 1 ,003,310 and 1 ,519,351 ; German Patent

3,337,921 ; EP-A-0185522; EP-A-0174132; EP-A-0120591 ; and U.S. Pat. Nos. 1 ,246,339; 3,332,882; 4,128,494; 4,412,934 and 4,675,393.

Peroxy acid precursors are often referred to as bleach activators. Suitable bleach activators include the bleach activators that carry O- and/or N-acyl groups and/or unsubstituted or substituted benzoyl groups. Preference is given to polyacylated alkylenediamines, especially tetraacetylethylenediamine (TAED); acylated glycolurils, especially tetraacetyl glycol urea (TAGU), N,N-diacetyl-N,N-dimethylurea (DDU); sodium-4-benzoyloxy benzene sul- phonate (SBOBS); sodium-1 -methyl-2-benzoyloxy benzene-4-sulphonate; sodium-4-me- thyl-3-benzoloxy benzoate; trimethyl ammonium toluyloxy-benzene sulphonate;acylated tri- azine derivatives, especially 1 ,5-diacetyl-2,4-dioxohexahydro-1 ,3,5-triazine (DADHT); com- pounds of formula (6):

Figure imgf000010_0001

wherein R22 is a sulfonate group, a carboxylic acid group or a carboxylate group, and wherein R21 is linear or branched (C7-Ci5)alkyl, especially activators known under the names SNOBS, SLOBS and DOBA; acylated polyhydric alcohols, especially triacetin, eth- ylene glycol diacetate and 2,5-diacetoxy-2,5-dihydrofuran; and also acetylated sorbitol and mannitol and acylated sugar derivatives, especially pentaacetylglucose (PAG), sucrose pol- yacetate (SUPA), pentaacetylfructose, tetraacetylxylose and octaacetyllactose as well as acetylated, optionally N-alkylated glucamine and gluconolactone. It is also possible to use the combinations of conventional bleach activators known from German Patent Application DE-A-44 43 177. Nitrile compounds that form perimine acids with peroxides also come into consideration as bleach activators.

Another useful class of peroxyacid bleach precursors is that of the cationic i.e. quaternary ammonium substituted peroxyacid precursors as disclosed in US Pat. Nos. 4,751 ,015 and 4,397,757, in EP-A-0284292 and EP-A-331229. Examples of peroxyacid bleach precursors of this class are: 2-(N,N,N-trimethyl ammonium) ethyl sodium-4-sulphonphenyl carbonate chloride - (SPCC), N-octyl,N,N-dimehyl-N10 -carbophenoxy decyl ammonium chloride - (ODC), 3-(N,N,N-trimethyl ammonium) propyl sodium-4-sulphophenyl carboxylate and Ν,Ν,Ν-trimethyl ammonium toluyloxy benzene sulphonate.

A further special class of bleach precursors is formed by the cationic nitriles as disclosed in EP-A-303,520, WO 96/40661 and in European Patent Specification No.'s 458,396, 790244 and 464,880. These cationic nitriles also known as nitril quats have the formula

Figure imgf000010_0002

wherein

R30 is a Ci-C24alkyl; a Ci-C24alkenyl; an alkaryl having a Ci-C24alkyl; a substituted Ci-C24al- kyl; a substituted Ci-C24alkenyl; a substituted aryl,

R31 and R32 are each independently a Ci-C3alkyl; hydroxyalkyl having 1 to 3 carbon atoms, -(C2H40)nH, n being 1 to 6; -CH2-CN

R33 is a Ci-C2oalkyl; a Ci-C2oalkenyl; a substituted Ci-C2oalkyl; a substituted Ci-C2oalkenyl; an alkaryl having a Ci-C24alkyl and at least one other substituent, R34, R35, R36, R37 and R38 are each independently hydrogen, a Ci-Cioalkyl, a Ci-Cioalkenyl, a substituted Ci-Cioalkyl, a substituted Ci-Cioalkenyl, carboxyl, sulfonyl or cyano R38, R39, R40 and R41 are each independently a Ci-C6alkyl,

n' is an integer from 1 to 3,

n" is an integer from 1 to 16, and

X is an anion.

Other nitril quats have the following formula

Figure imgf000011_0001

wherein

R42 and R43 form, together with the nitrogen atom to which they are bonded, a ring comprising 4 to 6 carbon atoms, this ring may also be substituted by d-d-alkyl,

Ci-C5-alkoxy, d-Cs-alkanoyl, phenyl, amino, ammonium, cyano, cyanamino or chloro and 1 or 2 carbon atom(s) of this ring may also be substituted by a nitrogen atom, by a oxygen atom, by a N-R47-group and/or by a R44-N-R47-group, wherein R47 is hydrogen, Ci-d-alkyl, C2-C5-alkenyl, d-d-alkinyl, phenyl, d-Cg-aralkyl,

C5-C7-cycloalkyl, d-Cs-alkanoyl, cyanomethyl or cyano,

R44 is d-C24-, preferably d-d-alkyl; C2-C24- alkenyl, preferably d-d-alkenyl, cyanome- thyl or d-d-alkoxy-d-d-alkyl,

R45 and R46 are independently from each other hydrogen; d-d-alkyl; d-d-alkenyl;

d-d-alkoxy-d-d-alkyl; phenyl or d-d-alkylphenyl, preferably hydrogen, methyl or phenyl, whereby preferably the moiety R45 signifies hydrogen, if R46 is not hydrogen, and X- is an anion.

Suitable examples of nitril quats of formula (ε) are

Figure imgf000011_0002
, and
Figure imgf000012_0001

Other nitrile quats have the formula

Figure imgf000012_0002

wherein

A is a saturated ring formed by a plurality of atoms in addition to the Ni atom, the saturated ring atoms to include at least one carbon atom and at least one heteroatom in addition to the Ni atom, the said one heteroatom selected from the group consisting of O, S and N at- oms, the substituent R47 bound to the Ni atom of the Formula (φ) structure is (a) a C-i-Cs- alkyl or alkoxylated alkyl where the alkoxy is C2-4, (b) a C4-C24cycloalkyl, (c) a C7-C24alkaryl, (d) a repeating or nonrepeating alkoxy or alkoxylated alcohol, where the alkoxy unit is C2-4, or (e) -CR5o 5i-C≡N where R50 and R51 are each H, a Ci-C24alkyl, cycloalkyl, or alkaryl, or a repeating or nonrepeating alkoxyl or alkoxylated alcohol where the alkoxy unit is C2-C4, in Formula (φ) at least one of the R48 and R49 substituents is H and the other of R48 and R49 is H, a Ci-C24alkyl, cycloalkyl, or alkaryl, or a repeating or nonrepeating alkoxyl or alkoxylated alcohol where the alkoxy unit is C2-4, and Y is at least one counterion.

The precursors may be used in an amount of up to 12 wt-%, preferably from 0.1-10 wt-% based on the total weight of the composition.

Preferably the inventive liquid cleaning compositions are used for the treatment of a textile material.

All weight-% (wt-%) are based on the total weight of the cleaning composition.

The cleaning composition can be any kind of industrial or domestic cleaning, washing or bleaching formulation. The anionic surfactant mentioned in component E) can be, for example, a sulfate, sulfonate or carboxylate surfactant or a mixture thereof. Preference is given to alkylbenzenesulfonates, alkyl sulfates, alkyl ether sulfates, olefin sulfonates, fatty acid salts, alkyl and alkenyl ether carboxylates or to an a-sulfonic fatty acid salt or an ester thereof.

Preferred sulfonates are, for example, alkylbenzenesulfonates having from 10 to 20 carbon atoms in the alkyl radical, alkyl sulfates having from 8 to 1 8 carbon atoms in the alkyl radical, alkyl ether sulfates having from 8 to 18 carbon atoms in the alkyl radical, and fatty acid salts derived from palm oil or tallow and having from 8 to 18 carbon atoms in the alkyl moiety. The average molar number of ethylene oxide units added to the alkyl ether sulfates is from 1 to 20, preferably from 1 to 1 0. The cation in the anionic surfactants is preferably an alkaline metal cation, especially sodium or potassium, more especially sodium. Preferred carboxylates are alkali metal sarcosinates of formula Ri9-CON(R2o)CH2COOMi wherein R19 is Cg-Ci7alkyl or Cg-C-izalkenyl, R20 is Ci-C4alkyl and Mi is an alkali metal, especially sodium.

The non-ionic surfactant mentioned in component E) may be, for example, a primary or secondary alcohol ethoxylate, especially a C8-C20 aliphatic alcohol ethoxylated with an average of from 1 to 20 mol of ethylene oxide per alcohol group. Preference is given to pri- mary and secondary C10-C15 aliphatic alcohols ethoxylated with an average of from 1 to 10 mol of ethylene oxide per alcohol group. Non-ethoxylated non-ionic surfactants, for example alkylpolyglycosides, glycerol monoethers and polyhydroxyamides (glucamide), may likewise be used. The total amount of anionic and/ or non-ionic surfactants (component E)) is preferably from 0 to 80 wt-%. Preference is given to 0 - 60 wt-% based on the weight of the total composition. Even greater preference is given to 0 - 20 wt% based on the weight of the total composition. In addition to anionic and/or non-ionic surfactants the composition may contain cationic surfactants. Possible cationic surfactants include all common cationic surface-active compounds, especially surfactants having a textile softening effect.

Non-limited examples of cationic surfactants are given in the formulas below:

Figure imgf000013_0001
wherein

each radical Ra is independent of the others Ci-6-alkyl-, -alkenyl- or -hydroxyalkyl; each rad- ical R is independent of the others Cs-28-alkyl- or alkenyl;

Ry is Ra or (CH2)n-T- Rp; Rg is Ra or Rfs or (CH2)n-T- Rp; T = -CH2-, -O-CO- or -CO-O- and

n is between 0 and 5.

Preferred cationic surfactants present in the composition according to the invention include hydroxyalkyl-trialkyl-ammonium-compounds, especially Ci2-i8-alkyl(hydroxyethyl)dime- thylammonium compounds, and especially preferred the corresponding chloride salts. Compositions of the present invention can, for example, contain between 0 wt-% and 15 wt-%, especially between 0.5 wt-% and 15 wt-% of the cationic surfactant, based on the total weight of the compostion.

It is also possible to use further bleach catalysts, which are commonly known, for example transition metal complexes as disclosed in EP 1 194514, EP 1383857, WO 04/007657 or WO 07/001262. The compositions may comprise, in addition one or more optical brighteners, for example from the classes bis-triazinylamino-stilbenedisulfonic acid, bis-triazolyl-stilbenedisulfonic acid, bis-styryl-biphenyl or bis-benzofuranylbiphenyl, a bis-benzoxalyl derivative, bis-ben- zimidazolyl derivative or coumarin derivative or a pyrazoline derivative. The compositions may furthermore comprise one or more further additives. Such additives are, for example, dirt-suspending agents, for example sodium carboxymethylcellulose; pH regulators, for example alkali metal or alkaline earth metal silicates; foam regulators, for example soap; salts for adjusting the spray drying and the granulating properties, for example sodium sulfate; perfumes; polymers including carboxylate polymers, polyester soil release polymers such as terephthalate polymers, amine polymers, cellulosic polymers; polymers that are releasing soils from the farbric and/or providing suspension of soils dispersed in the wash liquor which in turn prevents deposition of soils back onto the fabrics being washed and also, if appropriate, antistatics and softening agents such as, for example, smectite; bleaching agents; pigments; and/or toning agents. These constituents should especially be stable to any bleaching agent employed.

Furthermore, the cleaning compositions may optionally also comprise enzymes. Enzymes can be added for the purpose of stain removal. The enzymes usually improve the action on stains caused by protein or starch, such as, for example, blood, milk, grass or fruit juices.

Examples of suitable enzymes include, but are not limited to, hemicellulases, peroxidases, proteases, cellulases, xylanases, lipases, phospholipases, esterases, cutinases, pectinases, mannanases, pectate lyases, keratinases, reductases, oxidases, phenoloxidases, lipoxygenases, ligninases, pullulanases, tannases, pentosanases, malanases, β-glucanases, arabino- sidases, hyaluronidases, chondroitinases, laccases, nucleases and amylases, or mixtures thereof.

In one embodiment preferred enzymes include a protease. Suitable proteases include metallo-proteases and serine proteases, including neutral or alkaline microbial serine prote- ases, such as subtilisins (EC 3.4.21.62). Suitable proteases include those of animal, vegetable or microbial origin. In one aspect, such suitable protease may be of microbial origin. The suitable proteases include chemically or genetically modified mutants of the aforementioned suitable proteases. In one aspect, the suitable protease may be a serine protease, such as an alkaline microbial pro-tease or/and a trypsin-type protease. Examples of suitable neutral or alkaline proteases include:

(a) subtilisins (EC 3.4.21.62), including those derived from Bacillus, such as Bacillus lentus, B. alkalophilus, B. subtilis, B. amyloliquefaciens, Bacillus pumilus and Bacillus gibsonii as described in U.S. Pat. No. 6,312,936 B1 , U.S. Pat. No. 5,679,630, U.S. Pat. No. 4,760,025, U.S. Pat. No. 7,262,042 and WO09/021867. The main representatives are the subtilisins from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens (called BPN') and Bacillus licheniformis (called subtilisin Carlsberg), the serine protease PB92, subtilisin 147 and/or 309 (sold under the trade name Savinase® by Novozymes A / S, Bagsvaerd , Denmark) and subtilisin from Bacillus lentus, especially from Bacillus lentus (DSM 5483) and each of the variants available via mutagen- esis of these enzymes Examples as described in WO 89/06276 and EP 0 283 075, WO 89/06279, WO 89/09830, WO 35 89/09819 and W09106637. Proteases of the subtilisin type (subtilases, subtilopeptidases, EC 3.4.21.62, valid as of September 9, 2014) are classed as belonging to the serine proteases, due to the catalytically active amino acids. They are naturally produced and secreted by microorganisms, in particular by Bacillus species. They act as unspecific endopeptidases, i.e. they hydrolyze any acid amide bonds located inside peptides or proteins. Their pH optimum is usually within the distinctly alkaline range. A review of this family is provided, for example, in the paper "Subtilases: Subtilisin-like Proteases" by R. Siezen, pages 75-95 in "Subtilisin enzymes", edited by R. Bott and C. Betzel, New York, 1996. Subtilisins are suitable for a multiplicity of possible technical uses, in particular as ac- tive ingredients of detergents or cleaning agents. The class of serine proteases share a common amino acid sequence defining a catalytic triad which distinguishes them from the chy- motrypsin related class of serine proteases.

(b) trypsin-type or chymotrypsin-type proteases, such as trypsin (e.g., of porcine or bovine origin), including the Fusarium protease described in WO 89/06270 and the chymotrypsin proteases derived from Cellumonasas described in WO 05/052161 and WO05/052146. The subtilisins and chymotrypsin related serine proteases both have a catalytic triad comprising aspartate, histidine and serine. In the subtilisin related proteases the relative order of these amino acids, reading from the amino to carboxy terminus is aspartate-histidine-serine. In the chymotrypsin related proteases the relative order, however is histidine-aspartate-serine. Thus, subtilisin herein refers to a serine protease having the catalytic triad of subtilisin related proteases.

(c) metalloproteases, including those derived from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens described in WO 07/044993A2., neutralprotease NprE (EC:3.4.24.28) described in US 201 1/0104786 A1 and proteinase T (Thermolysin) described in EP 2205732 A2 (Danisco US Inc., now DuPont Nutrition & Health).

Suitable commercially available protease enzymes include those sold under the trade names ALCALASE®, SAVINASE®, PRIMASE®, DURAZYM®, POLARZYME®, KANNASE®, Ll- QUANASE®, LIQUANASE ULTRA®, SAVINASE ULTRA®, OVOZYME®, NEUTRASE®, EVERLASE® and ESPERASE® by Novozymes A/S (Denmark), those sold under the trade- name MAXATASE®, MAXACALI®, MAXAPEM®, PROPERASE®, PURAFECT® (EF- FECTENZ™P), PURAFECT PRIME® (PREFERENZ™P), PURAFECTOX®, FN3®, FN4®, EXCELLASE® (EXCELLENCE™ P) and PURAFECTOXP® by Genencor International, those sold under the tradename OPTICLEAN® and OPTIMASE® by Solvay Enzymes.

Suitable alpha-amylases include those of bacterial or fungal origin. Chemically or genetically modified mutants (variants) are included. A preferred alkaline alpha-amylase is derived from a strain of Bacillus, such as Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, Bacillus stea- rothermophilus, Bacillus subtilis, or other Bacillus sp., such as Bacillus sp. NCIB12289, NCIB 12512, NCIB 12513, DSM 9375 (U.S. Pat. No. 7,153,818) DSM 12368, DSMZ no. 12649, KSM AP1378 (WO 97/00324), KSM K36 or KSM K38 (EP 1 ,022,334). Suitable commercially available alpha-amylases include DURAMYL®, LIQUEZYME®, TER-MAMYL®, TER- MAMYL ULTRA®, NATALASE®, SUPRAMYL®, STAINZYME®, STAINZYME PLUS®, FUNGAMYL®, AMPLIFY® and BAN® (Novozymes A/S, Bagsvaerd, Denmark), KEMZYM® AT 9000 Biozym Biotech Trading GmbH Wehlistrasse 27b A-1200 Wien Austria, RAPI- DASE®, PURASTAR® (EFFECTENZ™ S), ENZYSIZE®, OPTISIZE HT PLUS®, 5 POWERASE® and PURASTAR OXAM® (Genencor International Inc., Palo Alto, Calif., now part of Du Pont Nutrition & Health) and KAM® (Kao, 14-10 Nihonbashi Kayabacho, 1 -chome, Chuo-ku Tokyo 103-8210, Japan). In one aspect, suitable amylases include NATALASE®, STAINZYME® and STAINZYME PLUS® and mixtures thereof.

In one embodiment of the invention, such enzymes may be selected from the group consisting of: lipases, including "first cycle lipases" such as those described in U.S. Pat. No. 6,939,702 B1 and US PA 2009/0217464. In one aspect, the lipase is a first-wash lipase, preferably a variant of the wild-type lipase from Thermomyces lanuginosus comprising one or more of the T231 R and N233R mutations. The wild-type sequence is the 269 amino acids (amino acids 23-291 ) of the Swissprot accession number Swiss-Prot 059952 (derived from Thermomyces lanuginosus (Humicola lanuginosa)). Preferred lipases would include those sold under the tradenames LIPEX® and LIPOLEX®.

In one aspect, other preferred enzymes include microbial-derived endoglucanases exhibiting endo-beta-1 ,4-glucanase activity (E.C. 3.2.1 .4), including a bacterial polypeptide endogenous to a member of the genus Bacillus which has a sequence of at least 90%, 94%, 97% and even 99% identity to the amino acid sequence SEQ ID NO:2 in U.S. Pat. No. 7,141 ,403B2) and mixtures thereof. Suitable endoglucanases are sold under the tradenames CELLUCLEAN® and WHITEZYME® (Novozymes A/S, Bagsvaerd, Denmark).

Other preferred enzymes include pectate lyases sold under the tradenames PECTAWASH®, PECTAWAY®, XPECT® and mannanases sold under the tradenames MANNAWAY® (all from Novozymes A/S, Bagsvaerd, Denmark), and PURABRITE®, MANNASTAR® (Genencor International Inc., Palo Alto, Calif.).

Exemplary enzymes may be selected from the group consisting of oxi reductases, transferases, hydrolases, lyases, isomerases and lipases. The enzymes, when used, may be present in a total amount of from 0.01 to 5 wt-%, especially from 0.05 to 5 wt-% and more especially from 0.1 to 4 wt-%, based on the total weight of the cleaning compositon, especially detergent formulation. The cleaning compositions herein may also optionally contain one or more heavy metal chelating agents, such as hydroxyethyldiphosphonate (HEDP). More generally, chelating agents suitable for use herein can be selected from the group consisting of amino carboxylates, amino phosphonates, polyfunctionally-substituted aromatic chelating agents and mixtures thereof. Other suitable chelating agents for use herein are the commercial DEQUEST series, and chelants from Nalco, Inc.

Aminocarboxylates useful as optional chelating agents include ethylenediaminetetracetates, N-hydroxyethylethylenediaminetriacetates, nitrilotriacetates, ethylenediamine tetraproprio- nates, triethylenetetraaminehexacetates, diethylenetriamine-pentaacetates, and ethanoldi- glycines, alkali metal, ammonium, and substituted ammonium salts thereof and mixtures thereof. Furthermore, polymeric aminocarboxylates are useful, suitable agents herein are the commercially available as TRILON P products.

Aminophosphonates are also suitable for use as chelating agents in the compositions of the invention when at least low levels of total phosphorus are permitted in detergent compositions, and include ethylenediaminetetrakis (methylenephosphonates).

Further biodegradable sequestrants are, for example, aminoacid acetates, such as Trilon M (BASF) and Dissolvine GL (AKZO), as well as citrate and asparaginic acid derivatives, such as Baypure CX.

Preferably, the aminophosphonates do not contain alkyl or alkenyl groups with more than about 6 carbon atoms. A highly preferred biodegradable chelator for use herein is ethylenediamine disuccinate ("EDDS").

If utilized, these chelating agents or transition-metal selective sequestrants will generally comprise from about 0.001 wt-% to about 10 wt-%, more preferably from about 0.05 wt-% to about 1 wt-% of the dishwashing detergent formulations, more preferably automatic dishwashing detergent formulations herein.

Further preferred additives to the compositions according to the invention are dye-fixing agents and/or polymers which, during the washing of textiles, prevent staining and/or dye transfer caused by dyes in the washing liquor that have been released from the textiles under the washing conditions. Such polymers are preferably polyvinylpyrrolidones, polyvi- nylimidazoles or polyvinylpyridine-N-oxides, which may have been modified by the incorporation of anionic or cationic substituents, especially those having amolecular weight in the range of from 5000 to 60 000, more especially from 10 000 to 50 000. Such polymers are usually used in a total amount of from 0.01 to 5 wt-%, especially from 0.05 to 5 wt-%, more especially from 0.1 to 2 wt-%, based on the total weight of the cleaning composition, especially of a detergent formulation. Preferred polymers are those mentioned in WO-A- 02/02865 (see especially page 1 , last paragraph and page 2, first paragraph) and those in WO-A-04/05688.

As solvents mentioned as component D), polar solvents are preferred. Especially preferred are Ci-C4-alcohols or water or mixtures thereof.

The amount of solvent (component D)) is preferably from 0 to 60 weight-%, especially 0 to 20 weight-% and more preferably 0 to 10 weight-%.

Components D) and E) are preferably different from compound of formula (2).

Due to their good water solubility the incorporation of the compounds of formulae (1 ) and (2) is easily possible.

The excellent levelling properties of the composition allow in many cases direct application onto the fabric by way of a (pre)treatment with the liquid formulation. Usually no spotting is observed.

If appropriate, the liquid cleaning composition according to the invention can further comprise optional additives; examples are preservatives or mixtures of preservatives, such as chloro- acetamide, triazine derivates, benzoisothiazolines, 2-methyl-2H-isothiazol-3on, 2-octyl-2H- isothiazol-3on, 2-brom-2-nitropropan-1 ,3-diol or aqueous formaldehyde solution; odour im- provers and perfuming agent or mixtures thereof; antifoam agents or mixtures thereof; protective colloids or mixtures thereof; stabilizers or mixtures thereof; sequestering agents and antifreeze agents or mixtures thereof.

The amount of further additives (component F)) is preferably from 0 to 15 weight-%, espe- daily 0 to 10 weight-%, based on the total weight of the composition.

The washing compositions are usually formulated that the washing liquor has a pH value of about 3.0 - 1 1 , preferably 5 to 1 1 and more preferably 7.5 - 1 1 during the whole washing procedure. For the application of other liquid cleaning compositions it is preferred that these exhibit the same pH ranges.

The liquor ratio in the washing process is usually 1 :4 to 1 :40, preferably 1 :4 to 1 :30.

The washing procedure is usually done in a washing machine.

There are various types of washing machines, for example:

top-loader-washing machines with a verticle rotating axis; these machines, which have usually a capacity of about 45 to 83 litres, are used for washing processes at temperatures of 10 - 50°C and washing cycles of about 10 - 60 minutes. Such types of washing machines are often used in the USA; front-loader-washing machine with a horizontal rotating axis; these machines, which have usually a capacity of about 8 to 15 litres, are used for washing processes at temperatures of 30 - 95°C and washing cycles of about 10 - 60 minutes. Such types of washing machines are often used in Europe;

- top-loader- washing machines with a verticle rotating axis; these machines, which have usually a capacity of about 26 to 52 litres, are used for washing processes at temperatures of 5 - 25°C and washing cycles of about 8 - 15 minutes. Such types of washing machines are often used in Japan;

cleaning apparatus consisting of a rotatably mounted cylindrical drum that employs a solid particulate material or a multiplicity of solid particles for the cleaning of soiled substrates (US 2015/0128358). The polymeric particles may, for example, comprise particles of polyamides, polyesters, polyalkenes, polyurethanes or their copolymers, a particular example being nylon beads (WO2007/128962). Application of the inventive cleaning compositions is also possible in industry scale washing machines (e.g. on-premise laundry, off-premise laundry or tunnel washer systems).

The cleaning compositions according to the instant invention can be applied from single or multi chamber containers or detergent pouches, including but not being limited to applica- tion in liquid and gel form.

The cleaning composition according to the instant invention can also be used in a soaking process, where the stained textiles are left for 0.1 - 24 hours in a solution or suspension of the detergent and/or bleaching laundry additive without agitation. Soaking can take place for example in a bucket or in a washing machine. Usually the textiles are washed and/or rinsed after the soaking process.

The liquid cleaning compositions of the instant invention have preferably a pH value of 3 - 1 1 , especially 5 to 1 1 and more preferably 7.5 - 1 1.

A further aspect of the invention is a process for removing stains and soil from textile materials comprising the steps

a) treating a textile material with a liquid cleaning composition as described above; and b) rinsing or washing the textile material.

Treating a textile material with a liquid cleaning composition may be carried out, for example in a conventional washing process either a hand washing process or a machine washing process. The treatment can, however, also be carried out in a separate process, such as a spraying, soaking, padding or rinsing.

Also an aspect of the invention is the use of a compound of formula (1 ) together with a compound of formula (2) as described above and hydrogen peroxide or a hydrogen peroxide precursor to prevent the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide in a liquid cleaning composition. As to the liquid cleaning composition the defintions and preferences given hereinbefore apply.

Yet another aspect of the invention is a process for preventing hydrogen peroxide or a pre- cursor of hydrogen peroxide from decomposition in a liquid cleaning composition by adding to the liquid cleaning composition containing hydrogen peroxide or a precursor of hydrogen peroxide a compound of formula (1 ) together with a compound of formula (2) as described above. As to the liquid cleaning composition the defintions and preferences given hereinbefore apply. It is preferred that the liquid cleaning composition is a liquid detergent.

The definitions and preferences given above apply equally for all aspects of the invention. The following examples illustrate the invention.

Application Examples:

Compound 1

Figure imgf000020_0001

Compound 1 is prepared according to WO 2012/080088.

Example 1 : (Stability of Compound 1 in presence of hydrogenperoxide and different concentrations of polyethyleneglycole)

1g of Compound 1 and 3.3g hydrogenperoxide are dissolved in polyethylenglycol/water mixtures of different ratios; pH is adjusted to pH 3.0 using 1 M H2SO4. The solutions are stored in glass bottles at room temperature (23°C). The content of Compound 1 is analyzed by UV analytics after different periods of storage time. Peroxide concentration is determined by redox titration.

1 1 2 3 4 5 6

Day Week Weeks Weeks Weeks Weeks Weeks

95.7% H20 0.98 0.87 0.83 0.72

30% PEG200

0.98 0.94 0.92 0.84 0.66 0.69 0.51

+ 65.7% H20

50% PEG200

0.99 0.98 0.91 0.91 0.8 0.78 0.76

+ 45.7% H20

70% PEG200

1 0.98 0.96 0.95 0.95 0.94 0.93

+ 25.7% H20

90% PEG200

0.99 0.98 0.98 0.93 0.94 0.91 0.88

+ 5.7% H20 Table 1.: Concentration of Compound 1 [%] over time at different PEG200/water ratios at 3.3% H2O2 concentration

The results indicate that Compound 1 stability in hydrogenperoxide containing solutions increases with increasing PEG concentration.

Example 2: (Stability of hydrogenperoxide with water free detergent in presence and absence of PEG200 and Compound 1 )

The following liquid formulations are stored with and without Compound 1 (1 %) in clear glass bottles at room temperature (23°C).

The pH was adjusted with 10% NaOH in a way that a 1 :20 dilution in water resulted in pH 9.5

Figure imgf000021_0001

The concentration of hydrogenperoxide is monitored by redox titration over time.

Figure imgf000021_0002

The results indicate a boost in storage stability of the hydrogenperoxide at alkaline pH in presence of PEG200.

Figure imgf000021_0003

The results indicate a boost in storage stability of the hydrogenperoxide at alkaline pH in presence of Compound 1 .

The water free HDL Detergent (pH 1 1.2) was prepared as follows:

MARLINAT 242/90M 30 weight-%

Dequest 2060S 3 weight-%

1 ,2-propylene glycol 13 weight-% Isopropanol 6 weight-%

MARLIPAL 24/40 15 weight-%

MARLIPAL 24/70 10 weight-%

Coco fatty acid 15 weight-%

Ethanolamin 8 weight-%

Example 3: (Stability of Compound 1 in water free detergent containing hydrogen peroxide in presence and absence of PEG200)

Formulations A, B, C and E each contain 1 % of Compound 1. The following liquid formulations are stored with and without PEG200 in clear glass bottles at room temperature (23°C).

The pH is adjusted with 10% NaOH in a way that a 1 :20 dilution in water resulted in pH 9.5.

Figure imgf000022_0001

The results indicate a superior storage stability of Compound 1 in presence of hydrogen peroxide in the PEG200 containing formulations.

Claims

Claims
1. A cleaning composition in liquid form comprising
A) 0.0001 to 5% of a compound of formula (1 ) based on the total weight of the liquid position
Figure imgf000023_0001
wherein
Ri, R2, Rj, R4 independently from each other are hydrogen, unsubstituted or substituted Ci- C28alkyl, Ci-C28alkoxy, C2-C2salkenyl, C2-C22alkinyl, C3-Ci2cycloalkyl, C3-Ci2cycloalkenyl, C7-Cgaralkyl, C3-C2oheteroalkyl, C3-Ci2cycloheteroalkyl, Cs-Ci6heteroaralkyl, unsubstituted or substituted phenyl or napththyl, wherein the substituents for the radicals are selected from the group consisting of Ci-C4alkyl; Ci-C4alkoxy; hydroxy; sulfo; sulfato; halogen; cyano; nitro; carboxy; amino; N-mono- or N,N-di-Ci-C4alkylamino unsubstituted or substituted by hydroxy in the alkyl moiety; N-phenylamino; N-naphthylamino wherein the amino groups may be quaternised; phenyl; phenoxy; naphthyloxy; ORn; NR11 R12; NO2 or halogen; or
Ri and R2, R2 and R3 or R3 and R4 are linked together to form 1 , 2 or 3 carbocyclic or heterocyclic rings, which may be uninterrupted or interrupted by one or more -0-, -S- or -NR13- and or which may be further fused with other aromatic rings and/or which may be substituted with one or more Ci-C6akyl groups;
R5 denotes hydrogen, unsubstituted or substituted Ci-C2salkyl, C2-C2salkenyl, C2-C22al- kinyl, C3-Ci2cycloalkyl, C3-Ci2cycloalkenyl, Cz-Cgaralkyl, C3-C2oheteroalkyl, C3-Ci2cyclohet- eroalkyl, Cs-Ci6heteroaralkyl, unsubstituted or substituted phenyl, or unsubstituted or substituted heteroaryl; wherein the substituents for the radicals are selected from the group consisting of Ci-C4alkyl; Ci-C4alkoxy; hydroxy; sulfo; sulfato; halogen; cyano; nitro; carboxy; amino; N-mono- or N,N-di-Ci-C4alkylamino unsubstituted or substituted by hydroxy in the alkyl moiety; N-phenylamino; N-naphthylamino wherein the amino groups may be quater- nised; phenyl; phenoxy or naphthyloxy;
Re denotes hydrogen, Ci-C2salkyl, C2-C2salkenyl, C2-C22alkinyl, C3-Ci2cycloalkyl, C3-Ci2cy- cloalkenyl, Cz-Cgaralkyl, C3-C2oheteroalkyl, C3-Ci2cycloheteroalkyl, Cs-Ci6heteroaralkyl, unsubstituted or substituted phenyl or naphtyl, or unsubstituted or substituted heteroaryl; wherein the substituents for the radicals are selected from the group consisting of Ci-C4alkyl; Ci-C4alkoxy; hydroxy; sulfo; sulfato; halogen; cyano; nitro; carboxy; amino; N-mono- or N,N- di-Ci-C4alkylamino unsubstituted or substituted by hydroxy in the alkyl moiety; N-phenylamino; N-naphthylamino wherein the amino groups may be quaternised; phenyl; phenoxy or naphthyloxy; or
Figure imgf000024_0001
k is an integer from 1 to 4;
A- is the anion of an organic or inorganic acid;
R10 denotes hydrogen, Ci-C2salkyl, C2-C2salkenyl, C2-C22alkinyl, C3-Ci2cycloalkyl, C3- Ci2cycloalkenyl, Cz-Cgaralkyl, C3-C2oheteroalkyl, C3-Ci2cycloheteroalkyl, Cs-Ci6het- eroaralkyl;
R11, R12 independently are hydrogen, Ci-Cisalkyl or phenyl; or Rn and R12 together with the nitrogen atom to which they are bonded form a 5 or 6 membered-ring which may contain a further N, O or S atom.
R13 denotes hydrogen or Ci-Ciealkyl;
B) from 0.1 % to 30% H2O2 or a precursor of H2O2 based on the total weight of the liquid composition;
C) from 5% to 99% of a compound of formula (2) based on the total weight of the liquid composition;
Figure imgf000024_0002
m (2),
wherein
n is an integer from 2 to 500,
m is an integer from 1 to 6,
the R groups are independently hydrogen or Ci-C4alkyl; and
A is hydrogen, the residue of an alcohol, or a sugar residue;
D) from 0% to 70% of at least one solvent based on the total weight of the liquid composition;
E) from 0 to 94% of an anionic or non-ionic surfactant based on the total weight of the liquid composition;
F) from 0% to 20% of at least one further additive based on the total weight of the liquid composition; the components adding to a total of 100%.
2. A cleaning composition in liquid form according to claim 1 wherein in the compound of formula (1 )
Ri , R2, R3, R4 independently from each other are hydrogen, d-Cealkyl, d-Cealkoxy, halo¬
Figure imgf000025_0001
R5 denotes hydrogen or Ci-Cisalkyl;
Re denotes hydrogen or Ci-Cisalkyl;
Rio Rio Rio
R7 is a group \ ' \ , \ + \ , \ + ~~i or
— (CH2)-N 0 — (CH2)-N S — (CH2)-N I
-O each group with an anion A-;
Figure imgf000025_0002
k is an integer from 1 to 4;
A- is the anion of an organic or inorganic acid ;
R10 denotes hydrogen or Ci-Cisalkyl,
R11 , R12 independently are hydrogen, Ci-Cisalkyl or
3. A cleaning composition in liquid form according to claim 1 or 2 wherein in the compound of formula (1 )
Ri , R2, Rj, R4 independently from each other are hydrogen, OH , or methyl;
R5 denotes hydrogen;
Re denotes hydrogen;
R7 is a with an anion A-;
Figure imgf000025_0003
k is 1 ;
A- is is the anion of an organic or inorganic acid;
R10 denotes methyl.
4. A cleaning composition in liquid form according to claim 1 to 3 wherein in the compound of formula (1 )
Ri , R2, Rj, R4 are hydrogen;
R5 denotes hydrogen;
R6 denotes hydrogen;
R7 is a group
Figure imgf000025_0004
k is 1 ;
A- is CI- or Br;
R10 denotes methyl.
5. A cleaning composition in liquid form according to claim 1 to 4 wherein the compound of formula (1 ) is compound 102
compound 104
Figure imgf000026_0001
' H 1 H
or compound 105.
Figure imgf000026_0002
6. A cleaning composition in liquid form according to claim 1 to 5 wherein in the compound of formula (2) m = 1.
7. A cleaning composition in liquid form according to claim 1 to 6 wherein in the compound of formula (2)
n = 5 - 100;
m = 1 ;
R = hydrogen; and
A = hydrogen.
8. A cleaning composition in liquid form according to claim 1 to 5 wherein the compound of formula (2) is a polyethylene glycole having an average molecular weight Mw of from 90 to 600.
9. A cleaning composition according to claims 1 to 8 having a pH between 5 and 1 1.
10. A cleaning composition according to claims 1 to 9, wherein the cleaning compositon is a liquid detergent, washing, pre-treatment or bleaching composition, or a liquid bleach booster.
1 1. A cleaning composition according to claim 10, wherein the cleaning compositon is a liquid detergent.
12. A process for removing stains and soil from textile materials comprising the steps a) treating a textile material with a cleaning composition according to claims 1 to 1 1 ; and b) rinsing or washing the textile material.
13. Use of a compound of formula (1 ) together with a compound of formula (2) as defined in claim 1 and hydrogen peroxide or a hydrogen peroxide precursor
to prevent the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide in a liquid cleaning composition.
14. Use according to claim 13 wherein the liquid cleaning composition is a composition according to claims 1 to 1 1 .
15. A process for preventing hydrogen peroxide or a precursor of hydrogen peroxide from decomposition in a liquid cleaning composition
by adding to the liquid cleaning composition containing hydrogen peroxide or a precursor of hydrogen peroxide a compound of formula (1 ) together with a compound of formula (2) according to claim 1.
16. A process according to claim 15 wherein the liquid cleaning composition is a composition according to claims 1 to 1 1.
PCT/EP2017/058406 2016-04-18 2017-04-07 Liquid cleaning compositions WO2017182295A1 (en)

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EP16165730.9 2016-04-18

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