WO2017134401A1 - Flush-mounting electrical enclosure and adaptable control interface on said enclosure - Google Patents

Flush-mounting electrical enclosure and adaptable control interface on said enclosure Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2017134401A1
WO2017134401A1 PCT/FR2017/050250 FR2017050250W WO2017134401A1 WO 2017134401 A1 WO2017134401 A1 WO 2017134401A1 FR 2017050250 W FR2017050250 W FR 2017050250W WO 2017134401 A1 WO2017134401 A1 WO 2017134401A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
electrical
pot
means
control
ac
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/FR2017/050250
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Benoît VAN DEN BULCKE
Alexandre Chailleux
Jean-Luc TRAMOY
Original Assignee
Plense
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to FR1650939A priority Critical patent/FR3047603B1/en
Priority to FR1650939 priority
Application filed by Plense filed Critical Plense
Publication of WO2017134401A1 publication Critical patent/WO2017134401A1/en

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H9/00Details of switching devices, not covered by groups H01H1/00 - H01H7/00
    • H01H9/08Arrangements to facilitate replacement of a switch, e.g. cartridge housing
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H2223/00Casings
    • H01H2223/01Mounting on appliance
    • H01H2223/014Mounting on appliance located in recess
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H2231/00Applications
    • H01H2231/012Household appliance
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H2239/00Miscellaneous
    • H01H2239/048Miscellaneous comprising microphone or speaker
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H2300/00Orthogonal indexing scheme relating to electric switches, relays, selectors or emergency protective devices covered by H01H
    • H01H2300/03Application domotique, e.g. for house automation, bus connected switches, sensors, loads or intelligent wiring
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H2300/00Orthogonal indexing scheme relating to electric switches, relays, selectors or emergency protective devices covered by H01H
    • H01H2300/03Application domotique, e.g. for house automation, bus connected switches, sensors, loads or intelligent wiring
    • H01H2300/032Application domotique, e.g. for house automation, bus connected switches, sensors, loads or intelligent wiring using RFID technology in switching devices
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H9/00Details of switching devices, not covered by groups H01H1/00 - H01H7/00
    • H01H9/02Bases, casings, or covers
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H9/00Details of switching devices, not covered by groups H01H1/00 - H01H7/00
    • H01H9/16Indicators for switching condition, e.g. "on" or "off"
    • H01H9/168Indicators for switching condition, e.g. "on" or "off" making use of an electromagnetic wave communication
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/62Means for facilitating engagement or disengagement of coupling parts or for holding them in engagement
    • H01R13/6205Two-part coupling devices held in engagement by a magnet
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R24/00Two-part coupling devices, or either of their cooperating parts, characterised by their overall structure
    • H01R24/76Two-part coupling devices, or either of their cooperating parts, characterised by their overall structure with sockets, clips or analogous contacts and secured to apparatus or structure, e.g. to a wall
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02B90/20Systems integrating technologies related to power network operation and communication or information technologies mediating in the improvement of the carbon footprint of the management of residential or tertiary loads, i.e. smart grids as enabling technology in buildings sector
    • Y02B90/22Systems characterised by the monitored, controlled or operated end-user elements or equipments
    • Y02B90/224Systems characterised by the monitored, controlled or operated end-user elements or equipments the elements or equipments being or involving protection elements, switches, relays or circuit breakers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S20/00Systems supporting the management or operation of end-user stationary applications, including also the last stages of power distribution and the control, monitoring or operating management systems at local level
    • Y04S20/10System characterised by the monitored, controlled or operated end-user elements or equipments
    • Y04S20/14The elements or equipments being or involving protection elements, switches, relays or circuit breakers

Abstract

The device (1) enables control of one or more electrical appliances connected to an electrical grid. It comprises an electrical enclosure (10) and a control interface(11). The electrical enclosure (10) comprises a flush-mounting pot (100A), an AC/DC or AC/AC converter (102), which transforms a high-power AC electrical signal into a low-power DC or AC electrical signal, and power control means (103), the converter (102) and power control means (103) being housed inside said pot. The electrical enclosure (10) further comprises first electrical connection means (106a, 106b), preferably first quick electrical connection means, which are supplied by the DC or AC electrical signal delivered by said converter (102). The control interface (11) is suitable for being removably attached to the front of the flush-mounting pot (100A) of the electrical enclosure, while being electrically connected to at least the first electrical connection means (106a, 106b) of said enclosure.

Description

 ENCASTRABLE ELECTRICAL BOX AND ADAPTABLE CONTROL INTERFACE ON THIS HOUSING

Technical area

 The present invention relates to the remote control of electrical appliances, particularly in the field of home automation. Its main objects are a new electrical box built into a wall such as a wall or a partition, and a control interface, which is adaptable on said housing so as to form an intelligent control device. Each control device may preferably comprise wireless communication means, which make it possible to easily form, by means of several control devices, a wireless communication network, and in particular a mesh network of "mesh" type.

 Prior art

In a conventional electrical installation, a mechanical switch or the like for controlling an electrical appliance (light, shutter, heater, air conditioner, etc.) connected to or connected to the general electrical network, is usually fixed to a wall , such as a wall or a partition, through an electrical connection box. An electrical connection box is constituted by a pot, which is generally made of plastic material, and which is easily embedded in a reservation formed in said wall. This pot is in the form of an open receptacle having a bottom extended transversely and over its entire periphery by a side wall, so as to define a housing for the mechanical switch or the like. The shape and dimensions of this type of pot are generally standardized. Most often, but not necessarily, this type of pot is cylindrical. In the bottom of the pot are provided openings for the passage of the electrical son of connection to the general power grid. The connection to the general electrical network of the mechanical switch or equivalent is thus made through the bottom of the pot. When you want to install or change a mechanical switch or equivalent, it is therefore necessary prior to the electrical connection to the general power network delivering a high-power AC signal, for example an AC electrical signal of 220 volts. This connection operation is tedious, generates significant risks of electrocution, and should preferably be performed by qualified personnel, to avoid in particular the risk of short circuit.

 In the field of home automation, it has been proposed to date different types of intelligent switches able to communicate wirelessly and remotely between them and / or with a remote control, and for example with a mobile phone, for remote control domestic electrical appliances electrically connected to the electricity grid.

 More particularly, it has for example already been proposed to this day to replace, in a domestic electrical installation, a conventional mechanical switch, by a control device, which incorporates triacs type power switching means, which can be easily housed in a conventional electric pot, and remotely remotely controlled, for example by means of a mobile phone in which is stored a suitable software application. This control device integrable into an electrical connection pot can also communicate remotely with other control devices so as to form a wireless communication network. In this solution, the control device which is housed in the pot must be wired electrically connected to the general electrical network delivering a high power alternating current (AC). This connecting operation, tedious and significant source of electrocution risks, must be performed every time you want to install or replace a control device in situ.

Other types of intelligent switches, which are able in particular to be substituted for conventional mechanical switches in an existing electrical installation, are described for example in the application US2004 / 0067144 and in US Patent Application US 2002/02804040.

 More particularly, in the aforementioned US patent application 2015/02804040, the intelligent switch, designated "master switch" in this publication, comprises wireless communication means allowing it to form, with other intelligent switches sufficiently close, a mesh-type wireless mesh communication network using Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) technology. This intelligent switch can also communicate wirelessly in BLE technology with a hub hub, which is able to interpret and convert a WIFI signal to a corresponding BLE signal, so as to allow communication over a greater distance with devices further away through the Internet.

 In all cases these smart switches must be wired electrically connected to the general power grid delivering a high power alternating current (AC), and this connection operation, tedious and significant source of electrocution risks, must be carried out each time. that we want to install or replace in situ a smart switch.

US Pat. No. 8,781,639 has also proposed a recessed receptacle in a wall such as a wall or a partition, on which at least one outlet can be fixed and connected for connecting an electrical appliance to the electrical network; this built-in receptacle integrates a microprocessor (MCU), communication means for forming a communication network with other receptacles of the same type and electronic means for measuring the local power consumption through the electrical outlet. This receptacle also incorporates an AC / DC converter, which must be electrically connected to the general network. The low power DC signal delivered by the converter is used to power the microprocessor, the communication means network and electronic means for measuring electricity consumption. In this technical solution, the electrical outlet must necessarily, as for a conventional electrical outlet, be wired electrically connected to the general electrical network delivering a high power alternating current (AC).

 It has also been proposed in the European patent application EP1 260 886 a home automation system implementing electrical boxes which are recessed (Figures 7, 7b, 7c) and which incorporate an electronics comprising a transformer, power control means, and an electrical connector on the front that is not electrically connected to the transformer. This front electrical connector through which strong currents can pass carries a risk of electrocution for the user.

 Objective of the invention

 An object of the invention is to propose a new technical solution,

 - which implements control interfaces intended to be fixed in situ on a wall, such as a wall or a partition, and for remotely controlling electrical appliances connected to the general electricity grid,

 - which can be easily and quickly implemented and deployed in a new or existing electrical installation, and

 - which offers the possibility to easily and quickly change control interface in situ, without risk of electrocution and without having to perform an electrical connection operation of this control interface to the electrical network delivering a high power alternating current (AC) , an electrical connection operation that is tedious and a major source of electrocution risks.

Summary of the invention According to a first aspect, the invention thus has as its first object an electrical box comprising a recessed pot, an AC / DC or AC / AC converter, which makes it possible to transform a high power AC electric signal into a continuous or alternating electrical signal of lower power, and power control means, the converter and the power control means being housed inside said pot; the electrical box further comprises first electrical connection means, which are powered by the DC or AC electrical signal delivered by said AC / DC converter.

 In this text, the term "AC / DC converter" refers to any electrical and / or electronic device that allows, regardless of the technology used, to transform a high power AC electrical signal into a lower power DC signal. , and in particular a low power continuous electric signal. Typically, but not limited to the invention, the "AC / DC" converter may for example be designed to transform an AC electrical signal 220v into a continuous electrical signal between 0 and 15 volts and more particularly between 0 and 5 volts. In this text, the term "AC / AC converter" refers to any electrical and / or electronic device that allows, regardless of the technology used, to transform a high power AC electrical signal into a lower power AC signal. , and in particular a low-power alternating electric signal.

According to a second aspect, the subject of the invention is also an electrical box comprising a built-in pot, power control means and possibly an AC / DC or AC / AC converter, which makes it possible to transform a high power AC electrical signal into a DC or AC electrical signal of lower power, the power control means and, if appropriate, the converter being housed inside said pot, and means for controlling the temperature inside the pot that automatically cut the operation of the power control means, depending on the temperature measured inside the pot. This avoids the risk of fire in case of overheating in the pot.

 The subject of the invention is also a device for controlling one or more electrical appliances connected to an electrical network, said device comprising an above-mentioned electrical box and a control interface, which is adapted to be fixed, removably, in front of the built-in pot of the electrical box.

 The invention also relates to a device for controlling one or more electrical appliances connected to an electrical network, said device comprising an electrical box and a control interface, the electrical box comprising a built-in pot, power control means , and possibly an AC / DC or AC / AC converter, which makes it possible to transform a high power AC electric signal into a DC or AC electrical signal of lower power, the power control means and, if appropriate, the converter being housed inside said pot, the control interface being adapted to be fixed, removably, on the front of the recessed pot of the electrical box, the control device further comprising first wireless communication means allowing the control device to communicate remotely, in particular with another control device and second wireless communication means (allowing the controller to communicate remotely, in particular with another control device, and preferably on a smaller range than the first wireless communication means.

In the present text, the term "electrical apparatus" is generally used to designate any electrical device to be electrically powered by being connected to or connected to an electrical network delivering a high power alternating electric signal. For example, and in a nonlimiting and non-exhaustive manner of the invention, an "electrical appliance" can be a lighting device, a heater, a fan, air conditioning, etc.

 To install a control device of the invention in a new electrical installation, or in an existing installation replacing, for example, a mechanical switch of this installation, the converter and the power control means are electrically connected to the electrical supply network. the high power alternating electrical signal, and encasing the housing pot containing the converter and the power control means in a wall, such as a wall or a partition .; in a first variant, the pot of the housing optionally containing the converter and the power control means can be embedded directly in a reservation formed in the wall and without an electrical pot. In a second variant, the pot of the housing optionally containing converter and the power control means may be embedded in an existing electrical connection pot already embedded in the wall.

 Then, it is sufficient to adapt the control interface of the device on the electrical box by connecting it electrically to the first electrical connection means which are powered with the low power DC or AC signal delivered by the converter, this connection operation being able to advantageously be implemented without risk of electrocution and by an unqualified person. The installation or the replacement of a control interface of the invention is thus simple, fast, reliable and without risk.

 Preferably, said first connection means of the electrical box of the invention will be fast type, that is to say allow a fast electrical connection with the control interface without implementation of a tool.

More particularly, the electrical box of the invention may comprise the following additional and optional features, taken separately or in combination with each other: - The first electrical connection means are positioned and accessible on the front face of said pot.

 - The housing comprises second electrical connection means, preferably second fast electrical connection means, which are electrically connected to said power control means for controlling the power control means.

- The second electrical connection means are positioned and accessible on the front face of said pot.

 the power control means comprise an electronic processing unit and one or more power switches which are electrically connected to the electronic processing unit for their control by the electronic processing unit.

 the electronic processing unit is electrically connected to the second electrical connection means.

 the electronic processing unit is powered by the DC or AC electrical signal delivered by said converter.

 - The housing comprises temperature control means inside the pot which automatically cut the operation of the power control means, depending on the temperature measured inside the pot.

 More particularly, the control device of the invention may comprise the following additional and optional features, taken separately or in combination with each other:

 the control interface comprises first fast electrical connection means, which are able to be connected without tools to the first means of fast electrical connection of the electrical box, preferably by simple positioning of the control interface against the front face of the pot.

- The control interface is adapted to be fixed, removably, in front of the built-in pot of the electrical box, being electrically connected also to the second means of electrical connection of said electrical box.

 the control interface comprises second means of fast electrical connection, which are able to be connected without tools to the second means of rapid electrical connection of the housing

5 electrical, preferably by simply positioning the control interface against the front face of the pot.

 the control interface comprises a touch screen or a touch screen.

- The control interface and / or the pot are magnetized so as to allow rapid attachment of the control interface on the pot. o - the command interface is "plug and play".

 - The control interface further comprises at least one of the following list: camera, temperature sensor, brightness sensor, speaker, microphone, directional emitter type infrared transmitter.

5 - The control device further comprises first wireless communication means allowing the control device to communicate remotely, in particular with another control device.

 the first wireless communication means are integrated in the control interface.

 - The first wireless communication means are housed in the pot.

The control device further comprises second wireless communication means enabling the control device to communicate remotely, in particular with another control device, and preferably on a smaller range than the first wireless communication means. .

 the first and / or, where appropriate, the second wireless communication means are integrated in the control interface.

 the first and / or, if appropriate, the second wireless communication means are housed in the pot.

The subject of the invention is also an assembly comprising a plurality of above-mentioned control devices and wherein the control devices are capable of remotely and wirelessly communicating with each other, preferably forming a mesh-type wireless and mesh communication network.

 The invention also relates to a method for installing and connecting an above-mentioned electrical box, in which the converter and the power control means are electrically connected to the electrical network delivering a high-power alternating electric signal, and the housing of the housing containing the converter and the power control means directly in a reservation formed in a wall P, such as a wall or a partition, or in an existing electrical connection pot already embedded in a wall, such as a wall or a partition.

 Brief description of the figures

 Other features and advantages of the invention will emerge more clearly on reading the following detailed description of several variant embodiments of the invention, which description is given by way of nonlimiting and non-exhaustive example of the invention. invention, and with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:

 FIG. 1 is a schematic side view of a first variant embodiment of a control device of the invention,

 FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the rear face of the electrical box of the device of FIG. 1,

 FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the front face of the electrical box of the device of FIG. 1,

 FIG. 4 is a simplified electrical diagram of the electrical box of FIG. 1,

 FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the front face of a first embodiment of a control interface,

 FIG. 6 is a schematic side view of the control interface of FIG. 5,

FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the rear face of the interface of FIG. control of Figures 5 and 6,

 FIG. 8 schematically represents the functional architecture of the control interface of FIGS. 5 to 7 and of the electrical box of FIGS. 1 to 3,

 FIG. 9 is a schematic side view of a second variant embodiment of a control device of the invention,

 FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the rear face of the electrical box of the device of FIG. 9,

 FIG. 11 is a schematic view of the front face of the electrical box of the device of FIG. 1,

 FIG. 12 is a schematic view of the front face of a second variant of a control interface,

 FIG. 13 is a schematic side view of the control interface of FIG. 12,

 FIG. 14 is a schematic view of the rear face of the control interface of FIGS. 12 and 13,

 - Figure 15 is a schematic side view of a third embodiment of a control device of the invention, the electrical box is fitted into a standard electrical connection box already installed in a wall.

 detailed description

 FIG. 1 shows a control device 1 of the invention comprising an electric box 10 (referenced more particularly 10A in this variant of FIG. 1) and a control interface 11 that is attached and removable relative to the electrical box 10. .

 Electrical box 10A

 The electrical box 10A comprises a pot 100A. In this particular example, this pot 100A is embedded in a wall P by being inserted through a front wall CL of said wall, such as for example a partition type plasterboard.

This pot 100A has a bottom wall PF extended transversely over its entire periphery by a side wall PL, which delimits an inner housing with the bottom wall PF. The pot 100A is further provided on the front face of a base S in the form of a thin plate. The base S may be an attached part fixed by any means on the front face of the side wall PL of the pot 100A. The pot 100A is for example plastic, and the base S may for example be metal or plastic.

 The geometry and dimensions of this recessed pot 100A are not limiting of the invention. In particular, the geometry of the bottom wall PF and of the lateral wall PL are not limiting of the invention, the lateral wall PL may for example form a cylinder or any prism with a polygonal base, and for example a right prism having a rectangular or square cross section. The geometry and dimensions of the base S are of no importance for the invention, said base can in particular be of any shape, and in particular a polygonal (square, rectangular, ...) or circular shape.

 In this particular example, the recessed pot 100A is equipped with spring clips 101 A, which allow to put the pot 100A against the back side of the partition CL, and thus to oppose the withdrawal of the pot once this recessed. Once the pot 100A recessed into the wall P, the base S in the front of the pot bears against the front face of the wall, that is to say in this example against the front face of the partition CL.

 According to the invention, the electrical box 10A comprises an AC / DC converter 102 (AC / DC), which makes it possible to transform a high-power AC electric signal into a DC power signal of lower power, and for example an AC signal. 220V in a 5V / 1A DC signal, and power control means 103. AC / DC converter 102 (AC / DC) and power control means 103 are housed within the flush pot 100A.

More particularly, in this variant embodiment, the power control means 103 comprise a processing unit electronic 103a, of microprocessor or microcontroller type, and a set of several power switches 103b, which are electrically connected to the electronic processing unit 103a for their control by the electronic processing unit 103a. These power switches 103b comprise, for example, triacs or insulated gate bipolar transistors (IGBTs). The electronic processing unit 103a makes it possible to control these power switches 103b electrically so as to form, for example, a set of several voltage inverters, each of which can deliver a continuous control voltage (for example between 0V and 200V). In the following description and in the accompanying figures, the number of voltage variators is four, however, it is specified that this number of voltage variators is not limiting of the invention.

 In another variant embodiment, the electronic processing unit 103a can also be implemented in the form of a programmable logic circuit, of the FPGA type or in the form of a specific electronic circuit of the ASIC type.

 In the particular embodiment of Figure 1, the electrical box 10A also comprises a safety thermostat or temperature sensor 104 (TH), which controls the temperature inside the pot 100A and automatically cut the unit electronic processing 103a in case of overheating detected.

 With reference to FIG. 2, the electrical box 10A has, on the rear face, through the bottom wall PF of the pot 100A, a plurality of fast electrical connection means 105a to 105f, also referred to herein as fast connectors, which are accessible from outside the pot, and which are for example in the form of autoclipsable female plugs.

With reference to FIGS. 1 and 3, the base S comprises a magnetic frame CA, which in this particular embodiment makes it possible to fix the control interface 1 1 A on the façade by magnetization, easily, quickly and removably. of the 100A built-in pot. On the front, the case Electrical 10A also comprises several fast electrical connection means 106a to 106e, which are accessible from the outside of the pot, and which are for example in the form of dry electrical contacts of the female type. In the particular variant of FIG. 3, there are five dry contacts 106a to 106e, it being specified that this particular number of dry contacts is not limiting of the invention.

Electrical diagram of the electrical box 10A

 FIG. 4 shows the electrical connection diagram of the electrical box 10A.

 The fast electrical connection means 105a and 105b are electrically connected in the insertable pot 100A to the input of the converter (AC / DC) 102. In addition, the quick connect means 105a is also electrically connected in the insert to each switch of power 103b.

 During the installation of the electrical box 10A, these fast electrical connection means 105a and 105b are respectively connected to the phase (PH) and to the neutral (N) of the general high-voltage electrical network. The converter (AC / DC) 102 thus has the function of transforming the high power alternating electrical signal delivered by the general electrical network (for example 220V AC electrical signal) into a lower power continuous electric signal 102a, and in particular into a low power DC signal, for example a 5V / 1A DC power signal. Once the electrical box 10A connected to the general power grid, the phase (PH) of the high power electrical signal of the general power grid is thus connected to each power switch 103b.

 In another variant (unipolar), only the phase (PH) can be connected to the electrical box by means of the quick connector 105a, the fast connector 105b not being used or not being present.

The power supply port of the electronic processing unit 103a (microprocessor or microcontroller) and the fast electrical connection means 106a and 106b (on the front face of the pot 100A) are electrically connected to the output of the converter (AC / DC) 102. The low power continuous supply signal 102a delivered by the converter 102 thus supplies the electronic processing unit 103a (microprocessor or microcontroller) and is available on the fast electrical connection means 106a (Vcc) and 106b (GND) front panel of the electrical box.

 The electronic processing unit 103a is electrically connected to each power switch 103b, and makes it possible to control each power switch electrically and individually by modulating the high power signal (PH) delivered by the general electrical network, so that each power switch 103b operates as a voltage variator, and is capable of delivering a continuous control signal C1 to C4 (for example in 0V and 220V). These control signals C1 to C4 are available on the rear face of the insertable pot 100A respectively on the fast connection means 105c to 105f.

 During the installation of the electrical box 10A, each fast connection means 105c to 105f is electrically connected to the electrical control wire of an electrical appliance connected to the general electrical network, and in particular a domestic electrical appliance, which it is desired to control remotely with the control interface 1 1. In a nonlimiting and non-exhaustive manner of the invention, an electrical device may for example be a lighting device, a shutter, a heating device, an air conditioning, an alarm, etc.

 In the particular variant of FIG. 4, the thermostat or temperature sensor (TH) 104 is connected to a serial input port (GPIO) of the processing unit 103a so as to allow an automatic shutdown of the control unit. 103a treatment in case of overheating detected inside a pot 100A.

More particularly, at least one setpoint temperature Tcons is saved in local memory of the processing unit 103a in the form, for example, of a parameterizable variable and parameterized for example at the factory during the manufacture of the electrical box. The processing unit 103a is programmed to compare the temperature measured in the insert by the thermostat or temperature sensor (TH) 104 with the set temperature Tcons and to automatically stop its operation when a temperature measured inside the pot is higher than the temperature of setpoint, which automatically stops the operation of the power switches.

 In the particular variant of FIG. 4, the processing unit 103a further comprises, for the exchange of data in master / slave mode with a control interface 1 1, a serial communication port (MOSI / MISO - clock CLCK ) which is respectively connected to the fast connection means 106c, 106d and 106e.

Control interface 1 1

 FIGS. 5 to 7 show a first variant 1 1A of a control interface 1 1, in the form of a thin casing 1 10 incorporating, mainly on the front face, a touch screen 1 1 1 constituted by for example by a capacitive slab.

 In this particular embodiment, the control interface HA also comprises, on the front face of the housing 1 10: a brightness sensor 1 12, a camera 1 13 of the "webcam" type, a temperature sensor 1 14, a microphone 1 15, an infrared directional transmitter 1 16 and a speaker 1 17.

 In this particular embodiment, and in a nonlimiting manner of the invention, the housing 1 10 comprises on the rear face (FIG. 7) a recess 1 10a into which the base S of an electrical box 10 can be fitted when the control interface 1 1 is adapted to an electrical box. In addition, the housing 1 10 comprises on the rear face a magnetized frame 1 10b which allows the control interface 1 1 to be connected in a removable, easy and rapid manner with the base S of the electrical box 10.

With reference to FIGS. 6 and 7, the control interface 1 1 A comprises, on the rear face, quick electrical connection means 1 19a to 1 19e, for example in the form of dry electrical contacts of the male type, which are adapted to cooperate respectively with the fast electrical connection means 106a to 106e of the housing 10A, in order to provide an electrical connection, of the low current type, between the housing 10A and the control interface 1 1 A, when the control interface 1 1A is fitted on the front of the electrical box 10A.

 FIG. 8 shows an example (not limiting of the invention) of functional architecture of a 1 1 A control interface.

 In this particular example, the control interface 1 1 A mainly comprises an electronic processing unit 1 18 implemented for example in the form of a microprocessor, and four functional modules whose components are connected to the electronic processing unit 1 18:

 an HMI module (Human Machine Interface) comprising the touch screen 1 1 1 which allows a user to enter commands manually, the infra-red transmitter 1 16 and the camera 1 13;

 a sensor module comprising the brightness sensor 1 12 and the temperature sensor 1 14,

 an audio module comprising the microphone 1 15 and the loudspeaker 1 17,

a connectivity module comprising various electronic wireless communication components, which makes it possible to remotely and wirelessly communicate the electronic processing unit 1 18.

 In another variant embodiment, the electronic processing unit 1 18 can also be implemented in the form of a microcontroller, or in the form of a programmable logic circuit, of the type

FPGA, or in the form of a specific electronic circuit of the ASIC type.

A serial communication port of the electronic processing unit 1 18 is electrically connected to the fast connection means 1 19c, 1 19d, 1 19e on the rear face of the housing 1 10. In addition, the electronic processing unit 1 18 is connected for its power supply to the fast connection means 1 19a and 1 19b on the rear face of the housing 1 10. It is the same for all the electronic components of the various modules referred to above which require a power supply.

 The processing unit 1 18 is configured to execute a specific program stored in memory and enabling it to communicate with its various peripherals (screen 1 1 1, sensors 1 12, 1 13, microphone 1 15, IR transmitter 1 16, loudspeaker speaker 1 17, components of the connectivity module) and to communicate with the processing unit 103a of an electrical box 10A via the fast connectors 1 19c / 106c (MOSI), 1 19d / 106d (MISO), 1 19e / 106e (CLCLK) for the control by the processing unit 103a of the power switches 103b.

 Advantageously according to the invention, once an electrical box 10 has been installed in a wall and has been electrically connected as previously described by means of its fast connection means 105a to 105f on the rear face of the housing 100 , the adaptation of a control interface 1 1 or the replacement of a control interface 1 1 by another control interface can advantageously be performed very easily and very quickly by positioning the control interface 1 1 on the base front S of the electrical box and fitting the male dry contacts 1 19a to 1 19e of the control interface 1 1 in the female dry contacts 106a to 106e of the electrical box 10. This operation is also without any risk of electrocution for the user, because only low power electrical signals pass through the fast connectors 106a to 106e on the front of the electrical box 10.

 Once fitted to the electrical box 10, the control interface 1 1 is advantageously "plug and play" and ready to operate without further intervention or parameterization.

 In another variant, the dry contacts 1 19a to 1 19e of the control interface 1 1 could be of the female type and the dry contacts 106a to 106e of the electrical box 10 could be of the male type.

Wireless communication

In the particular variant embodiment of FIG. 8, the module connectivity of the control interface 1 1 A mainly comprises:

an infrared transmitter 120 which enables the processing unit 1 18 to locally send infrared commands to a close device

 a first wireless module 121 dedicated to a wireless communication on a mesh network (mesh network type) and a second wireless module dedicated to a wireless communication on a WLAN type network

 - a 123 wifi antenna,

 a wireless communication module 124 of the BLE ("Bluetooth Low Energy") type associated with a Bluetooth antenna 125.

 In both cases (WIFI and BLE), the communication protocol used is irrelevant and any known communication protocol can be used.

 The BLE communication (module 124 and Bluetooth antenna 125) is used for example to communicate with each other in master / slave mode two processing units 1 18 of two control interfaces 1 1 respectively adapted to electrical boxes 10 close, and for example positioned in the same room of a building.

 The first WIFI communication means (module 121) make it possible to easily constitute a meshed communication network (mesh network) with other control interfaces 1 1 and thus to make these control interfaces 1 1 communicate easily with each other over a larger area. distance as the BLE technology, and for example from one room to another or from one floor to another. These wireless communication means 121 allow in particular with a given control interface 1 1:

 remote control of an electrical apparatus which would not be directly electrically connected to the electrical box 10 on which the control interface 1 1 is adapted, but which would be connected to another electrical box 10 on which another control interface is adapted. 1 1,

- to recover data sent by the peripherals (camera, temperature sensor, microphone, ...) from another control interface.

 The second WiFi module 122 dedicated to wireless communication over a WLAN network may for example be used to communicate the unit 1 18 of a control interface 1 1 with the Internet network via a router. Other variant embodiments (nonlimiting and non-exhaustive examples of the invention)

 FIGS. 9 to 11 show another embodiment variant 10B of an electrical box 10, which differs mainly from that 10A of FIGS. 1 to 3 in that the base S can be fixed on the recessed pot 100B by means of screws V. In this variant, the insert 100B also has fixing holes T (Figures 10 and 1 1) for fixing, for example by means of screws, in a wall.

 The invention is not limited to the control interface 1 1A previously described. FIGS. 12 to 14 show another variant 1 1 B of control interface 1 1, which is in the form of a touch screen comprising four touch zones ZT for the manual entry of control by a user.

 In this simpler variant, the control interface 1 1 B is devoid of brightness sensor, camera, temperature sensor, microphone, IR emitter, and speaker. Furthermore, in this variant, the wireless communication can for example be provided only by a BLE module allowing this control interface to communicate with a control interface 1 1 (1 1 A or 1 1 B) close.

 In another alternative embodiment (not shown), the electrical box 10 may not include a processing unit 103a in the pot 100A or 100B. In this case, the processing unit 1 18 of a control interface 1 1, once the control interface 1 1 fitted to an electrical box 10, is electrically connected to the power switches 103b and directly controls these power switches 103b .

In another variant embodiment, all or part of the means of wireless communication (121 to 125) can dissociated from the control interface and be housed inside the electrical box 10. In this case the fast connectors between the control interface 1 1 and the electrical box 10 will be adapted to that the processing unit 1 18 of the control interface is connected to said wireless communication means inside the housing once the control interface 1 1 fitted on the housing 10.

 In another variant embodiment, the control of the power control means 103 by the processing unit 1 18 of a control interface 1 1 could be achieved by means of a wireless communication between the control unit processing 1 18 and the power control means 103.

 In another variant embodiment, the converter 102 may be an AC / AC converter which makes it possible to transform the high power AC electric signal into a lower power electrical AC signal 102a, and in particular into an electrical signal. alternative low power 102a. In this case, rectifying means of the AC electrical signal 102a in a continuous signal can be implemented outside the electrical box, and for example rectifying means of the AC electrical signal 102a can be integrated in the control interface.

 The invention is not limited to the implementation of an electrical box

10A or 10B having a 100A or 100B pot recessed directly into a wall. In another variant embodiment, such as that illustrated for example in FIG. 15, the flush-mounted pot 100C of the electrical box 10C can also be adapted to fit or fit into an existing standard electrical connection pot 2, already previously recessed and fixed in a wall.

Claims

1. An electrical housing (10) having a recessed pot (100A; 100B; 100C), an AC / DC or AC converter (102) for converting a high power AC electrical signal into a DC or AC electrical signal (102a). ) of lower power, and power control means (103), the converter (102) and the power control means (103) being housed inside said pot, and further comprising first connection means electrical (106a, 106b), preferably first means of fast electrical connection not requiring the implementation of a tool, which are powered by the DC or AC electrical signal (102a) from said converter (102).
2. Housing according to claim 1, wherein the first electrical connection means (106a, 106b) are positioned and accessible on the front face of said pot (100A; 100B; 100C).
3. Housing according to claim 1 or 2, comprising second electrical connection means (106c-106e), preferably second quick electrical connection means not requiring the implementation of a tool, which are electrically connected to said means power control unit (103) for controlling the power control means.
4. Housing according to claim 3, wherein the second electrical connection means (106c-106e) are positioned and accessible on the front face of said pot (100A; 100B; 100C).
An enclosure according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the power control means (103) comprises an electronic processing unit (103a) and one or more power switches (103b) which are electrically connected to the unit electronic processing (103a) for their control by the electronic processing unit (103a).
6. Housing according to claims 4 and 5, wherein the electronic processing unit (103a) is electrically connected to the second electrical connection means (106c-106e).
7. Housing according to claims 4 and 5, wherein the electronic processing unit (103a) is powered by the DC or AC electrical signal (102a) from said converter (102).
An enclosure according to any one of the preceding claims, including temperature control means (104) within the pot (100A; 100B) for automatically shutting down the operation of the power control means (103), depending on the temperature measured inside the pot and more particularly when the temperature measured inside the pot is higher than a set temperature (Tcons).
9. An electrical box (10) comprising a recessed pot (100A; 100B; 100C), power control means (103) and optionally an AC / DC or AC / AC converter (102) for transforming an electrical signal. alternating high power into a DC or AC electrical signal (102a) of lower power, the power control means (103) and, if appropriate, the converter (102) being housed at the inside of said pot, and temperature control means (104) inside the pot (100A; 100B) which automatically switch off the operation of the power control means (103), depending on the measured temperature inside the pot.
The housing of claim 9, wherein the temperature control means (104) within the pot (100A; 100B) automatically shut down the operation of the power control means (103) when the temperature measured at the inside of the pot is higher than a set temperature (Tcons).
1 1. Housing according to claim 9 or 10, further comprising first electrical connection means (106a, 106b), preferably first quick electrical connection means not requiring the implementation of a tool, which are powered by the signal DC or AC power supply (102a) delivered by said converter (102).
12. Housing according to claim 1 1, wherein the first electrical connection means (106a, 106b) are positioned and accessible on the front face of said pot (100A; 100B; 100C).
13. Housing according to claim 1 1 or 12, comprising second electrical connection means (106c-106e), preferably second quick electrical connection means not requiring the implementation of a tool, which are electrically connected to said power control means (103) for controlling the power control means.
14. Housing according to claim 13, wherein the second electrical connection means (106c-106e) are positioned and accessible on the front face of said pot (100A; 100B; 100C).
An enclosure according to any one of claims 9 to 14, wherein the power control means (103) comprises an electronic processing unit (103a) and one or more power switches (103b) which are electrically connected to the electronic processing unit (103a) for their control by the electronic processing unit (103a).
Housing according to claims 14 and 15, wherein the electronic processing unit (103a) is electrically connected to the second electrical connection means (106c-106e).
17. Housing according to claims 14 and 15, wherein the electronic processing unit (103a) is powered by the DC or AC electrical signal (102a) from said converter (102).
18. Device (1) for controlling one or more electrical appliances connected to an electrical network, said device (1) comprising an electrical box (10) according to any one of the preceding claims and a control interface (1 1 ), which is adapted to be fixed removably on the front of the built-in pot (100A; 100B; 100C) of the electrical box.
19. Control device according to claim 18, wherein the electrical box (10) comprising first electrical connection means (106a, 106b), preferably first fast electrical connection means not requiring the implementation of a tool, the control interface (1 1) is adapted to be fixed, removably way, front of the recessed pot (100A; 100B; 100C) of the electrical box being electrically connected to the first electrical connection means (106a, 106b) of said housing.
20. Control device according to claim 19, wherein the control interface (1 1) comprises first fast electrical connection means (1 19a; 1 19b), which are able to be connected without tools to the first connection means. electrical fast (106a, 106b) of the electrical box, preferably by simply positioning the control interface (1 1) against the front face of the pot (100A; 100B; 100C).
21. Control device according to claim 19 or 20, wherein the electrical box (10) is that referred to in claim 3 or 4 or 13 or 14, and wherein the control interface (1 1) is adapted to be fixed, removably, on the front of the recessed pot (100A; 100B; 100C) of the electrical box (10), being electrically connected to the first electrical connection means (106a, 106b) of said electrical box and to the second electrical connection means (106c -106e) of said electrical box.
22. Control device according to claim 21, wherein the control interface comprises second fast electrical connection means (1 19c-1 19e), which are capable of being connected without tools to the second means of fast electrical connection (106c). -106e) of the electrical box (10), preferably by simply positioning the control interface (1 1) against the front face of the pot (100A; 100B; 100C).
23. Control device according to any one of the claims
18 to 22, wherein the control interface (1 1) comprises a touch screen or touchscreen.
24. Control device according to any one of claims 18 to 23, wherein the control interface (1 1) and / or the pot (100A; 100B; 100C) are magnetized so as to allow rapid attachment of the control interface on the pot.
25. Control device according to any one of claims 18 to 24, wherein the control interface (1 1) is "plug and play".
26. Control device according to any one of claims 18 to 25, wherein the control interface (1 1) further comprises at least one of the following list: camera (113), temperature sensor (1 14), brightness sensor (1 12), loudspeaker (1 17), microphone (1 15), directional transmitter (1 16) of the infrared transmitter type.
27. Control device according to any one of claims 18 to 26, further comprising first wireless communication means (121; 123) allowing the control device to communicate remotely, in particular with another control device.
The control device of claim 27, wherein the first wireless communication means (121; 123) is integrated with the control interface.
29. Control device according to claim 26, wherein the first wireless communication means are housed in the pot.
30. Control device according to any one of claims 27 to 29, further comprising second wireless communication means (124; 125) allowing the control device to communicate remotely, in particular with another control device, and preferably on a smaller range than the first wireless communication means (121, 123).
31. Control device according to any one of claims 27 to 30, wherein the first and / or optionally the second wireless communication means are integrated in the control interface (1 1).
32. Control device according to any one of claims 27 to 30, wherein the first and / or optionally the second wireless communication means are housed in the pot.
33. Device (1) for controlling one or more electrical appliances connected to an electrical network, said device (1) comprising an electrical box (10) and a control interface (1 1), the electrical box (10) comprising a recessed pot (100A; 100B; 100C), power control means (103), and optionally an AC / DC or AC / AC converter (102) for converting a high power AC electrical signal into a signal continuous or alternating electric power supply (102a) of lower power, the power control means (103) and, if appropriate, the converter (102) being housed inside said pot, the control interface (1 1) being adapted to be detachably attached to the front of the insert (100A; 100B; 100C) of the electrical box, the control device further comprising first wireless communication means (121; 123) allowing the device to command to communicate remotely, in particular with another control device and second wireless communication means (124; 125) allowing the control device to communicate remotely, in particular with another control device, and preferably on a smaller range than the first means wireless communication
(121, 123).
The control device of claim 33, wherein the first wireless communication means (121; 123) is integrated with the control interface.
35. Control device according to claim 33, wherein the first wireless communication means are housed in the pot.
36. Control device according to any one of claims 33 to 35, wherein the second wireless communication means are integrated in the control interface (1 1).
37. Control device according to any one of claims 33 to 35, wherein the second wireless communication means are housed in the pot.
38. An assembly comprising a plurality of control devices (1) according to any one of claims 18 to 37, and wherein the control devices (1) are able to communicate remotely and wirelessly between them, preferably in forming a mesh-type wireless and mesh communication network.
39. A method of installing and connecting an electrical box (10) according to any one of claims 1 to 17, wherein the converter (102) and the power control means (103) to the electrical network delivering a high power AC electrical signal, and the pot (100A; 100B; 100C) of the housing (10) containing the converter (102) and the control means power supply (103) directly in a reservation formed in a wall P, such as a wall or a partition, or in an existing electrical connection pot (2) already embedded in a wall, such as a wall or a partition.
PCT/FR2017/050250 2016-02-05 2017-02-03 Flush-mounting electrical enclosure and adaptable control interface on said enclosure WO2017134401A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR1650939A FR3047603B1 (en) 2016-02-05 2016-02-05 Encastrable electrical box and adaptable control interface on this housing
FR1650939 2016-02-05

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2017134401A1 true WO2017134401A1 (en) 2017-08-10

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ID=56008692

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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US20040067144A1 (en) 2001-01-29 2004-04-08 Noboru Iida Scroll compressor
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FR3047603B1 (en) 2018-03-09

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