WO2017128918A1 - Mobile terminal and communication processing method therefor - Google Patents

Mobile terminal and communication processing method therefor Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2017128918A1
WO2017128918A1 PCT/CN2016/112876 CN2016112876W WO2017128918A1 WO 2017128918 A1 WO2017128918 A1 WO 2017128918A1 CN 2016112876 W CN2016112876 W CN 2016112876W WO 2017128918 A1 WO2017128918 A1 WO 2017128918A1
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WO
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Prior art keywords
antenna
wifi
mimo
housing
communication
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PCT/CN2016/112876
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李鹏鹏
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努比亚技术有限公司
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Priority to CN201610067933.1A priority Critical patent/CN105720355B/en
Priority to CN201610064699.7A priority patent/CN105656499B/en
Priority to CN201610067933.1 priority
Priority to CN201610070658.9A priority patent/CN105720995B/en
Priority to CN201610064699.7 priority
Priority to CN201610070658.9 priority
Application filed by 努比亚技术有限公司 filed Critical 努比亚技术有限公司
Publication of WO2017128918A1 publication Critical patent/WO2017128918A1/en

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q5/00Arrangements for simultaneous operation of antennas on two or more different wavebands, e.g. dual-band or multi-band arrangements

Abstract

Disclosed are a mobile terminal and a communication processing method therefor. The mobile terminal comprises: a housing, wherein the housing is made of a metal material and comprises a top housing, a middle housing and a bottom housing; a gap is arranged between the top housing and the middle housing and between the middle housing and the bottom housing; a WiFi antenna, a feeding port corresponding to the WiFi antenna and a matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port of the WiFi antenna are at least arranged in an accommodating space of the housing; a controller and a wireless communication unit are also arranged in the accommodating space of the housing; and the controller is configured to control the feeding port of the WiFi antenna so that same is in a feeding state, adjust the matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port so that the WiFi antenna is resonant at different WiFi communication frequency bands, and control the wireless communication unit so that same conducts communications at different frequency bands via the WiFi antenna. The embodiments of the present invention can save a space for arranging a WiFi antenna in an all-metal housing mobile terminal, and realizes the dual-frequency-band coverage of the WiFi antenna.

Description

移动终端及其通信处理方法Mobile terminal and communication processing method thereof 技术领域Technical field

本发明涉及通信领域的天线技术,尤其涉及一种移动终端及其通信处理方法。The present invention relates to antenna technologies in the field of communications, and in particular, to a mobile terminal and a communication processing method thereof.

背景技术Background technique

最近几年,全金属移动终端由于外形美观、结构强度大、导热性能优越而备受国内外厂商的青睐。但是,随着金属覆盖面比例的增大,厚度越来越薄,相应的,留给移动终端天线设计的空间越来越小,从而极大的增加了移动终端天线的设计难度。同时,为了提升天线的性能,满足消费者的应用需求,需要在全金属移动终端内实现分集天线、全球卫星定位系统(GPS,Global Positioning System)天线和其它天线的设计,这就进一步的压缩了无线相容性认证(WiFi,Wireless Fidelity)天线的设计空间,增加移动终端内部天线设计的难度。In recent years, all-metal mobile terminals have been favored by domestic and foreign manufacturers due to their beautiful appearance, strong structural strength and superior thermal conductivity. However, as the proportion of the metal coverage increases, the thickness becomes thinner and thinner, and accordingly, the space reserved for the design of the mobile terminal antenna is smaller and smaller, thereby greatly increasing the design difficulty of the mobile terminal antenna. At the same time, in order to improve the performance of the antenna and meet the application needs of consumers, it is necessary to realize the design of the diversity antenna, the Global Positioning System (GPS) antenna and other antennas in the all-metal mobile terminal, which further compresses. The design space of the Wireless Fidelity (WiFi) antenna increases the difficulty of designing the internal antenna of the mobile terminal.

发明内容Summary of the invention

本发明实施例提供一种移动终端及其通信处理方法,能够节省全金属壳体移动终端内部设置WiFi天线的空间,实现WiFi天线的双频段覆盖。The embodiment of the invention provides a mobile terminal and a communication processing method thereof, which can save the space for setting the WiFi antenna inside the mobile terminal of the all-metal housing, and realize the dual-band coverage of the WiFi antenna.

第一方面,本发明实施例提供一种移动终端,所述移动终端包括:In a first aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a mobile terminal, where the mobile terminal includes:

壳体,所述壳体采用金属材料,包括顶部壳体、中部壳体和底部壳体,所述顶部壳体与所述中部壳体之间、以及所述中部壳体与所述底部壳体之间开设有缝隙;a housing, the housing is made of a metal material, including a top housing, a middle housing, and a bottom housing, the top housing and the middle housing, and the middle housing and the bottom housing There is a gap between them;

所述壳体的容置空间中至少设置有WiFi天线、对应所述WiFi天线的馈电端口、以及对应所述WiFi天线的馈电端口的匹配电路; At least a WiFi antenna, a feed port corresponding to the WiFi antenna, and a matching circuit corresponding to the feed port of the WiFi antenna are disposed in the accommodating space of the housing;

所述壳体的容置空间中还设置有控制器和无线通信单元;a controller and a wireless communication unit are further disposed in the accommodating space of the housing;

所述控制器,配置为控制所述WiFi天线的馈电端口处于馈电状态,调节所述馈电端口对应的匹配电路使所述WiFi天线谐振于不同的WiFi通信频段,并控制所述无线通信单元经由所述WiFi天线进行不同频段的通信。The controller is configured to control a feeding port of the WiFi antenna to be in a feeding state, and adjust a matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port to resonate the WiFi antenna in different WiFi communication bands and control the wireless communication The unit performs communication of different frequency bands via the WiFi antenna.

在一实施例中,所述顶部壳体和所述底部壳体各自构成所述壳体的端部容置空间;所述第一端部容置空间的第一部分设置有多入多出(MIMO,Multiple-Input Multiple-Output)分集天线,所述第一端部容置空间的第二部分设置有所述WiFi天线、所述WiFi天线的馈电端口、以及所述WiFi天线的馈电端口的匹配电路;所述壳体的第一端部容置空间的第二部分还设置有GPS天线;In an embodiment, the top housing and the bottom housing each constitute an end receiving space of the housing; the first portion of the first end receiving space is provided with multiple input and multiple output (MIMO) a multiple-input multiple-output antenna, wherein the second portion of the first end accommodation space is provided with the WiFi antenna, a feed port of the WiFi antenna, and a feed port of the WiFi antenna a matching circuit; a second portion of the first end receiving space of the housing is further provided with a GPS antenna;

所述第一端部容置空间的第一部分与顶部的所述缝隙的对应部分还设置有对应所述MIMO分集天线的接地片,用于对所述MIMO分集天线与所述WiFi天线进行去耦合;The first portion of the first end receiving space and the corresponding portion of the slot at the top are further provided with a grounding piece corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna, for decoupling the MIMO diversity antenna from the WiFi antenna ;

所述壳体的第二端部容置空间的第一部分设置有MIMO主天线;a first portion of the second end receiving space of the housing is provided with a MIMO main antenna;

所述第二端部容置空间的第一部分与底部的所述缝隙的对应部分还设置有对应所述MIMO主天线的接地片,用于对所述MIMO主天线与所述WiFi天线进行去耦合。The first portion of the second end receiving space and the corresponding portion of the slot at the bottom are further provided with a grounding piece corresponding to the MIMO main antenna, for decoupling the MIMO main antenna from the WiFi antenna .

在一实施例中,所述顶部壳体和所述底部壳体各自构成所述壳体的端部容置空间;所述壳体的第一端部容置空间的第一部分设置有MIMO分集天线,所述第一端部容置空间的第二部分设置有所述WiFi天线、所述WiFi天线的馈电端口、以及所述WiFi天线的馈电端口的匹配电路;所述壳体的第一端部容置空间的第三部分还设置有GPS天线,所述第一端部容置空间的第一部分、所述第二部分、所述第三部分互不相邻对应;In an embodiment, the top housing and the bottom housing each constitute an end receiving space of the housing; the first portion of the first end receiving space of the housing is provided with a MIMO diversity antenna a second portion of the first end receiving space is provided with a matching circuit of the WiFi antenna, a feeding port of the WiFi antenna, and a feeding port of the WiFi antenna; the first of the housing The third portion of the end accommodating space is further provided with a GPS antenna, and the first portion, the second portion, and the third portion of the first end accommodating space are not adjacent to each other;

所述第一端部容置空间的第一部分、所述第二部分之间与顶部的所述缝隙的对应部分还设置有对应所述MIMO分集天线的接地片,用于对所述 MIMO分集天线与所述WiFi天线进行去耦合;a corresponding portion of the slot between the first portion and the second portion of the first end receiving space and the top portion is further provided with a grounding piece corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna, for Demultiplexing the MIMO diversity antenna with the WiFi antenna;

所述第一端部容置空间的第一部分、所述第三部分之间与顶部的所述缝隙的对应部分还设置有对应所述MIMO分集天线的接地片,用于对所述MIMO分集天线与所述GPS天线进行去耦合;a corresponding portion of the slot between the first portion and the third portion of the first end receiving space and the top portion is further provided with a grounding piece corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna, for the MIMO diversity antenna Decoupling with the GPS antenna;

所述壳体的第二端部容置空间的第一部分设置有MIMO主天线;a first portion of the second end receiving space of the housing is provided with a MIMO main antenna;

所述第一端部容置空间的第一部分、所述第二部分之间与顶部的所述缝隙的对应部分还设置有对应所述MIMO主天线的接地片,用于对所述MIMO主天线与所述WiFi天线进行去耦合。a corresponding portion of the slot between the first portion and the second portion of the first end receiving space and the top portion is further provided with a grounding piece corresponding to the MIMO main antenna for the MIMO main antenna Decoupling with the WiFi antenna.

在一实施例中,所述第一端部容置空间的第二部分还设置有对应所述WiFi天线的接地端口、以及所述WiFi天线的接地端口的匹配电路;In an embodiment, the second portion of the first end receiving space is further provided with a matching circuit corresponding to the ground port of the WiFi antenna and the ground port of the WiFi antenna;

所述控制器,还配置为调节所述WiFi天线的馈电端口对应的匹配电路、以及调节所述WiFi天线的接地端口对应的匹配电路,使所述WiFi天线谐振出不同的WiFi通信频段。The controller is further configured to adjust a matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port of the WiFi antenna, and a matching circuit corresponding to the ground port of the WiFi antenna, so that the WiFi antenna resonates with different WiFi communication frequency bands.

在一实施例中,所述控制器,还配置为调节所述馈电端口对应的匹配电路使所述WiFi天线基于所述WiFi天线自身的辐射结构谐振出不同的WiFi通信频段,或者,调节所述馈电端口对应的匹配电路,使所述WiFi天线基于所述WiFi天线自身的辐射结构以及所述壳体谐振出不同的WiFi通信频段。In an embodiment, the controller is further configured to adjust a matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port to cause the WiFi antenna to resonate different WiFi communication bands based on a radiation structure of the WiFi antenna itself, or The matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port causes the WiFi antenna to resonate different WiFi communication frequency bands based on the radiation structure of the WiFi antenna itself and the housing.

在一实施例中,所述容置空间中设置的WiFi天线为WiFi双天线;相应的,对应所述WiFi天线的馈电端口为对应所述WiFi双天线的两个馈电端口;所述对应所述WiFi天线的馈电端口的匹配电路为与所述两个馈电端口一一对应的匹配电路;In an embodiment, the WiFi antenna disposed in the accommodating space is a WiFi dual antenna; correspondingly, the feeding port corresponding to the WiFi antenna is two feeding ports corresponding to the WiFi dual antenna; a matching circuit of the feeding port of the WiFi antenna is a matching circuit corresponding to the two feeding ports;

所述控制器,配置为控制所述WiFi双天线的所述两个馈电端口处于馈电状态,调节所述两个匹配电路使所述WiFi双天线谐振于不同的WiFi通信频段,并控制所述无线通信单元经由所述WiFi双天线进行不同频段的通 信。The controller is configured to control the two feeding ports of the WiFi dual antenna to be in a feeding state, and adjust the two matching circuits to resonate the WiFi dual antennas in different WiFi communication bands, and control the The wireless communication unit performs communication in different frequency bands via the WiFi dual antenna letter.

在一实施例中,所述壳体的第一端部容置空间的第一部分设置有所述WiFi双天线的全部辐射结构、对应所述WiFi双天线的馈电端口、以及对应的馈电端匹配电路,所述壳体的第二端部容置空间的第一部分中设置有对应所述WiFi双天线的馈电端口、以及对应的馈电端匹配电路;In an embodiment, the first portion of the first end receiving space of the housing is provided with all the radiating structures of the WiFi dual antenna, the feeding port corresponding to the WiFi dual antenna, and the corresponding feeding end. a matching circuit, a first portion of the second end receiving space of the housing is provided with a feeding port corresponding to the WiFi dual antenna, and a corresponding feeding end matching circuit;

所述第一端部容置空间的第二部分设置有多入多出MIMO分集天线、与所述MIMO分集天线对应的接地片,所述MIMO分集天线对应的接地片用于对所述MIMO分集天线和所述WiFi双天线进行去耦合;The second portion of the first end accommodating space is provided with a multi-input and multi-output MIMO diversity antenna, a grounding strip corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna, and a grounding strip corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna is used for the MIMO diversity Decoupling the antenna and the WiFi dual antenna;

所述第二端部容置空间的第二部分设置有MIMO主天线、与所述MIMO主天线对应的接地片,所述MIMO主天线对应的接地片用于对所述MIMO主天线和所述第一端部容置空间的第一部分设置的WiFi天线进行去耦合;a second portion of the second end accommodating space is provided with a MIMO main antenna, a grounding piece corresponding to the MIMO main antenna, and a grounding piece corresponding to the MIMO main antenna is used for the MIMO main antenna and the Decoupling the WiFi antenna disposed in the first portion of the first end receiving space;

所述第一端部容置空间的第二部分设置有全球卫星定位系统GPS天线。The second portion of the first end receiving space is provided with a global satellite positioning system GPS antenna.

在一实施例中,所述壳体的第二端部容置空间的第一部分设置有所述WiFi双天线的全部辐射结构、对应所述WiFi双天线的馈电端口、以及对应的馈电端匹配电路,所述第一端部容置空间的第一部分中设置有对应所述WiFi双天线的馈电端口、以及对应的馈电端匹配电路;In an embodiment, a first portion of the second end receiving space of the housing is provided with all radiating structures of the WiFi dual antenna, a feeding port corresponding to the WiFi dual antenna, and a corresponding feeding end. a matching circuit, a first part of the first end receiving space is provided with a feeding port corresponding to the WiFi dual antenna, and a corresponding feeding end matching circuit;

所述第一端部容置空间的第二部分设置有MIMO分集天线、与所述MIMO分集天线对应的接地片,所述MIMO分集天线对应的接地片用于对所述MIMO分集天线和所述第一端部容置空间的第二部分设置的WiFi天线进行去耦合;a second portion of the first end accommodating space is provided with a MIMO diversity antenna, a grounding piece corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna, and a grounding piece corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna is used for the MIMO diversity antenna and the Decoupling the WiFi antenna disposed in the second portion of the first end receiving space;

所述第二端部容置空间的第二部分设置有MIMO主天线、与所述MIMO主天线对应的接地片,所述主天线对应的接地片用于对所述MIMO主天线和所述第二端部容置空间的第一部分设置的WiFi天线进行去耦合; a second portion of the second end receiving space is provided with a MIMO main antenna, a grounding piece corresponding to the MIMO main antenna, and a grounding piece corresponding to the main antenna is used for the MIMO main antenna and the Decoupling the WiFi antenna provided in the first part of the two-end accommodation space;

所述第一端部容置空间的第二部分设置有GPS天线。The second portion of the first end receiving space is provided with a GPS antenna.

在一实施例中,所述壳体的第一端部容置空间的第一部分设置有所述WiFi双天线的部分辐射结构、对应所述WiFi双天线的馈电端口、以及对应的馈电端匹配电路;In an embodiment, a first portion of the first end receiving space of the housing is provided with a partial radiating structure of the WiFi dual antenna, a feeding port corresponding to the WiFi dual antenna, and a corresponding feeding end. Matching circuit

所述壳体的第一端部容置空间的第三部分设置有所述WiFi双天线的部分辐射结构、对应所述WiFi双天线的馈电端口、以及对应的馈电端匹配电路;The third portion of the first end receiving space of the housing is provided with a partial radiating structure of the WiFi dual antenna, a feeding port corresponding to the WiFi dual antenna, and a corresponding feeding end matching circuit;

所述第一端部容置空间的第二部分设置有MIMO分集天线、与所述MIMO分集天线对应的两个接地片,所述MIMO分集天线对应的两个接地片用于对所述MIMO分集天线和所述WiFi双天线进行去耦合;The second portion of the first end receiving space is provided with a MIMO diversity antenna, two grounding strips corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna, and two grounding strips corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna are used for the MIMO diversity Decoupling the antenna and the WiFi dual antenna;

所述第二端部容置空间的第二部分设置有MIMO主天线、与所述MIMO主天线对应的接地片,配置为对所述MIMO主天线和所述WiFi双天线进行去耦合。The second portion of the second end receiving space is provided with a MIMO main antenna and a grounding piece corresponding to the MIMO main antenna, and is configured to decouple the MIMO main antenna and the WiFi dual antenna.

在一实施例中,所述容置空间中设置的WiFi天线为复合天线,所述复合天线为WiFi天线、蓝牙天线和全球卫星定位系统GPS天线共辐射结构而形成;相应的,所述对应所述WiFi天线的馈电端口为与所述复合天线对应的馈电端口;所述对应所述WiFi天线的馈电端口的匹配电路为与所述复合天线的馈电端口对应的匹配电路;In an embodiment, the WiFi antenna disposed in the accommodating space is a composite antenna, and the composite antenna is formed by a WiFi antenna, a Bluetooth antenna, and a global satellite positioning system GPS antenna co-radiation structure; correspondingly, the corresponding office The feeding port of the WiFi antenna is a feeding port corresponding to the composite antenna; the matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port of the WiFi antenna is a matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port of the composite antenna;

所述控制器,配置为调节所述馈电端口对应的所述匹配电路以调节所述复合天线所谐振的通信频段,控制所述无线通信单元基于所述复合天线所谐振的通信频段进行不同类型的无线通信。The controller is configured to adjust the matching circuit corresponding to the feed port to adjust a communication frequency band resonated by the composite antenna, and control the wireless communication unit to perform different types based on a communication frequency band resonated by the composite antenna Wireless communication.

在一实施例中,所述无线通信单元包括无线互联网模块;In an embodiment, the wireless communication unit includes a wireless internet module;

所述控制器,还配置为调节所述馈电端口对应的所述匹配电路以使所述复合天线谐振于WiFi通信频段,控制所述无线互联网模块基于所述复合天线所谐振的WiFi通信频段进行WiFi通信; The controller is further configured to adjust the matching circuit corresponding to the feed port to resonate the composite antenna in a WiFi communication frequency band, and control the wireless internet module to perform a WiFi communication frequency band that is resonated by the composite antenna. WiFi communication;

所述无线通信单元包括短程通信模块;The wireless communication unit includes a short range communication module;

所述控制器,还配置为调节所述馈电端口对应的所述匹配电路以使所述复合天线谐振于蓝牙通信频段,控制所述短程通信模块基于所述复合天线所谐振的蓝牙通信频段进行蓝牙通信;The controller is further configured to adjust the matching circuit corresponding to the feed port to resonate the composite antenna in a Bluetooth communication frequency band, and control the short-range communication module to perform based on a Bluetooth communication frequency band resonated by the composite antenna Bluetooth communication;

所述无线通信单元包括位置信息模块;The wireless communication unit includes a location information module;

所述控制器,还配置为调节所述馈电端口对应的所述匹配电路以使所述复合天线与所述中部壳体的底壳耦合谐振于GPS通信频段,控制所述位置信息模块基于所述复合天线所谐振的GPS通信频段进行GPS通信。The controller is further configured to adjust the matching circuit corresponding to the feed port to couple the composite antenna to the bottom casing of the middle casing to resonate in a GPS communication frequency band, and control the position information module to be based on The GPS communication frequency band resonated by the composite antenna performs GPS communication.

在一实施例中,所述壳体的容置空间中设置有MIMO天线、与所述MIMO天线对应的接地片,所述接地片用于对所述MIMO天线与所述复合天线进行去耦合;In an embodiment, a MIMO antenna and a grounding strip corresponding to the MIMO antenna are disposed in the accommodating space of the housing, and the grounding strip is configured to decouple the MIMO antenna from the composite antenna.

所述无线通信单元包括移动通信模块;The wireless communication unit includes a mobile communication module;

所述控制器,还配置为控制所述移动通信模块经由所述MIMO天线进行MIMO通信。The controller is further configured to control the mobile communication module to perform MIMO communication via the MIMO antenna.

在一实施例中,所述MIMO天线中的MIMO分集天线和MIMO主天线分散设置在所述壳体不同的端部容置空间中,且设置部位对称,所述壳体的所述不同端部容置空间包括顶部容置空间和底部容置空间;In an embodiment, the MIMO diversity antenna and the MIMO main antenna in the MIMO antenna are dispersedly disposed in different end accommodation spaces of the housing, and the installation portions are symmetric, and the different ends of the housing are The accommodating space includes a top accommodating space and a bottom accommodating space;

设置有所述MIMO主天线的端部容置空间中与所述缝隙对应的部分设置有与所述MIMO主天线对应的接地片,设置有所述MIMO分集天线的端部容置空间中与所述缝隙对应的部分设置有与MIMO分集天线对应的接地片。A portion corresponding to the slot in an end receiving space in which the MIMO main antenna is disposed is provided with a grounding piece corresponding to the MIMO main antenna, and an end receiving space in which the MIMO diversity antenna is disposed A portion corresponding to the slot is provided with a grounding piece corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna.

在一实施例中,所述复合天线设置在设置有所述MIMO分集天线的端部容置空间、或者设置在设置有所述MIMO主天线的端部容置空间;其中,In an embodiment, the composite antenna is disposed in an end receiving space in which the MIMO diversity antenna is disposed, or in an end receiving space in which the MIMO main antenna is disposed;

所述复合天线设置在设置有所述MIMO分集天线的端部容置空间时,所述MIMO分集天线对应的接地片用于对所述MIMO分集天线与所述复合 天线进行去耦合;The composite antenna is disposed in an end receiving space in which the MIMO diversity antenna is disposed, and a grounding piece corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna is used for the MIMO diversity antenna and the composite The antenna is decoupled;

所述复合天线设置在设置有所述MIMO主天线的端部容置空间时,所述MIMO主天线对应的接地片用于对所述MIMO主天线与所述复合天线进行去耦合。The grounding strip corresponding to the MIMO main antenna is used to decouple the MIMO main antenna from the composite antenna when the composite antenna is disposed in an end receiving space of the MIMO main antenna.

第二方面,本发明实施例还提供了一种根据本发明前述实施例所述的移动终端的通信处理方法,所述方法包括:In a second aspect, the embodiment of the present invention further provides a communication processing method for a mobile terminal according to the foregoing embodiment of the present invention, where the method includes:

所述控制器控制所述WiFi天线的馈电端口处于馈电状态,调节所述馈电端口对应的匹配电路使所述WiFi天线谐振于不同的WiFi通信频段,并控制所述无线通信单元经由所述WiFi天线进行不同频段的通信。The controller controls the feeding port of the WiFi antenna to be in a feeding state, and the matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port adjusts the WiFi antenna to resonate in different WiFi communication frequency bands, and controls the wireless communication unit to pass through the The WiFi antenna is used for communication in different frequency bands.

在一实施例中,所述调节所述馈电端口对应的匹配电路使所述WiFi天线谐振于不同的WiFi通信频段,包括:In an embodiment, the adjusting the matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port causes the WiFi antenna to resonate in different WiFi communication frequency bands, including:

所述控制器调节所述WiFi天线的馈电端口对应的匹配电路、以及调节所述WiFi天线的接地端口对应的匹配电路,使所述WiFi天线谐振出不同的WiFi通信频段。The controller adjusts a matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port of the WiFi antenna, and a matching circuit corresponding to the ground port of the WiFi antenna, so that the WiFi antenna resonates with different WiFi communication frequency bands.

在一实施例中,所述调节所述馈电端口对应的匹配电路使所述WiFi天线谐振于不同的WiFi通信频段,包括:所述控制器调节所述馈电端口对应的匹配电路使所述WiFi天线基于所述WiFi天线自身的辐射结构谐振出不同的WiFi通信频段,或者,调节所述馈电端口对应的匹配电路,使所述WiFi天线基于所述WiFi天线自身的辐射结构以及所述壳体谐振出不同的WiFi通信频段。In an embodiment, the adjusting the matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port to resonate the WiFi antenna in different WiFi communication frequency bands, comprising: the controller adjusting a matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port to enable the The WiFi antenna resonates with different WiFi communication bands based on the radiation structure of the WiFi antenna itself, or adjusts a matching circuit corresponding to the feed port, so that the WiFi antenna is based on the radiation structure of the WiFi antenna itself and the shell The body resonates with different WiFi communication bands.

在一实施例中,所述调节所述馈电端口对应的匹配电路使所述WiFi天线谐振于不同的WiFi通信频段,包括:In an embodiment, the adjusting the matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port causes the WiFi antenna to resonate in different WiFi communication frequency bands, including:

所述控制器控制所述WiFi双天线的所述两个馈电端口处于馈电状态,调节所述两个匹配电路使所述WiFi双天线谐振于不同的WiFi通信频段,并控制所述无线通信单元经由所述WiFi双天线进行不同频段的通信。 The controller controls the two feeding ports of the WiFi dual antenna to be in a feeding state, adjusting the two matching circuits to resonate the WiFi dual antennas in different WiFi communication bands, and controlling the wireless communication The unit performs communication of different frequency bands via the WiFi dual antenna.

在一实施例中,所述调节所述馈电端口对应的匹配电路使所述WiFi天线谐振于不同的WiFi通信频段,包括:In an embodiment, the adjusting the matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port causes the WiFi antenna to resonate in different WiFi communication frequency bands, including:

所述控制器调节所述馈电端口对应的所述匹配电路以调节所述复合天线所谐振的通信频段,控制所述无线通信单元基于所述复合天线所谐振的通信频段进行不同类型的无线通信。The controller adjusts the matching circuit corresponding to the feed port to adjust a communication frequency band resonated by the composite antenna, and controls the wireless communication unit to perform different types of wireless communication based on a communication frequency band resonated by the composite antenna .

在一实施例中,所述无线通信单元包括无线互联网模块,或者包括短程通信模块,或者包括位置信息模块;In an embodiment, the wireless communication unit includes a wireless internet module, or includes a short-range communication module, or includes a location information module;

所述控制器调节所述馈电端口对应的所述匹配电路以调节所述复合天线所谐振的通信频段,控制所述无线通信单元基于所述复合天线所谐振的通信频段进行不同类型的无线通信,包括:The controller adjusts the matching circuit corresponding to the feed port to adjust a communication frequency band resonated by the composite antenna, and controls the wireless communication unit to perform different types of wireless communication based on a communication frequency band resonated by the composite antenna ,include:

所述控制器调节所述馈电端口对应的所述匹配电路以使所述复合天线谐振于WiFi通信频段,控制所述无线互联网模块基于所述复合天线所谐振的WiFi通信频段进行WiFi通信;或者,The controller adjusts the matching circuit corresponding to the feed port to resonate the composite antenna in a WiFi communication frequency band, and controls the wireless internet module to perform WiFi communication based on a WiFi communication frequency band resonated by the composite antenna; or ,

所述控制器调节所述馈电端口对应的所述匹配电路以使所述复合天线谐振于蓝牙通信频段,控制所述短程通信模块基于所述复合天线所谐振的蓝牙通信频段进行蓝牙通信;或者,The controller adjusts the matching circuit corresponding to the feed port to resonate the composite antenna in a Bluetooth communication frequency band, and controls the short-range communication module to perform Bluetooth communication based on a Bluetooth communication frequency band resonated by the composite antenna; or ,

所述控制器调节所述馈电端口对应的所述匹配电路以使所述复合天线与所述中部壳体的底壳耦合谐振于GPS通信频段,控制所述位置信息模块基于所述复合天线所谐振的GPS通信频段进行GPS通信。The controller adjusts the matching circuit corresponding to the feed port to couple the composite antenna to the bottom casing of the middle casing to resonate in a GPS communication frequency band, and the position information module is controlled based on the composite antenna The resonant GPS communication band performs GPS communication.

本发明实施例至少具有以下有益效果:The embodiments of the present invention have at least the following beneficial effects:

本发明实施例提供了WiFi天线在全金属移动终端内部的位置布局设计方案,节省了在全金属移动终端内部设置天线的空间;支持WiFi天线双频通信;全金属,超薄,结构强度大,导热性能优越,金属触感好;由于天线布局设计占用壳体的端部容置空间小,因此能够实现移动终端的高屏占比,视觉体验好;天线的结构简单,加工方便,便于加工和生产。 The embodiment of the invention provides a position layout design scheme of the WiFi antenna in the all-metal mobile terminal, which saves the space for setting the antenna inside the all-metal mobile terminal; supports dual-frequency communication of the WiFi antenna; all metal, ultra-thin, and strong structural strength, Excellent thermal conductivity and good metal touch; because the antenna layout design occupies a small housing space at the end, it can achieve a high screen ratio of the mobile terminal, and the visual experience is good; the antenna has a simple structure, convenient processing, and is convenient for processing and production. .

附图说明DRAWINGS

图1为实现本发明各个实施例的一个可选的移动终端的硬件结构示意图;1 is a schematic structural diagram of hardware of an optional mobile terminal embodying various embodiments of the present invention;

图2为实现本发明各个实施例的一个可选的移动终端的硬件结构示意图;2 is a schematic diagram showing the hardware structure of an optional mobile terminal for implementing various embodiments of the present invention;

图3为如图1和图2所示的移动终端的无线通信系统示意图;3 is a schematic diagram of a wireless communication system of the mobile terminal shown in FIGS. 1 and 2;

图4为实现本发明各个实施例的一个可选的移动终端的侧视结构示意图;4 is a side view showing a structure of an optional mobile terminal embodying various embodiments of the present invention;

图5为实现本发明各个实施例的一个可选的移动终端的俯视结构示意图一;FIG. 5 is a top plan view of an optional mobile terminal for implementing various embodiments of the present invention; FIG.

图6为实现本发明各个实施例的一个可选的移动终端的俯视结构示意图二;FIG. 6 is a second schematic structural view of an optional mobile terminal for implementing various embodiments of the present invention; FIG.

图7为实现本发明各个实施例的用于移动终端的WiFi通信的流程示意图一;7 is a schematic flowchart 1 of a WiFi communication for a mobile terminal implementing various embodiments of the present invention;

图8为实现本发明各个实施例的一个可选的移动终端的俯视结构示意图三;FIG. 8 is a third schematic top view of an optional mobile terminal for implementing various embodiments of the present invention; FIG.

图9为实现本发明各个实施例的一个可选的移动终端的俯视结构示意图四;FIG. 9 is a top plan view of an optional mobile terminal implementing various embodiments of the present invention; FIG.

图10为实现本发明各个实施例的用于移动终端的通信方法的流程示意图;FIG. 10 is a schematic flowchart diagram of a communication method for a mobile terminal that implements various embodiments of the present invention; FIG.

图11为实现本发明各个实施例的用于移动终端的WiFi通信的流程示意图二;FIG. 11 is a second schematic flowchart of a WiFi communication for a mobile terminal according to various embodiments of the present invention; FIG.

图12为实现本发明各个实施例的用于移动终端的蓝牙通信的流程示意图;12 is a schematic flowchart of implementing Bluetooth communication for a mobile terminal according to various embodiments of the present invention;

图13为实现本发明各个实施例的用于移动终端的GPS通信的流程示意 图;FIG. 13 is a flow chart of GPS communication for a mobile terminal implementing various embodiments of the present invention. Figure

图14为实现本发明各个实施例的一个可选的移动终端的俯视结构示意图五;FIG. 14 is a top plan view 5 of an optional mobile terminal for implementing various embodiments of the present invention; FIG.

图15为实现本发明各个实施例的一个可选的移动终端的俯视结构示意图六;15 is a top plan view of an optional mobile terminal implementing various embodiments of the present invention;

图16为实现本发明各个实施例的一个可选的移动终端的俯视结构示意图七;16 is a top plan view 7 of an optional mobile terminal for implementing various embodiments of the present invention;

图17为实现本发明各个实施例的用于移动终端的WiFi通信的流程示意图三。FIG. 17 is a third schematic flowchart of a WiFi communication for a mobile terminal implementing various embodiments of the present invention.

具体实施方式detailed description

应当理解,此处所描述的具体实施例仅仅用以解释本发明的技术方案,并不用于限定本发明的保护范围。It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention.

现在将参考附图描述实现本发明各个实施例的移动终端。在后续的描述中,使用用于表示元件的诸如“模块”、“部件”或“单元”的后缀仅为了有利于本发明的说明,其本身并没有特定的意义。因此,“模块”与“部件”可以混合地使用。A mobile terminal embodying various embodiments of the present invention will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings. In the following description, the use of suffixes such as "module", "component" or "unit" for indicating an element is merely an explanation for facilitating the present invention, and does not have a specific meaning per se. Therefore, "module" and "component" can be used in combination.

移动终端可以以各种形式来实施。例如,本发明中描述的终端可以包括诸如移动电话、智能电话、笔记本电脑、数字广播接收器、PDA(个人数字助理)、PAD(平板电脑)、PMP(便携式多媒体播放器)、导航装置等等的移动终端以及诸如数字TV、台式计算机等等的固定终端。下面,假设终端是移动终端。然而,本领域技术人员将理解的是,除了特别用于移动目的的元件之外,根据本发明的实施方式的构造也能够应用于固定类型的终端。The mobile terminal can be implemented in various forms. For example, the terminal described in the present invention may include, for example, a mobile phone, a smart phone, a notebook computer, a digital broadcast receiver, a PDA (Personal Digital Assistant), a PAD (Tablet), a PMP (Portable Multimedia Player), a navigation device, etc. Mobile terminals and fixed terminals such as digital TVs, desktop computers, and the like. In the following, it is assumed that the terminal is a mobile terminal. However, those skilled in the art will appreciate that configurations in accordance with embodiments of the present invention can be applied to fixed type terminals in addition to components that are specifically for mobile purposes.

图1为实现本发明各个实施例的移动终端100的一个可选的硬件结构示意,如图1所示,移动终端100可以包括无线通信单元110、接口单元 170、控制器180和电源单元190。将在下面详细描述移动终端100的元件。FIG. 1 is an optional hardware structure diagram of a mobile terminal 100 for implementing various embodiments of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 1, the mobile terminal 100 may include a wireless communication unit 110 and an interface unit. 170. Controller 180 and power unit 190. The elements of the mobile terminal 100 will be described in detail below.

无线通信单元110通常包括多个组件,其允许移动终端100与无线通信系统或网络之间的无线电通信。例如,无线通信单元可以包括移动通信模块112、无线互联网模块113和位置信息模块115。Wireless communication unit 110 typically includes a plurality of components that permit radio communication between mobile terminal 100 and a wireless communication system or network. For example, the wireless communication unit can include a mobile communication module 112, a wireless internet module 113, and a location information module 115.

移动通信模块112将无线电信号发送到基站(例如,接入点、节点B等等)、外部终端以及服务器中的至少一个和/或从其接收无线电信号。这样的无线电信号可以包括语音通话信号、视频通话信号、或者根据文本和/或多媒体消息发送和/或接收的各种类型的数据。The mobile communication module 112 transmits the radio signals to and/or receives radio signals from at least one of a base station (e.g., an access point, a Node B, etc.), an external terminal, and a server. Such radio signals may include voice call signals, video call signals, or various types of data transmitted and/or received in accordance with text and/or multimedia messages.

无线互联网模块113支持移动终端100的无线互联网接入。该模块可以内部或外部地耦接到移动终端100。该模块所涉及的无线互联网接入技术可以包括WLAN(无线LAN)(Wi-Fi)、Wibro(无线宽带)、Wimax(全球微波互联接入)、HSDPA(高速下行链路分组接入)等等。The wireless internet module 113 supports wireless internet access of the mobile terminal 100. The module can be coupled to the mobile terminal 100 internally or externally. The wireless Internet access technologies involved in the module may include WLAN (Wireless LAN) (Wi-Fi), Wibro (Wireless Broadband), Wimax (Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access), HSDPA (High Speed Downlink Packet Access), etc. .

位置信息模块115是用于检查或获取移动终端100的位置信息的模块。位置信息模块115的典型示例是GPS(全球定位系统)模块。根据当前的技术,作为位置信息模块115的GPS模块计算来自三个或更多卫星的距离信息和准确的时间信息并且对于计算的信息应用三角测量法,从而根据经度、纬度和高度准确地计算三维当前位置信息。当前,用于计算位置和时间信息的方法使用三颗卫星并且通过使用另外的一颗卫星校正计算出的位置和时间信息的误差。此外,作为位置信息模块115的GPS模块能够通过实时地连续计算当前位置信息来计算速度信息。The location information module 115 is a module for checking or acquiring location information of the mobile terminal 100. A typical example of the location information module 115 is a GPS (Global Positioning System) module. According to the current technology, the GPS module as the position information module 115 calculates distance information and accurate time information from three or more satellites and applies triangulation to the calculated information to accurately calculate the three-dimensionality based on longitude, latitude, and altitude. Current location information. Currently, the method for calculating position and time information uses three satellites and corrects the calculated position and time information errors by using another satellite. Further, the GPS module as the position information module 115 can calculate the speed information by continuously calculating the current position information in real time.

接口单元170用作至少一个外部装置与移动终端100连接可以通过的接口。例如,外部装置可以包括有线或无线头戴式耳机端口、外部电源(或电池充电器)端口、有线或无线数据端口、存储卡端口(典型示例是通用串行总线USB接口)、用于连接具有识别模块的装置的端口、音频输入/输出(I/O)端口、视频I/O端口、耳机端口等等。识别模块可以是存储用于 验证用户使用移动终端100的各种信息并且可以包括用户识别模块(UIM)、客户识别模块(SIM)、通用客户识别模块(USIM)等等。另外,具有识别模块的装置(下面称为“识别装置”)可以采取智能卡的形式,因此,识别装置可以经由端口或其它连接装置与移动终端100连接。接口单元170可以用于接收来自外部装置的输入(例如,数据信息、电力等等)并且将接收到的输入传输到移动终端100内的一个或多个元件或者可以用于在移动终端100和外部装置之间传输数据。The interface unit 170 serves as an interface through which at least one external device can connect with the mobile terminal 100. For example, the external device may include a wired or wireless headset port, an external power (or battery charger) port, a wired or wireless data port, a memory card port (a typical example is a universal serial bus USB interface), for connection having The port of the device that identifies the module, the audio input/output (I/O) port, the video I/O port, the headphone port, and so on. The identification module can be stored for storage The user is authenticated with various information of the mobile terminal 100 and may include a User Identity Module (UIM), a Customer Identity Module (SIM), a Universal Customer Identity Module (USIM), and the like. In addition, the device having the identification module (hereinafter referred to as "identification device") may take the form of a smart card, and thus the identification device may be connected to the mobile terminal 100 via a port or other connection device. The interface unit 170 can be configured to receive input (eg, data information, power, etc.) from an external device and transmit the received input to one or more components within the mobile terminal 100 or can be used at the mobile terminal 100 and externally Data is transferred between devices.

另外,当移动终端100与外部底座连接时,接口单元170可以用作允许通过其将电力从底座提供到移动终端100的路径或者可以用作允许从底座输入的各种命令信号通过其传输到移动终端100的路径。从底座输入的各种命令信号或电力可以用作用于识别移动终端100是否准确地安装在底座上的信号。输出单元150被构造为以视觉、音频和/或触觉方式提供输出信号(例如,音频信号、视频信号、警报信号、振动信号等等)。输出单元150可以包括显示单元151、音频输出模块152、警报单元153等等。In addition, when the mobile terminal 100 is connected to the external base, the interface unit 170 may function as a path through which power is supplied from the base to the mobile terminal 100 or may be used as a transmission of various command signals allowing input from the base to the mobile terminal 100 The path of the terminal 100. Various command signals or power input from the base can be used as signals for identifying whether the mobile terminal 100 is accurately mounted on the base. Output unit 150 is configured to provide an output signal (eg, an audio signal, a video signal, an alarm signal, a vibration signal, etc.) in a visual, audio, and/or tactile manner. The output unit 150 may include a display unit 151, an audio output module 152, an alarm unit 153, and the like.

控制器180通常控制移动终端100的总体操作。例如,控制器180执行与语音通话、数据通信、视频通话等等相关的控制和处理。The controller 180 typically controls the overall operation of the mobile terminal 100. For example, the controller 180 performs the control and processing associated with voice calls, data communications, video calls, and the like.

电源单元190在控制器180的控制下接收外部电力或内部电力并且提供操作各元件和组件所需的适当的电力。The power supply unit 190 receives external power or internal power under the control of the controller 180 and provides appropriate power required to operate the various components and components.

基于图1示出的实现本发明各个实施例的移动终端100的一个可选的硬件结构,实际实施中还可以根据需要在图1示出的硬件结构的基础上进一步设置功能模块,以实现对移动终端100功能的扩展。An optional hardware structure of the mobile terminal 100 that implements the various embodiments of the present invention is shown in FIG. 1. In an actual implementation, the function module may be further configured on the basis of the hardware structure shown in FIG. 1 to implement the An extension of the functionality of the mobile terminal 100.

基于图1,图2为实现本发明各个实施例的移动终端100的又一个可选的硬件结构示意,如图2所示,移动终端100可以包括无线通信单元110、用户输入单元130、输出单元150、存储器160、接口单元170、控制器180和电源单元190等。图2示出了具有各种组件的移动终端100,但是应理解 的是,并不要求实施所有示出的组件。可以替代地实施更多或更少的组件。将在下面详细描述移动终端100的元件。FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram showing still another optional hardware structure of the mobile terminal 100 for implementing various embodiments of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 2, the mobile terminal 100 may include a wireless communication unit 110, a user input unit 130, and an output unit. 150, a memory 160, an interface unit 170, a controller 180, a power supply unit 190, and the like. Figure 2 shows a mobile terminal 100 with various components, but it should be understood It is not required to implement all of the illustrated components. More or fewer components can be implemented instead. The elements of the mobile terminal 100 will be described in detail below.

无线通信单元110通常包括一个或多个组件,其允许移动终端100与无线通信系统或网络之间的无线电通信。例如,无线通信单元110可以包括广播接收模块111、移动通信模块112、无线互联网模块113和位置信息模块115中的至少一个。Wireless communication unit 110 typically includes one or more components that permit radio communication between mobile terminal 100 and a wireless communication system or network. For example, the wireless communication unit 110 may include at least one of a broadcast receiving module 111, a mobile communication module 112, a wireless internet module 113, and a location information module 115.

移动通信模块112、无线互联网模块113、位置信息模块115的说明参见前述实施例一的记载,这里不再赘述。For descriptions of the mobile communication module 112, the wireless internet module 113, and the location information module 115, refer to the description of the first embodiment, and details are not described herein again.

用户输入单元130可以根据用户输入的命令生成键输入数据以控制移动终端100的各种操作。用户输入单元130允许用户输入各种类型的信息,并且可以包括键盘、锅仔片、触摸板(例如,检测由于被接触而导致的电阻、压力、电容等等的变化的触敏组件)、滚轮、摇杆等等。特别地,当触摸板以层的形式叠加在显示单元151上时,可以形成触摸屏。The user input unit 130 may generate key input data according to a command input by the user to control various operations of the mobile terminal 100. The user input unit 130 allows the user to input various types of information, and may include a keyboard, a pot, a touch pad (eg, a touch sensitive component that detects changes in resistance, pressure, capacitance, etc. due to contact), a scroll wheel , rocker, etc. In particular, when the touch panel is superimposed on the display unit 151 in the form of a layer, a touch screen can be formed.

显示单元151可以显示在移动终端100中处理的信息。例如,当移动终端100处于电话通话模式时,显示单元151可以显示与通话或其它通信(例如,文本消息收发、多媒体文件下载等等)相关的用户界面(UI)或图形用户界面(GUI)。当移动终端100处于视频通话模式或者图像捕获模式时,显示单元151可以显示捕获的图像和/或接收的图像、示出视频或图像以及相关功能的UI或GUI等等。The display unit 151 can display information processed in the mobile terminal 100. For example, when the mobile terminal 100 is in a phone call mode, the display unit 151 can display a user interface (UI) or a graphical user interface (GUI) related to a call or other communication (eg, text messaging, multimedia file download, etc.). When the mobile terminal 100 is in a video call mode or an image capturing mode, the display unit 151 may display a captured image and/or a received image, a UI or GUI showing a video or image and related functions, and the like.

同时,当显示单元151和触摸板以层的形式彼此叠加以形成触摸屏时,显示单元151可以用作输入装置和输出装置。显示单元151可以包括液晶显示器(LCD)、薄膜晶体管LCD(TFT-LCD)、有机发光二极管(OLED)显示器、柔性显示器、三维(3D)显示器等等中的至少一种。这些显示器中的一些可以被构造为透明状以允许用户从外部观看,这可以称为透明显示器,典型的透明显示器可以例如为TOLED(透明有机发光二极管)显示 器等等。根据特定想要的实施方式,移动终端100可以包括两个或更多显示单元(或其它显示装置),例如,移动终端100可以包括外部显示单元(未示出)和内部显示单元(未示出)。触摸屏可用于检测触摸输入压力以及触摸输入位置和触摸输入面积。Meanwhile, when the display unit 151 and the touch panel are superposed on each other in the form of a layer to form a touch screen, the display unit 151 can function as an input device and an output device. The display unit 151 may include at least one of a liquid crystal display (LCD), a thin film transistor LCD (TFT-LCD), an organic light emitting diode (OLED) display, a flexible display, a three-dimensional (3D) display, and the like. Some of these displays may be configured to be transparent to allow a user to view from the outside, which may be referred to as a transparent display, which may be, for example, a TOLED (Transparent Organic Light Emitting Diode) display And so on. According to a particular desired embodiment, the mobile terminal 100 may include two or more display units (or other display devices), for example, the mobile terminal 100 may include an external display unit (not shown) and an internal display unit (not shown) ). The touch screen can be used to detect touch input pressure as well as touch input position and touch input area.

音频输出模块152可以在移动终端100处于呼叫信号接收模式、通话模式、记录模式、语音识别模式、广播接收模式等等模式下时,将无线通信单元110接收的或者在存储器160中存储的音频数据转换音频信号并且输出为声音。而且,音频输出模块152可以提供与移动终端100执行的特定功能相关的音频输出(例如,呼叫信号接收声音、消息接收声音等等)。音频输出模块152可以包括扬声器、蜂鸣器等等。The audio output module 152 may output audio data received by the wireless communication unit 110 or stored in the memory 160 when the mobile terminal 100 is in a call signal receiving mode, a call mode, a recording mode, a voice recognition mode, a broadcast receiving mode, and the like. The audio signal is converted and output as sound. Moreover, the audio output module 152 can provide audio output (eg, call signal reception sound, message reception sound, etc.) associated with a particular function performed by the mobile terminal 100. The audio output module 152 can include a speaker, a buzzer, and the like.

存储器160可以存储由控制器180执行的处理和控制操作的软件程序等等,或者可以暂时地存储已经输出或将要输出的数据(例如,电话簿、消息、静态图像、视频等等)。而且,存储器160可以存储关于当触摸施加到触摸屏时输出的各种方式的振动和音频信号的数据。The memory 160 may store a software program or the like that performs processing and control operations performed by the controller 180, or may temporarily store data (for example, a phone book, a message, a still image, a video, and the like) that has been output or is to be output. Moreover, the memory 160 can store data regarding vibrations and audio signals of various manners that are output when a touch is applied to the touch screen.

存储器160可以包括至少一种类型的存储介质,所述存储介质包括闪存、硬盘、多媒体卡、卡型存储器(例如,SD或DX存储器等等)、随机访问存储器(RAM)、静态随机访问存储器(SRAM)、只读存储器(ROM)、电可擦除可编程只读存储器(EEPROM)、可编程只读存储器(PROM)、磁性存储器、磁盘、光盘等等。而且,移动终端100可以与通过网络连接执行存储器160的存储功能的网络存储装置协作。The memory 160 may include at least one type of storage medium including a flash memory, a hard disk, a multimedia card, a card type memory (eg, SD or DX memory, etc.), a random access memory (RAM), a static random access memory ( SRAM), read only memory (ROM), electrically erasable programmable read only memory (EEPROM), programmable read only memory (PROM), magnetic memory, magnetic disk, optical disk, and the like. Moreover, the mobile terminal 100 can cooperate with a network storage device that performs a storage function of the memory 160 through a network connection.

接口单元170用作至少一个外部装置与移动终端100连接可以通过的接口。例如,外部装置可以包括有线或无线头戴式耳机端口、外部电源(或电池充电器)端口、有线或无线数据端口、存储卡端口、用于连接具有识别模块的装置的端口、音频输入/输出(I/O)端口、视频I/O端口、耳机端口等等。识别模块可以是存储用于验证用户使用移动终端100的各种信息 并且可以包括用户识别模块(UIM)、客户识别模块(SIM)、通用客户识别模块(USIM)等等。另外,具有识别模块的装置(下面称为“识别装置”)可以采取智能卡的形式,因此,识别装置可以经由端口或其它连接装置与移动终端100连接。接口单元170可以用于接收来自外部装置的输入(例如,数据信息、电力等等)并且将接收到的输入传输到移动终端100内的一个或多个元件或者可以用于在移动终端100和外部装置之间传输数据。The interface unit 170 serves as an interface through which at least one external device can connect with the mobile terminal 100. For example, the external device may include a wired or wireless headset port, an external power (or battery charger) port, a wired or wireless data port, a memory card port, a port for connecting a device having an identification module, and an audio input/output. (I/O) port, video I/O port, headphone port, and more. The identification module may be stored to verify various information used by the user using the mobile terminal 100. And may include a User Identification Module (UIM), a Customer Identification Module (SIM), a Universal Customer Identity Module (USIM), and the like. In addition, the device having the identification module (hereinafter referred to as "identification device") may take the form of a smart card, and thus the identification device may be connected to the mobile terminal 100 via a port or other connection device. The interface unit 170 can be configured to receive input (eg, data information, power, etc.) from an external device and transmit the received input to one or more components within the mobile terminal 100 or can be used at the mobile terminal 100 and externally Data is transferred between devices.

另外,当移动终端100与外部底座连接时,接口单元170可以用作允许通过其将电力从底座提供到移动终端100的路径或者可以用作允许从底座输入的各种命令信号通过其传输到移动终端100的路径。从底座输入的各种命令信号或电力可以用作用于识别移动终端100是否准确地安装在底座上的信号。输出单元150被构造为以视觉、音频和/或触觉方式提供输出信号(例如,音频信号、视频信号、警报信号、振动信号等等)。输出单元150可以包括显示单元151、音频输出模块152、警报单元153等等。In addition, when the mobile terminal 100 is connected to the external base, the interface unit 170 may function as a path through which power is supplied from the base to the mobile terminal 100 or may be used as a transmission of various command signals allowing input from the base to the mobile terminal 100 The path of the terminal 100. Various command signals or power input from the base can be used as signals for identifying whether the mobile terminal 100 is accurately mounted on the base. Output unit 150 is configured to provide an output signal (eg, an audio signal, a video signal, an alarm signal, a vibration signal, etc.) in a visual, audio, and/or tactile manner. The output unit 150 may include a display unit 151, an audio output module 152, an alarm unit 153, and the like.

控制器180通常控制移动终端100的总体操作。例如,控制器180执行与语音通话、数据通信、视频通话等等相关的控制和处理。另外,控制器180可以包括用于再现或回放多媒体数据的多媒体模块1810,多媒体模块1810可以构造在控制器180内,或者可以构造为与控制器180分离。控制器180可以执行模式识别处理,以将在触摸屏上执行的手写输入或者图片绘制输入识别为字符或图像。The controller 180 typically controls the overall operation of the mobile terminal 100. For example, the controller 180 performs the control and processing associated with voice calls, data communications, video calls, and the like. Additionally, the controller 180 can include a multimedia module 1810 for reproducing or playing back multimedia data, and the multimedia module 1810 can be constructed within the controller 180 or can be configured to be separate from the controller 180. The controller 180 may perform a pattern recognition process to recognize a handwriting input or a picture drawing input performed on the touch screen as a character or an image.

电源单元190在控制器180的控制下接收外部电力或内部电力并且提供操作各元件和组件所需的适当的电力。The power supply unit 190 receives external power or internal power under the control of the controller 180 and provides appropriate power required to operate the various components and components.

这里描述的各种实施方式可以以使用例如计算机软件、硬件或其任何组合的计算机可读介质来实施。对于硬件实施,这里描述的实施方式可以通过使用特定用途集成电路(ASIC)、数字信号处理器(DSP)、数字信号处理装置(DSPD)、可编程逻辑装置(PLD)、现场可编程门阵列(FPGA)、 处理器、控制器、微控制器、微处理器、被设计为执行这里描述的功能的电子单元中的至少一种来实施,在一些情况下,这样的实施方式可以在控制器180中实施。对于软件实施,诸如过程或功能的实施方式可以与允许执行至少一种功能或操作的单独的软件模块来实施。软件代码可以由以任何适当的编程语言编写的软件应用程序(或程序)来实施,软件代码可以存储在存储器160中并且由控制器180执行。The various embodiments described herein can be implemented in a computer readable medium using, for example, computer software, hardware, or any combination thereof. For hardware implementations, the embodiments described herein may be through the use of application specific integrated circuits (ASICs), digital signal processors (DSPs), digital signal processing devices (DSPDs), programmable logic devices (PLDs), field programmable gate arrays ( FPGA), The processor, controller, microcontroller, microprocessor, at least one of the electronic units designed to perform the functions described herein are implemented, and in some cases, such an implementation may be implemented in the controller 180. For software implementations, implementations such as procedures or functions may be implemented with separate software modules that permit the execution of at least one function or operation. The software code can be implemented by a software application (or program) written in any suitable programming language, which can be stored in memory 160 and executed by controller 180.

至此,已经按照其功能描述了移动终端100。下面,为了简要起见,将描述诸如折叠型、直板型、摆动型、滑动型移动终端100等等的各种类型的移动终端100中的滑动型移动终端100作为示例。因此,本发明能够应用于任何类型的移动终端100,并且不限于滑动型移动终端100。So far, the mobile terminal 100 has been described in terms of its function. Hereinafter, for the sake of brevity, the slide type mobile terminal 100 in various types of mobile terminals 100 such as a folding type, a bar type, a swing type, a slide type mobile terminal 100, and the like will be described as an example. Therefore, the present invention can be applied to any type of mobile terminal 100, and is not limited to the slide type mobile terminal 100.

如图1和图2中所示的移动终端100可以被构造为利用经由帧或分组发送数据的诸如有线和无线通信系统以及基于卫星的通信系统来操作。The mobile terminal 100 as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 may be configured to operate using a communication system such as a wired and wireless communication system and a satellite-based communication system that transmits data via frames or packets.

现在将参考图3描述其中根据本发明的移动终端100能够操作的通信系统。A communication system in which the mobile terminal 100 according to the present invention can operate will now be described with reference to FIG.

这样的通信系统可以使用不同的空中接口和/或物理层。例如,由通信系统使用的空中接口包括例如频分多址(FDMA)、时分多址(TDMA)、码分多址(CDMA)和通用移动通信系统(UMTS)(特别地,长期演进(LTE))、全球移动通信系统(GSM)等等。作为非限制性示例,下面的描述涉及CDMA通信系统,但是这样的教导同样适用于其它类型的系统。Such communication systems may use different air interfaces and/or physical layers. For example, air interfaces used by communication systems include, for example, Frequency Division Multiple Access (FDMA), Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA), Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA), and Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) (in particular, Long Term Evolution (LTE)). ), Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM), etc. As a non-limiting example, the following description relates to a CDMA communication system, but such teachings are equally applicable to other types of systems.

参考图3,CDMA无线通信系统可以包括多个移动终端100、多个基站(BS)270、基站控制器(BSC)275和移动交换中心(MSC)280。MSC280被构造为与公共电话交换网络(PSTN)290形成接口。MSC280还被构造为与可以经由回程线路耦接到基站270的BSC275形成接口。回程线路可以根据若干已知的接口中的任一种来构造,所述接口包括例如E1/T1、ATM,IP、PPP、帧中继、HDSL、ADSL或xDSL。将理解的是,如图3中所示的 系统可以包括多个BSC2750。Referring to FIG. 3, a CDMA wireless communication system may include a plurality of mobile terminals 100, a plurality of base stations (BS) 270, a base station controller (BSC) 275, and a mobile switching center (MSC) 280. The MSC 280 is configured to interface with a public switched telephone network (PSTN) 290. The MSC 280 is also configured to interface with a BSC 275 that can be coupled to the base station 270 via a backhaul line. The backhaul line can be constructed in accordance with any of a number of known interfaces including, for example, E1/T1, ATM, IP, PPP, Frame Relay, HDSL, ADSL, or xDSL. It will be understood that as shown in Figure 3 The system can include multiple BSC 2750s.

每个BS270可以服务一个或多个分区(或区域),由多向天线或指向特定方向的天线覆盖的每个分区放射状地远离BS270。或者,每个分区可以由用于分集接收的两个或更多天线覆盖。每个BS270可以被构造为支持多个频率分配,并且每个频率分配具有特定频谱(例如,1.25MHz,5MHz等等)。Each BS 270 can serve one or more partitions (or regions), each of which is covered by a multi-directional antenna or an antenna directed to a particular direction radially away from the BS 270. Alternatively, each partition may be covered by two or more antennas for diversity reception. Each BS 270 can be configured to support multiple frequency allocations, and each frequency allocation has a particular frequency spectrum (eg, 1.25 MHz, 5 MHz, etc.).

分区与频率分配的交叉可以被称为CDMA信道。BS270也可以被称为基站收发器子系统(BTS)或者其它等效术语。在这样的情况下,术语"基站"可以用于笼统地表示单个BSC275和至少一个BS270。基站也可以被称为“蜂窝站”。或者,特定BS270的各分区可以被称为多个蜂窝站。The intersection of partitioning and frequency allocation can be referred to as a CDMA channel. BS 270 may also be referred to as a Base Transceiver Subsystem (BTS) or other equivalent terminology. In such a case, the term "base station" can be used to generally refer to a single BSC 275 and at least one BS 270. A base station can also be referred to as a "cell station." Alternatively, each partition of a particular BS 270 may be referred to as a plurality of cellular stations.

在图3中,描绘了多个卫星300,但是理解的是,可以利用任何数目的卫星获得有用的定位信息。如图1中所示的位置信息模块115通常被构造为与卫星300配合以获得想要的定位信息。替代GPS跟踪技术或者在GPS跟踪技术之外,可以使用可以跟踪移动终端100的位置的其它技术。另外,至少一个GPS卫星300可以选择性地或者额外地处理卫星DMB传输。In Figure 3, a plurality of satellites 300 are depicted, but it is understood that any number of satellites can be utilized to obtain useful positioning information. The location information module 115 as shown in FIG. 1 is typically configured to cooperate with the satellite 300 to obtain desired positioning information. Instead of GPS tracking techniques or in addition to GPS tracking techniques, other techniques that can track the location of the mobile terminal 100 can be used. Additionally, at least one GPS satellite 300 can selectively or additionally process satellite DMB transmissions.

作为无线通信系统的一个典型操作,BS270接收来自各种移动终端100的反向链路信号。移动终端100通常参与通话、消息收发和其它类型的通信。特定基站270接收的每个反向链路信号被在特定BS270内进行处理。获得的数据被转发给相关的BSC275。BSC提供通话资源分配和包括BS270之间的软切换过程的协调的移动管理功能。BSC275还将接收到的数据路由到MSC280,其提供用于与PSTN290形成接口的额外的路由服务。类似地,PSTN290与MSC280形成接口,MSC与BSC275形成接口,并且BSC275相应地控制BS270以将正向链路信号发送到移动终端100。As a typical operation of a wireless communication system, BS 270 receives reverse link signals from various mobile terminals 100. Mobile terminal 100 typically participates in calls, messaging, and other types of communications. Each reverse link signal received by a particular base station 270 is processed within a particular BS 270. The obtained data is forwarded to the relevant BSC 275. The BSC provides call resource allocation and coordinated mobility management functions including a soft handoff procedure between the BSs 270. The BSC 275 also routes the received data to the MSC 280, which provides additional routing services for interfacing with the PSTN 290. Similarly, PSTN 290 interfaces with MSC 280, which forms an interface with BSC 275, and BSC 275 controls BS 270 accordingly to transmit forward link signals to mobile terminal 100.

基于上述移动终端硬件结构以及通信系统,提出本发明各个实施例。Various embodiments of the present invention are proposed based on the above-described mobile terminal hardware structure and communication system.

实施例一 Embodiment 1

本发明实施例一提出一种采用至少具有图1所示的硬件结构的移动终端100,移动终端100采用金属材料的壳体(如采用单一的金属如铝,或采用金属合金如镁铝合金),移动终端100的壳体包括三个部分:顶部壳体、中部壳体和底部壳体,实际实施中顶部壳体、中部壳体和底部壳体均具有后壳部分和中框部分,用于同设置在中框的前置面板、显示单元151形成容置空间。The first embodiment of the present invention provides a mobile terminal 100 having at least the hardware structure shown in FIG. 1. The mobile terminal 100 is made of a metal material (such as a single metal such as aluminum or a metal alloy such as magnesium alloy). The housing of the mobile terminal 100 includes three parts: a top housing, a middle housing, and a bottom housing. In actual implementation, the top housing, the middle housing, and the bottom housing each have a rear housing portion and a middle frame portion for The front panel and the display unit 151 disposed in the middle frame form an accommodation space.

顶部壳体与中部壳体之间、以及中部壳体与底部壳体之间均开设有缝隙,缝隙可以采用非金属材料(如塑料填充)以使壳体的容置空间中设置的天线从壳体内部向壳体外部的空间辐射无线信号(也即交变的电磁波),以及感应空间中传输的无线信号而在天线上感应出交变的高频电流。A slit is formed between the top casing and the middle casing, and between the middle casing and the bottom casing, and the slit may be made of a non-metallic material (such as plastic filling) to make the antenna disposed in the housing space of the casing from the casing. The inside of the body radiates a wireless signal (that is, an alternating electromagnetic wave) to a space outside the casing, and induces a wireless signal transmitted in the space to induce an alternating high-frequency current on the antenna.

本实施例中将壳体的整体容置空间中与顶部壳体对应的容置空间、以及与底部壳体对应的容置空间称为端部容置空间。In this embodiment, the accommodating space corresponding to the top housing and the accommodating space corresponding to the bottom housing in the overall accommodating space of the housing are referred to as end accommodating spaces.

第一容置空间(顶部壳体对应的容置空间、以及与底部壳体对应的容置空间成为端部容置空间中任意一个)中设置有WiFi天线、对应WiFi天线的馈电端口、以及对应WiFi天线的馈电端口的匹配电路(也称为馈电端匹配电路);作为一种实施方式,第一容置空间中设置有对应WiFi天线的接地端口、以及对应WiFi天线的接地端口的匹配电路(也成为接地端匹配电路)。a first accommodating space (the accommodating space corresponding to the top case and the accommodating space corresponding to the bottom case becomes any one of the end accommodating spaces), a WiFi antenna, a feeding port corresponding to the WiFi antenna, and Corresponding circuit of the feed port of the WiFi antenna (also referred to as a feed end matching circuit); as an implementation manner, a ground port corresponding to the WiFi antenna and a ground port corresponding to the WiFi antenna are disposed in the first accommodating space Matching circuit (also known as ground matching circuit).

为了支持多种类型的通信壳体中需要设置不同类型的天线,基本地,第一端部容置空间中设置MIMO分集天线和GPS天线,第二端部容置空间(壳体的两个端部容置空间中除第一端部容置空间的另外一个)中设置有MIMO主天线,下面对天线的不同设置位置进行说明。In order to support different types of communication housings, different types of antennas need to be disposed. Basically, a MIMO diversity antenna and a GPS antenna are disposed in the first end accommodation space, and the second end accommodation space (both ends of the housing) A MIMO main antenna is disposed in the other part of the accommodating space except the first end accommodating space, and different setting positions of the antenna are described below.

设置方式1)Setting method 1)

参见图5,第一端部容置空间(图5中以顶部壳体对应的容置空间为例)的第一部分8(图5中以左侧部分为例)设置有MIMO分集天线,第一端 部容置空间的第二部分14(图5中以右侧部分为例)设置有WiFi天线和GPS天线,还设置有WiFi天线的馈电端口9、以及对应馈电端口9的匹配电路(以与馈电端口9连接的虚线框标识);可选地,还可以设置有WiFi天线的接地端口10、以及对应接地端口10的匹配电路(以与接地端口10连接的虚线框标识)。Referring to FIG. 5, a first portion 8 of the first end receiving space (the accommodating space corresponding to the top housing in FIG. 5 is taken as an example) is provided with a MIMO diversity antenna, first. End The second portion 14 of the accommodating space (the right side portion in FIG. 5 is taken as an example) is provided with a WiFi antenna and a GPS antenna, and is also provided with a feeding port 9 of the WiFi antenna and a matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port 9 ( A dashed box connection to the feed port 9 is identified; alternatively, a ground port 10 of the WiFi antenna and a matching circuit corresponding to the ground port 10 (identified by a dashed box connected to the ground port 10) may also be provided.

壳体的第二端部容置空间(图5中以底部壳体对应的容置空间为例)的第一部分6(图5中以左侧部分为例)设置有MIMO主天线。The first portion 6 of the second end receiving space of the housing (the accommodating space corresponding to the bottom housing in FIG. 5 is taken as an example) is provided with a MIMO main antenna.

第一端部容置空间的第一部分与顶部的缝隙的对应部分还设置有对应MIMO分集天线的接地片7-1(宽度与缝隙一致),用于对MIMO分集天线与WiFi天线进行去耦合;第二端部容置空间的第一部分与底部的缝隙的对应部分还设置有对应MIMO主天线的接地片7-2(宽度与缝隙一致),用于对MIMO主天线与WiFi天线进行去耦合。A corresponding portion of the first portion of the first end receiving space and the top portion of the slot is further provided with a grounding strip 7-1 (width and slot uniform) corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna for decoupling the MIMO diversity antenna from the WiFi antenna; A corresponding portion of the gap between the first portion and the bottom portion of the second end receiving space is further provided with a grounding strip 7-2 (width and slot uniform) corresponding to the MIMO main antenna for decoupling the MIMO main antenna from the WiFi antenna.

除了图5示出的天线的设置方式,天线的设置位置还可以灵活对调,例如GPS天线与WiFi天线的共同设置位置可以与分集天线的设置位置对调,MIMO主天线的设置位置可以与MIMO分集天线的设置位置对调。In addition to the arrangement of the antenna shown in FIG. 5, the setting position of the antenna can be flexibly adjusted. For example, the common position of the GPS antenna and the WiFi antenna can be adjusted with the setting position of the diversity antenna, and the setting position of the MIMO main antenna can be combined with the MIMO diversity antenna. The setting position is reversed.

设置方式2)Setting method 2)

第一端部容置空间(图6中以顶部壳体对应的容置空间为例)的第一部分8(图6中以中间部分为例)设置有MIMO分集天线,第一端部容置空间的第二部分15(图6中以右侧部分为例)设置有WiFi天线、WiFi天线的馈电端口12、以及WiFi天线的馈电端口的匹配电路、WiFi天线的接地端口13、以及WiFi天线的馈电端口13的匹配电路;壳体的第一端部容置空间的第三部分(图6中以左侧部分为例)还设置有GPS天线。The first end portion 8 (in the example of the accommodating space corresponding to the top case in FIG. 6 ) is provided with a MIMO diversity antenna, and the first end receiving space is provided. The second part 15 (the right part of FIG. 6 is taken as an example) is provided with a WiFi antenna, a feed port 12 of the WiFi antenna, a matching circuit of the feed port of the WiFi antenna, a ground port 13 of the WiFi antenna, and a WiFi antenna. The matching circuit of the feed port 13; the third portion of the first end receiving space of the housing (the left side portion in FIG. 6 is taken as an example) is further provided with a GPS antenna.

第一端部容置空间的第一部分8、第二部分15之间与顶部的缝隙的对应部分还设置有对应MIMO分集天线的接地片11,用于对MIMO分集天线与WiFi天线进行去耦合; A corresponding portion of the gap between the first portion 8 and the second portion 15 of the first end receiving space and the top portion is further provided with a grounding strip 11 corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna for decoupling the MIMO diversity antenna from the WiFi antenna;

第一端部容置空间的第一部分8、第三部分9之间与顶部的缝隙的对应部分还设置有对应MIMO分集天线的接地片10,用于对MIMO分集天线与GPS天线进行去耦合。A corresponding portion of the gap between the first portion 8 and the third portion 9 of the first end receiving space and the top portion is further provided with a grounding strip 10 corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna for decoupling the MIMO diversity antenna from the GPS antenna.

除了图6示出的天线的设置方式,天线的设置位置还可以灵活对调,例如GPS天线与WiFi天线的共同设置位置可以与分集天线的设置位置对调,MIMO主天线的设置位置可以与MIMO分集天线的设置位置对调。In addition to the arrangement of the antenna shown in FIG. 6, the setting position of the antenna can also be flexibly adjusted. For example, the common position of the GPS antenna and the WiFi antenna can be adjusted with the setting position of the diversity antenna, and the setting position of the MIMO main antenna can be combined with the MIMO diversity antenna. The setting position is reversed.

实际实施中,如图1所示的硬件结构中的控制器180和无线通信单元110(包括移动通信模块112、位置信息模块115和无线互联网模块113)设置在位于的印刷电路板(PCB,位于中部壳体的容置空间)上。与图1示出的无线通信单元110的硬件结构对应,壳体的容置空间中设置有全频段MIMO天线、GPS天线和WiFi天线;其中MIMO天线供无线通信单元110中的移动通信模块112进行MIMO通信,GPS天线供位置信息模块115接收GPS信号对移动终端100进行定位,WiFi天线供无线互联网模块113进行WiFi双频段(2.4GHz和5GHz)的无线通信。In an actual implementation, the controller 180 and the wireless communication unit 110 (including the mobile communication module 112, the location information module 115, and the wireless internet module 113) in the hardware structure shown in FIG. 1 are disposed on a printed circuit board (PCB, located in The accommodating space of the middle casing). Corresponding to the hardware structure of the wireless communication unit 110 shown in FIG. 1 , a full-band MIMO antenna, a GPS antenna, and a WiFi antenna are disposed in the housing space of the housing; wherein the MIMO antenna is provided by the mobile communication module 112 in the wireless communication unit 110. The MIMO communication, the GPS antenna for the location information module 115 receives the GPS signal to locate the mobile terminal 100, and the WiFi antenna is used by the wireless internet module 113 for wireless communication of the WiFi dual band (2.4 GHz and 5 GHz).

MIMO天线、GPS天线和WiFi天线的设置位置可以有多种方式:The location of the MIMO antenna, GPS antenna, and WiFi antenna can be set in a variety of ways:

控制器180配置为控制无线通信单元110中的各模块使用对应的天线进行不同频段的通信,下面对控制不同类型天线进行通信的实现进行说明。The controller 180 is configured to control each module in the wireless communication unit 110 to perform communication in different frequency bands using a corresponding antenna. The following describes the implementation of controlling communication of different types of antennas.

1)WiFi通信1) WiFi communication

控制器180配置为控制馈电端口的状态,调节馈电端口对应的匹配电路使WiFi天线谐振与需求的WiFi通信频段(如2.4GHz频段或5GHz通信频段),并控制无线通信单元110中的无线互联网模块113经由WiFi天线进行不同频段的通信。The controller 180 is configured to control the state of the feed port, adjust the matching circuit corresponding to the feed port to make the WiFi antenna resonate with the required WiFi communication frequency band (such as the 2.4 GHz band or the 5 GHz communication band), and control the wireless in the wireless communication unit 110. The internet module 113 performs communication of different frequency bands via a WiFi antenna.

对于采用上述的设置方式1)的移动终端,控制器180配置为调节馈电端口对应的匹配电路、以及WiFi天线的接地端口对应的匹配电路,使WiFi天线谐振获得不同的WiFi通信频段;WiFi天线的接地端口以及对应的匹配 电路可以省略设置,此时通过调整WiFi天线的馈电端口的位置,可以使WiFi天线谐振获得不同的WiFi通信频段。For the mobile terminal adopting the above setting mode 1), the controller 180 is configured to adjust the matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port and the matching circuit corresponding to the grounding port of the WiFi antenna, so that the WiFi antenna resonates to obtain different WiFi communication frequency bands; the WiFi antenna Ground port and corresponding match The circuit can omit the setting. At this time, by adjusting the position of the feeding port of the WiFi antenna, the WiFi antenna can obtain different WiFi communication frequency bands.

对于采用上述的设置方式2)的移动终端,控制器180配置为调节馈电端口对应的匹配电路以及接地端口对应的匹配电路,使WiFi天线基于WiFi天线自身的辐射结构以及壳体(第一端部容置空间的壳体底部)谐振获得需求的WiFi通信频段,并控制无线通信单元110中的无线互联网模块113经由WiFi天线进行不同频段的通信。同样地,WiFi天线的接地端口以及对应的匹配电路可以省略,此时通过调整WiFi天线的馈电端口的位置,可以使WiFi天线谐振出不同的WiFi通信频段。For the mobile terminal adopting the above setting mode 2), the controller 180 is configured to adjust the matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port and the matching circuit corresponding to the ground port, so that the WiFi antenna is based on the radiation structure of the WiFi antenna itself and the casing (the first end) The bottom of the housing accommodating the space) resonates to obtain the required WiFi communication frequency band, and controls the wireless internet module 113 in the wireless communication unit 110 to perform communication in different frequency bands via the WiFi antenna. Similarly, the grounding port of the WiFi antenna and the corresponding matching circuit can be omitted. At this time, by adjusting the position of the feeding port of the WiFi antenna, the WiFi antenna can resonate with different WiFi communication bands.

2)接收GPS信号2) Receiving GPS signals

对于采用上述的设置方式1)的移动终端,GPS天线基于GPS天线自身的辐射结构谐振获得需求的GPS频段,由控制器180控制无线通信单元110中的位置信息模块115经由GPS天线进行接收GPS信号。For the mobile terminal adopting the above setting mode 1), the GPS antenna obtains the required GPS frequency band based on the radiation structure resonance of the GPS antenna itself, and the position information module 115 in the wireless communication unit 110 is controlled by the controller 180 to receive the GPS signal via the GPS antenna. .

对于采用上述的设置方式2)的移动终端,GPS天线基于GPS天线自身的辐射结构以及壳体(第一端部容置空间的壳体底部)谐振获得需求的GPS频段,由控制器180控制无线通信单元110中的位置信息模块115经由GPS天线进行接收GPS信号,也就是在上述的设置方式2)中,GPS天线和WiFi天线可以结合自身的辐射结构与共用壳体谐振出不同的频段。For the mobile terminal adopting the above setting method 2), the GPS antenna obtains the required GPS frequency band based on the radiation structure of the GPS antenna itself and the resonance of the housing (the bottom of the housing of the first end accommodation space), and the controller 180 controls the wireless The position information module 115 in the communication unit 110 receives the GPS signal via the GPS antenna, that is, in the above-described setting mode 2), the GPS antenna and the WiFi antenna can resonate with the common housing in a different frequency band in combination with their own radiation structure.

3)移动通信3) Mobile communication

实际实施时,壳体的容置空间中还设置对应MIMO天线的馈电端口9、馈电端口以及对应的匹配电路使MIMO天线谐振在需求的通信频段,控制移动通信模块112经由MIMO天线进行不同频段(如低频段696—960MHz)的移动通信。In actual implementation, the feeding port 9 of the corresponding MIMO antenna, the feeding port and the corresponding matching circuit are arranged in the accommodating space of the housing to resonate the MIMO antenna in the required communication frequency band, and the mobile communication module 112 is controlled to be different via the MIMO antenna. Mobile communication in frequency bands (eg, low frequency band 696-960 MHz).

本实施例提供了MIMO天线、GPS天线和WiFi天线在全金属移动终端内部的位置布局设计方案,节省了在全金属移动终端内部设置天线的空 间;支持WiFi天线双频通信;全金属,超薄,结构强度大,导热性能优越,金属触感好;由于天线布局设计占用壳体的端部容置空间小,因此能够实现移动终端的高屏占比,视觉体验好;天线的结构简单,加工方便,便于加工和生产。The embodiment provides a position layout design scheme of the MIMO antenna, the GPS antenna, and the WiFi antenna in the all-metal mobile terminal, thereby saving the space of the antenna disposed inside the all-metal mobile terminal. Supporting WiFi antenna dual-frequency communication; all metal, ultra-thin, strong structural strength, superior thermal conductivity, good metal touch; because the antenna layout design occupies a small housing space at the end, it can achieve high screen of mobile terminal The ratio is good, the visual experience is good; the structure of the antenna is simple, the processing is convenient, and it is easy to process and produce.

实施例二Embodiment 2

图4至图6示出了采用图1所示的硬件结构的移动终端100的内部结构示意图,图4至图6中以移动终端100为手机为例对移动终端100内部的结构进行说明,本领域的技术人员可以根据图4至图6示出的结构实施于全金属的其他移动终端100如平板电脑等。4 to FIG. 6 are schematic diagrams showing the internal structure of the mobile terminal 100 using the hardware structure shown in FIG. 1. FIG. 4 to FIG. 6 illustrate the internal structure of the mobile terminal 100 by taking the mobile terminal 100 as a mobile phone as an example. A person skilled in the art can implement the entire metal terminal 100 such as a tablet computer or the like according to the structure shown in FIGS. 4 to 6.

图4是移动终端100的内部结构的侧视示意图,图5至图6是移动终端100的不同内部结构的俯视示意图,作为实现移动终端100设置全金属外壳并实现轻薄化的一个示例,移动终端100结构尺寸为150mm×70mm×5mm,长度范围限定在100mm—160mm,宽度范围限定在50mm—85mm,高度范围限定在10mm以内。其中,移动终端100中印刷电路板(PCB)1的尺寸(长度×宽度×厚度)为140mm×70mm×1mm,PCB 1尺寸可以按照实际需要来调整大小,PCB 1距移动终端100底部距离限定在15mm以内,PCB 1距移动终端100顶部距离限定在10mm以内,后壳2厚度范围限定在2mm以内,中框3高度范围限定在10mm以内,厚度范围限定在2mm以内,移动终端100的顶部和底部对应开设的缝隙4-1和缝隙4-2,宽度范围限定在3mm以内,顶部的缝隙4-1距移动终端100顶部距离范围限定在20mm以内,底部的缝隙4-2距移动终端100底部距离范围限定在20mm以内,顶部的缝隙4-1和底部的缝隙4-2可以是对称开设,也可以是不对称开设,开设位置随具体需求设定。4 is a schematic side view of the internal structure of the mobile terminal 100, and FIG. 5 to FIG. 6 are schematic plan views of different internal structures of the mobile terminal 100. As an example of implementing the mobile terminal 100 to provide an all-metal casing and achieving thinness and lightness, the mobile terminal The structure size of 100 is 150 mm × 70 mm × 5 mm, the length range is limited to 100 mm - 160 mm, the width range is limited to 50 mm - 85 mm, and the height range is limited to 10 mm. The size (length×width×thickness) of the printed circuit board (PCB) 1 in the mobile terminal 100 is 140 mm×70 mm×1 mm, and the size of the PCB 1 can be adjusted according to actual needs, and the distance between the PCB 1 and the bottom of the mobile terminal 100 is limited. Within 15mm, the distance between the top of the PCB 1 and the top of the mobile terminal 100 is limited to 10mm, the thickness of the rear case 2 is limited to within 2mm, the height of the middle frame 3 is limited to within 10mm, and the thickness range is limited to within 2mm, the top and bottom of the mobile terminal 100. Corresponding to the slit 4-1 and the slit 4-2, the width range is limited to 3 mm, the gap 4-1 of the top is limited to a distance of 20 mm from the top of the mobile terminal 100, and the gap 4-2 at the bottom is the distance from the bottom of the mobile terminal 100. The range is limited to 20 mm, and the slit 4-1 at the top and the slit 4-2 at the bottom may be symmetrically opened or asymmetrically opened, and the opening position is set according to specific needs.

USB端口5设置在移动终端100的底部容置空间,USB端口5与移动终端100底部的距离范围限定在2mm以内,USB端口5可以在壳体的底部 容置空间居中设置,也可以在壳体的底部容置空间任意一侧设置。The USB port 5 is disposed at the bottom receiving space of the mobile terminal 100, and the distance between the USB port 5 and the bottom of the mobile terminal 100 is limited to be within 2 mm, and the USB port 5 can be at the bottom of the housing. The accommodating space is centrally located, and can also be set on either side of the housing accommodating space.

MIMO主天线预留的设计空间6为壳体的底部容置空间的左侧部分,MIMO主天线的接地片7-2设置在后壳2上与缝隙4-2对应的部分区域,宽度范围和缝隙4-2保持一致,长度范围限定在2mm以上,距离中框左侧范围限定在60mm以内。MIMO分集天线预留的设计空间8为壳体的顶部容置空间的左侧部分,与MIMO主天线的设置位置对称。The design space 6 reserved by the MIMO main antenna is the left side portion of the bottom accommodating space of the casing, and the grounding piece 7-2 of the MIMO main antenna is disposed on a portion of the rear casing 2 corresponding to the slit 4-2, the width range and The slit 4-2 is kept uniform, and the length range is limited to 2 mm or more, and the range from the left side of the middle frame is limited to 60 mm or less. The reserved space 8 reserved for the MIMO diversity antenna is the left portion of the top housing space of the housing, which is symmetrical with the set position of the MIMO main antenna.

GPS天线设置在壳体的顶部容置空间的右侧部分,与WiFi天线使用相同的设计空间,WiFi天线可以基于自身独立的辐射结构谐振出所需要的频段,此时WiFi天线需要占用的设计空间长度范围限定在30mm以内,宽度范围限定在15mm以内。The GPS antenna is disposed on the right part of the housing accommodating space at the top of the housing. The WiFi antenna can use the same design space as the WiFi antenna. The WiFi antenna can resonate to the required frequency band based on its own independent radiation structure. At this time, the design space length of the WiFi antenna needs to be occupied. The range is limited to 30mm and the width is limited to 15mm.

底部容置空间的中间位置设置有通用串行总线(USB,Universal Serial Bus)端口5,实际实施时USB端口5也可以设置在顶部容置空间的左侧位置或右侧位置。The middle position of the bottom accommodating space is provided with a universal serial bus (USB) port 5. In actual implementation, the USB port 5 can also be disposed at the left side position or the right side position of the top accommodating space.

WiFi天线也可以与MIMO分集天线共辐射结构(MIMO分集天线基于自身的辐射结构以及后壳来谐振出需要的频段),也就是结合自身的辐射结构以及后壳2来谐振出需要的频段。WiFi天线的馈电端口9距移动终端右侧距离范围限定在30mm以内,馈电端口9的匹配电路以与馈电端口9连接的虚线框标识;WiFi天线的接地端口15距移动终端右侧距离范围限定在28mm以内,接地端口15的匹配电路以与接地端口15连接的虚线框标识。实际实施中,可以省略设置WiFi天线的接地端口15和对应的匹配电路,通过调整馈电端口9的位置同样可以实现WiFi天线在WiFi通信频段的谐振。The WiFi antenna can also be co-radiated with the MIMO diversity antenna (the MIMO diversity antenna resonates to the required frequency band based on its own radiating structure and the back shell), that is, it combines its own radiation structure and the rear case 2 to resonate the required frequency band. The distance between the feed port 9 of the WiFi antenna and the right side of the mobile terminal is limited to 30 mm, and the matching circuit of the feed port 9 is identified by a dashed box connected to the feed port 9; the ground port 15 of the WiFi antenna is located at the right side of the mobile terminal The range is limited to 28 mm, and the matching circuit of the ground port 15 is identified by a dashed box connected to the ground port 15. In an actual implementation, the grounding port 15 of the WiFi antenna and the corresponding matching circuit may be omitted, and the resonance of the WiFi antenna in the WiFi communication band may also be achieved by adjusting the position of the feeding port 9.

在此需要说明的是,MIMO天线、GPS天线、WiFi天线都可以左右对称地放置在移动终端的另一侧,也可以上下的对称地设置在移动终端的另一端。 It should be noted that the MIMO antenna, the GPS antenna, and the WiFi antenna may be placed symmetrically on the other side of the mobile terminal, or may be symmetrically disposed on the other end of the mobile terminal.

图4和图5示出了MIMO天线、GPS天线的位置布局和设计空间要求,实现了WiFi天线2.4G与5G的双频带宽,WiFi天线使用独立的辐射结构和匹配电路来谐振出所需要的2.4GHz和5GHz的频段。Figure 4 and Figure 5 show the location layout and design space requirements of the MIMO antenna, GPS antenna, and realize the dual-bandwidth of WiFi antenna 2.4G and 5G. The WiFi antenna uses independent radiation structure and matching circuit to resonate the required 2.4. GHz and 5 GHz bands.

1)WiFi天线的馈电端口9处于馈电状态,WiFi天线的接地端口10接地时,调节WiFi天线的馈电端口9对应的匹配电路、以及WiFi天线的接地端口10的匹配电路,实现WiFi天线2.4GHz和5GHz的频段覆盖。1) The feeding port 9 of the WiFi antenna is in the feeding state, and when the grounding port 10 of the WiFi antenna is grounded, the matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port 9 of the WiFi antenna and the matching circuit of the grounding port 10 of the WiFi antenna are adjusted to realize the WiFi antenna. Band coverage of 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz.

2)当壳体的顶部容置空间的右侧部分没有设置WiFi天线的接地端口10以及对应的匹配电路时,调节馈电端口9对应的匹配电路,同样可以实现WiFi天线2.4GHz和5GHz的频段覆盖。2) When the grounding port 10 of the WiFi antenna and the corresponding matching circuit are not disposed on the right part of the top housing space of the housing, the matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port 9 is adjusted, and the 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz frequency bands of the WiFi antenna can also be realized. cover.

图6示出的内部结构中,GPS天线和WiFi天线共同使用壳体的顶部容置空间的右侧部分,作为另一种不同的设计方案,GPS天线和WiFi天线使用壳体的顶部容置空间中不同的部分作为设计空间,参见图6,MIMO分集天线设置在顶部容置空间的中间部分8,GPS天线设置在顶部容置空间的左侧部分9,WiFi天线设置在顶部容置空间的右侧部分,MIMO分集天线只覆盖高频频段1710-2690MHz,MIMO分集天线在后壳2上对应设置有两个接地片10和接地片11,接地片的宽度与缝隙一致,接地片10距移动终端左侧距离范围限定在40mm以内,接地片11距移动终端右侧距离范围限定在30mm以内,GPS和WiFi天线不共用同一个设计空间,但WiFi天线可以使用后壳2作为WiFi天线的辐射结构的一部分(与WiFi天线自身的辐射结构作为完整的辐射结构),MIMO主天线设置在壳体的底部容置空间的左侧部分,左侧部分与缝隙的对应位置还设置有对应MIMO主天线的接地片7,接地片7的宽度与缝隙一致;底部容置空间的中间位置还设置有USB端口5,实际实施时USB端口5也可以设置在顶部容置空间的左侧位置或右侧位置。In the internal structure shown in FIG. 6, the GPS antenna and the WiFi antenna use the right side portion of the top housing space of the housing together. As another different design, the GPS antenna and the WiFi antenna use the top housing space of the housing. The different parts are used as the design space. Referring to Figure 6, the MIMO diversity antenna is disposed in the middle portion 8 of the top housing space, the GPS antenna is disposed in the left portion 9 of the top housing space, and the WiFi antenna is disposed on the right side of the top housing space. In the side part, the MIMO diversity antenna covers only the high frequency band 1710-2690 MHz, and the MIMO diversity antenna is correspondingly provided with two grounding strips 10 and a grounding strip 11 on the rear case 2, the width of the grounding piece is consistent with the gap, and the grounding piece 10 is away from the mobile terminal. The left distance range is limited to 40mm, and the grounding strip 11 is limited to a distance of 30mm from the right side of the mobile terminal. The GPS and WiFi antennas do not share the same design space, but the WiFi antenna can use the rear case 2 as the radiation structure of the WiFi antenna. One part (with the radiation structure of the WiFi antenna itself as a complete radiating structure), the MIMO main antenna is placed in the left part of the housing space at the bottom of the housing, and the left part is The corresponding position of the gap is also provided with a grounding strip 7 corresponding to the MIMO main antenna, and the width of the grounding strip 7 is consistent with the gap; the middle position of the bottom receiving space is also provided with a USB port 5, and the USB port 5 can also be set at the top in actual implementation. The left or right position of the accommodation space.

在此需要说明的是,MIMO天线、GPS天线、WiFi天线都可以左右对 称地放置在移动终端的壳体的另一侧,也可以上下的对称地放置在移动终端的壳体的另一端。It should be noted that the MIMO antenna, the GPS antenna, and the WiFi antenna can all be left and right. It is placed on the other side of the housing of the mobile terminal, and can also be placed symmetrically on the other end of the housing of the mobile terminal.

实施例三Embodiment 3

本实施例提供一种用于具有图1或图2所示的硬件结构,以及具有图4和图5所示内部结构的全金属外壳的移动终端100的通信处理方法,The present embodiment provides a communication processing method for the mobile terminal 100 having the hardware structure shown in FIG. 1 or FIG. 2 and the all-metal casing having the internal structure shown in FIGS. 4 and 5.

以下以壳体的容置空间中设置有与WiFi天线对应的接地端口、与WiFi天线的接地端口对应以及WiFi天线对应的接地端口为例进行说明,参见图7,WiFi通信处理方法包括以下步骤:In the following, the grounding port corresponding to the WiFi antenna, the grounding port corresponding to the WiFi antenna, and the grounding port corresponding to the WiFi antenna are provided as an example. Referring to FIG. 7, the WiFi communication processing method includes the following steps:

步骤101,控制器180控制WiFi天线的馈电端口9处于馈电状态。In step 101, the controller 180 controls the feed port 9 of the WiFi antenna to be in a feeding state.

馈电端口是无线互联网模块通过传输导线向WiFi天线馈入高频交变电流的连接点,控制器180控制WiFi天线的馈电端口处于馈电状态是指无线互联网模块113基于该馈电端口向WiFi天线馈入能量,或通过该馈电端口接收WiFi感应空间传输的无线信号而生成的高频交变电流。The feeding port is a connection point of the wireless internet module feeding the high-frequency alternating current to the WiFi antenna through the transmission line, and the controller 180 controlling the feeding port of the WiFi antenna to be in the feeding state means that the wireless internet module 113 is based on the feeding port The WiFi antenna feeds in energy or receives a high frequency alternating current generated by the wireless signal transmitted by the WiFi sensing space through the feeding port.

步骤102,控制器180调节馈电端口对应的匹配电路使WiFi天线谐振于不同的WiFi通信频段。Step 102: The controller 180 adjusts the matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port to make the WiFi antenna resonate in different WiFi communication frequency bands.

当需求通信的频段是2.4GHz频段时,控制器180调节馈电端口对应的匹配电路使WiFi天线谐振于2.4GHz频段;当需求通信的频段是5GHz频段时,控制器180调节馈电端口对应的匹配电路使WiFi天线谐振于5GHz频段。When the frequency band required for communication is the 2.4 GHz frequency band, the controller 180 adjusts the matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port to make the WiFi antenna resonate in the 2.4 GHz frequency band; when the frequency band requiring communication is the 5 GHz frequency band, the controller 180 adjusts the corresponding corresponding to the feeding port. The matching circuit causes the WiFi antenna to resonate in the 5 GHz band.

步骤103,控制器180控制无线通信单元110中的无线互联网模块113经由WiFi天线进行不同频段的通信。In step 103, the controller 180 controls the wireless internet module 113 in the wireless communication unit 110 to perform communication in different frequency bands via the WiFi antenna.

图5示出的结构中设置WiFi天线的接地端口以及对应的匹配电路,控制器180调节馈电端口对应的匹配电路,使WiFi天线谐振于基于WiFi天线自身的辐射结构以及壳体谐振出不同的WiFi通信频段,如2.4GHz频段或5GHz频段。 In the structure shown in FIG. 5, the grounding port of the WiFi antenna and the corresponding matching circuit are disposed, and the controller 180 adjusts the matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port, so that the WiFi antenna resonates with the radiation structure based on the WiFi antenna itself and the housing resonates differently. WiFi communication band, such as 2.4GHz band or 5GHz band.

另外,当壳体的容置空间中没有设置WiFi天线的接地端口以及对应的匹配电路时,控制器180可以调节馈电端口对应的匹配电路使WiFi天线基于WiFi天线自身的辐射结构谐振出不同的WiFi通信频段。In addition, when the grounding port of the WiFi antenna and the corresponding matching circuit are not disposed in the accommodating space of the housing, the controller 180 can adjust the matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port to make the WiFi antenna resonate differently based on the radiation structure of the WiFi antenna itself. WiFi communication band.

综上所述,本实施例至少具有以下有益效果:In summary, the embodiment has at least the following beneficial effects:

1)提供了MIMO天线、GPS天线和WiFi天线在全金属移动终端内部的位置布局设计,节省了在全金属移动终端内部设置天线的空间;1) Providing a position layout design of the MIMO antenna, the GPS antenna and the WiFi antenna in the all-metal mobile terminal, thereby saving the space for setting the antenna inside the all-metal mobile terminal;

2)支持WiFi天线双频通信;2) Support WiFi antenna dual-band communication;

3)全金属,超薄,结构强度大,导热性能优越,金属触感好;3) All metal, ultra-thin, large structural strength, superior thermal conductivity, good metal touch;

4)能够实现移动终端的高屏占比,视觉体验好;4) The high screen ratio of the mobile terminal can be realized, and the visual experience is good;

5)天线结构简单,加工方便,便于加工和生产。5) The antenna structure is simple, easy to process, easy to process and produce.

实施例四Embodiment 4

本发明实施例四还提出一种至少采用图1所示的硬件结构的移动终端100,移动终端100的采用金属材料的壳体(如采用单一的金属如铝,或采用金属合金如镁铝合金),移动终端100的壳体包括三个部分:顶部壳体、中部壳体和底部壳体,实际实施中顶部壳体、中部壳体和底部壳体均具有后壳部分和中框部分,用于同设置在中框的前置面板、输出单元150中的显示单元151形成容置空间。Embodiment 4 of the present invention further provides a mobile terminal 100 that uses at least the hardware structure shown in FIG. 1 , and a housing made of a metal material of the mobile terminal 100 (eg, using a single metal such as aluminum, or using a metal alloy such as magnesium alloy) The housing of the mobile terminal 100 includes three parts: a top housing, a middle housing, and a bottom housing. In actual implementation, the top housing, the middle housing, and the bottom housing each have a rear housing portion and a middle housing portion. The display unit 151 disposed in the front panel and the output unit 150 of the middle frame forms an accommodation space.

顶部壳体与中部壳体之间、以及中部壳体与底部壳体之间均开设有缝隙,缝隙可以采用非金属材料(如塑料填充)以使壳体的容置空间中设置的天线从壳体内部向壳体外部的空间辐射无线信号(也即交变的电磁波),以及感应空间中传输的无线信号而在天线上感应出交变的高频电流,缝隙的开设位置可以对称也可以不对称。A slit is formed between the top casing and the middle casing, and between the middle casing and the bottom casing, and the slit may be made of a non-metallic material (such as plastic filling) to make the antenna disposed in the housing space of the casing from the casing. The inside of the body radiates a wireless signal (that is, an alternating electromagnetic wave) to the space outside the casing, and induces a wireless signal transmitted in the space to induce an alternating high-frequency current on the antenna. The opening position of the slit may or may not be symmetrical. symmetry.

实际实施中,如图1所示的硬件结构中的控制器180、无线通信单元110设置(无线互联网模块113、短程通信模块114和位置信息模块115; 可选地,如图2所示,还可以包括移动通信模块112),实际实施中控制器180、无线通信单元110可以设置在印刷电路板(PCB,位于中部壳体的容置空间)上。与图1示出的无线通信单元110的硬件结构对应,壳体的容置空间中设置WiFi天线、蓝牙天线和GPS天线通过供辐射结构形成的复合天线、与复合天线谐振于WiFi频段(也就是作为WiFi天线使用时)对应的馈电端口、与馈电端口对应的匹配电路;其中GPS天线(也就是复合天线谐振于GPS频段,作为GPS天线使用时)供位置信息模块115接收GPS信号对移动终端100进行定位,WiFi天线(也就是复合天线谐振于WiFi频段,作为WiFi天线使用时)供无线互联网模块113进行WiFi双频段(2.4GHz和5GHz)的无线通信。In actual implementation, the controller 180 and the wireless communication unit 110 in the hardware structure shown in FIG. 1 are provided (the wireless internet module 113, the short-range communication module 114, and the location information module 115; Optionally, as shown in FIG. 2, the mobile communication module 112) may be further included. In actual implementation, the controller 180 and the wireless communication unit 110 may be disposed on a printed circuit board (PCB, located in a receiving space of the middle casing). Corresponding to the hardware structure of the wireless communication unit 110 shown in FIG. 1 , a WiFi antenna, a Bluetooth antenna, and a GPS antenna are disposed in a housing space of the housing, and a composite antenna formed by the radiation structure is resonated with the composite antenna in the WiFi frequency band (that is, Corresponding feed port and matching circuit corresponding to the feed port when used as a WiFi antenna; wherein the GPS antenna (that is, the composite antenna resonates in the GPS band and is used as a GPS antenna) for the position information module 115 to receive the GPS signal to move The terminal 100 performs positioning, and the WiFi antenna (that is, the composite antenna resonates in the WiFi band when used as a WiFi antenna) is used by the wireless internet module 113 for wireless communication of WiFi dual band (2.4 GHz and 5 GHz).

作为一种实施方式,与图2示出的无线通信单元110的硬件结构中移动通信模块112对应,壳体的容置空间中还设置有MIMO天线以及与MIMO天线对应的接地片(也可以实施为去耦合电路);其中MIMO天线供无线通信单元110中的移动通信模块112进行MIMO通信,As an embodiment, corresponding to the mobile communication module 112 in the hardware structure of the wireless communication unit 110 shown in FIG. 2, a MIMO antenna and a grounding piece corresponding to the MIMO antenna are also disposed in the housing space of the housing (may also be implemented as Decoupling circuit); wherein the MIMO antenna is used for MIMO communication by the mobile communication module 112 in the wireless communication unit 110,

以下以移动终端的壳体中具有图2所示的硬件结构,对壳体中设置MIMO天线和复合天线的方式进行说明。Hereinafter, a manner in which a MIMO antenna and a composite antenna are provided in the casing will be described with the hardware configuration shown in FIG. 2 in the casing of the mobile terminal.

MIMO天线包括MIMO分集天线和MIMO主天线,分散设置在壳体不同的端部容置空间中,且设置部位对称,壳体的端部容置空间包括顶部容置空间(顶部壳体对应的容置空间以及与中部壳体对应的容置空间中与顶部壳体相邻的部分容置空间)和底部容置空间(底部壳体对应的容置空间以及与中部壳体容置空间中与底部壳体相邻的部分容置空间),以下结合MIMO天线的不同设置情况对壳体的结构(包括接地片和复合天线的设置)进行说明。The MIMO antenna includes a MIMO diversity antenna and a MIMO main antenna, and is dispersedly disposed in different end accommodation spaces of the housing, and the installation portion is symmetrical, and the end accommodation space of the housing includes a top accommodation space (the corresponding capacity of the top housing) And a bottom receiving space corresponding to the top housing and the bottom receiving space (the corresponding housing space of the bottom housing and the bottom and bottom of the middle housing receiving space) The part of the housing is adjacent to the housing space. The following describes the structure of the housing (including the grounding strip and the arrangement of the composite antenna) in combination with different settings of the MIMO antenna.

情况1)Case 1)

参见图8,MIMO分集天线设置在顶部容置空间的第一部分8(如左侧 部分),MIMO主天线设置在底部容置空间的第一部分6(左侧部分),MIMO分集天线与MIMO主天线的设置位置对称;MIMO天线的接地片包括与MIMO主天线对应的接地片7-2以及与MIMO分集天线对应的接地片7-1;MIMO主天线对应的接地片7-2设置在与底部容置空间与缝隙4-2对应的部分,接地片7-2的宽度与缝隙4-1一致;MIMO分集天线对应的接地片7-1设置在顶部容置空间与缝隙4-1对应的部分,接地片7-1的宽度与缝隙4-1一致。Referring to Figure 8, the MIMO diversity antenna is disposed in the first portion 8 of the top housing space (such as the left side) In part, the MIMO main antenna is disposed in the first part 6 (left part) of the bottom accommodating space, and the MIMO diversity antenna is symmetric with the MIMO main antenna; the grounding piece of the MIMO antenna includes the grounding piece 7 corresponding to the MIMO main antenna. 2 and a grounding strip 7-1 corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna; the grounding strip 7-2 corresponding to the MIMO main antenna is disposed at a portion corresponding to the bottom receiving space and the slit 4-2, and the width of the grounding strip 7-2 and the slit 4 -1 is consistent; the grounding strip 7-1 corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna is disposed at a portion of the top housing space corresponding to the slot 4-1, and the width of the grounding strip 7-1 is consistent with the slot 4-1.

图8中,复合天线设置在设置有MIMO分集天线的顶部容置空间中与MIMO分集天线对称的第二部分10(右侧部分),这种情况下由MIMO分集天线对应的接地片7-1对MIMO分集天线与第二部分10设置的复合天线进行去耦合;或者,复合天线还可以设置在设置有MIMO主天线的底部容置空间中与设置MIMO主天线的部分(第一部分,图8中以左侧为例)对称的第二部分11(右侧部分),这种情况下由MIMO主天线对应的接地片7-2对MIMO主天线与第二部分11设置的复合天线进行去耦合。In FIG. 8, the composite antenna is disposed in a second portion 10 (right portion) symmetrical with the MIMO diversity antenna in a top housing space provided with a MIMO diversity antenna, in this case, a grounding strip 7-1 corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna. The MIMO diversity antenna is decoupled from the composite antenna provided by the second portion 10; or the composite antenna may be disposed in a bottom accommodating space provided with the MIMO main antenna and a portion where the MIMO main antenna is disposed (first part, in FIG. 8 Taking the left side as an example) a symmetric second portion 11 (right portion), in this case, the MIMO main antenna and the composite antenna provided in the second portion 11 are decoupled by the grounding piece 7-2 corresponding to the MIMO main antenna.

情况2)Situation 2)

与图8不同,参见图9,MIMO分集天线可以设置在底部容置空间的第一部分8(如左侧部分),MIMO主天线可以设置在顶部容置空间的第一部分6(左侧部分),MIMO分集天线与MIMO主天线的设置位置对称;MIMO天线的接地片包括与MIMO主天线对应的接地片7-1以及与MIMO分集天线对应的接地片7-2;MIMO主天线对应的接地片7-1设置在与顶部容置空间与缝隙4-1对应的部分,接地片7-1的宽度与缝隙一致;MIMO分集天线对应的接地片7-2设置在底部容置空间与缝隙4-2对应的部分,接地片7-2的宽度与缝隙4-2一致。Different from FIG. 8, referring to FIG. 9, the MIMO diversity antenna may be disposed in the first portion 8 of the bottom accommodation space (such as the left portion), and the MIMO main antenna may be disposed in the first portion 6 (left portion) of the top accommodation space. The MIMO diversity antenna is symmetric with the MIMO main antenna; the ground plane of the MIMO antenna includes a ground plane 7-1 corresponding to the MIMO main antenna and a ground strip 7-2 corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna; and a ground strip 7 corresponding to the MIMO main antenna -1 is disposed in a portion corresponding to the top accommodating space and the slot 4-1, and the width of the grounding piece 7-1 is consistent with the slot; the grounding piece 7-2 corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna is disposed at the bottom accommodating space and the slot 4-2 Corresponding parts, the width of the grounding piece 7-2 coincides with the slit 4-2.

复合天线设置在设置有MIMO分集天线的底部容置空间中与MIMO分集天线对称的第二部分11(右侧部分),这种情况下由MIMO分集天线对 应的接地片7-2对MIMO分集天线与第二部分11复合天线进行去耦合;或者,复合天线还可以设置在设置有MIMO主天线的顶部容置空间中与设置MIMO主天线的部分(第一部分,以左侧为例))对称的第二部分10(右侧部分),这种情况下由MIMO主天线对应的接地片7-1对MIMO主天线与第二部分10设置的复合天线进行去耦合。The composite antenna is disposed in a second portion 11 (right portion) symmetrical with the MIMO diversity antenna in a bottom accommodation space provided with a MIMO diversity antenna, in this case by a MIMO diversity antenna pair The grounding strip 7-2 decouples the MIMO diversity antenna from the second partial 11 composite antenna; or the composite antenna can also be disposed in the top accommodating space provided with the MIMO main antenna and the portion where the MIMO main antenna is disposed (the One part, taking the left side as an example)) a symmetric second part 10 (right part), in this case, the grounding piece 7-1 corresponding to the MIMO main antenna performs the MIMO main antenna and the composite antenna provided in the second part 10 Decoupling.

控制器180配置为控制无线通信单元110中的各模块使用对应的天线进行不同频段的通信,下面对控制不同类型天线进行通信的实现进行说明。The controller 180 is configured to control each module in the wireless communication unit 110 to perform communication in different frequency bands using a corresponding antenna. The following describes the implementation of controlling communication of different types of antennas.

1)无线互联网通信1) Wireless Internet communication

控制器180配置为调节馈电端口对应的匹配电路,使复合天线基于自身的辐射结构谐振于WiFi通信频段中的至少一个频点,从而支持在WiFi通信频段进行通信所需求的带宽,控制无线互联网模块基于复合天线所谐振的WiFi通信频段进行WiFi通信。The controller 180 is configured to adjust a matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port, so that the composite antenna resonates at least one frequency point in the WiFi communication frequency band based on its own radiation structure, thereby supporting the bandwidth required for communication in the WiFi communication frequency band, and controlling the wireless internet. The module performs WiFi communication based on the WiFi communication band that the composite antenna resonates.

2)蓝牙通信2) Bluetooth communication

控制器180配置为调节馈电端口对应的匹配电路,复合天线基于自身的辐射结构谐振于蓝牙通信频段中的至少一个频点,从而使复合天线支持在蓝牙通信频段进行通信所需求的带宽,控制短程通信模块基于复合天线所谐振的蓝牙通信频段进行蓝牙通信。The controller 180 is configured to adjust a matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port, and the composite antenna resonates at least one frequency point in the Bluetooth communication frequency band based on its own radiation structure, so that the composite antenna supports the bandwidth required for communication in the Bluetooth communication frequency band, and controls The short-range communication module performs Bluetooth communication based on the Bluetooth communication band that the composite antenna resonates.

3)接收GPS定位信号3) Receiving GPS positioning signals

控制器180配置为调节馈电端口对应的匹配电路,以使复合天线基于自身的辐射结构与中部壳体的底壳耦合谐振,耦合谐振于GPS通信频段的至少一个频点,形成GPS通信所要求的带宽;复合天线自身的辐射结构与中部壳体的底壳耦合谐振的频点与MIMO天线的设置位置相关,沿缝隙进行调整接地片(包括)的设置位置可以实现对耦合谐振的频点进行调整的效果。The controller 180 is configured to adjust a matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port, so that the composite antenna is coupled to the bottom case of the middle casing based on its own radiation structure, and is coupled to at least one frequency point of the GPS communication frequency band to form a GPS communication requirement. The bandwidth of the resonant structure of the composite antenna itself and the bottom case of the middle casing are related to the position of the MIMO antenna. Adjusting the position of the grounding piece (including) along the gap can achieve the frequency of the coupled resonance. The effect of the adjustment.

本实施例通过复合天线来分别实现WiFi天线、蓝牙天线和GPS天线, 实际实施时可以根据需求的通信类型来调节匹配电路而使复合天线谐振于需求的通信频段并具有相应的带宽,有效减小了对移动终端的空间需求;同时根据对移动终端的需求还可以设置MIMO天线以及对应的接地片,通过在移动终端的设计阶段调整节接地片的位置可以对复合天线在GPS频段的谐振频点进行有效调整,保证了复合天线在GPS频段实现的有效。In this embodiment, a WiFi antenna, a Bluetooth antenna, and a GPS antenna are respectively implemented by a composite antenna. In actual implementation, the matching circuit can be adjusted according to the required communication type, so that the composite antenna resonates in the required communication frequency band and has corresponding bandwidth, which effectively reduces the space requirement for the mobile terminal; and can also be set according to the requirements of the mobile terminal. The MIMO antenna and the corresponding grounding strip can effectively adjust the resonant frequency of the composite antenna in the GPS frequency band by adjusting the position of the grounding strip at the design stage of the mobile terminal, thereby ensuring that the composite antenna is effective in the GPS frequency band.

实施例五Embodiment 5

图4和图8分别示出了至少采用图1所示的硬件结构的移动终端100的内部结构示意图,图4和图8中以移动终端100为手机为例对移动终端100内部的结构进行说明,本领域的技术人员可以根据图4和图8示出的结构而在具有图1和图2所示出的硬件结构的移动终端中实施相同结构,或对图4和图8示出的移动终端的结构进行等同变形。4 and FIG. 8 respectively show the internal structure of the mobile terminal 100 using at least the hardware structure shown in FIG. 1. FIG. 4 and FIG. 8 illustrate the internal structure of the mobile terminal 100 by taking the mobile terminal 100 as a mobile phone as an example. Those skilled in the art can implement the same structure in the mobile terminal having the hardware structure shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 according to the structure shown in FIGS. 4 and 8, or the movement shown in FIGS. 4 and 8. The structure of the terminal is equivalently deformed.

图4是移动终端100的内部结构的侧视示意图,图8是移动终端100的内部结构的俯视示意图,作为实现移动终端100设置全金属外壳并实现轻薄化的一个示例,移动终端结构尺寸为150mm×70mm×5mm,是一款超薄移动终端方案,长度范围限定在100mm-160mm,宽度范围限定在50mm-85mm,高度范围限定在10mm以内。其中,PCB 1尺寸为140mm×70mm×1mm,PCB 1尺寸可以按照实际需要来调整大小,PCB 1距移动终端顶部的距离限定在15mm以内,PCB 1距移动终端顶部的距离限定在10mm以内。中部壳体的后壳2厚度范围限定在2mm以内,中部壳体的中框3高度范围限定在10mm以内,厚度范围限定在2mm以内,移动终端顶部和底部对应开设的缝隙4-1和缝隙4-2宽度范围限定在3mm以内,顶部缝隙4-1距移动终端顶部限定在10mm以内,底部缝隙4-2距移动终端底部距离范围限定在10mm以内,缝隙4-1和缝隙4-2的设置位置可以是对称的也可以是不对称的,按照具体需求来定。USB端口5设置在壳体的底部容置空间中,USB端口5与移动终端底部的距离范围限定在2mm以内,USB 端口5可以在底部容置空间中居中设置也可以设置在一侧。MIMO主天线6的设计空间为底部容置空间的第一部分(如图9中移动终端底部以虚线标识的左侧部分),MIMO主天线的接地片7-1设置在底部容置空间的后壳2上预留的部分区域,与底部缝隙相邻位置对应,MIMO分集天线8的接地片7-2设置在顶部容置空间的后壳2上预留的部分区域,与顶部缝隙相邻位置对应,接地片的宽度均和缝隙一致,长度范围在2mm以上,距离中框2左侧范围均在60mm以内。MIMO分集天线的设计空间为顶部容置空间的第一部分8,与MIMO主天线对称设计;实际实施中,参见图7,MIMO主天线6和MIMO分集天线的设置位置可以替换。4 is a schematic side view of the internal structure of the mobile terminal 100, and FIG. 8 is a schematic top view of the internal structure of the mobile terminal 100. As an example of implementing the mobile terminal 100 to provide a full metal casing and achieving thinness and lightness, the mobile terminal has a structural size of 150 mm. ×70mm×5mm, is an ultra-thin mobile terminal solution, the length range is limited to 100mm-160mm, the width range is limited to 50mm-85mm, and the height range is limited to 10mm. The PCB 1 size is 140mm×70mm×1mm, and the PCB 1 size can be adjusted according to actual needs. The distance between the PCB 1 and the top of the mobile terminal is limited to 15mm, and the distance between the PCB 1 and the top of the mobile terminal is limited to 10mm. The thickness of the rear shell 2 of the middle casing is limited to 2 mm, the height of the middle frame 3 of the middle casing is limited to 10 mm, the thickness range is limited to 2 mm, and the gaps 4-1 and 4 of the top and bottom of the mobile terminal are correspondingly opened. -2 The width range is limited to 3mm, the top gap 4-1 is limited to 10mm from the top of the mobile terminal, and the bottom gap 4-2 is limited to the distance from the bottom of the mobile terminal within 10mm, and the gap 4-1 and the gap 4-2 are set. The position can be either symmetrical or asymmetrical, depending on the specific needs. The USB port 5 is disposed in the bottom receiving space of the housing, and the distance between the USB port 5 and the bottom of the mobile terminal is limited to within 2 mm, USB Port 5 can be centered in the bottom housing space or on one side. The design space of the MIMO main antenna 6 is the first part of the bottom accommodating space (such as the left side portion indicated by the dotted line at the bottom of the mobile terminal in FIG. 9), and the grounding piece 7-1 of the MIMO main antenna is disposed in the rear case 2 of the bottom accommodating space. The partial area reserved on the top corresponds to the position adjacent to the bottom slot, and the grounding piece 7-2 of the MIMO diversity antenna 8 is disposed in a reserved area on the rear case 2 of the top receiving space, corresponding to the position adjacent to the top slot. The width of the grounding piece is consistent with the gap, the length is more than 2mm, and the range from the left side of the middle frame 2 is within 60mm. The design space of the MIMO diversity antenna is the first part 8 of the top accommodating space, and is symmetrically designed with the MIMO main antenna. In actual implementation, referring to FIG. 7, the setting positions of the MIMO main antenna 6 and the MIMO diversity antenna can be replaced.

GPS/蓝牙/WiFi三合一形成的共辐射结构的复合天线设置在移动终端的顶部容置空间的第二部分10(图8中第二部分为右侧为例示出),复合天线作为WiFi天线(谐振于WiFi频段而成为WiFi天线)时的馈电端口9距移动终端右侧距离范围限定在40mm以内,对应的馈电端匹配电路以与馈点端口9连接虚线框标识;第二部分10中设置有复合天线中进行直接馈电的天线分支12(也就是复合天线自身的谐振结构),主要谐振产生蓝牙/WiFi通信所对应的频段,GPS天线所需要的带宽是由该天线分支12与后壳2耦合谐振产生,调节接地片7-1和7-2的位置间接地调节谐振频点。天线分支的设计空间范围长度限定在距移动终端右侧40mm以内,宽度范围限定在距移动终端顶部10mm以内,直接馈电的天线分支12可以采用单极子形式也可以采用皮法天线形式。The composite antenna of the common radiating structure formed by GPS/Bluetooth/WiFi three-in-one is disposed in the second part 10 of the top receiving space of the mobile terminal (the second part of FIG. 8 is exemplified on the right side), and the composite antenna is used as a WiFi antenna. The distance between the right side of the feeding port 9 and the right side of the mobile terminal is limited to 40 mm (resonant in the WiFi band and becomes the WiFi antenna), and the corresponding feeding end matching circuit is connected with the dotted box frame with the feeding point port 9; the second part 10 The antenna branch 12 (that is, the resonant structure of the composite antenna itself) is directly provided in the composite antenna, and the main resonance generates a frequency band corresponding to the Bluetooth/WiFi communication, and the bandwidth required by the GPS antenna is determined by the antenna branch 12 and The rear case 2 is coupled to generate resonance, and the positions of the grounding plates 7-1 and 7-2 are adjusted to indirectly adjust the resonance frequency. The design space range length of the antenna branch is limited to within 40 mm from the right side of the mobile terminal, and the width range is limited to within 10 mm from the top of the mobile terminal. The directly fed antenna branch 12 may be in the form of a monopole or a pico antenna.

实施例六Embodiment 6

本实施例提供了一种用于具有图1或图2所示的硬件结构,以及具有图4和图8所示内部结构的全金属外壳的移动终端100的通信处理方法。The present embodiment provides a communication processing method for the mobile terminal 100 having the hardware structure shown in FIG. 1 or FIG. 2 and the all-metal casing having the internal structure shown in FIGS. 4 and 8.

壳体的容置空间中设置有复合天线(可以谐振出WiFi通信频段、蓝牙通信频段和GPS频段)和MIMO天线,还设置有控制器180和无线通信单 元110(包括移动通信模块112、无线互联网模块113、短程通信模块114和位置信息模块115),设置在印刷电路板(PCB,位于中部壳体的容置空间)1上,其中MIMO天线供无线通信单元110中的移动通信模块112进行MIMO通信,复合天线谐振出GPS频段时供位置信息模块115接收GPS信号对移动终端100进行定位,复合天线谐振出WiFi通信频段时供无线互联网模块113进行WiFi双频段(2.4GHz和5GHz)的无线通信,复合天线谐振出蓝牙通信频段时供短程通信模块114进行WiFi双频段(2.4GHz和5GHz)的无线通信。A composite antenna (which can resonate with a WiFi communication band, a Bluetooth communication band, and a GPS band) and a MIMO antenna are disposed in the housing space of the housing, and a controller 180 and a wireless communication unit are also disposed. The element 110 (including the mobile communication module 112, the wireless internet module 113, the short-range communication module 114, and the location information module 115) is disposed on the printed circuit board (PCB, located in the housing space of the middle casing)1, wherein the MIMO antenna is wireless The mobile communication module 112 in the communication unit 110 performs MIMO communication. When the composite antenna resonates out of the GPS frequency band, the location information module 115 receives the GPS signal to locate the mobile terminal 100, and the composite antenna resonates the WiFi communication frequency band to provide the wireless Internet module 113 for WiFi. Dual-band (2.4 GHz and 5 GHz) wireless communication, when the composite antenna resonates out of the Bluetooth communication band, the short-range communication module 114 performs WiFi dual-band (2.4 GHz and 5 GHz) wireless communication.

参见图10,本实施例记载的通信处理方法包括以下步骤:Referring to FIG. 10, the communication processing method described in this embodiment includes the following steps:

步骤201,控制器180调节馈电端口对应的匹配电路以调节复合天线所谐振的通信频段。In step 201, the controller 180 adjusts the matching circuit corresponding to the feed port to adjust the communication frequency band resonated by the composite antenna.

步骤202,控制器180控制无线通信单元110基于复合天线所谐振的通信频段进行不同类型的无线通信。In step 202, the controller 180 controls the wireless communication unit 110 to perform different types of wireless communication based on the communication frequency band that the composite antenna resonates.

1)参见11、无线互联网通信通过以下步骤实现:1) See 11, wireless Internet communication is achieved by the following steps:

步骤301,控制器180调节WiFi天线的馈电端口对应的匹配电路以使复合天线谐振于WiFi通信频段。Step 301: The controller 180 adjusts a matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port of the WiFi antenna to resonate the composite antenna with the WiFi communication frequency band.

步骤302,控制器180控制无线通信单元110包括的无线互联网模块113基于复合天线所谐振的WiFi通信频段进行WiFi通信。Step 302: The controller 180 controls the wireless internet module 113 included in the wireless communication unit 110 to perform WiFi communication based on the WiFi communication frequency band resonated by the composite antenna.

2)参见12、蓝牙通信通过以下步骤实现:2) See 12, Bluetooth communication is achieved by the following steps:

步骤401,控制器180调节馈电端口对应的匹配电路,以使复合天线谐振于蓝牙通信频段。In step 401, the controller 180 adjusts the matching circuit corresponding to the feed port to make the composite antenna resonate in the Bluetooth communication band.

通过调节匹配电路使复合天线基于自身的辐射结构谐振于蓝牙通信频段中的至少一个频点,从而使复合天线支持在蓝牙通信频段进行通信所需求的带宽By adjusting the matching circuit, the composite antenna resonates at least one frequency point in the Bluetooth communication frequency band based on its own radiation structure, so that the composite antenna supports the bandwidth required for communication in the Bluetooth communication frequency band.

步骤402,控制器180控制无线通信单元110包括的短程通信模块114 基于复合天线所谐振的蓝牙通信频段进行蓝牙通信。Step 402, the controller 180 controls the short-range communication module 114 included in the wireless communication unit 110. Bluetooth communication is performed based on the Bluetooth communication band resonated by the composite antenna.

3)参见13、GPS信号的接收通过以下步骤实现:3) See 13. The reception of GPS signals is achieved by the following steps:

步骤501,控制器180调节馈电端口对应的匹配电路以使复合天线与中部壳体的底壳耦合谐振于GPS通信频段。Step 501: The controller 180 adjusts the matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port to couple the composite antenna to the bottom casing of the middle casing to resonate in the GPS communication frequency band.

控制器180调节馈电端口对应的匹配电路,使复合天线基于自身的辐射结构与中部壳体的底壳耦合谐振,耦合谐振于GPS通信频段的至少一个频点,形成GPS通信所要求的带宽;复合天线自身的辐射结构与中部壳体的底壳耦合谐振的频点与MIMO天线的设置位置相关,在移动终端的设计阶段,沿缝隙进行调整接地片(包括)的设置位置可以实现对耦合谐振的频点进行调整的效果。The controller 180 adjusts the matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port, so that the composite antenna is coupled to the bottom case of the middle casing based on its own radiation structure, and is coupled to resonate at least one frequency point of the GPS communication frequency band to form a bandwidth required for GPS communication; The frequency at which the radiating structure of the composite antenna itself is coupled to the bottom case of the middle casing is related to the position of the MIMO antenna. In the design stage of the mobile terminal, the position of the grounding piece (including) is adjusted along the gap to achieve coupling resonance. The frequency of the adjustment effect.

步骤502,控制无线通信单元110包括的位置信息模块115基于复合天线所谐振的GPS信号频段接收GPS信号。Step 502: The position information module 115 included in the control wireless communication unit 110 receives the GPS signal based on the GPS signal frequency band resonated by the composite antenna.

控制器180调节馈电端口对应的匹配电路,复合天线基于自身的辐射结构谐振于蓝牙通信频段中的至少一个频点,从而使复合天线支持在蓝牙通信频段进行通信所需求的带宽,控制短程通信模块基于复合天线所谐振的蓝牙通信频段进行蓝牙通信。The controller 180 adjusts a matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port, and the composite antenna resonates at least one frequency point in the Bluetooth communication frequency band based on its own radiation structure, so that the composite antenna supports the bandwidth required for communication in the Bluetooth communication frequency band, and controls the short-range communication. The module performs Bluetooth communication based on the Bluetooth communication band that the composite antenna resonates.

上述的三种通信方式均使用复合天线完成,控制器180可以根据需求的通信类型来切换调节匹配电路,使复合天线的谐振出所需求的不同通信频段,并控制无线通信单元110中相应的通信模块基于复合天线所谐振出的通信频段进行通信。The above three communication methods are all completed by using a composite antenna, and the controller 180 can switch the adjustment matching circuit according to the required communication type, so that the composite antenna resonates with different communication frequency bands required, and controls the corresponding communication module in the wireless communication unit 110. The communication is performed based on the communication frequency band resonated by the composite antenna.

4)需求进行移动通信时,控制器180控制无线通信单元110包括的移动通信模块112经由MIMO天线进行MIMO通信。4) When mobile communication is required, the controller 180 controls the mobile communication module 112 included in the wireless communication unit 110 to perform MIMO communication via the MIMO antenna.

综上所述,本发明实施例至少具有以下有益效果:In summary, the embodiments of the present invention have at least the following beneficial effects:

1)提供LTE/WWAN八个频段的全频带MIMO天线通信带宽;1) Provide full-band MIMO antenna communication bandwidth for eight bands of LTE/WWAN;

2)提供GPS/蓝牙/WiFi三合一的复合天线的布局和方案设计,有效节 省了移动终端内部的设计空间;2) Provide GPS/Bluetooth/WiFi three-in-one composite antenna layout and scheme design, effective section The design space inside the mobile terminal is saved;

3)全金属,超薄,结构强度大,导热性能优越,金属触感好;3) All metal, ultra-thin, large structural strength, superior thermal conductivity, good metal touch;

4)由于节省了壳体内部的设计空间,能够实现移动终端的高屏占比,视觉体验好;4) Since the design space inside the casing is saved, the high screen ratio of the mobile terminal can be realized, and the visual experience is good;

5)天线结构简单,加工方便,便于加工和生产。5) The antenna structure is simple, easy to process, easy to process and produce.

实施例七Example 7

本发明实施例一提出一种采用至少具有图1所示的硬件结构的移动终端100,移动终端100采用金属材料的壳体(如采用单一的金属材料如铝,或采用金属合金材料如镁铝合金),移动终端100的壳体包括三个部分:顶部壳体、中部壳体和底部壳体,实际实施中顶部壳体、中部壳体和底部壳体均具有后壳部分和中框部分,用于同设置在中框的前置面板、屏幕形成容置空间。The first embodiment of the present invention provides a mobile terminal 100 having at least the hardware structure shown in FIG. 1. The mobile terminal 100 is made of a metal material (for example, a single metal material such as aluminum or a metal alloy material such as magnesium aluminum). Alloy), the housing of the mobile terminal 100 includes three parts: a top housing, a middle housing, and a bottom housing. In actual implementation, the top housing, the middle housing, and the bottom housing each have a rear housing portion and a middle housing portion. It is used to form the accommodating space for the front panel and the screen that are set in the middle frame.

本实施例中将壳体的整体容置空间中与顶部壳体对应的容置空间、以及与底部壳体对应的容置空间称为端部容置空间,其中与顶部壳体对应的容置空间以及中部壳体中与顶部壳体相邻的部分容置空间又可以称为顶部容置空间,与底部壳体对应的容置空间以及中部壳体中与底部壳体相邻的部分容置空间又可以称为底部容置空间。In this embodiment, the accommodating space corresponding to the top housing and the accommodating space corresponding to the bottom housing in the overall accommodating space of the housing are referred to as end accommodating spaces, and the accommodating corresponding to the top housing The space and a part of the accommodating space adjacent to the top case in the middle case may also be referred to as a top accommodating space, a accommodating space corresponding to the bottom case, and a part of the middle case adjacent to the bottom case. The space can also be called the bottom accommodation space.

参见图4,顶部壳体与中部壳体之间开始有缝隙4-1,中部壳体与底部壳体之间均开设有缝隙4-2,缝隙可以采用非金属材料(如塑料填充)以使壳体的容置空间中设置的天线从壳体内部向壳体外部的空间辐射无线信号(也即交变的电磁波),以及感应空间中传输的无线信号而在天线上感应出交变的高频电流。Referring to FIG. 4, a gap 4-1 is formed between the top casing and the middle casing, and a slit 4-2 is formed between the middle casing and the bottom casing, and the slit can be made of a non-metallic material (such as plastic filling). The antenna disposed in the accommodating space of the casing radiates a wireless signal (that is, an alternating electromagnetic wave) from the inside of the casing to a space outside the casing, and induces a wireless signal transmitted in the space to induce an alternating high on the antenna. Frequency current.

第一容置空间(可以是顶部容置空间、以及底部容置空间中任意一个)中设置有WiFi双天线、对应WiFi双天线的馈电端口、以及对应WiFi双天线(也就是两个WiFi天线,简称为WiFi双天线)的两个馈电端口一一对 应的匹配电路。The first accommodating space (which may be any of the top accommodating space and the bottom accommodating space) is provided with a WiFi dual antenna, a feeding port corresponding to the WiFi dual antenna, and a corresponding WiFi dual antenna (ie, two WiFi antennas) a pair of two feed ports, referred to as WiFi dual antennas The matching circuit should be.

为了支持多种类型的通信,移动终端的壳体中处了设置WiFi双天线(也就是具有两个辐射结构的天线,分别用于谐振出WiFi的两个通信频段:2.4GHz频段和5GHz频段),还可以设置MIMO天线(包括MIMO主天线和MIMO分集天线)以及GPS天线,下面对壳体内部的天线的不同布局的设计方式进行说明。In order to support multiple types of communication, a WiFi dual antenna (that is, an antenna with two radiating structures for respectively resonating two communication bands of WiFi: 2.4 GHz band and 5 GHz band) is disposed in the casing of the mobile terminal. MIMO antennas (including MIMO main antennas and MIMO diversity antennas) and GPS antennas can also be provided. The following describes the design of different layouts of the antennas inside the housing.

设置方式1)Setting method 1)

参见图14,壳体的第一端部容置空间(图14中以顶部容置空间为例)的第一部分9(图14中以右侧部分为例)设置GPS天线和WiFi天线,第一部分9中设置有WiFi双天线的全部辐射结构,WiFi双天线包括两个天线构成,每个天线具有独立的辐射结构,图14中仅示出GPS天线,WiFi双天线的全部辐射结构独立于MIMO分集天线的辐射结构,也就是与MIMO分集天线分别采用独立的辐射结构。Referring to FIG. 14, the first portion 9 of the first end receiving space of the housing (taking the top housing space in FIG. 14 as an example) is provided with a GPS antenna and a WiFi antenna, the first part. 9 has all the radiation structures of the WiFi dual antenna, the WiFi dual antenna consists of two antennas, each antenna has an independent radiation structure, only the GPS antenna is shown in FIG. 14, and the entire radiation structure of the WiFi dual antenna is independent of the MIMO diversity. The radiating structure of the antenna, that is, the separate radiating structure is used separately from the MIMO diversity antenna.

第一端部容置空间还设置有对应WiFi双天线的馈电端口9、以及对应的馈电端匹配电路(以与馈电端口9连接的虚线框标识)。The first end receiving space is further provided with a feeding port 9 corresponding to the WiFi dual antenna, and a corresponding feeding end matching circuit (identified by a broken line frame connected to the feeding port 9).

第一端部容置空间的第二部分(图14中以左侧部分为例)设置有MIMO分集天线,接地片7-1设置在第一端部容置空间与缝隙4-1的对应部分(且宽度与缝隙4-1一致);,接地片7-1用于对MIMO分集天线和WiFi天线进行去耦合,起到不同频段信号隔离的作用。The second portion of the first end receiving space (the left portion in FIG. 14 is taken as an example) is provided with a MIMO diversity antenna, and the grounding piece 7-1 is disposed at the first end receiving space and the corresponding portion of the slot 4-1. (The width is consistent with the slot 4-1); the grounding piece 7-1 is used for decoupling the MIMO diversity antenna and the WiFi antenna to play the role of signal isolation in different frequency bands.

壳体的第二端部容置空间的第一部分(图14中以右侧部分为例)中设置有对应WiFi双天线的馈电端口10、以及对应的馈电端匹配电路(以与馈电端口10连接的虚线框标识)。a first portion of the second end receiving space of the housing (the right portion in FIG. 14 is taken as an example) is provided with a feeding port 10 corresponding to the WiFi dual antenna, and a corresponding feeding end matching circuit (for feeding with The dotted line box of port 10 is connected).

第二端部容置空间的第二部分(图14中以左侧部分为例)设置有MIMO主天线、与MIMO主天线对应的接地片7-2与设置在第二端部容置空间与缝隙4-2的对应部分(且宽度与缝隙4-2一致);接地片7-2用于对MIMO 主天线和WiFi天线进行去耦合,起到不同频段信号隔离的作用。The second portion of the second end receiving space (the left portion of FIG. 14 is taken as an example) is provided with a MIMO main antenna, a grounding piece 7-2 corresponding to the MIMO main antenna, and a receiving space disposed at the second end. Corresponding portion of slot 4-2 (and width is consistent with slot 4-2); ground plane 7-2 is used for MIMO The main antenna and the WiFi antenna are decoupled to provide signal isolation for different frequency bands.

第二端部容置空间的居中位置还设置有USB端口5,USB端口5还可以设置在第二端部容置空间的任一侧(如左侧部分或右侧部分)。The center position of the second end receiving space is also provided with a USB port 5, and the USB port 5 may also be disposed on either side of the second end receiving space (such as a left side portion or a right side portion).

在图14示出的结构中,WiFi双天线中每个天线都具有独立于MIMO天线的辐射结构,不与MIMO分集天线共辐射结构。In the configuration shown in FIG. 14, each of the WiFi dual antennas has a radiation structure independent of the MIMO antenna and does not radiate with the MIMO diversity antenna.

需要说明的是,图14中以第一端部容置空间为顶部容置空间、第二端部为底部容置空间为例,实际实施中第一端部容置空间也可以为底部容置空间,相应的第二容置空间为顶部容置空间,也就是说MIMO天线、GPS天线和WiFi天线在壳体的设置位置是可以对称设置的。It should be noted that, in FIG. 14 , the first end receiving space is the top receiving space and the second end is the bottom receiving space. In the actual implementation, the first end receiving space may also be the bottom receiving. Space, the corresponding second accommodating space is the top accommodating space, that is, the MIMO antenna, the GPS antenna and the WiFi antenna can be symmetrically arranged at the position of the housing.

设置方式2)Setting method 2)

图15示出了不同于图14的设置方式,壳体的第二端部容置空间(图15中以底部容置空间为例)的第一部分(图15中以右侧部分为例)设置有GPS天线和WiFi双天线的部分辐射结构13-1(也就是设置有WiFi双天线中一个天线的辐射结构)、对应WiFi双天线的馈电端口9、以及对应的馈电端匹配电路(以与馈电端口9连接的虚线框标识)。Fig. 15 shows a first portion of the second end accommodation space of the casing (the bottom housing space is taken as an example in Fig. 15), which is different from the arrangement of Fig. 14 (the right side portion in Fig. 15 is taken as an example). a partial radiating structure 13-1 having a GPS antenna and a WiFi dual antenna (that is, a radiating structure provided with one antenna of the WiFi dual antenna), a feeding port 9 corresponding to the WiFi dual antenna, and a corresponding feeding end matching circuit ( A dotted line frame connected to the feed port 9).

第一端部容置空间(图15中以顶部容置空间为例)的第二部分(图15中以左侧部分为例)设置有MIMO分集天线、与MIMO分集天线对应的接地片7-1,MIMO分集天线对应的接地片7-1设置在第一端部容置空间与缝隙4-1的对应部分(且宽度与缝隙4-1一致);MIMO分集天线对应的接地片7-1用于对MIMO分集天线和一端部容置空间的第二部分设置的WiFi天线的部分辐射进行去耦合。The second portion of the first end accommodation space (taking the top accommodation space in FIG. 15 as an example) is provided with a MIMO diversity antenna and a grounding strip 7 corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna. 1. The grounding strip 7-1 corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna is disposed at a corresponding portion of the first end receiving space and the slot 4-1 (and the width is consistent with the slot 4-1); the grounding strip 7-1 corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna Part of the radiation of the WiFi antenna disposed for the MIMO diversity antenna and the second portion of the one end accommodation space is decoupled.

第二端部容置空间(图15中以底部容置空间为例)的第一部分(图15中以右侧部分为例)设置有WiFi双天线的部分辐射结构13-2(也就是WiFi双天线中另一个WiFi天线的辐射结构)。The first end of the second end receiving space (the bottom receiving space in FIG. 15 is taken as an example) (the right side portion in FIG. 15 is taken as an example) is provided with a partial radiating structure 13-2 of the WiFi dual antenna (that is, WiFi double) Radiation structure of another WiFi antenna in the antenna).

第二端部容置空间(图15中以底部容置空间为例)的第二部分(图15 中以左侧部分为例)设置有MIMO主天线、与MIMO主天线对应的接地片7-2,与MIMO主天线对应的接地片7-2设置在第二端部容置空间与缝隙4-2的对应部分(且宽度与缝隙4-2一致);MIMO主天线对应的接地片7-2用于对MIMO主天线和第二端部容置空间的第一部分设置的WiFi天线进行去耦合。The second end of the second end accommodation space (the bottom accommodation space in Figure 15 is taken as an example) (Figure 15 The left side portion is taken as an example) a MIMO main antenna, a grounding piece 7-2 corresponding to the MIMO main antenna, and a grounding piece 7-2 corresponding to the MIMO main antenna are disposed at the second end receiving space and the slot 4- The corresponding portion of 2 (and the width is consistent with the slot 4-2); the grounding piece 7-2 corresponding to the MIMO main antenna is used to decouple the WiFi antenna provided in the first part of the MIMO main antenna and the second end accommodation space.

第一端部容置空间的第二部分设置有GPS天线,GPS天线和第一端部容置空间的第二部分设置的WiFi双天线的部分辐射结构使用同一容置空间。The second portion of the first end receiving space is provided with a GPS antenna, and the partial radiating structure of the WiFi dual antenna provided by the GPS antenna and the second portion of the first end receiving space uses the same receiving space.

第二端部容置空间的居中位置还设置有USB端口5,USB端口5还可以设置在第二端部容置空间的任一侧(如左侧部分或右侧部分)。The center position of the second end receiving space is also provided with a USB port 5, and the USB port 5 may also be disposed on either side of the second end receiving space (such as a left side portion or a right side portion).

在图15示出的结构中,WiFi双天线中每个天线都具有独立的辐射结构,不与MIMO分集天线或MIMO天线共辐射结构,也就是说WiFi天线的辐射结构独立于MIMO天线。In the structure shown in FIG. 15, each of the WiFi dual antennas has an independent radiation structure and is not radiated with the MIMO diversity antenna or the MIMO antenna, that is, the radiation structure of the WiFi antenna is independent of the MIMO antenna.

需要说明的是,图15中以第一端部容置空间为顶部容置空间、第二端部为底部容置空间为例,实际实施中第一端部容置空间也可以为底部容置空间,相应的第二容置空间为顶部容置空间,也就是说MIMO天线、GPS天线和WiFi天线在壳体的设置位置是可以对称设置的。It should be noted that, in FIG. 15 , the first end receiving space is the top receiving space and the second end is the bottom receiving space. In the actual implementation, the first end receiving space may also be the bottom receiving. Space, the corresponding second accommodating space is the top accommodating space, that is, the MIMO antenna, the GPS antenna and the WiFi antenna can be symmetrically arranged at the position of the housing.

设置方式3)Setting method 3)

参见图16,壳体的第一端部容置空间(图16中以壳体的顶部容置空间为例)的第一部分(图16中以右侧部分为例)设置有GPS天线和WiFi双天线的部分辐射结构(也就是设置有WiFi双天线中一个天线的辐射结构)、对应WiFi双天线中一个天线的馈电端口12、以及馈电端口12对应的馈电端匹配电路。Referring to FIG. 16, a first portion of the housing (the occlusion space of the housing in FIG. 16 is taken as an example) (the right portion of FIG. 16 is taken as an example) is provided with a GPS antenna and a WiFi dual. A part of the radiating structure of the antenna (that is, a radiating structure provided with one antenna of the WiFi dual antenna), a feeding port 12 corresponding to one of the WiFi dual antennas, and a feeding end matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port 12.

壳体的第一端部容置空间的第三部分(以顶部容置空间的左侧部分为例)设置有WiFi双天线的部分辐射结构(也就是设置有WiFi双天线中另 一个天线的辐射结构)、对应WiFi双天线中另一个天线的馈电端口9、以及馈电端口9对应的馈电端匹配电路。The third portion of the first end receiving space of the housing (taking the left portion of the top receiving space as an example) is provided with a partial radiating structure of the WiFi dual antenna (that is, another set of WiFi dual antennas is provided) The radiating structure of one antenna), the feeding port 9 corresponding to the other antenna of the WiFi dual antenna, and the feeding end matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port 9.

第一端部容置空间的第二部分(以顶部容置空间的中间部分为例)设置有MIMO分集天线、与MIMO分集天线对应的两个接地片也即接地片10和接地片11,与MIMO分集天线对应的接地片10和接地片11设置在第一端部容置空间与缝隙4-1的对应部分且宽度与缝隙4-1一致,MIMO分集天线对应的接地片10用于对MIMO分集天线和第一端部容置空间第三部分设置的WiFi天线进行去耦合,接地片11用于对MIMO分集天线和第一端部容置空间第一部分设置的WiFi天线进行去耦合。The second portion of the first end receiving space (taking the middle portion of the top receiving space as an example) is provided with a MIMO diversity antenna, two grounding strips corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna, that is, the grounding strip 10 and the grounding strip 11, and The grounding strip 10 and the grounding strip 11 corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna are disposed at the corresponding portions of the first end receiving space and the slot 4-1 and have the same width as the slot 4-1. The grounding strip 10 corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna is used for MIMO. The diversity antenna is decoupled from the WiFi antenna disposed in the third portion of the first end receiving space, and the grounding strip 11 is configured to decouple the MIMO diversity antenna and the WiFi antenna disposed in the first portion of the first end receiving space.

第二端部容置空间(图16中以壳体的底部容置空间为例)的第二部分(图16中以左侧部分为例)设置有MIMO主天线、与MIMO主天线对应的接地片7,与MIMO主天线对应的接地片7设置在第二端部容置空间与缝隙4-2的对应部分且宽度与缝隙4-2一致,接地片7用于对MIMO主天线和第一端部容置空间设置的WiFi双天线进行去耦合。The second end portion (the left side portion of the casing is taken as an example in FIG. 16) is provided with a MIMO main antenna and a ground corresponding to the MIMO main antenna. The grounding strip 7 corresponding to the MIMO main antenna is disposed at a corresponding portion of the second end receiving space and the slit 4-2 and has the same width as the slit 4-2, and the grounding strip 7 is used for the MIMO main antenna and the first The WiFi dual antennas at the end accommodation space are decoupled.

需要说明的是,图16示出的结构中WiFi双天线与MIMO分集天线可以共用同一辐射结构,这样能够有效节省占用的容置空间,并且通过在第一容置空间设置两个接地片10/11可以有效实现MIMO分集天线与WiFi双天线之间的去耦合。It should be noted that, in the structure shown in FIG. 16, the WiFi dual antenna and the MIMO diversity antenna can share the same radiating structure, which can effectively save the occupied space, and by providing two grounding pieces 10/ in the first accommodating space. 11 can effectively achieve decoupling between the MIMO diversity antenna and the WiFi dual antenna.

在图16中,如果GPS存在单独辐射结构,WiFi双天线可以与分集天线共辐射结构并利用壳体辐射;如果GPS天线利用壳体辐射(也就是不存在单独的辐射结构,与GPS天线在顶部容置空间的同一部分设置的部分WiFi双天线(也就是一个WiFi天线)可以设置单独的辐射结构,在底部容置空间设置的另一部分WiFi双天线可以与MIMO主天线共辐射结构。In Figure 16, if the GPS has a separate radiating structure, the WiFi dual antenna can radiate with the diversity antenna and radiate with the housing; if the GPS antenna utilizes the housing radiation (ie, there is no separate radiating structure, with the GPS antenna at the top) A part of the WiFi dual antenna (that is, a WiFi antenna) disposed in the same part of the accommodating space may be provided with a separate radiation structure, and another part of the WiFi dual antenna disposed at the bottom accommodating space may be co-radiated with the MIMO main antenna.

实际实施中,如图1所示的硬件结构中的控制器180(包括移动通信模块112、位置信息模块113和无线互联网模块115)和无线通信单元110设 置在位于的印刷电路板(PCB,位于中部壳体的容置空间)上。与图1示出的无线通信单元110的硬件结构对应,壳体的容置空间中设置有全频段多入多出(MIMO,Multiple-Input Multiple-Output)天线、GPS天线和WiFi双天线;其中MIMO天线供无线通信单元110中的移动通信模块112进行MIMO通信,GPS天线供位置信息模块113接收GPS信号对移动终端100进行定位,WiFi双天线供无线互联网模块115进行WiFi双频段(2.4GHz和5GHz)的无线通信。In an actual implementation, the controller 180 (including the mobile communication module 112, the location information module 113, and the wireless internet module 115) and the wireless communication unit 110 in the hardware structure shown in FIG. 1 are provided. Placed on the printed circuit board (PCB, located in the accommodating space of the middle casing). Corresponding to the hardware structure of the wireless communication unit 110 shown in FIG. 1 , a MIMO (Multiple-Input Multiple-Output) antenna, a GPS antenna, and a WiFi dual antenna are disposed in the housing space of the housing; The MIMO antenna is used for MIMO communication by the mobile communication module 112 in the wireless communication unit 110, the GPS antenna is used by the location information module 113 to receive GPS signals to locate the mobile terminal 100, and the WiFi dual antenna is used by the wireless Internet module 115 for WiFi dual band (2.4 GHz and 5GHz) wireless communication.

控制器180配置为控制无线通信单元110中的各模块使用对应的天线进行不同频段的通信,下面对控制不同类型天线进行通信的实现进行说明。The controller 180 is configured to control each module in the wireless communication unit 110 to perform communication in different frequency bands using a corresponding antenna. The following describes the implementation of controlling communication of different types of antennas.

1)WiFi通信1) WiFi communication

控制器180配置为控制WiFi双天线的馈电端口处于馈电状态并调节馈电端口的馈电端匹配电路,在图14中控制WiFi双天线的馈电端口9的馈电端匹配电路,在图15中控制WiFi双天线的馈电端口9的馈电端匹配电路,在图16中控制WiFi双天线的馈电端口10/12的馈电端匹配电路,调节馈电端口对应的匹配电路(也就是馈电端匹配电路)使WiFi双天线谐振于需求的WiFi通信频段(如2.4GHz频段或5GHz通信频段),并控制无线通信单元110中的无线互联网模块113经由WiFi双天线进行不同频段的通信。The controller 180 is configured to control the feeding port of the WiFi dual antenna to be in a feeding state and adjust the feeding end matching circuit of the feeding port, and control the feeding end matching circuit of the feeding port 9 of the WiFi dual antenna in FIG. In FIG. 15, the feeding end matching circuit of the feeding port 9 of the WiFi dual antenna is controlled, and in FIG. 16, the feeding end matching circuit of the feeding port 10/12 of the WiFi dual antenna is controlled, and the matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port is adjusted ( That is, the feed end matching circuit) causes the WiFi dual antenna to resonate in the required WiFi communication frequency band (such as the 2.4 GHz frequency band or the 5 GHz communication frequency band), and controls the wireless internet module 113 in the wireless communication unit 110 to perform different frequency bands via the WiFi dual antenna. Communication.

2)接收GPS信号2) Receiving GPS signals

GPS天线基于GPS天线自身的辐射结构谐振出需求的GPS频段,由控制器180控制无线通信单元110中的位置信息模块115经由GPS天线进行接收GPS信号。The GPS antenna resonates the required GPS band based on the radiation structure of the GPS antenna itself, and the position information module 115 in the wireless communication unit 110 is controlled by the controller 180 to receive the GPS signal via the GPS antenna.

3)移动通信3) Mobile communication

实际实施时,壳体的容置空间中还设置对应MIMO天线的馈电端口、馈电端口以及对应的匹配电路(也就是馈电端匹配电路),调节MIMO天线的馈电端匹配电路使MIMO天线谐振在需求的通信频段,控制移动通信模 块112经由MIMO天线进行不同频段(如低频段696—960MHz)的移动通信。In actual implementation, a feeding port, a feeding port and a corresponding matching circuit (that is, a feeding end matching circuit) corresponding to the MIMO antenna are further disposed in the housing space of the housing, and the feeding end matching circuit of the MIMO antenna is adjusted to enable MIMO. Antenna resonance in the required communication band, controlling the mobile communication mode Block 112 performs mobile communication in different frequency bands (eg, low frequency band 696-960 MHz) via a MIMO antenna.

本实施例提供了MIMO天线、GPS天线和WiFi双天线在全金属移动终端内部的位置布局设计方案,节省了在全金属移动终端内部设置天线的空间;支持WiFi双天线双频通信;全金属,超薄,结构强度大,导热性能优越,金属触感好;由于天线布局设计占用壳体的端部容置空间小,因此能够实现移动终端的高屏占比,视觉体验好;天线的结构简单,加工方便,便于加工和生产。The embodiment provides a position layout design scheme of the MIMO antenna, the GPS antenna and the WiFi dual antenna in the all-metal mobile terminal, which saves the space for setting the antenna inside the all-metal mobile terminal; supports WiFi dual-antenna dual-frequency communication; all metal, Ultra-thin, high structural strength, superior thermal conductivity, good metal touch; because the antenna layout design occupies a small space for the end of the housing, it can achieve a high screen ratio of the mobile terminal, and the visual experience is good; the antenna has a simple structure. Easy to process, easy to process and produce.

实施例八Example eight

图14至图16示出了采用图1所示的硬件结构的移动终端100的内部结构示意图,图14至图16中以移动终端100为手机为例对移动终端100内部的结构进行说明,本领域的技术人员可以根据图14至图16示出的结构实施于全金属的其他移动终端100如平板电脑等。14 to FIG. 16 are schematic diagrams showing the internal structure of the mobile terminal 100 using the hardware structure shown in FIG. 1. FIG. 14 to FIG. 16 illustrate the internal structure of the mobile terminal 100 by taking the mobile terminal 100 as a mobile phone as an example. A person skilled in the art can implement other mobile terminals 100 of all metals such as a tablet computer or the like according to the structure shown in FIGS. 14 to 16.

图4是移动终端100的内部结构的侧视示意图,图14至图16是移动终端100的不同内部结构的俯视示意图,在图14至图16中,作为实现移动终端100设置全金属外壳并实现轻薄化的一个示例,移动终端100结构尺寸为150mm×70mm×5mm,长度范围限定在100mm—160mm,宽度范围限定在50mm—85mm,高度范围限定在10mm以内。其中,移动终端100中印刷电路板(PCB)1的尺寸(长度×宽度×厚度)为140mm×70mm×1mm,PCB 1尺寸可以按照实际需要来调整大小,PCB 1距移动终端100底部距离限定在15mm以内,PCB 1距移动终端100顶部距离限定在10mm以内,后壳2厚度范围限定在2mm以内,中框3高度范围限定在10mm以内,厚度范围限定在2mm以内,移动终端100的顶部和底部对应开设的缝隙4-1和缝隙4-2宽度范围限定在3mm以内,顶部的缝隙4-1距移动终端100顶部距离范围限定在20mm以内,底部的缝隙4-2距移动终端100底部 距离范围限定在20mm以内,顶部的缝隙4-1和底部的缝隙4-2可以是对称开设,也可以是不对称开设,开设位置随具体需求设定。4 is a side view showing the internal structure of the mobile terminal 100, and FIGS. 14 to 16 are schematic plan views of different internal structures of the mobile terminal 100. In FIGS. 14 to 16, the mobile terminal 100 is provided with a full metal casing and implemented. As an example of thinning, the mobile terminal 100 has a structural size of 150 mm × 70 mm × 5 mm, a length range of 100 mm - 160 mm, a width range of 50 mm - 85 mm, and a height range of 10 mm or less. The size (length×width×thickness) of the printed circuit board (PCB) 1 in the mobile terminal 100 is 140 mm×70 mm×1 mm, and the size of the PCB 1 can be adjusted according to actual needs, and the distance between the PCB 1 and the bottom of the mobile terminal 100 is limited. Within 15mm, the distance between the top of the PCB 1 and the top of the mobile terminal 100 is limited to 10mm, the thickness of the rear case 2 is limited to within 2mm, the height of the middle frame 3 is limited to within 10mm, and the thickness range is limited to within 2mm, the top and bottom of the mobile terminal 100. The width of the corresponding slit 4-1 and the slit 4-2 is limited to be within 3 mm, the distance of the top slit 4-1 from the top of the mobile terminal 100 is limited to 20 mm, and the gap 4-2 at the bottom is from the bottom of the mobile terminal 100. The distance range is limited to 20 mm, and the slit 4-1 at the top and the slit 4-2 at the bottom may be symmetrically opened or asymmetrically opened, and the opening position is set according to specific needs.

USB端口5设置在移动终端100的第二端部容置空间,USB端口5与移动终端100底部的距离范围限定在2mm以内,USB端口5可以在壳体的第二端部容置空间居中设置,也可以在壳体的第二端部容置空间任意一侧设置。The USB port 5 is disposed in the second end receiving space of the mobile terminal 100. The distance between the USB port 5 and the bottom of the mobile terminal 100 is limited to be within 2 mm, and the USB port 5 can be centrally disposed in the second end of the housing. It can also be placed on either side of the second end of the housing.

在图14中,MIMO主天线预留的设计空间6为壳体的第二端部容置空间的左侧部分,MIMO主天线的接地片7-2设置在后壳2上预留的与缝隙4-2对应的部分区域,宽度范围和缝隙4-2保持一致,长度范围限定在2mm以上,距离中框左侧范围限定在60mm以内。MIMO分集天线预留的设计空间8为壳体的第一端部容置空间的左侧部分,与MIMO主天线的设置位置对称。In FIG. 14, the design space 6 reserved by the MIMO main antenna is the left side portion of the second end receiving space of the casing, and the grounding piece 7-2 of the MIMO main antenna is disposed on the rear case 2 and reserved in the gap. 4-2 corresponds to the partial area, the width range is consistent with the gap 4-2, the length range is limited to 2mm or more, and the range from the left side of the middle frame is limited to 60mm. The design space 8 reserved by the MIMO diversity antenna is the left side portion of the first end receiving space of the housing, which is symmetrical with the set position of the MIMO main antenna.

GPS天线设置在壳体的第一端部容置空间的右侧部分,与WiFi双天线使用相同的设计空间,WiFi双天线可以基于自身独立的辐射结构谐振出所需要的频段,此时WiFi双天线需要占用的设计空间长度范围限定在30mm以内,宽度范围限定在15mm以内。The GPS antenna is disposed on the right side of the first end of the housing, and uses the same design space as the WiFi dual antenna. The WiFi dual antenna can resonate to the required frequency band based on its own independent radiation structure. At this time, the WiFi dual antenna The design space required to occupy is limited to a range of 30 mm or less, and the width range is limited to 15 mm.

WiFi双天线的馈电端口9距移动终端右侧距离范围限定在40mm以内,馈电端口的匹配电路以与馈电端口9连接的虚线框标识;在此需要说明的是,MIMO天线、GPS天线、WiFi双天线都可以左右对称地放置在移动终端的另一侧,也可以上下对称地设置在移动终端的另一端。The distance between the feed port 9 of the WiFi dual antenna and the right side of the mobile terminal is limited to 40 mm, and the matching circuit of the feed port is identified by a dashed box connected to the feed port 9; here, the MIMO antenna and the GPS antenna are required to be described. The WiFi dual antennas may be placed symmetrically on the other side of the mobile terminal, or may be symmetrically disposed on the other end of the mobile terminal.

参见图15,在壳体的顶部容置空间的右侧部分、底部容置空间的右侧部分分别设置一个WiFi天线而形成WiFi双天线,WiFi双天线使用自身的辐射结构来谐振出需求的谐振频段,不与MIMO天线共辐射结构。Referring to FIG. 15, a WiFi antenna is respectively arranged on the right side portion of the housing accommodating space at the top of the housing and the right side portion of the bottom accommodating space to form a WiFi dual antenna, and the WiFi dual antenna uses its own radiation structure to resonate the required resonance. The frequency band is not radiated with the MIMO antenna.

参见图16,WiFi双天线分散设置于全金属终端的上部两侧且和MIMO分集天线共用同一个辐射结构,其中右侧的WiFi天线和GPS天线共用同 一个设计空间。MIMO分集天线只覆盖高频频段1710-2690MHz,MIMO分集天线在后壳2上对应设置有两个接地片10和11,接地片10距移动终端左侧距离范围限定在30mm以内,接地片11距移动终端右侧距离范围限定在40mm以内。Referring to FIG. 16, the WiFi dual antennas are distributed on both sides of the upper part of the all-metal terminal and share the same radiation structure with the MIMO diversity antenna, wherein the WiFi antenna on the right side and the GPS antenna share the same A design space. The MIMO diversity antenna covers only the high frequency band 1710-2690 MHz, and the MIMO diversity antenna is correspondingly provided with two grounding plates 10 and 11 on the rear case 2. The grounding piece 10 is limited to a distance of 30 mm from the left side of the mobile terminal, and the grounding piece 11 is spaced. The distance range on the right side of the mobile terminal is limited to 40 mm.

图14至图16示出了MIMO天线、GPS天线的位置布局和设计空间要求,实现了WiFi双天线2.4G与5G的双频带宽。14 to FIG. 16 show the position layout and design space requirements of the MIMO antenna and the GPS antenna, and realize the dual-band bandwidth of the WiFi dual antennas 2.4G and 5G.

1)在采用图14或图15所示的结构时,当馈电端口9、10处于馈电状态时,分别调节馈电端口9、10的馈电端匹配电路,并调节接地片7的位置,即可实现WiFi双天线2.4GHz、5GHz的双频带覆盖1) When the structure shown in Fig. 14 or Fig. 15 is employed, when the feeding ports 9, 10 are in the feeding state, the feeding end matching circuits of the feeding ports 9, 10 are respectively adjusted, and the position of the grounding piece 7 is adjusted. , can achieve dual-band coverage of WiFi dual antenna 2.4GHz, 5GHz

2)采用图16所示的结构时,当馈电端口9、10处于馈电状态时,分别调节馈电端口10、11的馈电端匹配电路,即可实现WiFi双天线2.4GHz、5GHz的双频带覆盖。2) When the structure shown in FIG. 16 is adopted, when the feeding ports 9 and 10 are in the feeding state, the feeding end matching circuits of the feeding ports 10 and 11 are respectively adjusted, and the WiFi dual antennas of 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz can be realized. Dual band coverage.

实施例九Example nine

本实施例提供一种用于具有图1或图2所示的硬件结构,以及具有图4、以及图14至图16中任一附图的所示内部结构的全金属外壳的移动终端100的通信处理方法,The present embodiment provides a mobile terminal 100 for an all-metal housing having the hardware structure shown in FIG. 1 or FIG. 2 and having the illustrated internal structure of any of FIG. 4 and FIGS. 14 to 16. Communication processing method,

参见图17,WiFi通信处理方法包括以下步骤:Referring to FIG. 17, the WiFi communication processing method includes the following steps:

步骤601,控制器180控制WiFi双天线的馈电端口处于馈电状态。In step 601, the controller 180 controls the feed port of the WiFi dual antenna to be in a feeding state.

馈电端口是无线互联网模块通过传输导线向WiFi双天线馈入高频交变电流的连接点,控制器180控制WiFi双天线的馈电端口处于馈电状态是指无线互联网模块基于该馈电端口向WiFi双天线馈入能量,或通过该馈电端口接收WiFi感应空间传输的无线信号而生成的高频交变电流。The feeding port is a connection point of the wireless internet module feeding the high frequency alternating current to the WiFi dual antenna through the transmission line, and the controller 180 controlling the feeding port of the WiFi dual antenna to be in the feeding state means that the wireless internet module is based on the feeding port The high frequency alternating current generated by feeding energy to the WiFi dual antenna or receiving the wireless signal transmitted by the WiFi sensing space through the feeding port.

步骤602,控制器180调节馈电端口对应的匹配电路使WiFi双天线谐振于不同的WiFi通信频段。Step 602: The controller 180 adjusts the matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port to make the WiFi dual antenna resonate in different WiFi communication frequency bands.

当需求通信的频段是2.4GHz频段时,控制器180调节馈电端口对应的 匹配电路使WiFi双天线谐振于2.4GHz频段;当需求通信的频段是5GHz频段时,控制器180调节馈电端口对应的匹配电路使WiFi双天线谐振于5GHz频段。When the frequency band required for communication is the 2.4 GHz frequency band, the controller 180 adjusts the corresponding corresponding to the power feeding port. The matching circuit causes the WiFi dual antenna to resonate in the 2.4 GHz band; when the frequency band requiring communication is the 5 GHz band, the controller 180 adjusts the matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port to make the WiFi dual antenna resonate in the 5 GHz band.

步骤603,控制器180控制无线通信单元中的无线互联网模块经由WiFi双天线进行不同频段的通信。In step 603, the controller 180 controls the wireless internet module in the wireless communication unit to perform communication in different frequency bands via the WiFi dual antenna.

综上所述,本发明实施例至少具有以下有益效果:In summary, the embodiments of the present invention have at least the following beneficial effects:

1)提供了MIMO天线、GPS天线和WiFi双天线在全金属移动终端内部的位置布局设计,节省了在全金属移动终端内部设置天线的空间;1) Providing a position layout design of the MIMO antenna, the GPS antenna and the WiFi dual antenna in the all-metal mobile terminal, thereby saving the space for setting the antenna inside the all-metal mobile terminal;

2)支持WiFi双天线双频通信;2) Support WiFi dual antenna dual frequency communication;

3)全金属,超薄,结构强度大,导热性能优越,金属触感好;3) All metal, ultra-thin, large structural strength, superior thermal conductivity, good metal touch;

4)能够实现移动终端的高屏占比,视觉体验好;4) The high screen ratio of the mobile terminal can be realized, and the visual experience is good;

5)天线结构简单,加工方便,便于加工和生产。5) The antenna structure is simple, easy to process, easy to process and produce.

以上所述仅为本发明的优选实施例而已,并不用于限制本发明,对于本领域的技术人员来说,本发明可以有各种更改和变化。凡在本发明的精神和原则之内,所作的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内本领域普通技术人员可以理解:实现上述方法实施例的全部或部分步骤可以通过程序指令相关的硬件来完成,前述的程序可以存储于一计算机可读取存储介质中,该程序在执行时,执行包括上述方法实施例的步骤;而前述的存储介质包括:移动存储设备、随机存取存储器(RAM,Random Access Memory)、只读存储器(ROM,Read-Only Memory)、磁碟或者光盘等各种可以存储程序代码的介质。The above description is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the present invention, and various modifications and changes can be made to the present invention. Any modifications, equivalent substitutions, improvements, etc. within the spirit and scope of the present invention are intended to be included within the scope of the present invention. Those skilled in the art will understand that all or part of the above-described method embodiments can be implemented. The steps may be performed by a program instruction related hardware, and the foregoing program may be stored in a computer readable storage medium, and when executed, the program includes the steps of the foregoing method embodiment; and the foregoing storage medium includes: mobile storage A device that can store program code, such as a device, a random access memory (RAM), a read-only memory (ROM), a magnetic disk, or an optical disk.

或者,本发明上述集成的单元如果以软件功能模块的形式实现并作为独立的产品销售或使用时,也可以存储在一个计算机可读取存储介质中。基于这样的理解,本发明实施例的技术方案本质上或者说对相关技术做出贡献的部分可以以软件产品的形式体现出来,该计算机软件产品存储在一 个存储介质中,包括若干指令用以使得一台计算机设备(可以是个人计算机、服务器、或者网络设备等)执行本发明各个实施例所述方法的全部或部分。而前述的存储介质包括:移动存储设备、RAM、ROM、磁碟或者光盘等各种可以存储程序代码的介质。Alternatively, the above-described integrated unit of the present invention may be stored in a computer readable storage medium if it is implemented in the form of a software function module and sold or used as a standalone product. Based on such understanding, the technical solution of the embodiments of the present invention may be embodied in the form of a software product in essence or in a contribution to the related art, and the computer software product is stored in a The storage medium includes instructions for causing a computer device (which may be a personal computer, server, or network device, etc.) to perform all or part of the methods described in various embodiments of the present invention. The foregoing storage medium includes various media that can store program codes, such as a mobile storage device, a RAM, a ROM, a magnetic disk, or an optical disk.

以上所述,仅为本发明的具体实施方式,但本发明的保护范围并不局限于此,任何熟悉本技术领域的技术人员在本发明揭露的技术范围内,可轻易想到变化或替换,都应涵盖在本发明的保护范围之内。因此,本发明的保护范围应以所述权利要求的保护范围为准。The above is only a specific embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art can easily think of changes or substitutions within the technical scope of the present invention. It should be covered by the scope of the present invention. Therefore, the scope of the invention should be determined by the scope of the appended claims.

工业实用性Industrial applicability

本发明实施例提供了WiFi天线在全金属移动终端内部的位置布局设计方案,节省了在全金属移动终端内部设置天线的空间;支持WiFi天线双频通信;全金属,超薄,结构强度大,导热性能优越,金属触感好;由于天线布局设计占用壳体的端部容置空间小,因此能够实现移动终端的高屏占比,视觉体验好;天线的结构简单,加工方便,便于加工和生产。 The embodiment of the invention provides a position layout design scheme of the WiFi antenna in the all-metal mobile terminal, which saves the space for setting the antenna inside the all-metal mobile terminal; supports dual-frequency communication of the WiFi antenna; all metal, ultra-thin, and strong structural strength, Excellent thermal conductivity and good metal touch; because the antenna layout design occupies a small housing space at the end, it can achieve a high screen ratio of the mobile terminal, and the visual experience is good; the antenna has a simple structure, convenient processing, and is convenient for processing and production. .

Claims (20)

  1. 一种移动终端,所述移动终端包括:A mobile terminal, the mobile terminal comprising:
    壳体,所述壳体采用金属材料,包括顶部壳体、中部壳体和底部壳体,所述顶部壳体与所述中部壳体之间、以及所述中部壳体与所述底部壳体之间开设有缝隙;a housing, the housing is made of a metal material, including a top housing, a middle housing, and a bottom housing, the top housing and the middle housing, and the middle housing and the bottom housing There is a gap between them;
    所述壳体的容置空间中至少设置有无线相容性认证WiFi天线、对应所述WiFi天线的馈电端口、以及对应所述WiFi天线的馈电端口的匹配电路;At least a wireless compatibility authentication WiFi antenna, a feed port corresponding to the WiFi antenna, and a matching circuit corresponding to the feed port of the WiFi antenna are disposed in the accommodating space of the housing;
    所述壳体的容置空间中还设置有控制器和无线通信单元;a controller and a wireless communication unit are further disposed in the accommodating space of the housing;
    所述控制器,配置为控制所述WiFi天线的馈电端口处于馈电状态,调节所述馈电端口对应的匹配电路使所述WiFi天线谐振于不同的WiFi通信频段,并控制所述无线通信单元经由所述WiFi天线进行不同频段的通信。The controller is configured to control a feeding port of the WiFi antenna to be in a feeding state, and adjust a matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port to resonate the WiFi antenna in different WiFi communication bands and control the wireless communication The unit performs communication of different frequency bands via the WiFi antenna.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的移动终端,其中,所述顶部壳体和所述底部壳体各自构成所述壳体的端部容置空间;The mobile terminal of claim 1, wherein the top case and the bottom case each constitute an end receiving space of the case;
    所述壳体的第一端部容置空间的第一部分设置有多入多出MIMO分集天线,所述第一端部容置空间的第二部分设置有所述WiFi天线、所述WiFi天线的馈电端口、以及所述WiFi天线的馈电端口的匹配电路;所述壳体的第一端部容置空间的第二部分还设置有全球卫星定位系统GPS天线;a first portion of the first end receiving space of the housing is provided with a multiple input and multiple output MIMO diversity antenna, and a second portion of the first end receiving space is provided with the WiFi antenna and the WiFi antenna a matching circuit of the feeding port and the feeding port of the WiFi antenna; a second part of the first end receiving space of the housing is further provided with a global satellite positioning system GPS antenna;
    所述第一端部容置空间的第一部分与顶部的所述缝隙的对应部分还设置有对应所述MIMO分集天线的接地片,用于对所述MIMO分集天线与所述WiFi天线进行去耦合;The first portion of the first end receiving space and the corresponding portion of the slot at the top are further provided with a grounding piece corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna, for decoupling the MIMO diversity antenna from the WiFi antenna ;
    所述壳体的第二端部容置空间的第一部分设置有MIMO主天线;a first portion of the second end receiving space of the housing is provided with a MIMO main antenna;
    所述第二端部容置空间的第一部分与底部的所述缝隙的对应部分还设置有对应所述MIMO主天线的接地片,用于对所述MIMO主天线与所述WiFi天线进行去耦合。 The first portion of the second end receiving space and the corresponding portion of the slot at the bottom are further provided with a grounding piece corresponding to the MIMO main antenna, for decoupling the MIMO main antenna from the WiFi antenna .
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的移动终端,其中,所述顶部壳体和所述底部壳体各自构成所述壳体的端部容置空间;The mobile terminal of claim 1, wherein the top case and the bottom case each constitute an end receiving space of the case;
    所述壳体的第一端部容置空间的第一部分设置有多入多出MIMO分集天线,所述第一端部容置空间的第二部分设置有所述WiFi天线、所述WiFi天线的馈电端口、以及所述WiFi天线的馈电端口的匹配电路;所述壳体的第一端部容置空间的第三部分还设置有GPS天线,所述第一端部容置空间的第一部分、所述第二部分、所述第三部分互不相邻;a first portion of the first end receiving space of the housing is provided with a multiple input and multiple output MIMO diversity antenna, and a second portion of the first end receiving space is provided with the WiFi antenna and the WiFi antenna a matching circuit of the feed port and the feed port of the WiFi antenna; a third portion of the first end receiving space of the housing is further provided with a GPS antenna, and the first end accommodates a space a portion, the second portion, and the third portion are not adjacent to each other;
    所述第一端部容置空间的第一部分、所述第二部分之间与顶部的所述缝隙的对应部分还设置有对应所述MIMO分集天线的接地片,用于对所述MIMO分集天线与所述WiFi天线进行去耦合;a corresponding portion of the slot between the first portion and the second portion of the first end receiving space and the top portion is further provided with a grounding piece corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna, for the MIMO diversity antenna Decoupling with the WiFi antenna;
    所述第一端部容置空间的第一部分、所述第三部分之间与顶部的所述缝隙的对应部分还设置有对应所述MIMO分集天线的接地片,用于对所述MIMO分集天线与所述GPS天线进行去耦合;a corresponding portion of the slot between the first portion and the third portion of the first end receiving space and the top portion is further provided with a grounding piece corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna, for the MIMO diversity antenna Decoupling with the GPS antenna;
    所述壳体的第二端部容置空间的第一部分设置有MIMO主天线;a first portion of the second end receiving space of the housing is provided with a MIMO main antenna;
    所述第一端部容置空间的第一部分、所述第二部分之间与顶部的所述缝隙的对应部分还设置有对应所述MIMO主天线的接地片,用于对所述MIMO主天线与所述WiFi天线进行去耦合。a corresponding portion of the slot between the first portion and the second portion of the first end receiving space and the top portion is further provided with a grounding piece corresponding to the MIMO main antenna for the MIMO main antenna Decoupling with the WiFi antenna.
  4. 根据权利要求2或3所述的移动终端,其中,The mobile terminal according to claim 2 or 3, wherein
    所述第一端部容置空间的第二部分还设置有对应所述WiFi天线的接地端口、以及所述WiFi天线的接地端口的匹配电路;The second portion of the first end receiving space is further provided with a matching circuit corresponding to the ground port of the WiFi antenna and the ground port of the WiFi antenna;
    所述控制器,还配置为调节所述WiFi天线的馈电端口对应的匹配电路、以及调节所述WiFi天线的接地端口对应的匹配电路,使所述WiFi天线谐振出不同的WiFi通信频段。The controller is further configured to adjust a matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port of the WiFi antenna, and a matching circuit corresponding to the ground port of the WiFi antenna, so that the WiFi antenna resonates with different WiFi communication frequency bands.
  5. 根据权利要求1所述的移动终端,其中,The mobile terminal of claim 1, wherein
    所述控制器,还配置为调节所述馈电端口对应的匹配电路使所述WiFi 天线基于所述WiFi天线自身的辐射结构谐振出不同的WiFi通信频段,或者,调节所述馈电端口对应的匹配电路,使所述WiFi天线基于所述WiFi天线自身的辐射结构以及所述壳体谐振出不同的WiFi通信频段。The controller is further configured to adjust a matching circuit corresponding to the feed port to enable the WiFi The antenna resonates with different WiFi communication frequency bands based on the radiation structure of the WiFi antenna itself, or adjusts a matching circuit corresponding to the power feeding port, so that the WiFi antenna is based on the radiation structure of the WiFi antenna itself and the housing Resonate different WiFi communication bands.
  6. 根据权利要求1所述的移动终端,其中,所述容置空间中设置的WiFi天线为WiFi双天线;相应的,对应所述WiFi天线的馈电端口为对应所述WiFi双天线的两个馈电端口;所述对应所述WiFi天线的馈电端口的匹配电路为与所述两个馈电端口一一对应的匹配电路;The mobile terminal according to claim 1, wherein the WiFi antenna disposed in the accommodating space is a WiFi dual antenna; correspondingly, the feeding port corresponding to the WiFi antenna is two feeds corresponding to the WiFi dual antenna An electric port; the matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port of the WiFi antenna is a matching circuit corresponding to the two feeding ports;
    所述控制器,配置为控制所述WiFi双天线的所述两个馈电端口处于馈电状态,调节所述两个匹配电路使所述WiFi双天线谐振于不同的WiFi通信频段,并控制所述无线通信单元经由所述WiFi双天线进行不同频段的通信。The controller is configured to control the two feeding ports of the WiFi dual antenna to be in a feeding state, and adjust the two matching circuits to resonate the WiFi dual antennas in different WiFi communication bands, and control the The wireless communication unit performs communication of different frequency bands via the WiFi dual antenna.
  7. 根据权利要求6所述的移动终端,其中,所述壳体的第一端部容置空间的第一部分设置有所述WiFi双天线的全部辐射结构、对应所述WiFi双天线的馈电端口、以及对应的馈电端匹配电路,所述壳体的第二端部容置空间的第一部分中设置有对应所述WiFi双天线的馈电端口、以及对应的馈电端匹配电路;The mobile terminal of claim 6, wherein the first portion of the first end receiving space of the housing is provided with all radiating structures of the WiFi dual antenna, a feeding port corresponding to the WiFi dual antenna, And a corresponding feeding end matching circuit, wherein a first part of the second end receiving space of the housing is provided with a feeding port corresponding to the WiFi dual antenna, and a corresponding feeding end matching circuit;
    所述第一端部容置空间的第二部分设置有多入多出MIMO分集天线、与所述MIMO分集天线对应的接地片,所述MIMO分集天线对应的接地片用于对所述MIMO分集天线和所述WiFi双天线进行去耦合;The second portion of the first end accommodating space is provided with a multi-input and multi-output MIMO diversity antenna, a grounding strip corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna, and a grounding strip corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna is used for the MIMO diversity Decoupling the antenna and the WiFi dual antenna;
    所述第二端部容置空间的第二部分设置有MIMO主天线、与所述MIMO主天线对应的接地片,所述MIMO主天线对应的接地片用于对所述MIMO主天线和所述第一端部容置空间的第一部分设置的WiFi天线进行去耦合;a second portion of the second end accommodating space is provided with a MIMO main antenna, a grounding piece corresponding to the MIMO main antenna, and a grounding piece corresponding to the MIMO main antenna is used for the MIMO main antenna and the Decoupling the WiFi antenna disposed in the first portion of the first end receiving space;
    所述第一端部容置空间的第二部分设置有全球卫星定位系统GPS天线。 The second portion of the first end receiving space is provided with a global satellite positioning system GPS antenna.
  8. 根据权利要求6所述的移动终端,其中,所述壳体的第二端部容置空间的第一部分设置有所述WiFi双天线的全部辐射结构、对应所述WiFi双天线的馈电端口、以及对应的馈电端匹配电路,所述第一端部容置空间的第一部分中设置有对应所述WiFi双天线的馈电端口、以及对应的馈电端匹配电路;The mobile terminal of claim 6, wherein the first portion of the second end receiving space of the housing is provided with all radiating structures of the WiFi dual antenna, a feeding port corresponding to the WiFi dual antenna, And a corresponding feeding end matching circuit, wherein the first part of the first end receiving space is provided with a feeding port corresponding to the WiFi dual antenna, and a corresponding feeding end matching circuit;
    所述第一端部容置空间的第二部分设置有MIMO分集天线、与所述MIMO分集天线对应的接地片,所述MIMO分集天线对应的接地片用于对所述MIMO分集天线和所述第一端部容置空间的第二部分设置的WiFi天线进行去耦合;a second portion of the first end accommodating space is provided with a MIMO diversity antenna, a grounding piece corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna, and a grounding piece corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna is used for the MIMO diversity antenna and the Decoupling the WiFi antenna disposed in the second portion of the first end receiving space;
    所述第二端部容置空间的第二部分设置有MIMO主天线、与所述MIMO主天线对应的接地片,所述主天线对应的接地片用于对所述MIMO主天线和所述第二端部容置空间的第一部分设置的WiFi天线进行去耦合;a second portion of the second end receiving space is provided with a MIMO main antenna, a grounding piece corresponding to the MIMO main antenna, and a grounding piece corresponding to the main antenna is used for the MIMO main antenna and the Decoupling the WiFi antenna provided in the first part of the two-end accommodation space;
    所述第一端部容置空间的第二部分设置有GPS天线。The second portion of the first end receiving space is provided with a GPS antenna.
  9. 根据权利要求6所述的移动终端,其中,所述壳体的第一端部容置空间的第一部分设置有所述WiFi双天线的部分辐射结构、对应所述WiFi双天线的馈电端口、以及对应的馈电端匹配电路;The mobile terminal of claim 6, wherein the first portion of the first end receiving space of the housing is provided with a partial radiating structure of the WiFi dual antenna, a feeding port corresponding to the WiFi dual antenna, And a corresponding feed end matching circuit;
    所述壳体的第一端部容置空间的第三部分设置有所述WiFi双天线的部分辐射结构、对应所述WiFi双天线的馈电端口、以及对应的馈电端匹配电路;The third portion of the first end receiving space of the housing is provided with a partial radiating structure of the WiFi dual antenna, a feeding port corresponding to the WiFi dual antenna, and a corresponding feeding end matching circuit;
    所述第一端部容置空间的第二部分设置有MIMO分集天线、与所述MIMO分集天线对应的两个接地片,所述MIMO分集天线对应的两个接地片用于对所述MIMO分集天线和所述WiFi双天线进行去耦合;The second portion of the first end receiving space is provided with a MIMO diversity antenna, two grounding strips corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna, and two grounding strips corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna are used for the MIMO diversity Decoupling the antenna and the WiFi dual antenna;
    所述第二端部容置空间的第二部分设置有MIMO主天线、与所述MIMO主天线对应的接地片,配置为对所述MIMO主天线和所述WiFi双天线进行去耦合。 The second portion of the second end receiving space is provided with a MIMO main antenna and a grounding piece corresponding to the MIMO main antenna, and is configured to decouple the MIMO main antenna and the WiFi dual antenna.
  10. 根据权利要求1所述的移动终端,其中,所述容置空间中设置的WiFi天线为复合天线,所述复合天线为WiFi天线、蓝牙天线和全球卫星定位系统GPS天线共辐射结构而形成;相应的,所述对应所述WiFi天线的馈电端口为与所述复合天线对应的馈电端口;所述对应所述WiFi天线的馈电端口的匹配电路为与所述复合天线的馈电端口对应的匹配电路;The mobile terminal according to claim 1, wherein the WiFi antenna disposed in the accommodating space is a composite antenna, and the composite antenna is formed by a WiFi antenna, a Bluetooth antenna, and a global satellite positioning system GPS antenna co-radiation structure; The feeding port corresponding to the WiFi antenna is a feeding port corresponding to the composite antenna; the matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port of the WiFi antenna is corresponding to a feeding port of the composite antenna Matching circuit
    所述控制器,配置为调节所述馈电端口对应的所述匹配电路以调节所述复合天线所谐振的通信频段,控制所述无线通信单元基于所述复合天线所谐振的通信频段进行不同类型的无线通信。The controller is configured to adjust the matching circuit corresponding to the feed port to adjust a communication frequency band resonated by the composite antenna, and control the wireless communication unit to perform different types based on a communication frequency band resonated by the composite antenna Wireless communication.
  11. 根据权利要求10所述的移动终端,其中,所述无线通信单元包括无线互联网模块;The mobile terminal of claim 10, wherein the wireless communication unit comprises a wireless internet module;
    所述控制器,还配置为调节所述馈电端口对应的所述匹配电路以使所述复合天线谐振于WiFi通信频段,控制所述无线互联网模块基于所述复合天线所谐振的WiFi通信频段进行WiFi通信;The controller is further configured to adjust the matching circuit corresponding to the feed port to resonate the composite antenna in a WiFi communication frequency band, and control the wireless internet module to perform a WiFi communication frequency band that is resonated by the composite antenna. WiFi communication;
    所述无线通信单元包括短程通信模块;The wireless communication unit includes a short range communication module;
    所述控制器,还配置为调节所述馈电端口对应的所述匹配电路以使所述复合天线谐振于蓝牙通信频段,控制所述短程通信模块基于所述复合天线所谐振的蓝牙通信频段进行蓝牙通信;The controller is further configured to adjust the matching circuit corresponding to the feed port to resonate the composite antenna in a Bluetooth communication frequency band, and control the short-range communication module to perform based on a Bluetooth communication frequency band resonated by the composite antenna Bluetooth communication;
    所述无线通信单元包括位置信息模块;The wireless communication unit includes a location information module;
    所述控制器,还配置为调节所述馈电端口对应的所述匹配电路以使所述复合天线与所述中部壳体的底壳耦合谐振于GPS通信频段,控制所述位置信息模块基于所述复合天线所谐振的GPS通信频段进行GPS通信。The controller is further configured to adjust the matching circuit corresponding to the feed port to couple the composite antenna to the bottom casing of the middle casing to resonate in a GPS communication frequency band, and control the position information module to be based on The GPS communication frequency band resonated by the composite antenna performs GPS communication.
  12. 根据权利要求10所述的移动终端,其中,所述壳体的容置空间中设置有MIMO天线、与所述MIMO天线对应的接地片,所述接地片用于对所述MIMO天线与所述复合天线进行去耦合;The mobile terminal according to claim 10, wherein a MIMO antenna, a grounding piece corresponding to the MIMO antenna, and a grounding piece for the MIMO antenna and the The composite antenna is decoupled;
    所述无线通信单元包括移动通信模块; The wireless communication unit includes a mobile communication module;
    所述控制器,还配置为控制所述移动通信模块经由所述MIMO天线进行MIMO通信。The controller is further configured to control the mobile communication module to perform MIMO communication via the MIMO antenna.
  13. 根据权利要求12所述的移动终端,其中,所述MIMO天线中的MIMO分集天线和MIMO主天线分散设置在所述壳体不同的端部容置空间中,且设置部位对称,所述壳体的所述不同端部容置空间包括顶部容置空间和底部容置空间;The mobile terminal according to claim 12, wherein the MIMO diversity antenna and the MIMO main antenna in the MIMO antenna are dispersedly disposed in different end accommodation spaces of the housing, and the installation portions are symmetric, the housing The different end accommodating spaces include a top accommodating space and a bottom accommodating space;
    设置有所述MIMO主天线的端部容置空间中与所述缝隙对应的部分设置有与所述MIMO主天线对应的接地片,设置有所述MIMO分集天线的端部容置空间中与所述缝隙对应的部分设置有与MIMO分集天线对应的接地片。A portion corresponding to the slot in an end receiving space in which the MIMO main antenna is disposed is provided with a grounding piece corresponding to the MIMO main antenna, and an end receiving space in which the MIMO diversity antenna is disposed A portion corresponding to the slot is provided with a grounding piece corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna.
  14. 根据权利要求13所述的移动终端,其中,所述复合天线设置在设置有所述MIMO分集天线的端部容置空间、或者设置在设置有所述MIMO主天线的端部容置空间;其中,The mobile terminal according to claim 13, wherein the composite antenna is disposed at an end accommodation space in which the MIMO diversity antenna is disposed, or in an end accommodation space in which the MIMO main antenna is disposed; ,
    所述复合天线设置在设置有所述MIMO分集天线的端部容置空间时,所述MIMO分集天线对应的接地片用于对所述MIMO分集天线与所述复合天线进行去耦合;The grounding strip corresponding to the MIMO diversity antenna is used to decouple the MIMO diversity antenna from the composite antenna when the composite antenna is disposed in an end receiving space of the MIMO diversity antenna.
    所述复合天线设置在设置有所述MIMO主天线的端部容置空间时,所述MIMO主天线对应的接地片用于对所述MIMO主天线与所述复合天线进行去耦合。The grounding strip corresponding to the MIMO main antenna is used to decouple the MIMO main antenna from the composite antenna when the composite antenna is disposed in an end receiving space of the MIMO main antenna.
  15. 一种如权利要求1至14任一项所述的移动终端的通信处理方法,所述方法包括:A communication processing method for a mobile terminal according to any one of claims 1 to 14, the method comprising:
    所述控制器控制所述WiFi天线的馈电端口处于馈电状态,调节所述馈电端口对应的匹配电路使所述WiFi天线谐振于不同的WiFi通信频段,并控制所述无线通信单元经由所述WiFi天线进行不同频段的通信。The controller controls the feeding port of the WiFi antenna to be in a feeding state, and the matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port adjusts the WiFi antenna to resonate in different WiFi communication frequency bands, and controls the wireless communication unit to pass through the The WiFi antenna is used for communication in different frequency bands.
  16. 根据权利要求15所述的方法,其中, The method of claim 15 wherein
    所述调节所述馈电端口对应的匹配电路使所述WiFi天线谐振于不同的WiFi通信频段,包括:Adjusting the matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port to make the WiFi antenna resonate in different WiFi communication frequency bands, including:
    所述控制器调节所述WiFi天线的馈电端口对应的匹配电路、以及调节所述WiFi天线的接地端口对应的匹配电路,使所述WiFi天线谐振出不同的WiFi通信频段。The controller adjusts a matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port of the WiFi antenna, and a matching circuit corresponding to the ground port of the WiFi antenna, so that the WiFi antenna resonates with different WiFi communication frequency bands.
  17. 根据权利要求15所述的方法,其中,所述调节所述馈电端口对应的匹配电路使所述WiFi天线谐振于不同的WiFi通信频段,包括:The method of claim 15, wherein the adjusting the matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port to resonate the WiFi antenna in different WiFi communication bands comprises:
    所述控制器调节所述馈电端口对应的匹配电路使所述WiFi天线基于所述WiFi天线自身的辐射结构谐振出不同的WiFi通信频段,或者,调节所述馈电端口对应的匹配电路,使所述WiFi天线基于所述WiFi天线自身的辐射结构以及所述壳体谐振出不同的WiFi通信频段。The controller adjusts a matching circuit corresponding to the feed port to cause the WiFi antenna to resonate different WiFi communication frequency bands based on the radiation structure of the WiFi antenna itself, or adjust a matching circuit corresponding to the feed port, so that The WiFi antenna is based on a radiation structure of the WiFi antenna itself and the housing resonates with different WiFi communication bands.
  18. 根据权利要求15所述的方法,其中,所述调节所述馈电端口对应的匹配电路使所述WiFi天线谐振于不同的WiFi通信频段,包括:The method of claim 15, wherein the adjusting the matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port to resonate the WiFi antenna in different WiFi communication bands comprises:
    所述控制器控制所述WiFi双天线的所述两个馈电端口处于馈电状态,调节所述两个匹配电路使所述WiFi双天线谐振于不同的WiFi通信频段,并控制所述无线通信单元经由所述WiFi双天线进行不同频段的通信。The controller controls the two feeding ports of the WiFi dual antenna to be in a feeding state, adjusting the two matching circuits to resonate the WiFi dual antennas in different WiFi communication bands, and controlling the wireless communication The unit performs communication of different frequency bands via the WiFi dual antenna.
  19. 根据权利要求15所述的方法,其中,所述调节所述馈电端口对应的匹配电路使所述WiFi天线谐振于不同的WiFi通信频段,包括:The method of claim 15, wherein the adjusting the matching circuit corresponding to the feeding port to resonate the WiFi antenna in different WiFi communication bands comprises:
    所述控制器调节所述馈电端口对应的所述匹配电路以调节所述复合天线所谐振的通信频段,控制所述无线通信单元基于所述复合天线所谐振的通信频段进行不同类型的无线通信。The controller adjusts the matching circuit corresponding to the feed port to adjust a communication frequency band resonated by the composite antenna, and controls the wireless communication unit to perform different types of wireless communication based on a communication frequency band resonated by the composite antenna .
  20. 根据权利要求19所述的方法,其中,所述无线通信单元包括无线互联网模块,或者包括短程通信模块,或者包括位置信息模块;The method of claim 19, wherein the wireless communication unit comprises a wireless internet module, or comprises a short range communication module, or comprises a location information module;
    所述控制器调节所述馈电端口对应的所述匹配电路以调节所述复合天线所谐振的通信频段,控制所述无线通信单元基于所述复合天线所谐振的 通信频段进行不同类型的无线通信,包括:The controller adjusts the matching circuit corresponding to the feed port to adjust a communication frequency band resonated by the composite antenna, and controls the wireless communication unit to resonate based on the composite antenna The communication band performs different types of wireless communication, including:
    所述控制器调节所述馈电端口对应的所述匹配电路以使所述复合天线谐振于WiFi通信频段,控制所述无线互联网模块基于所述复合天线所谐振的WiFi通信频段进行WiFi通信;或者,The controller adjusts the matching circuit corresponding to the feed port to resonate the composite antenna in a WiFi communication frequency band, and controls the wireless internet module to perform WiFi communication based on a WiFi communication frequency band resonated by the composite antenna; or ,
    所述控制器调节所述馈电端口对应的所述匹配电路以使所述复合天线谐振于蓝牙通信频段,控制所述短程通信模块基于所述复合天线所谐振的蓝牙通信频段进行蓝牙通信;或者,The controller adjusts the matching circuit corresponding to the feed port to resonate the composite antenna in a Bluetooth communication frequency band, and controls the short-range communication module to perform Bluetooth communication based on a Bluetooth communication frequency band resonated by the composite antenna; or ,
    所述控制器调节所述馈电端口对应的所述匹配电路以使所述复合天线与所述中部壳体的底壳耦合谐振于GPS通信频段,控制所述位置信息模块基于所述复合天线所谐振的GPS通信频段进行GPS通信。 The controller adjusts the matching circuit corresponding to the feed port to couple the composite antenna to the bottom casing of the middle casing to resonate in a GPS communication frequency band, and the position information module is controlled based on the composite antenna The resonant GPS communication band performs GPS communication.
PCT/CN2016/112876 2016-01-29 2016-12-29 Mobile terminal and communication processing method therefor WO2017128918A1 (en)

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