WO2017128316A1 - Charging and discharging device, management system, and unmanned aerial vehicle power supply system - Google Patents

Charging and discharging device, management system, and unmanned aerial vehicle power supply system Download PDF

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WO2017128316A1
WO2017128316A1 PCT/CN2016/072874 CN2016072874W WO2017128316A1 WO 2017128316 A1 WO2017128316 A1 WO 2017128316A1 CN 2016072874 W CN2016072874 W CN 2016072874W WO 2017128316 A1 WO2017128316 A1 WO 2017128316A1
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battery
charging
unit
energy storage
electrically
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PCT/CN2016/072874
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
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王雷
王文韬
许柏皋
郑大阳
刘元财
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深圳市大疆创新科技有限公司
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Priority to PCT/CN2016/072874 priority Critical patent/WO2017128316A1/en
Publication of WO2017128316A1 publication Critical patent/WO2017128316A1/en

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0029Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries with safety or protection devices or circuits
    • H02J7/0036Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries with safety or protection devices or circuits using connection detecting circuits
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/42Methods or arrangements for servicing or maintenance of secondary cells or secondary half-cells
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/42Methods or arrangements for servicing or maintenance of secondary cells or secondary half-cells
    • H01M10/44Methods for charging or discharging
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/42Methods or arrangements for servicing or maintenance of secondary cells or secondary half-cells
    • H01M10/46Accumulators structurally combined with charging apparatus
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/10Energy storage using batteries

Abstract

A charging and discharging device (100), comprising: an energy storage unit (13); at least one first power supply output end (15), which is electrically connected to the energy storage unit (13) and is capable of being electrically connected to a battery (300) to be charged, so as to enable the energy storage unit (13) to charge the corresponding battery (300) by means of the at least one first power supply output end (15); and a control unit (14) electrically connected to the energy storage unit (13), wherein the control unit (14) can control the energy storage unit (13) to optionally charge the battery (300) or be electrically connected to an external power supply for charging the energy storage unit (13) by means of the external power supply. The charging and discharging device (100) may be used in an unmanned aerial vehicle power supply system (400).

Description

充放电装置、管理系统以及无人飞行器供电系统Charge and discharge device, management system and unmanned aerial vehicle power supply system 技术领域Technical field
本发明涉及电池充电技术领域,尤其涉及一种充放电装置、管理系统以及无人飞行器供电系统。The present invention relates to the field of battery charging technology, and in particular, to a charging and discharging device, a management system, and an unmanned aerial vehicle power supply system.
背景技术Background technique
通常无人飞行器采用电池提供能量来源,以保证无人飞行器正常运转。当无人飞行器在户外使用时,由于没有AC电源,使得电池的充电非常不方便,因此通常需要准备多个电池或者使用车充在户外充电。然而采用户外车充的方式较为局限,且由于车充功率和车载电量的限制,使得充电过程很长,且充电数量有限。Usually unmanned aerial vehicles use batteries to provide a source of energy to ensure that the UAV is functioning properly. When the UAV is used outdoors, since there is no AC power supply, the charging of the battery is very inconvenient, so it is usually necessary to prepare a plurality of batteries or use the car charger to charge outdoors. However, the method of using the outdoor car charger is relatively limited, and the charging process is long and the number of charging is limited due to the limitation of the car charging power and the car battery power.
此外,飞行器的电池通常为高容量电池,其最佳的存储电量为半满电状态,且过一段时间需要做一次完整的充放电,从而保持电池的活性。目前电池的放电主要是通过使用用电器,例如飞行器、负载等方式实现,其方便性较差,且需要手工操作,缺乏可控性和智能性。In addition, the battery of the aircraft is usually a high-capacity battery, and its optimal storage capacity is half full, and a complete charge and discharge is required over a period of time to maintain the battery activity. At present, the discharge of the battery is mainly realized by using an electric appliance, such as an aircraft, a load, etc., and the convenience is poor, and manual operation is required, and lack of controllability and intelligence.
发明内容Summary of the invention
鉴于以上内容,有必要提供一种充放电装置、管理系统以及无人飞行器供电系统。In view of the above, it is necessary to provide a charging and discharging device, a management system, and an unmanned aerial vehicle power supply system.
一种充放电装置,包括:A charging and discharging device comprising:
储能单元;Energy storage unit;
至少一第一电源输出端,所述至少一第一电源输出端电连接至所述储能单元,并能够电连接至待充电的电池,用以使得所述储能单元通过所述至少一第一电源输出端对相应的电池进行充电;以及The at least one first power output terminal is electrically connected to the energy storage unit and is electrically connectable to the battery to be charged, so that the energy storage unit passes the at least one a power output to charge the corresponding battery;
控制单元,与所述储能单元电连接;a control unit electrically connected to the energy storage unit;
其中,所述控制单元能够选择性地控制所述储能单元对所述电池进行充电,或者电连接至一外部电源,以利用所述外部电源对所述储能单元进行充电。The control unit is capable of selectively controlling the energy storage unit to charge the battery or electrically connected to an external power source to charge the energy storage unit with the external power source.
一种无人飞行器供电系统,包括:An unmanned aerial vehicle power supply system comprising:
无人飞行器,所述无人飞行器内置有至少一电池;以及An unmanned aerial vehicle having at least one battery built therein;
充放电装置,所述充放电装置包括:a charge and discharge device, the charge and discharge device comprising:
储能单元;Energy storage unit;
至少一第一电源输出端,所述至少一第一电源输出端电连接至所述储能单元,并能够电连接至相应的电池,用以使得所述储能单元通过所述至少一第一电源输出端对相应的电池进行充电;以及At least one first power output terminal, the at least one first power output terminal is electrically connected to the energy storage unit, and is electrically connectable to a corresponding battery, so that the energy storage unit passes the at least one first The power output charges the corresponding battery;
控制单元,与所述储能单元电连接;a control unit electrically connected to the energy storage unit;
其中,所述控制单元能够选择性地控制所述储能单元对所述电池进行充电,或者电连接至一外部电源,以利用所述外部电源对所述储能单元进行充电。The control unit is capable of selectively controlling the energy storage unit to charge the battery or electrically connected to an external power source to charge the energy storage unit with the external power source.
一种充放电装置,包括:A charging and discharging device comprising:
储能单元,所述储能单元能够电连接至一外部电源,进而对所述储能单元进行充电;An energy storage unit, the energy storage unit being electrically connectable to an external power source to charge the energy storage unit;
至少一第一电源输出端,所述至少一第一电源输出端能够电连接至待充电的电池;The at least one first power output terminal is electrically connectable to the battery to be charged;
至少一放电单元,所述至少一放电单元与所述第一电源输出端电连接;以及At least one discharge unit, the at least one discharge unit being electrically connected to the first power output;
控制单元,与所述储能单元及所述放电单元电连接;a control unit electrically connected to the energy storage unit and the discharge unit;
其中,所述控制单元能够选择性地控制所述储能单元通过相应的第一电源输出端给所述电池充电,或者控制所述放电单元通过相应的第一电源输出端对所述电池进行放电。Wherein the control unit is capable of selectively controlling the energy storage unit to charge the battery through a corresponding first power output, or controlling the discharge unit to discharge the battery through a corresponding first power output .
一种无人飞行器供电系统,包括:An unmanned aerial vehicle power supply system comprising:
无人机飞行器,所述无人飞行器内置有至少一电池;以及An unmanned aerial vehicle having at least one battery built therein;
充放电装置,所述充放电装置包括:a charge and discharge device, the charge and discharge device comprising:
储能单元,所述储能单元能够电连接至一外部电源,进而对所述储能单元进行充电;An energy storage unit, the energy storage unit being electrically connectable to an external power source to charge the energy storage unit;
至少一第一电源输出端,所述至少一第一电源输出端能够电连接至相应的电池;The at least one first power output terminal is electrically connectable to the corresponding battery;
至少一放电单元,所述至少一放电单元与所述第一电源输出端电连接;以及At least one discharge unit, the at least one discharge unit being electrically connected to the first power output;
控制单元,与所述储能单元及所述放电单元电连接;a control unit electrically connected to the energy storage unit and the discharge unit;
其中,所述控制单元能够选择性地控制所述储能单元通过相应的第一电源输出端给所述电池充电,或者控制所述放电单元通过相应的第一电源输出端对所述电池进行放电。Wherein the control unit is capable of selectively controlling the energy storage unit to charge the battery through a corresponding first power output, or controlling the discharge unit to discharge the battery through a corresponding first power output .
一种无人飞行器供电系统,包括:An unmanned aerial vehicle power supply system comprising:
无人机飞行器,所述无人飞行器内置有电池;以及a drone aircraft having a built-in battery;
充放电管理系统,所述充放电管理系统包括一个或多个处理器,并且所述充放电管理系统内置有一储能单元,所述一个或多个处理器用于:a charge and discharge management system, the charge and discharge management system includes one or more processors, and the charge and discharge management system has a built-in energy storage unit, and the one or more processors are used to:
获取所述储能单元的电量信息;Obtaining the power information of the energy storage unit;
根据所述储能单元的电量信息,选择性地控制所述储能单元对所述电池进行充电;或者将所述储能单元电连接至一外部电源,以利用所述外部电源对所述储能单元进行充电。Selectively controlling the energy storage unit to charge the battery according to the power quantity information of the energy storage unit; or electrically connecting the energy storage unit to an external power source to utilize the external power source to store the battery The unit can be charged.
本发明中的充放电装置、系统以及无人飞行器供电系统中的储能单元为高容量的锂离子电池,因此可实现对多块电池进行同时充电,且可实现快充。同时该充放电装置还可电连接至外部电源,即支持AC电源的充电方式,因此大大满足了户外快充、多充的需求。The charging and discharging device, the system and the energy storage unit in the unmanned aerial vehicle power supply system of the present invention are high-capacity lithium ion batteries, so that simultaneous charging of a plurality of batteries can be realized, and fast charging can be realized. At the same time, the charging and discharging device can also be electrically connected to an external power source, that is, a charging mode that supports the AC power source, thereby greatly satisfying the demand for outdoor fast charging and multiple charging.
附图说明DRAWINGS
图1为本发明实施例的供电系统的功能框图。1 is a functional block diagram of a power supply system according to an embodiment of the present invention.
主要元件符号说明Main component symbol description
供电系统power supply system 400400
充放电装置Charge and discharge device 100100
电源适配器Power Adapter 1111
第一DC-DC转换单元First DC-DC conversion unit 1212
储能单元Energy storage unit 1313
控制单元control unit 1414
电量计Fuel gauge 141141
处理器processor 143143
第一电源输出端First power output 1515
信号接口Signal interface 1616
充电单元Charging unit 1717
充电管理芯片Charging management chip 171171
开关单元Switch unit 173173
放电单元Discharge unit 1818
放电电路Discharge circuit 181181
放电开关Discharge switch 183183
显示单元Display unit 1919
第二DC/DC转换单元Second DC/DC conversion unit 2020
第二电源输出端Second power output 21twenty one
电池battery 300300
如下具体实施方式将结合上述附图进一步说明本发明。The invention will be further illustrated by the following detailed description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
具体实施方式detailed description
下面将结合本发明实施例中的附图,对本发明实施例中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述,显然,所描述的实施例仅仅是本发明一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有做出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention are clearly and completely described in the following with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention. It is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, but not all embodiments. All other embodiments obtained by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the present invention without creative efforts are within the scope of the present invention.
需要说明的是,当一个元件被称为“电连接”另一个元件,它可以直接在另一个组件上或者也可以存在居中的元件。当一个元件被认为是“电连接”另一个元件,它可以是接触连接,例如,可以是导线连接的方式,也可以是非接触式连接,例如,可以是非接触式耦合的方式。It should be noted that when an element is referred to as being "electrically connected" to another element, it can be directly on the other element or the element can be present. When an element is considered to be "electrically connected" to another element, it can be a contact connection, for example, either a wire connection or a non-contact connection, for example, a non-contact coupling.
除非另有定义,本文所使用的所有的技术和科学术语与属于本发明的技术领域的技术人员通常理解的含义相同。本文中在本发明的说明书中所使用的术语只是为了描述具体的实施例的目的,不是旨在于限制本发明。本文所使用的术语“及/或”包括一个或多个相关的所列项目的任意的和所有的组合。All technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention belongs, unless otherwise defined. The terminology used in the description of the present invention is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments and is not intended to limit the invention. The term "and/or" used herein includes any and all combinations of one or more of the associated listed items.
下面结合附图,对本发明的一些实施方式作详细说明。在不冲突的情况下,下述的实施例及实施例中的特征可以相互组合。Some embodiments of the present invention are described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings. The features of the embodiments and examples described below can be combined with each other without conflict.
请参阅图1,本发明较佳实施方式提供一种供电系统400,可适用于无人飞行器。所述供电系统400包括充放电装置100及电池300。所述电池300装设于所述无人飞行器上,用以为该无人飞行器提供动力能源。所述充放电装置100电性连接至所述电池300,用于对所述电池300进行充放电。Referring to FIG. 1, a preferred embodiment of the present invention provides a power supply system 400 that can be applied to an unmanned aerial vehicle. The power supply system 400 includes a charge and discharge device 100 and a battery 300. The battery 300 is mounted on the unmanned aerial vehicle to provide power for the unmanned aerial vehicle. The charging and discharging device 100 is electrically connected to the battery 300 for charging and discharging the battery 300.
该充放电装置100可以为一电池充电箱。该充放电装置100包括电源适配器11、第一直流-直流(DC-DC)转换单元12、储能单元13、控制单元14、第一电源输出端15、信号接口16以及充电单元17。The charge and discharge device 100 can be a battery charging box. The charge and discharge device 100 includes a power adapter 11, a first direct current-direct current (DC-DC) conversion unit 12, an energy storage unit 13, a control unit 14, a first power output terminal 15, a signal interface 16, and a charging unit 17.
所述电源适配器11用以电连接至一外部电源(图未示),并输出一相应的第一直流电。所述第一DC-DC转换单元12电连接至所述电源适配器12及所述储能单元13,用于将所述第一直流电进行处理,以转换成所述储能单元13所需的充电信号,进而对所述储能单元13进行充电。本实施例中,该储能单元13所需的充电信号可以包括如下至少一种:充电电压大小,充电电流大小。The power adapter 11 is electrically connected to an external power source (not shown) and outputs a corresponding first DC power. The first DC-DC conversion unit 12 is electrically connected to the power adapter 12 and the energy storage unit 13 for processing the first direct current to be converted into the charging required by the energy storage unit 13 The signal, in turn, charges the energy storage unit 13. In this embodiment, the charging signal required by the energy storage unit 13 may include at least one of the following: a charging voltage magnitude and a charging current magnitude.
在本实施例中,所述储能单元13为锂离子电池,其与所述控制单元14电连接。所述控制单元14包括电量计141及处理器143。所述电量计141与所述储能单元13电连接,用以检测所述储能单元13的电量。所述处理器143与所述电量计141电连接,并通过所述第一电源输出端15电连接至相应的电池300,用以获取所述电量计141检测到的电量信息,并根据获取的电量信息选择性地控制所述储能单元13对所述电池300进行充电或者电连接至所述外部电源。In the present embodiment, the energy storage unit 13 is a lithium ion battery that is electrically connected to the control unit 14. The control unit 14 includes a fuel gauge 141 and a processor 143. The fuel gauge 141 is electrically connected to the energy storage unit 13 for detecting the power of the energy storage unit 13 . The processor 143 is electrically connected to the fuel gauge 141, and is electrically connected to the corresponding battery 300 through the first power output terminal 15 for acquiring the power information detected by the fuel gauge 141, and according to the acquired The power information selectively controls the energy storage unit 13 to charge or electrically connect the battery 300 to the external power source.
所述信号接口16与所述处理器143及相应的电池300电性连接,用以建立该处理器143与该电池300的电连接,使得所述处理器143可通过该信号接口16与所述电池300进行通信,进而获取该电池300的充电信息,并根据所述充电信息以及所述储能单元13的电量信息,对所述电池300进行保护,例如对所述电池300进行充电、放电、短路以及温度异常保护等。在本实施例中,该电池300的充电信息可以包括如下至少一种:该电池300的设计信息,该电池300的状态信息。例如,该电池300的充电信息至少包括电池设计组数、电池设计容量、电池设计电压、最大允许充电电流及电池当前容量、电池当前电池温度等。The signal interface 16 is electrically connected to the processor 143 and the corresponding battery 300 for establishing an electrical connection between the processor 143 and the battery 300, so that the processor 143 can pass the signal interface 16 and the The battery 300 communicates, and further acquires charging information of the battery 300, and protects the battery 300 according to the charging information and the power information of the energy storage unit 13, for example, charging and discharging the battery 300. Short circuit and abnormal temperature protection. In this embodiment, the charging information of the battery 300 may include at least one of the following: design information of the battery 300, status information of the battery 300. For example, the charging information of the battery 300 includes at least the number of battery design groups, the battery design capacity, the battery design voltage, the maximum allowable charging current and the current capacity of the battery, the current battery temperature of the battery, and the like.
所述充电单元17分别电连接至所述处理器143,并通过相应的第一电源输出端15电连接至相应的电池300。所述充电单元17包括充电管理芯片171以及开关单元173。所述开关单元173分别通过相应的充电管理芯片171电连接至所述处理器143,并通过第一电源输出端15电连接至相应的电池300。如此,所述处理器143可通过控制所述开关单元173的导通或者断开,以对所述电池300开启不同的充电模式。例如,所述处理器143可控制所述开关单元173同时导通,以启动第一充电模式,进而控制对所述电池300进行同时充电;以及所述处理器143可控制所述开关单元173依次导通,以启动第二充电模式,进而控制对所述电池300进行轮流充电。在本实施例中,所述充电管理芯片173用以在所述处理器143的控制下,根据所述电池300的充电信息对相应的电池进行预充、恒流、恒压或涓流充电。The charging unit 17 is electrically connected to the processor 143 and electrically connected to the corresponding battery 300 through a corresponding first power output 15 . The charging unit 17 includes a charging management chip 171 and a switching unit 173. The switch unit 173 is electrically connected to the processor 143 through a corresponding charge management chip 171, respectively, and is electrically connected to the corresponding battery 300 through the first power output terminal 15. As such, the processor 143 can turn on the different charging modes of the battery 300 by controlling the turning on or off of the switching unit 173. For example, the processor 143 can control the switch unit 173 to be turned on at the same time to activate the first charging mode, thereby controlling simultaneous charging of the battery 300; and the processor 143 can control the switching unit 173 to sequentially Turning on to activate the second charging mode, thereby controlling the battery 300 to be charged in turn. In this embodiment, the charging management chip 173 is configured to perform pre-charging, constant current, constant voltage or trickle charging on the corresponding battery according to the charging information of the battery 300 under the control of the processor 143.
可以理解,在其他实施例中,所述充放电装置100还包括放电单元18。所述放电单元18均与所述处理器143电连接,并通过相应的第一电源输出端15电连接至所述电池300,用以在所述处理器143的控制下通过所述第一电源输出端15对所述电池300进行放电。It can be understood that in other embodiments, the charge and discharge device 100 further includes a discharge unit 18. The discharge unit 18 is electrically connected to the processor 143 and electrically connected to the battery 300 through a corresponding first power output terminal 15 for passing the first power source under the control of the processor 143. The output terminal 15 discharges the battery 300.
在本实施例中,所述放电单元18包括放电电路181以及放电开关183。所述放电电路181均电连接至所述处理器143。所述放电开关183电连接至所述放电电路181,并通过第一电源输出端15电连接至相应的电池300。如此,所述处理器143还用以通过控制所述放电开关183的导通或者断开,以启动相应的放电电路181,进而对相应的电池300进行放电。In the present embodiment, the discharge unit 18 includes a discharge circuit 181 and a discharge switch 183. The discharge circuit 181 is electrically connected to the processor 143. The discharge switch 183 is electrically connected to the discharge circuit 181 and is electrically connected to the corresponding battery 300 through the first power output terminal 15. As such, the processor 143 is further configured to activate the corresponding discharge circuit 181 by controlling the conduction or disconnection of the discharge switch 183 to discharge the corresponding battery 300.
在其他实施例中,所述充放电装置100还包括显示单元19。所述显示单元19与所述处理器143电连接,其用以显示所述储能单元13的电量信息以及所述电池300的充电信息。可以理解,所述显示单元19可以为显示屏或LED等显示装置。In other embodiments, the charge and discharge device 100 further includes a display unit 19. The display unit 19 is electrically connected to the processor 143 for displaying the power information of the energy storage unit 13 and the charging information of the battery 300. It can be understood that the display unit 19 can be a display device such as a display screen or an LED.
可以理解,在其他实施例中,所述充放电装置100还包括第二DC-DC转换单元20以及第二电源输出端21。所述第二DC-DC转换单元20通过所述控制单元14电连接至所述储能单元13。所述第二电源输出端21可以为USB接口或其他类型的接口,用以电连接至所述第二DC-DC转换单元20及相应的用电设备(图未示),例如手机、电脑等。所述第二DC-DC转换单元20用以将所述储能单元13输出的第一直流电进行处理,以转换成所述用电设备所需的充电信号,进而通过所述第二电源输出端21对所述用电设备进行充电。It can be understood that, in other embodiments, the charge and discharge device 100 further includes a second DC-DC conversion unit 20 and a second power output 21 . The second DC-DC conversion unit 20 is electrically connected to the energy storage unit 13 through the control unit 14. The second power output terminal 21 can be a USB interface or other type of interface for electrically connecting to the second DC-DC conversion unit 20 and a corresponding powered device (not shown), such as a mobile phone, a computer, etc. . The second DC-DC conversion unit 20 is configured to process the first DC power output by the energy storage unit 13 to be converted into a charging signal required by the power device, and then pass through the second power output terminal. 21 charging the powered device.
可以理解,在其他实施例中,所述充放电装置100还包括至少一个电池仓(图未示),所述电池仓用以分别容置相应的电池300。所述充放电装置100还包括用于感测所述电池仓的环境温度的温度传感器、以及用于给所述电池仓加热或/及冷却的热量转换元件。所述控制单元14与所述温度传感器及热量转换元件电连接。所述控制单元14还用以根据所述温度传感器感测的温度,控制所述热量转换元件对所述电池仓内的电池300进行加热或冷却。It can be understood that, in other embodiments, the charging and discharging device 100 further includes at least one battery compartment (not shown) for accommodating the corresponding battery 300 respectively. The charge and discharge device 100 further includes a temperature sensor for sensing an ambient temperature of the battery compartment, and a heat conversion element for heating or/and cooling the battery compartment. The control unit 14 is electrically connected to the temperature sensor and the heat conversion element. The control unit 14 is further configured to control the heat conversion element to heat or cool the battery 300 in the battery compartment according to the temperature sensed by the temperature sensor.
可以理解,所述控制单元14可实时获取所述电池300的电量,且当所述电池300的电量低于预设电量时,所述控制单元14控制所述储能单元13给所述电池300充电,以使所述电池300保持在储存状态。当然,在其他实施例中,所述控制单元14还可控制所述放电单元18将所述电池300放电至预设电量,例如5%,以使所述电池300处于储存状态。It can be understood that the control unit 14 can acquire the power of the battery 300 in real time, and when the battery 300 is lower than the preset power, the control unit 14 controls the energy storage unit 13 to the battery 300. Charging is performed to maintain the battery 300 in a stored state. Of course, in other embodiments, the control unit 14 can also control the discharge unit 18 to discharge the battery 300 to a preset amount of electricity, such as 5%, to cause the battery 300 to be in a storage state.
可以理解,所述充放电装置100不局限于为无人飞行器内的电池300进行充放电,其还可应用于其他任何具有电池的设备上,例如车辆、船只等。It can be understood that the charge and discharge device 100 is not limited to charging and discharging the battery 300 in the UAV, and it can also be applied to any other device having a battery, such as a vehicle, a boat, or the like.
下面详细介绍该充放电装置100的工作原理。The operation of the charge and discharge device 100 will be described in detail below.
当所述充放电装置100在室内使用时,所述充放电装置100可通过所述电源适配器11电连接至外部电源。如此,所述电源适配器11可将所述外部电源的电源进行处理,以输出一相应的第一直流电,进而对所述储能单元13进行充电。同时,所述处理器143通过所述信号接口16电连接至相应的电池300,进而可通过所述信号接口16获取所述电池300的充电信息,并结合所述电量计141获取的所述储能单元13的电量信息,所述处理器143可启动对所述电池300的保护,例如通过所述充电单元17对所述电池300进行充电、通过所述放电单元18对所述电池300进行放电、根据所述温度传感器感测的温度,控制所述热量转换元件对所述电池仓内的电池300进行加热或冷却、或者直接切断所述电池300的电源等。当然,在所述充放电装置100利用所述充电单元17对所述电池300进行充电时,可启动不同的充电模式。例如,所述处理器143可控制所述开关单元173同时导通,以启动第一充电模式,进而控制对所述电池300进行同时充电;以及所述处理器143可控制所述开关单元173依次导通,以启动第二充电模式,进而控制对所述电池300进行轮流充电。再者,当有其他的用电设备时,可直接将所述用电设备电连接至所述第二电源输出端21。如此,所述第二DC-DC转换单元20可将所述储能单元13输出的第一直流电进行进一步处理,以转换成所述用电设备所需的充电信号,进而通过所述第二电源输出端21对所述用电设备进行充电。当然,当所述充放电设备100在户外使用时,不需要利用所述电源适配器11电连接至相应的外部电源,而可直接利用所述储能单元13的电量对所述电池300进行充放电。When the charge and discharge device 100 is used indoors, the charge and discharge device 100 can be electrically connected to an external power source through the power adapter 11. As such, the power adapter 11 can process the power of the external power source to output a corresponding first direct current to charge the energy storage unit 13. At the same time, the processor 143 is electrically connected to the corresponding battery 300 through the signal interface 16, and the charging information of the battery 300 can be acquired through the signal interface 16 and combined with the storage acquired by the fuel gauge 141. The processor 143 can initiate protection of the battery 300 by charging the battery 300, for example, by the charging unit 17, and discharging the battery 300 through the discharge unit 18. And controlling, according to the temperature sensed by the temperature sensor, the heat conversion element to heat or cool the battery 300 in the battery compartment, or directly cutting off the power source or the like of the battery 300. Of course, when the charging and discharging device 100 charges the battery 300 by the charging unit 17, different charging modes can be activated. For example, the processor 143 can control the switch unit 173 to be turned on at the same time to activate the first charging mode, thereby controlling simultaneous charging of the battery 300; and the processor 143 can control the switching unit 173 to sequentially Turning on to activate the second charging mode, thereby controlling the battery 300 to be charged in turn. Furthermore, when there are other powered devices, the powered device can be directly connected to the second power output terminal 21. In this way, the second DC-DC converting unit 20 may further process the first direct current output by the energy storage unit 13 to convert into a charging signal required by the powered device, and further pass the second power source. The output terminal 21 charges the powered device. Of course, when the charging and discharging device 100 is used outdoors, it is not necessary to electrically connect to the corresponding external power source by using the power adapter 11, and the battery 300 can be directly charged and discharged by using the power of the energy storage unit 13. .
显然,上述充放电装置100至少具有如下优点:Obviously, the above charging and discharging device 100 has at least the following advantages:
(1)上述充放电装置100中的储能单元13为高容量的锂离子电池,因此该充放电装置100无需电连接至外部电源,便可实现对多块电池300进行同时充电,且可实现快充。同时该充放电装置100还可通过所述电源适配器11电连接至所述外部电源,即支持AC电源的充电方式,因此大大满足了户外快充、多充的需求。(1) The energy storage unit 13 in the above-described charging and discharging device 100 is a high-capacity lithium ion battery, so that the charging and discharging device 100 can simultaneously charge a plurality of batteries 300 without being electrically connected to an external power source, and can be realized. Fast charge. At the same time, the charging and discharging device 100 can be electrically connected to the external power source through the power adapter 11 , that is, the charging mode of the AC power source is supported, thereby greatly satisfying the requirement of outdoor fast charging and multiple charging.
(2)该充放电装置100设置有信号接口16,因此该处理器143可通过信号接口16与每一电池300进行通信,进而实时获取该电池300的充电信息,以对所述电池300进行有效保护。另外,所述控制单元14可实时获取所述电池300的电量信息,并可自动将所述电池300的电量放电或充电至预设电量,从而对所述电池300进行充放电保养。(2) The charging and discharging device 100 is provided with a signal interface 16, so that the processor 143 can communicate with each battery 300 through the signal interface 16, thereby obtaining the charging information of the battery 300 in real time, so as to be effective for the battery 300. protection. In addition, the control unit 14 can acquire the power information of the battery 300 in real time, and can automatically discharge or charge the battery 300 to a preset power, thereby performing charge and discharge maintenance on the battery 300.
(3)当所述电池300处于运输过程中,所述控制单元14还可控制所述放电单元18将所述电池300单独放电至预设电量,例如5%,以使所述电池300处于储存状态,且一旦检测到所述电池300具有任何异常,可直接切断供电。(3) When the battery 300 is in transit, the control unit 14 may also control the discharge unit 18 to individually discharge the battery 300 to a preset power amount, for example, 5%, so that the battery 300 is in storage. State, and once it is detected that the battery 300 has any abnormality, the power supply can be cut off directly.
(4)上述充放电装置100通过将高容量的锂离子电池作为储能单元13,且通过设置所述第二DC/DC转换单元20及第二电源输出端21,进而方便对其他用电设备进行供电。(4) The above-described charging and discharging device 100 is convenient for other electric devices by using a high-capacity lithium ion battery as the energy storage unit 13 and by providing the second DC/DC conversion unit 20 and the second power output terminal 21. Power is supplied.
(5)上述充放电装置100还包括显示单元19,因此可方便实时地显示所述电池300的充电信息及储能单元13的电量信息。(5) The above-described charging and discharging device 100 further includes the display unit 19, so that the charging information of the battery 300 and the power amount information of the energy storage unit 13 can be conveniently displayed in real time.
以上实施方式仅用以说明本发明的技术方案而非限制,尽管参照以上较佳实施方式对本发明进行了详细说明,本领域的普通技术人员应当理解,可以对本发明的技术方案进行修改或等同替换都不应脱离本发明技术方案的精神和范围。本领域技术人员还可在本发明精神内做其它变化等用在本发明的设计,只要其不偏离本发明的技术效果均可。这些依据本发明精神所做的变化,都应包含在本发明所要求保护的范围之内。The above embodiments are only used to illustrate the technical solutions of the present invention, and are not intended to be limiting, and the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the preferred embodiments of the present invention. Neither should the spirit and scope of the technical solutions of the present invention be deviated. Those skilled in the art can also make other variations and the like in the spirit of the present invention for use in the design of the present invention as long as it does not deviate from the technical effects of the present invention. All changes made in accordance with the spirit of the invention are intended to be included within the scope of the invention.

Claims (88)

  1. 一种充放电装置,其特征在于:该充放电装置包括:A charging and discharging device, characterized in that the charging and discharging device comprises:
    储能单元;Energy storage unit;
    至少一第一电源输出端,所述至少一第一电源输出端电连接至所述储能单元,并能够电连接至待充电的电池,用以使得所述储能单元通过所述至少一第一电源输出端对相应的电池进行充电;以及The at least one first power output terminal is electrically connected to the energy storage unit and is electrically connectable to the battery to be charged, so that the energy storage unit passes the at least one a power output to charge the corresponding battery;
    控制单元,与所述储能单元电连接;a control unit electrically connected to the energy storage unit;
    其中,所述控制单元能够选择性地控制所述储能单元对所述电池进行充电,或者电连接至一外部电源,以利用所述外部电源对所述储能单元进行充电。The control unit is capable of selectively controlling the energy storage unit to charge the battery or electrically connected to an external power source to charge the energy storage unit with the external power source.
  2. 如权利要求1所述的充放电装置,其特征在于:所述储能单元为锂离子电池。A charge and discharge device according to claim 1, wherein said energy storage unit is a lithium ion battery.
  3. 如权利要求1所述的充放电装置,其特征在于:所述控制单元用以获取所述储能单元的电量信息,并根据获取的所述储能单元的电量信息选择性地控制所述储能单元对所述电池进行充电或者电连接至所述外部电源。The charging and discharging device according to claim 1, wherein the control unit is configured to acquire the electric quantity information of the energy storage unit, and selectively control the storage according to the obtained electric quantity information of the energy storage unit. The energy unit charges or electrically connects the battery to the external power source.
  4. 如权利要求3所述的充放电装置,其特征在于:所述控制单元包括电量计及处理器,所述电量计与所述储能单元电连接,用以检测所述储能单元的电量,所述处理器与所述电量计电连接,用以获取所述电量计检测到的电量信息,并根据获取的电量信息选择性地控制所述储能单元对所述电池进行充电或者电连接至所述外部电源。The charging and discharging device according to claim 3, wherein the control unit comprises a fuel gauge and a processor, and the fuel gauge is electrically connected to the energy storage unit for detecting the power of the energy storage unit. The processor is electrically connected to the fuel gauge to obtain the power information detected by the fuel gauge, and selectively controls the energy storage unit to charge or electrically connect the battery to the battery according to the acquired power information. The external power source.
  5. 如权利要求4所述的充放电装置,其特征在于:所述充放电装置还包括至少一个信号接口,所述至少一个信号接口用以与所述处理器及相应的电池电连接,所述处理器通过所述信号接口分别获取每一电池的充电信息,并根据所述充电信息以及所述储能单元的电量信息,对所述电池进行保护。The charging and discharging device according to claim 4, wherein said charging and discharging device further comprises at least one signal interface, said at least one signal interface for electrically connecting to said processor and a corresponding battery, said processing The device obtains charging information of each battery through the signal interface, and protects the battery according to the charging information and the power information of the energy storage unit.
  6. 如权利要求5所述的充放电装置,其特征在于:所述充放电装置还包括显示单元,所述显示单元电连接至所述处理器,用以显示所述储能单元的电量信息以及所述电池的充电信息。A charging and discharging device according to claim 5, wherein said charging and discharging device further comprises a display unit, said display unit being electrically connected to said processor for displaying power amount information of said energy storage unit and said The charging information of the battery.
  7. 如权利要求5所述的充放电装置,其特征在于:所述充电信息至少包括电池的设计信息及电池的状态信息中的一种。A charging and discharging device according to claim 5, wherein said charging information includes at least one of design information of the battery and status information of the battery.
  8. 如权利要求5所述的充放电装置,其特征在于:所述充放电装置包括至少一充电单元,每一充电单元包括开关单元,所述开关单元均电连接至所述控制单元,并通过相应的第一电源输出端电连接至相应的电池,所述控制单元用以控制所述开关单元的导通或者断开,以对所述电池开启不同的充电模式。The charging and discharging device according to claim 5, wherein said charging and discharging device comprises at least one charging unit, each charging unit comprising a switching unit, said switching unit being electrically connected to said control unit and correspondingly The first power output is electrically connected to a corresponding battery, and the control unit is configured to control the switching unit to be turned on or off to turn on different charging modes of the battery.
  9. 如权利要求8所述的充放电装置,其特征在于:所述控制单元控制所述开关单元同时导通,以启动第一充电模式,进而控制对所述电池进行同时充电;以及A charging and discharging device according to claim 8, wherein said control unit controls said switching unit to be simultaneously turned on to activate a first charging mode, thereby controlling simultaneous charging of said battery;
    所述控制单元控制所述开关单元依次导通,以启动第二充电模式,进而控制对所述电池进行轮流充电。The control unit controls the switch unit to be turned on in turn to activate a second charging mode, thereby controlling the charging of the battery in turn.
  10. 如权利要求8所述的充放电装置,其特征在于:每一充电单元还包括一充电管理芯片,所述充电管理芯片分别电连接至所述控制单元及相应的开关单元,用以在所述控制单元的控制下,根据所述电池的充电信息对相应的电池进行预充、恒流、恒压或涓流充电。The charging and discharging device according to claim 8, wherein each charging unit further comprises a charging management chip, and the charging management chip is electrically connected to the control unit and the corresponding switching unit, respectively, for Under the control of the control unit, the corresponding battery is precharged, constant current, constant voltage or trickle charge according to the charging information of the battery.
  11. 如权利要求1所述的充放电装置,其特征在于:所述充放电装置还包括电源适配器及第一直流-直流(DC-DC)转换单元,所述电源适配器用以电连接至所述外部电源,并输出一相应的第一直流电,所述第一DC-DC转换单元电连接至所述电源适配器及所述储能单元,用于将所述第一直流电进行处理,以转换成所述储能单元所需的充电信号,进而对所述储能单元进行充电。A charging and discharging device according to claim 1, wherein said charging and discharging device further comprises a power adapter and a first direct current-direct current (DC-DC) converting unit, said power adapter being electrically connected to said An external power source and outputting a corresponding first direct current, the first DC-DC converting unit being electrically connected to the power adapter and the energy storage unit, configured to process the first direct current to be converted into a The charging signal required by the energy storage unit is further charged to the energy storage unit.
  12. 如权利要求1所述的充放电装置,其特征在于:所述充放电装置还包括第二DC-DC转换单元以及第二电源输出端,所述第二DC-DC转换单元电连接至所述储能单元,所述第二电源输出端用以电连接至所述第二DC-DC转换单元及相应的用电设备,所述第二DC-DC转换单元用以将所述储能单元输出的第一直流电进行处理,以转换成所述用电设备所需的充电信号,进而通过所述第二电源输出端对所述用电设备进行充电。A charge and discharge device according to claim 1, wherein said charge and discharge device further comprises a second DC-DC conversion unit and a second power output terminal, said second DC-DC conversion unit being electrically connected to said An energy storage unit, the second power output terminal is configured to be electrically connected to the second DC-DC conversion unit and a corresponding power device, and the second DC-DC conversion unit is configured to output the energy storage unit The first direct current is processed to be converted into a charging signal required by the powered device, and the electrical device is charged through the second power output.
  13. 如权利要求1所述的充放电装置,其特征在于:所述充放电装置还包括至少一个电池仓,所述电池仓用以分别容置相应的电池。The charging and discharging device according to claim 1, wherein said charging and discharging device further comprises at least one battery compartment for accommodating the respective batteries.
  14. 如权利要求13所述的充放电装置,其特征在于:所述充放电装置还包括用于感测所述电池仓的环境温度的温度传感器、以及用于给所述电池仓加热或/及冷却的热量转换元件;所述控制单元与所述温度传感器及热量转换元件电连接,所述控制单元根据所述温度传感器感测的温度,控制所述热量转换元件对所述电池仓内的电池进行加热或冷却。A charge and discharge device according to claim 13, wherein said charge and discharge device further comprises a temperature sensor for sensing an ambient temperature of said battery compartment, and for heating or/and cooling said battery compartment a heat conversion element; the control unit is electrically connected to the temperature sensor and the heat conversion element, and the control unit controls the heat conversion element to perform a battery in the battery compartment according to a temperature sensed by the temperature sensor Heat or cool.
  15. 如权利要求1所述的充放电装置,其特征在于:所述控制单元实时获取所述电池的电量,当所述电池的电量低于预设电量时,所述控制单元控制所述储能单元给所述电池充电,以使所述电池保持在储存状态。The charging and discharging device according to claim 1, wherein the control unit acquires the electric quantity of the battery in real time, and when the electric quantity of the battery is lower than the preset electric quantity, the control unit controls the energy storage unit The battery is charged to maintain the battery in a stored state.
  16. 如权利要求1所述的充放电装置,其特征在于:所述充放电装置为一电池充电箱。A charge and discharge device according to claim 1, wherein said charge and discharge device is a battery charging case.
  17. 一种无人飞行器供电系统,其特征在于:该供电系统包括:An unmanned aerial vehicle power supply system is characterized in that: the power supply system comprises:
    无人飞行器,所述无人飞行器内置有至少一电池;以及An unmanned aerial vehicle having at least one battery built therein;
    充放电装置,所述充放电装置包括:a charge and discharge device, the charge and discharge device comprising:
    储能单元;Energy storage unit;
    至少一第一电源输出端,所述至少一第一电源输出端电连接至所述储能单元,并能够电连接至相应的电池,用以使得所述储能单元通过所述至少一第一电源输出端对相应的电池进行充电;以及At least one first power output terminal, the at least one first power output terminal is electrically connected to the energy storage unit, and is electrically connectable to a corresponding battery, so that the energy storage unit passes the at least one first The power output charges the corresponding battery;
    控制单元,与所述储能单元电连接;a control unit electrically connected to the energy storage unit;
    其中,所述控制单元能够选择性地控制所述储能单元对所述电池进行充电,或者电连接至一外部电源,以利用所述外部电源对所述储能单元进行充电。The control unit is capable of selectively controlling the energy storage unit to charge the battery or electrically connected to an external power source to charge the energy storage unit with the external power source.
  18. 如权利要求17所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述储能单元为锂离子电池。The power supply system of claim 17 wherein said energy storage unit is a lithium ion battery.
  19. 如权利要求17所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述控制单元用以获取所述储能单元的电量信息,并根据获取的所述储能单元的电量信息选择性地控制所述储能单元对所述电池进行充电或者电连接至所述外部电源。The power supply system according to claim 17, wherein the control unit is configured to acquire the power quantity information of the energy storage unit, and selectively control the energy storage according to the obtained power quantity information of the energy storage unit. The unit charges or electrically connects the battery to the external power source.
  20. 如权利要求19所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述控制单元包括电量计及处理器,所述电量计与所述储能单元电连接,用以检测所述储能单元的电量,所述处理器与所述电量计电连接,用以获取所述电量计检测到的电量信息,并根据获取的电量信息选择性地控制所述储能单元对所述电池进行充电或者电连接至所述外部电源。The power supply system according to claim 19, wherein the control unit comprises a fuel gauge and a processor, and the fuel gauge is electrically connected to the energy storage unit for detecting the power of the energy storage unit. The processor is electrically connected to the electricity meter to obtain the power information detected by the fuel gauge, and selectively controls the energy storage unit to charge or electrically connect the battery to the battery according to the acquired power information. Said external power supply.
  21. 如权利要求20所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述充放电装置还包括至少一个信号接口,所述至少一个信号接口用以与所述处理器及相应的电池电连接,所述处理器通过所述信号接口分别获取每一电池的充电信息,并根据所述充电信息以及所述储能单元的电量信息,对所述电池进行保护。A power supply system according to claim 20, wherein said charge and discharge device further comprises at least one signal interface, said at least one signal interface for electrically connecting to said processor and a corresponding battery, said processor The charging information of each battery is separately obtained through the signal interface, and the battery is protected according to the charging information and the power amount information of the energy storage unit.
  22. 如权利要求21所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述充放电装置还包括显示单元,所述显示单元电连接至所述处理器,用以显示所述储能单元的电量信息以及所述电池的充电信息。The power supply system according to claim 21, wherein said charging and discharging device further comprises a display unit, said display unit being electrically connected to said processor for displaying power amount information of said energy storage unit and said Battery charging information.
  23. 如权利要求21所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述充电信息至少包括电池的设计信息及电池的状态信息中的一种。The power supply system according to claim 21, wherein said charging information includes at least one of design information of the battery and status information of the battery.
  24. 如权利要求21所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述充放电装置包括至少一充电单元,每一充电单元包括开关单元,所述开关单元均电连接至所述控制单元,并通过相应的第一电源输出端电连接至相应的电池,所述控制单元用以控制所述开关单元的导通或者断开,以对所述电池开启不同的充电模式。A power supply system according to claim 21, wherein said charging and discharging means comprises at least one charging unit, each charging unit comprising a switching unit, said switching unit being electrically connected to said control unit and passing corresponding The first power output is electrically connected to the corresponding battery, and the control unit is configured to control the switch unit to be turned on or off to turn on different charging modes for the battery.
  25. 如权利要求24所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述控制单元控制所述开关单元同时导通,以启动第一充电模式,进而控制对所述电池进行同时充电;以及A power supply system according to claim 24, wherein said control unit controls said switching unit to be simultaneously turned on to activate a first charging mode, thereby controlling simultaneous charging of said battery;
    所述控制单元控制所述开关单元依次导通,以启动第二充电模式,进而控制对所述电池进行轮流充电。The control unit controls the switch unit to be turned on in turn to activate a second charging mode, thereby controlling the charging of the battery in turn.
  26. 如权利要求24所述的供电系统,其特征在于:每一充电单元还包括一充电管理芯片,所述充电管理芯片分别电连接至所述控制单元及相应的开关单元,用以在所述控制单元的控制下,根据所述电池的充电信息对相应的电池进行预充、恒流、恒压或涓流充电。A power supply system according to claim 24, wherein each charging unit further comprises a charging management chip, said charging management chip being electrically connected to said control unit and said corresponding switching unit, respectively, for said control Under the control of the unit, the corresponding battery is precharged, constant current, constant voltage or trickle charge according to the charging information of the battery.
  27. 如权利要求17所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述充放电装置还包括电源适配器及第一直流-直流(DC-DC)转换单元,所述电源适配器用以电连接至所述外部电源,并输出一相应的第一直流电,所述第一DC-DC转换单元电连接至所述电源适配器及所述储能单元,用于将所述第一直流电进行处理,以转换成所述储能单元所需的充电信号,进而对所述储能单元进行充电。A power supply system according to claim 17, wherein said charge and discharge device further comprises a power adapter and a first direct current-direct current (DC-DC) conversion unit, said power adapter being for electrically connecting to said external a power source and outputting a corresponding first direct current, the first DC-DC converting unit being electrically connected to the power adapter and the energy storage unit, configured to process the first direct current to be converted into the The charging signal required by the energy storage unit, thereby charging the energy storage unit.
  28. 如权利要求17所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述充放电装置还包括第二DC-DC转换单元以及第二电源输出端,所述第二DC-DC转换单元电连接至所述储能单元,所述第二电源输出端用以电连接至所述第二DC-DC转换单元及相应的用电设备,所述第二DC-DC转换单元用以将所述储能单元输出的第一直流电进行处理,以转换成所述用电设备所需的充电信号,进而通过所述第二电源输出端对所述用电设备进行充电。A power supply system according to claim 17, wherein said charge and discharge device further comprises a second DC-DC conversion unit and a second power supply output, said second DC-DC conversion unit being electrically connected to said storage An energy unit, the second power output terminal is configured to be electrically connected to the second DC-DC conversion unit and a corresponding power device, and the second DC-DC conversion unit is configured to output the energy storage unit The first direct current is processed to be converted into a charging signal required by the powered device, and the electrical device is charged through the second power output.
  29. 如权利要求17所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述充放电装置还包括至少一个电池仓,所述电池仓用以分别容置相应的电池。The power supply system according to claim 17, wherein said charge and discharge device further comprises at least one battery compartment for accommodating the respective batteries.
  30. 如权利要求29所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述充放电装置还包括用于感测所述电池仓的环境温度的温度传感器、以及用于给所述电池仓加热或/及冷却的热量转换元件;所述控制单元与所述温度传感器及热量转换元件电连接,所述控制单元根据所述温度传感器感测的温度,控制所述热量转换元件对所述电池仓内的电池进行加热或冷却。A power supply system according to claim 29, wherein said charge and discharge device further comprises a temperature sensor for sensing an ambient temperature of said battery compartment, and for heating or/and cooling said battery compartment a heat conversion element; the control unit is electrically connected to the temperature sensor and the heat conversion element, and the control unit controls the heat conversion element to heat the battery in the battery compartment according to the temperature sensed by the temperature sensor Or cool down.
  31. 如权利要求17所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述控制单元实时获取所述电池的电量,当所述电池的电量低于预设电量时,所述控制单元控制所述储能单元给所述电池充电,以使所述电池保持在储存状态。The power supply system according to claim 17, wherein the control unit acquires the power of the battery in real time, and when the battery power is lower than the preset power, the control unit controls the energy storage unit to The battery is charged to maintain the battery in a stored state.
  32. 如权利要求17所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述充放电装置为一电池充电箱。A power supply system according to claim 17, wherein said charge and discharge device is a battery charging box.
  33. 一种充放电装置,其特征在于:该充放电装置包括:A charging and discharging device, characterized in that the charging and discharging device comprises:
    储能单元,所述储能单元能够电连接至一外部电源,进而对所述储能单元进行充电;An energy storage unit, the energy storage unit being electrically connectable to an external power source to charge the energy storage unit;
    至少一第一电源输出端,所述至少一第一电源输出端能够电连接至待充电的电池;The at least one first power output terminal is electrically connectable to the battery to be charged;
    至少一放电单元,所述至少一放电单元与所述第一电源输出端电连接;以及At least one discharge unit, the at least one discharge unit being electrically connected to the first power output;
    控制单元,与所述储能单元及所述放电单元电连接;a control unit electrically connected to the energy storage unit and the discharge unit;
    其中,所述控制单元能够选择性地控制所述储能单元通过相应的第一电源输出端给所述电池充电,或者控制所述放电单元通过相应的第一电源输出端对所述电池进行放电。Wherein the control unit is capable of selectively controlling the energy storage unit to charge the battery through a corresponding first power output, or controlling the discharge unit to discharge the battery through a corresponding first power output .
  34. 如权利要求33所述的充放电装置,其特征在于:所述储能单元为锂离子电池。A charge and discharge device according to claim 33, wherein said energy storage unit is a lithium ion battery.
  35. 如权利要求33所述的充放电装置,其特征在于:所述控制单元控制所述至少一放电单元将所述电池放电至预设电量,以使所述电池处于储存状态。A charge and discharge device according to claim 33, wherein said control unit controls said at least one discharge unit to discharge said battery to a preset amount of electricity to cause said battery to be in a storage state.
  36. 如权利要求33所述的充放电装置,其特征在于:所述放电单元包括放电电路以及放电开关,所述放电电路电连接至所述控制单元,所述放电开关电连接至所述放电电路,并通过相应的第一电源输出端电连接至相应的电池,所述控制单元用以控制所述放电开关的导通或者断开,以启动相应的放电电路,进而对相应的电池进行放电。A charging and discharging device according to claim 33, wherein said discharge unit comprises a discharge circuit and a discharge switch, said discharge circuit being electrically connected to said control unit, said discharge switch being electrically connected to said discharge circuit, And electrically connected to the corresponding battery through the corresponding first power output end, the control unit is configured to control the conduction or disconnection of the discharge switch to activate the corresponding discharge circuit, thereby discharging the corresponding battery.
  37. 如权利要求33所述的充放电装置,其特征在于:所述控制单元包括电量计及处理器,所述电量计与所述储能单元电连接,用以检测所述储能单元的电量,所述处理器与所述电量计电连接,用以获取所述电量计检测到的电量信息,并根据获取的电量信息将所述储能单元电连接至所述外部电源。The charging and discharging device according to claim 33, wherein the control unit comprises a fuel gauge and a processor, and the fuel gauge is electrically connected to the energy storage unit for detecting the power of the energy storage unit. The processor is electrically connected to the electricity meter to obtain the power information detected by the fuel gauge, and electrically connects the energy storage unit to the external power source according to the acquired power information.
  38. 如权利要求37所述的充放电装置,其特征在于:所述充放电装置还包括至少一个信号接口,所述至少一个信号接口用以与所述处理器及相应的电池电连接,所述处理器通过所述信号接口分别获取每一电池的充电信息,并根据所述充电信息以及所述储能单元的电量信息,对所述电池进行保护。A charging and discharging device according to claim 37, wherein said charging and discharging device further comprises at least one signal interface, said at least one signal interface for electrically connecting to said processor and a corresponding battery, said processing The device obtains charging information of each battery through the signal interface, and protects the battery according to the charging information and the power information of the energy storage unit.
  39. 如权利要求38所述的充放电装置,其特征在于:所述充放电装置还包括显示单元,所述显示单元电连接至所述处理器,用以显示所述储能单元的电量信息以及所述电池的充电信息。A charging and discharging device according to claim 38, wherein said charging and discharging device further comprises a display unit, said display unit being electrically connected to said processor for displaying power amount information of said energy storage unit and said The charging information of the battery.
  40. 如权利要求38所述的充放电装置,其特征在于:所述充电信息至少包括电池的设计信息及电池的状态信息中的一种。A charging and discharging device according to claim 38, wherein said charging information includes at least one of design information of the battery and status information of the battery.
  41. 如权利要求33所述的充放电装置,其特征在于:所述充放电装置还包括电源适配器及第一直流-直流(DC-DC)转换单元,所述电源适配器用以电连接至所述外部电源,并输出一相应的第一直流电,所述第一DC-DC转换单元电连接至所述电源适配器及所述储能单元,用于将所述第一直流电进行处理,以转换成所述储能单元所需的充电信号,进而对所述储能单元进行充电。A charging and discharging device according to claim 33, wherein said charging and discharging device further comprises a power adapter and a first direct current-direct current (DC-DC) converting unit, said power adapter being electrically connected to said An external power source and outputting a corresponding first direct current, the first DC-DC converting unit being electrically connected to the power adapter and the energy storage unit, configured to process the first direct current to be converted into a The charging signal required by the energy storage unit is further charged to the energy storage unit.
  42. 如权利要求33所述的充放电装置,其特征在于:所述充放电装置还包括第二DC-DC转换单元以及第二电源输出端,所述第二DC-DC转换单元电连接至所述储能单元,所述第二电源输出端用以电连接至所述第二DC-DC转换单元及相应的用电设备,所述第二DC-DC转换单元用以将所述储能单元输出的第一直流电进行处理,以转换成所述用电设备所需的充电信号,进而通过所述第二电源输出端对所述用电设备进行充电。A charge and discharge device according to claim 33, wherein said charge and discharge device further comprises a second DC-DC conversion unit and a second power output terminal, said second DC-DC conversion unit being electrically connected to said An energy storage unit, the second power output terminal is configured to be electrically connected to the second DC-DC conversion unit and a corresponding power device, and the second DC-DC conversion unit is configured to output the energy storage unit The first direct current is processed to be converted into a charging signal required by the powered device, and the electrical device is charged through the second power output.
  43. 如权利要求38所述的充放电装置,其特征在于:所述充放电装置还包括至少一充电单元,所述至少一充电单元与所述储能单元电连接,且能够通过相应的第一电源输出端电连接至所述电池,进而对所述电池进行充电。The charging and discharging device according to claim 38, wherein said charging and discharging device further comprises at least one charging unit, said at least one charging unit being electrically connected to said energy storage unit and capable of passing a corresponding first power source The output is electrically connected to the battery to charge the battery.
  44. 如权利要求43所述的充放电装置,其特征在于:每一充电单元包括开关单元,所述开关单元均电连接至所述控制单元,并通过相应的第一电源输出端电连接至相应的电池,所述控制单元用以控制所述开关单元的导通或者断开,以对所述电池开启不同的充电模式。A charging and discharging device according to claim 43, wherein each charging unit comprises a switching unit, said switching units are electrically connected to said control unit, and are electrically connected to respective ones through respective first power output terminals The control unit is configured to control the on or off of the switch unit to turn on different charging modes of the battery.
  45. 如权利要求44所述的充放电装置,其特征在于:所述控制单元控制所述开关单元同时导通,以启动第一充电模式,进而控制对所述电池进行同时充电;以及A charging and discharging device according to claim 44, wherein said control unit controls said switching unit to be simultaneously turned on to activate a first charging mode, thereby controlling simultaneous charging of said battery;
    所述控制单元控制所述开关单元依次导通,以启动第二充电模式,进而控制对所述电池进行轮流充电。The control unit controls the switch unit to be turned on in turn to activate a second charging mode, thereby controlling the charging of the battery in turn.
  46. 如权利要求44所述的充放电装置,其特征在于:每一充电单元还包括一充电管理芯片,所述充电管理芯片分别连接至所述控制单元及相应的开关单元,用以在所述控制单元的控制下,根据所述电池的充电信息对相应的电池进行预充、恒流、恒压或涓流充电。The charging and discharging device according to claim 44, wherein each charging unit further comprises a charging management chip, wherein the charging management chip is respectively connected to the control unit and the corresponding switching unit for controlling Under the control of the unit, the corresponding battery is precharged, constant current, constant voltage or trickle charge according to the charging information of the battery.
  47. 如权利要求33所述的充放电装置,其特征在于:所述充放电装置还包括至少一个电池仓,所述电池仓用以分别容置相应的电池。A charge and discharge device according to claim 33, wherein said charge and discharge device further comprises at least one battery compartment for accommodating the respective batteries.
  48. 如权利要求47所述的充放电装置,其特征在于:所述充放电装置还包括用于感测所述电池仓的环境温度的温度传感器、以及用于给所述电池仓加热或/及冷却的热量转换元件;所述控制单元与所述温度传感器及热量转换元件电连接,所述控制单元根据所述温度传感器感测的温度,控制所述热量转换元件对所述电池仓内的电池进行加热或冷却。A charge and discharge device according to claim 47, wherein said charge and discharge device further comprises a temperature sensor for sensing an ambient temperature of said battery compartment, and for heating or/and cooling said battery compartment a heat conversion element; the control unit is electrically connected to the temperature sensor and the heat conversion element, and the control unit controls the heat conversion element to perform a battery in the battery compartment according to a temperature sensed by the temperature sensor Heat or cool.
  49. 如权利要求33所述的充放电装置,其特征在于:所述控制单元实时获取所述电池的电量,当所述电池的电量低于预设电量时,所述控制单元控制所述储能单元给所述电池充电,以使所述电池保持在储存状态。The charging and discharging device according to claim 33, wherein the control unit acquires the electric quantity of the battery in real time, and when the electric quantity of the battery is lower than the preset electric quantity, the control unit controls the energy storage unit The battery is charged to maintain the battery in a stored state.
  50. 如权利要求33所述的充放电装置,其特征在于:所述充放电装置为一电池充电箱。A charge and discharge device according to claim 33, wherein said charge and discharge device is a battery charging case.
  51. 一种无人飞行器供电系统,其特征在于:该供电系统包括:An unmanned aerial vehicle power supply system is characterized in that: the power supply system comprises:
    无人机飞行器,所述无人飞行器内置有至少一电池;以及An unmanned aerial vehicle having at least one battery built therein;
    充放电装置,所述充放电装置包括:a charge and discharge device, the charge and discharge device comprising:
    储能单元,所述储能单元能够电连接至一外部电源,进而对所述储能单元进行充电;An energy storage unit, the energy storage unit being electrically connectable to an external power source to charge the energy storage unit;
    至少一第一电源输出端,所述至少一第一电源输出端能够电连接至相应的电池;The at least one first power output terminal is electrically connectable to the corresponding battery;
    至少一放电单元,所述至少一放电单元与所述第一电源输出端电连接;以及At least one discharge unit, the at least one discharge unit being electrically connected to the first power output;
    控制单元,与所述储能单元及所述放电单元电连接;a control unit electrically connected to the energy storage unit and the discharge unit;
    其中,所述控制单元能够选择性地控制所述储能单元通过相应的第一电源输出端给所述电池充电,或者控制所述放电单元通过相应的第一电源输出端对所述电池进行放电。Wherein the control unit is capable of selectively controlling the energy storage unit to charge the battery through a corresponding first power output, or controlling the discharge unit to discharge the battery through a corresponding first power output .
  52. 如权利要求51所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述储能单元为锂离子电池。A power supply system according to claim 51, wherein said energy storage unit is a lithium ion battery.
  53. 如权利要求51所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述控制单元控制所述至少一放电单元将所述电池放电至预设电量,以使所述电池处于储存状态。A power supply system according to claim 51, wherein said control unit controls said at least one discharge unit to discharge said battery to a preset amount of electricity to cause said battery to be in a storage state.
  54. 如权利要求51所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述放电单元包括放电电路以及放电开关,所述放电电路电连接至所述控制单元,所述放电开关电连接至所述放电电路,并通过相应的第一电源输出端电连接至相应的电池,所述控制单元用以控制所述放电开关的导通或者断开,以启动相应的放电电路,进而对相应的电池进行放电。A power supply system according to claim 51, wherein said discharge unit comprises a discharge circuit and a discharge switch, said discharge circuit being electrically connected to said control unit, said discharge switch being electrically connected to said discharge circuit, and The control unit is configured to electrically connect or disconnect the discharge switch to activate the corresponding discharge circuit to discharge the corresponding battery.
  55. 如权利要求51所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述控制单元包括电量计及处理器,所述电量计与所述储能单元电连接,用以检测所述储能单元的电量,所述处理器与所述电量计电连接,用以获取所述电量计检测到的电量信息,并根据获取的电量信息将所述储能单元电连接至所述外部电源。The power supply system according to claim 51, wherein the control unit comprises a fuel gauge and a processor, and the fuel gauge is electrically connected to the energy storage unit for detecting the power of the energy storage unit. The processor is electrically connected to the fuel gauge to obtain the power information detected by the fuel gauge, and electrically connects the energy storage unit to the external power source according to the acquired power information.
  56. 如权利要求55所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述充放电装置还包括至少一个信号接口,所述至少一个信号接口用以与所述处理器及相应的电池电连接,所述处理器通过所述信号接口分别获取每一电池的充电信息,并根据所述充电信息以及所述储能单元的电量信息,对所述电池进行保护。A power supply system according to claim 55, wherein said charge and discharge device further comprises at least one signal interface, said at least one signal interface for electrically connecting to said processor and a corresponding battery, said processor The charging information of each battery is separately obtained through the signal interface, and the battery is protected according to the charging information and the power amount information of the energy storage unit.
  57. 如权利要求56所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述充放电装置还包括显示单元,所述显示单元电连接至所述处理器,用以显示所述储能单元的电量信息以及所述电池的充电信息。A power supply system according to claim 56, wherein said charging and discharging device further comprises a display unit, said display unit being electrically connected to said processor for displaying power amount information of said energy storage unit and said Battery charging information.
  58. 如权利要求56所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述充电信息至少包括电池的设计信息及电池的状态信息中的一种。A power supply system according to claim 56, wherein said charging information includes at least one of design information of the battery and status information of the battery.
  59. 如权利要求51所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述充放电装置还包括电源适配器及第一直流-直流(DC-DC)转换单元,所述电源适配器用以电连接至所述外部电源,并输出一相应的第一直流电,所述第一DC-DC转换单元电连接至所述电源适配器及所述储能单元,用于将所述第一直流电进行处理,以转换成所述储能单元所需的充电信号,进而对所述储能单元进行充电。A power supply system according to claim 51, wherein said charge and discharge device further comprises a power adapter and a first direct current-direct current (DC-DC) conversion unit, said power adapter being for electrically connecting to said external a power source and outputting a corresponding first direct current, the first DC-DC converting unit being electrically connected to the power adapter and the energy storage unit, configured to process the first direct current to be converted into the The charging signal required by the energy storage unit, thereby charging the energy storage unit.
  60. 如权利要求51所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述充放电装置还包括第二DC-DC转换单元以及第二电源输出端,所述第二DC-DC转换单元电连接至所述储能单元,所述第二电源输出端用以电连接至所述第二DC-DC转换单元及相应的用电设备,所述第二DC-DC转换单元用以将所述储能单元输出的第一直流电进行处理,以转换成所述用电设备所需的充电信号,进而通过所述第二电源输出端对所述用电设备进行充电。A power supply system according to claim 51, wherein said charge and discharge device further comprises a second DC-DC conversion unit and a second power supply output, said second DC-DC conversion unit being electrically connected to said storage An energy unit, the second power output terminal is configured to be electrically connected to the second DC-DC conversion unit and a corresponding power device, and the second DC-DC conversion unit is configured to output the energy storage unit The first direct current is processed to be converted into a charging signal required by the powered device, and the electrical device is charged through the second power output.
  61. 如权利要求56所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述充放电装置还包括至少一充电单元,所述至少一充电单元与所述储能单元电连接,且能够通过相应的第一电源输出端电连接至所述电池,进而对所述电池进行充电。A power supply system according to claim 56, wherein said charge and discharge device further comprises at least one charging unit, said at least one charging unit being electrically connected to said energy storage unit and capable of outputting through a corresponding first power source The terminal is electrically connected to the battery to charge the battery.
  62. 如权利要求61所述的供电系统,其特征在于:每一充电单元包括开关单元,所述开关单元均电连接至所述控制单元,并通过相应的第一电源输出端电连接至相应的电池,所述控制单元用以控制所述开关单元的导通或者断开,以对所述电池开启不同的充电模式。A power supply system according to claim 61, wherein each of the charging units includes a switching unit, each of which is electrically connected to the control unit and electrically connected to the corresponding battery through a corresponding first power output terminal. The control unit is configured to control the on or off of the switch unit to turn on different charging modes for the battery.
  63. 如权利要求62所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述控制单元控制所述开关单元同时导通,以启动第一充电模式,进而控制对所述电池进行同时充电;以及A power supply system according to claim 62, wherein said control unit controls said switching unit to be simultaneously turned on to activate a first charging mode, thereby controlling simultaneous charging of said battery;
    所述控制单元控制所述开关单元依次导通,以启动第二充电模式,进而控制对所述电池进行轮流充电。The control unit controls the switch unit to be turned on in turn to activate a second charging mode, thereby controlling the charging of the battery in turn.
  64. 如权利要求62所述的供电系统,其特征在于:每一充电单元还包括一充电管理芯片,所述充电管理芯片分别连接至所述控制单元及相应的开关单元,用以在所述控制单元的控制下,根据所述电池的充电信息对相应的电池进行预充、恒流、恒压或涓流充电。The power supply system according to claim 62, wherein each charging unit further comprises a charging management chip, wherein the charging management chip is respectively connected to the control unit and the corresponding switching unit for being used in the control unit Under the control of the battery, the corresponding battery is precharged, constant current, constant voltage or trickle charge according to the charging information of the battery.
  65. 如权利要求51所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述充放电装置还包括至少一个电池仓,所述电池仓用以分别容置相应的电池。A power supply system according to claim 51, wherein said charge and discharge device further comprises at least one battery compartment for accommodating respective batteries.
  66. 如权利要求65所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述充放电装置还包括用于感测所述电池仓的环境温度的温度传感器、以及用于给所述电池仓加热或/及冷却的热量转换元件;所述控制单元与所述温度传感器及热量转换元件电连接,所述控制单元根据所述温度传感器感测的温度,控制所述热量转换元件对所述电池仓内的电池进行加热或冷却。A power supply system according to claim 65, wherein said charge and discharge device further comprises a temperature sensor for sensing an ambient temperature of said battery compartment, and for heating or/and cooling said battery compartment a heat conversion element; the control unit is electrically connected to the temperature sensor and the heat conversion element, and the control unit controls the heat conversion element to heat the battery in the battery compartment according to the temperature sensed by the temperature sensor Or cool down.
  67. 如权利要求51所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述控制单元实时获取所述电池的电量,当所述电池的电量低于预设电量时,所述控制单元控制所述储能单元给所述电池充电,以使所述电池保持在储存状态。The power supply system according to claim 51, wherein the control unit acquires the power of the battery in real time, and when the battery power is lower than the preset power, the control unit controls the energy storage unit to The battery is charged to maintain the battery in a stored state.
  68. 如权利要求51所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述充放电装置为一电池充电箱。A power supply system according to claim 51, wherein said charge and discharge device is a battery charging box.
  69. 一种一体化的充放电管理系统,用以对多个电池进行充放电,其特征在于:该充放电管理系统包括一个或多个处理器,并且所述充放电管理系统内置有一储能单元,所述一个或多个处理器用于:An integrated charge and discharge management system for charging and discharging a plurality of batteries, wherein the charge and discharge management system includes one or more processors, and the charge and discharge management system has an energy storage unit built therein. The one or more processors are used to:
    获取所述储能单元的电量信息;Obtaining the power information of the energy storage unit;
    根据所述储能单元的电量信息,选择性地控制所述储能单元对所述电池进行充电;或者将所述储能单元电连接至一外部电源,以利用所述外部电源对所述储能单元进行充电。Selectively controlling the energy storage unit to charge the battery according to the power quantity information of the energy storage unit; or electrically connecting the energy storage unit to an external power source to utilize the external power source to store the battery The unit can be charged.
  70. 如权利要求69所述的充放电管理系统,其特征在于:所述储能单元为锂离子电池。A charge and discharge management system according to claim 69, wherein said energy storage unit is a lithium ion battery.
  71. 如权利要求69所述的充放电管理系统,其特征在于:所述一个或多个处理器还用于获取每一电池的充电信息,并根据所述充电信息以及所述储能单元的电量信息,对所述电池进行保护。The charge and discharge management system according to claim 69, wherein the one or more processors are further configured to acquire charging information of each battery, and according to the charging information and the power information of the energy storage unit The battery is protected.
  72. 如权利要求71所述的充放电管理系统,其特征在于:所述一个或多个处理器还用于将所述储能单元的电量信息以及所述电池的充电信息进行显示。A charge and discharge management system according to claim 71, wherein said one or more processors are further configured to display the power amount information of said energy storage unit and the charge information of said battery.
  73. 如权利要求71所述的充放电管理系统,其特征在于:所述充电信息至少包括电池的设计信息及电池的状态信息中的一种。A charge and discharge management system according to claim 71, wherein said charging information includes at least one of design information of the battery and status information of the battery.
  74. 如权利要求69所述的充放电管理系统,其特征在于:所述一个或多个处理器还用于控制所述电池的充电次序,以对所述电池开启不同的充电模式。A charge and discharge management system according to claim 69, wherein said one or more processors are further for controlling a charging order of said battery to turn on a different charging mode for said battery.
  75. 如权利要求74所述的充放电管理系统,其特征在于:所述一个或多个处理器还用于启动第一充电模式,进而控制对所述电池进行同时充电;以及A charge and discharge management system according to claim 74, wherein said one or more processors are further configured to activate a first charging mode to control simultaneous charging of said battery;
    用于启动第二充电模式,进而控制对所述电池进行轮流充电。It is used to activate the second charging mode, thereby controlling the charging of the battery in turn.
  76. 如权利要求71所述的充放电管理系统,其特征在于:所述一个或多个处理器还用于根据所述电池的充电信息控制所述电池进行预充、恒流、恒压或涓流充电。A charge and discharge management system according to claim 71, wherein said one or more processors are further configured to control said battery to perform precharge, constant current, constant voltage or turbulence according to charging information of said battery Charging.
  77. 如权利要求69所述的充放电管理系统,其特征在于:所述一个或多个处理器还用于控制所述电池进行放电。A charge and discharge management system according to claim 69, wherein said one or more processors are further for controlling said battery to discharge.
  78. 如权利要求77所述的充放电管理系统,其特征在于:所述一个或多个处理器用于控制所述电池直接放电至预设电量,以使所述电池处于储存状态;A charge and discharge management system according to claim 77, wherein said one or more processors are configured to control said battery to be directly discharged to a predetermined amount of power to cause said battery to be in a storage state;
    或/及,所述一个或多个处理器实时获取所述电池的电量,当所述电池的电量低于预设电量时,所述一个或多个处理器控制所述电池进行充电至所述预设电量,使所述电池保持储存状态。Or/and, the one or more processors acquire the power of the battery in real time, and when the battery is lower than the preset power, the one or more processors control the battery to be charged to the The battery is preset to keep the battery in storage.
  79. 一种无人飞行器供电系统,其特征在于:该供电系统包括:An unmanned aerial vehicle power supply system is characterized in that: the power supply system comprises:
    无人机飞行器,所述无人飞行器内置有电池;以及a drone aircraft having a built-in battery;
    充放电管理系统,所述充放电管理系统包括一个或多个处理器,并且所述充放电管理系统内置有一储能单元,所述一个或多个处理器用于:a charge and discharge management system, the charge and discharge management system includes one or more processors, and the charge and discharge management system has a built-in energy storage unit, and the one or more processors are used to:
    获取所述储能单元的电量信息;Obtaining the power information of the energy storage unit;
    根据所述储能单元的电量信息,选择性地控制所述储能单元对所述电池进行充电;或者将所述储能单元电连接至一外部电源,以利用所述外部电源对所述储能单元进行充电。Selectively controlling the energy storage unit to charge the battery according to the power quantity information of the energy storage unit; or electrically connecting the energy storage unit to an external power source to utilize the external power source to store the battery The unit can be charged.
  80. 如权利要求79所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述储能单元为锂离子电池。A power supply system according to claim 79, wherein said energy storage unit is a lithium ion battery.
  81. 如权利要求79所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述一个或多个处理器还用于获取每一电池的充电信息,并根据所述充电信息以及所述储能单元的电量信息,对所述电池进行保护。The power supply system according to claim 79, wherein the one or more processors are further configured to acquire charging information of each battery, and according to the charging information and the power information of the energy storage unit, The battery is protected.
  82. 如权利要求81所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述一个或多个处理器还用于将所述储能单元的电量信息以及所述电池的充电信息进行显示。The power supply system according to claim 81, wherein said one or more processors are further configured to display the power amount information of said energy storage unit and the charging information of said battery.
  83. 如权利要求81所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述充电信息至少包括电池的设计信息及电池的状态信息中的一种。A power supply system according to claim 81, wherein said charging information includes at least one of design information of the battery and status information of the battery.
  84. 如权利要求79所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述一个或多个处理器还用于控制所述电池的充电次序,以对所述电池开启不同的充电模式。 80. The power supply system of claim 79, wherein the one or more processors are further configured to control a charging sequence of the battery to turn on a different charging mode for the battery.
  85. 如权利要求84所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述一个或多个处理器还用于启动第一充电模式,进而控制对所述电池进行同时充电;以及80. The power supply system of claim 84, wherein the one or more processors are further configured to initiate a first charging mode to control simultaneous charging of the battery;
    用于启动第二充电模式,进而控制对所述电池进行轮流充电。It is used to activate the second charging mode, thereby controlling the charging of the battery in turn.
  86. 如权利要求81所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述一个或多个处理器还用于根据所述电池的充电信息控制所述电池进行预充、恒流、恒压或涓流充电。A power supply system according to claim 81, wherein said one or more processors are further configured to control said battery to be precharged, constant current, constant voltage or trickle charge based on said battery charging information.
  87. 如权利要求79所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述一个或多个处理器还用于控制所述电池进行放电。A power supply system according to claim 79, wherein said one or more processors are further for controlling said battery to discharge.
  88. 如权利要求87所述的供电系统,其特征在于:所述一个或多个处理器用于控制所述电池直接放电至预设电量,使所述电池处于储存状态;A power supply system according to claim 87, wherein said one or more processors are configured to control said battery to be directly discharged to a predetermined amount of power to cause said battery to be in a storage state;
    或/及,所述一个或多个处理器实时获取所述电池的电量,当所述电池的电量低于预设电量时,所述一个或多个处理器控制所述电池进行充电至所述预设电量,使所述电池保持储存状态。Or/and, the one or more processors acquire the power of the battery in real time, and when the battery is lower than the preset power, the one or more processors control the battery to be charged to the The battery is preset to keep the battery in storage.
PCT/CN2016/072874 2016-01-29 2016-01-29 Charging and discharging device, management system, and unmanned aerial vehicle power supply system WO2017128316A1 (en)

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