一种组合式免装饰环保建筑楼层板Combined type decoration-free environmental protection building floor board
本发明属于建筑材料技术领域，具体涉及一种组合式免装饰环保建筑楼层板。The invention belongs to the technical field of building materials, and particularly relates to a combined decoration-free environmental protection building floor board.
目前的各种建筑楼板预制结构件都是没有带任何装饰面板的基础毛坯材料，并用水泥、砂浆粘接建房。房屋建成后，需要进行二次装修，不能反复拆建，从而造成大量建筑原材料资源浪费，而拆下的建筑材料不能腐化分解，造成环境污染。At present, various prefabricated structural members of various building slabs are base blank materials without any decorative panels, and cemented and mortar bonded to build houses. After the completion of the house, it is necessary to carry out secondary renovation, which cannot be repeatedly demolished, resulting in a waste of a large amount of raw materials for construction, and the removed building materials cannot be decomposed and decomposed, resulting in environmental pollution.
发明内容Summary of the invention
本发明的目的是提供一种组合式免装饰环保建筑楼层板，可实现免水泥粘合快速搭建楼房楼板，并实现防水、隔音、环保、反复多次使用、免除二次装修的目的。The object of the present invention is to provide a combined and decoration-free environmentally-friendly building floor board, which can realize the quick building of the building floor by the cement-free bonding, and achieve the purpose of waterproofing, soundproofing, environmental protection, repeated use and elimination of the second decoration.
实现本发明的技术方案是：一种组合式免装饰环保建筑楼层板，其主要结构包括楼层下盖板1，楼层板面饰层2，走线管3，墙体构件连接孔4，楼层上盖板5(详见附图)。The technical solution for realizing the invention is: a combined self-decorative environmental protection building floor board, the main structure thereof comprises a floor lower cover 1, a floor panel surface layer 2, a cable duct 3, a wall member connecting hole 4, and a floor. Cover plate 5 (see figure for details).
本发明的基本功能及特点是：(1)上下楼层板通过交互组合形成楼板实现不需要水泥砂浆构件楼层板，(2)房屋楼板由组合楼层板组装建成，可反复拆建，多次使用，避免产生建筑垃圾，卫生环保，(3)结构件用轻体保温材料一次成型制作，保温性好，防风、防水、隔音、冬暖夏凉，(4)建房速度比传统建房速度快数倍，省工省料，简易快速，(5)楼层板带有面饰层，不需要再进行室内天花、地板装修装饰，并可反复拆建使用(6)上下楼层板表面以及其结构中混合有高分子闭水材料，具备不透水功能，通过上下楼层板的交互组合，不需要涂刷防水材料就具备防漏排水功能。The basic functions and features of the present invention are as follows: (1) The upper and lower floor panels are formed by interactively forming a floor panel to realize a floor panel which does not require cement mortar components, and (2) the building floor panel is assembled by a combined floor panel, which can be repeatedly constructed and used repeatedly. Avoid construction waste, sanitation and environmental protection, (3) Lightweight insulation materials for structural parts are made in one time, good heat preservation, windproof, waterproof, soundproof, warm in winter and cool in summer, (4) speed of building houses is faster than traditional building speed Double, saves labor and materials, simple and fast, (5) floor panels with face decoration, no need to carry out indoor ceiling, floor decoration, and can be repeatedly used for construction (6) upper and lower floor panels and their structure mix It has a polymer water-blocking material and has a water-tight function. Through the interaction of the upper and lower floor panels, it does not need to be painted with waterproof materials to have a leak-proof drainage function.
所述的一种组合式免装饰环保建筑楼层板，其主要结构包括楼层下盖板1，楼层板面饰层2，走线管3，墙体构件连接孔4，楼层上盖板5。The utility model relates to a combined non-decorative environmental protection building floor board, and the main structure thereof comprises a floor lower cover 1, a floor board surface layer 2, a cable duct 3, a wall member connecting hole 4, and a floor upper cover 5.
其特点是(1)其楼层下盖板，楼层上盖板，楼层板面饰层可以用玻化微珠、陶粒、纤维布、植物纤维、岩棉、陶瓷、塑胶、工业粉碎废料或玻璃纤维混合水泥、沙、粘合剂、胶粉、高分子闭水材料、钢筋、金属加强结构件混合后制作；(2)其楼板面饰层可通过喷绘、倒模、贴膜、雕刻或手绘工艺展示出多种颜色或彩色的木纹、石纹、砖纹、皮纹、迷彩纹、或人物、照片、几何、商标图案；(3)其楼层上盖板与楼层下盖板通过错位扣合，并用紧固杆连接墙体，可快速、免水泥砂浆建房，可反复快速拆建；(4)其紧固杆可以用金属、塑料、陶瓷或复合材料制作；(5)其内部走线槽孔，方便在楼板内部安装电线、通讯数据线；(6)其面饰层可以是平面的，也可以做成立体图形、凹凸形、或几何图案图形；(7)其面饰层可以与其楼层上盖板、楼层下盖板制作为一体或分体制造后粘接为一体，(8)其特点是其上下楼层板表面以及其结构中混合有高分子闭水材料，具备不透水功能，通过上下楼层板的交互组合，不需要涂刷防水材料就具备防漏排水功能。Its characteristics are (1) its floor lower cover, floor cover, floor panel finish can use vitrified beads, ceramsite, fiber cloth, plant fiber, rock wool, ceramics, plastic, industrial crushing waste or glass. Fiber mixed cement, sand, binder, rubber powder, polymer water-blocking material, steel bar, metal reinforced structural parts are mixed and made; (2) the floor slab layer can be sprayed, inverted, filmed, engraved or hand-painted Display a variety of colors or colors of wood, stone, brick, leather, camouflage, or characters, photos, geometric, trademark patterns; (3) its floor cover and floor lower cover through the misalignment And use the fastening rod to connect the wall, which can build the house quickly and free of cement mortar, and can be quickly and repeatedly demolished; (4) its fastening rod can be made of metal, plastic, ceramic or composite material; (5) its internal wiring Slots for easy installation of wires and communication data lines inside the floor; (6) The finish layer can be flat, or can be made into a solid figure, a concavo-convex shape, or a geometric pattern; (7) its finish can be The upper cover of the floor and the lower cover of the floor are made in one piece or separated. The post-production bonding is integrated. (8) It is characterized in that the upper and lower floor panels and the structure are mixed with the polymer water-blocking material, and have the function of impervious to water, and through the interaction of the upper and lower floor panels, it is not necessary to apply the waterproof material. With leakproof drainage function.
冬暖夏凉，(4)建房速度比传统建房速度快数倍，省工省料，简易快速，(5)楼层板带有面饰层，不需要再进行室内天花、地板装修装饰，并可反复拆建使用，(6)其上下楼层板表面以及其结构中混合有高分子闭水材料，具备不透水功能，通过上下楼层板的交互组合，不需要涂刷防水材料就具备防漏排水功能。The invention has positive effects: (1) the upper and lower floor panels are formed by interactive combination to realize the floor panel without cement mortar components, and (2) the building floor panels are assembled by the combined floor panels, can be repeatedly demolished and constructed, and used repeatedly to avoid generation. Construction waste, sanitation and environmental protection, (3) Lightweight insulation materials for structural parts are made in one time, with good heat preservation, windproof, waterproof and soundproof.
It is warm in winter and cool in summer. (4) The speed of building a house is several times faster than that of traditional building. It saves labor and materials, is simple and fast, and (5) the floor board has a surface finish, no need to carry out indoor ceiling and floor decoration. It can be repeatedly used for demolition and construction. (6) The surface of the upper and lower floors and its structure are mixed with polymer water-blocking material, which has impervious function. Through the interaction of the upper and lower floors, it is not necessary to apply waterproof material to prevent leakage. Drainage function.
为了使本发明的内容更容易被清楚的理解，下面根据具体实施例并结合附图，对本发明作进一步详细的说明。In order to make the content of the present invention easier to understand, the present invention will be further described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
图1、本发明的截面剖视图；Figure 1 is a cross-sectional view of the present invention;
图2、本发明的俯视图；Figure 2 is a plan view of the present invention;
图3、本发明与墙体连接的紧固杆视图Figure 3 is a view of the fastening rod connected to the wall of the present invention
图1至图3显示了本发明的一种具体实施方式，其中图1为本发明的平面剖视图；图2为发明的俯视图；图3为紧固杆组装示意图。1 to 3 show a specific embodiment of the present invention, wherein Fig. 1 is a plan sectional view of the present invention; Fig. 2 is a plan view of the invention; and Fig. 3 is a schematic view showing the assembly of the fastening rod.
见图1，一种组合式免装饰环保建筑楼层板，其主要结构包括楼层下盖板1，楼层板面饰层2，走线管3，墙体构件连接孔4，楼层上盖板5(详见附图)。Referring to Fig. 1, a combined decoration-free environmentally-friendly building floor board, the main structure thereof comprises a floor lower cover 1, a floor panel finish 2, a conduit 3, a wall member connection hole 4, and a floor cover 5 ( See the attached picture for details.
面饰层2由精密模具倒模制作，然后用水泥或其他粘接剂与上盖板5或下盖板1粘连。也可以利用精密组合模具，将面饰层与上盖板或下盖板一次性制作完成。制作时根据需要可填充钢材以便加强上盖板、下盖板的强度。图1还展示了下盖板与上盖板组合使用的情况。The top layer 2 is molded by a precision mold and then adhered to the upper cover 5 or the lower cover 1 with cement or other adhesive. It is also possible to use a precision combination mold to make the finish layer and the upper cover or the lower cover one-time. Steel can be filled as needed to enhance the strength of the upper and lower covers. Figure 1 also shows the use of the lower cover in combination with the upper cover.
上盖板、下盖板可以根据建房的需要使用玻化微珠、陶粒、纤维布、植物纤维、岩棉、陶瓷塑胶、工业粉碎废料或玻璃纤维混合水泥、沙、粘合剂、胶粉、高分子闭水材料、钢筋、金属加强结构件制作。The upper cover and the lower cover can be used according to the needs of building a house. The vitrified beads, ceramsite, fiber cloth, plant fiber, rock wool, ceramic plastic, industrial crushing waste or glass fiber mixed cement, sand, adhesive, glue Powder, polymer water-blocking materials, steel bars, and metal-reinforced structural parts.
上下盖板的面饰层可通过喷绘、倒模、贴膜、雕刻或手绘工艺展示出多种颜色或彩色木纹、石纹、砖纹、皮纹、迷彩纹、或人物、照片、商标图案。The top and bottom cover layers can be painted, painted, filmed, engraved or hand-painted to display a variety of colors or colored wood, stone, brick, leather, camouflage, or characters, photos, logos.
用紧固杆穿过下盖板的连接孔与墙体紧密连接。The connecting rod through the lower cover is fastened to the wall by a fastening rod.
面饰层可以根据需要做成平面的，也可以做成立体图形、凹凸形、或几何图案图形。The finish layer can be made flat as needed, or can be made into a solid figure, a concavo-convex shape, or a geometric pattern figure.
上盖板、下盖板内部留有走线槽孔，方便在墙体内部安装电线、通讯数据线。A wire slot is provided inside the upper cover and the lower cover to facilitate installation of wires and communication data lines inside the wall.
面饰层可以与上盖板、下盖板造为一体或分体制造后粘接为一体，也可以不制作面饰板而作为毛坯楼面板使用。The top layer can be integrally formed with the upper cover and the lower cover, or can be integrally bonded after being manufactured separately, or can be used as a blank floor panel without making a face plate.
见图2，下盖板连接墙体的连接孔位于下盖板的两端。As shown in Fig. 2, the connection holes of the lower cover connecting the wall are located at both ends of the lower cover.
见图3，紧固杆可以用金属、钢化塑料、陶瓷或符合材料制作，其下部分是外螺纹杆，其上部分为椎体形状。紧固杆可以逐节用专用工具通过固定紧固杆旋转头拧紧，将结构件外螺纹杆拧入另外一个紧固杆的内螺纹孔里，将楼层下盖板与墙体紧密的结合在一起。As shown in Fig. 3, the fastening rod can be made of metal, tempered plastic, ceramic or conforming material, and the lower part is an externally threaded rod, the upper part of which is in the shape of a vertebral body. The tightening rod can be tightened by a special tool through a fixed tightening rod rotary head, and the external threaded rod of the structural member is screwed into the internal threaded hole of the other tightening rod, and the floor lower cover is tightly combined with the wall. .
It is apparent that the above-described embodiments of the present invention are merely illustrative of the present invention and are not intended to limit the embodiments of the present invention. For those of ordinary skill in the art, based on the above description,
To make other changes or changes in different forms. There is no need and no way to exhaust all of the implementations. Obvious changes or variations that come within the spirit of the invention are still within the scope of the invention.