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WO2016182226A1 - Orthodontic device for maxillary teeth - Google Patents

Orthodontic device for maxillary teeth

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Publication number
WO2016182226A1
WO2016182226A1 PCT/KR2016/004275 KR2016004275W WO2016182226A1 WO 2016182226 A1 WO2016182226 A1 WO 2016182226A1 KR 2016004275 W KR2016004275 W KR 2016004275W WO 2016182226 A1 WO2016182226 A1 WO 2016182226A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
member
lower
engaging
teeth
upper
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/KR2016/004275
Other languages
French (fr)
Korean (ko)
Inventor
남경수
Original Assignee
남경수
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C7/00Orthodontics, i.e. obtaining or maintaining the desired position of teeth, e.g. by straightening, evening, regulating, separating, or by correcting malocclusions
    • A61C7/12Brackets; Arch wires; Combinations thereof; Accessories therefor
    • A61C7/28Securing arch wire to bracket
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C7/00Orthodontics, i.e. obtaining or maintaining the desired position of teeth, e.g. by straightening, evening, regulating, separating, or by correcting malocclusions
    • A61C7/12Brackets; Arch wires; Combinations thereof; Accessories therefor
    • A61C7/28Securing arch wire to bracket
    • A61C7/30Securing arch wire to bracket by resilient means; Dispensers therefor

Abstract

The present invention relates to an orthodontic device for extracting maxillary teeth from the gums. An orthodontic device for the maxillary teeth, according to the present invention, comprises: at least one maxillary engaging member, which is integrally coupled to the maxillary teeth; at least one submaxillary engaging member, which is installed on the submaxillary teeth; an elastic member which generates elastic force by being engaged between the maxillary engaging member and the submaxillary engaging member; and a cover member which is installed on the submaxillary teeth so as to cover the submaxillary engaging member.

Description

Maxillary orthodontic appliance

The present invention relates to a calibration device for drawing out the upper teeth from the gum.

Typically including orthodontics (orthodontics) is simply crooked teeth aligned, and so can exhibit normal teeth function to hold just the number of skeletal disharmony that may occur in the process of growth of a healthy oral tissues and beautiful facial features It means to make and say the functional / aesthetic treatment that basically applying moderate force to move the teeth to the tooth to a desired position within the bone.

On the other hand, there is beolrige mouth when a person bright smile, this time mainly front teeth are expose to the outside. Thus, the teeth can greatly influence the impression of the person to smile, the structure of the teeth is an important factor in determining the impression of a man. By the way, according to the individual there is a case that is the front teeth projecting from the gum less than the average value. In this case, the tooth can be a negative factor in making a beautiful smile so small an area exposed to the outside of the gums. Therefore, it is necessary to perform calibration for drawing out the external teeth in the gum. However, conventional orthodontic devices has since it focused on the horizontal movement of the teeth, a problem that can not perform the correction to take-off vertically from a front tooth gum.

An object of the present invention is to provide, maxillary orthodontic appliance that can perform the correction to take-off vertically from the gums the tooth, including the front teeth in order to solve the problems of the prior art described above.

The present invention, at least one of the upper engagement member is coupled integrally to the upper teeth in order to solve the problems as described above; At least one of the lower engaging member attached to the lower teeth; An elastic member that generates an elastic force by engagement between the upper engaging member and the lower engaging member; And it may provide the maxillary orthodontic appliance comprising a cover member mounted to the lower teeth so as to cover the lower engaging member.

At this time, the upper engagement member may be added to engaging protruding upward is formed.

In addition, the lower engaging members may be mounted between teeth of the lower teeth.

In addition, the lower engaging member extends to the rear from the front of the lower teeth can be made to the arch shape.

Further, the front end of the lower engaging member has a syntax may be added to the jam-like form having a diameter larger than the diameter of the lower engaging member.

Further, by bending the rear end portion of the lower engaging members may be supported portion is formed, which extends along the gum.

In addition, the cover member has a protrusion which is a part corresponding to the posterior teeth part formed to protrude upward than the other portion can be formed.

Further, in the state coupled to the cover member may further include a fixing member fixed to the lower teeth.

Further, the covering member may be fixed so as to surround the periphery of the fixed target tooth.

According to one embodiment of the present invention, since the elastic force applied to the upper engaging member from the elastic member can be as delivered to the teeth, the effect to perform the calibration to take-off in a direction perpendicular to the teeth from the gums have.

Further, according to one embodiment of the invention, by being engaging portion that projects upward it is formed on the upper engaging member has the effect that the elastic member can be stably fixed to the upper engaging member.

Further, according to one embodiment of the invention, the additional nine jam in shape having a diameter larger than the diameter of the upper engagement member is formed at the front end of the lower engaging member whereby the effect of the elastic member can be stably fixed to the lower latching member have.

Further, according to one embodiment of the invention, whereby the support portion is formed by bending a rear end portion of the lower engaging member extends along the gum has an effect which can be prevented from swinging in the lower engagement member mounted to the lower teeth condition.

Further, according to one embodiment of the present invention, being in the state coupled to the cover member with a fixing member fixed to the lower teeth, there is an effect that can be fixed more firmly to the lower mandibular teeth engaging member and the lid member.

1 is a perspective view of a maxillary orthodontic appliance according to an embodiment of the present invention.

2 is a view of a maxillary orthodontic appliance according to an embodiment of the present invention showing a state attached to the teeth.

3 is a plan view of a maxillary orthodontic appliance according to an embodiment of the present invention showing a state mounted on the lower teeth.

Figure 4 is a front view of a maxillary orthodontic appliance according to an embodiment of the present invention showing a state attached to the upper teeth and lower teeth.

* Explanation of reference numerals *

10: upper engaging member 12: engaging portion of the upper engaging member

20: lower engaging member 22: fastening part of the lower engaging member

24: support portion of the lower engaging member 30: cover member

32: projecting portion 40: Elastic member

Hereinafter, with reference to the accompanying drawings will be described a preferred embodiment of the present invention in detail. First, in addition as the reference numerals to components of each drawing, for the same elements even though shown in different drawings It should be noted that and to have the same reference numerals as much as possible. Further, in the following description of the present invention, a detailed description of known functions and configurations that are determined to obscure the gist of the present invention, the detailed description thereof will be omitted.

Figure 1 is a perspective view of a maxillary orthodontic appliance according to an embodiment of the present invention, Figure 2 is a view showing a state mounted on the maxillary teeth orthodontic appliance according to an embodiment of the present invention. Figure 3 is a plan view of a maxillary orthodontic appliance according to an embodiment of the present invention showing a state attached to the lower teeth, Figure 4 is the orthodontic appliance is the maxillary upper teeth and lower teeth, in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention a front view illustrating a mounted state.

1, the maxillary orthodontic appliance according to an embodiment of the present invention may comprise an upper engaging member 10, the lower retaining member 20, cover member 30, the elastic member 40. Further, maxillary orthodontic appliance according to an embodiment of the present invention may further include a fixing member 50.

Referring to Figures 2 and 4, the upper engaging member 10 and the lower engagement member (20) is provided at least one is mounted on each of the maxillary and the mandible. The elastic members 40 may generate an elastic force by engaging the upper retaining member 10 and the lower retaining member 20. The elastic member 40 is to provide a pulling force on the upper engaging member 10 to be attached to the teeth. The elastic members 40 may be elastic, such as a tooth band. The elastic member 40 acts an elastic force of the upper engaging member 10 and the lower maxilla engaging caught with the engaging member 20, member 10 and each elastic member 40 to the lower latching member (20). Elastic force of the elastic member 40 acts as a pulling force to pull the lower engaging member 20 in a downward direction. Pulling force to pull the upper engaging member 10 in the downward direction can be transmitted to the tooth to be aligned via the upper engaging member 10 is, drawn out from the teeth by the force the gum.

Upper engaging member 10 is to transfer an elastic force are attached to the teeth to be applied from the elastic member 40 to the teeth. Upper engaging member 10 can be attached to the front of the teeth. For example, the upper engaging member 10 can be attached to the front teeth, such as the maxillary central incisor, lateral incisor, canine. Upper engaging member as required 10 may be attached to the maxillary premolar and molar.

Upper retaining member 10 is preferably integrally bonded to the teeth to transfer the elastic force of the elastic member 40 as the tooth to be aligned. However, after calibration is complete, it must be separated from the teeth, upper engagement member 10 is preferably detachably coupled to the tooth to be aligned. Upper engaging member 10 can be attached to the upper teeth by a variety of methods. For example, the upper engaging member 10 can be attached to the upper teeth with an adhesive.

Upper engaging member 10 preferably has a structure which can maintain the engagement state of the elastic member 40 is good. Patients in the elastic member 40 is stuck to the upper retaining member 10 and the lower retaining member 20, the state can be moved, such as the maxillary and mandibular gaping. At this time, the elastic member 40, the upper engaging member 10 and the elastic member 40 when the mandible engaging member hanging unstable to 20 can be detached from the upper engaging member 10 and the lower retaining member 20 have. Therefore, the elastic member 40 to upper engaging member 10 to be maintained in a state stuck to the upper engaging member 10 can have a variety of structures. For example, as in the present embodiment, the upper engaging member 10 is provided with the locking portions 12 which can take the elastic member 40 can be formed. When the engagement portion 12 to the upper latching member (10) forming engagement state of the resilient member 40 can be stably maintained. Engaging portion 12 of the upper engaging member 10 in this embodiment is the structure of the elastic member 40 gajina the protrusions protruding upwardly from the body, the engagement portion 12 is not limited to this can be transformed into various forms Do.

Lower engaging member 20 is to support the pulling force acting on the upper engaging member 10 is mounted to the mounting teeth is the lower teeth. When the lower engaging member 20 does not provide enough elastic force member 40 may not provide enough elastic force to the upper latching member (10). Accordingly, the lower retaining member 20 is preferably firmly supporting the elastic member 40 so that the elastic member 40 is capable of generating a sufficient elastic force. However, unlike upper engaging member 10 it is attached integrally to the teeth, mandible engaging member 20 may not be integrally attached to the lower teeth. Instead lower engaging member 20 may be attached to the lower teeth in a form that spans between teeth of the mandibular teeth.

Lower engaging member 20 may have a variety of structures that can be stably supported by the elastic member 40 as little as not coupled integrally with the lower teeth. For example, the lower retaining member 20 may have a shape corresponding to the shape of the can extending in the rear from the front of the lower teeth to be arch-shaped, and lower teeth and gums as in the present embodiment. Lower engaging member 20 may be manufactured in a desired shape by bending a linear member.

Lower engaging member 20 may be made of stainless steel. However, the material of the lower engaging member 20 is not limited to this, nickel-may be made of a material that is harmless to the human body, and moldability, such as chromium-titanium alloy, and cobalt.

When lower engaging member 20 is attached to the patient, the lower engaging member 20 may be positioned outside the lateral incisor. Because of lower engaging members 20 that there is a lower engagement member (20) during a calibration period when positioned at the outer lateral incisors may not be exposed to the outside it may be less constrain the outreach of orthodontic patients.

Further, the front end of the lower retaining member 20 to the elastic member 40 is stably fixed, there are jams engaging portion 22 elastic member 40 it can be formed. Engaging portion of the lower engaging member 20, 22 may be formed in a spherical shape having a diameter larger than the diameter of the lower engaging member 20 as in this embodiment. Be retaining portion 22 of the lower engaging member 20 is to at least the foreign body sensation, which a patient can feel while still reliably fixed to the resilient member 40 when formed of a spherical shape, and the mouth by the retaining portion 22 It can be prevented from occurring in the wound. However, the structure of the engaging portion 22 of the lower engaging member 20 is not limited to this can be transformed into a variety of structures.

In addition, the lower retaining member 20 can become the state of being mounted on a lower teeth by bending a rear end portion of the lower engaging member 20 to be held stably formed with a supporting portion (24) further extending along the gum. Lower engaging member 20 because, rather than being coupled integrally with the lower teeth to be inserted into the interdental area, and can move from the mounted state to the lower teeth. Thus, when the support portion 24 to the lower retaining member 20 is formed it can be prevented from engaging the lower member 20 to pivot from the attached state to the lower teeth.

In the upper engaging member 10 and the lower engaging member 20 is mounted on upper teeth and lower teeth conditions as the elastic member 40 is caught on the upper retaining member 10 and the lower retaining member 20, an elastic member (40 ) acts at the same time the elastic force of the upper engaging member 10 and the lower retaining member 20. At this time, even if the elastic force acts is lower engaging member 20 because it is not a lower engaging member 20 is coupled integrally to the lower teeth, the elastic force effect on the lower teeth will be minimal. On the other hand, the upper engaging member 10 because it is coupled integrally with the teeth of the upper, by the elastic force of the elastic member 40, the orthodontic object constantly pulling force downward acts. Such targeted by the continuous traction orthodontic tooth is teeth can be corrected by being withdrawn gradually downward.

The lid member 30 may be held in the mounted on the lower teeth so as to cover the lower engaging member 20 equipped with a lower latching member 20 to the teeth condition. In addition, the cover member 30 may perform the authoring of the food in addition to the ability to secure the lower latching member (20). The lid member 30 may be when the region corresponding to where the lower engaging member 20 mounted to cover the lower engaging member 20 formed of the area and length. For example, it may be formed continuously from the upper left to the lower right molar mandibular molars as in this embodiment. However, according to the embodiment may include a cover member 30 may be a structure corresponding to different tooth regions, it may also be formed discontinuously. The lid member 30 may be desirable to cover more of the lower engaging member 20, to the extent the lower engaging member 20 does not interfere with the function of fixing the elastic member 40. Thus, the cover member 30 may extend to the rear from the front of the lower teeth to match with the shape of the lower engagement member (20). Cover member 30 may be made of a flexible material and harmless to the human body, such as plastic, and silicon.

Cover member 30 has a portion corresponding to the posterior teeth part can be formed with a projection 32 which is formed to protrude upward more than the other portions. This is to prevent the pulling force acting on the teeth by the teeth while the patient wearing a maxillary orthodontic appliance according to an embodiment of the present invention keeps silent not touch to the mandibular teeth and cover member 30 is offset It is intended. When the cover member 30 to not be formed with a projection (32) is a patient bites the pulling force acting downwardly on the teeth being exposed to the teeth the cover member 30 can be offset to wear. However, a pulling force acting on the teeth can not be canceled because the patient when the protrusions 32 are formed to be shut even when the space formed between the teeth and the lid member 30 to wear.

On the other hand, maxillary orthodontic appliance according to an embodiment of the present invention may further include a fixing member 50. Fixing member 50 serves to secure the cover member 30 to the mandible. Fixing member 50 is the cover member 30 being fixed cover member 30 and the lower retaining member 20 to the lower teeth in a state bound to be more firmly fixed to the lower teeth. The fixing member 50 may have a variety of configurations. For example, the fixing member 50 may have a shape that surrounds the periphery of the fixed target teeth as in this embodiment. At this time, the left side of the fixing member 50 can be inserted into the left side teeth between teeth adjacent to the mounting target tooth and the tooth, and the right side can be inserted between teeth for the right tooth adjacent to the mounting target tooth and the tooth, stops can wrap along the periphery of the front portion of the fixed target tooth, the left end and the right end portion may wrap along the rear portion of the fixed perimeter of the target tooth, respectively. However, the structure of the fixing member 50 is not limited to this, and is secured to the tooth in the state coupled to the cover member 30 can be modified in a variety of structures that can hold the cover member 30 to the teeth.

Hereinafter, a method for correcting the teeth using a maxillary orthodontic appliance according to the present embodiment with reference to the foregoing components, for example.

It is attached to the upper teeth to correct the upper latching member (10). At this time, it may be one of the upper engaging member 10 is only attached to the teeth as required, and may be the upper engaging member 10 is attached to two or more teeth. In other words, you can perform a calibration only one of the upper teeth at a time, and at the same time may perform calibration for several upper teeth.

Lower teeth is then equipped with a lower latching member (20). At this time, mount the lower engaging member 20, the lid member 30, a lower engaging member 20, the lid member 30, a fixing member 50 according to the assembling structure of the fixing member 50 separately on the lower teeth may be, it is also possible to bond the assembly lower retaining member 20, cover member 30, the fixing member 50 is integrally attached to the lower teeth at a time.

When the mounting of the upper engaging member 10 and the lower retaining member 20 is completed, the hang the elastic member 40 to the upper retaining member 10 and the lower retaining member 20. At this time, depending on the size of the traction force necessary required elastic members 40 may take one or more than one. Further, the elastic member 40 is one of the upper engaging member 10 and a lower engaging member 20 may take one day between, one of the two or more and the upper engaging member 10 is lower latching member (20 ), or vice versa, it can take two or more upper locking member 10 and a lower engaging member 20 in one-to-many between. In addition, it can take as many-to-many between two or more upper locking member 10 and two or more lower locking member 20.

With the elastic member 40 installed, when the patient wishes to speak, or intake of food can be temporarily removed from the elastic member 40. Since the food intake or the conversation is completed, it is possible to re-install the elastic member 40 to the upper retaining member 10 and the lower retaining member 20 continues the calibration.

After the correction of the teeth is completed, i.e., after the teeth have been completed is drawn out by a desired length from the gum may be to remove the maxillary orthodontic appliance according to an embodiment of the present invention from the tooth of the patient.

After the completion of the calibration process, if the teeth to be additionally corrected by identically applying the correction process of the correction can be performed.

The above description is as just those described technical features of the present invention by way of example, those skilled in the art it will be various modifications, changes, and substitutions without departing from essential characteristics of the invention . Therefore, it described in this invention embodiment is for illustrative and not intended to limit the technical idea of ​​the present invention, but the scope of the technical idea of ​​the present invention, by such an embodiment is not limited. The scope of protection of the invention is to be interpreted by the following claims, all spirits within a scope equivalent will be construed as included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

  1. At least one of the upper engagement member is coupled integrally to the upper teeth;
    At least one of the lower engaging member attached to the lower teeth;
    An elastic member that generates an elastic force by engagement between the upper engaging member and the lower engaging member; And
    Maxillary orthodontic appliance comprising a cover member mounted to the lower teeth so as to cover the lower engaging member.
  2. According to claim 1,
    The upper engaging member includes maxillary orthodontic appliance is added engaging protruding upward is formed.
  3. According to claim 1,
    The lower engaging member maxillary orthodontic appliance is mounted between teeth of the lower teeth.
  4. According to claim 1,
    The lower engaging member maxillary orthodontic appliance made of arcuate shape extends to the rear from the front of the lower teeth.
  5. According to claim 1,
    The lower engaging members of the front end has a diameter more maxillary orthodontic appliance that is added to form the shape retaining the sphere having a diameter larger than that of the lower engaging member.
  6. According to claim 1,
    Maxillary orthodontic appliance that is support portion is formed extending along the gum is bent, the rear end of the lower engaging member.
  7. According to claim 1,
    The cover member maxillary orthodontic appliance that projections are formed is formed in the portion corresponding to the exit of section protrudes above the other part.
  8. According to claim 1,
    Maxillary orthodontic appliance further comprising a fixing member fixed to the lower teeth in the coupled to the cover member state.
  9. The method of claim 8,
    The covering member is the maxillary orthodontic appliance that is fixed so as to surround the periphery of the fixed target tooth.
PCT/KR2016/004275 2015-05-12 2016-04-25 Orthodontic device for maxillary teeth WO2016182226A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR20150066055A KR101592421B1 (en) 2015-05-12 2015-05-12 Orthodontic appliance
KR10-2015-0066055 2015-05-12

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2016182226A1 true true WO2016182226A1 (en) 2016-11-17

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/KR2016/004275 WO2016182226A1 (en) 2015-05-12 2016-04-25 Orthodontic device for maxillary teeth

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KR (1) KR101592421B1 (en)
WO (1) WO2016182226A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101592421B1 (en) * 2015-05-12 2016-02-05 남경수 Orthodontic appliance

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6935858B2 (en) * 2002-11-19 2005-08-30 3M Innovative Properties Company Elastomeric force module for orthodontic treatment
JP3940118B2 (en) * 2003-12-19 2007-07-04 俊雄 播磨 Wire retainer for orthodontic
JP2007260158A (en) * 2006-03-28 2007-10-11 Matsushita Electric Works Ltd Orthodontic appliance
US20120258417A1 (en) * 2011-03-23 2012-10-11 Lawner Neil O Elastic bands for orthodontic use
US8641414B2 (en) * 2011-10-10 2014-02-04 Align Technology, Inc. Automatic placement of precision cuts
KR101592421B1 (en) * 2015-05-12 2016-02-05 남경수 Orthodontic appliance

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6935858B2 (en) * 2002-11-19 2005-08-30 3M Innovative Properties Company Elastomeric force module for orthodontic treatment
JP3940118B2 (en) * 2003-12-19 2007-07-04 俊雄 播磨 Wire retainer for orthodontic
JP2007260158A (en) * 2006-03-28 2007-10-11 Matsushita Electric Works Ltd Orthodontic appliance
US20120258417A1 (en) * 2011-03-23 2012-10-11 Lawner Neil O Elastic bands for orthodontic use
US8641414B2 (en) * 2011-10-10 2014-02-04 Align Technology, Inc. Automatic placement of precision cuts
KR101592421B1 (en) * 2015-05-12 2016-02-05 남경수 Orthodontic appliance

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Publication number Publication date Type
KR101592421B1 (en) 2016-02-05 grant

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