WO2016180980A1 - Panel and method for laying panels - Google Patents

Panel and method for laying panels Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2016180980A1
WO2016180980A1 PCT/EP2016/060914 EP2016060914W WO2016180980A1 WO 2016180980 A1 WO2016180980 A1 WO 2016180980A1 EP 2016060914 W EP2016060914 W EP 2016060914W WO 2016180980 A1 WO2016180980 A1 WO 2016180980A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
panel
panels
end faces
formed
locking
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/EP2016/060914
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Thomas Grafenauer
Original Assignee
Falquon Gmbh
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE202015102471.1 priority Critical
Priority to DE202015102471.1U priority patent/DE202015102471U1/en
Priority to DE102015208904.5 priority
Priority to DE102015208904.5A priority patent/DE102015208904A1/en
Application filed by Falquon Gmbh filed Critical Falquon Gmbh
Publication of WO2016180980A1 publication Critical patent/WO2016180980A1/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/02038Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements characterised by tongue and groove connections between neighbouring flooring elements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B5/00Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them
    • F16B5/0004Joining sheets, plates or panels in abutting relationship
    • F16B5/0008Joining sheets, plates or panels in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels substantially in their own plane, perpendicular to the abutting edge
    • F16B5/0012Joining sheets, plates or panels in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels substantially in their own plane, perpendicular to the abutting edge a tongue on the edge of one sheet, plate or panel co-operating with a groove in the edge of another sheet, plate or panel
    • F16B5/0016Joining sheets, plates or panels in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels substantially in their own plane, perpendicular to the abutting edge a tongue on the edge of one sheet, plate or panel co-operating with a groove in the edge of another sheet, plate or panel with snap action
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0107Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels substantially in their own plane, perpendicular to the abutting edges
    • E04F2201/0115Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels substantially in their own plane, perpendicular to the abutting edges with snap action of the edge connectors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/03Undercut connections, e.g. using undercut tongues or grooves
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/04Other details of tongues or grooves
    • E04F2201/044Other details of tongues or grooves with tongues or grooves comprising elements which are not manufactured in one piece with the sheets, plates or panels but which are permanently fixedly connected to the sheets, plates or panels, e.g. at the factory
    • E04F2201/046Other details of tongues or grooves with tongues or grooves comprising elements which are not manufactured in one piece with the sheets, plates or panels but which are permanently fixedly connected to the sheets, plates or panels, e.g. at the factory wherein the elements are made of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/04Other details of tongues or grooves
    • E04F2201/044Other details of tongues or grooves with tongues or grooves comprising elements which are not manufactured in one piece with the sheets, plates or panels but which are permanently fixedly connected to the sheets, plates or panels, e.g. at the factory
    • E04F2201/049Other details of tongues or grooves with tongues or grooves comprising elements which are not manufactured in one piece with the sheets, plates or panels but which are permanently fixedly connected to the sheets, plates or panels, e.g. at the factory wherein the elements are made of organic plastics with or without reinforcements or filling materials
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B5/00Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them
    • F16B5/0004Joining sheets, plates or panels in abutting relationship
    • F16B5/008Joining sheets, plates or panels in abutting relationship by a rotating or sliding and rotating movement

Abstract

The invention relates to panels and to a method for laying the panels. What is described are panels which comprise a panel body which comprises a basic body with an upper side (11) and an underside (12) and also end sides (20, 30, 40, 50) between the upper side (11) and the underside (12), wherein coupling means (24, 34) are formed on diametrically opposite first end sides (20, 30) of the basic body in order, when laying the panel (10) with an identical panel (10), to be able to bring about a mechanical engagement of the coupling means (24, 34) with coupling means (24', 34') of the identical panel (10') via a translational movement parallel to the surface (11) of the panel (10), wherein, in addition to the coupling means, latching elements (70) are formed which comprise at least one elastically deformable latching tongue (73) on one of the diametrically opposite first end sides (20) and a latching notch (60) on the other of the diametrically opposite first end sides (30), wherein the at least one latching tongue (73) is formed from a different material than the basic body of the panel (10).

Description

Panel and method for laying of panels

The invention relates generally to panels and methods for their installation, with which panels are designed for flat surfaces. In particular, the invention thus relates to panels for forming a floor covering as well as corresponding

Laying method. In particular, the invention relates to such panels which are suitable for a glueless installation and corresponding laying method.

From the prior art it is known to use similar formed panels to disguise a flat surface. For example, such panels for floors to be used. Such panels can be used as a wall or ceiling coverings.

Usually, such a panel know on a panel body, which is made on the basis of a base body. The main body has a top and a plane parallel thereto trained normally bottom. Between the top and the

Lower formed end faces. The front sides generally have profilings which form coupling agent and optionally additional locking means. Simple coupling agent, for example, comprise a groove and a tongue, which are formed on diametrically opposite faces of the base body or the panel body so that a spring on the front side of a panel can be introduced into a groove in the end face of another similar panel. In the so-engaged condition tongue and groove effect fixing of the panels perpendicular to the top surface of the panels, which are arranged in a laying plane so that the upper sides are oriented parallel to each other.

To achieve a decorative effect, the panel body have a decor usually at the top. This can be made in different ways. Often, a printed decorative layer is applied to a base body, which is covered with another resin and / or lacquer layers, to protect this particular against environmental influences and / or to improve its visual appearance on. These coatings and / or resin layers beyond a

comprise surface structuring in order structures shown, for example, in the decorative layer, such as a wood grain or the like, also replicate in three dimensions. Notwithstanding this surface structure may be present, such a surface is just considered in the further description as.

While clutch means such as a groove and a spring able to ensure fixing transverse to the surface of the panels in the laid state, it does not prevent separation of the interconnected panels in the laying plane. Forces acting parallel to the top of the panels in the laying plane to separate from one another again interconnected panels are referred to as so-called pull-out forces.

It is desirable that the panels as high as possible pull-out forces in the laid state resist, without separation of the panels is incident. In order to achieve a high extraction resistance, preferably locking elements are on the front sides of the panels thus formed, which engage in one another in the installed state so that with respect to the separation of the panels in the laying plane, a positive

Connection is formed between the locking elements. Together, the locking elements cause, together with the coupling elements preferably optimum fixing of the panels to each other both perpendicularly to the laying plane and parallel to the laying plane.

Panels are typically formed with a rectangular top and bottom so that diametrically opposite first end faces and diametrically opposed second end faces which are transversely formed in the generally perpendicular to the first end faces exist. Depending on the aspect ratio of the first and second faces, these are designated as long and short sides. In a flat laying of panels it is necessary to achieve both transversely to the long side edges as well as transversely to the short side edges of high extraction values.

While clutch means in the form of tongue and groove may be formed both on the long sides as well as on the short sides and are in each case into each other fügbar while the panels are aligned with each other parallel to the laying plane, this is often associated with the locking elements is not possible. These are often only fügbar each other, when the panels to be joined together with respect to an axis of rotation which are tilted parallel to each other is aligned to be joined end faces to each other. In the tilted state, the clutch elements can be fitted together and the locking elements are engaged with each other then via the parallel alignment of the tops of the panels, often one of the clutch and / or locking elements is at least temporarily deformed or deflected, so that for a subsequent re-angling a force threshold to be overcome. In such systems, it is not generally possible to achieve a tilting with respect to the long front side and the short end face at the same time for the panels to be joined together. Therefore, often different clutch and / or locking elements are formed at the first end faces and this is oriented transversely second faces.

In addition to locking systems, in which an angulation and a subsequent alignment is required during installation, also locking elements are known in which a lowering of the end faces is necessary across the upper surfaces of the panels to be joined together end edges in order to bring the locking elements engage with each other. Such locking systems are also called Fold- down systems.

Some coupling and locking elements which are formed on the end faces of panels elastically deformable comprise components which a

allow interengagement guiding and locking during a translational movement of the panels to one another in the laying plane. Here, partial components of locking elements during the locking operation are elastically deformed, the relax at least partially in the locked state, and an interlocking

train connection between the panels.

The aim of the various systems is possible without an integral connection, which would for example be formable by means of adhesives, to achieve adequate fixation of the panels together. Further, in some situations be desirable to record the installed panels again, ie again be able to separate from each other without damaging them, to make them embarrassed again at the same or elsewhere.

Known from the prior art systems have either poor

Fixing properties, or can not be again without damage inseparable. The invention is thus the technical object to provide improved panels and an improved method for laying panels on the one hand ensure an easy installation and good fixing of the panels in the laid state and to enable a simple and damage-free disassembly of an installed panel.

The invention is achieved by a panel having the features of claim 1 and a method of laying with the features according to the patent claim 12 and a method for picking up panels according to claim 18th Advantageous embodiments of the invention emerge from the subclaims.

The basic idea of ​​the invention

The invention is based on the basic idea, at least at first diametrically

opposite ends of coupling agent and additionally provide latching elements, allow for an engagement and joining the panels over a

allow translational movement of the panels aligned in a plane. For this purpose, in addition to the coupling means, which in the engaged condition, a fixing perpendicular to the top surface of the panels causing formed latching elements at the diametrically opposite first end faces of which comprise at one of these diametrically opposite first end faces, an elastically deformable locking tongue and on the other the diametrically opposite the first end faces comprise a Verrastungskerbe corresponding thereto. The resiliently deformable latching tongue is in this case formed of a different material than the base body, on whose end faces the coupling elements are arranged. This makes it possible, sufficient resiliency of the locking tongue with high stability of a

to ensure Paneelgrundkörpers so, a force is which required during installation so as to deform the elastically deformable locking tongue until the clips are in the engaged state compresses in the Verrastungskerbe one to be connected to the panel, is so low that no impact tools are necessary, the application of slightly damage to the coupling agent or edges leads to the end faces.

It is proposed preferred embodiments, a panel comprising a panel body comprising a base body with a top and a bottom and front sides between the top and the bottom, said coupling means are formed on diametrically opposite first end faces of the base body to the same type with a during the laying of the panel panel a mechanical engagement of the coupling agent with

to bring to the surface of the panel coupling means of the similar panel by a translational movement parallel, wherein in addition to the

Coupling means latching elements are formed which on one of diametrically opposite first end faces of at least one elastically deformable latching tongue and the other of the diametrically opposite first end faces of a

Verrastungskerbe include wherein the at least one locking tongue is formed from a different material than the base body of the panel. Preferably, the

Main body of the panel is made from wood or wood plastic composite material, a gypsum fiber board, a cement fiber board or like material, in which a milling coupling agents are formable at least at the diametrically opposite first end faces. As material for the latching tongue are

in particular plastics or plastic-metal composite systems, as well as metals.

Further, a method for laying similar panels is provided, comprising the steps of: providing a plurality of panels, locating one of the panels in a joining plane and arranging a further panel in the joining plane such that a top of the one panel and an upper side of a further panel parallel to each other are arranged in one plane and the mutually facing first

having end faces each other feasible coupling agent; Running a

Translational movement in the plane in which the panels are aligned with each other so that a distance of the panels is reduced, and grip the coupling means of the mutually facing first end faces each other, whereby during the

Translational movement of at least one formed on one of the mutually facing end faces of the first elastically deformable latching tongue is initially deformed and then, the mutually facing first in a Verrastungskerbe in the other

compresses end faces and thus causes a positive connection between the two panels in the plane.

Here, when in connection with the joining of two panels is referred to a joining plane, so this is during the laying process that the plane in which the tops of the panels to be joined are parallel to each other oriented and aligned. This joining plane during mating may differ from the final laying plane in which many flat panels are connected to each other.

Such a connection has the advantage that the locking tongue with the

Verrastungskerbe, causes a fixation of the panels to each other in the plane, preferably the laying plane. However, the connection can be separated again simply by the panels are angled relative to each other with respect to an axis of rotation parallel to the first end faces. Thereby, the inserted spring-loaded in the Verrastungskerbe locking tongue is lifted from the Verrastungskerbe so that subsequently is possible to separate the panels without damage.

Preferably diametrically opposite second end faces are transverse to the first end faces is formed, wherein the diametrically opposed second

End faces are formed complementary to each other and clutch and

have locking elements, so that the coupling and locking members of the second end sides with the coupling and locking members of a complementary second end face of a similar additional panel can be brought into engagement when the panel surfaces are with respect to a co-linear to the second end sides of the axis of rotation angled towards each other and then a parallel alignment of the tops can be converted into a locked state, in which the panels are locked together at their second ends. In a flat laying is therefore contemplated that the first end faces of a

Translational movement of the mutually parallel upper surface formed of the panels is carried out and are joined to the second end faces in a mutually angled state into one another and locked to each other through a subsequent parallel alignment to eliminate the angling. Here, the clutch can and

Locking elements of the second end faces may be formed the same effect or identical to the coupling means and latching elements of the first end faces. Thus, an optimum fixing is both transverse to the first end faces and transversely to the second faces ensured in the laying plane and additionally ensured by the interlocking coupling means on the first ends and the second end faces, a fixing perpendicular to the upper sides of the panels. The connection to the second end faces is formed so that they can be separated after another angling in a simple manner from one another. If the coupling and locking members of the second end faces the same effect or formed identically to the coupling means and latching elements of the first end faces, so it is also possible to arrange the panels in the laying plane or other joining plane and a translatory movement in parallel to the laying plane or joint plane each other to lead and clutch and

lock locking elements.

In some embodiment, the coupling agents, if they are not configured identically or similar and the same effect to those of the first end faces, on one of the opposite second end faces a groove, and on the diametrically

opposite end face of a spring, and the locking elements on one of two diametrically opposed second end faces at least one

Verriegelungsvorspung and at the other of the diametrically opposed second end faces, a locking recess which are configured such that in the locked state via the groove and the spring fixing perpendicular to the

Paneeloberseite is formed and a positive connection in the plane of the mutually parallel aligned panels is effected via interlocking the at least one locking projection and the at least one locking recess.

In a preferred development of the laying procedure the panels to be joined with their second faces are applied to a number of already laid panels in

brought angled state with respect to the laying plane with the coupling means of the already installed panels into engagement. Subsequently, the new

panels to be joined by a translational movement to the first end faces latched together, and then locked by a lowering of the new panels to be joined now interconnected in the laying plane with the already laid panels previously. This is for both embodiments of advantage in which the second end sides are formed the same effect or identical to the first end faces with elastically deformable latching tongues which engage in a threaded state in a Verrastungskerbe, and for those embodiments in which the second end sides no such comprise resilient locking tongues and are not suitable for a purely translational engagement by means of a translational movement in the laying plane or joint plane. In a bent state, the panels are not yet locked to the second end sides, so that they can be positioned without a large force parallel to the row of the previously installed panels nor a simple manner. Here, then usually the first end of the panels of the new series of panels, each located in the angled position in relation to the final laying plane, each other out and locked.

A recording is done in accordance with in reverse order by the panels are first of all bent about an axis parallel to the second end faces and are thus separated from the rest of the laid panels, and then the still connected to each other at the first end faces of panels about angling with respect to an axis parallel to be the first end faces separated from each other.

A method for receiving of the installed panels therefore provides that one of the panels is deflected to a direction away from another one of the panels first end side of the laying plane about a rotation axis which is parallel to the interconnected first end faces of the panels, so that the upper sides of the panels are mutually angled and the at least one elastically deformable

Locking tongue is lifted in the Verrastungskerbe or lifted out of the Verrastungskerbe, and the panels are then removed from each other.

The force required for the elastic deformation of the locking tongue during

to keep the connecting operation low and nevertheless ensure an optimal introduction of force into the latching tongue in the installed state, is provided in one embodiment that the resiliently deformable latching tongue has in a relaxed position of rest at an angle relative to the top of the panel and a free end of the locking tongue to a center the panel has. This means that the formed over the latching tongue latching element to a tip of the end face, on which the

Latching tongue disposed is tapered. Accordingly, a component of the front side of another panel during the engagement to slide on to the catch tongue and this deformed during the engagement of the first end side via a translational movement parallel to the mutually parallel tops. In the compressed state, the free end of the detent tongue of a support wall of the Verrastungskerbe faces and is supported at occurring extraction forces thereto. Since the latching tongue is angled relative to the top, a part of the acting extraction forces, at least be coupled in parallel to a longitudinal direction of the stop tongue in this. Since a resistance of the locking tongue with respect to a compression of the material is higher than against an elastic deformation transversely to the longitudinal extension of the latching tongue can thus accommodate larger pull-out forces than if this would be oriented perpendicular to the top.

In order to facilitate interengagement guiding the coupling means and locking elements to the first end faces of the laying, in the basic body, a tongue-receiving means is adapted to, during the laying operation, the elastically deformed least one elastically deformable locking tongue to spring compression incorporated into the Verrastungskerbe the corresponding first end of another panel ,

The remote center of the panel a supporting wall of Verrastungskerbe has

preferably a bank on which a tapering of the Verrastungskerbe in

having the compression direction for a locking tongue. This means that the support wall which faces a free end of the end face is not oriented perpendicular to the top side, so that the einfedernde when engaging performing in the Verrastungskerbe latching tongue already bears against the support wall of the Verrastungskerbe even when not yet completely into one another run state. The support wall of the Verrastungskerbe thus prevents complete relaxation of the detent tongue at least until the connecting panels are joined to one another to fully intermeshing. Hereby is achieved that even with small production tolerances or the penetration of foreign substances, which prevent a complete fitting into each other of the panels, yet secure locking is ensured.

Particularly preferably, the locking tongue is constructed as a leg of a locking angle member. A mounting angle of such a locking angle member is arranged in one embodiment on a lower side of a spring which is part of the coupling elements. In yet another embodiment, the

Mounting limbs of the locking angle member be disposed at a top of a Nutunterwange projecting opposite the Nutoberwange. Accordingly, the corresponding thereto Verrastungskerben are formed either in an upper surface of the projecting Nutunterwange or in the underside of the tongue or in the region of a recess which is formed in extension of the underside of the tongue for receiving the Nutunterwange. In an alternative embodiment, preferably an obliquely extending to the top bracket notch is incorporated either at the bottom of the spring or in the top of a projecting Nutunterwange, in which an elastic strip is inserted, the elastically deformable latching tongue with the protruding out of the holder notch free end of the strip forms. In such an embodiment it is easily possible to form the locking tongue so as to be shorter along the entire first end face or nearly along the entire front side

End portions, which may be free of the locking tongue extends.

If a spacer brackets are used, this does not extend generally over the entire length of the first end face. However, such embodiments are also possible. In general, however, a plurality of locking angles are fixed to the base body at regular or irregular intervals. However, the Verrastungskerbe extends generally over an entire length of the corresponding first face. This makes it possible to connect the panels to the first end faces of any lateral offset to each other. Is in the laying of the first end sides no lateral offset between the interconnected panels is desired, the Verrastungskerben may be formed corresponding to the mounting positions of corresponding locking angles only equal and unequal intervals.

The invention is explained in detail with reference to a drawing. show:

Figure 1 is a schematic plan view of a panel.

FIGS. 2a-2c cross-sectional views showing various positions of the mating first side edges of similar panels are shown;

FIGS. 3a-3c are sectional views showing different positions when connecting or

Separating first side edges show another embodiment; a schematic side view of joined reciprocally second side edges; Fig. 5 is a schematic plan view for explaining installation of similar

panels;

Fig. 6 is a schematic side view of another embodiment

into each of joined first side edges; and

Fig. 7 is yet another embodiment which joined first interengaging

represent side edges of panels.

In Fig. 1 is a plan view of a panel 10 is shown. Evident is a top one first The top surface 1 1 is usually provided with a decoration. To this end, a

Basic body usually either directly printed or a decoration applied on top a printed sheet. In order to protect the decor, the top one or more resin or varnish layers, which may be korundhaltig to increase abrasion resistance. The various layers of paint can be transparent and clear, transparent and colored or opaque. In addition, the paint layers can be carried out either matt or gloss.

In addition, the top surface 1 1 may also comprise a structuring to produce visual and / or tactile effects. Regardless of such patterning is the upper side 1 1 of the panel 10 just assumed to be smooth and.

The panel 10 comprises diametrically opposite first side edges 20, 30, which are the short sides of the panel 10 in the illustrated embodiment. Transversely to the first side edge to second side edges 40, 50 which are longer than the first side edges extend. The panel 10 thus has diametrically opposed first side edges 20, 30 and also diametrically opposite second side edges 40, 50th The diametrically opposite first side edges 20, 30 have mutually complementary coupling means which are designed for example as a spring groove 25 and 35th At a first side edge 20, the spring 25 can be seen on the opposite first side edge 30 opens onto a projection 36 of a Nutunterwange 37. In this embodiment, in addition as a latching element 70 in the Nutunterwange 37 a Verrastungskerbe 60 is formed, the function of further is described below. are attached to the second side edges 40, 50 also

Coupling means formed. At the second side edge 40, a spring 45 can be seen in the embodiment shown. At the diametrically opposite second side edge 50 opens onto a projection 56 of a Nutunterwange 57 of a groove 55. On the Nutunterwange 57 is on the opposite second side edge 50, a locking projection 90 can be seen. This preferably extends over the entire length of the opposite second side edge 50. In an alternative embodiment to the second side edge 40, 50 coupling agent and

Locking means formed, which are formed have the same effect or identical to the coupling means and latching elements on the opposite first side edges 20, 30th

In Fig. 2a, a first end face 20 of a panel 10 and an opposite first side edge 30 'of a further panel 10 "shown schematically. Same technical characteristics are indicated in the various embodiments with the same reference numerals. Superscript strokes like " '", "'" etc. are used to distinguish features on different panels, ie the number of the raised lines is a relationship to the corresponding panel on. All of the features which have no or the same number of high-ranking strokes include to the same panel or the same Paneelgruppe.

the process of assembling the panels 10, 10 is shown in Fig. 2a 'a translational movement parallel to the upper sides 1 1, 1 1' of the panels 10, 10 'as indicated by a arrow 101. Translation. At the first side edge 20 of the panel 10 a spring 25 is formed. On the underside thereof and an adjacent

Lower beam receiving recess 26 is formed a bracket groove 27th In this holder 27, a notch at least partially elastically deformable element in the form of an elastic strip 71 is attached as a catch element 70th A projecting out of the holder notch 27 portion 72 of strip 71 forms a resiliently deformable latching tongue 73. In this embodiment, in the bottom of the spring 25 or in the region of the lower beam-receiving recess 26 has a tongue receiving structure 28 is formed. In this the resiliently deformable latching tongue 73 is during the

'Added bonding the panels 10, 10 degrees. This is due to the fact that an outer edge 38 'of the projecting Nutunterwange 37' during assembly of the panels 10, 10 'against the latching tongue 73 presses. This is thereby elastically deformed and penetrates into the tongue-receiving 28th FIG. 2b shows the state in which the panels 10, 10 'are completely done with the coupling means 24, 34 into each other, that is, the spring is fully penetrated into the groove 35 25. Furthermore, the locking tongue 73 is in the Verrastungskerbe 60 of the

Nutunterwange 37 springs are compressed. In this embodiment, the locking tongue 73 and the Verrastungskerbe 60 provide the locking elements 70. If an attempt is the panels 10, 10 'parallel to the surfaces of 1 1, 1 1' to separate from each other so abuts a free end 29 of the locking tongue 73 against one. support wall 61 of the Verrastungskerbe 60 '. The support wall 61 'is inclined from the top of the panel and a top of the Nutunterwange, so that the Verrastungskerbe 60' in the direction of compression 62, which is indicated as an arrow, is tapered. This ensures that the free end 29 of the locking tongue 73 abuts against the support wall 61 'of the Verrastungskerbe 60' and is supported on this, even if the spring is not fully penetrated 25 in the groove 35 '.

Preferably, the further latching notch wall 65 'at an inclination which corresponds approximately to that of inclination of the locking tongue 73 in the relaxed state. This is opposite to the upper surface 1 1 of the panel 10 or the bottom side 12 of the panel 10 is inclined so that the free end 29 of a center 15 of the panel facing. The latching element 70 in the form of snap-in tongue 73 thus tapers to a tip 22 of a first

Side edge 20. Hereby is achieved that a deflection of the elastic latching tongue is facilitated when engaging the other hand, a portion of the extraction forces which are transmitted via the support wall 61 'of the latching tongue 73, in a

Longitudinal direction 1 of function 10, and thus leads to a compression of the material of the locking tongue. Such a material compression generally requires greater forces than an elastic deflection transversely to the longitudinal direction 1 10 of the locking tongue 73. To the

to prevent deflection, the further detent notch wall 65 'is inclined so that it is parallel to the locking tongue 73 in the relaxed or nearly relaxed state, so that when a deflection of the locking tongue 73 against the further latching notch wall 65' prevents further detent notch wall 65 ', this deflection.

In Fig. 2c it is shown that an angling of the panels 10, 10 'about a rotation axis 120 which is oriented perpendicular to the plane of the drawing and parallel to the first side edges 20, 30' extends with the result that the locking tongue 73 from the

Verrastungskerbe 60 'is lifted. Thereafter, it is easily possible, the first side edge connected to one another 20, 30 'of the panels 10, 10' to separate from one another again.

In FIGS. 3a-3c the corresponding situations during mating and unmating of panels 10, 10 'at their first side edges 20, 30' for another embodiment of the latching elements are shown 70 '. In this embodiment, 'the resiliently deformable latching tongue 73' is formed as a leg of a locking angle of 130 'as a latching 70th A fixing leg is arranged in a recess which is also referred to as a locking angle receptacle 39 '. This is so deeply formed that it can hold, in addition to the attachment legs 131 'and the second leg 132' of the latching member 70 ', which the latching tongue 73' is provided with. The locking angle receptacle 39 'thus provides also in addition, a locking tongue receptacle 28'. In this embodiment, the locking tongue 73 'at the translational fitting into each other of the panel 10 to the panel 10' is determined by the tip 22 of the first side edge 20, ie, by an edge of the spring 25 deflected and deformed. If the spring 25 in the groove 35 'penetrated, so cushions the elastically deformed locking tongue 73' in the Verrastungskerbe 60, which is in this case formed in the underside of the spring 25 or in the region of a lower beam receiving recess 26th Also in this embodiment, the Verrastungskerbe 60 a latching element 70 represents. 61 again, the support wall, preferably an inclination, which leads to a narrowing of the Verrastungskerbe 60 in the compression direction 62nd The further latching notch wall 65 is again formed with an inclination, which results in that this wall in the latched state is formed as parallel as possible to the then largely relaxed or completely relaxed latching tongue 73 '. The latched state is shown in Fig. 3b.

In Fig. 3c it can be seen once again that an angling of the panels 10, 10 'about a rotation axis 120 which is parallel to the short faces 20, 30' and is formed perpendicular to the drawing plane resulting in that the locking tongue 73 'of of the

Verrastungskerbe 60 is lifted and is easily possible to separate the panels 10, 10 '. As for bringing about the locking connection only elastic deformation of the latching tongue 73 'is necessary, no forces have to be overcome, requiring a use of impact tools or the like. Thus, damage to

Faces 20, 30 'and 30, 20' (not shown), which in turning

Coupling agents frequently occur in coupling means of another panel, avoided. In Fig. 4 a cross section through a panel 10 and another panel 10 is shown "schematically, in which case the connection of the second side edges 40, 50 'at a

is illustrated embodiment in which the coupling means are not formed, or the same effect identical to the first side edge. In addition to the coupling means 44, 54 in the form of a spring 45 and a groove 55 ', the panel 10 a

Locking recess 91 and the other panel 10 'at the top of

Nutunterwange 57 a corresponding locking projection 90 'on. In the laying position of the locking projection 90 'engages in the locking recess 91, and thus leads to a form-locking connection between the panel 10 and the other panel 10' against pull-out forces parallel to the laying plane, ie parallel to the upper sides 1 1, 1 1 'of the panels 10 , 10 '. Depending on the specific embodiment, a tension-free or voltage-prone locking can be performed. In a voltage-prone lock is in the installed state of the locking projection 90 'easily deformed or deflected. The corresponding forces are on the abutting edges 42, 52 'of the second end faces 40, 50' supported.

Referring to Fig. 5 to the laying of panels 10, 10 ', "will be explained, applied to the first side edges 20, 30, 20" 10, 30 "second on an elastically deformable detent tongue interacting with a Verrastungskerbe 60" and to the end faces 40, 50, 40 ', 40 "are connected to each other via locking elements which in an angled state of the panels 10, 10', 10" reciprocally fügbar and in a parallel alignment of the panels 10, 10 'interlock to each other 10', as shown in Fig. 4.

In the situation that is shown in the upper portion of Fig. 5, two rows of panels are already laid 10th Two further panels 10 'and 10 "are with their second side edges 40', 40" against the already laid panels, respectively about a rotation axis which is parallel to the second end faces 50, 40 ', 40 ", angled and 10 with its coupling means 44 ', 44 ", 54 fitted into each other (step 1), here for example, with its springs 45', 45" inserted into the corresponding grooves 55 of the already installed panels 10, as shown in the provided with the letter A cross-sectional view of the bottom left ,

Before the panels 10 'and 10 "are lowered against the previously laid panels 10, the first end faces 20', 30 'via a translation movement into one another, so that the panels 10' and 10", while the upper sides 1 1 ', 1 are 1 'aligned in parallel, engage with each other (step 2). This is shown schematically in two steps in the middle of Figure 5 under the

Cross-sectional views B and C are indicated. The latching tongue 73 'engages in this case in the Verrastungskerbe 60 "of the panel 10 and locked therein.

In a third step (step 3), the panels so joined together 10 and 10 'aligned with respect to the previously laid panels, ie lowered. This is indicated on the bottom right of the denoted by letters D cross-sectional view D and leads to a locking of the second end faces 50, 40 ', 40 ". Both transverse to the first faces 20, 30, 20', 30 'and transverse to the second

Stirnseiten40, 50, 40 ', 40 "is entered, so that the panels having transverse to the respective end faces of high extraction values ​​in both directions a latching or locking.

Nevertheless, such a laid floor can accommodate in a simple manner back and the panels 10, 10 ', 10' separate from each other by the steps shown in reverse order are carried out in Fig. 5, wherein the step shown in points B and C is thereby undone that the panels 10 and 10 "relative to the first side edges 20 ', 30' are mutually angled, so that the locking tongue 73 '' is raised and the panels 10 ', 10" out of the detent recess 60 can be separated easily.

The laying of the panels can also, in embodiments in which the second side edges are formed with coupling and locking means which have the same effect or identical to the coupling means and latching elements on the first side edges, analogous to that described in connection with FIG. 5

carried approach. As is apparent from Fig. 2c and 3c shows panels can the coupling means comprise an elastic element in the form of a detent tongue, which is made of a different material than the main body of the panel, as is described for the first side edge, not only a translational movement analog FIGS. 2a and 2b or analogous to FIG. 3a and 3b are connected to each other. Rather, it is also possible to lead the panels in an angled position each other, in which this could also be separated from each other again, as is shown in Fig. 2c and 3c. Cutting away from the panels, ie bringing the tops of the panels in a plane, the coupling elements lock the panels, as shown in Fig. 2b and 3b. The joining of the panels can therefore analogous to the in

Connection with FIG. 5 described procedures take place, even if the first and second side edges are formed identically. In these embodiments, however, it is also possible, the second side edges alternatively a

to connect translational movement, while the tops of the panels are aligned parallel to each other. When laying these embodiments provide greater flexibility with identical first and second side edges.

A record is also for this embodiment, wherein the first and second side edges have an elastic element in the form of a deformable latching tongue, which is made of a different material than the main body of the panel, in such a way that two rows of panels against each other about an axis parallel to the second side edge (see FIG. analogous to FIG. 5) are angled so that the locking tongues are lifted from the Verrastungskerben, as this way of example in Fig. 2c or Fig. 3c is indicated. Thus, the rows of panels are gradually separated. Within the series, the panels are separated in the same way via angling from each other. This is always possible without destruction.

In Figs. 6 and 7 embodiments are similar to FIGS. 2 and 3. These differ from the previously shown embodiments in that the mounting groove 27 is formed 'in the Nutunterwange example, in the embodiment of Fig. 6 and the corresponding Verrastungskerbe 60 in the underside of the tongue or of the Nutunterwangenaufnahmeaussparung. Accordingly, in Fig. 7 of the locking angle 130 ', on which the latching tongue 73' is formed in a

Shot detent 39 'at the bottom of the spring 25' and the

Nutunterwangenaufnahmeaussparung 26 'is formed. Accordingly, the

Verrastungskerbe 37ausgebildet 60 in this embodiment in the Nutunterwange.

The embodiments described have the advantage that on the one hand, they allow for easy installation, which can be carried by one person. In addition, it is ensured that the panels can be separated from each other again without damage and thus a reusability is assured. This is particularly important for high-quality soils that have a lacquered top and used for example in the stands, especially advantageous because they can be reused several times and no damage to the corresponding edges of the top occur.

LIST OF REFERENCE NUMBERS

10 panel

1 1 Top

12 bottom

15 center of the panel

20, first side edge

22 tip

24 coupling agent

25 spring

26 cheeks receiving recess

27 bracket notch

28 catch tongue

29 free end

30 first side edge

34 coupling agent

35 groove

36 supernatant

37 Nutunterwange

38 Au ßenkante

39 Rest Shot

40 second side edge

42 abutting edge

44 coupling agent

45 spring

50 second side edge

52 abutting edge

54 coupling agent

55 groove

56 supernatant

57 Nutunterwange

60 Verrastungskerbe

61 supporting wall

62 compression direction

65 additional locking notch wall latching

strip

free part

catch tongue

locking projection

locking recess

locking elements

Translation arrow

longitudinal direction

axis of rotation

Rest angle

Mounting legs second leg

Claims

claims
1 . Panel (10) comprising a panel body having a base body with a
Upper surface (1 1) and a bottom (12) and end faces (20, 30, 40, 50) between the upper surface (1 1) and the bottom (12), wherein at diametrically
opposite first end faces (20, 30) of the base body coupling means (24, 34) are formed to the laying of the panel (10) having a
like panel (10) comprises a mechanical engagement of the clutch means (24, 34) with coupling means (24 ', 34') of the similar panel (10 ') via a
Translational movement to bring to the surface (1 1) of the panel (10) in parallel,
characterized, in that
are formed in addition to the coupling means locking elements (70) mounted on one of the diametrically opposed first faces (20) at least one elastically deformable latching tongue (73) and on the other the diametrically
opposite first end faces (30) comprise a Verrastungskerbe (60), wherein the at least one locking tongue (73) of a different material than the base body of the panel (10) is formed.
2. Panel (10) according to claim 1, characterized in that the elastically
having deformable latching tongue (73) in a relaxed rest position an angle relative to a top surface of the panel and a free end of the latching tongue (73) to a center of the panel has.
is formed 3. panel (10) according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that in the basic body, a tongue-receiving means (28) for the elastically deformed to take (73) at least one elastically deformable latching tongue during the laying operation.
4. Panel (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the Verrastungskerbe (60) of the middle facing away (15) of the panel (10) supporting wall (61), said support wall (61) has a slope that causes a narrowing of the Verrastungskerbe (60).
5. Panel (10) according to claim 4, characterized in that the inclination of the support wall (61) is selected such that the support wall (61) has a relaxation of during installation deformed least one elastically deformable latching tongue (73 ') of another panel (10 ') which engages in the already Verrastungskerbe (60) of one panel (10), at least prevented until the
Coupling means having a first end face (20 ', 30') of the other panel (10 ') to the at least one elastically deformable latching tongue (73') is formed entirely in the coupling means on the first end side (30, 20) of one panel engaging (10) on which the at least one Verrastungskerbe (60) is formed.
6. panel (10) according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the latching tongue (73) is formed as a leg of a locking angle member (130).
7. Panel (10) according to claim 6, characterized in that a
Fastening leg (131) on an underside of a spring (25) or a
Top of a Nutunterwange (37) is attached.
8. panel (10) according to any one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the resiliently deformable latching tongue (73) has an edge of an elastic strip (71 = which is attached (in a holder notch 27), the notch course over an upper surface (1 1) of the panel (10) is inclined.
9. panel (10) according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that transverse to the first end faces (20, 30) diametrically opposed second ends (40, 50) are formed, wherein the diametrically
opposite second end faces (40, 50) are formed complementary to each other, and the coupling and locking members (44, 54, 92), so that the coupling and locking elements (44, 54, 92) one of the second end faces (40) the coupling and locking members (44, 54, 92) complementary to the second end faces (50 ') are of a gelichartigen farther panel (10') can be engaged when the top faces (1 1, 1 1 ') of the panels (10, 10 ') with respect to a (to the second end faces 40, 50' are) collinear axis of rotation angled against one another, and a subsequent parallel alignment of the tops (1 1, 1 1 ') can be converted into a locked state, in which the panels (10 , 10 ') at their second end faces (40, 50') are locked together.
10. Panel (10) according to claim 9, characterized in that the coupling means (44, 54) on one of the opposite second end faces (50) has a groove (55) and on the diametrically opposite second end face (40) a spring (45) and which have locking elements (92) has at least one locking projection (90) and at the other of the diametrically opposed second end faces a lock recess (91) on one of two diametrically opposed second end faces which are designed such that in the locked state through the groove and the spring is a formed perpendicular to the fixing Paneeloberseite and an engagement of the at least one locking projection (90) and the at least one
Locking recess (91) a positive connection in the plane in which the top sides (1 1, 1 1 ') of the joined panels (10, 10') are aligned in parallel is effected.
1. 1 Panel (10) according to claim 9, characterized in that the coupling means (44, 54) on one of the opposite second end faces (50) has a groove (55) and on the diametrically opposite second end face (40) comprise a spring (45) and the locking elements similar or identical to the
Latching elements to the first side edges (20, 30) are formed and therefore on one of the diametrically opposed second ends (30, 40) at least one further elastically deformable latching tongue and the other of the diametrically opposed second ends (40, 30) has a further
include Verrastungskerbe (60), wherein the at least one further latching tongue of a different material than the base body of the panel (10) is formed.
12. A method of laying gelichartigen panels according to claims 1 to 1 1 comprising the steps of:
Providing a plurality of panels (10, 10 ', 10 "), in accordance with one of the
Claims are formed 1 to 10;
Arranging one of the panels (10) in a joining plane or laying plane, of another of the panels (10 ') arranged in the joining plane or laying plane so that a top (1 1) of one panel (10) and an upper surface (1 1') further panel (10 ') are arranged parallel to one another in one plane and the mutually facing first ends (20, 30', 20 ', 30), which can be converted into each other
Coupling means (24, 34 ', 24', 34);
Performing a translational movement in the joining plane or laying plane, so that a distance of the panels is reduced, and the coupling means (24, 34 ', 24', 34) of the mutually facing first ends (20, 30 ', 20', 30) engage with each other, wherein during the translational movement of at least a recess formed on one of the mutually facing first end faces elastically deformable latching tongue (73, 73 ') is initially deformed and then in an in Verrastungskerbe (60, 60') in the other of the mutually facing first ends (20, 30 ', 20', 30) compresses and so a positive connection between the two
Panels (10, 10 ') causes in the laying plane.
13. The method according to claim 12, characterized in that, in the
Translational movement of a at one of the mutually facing first ends (20, 20 ') formed spring (25, 25') in one at the other of the mutually facing first ends (30, 30 ') formed groove (35, 35') is guided or an opening formed at the other of the mutually facing end faces of the first spring into a on one of the mutually facing first end faces
formed groove is introduced, in each case a form-fitting fixing perpendicular to the joining plane or laying plane between the panels (10, 10 ') to achieve.
14. The method of claim 12 or 13, characterized in that before the
Laying a locking element on the formed at least one latching tongue (73) is fastened in the region of one of the mutually facing first ends.
15. The method according to claim 14, characterized in that an elastic strip (71) is inserted in a holder notch (27).
16. The method according to claim 14, characterized in that a locking angle member (130) at a top of a Nutunterwange (37) of one of the mutually facing first ends (30) or on an underside of the spring (25) (on one of the mutually facing first end faces 20) is fixed.
17. The method according to any one of claims 12 to 16, characterized in that transverse to the first end faces (20, 30) diametrically opposed second ends (40, 50) are formed, wherein the diametrically opposed second ends (40, 50) are complementary to each other and
have coupling and locking members, and the panels (10, 10 ', 10 ") for forming a connection to the second end faces (50, 40', 40") with their upper sides (1 1, 1 1 ', 1 1 ") ' "are mutually angled collinear axis of rotation and is guided in one another, and a subsequent parallel alignment of the tops (1 1, 1 1 (40, 1 1 with respect to a to the second end faces 50, 40)'") into a locked state are, in which the panels (10, 10 ', 10 ") are locked together at their second end faces, wherein preferably
Locking projections (90) to the second end faces (50)
Locking recesses (91 ', 91 ") of the diametrically opposed second end faces (40', 40") engage.
18. A method of separating panels which are laid with a method according to any one of claims 1 1 to 16, characterized in that one of the panels (10 ") at one of another of said panels (10 ') facing away from the first end face (30 ") from the laying plane about a rotational axis (120) (parallel to the interconnected first end faces 30 ', 20") of the panels (10', 10 "), is deflected, so that the tops (1 1 ', 1 1 ") of the panels (10 ', 10") are mutually angled and the at least one resiliently deformable latching tongue (73 ") in the Verrastungskerbe (60' raised), or from the
Verrastungskerbe (60 ') is raised and the panels (10', 10 ") are then removed from each other.
PCT/EP2016/060914 2015-05-13 2016-05-13 Panel and method for laying panels WO2016180980A1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE202015102471.1 2015-05-13
DE202015102471.1U DE202015102471U1 (en) 2015-05-13 2015-05-13 Panel and flat cladding panels
DE102015208904.5 2015-05-13
DE102015208904.5A DE102015208904A1 (en) 2015-05-13 2015-05-13 Panel and method for laying of panels

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2016180980A1 true WO2016180980A1 (en) 2016-11-17

Family

ID=55969165

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/EP2016/060914 WO2016180980A1 (en) 2015-05-13 2016-05-13 Panel and method for laying panels

Country Status (1)

Country Link
WO (1) WO2016180980A1 (en)

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1996027721A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 1996-09-12 Perstorp Flooring Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US20040031227A1 (en) * 2002-08-19 2004-02-19 M. Kaindl Cladding panel
US20070006543A1 (en) * 2005-07-11 2007-01-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Joint for panels
EP2405077A2 (en) * 2005-03-30 2012-01-11 Välinge Innovation AB Flooring system comprising mechanically joinable floor panels
EP2712518A1 (en) * 2008-12-17 2014-04-02 Unilin BVBA Composed element, multi-layered board and panel-shaped element for forming this composed element

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1996027721A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 1996-09-12 Perstorp Flooring Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US20040031227A1 (en) * 2002-08-19 2004-02-19 M. Kaindl Cladding panel
EP2405077A2 (en) * 2005-03-30 2012-01-11 Välinge Innovation AB Flooring system comprising mechanically joinable floor panels
US20070006543A1 (en) * 2005-07-11 2007-01-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Joint for panels
EP2712518A1 (en) * 2008-12-17 2014-04-02 Unilin BVBA Composed element, multi-layered board and panel-shaped element for forming this composed element

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
None

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