WO2016157230A1 - Heating and illuminating device with energy recovery - Google Patents

Heating and illuminating device with energy recovery

Info

Publication number
WO2016157230A1
WO2016157230A1 PCT/IT2016/000073 IT2016000073W WO2016157230A1 WO 2016157230 A1 WO2016157230 A1 WO 2016157230A1 IT 2016000073 W IT2016000073 W IT 2016000073W WO 2016157230 A1 WO2016157230 A1 WO 2016157230A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
chamber
heating
plasma
energy
heat
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/IT2016/000073
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
D'ANCONA Pier Lorenzo LEVI
Gianni CERZOSO
Raoul CANGEMI
Federico CANGEMI
BEGAZO Milagros VILLALTA
Original Assignee
SARTONI, Stefano
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B6/00Heating by electric, magnetic, or electromagnetic fields
    • H05B6/64Heating using microwaves
    • H05B6/80Apparatus for specific applications
    • H05B6/802Apparatus for specific applications for heating fluids
    • H05B6/804Water heaters, water boilers

Abstract

Heating and illuminating device with energy recovery, comprising at least one source of electromagnetic waves; a first chamber (5) impervious to microwaves, reflective to microwaves, shielded to said waves; a second chamber (4) placed inside the first chamber (5), and made of a material being transparent to microwaves and resistant to high temperatures; the second chamber being filled with gas to be ionized to plasma by the said waves, said plasma is adapted to emit heat, electricity and light, the second chamber internally comprising at least one tube (9) adapted to contain the fluid and to absorb the heat emitted from the plasma and enter into radiators (6, 7); said heating and illuminating device comprising at least two electrodes (14, 80) inside the chamber (4), at least one of said electrodes being connected to the mains is adapted to energize the plasma, at least one of said electrodes being connected to an accumulator is adapted to absorb electrical charges from the plasma; comprising at least one light hole (11-12-13) in the chamber (5), said hole being illuminated by the ionized gas in the plasma state when excited by the microwaves to illuminate the external environment.

Description

HEATING AND ILLUMINATING DEVICE WITH ENERGY RECOVERY

DESCRIPTION

Technical field

The present invention relates to the sector of heat generation systems, and it has a device of electromagnetic field on energy recovery.

Background art

With regard to the heating by means of microwaves, the following patent documents are known: US4178494 * 10 nov 1977 11 die 1979 Bottalico, Frank P Micro-wave air heater; US4236056 * 29 Jan 1979 25 nov 1980 Allen, Donald D. Microwave Heater; US4284869 * 6 mar 1980 18 ago 1981 Pinkstaff; Leo W., Microwave water heater; US4288674 * 21 apr 1980 8 set 1981 Councell; Graham D. Microwave actuated steam generator; US4310738 * 8 feb 1980 12 gen 1982 Mccann; Dennis, Microwave fluid heating systems; US4388511 * 20 mag 1981 14 june 1983 Jung Gmbh, Microwave heating apparatus for circulable media; US4417116 * 2 sept 1981 22 nov 1983 nero; Jerimiah B. Microwave water heating method and apparatus; US4559429 * 29 nov 1984 17 die 1985, Microwave coupler and method; US4956534 * 29 apr 1988 11 set 1990 Martin, William A. Inverted frustum shaped microwave heat exchanger and applications thereof; US4967052 * 21 may 1990 30 Ott 1990 Krapf, Edward J. Microwave heat pipe heating system; US5064494 * 10 june 1988 12 nov 1991 Teroson GMBH PROCESS FOR THE AT LEAST PARTIAL CURING OF SEALANTS AND ADHESIVES USING PULSED MICROWAVE ENERGY; US5314664 * 1 apr 1992 24 may 1994 Bodenseewerk Perkin-Elmer Gmbh Sample supply system having integrated microwave disintegration; US5357088 * 4 may 1992 18 Oct 1994 Konica Corporation Method for melting a photographic composition gel to a sol using microwave energy; US5512734 * 20 set 1994 30 apr 1996 Microonde Research Corp. Apparatus and method for heating using microwave energy; US5919218 * 30 Jan 1995 6 July 1999 Cartridge for in-line microwave warming apparatus; US6064047 * 16 die 1996 16 mag 2000 Izzo; Daniel R. Microwave hot water boiler heating system; * 6 nov 1997 19 sept 2000 Industrial Microwave Systems Method and apparatus for rapid heating of fluids; US6271509 3 apr 1998 7 fa 2001 Robert C. Artificial dielectric device for heating gases with electromagnetic energy; US6380525 * 2 july 2001 30 apr 2002 Robert C. Dalton Artificial dielectric susceptor; US6858824 * 29 die 2003 22 feb 2005 Alfred Monteleone Microwave heating system to provide radiation heat and domestic hot water; US6888 6 * 27 jan 2003 3 may 2005 Robert C. Dalton Field concentrators for artificial dielectric systems and devices; US7022953 * 30 june 2004 4 apr 2006 Fyne Industries, LLC Electromagnetic flowing fluid heater; US7109453 1 feb 2005 19 sept 2006 Keith Microwave hot water system; US7465907 13 feb 2007 16 die 2008 Raymond Martino Microwave boiler and hot water heater; DE4015639A1 * 15 may 1990 16 may 1991 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd., Suwon, Kr Mit elektromagnetischen Wellen arbeitende heizvorrichtung; EP1746864A1 18 feb 2004 24 jan 2007 De Ruiter, System with high energy efficiency for indirectly heating a target medium using electromagnetic radiation; EP2239995A1 * 7 apr 2009 13 oct 2010 Christian Zignani Device for heating a fluid for household or industrial use or for heating premises, using microwaves as its energy source; WO1998046046A1 * 3 15 apr Ott Robert C. Dalton Artificial dielectric device for heating gases with electromagnetic energy; WO2005067351A1 * 27 die 2004 21 july 2005 H2 OH INC, Microwave heating system for radiation heat and hot water; WO2006 31755A1 * 9 june 2006 14 die 2006 William Dewhurst, Heating apparatus and method.

Currently, the heating spaces provides the use of a pressurized gas delivered in pipes or in containers, and a flame fed by gas, adapted to heat the air in a heat exchanger through which the air is circulated; Another known heating system is the use of a electric boiler in which the pipes are connected to the radiators, which receive the hot water, transferring heat to the surrounding environment through thermal radiation. In both cases the systems are also used by heat the domestic hot water.

Another system is the use of infrared lamps that radiate and heat the illuminated surfaces from infrared.

Another system is the heating of the cooling fluid passing through a tube transparent to the microwave and heated both by microwaves and by plasma effect, contained in a metal container only. Some disvantages of these heating systems are the high construction costs, the large current consumption, the inefficiency and risks caused by the use of pressurized gas and a gas flame, the glass or ceramic pipes and the pollutants released. But the most deficiency is the long time required to produce heating.

As described above for heating, similar techniques have been used to create lighting: the oldest system the flame, the incandescence of a filament, the neon (ionized gas with the passage of current) and LEDs, the latest generation always energized by direct electric current.

Disclosure of Invention

The aim of present invention is to provide a simple compact and reliable low cost device for the production of heating and lighting.

The device uses microwave energy for the production of heat and light in order to illuminate and/or recover electricity, for the heating of spaces as described above, suitable for use, also in combination with the current distribution systems in buildings and the distribution of light such as optical fibers, in electrodeless lamps and solar collectors.

A further object of the present invention is to provide a heating device with improved heating features relative to the different types of heating unit currently in use, free and non-polluting, with a closed circuit, with no explosive agents, with no flames, and in the interest of energy saving.

One more object of the present invention is to provide a new microwave heating apparatus that is versatile and highly flexible to cover a variety of heating and lighting requirements for environments, building structures and the like.

Yet another object of the present invention is to provide a new microwave heating apparatus that can be used in a complementary manner to other heating systems, including heating systems that use solar energy.

A further object of the present invention is the conversion of microwave energy into luminous energy by subjecting an inert gas to energy microwaves that convert it into plasma with consequent illumination.

A further object of the present invention is the partial recovery of the energy spent, through electrodes in direct contact with plasma absorbing the electrostatic energy produced by plasma within the device in question and transform it into electric current.

These and other objects, which will be more apparent below, are achieved with an illuminating microwave heater, comprising one or more microwave radiating magnetrons, preferably with a frequency greater than 1300 MHz, and more preferably equal to 2450 MHZ, in a metallic chamber, microwave proof, reflecting and shielding the microwaves;

Inside of said chamber there is another chamber, filled with ionized gas (e.g. Argon) which comprises internally one or more tubes permeable to microwaves or absorbing microwaves;

said tubes are filled with a cooling fluid (for example water) which it could be connected to the radiators, and / or to the heat absorbing tubes and / or to plate heat exchangers;

said fluid is heated in conduction and radiation by the heat coming from the plasma produced by the ionized gas, when irradiated by microwaves or electromagnetic waves;

the illuminating microwave heater is characterized by the presence of pipes connected to the metal chamber;

the heater provides the production of both: fluorescent light (produced by the ionized gas in the plasma state when is excited by microwaves) and electricity (produced and accumulated within the gas ionized to plasma and produced by the random motion of electrons and / or protons-neutrons, characteristic of the fourth state of matter).

Preferably, the illuminating microwave heater comprises lighting points (or more simply fluorescent "lights"), which are illuminated when the plasma gas is energized by electromagnetic waves or microwaves;

these lighting points are provided with meshing filters in order to protect them against hazardous microwaves escaping out of the chamber, as previously patented, also with holes in the resonance chamber, of smaller size than the electromagnetic wavelengths used to ionize the gas.

According to some preferred embodiments, the device comprises electrodes suitable for receiving the electricity generated by the ionized gas in plasma state, and to make it available, if necessary, by an accumulator and / or an inverter adapted to convert the DC into the AC output; other embodiments provide the transfer of induced current from outside towards the two electrodes in order to create a dragging of electrons within the chamber filled by plasma so as to collect easily the static electricity and to increase the ionization of plasma.

This heater provides for the combination of four energy conversion phenomena: microwaves that interact with gas induced at plasma and simultaneously, emitting heat, light and electricity, recovered respectively by heat absorbers, by photovoltaic cells, immersed in the lighted plasma, so optimizing the reduction of the dispersion of energy inside the heater.

Preferably, as stated, in the heater, the gas induced to plasma by means of microwaves is converted into a source of electricity that can be partially recovered by the electrode or electrodes

The device is suitable to produce heating of a liquid that will then be sent to the elements for the heat exchange either with the outside environment or with other heating elements.

The present invention also relates to a process for simultaneous heating and lighting, comprising:

a ) a chamber, preferably metallic, with inside a glass chamber suitable to contain a gas ionized to plasma, by means of the excitation by electromagnetic waves, preferably microwaves,

b ) a step where the plasma heats a refrigerant fluid that flows inside the tubes placed into chamber

c ) the sending of said heated liquid toward devices suitable for heating d ) the production of light by said plasma, the use of said light in lighting points directed toward the environment out of said chamber and/or toward photovoltaic panels for the production of electrical energy, panels located inside or outside the said chamber.

The production of electricity is due to the fact that: since the energizing waves have ionized the gas to plasma contained in the glass container then they rise static electricity, this happens also in the presence of the electrodes connected to the glass chamber and sunk in the plasma:

A) in case of only one electrode, it gets off the above mentioned static energy

B) in case of two electrodes with opposite electric charge a passage of current is created as well as the dragging of that static electricity, transforming it into electricity

C) in case of only one electrode loaded by electric current coming out of the chamber, its electric charge increases the energy of the plasma. Physical bases of operation

For gas. In the lab, a gas could be heated and ionized mainly through three methods:

a) the passage a current , for example by applying a voltage in between two electrodes (discharge in direct current);

b) triggering combustion (ripple effect);

c) the inlet of the electromagnetic waves at a suitable frequency (discharges into electromagnetic waves);

d) as the previous point, but using microwave frequency (microwave discharge). Generally, from a microscopic point of view, these methods to forming a discharge (or plasma) are all equivalent: energy is supplied to the electrons bound to the nucleus, which according to the literature, at a certain breakpoint being free from the nucleus attraction;

Free electrons collide with other neutral atoms, releasing more electrons, and the process then proceeds in cascade up to a balance, which depends solely on the gas pressure and the applied electric field

Brief description of drawings

Further features and advantages of the invention will be more apparent by the description of a preferred but not exclusive embodiment thereof, illustrated by way of non-limiting example in the accompanying drawings, wherein:

Fig. 1A represents a schematic plan view of part of the device, according to the invention, intended to heat the fluid to be sent to elements for the heat exchange with the environment, shown in Figures 1 D and 1 E;

Figure 1 B represents a schematic side view, in section, of part of the device shown in Figure 1A;

Figure 1 C represents a schematic side view, in section, of part of the device shown in Figure 1A;

Figure 1 D represents a side schematic view of the device according to the invention, comprising both the part intended to heat the fluid to be sent to the elements for the heat exchange with the environment, and elements for the heat exchange with the environment; Fig. 1 E represents a side axonometric schematic view both of the part of heater shown in Fig. 1A and the schematic view of pipes used for the heat exchange with the environment, connected to said part.

Detailed description of an embodiment of the invention

With reference to the aforesaid figures, the heater according to the invention comprises a first part responsible for heating the liquid to be sent to the pipes or elements for heat exchange with the environment, and responsible for producing light, a second part comprising pipes or elements for heat exchange with the environment and a third part comprising the recovery of electricity produced by plasma.

The first part comprises a first chamber 5, and preferably inside the glass chamber 4 being metal-coated or coated by other material provided for the insulations of the electrical current having been created by the typical electronic chaos of plasma and able to resist to high temperatures;

in the chamber 4 a gas or the mixture of gases (in this example, Argon) is turned into luminous plasma, by means of microwaves.

With 1 is shown a magnetron suitable for the production of microwaves, according to the prior art, for example at a frequency equal to 2450 MHz.

This magnetrons 1 , through an antenna 2, radiates a chamber 3 (which forms part of the first chamber and the waveguide) for the resonance of the microwave that energizes the gas, turning it, as stated, into luminous and heating plasma.

This plasma is distributed in the glass chamber 4.

Inside the first chamber 5 there is a second chamber 4, made of material permeable to microwaves, such as glass, containing both a gas and the pipes carrying the cooling fluid (preferably water) to be heated;

said fluid is sent to the users through the pipes (or radiating elements, radiators or other centralized system) 6 and 7 for the heat exchange with the environment, said pipes are connected with the pipe 9 extending through the chamber 4 and 5.

In particular from the second chamber 4 starts the ducts connecting to the pipes 6 and 7 or to the radiators.

The first chamber 5 is operatively connected to the lighting utilities, through holes which their size does not allow the passage of the energizing waves, but allows the passage of the light produced inside the chamber 4. The microwaves irradiate the second chamber 4 filled with gas and the first chamber 5 works as a shield for users protection.

From the first chamber 4 starts the internal pipes connected to 6, 7 of the boiler (indicated with 8 in the drawing) comprising by the first part the production of hot water and by the second part the heat exchange with the environment, from it come out the connections for the radiator elements ( or a centralized system) to means of 6B and 7B pipes.

In the first chamber 5, the light derived from the plasma is distributed to the users. There, microwaves or other harmful radiations are shielded, in the interface connection between the holes and the first chamber 4.

The electrodes 14, 80 are one positive and the other one negative, and they are placed in two opposite points of the container 4 and are sunk in the plasma;

the exited plasma is a conductor of electricity, so the electric current passes from the positive pole to the negative one, when crossing the plasma.

When the plasma receive the energizing effect simultaneously of electric current got by the electrodes and of the microwaves generated by magnetron, the plasma agitation gets a result greater than that obtained by adding the individual energizations, so getting a huge energy store.

The static electricity generated by the plasma is carried out in an accumulator 81 and / or an inverter or other means, available for any use.

Practically, the light emitted by plasma illuminates the inner chamber 5. Therefore the stove is "illuminated" inside. The light inside the chamber 5 can be used in combination with photovoltaic panels inside or outside the chambers 5 and 4, and/or may illuminate the environment, carried outside, for example through light holes 5 or optical fibers, light points, multipliers of light, etc.

The cooling fluid passes through the second chamber 4 inside the heat absorber tubes and is used to get out of the stove the heat generated in room 4.

The methods and the devices previously described allow a considerable energy saving, do they not require ventilation, do not produce any combustion, and do not produce toxic effects.

The device can be integrated with solar energy systems; for example it can work with a solar absorber with thermal storage so providing air or water heated by the heat accumulator even during the periods when the solar input is at a minimum. It can also be powered by current derived from renewable energies (wind, solar, etc.). It is understood that what is illustrated is only a possible embodiments not limiting the invention, which may vary in forms and arrangements without departing from the scope of the concept underlying the invention.

The presence of reference numbers in the attached claims has the sole purpose of enhancing the reading with reference of the foregoing description and in the annexed drawings and does not in any way limit the scope of protection.

Claims

1 . Heating and illuminating device whit energy recovery, comprising at least one magnetron and/or diode and/or a triode and/or a girotron (1 ) suitable to emitting microwave with a frequency greater than 1300 MHz, and more preferably with a frequency equal to 2450 MHz, into a first chamber (5) impervious to microwaves, reflective to microwaves, shielded to microwaves; the heating and illuminating device comprising a second chamber (4) placed inside the first chamber (5) and made of a material being transparent to microwaves and resistant to high temperatures, preferably borosilicate glass and / or ceramic, the second chamber (4) being filled with ionized gas and comprising internally at least one tube adapted to contain a fluid to enter into radiators (6, 7) and heat absorbing pipe (6B, 7B); said fluid being heated by radiation and conduction from the plasma irradiated by the microwaves; said heating and illuminating device comprising at least two electrodes (14,80) inside the chamber (4), at least one of said electrodes being connected to the mains, at least one of said electrodes being connected to an accumulator; wherein said ionized gas in a plasma state when excited by the microwaves generates illuminating light, heat and static current at least internally to said chamber (4).
2 . Heating and illuminating device with energy recovery according to claim 1 , wherein electrode (14) connected to the accumulator is adapted to receive the electricity from the ionized gas in the plasma state and to transform it into electric current, wherein the electric current is stored by means of the accumulator and can be restored with an inverter or other means.
3 . Heating and illuminating device with energy recovery according to claim 1 or 2, comprising at least one light hole in the chamber (5) sized smaller than the wavelength of the waves generated by the magnetron (1 ); said hole being illuminated by the ionized gas in the plasma state when excited by the microwaves to illuminate the external environment; wherein at least one light hole is connected to at least one optical fiber.
. Heating and illuminating device with energy recovery according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein said gas is a mixture of inert gas and / or not inert gas.
5 . Heating and illuminating device with energy recovery according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein at least one of said electrodes (14,80) inside the second chamber (4) and is an injector of electric current.
6 . Heating and illuminating device with energy recovery according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein at least one of said electrodes (14,80) inside the second chamber (4) is an electric current absorber.
7 . Heating and illuminating device with energy recovery according to one or more of the preceding claims wherein four energy conversion phenomena occurring, and are combined together when microwaves are generated by electric current, and the plasma is generated by microwave excitation, and the heat generated when the plasma is excited by the microwaves it is recovered by the heat absorbers, and where the static current generated when the plasma is excited by the microwaves is recovered by electrodes sunk in the plasma.
8 . Process to heat, illuminate and retrieve current simultaneously comprising: -Generating a plasma from a ionized gas contained in a container transparent to electromagnetic waves located inside a chamber preferably made in metal, irradiated by electromagnetic waves preferably with a frequency equal to 2450MHz; -heating a fluid circulating inside or outside said container by both of said plasma and said electromagnetic waves; -sending said heated fluid to radiators; -producing light by said plasma; -using said light in light points facing the environment external to said container, a by means of optical fibers and / or fluorescent materials for the illumination of environments external to said container; -producing electricity by means of said plasma; -absorbing said electricity by means of electrodes sunk in the plasma; -generating electric current from said electrodes to recovery the electricity generated in the plasma.
9 . Heating and illuminating device with energy recovery according to one or more of claims 1 to 7, wherein said through pipes passing through the first chamber and or the second chamber are made of material absorbent and/or reflective to the microwaves.
10 . Heating and illuminating device with energy recovery according to one or more of claims 1 to 7, wherein said through pipes passing through the first chamber and or the second chamber are covered with electrical insulating material resistant to high temperatures such as borosilicate and / or ceramic and / or nanostructures,
11 . Device as claimed according to claim 10, characterized in that the tube (6/7) is covered with material, preferably borosilicate glass, transparent to light but not to the microwaves, characterized in that the coating thickness is within a range between 0.001 and 1 millimeters.
PCT/IT2016/000073 2015-03-27 2016-03-24 Heating and illuminating device with energy recovery WO2016157230A1 (en)

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EP2239995A1 (en) 2009-04-07 2010-10-13 Christian Zignani Device for heating a fluid for household or industrial use or for heating premises, using microwaves as its energy source
WO2010139976A1 (en) * 2009-06-05 2010-12-09 Hot Waves Innovations Limited Microwave heating of liquids
DE102010052448A1 (en) * 2010-11-24 2012-02-16 Kurt Fritzsche Method for microwave heating of water in e.g. domestic heating system, for use in e.g. shower bath, of house, involves adjusting microwave transmitter based on kilowatt power requirement of service water system
WO2014141182A1 (en) * 2013-03-15 2014-09-18 Consiglio Nazionale Delle Ricerche Microwave powered lamp
WO2014207700A2 (en) * 2013-06-28 2014-12-31 PIZZETTI, Alberto Illuminating microwave heater, with energy recovery

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