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WO2016156634A1 - Automatic flow-metering device for oxygen therapy equipment - Google Patents

Automatic flow-metering device for oxygen therapy equipment

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Publication number
WO2016156634A1
WO2016156634A1 PCT/ES2016/000041 ES2016000041W WO2016156634A1 WO 2016156634 A1 WO2016156634 A1 WO 2016156634A1 ES 2016000041 W ES2016000041 W ES 2016000041W WO 2016156634 A1 WO2016156634 A1 WO 2016156634A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
patient
means
oxygen
ei
device
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/ES2016/000041
Other languages
Spanish (es)
French (fr)
Other versions
WO2016156634A8 (en )
Inventor
MORILLO Daniel SÁNCHEZ
JIMENEZ Antonio LEÓN
GRANERO Miguel Ángel FENÁNDEZ
Foix Luis Felipe Crespo
Original Assignee
Universidad De Cádiz
Servicio Andaluz De Salud
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/10Preparation of respiratory gases or vapours
    • A61M16/12Preparation of respiratory gases or vapours by mixing different gases
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons

Abstract

The invention relates to an automatic flow-metering device (1) for oxygen therapy equipment (100), comprising: a means (2) for estimating a patient's degree of physical activity, which means can be carried by the patient; and a processing means (3) in communication with the estimation means (2) and with the oxygen therapy equipment (100), said processing means being configured to receive the estimate of the patient's physical activity from the estimation means (2), to determine the level of oxygen required by the patient, and to transmit a set value corresponding to the oxygen level required by the patient to the equipment (100).

Description

AUTOMATIC DOSAGE DEVICE FOR FLOW oxygen therapy equipment.

OBJECT OF THE INVENTION

The present invention pertains Generators ai ai medical field, and more particularly ai flow control of oxygen in oxygen therapy equipment used by patients with conditions such as respiratory failure or desafuraeión ai effort.

The object of the present invention is a device for modifying ei fiow oxygen provided to a patient for oxygen therapy equipment when ei patient moves from a rest position to effort and vice versa.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Dei benefits long-term oxygen are ascertained from ios 80 in certain respiratory diseases such as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. These benefits are greater than most hours of use ia oxygen therapy. Currently, the most common form of supply oxygen to patients is using static sources, such as a stationary oxygen concentrator or cilindras high pressure. However, none of these teams allows the patient to leave home with oxygen therapy. There are also portable oxygen therapy equipment that allow sufficient autonomy to ei patient to perform active life outside dei home.

The oxygen requirements of patients with diseases that affect blood oxygenation ia (lung, heart, etc.) differ depending encuentmn idle or performing exercise, and these requirements vary depending on whether the intensity and duration of the effort itself. In this regard, mention ia lack dei oxygen needed blood originates symptoms short term such as breathlessness, and organic siopatoiógicos f changes such as tachycardia, increased respiratory rate, blood pressure and iargo term serious problems such as pulmonary hypertension and cor pulmonaie among others. Moreover, excessive levels of blood oxygen can cause hípereápníca encephalopathy in some patients. In a recent ios - ing ,, are widespread laptops oxygenate-therapy ios allow patients to perform normal life outside! home while still getting the necessary oxygen. However, since the patient movement becomes necessary to regulate the flow of oxygen is provided, since the needs of sen higher oxygen when the patient is performing exercise when at rest. Laptops current oxiganoferapia have a manual flow regulator that is adjusted by medical indication at a given level of flow in liters or pulses while the patient is at rest. When starting an effort, the patient must adjust the flow regulator to a higher level to meet the increased requirements of oxygen required during exercise, and inversely when the patient stops must re-adjust the flow regulator to a lower level. Existing flow regulators are manually modifying ai fiow mechanically by turning a valve, or electronically, by pressing numbering indicated in advance by the physician. Therefore, the adjustment operations are performed regulator by the patient manually.

Moreover, the necessary flow for each patient should be individualized. This customization is achieved by medical tests. First testing the patient at rest, by ABG or pulsioxlmetría performed. In a second step, the pedente performs a stress test (usually a gear 8 minutes) with a pulse oximeter. The results of both tests can establish ei flow of oxygen needed in every situation, rest and stress. Two flow rates determined by the specialist, must be adjusted manually by ei patient, manipulating ei flow regulator, each time it initiates an activity (rising, walking, etc.), or comes to rest (when sitting, standing , etc.). It is often the case given that these changes in the reguiador are made by ei patient multiple times a day depending on your level of activity. However, sometimes ei patient forgets to make the necessary ajusfes in reguiador flow. As a result, the situation in these occasions, ei patient is with low oxygen levels during exercise or at rest too high occurs. DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Ei device of the invention consists in a metered? Automatic not only detects whether the patient is at rest or in motion, but also identifies and indexes the intensity to physical activity performed. In addition, Ei device communicates with the oxygen supply equipment to transmit ai flow regulator setpoint signal to adjust the flow of oxygen about nivaies has previously indicated ei optional for each situation. Thus, when an increase is detected in the patient's physical activity, ei device sorts increase oxygen flow. By ai contrary, when it is detected that the patient goes into a situation of repeso, the device sorts ei reduce flow to a predetermined level will rest position. Flow levels for the rest and ai zo esfue, or even several degrees of effort, are determined by the physician through medical tests. Also, the automatic dosing device can be deactivated, passing in that case oxiganoferapia equipment operating in manual mode.

According to a first aspect of the invention, the automatic dosing device for flow oxigenoferapia equipment mainly comprises a means for estimating the degree of physical activity of the patient and a processing means. Then, each of these elements is described in more detail:

1) Medium estimation.

Ei estimation means portable as by a patient gives such that both move integrally at all times, whether only ei own estimation means alone, when it constitutes a separate processing means physical unit, or together with the medium processing, when it is a single physically attached ai means processing entity. Both configurations are described in greater detail further adeianfe herein.

Ei estimation means may comprise different types of sensors, although in a preferred embodiment of the invention comprises at least one ómetro acele, more preferably an accelerometer fres axes or fres ACCELER oriented in perpendicular directions enfre other meters to capture the movements of the patient in all three spatial directions. The function of the estimation is to obtain data about the physical activity of the patient to subsequently determine whether at rest or making an effort, or even what level of effort is made, Ei term "broadsword dei degree of physical activity of the patient" therefore makes reference to the set gives sensed variables, for example accelerations in the case of using Spherometers.

2) processing means.

Ei processing means is in communication with the medium previous estimate for the estimate of the patient dei physical activity, and from this information, determine ei IeveI oxygen required by the patient. Furthermore, ei processing means is in communication with ei oxigenoferapsa equipment to transmit thereto a setpoint for that level gives oxygen required by the patient.

processing means gives Ei can be configured in different ways, but according to preferred embodiments of the invention comprises ai least one of following ia list; one microconlroíador, a microprocessor, an FPGA (dei acronym Fieíd Programmabie Gafe Array), a digital signal processor or DSP (the English acronym Digitel Signa! Pmcassoñ. or an integrated application circuit specifies or AS C (the acronym English s device application-speciñc integrated circuit).

This new dosing device can physically configured in different ways. In a first possibility, the estimating means and the processing means are two physically separate entities that communicate wirelessly Thus, the average estimation attaching it or fix it to the user and the processing means may be elsewhere, for example physically connected to an oxygen therapy equipment that the user does not carry at all times. In this case, communication between the estimation means and through serious processing ei wireless type, for example radiofrequency, Bluetoofh yviFI. Iwi or Zigbee.

In a second possibility, the estimating means and the processing means physically constitute a single entity. In this case, communication between judging means and processing means is performed wired manner. Center of this second possibility, the only entity may be configured for physical connection l oxigenoferapia team. This would be useful, for example, when the user uses a portable oxygen attached to his body and moves with E! at all times. Alternatively, also could set up the single unit so as to communicate with the oxygen therapy equipment wirelessly Thus, the device of the invention could be carried by a user and communicating the flux setpoint oxygen to oxygen therapy equipment not bearing ei user at all times. In this case, the communication between the device and ei oxygen therapy equipment could also implemenfarse by radio frequency, Biuetooth, WiFi, ee i, or Zigbee

In a preferred embodiment, ei device of the invention further comprises storage means connected to the processing means for storing data about the physical activity of the patient obtained by the estimating means Ei mediates storage may be, for example, RAM ( the English acronym Random-Access Memory), SRAM (the English acronym Statsc Rarsdom Access Memory), Flash, SD (Secure Digita the English acronym or the like.

In another preferred embodiment, the device of the invention further comprises means connected to information processing means for transmitting information to the patient. This media information may comprise at least one of the following list: a screen, one or more lamps or LEDs (the English acronym iighi-emsti g diode), a speaker, a speaker, or in general any element allowing a sensory inferfaz for example, the information medium may be formed by four LEDs that act out a scale of 1 to 4 equivalent to four possible states of activity. One could also use a speaker to deliver tones scale changes activity. Another option includes a screen that showed text or graphics with information relevant to the patient.

In another preferred embodiment, the device of the invention further comprises a communication means connected to the processing means configured to transmit data relating to the physical activity of the patient to an external register. This media may comprise at least one of the following list: radio, Bluefoof, Wrfi, Iwi Zigbee, GSlví (English Global System for Motile Communications), CDMA (English Code Division Multiple Access), EDGE (English Enhanced Raies Data for GSM Evoiutiori} .. HSPA (English Hig -Speed ​​Packet Access), LIE (Long English Ter Ev uíbn) and U TS (the English s Universal Mübüe you! ecotnmuriicaiions System).

In yet another preferred embodiment, the device of the invention further comprises identification element to uniquely identify ai patient to use, such as an RFID tag (Radio Frequency Identification) or an NFC tag (English Near Fieid Communication) .

A second aspect of the invention describes a process flow for automatic dispensing equipment comprising primarily oxygen ios following steps:

- estimate, by means of estimation of phasic activity, degree of physical activity of a patient portable by the patient and communicate it to a processing means.

- determine, by the processor means, the oxygen level requendo by the patient and transmit a setpoint corresponding to oxygen therapy equipment.

Preferably, the method further comprising waiting a period of time ajusfante from the time that a change of physical activity is estimated so far in amending ia setpoint oxygen dosing. In general, it must be a minimum time (usually 10-15 seconds), although the delay may be ajustante by the doctor himself (eg in a range of 3 to 30 seconds).

In another preferred embodiment, the rate muesfreo the estimating means will exercise the patient is greater the greater degree of physical activity ei detected patient. As in the case ei device is running on battery saving energy at times when ei patient is at rest through the use of a low rate gives muesfreo of the patient's movements, increasing that tese sampling when ei patient It sets in motion.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FLG. 1 shows an exemplary device of the invention in communication with an oxygen therapy equipment. It distinguish the following components:

2 ~ sensor / acceleration is 3, - processing means {mierocontroiade-r, microprocessor or the like)

4 - Storage medium (internal memory, external RAM type memory, SRAM, Flash, or other SD)

5 ~ Information Medium (screen, lights, aitawoz or other)

8. Communication medium (Biuetooth, WiFi, miwi, Zigbee, GSM, CD A, EDGE, HSPA, LIE, another UMTS υ)

7. - Eiamento unique identification (RFID, FC or similar)

8. - digital analog converter (A / D)

2 shows a schematic diagram of the exemplary device of Figure 1. It is distinguished ios following components.:

100.- Team oxigenoterapla

101 - Reguiador flow

102. "mask or nasal cannula patient

Fig, 3 shows an example of using the system of the present invention,

DESCRIPTION OE one embodiment PREFE IDA

Fig. 1 shows an example of the internal structure of a device instance (1) for automatic injection of oxygen flow. This device (1) comprises means (2) estimation ia physical activity, which in this particular example are three acceleration sensors directed perpendicularly to each other to the three directions of space, and are connected to means (3) processing via an analog-digital converter a / D (8).

The means (3) processing, which in this example is a microconfrolador, ias processes acceleration signals received from the sensors (2) acceleration to obtain an estimate of the degree of physical activity of the patient. This microconírolador (3) may be of various natures, but preferably deberla have a low power consumption during normal operation and during the transmission and reception of data. Periodically, the muesfrea mierocontroiador cough sensor data (2) acceleration available through the A / D converter (8). Obviously, other accelerometers (2) emp eados are digital, the A / D converter (8) is not necessary. As discussed previously, the sampling frequency of the data can be modified to optimize the operation of the device (1). In this example, the microcontroller {3} takes ios data sensors (2) acceleration at a rate of 30 samples per second. They will be available for selection rates higher or lower sampling, and even your selection can be automatic. For example, when the patient is at rest, the sampling rate is adjusted to minimum values ​​(for exampte, a sample yield seconds). The sampling rate is automatically changed to higher values ​​(in the example of the order of 30 samples per second) when the detected physical activity exceeds certain threshold. All with the aim of making an accurate assessment of the state of physical activity at every moment.

Ios data sensors (2) will be analyzed in the microcontroller (3) using a standard estimation algorithm physical activity using techniques digital signal processing. For example, the microcontroller (3) can process ias signals received from the sensors (2) acceleration to differentiate between ios states: idle, low activity, moderate activity, high activity, These already processed by the microcontroller data (3), or data directly from the sensors, can also be stored in a medium (4) storage connected to the microcontroller (3). This means (4) storage may be internal memory of the microcontroller itself or an external memory type RAIV, SRAlVi, Flash, SD or other,

Each degree of physical activity estimated value correspond to a predetermined oxygen flow by the specialist. {3} The microcontroller storing this equivalence and, based on it, sends to the controller (101) flow unit (100} of setpoint oxígenoferapia necessary for proper adjustment of flow.

The device (1) of the invention also has a means (5) connected to information! microcontroller (3) to communicate with the patient. As discussed above, the medium (5) gives information can be configured different ways although in this example is a screen. The device also has a means {6} communication that transmits ios data on physical activity to a remote location. This information can be used to monitor ia ei physical activity of the patient, his health, to provide incentives to patients in function of the physical activity performed, etc. Equivalently, data can be sent from said remote location to ei means (8) communication device {1) of the invention. Eiio for each device (1) may have an element (7) uni- or identification, or RFID tags, for example, FC Similarly, medical data programmed to store an emergency, contact information, etc.

The remote location with which the means (8) of communication may be of different types communicates. For example, it may be an electronic patient record where data is stored on your health. Alternatively, it may be a mobile phone or smartphcne hotspot functionality, which receives data through a wireless network WIFl and in turn transmits them to a control center.

Furthermore, although not shown in FIG. 1, the device (1) Automatic dosing flow of the invention also may include a n own power supply. Alternatively, the device (1) can be powered by the power supply unit (100) of organotherapy by adaptation stage. For example, the device (1) may include a (replaceable) rechargeable battery power supply module connected ai equipment (100) portable oxigenoterapla. They could also be used solar cells for autonomous operation of the device (1) of the Invention.

Fig. 2 shows generically an exemplary device (1) of the invention in communication with a computer {100} of oxigenoterapl Ei device (1), medium via dei (6) communication, can receive data on oxygen flows for each rest level or try, either the electronic patient record data directly or specialist. For example, the device (1) could periodically synchronized with the electronic record dei patient where the specialist can go recording changes or adjustments in dose oxigenoterapla need.

Ei equipment (100) oxigenoterapla can operate in manual mode or automatic mode. In manual mode, ei patient is responsible for dose adjustment necessary oxygen. In automatic mode, the unit (1) automatic dosing (2), ia that adjusts in real time the required dose according to the patient's physical activity by the transmission of a reference ai reguiador (101) flow dei computer ( 100) of oxygenate-therapy, in turn, if regulator (101) supplies the oxygen flow to the mask or nasal cannula patient (102).

Fig, 3 illustrates an example method for automatic adjustment of the oxygen flow. In step (14), the device (1) query through the medium (6) flows communication oxygen predetermined by the specialist stop every degree of activity. In step (15), the microcontroiador (3) ios receives sensor data (2) of physical activity. In step (16), {3} ei microcontroiador category physical activity as idle, low, moderate or Aita using digital processing techniques of the signal. In step (17), ei ei microcontroiador determines whether physical activity level estimate remains stable for a certain period ajustabie. In this case, in step (19) the microcontroiador (3) transmits the setpoint adjustment dei oxygen flow rate corresponding to the new physical activity level detected (19). In step (20), it becomes effective to modification and the patient ei determined oxygen flow is delivered. If in step (1) the degree gives physical activity estimated not stable for the period established in step (18)

Figure imgf000012_0001
the oxygen flow rate at the corresponding level ai degree of prior activity (18) and returns back to step (15) to check data ios sensors (2).

Claims

IVINDICACiONES
Device (1) for automatic flow metering equipment (100) oxygen-therapy: characterized by comprising:
~ Means (2) for estimating the degree of physical activity of a patient by a portable patient; Y
- means (3) processing, an communication means (2) estimation and equipment (10Q) of oxygen, which horn configured to receive the means (2) for estimating said estimated patient's physical activity, determining the level of oxygen required by the patient, and transmitting equipment (100) corresponding to a slogan oxygen oxygen level required by the patient.
Device (1) according to claim 1 wherein the means (2) for estimating the patient's physical activity comprises dei ai one aeeieromeiro hands.
3. Device (1) according to claim 2, wherein ei means (2) estimation ia patient's physical activity comprises a aeeieromeiro three axes or three acelerómefros oriented in mutually perpendicular directions.
4. Device (1) gives according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the means (3) comprises processing ai least one of the following list: one microcontra tor, a microprocessor, a FPGA, a DSP or ASIC!.
5. Device (1) according to any of the preceding claims, where ei means (2) and the estimation means (3) processing are two physically separated entities that communicate wirelessly.
8. Device (1) according to any of claims 1 -4 ias above where ei means (2) estimation means and ei (3) gives processing physically constitute a single entity.
7 Device (1) according to claim 6, which is configured for physical connection ai equipment (100) of oxygen
8. Device (1) according to claim 8, which is configured to communicate with computer ei (100) wirelessly oxygen.
9. Device (1) according to cuaiquiera gives the preceding claims, further comprising a means {4} ai attached storage medium (3)
5 processing pare estimates ias store about physical activity pacienta.
10. Device (1) gives according to claim 9 wherein the means (4) storage comprises at least one of the following list: a RAM, an SRAM, a flash, and SD. 0 11. Device {1} according to cuaiquiera of the preceding claims, further understand means (5) connected ai information means (3) processing to transmit information to the patient.
12. Device (1) according to claim 11 wherein ei means (S) comprises at least Information one ia following list: a screen, one or more lights or S Ledesma, a speaker, and a speaker.
13. Device (1) according to any of the preceding claims, further comprising a means (6) connected to the communication means (3) processing configured to transmit data relating to the physical activity of the patient to an external register. 0 14. Device (1) according to claim 13, wherein the means (8) comprises communication! ia least one of following list: radio, Biuetooth, WW, Iwi Zigbee GSM, CDMA, EDGE, HSPA, LIE, and U TS.
15. Device (1) gives according to any of the preceding claims, further comprising element (7) for identifying univocally identificar5 the patient uses,
18. Device (1) according to claim 15, wherein the element (7) comprises identifying at least one of the following list: an RFID tag, and an MFC tag.
17. Method for automatic flow metering equipment {100) oxigenotarapia, comprising ios following steps;
- estimating, by a means (2) for estimating physical activity ia portable by the patient, if the degree of physical activity of a pacienta and inform means (3) processing; Y
- determining, by means ei (3) processing, ei oxygen level required by e! patient and transmit a corresponding set ai equipment (100) gives oxiganoterapia,
18. Process according to claim 17, further comprising waiting a period of time from ei ajusfabie time a change of physical activity is considered to ei when amending ia setpoint oxygen dosing.
19. Process according to any of claims 17-18, wherein a rate of display ©! means (2) for estimating physical activity ei ai patient is greater the greater degree of physical activity ai detected patient.
PCT/ES2016/000041 2015-03-30 2016-03-30 Automatic flow-metering device for oxygen therapy equipment WO2016156634A8 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ES201500245A ES2584915A1 (en) 2015-03-30 2015-03-30 Automatic dosing device flow for oxygen therapy equipment
ESP201500245 2015-03-30

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Citations (9)

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US6142149A (en) * 1997-10-23 2000-11-07 Steen; Scot Kenneth Oximetry device, open oxygen delivery system oximetry device and method of controlling oxygen saturation
US6371114B1 (en) * 1998-07-24 2002-04-16 Minnesota Innovative Technologies & Instruments Corporation Control device for supplying supplemental respiratory oxygen
US6675798B1 (en) * 2001-01-18 2004-01-13 Automed - Automatic Dosage Systems, Ltd. Automatically regulating oxygen flow to a patient
US20060225737A1 (en) * 2005-04-12 2006-10-12 Mr. Mario Iobbi Device and method for automatically regulating supplemental oxygen flow-rate
ES2298060A1 (en) * 2006-09-27 2008-05-01 Universidad De Cadiz. System for monitoring and analyzing cardiorespiratory and snoring signals.
ES2311096T3 (en) * 2002-04-30 2009-02-01 Baxter International Inc. infusion therapy system remotely controlled and assisted by computer.
ES2330514T3 (en) * 2002-06-26 2009-12-11 Nokia Corporation System, apparatus and method for establishing network connections through wireless devices using radio frequency identification.
ES2379444T3 (en) * 2009-04-09 2012-04-26 Georges Boussignac Respiratory assistance device and measurement system comprising a device of this type
ES2408323T3 (en) * 2006-01-06 2013-06-20 Acelrx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Storage devices and drug delivery systems comprising the same

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6142149A (en) * 1997-10-23 2000-11-07 Steen; Scot Kenneth Oximetry device, open oxygen delivery system oximetry device and method of controlling oxygen saturation
US6371114B1 (en) * 1998-07-24 2002-04-16 Minnesota Innovative Technologies & Instruments Corporation Control device for supplying supplemental respiratory oxygen
US6675798B1 (en) * 2001-01-18 2004-01-13 Automed - Automatic Dosage Systems, Ltd. Automatically regulating oxygen flow to a patient
ES2311096T3 (en) * 2002-04-30 2009-02-01 Baxter International Inc. infusion therapy system remotely controlled and assisted by computer.
ES2330514T3 (en) * 2002-06-26 2009-12-11 Nokia Corporation System, apparatus and method for establishing network connections through wireless devices using radio frequency identification.
US20060225737A1 (en) * 2005-04-12 2006-10-12 Mr. Mario Iobbi Device and method for automatically regulating supplemental oxygen flow-rate
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ES2298060A1 (en) * 2006-09-27 2008-05-01 Universidad De Cadiz. System for monitoring and analyzing cardiorespiratory and snoring signals.
ES2379444T3 (en) * 2009-04-09 2012-04-26 Georges Boussignac Respiratory assistance device and measurement system comprising a device of this type

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