WO2016153219A1 - Wind instrument ligature - Google Patents

Wind instrument ligature Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2016153219A1
WO2016153219A1 PCT/KR2016/002723 KR2016002723W WO2016153219A1 WO 2016153219 A1 WO2016153219 A1 WO 2016153219A1 KR 2016002723 W KR2016002723 W KR 2016002723W WO 2016153219 A1 WO2016153219 A1 WO 2016153219A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
auxiliary sounder
auxiliary
sounder
guide
mouthpiece
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/KR2016/002723
Other languages
French (fr)
Korean (ko)
Inventor
김현선
Original Assignee
김현선
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to KR1020150041631A priority Critical patent/KR101693218B1/en
Priority to KR10-2015-0041631 priority
Application filed by 김현선 filed Critical 김현선
Publication of WO2016153219A1 publication Critical patent/WO2016153219A1/en

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D7/00General design of wind musical instruments
    • G10D7/06Beating-reed wind instruments, e.g. single or double reed wind instruments
    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D9/00Details of, or accessories for, wind musical instruments
    • G10D9/02Mouthpieces; Reeds; Ligatures

Abstract

Provided is a wind instrument ligature appropriately corresponding to the size and shape of a mouthpiece, and allowing the free adjustment of the position of an auxiliary sounder with respect to a reed so as to properly exhibit the character of the auxiliary sounder. The ligature comprises a body part into which the mouthpiece and the reed are inserted, and a fastening part connected to the body part and fixing the auxiliary sounder to the reed, wherein the fastening part includes: the auxiliary sounder for covering the reed so as to fix the reed; a lever connected to the auxiliary sounder by a rotary shaft, and providing rotating power to the rotary shaft so as to induce the auxiliary sounder to reciprocate; a guide block having a through-hole into which the rotary shaft is inserted and moving according to the movement of the lever; and a guide part for providing a space in which the guide block moves.

Description

Wind Instrument Rigature

The present invention relates to a rigature for wind instruments, and more particularly, to fix an auxiliary sounder (auxiliary sounder) to prevent irregular tremors of the pronunciation chain lead (reed) used to make the sound of wind instruments such as saxophone, clarinet, oboe It relates to wind instruments for wind instruments.

The reed is coupled to a mouthpiece of a wind instrument such as a saxophone, which acts as a sounding body that produces the sound of the instrument by vibration. There are many kinds of such leads according to thickness, material, and the like, and accordingly, various types of leads can be produced, and different types of leads are used according to performances such as classical, jazz, and pop. On the other hand, the reed lacks resonance due to a change in its characteristics and shape, so that the sound is not rich and does not give a beautiful feeling. In Korean Patent No. 10-1252434, the auxiliary sounder mounted on the lead has a portion that meets the shape of the lead and makes a resonance, and the lead can be securely fixed at the correct position of the mouthpiece.

Auxiliary sounders add volume amplification, increase the straightness of the sound, make it easier to sound, and deliver rich, beautiful sound. Ligature is to fix the auxiliary sounder with the lid to the mouthpiece. By the way, although there is conventional ligature which fixes a lead, the rigature which fixes an auxiliary sounder and a lead simultaneously is not made. Accordingly, the auxiliary sounder may not be properly fixed to the lead depending on the size and shape of the mouthpiece. The position of the auxiliary sounder is very important in order for the characteristics of the auxiliary sounder to be properly exhibited.

The problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide a wind instrument ligature that can appropriately correspond to the size and shape of the mouthpiece, and can freely adjust the position of the auxiliary sounder relative to the lid to properly exhibit the characteristics of the auxiliary sounder.

Ligature for wind instruments for solving the problems of the present invention is composed of a body portion and the body portion is inserted into the mouthpiece and lead and a tightening portion for fixing the auxiliary sounder to the lead. At this time, the tightening unit is covered with the auxiliary sounder to secure the lead, and the lead is connected by the auxiliary sounder and the rotating shaft, and provides a rotational force to the rotating shaft to guide the auxiliary sounder to reciprocate, and the rotating shaft is And a guide block having a through hole inserted therein, the guide block moving according to the movement of the lever, and a guide part providing a space in which the guide block moves.

In the ligature of the present invention, the body portion may include a buffer portion having a concave shape facing the tightening portion and in contact with the mouthpiece. The body portion may be located between the tightening portion and the buffer portion, and may have a protruding shape and a ringing portion for ringing sound.

In a preferred ligature of the present invention, the guide block may be formed with a through hole in which a fixing pin is inserted to prevent the auxiliary sounder from shaking. The rotating shaft may be connected to the coupling plate attached to the auxiliary sounder. The fixing pin may be connected to a coupling plate attached to the auxiliary sounder and inserted into a fixing hole formed in the guide part. The guide block may move along a guide rail formed with a surface facing the auxiliary sounder away from the guide part by a predetermined interval.

According to the wind instrument ligature of the present invention, by attaching a means for fixing the ligature to the mouthpiece, the auxiliary sounder can be properly fixed to the lid in accordance with the size and shape of the mouthpiece. Auxiliary sounders can be combined to provide a means of movement so that the position of the auxiliary sounder relative to the lid can be adjusted freely to demonstrate the characteristics of the auxiliary sounder.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Fig. 1 is a perspective view showing a mouthpiece portion to which a first ligature according to the present invention is mounted.

2 is a perspective view for explaining the ligature according to the present invention.

3 is a cross-sectional view taken along line III-III of FIG. 2.

Figure 4 is an exploded perspective view for explaining the tightening unit according to the present invention.

Hereinafter, exemplary embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. The embodiments described below may be modified in various other forms, and the scope of the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described below. The embodiments of the present invention are provided to more completely explain the present invention to those skilled in the art.

An embodiment of the present invention proposes a ligature for wind instruments that is equipped with a means for fixing the ligature to the mouthpiece, such that the auxiliary sounder is properly fixed to the lid in accordance with the size and shape of the mouthpiece. In addition, the auxiliary sounder is provided with a moving guide portion to present a wind instrument ligature that freely adjusts the position of the auxiliary sounder relative to the lid. To this end, it will be described in detail with respect to the means for fixing the ligature to the mouthpiece, and the guide portion for freely adjusting the position of the auxiliary sounder relative to the lid will be described in detail. The auxiliary sounder is described in detail in Korean Patent No. 10-1252434. The auxiliary sounder applied to the present invention includes all the features described in the above patent.

1 is a perspective view illustrating a mouthpiece part to which a ligature 100 is mounted according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention. The mouthpiece portion according to the embodiment of the present invention is merely an example of an example used for a wind instrument. The mouthpiece portion can have various sizes and shapes within the scope of the present invention.

According to FIG. 1, the mouthpiece portion of the present invention includes a mouthpiece 10, a lid 20, and a ligature 100 that couples them. The mouthpiece 10 is a part where the lips of the player touches in the wind instrument, and its shape and function also vary depending on the structure of the musical instrument. The mouthpiece 10 may have different maximum diameters and shapes according to wind instrument types, wind instrument products, and the like. The lead 20, as is well known, is coupled to the mouthpiece of a wind instrument such as a saxophone and acts as a sounding body that produces the sound of the wind instrument. The lid 20 is composed of a rod-shaped stock and a vamp that extends in the longitudinal direction integrally with the stock and becomes thinner toward the end. The vamp covers the mouthpiece of the mouthpiece 10.

There are a wide variety of leads 20 depending on thickness, material, and the like. The tones 20 can produce a wide range of tones, and different types of leads are used depending on the performance music such as classical, jazz, and pop. Reed 20 is mainly used in the wood material made of a reed (giant reed) is a kind of reed. Lead 20 makes different sounds depending on the texture of the wood, the duration of use, the cutting method. The lead 20 of the wood material has the advantage of producing a rich and beautiful sound by the texture of the wood. However, the wood lead 20 is difficult to manage a lot of restrictions due to the external environment, such as impact or humidity. Recently, although there is a lack of sound, a synthetic resin lead 20 is also used.

Hereinafter, the ligature 100 according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail. 2 is a perspective view illustrating a ligature 100 according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken along line III-III of FIG. 2. The structure of the mouthpiece portion will be described with reference to FIG. 1.

2 and 3, the ligature 100 is connected to the body portion A and the body portion A into which the mouthpiece 10 and the lid 20 are inserted, and leads the auxiliary sounder 42 to the lead ( It consists of a tightening part (B) fixed to 20). The body portion (A) corresponds to the shape of the mouthpiece (10), and preferably cylindrical except near the tightening portion (B). A portion of the body 30 that faces the tightening portion B has a concave shape to contact the mouthpiece 10 and includes at least two buffering portions 32 that serve as a buffer. The buffer part 32 firmly fixes the mouthpiece 10 by the elastic force of the body 30. In some cases, the buffer portion may not be concave, and may be implemented by inserting and fixing a separate buffer material into the body 30 and the mouthpiece 10.

In addition, both sides of the body 30 may be provided with a ringing portion 31 which protrudes from the surface of the body 30 to sound the sound. The sounding unit 31 enables to realize a rich and beautiful sound. Ringing portion 31 is located between the tightening portion (B) and the buffer portion 32, it is preferable that a portion of the body 30 protrudes. Ringing portion 31 is preferably located on both sides facing each other, the shape can be appropriately adjusted in consideration of the shape and the ringing degree of the body 30. Ringing portion 31 is preferably the body 30 itself is protruded. The top surface of the protruding portion may have a flat surface and may have a slight curved surface.

Tightening portion (B) will be described in detail later in Figure 4, but includes a guide portion 50 to which the body 30 is coupled. The body 30 has a portion in which the guide part 50 is opened and includes a binding part 33 in which the body 30 in contact with the guide part 50 is extended. The binding part 33 is joined to the side of the guide part 50 by welding or adhesion. In other words, the body portion A consists of a body 30, a ringing portion 31, a buffer portion and a binding portion 33. The guide part 50 is preferably embedded in the binding part 33. The body portion A may be any material that maintains rigidity, but a metal such as a copper alloy such as bronze having even vibration of sound is more preferable. The surface of the body portion A may be plated with gold or the like to prevent corrosion.

4 is an exploded perspective view for explaining a tightening part B according to an embodiment of the present invention. The structure of the mouthpiece portion will be described with reference to FIG. 1.

According to FIG. 4, the tightening part B includes a guide part 50 into which the guide block 51 is inserted, an auxiliary sounder 42 covering the lid 20, and a lever 40 for moving the auxiliary sounder 42. It is configured to include. At this time, the lever 40 and the auxiliary sounder 42 are coupled by the rotary shaft 41. In addition, the guide block 51 is formed with a through hole 56 into which the rotation shaft 41 is inserted. Although not shown, a screw is formed inside the rotating shaft 41 and the through hole 56, so that the auxiliary sounder 42 may reciprocate by the rotation of the lever 40. Specifically, when the lever 40 is turned in one direction, the auxiliary sounder 42 moves with respect to the body portion A in either the inward direction or the outward direction. Here, although the reciprocating motion of the auxiliary sounder 42 is implemented by the rotation of the lever 40, other methods are possible within the scope of the present invention. The lever 40 and the rotating shaft 41 are preferably rigid and corrosion-resistant metals, particularly stainless steel.

The auxiliary sounder 42 is composed of the auxiliary sounder body 42a and the inclined portion 42b, and may further include a coupling portion 42c in the form of a leg, as the case may be. The auxiliary sounder body 42a may evenly adhere to the surface of the stock of the lid 20 and have a rod shape that is equal to the width of the stock. The inclined portion 42b is integral with the body 42a and extends in the longitudinal direction and is inclined to be located on the surface of the vamp. Preferably, the inclined portion 42b may be in close contact with the surface of the vamp of the lid 20. The auxiliary sounder 42 may have a curved shape while forming an overall curved surface instead of the inclined portion 42b. The auxiliary sounder 42 may be reinforced in the shape of the fork portion exposed to the outside of the curved shape.

In order to prevent irregular tremor of the lid 20 of the auxiliary sounder 42 applied to the embodiment of the present invention, the following method may be proposed. First, the auxiliary sounder 42 is adapted to match the shape of the lead 20 with the shape of the auxiliary sounder 42 in contact with the lead 20 in order to be in close contact with the lead 20. In addition, both sides of the auxiliary sounder body 42 may be provided with a plurality of coupling parts 42c in the form of legs and integral with the auxiliary sounder body 42a in order to be fitted to the stock of the lid 20. Of course, the coupling part 42c may not be formed in consideration of the size, shape, and the like of the lead 20. The number and spacing of the coupling parts 42c may be set in advance according to the purpose of the present invention.

Auxiliary sounder 42 is a vibration with respect to the sound, it is preferable to use a metal material with elasticity, the surface may be plated for corrosion protection and sound effects. The preferred auxiliary sounder 42 is made of silver or copper alloy and the surface is plated with gold, platinum and copper. The thickness of the auxiliary sounder 42 may vary depending on the size and shape of the lid 20 to which the present invention is applied and the sound effect thereof. The thickness of the auxiliary sounder 42 is sufficient to secure the coupling with the lid 20 to prevent irregular tremor of the lid 20. The inclined portion of the auxiliary sounder 42 may partially adjust the vamp of the lid 20 so that the vibration of the lid 20 is even.

On the other hand, the rotating shaft 41 is not directly coupled to the auxiliary sounder 42, but is coupled through the coupling plate 43. The coupling plate 43 is connected to the rotary shaft 41 and attached to the auxiliary sounder 42. The coupling plate 43 is preferably coupled to the auxiliary sounder body 42a. Because the inclined portion 42b is in close contact with the surface of the vamp of the lid 20 to fix the lid 20, the amplification of the volume is increased, improve the straightness of the sound, can easily make a sound, rich and beautiful sound Because it implements The coupling plate 43 is made of silver or copper alloy, and the surface is plated with gold, platinum and copper.

The guide block 51 is inserted into the guide part 50. In the guide part 50, the surface facing the auxiliary sounder 42 constitutes a guide rail 52 spaced by a predetermined distance. The guide rail 52 is part of the guide part 50, and the guide block 51 can move smoothly due to the guide rail 52. The guide block 51 is formed with a through hole 56 into which the rotation shaft 41 is inserted, and a rectangular parallelepiped shape is preferable for stable movement. The guide hole 53 is formed in the upper surface of the guide part 50 so that the rotating shaft 41 may move. The rotating shaft 41 may reciprocate along the guide hole 53. By holding the lever 40 and moving along the guide hole 53, the user can accurately position the auxiliary sounder 42 with respect to the lid 20.

On the other hand, the coupling plate 43 may have a fixing pin 54 to prevent the auxiliary sounder 42 from rotating. The fixing pin 54 penetrates the through hole 57 of the guide block 51 and is inserted into the fixing hole 55 formed at one side of the guide hole 53 on the upper surface of the guide part 50. Without the fixing pin 54, the auxiliary sounder 42 may move left and right when rotating the lever 40 or moving the auxiliary sounder 42. When the auxiliary sounder 42 is shaken from side to side, it is difficult for the user to accurately seat the auxiliary sounder 42 on the lid 20. If the fixing pin 54 is provided, the auxiliary sounder 42 can be prevented from shaking left and right.

As mentioned above, although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to preferred embodiments, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and various modifications may be made by those skilled in the art within the scope of the technical idea of the present invention. It is possible.

Explanation of the sign

10; Mouthpiece 20; lead

30; Body 31; Ringing

32; Buffer portion 33; Binding

40; Lever 41; Axis of rotation

42; Auxiliary sounder 43; Binding plate

50; Guide section 51; Guide block

52; Guide rail 53; Guide hole

54; Pushpin 55; Fixing hole

56, 57; Through hole

A; Body portion B; Fastener

100; Rigature

Claims (7)

  1. A body portion into which the mouthpiece and lead are inserted; And
    Is connected to the body portion and consists of a tightening portion for fixing the auxiliary sounder to the lead,
    The tightening unit,
    An auxiliary sounder covering the lid to fix the lid;
    A lever connected to the auxiliary sounder and a rotating shaft to provide a rotational force to the rotating shaft to guide the auxiliary sounder to reciprocate;
    A guide block having a through hole into which the rotation shaft is inserted and moving according to the movement of the lever; And
    Rigature for wind instruments comprising a guide portion for providing a space for the guide block to move.
  2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the body portion is a rigature for wind instruments, characterized in that it comprises a buffer portion concave to face the tightening portion and in contact with the mouthpiece.
  3. The method of claim 2, wherein the body portion is located between the tightening portion and the buffer portion, having a protruding shape and comprises a ringing portion for sounding the wind instrument.
  4. The method according to claim 1, wherein the guide block is a rigature for wind instruments, characterized in that the through-hole is formed is inserted into the fixing pin to prevent the auxiliary sounder shake.
  5. The rigture for wind instruments according to claim 1, wherein the rotating shaft is connected to a coupling plate attached to the auxiliary sounder.
  6. The method according to claim 4, wherein the fixing pin is connected to the coupling plate attached to the auxiliary sounder, the wind instrument ligature, characterized in that inserted into the fixing hole formed in the guide portion.
  7. The method according to claim 1, wherein the guide block is a wind instrument ligature, characterized in that for moving along the guide rail formed at a predetermined distance apart from the surface facing the auxiliary sounder.
PCT/KR2016/002723 2015-03-25 2016-03-17 Wind instrument ligature WO2016153219A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR1020150041631A KR101693218B1 (en) 2015-03-25 2015-03-25 Ligature of wind instrument
KR10-2015-0041631 2015-03-25

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2016153219A1 true WO2016153219A1 (en) 2016-09-29

Family

ID=56978898

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/KR2016/002723 WO2016153219A1 (en) 2015-03-25 2016-03-17 Wind instrument ligature

Country Status (2)

Country Link
KR (1) KR101693218B1 (en)
WO (1) WO2016153219A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU197231U1 (en) * 2020-02-03 2020-04-14 Андрей Владимирович Параничев Ligature for spiritual musical instruments

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2292584A (en) * 1940-12-04 1942-08-11 Herman O Tafarella Ligature
US2600853A (en) * 1949-10-21 1952-06-17 Crescenzi George Slide cap
US4210055A (en) * 1978-10-03 1980-07-01 Platamone Vito Jr Adjustable ligature for musical instrument
KR101252434B1 (en) * 2013-01-24 2013-04-08 김현선 Reed for wind instrument fixing auxiliary sounder
JP2014109685A (en) * 2012-12-01 2014-06-12 Fukuya Sotozaki Reed fixing device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2292584A (en) * 1940-12-04 1942-08-11 Herman O Tafarella Ligature
US2600853A (en) * 1949-10-21 1952-06-17 Crescenzi George Slide cap
US4210055A (en) * 1978-10-03 1980-07-01 Platamone Vito Jr Adjustable ligature for musical instrument
JP2014109685A (en) * 2012-12-01 2014-06-12 Fukuya Sotozaki Reed fixing device
KR101252434B1 (en) * 2013-01-24 2013-04-08 김현선 Reed for wind instrument fixing auxiliary sounder

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
KR101693218B1 (en) 2017-01-05
KR20160115010A (en) 2016-10-06

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US7842869B2 (en) String instrument with improved acoustic properties and fixing plate for fixing one end of the strings of a guitar
CN101019170B (en) An improved drum
JP4074585B2 (en) claw
US3789720A (en) Guitar pick device
JP4064985B2 (en) Nuts for stringed instruments and stringed instruments
US6670533B1 (en) Shoulder rest for violin or the like capable of improving tone quality
US7384323B2 (en) Sound producing device
US7655852B2 (en) Single reed woodwind musical instrument mouthpiece apparatus and method
US7084341B2 (en) Sound pickup system for acoustic string instruments
US7138577B2 (en) Stringed musical instrument equipped with pickup embedded in bridge and bridge used therein
JP5789584B2 (en) Instrument neck joint
US4269105A (en) Musical percussion instrument
DE102015120918A1 (en) Mounting device for musical instruments
KR20060029220A (en) Accessories or actuating elements for, or components of, musical instruments
US7816596B2 (en) Cajon with freely vibrating corners
JP3447967B2 (en) Acoustic guitar bridge mechanism
US7807910B1 (en) Musical drum with multiple playing surfaces and a seat for the player
US6620991B1 (en) Percussion instrument
US20050188814A1 (en) Dual saddle bridge
NZ554594A (en) Soundhole insert for a stringed instrument
WO2005017875B1 (en) Fingernail pick for stringed instruments
JP2008170644A (en) Electronic musical instrument system and stand for electronic musical instrument
US9255815B2 (en) Fingertip slides for guitar playing
US7462768B2 (en) Guitar pick
US5922979A (en) Stringed instrument

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
121 Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application

Ref document number: 16769037

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1

NENP Non-entry into the national phase in:

Ref country code: DE

122 Ep: pct application non-entry in european phase

Ref document number: 16769037

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1