WO2016128240A1 - Pesticidal mixture comprising a pyrazole compound and two fungicides - Google Patents

Pesticidal mixture comprising a pyrazole compound and two fungicides Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2016128240A1
WO2016128240A1 PCT/EP2016/052032 EP2016052032W WO2016128240A1 WO 2016128240 A1 WO2016128240 A1 WO 2016128240A1 EP 2016052032 W EP2016052032 W EP 2016052032W WO 2016128240 A1 WO2016128240 A1 WO 2016128240A1
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methyl
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PCT/EP2016/052032
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French (fr)
Inventor
Ronald Wilhelm
Florent MAZUIR
Sebastian Soergel
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Basf Se
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES, AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/48Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with two nitrogen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms
    • A01N43/581,2-Diazines; Hydrogenated 1,2-diazines

Abstract

The present invention relates to the use of a pesticidal mixture PM comprising at least one compound of formula I, a fungicide II and a fungicide III for protecting plants selected from wheat, maize, barley, oat, rye, rice, soybean, cotton, sugarbeet, rapeseed, and potato, the plant propagation material thereof, or soil or water, in which the plants are growing, against the attack or infestation by invertebrate pests and/or phytopathogenic harmful fungi. Furthermore, the present invention relates to a seed treatment composition comprising the pesticidal mixture PM and to seeds comprising the pesticidal mixture PM or the seed treatment composition thereof. Moreover, the present invention relates to a method for controlling invertebrate pests and/or phytopathogenic harmful fungi on plants selected from wheat, maize, barley, oat, rye, rice, soybean, cotton, sugarbeet, rapeseed, and potato comprising contacting the plant or the plant propagation material; the pest or its food supply, habitat or breeding ground; and/or the fungi or their habitat, with an effective amount of the pesticidal mixture PM or the seed treatment composition thereof.

Description

Pesticidal mixture comprising a pyrazole compound and two fungicides

Description In a first aspect, the present invention relates to the use of a pesticidal mixture PM for protecting a plant selected from wheat, maize, barley, oat, rye, rice, soybean, cotton, sugarbeet, rape- seed, and potato, the plant propagation material thereof, or soil or water, in which said plants are growing, against the attack or infestation by invertebrate pests and/or phytopathogenic harmful fungi, wherein the pesticidal mixture comprises as active components

1 ) at least one active compound of formula I:

Figure imgf000002_0001

wherein

R1 is H, Ci-C2-alkyl, or Ci-C2-alkoxy-Ci-C2-alkyl;

R2 is CH3, or halomethyl;

R3 is CN, Ci-Ce-alkyl, Ci-C6-haloalkyl, Ci-C2-alkoxy-Ci-C2-alkyl, C2-C6-alkenyl and C2-C6-al- kynyl, C3-C6-cycloalkyl, Cs-Ce-cycloalkenyl, Ci-C6-alkoxy, wherein the C-atoms are unsub- stituted, or partially or fully substituted by Ra;

Ra is halogen, CN, Ci-C2-alkyl, Ci-C2-haloalkyl, Ci-C4-alkoxy, Ci-C2-haloalkoxy;

R4 is Ci-C4-alkyl, or a group mentioned for R3; or

R3 and R4 may together form Cs-Ce-cycloalkyl, which is unsubstituted, or partially or fully substituted by Ra;

R5 is H, or a group mentioned for R4;

and the stereoisomers, salts, tautomers and N-oxides thereof;

2) at least one fungicide II, and

3) at least one fungicide III,

wherein the fungicide II and the fungicide III are different from each other and are independently of each other selected from the group consisting of

A) Respiration inhibitors

Inhibitors of complex III at Q0 site (e. g. strobilurins): azoxystrobin (A.1 .1 ), coumethoxy- strobin (A.1.2), coumoxystrobin (A.1 .3), dimoxystrobin (A.1 .4), enestroburin (A.1 .5), fenamin- strobin (A.1.6), fenoxystrobin/flufenoxystrobin (A.1.7), fluoxastrobin (A.1.8), kresoxim-methyl (A.1.9), mandestrobin (A.1.10), metominostrobin (A.1.1 1 ), orysastrobin (A.1.12), picoxystrobin (A.1.13), pyraclostrobin (A.1 .14), pyrametostrobin (A.1 .15), pyraoxystrobin (A.1.16), trifloxy- strobin (A.1.17), 2-(2-(3-(2,6-dichlorophenyl)-1-methyl-allylideneaminooxymethyl)-phenyl)-2- methoxyimino-N-methyl-acetamide (A.1 .18), pyribencarb (A.1.19), triclopyricarb/chlorodincarb (A.1.20), famoxadone (A.1.21 ), fenamidone (A.1.21 ), methyl-/V-[2-[(1 ,4-dimethyl-5-phenyl-py- razol-3-yl)oxylmethyl]phenyl]-N-methoxy-carbamate (A.1 .22), 1 -[3-chloro-2-[[1-(4-chlorophe- nyl)-1 H-pyrazol-3-yl]oxymethyl]phenyl]-4-methyl-tetrazol-5-one (A.1.23), 1-[3-bromo-2-[[1 -(4- chlorophenyl)pyrazol-3-yl]oxymethyl]phenyl]-4-methyl-tetrazol-5-one (A.1.24), 1-[2-[[1-(4-chlo- rophenyl)pyrazol-3-yl]oxymethyl]-3-methyl-phenyl]-4-methyl-tetrazol-5-one (A.1.25), 1-[2-[[1- (4-chlorophenyl)pyrazol-3-yl]oxymethyl]-3-fluoro-phenyl]-4-methyl-tetrazol-5-one (A.1.26), 1-[2- [[1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)pyrazol-3-yl]oxymethyl]-3-fluoro-phenyl]-4-methyl-tetrazol-5-one (A.1.27), 1 -[2-[[4-(4-chlorophenyl)thiazol-2-yl]oxymethyl]-3-methyl-phenyl]-4-methyl-tetrazol-5- one (A.1.28), 1-[3-chloro-2-[[4-(p-tolyl)thiazol-2-yl]oxymethyl]phenyl]-4-methyl-tetrazol-5-one (A.1.29), 1-[3-cyclopropyl-2-[[2-methyl-4-(1 -methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenoxy]methyl]phenyl]-4-me- thyl-tetrazol-5-one (A.1 .30), 1 -[3-(difluoromethoxy)-2-[[2-methyl-4-(1 -methylpyrazol-3-yl)phe- noxy]methyl]phenyl]-4-methyl-tetrazol-5-one (A.1 .31 ), 1 -methyl-4-[3-methyl-2-[[2-methyl-4-(1 - methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenoxy]methyl]phenyl]tetrazol-5-one (A.1 .32), 1-methyl-4-[3-methyl-2-[[1 - [3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-ethylideneamino]oxymethyl]phenyl]tetrazol-5-one (A.1 .33), (.72£)-5- [1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)pyrazol-3-yl]-oxy-2-methoxyimino-A ,3-dimethyl-pent-3-enamide

(A.1.34), (^2£)-5-[1-(4-chlorophenyl)pyrazol-3-yl]oxy-2-methoxyimino-A ,3-dimethyl-pent-3- enamide (A.1.35), (^2£)-5-[1 -(4-chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)pyrazol-3-yl]oxy-2-methoxyimino-/V,3- dimethyl-pent-3-enamide (A.1 .36),

inhibitors of complex III at Qi site: cyazofamid (A.2.1 ), amisulbrom (A.2.2), [(3S,6S,7R,8R)- 8-benzyl-3-[(3-acetoxy-4-methoxy-pyridine-2-carbonyl)amino]-6-methyl-4,9-dioxo-1 ,5-diox- onan-7-yl] 2-methylpropanoate (A.2.3), [(3S,6S,7R,8R)-8-benzyl-3-[[3-(acetoxymethoxy)-4- methoxy-pyridine-2-carbonyl]amino]-6-methyl-4,9-dioxo-1 ,5-dioxonan-7-yl] 2-methylpropano- ate (A.2.4), [(3S,6S,7R,8R)-8-benzyl-3-[(3-isobutoxycarbonyloxy-4-methoxy-pyridine-2-car- bonyl)amino]-6-methyl-4,9-dioxo-1 ,5-dioxonan-7-yl] 2-methylpropanoate (A.2.5),

[(3S,6S,7R,8R)-8-benzyl-3-[[3-(1 ,3-benzodioxol-5-ylmethoxy)-4-methoxy-pyridine-2-car- bonyl]amino]-6-methyl-4,9-dioxo-1 ,5-dioxonan-7-yl] 2-methylpropanoate (A.2.6);

(3S,6S,7R,8R)-3-[[(3-hydroxy-4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)carbonyl]amino]-6-methyl-4,9-dioxo- 8-(phenylmethyl)-1 ,5-dioxonan-7-yl 2-methylpropanoate (A.2.7), (3S,6S,7R,8R)-8-benzyl- 3-[3-[(isobutyryloxy)methoxy]-4-methoxypicolinamido]-6-methyl-4,9-dioxo-1 ,5-dioxonan-7-yl isobutyrate (A.2.8);

inhibitors of complex II (e. g. carboxamides): benodanil (A.3.1 ), benzovindiflupyr (A.3.2), bixafen (A.3.3), boscalid (A.3.4), carboxin (A.3.5), fenfuram (A.3.6), fluopyram (A.3.7), flutolanil (A.3.8), fluxapyroxad (A.3.9), furametpyr (A.3.10), isofetamid (A.3.1 1 ), isopyrazam (A.3.12), mepronil (A.3.13), oxycarboxin (A.3.14), penflufen (A.3.14), penthiopyrad (A.3.15), sedaxane (A.3.16), tecloftalam (A.3.17), thifluzamide (A.3.18), N-(4'-trifluoromethylthiobiphenyl-2-yl)- 3-difluoromethyl-1 -methyl-1 H-pyrazole-4-carboxamide (A.3.19), N-(2-(1 ,3,3-trimethyl-butyl)- phenyl)-1 ,3-dimethyl-5-fluoro-1 H-pyrazole-4-carboxamide (A.3.20), 3-(difluoromethyl)-1 -me- thyl-N-(1 ,1 ,3-trimethylindan-4-yl)pyrazole-4-carboxamide (A.3.21 ), 3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 -methyl- N-(1 ,1 ,3-trimethylindan-4-yl)pyrazole-4-carboxamide (A.3.22), 1 ,3-dimethyl-N-(1 ,1 ,3-trimethyl- indan-4-yl)pyrazole-4-carboxamide (A.3.23), 3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,5-dimethyl-N-(1 ,1 ,3-trimethyl- indan-4-yl)pyrazole-4-carboxamide (A.3.24), 1 ,3,5-trimethyl-N-(1 ,1 ,3-trimethylindan-4-yl)pyra- zole-4-carboxamide (A.3.25), N-(7-fluoro-1 ,1 ,3-trimethyl-indan-4-yl)-1 ,3-dimethyl-pyrazole-4- carboxamide (A.3.26), N-[2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-2-methoxy-1-methyl-ethyl]-3-(difluoromethyl)- 1-methyl-pyrazole-4-carboxamide (A.3.27); other respiration inhibitors (e. g. complex I, uncouplers): diflumetorim (A.4.1 ), (5,8-difluoro- quinazolin-4-yl)-{2-[2-fluoro-4-(4-trifluoromethylpyridin-2-yloxy)-phenyl]-ethyl}-amine (A.4.2); nitrophenyl derivates: binapacryl (A.4.3), dinobuton (A.4.4), dinocap (A.4.5), fluazinam (A.4.6); ferimzone (A.4.7); organometal compounds: fentin salts, such as fentin-acetate (A.4.8), fentin chloride (A.4.9) or fentin hydroxide (A.4.10); ametoctradin (A.4.1 1 ); and silthiofam (A.4.12); B) Sterol biosynthesis inhibitors (SBI fungicides)

C14 demethylase inhibitors (DMI fungicides): triazoles: azaconazole (B.1 .1 ), bitertanol (B.1.2), bromuconazole (B.1.3), cyproconazole (B.1.4), difenoconazole (B.1 .5), diniconazole (B.1.6), diniconazole-M (B.1.7), epoxiconazole (B.1.8), fenbuconazole (B.1 .9), fluquinconazole (B.1.10), flusilazole (B.1 .1 1 ), flutriafol (B.1 .12), hexaconazole (B.1 .13), imibenconazole

(B.1.14), ipconazole (B.1.15), metconazole (B.1.17), myclobutanil (B.1 .18), oxpoconazole (B.1.19), paclobutrazole (B.1.20), penconazole (B.1.21 ), propiconazole (B.1.22), prothiocona- zole (B.1 .23), simeconazole (B.1.24), tebuconazole (B.1 .25), tetraconazole (B.1 .26), triadime- fon (B.1 .27), triadimenol (B.1 .28), triticonazole (B.1 .29), uniconazole (B.1 .30), \-[re/-{2S,3R)-3- (2-chlorophenyl)-2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-oxiranylmethyl]-5-thiocyanato-1 H-[1 ,2,4]triazolo

(B.1.31 ), 2-[ eA(2S;3 5)-3-(2-chlorophenyl)-2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-oxiranylmethyl]-2H-[1 ,2,4]tri- azole-3-thiol (B.1.32); imidazoles: imazalil (B.1.42), pefurazoate (B.1 .43), prochloraz (B.1 .44), triflumizol (B.1.45); pyrimidines, pyridines and piperazines: fenarimol (B.1.46), nuarimol (B.1.47), pyrifenox (B.1.48), triforine (B.1.49), [3-(4-chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-5-(2,4-difluoro- phenyl)isoxazol-4-yl]-(3-pyridyl)methanol (B.1.50);

Delta 14-reductase inhibitors: aldimorph (B.2.1 ), dodemorph (B.2.2), dodemorph-acetate (B.2.3), fenpropimorph (B.2.4), tridemorph (B.2.5), fenpropidin (B.2.6), piperalin (B.2.7), spirox- amine (B.2.8);

Inhibitors of 3-keto reductase: fenhexamid (B.3.1 );

C) Nucleic acid synthesis inhibitors

phenylamides or acyl amino acid fungicides: benalaxyl (C.1 .1 ), benalaxyl-M (C.1.2), kiral- axyl (C.1 .3), metalaxyl (C.1.4), metalaxyl-M (mefenoxam, C.1.5), ofurace (C.1 .6), oxadixyl (C.1 .7);

others: hymexazole (C.2.1 ), octhilinone (C.2.2), oxolinic acid (C.2.3), bupirimate (C.2.4), 5-fluorocytosine (C.2.5), 5-fluoro-2-(p-tolylmethoxy)pyrimidin-4-amine (C.2.6), 5-fluoro-2-(4- fluorophenylmethoxy)pyrimidin-4-amine (C.2.7);

D) Inhibitors of cell division and cytoskeleton

tubulin inhibitors, such as benzimidazoles, thiophanates: benomyl (D1.1 ), carbendazim (D1 .2), fuberidazole (D1.3), thiabendazole (D1 .4), thiophanate-methyl (D1.5); triazolopyrim- idines: 5-chloro-7-(4-methylpiperidin-1 -yl)-6-(2,4,6-trifluorophenyl)-[1 ,2,4]triazolo[1 ,5-a]pyrimi- dine (D1.6);

other cell division inhibitors: diethofencarb (D2.1 ), ethaboxam (D2.2), pencycuron (D2.3), fluopicolide (D2.4), zoxamide (D2.5), metrafenone (D2.6), pyriofenone (D2.7);

E) Inhibitors of amino acid and protein synthesis

- methionine synthesis inhibitors (anilino-pyrimidines): cyprodinil (E.1 .1 ), mepanipyrim (E.1.2), pyrimethanil (E.1 .3); protein synthesis inhibitors: blasticidin-S (E.2.1 ), kasugamycin (E.2.2), kasugamycin hy- drochloride-hydrate (E.2.3), mildiomycin (E.2.4), streptomycin (E.2.5), oxytetracyclin (E.2.6), polyoxine (E.2.7), validamycin A (E.2.8);

F) Signal transduction inhibitors

- MAP / histidine kinase inhibitors: fluoroimid (F.1 .1 ), iprodione (F.1 .2), procymidone (F.1.3), vinclozolin (F.1.4), fenpiclonil (F.1 .5), fludioxonil (F.1.6);

G protein inhibitors: quinoxyfen (F.2.1 );

G) Lipid and membrane synthesis inhibitors

Phospholipid biosynthesis inhibitors: edifenphos (G.1 .1 ), iprobenfos (G.1.2), pyrazophos (G.1.3), isoprothiolane (G.1.4);

lipid peroxidation: dicloran (G.2.1 ), quintozene (G.2.2), tecnazene (G.2.3), tolclofos-methyl (G.2.4), biphenyl (G.2.5), chloroneb (G.2.6), etridiazole (G.2.7);

phospholipid biosynthesis and cell wall deposition: dimethomorph (G.3.1 ), flumorph (G.3.2), mandipropamid (G.3.3), pyrimorph (G.3.4), benthiavalicarb (G.3.5), iprovalicarb (G.3.6), valifenalate (G.3.7) and N-(1-(1-(4-cyano-phenyl)ethanesulfonyl)-but-2-yl) carbamic acid-(4-fluorophenyl) ester (G.3.8);

compounds affecting cell membrane permeability and fatty acides: propamocarb (G.4.1 ); fatty acid amide hydrolase inhibitors: oxathiapiprolin (G.5.1 ), 2-{3-[2-(1-{[3,5-bis(difluoro- methyl-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl]acetyl}piperidin-4-yl)-1 ,3-thiazol-4-yl]-4,5-dihydro-1 ,2-oxazol-5-yl}phe- nyl methanesulfonate (G.5.2), 2-{3-[2-(1 -{[3, 5-bis(difluoromethyl)-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl]acetyl}piperi- din-4-yl) 1 ,3-thiazol-4-yl]-4,5-dihydro-1 ,2-oxazol-5-yl}-3-chlorophenyl methanesulfonate (G.5.3);

H) Inhibitors with Multi Site Action

inorganic active substances: Bordeaux mixture (H.1.1 ), copper acetate (H.1.2), copper hy- droxide (H.1 .3), copper oxychloride (H.1.4), basic copper sulfate (H.1.5), sulfur (H.1 .6);

thio- and dithiocarbamates: ferbam (H.2.1 ), mancozeb (H.2.2), maneb (H.2.3), metam (H.2.4), metiram (H.2.5), propineb (H.2.6), thiram (H.2.7), zineb (H.2.8), ziram (H.2.9);

organochlorine compounds (e. g. phthalimides, sulfamides, chloronitriles): anilazine (H.3.1 ), chlorothalonil (H.3.2), captafol (H.3.3), captan (H.3.4), folpet (H.3.5), dichlofluanid (H.3.6), dichlorophen (H.3.7), hexachlorobenzene (H.3.8), pentachlorphenole (H.3.9) and its salts, phthalide (H.3.10), tolylfluanid (H.3.1 1 ), N-(4-chloro-2-nitro-phenyl)-N-ethyl-4-methyl- benzenesulfonamide (H.3.12);

guanidines and others: guanidine (H.4.1 ), dodine (H.4.2), dodine free base (H.4.3), guazatine (H.4.4), guazatine-acetate (H.4.5), iminoctadine (H.4.6), iminoctadine-triacetate (H.4.7), iminoctadine-tris(albesilate) (H.4.8), dithianon (H.4.9), 2,6-dimethyl-1 H,5H- [1 ,4]dithiino[2,3-c:5,6-c']dipyrrole-1 ,3,5,7(2H,6H)-tetraone (H.4.10);

I) Cell wall synthesis inhibitors

inhibitors of glucan synthesis: validamycin (1.1.1 ), polyoxin B (1.1 .2);

melanin synthesis inhibitors: pyroquilon (1.2.1 ), tricyclazole (I.2.2), carpropamid (1.2.3), di- cyclomet (I.2.4), fenoxanil (I.2.5);

J) Plant defence inducers acibenzolar-S-methyl (J.1.1 ), probenazole (J.1 .2), isotianil (J.1 .3), tiadinil (J.1 .4), prohexa- dione-calcium (J.1 .5); phosphonates: fosetyl (J.1 .6), fosetyl-aluminum (J.1.7), phosphorous acid and its salts (J.1 .8), potassium or sodium bicarbonate (J.1 .9);

K) Unknown mode of action

- bronopol (K.1 .1 ), chinomethionat (K.1.2), cyflufenamid (K.1.3), cymoxanil (K.1.4), dazomet (K.1.5), debacarb (K.1 .6), diclomezine (K.1 .7), difenzoquat (K.1.8), difenzoquat-methylsulfate (K.1.9), diphenylamin (K.1 .10), fenpyrazamine (K.1.1 1 ), flumetover (K.1.12), flusulfamide (K.1.13), flutianil (K.1.14), methasulfocarb (K.1 .15), nitrapyrin (K.1 .16), nitrothal-isopropyl (K.1.18), oxathiapiprolin (K.1 .19), tolprocarb (K.1.20), oxin-copper (K.1 .21 ), proquinazid (K.1.22), tebufloquin (K.1.23), tecloftalam (K.1.24), triazoxide (K.1 .25), 2-butoxy-6-iodo- 3-propylchromen-4-one (K.1 .26), 2-[3,5-bis(difluoromethyl)-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl]-1 -[4-(4-{5-[2- (prop-2-yn-1-yloxy)phenyl]-4,5-dihydro-1 ,2-oxazol-3-yl}-1 ,3-thiazol-2-yl)piperidin-1 -yl]ethanone (K.1.27), 2-[3,5-bis(difluoromethyl)-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl]-1 -[4-(4-{5-[2-fluoro-6-(prop-2-yn-1 -yl- oxy)phenyl]-4,5-dihydro-1 ,2-oxazol-3-yl}-1 ,3-thiazol-2-yl)piperidin-1 -yl]ethanone (K.1.28), 2-[3,5-bis(difluoromethyl)-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl]-1-[4-(4-{5-[2-chloro-6-(prop-2-yn-1 -yloxy)phenyl]- 4,5-dihydro-1 ,2-oxazol-3-yl}-1 ,3-thiazol-2-yl)piperidin-1-yl]ethanone (K.1 .29), N-(cyclopropyl- methoxyimino-(6-difluoro-methoxy-2,3-difluoro-phenyl)-methyl)-2-phenyl acetamide (K.1.30), N'-(4-(4-chloro-3-trifluoromethyl-phenoxy)-2,5-dimethyl-phenyl)-N-ethyl-N-methyl formamidine (K.1.31 ), N'-(4-(4-fluoro-3-trifluoromethyl-phenoxy)-2,5-dimethyl-phenyl)-N-ethyl-N-methyl formamidine (K.1.32), N'-(2-methyl-5-trifluoromethyl-4-(3-trimethylsilanyl-propoxy)-phenyl)-N- ethyl-N-methyl formamidine (K.1 .33), N'-(5-difluoromethyl-2-methyl-4-(3-trimethylsilanyl- propoxy)-phenyl)-N-ethyl-N-methyl formamidine (K.1.34), methoxy-acetic acid 6-tert-butyl-8- fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-quinolin-4-yl ester (K.1 .35), 3-[5-(4-methylphenyl)-2,3-dimethyl-isoxazoli- din-3-yl]-pyridine (K.1.36), 3-[5-(4-chloro-phenyl)-2,3-dimethyl-isoxazolidin-3-yl]-pyridine (pyrisoxazole) (K.1 .37), N-(6-methoxy-pyridin-3-yl) cyclopropanecarboxylic acid amide

(K.1.38), 5-chloro-1 -(4,6-dimethoxy-pyrimidin-2-yl)-2-methyl-1 H-benzoimidazole (K.1 .39), 2-(4- chloro-phenyl)-N-[4-(3,4-dimethoxy-phenyl)-isoxazol-5-yl]-2-prop-2-ynyloxy-acetamide, ethyl (Z)-3-amino-2-cyano-3-phenyl-prop-2-enoate (K.1.40), picarbutrazox (K.1 .41 ), pentyl N-[6- [[(Z)-[(1 -methyltetrazol-5-yl)-phenyl-methylene]amino]oxymethyl]-2-pyridyl]carbamate (K.1 .42), 2-[2-[(7,8-difluoro-2-methyl-3-quinolyl)oxy]-6-fluoro-phenyl]propan-2-ol (K.1 .43), 2-[2-fluoro-6- [(8-fluoro-2-methyl-3-quinolyl)oxy]phen-yl]propan-2-ol (K.1.44), 3-(5-fluoro-3,3,4,4-tetramethyl- 3,4-dihydroisoquinolin-1-yl)quinoline (K.1 .45), 3-(4,4-difluoro-3,3-dimethyl-3,4-dihydroisoquino- lin-1 -yl)quinoline (K.1.46), 3-(4,4,5-trifluoro-3,3-dimethyl-3,4-dihydroisoquinolin-1 -yl)quinoline (K.1.47), 9-fluoro-2,2-dimethyl-5-(3-quinolyl)-3H-1 ,4-benzoxazepine (K.1 .48),

wherein component 1 ) and component 2) are present in a weight ratio from 1000:1 to 1 :1000, component 1 ) and component 3) are present in a weight ratio from 1000:1 to 1 :1000, and component 2) and 3) are present in a weight ratio from 1000:1 to 1 :1000.

It has been found that simultaneous (that is joint or separate) application of the three components 1 ), 2), and 3) of the pesticidal mixture PM or successive application (that is immediately one after another and thereby creating the mixture "in situ" on the desired location, as e.g. the plant) of the three components 1 ), 2), and 3) of the pesticidal mixture PM of the invention allows enhanced control of pests and fungi compared to the control rates that are possible with the individual compounds. Therefore, the term "pesticidal mixture PM" as used herein is intended to include also combinations. In another aspect, the present invention relates to a seed treatment composition comprising the pesticidal mixture PM and at least one auxiliary. Furthermore, the present invention relates to seeds comprising the pesticidal mixture PM or the above defined seed treatment composition thereof in an amount of from 0.01 g to 10000 g per 100 kg of seeds.

In yet another aspect, the present invention relates to a method for controlling invertebrate pests and/or phytopathogenic harmful fungi on a plant selected from wheat, maize, barley, oat, rye, rice, soybean, cotton, sugarbeet, rapeseed, and potato comprising contacting the plant or the plant propagation material thereof; the pest or its food supply, habitat or breeding ground; and/or the fungi or their habitat, with an effective amount of the pesticidal mixture PM of the invention or the seed treatment composition thereof.

Invertebrate pests and in particular insects, arachnids and nematodes destroy growing and harvested crops and attack wooden dwelling and commercial structures, thereby causing large economic loss to the food supply and to property. Accordingly, there is an ongoing need for pesticides and pesticidal mixtures for combating invertebrate pests.

It has been found that N-(het)arylamides derived from pyrazole carboxylic acids, which are described e.g. in WO2010/034737, WO2012/084670, WO2012/143317, and US 61/891437 are particularly useful for combating pests.

Furthermore, pesticidal mixtures of such pyrazole compounds with a further insecticide or fungicide are described in WO2012/084670 and WO2013/189801.

Nevertheless, there remains a need for pesticidal mixtures, which are suitable for overcoming specific problems in pest control.

In this context, it is also important to note that pest infestation is often accompanied by infestation with harmful fungi, so that it is often not only required that the pesticidal mixtures are suitable for pest control, but also that they are suitable for controling harmful fungi. In this regard, it is noted that row crops selected from wheat, maize, barley, oat, rye, rice, soybean, cotton, sugar- beet, rapeseed, and potato which are of particular commercial importance, are highly vulnerable in terms of the attack or infestation by certain invertebrate pests and pythopathogenic harmful fungi. Relevant invertebrate pests for the above row crops include aphids, diptera, leafhopper, thrips, and whitefly, preferably aphids and/or thrips. Important harmful fungi include Pythium sp., Fusarium sp., Rhizoctonia sp., Ustilago sp., Tilletia sp., Michrodochium sp., Gaeumannomyces graminis, Aphanomyces cochlioides, Sclerotinia sp., and Phoma sp., preferably Pythium sp., Fusarium sp., Ustilago sp., Tilletia sp., Michrodochium sp., Gaeumannomyces graminis, Aphanomyces cochlioides, Sclerotinia sp., and Phoma sp., more preferably Pythium sp., Fusarium sp., or Phoma sp.. Consequently, a pesticidal mixture is required, which has insecticidal activity against the above listed pests, and at the same time fungicidal activity against the above listed fungi. It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide pesticidal mixtures, which are suitable for protecting a plant selected from wheat, maize, barley, oat, rye, rice, soybean, cotton, sugarbeet, rapeseed, and potato against the harmful effects of the above listed pests and fungi.

Furthermore, there are increasing problems with insect resistance and/or fungal resistance, while it is at the same time desired to reduce dosage rates of the active ingredients in order to reduce or avoid unfavorable environmental or toxicological effects. It is therefore another object of the present invention to provide pesticidal mixtures, which overcome the problem of insect resistance and/or fungal resistance. It is yet another object of the present invention to provide pesticidal mixtures, which can be applied in low dosage rates.

Furthermore, there is a desire for pesticidal mixtures that improve "plant health" as defined below. It is therefore another object of the present invention to provide pesticidal mixtures, which are suitable for improving the plant health.

In connection with the above objects, it is emphasized that in certain situations, in particular seeds and plant roots and shoots are threatened by harmful pests and/or fungi. Accordingly, there is also an ongoing need for pesticidal mixtures and seed treatment compositions comprising said pesticidal mixtures, which are suitable for protecting the plant propagation material, in particular the seeds, and the plant roots and shoots of the plant from attack and infestation by harmful pests and/or fungi. It is particularly desired to provide pesticidal mixtures and seed treatment compositions, which not only have activity against pests and/or fungi in the soil, which threaten the seeds and the roots of the plant, but which also ensure protection against foliar pests and/or fungi as defined above, when applied to the seeds only, e.g. by seed dressing, seed coating, seed dusting, seed soaking or seed pelleting, in order to protect the shoots of the plant. It is therefore another object of the present invention to provide pesticidal mixtures and seed treatment compositions, which are suitable for protecting the plant propagation material, in particular the seeds and the roots and shoots of a plant, in particular a plant selected from wheat, maize, barley, oat, rye, rice, soybean, cotton, sugarbeet, rapeseed, and potato, against the harmful effects of pests and/or fungi. In particular, it is an object to provide pesticidal mixtures and seed treatment compositions, which are suitable for protecting the shoots of a plant, in particular a plant selected from wheat, maize, barley, oat, rye, rice, soybean, cotton, sugar- beet, rapeseed, and potato, against harmful foliar pests and/or fungi as defined above, when applied to the seeds only.

It has been found that the above objects can be achieved by the pesticidal mixtures PM as defined above and hereinafter, and the seed treatment compositions and uses thereof, as well as by seeds comprising the pesticidal mixtures PM or the seed treatment compositions thereof, and by methods of applying the pesticidal mixtures PM.

The components, which are present in the pesticidal mixtures PM of the invention, are described in further detail hereinafter. The term "compound(s) of formula I" or "compound(s) according to the invention" comprises the compound(s) as defined herein as well as a stereoisomer, salt, tautomer or N-oxide thereof. The term "compound(s) of the present invention" is to be understood as equivalent to the term "compound(s) according to the invention", therefore also comprising a stereoisomer, salt, tauto- mer or N-oxide thereof.

The term "stereoisomers" encompasses both optical isomers, such as enantiomers or dia- stereomers, the latter existing due to more than one center of chirality in the molecule, as well as geometrical isomers (cis/trans isomers).

Depending on the substitution pattern, the compounds of formula I may have one or more centers of chirality, in which case they are present as mixtures of enantiomers or diastereomers. One center of chirality is the carbon atom carrying radicals R3, R4 and R5. The invention provides both the pure enantiomers or diastereomers and their mixtures and the use according to the invention of the pure enantiomers or diastereomers of the compound I or its mixtures. Suitable compounds of the formula I also include all possible geometrical stereoisomers (cis/trans isomers) and mixtures thereof.

The term "N-oxide" relates to a form of compounds I in which at least one nitrogen atom is present in oxidized form (as NO).

The compounds of of the formula I may be amorphous or may exist in one ore more different crystalline states (polymorphs) which may have a different macroscopic properties such as stability or show different biological properties such as activities. The present invention includes both amorphous and crystalline compounds of the formula I, mixtures of different crystalline states of the respective compound I, as well as amorphous or crystalline salts thereof.

Salts of the compounds of the formula I are preferably agriculturally acceptable salts. They can be formed in a customary method, e.g. by reacting the compound with an acid of the anion in question if the compound of formula I has a basic functionality or by reacting an acidic compound of formula I with a suitable base.

Suitable agriculturally acceptable salts are especially the salts of those cations or the acid ad- dition salts of those acids whose cations and anions, respectively, do not have any adverse effect on the action of the compounds according to the present invention.

Suitable cations are in particular the ions of the alkali metals, preferably lithium, sodium and potassium, of the alkaline earth metals, preferably calcium, magnesium and barium, and of the transition metals, preferably manganese, copper, zinc and iron, and also ammonium (NH4+) and substituted ammonium in which one to four of the hydrogen atoms are replaced by Ci-C4-alkyl, Ci-C4-hydroxyalkyl, Ci-C4-alkoxy, Ci-C4-alkoxy-Ci-C4-alkyl, hydroxy-Ci-C4-alkoxy-Ci-C4-alkyl, phenyl or benzyl. Examples of substituted ammonium ions comprise methylammonium, isoprop- ylammonium, dimethylammonium, diisopropylammonium, trimethylammonium, tetrame- thylammonium, tetraethylammonium, tetrabutylammonium, 2-hydroxyethylammonium, 2-(2-hy- droxyethoxy)ethylammonium, bis(2-hydroxyethyl)ammonium, benzyltrimethylammonium and benzl-triethylammonium, furthermore phosphonium ions, sulfonium ions, preferably tri(Ci-C4-al- kyl)sulfonium, and sulfoxonium ions, preferably tri(Ci-C4-alkyl)sulfoxonium.

Anions of useful acid addition salts are primarily chloride, bromide, fluoride, hydrogen sulfate, sulfate, dihydrogen phosphate, hydrogen phosphate, phosphate, nitrate, hydrogen carbonate, carbonate, hexafluorosilicate, hexafluorophosphate, benzoate, and the anions of Ci-C4-alkanoic acids, preferably formate, acetate, propionate and butyrate. They can be formed by reacting a compound of formulae I with an acid of the corresponding anion, preferably of hydrochloric acid, hydrobromic acid, sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid or nitric acid.

The organic moieties mentioned in the above definitions of the variables are - like the term halogen - collective terms for individual listings of the individual group members. The prefix Cn-Cm indicates in each case the possible number of carbon atoms in the group.

The term "halogen" denotes in each case fluorine, bromine, chlorine or iodine, in particular fluorine, chlorine or bromine.

The term "alkyl" as used herein and in the alkyl moieties of alkylthio (also referred to as alkyl- sulfanyl), alkylsulfinyl, and alkylsulfonyl denotes in each case a straight-chain or branched alkyl group having usually from 1 to 6 carbon atoms, preferably 1 to 4 carbon atoms and in particular from 1 to 3 carbon atoms. Examples of an alkyl group are methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n- butyl, 2-butyl, iso-butyl, tert-butyl, n-pentyl, 1 -methylbutyl, 2-methylbutyl, 3-methylbutyl, 2,2-di- methylpropyl, 1-ethylpropyl, n-hexyl, 1 ,1-dimethylpropyl, 1 ,2-dimethylpropyl, 1 -methylpentyl, 2- methylpentyl, 3-methylpentyl, 4-methylpentyl, 1 ,1-dimethylbutyl, 1 ,2-dimethylbutyl, 1 ,3-dimethyl- butyl, 2,2-dimethylbutyl, 2,3-dimethylbutyl, 3,3-dimethylbutyl, 1-ethylbutyl, 2-ethylbutyl, 1 ,1 ,2- trimethylpropyl, 1 ,2, 2-tri methyl propyl, 1-ethyl-1-methylpropyl, and 1 -ethyl-2-methylpropyl.

The term "alkenyl" as used herein denotes in each case a singly unsaturated hydrocarbon radical having usually 2 to 6, preferably 2 to 4 carbon atoms, e.g. vinyl, allyl (2-propen-1-yl), 1-pro- pen-1 -yl, 2-propen-2-yl, methallyl (2-methylprop-2-en-1-yl), 2-buten-1 -yl, 3-buten-1 -yl, 2-penten- 1-yl, 3-penten-1-yl, 4-penten-1 -yl, 1-methylbut-2-en-1-yl, 2-ethylprop-2-en-1 -yl and the like.

The term "alkynyl" as used herein denotes in each case a singly unsaturated hydrocarbon radical having usually 2 to 6, preferably 2 to 4 carbon atoms, e.g. ethynyl, propargyl (2-propyn-1 - yl), 1 -propyn-1 -yl, 1-methylprop-2-yn-1-yl), 2-butyn-1 -yl, 3-butyn-1 -yl, 1-pentyn-1 -yl, 3-pentyn-1 - yl, 4-pentyn-1-yl, 1 -methylbut-2-yn-1 -yl, 1-ethylprop-2-yn-1 -yl and the like.

The term "haloalkyi" as used herein and in the haloalkyi moieties of haloalkoxy, haloalkylthio, haloalkylsulfonyl and haloalkylsulfinyl, denotes in each case a straight-chain or branched alkyl group having usually from 1 to 6 carbon atoms, frequently from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, wherein the hydrogen atoms of this group are partially or totally replaced with halogen atoms. Preferred haloalkyi moieties are selected from Ci-C2-haloalkyl, in particular from Ci-C2-fluoroalkyl such as fluoromethyl, difluoromethyl, trifluoromethyl, 1-fluoroethyl, 2-fluoroethyl, 2,2-difluoroethyl, 2,2,2- trifluoroethyl, pentafluoroethyl, and the like.

The term "alkoxy" as used herein denotes in each case a straight-chain or branched alkyl group which is bound via an oxygen atom and has usually from 1 to 6 carbon atoms, preferably 1 to 4 carbon atoms. Examples of an alkoxy group are methoxy, ethoxy, n-propoxy, iso-prop- oxy, n-butyloxy, 2-butyloxy, iso-butyloxy, tert.-butyloxy, and the like.

The term "haloalkoxy" as used herein denotes in each case a straight-chain or branched alkoxy group having preferably 1 or 2 carbon atoms, wherein the hydrogen atoms of this group are partially or totally replaced with halogen atoms, in particular fluorine atoms. Preferred haloalkoxy moieties include Ci-C4-haloalkoxy, in particular Ci-C2-fluoroalkoxy, such as fluoro- methoxy, difluoromethoxy, trifluoromethoxy, 1-fluoroethoxy, 2-fluoroethoxy, 2,2-difluoroethoxy, 2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy, 2-chloro-2-fluoroethoxy, 2-chloro-2,2-difluoro-ethoxy, 2,2-dichloro-2-fluo- rethoxy, 2,2,2-trichloroethoxy, pentafluoroethoxy and the like. The term "alkoxyalkyl" as used herein refers to alkyl usually comprising 1 to 2 carbon atoms, wherein 1 carbon atom carries an alkoxy radical usually comprising 1 or 2 carbon atoms as defined above. Examples are CH2OCH3, CH2-OC2H5, 2-(methoxy)ethyl, and 2-(ethoxy)ethyl.

The term "cycloalkyl" as used herein denotes in each case a monocyclic cycloaliphatic radical having usually from 3 to 6 carbon atoms. Examples are cyclopropyl (C-C3H5), cyclobutyl (c- C4H7), cyclopentyl (C-C5H9), and cyclohexyl (c-CeHu).

The term "cycloalkenyl" as used herein denotes in each case a monocyclic monounsaturated hydrocarbon group having 5 or 6 carbon ring members. Examples are cyclopenten-1-yl, cyclo- penten-3-yl, cyclohexen-1 -yl, cyclohexen-3-yl and cyclohexen-4-yl.

The prepration of the compounds of formula I is described in WO2010/034737,

WO2012/084670, WO2012/143317, and US 61/891437.

The fungicides which are listed under groups A) to K), which are described by common names, are commercially available and may be found in the database http://www.alan- wood.net/pesticides.

The fungicides described by lUPAC nomenclature, their preparation and their pesticidal activity is also known (cf. Can. J. Plant Sci. 48(6), 587-94, 1968; EP-A 141 317; EP-A 152 031 ; EP-A 226 917; EP-A 243 970; EP-A 256 503; EP-A 428 941 ; EP-A 532 022; EP-A 1 028 125; EP-A 1 035 122; EP-A 1 201 648; EP-A 1 122 244, JP 2002316902; DE 19650197; DE 10021412; DE 102005009458; US 3,296,272; US 3,325,503; WO 98/46608; WO 99/14187; WO 99/24413; WO 99/27783; WO 00/29404; WO 00/46148; WO 00/65913; WO 01/54501 ; WO 01/56358; WO 02/22583; WO 02/40431 ; WO 03/10149; WO 03/1 1853; WO 03/14103; WO 03/16286; WO 03/53145; WO 03/61388; WO 03/66609; WO 03/74491 ; WO 04/49804; WO 04/83193; WO 05/120234; WO 05/123689; WO 05/123690; WO 05/63721 ; WO 05/87772; WO 05/87773; WO 06/15866; WO 06/87325; WO 06/87343; WO 07/82098; WO 07/90624, WO 1 1/028657, WO2012/168188, WO 2007/006670, WO 201 1/77514; W013/047749, WO 10/069882, WO 13/047441 , WO 03/16303, WO 09/90181 , WO 13/127704, WO 13/024009, WO 13/024010 and WO 13/047441 , WO 13/162072, WO 13/092224, WO 1 1/135833). The remarks made as to preferred embodiments of the variables (substituents) of the compounds of formula I are to be understood as preferred on their own as well as preferably in combination with each other, as well as in combination with stereoisomers, tautomers, N-oxides or salts of the compounds of formula I, and in combination with the preferred embodiments of the fungicides II and fungicides III of the pesticidal mixtures PM as defined herein, and in combina- tion with the uses of the pesticidal mixtures PM as defined herein, the seed treatment compositions of the pesticidal mixtures PM as defined herein, the seeds comprising the the pesticidal mixtures PM or the seed treatment compositions thereof as defined herein, and the methods of applying the pesticidal mixtures PM or the seed treatment compositions thereof as defined herein.

The preferred embodiments of the variables of the compounds of formula I are defined hereinafter.

In one embodiment, R1 is H, CH3, C2H5, or CH2OCH3, preferably CH3, or C2H5. In one embodiment, R2 is CH3.

In one embodiment, R3 is Ci-C6-alkyl, Ci-C6-haloalkyl, C3-C6-cycloalkyl, wherein the C-atoms may be unsubstituted, or partially or fully substituted by halogen, or CN.

In a preferred embodiment, R3 is CH3, C2H5, CH(CH3)2, CH2CH2CH3, CF3, CHFCH3, cyclopro- pyl, wherein the ring is substituted by halogen, or CN.

In a further preferred embodiment, R3 is CH3, CH(CH3)2, CF3, CHFCH3, 1-CN-c-C3H4.

In one embodiment, R4 is Ci-C4-alkyl, preferably CH3.

In another embodiment R3 and R4 together form Cs-Ce-cycloalkyI, wherein the C-atoms may be unsubstituted, or partially or fully substituted by halogen, or CN.

In one embodiment, R5 is H.

In another embodiment, R5 is H, and R4 is CH3.

In a further embodiment, R1 is CH3 or C2H5, R2 is CH3, R5 is H, and R4 is CH3, and R3 is selected from CH3, CH(CH3)2, CF3, CHFCH3, and 1-CN-c-C3H4.

In one embodiment, the compound of formula I is a compound of formula IA as depicted be- low, wherein R2 is CH3 and R5 is H.

Figure imgf000012_0001

For the compounds of formula IA, it is particularly preferred that R1 is H, CH3, C2H5, or CH2OCH3.

Furthermore, it is preferred for the compounds of formula IA that R3 is CH3, C2H5, CH(CH3)2, CH2CH2CH3, CF3, CHFCH3, cyclopropyl, wherein the ring is substituted by halogen, or CN, and that R4 is Ci-C4-alkyl, or that R3 and R4 together form Cs-Ce-cycloalkyI, which is unsubstituted, or partially or fully substituted by halogen, or CN.

Particularly preferred compounds of formula I are compounds of formula IA, wherein the variables R1, R3, and R4 correspond to one row of table I below. Said compounds are referred to as compounds 1-1 to 1-18 in accordance with each row of table I.

Table I

No R R3 R4 No R R3 R4

1-1 CH3 CH3 CH3 1-10 CH2CH3 1-CN-c-C3H4 CH3

I-2 CH3 CF3 CH3 1-1 1 CH2CH3 CHFCHs CH3

I-3 CH3 CH(CH3)2 CH3 1-12 CH2CH3 CH2CH2CF2CH2CH2

I-4 CH3 1 -CN-c-C3H4 CH3 1-13 CH2OCH3 CH3 CH3

I-5 CH3 CHFCHs CH3 1-14 CH2OCH3 CF3 CH3

I-6 CH3 CH2CH2CF2CH2CH2 1-15 CH2OCH3 CH(CH3)2 CH3

I -7 CH2CH3 CH3 CH3 1-16 CH2OCH3 1-CN-c-C3H4 CH3

I-8 CH2CH3 CF3 CH3 1-17 CH2OCH3 CHFCHs CH3

I-9 CH2CH3 CH(CH3)2 CH3 1-18 CH2OCH3 CH2CH2CF2CH2CH2 A preferred embodiment of the invention are pesticidal mixtures wherein component 1 ) is the compound of formula IA, wherein R1 is CH3, R3 is CH(CH3)2, and R4 is CH3 (compound I-3).

A preferred embodiment of the invention are pesticidal mixtures wherein component 1 ) is the compound of formula IA, wherein R1 is C2H5, R3 is CH(CH3)2, and R4 is CH3 (compound I-9). Another preferred embodiment of the invention are pesticidal mixtures wherein component 1 ) is the compound of formula IA, wherein R1 is C2H5, R3 is I -CN-C-C3H4, and R4 is CH3 (compound 1-10).

With regard to the compounds I-2, I-3, I-4, I-5, I-8, I-9, 1-10, 1-1 1 , 1-14, 1-15, 1-16, 1-17, it is to be understood, as explained above, that the compounds may be present in two enantiomeric forms, which are all understood to be encompassed by the present invention, either in isolated form or as a mixture.

In addition to the above defined component 1 ), the pesticidal mixture PM of the invention com- prises a component 2), which is at least one fungicide II selected from the groups A) to K) as defined above, and a component 3), which is at least one fungicide III selected from the groups A) to K) as defined above, wherein the fungicide II and the fungicide III are different from each other.

A preferred group of fungicides, from which the fungicides II and the fungicide III may be se- lected, provided that they are different from each other, is defined hereinafter. Furthermore, preferred combinations of fungicides II and fungicides III as components 2) and 3) of the pesticidal mixtures PM, respectively, are defined hereinafter.

The preferred embodiments regarding the fungicides, which may be selected as components 2) and 3), as well as the preferred embodiments regarding combinations of fungicides II and III as components 2) and 3) are to be understood as preferred on their own as well as preferably in combination with the preferred embodiments of the compounds of formula I, i.e. component 1 ) of the pesticidal mixture PM, and in combination with the uses of the pesticidal mixtures PM as defined herein, the seed treatment compositions of the pesticidal mixtures PM as defined herein, the seeds comprising the the pesticidal mixtures PM or the seed treatment compositions thereof as defined herein, and the methods of applying the pesticidal mixtures PM or the seed treatment compositions thereof as defined herein.

In one embodiment, the fungicide II and the fungicide III are different from each other and are independently of each other selected from the group consisting of azoxystrobin, trifloxistrobin, picoxystrobin, pyraclostrobin, fenamidone, sedaxane, penthiopyrad, penflufen, fluopyram, fluxa- pyroxad, boscalid, oxathiapiprolin, metalaxyl, metalaxyl-M, ethaboxam, dimethomorph, cypro- conazole, difenoconazole, prothioconazole, flutriafol, thiabendazole, ipconazole, tebuconazole, triadimenol, prochloraz, fluquinconazole, triticonazole, fludioxonil, carboxin, silthiofarm, ziram, thiram, carbendazim, thiophanate methyl, hymexazol, and fluazinam.

In a preferred embodiment, the fungicide II and the fungicide III are different from each other and are independently of each other selected from azoxystrobin, trifloxystrobin, pyraclostrobin, sedaxane, penflufen, fluopyram, fluxapyroxad, boscalid, oxathiapiprolin, metalaxyl, metalaxyl-M, ethaboxam, dimethomorph, difenoconazole, prothioconazole, thiabendazole, ipconazole, tebu- conazole, prochloraz, fluquinconazole, triticonazole, fludioxonil, silthiofarm, thiophanate methyl, and fluazinam.

The following combinations of fungicides II and III as components 2) and 3) are preferred ac- cording to the invention.

In one embodiment, the fungicide II, i.e. component 2), is selected from azoxystrobin, trifloxystrobin, picoxystrobin, pyraclostrobin, and fenamidone, particularly pyraclostrobin, and the fungicide III, i.e. component 3), is selected from sedaxane, penthiopyrad, penflufen, fluopyram, fluxapyroxad, boscalid, oxathiapiprolin, metalaxyl, metalaxyl-M, ethaboxam, dimethomorph, cy- proconazole, difenoconazole, prothioconazole, flutriafol, thiabendazole, ipconazole, tebucona- zole, triadimenol, prochloraz, fluquinconazole, triticonazole, fludioxonil, carboxin, silthiofarm, zi- ram, thiram, carbendazim, thiophanate methyl, hymexazol, and fluazinam.

In a preferred embodiment, the fungicide II, i.e. component 2), is selected from azoxystrobin, trifloxistrobin, and pyraclostrobin, and the fungicide III, i.e. component 3), is selected from the group consisting of sedaxane, penflufen, fluopyram, fluxapyroxad, boscalid, oxathiapiprolin, metalaxyl, metalaxyl-M, ethaboxam, dimethomorph, difenoconazole, prothioconazole, thiabendazole, ipconazole, tebuconazole, prochloraz, fluquinconazole, triticonazole, fludioxonil, silthiofarm, thiophanate methyl, and fluazinam.

In another embodiment, the fungicide II, i.e. component 2), is selected from sedaxane, penthi- opyrad, penflufen, fluopyram, fluxapyroxad, and boscalid, and the fungicide III, i.e. component 3), is selected from the group consisting of azoxystrobin, trifloxystrobin, picoxystrobin, pyraclostrobin, fenamidone, oxathiapiprolin, metalaxyl, metalaxyl-M, ethaboxam, dimethomorph, cypro- conazole, difenoconazole, prothioconazole, flutriafol, thiabendazole, ipconazole, tebuconazole, triadimenol, prochloraz, fluquinconazole, triticonazole, fludioxonil, carboxin, silthiofarm, ziram, thiram, carbendazim, thiophanate methyl, hymexazol, and fluazinam.

In a preferred embodiment, the fungicide II, i.e. component 2), is selected from sedaxane, penflufen, fluopyram, fluxapyroxad, and boscalid, particularly fluxapyroxad, and the fungicide III, i.e. component 3), is selected from azoxystrobin, trifloxystrobin, pyraclostrobin, oxathiapiprolin, metalaxyl, metalaxyl-M, ethaboxam, dimethomorph, difenoconazole, prothioconazole, thiabend- azole, ipconazole, tebuconazole, prochloraz, fluquinconazole, triticonazole, fludioxonil, silthiofarm, thiophanate methyl, and fluazinam.

In another embodiment, the fungicide II, i.e. component 2), is selected from oxathiapiprolin, metalaxyl, metalaxyl-M, ethaboxam, dimethomorph, particularly one of metalaxyl and metalaxyl- M, ethaboxam, and the fungicide III, i.e. component 3), is selected from azoxstrobin, trifloxystro- bin, picoxystrobin, pyraclostrobin, fenamidone, sedaxane, penthiopyrad, penflufen, fluopyram, fluxapyroxad, boscalid, cyproconazole, difenoconazole, prothioconazole, flutriafol, thiabendazole, ipconazole, tebuconazole, triadimenol, prochloraz, fluquinconazole, triticonazole, fludioxonil, carboxin, silthiofarm, ziram, thiram, carbendazim, thiophanate methyl, hymexazol, and fluazinam.

In a preferred embodiment, the fungicide II, i.e. component 2), is selected from oxathiapiprolin, metalaxyl, metalaxyl-M, ethaboxam, dimethomorph, and the fungicide III, i.e. component 3), is selected from azoxstrobin, trifloxystrobin, pyraclostrobin, sedaxane, penflufen, fluopyram, fluxa- pyroxad, boscalid, difenoconazole, prothioconazole, thiabendazole, ipconazole, tebuconazole, prochloraz, fluquinconazole, triticonazole, fludioxonil, silthiofarm, thiophanate methyl, and fluazi- nam.

In another embodiment, the fungicide II, i.e. component 2), is selected from cyproconazole, difenoconazole, prothioconazole, flutriafol, thiabendazole, ipconazole, tebuconazole, triadimenol, prochloraz, fluquinconazole, and triticonazole, and the fungicide III, i.e. component 3), is selected from azoxstrobin, trifloxystrobin, picoxystrobin, pyraclostrobin, fenamidone, sedaxane, pen- thiopyrad, penflufen, fluopyram, fluxapyroxad, boscalid, oxathiapiprolin, metalaxyl, metalaxyl-M, ethaboxam, dimethomorph, fludioxonil, carboxin, silthiofarm, ziram, thiram, carbendazim, thiophanate methyl, hymexazol, and fluazinam.

In a preferred embodiment, the fungicide II, i.e. component 2), is selected from difenoconazole, prothioconazole, thiabendazole, ipconazole, tebuconazole, prochloraz, fluquinconazole, and triticonazole, and the fungicide III, i.e. component 3), is selected from azoxstrobin, trifloxy- strobin, pyraclostrobin, sedaxane, penflufen, fluopyram, fluxapyroxad, boscalid, oxathiapiprolin, metalaxyl, metalaxyl-M, ethaboxam, dimethomorph, fludioxonil, silthiofarm, thiophanate methyl, and fluazinam.

In another embodiment, the fungicide II, i.e. component 2), is fludioxonil, and the fungicide III, i.e. component 3), is selected from azoxstrobin, trifloxystrobin, picoxystrobin, pyraclostrobin, fenamidone, sedaxane, penthiopyrad, penflufen, fluopyram, fluxapyroxad, boscalid, oxathiapiprolin, metalaxyl, metalaxyl-M, ethaboxam, dimethomorph, cyproconazole, difenoconazole, prothioconazole, flutriafol, thiabendazole, ipconazole, tebuconazole, triadimenol, prochloraz, fluquinconazole, triticonazole, carboxin, silthiofarm, ziram, thiram, carbendazim, thiophanate methyl, hymexazol, and fluazinam.

In a preferred embodiment, the fungicide II, i.e. component 2), is fludioxonil, and the fungicide III, i.e. component 3), is selected from azoxstrobin, trifloxystrobin, pyraclostrobin, sedaxane, penflufen, fluopyram, fluxapyroxad, boscalid, oxathiapiprolin, metalaxyl, metalaxyl-M, ethaboxam, dimethomorph, difenoconazole, prothioconazole, thiabendazole, ipconazole, tebuconazole, prochloraz, fluquinconazole, triticonazole, silthiofarm, thiophanate methyl, and fluazinam. In another embodiment, the fungicide II, i.e. component 2), is silthiofarm, and the fungicide III, i.e. component 3), is selected from azoxstrobin, trifloxystrobin, picoxystrobin, pyraclostrobin, fenamidone, sedaxane, penthiopyrad, penflufen, fluopyram, fluxapyroxad, boscalid, oxathiapiprolin, metalaxyl, metalaxyl-M, ethaboxam, dimethomorph, cyproconazole, difenoconazole, prothioconazole, flutriafol, thiabendazole, ipconazole, tebuconazole, triadimenol, prochloraz, flu- quinconazole, triticonazole, fludioxonil, carboxin, ziram, thiram, carbendazim, thiophanate methyl, hymexazol, and fluazinam.

In a preferred embodiment, the fungicide II, i.e. component 2), is silthiofarm, and the fungicide III, i.e. component 3), is selected from azoxstrobin, trifloxystrobin, pyraclostrobin, sedaxane, penflufen, fluopyram, fluxapyroxad, boscalid, oxathiapiprolin, metalaxyl, metalaxyl-M, ethabo- xam, dimethomorph, difenoconazole, prothioconazole, thiabendazole, ipconazole, tebuconazole, prochloraz, fluquinconazole, triticonazole, fludioxonil, thiophanate methyl, and fluazinam. Preferred pesticidal mixtures PM for use according to the invention and as contained in the seed treatment compositions and the seeds of the invention, and as applied in the method of the invention are defined hereinafter.

In one preferred embodiment, the pesticidal mixture PM of the present invention comprises at least one compound of formula I as component 1 ), which is selected from the compounds 1-1 , I-2, I-3, I-4, I-5, I-6, I-7, I-8, I-9, 1-10, 1-1 1 , 1-12, 1-13, 1-14, 1-15, 1-16, 1-17, and 1-18 as defined above.

In another embodiment, the pesticidal mixture PM of the present invention comprises at least one fungicide II, which is selected from the fungicides as defined in the following table F as component 2) and least one fungicide III which is selected from the fungicides as defined in the following table F as component 3), with the proviso that the fungicide II and the fungicide III are different from each other.

Table F

Figure imgf000016_0002

Figure imgf000016_0001
15

The fungicides as listed in table F are in the following referred to as fungicides F-1 to F-33 in accordance with each row of table F.

In one embodiment, the pesticidal mixture PM of the present invention comprises a compound of formula I, which is selected from the compounds 1-1 to 1-18, as component 1 ), and a fungicide II selected from the fungicides F-1 to F-33 as component 2), and a fungicide III selected from the fungicides F-1 to F-33 as component 3), with the proviso that the fungicide II and the fungicide III are different from each other. In particular with a view to their use, preference is given to the pesticidal mixtures compiled in the tables below.

Table 1 Pesticidal mixtures PM, which comprise compound 1-1 , and in which the combination of components 2) and 3) corresponds in each case to the combination of a fungicide II with a fungicide III according to one row of Table A

Table 2 Pesticidal mixtures PM, which comprise compound I-2, and in which the combination of components 2) and 3) corresponds in each case to the combination of a fungicide II with a fungicide III according to one row of Table A

Table 3 Pesticidal mixtures PM, which comprise compound I-3, and in which the combination of components 2) and 3) corresponds in each case to the combination of a fungicide II with a fungicide III according to one row of Table A

Table 4 Pesticidal mixtures PM, which comprise compound I-4, and in which the combination of components 2) and 3) corresponds in each case to the combination of a fungicide II with a fungicide III according to one row of Table A

Table 5 Pesticidal mixtures PM, which comprise compound I-5, and in which the combination of components 2) and 3) corresponds in each case to the combination of a fungicide II with a fungicide III according to one row of Table A

Table 6 Pesticidal mixtures PM, which comprise compound I-6, and in which the combination of components 2) and 3) corresponds in each case to the combination of a fungicide II with a fungicide III according to one row of Table A

Table 7 Pesticidal mixtures PM, which comprise compound I-7, and in which the combination of components 2) and 3) corresponds in each case to the combination of a fungicide II with a fungicide III according to one row of Table A

Table 8 Pesticidal mixtures PM, which comprise compound I-8, and in which the combination of components 2) and 3) corresponds in each case to the combination of a fungicide II with a fungicide III according to one row of Table A

Table 9 Pesticidal mixtures PM, which comprise compound I-9, and in which the combination of components 2) and 3) corresponds in each case to the combination of a fungicide II with a fungicide III according to one row of Table A

Table 10 Pesticidal mixtures PM, which comprise compound 1-10, and in which the combination of components 2) and 3) corresponds in each case to the combination of a fungicide II with a fungicide III according to one row of Table A

Table 1 1 Pesticidal mixtures PM, which comprise compound 1-1 1 , and in which the combination of components 2) and 3) corresponds in each case to the combination of a fungicide II with a fungicide III according to one row of Table A

Table 12 Pesticidal mixtures PM, which comprise compound 1-12, and in which the combination of components 2) and 3) corresponds in each case to the combination of a fungicide II with a fungicide III according to one row of Table A

Table 13 Pesticidal mixtures PM, which comprise compound 1-13, and in which the combina- tion of components 2) and 3) corresponds in each case to the combination of a fungicide II with a fungicide III according to one row of Table A Table 14 Pesticidal mixtures PM, which comprise compound 1-14, and in which the combina- tion of components 2) and 3) corresponds in each case to the combination of a fungicide II with a fungicide III according to one row of Table A

Table 15 Pesticidal mixtures PM, which comprise compound 1-1 5, and in which the combina- tion of components 2) and 3) corresponds in each case to the combination of a fungicide II with a fungicide III according to one row of Table A

Table 16 Pesticidal mixtures PM, which comprise compound 1-1 6, and in which the combina- tion of components 2) and 3) corresponds in each case to the combination of a fungicide II with a fungicide III according to one row of Table A

Table 17 Pesticidal mixtures PM, which comprise compound 1-1 7, and in which the combina- tion of components 2) and 3) corresponds in each case to the combination of a fungicide II with a fungicide III according to one row of Table A

Table 18 Pesticidal mixtures PM, which comprise compound 1-1 8, and in which the combina- tion of components 2) and 3) corresponds in each case to the combination of a fungicide II with a fungicide III according to one row of Table A

Table A

No. II III No. II III No. II III

A-1 F-2 F-1 A-25 F-26 F-1 A-49 F-19 F-2

A-2 F-3 F-1 A-26 F-27 F-1 A-50 F-20 F-2

A-3 F-4 F-1 A-27 F-28 F-1 A-51 F-21 F-2

A-4 F-5 F-1 A-28 F-29 F-1 A-52 F-22 F-2

A-5 F-6 F-1 A-29 F-30 F-1 A-53 F-23 F-2

A-6 F-7 F-1 A-30 F-31 F-1 A-54 F-24 F-2

A-7 F-8 F-1 A-31 F-32 F-1 A-55 F-25 F-2

A-8 F-9 F-1 A-32 F-33 F-1 A-56 F-26 F-2

A-9 F-10 F-1 A-33 F-3 F-2 A-57 F-27 F-2

A-10 F-1 1 F-1 A-34 F-4 F-2 A-58 F-28 F-2

A-1 1 F-12 F-1 A-35 F-5 F-2 A-59 F-29 F-2

A-12 F-13 F-1 A-36 F-6 F-2 A-60 F-30 F-2

A-13 F-14 F-1 A-37 F-7 F-2 A-61 F-31 F-2

A-14 F-15 F-1 A-38 F-8 F-2 A-62 F-32 F-2

A-15 F-16 F-1 A-39 F-9 F-2 A-63 F-33 F-2

A-16 F-17 F-1 A-40 F-10 F-2 A-64 F-4 F-3

A-17 F-18 F-1 A-41 F-1 1 F-2 A-65 F-5 F-3

A-18 F-19 F-1 A-42 F-12 F-2 A-66 F-6 F-3

A-19 F-20 F-1 A-43 F-13 F-2 A-67 F-7 F-3

A-20 F-21 F-1 A-44 F-14 F-2 A-68 F-8 F-3

A-21 F-22 F-1 A-45 F-15 F-2 A-69 F-9 F-3

A-22 F-23 F-1 A-46 F-16 F-2 A-70 F-10 F-3

A-23 F-24 F-1 A-47 F-17 F-2 A-71 F-1 1 F-3

A-24 F-25 F-1 A-48 F-18 F-2 A-72 F-12 F-3 No. II III No. II III No. II III

A-73 F-13 F-3 A-1 13 F-24 F-4 A-153 F-9 F-6

A-74 F-14 F-3 A-1 14 F-25 F-4 A-154 F-10 F-6

A-75 F-15 F-3 A-1 15 F-26 F-4 A-155 F-1 1 F-6

A-76 F-16 F-3 A-1 16 F-27 F-4 A-156 F-12 F-6

A-77 F-17 F-3 A-1 17 F-28 F-4 A-157 F-13 F-6

A-78 F-18 F-3 A-1 18 F-29 F-4 A-158 F-14 F-6

A-79 F-19 F-3 A-1 19 F-30 F-4 A-159 F-15 F-6

A-80 F-20 F-3 A- 120 F-31 F-4 A-160 F-16 F-6

A-81 F-21 F-3 A-121 F-32 F-4 A-161 F-17 F-6

A-82 F-22 F-3 A- 122 F-33 F-4 A-162 F-18 F-6

A-83 F-23 F-3 A- 123 F-6 F-5 A-163 F-19 F-6

A-84 F-24 F-3 A- 124 F-7 F-5 A-164 F-20 F-6

A-85 F-25 F-3 A- 125 F-8 F-5 A-165 F-21 F-6

A-86 F-26 F-3 A- 126 F-9 F-5 A-166 F-22 F-6

A-87 F-27 F-3 A- 127 F-10 F-5 A-167 F-23 F-6

A-88 F-28 F-3 A- 128 F-1 1 F-5 A-168 F-24 F-6

A-89 F-29 F-3 A- 129 F-12 F-5 A-169 F-25 F-6

A-90 F-30 F-3 A- 130 F-13 F-5 A-170 F-26 F-6

A-91 F-31 F-3 A-131 F-14 F-5 A-171 F-27 F-6

A-92 F-32 F-3 A- 132 F-15 F-5 A-172 F-28 F-6

A-93 F-33 F-3 A- 133 F-16 F-5 A-173 F-29 F-6

A-94 F-5 F-4 A- 134 F-17 F-5 A-174 F-30 F-6

A-95 F-6 F-4 A- 135 F-18 F-5 A-175 F-31 F-6

A-96 F-7 F-4 A- 136 F-19 F-5 A-176 F-32 F-6

A-97 F-8 F-4 A- 137 F-20 F-5 A-177 F-33 F-6

A-98 F-9 F-4 A- 138 F-21 F-5 A-178 F-8 F-7

A-99 F-10 F-4 A- 139 F-22 F-5 A-179 F-9 F-7

A-100 F-1 1 F-4 A- 140 F-23 F-5 A-180 F-10 F-7

A-101 F-12 F-4 A-141 F-24 F-5 A-181 F-1 1 F-7

A-102 F-13 F-4 A- 142 F-25 F-5 A-182 F-12 F-7

A-103 F-14 F-4 A- 143 F-26 F-5 A-183 F-13 F-7

A-104 F-15 F-4 A- 144 F-27 F-5 A-184 F-14 F-7

A-105 F-16 F-4 A- 145 F-28 F-5 A-185 F-15 F-7

A-106 F-17 F-4 A- 146 F-29 F-5 A-186 F-16 F-7

A-107 F-18 F-4 A- 147 F-30 F-5 A-187 F-17 F-7

A-108 F-19 F-4 A- 148 F-31 F-5 A-188 F-18 F-7

A-109 F-20 F-4 A- 149 F-32 F-5 A-189 F-19 F-7

A-1 10 F-21 F-4 A- 150 F-33 F-5 A-190 F-20 F-7

A-1 1 1 F-22 F-4 A-151 F-7 F-6 A-191 F-21 F-7

A-1 12 F-23 F-4 A- 152 F-8 F-6 A-192 F-22 F-7 No. II III No. II III No. II III

A-193 F-23 F-7 A-233 F-14 F-9 A-273 F-31 F-10

A-194 F-24 F-7 A-234 F-15 F-9 A-274 F-32 F-10

A-195 F-25 F-7 A-235 F-16 F-9 A-275 F-33 F-10

A-196 F-26 F-7 A-236 F-17 F-9 A-276 F-12 F-1 1

A-197 F-27 F-7 A-237 F-18 F-9 A-277 F-13 F-1 1

A-198 F-28 F-7 A-238 F-19 F-9 A-278 F-14 F-1 1

A-199 F-29 F-7 A-239 F-20 F-9 A-279 F-15 F-1 1

A-200 F-30 F-7 A-240 F-21 F-9 A-280 F-16 F-1 1

A-201 F-31 F-7 A-241 F-22 F-9 A-281 F-17 F-1 1

A-202 F-32 F-7 A-242 F-23 F-9 A-282 F-18 F-1 1

A-203 F-33 F-7 A-243 F-24 F-9 A-283 F-19 F-1 1

A-204 F-9 F-8 A-244 F-25 F-9 A-284 F-20 F-1 1

A-205 F-10 F-8 A-245 F-26 F-9 A-285 F-21 F-1 1

A-206 F-1 1 F-8 A-246 F-27 F-9 A-286 F-22 F-1 1

A-207 F-12 F-8 A-247 F-28 F-9 A-287 F-23 F-1 1

A-208 F-13 F-8 A-248 F-29 F-9 A-288 F-24 F-1 1

A-209 F-14 F-8 A-249 F-30 F-9 A-289 F-25 F-1 1

A-210 F-15 F-8 A-250 F-31 F-9 A-290 F-26 F-1 1

A-21 1 F-16 F-8 A-251 F-32 F-9 A-291 F-27 F-1 1

A-212 F-17 F-8 A-252 F-33 F-9 A-292 F-28 F-1 1

A-213 F-18 F-8 A-253 F-1 1 F-10 A-293 F-29 F-1 1

A-214 F-19 F-8 A-254 F-12 F-10 A-294 F-30 F-1 1

A-215 F-20 F-8 A-255 F-13 F-10 A-295 F-31 F-1 1

A-216 F-21 F-8 A-256 F-14 F-10 A-296 F-32 F-1 1

A-217 F-22 F-8 A-257 F-15 F-10 A-297 F-33 F-1 1

A-218 F-23 F-8 A-258 F-16 F-10 A-298 F-13 F-12

A-219 F-24 F-8 A-259 F-17 F-10 A-299 F-14 F-12

A-220 F-25 F-8 A-260 F-18 F-10 A-300 F-15 F-12

A-221 F-26 F-8 A-261 F-19 F-10 A-301 F-16 F-12

A-222 F-27 F-8 A-262 F-20 F-10 A-302 F-17 F-12

A-223 F-28 F-8 A-263 F-21 F-10 A-303 F-18 F-12

A-224 F-29 F-8 A-264 F-22 F-10 A-304 F-19 F-12

A-225 F-30 F-8 A-265 F-23 F-10 A-305 F-20 F-12

A-226 F-31 F-8 A-266 F-24 F-10 A-306 F-21 F-12

A-227 F-32 F-8 A-267 F-25 F-10 A-307 F-22 F-12

A-228 F-33 F-8 A-268 F-26 F-10 A-308 F-23 F-12

A-229 F-10 F-9 A-269 F-27 F-10 A-309 F-24 F-12

A-230 F-1 1 F-9 A-270 F-28 F-10 A-310 F-25 F-12

A-231 F-12 F-9 A-271 F-29 F-10 A-31 1 F-26 F-12

A-232 F-13 F-9 A-272 F-30 F-10 A-312 F-27 F-12 No. II III No. II III No. II III

A-313 F-28 F-12 A-353 F-29 F-14 A-393 F-18 F-17

A-314 F-29 F-12 A-354 F-30 F-14 A-394 F-19 F-17

A-315 F-30 F-12 A-355 F-31 F-14 A-395 F-20 F-17

A-316 F-31 F-12 A-356 F-32 F-14 A-396 F-21 F-17

A-317 F-32 F-12 A-357 F-33 F-14 A-397 F-22 F-17

A-318 F-33 F-12 A-358 F-16 F-15 A-398 F-23 F-17

A-319 F-14 F-13 A-359 F-17 F-15 A-399 F-24 F-17

A-320 F-15 F-13 A-360 F-18 F-15 A-400 F-25 F-17

A-321 F-16 F-13 A-361 F-19 F-15 A-401 F-26 F-17

A-322 F-17 F-13 A-362 F-20 F-15 A-402 F-27 F-17

A-323 F-18 F-13 A-363 F-21 F-15 A-403 F-28 F-17

A-324 F-19 F-13 A-364 F-22 F-15 A-404 F-29 F-17

A-325 F-20 F-13 A-365 F-23 F-15 A-405 F-30 F-17

A-326 F-21 F-13 A-366 F-24 F-15 A-406 F-31 F-17

A-327 F-22 F-13 A-367 F-25 F-15 A-407 F-32 F-17

A-328 F-23 F-13 A-368 F-26 F-15 A-408 F-33 F-17

A-329 F-24 F-13 A-369 F-27 F-15 A-409 F-19 F-18

A-330 F-25 F-13 A-370 F-28 F-15 A-410 F-20 F-18

A-331 F-26 F-13 A-371 F-29 F-15 A-41 1 F-21 F-18

A-332 F-27 F-13 A-372 F-30 F-15 A-412 F-22 F-18

A-333 F-28 F-13 A-373 F-31 F-15 A-413 F-23 F-18

A-334 F-29 F-13 A-374 F-32 F-15 A-414 F-24 F-18

A-335 F-30 F-13 A-375 F-33 F-15 A-415 F-25 F-18

A-336 F-31 F-13 A-376 F-17 F-16 A-416 F-26 F-18

A-337 F-32 F-13 A-377 F-18 F-16 A-417 F-27 F-18

A-338 F-33 F-13 A-378 F-19 F-16 A-418 F-28 F-18

A-339 F-15 F-14 A-379 F-20 F-16 A-419 F-29 F-18

A-340 F-16 F-14 A-380 F-21 F-16 A-420 F-30 F-18

A-341 F-17 F-14 A-381 F-22 F-16 A-421 F-31 F-18

A-342 F-18 F-14 A-382 F-23 F-16 A-422 F-32 F-18

A-343 F-19 F-14 A-383 F-24 F-16 A-423 F-33 F-18

A-344 F-20 F-14 A-384 F-25 F-16 A-424 F-20 F-19

A-345 F-21 F-14 A-385 F-26 F-16 A-425 F-21 F-19

A-346 F-22 F-14 A-386 F-27 F-16 A-426 F-22 F-19

A-347 F-23 F-14 A-387 F-28 F-16 A-427 F-23 F-19

A-348 F-24 F-14 A-388 F-29 F-16 A-428 F-24 F-19

A-349 F-25 F-14 A-389 F-30 F-16 A-429 F-25 F-19

A-350 F-26 F-14 A-390 F-31 F-16 A-430 F-26 F-19

A-351 F-27 F-14 A-391 F-32 F-16 A-431 F-27 F-19

A-352 F-28 F-14 A-392 F-33 F-16 A-432 F-28 F-19 No. II III No. II III No. II III

A-433 F-29 F-19 A-466 F-26 F-22 A-499 F-32 F-25

A-434 F-30 F-19 A-467 F-27 F-22 A-500 F-33 F-25

A-435 F-31 F-19 A-468 F-28 F-22 A-501 F-27 F-26

A-436 F-32 F-19 A-469 F-29 F-22 A-502 F-28 F-26

A-437 F-33 F-19 A-470 F-30 F-22 A-503 F-29 F-26

A-438 F-21 F-20 A-471 F-31 F-22 A-504 F-30 F-26

A-439 F-22 F-20 A-472 F-32 F-22 A-505 F-31 F-26

A-440 F-23 F-20 A-473 F-33 F-22 A-506 F-32 F-26

A-441 F-24 F-20 A-474 F-24 F-23 A-507 F-33 F-26

A-442 F-25 F-20 A-475 F-25 F-23 A-508 F-28 F-27

A-443 F-26 F-20 A-476 F-26 F-23 A-509 F-29 F-27

A-444 F-27 F-20 A-477 F-27 F-23 A-510 F-30 F-27

A-445 F-28 F-20 A-478 F-28 F-23 A-51 1 F-31 F-27

A-446 F-29 F-20 A-479 F-29 F-23 A-512 F-32 F-27

A-447 F-30 F-20 A-480 F-30 F-23 A-513 F-33 F-27

A-448 F-31 F-20 A-481 F-31 F-23 A-514 F-29 F-28

A-449 F-32 F-20 A-482 F-32 F-23 A-515 F-30 F-28

A-450 F-33 F-20 A-483 F-33 F-23 A-516 F-31 F-28

A-451 F-22 F-21 A-484 F-25 F-24 A-517 F-32 F-28

A-452 F-23 F-21 A-485 F-26 F-24 A-518 F-33 F-28

A-453 F-24 F-21 A-486 F-27 F-24 A-519 F-30 F-29

A-454 F-25 F-21 A-487 F-28 F-24 A-520 F-31 F-29

A-455 F-26 F-21 A-488 F-29 F-24 A-521 F-32 F-29

A-456 F-27 F-21 A-489 F-30 F-24 A-522 F-33 F-29

A-457 F-28 F-21 A-490 F-31 F-24 A-523 F-31 F-30

A-458 F-29 F-21 A-491 F-32 F-24 A-524 F-32 F-30

A-459 F-30 F-21 A-492 F-33 F-24 A-525 F-33 F-30

A-460 F-31 F-21 A-493 F-26 F-25 A-526 F-32 F-31

A-461 F-32 F-21 A-494 F-27 F-25 A-527 F-33 F-31

A-462 F-33 F-21 A-495 F-28 F-25 A-528 F-33 F-32

A-463 F-23 F-22 A-496 F-29 F-25 A-529

A-464 F-24 F-22 A-497 F-30 F-25

A-465 F-25 F-22 A-498 F-31 F-25

In the pesticidal mixtures PM of the present invention, in particular in any one of the pesticidal mixtures of Tabels 1 to 18, the components 1 ), 2) and 3) are preferably present in the following ratios.

In one embodiment, component 1 ) and component 2) are present in a weight ratio from 100:1 to 1 :100, and component 1 ) and component 3) are present in a weight ratio from 100:1 to 1 :100, and component 2) and component 3) are present in a weight ratio from 100:1 to 1 :100. In a preferred embodiment, component 1 ) and component 2) are present in a weight ratio from 10:1 to 1 :10, and component 1 ) and component 3) are present in a weight ratio from 10:1 to 1 :10, and component 2) and component 3) are present in a weight ratio from 10:1 to 1 :10.

In another embodiment, an excess of component 1 ) compared to the combination of compo- nents 2) and 3) is present, so that the weight ratio of component 1 ) to the combination of components 2) and 3 is from 1000:1 to 2:1 , preferably from 100:1 to 2:1 , more preferably from 10:1 to 2:1. In this connection, it is preferred that components 2) and 3) are present in similar amounts, e.g. in a weight ratio of from 2:1 to 1 :2, preferably 1 :1 .5 to 1.5:1.

In another embodiment, an excess of the the combination of components 2) and 3) compared to component 1 ) is present, so that the weight ratio of the combination of components 2) and 3 to component 1 ) is from 1000:1 to 2:1 , preferably from 100:1 to 2:1 , more preferably from 10:1 to 2:1. In this connection, it is preferred that components 2) and 3) are present in similar amounts, e.g. in a weight ratio of from 2:1 to 1 :2, preferably 1 :1 .5 to 1.5:1.

In another embodiment, components 1 ), 2), and 3) are present in amounts, which provide a synergistically effect in terms of the insecticidal and/or fungicidal activity.

Preferred ratios of component 1 ) to component 2) to component 3) include (1 -10):(1 -10):(1 - 10), e.g. 1 (±0.5):10(±0.5):10(±0.5), 10(±0.5):1 (±0.5):1 (±0.5), or 1 (±0.5):10(±0.5):1 (±0.5), 1 (± 0.5):1 (±0.5):10(±0.5), or 1 (±0.5):2(±0.5):2(±0.5), 2(±0.5):1 (±0.5):1 (±0.5), or 1 (±0.5):2(±0.5):1 (± 0.5), 1 (±0.5):1 (±0.5):2(±0.5).

As already indicated above, the pesticidal mixtures PM of the invention, in particular any one of the pesticidal mixtures of Tabels 1 to 18, are suitable for use for protecting a plant selected from wheat, maize, barley, oat, rye, rice, soybean, cotton, sugarbeet, rapeseed, and potato against the attack or infestation by invertebrate pests and/or pythopathogenic fungi. In this re- gard, the pests and fungi as defined below are of particular relevance. Preferably, the plants are protected against attack or infestation of both, pests and fungi. The following preferred embodiments regarding invertebrate pests, pythopatogenic harmful fungi and plants in connection with the use of the pesticidal mixtures PM of the invention are to be understood as preferred on their own as well as preferably in combination with each other, and in combination with the preferred embodiments of the pesticidal mixture PM of the invention as defined above.

In one embodiment, the invertebrate pests are selected from the group consisting of aphids (P-1 ), diptera (P-2), leafhopper (P-3), thrips (P-4), whitefly (P-5), and combinations thereof. In one preferred embodiment, the invertebrate pests are selected from the group consisting of aphids (P-1 ), diptera (P-2), leafhopper (P-3), and combinations thereof. In another preferred embodiment, the invertebrate pests are aphids (P-1 ), thrips P-4) or a combination thereof. In one particularly preferred embodiment, the invertebrate pests are aphids (P-1 ). In another particularly preferred embodiment, the invertebrate pests are thrips (P-4).

In one embodiment, the phytopathogenic harmful fungi are selected from the group consisting of Pythium sp. (S-1 ), Fusarium sp. (S-2), Rhizoctonia sp. (S-3), Ustilago sp. (S-4), Tilletia sp. (S- 5), Michrodochium sp. (S-6), Gaeumannomyces graminis (S-7), Aphanomyces cochlioides (S- 8), Sclerotinia sp. (S-9), Phoma sp. (S-10), and combinations thereof, and are preferably se- lected from the group consisting of Pythium sp. (S-1 ), Fusarium sp. (S-2), Ustilago sp. (S-4), Til- letia sp. (S-5), Michrodochium sp. (S-6), Gaeumannomyces graminis (S-7), Aphanomyces cochlioides (S-8), Sclerotinia sp. (S-9), Phoma sp. (S-10), and combinations thereof, and are more preferably Pythium sp. (S-1 ), Fusarium sp. (S-2), or Phoma sp. (S-10), or combinations thereof and are particularly preferably Phoma sp. (S-10).

In one embodiment, the plant is selected from wheat (C-1 a), maize (C-1 b), barley (C-1 c), oat (C-1 d), rye (C-1 e), rice (C-2), soybean (C-3), cotton (C-4), sugarbeet (C-5), rapeseed (C-6), and potato (C-7). In a preferred embodiment, the plant is a cereal selected from wheat (C-1 a), maize (C-1 b), barley (C-1 c), oat (C-1 d), and rye (C-1 e), and is preferably a cereal selected from maize (C-1 b), barley (C-1 c), oat (C-1 d), and rye (C-1 e). In another preferred embodiment, the plant is soybean (C-3) or cotton (C-4).

Preferred Pythium species include P. ultimum and P. aphanidermatum.

Preferred Fusarium species include F. graminearum, F. culmorum, F. oxysporum, F. solani, F. tucumaniae, F. brasiliense, and F. verticillioides.

Preferred Rhizoctonia species include R. solani, and R. cerealis.

Preferred Ustilgao species include U. nuda, U. avaenae, and U. maydis.

Preferred Tilletia species include T. tritici, and T. controversa.

Preferred Michrodochium species include Michrodochium nivale.

Preferred Sclerotinia species include S. sclerotiorum, S. rolfsii, and S. sclerotiorum.

Preferred Phoma species include Phoma lingam and P. betae.

Phytopathogenic harmful fungi, which are of particular relevance in connection with potato (C- 7), are selected from the group consisting of Phytophthora infestans, Alternaria solani, Rhizoctonia solani, Spongospora subterranea, Fusarium coeruleum, Synchytrium endobioticum, Helminthosporium solani, Fusarium oxysporum, and Colletotrichum coccodes.

Phytopathogenic harmful fungi, which are of particular relevance in connection with soybean (C-3), additionally include Phakopsora pachyrhizi and P. meibomiae (soybean rust). Thus, preferred phytopathogenic harmful fungi in connection with soybean preferably include S-1 , S-2, S- 3, Phakopsora pachyrhizi, and P. meibomiae, in particular, S-1 , S-2, Phakopsora pachyrhizi, and P. meibomiae.

In one particularly preferred embodiment, the plant is wheat (C-1 a). In another particularly preferred embodiment, the plant is maize (C-1 b). In another particularly preferred embodiment, the plant is barley (C-1 c). In another particularly preferred embodiment, the plant is oat (C-1 d). In another particularly preferred embodiment, the plant is rye (C-1 e). In another particularly preferred embodiment, the plant is rice (C-2). In another particularly preferred embodiment, the plant is soybean (C-3). In another particularly preferred embodiment, the plant is cotton (C-4). In another particularly preferred embodiment, the plant is sugarbeet (C-5). In another particularly preferred embodiment, the plant is rapeseed (C-6). In another particularly preferred embodiment, the plant is potato (C-7). Preference is given to the use of the pesticidal mixtures PM of the invention for the protection of a plant against the harmful pests and fungi according to one row of the following table U 1. Table U1

Figure imgf000025_0001

More preferred is the use of the pesticidal mixtures PM of the invention for the protection of a plant against the harmful pests and fungi according to one row of the following table U2 Table U2

Figure imgf000025_0002

Particular preferred is the use of the pesticidal mixtures PM of the invention for the protection of a plant against the harmful pests and fungi according to one row of the following table V. Table V

No plant pest fungi No plant pest fungi

V-1 C-1 a P-1 S-1 V-7 C-1 a P-1 S-3

V-2 C-1 a P-2 S-1 V-8 C-1 a P-2 S-3

V-3 C-1 a P-3 S-1 V-9 C-1 a P-3 S-3

V-4 C-1 a P-1 S-2 V-10 C-1 a P-1 S-4

V-5 C-1 a P-2 S-2 V-1 1 C-1 a P-2 S-4

V-6 C-1 a P-3 S-2 V-12 C-1 a P-3 S-4 No plant pest fungi No plant pest fungi

V-13 C-1a P-1 S-5 V-53 C-1c P-2 S-4

V-14 C-1a P-2 S-5 V-54 C-1c P-3 S-4

V-15 C-1a P-3 S-5 V-55 C-1c P-1 S-5

V-16 C-1a P-1 S-6 V-56 C-1c P-2 S-5

V-17 C-1a P-2 S-6 V-57 C-1c P-3 S-5

V-18 C-1a P-3 S-6 V-58 C-1c P-1 S-6

V-19 C-1a P-1 S-7 V-59 C-1c P-2 S-6

V-20 C-1a P-2 S-7 V-60 C-1c P-3 S-6

V-21 C-1a P-3 S-7 V-61 C-1c P-1 S-7

V-22 C-1b P-1 S-1 V-62 C-1c P-2 S-7

V-23 C-1b P-2 S-1 V-63 C-1c P-3 S-7

V-24 C-1b P-3 S-1 V-64 C-1d P-1 S-1

V-25 C-1b P-1 S-2 V-65 C-1d P-2 S-1

V-26 C-1b P-2 S-2 V-66 C-1d P-3 S-1

V-27 C-1b P-3 S-2 V-67 C-1d P-1 S-2

V-28 C-1b P-1 S-3 V-68 C-1d P-2 S-2

V-29 C-1b P-2 S-3 V-69 C-1d P-3 S-2

V-30 C-1b P-3 S-3 V-70 C-1d P-1 S-3

V-31 C-1b P-1 S-4 V-71 C-1d P-2 S-3

V-32 C-1b P-2 S-4 V-72 C-1d P-3 S-3

V-33 C-1b P-3 S-4 V-73 C-1d P-1 S-4

V-34 C-1b P-1 S-5 V-74 C-1d P-2 S-4

V-35 C-1b P-2 S-5 V-75 C-1d P-3 S-4

V-36 C-1b P-3 S-5 V-76 C-1d P-1 S-5

V-37 C-1b P-1 S-6 V-77 C-1d P-2 S-5

V-38 C-1b P-2 S-6 V-78 C-1d P-3 S-5

V-39 C-1b P-3 S-6 V-79 C-1d P-1 S-6

V-40 C-1b P-1 S-7 V-80 C-1d P-2 S-6

V-41 C-1b P-2 S-7 V-81 C-1d P-3 S-6

V-42 C-1b P-3 S-7 V-82 C-1d P-1 S-7

V-43 C-1c P-1 S-1 V-83 C-1d P-2 S-7

V-44 C-1c P-2 S-1 V-84 C-1d P-3 S-7

V-45 C-1c P-3 S-1 V-85 C-1e P-1 S-1

V-46 C-1c P-1 S-2 V-86 C-1e P-2 S-1

V-47 C-1c P-2 S-2 V-87 C-1e P-3 S-1

V-48 C-1c P-3 S-2 V-88 C-1e P-1 S-2

V-49 C-1c P-1 S-3 V-89 C-1e P-2 S-2

V-50 C-1c P-2 S-3 V-90 C-1e P-3 S-2

V-51 C-1c P-3 S-3 V-91 C-1e P-1 S-3

V-52 C-1c P-1 S-4 V-92 C-1e P-2 S-3 No plant pest fungi No plant pest fungi

V-93 C-1 e P-3 S-3 V-125 C-4 P-2 S-2

V-94 C-1 e P-1 S-4 V-126 C-4 P-4 S-2

V-95 C-1 e P-2 S-4 V-127 C-4 P-5 S-2

V-96 C-1 e P-3 S-4 V-128 C-4 P-1 S-3

V-97 C-1 e P-1 S-5 V-129 C-4 P-2 S-3

V-98 C-1 e P-2 S-5 V-130 C-4 P-4 S-3

V-99 C-1 e P-3 S-5 V-131 C-4 P-5 S-3

V-100 C-1 e P-1 S-6 V-132 C-5 P-1 S-1

V-101 C-1 e P-2 S-6 V-133 C-5 P-2 S-1

V-102 C-1 e P-3 S-6 V-134 C-5 P-1 S-2

V-103 C-1 e P-1 S-7 V-135 C-5 P-2 S-2

V-104 C-1 e P-2 S-7 V-136 C-5 P-1 S-3

V-105 C-1 e P-3 S-7 V-137 C-5 P-2 S-3

V-106 C-2 P-2 S-2 V-138 C-5 P-1 S-8

V-107 C-2 P-2 S-3 V-139 C-5 P-2 S-8

V-108 C-3 P-1 S-1 V-140 C-5 P-1 S-9

V-109 C-3 P-2 S-1 V-141 C-5 P-2 S-9

V-1 10 C-3 P-4 S-1 V-142 C-6 P-1 S-1

V-1 1 1 C-3 P-5 S-1 V-143 C-6 P-2 S-1

V-1 12 C-3 P-1 S-2 V-144 C-6 P-1 S-2

V-1 13 C-3 P-2 S-2 V-145 C-6 P-2 S-2

V-1 14 C-3 P-4 S-2 V-146 C-6 P-1 S-3

V-1 15 C-3 P-5 S-2 V-147 C-6 P-2 S-3

V-1 16 C-3 P-1 S-3 V-148 C-6 P-1 S-9

V-1 17 C-3 P-2 S-3 V-149 C-6 P-2 S-9

V-1 18 C-3 P-4 S-3 V-150 C-6 P-1 S-10

V-1 19 C-3 P-5 S-3 V-151 C-6 P-2 S-10

V-120 C-4 P-1 S-1 V-152 C-7 P-1 S-2

V-121 C-4 P-2 S-1 V-153 C-7 P-1 S-3

V-122 C-4 P-4 S-1 V-154 C-7 P-3 S-2

V-123 C-4 P-5 S-1 V-155 C-7 P-3 S-3

V-124 C-4 P-1 S-2

As indicated in the above tables U1 , U2, and V, thrips are of particular importance as harmful pests on soybean and cotton. Therefore, the present invention also relates in one embodiment to the use of the pesticidal mixtures PM of the invention for the protection of cotton against thrips (P-4) and preferably also against the harmful fungi S-1 and S-2. Furthermore, the present invention relates in one embodiment to the use of the pesticidal mixtures PM of the invention for the protection of soybean against thrips (P-4) and preferably also against at least one of the harmful fungi selected from S-1 , S-2, Phakopsora pachyrhizi, and P. meibomiae (soybean rust). In one preferred embodiment, the present invention relates to the use of the pesticidal mixtures PM of the invention for the protection of soybean against thrips (P-4) and preferably also against at least one of the harmful fungi selected from S-1 , and S-2. In another preferred embodiment, the present invention relates to the use of the pesticidal mixtures PM of the invention for the protection of soybean against thrips (P-4) and preferably also against at least one of the harmful fungi selected from Phakopsora pachyrhizi, and P. meibomiae (soybean rust).

In one preferred embodiment of said use, the phytopathogenic fungus is Phakopsora pachyrhizi.

In another preferred embodiment of said use, the phytopathogenic fungus is P. meibomiae (soybean rust).

Furthermore, aphids are of particular importance as harmful pests on most plants, in particular on cereals. Therefore, the present invention also relates in one embodiment to the use of the pesticidal mixtures PM of the invention for the protection of cereals selected from C-1 a, C-1 b, C-1 c, C-1 d, and C-1 e, preferably from C-1 b, C-1 c, C-1 d, and C-1 e against aphids (P-1 ) and preferably also against at least one of the harmful fungi selected from S-1 , S-2, S-4, S-5, S-6, and S-7.

Moreover, aphids and leafhoppers, in particular leafhoppers, are of particular relevance on potatoes. Furthermore, potatoes are particularly susceptible to phytopathogenic harmful fungi including Phytophthora infestans, Alternaria solani, Rhizoctonia solani, Spongospora subterranea, Fusarium coeruleum, Synchytrium endobioticum, Helminthosporium solani, Fusarium ox- ysporum, and Colletotrichum coccodes. Therefore the present invention also relates in one embodiment to the use of the pesticidal mixtures PM of the present invention for the protection of potatoes against aphids and/or leafhoppers and against one or more phytopathogenic harmful fungi selected from the group consisting of Phytophthora infestans, Alternaria solani, Rhi- zoctonia solani, Spongospora subterranea, Fusarium coeruleum, Synchytrium endobioticum, Helminthosporium solani, Fusarium oxysporum, and Colletotrichum coccodes.

In one preferred embodiment of said use, the phytopathogenic fungis is Phytophthora infestans.

In another preferred embodiment of said use, the phytopathogenic fungus is Alternaria solani. In another preferred embodiment of said use, the phytopathogenic fungus is Rhizoctonia solani.

In another preferred embodiment of said use, the phytopathogenic fungus is Spongospora subterranea.

In another preferred embodiment of said use, the phytopathogenic fungus is Fusarium co- eruleum.

In another preferred embodiment of said use, the phytopathogenic fungus is Synchytrium endobioticum.

In another preferred embodiment of said use, the phytopathogenic fungus is Helminthosporium solani.

In another preferred embodiment of said use, the phytopathogenic fungus is Fusarium oxysporum. In another preferred embodiment of said use, the phytopathogenic fungus is Colletotrichum coccodes.

It is emphasized that not only the pesticidal mixtures PM of the present invention are suitable for the above uses in connection with potatoes, but also binary mixtures comprising a com- pound of formula I as defined above and a fungicide III as defined above.

As already indicated above, the present invention also relates to a seed treatment composition comprising a pesticidal mixture PM of the invention, in particular any one of the pesticidal mixtures of Tabels 1 to 18, and at least one auxiliary, wherein the auxiliary is preferably selected from the group consisting of surfactants, antifreezing agents, binders, and pigments, and is par- ticularly preferably a surfactant or a binder.

In a preferred embodiment, the seed treatment composition of the pesticidal mixture PM is in the form of a flowable concentrate FS, a solution LS, a powder for dry treatment DS, a water dispersible powder for slurry treatment WS, a water-soluble powder SS, an emulsion ES or EC, or a gel formulation, and is preferably in the form of a flowable concentrate FS.

The sead treatment compositions of the pesticidal mixtures PM are suitable for the same uses as defined above, with particular preference to the uses defined in tables U1 , U2, and V.

Furthermore, the sead treatment compositions of the pesticidal mixtures PM may be applied in the method for controlling invertebrate pests and pythopathogenic harmful fungi as defined below.

The present invention also relates to seeds comprising a pesticidal mixture PM of the invention, in particular any one of the pesticidal mixtures of Tabels 1 to 18, or a seed treatment composition thereof in an amount of from 0.01 g to 10000 g per 100 kg of seeds.

It is noted that the amount per 100 kg seeds is based on the weight of the pesticidal mixture PM irrespective of whether it is referred to the pesticidal mixture PM or the seed treatment composition thereof.

Preferred seeds are seeds selected from wheat, maize, barley, oat, rye, rice, soybean, cotton, sugarbeet, rapeseed, and potato, in particular from wheat, maize, barley, soybean, cotton, and rapeseed.

The present invention also relates to a method for controlling invertebrate pests and/or phytopathogenic harmful fungi on plants selected from wheat, maize, barley, oat, rye, rice, soybean, cotton, sugarbeet, rapeseed, and potato comprising contacting the plant or the plant propagation material; the pest or its food supply, habitat or breeding ground; and/or the fungi or their habitat, with an effective amount of a pesticidal mixture PM as defined above, in particular any one of the pesticidal mixtures of Tabels 1 to 18, or a seed treatment composition thereof.

Preferably, the method is suitable for both, controlling invertebrate pests and pythopathogenic harmful fungi. Furthemore, preference is again given to plants, pests, and fungi as defined above, and in particular to the plant-pest-fungi correlations provided in the rows of tables U1 , U2, and V. With regard to all the pesticidal mixtures PM of the invention, the following embodiments are additionally preferred. When it is in the following referred to the "mixture(s) of the present invention" or "mixture(s) according to the invention", these terms are intended to refer to each pesticidal mixture PM as defined above.

The mixtures of the present invention may be combined and applied in agriculture in mixture with other active ingredients, for example with other pesticides, insecticides, nematicides, fungicides, herbicides, safeners, fertilizers such as ammonium nitrate, urea, potash, and superphosphate, phytotoxicants and plant growth regulators.

These additional ingredients may be used sequentially or in combination with the mixtures of the invention, if appropriate also added only immediately prior to use (tank mix). For example, the plant(s) may be sprayed with a mixture of this invention either before or after being treated with other active ingredients. The invention also relates to agrochemical compositions comprising an auxiliary and at least one mixture of the present invention.

An agrochemical composition comprises a pesticidally effective amount of a mixture of the present invention. The term "pesticidally effective amount" is defined below.

The mixtures of the present invention can be converted into customary types of agro-chemical compositions, e. g. solutions, emulsions, suspensions, dusts, powders, pastes, granules, pressings, capsules, and mixtures thereof. Examples for composition types are suspensions (e.g. SC, OD, FS), emulsifiable concentrates (e.g. EC), emulsions (e.g. EW, EO, ES, ME), capsules (e.g. CS, ZC), pastes, pastilles, wettable powders or dusts (e.g. WP, SP, WS, DP, DS), pressings (e.g. BR, TB, DT), granules (e.g. WG, SG, GR, FG, GG, MG), insecticidal articles (e.g. LN), as well as gel formulations for the treatment of plant propagation materials such as seeds (e.g. GF). These and further compositions types are defined in the "Catalogue of pesticide formulation types and international coding system", Technical Mono-graph No. 2, 6th Ed. May 2008, CropLife International.

The compositions are prepared in a known manner, such as described by Mollet and Grube- mann, Formulation technology, Wiley VCH, Weinheim, 2001 ; or Knowles, New developments in crop protection product formulation, Agrow Reports DS243, T&F Informa, London, 2005.

Examples for suitable auxiliaries are solvents, liquid carriers, solid carriers or fillers, surfactants, dispersants, emulsifiers, wetters, adjuvants, solubilizers, penetration enhancers, protective colloids, adhesion agents, thickeners, humectants, repellents, attractants, feeding stimu- lants, compatibilizers, bactericides, anti-freezing agents, anti-foaming agents, colorants, tackifi- ers and binders.

Suitable solvents and liquid carriers are water and organic solvents, such as mineral oil fractions of medium to high boiling point, e.g. kerosene, diesel oil; oils of vegetable or animal origin; aliphatic, cyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons, e. g. toluene, paraffin, tetrahydronaphthalene, al- kylated naphthalenes; alcohols, e.g. ethanol, propanol, butanol, benzylalcohol, cyclo-'hexanol; glycols; DMSO; ketones, e.g. cyclohexanone; esters, e.g. lactates, carbonates, fatty acid esters, gamma-butyrolactone; fatty acids; phosphonates; amines; amides, e.g. N-methylpyrrolidone, fatty acid dimethylamides; and mixtures thereof.

Suitable solid carriers or fillers are mineral earths, e.g. silicates, silica gels, talc, kaolins, limestone, lime, chalk, clays, dolomite, diatomaceous earth, bentonite, calcium sulfate, magnesium sulfate, magnesium oxide; polysaccharide powders, e.g. cellulose, starch; fertilizers, e.g. ammonium sulfate, ammonium phosphate, ammonium nitrate, ureas; products of vegetable origin, e.g. cereal meal, tree bark meal, wood meal, nutshell meal, and mixtures thereof.

Suitable surfactants are surface-active compounds, such as anionic, cationic, nonionic and amphoteric surfactants, block polymers, polyelectrolytes, and mixtures thereof. Such surfactants can be used as emusifier, dispersant, solubilizer, wetter, penetration enhancer, protective colloid, or adjuvant. Examples of surfactants are listed in McCutcheon's, Vol.1 : Emulsifiers & Detergents, McCutcheon's Directories, Glen Rock, USA, 2008 (International Ed. or North American Ed.).

Suitable anionic surfactants are alkali, alkaline earth or ammonium salts of sulfonates, sul- fates, phosphates, carboxylates, and mixtures thereof. Examples of sulfonates are alkylaryl-sul- fonates, diphenylsulfonates, alpha-olefin sulfonates, lignine sulfonates, sulfonates of fatty acids and oils, sulfonates of ethoxylated alkylphenols, sulfonates of alkoxylated arylphenols, sulfonates of condensed naphthalenes, sulfonates of dodecyl- and tridecylbenzenes, sulfonates of naphthalenes and alkyhnaphthalenes, sulfosucci nates or sulfosuccinamates. Examples of sul- fates are sulfates of fatty acids and oils, of ethoxylated alkylphenols, of alcohols, of ethox-ylated alcohols, or of fatty acid esters. Examples of phosphates are phosphate esters. Exam-pies of carboxylates are alkyl carboxylates, and carboxylated alcohol or alkylphenol eth-oxylates.

Suitable nonionic surfactants are alkoxylates, N-subsituted fatty acid amides, amine oxides, esters, sugar-based surfactants, polymeric surfactants, and mixtures thereof. Examples of alkoxylates are compounds such as alcohols, alkylphenols, amines, amides, arylphenols, fatty acids or fatty acid esters which have been alkoxylated with 1 to 50 equivalents. Ethylene oxide and/or propylene oxide may be employed for the alkoxylation, preferably ethylene oxide. Examples of N-subsititued fatty acid amides are fatty acid glucamides or fatty acid alkanolamides. Examples of esters are fatty acid esters, glycerol esters or monoglycerides. Examples of sugar- based surfactants are sorbitans, ethoxylated sorbitans, sucrose and glucose esters or alkylpoly- glucosides. Examples of polymeric surfactants are homo- or copolymers of vinylpyrrolidone, vi- nylalcohols, or vinylacetate.

Suitable cationic surfactants are quaternary surfactants, for example quaternary ammonium compounds with one or two hydrophobic groups, or salts of long-chain primary amines. Suitable amphoteric surfactants are alkylbetains and imidazolines. Suitable block polymers are block polymers of the A-B or A-B-A type comprising blocks of polyethylene oxide and polypropylene oxide, or of the A-B-C type comprising alkanol, polyethylene oxide and polypropylene oxide. Suitable polyelectrolytes are polyacids or polybases. Examples of polyacids are alkali salts of poly- acrylic acid or polyacid comb polymers. Examples of polybases are polyvinylamines or polyeth- yleneamines. Suitable adjuvants are compounds, which have a neglectable or even no pesticidal activity themselves, and which improve the biological performance of the mixtures of the present invention on the target. Examples are surfactants, mineral or vegetable oils, and other auxilaries. Further examples are listed by Knowles, Adjuvants and additives, Agrow Reports DS256, T&F In- forma UK, 2006, chapter 5.

Suitable thickeners are polysaccharides (e.g. xanthan gum, carboxymethylcellulose), anorganic clays (organically modified or unmodified), polycarboxylates, and silicates.

Suitable bactericides are bronopol and isothiazolinone derivatives such as alkylisothiazoli- nones and benzisothiazolinones.

Suitable anti-freezing agents are ethylene glycol, propylene glycol, urea and glycerin.

Suitable anti-foaming agents are silicones, long chain alcohols, and salts of fatty acids.

Suitable colorants (e.g. in red, blue, or green) are pigments of low water solubility and water- soluble dyes. Examples are inorganic colorants (e.g. iron oxide, titan oxide, iron hexacyanofer- rate) and organic colorants (e.g. alizarin-, azo- and phthalocyanine colorants).

Suitable tackifiers or binders are polyvinylpyrrolidone, polyvinylacetates, polyvinyl alcohols, polyacrylates, biological or synthetic waxes, and cellulose ethers.

Examples for composition types and their preparation are:

i) Water-soluble concentrates (SL, LS)

10-60 wt% of the mixture according to the invention and 5-15 wt% wetting agent (e.g. alcohol alkoxylates) are dissolved in water and/or in a water-soluble solvent (e.g. alcohols) up to 100 wt%. The active substance dissolves upon dilution with water.

ii) Dispersible concentrates (DC)

5-25 wt% of the mixture according to the invention and 1-10 wt% dispersant (e. g. polyvinylpyrrolidone) are dissolved in up to 100 wt% organic solvent (e.g. cyclohexanone). Dilution with wa- ter gives a dispersion.

iii) Emulsifiable concentrates (EC)

15-70 wt% of the mixture according to the invention and 5-10 wt% emulsifiers (e.g. calcium do- decylbenzenesulfonate and castor oil ethoxylate) are dissolved in up to 100 wt% water-insoluble organic solvent (e.g. aromatic hydrocarbon). Dilution with water gives an emulsion.

iv) Emulsions (EW, EO, ES)

5-40 wt% of the mixture according to the invention and 1-10 wt% emulsifiers (e.g. calcium do- decylbenzenesulfonate and castor oil ethoxylate) are dissolved in 20-40 wt% water-insoluble organic solvent (e.g. aromatic hydrocarbon). This mixture is introduced into up to 100 wt% water by means of an emulsifying machine and made into a homogeneous emulsion. Dilution with wa- ter gives an emulsion.

v) Suspensions (SC, OD, FS)

In an agitated ball mill, 20-60 wt% of the mixture according to the invention are comminuted with addition of 2-10 wt% dispersants and wetting agents (e.g. sodium lignosulfonate and alcohol ethoxylate), 0,1 -2 wt% thickener (e.g. xanthan gum) and up to 100 wt% water to give a fine ac- tive substance suspension. Dilution with water gives a stable suspension of the active substance. For FS type composition up to 40 wt% binder (e.g. polyvinylalcohol) is added. vi) Water-dispersible granules and water-soluble granules (WG, SG)

50-80 wt% of the mixture according to the invention are ground finely with addition of up to 100 wt% dispersants and wetting agents (e.g. sodium lignosulfonate and alcohol ethoxylate) and prepared as water-dispersible or water-soluble granules by means of technical appliances (e. g. extrusion, spray tower, fluidized bed). Dilution with water gives a stable dispersion or solution of the active substance.

vii) Water-dispersible powders and water-soluble powders (WP, SP, WS)

50-80 wt% of the mixture according to the invention are ground in a rotor-stator mill with ad-di- tion of 1 -5 wt% dispersants (e.g. sodium lignosulfonate), 1 -3 wt% wetting agents (e.g. alcohol ethoxylate) and up to 100 wt% solid carrier, e.g. silica gel. Dilution with water gives a stable dispersion or solution of the active substance.

viii) Gel (GW, GF)

In an agitated ball mill, 5-25 wt% of the mixture according to the invention are comminuted with addition of 3-10 wt% dispersants (e.g. sodium lignosulfonate), 1 -5 wt% thickener (e.g. car- boxymethylcellulose) and up to 100 wt% water to give a fine suspension of the active substance. Dilution with water gives a stable suspension of the active substance.

ix) Microemulsion (ME)

5-20 wt% of the mixture according to the invention are added to 5-30 wt% organic solvent blend (e.g. fatty acid dimethylamide and cyclohexanone), 10-25 wt% surfactant blend (e.g. alkohol ethoxylate and arylphenol ethoxylate), and water up to 100 %. This mixture is stirred for 1 h to produce spontaneously a thermodynamically stable microemulsion.

x) Microcapsules (CS)

An oil phase comprising 5-50 wt% of the mixture according to the invention, 0-40 wt% water insoluble organic solvent (e.g. aromatic hydrocarbon), 2-15 wt% acrylic monomers (e.g. methyl- methacrylate, methacrylic acid and a di- or triacrylate) are dispersed into an aqueous solution of a protective colloid (e.g. polyvinyl alcohol). Radical polymerization initiated by a radi-cal initiator results in the formation of poly(meth)acrylate microcapsules. Alternatively, an oil phase comprising 5-50 wt% of the mixture according to the invention, 0-40 wt% water insolu-ble organic solvent (e.g. aromatic hydrocarbon), and an isocyanate monomer (e.g. diphenylme-thene-4,4'- diisocyanatae) are dispersed into an aqueous solution of a protective colloid (e.g. polyvinyl alcohol). The addition of a polyamine (e.g. hexamethylenediamine) results in the for-mation of a pol- yurea microcapsule. The monomers amount to 1-10 wt%. The wt% relate to the total CS composition.

xi) Dustable powders (DP, DS)

1-10 wt% of a the mixture according to the invention are ground finely and mixed intimately with up to 100 wt% solid carrier, e.g. finely divided kaolin.

xii) Granules (GR, FG)

0.5-30 wt% of the mixture according to the invention is ground finely and associated with up to 100 wt% solid carrier (e.g. silicate). Granulation is achieved by extrusion, spray-drying or the flu- idized bed. xiii) Ultra-low volume liquids (UL)

1-50 wt% of the mixture according to the invention are dissolved in up to 100 wt% organic solvent, e.g. aromatic hydrocarbon.

The compositions types i) to xi) may optionally comprise further auxiliaries, such as 0.1-1 wt% bactericides, 5-15 wt% anti-freezing agents, 0.1 -1 wt% anti-foaming agents, and 0.1 -1 wt% colorants.

The agrochemical compositions generally comprise between 0.01 and 95%, preferably between 0.1 and 90%, and most preferably between 0.5 and 75%, by weight of active substance. The active substances are employed in a purity of from 90% to 100%, preferably from 95% to 100% (according to NMR spectrum).

Various types of oils, wetters, adjuvants, fertilizer, or micronutrients, and other pesticides (e.g. herbicides, insecticides, fungicides, growth regulators, safeners) may be added to the active substances or the compositions cormprising them as premix or, if appropriate not until immediately prior to use (tank mix). These agents can be admixed with the compositions according to the invention in a weight ratio of 1 :100 to 100:1 , preferably 1 :10 to 10:1 .

The user applies the composition according to the invention usually from a predosage de-vice, a knapsack sprayer, a spray tank, a spray plane, or an irrigation system. Usually, the agrochemical composition is made up with water, buffer, and/or further auxiliaries to the desired application concentration and the ready-to-use spray liquor or the agrochemical composition according to the invention is thus obtained. Usually, 20 to 2000 liters, preferably 50 to 400 liters, of the ready-to-use spray liquor are applied per hectare of agricultural useful area.

According to one embodiment, individual components of the composition according to the invention such as parts of a kit or parts of a binary or ternary mixture may be mixed by the user himself in a spray tank and further auxiliaries may be added, if appropriate.

In a further embodiment, either individual components of the composition according to the invention or partially premixed components, e.g. components comprising mixtures of the present invention, may be mixed by the user in a spray tank and further auxiliaries and additives may be added, if appropriate.

In a further embodiment, either individual components of the composition according to the in- vention or partially premixed components, e. g. components comprising mixtures of the present invention, can be applied jointly (e.g. after tank mix) or consecutively.

The mixtures of the present invention are suitable for use in protecting crops, plants, plant propagation materials, such as seeds, or soil or water, in which the plants are growing, from at- tack or infestation by animal pests. Therefore, the present invention also relates to a plant protection method, which comprises contacting crops, plants, plant propagation materials, such as seeds, or soil or water, in which the plants are growing, to be protected from attack or infestation by animal pests, with a pesticidally effective amount of a mixture of the present invention. The mixtures of the present invention are also suitable for use in combating or controlling ani- mal pests. Therefore, the present invention also relates to a method of combating or controlling animal pests, which comprises contacting the animal pests, their habitat, breeding ground, or food supply, or the crops, plants, plant propagation materials, such as seeds, or soil, or the area, material or environment in which the animal pests are growing or may grow, with a pesti- cidally effective amount of a mixture of the present invention.

The mixtures of the present invention are effective through both contact and ingestion. Furthermore, the mixtures of the present invention can be applied to any and all developmental stages, such as egg, larva, pupa, and adult.

The mixtures of the present invention can be applied as such or in form of compositions comprising them as defined above. Furthermore, the mixtures of the present invention can be applied together with a mixing partner as defined above or in form of compositions comprising said mixtures as defined above. The components of said mixture can be applied simultaneously, jointly or separately, or in succession, that is immediately one after another and thereby creating the mixture "in situ" on the desired location, e.g. the plant, the sequence, in the case of separate application, generally not having any effect on the result of the control measures.

The application can be carried out both before and after the infestation of the crops, plants, plant propagation materials, such as seeds, soil, or the area, material or environment by the pests.

Suitable application methods include inter alia soil treatment, seed treatment, in furrow application, and foliar application. Soil treatment methods include drenching the soil, drip irrigation (drip application onto the soil), dipping roots, tubers or bulbs, or soil injection. Seed treatment techniques include seed dressing, seed coating, seed dusting, seed soaking, and seed pellet- ing. In furrow applications typically include the steps of making a furrow in cultivated land, seeding the furrow with seeds, applying the pesticidally active mixture to the furrow, and closing the furrow. Foliar application refers to the application of the pesticidally active mixture to plant foliage, e.g. through spray equipment. For foliar applications, it can be advantageous to modify the behavior of the pests by use of pheromones in combination with the mixtures of the present in- vention. Suitable pheromones for specific crops and pests are known to a skilled person and publicly available from databases of pheromones and semiochemicals, such as

http://www.pherobase.com.

As used herein, the term "contacting" includes both direct contact (applying the mixtures/compositions directly on the animal pest or plant - typically to the foliage, stem or roots of the plant) and indirect contact (applying the mixtures/compositions to the locus, i.e. habitat, breeding ground, plant, seed, soil, area, material or environment in which a pest is growing or may grow, of the animal pest or plant).

The term "animal pest" includes arthropods, gastropods, and nematodes. Preferred animal pests according to the invention are arthropods, preferably insects and arachnids, in particular insects. Insects, which are of particular relevance for crops, are typically referred to as crop insect pests.

The term "crop" refers to both, growing and harvested crops.

The term "plant" includes cereals, e.g. durum and other wheat, rye, barley, triticale, oats, rice, or maize (fodder maize and sugar maize / sweet and field corn); beet, e.g. sugar beet or fodder beet; fruits, such as pomes, stone fruits or soft fruits, e.g. apples, pears, plums, peaches, nectarines, almonds, cherries, papayas, strawberries, raspberries, blackberries or gooseberries; leguminous plants, such as beans, lentils, peas, alfalfa or soybeans; oil plants, such as rapeseed (oilseed rape), turnip rape, mustard, olives, sunflowers, coconut, cocoa beans, castor oil plants, oil palms, ground nuts or soybeans; cucurbits, such as squashes, pumpkins, cucumber or melons; fiber plants, such as cotton, flax, hemp or jute; citrus fruit, such as oranges, lemons, grapefruits or mandarins; vegetables, such as eggplant, spinach, lettuce (e.g. iceberg lettuce), chic- ory, cabbage, asparagus, cabbages, carrots, onions, garlic, leeks, tomatoes, potatoes, cucurbits or sweet peppers; lauraceous plants, such as avocados, cinnamon or camphor; energy and raw material plants, such as corn, soybean, rapeseed, sugar cane or oil palm; tobacco; nuts, e.g. walnuts; pistachios; coffee; tea; bananas; vines (table grapes and grape juice grape vines); hop; sweet leaf (also called Stevia); natural rubber plants or ornamental and forestry plants, such as flowers (e.g. carnation, petunias, geranium/pelargoniums, pansies and impatiens), shrubs, broad-leaved trees (e.g. poplar) or evergreens, e.g. conifers; eucalyptus; turf; lawn; grass such as grass for animal feed or ornamental uses. Preferred plants include potatoes sugar beets, tobacco, wheat, rye, barley, oats, rice, corn, cotton, soybeans, rapeseed, legumes, sunflowers, coffee or sugar cane; fruits; vines; ornamentals; or vegetables, such as cucumbers, tomatoes, beans or squashes.

The term "plant" is to be understood as including wild type plants and plants, which have been modified by either conventional breeding, or mutagenesis or genetic engineering, or by a combination thereof.

Plants, which have been modified by mutagenesis or genetic engineering, and are of particular commercial importance, include alfalfa, rapeseed (e.g. oilseed rape), bean, carnation, chicory, cotton, eggplant, eucalyptus, flax, lentil, maize, melon, papaya, petunia, plum, poplar, potato, rice, soybean, squash, sugar beet, sugarcane, sunflower, sweet pepper, tobacco, tomato, and cereals (e.g. wheat), in particular maize, soybean, cotton, wheat, and rice. In plants, which have been modified by mutagenesis or genetic engineering, one or more genes have been mutagen- ized or integrated into the genetic material of the plant. The one or more mutagenized or integrated genes are preferably selected from pat, epsps, crylAb, bar, cry1 Fa2, crylAc, cry34Ab1 , cry35AB1 , cry3A, cryF, cry1 F, mcry3a, cry2Ab2, cry3Bb1 , cry1A.105, dfr, barnase, vip3Aa20, barstar, als, bxn, bp40, asnl , and ppo5. The mutagenesis or integration of the one or more genes is performed in order to improve certain properties of the plant. Such properties, also known as traits, include abiotic stress tolerance, altered growth/yield, disease resistance, herbicide tolerance, insect resistance, modified product quality, and pollination control. Of these properties, herbicide tolerance, e.g. imidazolinone tolerance, glyphosate tolerance, or glufosinate tolerance, is of particular importance. Several plants have been rendered tolerant to herbicides by mutagenesis, for example Clearfield® oilseed rape being tolerant to imidazoli- nones, e.g. imazamox. Alternatively, genetic engineering methods have been used to render plants, such as soybean, cotton, corn, beets and oil seed rape, tolerant to herbicides, such as glyphosate and glufosinate, some of which are commercially available under the trade names RoundupReady® (glyphosate) and LibertyLink® (glufosinate). Furthermore, insect resistance is of importance, in particular lepidopteran insect resistance and coleopteran insect resistance. In- sect resistance is typically achieved by modifying plants by integrating cry and/or vip genes, which were isolated from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), and code for the respective Bt toxins. Genetically modified plants with insect resistance are commercially available under trade names including WideStrike®, Bollgard®, Agrisure®, Herculex®, YieldGard®, Genuity®, and Intacta®. Plants may be modified by mutagenesis or genetic engineering either in terms of one property (singular traits) or in terms of a combination of properties (stacked traits). Stacked traits, e.g. the combination of herbicide tolerance and insect resistance, are of increasing importance. In gen- eral, all relevant modified plants in connection with singular or stacked traits as well as detailed information as to the mutagenized or integrated genes and the respective events are available from websites of the organizations "International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA)" (http://www.isaaa.org/gmapprovaldatabase) and "Center for Environmental Risk Assessment (CERA)" (http://cera-gmc.org/GMCropDatabase).

The term "plant propagation material" refers to all the generative parts of the plant such as seeds and vegetative plant material such as cuttings and tubers (e.g. potatoes), which can be used for the multiplication of the plant. This includes seeds, roots, fruits, tubers, bulbs, rhizomes, shoots, sprouts and other parts of plants. Seedlings and young plants, which are to be transplanted after germination or after emergence from soil, may also be included. These plant propagation materials may be treated prophylactically with a plant protection mixture either at or before planting or transplanting.

The term "seed" embraces seeds and plant propagules of all kinds including but not limited to true seeds, seed pieces, suckers, corms, bulbs, fruit, tubers, grains, cuttings, cut shoots and the like, and means in a preferred embodiment true seeds.

In general, "pesticidally effective amount" means the amount of active ingredient needed to achieve an observable effect on growth, including the effects of necrosis, death, retardation, prevention, and removal, destruction, or otherwise diminishing the occurrence and activity of the target organism. The pesticidally effective amount can vary for the various mixtures/compositions used in the invention. A pesticidally effective amount of the compositions will also vary ac- cording to the prevailing conditions such as desired pesticidal effect and duration, weather, target species, locus, mode of application, and the like.

In the case of soil treatment, in furrow application or of application to the pests dwelling place or nest, the quantity of active ingredient ranges from 0.0001 to 500 g per 100 m2, preferably from 0.001 to 20 g per 100 m2.

For use in treating crop plants, e.g. by foliar application, the rate of application of the active ingredients of this invention may be in the range of 0.0001 g to 4000 g per hectare, e.g. from 1 g to 2 kg per hectare or from 1 g to 750 g per hectare, desirably from 1 g to 100 g per hectare, more desirably from 10 g to 50 g per hectare, e.g., 10 to 20 g per hectare, 20 to 30 g per hectare, 30 to 40 g per hectare, or 40 to 50 g per hectare.

The mixtures of the present invention are particularly suitable for use in the treatment of seeds in order to protect the seeds from insect pests, in particular from soil-living insect pests, and the resulting seedling's roots and shoots against soil pests and foliar insects. The present invention therefore also relates to a method for the protection of seeds from insects, in particular from soil insects, and of the seedling's roots and shoots from insects, in particular from soil and foliar insects, said method comprising treating the seeds before sowing and/or after pregermination with a mixture of the present invention. The protection of the seedling's roots and shoots is preferred. More preferred is the protection of seedling's shoots from piercing and sucking insects, chewing insects and nematodes.

The term "seed treatment" comprises all suitable seed treatment techniques known in the art, such as seed dressing, seed coating, seed dusting, seed soaking, seed pelleting, and in-furrow application methods. Preferably, the seed treatment application of the active mixture is carried out by spraying or by dusting the seeds before sowing of the plants and before emergence of the plants.

The present invention also comprises seeds coated with or containing the active mixture. The term "coated with and/or containing" generally signifies that the active ingredient is for the most part on the surface of the propagation product at the time of application, although a greater or lesser part of the ingredient may penetrate into the propagation product, depending on the method of application. When the said propagation product is (re)planted, it may absorb the active ingredient.

Suitable seed is for example seed of cereals, root crops, oil crops, vegetables, spices, ornamentals, for example seed of durum and other wheat, barley, oats, rye, maize (fodder maize and sugar maize / sweet and field corn), soybeans, oil crops, crucifers, cotton, sunflowers, bananas, rice, oilseed rape, turnip rape, sugarbeet, fodder beet, eggplants, potatoes, grass, lawn, turf, fodder grass, tomatoes, leeks, pumpkin/squash, cabbage, iceberg lettuce, pepper, cucum- bers, melons, Brassica species, melons, beans, peas, garlic, onions, carrots, tuberous plants such as potatoes, sugar cane, tobacco, grapes, petunias, geranium/pelargoniums, pansies and impatiens.

In addition, the active mixture may also be used for the treatment of seeds from plants, which have been modified by mutagenisis or genetic engineering, and which e.g. tolerate the action of herbicides or fungicides or insecticides. Such modified plants have been described in detail above.

Conventional seed treatment formulations include for example flowable concentrates FS, solutions LS, suspoemulsions (SE), powders for dry treatment DS, water dispersible powders for slurry treatment WS, water-soluble powders SS and emulsion ES and EC and gel formulation GF. These formulations can be applied to the seed diluted or undiluted. Application to the seeds is carried out before sowing, either directly on the seeds or after having pregerminated the latter. Preferably, the formulations are applied such that germination is not included.

The active substance concentrations in ready-to-use formulations, which may be obtained after two-to-tenfold dilution, are preferably from 0.01 to 60% by weight, more preferably from 0.1 to 40 % by weight.

In a preferred embodiment a FS formulation is used for seed treatment. Typically, a FS formulation may comprise 1-800 g/l of active ingredient, 1-200 g/l Surfactant, 0 to 200 g/l antifreezing agent, 0 to 400 g/l of binder, 0 to 200 g/l of a pigment and up to 1 liter of a solvent, preferably water.

Especially preferred FS formulations of the mixtures of the present invention for seed treatment usually comprise from 0.1 to 80% by weight (1 to 800 g/l) of the active ingredient, from 0.1 to 20 % by weight (1 to 200 g/l) of at least one surfactant, e.g. 0.05 to 5 % by weight of a wetter and from 0.5 to 15 % by weight of a dispersing agent, up to 20 % by weight, e.g. from 5 to 20 % of an anti-freeze agent, from 0 to 15 % by weight, e.g. 1 to 15 % by weight of a pigment and/or a dye, from 0 to 40 % by weight, e.g. 1 to 40 % by weight of a binder (sticker /adhesion agent), optionally up to 5 % by weight, e.g. from 0.1 to 5 % by weight of a thickener, optionally from 0.1 to 2 % of an anti-foam agent, and optionally a preservative such as a biocide, antioxidant or the like, e.g. in an amount from 0.01 to 1 % by weight and a filler/vehicle up to 100 % by weight.

In the treatment of seed, the application rates of the mixtures of the invention are generally from 0.1 g to 10 kg per 100 kg of seed, preferably from 1 g to 5 kg per 100 kg of seed, more preferably from 1 g to 1000 g per 100 kg of seed and in particular from 1 g to 200 g per 100 kg of seed, e.g. from 1 g to 100 g or from 5 g to 100 g per 100 kg of seed.

The invention therefore also relates to seed comprising a mixture of the present invention, or an agriculturally useful salt thereof, as defined herein. The amount of the mixture of the present invention or the agriculturally useful salt thereof will in general vary from 0.1 g to 10 kg per 100 kg of seed, preferably from 1 g to 5 kg per 100 kg of seed, in particular from 1 g to 1000 g per 100 kg of seed. For specific crops such as lettuce the rate can be higher.

The mixtures of the present invention may also be used for improving the health of a plant. Therefore, the present invention also relates to a method for improving plant health by treating a plant, plant propagation material and/or the locus where the plant is growing or is to grow with an effective and non-phytotoxic amount of a mixture of the present invention.

As used herein "an effective and non-phytotoxic amount" means that the mixture is used in a quantity which allows to obtain the desired effect but which does not give rise to any phytotoxic symptom on the treated plant or on the plant grown from the treated propagule or treated soil.

The terms "plant" and "plant propagation material" are defined above.

"Plant health" is defined as a condition of the plant and/or its products which is determined by several aspects alone or in combination with each other such as yield (for example increased biomass and/or increased content of valuable ingredients), quality (for example improved content or composition of certain ingredients or shelf life), plant vigour (for example improved plant growth and/or greener leaves ("greening effect"), tolerance to abiotic (for example drought) and/or biotic stress (for example disease) and production efficiency (for example, harvesting efficiency, processability).

The above identified indicators for the health condition of a plant may be interdependent and may result from each other. Each indicator is defined in the art and can be determined by methods known to a skilled person.

The mixtures of the invention are also suitable for use against non-crop insect pests. For use against said non-crop pests, mixtures of the present invention can be used as bait composition, gel, general insect spray, aerosol, as ultra-low volume application and bed net (impregnated or surface applied). Furthermore, drenching and rodding methods can be used.

As used herein, the term "non-crop insect pest" refers to pests, which are particularly relevant for non-crop targets, such as ants, termites, wasps, flies, ticks, mosquitos, crickets, or cockroaches. The bait can be a liquid, a solid or a semisolid preparation (e.g. a gel). The bait employed in the composition is a product, which is sufficiently attractive to incite insects such as ants, termites, wasps, flies, mosquitos, crickets etc. or cockroaches to eat it. The attractiveness can be manipulated by using feeding stimulants or sex pheromones. Food stimulants are chosen, for example, but not exclusively, from animal and/or plant proteins (meat-, fish- or blood meal, insect parts, egg yolk), from fats and oils of animal and/or plant origin, or mono-, oligo- or polyor- ganosaccharides, especially from sucrose, lactose, fructose, dextrose, glucose, starch, pectin or even molasses or honey. Fresh or decaying parts of fruits, crops, plants, animals, insects or specific parts thereof can also serve as a feeding stimulant. Sex pheromones are known to be more insect specific. Specific pheromones are described in the literature (e.g. http://www.phero- base.com), and are known to those skilled in the art.

For use in bait compositions, the typical content of active ingredient is from 0.001 weight % to 15 weight %, desirably from 0.001 weight % to 5% weight % of active mixture.

Formulations of the mixtures of the present invention as aerosols (e.g in spray cans), oil sprays or pump sprays are highly suitable for the non-professional user for controlling pests such as flies, fleas, ticks, mosquitos or cockroaches. Aerosol recipes are preferably composed of the active mixture, solvents, furthermore auxiliaries such as emulsifiers, perfume oils, if appropriate stabilizers, and, if required, propellants.

The oil spray formulations differ from the aerosol recipes in that no propellants are used.

For use in spray compositions, the content of active ingredient is from 0.001 to 80 weights %, preferably from 0.01 to 50 weight % and most preferably from 0.01 to 15 weight %.

The mixtures of the present invention and its respective compositions can also be used in mosquito and fumigating coils, smoke cartridges, vaporizer plates or long-term vaporizers and also in moth papers, moth pads or other heat-independent vaporizer systems.

Methods to control infectious diseases transmitted by insects (e.g. malaria, dengue and yellow fever, lymphatic filariasis, and leishmaniasis) with mixtures of the present invention and its respective compositions also comprise treating surfaces of huts and houses, air spraying and impregnation of curtains, tents, clothing items, bed nets, tsetse-fly trap or the like. Insecticidal compositions for application to fibers, fabric, knitgoods, nonwovens, netting material or foils and tarpaulins preferably comprise a mixture including the insecticide, optionally a repellent and at least one binder.

The mixtures of the present invention and its compositions can be used for protecting wooden materials such as trees, board fences, sleepers, frames, artistic artifacts, etc. and buildings, but also construction materials, furniture, leathers, fibers, vinyl articles, electric wires and cables etc. from ants and/or termites, and for controlling ants and termites from doing harm to crops or human being (e.g. when the pests invade into houses and public facilities).

Customary application rates in the protection of materials are, for example, from 0.001 g to 2000 g or from 0.01 g to 1000 g of active mixture per m2 treated material, desirably from 0.1 g to 50 g per m2.

Insecticidal compositions for use in the impregnation of materials typically contain from 0.001 to 95 weight %, preferably from 0.1 to 45 weight %, and more preferably from 1 to 25 weight % of at least one repellent and/or insecticide. Pests

The mixtures of the the present invention are especially suitable for efficiently combating animal pests such as arthropods, gastropods and nematodes including but not limited to:

insects from the order of Lepidoptera, for example Achroia grisella, Acleris spp. such as A. fim- briana, A. gloverana, A. variana; Acrolepiopsis assectella, Acronicta major, Adoxophyes spp. such as A. cyrtosema, A. orana; Aedia leucomelas, Agrotis spp. such as A. exclamationis, A. fucosa, A. ipsilon, A. orthogoma, A. segetum, A. subterranea; Alabama argillacea, Aleurodicus dispersus, Aisophiia pometaria, Ampelophaga rubiginosa, Amyeiois transiteiia, Anacampsis sar- cite/la, Anagasta kuehniella, Anarsia lineatella, Anisota senator/a, Antheraea pernyi, Anticarsia (=Thermesia) spp. such as A. gemma talis; Apamea spp., Aproaerema modicella, Arch ips spp. such as A. argyrospi/a, A. fuscocupreanus, A. rosana, A. xyloseanus; Argyresthia conjugella, Argyroploce spp., Argyrotaenia spp. such as A. velutinana; Athetis mindara, Austroasca vi- ridigrisea, Autographa gamma, Autographa nigrisigna, Barathra brassicae, Bedel/la spp., Bon- agota salubricola, Borbo cinnara, Bucculatrix thurberiella, Bupalus pin/a r/'us, Busseo/a spp.,

Cacoecia spp. such as C. murinana, C. podana; Cactobiastis cactorum, Cadra cauteiia, Caiingo braziliensis, Caloptilis theivora, Capua reticulana, Carposina spp. such as C. niponensis, C. sa- sakii; Cephus spp., Chaetocnema ar/du/a, Cheimatobia brumata, C ? spp. such as C. Indicus, C suppressalis, C partellus; Choreutis pariana, Choristoneura spp. such as C conflictana, C fumiferana, C. longicellana, C. murinana, C. occidentalis, C. rosaceana; Chrysodeixis (=Pseu- doplusia) spp. such as C. eriosoma, C. includens; Cirphis unipuncta, Clysia ambiguella,

Cnaphalocerus spp., Cnaphalocrocis medinalis, Cnephasia spp., Cochylis hospes, Coleophora spp., Colias eurytheme, Conopomorpha spp., Conotrachelus spp., Cop/tarsia spp., Corcyra cepha/onica, Crambus caliginosellus, Crambus teterrellus, Crocidosema (=Epinotia) aporema, Cydalima (=Diaphania) perspectalis, Cydia (=Carpocapsa) spp. such as C. pomonella, C.

latiferreana; Dalaca noctuides, Datana integerrima, Dasychira pinicola, Dendrolimus spp. such as D. pini, D. spectabilis, D. sibiricus; Desmia funeralis, Diaphania spp. such as D. nitidalis, D. hyalinata; Diatraea grandiosella, Diatraea saccharalis, Diphthera festiva, Earias spp. such as E. insulana, E. vittella; Ecdytolopha aurantianu, Egira (=Xylomyges) curia/is, E/asmopa/pus ligno- sellus, Eldana saccharina, Endopiza viteana, Ennomos subsignaria, Eoreuma loftini, Ephestia spp. such as E. cauteiia, E. elutella, E. kuehniella; Epinotia aporema, Epiphyas postvittana, Erannis tiliaria, Erionota thrax, Etie/ia spp., Eu/ia spp., Eupoecilia ambiguella, Euproctis chrysorrhoea, Euxoa spp., Evetria bouliana, Faronta albilinea, Feltia spp. such as F. subterranean; Galleria mellonella, Gracillaria spp., Grapholita spp. such as G. funebrana, G. molesta, G. inopinata; Halysidota spp., Harrisina americana, Hedylepta spp., Helicoverpa spp. such as H. armigera (=Heliothis armigera), H. zea (=Heliothis zea); Heliothis spp. such as H. assulta, H. subflexa, H. virescens; Hellula spp. such as H. undalis, H. rogatalis; Helocoverpa gelotopoeon, Hemileuca oliviae, Herpetogramma licarsisalis, Hibernia defoliaria, Hofmannophila pseu- dospretella, Homoeosoma electellum, Homona magnanima, Hypena scabra, Hyphantria cunea, Hyponomeuta padella, Hyponomeuta malinellus, Kakivoria flavofasciata, Keiferia lycopersicella, Lambdina fisceiiaria fisceiiaria, Lambdina fisceiiaria lugubrosa, Lamprosema indicata, Laspeyre- si a molesta, Leguminivora glycinivorella, Lerodea eufala, Leuci nodes orbonalis, Leucoma sali- cis, Leucoptera spp. such as L. coffeella, L. scitella; Leuminivora lycinivorella, Lithocolletis blan- cardella, Lithophane antennata, Llattia octo (=Amyna axis), Lobes/a botrana, Lophocampa spp., Loxagrotis albicosta, Loxostege spp. such as L. sticticalis, L. cereralis; Lymantria spp. such as L. dispar, L. monacha; Lyonetia clerkella, Lyonetia prunifoliella, Malacosoma spp. such as M. americanum, M. caiifornicum, M. constrictum, M. neustria; Mamestra spp. such as M. brassicae, M. configurata; Mamstra brassicae, Manduca spp. such as M. quinquemaculata, M. sexta; Ma- rasmia spp, Marmara spp., Maruca testulalis, Megalopyge lanata, Melanchra picta, Melanitis leda, Mods spp. such as M. lapites, M. repanda; Mods latipes, Monochroa fragariae, Mythimna separata, Nemapogon cioaceiia, Neoleucinodes eleg an talis, Nepytia spp., Nymph u/a spp., Oiketicus spp., Omiodes indicata, Omphisa anastomosalis, Operophtera brumata, Orgyia pseudotsugata, Oria spp., Orthaga thyrisalis, Ostrinia spp. such as O. nubilalis; Oulema oryzae, Paleacrita vernata, Panolis flammea, Parnara spp., Papaipema nebris, Papilio cresphontes, Paramyelois transitella, Paranthrene regalis, Paysandisia archon, Pectinophora spp. such as P. gossypiella; Peridroma saucia, Perileucoptera spp., such as P. coffeella; Phalera bucephala, Phryganidia californica, Phthorimaea spp. such as P. operculella; Phyllocnistis citrella, Phyl- lonorycter spp. such as P. blancardella, P. crataegella, P. issikii, P. ringoniella; Pieris spp. such as P. brassicae, P. rapae, P. napi; Pilocrocis tripunctata, Plathypena scabra, Platynota spp. such as P. flavedana, P. idaeusalis, P. stuitana; Piatyptiiia carduidactyla, Piebejus argus, Piodia interpunctella, Plusia spp, Plutella maculipennis, Plutella xylostella, Pontia protodica, Prays spp., Prodenia spp., Proxenus lepigone, Pseudaletia spp. such as P. sequax, P. unipuncta; Pyrausta nubilalis, Rachiplusia nu, Rich/a albicosta, Rhizobius ventralis, Rhyacionia frustrana, Sabulodes aegrotata, Schizura concinna, Schoenobius spp., Schreckensteinia festaliella, Scirpophaga spp. such as S. incertulas, S. innotata; Scotia segetum, Sesamia spp. such as S. inferens, Seudyra subflava, Sitotroga cerealella, Sparganothis pilleriana, Spilonota lechriaspis, S. ocellana, Spodoptera (=Lamphygma) spp. such as S. eridania, S. exigua, S. frugiperda, S. latisfascia, S. littoralis, S. litura, S. omithogalli; Stigmella spp., Stomopteryx subsecivella, Stry- mon bazochii, Sylepta derogata, Synanthedon spp. such as S. exitiosa, Tec/a solanivora, Tele- hin Ileus, Thaumatopoea pityocampa, Thaumatotibia (=Cryptophlebia) leucotreta, Thaumeto- poea pityocampa, Thecla spp., Theresimima ampelophaga, Thyrinteina spp, Tildenia incon- spicuella, Tinea spp. such as T cioaceiia, T peiiioneiia; Tineoia bisseiiieiia, Tortr/xspp. such as T. viridana; Trichophaga tapetzella, Trichoplusia spp. such as T. ni; Tuta (=Scrobipalpula) ab- soluta, Udea spp. such as U. rubigalis, U. rubigalis; Virachola spp., Yponomeuta padella, and Zeiraphera canadensis;

insects from the order of Coleoptera, for example Acalymma vittatum, Acanthoscehdes obtec- tus, Adoretus spp., Agelastica alni, Agrilus spp. such as A. anxius, A. planipennis, A. sinuatus; Agriotes spp. such as A. fuscicollis, A. lineatus, A. obscurus; Alphitobius diaperinus, Amphimal- lus solstitialis, Anisandrus dispar, Anisoplia austriaca, Anobium punctatum, Anomala corpu- lenta, Anomala rufocuprea, Anoplophora spp. such as A. glabripennis; Anthonomus spp. such as A. eugenii, A. grandis, A. pomorum; Anthrenus spp., Aphthona euphoridae, Apion spp., Apo- gonia spp., Athous haemorrhoidalis, Atomaria spp. such as A. linearis; Attagenus spp., Aula- cophora femora/is, Blastophagus piniperda, Blitophaga undata, Bruchidius obtectus, Bruchus spp. such as B. lentis, B. pisorum, B. rufimanus; Byctiscus betulae, Callidiellum rufipenne, Cal- lopistria floridensis, Callosobruchus chinensis, Cameraria ohridella, Cassida nebulosa, Cero- toma trifurcata, Cetonia aurata, Ceuthorhynchus spp. such as C. assimilis, C. napi; Chae- tocnema tibialis, Cieonus mendicus, Conoderus spp. such as C vespertinus; Conotracheius ne- nuphar, Cosmopolites spp., Costelytra zealandica, Crioceris a spa rag i, Cryptolestes ferrugineus, Cryptorhynchus lapathi, Ctenicera spp. such as C destructor; Curculio spp., Cylindrocopturus spp., Cyclocephala spp., Dactylispa balyi, Dectes texanus, Derm >estes spp., Diabrotica spp. such as D. undecimpunctata, D. speciosa, D. longicornis, D. semipunctata, D. virgifera; Di- aprepes abbreviates, Dichocrocis spp., Dicladispa armigera, Diloboderus abderus, Diocalandra frumenti (Diocalandra stigmaticoiiis), Enaphalodes rufuius, Epilachna spp. such as E. varivestis, E. vigintioctomaculata; Epitrix spp. such as E. hirtipennis, E. similaris; Eutheola humilis, Eu- tinobothrus brasiliensis, Faustinus cubae, Gibbium psylloides, Gnathocerus cornutus, Hellula undalis, Heteronychus arator, Hylamorpha elegans, Hylobius abietis, Hylotrupes bajulus, Hy- pera spp. such as H. brunneipennis, H. postica; Hypomeces squamosus, Hypothenemus spp., Ips typographus, Lachnosterna consanguinea, Lasioderma serricorne, Latheticus oryzae, Lath- ridius spp., Lema spp. such as L. bilineata, L. melanopus; Leptinotarsa spp. such as L. decem- lineata; Leptispa pygmaea, Limonius californicus, Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus, Lixus spp., Lu- perodes spp., Lyctus spp. such as L. bruneus; Liogenys fuscus, Macrodactylus spp. such as M. subspinosus; Maladera matrida, Megaplatypus mutates, Megascelis spp., Melanotus com- munis, Meligethes spp. such as M. aeneus; Melolontha spp. such as M. hippocastani, M. melol- ontha; Metamasius hemipterus, Microtheca spp., Migdolus spp. such as M. fryanus, Monocha- mus spp. such as M. alternatus; Naupactus xanthographus, Niptus hololeucus, Oberia brevis, Oemona hirta, Oryctes rhinoceros, Oryzaephiius surinamensis, Oryzaphagus oryzae, Otiorrhyn- chus sulcatus, Otiorrhynchus ovatus, Otiorrhynchus sulcatus, Oulema melanopus, Oulema ory- zae, Oxycetonia jucunda, Phaedon spp. such as P. brassicae, P. cochleariae; Phoracantha re- curva, Phyllobius pyri, Phyllopertha horticola, Phyllophaga spp. such as P. helleri; Phyllotreta spp. such as P. chrysocephala, P. nemorum, P. striolata, P. vittula; Phyllopertha horticola, Pop- illia japonica, Premnotrypes spp., Psacothea hilaris, Psylliodes chrysocephala, Prostephanus truncates, Psylliodes spp., Ptinus spp., Pulga saltona, Rhizopertha dominica, Rhynchophorus spp. such as R. billineatus, R. ferrugineus, R. palmarum, R. phoenicis, R. vulneratus; Saperda Candida, Scolytus schevyrewi, Scyphophorus acupunctatus, Sitona I meatus, Si tophi/us spp. such as S. granar/a, S. oryzae, S. zeamais; Sphenophorus spp. such as S. levis; Stegobium paniceum, Sternechus spp. such as S. subsignatus; Strophomorphus ctenotus, Symphyletes spp., Tanymecus spp., Tenebrio molitor, Tenebrioides mauretanicus, Tribolium spp. such as T. castaneum; Trogoderma spp., Tychius spp., Xylotrechus spp. such as X. pyrrhoderus; and, Za- brus spp. such as Z. tenebrioides;

insects from the order of Diptera for example Aedes spp. such as A. aegypti, A. albopictus, A. vexans; Anastrepha ludens, Anopheles spp. such as A. albimanus, A. crucians, A. freeborni, A. gambiae, A. leucosphyrus, A. maculipennis, A. minimus, A. quadrimaculatus, A. sinensis; Bac- trocera invadens, Bibio hortulanus, Calliphora erythrocephala, Calliphora vicina, Ceratitis capi- tata, Chrysomyia spp. such as C bezziana, C hominivorax, C macellaria; Chrysops atlanticus, Chrysops discalis, Chrysops silacea, Cochliomyia spp. such as C. hominivorax; Contarinia spp. such as C. sorghicola; Cordylobia anthropophaga, Culexspp. such as C. nigripalpus, C.

pipiens, C. quinquefasciatus, C. tarsalis, C. tritaeniorhynchus; Culicoides furens, Culiseta inor- nata, Culiseta melanura, Cuterebra spp., Dacus cucurbitae, Dacus oleae, Dasineura brassicae, Dasineura oxycoccana, Delia spp. such as D. antique, D. coarctata, D. platura, D. radicum; Dermatobia hominis, Drosophila spp. such as D. suzukii, Fannia spp. such as F. canicularis; Gastraphilus spp. such as G. intestinalis; Geomyza tipunctata, Glossina spp. such as G fusci- pes, G morsitans, G pa/pa/is, G. tachinoides; Haematobia irritans, Haplodiplosis equestris, Hippelates spp., Hylemyia spp. such as H. platura; Hypoderma spp. such as H. lineata; Hyppo- bosca spp., Hydrellia philippina, Leptoconops torrens, Liriomyza spp. such as L. sativae, L. trifo- Hi; Lucilia spp. such as L. caprina, L. cuprina, L. sericata; Lycoria pectoralis, Mansonia titillanus, Mayetiola spp. such as M. destructor; Musca spp. such as M. autumnalis, M. domestica; Mus- cina stabulans, Oestrus spp. such as O. ovis; Opomyza florum, Oscinella spp. such as O. frit; Orseolia oryzae, Pegomya hysocyami, Phlebotomus argentipes, Phorbia spp. such as P. anti- qua, P. brassicae, P. coarctata; Phytomyza gymnostoma, Prosimulium mixtum, Psila rosae, Psorophora columbiae, Psorophora discolor, Rhagoletis spp. such as R. cerasi, R. cingulate, R. indifferens, R. mendax, R. pomonella; Rive/Ha quadrifasciata, Sarcophaga spp. such as S.

haemorrhoidalis; Simulium vittatum, Sitodiplosis mosellana, Stomoxys spp. such as S. calci- trans; Tabanus spp. such as T. atratus, T. bovinus, T. lineola, T. similis; Tannia spp., Thecodi- plosis japonensis, Tipula oleracea, Tipula paludosa, and Wohlfahrtia spp;

insects from the order of Thysanoptera for example, Baliothrips biformis, Dichromothrips cor- betti, Dichromothrips ssp., Echinothrips americanus, Enneothrips flavens, Frankliniella spp. such as F. fusca, F. occidentalis, F. tritici; Heliothrips spp., Hercinothrips femora/is, Kakothrips spp., Microcephaiothrips abdominalis, Neohyda tothrips samayunkur, Pezothrips kellyanus, Rhip- iphorothrips cruentatus, Scirtothrips spp. such as S. citri, S. dorsalis, S. perseae; Stenchae- tothrips spp, Taeniothrips cardamoni, Taeniothrips inconsequens, Thrips spp. such as T. imagines, T hawaiiensis, T oryzae, T palmi, T parvispinus, T. tabaci;

insects from the order of Hemiptera for example, Acizzia jamatonica, Acrosternum spp. such as A. hilare; Acyrthosipon spp. such as A. onobrychis, A. pisum; Adelges laricis, Adelges tsu- gae, Adelphocoris spp., such as A. rapidus, A. superbus; Aeneolamia spp., Agonoscena spp., Aulacorthum solani, Aleurocanthus woglumi, Aleurodes spp., Aleurodicus disperses, Aleurolo- bus barodensis, Aleurothrixus spp., Amrasca spp., Anasa tristis, Antestiopsis spp., Anuraphis cardui, Aonidiella spp., Aphanostigma piri, Aphidula nasturtii, Aphis spp. such as A. craccivora, A. fabae, A. forbesi, A. gossypii, A. grossulariae, A. maidiradicis, A. pomi, A. sambuci, A.

schneideri, A. spiraeco/a; Arbor/d/a apica/is, Ar/ius critatus, Aspidiella spp., Aspidiotus spp., Ata- nus spp., Aulacaspis yasumatsui, Aulacorthum solani, Bactericera cockerelli (Paratrioza cocker- ei/ij, Bemisia spp. such as B. argentifolii, B. tabaci (Aleurodes tabaci); Blissus spp. such as B. leucopterus; Brachycaudus spp. such as B. cardui, B. helichrysi, B. persicae, B. prunicola;

Brachycolus spp., Brachycorynella asparagi, Brevicoryne brassicae, Cacopsylla spp. such as C. fulgu ralis, C. pyricola (Psylla piri); Calligypona margin ata, Calocoris spp., Campylomma livida, Capitophorus horn/, Carneocephala fulgida, Cavelerius spp., Ceraplastes spp., Ceratovacuna lanigera, Ceroplastes ceriferus, Cerosipha gossypii, Chaetosiphon fragaefolii, Chionaspis te- galensis, Chlorite onukii, Chromaphis juglandicola, Chrysomphalus ficus, Cicadulina mbila, Ci- mexspp. such as C. hemipterus, C. lectuiarius; Coccomytiius ha/ii, Coccus spp. such as C. hes- per/dum, C. pseudomagnoliarum, Corythucha arcuata, Creontiades dilutus, Cryptomyzus ribis, Chrysomphalus aonidum, Cryptomyzus ribis, Ctenarytaina spatulata, Cyrtopeltis notatus, Dalbu- /us spp., Dasynus piperis, Dialeurodes spp. such as D. citrifolii; Dalbulus maidis, Diaphorina spp. such as D. citri; Diaspis spp. such as D. bromeliae; Dichelops furcatus, Diconocoris hewetti, Dora/is spp., Dreyfus/a nordmann/anae, Dreyfus/a piceae, Drosicha spp., Dysaphis spp. such as D. plantaginea, D. pyri, D. radicola; Dysaulacorthum pseudosolani, Dysdercus spp. such as D. cingulatus, D. intermedius; Dysmicoccus spp., Edessa spp., Geocoris spp., Em- poasca spp. such as E. fabae, E. so/ana; Ep/diaspis leperii, Eriosoma spp. such as E. lanig- erum, E. pyricola; Erythroneura spp., Eurygaster spp. such as E. integriceps; Euscelis bilobatus, Euschistus spp. such as E. heros, E. impictiventris, E. servus; Florin/a theae, Geococcus coffeae, Glycaspis brimblecombei, Halyomorpha spp. such as H. halys; Heliopeltis spp., Ho- malodisca vitripennis (=H. coagulate), Horcias nobilellus, Hyalopterus pruni, Hyperomyzus lac- tucae, lcerya spp. such as /. purchase; Idiocerus spp., Idioscopus spp., Laodelphax striatellus, Lecanium spp., Lecanoideus floccissimus, Lepidosaphes spp. such as L. ulmi; Leptocorisa spp., Leptoglossus phyllopus, Lipaphis erysimi, Lygus spp. such as L. hesperus, L. lineolaris, L.

pratensis; Maconellicoccus hirsutus, Marchalina hellenica, Macropes excavatus, Macrosiphum spp. such as M. rosae, M. avenae, M. euphorbiae; Macrosteles quadrilineatus, Mahanarva fim- briolata, Megacopta cribraria, Megoura viciae, Melanaphis pyrarius, Melanaphis sacchari, Mela- nocallis (=Tinocallis) caryaefoliae, Metca fie/la spp., Metopolophium dirhodum, Monellia costalis, Monelliopsis pecanis, Myzocallis coryli, Murgantia spp., Myzus spp. such as M. ascalonicus, M. cerasi, M. nicotianae, M. persicae, M. varians; Nasonovia ribis-nigri, Neotoxoptera formosana, Neomegalotomus spp, Nephotettix spp. such as N. malayanus, N. nigropictus, N. parvus, N. vi- rescens; Nezara spp. such as N. viridula; Niiaparvata lugens, Nysius huttoni, Oebalus spp. such as O. pugnax; Oncometopia spp., Orthezia praelonga, Oxycaraenus hyalinipennis, Parabemisia myricae, Pa rlatoria spp., Parthenolecanium spp. such as P. corn/, P. persicae; Pemphigus spp. such as P. bursar/us, P. popu/ivenae; Peregrin us maidis, Perkinsiella saccharic/da, Phena- coccus spp. such as P. aceris, P. gossypii; Phloeomyzus passer/nil, Phorodon humu/i, Phyllox- era spp. such as P. devastatrix, Piesma quadrata, Piezodorus spp. such as P. guildinii; Pin- naspis aspidistrae, Planococcus spp. such as P. citri, P. ficus; Prosapia bicincta, Protopuivinaria pyriformis, Psallus seriatus, Pseudacysta persea, Pseudaulacaspis pentagona, Pseudococcus spp. such as P. comstocki; Psylla spp. such as P. mali; Pteromalus spp., Pulvinaria amygdali, Pyrilla spp., Quadraspidiotus spp., such as Q. perniciosus; Quesada gigas, Rastrococcus spp., Reduvius senilis, Rhizoecus americanus, Rhodnius spp., Rhopalomyzus ascalonicus,

Rhopalosiphum spp. such as R. pseudobrassicas, R. insertum, R. maidis, R. pad/; Sagatodes spp., Sahlbergella singularis, Saissetia spp., Sappaphis mala, Sappaphis mali, Scaptocoris spp., Scaphoides titanus, Schizaphis gram/hum, Schizoneura lanuginosa, Scotinophora spp., Selenaspidus articulatus, Sitobion avenae, Sogata spp., Sogatella furcifera, Solubea insularis, Spissistilus festinus (=Stictocephala festina), Stephanitis nashi, Stephanitis pyrioides, Stepha- nitis takeyai, Tenalaphara malayensis, Tetraleurodes perseae, Therioaphis maculate, Thyanta spp. such as T. accerra, T. perditor; Tibraca spp., Tomaspis spp., Toxoptera spp. such as T. au- rantii; Trialeurodes spp. such as T. abutilonea, T. ricini, T. vaporariorum; Triatoma spp., Trioza spp., Typhlocyba pp., Unaspis spp. such as U. citri, U. yanonensis; and Viteus vitifolii,

Insects from the order Hymenoptera for example Acanthomyops interjectus, Athalia rosae, Atta spp. such as A. capiguara, A. cephalotes, A. cephalotes, A. laevigata, A. robusta, A.

sexdens, A. texana, Bombus spp., B rachy my rmex spp., Camponotus spp. such as C. florida- nus, C. pennsylvanicus, C. modoc; Cardiocondyla nuda, Chalibion sp, Crematogaster spp., Dasymutilla occidentalis, Diprion spp., Dolichovespula maculata, Dory my rmex spp., Dryocos- mus kuriphilus, Formica spp., Hoplocampa spp. such as H. minuta, H. testudinea; Iridomyrmex humilis, Lasius spp. such as L. niger, Linepithema humile, Liometopum spp., Leptocybe invasa, Monomorium spp. such as M. pharaonis, Monomorium, Nylandria fulva, Pachycondyla chinen- sis, Paratrechina longicornis, Para vespu/a spp., such as P. germanica, P. pennsylvanica, P. vulgaris; Pheidole spp. such as P. megacephala; Pogonomyrmex spp. such as P. barbatus, P. californicus, Polistes rubiginosa, Prenolepis impairs, Pseudomy rmex gracilis, Schelipron spp., Sirex cyaneus, Solenopsis spp. such as S. geminata, S.invicta, S. moiesta, S. richteri, S. xyioni, Sphecius speciosus, Sphexspp., Tapinoma spp. such as T. me/anocepha/um, T. sessile; Tetra- morium spp. such as T. caespitum, T. bicarinatum, Vespa spp. such as V. crabro; Vespu/a spp. such as V. squamosal; Wasmannia auropunctata, Xylocopa sp;

Insects from the order Orthoptera for example Acheta domesticus, Calliptamus italicus, Chor- toicetes termini fera, Ceuthophilus spp., Diastrammena asynamora, Dociostaurus maroccanus, Gryllotalpa spp. such as G. africana, G. gryllotalpa; Gryllus spp., Hieroglyphus daganensis, Kraussaria angulifera, Locusta spp. such as L. migratoria, L. pardalina; Melanoplus spp. such as M. bivittatus, M. femurrubrum, M. mexicanus, M. sanguinipes, M. spretus; Nomadacris sep- temfasciata, Oedaleus senegalensis, Scapteriscus spp., Schistocerca spp. such as S. ameri- cana, S. gregar/a, Stemope/matus spp., Tachycines asynamorus, and Zonozerus variegatus; Pests from the Class Arachnida for example Acari,e.g. of the families Argasidae, Ixodidae and Sarcoptidae, such as Amblyomma spp. (e.g. A. americanum, A. variegatum, A. maculatum), Ar- gas spp. such as A. persicu), Boophilus spp. such as B. annulatus, B. decoloratus, B. mi- croplus, Dermacentor spp. such as D.siivarum, D. andersoni, D. variabilis, Hyalomma spp. such as H. truncatum, Ixodes spp. such as /. ricinus, I. rubicundus, I. scapularis, I. holocyclus, I.

pacificus, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, Ornithodorus spp. such as O. moubata, O. hermsi, O. tu- ricata, Ornithonyssus bacoti, Otobius megnini, Dermanyssus gallinae, Psoroptes spp. such as P. ovis, Rhipicephalus spp. such as R. sanguineus, R. appendiculatus, Rhipicephalus everts/, Rh/zog/yphus spp., Sarcoptes spp. such asS. Scabiei, and Family Eriophyidae including Acer/a spp. such as A. she/doni, A. anthocoptes, Acallitus spp., Aculops spp. such as A. lycopersici, A. pelekassi, Aculus spp. such as A. schlechtendali; Colomerus vitis, Epitrimerus pyri, Phyllo- coptruta oleivora; Eriophytes ribis and Eriophyes spp. such as Eriophyes she/doni, Family Tar- sonemidae including Hemitarsonemus spp., Phytonemus pallidus and Polyphagotarsonemus latus, Stenotarsonemus spp. Steneotarsonemus spinki, Family Tenuipalpidae including Brevi- palpus spp. such as B. phoenicis; Family Tetranychidae including Eotetranych us spp., Eute- tranych us spp., Oligonych us spp., Petrobia latens, Tetranych us spp. such as T. cinnabarinus, T. evansi, T. kanzawai, T, pacificus, T. phaseulus, T. telarius and T. urticae; Bryobia praet/osa; Panonychus spp. such as P. ulmi, P. citr, Metatetranychus spp. and Oligonych us spp. such as O. pratensis, O. perseae, Vasates lycopersici, Raoiella indica, /¾/77/7yCarpoglyphidae including Carpoglyphus spp.; Penthaleidae spp. such as Ha/otydeus destructor, Family Demodicidae with species such as Demodexspp.; Family Trombicidea including Trombicula spp:, Family Macro- nyssidae including Ornothonyssus spp.; Family Pyemotidae including Pyemotes tritici, Tyropha- gus putrescentiae; Family Acaridae including Acarus siro; Family Araneida including Latrodec- tus mactans, Teg en aria agrestis, Chiracanthium sp, Lycosa sp Achaearanea tepidariorum and Loxosceles rec/usa;

Pests from the Phylum Nematoda, for example, plant parasitic nematodes such as root-knot nematodes, Meloidogyne spp. such as M. hapla, M. incognita, M. javanica; cyst-forming nematodes, Globodera spp. such as G. rostochiensis; Heterodera spp. such as H. avenae, H. glycines, H. schachtii, H. trifolii; Seed gall nematodes, Anguina spp:, Stem and foliar nematodes, Aphelenchoides spp. such as A. besseyi; Sting nematodes, Belonolaimus spp. such as B. longi- caudatus; Pine nematodes, Bursaphelenchus spp. such as B. lignicolus, B. xylophilus; Ring nematodes, Criconema spp., Criconemella spp. such as C. xenoplax and C. ornata; and, Criconemoides spp. such as Criconemoides informis; Mesocriconema spp.; Stem and bulb nematodes, Ditylenchus spp. such as D. destructor, D. dipsaci;Aw\ nematodes, Dolichodorus spp.; Spiral nematodes, Heliocotylenchus multicinctus; Sheath and sheathoid nematodes, Hem- icycliophora spp. and Hemicriconemoides spp.; Hirshmanniella spp.; Lance nematodes, Hop- loaimus spp.; False rootknot nematodes, Nacobbus spp.; Needle nematodes, Longidorus spp. such as L. elongatus; Lesion nematodes, Pratylenchus spp. such as P. brachyurus, P. neglec- tus, P. penetrans, P. curvitatus, P. goodeyi; Burrowing nematodes, Radopholus spp. such as R. similis; Rhadopholus spp.; Rhodopholus spp.; Reniform nematodes, Rotylench us spp. such as R. robustus, R. reniformis; Scutellonema spp.; Stubby-root nematode, Trichodorus spp. such as T. obtusus, T. primitivus; Paratrichodorus spp. such as P. minor; Stunt nematodes, Tylencho- rhynchus spp. such as T. claytoni, T. dub/us; Citrus nematodes, Tylenchulus spp. such as T. semipenetrans; Dagger nematodes, Xiphinema spp.; and other plant parasitic nematode species;

Insects from the order Isoptera for example Calotermes flavicollis, Coptotermes spp. such as C. formosanus, C. gestroi, C. acinaciformis; Cornitermes cumulans, Cry ptotermes spp. such as C. brevis, C. cavifrons; Globitermes sulfureus, Heterotermes spp. such as H. aureus, H. longi- ceps, H. tenuis; Leucotermes flavipes, Odontotermes spp., Incisitermes spp. such as /. minor, I. Snyder, Marginitermes hubbardi, Ma stotermes spp. such as M. darwiniensis Neocapritermes spp. such as N. opacus, N. parvus; Neotermes spp., Procornitermes spp., Zootermopsis spp. such as Z. angusticollis, Z. nevadensis, Reticulitermes spp. such as R. hesperus, R. tibialis, R. speratus, R. flavipes, R. grassei, R. lucifugus, R. santonensis, R. virgin icus; Termes natalensis, Insects from the order Blattaria for example Blatta spp. such as B. orientalis, B. lateralis; Blat- tella spp. such as B. asahinae, B. germanica; Leucophaea maderae, Panchlora nivea, Peri- planeta spp. such as P. americana, P. australasiae, P. brunnea, P. fuligginosa, P. japonica; Su- pella longipalpa, Parcoblatta pennsylvanica, Eurycotis floridana, Pycnoscelus surinamensis, Insects from the order Siphonoptera for example Cediopsylla simples, Ceratophyllus spp., Cten- ocephalides spp. such as C. felis, C. cam's, Xenopsylla cheopis, Pulex irritans, Trichodectes cam's, Tunga penetrans, and Nosopsyllus fasciatus,

Insects from the order Thysanura for example Lepisma saccharina , Ctenolepisma urbana, and Thermobia domestica,

Pests from the class Chilopoda for example Geophilus spp., Scutigera spp. such as Scutigera co/eoptrata;

Pests from the class Diplopoda for example Blaniulus guttulatus, Ju/us spp., Narceus spp., Pests from the class Symphyla for example Scutigerella immaculata,

Insects from the order Dermaptera, for example Forficula auricularia,

Insects from the order Collembola, for example Onychiurus spp., such as Onychiurus armatus, Pests from the order Isopoda for example, Armadillidium vulgare, Oniscus asellus, Porcellio scaber,

Insects from the order Phthiraptera, for example Damalinia spp., Pediculus spp. such as Pe- diculus human us capitis, Pediculus human us corporis, Pediculus human us human us; Pthirus pubis, Haematopinus spp. such as Haematopinus eurysternus, Haematopinus suis,

Linognathus spp. such as Linognathus vituli; Bovicola bovis, Menopon gallinae, Menacanthus stramineus and Solenopotes capillatus, Trichodectes spp.,

Examples of further pest species which may be controlled by mixtures of the invention include: from the Phylum Mollusca, class Bivalvia, for example, Dreissena spp.; class Gastropoda, for example, Arion spp., Biomphalaria spp., Bulinus spp., Deroceras spp., Ga/ba spp., Lymnaea spp., Oncomelania spp., Pomacea canaliclata, Succinea spp.; from the class of the helminths, for example, Ancylostoma duodenale, Ancylostoma ceyianicum, Acyiostoma braziiiensis, Ancylostoma spp., Ascaris lubricoides, Ascaris spp., Brugia malayi, Brugia timori, Bunostomum spp., Chabertia spp., Clonorchis spp., Cooperia spp., Dicrocoelium spp., Dictyocaulus filaria, Diphyl- lobothrium latum, Dracunculus medinensis, Echinococcus granulosus, Echinococcus multilocu- laris, Enterobius vermicularis, Faciola spp., Haemonchus spp. such as Haemonchus contortus; Heterakis spp., Hymenolepis nana, Hyostrongulus spp., Loa Loa, Nematodirus spp., Oesoph- agostomum spp., Opisthorch is spp., Onchocerca volvulus, Ostertagia spp., Paragonimus spp., Schistosomen spp., Strongyloides fuelleborni, Strongyloides stercora lis, Stronyloides spp.,

Taenia saginata, Taenia solium, Trichinella spiralis, Trichinella nativa, Trichinella britovi, Trichi- nella nelsoni, Trichinella pseudopsiralis, Trichostrongulus spp., Trichuris trichuria, Wuchereria bancrofti. The mixtures of the present inventon are particularly suitable for controlling the following plant diseases:

Albugo spp. (white rust) on ornamentals, vegetables (e. g. A. Candida) and sunflowers (e. g. A. tragopogonis); Alternaria spp. (Alternaria leaf spot) on vegetables, rape (A. brassico/a or brassi- cae), sugar beets (A tenuis), fruits, rice, soybeans, potatoes (e. g. A. solan/ or A. aiternata), to- matoes (e. g. A. so/anior A. aiternata) and wheat; Aphanomyces spp. on sugar beets and vegetables; Ascochyta spp. on cereals and vegetables, e. g. A. (anthracnose) on wheat and A. horde! on barley; B/p' o/ar/'s and Drechslera spp. (teleomorph: Cochliobolus spp), e. g. Southern leaf blight (D. maydisj or Northern leaf blight (B. zeicola) on corn, e. g. spot blotch (B. sorokin- iana) on cereals and e. g. B. oryzae on rice and turfs; Blumeria (formerly Erysiphe) graminis (powdery mildew) on cereals (e. g. on wheat or barley); Botrytis cinerea (teleomorph: Botryotinia fuckeliana. grey mold) on fruits and berries (e. g. strawberries), vegetables (e. g. lettuce, car- rots, celery and cabbages), rape, flowers, vines, forestry plants and wheat; Bremia lactucae (downy mildew) on lettuce; Ceratocystis (syn. Ophiostoma) spp. (rot or wilt) on broad-leaved trees and evergreens, e. g. C. uimi (Dutch elm disease) on elms; Cercospora spp. (Cercospora leaf spots) on corn (e. g. Gray leaf spot: C. zeae-maydis), rice, sugar beets (e. g. C. beticola), sugar cane, vegetables, coffee, soybeans (e. g. C. sojina or C. kikuchii) and rice; Cladosporium spp. on tomatoes (e. g. C. fulvum: leaf mold) and cereals, e. g. C. herbarum (black ear) on wheat; Claviceps purpurea (ergot) on cereals; Cochiioboius (anamorph: Helminthosporium of Bipolaris) spp. (leaf spots) on corn (C. carbonum), cereals (e. g. C. sativus, anamorph: B. soro- kiniana) and rice (e. g. C. miyabeanus, anamorph: H. oryzae); Colletotrichum (teleomorph: Glo- merella) spp. (anthracnose) on cotton (e. g. C. gossypii), corn (e. g. C. graminicola: Anthrac- nose stalk rot), soft fruits, potatoes (e. g. C. coccodes. black dot), beans (e. g. C. lindemuthi- anum) and soybeans (e. g. C. truncatum or C. gloeosporioides); Corticium spp., e. g. C. sasakii (sheath blight) on rice; Corynespora cassiicola (leaf spots) on soybeans and ornamentals; Cy- cloconium spp., e. g. C. oleaginum on olive trees; Cylindrocarpon spp. (e. g. fruit tree canker or young vine decline, teleomorph: Nectria o Neonectria spp.) on fruit trees, vines (e. g. C. lirio- dendri, teleomorph: Neonectria liriodendri. Black Foot Disease) and ornamentals; Dematophora (teleomorph: Rosellinia) necatrix (root and stem rot) on soybeans; Diaporthe spp., e. g. D.

phaseolorum (damping off) on soybeans; Drechslera (syn. Helminthosporium, teleomorph: Pyr- enophora) spp. on corn, cereals, such as barley (e. g. D. teres, net blotch) and wheat (e. g. D. tritici-repentis. tan spot), rice and turf; Esca (dieback, apoplexy) on vines, caused by Formiti- poria (syn. Phellinus) punctata, F. mediterranea, Phaeomoniella chlamydospora (earlier Phaeo- acremonium chlamydosporum), Phaeoacremonium aleophilum and/or Botryosphaeria obtusa; Elsinoe spp. on pome fruits (E. pyri), soft fruits (E. veneta: anthracnose) and vines (E. ampe/ina: anthracnose); Entyloma oryzae (leaf smut) on rice; Epicoccum spp. (black mold) on wheat; Ery- siphe spp. (powdery mildew) on sugar beets (E. betae), vegetables (e. g. E. pisl), such as cu- curbits (e. g. E. cichoracearum), cabbages, rape (e. g. E. cruciferarum); Eutypa lata (Eutypa canker or dieback, anamorph: Cytosporina lata, syn. Libertella blepharis) on fruit trees, vines and ornamental woods; Exserohilum (syn. Helminthosporium) spp. on corn (e. g. E. turcicum); Fusarium (teleomorph: Gibberella) spp. (wilt, root or stem rot) on various plants, such as F. gra- minearum or F. culmorum (root rot, scab or head blight) on cereals (e. g. wheat or barley), F. oxysporum on tomatoes, F. so/ani( sp. glycines now syn. F. virguliforme ) and F. tucumaniae and F. brasiliense each causing sudden death syndrome on soybeans, and F. verticillioides on corn; Gaeumannomyces graminis (take-all) on cereals (e. g. wheat or barley) and corn; Gibberella spp. on cereals (e. g. G. zeae) and rice (e. g. G fujikuroi. Bakanae disease); Glomerella cingulata on vines, pome fruits and other plants and G. gossypii on cotton; Grainstaining com- plex on rice; G 'uignardia bidwellii (black rot) on vines; Gymnosporangium spp. on rosaceous plants and junipers, e. g. G. sabinae (rust) on pears; Helminthosporium spp. (syn. Drechslera, teleomorph: Cochiioboius) on corn, cereals and rice; Hemileia spp., e. g. H. vastatrix (coffee leaf rust) on coffee; Isariopsis clavispora (syn. Cladosporium vitis) on vines; Macrophomina phaseolina (syn. phaseoli) (root and stem rot) on soybeans and cotton; Microdochium (syn. Fusarium) nivale (pink snow mold) on cereals (e. g. wheat or barley); Microsphaera diffusa (powdery mildew) on soybeans; Monilinia spp., e. g. M. laxa, M. fructicola and M. fructigena (bloom and twig blight, brown rot) on stone fruits and other rosaceous plants; Mycosphaerella spp. on cereals, bananas, soft fruits and ground nuts, such as e. g. M. graminicola (anamorph: Septoria tritici, Septoria blotch) on wheat or M. fijiensis (black Sigatoka disease) on bananas; Peronospora spp. (downy mildew) on cabbage (e. g. P. brassicae), rape (e. g. P. parasitica), onions (e. g. P. destructor), tobacco {P. tabacina) and soybeans (e. g. P. manshurica);

Phakopsora pachyrhizi and P. meibomiae (soybean rust) on soybeans; Phialophora spp. e. g. on vines (e. g. P. tracheiphila and P. tetraspora) and soybeans (e. g. P. gregata: stem rot); Phoma lingam (root and stem rot) on rape and cabbage and P. betae (root rot, leaf spot and damping-off) on sugar beets; Phomopsis spp. on sunflowers, vines (e. g. P. viticola: can and leaf spot) and soybeans (e. g. stem rot: P. phaseoli, teleomorph: Diaporthe phaseolorum); Phy- soderma maydis (brown spots) on corn; Phytophthora spp. (wilt, root, leaf, fruit and stem root) on various plants, such as paprika and cucurbits (e. g. P. capsici), soybeans (e. g. P.

megasperma, syn. P. sojae), potatoes and tomatoes (e. g. P. infestans: late blight) and broad- leaved trees (e. g. P. ramorurrr. sudden oak death); Plasmodiophora brassicae (club root) on cabbage, rape, radish and other plants; Plasmopara spp., e. g. P. viticola (grapevine downy mil- dew) on vines and P. ha/stediion sunflowers; Podosphaera spp. (powdery mildew) on rosaceous plants, hop, pome and soft fruits, e. g. P. leucotricha on apples; Polymyxa pp., e. g. on cereals, such as barley and wheat {P. graminis) and sugar beets {P. betae) and thereby transmitted viral diseases; Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides (eyespot, teleomorph: Tapes/a yal- lundae) on cereals, e. g. wheat or barley; Pseudoperonospora (downy mildew) on various plants, e. g. P. cubensis on cucurbits or P. hum/lion hop; Pseudopezicula tracheiphila (red fire disease or .rotbrenner', anamorph: Phialophora) on vines; Puccinia spp. (rusts) on various plants, e. g. P. triticina (brown or leaf rust), P. striiformis (stripe or yellow rust), P. horde/ (dwarf rust), P. graminis (stem or black rust) or P. recondita (brown or leaf rust) on cereals, such as e. g. wheat, barley or rye, P. kuehnii (orange rust) on sugar cane and P. asparagio asparagus; Pyrenophora (anamorph: Drechslera) tritici-repentis (tan spot) on wheat or P. teres (net blotch) on barley; Pyricularia spp., e. g. P. oryzae (teleomorph: Magnaporthe grisea, rice blast) on rice and P. grisea on turf and cereals; Pythium spp. (damping-off) on turf, rice, corn, wheat, cotton, rape, sunflowers, soybeans, sugar beets, vegetables and various other plants (e. g. P. ultimum or P. aphanidermatum); Ramularia spp., e. g. R. collo-cygni (Ramularia leaf spots, Physiological leaf spots) on barley and R. bet/cola on sugar beets; Rh/zocton/a spp. on cotton, rice, potatoes, turf, corn, rape, potatoes, sugar beets, vegetables and various other plants, e. g. R. so/ani (root and stem rot) on soybeans, R. so/ani (sheath blight) on rice or R. cerea/is (Rhizoctonia spring blight) on wheat or barley; Rhizopus sto/onifer (b\ack mold, soft rot) on strawberries, carrots, cabbage, vines and tomatoes; Rhynchosporium secaiis (scald) on barley, rye and triticale; Saro- cladium oryzae and S. attenuatum (sheath rot) on rice; Sclerotica spp. (stem rot or white mold) on vegetables and field crops, such as rape, sunflowers (e. g. S. sclerotiorum) and soybeans (e. g. S. ro/fsiior S. sclerotiorum); Septoria spp. on various plants, e. g. S. glycines (brown spot) on soybeans, S. tritici (Septoria blotch) on wheat and S. (syn. Stagonospora) nodorum

(Stagonospora blotch) on cereals; Uncinula (syn. Erysiphe) necator (powdery mildew, ana- morph: Oidium tuckeri) on vines; Setospaeria spp. (leaf blight) on corn (e. g. S. turcicum, syn. Helminthosporium turcicum) and turf; Sphacelotheca spp. (smut) on corn, (e. g. S. miliaria: head smut), sorghum und sugar cane; Sphaerotheca fuliginea (powdery mildew) on cucurbits; Spongospora subterranea (powdery scab) on potatoes and thereby transmitted viral diseases; Stagonospora spp. on cereals, e. g. S. nodorum (Stagonospora blotch, teleomorph: Lepto- sphaeria [syn. Phaeosphaeria] nodorum) on wheat; Synchytrium endobioticum on potatoes (potato wart disease); Taphrina spp., e. g. T. deformans (leaf curl disease) on peaches and T. pruni (plum pocket) on plums; Thielaviopsis spp. (black root rot) on tobacco, pome fruits, vegetables, soybeans and cotton, e. g. T. basicola (syn. Chalara elegans); Tilletia spp. (common bunt or stinking smut) on cereals, such as e. g. T. tritici(syn. T. caries, wheat bunt) and T. controversa (dwarf bunt) on wheat; Typhula incarnata (grey snow mold) on barley or wheat; Urocystis spp., e. g. U. occulta (stem smut) on rye; Uromyces spp. (rust) on vegetables, such as beans (e. g. U. appendiculatus, syn. U. phaseoli) and sugar beets (e. g. U. betae); Ustilago spp. (loose smut) on cereals (e. g. U. nuda and U. avaenae), corn (e. g. U. maydis. corn smut) and sugar cane; Venturis spp. (scab) on apples (e. g. V. inaequalis) and pears; and Verticillium spp. (wilt) on various plants, such as fruits and ornamentals, vines, soft fruits, vegetables and field crops, e. g. V. dahliae o strawberries, rape, potatoes and tomatoes.

Examples

Synergism can be described as an interaction where the combined effect of two or more compounds is greater than the sum of the individual effects of each of the compounds. The presence of a synergistic effect in terms of percent control or efficiacy, between two mixing partners (X and Y) can be calculated using the Colby equation (Colby, S. R., 1967, Calculating Synergistic and Antagonistic Responses in Herbicide Combinations, Weeds, 15, 20-22):

100

When the observed combined control effect is greater than the expected combined control effect (E), then the combined effect is synergistic.

The following tests can demonstrate the control efficacy of mixtures or compositions of this invention on specific pests and fungi. However, the pest control protection afforded by the compounds, mixtures or compositions is not limited to these species. In certain instances, combinations of a compound of this invention with other invertebrate pest control compounds or agents are found to exhibit synergistic effects against certain important invertebrate pests and/or harm- ful fungi.

The expected efficacies of active compound mixtures were determined using Colby's formula [R.S. Colby, "Calculating synergistic and antagonistic responses of herbicide combinations", Weeds 15, 20-22 (1967)] and compared with the observed efficacies. B.1 Cowpea aphid (Aphis craccivora)

The active compounds were formulated in 50:50 (vohvol) acetone:water. The test solution was prepared at the day of use. Potted cowpea plants colonized with 100 - 150 aphids of various stages were sprayed after the pest population had been recorded. Population reduction was assessed after 24, 72, and 120 hours.

B.2 Cotton aphid (Aphis gossypii, mixed life stages)

The active compounds were formulated in cyclohexanone as a 10,0000 ppm solution supplied in 1.3 ml ABgene® tubes. These tubes were inserted into an automated electrostatic sprayer equipped with an atomizing nozzle and they served as stock solutions for which lower dilutions were made in 50% acetone: 50% water (v/v). A nonionic surfactant (Kinetic®) was included in the solution at a volume of 0.01 % (v/v).

Cotton plants at the cotyledon stage were infested with aphids prior to treatment by placing a heavily infested leaf from the main aphid colony on top of each cotyledon. Aphids were allowed to transfer overnight to accomplish an infestation of 80-100 aphids per plant and the host leaf was removed. The infested plants were then sprayed by an automated electrostatic plant sprayer equipped with an atomizing spray nozzle. The plants were dried in the sprayer fume hood, removed from the sprayer, and then maintained in a growth room under fluorescent lighting in a 24-hr photoperiod at 25°C and 20-40% relative humidity. Aphid mortality on the treated plants, relative to mortality on untreated control plants, was determined after 5 days.

B.3 Silverleaf whitefly (Bemisia argentifolii, adult)

The active compounds were formulated in cyclohexanone as a 10,0000 ppm solution supplied in 1.3 ml ABgene® tubes. These tubes were inserted into an automated electrostatic sprayer equipped with an atomizing nozzle and they served as stock solutions for which lower dilutions were made in 50% acetone: 50% water (v/v). A nonionic surfactant (Kinetic®) was included in the solution at a volume of 0.01 % (v/v).

Cotton plants at the cotyledon stage (one plant per pot) were sprayed by an automated electrostatic plant sprayer equipped with an atomizing spray nozzle. The plants were dried in the sprayer fume hood and then removed from the sprayer. Each pot was placed into a plastic cup and 10 to 12 whitefly adults (approximately 3-5 days old) were introduced. The insects were collected using an aspirator and 0.6 cm, nontoxic Tygon® tubing (R-3603) connected to a bar- rier pipette tip. The tip, containing the collected insects, was then gently inserted into the soil containing the treated plant, allowing insects to crawl out of the tip to reach the foliage for feeding. Cups were covered with a reusable screened lid (150-micron mesh polyester screen PeCap from Tetko, Inc.). Test plants were maintained in a growth room at 25°C and 20-40% relative humidity for 3 days, avoiding direct exposure to fluorescent light (24 hour photoperiod) to pre- vent trapping of heat inside the cup. Mortality was assessed 3 days after treatment, compared to untreated control plants.

B.4 Vetch aphid (Megoura viciae)

The active compounds were formulated in 1 :3 (vohvol) DMSO : water with different concentra- tions of formulated compounds.

Bean leaf disks were placed into microtiterplates filled with 0.8% agar-agar and 2.5 ppm OPUS™. The leaf disks were sprayed with 2.5 μΙ of the test solution and 5 to 8 adult aphids were placed into the microtiter plates which were then closed and kept at 23 ± 1 °C and 50 ± 5% relative humidity under fluorescent light for 6 days. Mortality was assessed on the basis of vital, reproduced aphids. Aphid mortality and fecundity was then visually assessed. B.5 Green peach aphid (Myzus persicae)

The active compounds were formulated in cyclohexanone as a 10,0000 ppm solution supplied in 1.3 ml ABgene® tubes. These tubes were inserted into an automated electrostatic sprayer equipped with an atomizing nozzle and they served as stock solutions for which lower dilutions were made in 50% acetone: 50% water (v/v). A nonionic surfactant (Kinetic®) was included in the solution at a volume of 0.01 % (v/v).

Bell pepper plants at the first true-leaf stage were infested prior to treatment by placing heavily infested leaves from the main colony on top of the treatment plants. Aphids were allowed to transfer overnight to accomplish an infestation of 30-50 aphids per plant and the host leaves were removed. The infested plants were then sprayed by an automated electrostatic plant sprayer equipped with an atomizing spray nozzle. The plants were dried in the sprayer fume hood, removed, and then maintained in a growth room under fluorescent lighting in a 24 hour photoperiod at 25°C and 20-40% relative humidity. Aphid mortality on the treated plants, relative to mortality on untreated control plants, was determined after 5 days. B.7 Rice plant hopper (Nilaparvata lugens)

Rice seedlings were cleaned and washed 24 hours before spraying. The active compounds were formulated in 50:50 acetone: water and 0.1 % vol/vol surfactant (EL 620) was added. Potted rice seedlings were sprayed with 5 ml test solution, air dried, placed in cages and inoculated with 10 adults. Treated rice plants were kept at 28-29°C and relative humidity of 50-60%. Per- cent mortality was recorded after 72 hours.

B.8 Orchid thrips (Dichromothrips corbetti)

The active compounds were formulated as a 50:50 (vohvol) acetone:water solution. Surfactant (Alkamuls EL 620) was added at the rate of 0.1 % (vol/vol). Vanda orchids petals were cleaned, washed and air dried prior to spraying. Petals were dipped into the test solution for 3 seconds, air dried, placed inside a resealable plastic and inoculated with 20 adults. The treated petals were kept inside the holding room at 28-29 °C and relative humidity of 50-60%. Percent mortality was recorded after 72 hours. B.9 Rice green leafhopper (Nephotettix virescens)

Rice seedlings were cleaned and washed 24 hours before spraying. The active corn-pounds were formulated in 50:50 acetone: water, and 0.1 % vol/vol surfactant (EL 620) was added. Potted rice seedlings were sprayed with 5 ml test solution, air dried, placed in cages and inoculated with 10 adults. Treated rice plants were kept at 28-29°C and relative humidity of 50-60%. Per- cent mortality was recorded after 72 hours. Test 1 - Control of vetch aphid

For evaluating control of vetch aphid (Megoura viciae) through contact or systemic means the test unit consisted of 24-well-microtiter plates containing broad bean leaf disks.

The compounds or mixtures were formulated using a solution containing 75% water and 25% Dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO). Different concentrations of formulated compounds or mixtures were sprayed onto the leaf disks at 2.5μΙ, using a custom built micro atomizer, at two replications.

For experimental mixtures in these tests identical volumes of both mixing partners at the desired concentrations respectively, were mixed together.

After application, the leaf disks were air-dried and 5 - 8 adult aphids placed on the leaf disks inside the microtiter plate wells. The aphids were then allowed to suck on the treated leaf disks and incubated at 23 + 1 °C, 50 + 5 % relative humidity (RH) for 5 days. Aphid mortality and fecundity was then visually assessed.

Test 2 - Control of Green Peach Aphid

For evaluating control of green peach aphid (Myzus persicae) through systemic means the test unit consisted of 96-well-microtiter plates containing liquid artificial diet under an artificial membrane.

The compounds or mixtures were formulated using a solution containing 75% water and 25% DMSO. Different concentrations of formulated compounds or mixtures were pipetted into the aphid diet, using a custom built pipetter, at two replications.

For experimental mixtures in these tests identical volumes of both mixing partners at the desired concentrations respectively, were mixed together.

After application, 5 - 8 adult aphids were placed on the artificial membrane inside the microtiter plate wells. The aphids were then allowed to suck on the treated aphid diet and incubated at 23 + 1 °C, 50 + 5 % RH for 3 days. Aphid mortality and fecundity was then visually assessed.

Test 3 - Control of Boll Weevil

For evaluating control of boll weevil (Anthonomus grandis) the test unit consisted of 24-well-microtiter plates containing an insect diet and 20-30 A. grandis eggs.

The compounds or mixtures were formulated using a solution containing 75% water and 25% DMSO. Different concentrations of formulated compounds or mixtures were sprayed onto the insect diet at 20μΙ, using a custom built micro atomizer, at two replications.

For experimental mixtures in these tests identical volumes of both mixing partners at the desired concentrations respectively, were mixed together.

After application, microtiter plates were incubated at 23 + 1 °C, 50 + 5 % RH for 5 days. Egg and larval mortality was then visually assessed.

Test 4 - Control of Mediterranean fruitfly

For evaluating control of Mediterranean fruitfly (Ceratitis capitata) the test unit consisted of 96- well-microtiter plates containing an insect diet and 50-80 C. capitata eggs. The compounds or mixtures were formulated using a solution containing 75% water and 25% DMSO. Different concentrations of formulated compounds or mixtures were sprayed onto the insect diet at 5μΙ, using a custom built micro atomizer, at two replications.

For experimental mixtures in these tests identical volumes of both mixing partners at the de- sired concentrations respectively, were mixed together.

After application, microtiter plates were incubated at 28 + 1 °C, 80 + 5 % RH for 5 days. Egg and larval mortality was then visually assessed.

Test 5 - Control of tobacco budworm

For evaluating control of tobacco budworm (Heliothis virescens) the test unit consisted of 96- well-microtiter plates containing an insect diet and 15-25 H. virescens eggs.

The compounds or mixtures were formulated using a solution containing 75% water and 25% DMSO. Different concentrations of formulated compounds or mixtures were sprayed onto the insect diet at 10μΙ, using a custom built micro atomizer, at two replications.

For experimental mixtures in these tests identical volumes of both mixing partners at the desired concentrations respectively, were mixed together.

After application, microtiter plates were incubated at 28 + 1 °C, 80 + 5 % RH for 5 days. Egg and larval mortality was then visually assessed. Tests 6 to 9: Microtests

The active compounds were formulated separately as a stock solution having a concentration of

10000 ppm in dimethyl sulfoxide.

The measured parameters were compared to the growth of the active compound-free control variant (100%) and the fungus-free and active compound-free blank value to determine the rela- tive growth in % of the pathogens in the respective active compounds. These percentages were converted into efficacies.

Test 6 - Activity against the grey mold Botrytis cinerea in the microtiterplate test

The stock solutions were mixed according to the ratio, pipetted onto a micro titer plate (MTP) and diluted with water to the stated concentrations. A spore suspension of Botrci cinerea in an aqueous biomalt solution was then added. The plates were placed in a water vapor-saturated chamber at a temperature of 18°C. Using an absorption photometer, the MTPs were measured at 405 nm 7 days after the inoculation. Test 7 - Activity against rice blast Pyricularia oryzae in the microtiterplate test

The stock solutions were mixed according to the ratio, pipetted onto a micro titer plate (MTP) and diluted with water to the stated concentrations. A spore suspension of Pyricularia oryzae in an aqueous biomalt solution was then added. The plates were placed in a water vapor-saturated chamber at a temperature of 18°C. Using an absorption photometer, the MTPs were measured at 405 nm 7 days after the inoculation. Test 8 - Activity against early blight on tomatoes caused by Alternaria solani Microtest: the active compounds were formulated separately as a stock solution having a concentration of 10000 ppm in dimethyl sulfoxide.

The stock solutions were mixed according to the ratio, pipetted onto a micro titer plate (MTP) and diluted with water to the stated concentrations. A spore suspension of Alternaria solani in an aqueous biomalt solution was then added. The plates were placed in a water vapor-saturated chamber at a temperature of 18°C. Using an absorption photometer, the MTPs were measured at 405 nm 7 days after the inoculation.

Claims

Claims
1. Use of a pesticidal mixture for protecting a plant selected from wheat, maize, barley, oat, rye, rice, soybean, cotton, sugarbeet, rapeseed, and potato, the plant propagation material thereof, or soil or water, in which said plants are growing, against the attack or infestation by invertebrate pests and phytopathogenic harmful fungi, wherein the pesticidal mixture comprises as active components:
1 ) at least one active compound of formula I:
Figure imgf000057_0001
wherein
R1 is H, Ci-C2-alkyl, or Ci-C2-alkoxy-Ci-C2-alkyl;
R2 is CH3, or halomethyl;
R3 is CN, d-Ce-alkyl, Ci-C6-haloalkyl, Ci-C2-alkoxy-Ci-C2-alkyl, C2-C6-alkenyl and C2-C6- alkynyl, C3-C6-cycloalkyl, Cs-Ce-cycloalkenyl, Ci-C6-alkoxy, wherein the C-atoms are unsubstituted, or partially or fully substituted by Ra;
Ra is halogen, CN, Ci-C2-alkyl, Ci-C2-haloalkyl, Ci-C4-alkoxy, Ci-C2-haloalkoxy;
R4 is Ci-C4-alkyl, or a group mentioned for R3; or
R3 and R4 may together form Cs-Ce-cycloalkyl, which is unsubstituted, or partially or fully substituted by Ra;
R5 is H, or a group mentioned for R4;
and the stereoisomers, salts, tautomers and N-oxides thereof;
2) at least one fungicide II, and
3) at least one fungicide III,
wherein the fungicide II and the fungicide III are different from each other and are independently of each other selected from the group consisting of
A) Respiration inhibitors
Inhibitors of complex III at Q0 site (e. g. strobilurins): azoxystrobin (A.1 .1 ), coumeth- oxystrobin (A.1 .2), coumoxystrobin (A.1.3), dimoxystrobin (A.1 .4), enestroburin (A.1.5), fenaminstrobin (A.1.6), fenoxystrobin/flufenoxystrobin (A.1 .7), fluoxastrobin (A.1.8), kres- oxim-methyl (A.1.9), mandestrobin (A.1 .10), metominostrobin (A.1.1 1 ), orysastrobin (A.1 .12), picoxystrobin (A.1 .13), pyraclostrobin (A.1.14), pyrametostrobin (A.1.15), pyrao- xystrobin (A.1 .16), trifloxystrobin (A.1 .17), 2-(2-(3-(2,6-dichlorophenyl)-1-methyl-allylidene- aminooxymethyl)-phenyl)-2-methoxyimino-N-methyl-acetamide (A.1.18), pyribencarb (A.1 .19), triclopyricarb/chlorodincarb (A.1.20), famoxadone (A.1.21 ), fenamidone (A.1 .21 ), methyl-/V-[2-[(1 ,4-dimethyl-5-phenyl-pyrazol-3-yl)oxylmethyl]phenyl]-N-methoxy-carba- mate (A.1.22), 1 -[3-chloro-2-[[1-(4-chlorophenyl)-1 H-pyrazol-3-yl]oxymethyl]phenyl]-4-me- thyl-tetrazol-5-one (A.1 .23), 1 -[3-bromo-2-[[1-(4-chlorophenyl)pyrazol-3-yl]oxymethyl]phe- nyl]-4-methyl-tetrazol-5-one (A.1 .24), 1 -[2-[[1-(4-chlorophenyl)pyrazol-3-yl]oxymethyl]-3- methyl-phenyl]-4-methyl-tetrazol-5-one (A.1.25), 1-[2-[[1 -(4-chlorophenyl)pyrazol-3-yl]ox- ymethyl]-3-fluoro-phenyl]-4-methyl-tetrazol-5-one (A.1.26), 1-[2-[[1 -(2,4-dichlorophenyl)py- razol-3-yl]oxymethyl]-3-fluoro-phenyl]-4-methyl-tetrazol-5-one (A.1.27), 1-[2-[[4-(4-chloro- phenyl)thiazol-2-yl]oxymethyl]-3-methyl-phenyl]-4-methyl-tetrazol-5-one (A.1.28), 1-[3- chloro-2-[[4-(p-tolyl)thiazol-2-yl]oxymethyl]phenyl]-4-methyl-tetrazol-5-one (A.1.29), 1-[3- cyclopropyl-2-[[2-methyl-4-(1 -methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenoxy]methyl]phenyl]-4-methyl-te- trazol-5-one (A.1 .30), 1 -[3-(difluoromethoxy)-2-[[2-methyl-4-(1 -methylpyrazol-3-yl)phe- noxy]methyl]phenyl]-4-methyl-tetrazol-5-one (A.1.31 ), 1-methyl-4-[3-methyl-2-[[2-methyl-4- (1 -methylpyrazol-3-yl)phenoxy]methyl]phenyl]tetrazol-5-one (A.1 .32), 1 -methyl-4-[3-me- thyl-2-[[1-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-ethylideneamino]oxymethyl]phenyl]tetrazol-5-one (A.1 .33), (^2£)-5-[1 -(2,4-dichlorophenyl)pyrazol-3-yl]-oxy-2-methoxyimino-/V,3-dimethyl- pent-3-enamide (A.1.34), (^2£)-5-[1 -(4-chlorophenyl)pyrazol-3-yl]oxy-2-methoxyimino- /V,3-dimethyl-pent-3-enamide (A.1 .35), (Z;2£)-5-[1-(4-chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)pyrazol-3- yl]oxy-2-methoxyimino-/V,3-dimethyl-pent-3-enamide (A.1.36),
inhibitors of complex III at Q, site: cyazofamid (A.2.1 ), amisulbrom (A.2.2),
[(3S,6S,7R,8R)-8-benzyl-3-[(3-acetoxy-4-methoxy-pyridine-2-carbonyl)amino]-6-methyl- 4,9-dioxo-1 ,5-dioxonan-7-yl] 2-methylpropanoate (A.2.3), [(3S,6S,7R,8R)-8-benzyl-3-[[3- (acetoxymethoxy)-4-methoxy-pyridine-2-carbonyl]amino]-6-methyl-4,9-dioxo-1 ,5-diox- onan-7-yl] 2-methylpropanoate (A.2.4), [(3S,6S,7R,8R)-8-benzyl-3-[(3-isobutoxycarbon- yloxy-4-methoxy-pyridine-2-carbonyl)amino]-6-methyl-4,9-dioxo-1 ,5-dioxonan-7-yl] 2- methylpropanoate (A.2.5), [(3S,6S,7R,8R)-8-benzyl-3-[[3-(1 ,3-benzodioxol-5-ylmethoxy)- 4-methoxy-pyridine-2-carbonyl]amino]-6-methyl-4,9-dioxo-1 ,5-dioxonan-7-yl] 2-methylpropanoate (A.2.6); (3S,6S,7R,8R)-3-[[(3-hydroxy-4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)carbonyl]amino]- 6-methyl-4,9-dioxo-8-(phenylmethyl)-1 ,5-dioxonan-7-yl 2-methylpropanoate (A.2.7), (3S,6S,7R,8R)-8-benzyl-3-[3-[(isobutyryloxy)methoxy]-4-methoxypicolinamido]-6-methyl- 4,9-dioxo-1 ,5-dioxonan-7-yl isobutyrate (A.2.8);
inhibitors of complex II (e. g. carboxamides): benodanil (A.3.1 ), benzovindiflupyr (A.3.2), bixafen (A.3.3), boscalid (A.3.4), carboxin (A.3.5), fenfuram (A.3.6), fluopyram (A.3.7), flutolanil (A.3.8), fluxapyroxad (A.3.9), furametpyr (A.3.10), isofetamid (A.3.1 1 ), isopyrazam (A.3.12), mepronil (A.3.13), oxycarboxin (A.3.14), penflufen (A.3.14), penthi- opyrad (A.3.15), sedaxane (A.3.16), tecloftalam (A.3.17), thifluzamide (A.3.18), N-(4'-tri- fluoromethylthiobiphenyl-2-yl)-3-difluoromethyl-1-methyl-1 H-pyrazole-4-carboxamide (A.3.19), N-(2-(1 ,3,3-trimethyl-butyl)-phenyl)-1 ,3-dimethyl-5-fluoro-1 H-pyrazole-4-carbox- amide (A.3.20), 3-(difluoromethyl)-1 -methyl-N-(1 ,1 ,3-trimethylindan-4-yl)pyrazole-4-car- boxamide (A.3.21 ), 3-(trifluoromethyl)-1-methyl-N-(1 ,1 ,3-trimethylindan-4-yl)pyrazole-4- carboxamide (A.3.22), 1 ,3-dimethyl-N-(1 ,1 ,3-trimethylindan-4-yl)pyrazole-4-carboxamide (A.3.23), 3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,5-dimethyl-N-(1 ,1 ,3-trimethylindan-4-yl)pyrazole-4-carbox- amide (A.3.24), 1 ,3,5-trimethyl-N-(1 ,1 ,3-trimethylindan-4-yl)pyrazole-4-carboxamide (A.3.25), N-(7-fluoro-1 ,1 ,3-trimethyl-indan-4-yl)-1 ,3-dimethyl-pyrazole-4-carboxamide (A.3.26), N-[2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-2-methoxy-1-methyl-ethyl]-3-(difluoromethyl)-1 -methyl- pyrazole-4-carboxamide (A.3.27);
other respiration inhibitors (e. g. complex I, uncouplers): diflumetorim (A.4.1 ), (5,8- difluoroquinazolin-4-yl)-{2-[2-fluoro-4-(4-trifluoromethylpyridin-2-yloxy)-ph
amine (A.4.2); nitrophenyl derivates: binapacryl (A.4.3), dinobuton (A.4.4), dinocap (A.4.5), fluazinam (A.4.6); ferimzone (A.4.7); organometal compounds: fentin salts, such as fentin-acetate (A.4.8), fentin chloride (A.4.9) or fentin hydroxide (A.4.10); ametoctradin (A.4.1 1 ); and silthiofam (A.4.12);
B) Sterol biosynthesis inhibitors (SBI fungicides)
C14 demethylase inhibitors (DMI fungicides): triazoles: azaconazole (B.1 .1 ), biterta- nol (B.1 .2), bromuconazole (B.1 .3), cyproconazole (B.1.4), difenoconazole (B.1 .5), dini- conazole (B.1 .6), diniconazole-M (B.1 .7), epoxiconazole (B.1.8), fenbuconazole (B.1.9), fluquinconazole (B.1.10), flusilazole (B.1.1 1 ), flutriafol (B.1 .12), hexaconazole (B.1.13), imibenconazole (B.1 .14), ipconazole (B.1 .15), metconazole (B.1 .17), myclobutanil (B.1 .18), oxpoconazole (B.1 .19), paclobutrazole (B.1.20), penconazole (B.1 .21 ), propicon- azole (B.1.22), prothioconazole (B.1 .23), simeconazole (B.1 .24), tebuconazole (B.1.25), tetraconazole (B.1 .26), triadimefon (B.1.27), triadimenol (B.1 .28), triticonazole (B.1.29), uniconazole (B.1 .30), 1 -[reA(2^3 )-3-(2-chlorophenyl)-2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-oxiranylme- thyl]-5-thiocyanato-1 H-[1 ,2,4]triazolo (B.1.31 ), 2-[ A(2S;3 )-3-(2-chlorophenyl)-2-(2,4- difluorophenyl)-oxiranylmethyl]-2H-[1 ,2,4]triazole-3-thiol (B.1 .32); imidazoles: imazalil (B.1 .42), pefurazoate (B.1.43), prochloraz (B.1.44), triflumizol (B.1.45); pyrimidines, pyridines and piperazines: fenarimol (B.1 .46), nuarimol (B.1 .47), pyrifenox (B.1.48), triforine (B.1 .49), [3-(4-chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-5-(2,4-difluorophenyl)isoxazol-4-yl]-(3-pyridyl)meth- anol (B.1.50);
Delta 14-reductase inhibitors: aldimorph (B.2.1 ), dodemorph (B.2.2), dodemorph-ac- etate (B.2.3), fenpropimorph (B.2.4), tridemorph (B.2.5), fenpropidin (B.2.6), piperalin (B.2.7), spiroxamine (B.2.8);
Inhibitors of 3-keto reductase: fenhexamid (B.3.1 );
C) Nucleic acid synthesis inhibitors
phenylamides or acyl amino acid fungicides: benalaxyl (C.1 .1 ), benalaxyl-M (C.1.2), kiralaxyl (C.1.3), metalaxyl (C.1.4), metalaxyl-M (mefenoxam, C.1.5), ofurace (C.1 .6), oxa- dixyl (C.1 .7);
others: hymexazole (C.2.1 ), octhilinone (C.2.2), oxolinic acid (C.2.3), bupirimate (C.2.4), 5-fluorocytosine (C.2.5), 5-fluoro-2-(p-tolylmethoxy)pyrimidin-4-amine (C.2.6), 5- fluoro-2-(4-fluorophenylmethoxy)pyrimidin-4-amine (C.2.7);
D) Inhibitors of cell division and cytoskeleton
tubulin inhibitors, such as benzimidazoles, thiophanates: benomyl (D1.1 ), car- bendazim (D1.2), fuberidazole (D1.3), thiabendazole (D1 .4), thiophanate-methyl (D1.5); triazolopyrimidines: 5-chloro-7-(4-methylpiperidin-1 -yl)-6-(2,4,6-trifluorophenyl)-[1 ,2,4]tria- zolo[1 ,5-a]pyrimidine (D1.6);
other cell division inhibitors: diethofencarb (D2.1 ), ethaboxam (D2.2), pencycuron (D2.3), fluopicolide (D2.4), zoxamide (D2.5), metrafenone (D2.6), pyriofenone (D2.7);
E) Inhibitors of amino acid and protein synthesis
methionine synthesis inhibitors (anilino-pyrimidines): cyprodinil (E.1 .1 ), mepanipyrim (E.1 .2), pyrimethanil (E.1.3); protein synthesis inhibitors: blasticidin-S (E.2.1 ), kasugamycin (E.2.2), kasugamycin hydrochloride-hydrate (E.2.3), mildiomycin (E.2.4), streptomycin (E.2.5), oxytetracyclin (E.2.6), polyoxine (E.2.7), validamycin A (E.2.8);
F) Signal transduction inhibitors
MAP / histidine kinase inhibitors: fluoroimid (F.1 .1 ), iprodione (F.1 .2), procymidone (F.1.3), vinclozolin (F.1.4), fenpiclonil (F.1 .5), fludioxonil (F.1 .6);
G protein inhibitors: quinoxyfen (F.2.1 );
G) Lipid and membrane synthesis inhibitors
Phospholipid biosynthesis inhibitors: edifenphos (G.1 .1 ), iprobenfos (G.1.2), pyrazo- phos (G.1 .3), isoprothiolane (G.1 .4);
lipid peroxidation: dicloran (G.2.1 ), quintozene (G.2.2), tecnazene (G.2.3), tolclofos- methyl (G.2.4), biphenyl (G.2.5), chloroneb (G.2.6), etridiazole (G.2.7);
phospholipid biosynthesis and cell wall deposition: dimethomorph (G.3.1 ), flumorph (G.3.2), mandipropamid (G.3.3), pyrimorph (G.3.4), benthiavalicarb (G.3.5), iprovalicarb (G.3.6), valifenalate (G.3.7) and N-(1-(1-(4-cyano-phenyl)ethanesulfonyl)-but-2-yl) car- bamic acid-(4-fluorophenyl) ester (G.3.8);
compounds affecting cell membrane permeability and fatty acides: propamocarb (G.4.1 );
fatty acid amide hydrolase inhibitors: oxathiapiprolin (G.5.1 ), 2-{3-[2-(1 -{[3,5-bis(di- fluoromethyl-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl]acetyl}piperidin-4-yl)-1 ,3-thiazol-4-yl]-4,5-dihydro-1 ,2-oxazol- 5-yl}phenyl methanesulfonate (G.5.2), 2-{3-[2-(1 -{[3,5-bis(difluoromethyl)-1 H-pyrazol-1 - yl]acetyl}piperidin-4-yl) 1 ,3-thiazol-4-yl]-4,5-dihydro-1 ,2-oxazol-5-yl}-3-chlorophenyl methanesulfonate (G.5.3);
H) Inhibitors with Multi Site Action
inorganic active substances: Bordeaux mixture (H.1.1 ), copper acetate (H.1.2), copper hydroxide (H.1 .3), copper oxychloride (H.1 .4), basic copper sulfate (H.1.5), sulfur (H.1.6);
thio- and dithiocarbamates: ferbam (H.2.1 ), mancozeb (H.2.2), maneb (H.2.3), metam (H.2.4), metiram (H.2.5), propineb (H.2.6), thiram (H.2.7), zineb (H.2.8), ziram (H.2.9);
organochlorine compounds (e. g. phthalimides, sulfamides, chloronitriles): anilazine (H.3.1 ), chlorothalonil (H.3.2), captafol (H.3.3), captan (H.3.4), folpet (H.3.5), dichlofluanid (H.3.6), dichlorophen (H.3.7), hexachlorobenzene (H.3.8), pentachlorphenole (H.3.9) and its salts, phthalide (H.3.10), tolylfluanid (H.3.1 1 ), N-(4-chloro-2-nitro-phenyl)-N-ethyl-4- methyl-benzenesulfonamide (H.3.12);
guanidines and others: guanidine (H.4.1 ), dodine (H.4.2), dodine free base (H.4.3), guazatine (H.4.4), guazatine-acetate (H.4.5), iminoctadine (H.4.6), iminoctadine-triacetate (H.4.7), iminoctadine-tris(albesilate) (H.4.8), dithianon (H.4.9), 2,6-dimethyl-1 H,5H- [1 ,4]dithiino[2,3-c:5,6-c']dipyrrole-1 ,3,5,7(2H,6H)-tetraone (H.4.10);
I) Cell wall synthesis inhibitors
inhibitors of glucan synthesis: validamycin (1.1.1 ), polyoxin B (1.1 .2);
melanin synthesis inhibitors: pyroquilon (1.2.1 ), tricyclazole (I.2.2), carpropamid (1.2.3), dicyclomet (1.2.4), fenoxanil (1.2.5);
J) Plant defence inducers
acibenzolar-S-methyl (J.1.1 ), probenazole (J.1 .2), isotianil (J.1 .3), tiadinil (J.1 .4), prohexadione-calcium (J.1.5); phosphonates: fosetyl (J.1.6), fosetyl-aluminum (J.1 .7), phosphorous acid and its salts (J.1.8), potassium or sodium bicarbonate (J.1 .9);
K) Unknown mode of action
bronopol (K.1 .1 ), chinomethionat (K.1.2), cyflufenamid (K.1.3), cymoxanil (K.1.
4), dazomet (K.1.
5), debacarb (K.1 .
6), diclomezine (K.1 .
7), difenzoquat (K.1 .
8), difenzoquat- methylsulfate (K.1.
9), diphenylamin (K.1.
10), fenpyrazamine (K.1.
1 1 ), flumetover (K.1 .12), flusulfamide (K.1 .13), flutianil (K.1 .14), methasulfocarb (K.1.15), nitrapyrin (K.1.16), ni- trothal-isopropyl (K.1 .18), oxathiapiprolin (K.1.19), tolprocarb (K.1.20), oxin-copper (K.1 .21 ), proquinazid (K.1 .22), tebufloquin (K.1.23), tecloftalam (K.1.24), triazoxide (K.1 .25), 2-butoxy-6-iodo-3-propylchromen-4-one (K.1.26), 2-[3,5-bis(difluoromethyl)-1 H- pyrazol-1-yl]-1-[4-(4-{5-[2-(prop-2-yn-1 -yloxy)phenyl]-4,5-dihydro-1 ,2-oxazol-3-yl}-1 ,3-thia- zol-2-yl)piperidin-1-yl]ethanone (K.1.27), 2-[3,5-bis(difluoromethyl)-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl]-1-[4- (4-{5-[2-fluoro-6-(prop-2-yn-1-yloxy)phenyl]-4,5-dihydro-1 ,2-oxazol-3-yl}-1 ,3-thiazol-2-yl)pi- peridin-1-yl]ethanone (K.1 .28), 2-[3,5-bis(difluoromethyl)-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl]-1 -[4-(4-{5-[2- chloro-6-(prop-2-yn-1 -yloxy)phenyl]-4,5-dihydro-1 ,2-oxazol-3-yl}-1 ,3-thiazol-2-yl)piperidin- 1-yl]ethanone (K.1.29), N-(cyclopropylmethoxyimino-(6-difluoro-methoxy-2,3-difluoro-phe- nyl)-methyl)-2-phenyl acetamide (K.1 .30), N'-(4-(4-chloro-3-trifluoromethyl-phenoxy)-2,5- dimethyl-phenyl)-N-ethyl-N-methyl formamidine (K.1.31 ), N'-(4-(4-fluoro-3-trifluoromethyl- phenoxy)-2,5-dimethyl-phenyl)-N-ethyl-N-methyl formamidine (K.1 .32), N'-(2-methyl-5-tri- fluoromethyl-4-(3-trimethylsilanyl-propoxy)-phenyl)-N-ethyl-N-methyl formamidine
(K.1 .33), N'-(5-difluoromethyl-2-methyl-4-(3-trimethylsilanyl-propoxy)-phenyl)-N-ethyl-N- methyl formamidine (K.1.34), methoxy-acetic acid 6-tert-butyl-8-fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-quino- lin-4-yl ester (K.1 .35), 3-[5-(4-methylphenyl)-2,3-dimethyl-isoxazolidin-3-yl]-pyridine (K.1 .36), 3-[5-(4-chloro-phenyl)-2,3-dimethyl-isoxazolidin-3-yl]-pyridine (pyrisoxazole) (K.1 .37), N-(6-methoxy-pyridin-3-yl) cyclopropanecarboxylic acid amide (K.1 .38), 5-chloro-
1- (4,6-dimethoxy-pyrimidin-2-yl)-2-methyl-1 H-benzoimidazole (K.1 .39), 2-(4-chloro-phe- nyl)-N-[4-(3,4-dimethoxy-phenyl)-isoxazol-5-yl]-2-prop-2-ynyloxy-acetamide, ethyl (Z)-3-amino-2-cyano-3-phenyl-prop-2-enoate (K.1 .40), picarbutrazox (K.1.41 ), pentyl N-[6- [[(Z)-[(1 -methyltetrazol-5-yl)-phenyl-methylene]amino]oxymethyl]-2-pyridyl]carbamate (K.1 .42), 2-[2-[(7,8-difluoro-2-methyl-3-quinolyl)oxy]-6-fluoro-phenyl]propan-2-ol (K.1.43),
2- [2-fluoro-6-[(8-fluoro-2-methyl-3-quinolyl)oxy]phen-yl]propan-2-ol (K.1.44), 3-(5-fluoro- 3,3,4,4-tetramethyl-3,4-dihydroisoquinolin-1 -yl)quinoline (K.1.45), 3-(4,4-difluoro-3,3-dime- thyl-3,4-dihydroisoquinolin-1-yl)quinoline (K.1 .46), 3-(4,4,5-trifluoro-3,3-dimethyl-3,4-dihy- droisoquinolin-1-yl)quinoline (K.1.47), 9-fluoro-2,2-dimethyl-5-(3-quinolyl)-3H-1 ,4-benzox- azepine (K.1 .48),
wherein component 1 ) and component 2) are present in a weight ratio from 1000:1 to 1 :1000, and component 1 ) and component 3) are present in a weight ratio from 1000:1 to 1 :1000, and component 2) and 3) are present in a weight ratio from 1000:1 to 1 :1000. Use according to claim 1 , wherein component 1 ) and component 2) are present in a weight ratio of from 100:1 to 1 :100, and component 1 ) and component 3) are present in a weight ratio of from 100:1 to 1 :100, and component 2) and 3) are present in a weight ratio from 100:1 to 1 :100.
Use according to claim 1 or 2, wherein component 1 ) is selected from compounds of formula I, wherein R2 is CH3 and R5 is H, said compounds being compounds of formula IA.
Figure imgf000062_0001
Use according to claim 3, wherein component 1 ) is selected from the following formula IA compounds 1-1 to 1-18 listed below:
Figure imgf000062_0002
Figure imgf000062_0003
Use according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the fungicide II and the fungicide III are different from each other and are independently of each other selected from azoxystrobin, trifloxystrobin, pyraclostrobin, sedaxane, penflufen, fluopyram, fluxapyroxad, boscalid, ox- athiapiprolin, metalaxyl, metalaxyl-M, ethaboxam, dimethomorph, difenoconazole, prothio- conazole, thiabendazole, ipconazole, tebuconazole, prochloraz, fluquinconazole, triticona- zole, fludioxonil, silthiofarm, thiophanate methyl, and fluazinam.
Use according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein component 2), is pyraclostrobin, and the fungicide III, i.e. component 3), is selected from sedaxane, penthiopyrad, penflufen, fluopyram, fluxapyroxad, boscalid, oxathiapiprolin, metalaxyl, metalaxyl-M, ethaboxam, dimethomorph, cyproconazole, difenoconazole, prothioconazole, flutriafol, thiabendazole, ipconazole, tebuconazole, triadimenol, prochloraz, fluquinconazole, triticonazole, fludioxonil, carboxin, silthiofarm, ziram, thiram, carbendazim, thiophanate methyl, hymexazol, and fluazinam. Use according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein component 2) is fluxapyroxad, and the fungicide III, i.e. component 3), is selected from azoxystrobin, trifloxystrobin, pyraclostro- bin, oxathiapiprolin, metalaxyl, metalaxyl-M, ethaboxam, dimethomorph, difenoconazole, prothioconazole, thiabendazole, ipconazole, tebuconazole, prochloraz, fluquinconazole, triticonazole, fludioxonil, silthiofarm, thiophanate methyl, and fluazinam.
Use according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein component 2) is fludioxonil, and component 3) is selected from the group consisting of azoxystrobin, trifloxystrobin, picoxystro- bin, pyraclostrobin, fenamidone, sedaxane, penthiopyrad, penflufen, fluopyram, fluxapyroxad, boscalid, oxathiapiprolin, metalaxyl, metalaxyl-M, ethaboxam, dimethomorph, cyproconazole, difenoconazole, prothioconazole, flutriafol, thiabendazole, ipconazole, tebuconazole, triadimenol, prochloraz, fluquinconazole, triticonazole, carboxin, silthiofarm, zi- ram, thiram, carbendazim, thiophanate methyl, hymexazol, and fluazinam, and is preferably selected from the group consisting of azoxstrobin, trifloxystrobin, pyraclostrobin, sedaxane, penflufen, fluopyram, fluxapyroxad, boscalid, oxathiapiprolin, metalaxyl, metalaxyl-M, ethaboxam, dimethomorph, difenoconazole, prothioconazole, thiabendazole, ipconazole, tebuconazole, prochloraz, fluquinconazole, triticonazole, silthiofarm, thiophanate methyl, and fluazinam; or
wherein component 2) is silthiofarm, and component 3) is selected from azoxystrobin, trifloxystrobin, picoxystrobin, pyraclostrobin, fenamidone, sedaxane, penthiopyrad, penflufen, fluopyram, fluxapyroxad, boscalid, oxathiapiprolin, metalaxyl, metalaxyl-M, ethaboxam, dimethomorph, cyproconazole, difenoconazole, prothioconazole, flutriafol, thiabendazole, ipconazole, tebuconazole, triadimenol, prochloraz, fluquinconazole, triticonazole, fludioxonil, carboxin, ziram, thiram, carbendazim, thiophanate methyl, hymexazol, and fluazinam, and is preferably selected from the group consisting of azoxystrobin, trifloxystrobin, pyraclostrobin, sedaxane, penflufen, fluopyram, fluxapyroxad, boscalid, oxathiapiprolin, metalaxyl, metalaxyl-M, ethaboxam, dimethomorph, difenoconazole, prothioconazole, thiabendazole, ipconazole, tebuconazole, prochloraz, fluquinconazole, triticonazole, fludioxonil, thiophanate methyl, and fluazinam.
Use according to any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein the invertebrate pests are selected from the group consisting of aphids, diptera, leafhopper, thrips, whitefly, and combinations thereof, and are preferably aphids or thrips; and/or
wherein the phytopathogenic harmful fungi are selected from the group consisting of Pythium sp., Fusarium sp., Rhizoctonia sp., Ustilago sp., Tilletia sp., Michrodochium sp., Gaeumannomyces graminis, Aphanomyces cochlioides, Sclerotinia sp., Phoma sp., and combinations thereof and are preferably Pythium sp., Fusarium sp., or Phoma sp., or combinations thereof and are particularly preferably Phoma sp..
0. Use according to any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein (I ) the plant is soybean, the invertebrate pests are selected from aphids, diptera, thrips, and whitefly, and the pythopathogenic harmful fungi are selected from the group consisting of Pythium sp., Fusarium sp., Rhizoctonia sp., Phakopsora pachyrhizi, and P. meibomiae;
(2) the plant is barley, the invertebrate pests are selected from aphids, diptera, and leaf- hopper, and the pythopathogenic harmful fungi are selected from the group consisting of Pythium sp., Fusarium sp., Rhizoctonia sp., Ustilago sp., Tilletia sp., Michrodochium sp., and Gaeumannomyces graminis;
(3) the plant is wheat, the invertebrate pests are selected from aphids, diptera, and leaf- hopper, and the pythopathogenic harmful fungi are selected from the group consisting of Pythium sp., Fusarium sp., Rhizoctonia sp., Ustilago sp., Tilletia sp., Michrodochium sp., and Gaeumannomyces graminis;
(4) the plant is maize, the invertebrate pests are selected from aphids, diptera, and leaf- hopper, and the pythopathogenic harmful fungi are selected from the group consisting of Pythium sp., Fusarium sp., Rhizoctonia sp., Ustilago sp., Tilletia sp., Michrodochium sp., and Gaeumannomyces graminis;
(5) the plant is oat, the invertebrate pests are selected from aphids, diptera, and leafhopper, and the pythopathogenic harmful fungi are selected from the group consisting of Pythium sp., Fusarium sp., Rhizoctonia sp., Ustilago sp., Tilletia sp., Michrodochium sp., and Gaeumannomyces graminis;
(6) the plant is rye, the invertebrate pests are selected from aphids, diptera, and leafhopper, and the pythopathogenic harmful fungi are selected from the group consisting of Pythium sp., Fusarium sp., Rhizoctonia sp., Ustilago sp., Tilletia sp., Michrodochium sp., and Gaeumannomyces graminis;
(7) the plant is rice, the invertebrate pests are diptera, and the pythopathogenic harmful fungi are Fusarium sp. or Rhizoctonia sp.;
(8) the plant is cotton, the invertebrate pests are selected from aphids, diptera, thrips, and whitefly, and the pythopathogenic harmful fungi are selected from the group consisting of Pythium sp., Fusarium sp., and Rhizoctonia sp.;
(9) the plant is sugarbeet, the invertebrate pests are selected from aphids and diptera, and the pythopathogenic harmful fungi are selected from the group consisting of Pythium sp., Fusarium sp., Rhizoctonia sp., Aphanomyces cochlioides, and Sclerotinia sp.; (10) the plant is rapeseed, the invertebrate pests are selected from aphids and diptera, and the pythopathogenic harmful fungi are selected from the group consisting of Pythium sp., Fusarium sp., Rhizoctonia sp., Sclerotinia sp., and Phoma sp.; or
(I I ) the plant is potate, the invertebrate pests are selected from aphids, and leafhopper, and the pythopathogenic harmful fungi are selected from the group consisting of Phy- tophthora infestans, Alternaria solani, Rhizoctonia solani, Spongospora subterranea, Fusarium coeruleum, Synchytrium endobioticum, Helminthosporium solani, Fusarium oxysporum, and Colletotrichum coccodes. Use according to any one of claims 1 to 8 or 10, wherein
(1 ) the plant is soybean, the invertebrate pests are selected from aphids, diptera, thrips, and whitefly, and the pythopathogenic harmful fungi are selected from the group consisting of Pythium sp., Fusarium sp., Phakopsora pachyrhizi, and P. meibomiae;
(2) the plant is barley, the invertebrate pests are selected from aphids, diptera, and leaf- hopper, and the pythopathogenic harmful fungi are selected from the group consisting of Pythium sp., Fusarium sp., Ustilago sp., Tilletia sp., Michrodochium sp., and Gaeumannomyces graminis;
(3) the plant is wheat, the invertebrate pests are selected from aphids, diptera, and leaf- hopper, and the pythopathogenic harmful fungi are selected from the group consisting of Pythium sp., Fusarium sp., Ustilago sp., Tilletia sp., Michrodochium sp., and Gaeumannomyces graminis;
(4) the plant is maize, the invertebrate pests are selected from aphids, diptera, and leaf- hopper, and the pythopathogenic harmful fungi are selected from the group consisting of Pythium sp., Fusarium sp., Ustilago sp., Tilletia sp., Michrodochium sp., and Gaeumannomyces graminis;
(5) the plant is oat, the invertebrate pests are selected from aphids, diptera, and leafhopper, and the pythopathogenic harmful fungi are selected from the group consisting of Pythium sp., Fusarium sp., Ustilago sp., Tilletia sp., Michrodochium sp., and
Gaeumannomyces graminis;
(6) the plant is rye, the invertebrate pests are selected from aphids, diptera, and leafhopper, and the pythopathogenic harmful fungi are selected from the group consisting of Pythium sp., Fusarium sp., Ustilago sp., Tilletia sp., Michrodochium sp., and
Gaeumannomyces graminis;
(7) the plant is rice, the invertebrate pests are diptera, and the pythopathogenic harmful fungi are Fusarium sp.;
(8) the plant is cotton, the invertebrate pests are selected from aphids, diptera, thrips, and whitefly, and the pythopathogenic harmful fungi are selected from the group consisting of Pythium sp., and Fusarium sp.;
(9) the plant is sugarbeet, the invertebrate pests are selected from aphids and diptera, and the pythopathogenic harmful fungi are selected from the group consisting of Pythium sp., Fusarium sp., Aphanomyces cochlioides, and Sclerotinia sp.;
(10) the plant is rapeseed, the invertebrate pests are selected from aphids and diptera, and the pythopathogenic harmful fungi are selected from the group consisting of Pythium sp., Fusarium sp., Sclerotinia sp., and Phoma sp.; or
(1 1 ) the plant is potate, the invertebrate pests are selected from aphids, and leafhopper, and the pythopathogenic harmful fungi are selected from the group Phytophthora in- festans, Alternaria solani, Spongospora subterranea, Fusarium coeruleum,
Synchytrium endobioticum, Helminthosporium solani, Fusarium oxysporum, and Colle- totrichum coccodes.
12. Use according to any one of claims 1 to 1 1 , wherein plant propagation material, preferably seeds are protected against the attack or infestation by invertebrate pests and/or phytopathogenic harmful fungi.
13. Seed treatment composition comprising the pesticidal mixture as defined in any one of claims 1 to 8, and at least one auxiliary.
14. Seeds comprising the pesticidal mixture as defined in any one of claims 1 to 8 or the seed treatment composition as defined in claim 13 in an amount of from 0.01 g to 10000 g per 100 kg of seed.
15. A method for controlling invertebrate pests and phytopathogenic harmful fungi on a plant selected from wheat, maize, barley, oat, rye, rice, soybean, cotton, sugarbeet, rapeseed, and potato comprising contacting the plant or the plant propagation material; the pest or its food supply, habitat or breeding ground; and/or the fungi or their habitat, with an effective amount of a pesticidal mixture as defined in any one of claims 1 to 8 or an effective amount of a seed treatment composition as defined in claim 13.
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