WO2016086286A1 - Simulated 3d projection apparatus - Google Patents

Simulated 3d projection apparatus Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2016086286A1
WO2016086286A1 PCT/CA2015/000554 CA2015000554W WO2016086286A1 WO 2016086286 A1 WO2016086286 A1 WO 2016086286A1 CA 2015000554 W CA2015000554 W CA 2015000554W WO 2016086286 A1 WO2016086286 A1 WO 2016086286A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
display device
display
front
background
image
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CA2015/000554
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
John Paul DUFFY
Original Assignee
Arht Media Inc.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CA2873479A priority Critical patent/CA2873479A1/en
Priority to CA2873479 priority
Priority to US14/560,275 priority
Priority to US14/560,275 priority patent/US20160165221A1/en
Priority to US62/103,358 priority
Priority to US201562103358P priority
Application filed by Arht Media Inc. filed Critical Arht Media Inc.
Priority claimed from CA2920560A external-priority patent/CA2920560A1/en
Publication of WO2016086286A1 publication Critical patent/WO2016086286A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N13/00Stereoscopic video systems; Multi-view video systems; Details thereof
    • H04N13/30Image reproducers
    • H04N13/388Volumetric displays, i.e. systems where the image is built up from picture elements distributed through a volume
    • H04N13/395Volumetric displays, i.e. systems where the image is built up from picture elements distributed through a volume with depth sampling, i.e. the volume being constructed from a stack or sequence of 2D image planes

Abstract

A display apparatus for displaying simulated 3D images is provided which is preferably portable and scalable in size, and comprises a front display device having side edges, arranged to project a first image of a first program material towards a viewer, and a background display device having side edges, arranged to project a second image of a second program material towards a viewer, wherein said front display device and said background display device are separated to provide an apparent parallax effect between said first image and said second image, and wherein said background display device extends beyond the side edges of the front projection device. The display device provides a parallax effect which can extend to the edges of the front display device. Also, a low profile, simulated 3D display device is also provided which comprises a front display device comprising a transparent front display device, arranged to display a first image of a first program material which is to be observed by a viewer, and a background display device arranged to display a second image of a second program material which is to be observed by a viewer, wherein said front display device and said background display device are separated to provide an apparent parallax effect between said first image and said second image, and wherein said background display device is a high-brightness video display device. The simulated 3D display device also optionally includes a moire artifact reduction screen to improve the quality of the simulated 3D image.

Description

SIMULATED 3D PROJECTION APPARATUS

FIELD OF THE INVENTION:

This invention relates to projection apparatus, and in particular the invention relates to a projection apparatus which is portable and scalable, and which is used in a manner so that a viewer will see a video presentation which comprises a simulated three dimensional (3D) image comprising a virtual image which is seen against a background wherein the background may contain a further image which varies in a programmed manner in keeping with the actions being portrayed by the virtual image. This invention also relates to a low profile, simulated three dimensional (3D) display device having improved picture quality and appearance, and which is both portable and scalable. The display device is adapted to display a simulated 3D video presentation which comprises a simulated 3D image comprising a virtual image on a front display, which is seen against a background display, wherein the background display may contain a further image which varies in a programmed manner in keeping with the actions being portrayed by the virtual image. Preferably, the present invention relates to apparatus and devices which may be employed in theatrical, educational, medical, or other live event presentations, for example, and more particularly in advertising or other presentations which are intended to promote and/or extol the features and advantages of any product or service being offered for sale.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION:

The present invention finds its genesis in a theatrical illusion which is widely known as

"Pepper's ghost". In this illusion, a viewer is made to believe that he is seeing an article which does not, in fact, exist in the setting or circumstances being viewed. The techniques involved in presenting Pepper's ghost are described hereafter. However, for now, a brief description and history of Pepper's ghost is provided.

In order for the classical Pepper's ghost illusion to work properly, the viewer must see clearly into a main setting, but not see into a hidden room. Unknown to the viewer, the viewer is also viewing the main setting through an angled piece of glass which, because of its placement, can be both translucent and reflective. By changing the lighting in the hidden room, the viewer can view a reflection of the lit contents of the hidden room, on the glass panel. Thus, the illusion is controlled by its illumination, and will appear and disappear when the lighting of the object, person, or the like, is turned on or off, respectively. As a result, an object or person which is reflected in the "mirror" section of the glass (e.g. the reflective surface of the glass) may seem to appear or disappear, or change into another object. While this illusion is over 100 years old, the same effect has been employed since at least the 1960's in certain modern theme parks, where objects such as reflected animated props can create the appearance of translucent "ghosts" which appear to be moving through a particular setting and interacting with props in that physical particular setting. Moreover, the images appear to be three dimensional and demonstrate a parallax effect with respect to other items on the stage.

Typically, in recent applications, a polymeric film, drawn tight within a metal frame, is used to replace the glass panel, and a projection device is used to create the image to be displayed on the polymeric film. Construction of the film and associated frame, and the projectors to be used, are well known in the art, and outside of the scope of the present invention.

As an example, United States Patent 8,172,400 (O'Connell et al.) describes a projection apparatus which requires a first projection device that is arranged to generate a virtual three dimensional object by projection of the image onto to a reflected/translucent polymer film. A second projection device projects a background image; and a light source projects light onto the virtual three dimensional image. A stage arrangement can also be provided, which is placed behind the screen, upon which a presenter or actor, or a prop, or both, may be located, in order that the presenter or prop, interact with the virtual image.

In more recent applications, such as those described in US Patent publication No. US

2013/0300728 ("Reichow et al.), the polymeric film or glass panel showing the reflection is replaced by a transparent front display device, such as a transparent LCD display device. In this approach, the reflective surface with its projected image, is no longer required since the virtual image can be displayed directly on the transparent front display. A second background display device is positioned visually behind the transparent front display, and a background image is shown or projected directly on the background display device. The images shown on the background display device can be coordinated with the images on the transparent front display in order to create an apparent parallax effect which provides images which are similar to images from the Pepper's Ghost technique.

Additional display panels can be provided between the front display and the background display, in order to provide additional image content. However, for simplicity, the use of a two panel approach will be discussed in the present document.

Current uses of this simulated 3D presentation technique include, for example, the display of advertising materials in a simulated 3D environment, or the simultaneous presentation of a speech to numerous groups in many different locations, using a virtual image. Other applications have included providing a virtual performance by a performer, even though, in some cases, the performer is no longer alive.

However, unless a visual "ghost" effect is desired, it has typically been necessary to employ a black background surface behind the virtual image so as to avoid any background image showing through the virtual image. This is because if the viewer were to see the background image through the front image, it would destroy the "holographic" effect of the virtual image.

More recently however, the background image is adjusted so as to be coordinated with the transparent front image so that the two images are mated one to the other. As an example, a blacked-off "masked" area can be provided on the background display which masked image moves and/or is otherwise coordinated with the image on transparent front display so as to minimize or eliminate the background image from bleeding through the image on the front display.

In order to provide a simulated 3D effect using a front panel and a background panel (or any additional intermediate display panels), it is necessary to provide at least some distance between the transparent front display and the background display. This distance typically varies depending on the size of the display, and is used to create the parallax effect.

In a common approach, the front display is roughly the same size as the background display, and the two display devices are positioned so as to be essentially parallel and co-planar, one to the other. When viewed from a side angle, however, this allows the viewer to see the front panel, but also view beyond the edges of the back panel. In some situations, this "panel separation" effect can be minimized by providing a "blacked-out" area between the display devices. However, when the background panel images are coordinated to the images on the front display, the effect of the edge of the back panel, become more evident, since the images on the background device simply end at the edge of the background display device.

As such, it would be beneficial to provide a simulated 3D display device of the type described herein, wherein this panel separation effect at the edge of the background panel, is reduced or eliminated.

The present inventors have unexpectedly discovered that the panel separation effect can be minimized in a fashion such that an improved, coordinated simulated three dimensional illusion which may be viewed simultaneously by a plurality of viewers.

To achieve this effect, the inventors herein provide an apparatus which has the ability to deliver real depth perception having two (or more) display panels, so as to create advanced visualizations which may employ animated and/or virtual holographic content using apparent parallax, while reducing or eliminating the panel separation effect.

Another common problem with a prior art approach is that the light from the background panel is used to provide the lighting effect on the front panel. As such, with normal background panels and projection apparatuses, the combined 3D image is dark and/or dull, and is typically only useful in darkened display areas. While this is acceptable in some display areas, it is not practical for use in well lit areas, such as in outdoor displays, or displays in a mall setting.

To address this issue, the prior art displays can be enclosed in a box so as to minimize the amount of ambient light that falls on the screen. However, these boxes require a relatively large profile, which increases the overall size of the screen, and thereby, limit their use in commercial applications. Also, because of the darkened box approach, typically only those standing directly in front of the box display can see the images on the screen. Thus, the ability to show the images to a larger group of people is limited.

A further problem with prior art display systems is the creation of an undesirable visual effect, call moire, wherein false patterns are observed in the final image, as a result of interaction between the visual display lines from the images on the front and background panels. These typically appear as a pattern of roughly parallel lines, or the like. This leads to unacceptable image quality, and is particularly prevalent in systems having lower image quality, or low resolution, display systems. Using higher resolution screens can therefore be expected to reduced the amount of moire observed in the combined image, however, this leads to an increased cost for the simulated 3D screen apparatus.

As such, it would be beneficial to provide a simulated 3D display device of the type described herein, wherein the screen apparatus is capable of being used in higher lighting situations. Furthermore, it would be beneficial to also provide a simulated 3D display device, having a low profile. Still further, it would be beneficial to also provide a simulated 3D display device which has been modified to reduce and/or ameliorate the moire effect, observed in other simulated 3D projection devices.

The present inventors have also unexpectedly discovered that the at least some of these benefits can be provided in a novel, low profile simulated 3D display device, which may be viewed simultaneously by a plurality of viewers, in normal ambient lighting conditions.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION:

In a first aspect, the present invention therefore provides a simulated 3D display apparatus comprising a front display device having side edges, arranged to project a first image of a first program material towards a viewer, and a background display device having side edges, arranged to project a second image, as needed, of a second program material towards a viewer, wherein said front display device and said background display device are separated to provide an apparent parallax effect between said first image and said second image, and wherein said background display device is sized so as to extend beyond the side edges of the front projection device.

In a further embodiment, the background display device is curved or angled so as to extend towards the plane of the front projection device. In a most preferred embodiment, the edges of the background display device extend essentially to the plane of the front display device.

The front display device discussed in the embodiments and shown in the Figures can be any suitable display device which can include a prior art reflective film or glass onto which an image is projected from either the front of the rear. For example, the front display device can be a projection screen, such as a scrim screen, or a screen that is made out of mesh-like pvc, or glass- like material. More preferably however, the front display device is a transparent display device, and most preferably, the front display device is a flat panel, transparent LCD display device. The flat panel of the front display device creates a plane which extends beyond the edges of the front display panel, and thus provides an extended plane of the front display panel.

The background display device discussed in the embodiments and shown in the Figures can also be any suitable display device, which can include a screen onto which an image can be projected (either from the front or rear). For example, the background display device can be a projection screen, such as a scrim screen, or a screen that is made out of mesh-like pvc, or glasslike material. Most preferably, the background display device is a display device such as a television screen or monitor. These can include any suitable display devices, but preferably, flat panel display devices such as LCD, plasma, LED, OLED, and the like, are used.

The background display device can also be provided by a plurality of display devices, wherein each of the display devices is preferably a television or a monitor. This can include televisions or monitors that are rear projection devices, but more preferably, the rear screen is chosen from the group consisting of a planar television tube, a planar plasma television display, a planar LCD television display, a planar LED television display, and a planar OLED television display. Other display devices might also be used as the rear screen, and the skilled artisan will be aware that their use is not precluded from the present invention.

Where a plurality of display devices are used, the background display can comprise a plurality of devices which are arranged to provide a completed background display. For example, 4 devices can be arranged in a planar 2x2 grid. Other arrangements are possible, and these can include 3x3 grids, 4x4 grids, 2x3 grids, 3x2 grids, or any other suitable arrangement.

Other types of projector devices can also be utilized, as well as combination of different display devices.

In a first embodiment, the background panel is parallel to, and co-planar with the front display panel, but extends beyond the sides of the front panel display. Preferably, the background panel extends at least 5% beyond the edge of the front display device (based on the width of the front display device). More preferably, the background display device extends at least 10%, and more preferably, at least 20% beyond the side edges of the front display device.

Preferably, the background display device extends beyond the front display device on at least two sides, but extending the background display beyond the edges of the front display device, on all four sides is not excluded from the present invention. As such, in one embodiment, the front display device is a given size of display panel, and the background display panel is selected so as to larger than the front display panel, and thus extend beyond the edges of the front display panel.

With this approach, a viewer who views the image on the front display panel on an angle, will still view an image on the outer edges of the background panel.

In a more preferred embodiment, the background panel is curved or angled such that the outer edges of the background panel extend towards the extended plane of the front display panel.

The background display can be a curved panel display device, wherein at least the edges of the display device can be curved towards the extended plane of the front display panel. Most preferably, the background display is provided as a flexible display device which is placed so as to provide a continuously curved display panel behind said front display device.

The background display can also be comprised of a plurality of panels configured to provide a suitable display. As examples, the background display could be a flat panel display device which is parallel to the front panel, and also having additional background display panels at its edges which are angled towards the extended plane.

The background display device might also be two flat panel display devices, both angled with respect to the front display panel, wherein the outer edges of the background display devices extend towards the extended plane.

The background display devices have at least a portion that extends towards the extended plane of the front display device. As a result, the edges of the background display device extends towards the extended plane of the front display by a distance which is at least 25% of the maximum distance between the front and background display devices. More preferably, the background device display devices extend to at least 50%, and more preferably, at least 75% of the maximum distance of between the front and background display devices.

In some embodiments, the edges of the background display devices can extend so as to essentially intersect the extended plane of the front display panel, and thus, the background display devices extend 100% of the maximum distance between the front and background display devices. The front and background display device are preferably vertically orientated with respect to the viewer, although this is not required. Moreover, the background display device is preferably vertically aligned, in at least one direction, with respect to the front display device. Thus, in one direction (e.g. up and down), the background display device is a constant distance from the front display panel, even though in another direction (left and right) the distance between the front and background display devices, is changing.

The background display device can also extend beyond, and be curved, towards the front display device, on all four sides. This could be accomplished by, for example, having a background display device with a central panel, which is surrounded by four display devices angled towards the extended plane of the front display device.

The size of the front and background panels can vary, as can the distance between them depending on their size.

Additional transparent display devices can be positioned between the front and background display devices. The edges of these additional devices can also extend beyond the edges of the front display device, but this is not required. Commonly the number of additional transparent display devices will be between 1 and 10, and most preferably, the number of additional transparent display devices will be between 1 and 3.

In another aspect, the present invention provides a low profile, simulated 3D display device comprising a transparent front display device, arranged to display a first image of a first program material which is to be observed by a viewer, and a background display device arranged to display a second image of a second program material which is to be observed by a viewer, wherein said front display device and said background display device are separated to provide an apparent parallax effect between said first image and said second image, and wherein said background display device is a high-brightness video display device.

Preferably, the high-brightness display device has a brightness of at least 1500 candelas per square metre, more preferably of more than 1750 candelas per square metre, and still more preferably, has a brightness of at least 2000 candelas per square metre (cd/m2). For comparison, typical high-definition televisions currently range from 450 to about 1000 cd/m2.

At this lighting level, the background display device is able to display not only its own image, it is able to light the image from the front display device, which typically, has no inherent emissive light qualities. Moreover, at this lighting level, the high-brightness video display device provides sufficient light to produce a bright overall screen image that can be easily viewed in normal ambient lighting conditions, such as the lighting conditions typically found in a commercial establishment, or a mall setting. Moreover, the high-brightness video display device can be selected so as to provide sufficient lighting such that simulated 3D display device of the present invention can be used outdoors, in natural sunlight.

The background display device can be any suitable display device, which can include a screen onto which an image can be projected (either from the front or rear). Most preferably, the background display device is a display device such as a television screen or monitor. These can include any suitable display devices, but preferably, flat panel display devices such as LCD, plasma, LED, OLED, and the like, may be used.

The background display device can also be comprised of a plurality of high-brightness display devices, wherein each of the display devices is preferably a television or a monitor. This can include televisions or monitors that are rear projection devices, but more preferably, the rear screen is chosen from the group consisting of a planar television tube, a planar plasma television display, a planar LCD television display, a planar LED television display, and a planar OLED television display. Other display devices might also be used as the rear screen, and the skilled artisan will be aware that their use is not precluded from the present invention.

Where a plurality of display devices are used, the background display can comprise a plurality of devices which are arranged to provide a completed background display. For example, 4 devices can be arranged in a planar 2x2 grid. Other arrangements are possible, and these can include 3x3 grids, 4x4 grids, 2x3 grids, 3x2 grids, or any other suitable arrangement.

The front display device is a transparent display device, and most preferably, the front display device is a flat panel, transparent LCD display device. In these types of devices, the panel itself has no light emissive properties, and the image from the first image of the first program material, is only lit from the light from the light from the background display device.

The simulated 3D display device of the present invention is scalable, so that overall size of the projected images can vary depending on their desired application. As such, the display device of the present invention is practical in small scale devices including computer monitors, smart phone displays, and the like, but can also be scaled upwards to include screens of up to 3 metres or more in height and/or width, for larger displays, such as those in theatres, display booths, or the like. More preferably, the screen size is established by the size of the display devices, and thus, the screen size is typically between 1 and 2 metres, in height and/or width. This would be suitable for use in commercial establishments, or in mall display boxes, but would also be suitable for home use, as a low profile, simulated 3D television device.

The distance between the front and background display panels can vary depending on the size of the panels. For applications wherein the front and/or background display panels have a height and/or width of 1 to 2 metres, the distance between the panels is preferably between 2.5 and 20 cm, and more preferably between 5 and 10 cm. The distance between the panels can be optimized so as to provide the optimal apparent parallax effect. As such, a typical 1 to 2 metre screen size, requires a depth of only approximately 25 cm, and preferably, of less than 20 cm. More preferably, the depth of the simulated 3D display device of the present invention, is less than 15 cm. As a result, the display device has a low profile, and is suitable for positioning on a wall, or inside of a thin cabinet. As such, it is well suited for commercial applications, such as in advertising boxes, or the like commonly found in a commercial establishment, or in a mall, or the like.

Moreover, the low profile of the present device, allows for easy transport and set-up of the device.

By way of example, in a particular embodiment of the present invention, the front and background display devices are permanently mounted in a case so as to be portable as a single structure, as will be hereinafter described. For this embodiment, the case will preferably be limited to a box having a length, height and width, of between 1.5 and 2.25 m, and a depth of between 15 and 30 cm. For smaller devices, the box can have height and width values which are both less than 40 cm, and a depth of between 7.5 and 15 cm.

In another option, a hand-held device can be provided wherein the box will typically have height and width values which are both between 4 and 10 cm, and a depth of between 1 and 4 cm.

However, larger cases of up to, for example, 3 to 5 metres, in height and width, are also possible, and are not excluded from this invention. These larger cases preferably would have a depth of between 15 and 30 cm, and may be provided as cases which can be moved from one exhibition site to another as a single structure.

However, the general techniques for providing the simulated 3D visualizations, in keeping with the present invention, will also apply to structures which employ the same principle hardware and software, but which may be more or less permanently installed in such locations or devices such as a theatre, an outdoor display, or television studio. Scalability therefore allows the system to be used in a wide variety of situations, and as such, one feature of a certain aspect of the present invention is that the apparatus is scalable. That is, the apparatus may vary in size from perhaps that of a computer, to the size of a small trailer. For even larger applications, the apparatus of the present invention can be configured so as to be used on a stage such as might be found in a theatre, conference center, or the like.

While the device of the present invention typically comprises only two display devices, additional transparent display devices can be positioned between the front and background display devices. Commonly the number of additional transparent display devices will be between 1 and 10, and most preferably, when used, the number of additional transparent display devices will be between 1 and 3. A problem with prior art approaches is the creation of a moire effect, as previously discussed. While the use of higher resolution display devices (e.g. 4K display screens) can reduce this effect, this approach is not always cost effective. Instead, in the practice of the present invention, the low profile simulated 3D display device of the present invention, also includes a moire artifact reduction screen. This screen is typically a film or panel made of a polycarbonate, such as Lexan™, and is preferably located between the front display panel, and the background display panel. These screens are essentially transparent panels or films, such as a light control film (LCF), which is an optical film that is configured to regulate the transmission of light. Various LCFs are known, and typically include a light transmissive film or panel having a plurality of parallel grooves.

When positioned between the front and background panels, the moire artifact reduction screen reduces or eliminates the observed moire effect, and thus improves the overall image quality.

In a preferred embodiment, the first program material and the second program material are edited and synchronized one with the other so that the images from the background display device appear to be interrelated to, or merge into, the program material on the front display device, and thus provide a simulated 3D viewing experience.

It will be noted that the images of the first program material and the images of the second program material can be independent. However, in keeping with the present invention, preferably the images of the first program material and the images of the second program material are synchronized. Typically, synchronization of the first program material and the second material is preferably under the control of a computer, or some other computerized device. Synchronization of the images moving from display device to display device, can be provided by this arrangement.

The apparatus of the present invention is preferably arranged so that images from the first program material and/or the second program material are altered or edited, in such a manner so that any chosen image from first program material displayed on the front display device, will create an image which will appear to be aligned with an area of the second program material presented on the background display device. In a preferred arrangement, the first program material will appear to be superimposed, or in front of, the edited second program material on the rear screen. In one particularly preferred arrangement, the second program material is altered so that no image is provided in the area behind the image provided in the first program material. As such, the first program material image is provided without any image from the second program material being superimposed on, or under, the first program image.

Still further, the editing and placement of the first program material image and the edited area of the second program material image are such that the chosen image of the first program material and the edited area of the second program material may be made to move in any direction, relative one to the other, from frame to frame of the virtual image and the second program material image. As such, the directions of movement from frame to frame of the virtual image, and the edited area of the second program material image can be in opposite directions, so as to provide an enhanced illusion of movement one with respect to the other.

Editing and placement of the second program material on the background display device might also be required to address the non-linear nature of the background display device, and/or the non-parallel or non-planar positioning of the second display device.

Other options to control the interrelated appearance of the combined visual images can be further controlled, and synchronized. For example, there is typically a transparency value which is associated with any color. In a projection based system, the color black is 100% transparent, in terms of the image projected from the display device. The color white is essentially opaque, with the other colors being in between. In contrast, however, for a transparent LCD monitor, a 100% white level is transparent, revealing the background display, and a 100% black level would be essentially opaque, which would conceal the background image.

In either approach however, transparency of colors can result in problematic imagery when multiple planes of visualization are employed. For example, imagery in the background display device will be revealed in any transparent area in the front display device with the result that the image gives the impression of being "ghostly".

However, these shortcomings can be overcome or ameliorated by controlling the opacity and luminance levels of the front display device, and/or by using techniques such as providing "traveling mattes" on the rear screen. To be more specific, adjusting the opacity and luminance values of the background display or the front display, with respect to each other, can improve the perceived image parallax and the foreground image fidelity, of the system. In that regard, it is typically preferred, but not essential, that the background opacity should be adjusted to between 20% and 40% of the foreground layer so as to achieve a well perceived three dimensional effect.

The use of traveling mattes may be achieved physically, but in most cases, is done by editing the image content using a computer application. Essentially, a traveling matte is an artificial black mask that is a "cut-out" of the foreground imagery, and which is applied to the corresponding background plane. This results in a significant improvement to the overall effect. Obviously, the masks which are applied to the background imagery are synchronized to, and in traveling time with, the foreground imagery, and are sized so as to approximate the size of the foreground image. Typically, the matte is between 80 and 120% of the size of the foreground image.

Overall, the creation of various content aspects in accordance with the present invention, including, for example, parallax, relative opacity, luminance, travelling mattes, and the like, acts to provide an improved and enhanced simulated 3D experience. In the present invention, this content creation is achieved through editing, synchronizing and/or interrelating the virtual image (or images) to the background image.

Moreover, the present invention provides a display apparatus for displaying simulated 3D images, which is preferably both scalable and portable. For example, in a particular embodiment of the present invention, the front and background display devices are permanently mounted in a case so as to be portable as a single structure, as will be hereinafter described. For this embodiment, the case will preferably be limited to a box having a length, height and width, of less than about 2.25 m, and more typically, less than 1.5m. For smaller devices, the box can have length, height and width values which are all less than 40 cm.

In another option, a hand-held device can be provided wherein the box will typically have length, height and width values which are all greater than 5 cm, and more preferably, greater than 10 cm.

Larger cases of up to, for example, 3 to 5 metres, are also possible, and are not excluded from this invention. These larger cases may be provided as cases which can be moved from one exhibition site to another as a single structure.

However, the general techniques for providing the simulated 3D visualizations, in keeping with the present invention, will also apply to structures which employ the same principle hardware and software, but which may be more or less permanently installed in such locations or devices such as a theatre, an outdoor display, or television studio. Scalability therefore allows the system to be used in a wide variety of situations, and as such, one feature of a certain aspect of the present invention is that the apparatus is scalable. That is, the apparatus may vary in size from perhaps that of a computer, to the size of a small trailer. For even larger applications, the apparatus of the present invention can be configured so as to be used on a stage such as might be found in a theatre, conference center, or the like.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS:

The novel features which are believed to be characteristic of the present invention, as to its structure, organization, use and method of operation, together with further objectives and advantages thereof, will be better understood from the following drawings in which a presently preferred embodiment of the invention will now be illustrated by way of example. It is expressly understood, however, that the drawings are for the purpose of illustration and description only and are not intended as a definition of the limits of the invention. Embodiments of this invention will now be described by way of example in association with the accompanying drawings in which: Figure 1 is a sketch showing the general layout and functioning principles of a prior art Pepper's Ghost installation;

Figure 2 is a perspective view of a prior art system with a transparent front display;

Figures 3 is an overhead schematic view of the prior art system of Figure 2;

Figure 4 is perspective view of a first embodiment of a transparent front display system of the present invention;

Figure 5 is an overhead schematic view of the system of Figure 4;

Figure 6 is perspective view of a second embodiment of a transparent front display system of the present invention;

Figure 7 is an overhead schematic view of the system of Figure 6;

Figure 8 is perspective view of a third embodiment of a transparent front display system of the present invention;

Figure 9 is an overhead schematic view of the system of Figure 8;

Figure 10 is an overhead schematic view of a further embodiment of the transparent front display system of the present invention;

Figure 11 is perspective view of a still further embodiment of a transparent front display system of the present invention; and

Figure 12 is a cut-away, perspective view of another embodiment of the present invention; and

Figure 13 is a cross-sectional, top view of the apparatus shown in Figure 12.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS:

The novel features which are believed to be characteristic of the present invention, as to its structure, organization, use and method of operation, together with further objectives and advantages thereof, will be better understood from the following discussion.

Figure 1 is a sketch showing a classic arrangement by which the Pepper's ghost illusion was exhibited starting in the last half of the 19th century. A stage, typically a proscenium stage, is shown at 12 in Figure 1 , and has a proscenium 14. It will be seen that the left hand side of the stage is open; that is, there is no wall, wing drapery, or the like. However, a viewer looking at the stage 12 in the direction of arrow 16 sees nothing of the apparatus and setup at the left-hand side of the stage 18. Moreover, all of the structure at the left-hand side of the stage, commonly referred to as a Blue Room 18 (although it is usually black), is kept dark. That is, there is no illumination in the blue room 18, and the stage 20 is typically brightly lit. A glass panel 22 is set at an angle to the viewing direction 16. Whatever is behind the glass 22 is clearly seen by the viewer.

Under normal lightly conditions, there is no reflection seen on the front face of the glass 22 from the setting in the blue room 18.

Objects 24 and 26 are placed in the blue room 18. When illumination is turned on in blue room 18, a reflection of what is in the blue room 18 is seen in the glass 22, but appears to provide a virtual image 24A and 26A, which can be seen by the viewer. When the lighting in the blue room 18 is discontinued, the images 24A and 26A, appear to disappear.

The present system is a variation of the Pepper's Ghost illusion wherein a front image is provided on a transparent front display, and can be made to be interrelated to images appearing on a background display unit. This creates parallax in the system, which provides a simulated 3D effect.

Turning now to Figures 2 and 3, an illustration of a prior art display system apparatus 30 is shown. Apparatus 30 consists of a case 32, in which a background display screen (namely a flat panel LCD television) 34 is shown at the back of case 30. At the front of case 30 is a front transparent LCD display 36.

Case 32 can have any suitable width, height or depth, as required for the environment where apparatus 30 is used. By way of example, for a display item, case 32 could have a width of 2 meters, a height of 1.5 meters, and a depth of 1 meter. Obviously, the height, width and depth relationships can be modified as required or as needed.

As best seen in Figure 3, when viewed in the direction shown by arrow 38, a viewer 33 will see the image, which is represented by reference numeral 37, shown on front display 36, against an image represented by reference numerals 35 on the background display 34, when the viewer 33 views the images from directly in front of case 32.

As such, the two program material images are interrelated. The programming and the nature of the computers employed to interrelate the images, and their synchronization, are beyond the scope of the present invention. Similarly, the brightness and luminosity of the images on the front display 36 and/or background display 34 can also be controlled, and thus, are also edited or synchronized so as to be interrelated, one to the other.

When viewing the image represented by reference numeral 39, however; -which is near the edge of front display 36, as shown by the arrow 31 , the viewer 33 will see the sides of case 32 and/or will lose any effect that might be desired on a background display located visually behind image 39.

The present invention seeks to address this situation. In Figures 4 and 5, an illustration of the display system apparatus 40 according to the present invention is shown. In this approach, apparatus 40 comprises a case 42, in which a background display screen 44, is shown near the back of case 42. As in Figures 2 and 3, at the front of case 40 is a front transparent LCD display 46. In this embodiment, background screen 44 is 30% larger, when measured side-to-side, than transparent front display 46. When viewed in the direction shown by arrow 48, the viewer 43 will see the image 47 shown on front display 46, against the backdrop of the image 45 shown on background display 44, when the viewer 43 views the images from directly in front of case 42.

When viewing image 49 near the edge of front display 46, as shown by arrow 41 , the viewer 43 still sees the image 49 against the backdrop of background display 44. As such, the viewer does not lose the effect of having the background display behind image 49.

It will be noted that in this embodiment, background display 44 and front display 46 have essentially the same height, and only their width is different. For most applications, this approach is acceptable, however, clearly, background display 44 can be modified so as to have a larger height than front display 46.

In Figures 6 and 7, a further embodiment of the display system apparatus 50 of the present invention is illustrated. In this approach, apparatus 50 comprises a case 52, in which a background screen 54, which is a flexible LCD screen, having a continuously curving

arrangement, is shown near the back of case 50. As in Figures 2 and 3, at the front of case 50 is a front transparent LCD display 56. When viewed in the direction shown by arrow 58, the viewer 53 will see the image 57 shown on front display 56, against the backdrop of the image 55 shown on background display 54, when the viewer 53 views the images from directly in front of case 52.

When viewing image 59 near the edge of front display 56, as shown by arrow 51 , the viewer 53 still sees the image 59 against the backdrop of background display 54. As such, the viewer does not lose the effect of having the background display behind image 59.

Again, front display 56 and background display 54 are shown having a the same height. Since background display 54 curves behind, and past, front display 56, it is clear that background display 54 is wider than front display 56. This arrangement can be varied, as necessary.

It will also be noted that while background display 54 is has a constant distance, along a vertical axis on front display 56, the distance from the background display 56 to the front display changes as one moves in a horizontal direction across the front display 56. While this is a preferred arrangement, other configurations are not excluded.

Also, in this embodiment, front display 56 has a width of 2 meters, and a height of 1.5 meters. At its maximum distance, background display 54 is 1 meter behind front display 56 at the centre of background display 54, but curves so as to be only 10 cm behind the extended plane of front display 54 at the edges of background display 54. Again, this distances can vary depending on the specific application.

Also, it should be noted that the images projected onto the background device 54 can be modified so as to account for the curved image on the flexible and/or curved background display 54. This type of modification or image adjustment is within the capability of the skilled artisan.

In Figures 8 and 9, a third embodiment of the display system apparatus 60 of the present invention is illustrated. In this approach, apparatus 60 comprises a case 62, in which a background screen 64, is shown near the back of case 60. Connected to the edges of background screen 64 are two additional display panels 64A and 64B which are angled from background screen 64 towards a front transparent display 66 at the front of case 60. It will be noted that additional display panels 64A and 64B extend to the extended plane of the front of the front transparent display 66, and thus, it is not possible to view any possible separation effect, as previously described.

When viewed in the direction shown by arrow 68, the viewer 63 will see the image 67 shown on front display 66, against the backdrop of the image 65 shown on background display 64, when the viewer 63 views the images from directly in front of case 62.

When viewing image 69 near the edge of front display 66, as shown by arrow 61 , the viewer 63 still sees the image 69 against the backdrop of background display 64A. As such, the viewer does not lose the effect of having the background display behind image 69.

Again, the images shown on background display 64 can be modified to account for the parallel alignment of panel 64, and the angled alignment of panels 64A and 64B.

In Figure 10, a further embodiment of the display system apparatus 70 is shown. In this approach, apparatus 70 comprises a case 72, in which two background display panels 74 are shown. The two panels 74 are angled one to the other. Panels 74 are rear projection panels, and the images shown on panels 74 are provided by projectors 80, which provide a light image depicted by reference numerals 82. At the front of case 72 is a front transparent LCD display 76. Between front display 76, and background display panels 74 is a further, intermediate transparent LCD display 84, which intermediate display 84 is wider than front display 76, but not as wide as the combined width of angled background panels 74.

When viewed in the direction shown by arrow 78, the viewer 73 will see the image 77 shown on front display 76, against the backdrop of the image 75 shown on background display 74, and image 86 shown on intermediate display 84, when the viewer 73 views the images from directly in front of case 72.

When viewing image 79 near the edge of front display 76, as shown by arrow 71 , the viewer 73 still sees the image 79 against the backdrop of background display 74, and in relation to the image 88 shown on intermediate display 84. As such, the viewer does not lose the effect of having a background display behind image 79 and/or on intermediate display 84.

Further, intermediate display 84 can display image content that is interrelated to the images shown on front panel 76, background panels 74, and/or some combination of these panels.

In Figure 11 , a further apparatus 90 of the present invention is shown comprising a front display 92 in front of a planar background display 94. In this embodiment, no case is used. At the four sides of background display 94 are additional display units 96, which are connected to background display 94, and are angled towards front display 92. Using this approach, a viewer (not shown) would observe image 93 shown on front display 92, against a background image 95, shown on background display 94. At all four edges of the front panel 92, the viewer would be able to observe background images displayed on background display 94, or additional display units 96.

Referring to Figures 12 and 13, a display device 100 of the present invention is shown having a front display panel 102, a background display panel 104, and a moire reduction screen 106 positioned between front display panel 102 and background display panel 104. An optional transparent protective panel 108 is preferably positioned directly in front of front display panel 102, so as to avoid or minimize damage to panel 102.

Display device 100 is housed in a cabinet 120, which cabinet can be made of any suitable material for housing display device 100. As such, cabinet 120 can be made of plastic, metal, wood, or the like.

Front display panel 102 is a transparent LCD display, which has no inherent emissive light qualities. In panel 102, as a transparent display, the colour black will create complete 100% image opacity, while the colour white will creates complete 100% image transparency. As such, varying degrees of video image gray scale between 100% black and 100% white provides transparency and perceived level of visual depth between the foreground image plane and rear background image plane.

The display resolution is 1920x1080, and has a matched polarization system which is paired with the rear video display. In this embodiment, the display colour/gray scale visual data bit depth is 8 bits or greater per RGB channel.

Panel 102 has a width of 1.5 metres, and a height of 1m, and a thickness of 2 cm.

Background panel 104 also has a width of 1.5 metres, and a height of 1m, with a thickness of 5 cm. Panel 104 is a high-brightness video display having a display brightness of 2000 candelas per square metre. The display has a display resolution of 1920x1080, and has a matched polarization system which is paired with the transparent front display 102. In this embodiment, the display colour/gray scale visual data bit depth is 8 bits or greater per RGB channel.

The distance between front display panel 102 and background display panel 104 is 8.5 cm, giving a overall thickness of display device 100, of 14 cm.

It should be noted that front panel 102 and background panel 104 can be displays having any suitable resolution. This includes the 1920x1080 mentioned above, but might also be any acceptable resolution, including for example, 3840x2160, UHD, 4K, 8K, and the like

Moire reduction screen 106 is a 2 mm screen made of Lexan, and is positioned 3 mm in front of background display panel 104.

Display device 100, and optional protective panel 108 are positioned within cabinet 120.

Cabinet 120 can also include a secure mounting chassis (not shown) which holds the system power, and display system video signal processing controls. The display device 100 is connected to a playback engine (not shown), which provides the synchronized foreground and background audio and video content needed to create the 3D viewing experience. The software used to control the images produced, can be proprietary, or standard video display software, which optionally could be customized.

Signals to the front display panel 102 and the background display panel 104, can be transmitted to display device 100 separately using any suitable video transfer equipment. These signals can be provided from an external source, or provided by an on-board system which can preferably be remotely programed, by for example, WiFi, or Bluetooth™ technologies. Preferably, however, the signal transmitted to display device 00 is provided using any acceptable video display codec, such as, for example, a High Efficiency Video Coding (HVEC) codec, which is capable of incorporating and processing the separate video signals to be sent to the front and background display panels. As a result, the video signal can be a single file that is converted to control and provide signals to both the front panel and the background panel.

There has therefore been described a display apparatus which comprises a front display device having side edges, arranged to project a first image of a first program material towards a viewer, and a background display device having side edges, arranged to project a second image of a second program material towards a viewer, wherein said front display device and said background display device are separated to provide an apparent parallax effect between said first image and said second image, and wherein said background display device is sized so as to extend beyond the side edges of the front projection device.

There has therefore been described a low profile, simulated 3D display device comprising a front display device comprising a transparent front display device, arranged to display a first image of a first program material which is to be observed by a viewer, and a background display device arranged to display a second image of a second program material which is to be observed by a viewer, wherein said front display device and said background display device are separated to provide an apparent parallax effect between said first image and said second image, and wherein said background display device is a high-brightness video display device.

Other modifications and alterations may be used in the design and manufacture of the apparatus of the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the

accompanying claims.

Throughout this specification and the claims which follow, unless the context requires otherwise, the word "comprise", and variations such as "comprises" or "comprising", will be understood to imply the inclusion of a stated integer or step or group of integers or steps but not to the exclusion of any other integer or step or group of integers or steps.

Moreover, the word "substantially" when used with an adjective or adverb is intended to enhance the scope of the particular characteristic; e.g., substantially planar is intended to mean planar, nearly planar and/or exhibiting characteristics associated with a planar element. Further use of relative terms such as "vertical", "horizontal", "up", "down", and "side-to-side" are used in a relative sense to the normal orientation of the apparatus.

Moreover, use of the terms "he", "him", or "his", is not intended to be specifically directed to persons of the masculine gender, and could easily be read as "she", "her", or "hers", respectively.

Claims

CLAIMS:
1. A display apparatus comprising a front display device having side edges, arranged to project a first image of a first program material towards a viewer, and a background display device having side edges, arranged to project a second image of a second program material towards a viewer, wherein said front display device and said background display device are separated to provide an apparent parallax effect between said first image and said second image, and wherein said background display device extends beyond the side edges of the front projection device.
2. A display apparatus as claimed in Claim 1 wherein said background display device is curved or angled so as to extend towards the plane of the front projection device.
3. A display apparatus as claimed in Claim 2 wherein said side edges of the background display device extend essentially to an extended plane of the front display device.
4. A display apparatus as claimed in Claim 1 wherein said front display device is a transparent display device.
5. A display apparatus as claimed in Claim 4 wherein said front display device is a flat panel, transparent LCD display device.
6. A display apparatus as claimed in Claim 1 wherein said background display device is a television screen or monitor.
7. A display apparatus as claimed in Claim 6 wherein said background display device is a front or rear projection device.
8. A display apparatus as claimed in Claim 6 wherein said background display device is a flat panel display device.
9. A display apparatus as claimed in Claim 8 wherein said flat panel display device is a LCD, plasma, LED, OLED flat panel display, television or monitor.
10. A display apparatus as claimed in Claim 1 wherein said background display device is a plurality of display devices arranged in 1x2 grids, 2x2 grids, 1x3 grids, 3x3 grids, 4x4 grids, 2x3 grids, or 3x2 grids.
11. A display apparatus as claimed in Claim 1 wherein said background panel is parallel to, and co-planar with the front display panel, and extends at least 5% beyond the sides of the front panel display.
12. A display apparatus as claimed in Claim 11 wherein said background display panel extends at least 20% beyond the side edges of the front panel display device.
13. A display apparatus as claimed in Claim 2 wherein at least the edges of the background display device are curved or angled towards the extended plane of the front display panel.
14. A display apparatus as claimed in Claim 13 wherein said background display comprises a flat panel display device which is parallel to the front panel, and additional background display panels at its edges which are angled towards the extended plane of the front display device.
15. A display apparatus as claimed in Claim 13 wherein said background display is provided as a flexible display device which is placed so as to provide a continuously curving display panel behind said front display device.
16. A display apparatus as claimed in Claim 15 wherein the edges of the background display device extends towards the extended plane of the front display by a distance which is at least 25% of a maximum distance between the front and background display devices.
17. A display apparatus as claimed in Claim 15 wherein the edges of the background display device extends towards the extended plane of the front display by a distance which is at least 75% of a maximum distance between the front and background display devices.
18. A display apparatus as claimed in Claim 1 wherein said background display device is vertically aligned, in at least one direction, with respect to the front display device.
19. A display apparatus as claimed in Claim 1 comprising between 1 and 3 additional transparent display devices positioned between said front and said background display devices.
20. A display apparatus as claimed in Claim 1 wherein the said first image of said first program material and said second image of said second program material are synchronized or interrelated.
21. A low profile, simulated 3D display device comprising a front display device comprising a transparent front display device, arranged to display a first image of a first program material which is to be observed by a viewer, and a background display device arranged to display a second image of a second program material which is to be observed by a viewer, wherein said front display device and said background display device are separated to provide an apparent parallax effect between said first image and said second image, and wherein said background display device is a high-brightness video display device.
22. A low profile, simulated 3D display device as claimed in claim 21 wherein said high- brightness display device has a brightness of at least 1500 candelas per square metre.
23. A low profile, simulated 3D display device as claimed in claim 21 wherein said high- brightness display device has a brightness of at least 1750 candelas per square metre.
24. A low profile, simulated 3D display device as claimed in claim 2 wherein said high- brightness display device has a brightness of at least 2000 candelas per square metre.
25. A low profile, simulated 3D display device as claimed in claim 21 wherein said high- brightness display device is a flat panel display device.
26. A low profile, simulated 3D display device as claimed in claim 25 wherein said flat panel display device is an LCD, plasma, LED or OLED display.
27. A low profile, simulated 3D display device as claimed in claim 21 wherein said front display device is a flat panel, transparent LCD display device.
28. A low profile, simulated 3D display device as claimed in claim 21 wherein said front and background display panels have a height and width of 1 to 2 metres, and the distance between the panels is between 2.5 and 20 cm.
29. A low profile, simulated 3D display device as claimed in claim 28 wherein the distance between the panels is between 5 and 10 cm.
30. A low profile, simulated 3D display device as claimed in claim 21 additionally comprising a moire artifact reduction screen located between said front display device and said background display device.
31. A low profile, simulated 3D display device as claimed in claim 30 wherein said moire artifact reduction screen is a polycarbonate film or panel.
32. A low profile, simulated 3D display device as claimed in claim 21 additionally comprising additional transparent display devices positioned between the front and background display devices.
33. A low profile, simulated 3D display device as claimed in claim 32 comprising between 1 and 3 additional transparent display devices.
34. A low profile, simulated 3D display device as claimed in claim 21 wherein said first program material and the second program material are edited and synchronized one with the other so that the images from the background display device appear to be interrelated to, or merge into, the program material on the front display device, and thus provide a simulated 3D viewing experience.
35. A low profile, simulated 3D display device as claimed in claim 21 wherein said background panel is parallel to, and co-planar with said front display panel, and is essentially the same size as the front display panel.
36. A low profile, simulated 3D display device as claimed in claim 21 wherein video signals are transmitted to said front display panel and said background display panel using a video display codec, which is capable of incorporating and processing the separate video signals to be sent to the front and background display panels.
37. A low profile, simulated 3D display device as claimed in claim 21 wherein said video display codec is a High Efficiency Video Coding (HVEC) codec.
PCT/CA2015/000554 2014-12-04 2015-10-27 Simulated 3d projection apparatus WO2016086286A1 (en)

Priority Applications (6)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CA2873479A CA2873479A1 (en) 2014-12-04 2014-12-04 Simulated 3d projection apparatus
CA2873479 2014-12-04
US14/560,275 2014-12-04
US14/560,275 US20160165221A1 (en) 2014-12-04 2014-12-04 Simulated 3D Projection Apparatus
US201562103358P true 2015-01-14 2015-01-14
US62/103,358 2015-01-14

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CA2920560A CA2920560A1 (en) 2014-12-04 2015-10-27 Low profile simulated 3d projection apparatus

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2016086286A1 true WO2016086286A1 (en) 2016-06-09

Family

ID=56090750

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/CA2015/000554 WO2016086286A1 (en) 2014-12-04 2015-10-27 Simulated 3d projection apparatus

Country Status (1)

Country Link
WO (1) WO2016086286A1 (en)

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20110199373A1 (en) * 2008-04-18 2011-08-18 Zhejiang University Screen Device for Three-Dimensional Display with Full Viewing-Field
US20110242295A1 (en) * 2010-03-31 2011-10-06 Joe Yue Three dimension image display method
US8284119B2 (en) * 2003-07-26 2012-10-09 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Method of removing Moire pattern in 3D image display apparatus using complete parallax
US20130335505A1 (en) * 2008-07-14 2013-12-19 Ian Christopher O'connell Live Teleporting System and Apparatus
US8711061B2 (en) * 2012-05-10 2014-04-29 Disney Enterprises, Inc. Multiplanar image displays and media formatted to provide 3D imagery without 3D glasses
US20140235362A1 (en) * 2013-02-19 2014-08-21 DreamLight Holdings Inc., formerly known as A Thousand Miles, LLC Entertainment venue and associated systems/methods
US20140340490A1 (en) * 2013-05-15 2014-11-20 Paul Duffy Portable simulated 3d projection apparatus
US20140368624A1 (en) * 2013-06-17 2014-12-18 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Display apparatus and touch panel
IN2013CH05639A (en) * 2013-12-06 2015-06-12 Mic Electronics Ltd

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8284119B2 (en) * 2003-07-26 2012-10-09 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Method of removing Moire pattern in 3D image display apparatus using complete parallax
US20110199373A1 (en) * 2008-04-18 2011-08-18 Zhejiang University Screen Device for Three-Dimensional Display with Full Viewing-Field
US20130335505A1 (en) * 2008-07-14 2013-12-19 Ian Christopher O'connell Live Teleporting System and Apparatus
US20110242295A1 (en) * 2010-03-31 2011-10-06 Joe Yue Three dimension image display method
US8711061B2 (en) * 2012-05-10 2014-04-29 Disney Enterprises, Inc. Multiplanar image displays and media formatted to provide 3D imagery without 3D glasses
US20140235362A1 (en) * 2013-02-19 2014-08-21 DreamLight Holdings Inc., formerly known as A Thousand Miles, LLC Entertainment venue and associated systems/methods
US20140340490A1 (en) * 2013-05-15 2014-11-20 Paul Duffy Portable simulated 3d projection apparatus
US20140368624A1 (en) * 2013-06-17 2014-12-18 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Display apparatus and touch panel
IN2013CH05639A (en) * 2013-12-06 2015-06-12 Mic Electronics Ltd

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US10447967B2 (en) Live teleporting system and apparatus
US9261762B2 (en) Multi-projection system and method comprising direction-changeable audience seats
US10356399B2 (en) Optimization of a multi-view display
US8711061B2 (en) Multiplanar image displays and media formatted to provide 3D imagery without 3D glasses
JP6145622B2 (en) Information providing method and information providing apparatus
US20150015668A1 (en) Three-dimensional display system with adaptation based on viewing reference of viewer(s)
US20190339590A1 (en) Mobile studio
US9422736B2 (en) Entertainment venue and associated systems/methods
US8611006B2 (en) Systems for three-dimensional viewing and projection
US8944612B2 (en) Multi-projector system and method
JP4606420B2 (en) Auxiliary visual display system
US5793470A (en) Latent-image projection system and method
US5257130A (en) Apparatus and method for creating a real image illusion
US6042235A (en) Videoconferencing eye contact spatial imaging display
US7959294B2 (en) Method and apparatus for generating 3D images
US8451325B2 (en) Video customization and presentation systems and methods
US7180529B2 (en) Immersive image viewing system and method
RU2443073C2 (en) Display device with the surrounding light
DeFanti et al. The future of the CAVE
US6710797B1 (en) Adaptable teleconferencing eye contact terminal
JP6105195B2 (en) Luminescent display fused with diffuse reflection
TWI504461B (en) A display device that displays a border
US9348553B2 (en) Electronic display tiling apparatus and method thereof
US8976323B2 (en) Switching dual layer display with independent layer content and a dynamic mask
US8172400B2 (en) Projection apparatus and method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
ENP Entry into the national phase in:

Ref document number: 2920560

Country of ref document: CA

Kind code of ref document: A

121 Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application

Ref document number: 15865517

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1

NENP Non-entry into the national phase in:

Ref country code: DE

122 Ep: pct application non-entry in european phase

Ref document number: 15865517

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1