WO2016031587A1 - Reception device and reception method - Google Patents

Reception device and reception method Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2016031587A1
WO2016031587A1 PCT/JP2015/072942 JP2015072942W WO2016031587A1 WO 2016031587 A1 WO2016031587 A1 WO 2016031587A1 JP 2015072942 W JP2015072942 W JP 2015072942W WO 2016031587 A1 WO2016031587 A1 WO 2016031587A1
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Prior art keywords
frame
iscr
frames
unit
value
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PCT/JP2015/072942
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French (fr)
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
直樹 吉持
横川 峰志
松本 英之
諭志 岡田
山本 真紀子
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ソニー株式会社
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Priority to JP2014176104 priority
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Publication of WO2016031587A1 publication Critical patent/WO2016031587A1/en

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04HBROADCAST COMMUNICATION
    • H04H60/00Arrangements for broadcast applications with a direct linking to broadcast information or broadcast space-time; Broadcast-related systems
    • H04H60/09Arrangements for device control with a direct linkage to broadcast information or to broadcast space-time; Arrangements for control of broadcast-related services
    • H04H60/11Arrangements for counter-measures when a portion of broadcast information is unavailable

Abstract

The present invention pertains to: a reception device whereby the impact of transmission errors during channel bonding can be minimized; and a reception method. The reception device receives a plurality of divided streams that can be obtained by dividing a BB frame in a BB stream, being a stream for BB frames, into a plurality of data slices. When an error occurs during transmission and time information cannot be obtained, said time information indicating the order for selection of BB frames during reconfiguration of the plurality of divided streams, the next BB frame to be selected is estimated from among the selectable BB frames for each of the plurality of divided streams on the basis of information relating to the BB frames, and the next BB frame is selected from among the selectable BB frames on the basis of the estimation results for the relevant BB frame. The present invention can be applied, for example, to channel bonding such as PLP bundling, etc.

Description

Receiving apparatus and receiving method

The present technology relates to a receiving apparatus and a receiving method, and more particularly, to a receiving apparatus and a receiving method capable of minimizing the influence of errors during transmission in channel bonding.

In digital broadcasting, channel bonding (Channel Bonding) is used to transmit a high data rate stream by dividing it into multiple (channel) divided streams, and at the receiving end, reconfigure the multiple divided streams into original data rate streams. )It has been known. In the DVB-C2 (Digital Video Broadcasting-Cable second generation) standard, PLP bundling (PLP (Physical Layer Pipe) bundling) is defined as one of channel bonding (for example, see Non-Patent Document 1).

DVB-C.2: ETSI EN 302 769 V1.2.1 (2011-04)

By the way, in the DVB-C2 standard, data is transmitted in units of BB (Baseband) frames, but when performing PLP bundling, the receiver side uses ISSY (Input Stream) included in the BB header added to the BB frame. By referring to the ISCR (Input Stream Time Reference) of the Synchronizer, the order of the BB frames constituting a plurality of divided streams is specified, and the original stream is reconstructed (restored).

In this way, ISCR is the only order information (time information) for specifying the order of BB frames transmitted as multiple divided streams. However, if ISCR cannot be acquired due to the error during transmission, In addition, BB frames cannot be rearranged. Therefore, there is a demand for minimizing the influence of errors during transmission in channel bonding.

This technology has been made in view of such a situation, and is intended to minimize the influence of errors during transmission in channel bonding.

A receiving apparatus according to an aspect of the present technology includes a receiving unit that receives a plurality of divided streams obtained by distributing BB frames of a BB stream that is a BB (BaseBand) frame stream to a plurality of data slices, and a transmission unit. When time information indicating the order of selection of the BB frames when reconfiguring the plurality of divided streams cannot be acquired due to an error, the selection is made for each of the plurality of divided streams based on the information about the BB frames. Based on the estimation result of the BB frame by the estimation unit, an estimation unit that estimates the BB frame to be selected next from the possible BB frames, and from the selectable BB frames, And a selection unit that selects the BB frame.

The receiving device according to one aspect of the present technology may be an independent device or an internal block constituting one device. A reception method according to one aspect of the present technology is a reception method corresponding to the reception device according to one aspect of the present technology described above.

In the reception device and reception method according to an aspect of the present technology, a plurality of divided streams obtained by distributing the BB frame of the BB stream, which is a BB frame stream, to a plurality of data slices are received and transmitted. When time information indicating the order of selection of the BB frames when reconfiguring the plurality of divided streams cannot be acquired due to an error, the selection is made for each of the plurality of divided streams based on the information about the BB frames. The next BB frame to be selected is estimated from the possible BB frames, and the next BB frame is selected from the selectable BB frames based on the estimation result of the BB frame. The

According to one aspect of the present technology, the influence of errors during transmission can be minimized in channel bonding.

It should be noted that the effects described here are not necessarily limited, and may be any of the effects described in the present disclosure.

It is a figure showing the composition of the 1 embodiment of the transmission system to which this art is applied. It is a figure explaining the outline | summary of PLP bundling. It is a figure which shows the structural example of a transmitter. It is a flowchart explaining the flow of a transmission process. It is a figure which shows the structural example of a receiver. It is a flowchart explaining the flow of a reception process. It is a figure which shows the flow of the BB frame processed with a transmitter and a receiver. It is a figure which shows the example of a format of BB frame. It is a figure which shows the example of the format of ISSY included in a BB header. It is a figure which shows the structure of the receiver which selects the BB frame transmitted by 4 series. An example of rearrangement of BB frames when an error occurs will be described. An example of rearrangement of BB frames when an error occurs will be described. An example of rearrangement of BB frames when an error occurs will be described. An example of rearrangement of BB frames when an error occurs will be described. It is a figure explaining the influence when rearranging a BB frame in the incorrect order. It is a figure explaining SYNCD. It is a figure explaining BB frame estimation using SYNCD. It is a figure explaining BB frame estimation using SYNCD. It is a figure explaining BB frame estimation using SYNCD. It is a figure explaining the data size Kbch in which BCH encoding is performed. It is a figure which shows the example of the value of Kbch. It is a figure which shows the functional structural example of the control part in the case of performing BB frame estimation using SYNCD. It is a flowchart explaining the flow of a 1st BB frame selection process. It is a figure explaining BB frame estimation using the regularity of BB frame selection. It is a figure which shows the functional structural example of the control part in the case of performing BB frame estimation using the regularity of BB frame selection. It is a flowchart explaining the flow of a 2nd BB frame selection process. It is a figure explaining the BB frame estimation using the prediction result of the following ISCR. It is a figure which shows the functional structural example of the control part in the case of performing BB frame estimation using the prediction result of the following ISCR. It is a flowchart explaining the flow of a 3rd BB frame selection process. It is a figure explaining the localization of the error at the time of BB frame estimation. It is a figure explaining the localization of the error at the time of BB frame estimation. It is a figure explaining the localization of the error at the time of BB frame estimation. It is a figure explaining the localization of the error at the time of BB frame estimation. It is a figure explaining the localization of the error at the time of BB frame estimation when the maximum influence area is considered. It is a figure explaining the localization of the error at the time of BB frame estimation when the maximum influence area is considered. It is a figure explaining the localization of the error at the time of BB frame estimation when the maximum influence area is considered. It is a figure explaining the localization of the error at the time of BB frame estimation when the maximum influence area is considered. It is a figure which shows the functional structural example of the control part in the case of performing the localization of the error at the time of BB frame estimation. It is a flowchart explaining the flow of a stream reconstruction process. It is a figure which shows the structural example of a computer.

Hereinafter, embodiments of the present technology will be described with reference to the drawings. The description will be made in the following order.

1. 1. System configuration 2. Configuration of the device corresponding to PLP bundling BB frame selection method when an error occurs in PLP bundling (1) BB frame estimation using SYNCD (2) BB frame estimation using regularity of BB frame selection (3) Using next ISCR prediction results BB frame estimation4. 4. Localization of error when estimating BB frame Computer configuration

<1. System configuration>

FIG. 1 is a diagram illustrating a configuration of an embodiment of a transmission system to which the present technology is applied. Note that a system refers to a logical collection of a plurality of devices, and it does not matter whether the devices of each configuration are in the same housing.

1, the transmission system 1 includes a transmission device 10 and a reception device 20.

The transmission device 10 transmits, for example, a television program (digital broadcasting or data transmission). That is, the transmission device 10 uses, for example, a transmission line 30 that is a cable television network (wired line), for example, as a digital broadcast signal and a stream of target data to be transmitted such as video data and audio data as a television program. To send (transmit).

The receiving device 20 receives the digital broadcast signal transmitted from the transmitting device 10 via the transmission path 30, restores the original stream, and outputs it. For example, the receiving device 20 outputs video data and audio data as a television program.

The transmission system 1 in FIG. 1 includes data transmission conforming to the DVB-C2 standard, DVB-T2 standard, DVB-S2 standard, ATSC (Advanced Television Systems Committee Standards), ISDB (Integrated Services Digital Broadcasting), etc. It can be applied to data transmission conforming to the standard and other data transmission. In addition to the cable television network, a satellite line, terrestrial waves, or the like can be employed as the transmission line 30.

<2. Configuration of equipment compatible with PLP bundling>

(Outline of PLP bundling)
FIG. 2 is a diagram for explaining an outline of PLP bundling.

In the DVB-C2 standard, PLP bundling is defined as one of channel bonding (Channel Bonding). In channel bonding, a high data rate stream is divided into a plurality of (channel) divided streams and transmitted, and the plurality of divided streams are reconstructed into original data rate streams on the receiving side.

In recent years, there has been a demand for digital broadcasting that transmits so-called 8K and other high-resolution images. When an 8K-resolution image is encoded using the HEVC (High Efficiency Video Coding) method, the encoding is performed. As a result, the throughput required for transmission of data at a high data rate is about 100 Mbps. It is difficult to transmit the PLP (Physical Layer Pipe) in FIG. 2 corresponding to such high data rate data in one data slice (Data Slice).

Therefore, in the transmission system 1, the transmission device 10 can divide the actual data as one PLP in units of BB frames and transmit it in a plurality of data slices by PLP bundling which is one of channel bonding. It is like that. In FIG. 2, the PLP is divided into data slices 2 to 4 and transmitted to the receiving device 20. In the receiving device 20, the data slices 2 to 4 are received and processed by the tuners 1 to 3, and then processed by the PLP decoder, whereby the actual data as PLP is reconstructed.

In the DVB-C2 standard, a transmission band for transmitting an OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) signal is divided into, for example, (about) 6 MHz units. Now, assuming that one transmission band divided into 6 MHz units is referred to as a unit transmission band, the receiving apparatus 20 transmits an OFDM signal of a unit transmission band in which a data slice including a PLP of actual data of a desired television program is transmitted. Is received, and the data slice included in the OFDM signal is processed.

Also, the PLP is a logical channel (data transmitted by) included in the data slice, and a unique PLP ID for identifying the PLP is assigned to the PLP. For example, a PLP of a certain PLP ID corresponds to actual data of a certain TV program. Hereinafter, the PLP with PLP ID i is also described as PLP # i.

In the following description, a BB frame stream is referred to as a “BB stream”, and a plurality of streams obtained by dividing the BB stream are referred to as “divided streams”. That is, the divided stream is composed of BB frames.

(Configuration of transmitter)
FIG. 3 is a diagram illustrating a configuration example of the transmission device 10 of FIG.

The transmission apparatus 10 divides the actual data as one PLP # i (PLP to which the same PLP ID is assigned) into BB frame units by PLP bundling, which is one of channel bonding, and a plurality of data slices It can be transmitted with.

In FIG. 3, the transmission apparatus 10 includes a control unit 111, a BB frame generation unit 112, a BB frame distribution unit 113, data slice processing units 114-1 to 114-N (N is an integer of 1 or more), a frame configuration unit 115, And a transmission unit 116.

The control unit 111 controls the operation of each unit of the transmission device 10.

The BB frame generation unit 112 is supplied with actual data (for example, target data such as TS (Transport Stream)) as PLP # i having the same PLP ID. The BB frame generation unit 112 forms a BB frame by adding a BB header to the actual data supplied thereto. The BB header includes ISCR (Input Stream Stream Time Reference) as ISSY (Input Stream Synchronizer). The BB frame generation unit 112 supplies a BB stream composed of BB frames to the BB frame distribution unit 113.

The BB frame distribution unit 113 distributes each BB frame constituting the BB stream to one data slice among a plurality of data slices by dividing the BB stream supplied from the BB frame generation unit 112 as a target of division. By repeating this, the BB stream is divided into a plurality of divided streams in units of BB frames. Further, the BB frame distribution unit 113 distributes a plurality of divided streams obtained by dividing the BB stream to any one of the data slice processing units 114-1 to 114-N.

The data slice processing unit 114-1 performs processing on the divided stream distributed by the BB frame distribution unit 113. The data slice processing unit 114-1 includes a PLP processing unit 131-1, a data slice configuration unit 132-1, and a time / frequency interleaver 133-1.

The PLP processing unit 131-1 performs error correction encoding on the BB frames constituting the divided frames distributed by the BB frame distribution unit 113 and supplied to the data slice processing unit 114-1. Also, the PLP processing unit 131-1 maps the FEC frame obtained as a result of error correction coding to a signal point on a predetermined constellation in units of a predetermined number of bits as a symbol, A data slice packet is configured by adding an FEC frame header to an FEC frame obtained by extracting symbols in units of FEC frames.

The data slice configuration unit 132-1 is supplied with one or more data slice packets from the PLP processing unit 131-1. The data slice configuration unit 132-1 configures a data slice from one or more data slice packets supplied from the PLP processing unit 131-1, and supplies the data slice to the time / frequency interleaver 133-1.

The time / frequency interleaver 133-1 interleaves the data slice supplied from the data slice configuration unit 132-1 in the time direction and the frequency direction, and supplies the data slice after the interleaving to the frame configuration unit 115.

Although not shown, the data slice processing units 114-2 to 114-N are similar to the data slice processing unit 114-1, and the PLP processing units 131-2 to 131-N and the data slice configuration unit 132-2. Through 132-N, and time / frequency interleavers 133-2 through 133-N. In the data slice processing units 114-2 to 114-N, similarly to the data slice processing unit 114-1, processing for the divided stream distributed by the BB frame distribution unit 113 is performed, and the data slice obtained thereby is It is supplied to the frame construction unit 115.

In the following description, the data slice processing units 114-1 to 114-N will be referred to as the data slice processing unit 114 unless it is particularly necessary to distinguish them. Similarly, the PLP processing units 131-1 to 131-N, the data slice configuration units 132-1 to 132-N, and the time / frequency interleavers 133-1 to 133-N are not particularly required to be distinguished. Are respectively referred to as a PLP processing unit 131, a data slice configuration unit 132, and a time / frequency interleaver 133.

The frame configuration unit 115 is supplied with one or more data slices from the data slice processing units 114-1 to 114-N (time / frequency interleavers 133-1 to 133-N). The frame configuration unit 115 configures a C2 frame including one or more data slices from the data slice processing units 114-1 to 114 -N and supplies the C2 frame to the transmission unit 116.

The transmission unit 116 performs IFFT (Inverse Fourier Transform) of the C2 frame supplied from the frame configuration unit 115, and performs DA conversion (Digital-to-Analog Conversion) on the OFDM signal obtained as a result. Then, the transmission unit 116 modulates the OFDM signal converted from the digital signal to the analog signal into an RF (Radio-Frequency) signal, and transmits it as a digital broadcast signal via the transmission path 30.

In the configuration of the transmission apparatus 10 in FIG. 3, for the convenience of explanation, illustration of blocks not related to PLP bundling is omitted as appropriate.

(Transmission process flow)
Next, the flow of transmission processing executed by the transmission device 10 of FIG. 3 will be described with reference to the flowchart of FIG.

In step S111, the BB frame generation unit 112 arranges actual data (for example, target data such as TS) supplied as PLP in the data field of the BB frame, and sets ISSY (ISCR) in the data field. A BB frame is configured by adding a BB header including the BB header.

In step S112, the BB frame distribution unit 113 distributes the BB frame configured in the process of step S111 to one data slice among a plurality of data slices, thereby generating a plurality of BB streams in units of BB frames. Is divided into two or more divided streams.

In step S113, the BB frame distribution unit 113 distributes the plurality of divided streams obtained by the processing in step S112 to any of the data slice processing units 114-1 to 114-N. Thereby, a plurality of divided streams obtained by dividing the BB stream are supplied to any one of the data slice processing units 114-1 to 114-N.

In the data slice processing unit 114, the processes of steps S114 to S118 are executed. That is, in step S114, the PLP processing unit 131 performs error correction coding on the BB frames constituting the divided frames distributed by the BB frame distributing unit 113 and supplied to the data slice processing unit 114.

In step S115, the PLP processing unit 131 maps the FEC frame obtained as a result of error correction coding in step S114 to a signal point on a predetermined constellation in units of a predetermined number of bits as a symbol.

In step S116, the PLP processing unit 131 adds the FEC frame header to the FEC frame obtained by extracting the symbol as the mapping result in units of FEC frames in the process of step S115. Configure the packet.

In step S117, the data slice configuration unit 132 configures a data slice from one or more data slice packets configured by the processing in step S116.

In step S118, the time / frequency interleaver 133 interleaves the data slice formed by the processing in step S117 in the time direction and the frequency direction.

In step S119, the frame configuration unit 115 configures a C2 frame including one or more interleaved data slices from the data slice processing units 114-1 to 114-N (time / frequency interleaver 133).

In step S120, the transmission unit 116 performs IFFT of the C2 frame configured by the process in step S119. In step S121, the transmission unit 116 DA-converts the OFDM signal obtained as a result of IFFT in the process of step S120.

In step S122, the DA-converted OFDM signal obtained in step S121 is modulated into an RF signal and transmitted as a digital broadcast signal via the transmission path 30 (FIG. 1). When the process of step S122 ends, the transmission process of FIG. 4 ends.

The flow of transmission processing has been described above.

(Receiver configuration)
FIG. 5 is a diagram illustrating a configuration example of the receiving device 20 in FIG.

The receiving device 20 can reconstruct (restore) actual data transmitted (transmitted) by distributing one PLP # i to a plurality of data slices by PLP bundling.

In FIG. 5, the receiving apparatus 20 includes a control unit 211, receiving units 212-1 to 212-N (N is an integer equal to or greater than 1), data slice processing units 213-1 to 213-N, and buffers 214-1 to 214-. N, a BB frame selection unit 215, and a BB frame processing unit 216.

The control unit 211 controls the operation of each unit of the receiving device 20.

The receiving unit 212-1 receives and demodulates an RF signal of a predetermined band transmitted as a digital broadcast signal from the transmitting device 10 via the transmission path 30, and a demodulated signal (OFDM signal) obtained as a result thereof Is converted to analog (to analog to digital). The receiving unit 212-1 performs FFT (Fast Fourier Transform) of the demodulated signal converted from the analog signal to the digital signal, and supplies the data slice obtained as a result to the data slice processing unit 213-1.

The data slice processing unit 213-1 performs processing on the data slice supplied from the reception unit 212-1. The data slice processing unit 213-1 includes a time / frequency deinterleaver 231-1, a data slice decomposition unit 232-1, and a PLP processing unit 233-1.

The time / frequency deinterleaver 231-1 deinterleaves the data slice supplied from the reception unit 212-1 in the time direction and the frequency direction, and the data slice after the deinterleave is converted into the data slice decomposition unit 232-2. 1 is supplied.

The data slice decomposition unit 232-1 decomposes the data slice supplied from the time / frequency deinterleaver 231-1 into data slice packets and supplies the data slice packet to the PLP processing unit 233-1.

The PLP processing unit 233-1 decomposes the data slice packet into FEC frames by removing the FEC frame header from the data slice packet supplied from the data slice decomposition unit 232-1. Based on the removed FEC frame header, the FEC frame modulation scheme, code length, and the like are recognized, and subsequent demapping, error correction decoding, and the like are performed.

In addition, the PLP processing unit 233-1 performs demapping of the FEC frame (symbol thereof), and decodes the error correction code for the demapped FEC frame, thereby generating a divided stream composed of BB frames. Restore. The divided stream restored from the data slice by the data slice processing unit 213-1 (which constitutes the BB frame) is supplied to the buffer 214-1.

The buffer 214-1 is composed of, for example, a FIFO (First In In First Out) memory, and the divided stream (which constitutes a BB frame) supplied from the data slice processing unit 213-1 (the PLP processing unit 233-1). Store sequentially.

Although not shown, the data slice processing units 213-2 to 213-N are similar to the data slice processing unit 213-1 and include time / frequency deinterleavers 231-2 to 231-N and a data slice decomposition unit. 232-2 to 232-N and PLP processing units 233-2 to 233-N. Similarly to the data slice processing unit 213-1, the data slice processing units 213-2 to 213-N perform processing on the data slices supplied from the reception units 212-2 to 212-N, and are obtained thereby. The divided streams (which constitute BB frames) are sequentially stored in the buffers 214-2 to 214-N.

In the following description, the data slice processing units 213-1 to 213-N will be referred to as the data slice processing unit 213 when it is not necessary to distinguish them. Similarly, the time / frequency deinterleavers 231-1 to 231-N, the data slice decomposing units 232-1 to 232-N, and the PLP processing units 233-1 to 233-N are not particularly required to be distinguished. Are referred to as a time / frequency deinterleaver 231, a data slice decomposition unit 232, and a PLP processing unit 233, respectively. Further, the buffers 214-1 to 214 -N will be referred to as the buffer 214 when it is not necessary to distinguish them.

The BB frame selection unit 215 selects the original BB stream based on ISSY (ISCR) included in the BB header added to the BB frame constituting the plurality of divided streams stored in the buffers 214-1 to 214-N. The BB frames are read from the buffers 214-1 to 214-N in the arrangement order of the BB frames to be configured, and supplied to the BB frame processing unit 216.

The BB frame processing unit 216 reconstructs (restores) the original BB stream by rearranging the BB frames in the order supplied from the BB frame selection unit 215. Also, the BB frame processing unit 216 disassembles the BB frame that constitutes the original BB stream, restores actual data (for example, target data such as TS), and outputs the restored data.

In the configuration of the receiving device 20 in FIG. 5, for convenience of explanation, illustration of blocks that are not related to PLP bundling is omitted as appropriate. In the configuration of the receiving device 20 in FIG. 5, the configuration in which a plurality of receiving units 212 are provided corresponding to the data slice processing unit 213 has been described. However, only one receiving unit 212 that can receive a wideband RF signal is provided. The data slice included in the C2 frame may be decomposed to supply the decomposed data slice to the data slice processing units 213-1 to 213-N.

(Reception process flow)
Next, the flow of reception processing executed by the reception device of FIG. 5 will be described with reference to the flowchart of FIG.

In step S211, the reception unit 212 receives and demodulates an RF signal in a predetermined band transmitted from the transmission device 10 via the transmission path 30 as a digital broadcast signal.

In step S212, the reception unit 212 performs AD conversion of the demodulated signal (OFDM signal) obtained by demodulating the RF signal in the process of step S211.

In step S213, the reception unit 212 performs FFT of the digital signal obtained as a result of AD conversion in the process of step S212.

In step S214, the time / frequency deinterleaver 231 deinterleaves the data slice obtained as a result of the process in step S213 in the time direction and the frequency direction.

In step S215, the data slice decomposition unit 232 decomposes the deinterleaved data slice obtained as a result of the process in step S214 into data slice packets.

In step S216, the PLP processing unit 233 decomposes the data slice packet into FEC frames by removing the FEC frame header from the data slice packet decomposed in step S215.

In step S217, the PLP processing unit 233 performs demapping of FEC frames (symbols) obtained by the processing in step S216.

In step S218, the PLP processing unit 233 restores the divided stream composed of the BB frames by decoding the error correction code on the FEC frame after the demapping by the process of step S217.

In step S219, the buffer 214 stores (buffers) the BB frames constituting the divided stream restored in the process of step S218.

In step S220, the BB frame selection unit 215 performs a BB frame selection process. In this BB frame selection process, based on ISSY (ISCR) included in the BB header added to the BB frame constituting the plurality of divided streams stored in the buffers 214-1 to 214-N in the process of step S219. Then, processing for selecting a BB frame to be read from the buffers 214-1 to 214-N is performed.

That is, the BB frames constituting the divided streams stored in the buffers 214-1 to 214-N are stored in the buffers 214-1 to 214-N until the arrangement order in the original BB stream, and the original BB stream is stored. Are read from the buffers 214-1 to 214-N.

Also, in the BB frame selection process, if an error occurs during transmission and ISCR cannot be acquired, the BB frame is selected based on the estimation result of the BB frame. As this BB frame estimation process, there is an estimation process of BB frame estimation using SYNCD, BB frame estimation using regularity of BB frame selection, or BB frame estimation using the prediction result of the next ISCR. Done. Details of the BB frame selection process when an error occurs will be described later with reference to the flowcharts of FIGS. 23, 26, and 29.

In step S221, the BB frame processing unit 216 performs stream reconstruction processing. In this stream reconstruction process, a process of reconstructing (restoring) the original BB stream is performed by rearranging the BB frames selected in the process of step S220 in the order of selection.

Further, in the stream reconstruction process, when an error occurs during transmission and the BB frame estimation process is performed in the process of step S220, a process for localizing the error during the BB frame estimation is performed. . Details of the stream reconstruction process will be described later with reference to the flowchart of FIG.

In step S222, the BB frame processing unit 216 disassembles the BB frame constituting the original BB stream reconstructed in the process of step S221, restores and outputs actual data (for example, target data such as TS). When the process of step S222 ends, the reception process of FIG. 6 ends.

The flow of reception processing has been described above.

(BB frame flow)
Next, with reference to FIG. 7, the flow of BB frames processed by the transmission apparatus 10 in FIG. 3 and the reception apparatus 20 in FIG. 5 when PLP bundling is performed will be described. In FIG. 7, a part of the configuration of the transmission device 10 and the reception device 20 is omitted. Also, the squares with numbers in the figure represent BB frames, and the numbers written there represent ISCR values (time stamps).

In FIG. 7, in the transmission apparatus 10, the BB frame generation unit 112 generates a BB frame from actual data (for example, target data such as TS), and the BB header including ISSY (ISCR) is included in the BB frame. Are added in order. That is, in this example, the ISCR BB frames “10” to “80” are generated, but the ISCR value included in the BB header is increased by “10”.

Here, as shown in FIG. 8, the BB frame (BBFrame) is composed of a BB header (BBHeader) and a data field (DATA) in which actual data is arranged. In the BB header, 2-byte MATYPE, 2-byte ISSY, 2-byte DFL, 1-byte ISSY, 2-byte SYNCD, and 1-byte CRC-8 are arranged in that order.

FIG. 9 shows an example of the ISSY format included in the BB header. As shown in FIG. 9, ISSY includes ISCR, BUFS, and BUFSTAT.

* ISCR is information indicating the transmission time of data (BB frame) and is 2 or 3 byte information. When PLP bundling is performed, an ISCR is always placed in the 3-byte field of ISSY, and is counted up every 7/48 μs as the minimum time unit of the system. The receiving apparatus 20 specifies the order of BB frames transmitted as a plurality of divided streams by referring to the ISCR having the role of the time stamp.

BUFS is (substantially) 2-byte information indicating the buffer capacity (required buffer amount) of a buffer necessary to compensate for delay variation in data processing in the receiving device 20. The receiving device 20 secures a storage area as a buffer having a buffer capacity represented by BUFS, and compensates (absorbs) delay variation by reading / writing data from / to the buffer.

BUFSTAT is (substantially) 2-byte information indicating the read start time for reading data from the buffer having the buffer capacity represented by BUFS in the receiving device 20. The receiving device 20 starts reading the data stored in the buffer having the buffer capacity represented by BUFS from the time represented by BUFSTAT (the timing when the remaining data amount of the buffer becomes the value represented by BUFSTAT).

When performing PLP bundling, an ISCR of ISCR, BUFS, and BUFSTAT is placed in the 3-byte field of ISSY in the BB header of each BB frame. On the other hand, when PLP bundling is not performed, any one of ISCR, BUFS, and BUFSTAT is selectively arranged for each BB frame in the 3-byte field of ISSY of the BB header.

Returning to the description of FIG. 7, the BB frame distribution unit 113 converts the divided stream obtained by dividing the BB frame generated by the BB frame generation unit 112 into the data slice processing unit 114-1 or the data slice processing unit 114-2. To distribute. As a result, for example, the data slice processing unit 114-1 is supplied with a divided stream including IBB BB frames “10” to “20” and processed. In addition, the data slice processing unit 114-2 is supplied with a divided stream including ISCR BB frames, for example, “30” to “40” and processed.

Then, in the transmission apparatus 10, a C2 frame including those data slices is configured, and processing such as modulation is performed, so that an RF signal is transmitted via the transmission path 30. On the other hand, in FIG. 7, the reception device 20 receives the RF signal from the transmission device 10 via the transmission path 30. Then, the data slice processing unit 213-1 and the data slice processing unit 213-2 perform processing on the data slice obtained from the RF signal. As a result, the divided stream (which constitutes the BB frame) restored by the data slice processing unit 213-1 is stored in the buffer 214-1, and the divided stream restored by the data slice processing unit 213-2 is stored in the buffer 214-2. Streams (BB frames constituting the stream) are sequentially stored.

The BB frame selection unit 215 reads the BB frame from the buffer 214-1 or the buffer 214-2 based on the ISCR included in the BB header of the BB frame stored in the buffer 214-1 and the buffer 214-2, and outputs the BB frame. This is supplied to the frame processing unit 216. In this example, the ISCR BB frames “10” to “40” stored in one of the buffer 214-1 and the buffer 214-2 are ordered in ascending order based on the ISCR value. It has been read. Also, the ISCR BB frames “50”, “60”, and “90” stored in the buffer 214-1 and the ISCR BB frames “70” and “80” stored in the buffer 214-2. Similarly, the ISCR values are read in ascending order.

<3. How to select a BB frame when an error occurs in PLP bundling>

(Impact when ISCR cannot be acquired due to an error during transmission)
When performing PLP bundling, an ISCR is always placed in the 3-byte field of ISSY, and the receiving device 20 refers to this ISCR value (time stamp) as the only order information, and creates multiple streams. As described above, the order of the BB frames distributed and transmitted is specified.

FIG. 10 illustrates a case where actual data (stream) as one PLP # i is divided in units of BB frames and transmitted in four data slices by PLP bundling. Here, an example is shown in which transmission is performed in four data slices, but the number of data slices used for transmission of one PLP # i is not limited to four, but two, three, or Any value of 5 or more and 255 or less can be adopted.

In the receiving apparatus 20, since the BB stream is distributed and transmitted to the four data slices DS # 1 to DS # 4, the data slice processing units 213-1 to 213-4 perform processing for each data slice. By doing so, the BB frames constituting the resulting divided stream are sequentially stored in the buffers 214-1 to 214-4.

The BB frame selection unit 215 refers to the ISCR value (time stamp) of the BB header added to the BB frame stored at the head of each of the buffers 214-1 to 214-4, and the ISCR of the minimum value The BB frames are selected in order from the BB frame and supplied to the BB frame processing unit 216 (FIG. 5) at the subsequent stage.

However, if the ISCR included in the BB header added to the BB frame cannot be acquired due to an error during transmission (for example, an error in the BB frame) in the receiving device 20, the unique order information cannot be referred to. Therefore, the order of the BB frames cannot be specified, and as a result, the BB frames cannot be rearranged accurately.

Here, in FIGS. 11 to 14, when the divided stream divided by the transmission apparatus 10 on the transmission side is reconstructed (restored) into the original BB stream by the reception apparatus 20 on the reception side, The situation is schematically shown by focusing on the BB frame.

11 to 14 show the state of the BB frame in each device in time series. The state of FIG. 11 represents the state at the earliest time in time, and the state of FIG. It represents the state of the latest time. In each figure, the left side of the transmission path 30 indicated by a dotted line in the figure represents processing performed on the transmission side, that is, the transmission apparatus 10, and the right side of the transmission path 30 is reception side, that is, the reception apparatus 20. It represents the processing to be performed. Furthermore, in each figure, the square in which the number in the figure was described represents the BB frame, and the number described there represents the value (time stamp) of ISCR.

First, in FIG. 11, the transmission apparatus 10 generates a BB stream composed of a plurality of BB frames. A BB header including ISCRs “10” to “80” is sequentially added to each BB frame constituting the BB stream.

Next, in FIG. 12, in the transmission apparatus 10, the BB frame distribution unit 113 divides the BB stream in FIG. 11 into four divided streams in units of BB frames. In FIG. 12, if data slices composed of four divided streams are sequentially designated as data slices DS # 1 to DS # 4 from the top in the figure, the data slice DS # 1 has an ISCR of “10”. BB frames and ISCR BB frames that are "50" are included.

In addition, the data slice DS # 2 includes an ISCR BB frame of “20” and an ISCR BB frame of “60”. Further, the data slice DS # 3 includes an ISCR BB frame of “30” and an ISCR BB frame of “70”, and the data slice DS # 4 includes an ISCR BB frame of “40”. A frame and an ISCR BB frame that is "80" are included.

The C2 frame including the data slice including the BB frame distributed in this way is transmitted as an RF signal from the transmission device 10 to the reception device 20 via the transmission path 30.

In FIG. 13, the reception device 20 receives the RF signal from the transmission device 10 via the transmission path 30, and the data slice DS # 1 is processed by the data slice processing unit 213-1, and the data slice DS # 1 The ISCR BB frame “10” and the ISCR BB frame “50” that make up the restored divided stream are sequentially stored in the buffer 214-1.

The buffer 214-2 stores an ISCR BB frame “20” that constitutes the divided stream restored from the data slice DS # 2 by the data slice processing unit 213-2. Since an error occurred, the ISCR of the BB frame that has entered after the BB frame of the ISCR that is “20” (the hatched square with “XX” in the figure) cannot be acquired.

Also, in the buffer 214-3, the BB frame of the ISCR “30” and the ISCR of “70” that constitute the divided stream restored from the data slice DS # 3 by the data slice processing unit 213-3. BB frames are stored in order. Further, in the buffer 214-4, the ISCR BB frame of “40” and the ISCR of “80” that constitute the divided stream restored from the data slice DS # 4 by the data slice processing unit 213-4. BB frames are stored in order.

In this way, the BB frames stored in the buffers 214-1 to 214-4 are selected by the BB frame selection unit 215, and the BB frame selection unit 215 receives the buffers 214-1 to 214-4. Referring to the ISCR value (time stamp) of the BB header added to each BB frame stored at the head of the BB frame, the BB frame processing unit 216 in the subsequent stage is selected sequentially from the BB frame of the ISCR that is the minimum value. 5).

Therefore, as shown in FIG. 13, when the ISCR values of all the BB frames stored at the heads of the buffers 214-1 to 214-4 can be referred to, for example, first, the BB frame of the ISCR that is “10” Next, it is possible to select a BB frame of ISCR that is “20”.

However, as shown in FIG. 14, when the ISCR BB frame “10” is selected in the buffer 214-1, the ISCR BB frame “50” is stored in the head, and the buffer 214-1. -2, when an ISCR BB frame with "20" is selected, the BB frame with an unknown ISCR value (the hatched square with "XX" in the figure) is stored at the beginning. Will be.

In this case, since the ISCR value of the BB frame stored at the head of the buffer 214-2 cannot be referred to, the BB frame selection unit 215 selects the BB frame stored at the head of the buffers 214-1 to 214-4. The BB frame of the ISCR that is the minimum value cannot be specified, and the BB frame next to the BB frame of the ISCR that is “20” cannot be selected.

Here, as shown in the upper side of FIG. 15, the BB frame whose ISCR value is unknown (the hatched square with “XX” in the figure) is the next to the BB frame of ISCR that is “50”. Therefore, the correct order is selected before the ISCR BB frame that is "70", but if it is selected in any other order, the BB frames are rearranged in the wrong order. . For example, in the lower part of FIG. 15, the BB frame whose ISCR value is unknown (the hatched square with “XX” in the figure) is next to the BB frame of ISCR that is “20”, Selected before the ISCR BB frame which is 30 ".

In this case, not only the order of the BB frames whose ISCR values are unknown is incorrect, but also the BB frames selected after the BB frame ("30" to "50" in FIG. 15). BB frames) are rearranged in the wrong order. In this way, if the order of selection of BB frames whose ISCR values are unknown is wrong, the effect is expanded in units of BB frames. For example, even if there is no error in the actual data part placed in the data field of the BB frame, if an error occurs in the BB header and ISCR cannot be acquired, the error increases in 4 BB frames and the error increases. However, it will cause significant deterioration.

Therefore, in channel bonding such as PLP bundling, even if ISCR cannot be acquired due to the effect of transmission errors, it is required to minimize the effect. In the following, when PLP bundling is performed, the order of rearrangement of BB frames is correct even when there are BB frames that cannot acquire ISCR due to errors during transmission (for example, BB frame errors). Thus, a method for selecting a BB frame that can minimize the influence of errors will be described.

(1) BB frame estimation using SYNCD

First, with reference to FIGS. 16 to 23, a method for selecting a BB frame according to the estimation result of a BB frame using SYNCD will be described as one method for selecting a BB frame when an error occurs in PLP bundling. .

(BB frame selection method according to BB frame estimation results using SYNCD)
SYNCD is information indicating the remaining number of bits necessary to form a TS packet storing a BB header when a BB frame is stored in a TS packet (TSP: TSPacket). For example, FIG. 16 illustrates a plurality of BB headers (BBH) stored in a TS packet (TSP), but each BB header (BBH) constitutes a TS packet storing the BB header. A 2-byte SYNCD indicating the remaining number of bits necessary for the above is arranged.

In BB frame estimation using SYNCD, focusing on this SYNCD, for example, an error occurs in the BB frame, and the ISCR value is unknown in the selectable BB frames stored in the plurality of buffers 214. When there is a BB frame, compare the value (setting value) of the BB header with the expected value of the SYNCD, and estimate the next BB frame to be selected from the selectable BB frames. Like that.

Note that the expected value of SYNCD is the number of remaining bits required to form a TS packet when the BB frame selected immediately before is stored in the TS packet when performing BB frame estimation. The number of bits matches the number of bits indicated by SYNCD arranged in the BB header of the BB frame selected next. In other words, it can be said that the expected value of SYNCD is the value of SYNCD of the BB header of the next BB frame predicted from the value of the break of the TS packet storing the actual data arranged in a certain BB frame.

Here, as shown in FIG. 17, when only the ISCR of the BB frame is referred to and the BB frame stored at the head of the plurality of buffers 214 is selected, the BB frame whose ISCR value is unknown (in the figure) BB frame selection unit 215 cannot identify the BB frame of the ISCR that is the minimum value, and the BB frames are in the wrong order. The possibility of being rearranged increases.

On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 18, when there is a BB frame with an unknown ISCR value (a shaded square with “XX” in the figure), in addition to the ISCR of the BB frame, Paying attention to the value, when there is a BB frame with a BB header of the value of SYNCD that matches the expected value of SYNCD, the BB frame is estimated to be the next BB frame to be selected. The BB frame selection unit 215 selects the BB frame.

When there is no BB frame with a BB header with a syncd value that matches the expected value of syncd, the bb frame with the unknown isc value (the hatched square with “xx” in the figure) Then, it is estimated that the BB frame is to be selected next, and the BB frame selection unit 215 selects the BB frame.

FIG. 19 shows a BB frame constituting a divided stream restored from the data slice DS # 1 by the data slice processing unit 213-1 and a divided stream restored from the data slice DS # 2 by the data slice processing unit 213-2. BB frame estimation performed when an error occurs in the BB frame from the data slice processing unit 213-2 when attention is paid to the BB frames constituting the BB frame.

In FIG. 19, since there is a BB frame whose ISCR value is unknown (BB frame of ISCR with “XX”) among selectable BB frames, BB frame estimation using SYNCD is performed. . That is, in this case, the expected value of SYNCD is obtained from the BB frame previously selected by the BB frame selection unit 215, and is compared with the value of SYNCD of the selectable BB frame to be selected next. The BB frame to be estimated will be estimated.

In the case of the upper example in FIG. 19, 728 bits are obtained as an expected value of SYNCD from the BB frame selected immediately before. Here, the BB header of the BB frame constituting the divided stream restored from the data slice DS # 1 includes 728-bit SYNCD. On the other hand, the value of SYNCD (the value of SYNCD which is “XX”) of the BB frame constituting the divided stream restored from the data slice DS # 2 is unknown.

In this case, the expected value of SYNCD, which is 728 bits, matches the SYNCD value (728 bits) of the BB frame constituting the divided stream restored from the data slice DS # 1 among the selectable BB frames. Here, it is estimated that the BB frame is a BB frame to be selected next.

On the other hand, in the lower example of FIG. 19, 104 bits are obtained as the expected value of SYNCD from the BB frame selected immediately before. Here, since the value of SYNCD included in the BB header of the BB frame constituting the divided stream restored from data slice DS # 1 is 512 bits, it does not match the expected value of SYNCD which is 104 bits. In this case, since the expected value of SYNCD, which is 104 bits, does not match the value of SYNCD of the selectable BB frame, the BB frame having an error that constitutes the divided stream restored from the data slice DS # 2, It is estimated that this is the BB frame to be selected next.

In this way, with BB frame estimation using SYNCD, when ISCR cannot be acquired due to the effect of transmission errors, the expected value of SYNCD is determined by referring to the value of SYNCD of the selectable BB frame (BB header). Since the BB frame to be selected next is estimated and the BB frames are rearranged correctly depending on whether or not they match, the influence of errors during transmission can be minimized.

In addition, since there is a very low possibility of overlapping of SYNCD, if there is a value of SYNCD that matches the expected value of SYNCD, the correct BB frame will be estimated with a very high probability. The reason is as follows.

That is, as shown in FIG. 20, the BB frame includes a BB header, actual data (DATA), and padding (PADDING). Normally, padding (PADDING) is not used and the BB header is 80 bits, so the actual data (DATA) is Kbch-80 bits. Note that Kbch is a value determined by the code length and the coding rate, as shown in FIG. Here, the BB frame is cut out in different bit units depending on whether or not it is operating in a mode called Null packet duration (NPD: Null Packet Deletion). When the Null packet duration is turned on, the Null packet is transmitted by a signal called 1-byte (8-bit) DNP (Deleted Null Packet).

Specifically, when Null packet duration is off, the BB frame is cut into TS packets in units of 1496 bits, and when Null packet duration is on, the BB frame is 1504 bits in the TS packet. Cut out in units.

At this time, other BB frames with the same value of SYNCD as a certain BB frame do not appear until 17 BB frames at the shortest. In order to obtain the shortest 17BB frame, the code length is 64k, the coding rate is 4/5, and the null packet duration is off. And since the possibility of selecting the order between BB frames that are separated from 17BB frames is low, it is very high by estimating the next BB frame to be selected using SYNCD when padding is not used The correct BB frame can be estimated with probability.

(Functional configuration example of the control unit)
FIG. 22 is a diagram illustrating a functional configuration example of the control unit 211 (FIG. 5) when performing BB frame estimation using SYNCD.

22, the control unit 211 includes a BB header analysis unit 251, a BB frame selection control unit 252, a selected BB frame estimation unit 253, and a SYNCD expected value calculation unit 254.

The BB header analysis unit 251 analyzes the BB header of the BB frame stored at the head of the buffers 214-1 to 214-N. When there is no BB frame with an unknown ISCR value and the ISCR values of all BB frames can be acquired, the BB header analysis unit 251 supplies the analysis result to the BB frame selection control unit 252. In addition, when there is a BB frame whose ISCR value is unknown, the BB header analysis unit 251 supplies the analysis result to the selected BB frame estimation unit 253.

The BB frame selection control unit 252 controls the BB frame selection unit 215 based on the ISCR analysis result supplied from the BB header analysis unit 251 and selects the selection stored at the head of the buffers 214-1 to 214-N. The minimum ISCR BB frame is selected from the possible BB frames.

According to the analysis result from the BB header analysis unit 251, the selected BB frame estimation unit 253 includes a BB frame whose ISCR value is unknown among selectable BB frames stored at the head of the buffers 214-1 to 214-N. Exists, an expected value of SYNCD is requested to the SYNCD expected value calculation unit 254. In response to a request from the selected BB frame estimation unit 253, the SYNCD expected value calculation unit 254 calculates an expected value of SYNCD from the BB frame previously selected by the BB frame selection unit 215, and selects the selected BB frame estimation unit. 253.

The selected BB frame estimation unit 253 compares the value of SYNCD obtained from the analysis result supplied from the BB header analysis unit 251 with the expected value of SYNCD supplied from the SYNCD expected value calculation unit 254, and determines the expectation of SYNCD. Determine whether there is a value for SYNCD that matches the value.

When there is a value of SYNCD that matches the expected value of SYNCD, the selected BB frame estimation unit 253 estimates that the BB frame of the SYNCD (BB header including the value) is the BB frame to be selected next. Then, the estimation result is supplied to the BB frame selection control unit 252. In addition, when there is no value of SYNCD that matches the expected value of SYNCD, the selected BB frame estimation unit 253 estimates that the BB frame having an error is the BB frame to be selected next, and obtains the estimation result. , To the BB frame selection control unit 252.

The BB frame selection control unit 252 controls the BB frame selection unit 215 based on the estimation result supplied from the selected BB frame estimation unit 253, and can select the selection stored at the head of the buffers 214-1 to 214-N. The BB frame to be selected next according to the estimation result is selected from the BB frames.

(First BB frame selection process flow)
Next, the flow of the first BB frame selection process corresponding to the process of step S220 of FIG. 6 will be described with reference to the flowchart of FIG.

In step S231, the BB header analysis unit 251 determines whether there is a BB frame with an error (BB header of CRC error) among the selectable BB frames stored at the heads of the buffers 214-1 to 214-N. Determine if.

If it is determined in step S231 that there is no BB frame with an error, the process proceeds to step S232. In step S232, the BB frame selection unit 215 controls the ISCR that has the minimum value from the selectable BB frames stored at the heads of the buffers 214-1 to 214-N according to the control from the BB frame selection control unit 252. Select the BB frame.

If it is determined in step S231 that there is a BB frame with an error, the process proceeds to step S233. In step S233, the selected BB frame estimation unit 253 is obtained from the expected value of SYNCD calculated by the SYNCD expected value calculation unit 254 and the selectable BB frame stored at the head of the buffers 214-1 to 214-N. Compare with the value of SYNCD to determine whether there is a value of SYNCD that matches the expected value of SYNCD.

If it is determined in step S233 that there is a value of SYNCD that matches the expected value of SYNCD, the process proceeds to step S234. In step S234, the selected BB frame estimation unit 253 estimates that the BB frame of the SYNCD having a value that matches the expected value of the SYNCD is the BB frame to be selected next, and uses the estimation result as the BB frame selection control. To the unit 252.

In step S235, the BB frame selection unit 215 performs the process of step S234 from the selectable BB frames stored at the head of the buffers 214-1 to 214-N according to the control from the BB frame selection control unit 252. Select a BB frame (SYNCD BB frame with a value that matches the expected value of SYNCD) according to the estimation result.

If it is determined in step S233 that there is no syncd value that matches the expected value of syncd, the process proceeds to step S236. In step S236, the BB header analysis unit 251 includes a plurality of BB frames having errors (BB headers of CRC errors) among selectable BB frames stored at the heads of the buffers 214-1 to 214-N. Determine whether or not.

If it is determined in step S236 that there are not a plurality of BB frames with errors in the selectable BB frames, that is, only one BB frame is present, the process proceeds to step S237. In step S237, the selected BB frame estimation unit 253 estimates that the BB frame having an error is the BB frame to be selected next, and supplies the estimation result to the BB frame selection control unit 252.

In step S238, the BB frame selection unit 215 performs the process of step S237 from the selectable BB frames stored at the heads of the buffers 214-1 to 214-N according to the control from the BB frame selection control unit 252. Select a BB frame with an error according to the estimation result.

If it is determined in step S236 that there are a plurality of BB frames with errors in the selectable BB frames, the process proceeds to step S239. In step S239, the BB frame selection unit 215 follows the control from the BB frame selection control unit 252, and has been selected from previous selectable BB frames stored in the heads of the buffers 214-1 to 214-N. Select the BB frame of the sequence (path) that has passed the most time. For example, the time since the previous selection of the BB frame stored in the buffer 214-1 is compared with the time since the previous selection of the BB frame stored in the other buffers 214-2 to 214-N. If it is the longest, the BB frame stored in the buffer 214-1 is selected.

When the process of step S232, S235, S238, or S239 is completed, the process returns to the process of step S220 in FIG. 6, and the subsequent processes are executed.

The first BB frame selection process has been described above. In this first BB frame selection process, when the ISCR cannot be acquired due to the effect of an error during transmission, it matches the expected value of SYNCD by referring to the value of SYNCD of the selectable BB frame (BB header). Depending on whether or not the BB frame to be selected next is estimated, the BB frames are rearranged correctly, so that the influence of errors during transmission can be minimized.

(2) BB frame estimation using regularity of BB frame selection

Next, referring to FIG. 24 to FIG. 26, as one method of selecting a BB frame when an error occurs in PLP bundling, the BB frame corresponding to the BB frame estimation result using the regularity of BB frame selection is used. A selection method will be described.

(BB frame selection method according to BB frame estimation result using regularity of BB frame selection)
FIG. 24 is a diagram illustrating a method for selecting a BB frame according to a BB frame estimation result using the regularity of BB frame selection.

In FIG. 24, the receiving device 20 receives the RF signal from the transmitting device 10, and the data slice processing units 213-1 to 213-4 process the data slices DS # 1 to DS # 4, thereby restoring them. The BB frames constituting the divided stream are sequentially stored in the corresponding buffers 214-1 to 214-4. If the ISCRs of all the BB frames stored at the heads of the buffers 214-1 to 214-4 can be referenced, the BB frame selection unit 215 selects the BB of the ISCR that is the minimum value from the selectable BB frames. Identify and select a frame. Accordingly, in the example on the left side of FIG. 24, the ISCR BB frames “10” to “50” are sequentially selected.

As described above, when there is no BB frame having an error in the selectable BB frames, the BB frame selection unit 215 sequentially selects the BB frames of the ISCR that is the minimum value. At the time of normal reception, the regularity when selecting the BB frame is obtained.

For example, in the example on the left side of FIG. 24, if the processing sequences for the data slices DS # 1 to DS # 4 are the sequences A to D, the BB frame of the ISCR that is “10” is the sequence A, “ The ISCR BB frame of “20” is sequence B, the ISCR BB frame of “30” is sequence C, the ISCR BB frame of “40” is sequence D, and the ISCR BB frame of “50” is sequence A. Is selected from. In this case, the regularity of the sequence of BB frames selected by the BB frame selection unit 215 is required to be selected in the order of “A, B, C, D, A”.

In the example on the left side of FIG. 24, when the BB frame of the ISCR “50” stored in the buffer 214-1 is selected by the BB frame selection unit 215, the buffer 214-1 has “50”. The BB frame input next to the BB frame of the ISCR is stored at the beginning, but the BB frame (the shaded square with "XX" in the figure) is unknown because of the error. It has become.

In this case, since the ISCR of the BB frame stored at the head of the buffer 214-1 cannot be referred to, the BB frame of the ISCR that is the minimum value is selected from the BB frames stored at the head of the buffers 214-1 to 214-4. Cannot be specified, and the BB frame selection unit 215 cannot select the BB frame next to the BB frame of the ISCR which is “50”.

Here, the regularity of the sequence of the BB frame selected by the BB frame selection unit 215 is obtained in advance at the time of normal reception before the erroneous BB frame is stored at the head of the buffer 214-1. Using this regularity, the BB frame to be selected next is estimated. That is, as the regularity of the BB frame sequence, for example, when the regularity of “A, B, C, D, A” is required, the BB frame selection unit 215 follows the regularity to “50”. Since the BB frame of the ISCR is selected from the sequence A, the BB frame of the ISCR that is “60” of the sequence B is estimated as the BB frame selected next to the BB frame, and is “60”. IBB BB frame is selected.

Similarly, by following the regularity of the sequence of the BB frame selected by the BB frame selection unit 215, the BB frame selection unit 215 is “70” of the sequence C as shown in the example on the right side of FIG. The ISCR BB frame, the ISCR BB frame that is "80" in the series D, and the BB frame with the unknown ISCR value in the series A (the hatched square with "XX" in the figure) are selected in order. become. Then, after the BB frame whose sequence A ISCR value is unknown is selected, the ISCRs of all the BB frames stored at the heads of the buffers 214-1 to 214-4 can be referred to, so the BB frame selection unit 215 The ISCR BB frame that is the minimum value is selected from the BB frames stored at the heads of the buffers 214-1 to 214-4 in order from the BB frame of the ISCR that is “100”.

In this way, in the BB frame estimation using the regularity of the BB frame selection, when the ISCR cannot be acquired due to an error in transmission, the BB frame to be selected next is determined according to the regularity obtained in advance. Since it is estimated that the BB frames are rearranged correctly, the influence of errors during transmission can be minimized.

Note that the above-described method for obtaining regularity is an example. For example, after the sequence B, the regularity is obtained by applying a conditional probability such that the probability of being the sequence C is high. Regularity may be calculated.

(Functional configuration example of the control unit)
FIG. 25 is a diagram illustrating a functional configuration example of the control unit 211 (FIG. 5) when performing BB frame estimation using regularity of BB frame selection. In the control unit 211 of FIG. 25, the same reference numerals are given to the portions corresponding to the control unit 211 of FIG. 22, and the description thereof will be omitted as appropriate.

25, the control unit 211 includes a BB header analysis unit 251, a BB frame selection control unit 252, a selected BB frame estimation unit 253, and a regularity calculation unit 261. That is, the control unit 211 of FIG. 25 is provided with a regularity calculation unit 261 instead of the SYNCD expected value calculation unit 254, as compared with the control unit 211 of FIG.

The regularity calculation unit 261 monitors the selection of the BB frame by the BB frame selection unit 215 and calculates the regularity of the sequence of the BB frames selected by the BB frame selection unit 215. The regularity calculation unit 261 supplies the calculated regularity of the BB frame sequence to the selected BB frame estimation unit 253 in response to a request from the selected BB frame estimation unit 253.

When the selected BB frame estimation unit 253 includes a BB frame whose ISCR value is unknown among the selectable BB frames stored at the heads of the buffers 214-1 to 214-N, the selected BB frame estimation unit 253 Get the regularity of the sequence of BB frames. Based on the regularity of the sequence of BB frames from the regularity calculation unit 261, the selected BB frame estimation unit 253 selects the next BB frame that can be selected from the selectable BB frames stored at the head of the buffers 214-1 to 214-N. The BB frame to be selected is estimated, and the estimation result is supplied to the BB frame selection control unit 252.

The BB frame selection control unit 252 controls the BB frame selection unit 215 based on the estimation result supplied from the selected BB frame estimation unit 253, and can select the selection stored at the head of the buffers 214-1 to 214-N. The BB frame to be selected next according to the estimation result is selected from the BB frames.

(Second BB frame selection process flow)
Next, the flow of the second BB frame selection process corresponding to the process of step S220 of FIG. 6 will be described with reference to the flowchart of FIG.

In step S251, the BB header analysis unit 251 determines whether there is a BB frame having an error (a BB header of a CRC error) among selectable BB frames stored at the heads of the buffers 214-1 to 214-N. Determine if.

If it is determined in step S251 that there is no BB frame with an error, the process proceeds to step S252. In step S252, the BB frame selection unit 215 controls the ISCR that has the minimum value from the selectable BB frames stored at the head of the buffers 214-1 to 214-N according to the control from the BB frame selection control unit 252. Select the BB frame.

In step S253, the regularity calculation unit 261 monitors the selection of the BB frame by the BB frame selection unit 215, and calculates and holds the regularity of the sequence of the BB frames selected by the BB frame selection unit 215. In this way, the regularity of BB frame selection is required at the time of normal reception.

If it is determined in step S251 that there is a BB frame with an error, the process proceeds to step S254. In step S254, the selected BB frame estimation unit 253 estimates the BB frame to be selected next based on the regularity of the sequence of the BB frame obtained in advance in the process of step S253, and the estimation result is obtained. , To the BB frame selection control unit 252.

In step S255, the BB frame selection unit 215 performs processing of step S254 from the selectable BB frames stored at the heads of the buffers 214-1 to 214-N according to the control from the BB frame selection control unit 252. Select the BB frame according to the regularity according to the estimation result.

When the process of step S253 or S255 is completed, the process returns to the process of step S220 in FIG. 6, and the subsequent processes are executed.

The second BB frame selection process has been described above. In this second BB frame selection process, when the ISCR cannot be acquired due to an error in transmission, the BB frame is determined by estimating the BB frame to be selected next according to the regularity obtained in advance. Since rearrangement is performed correctly, the influence of errors during transmission can be minimized.

(3) BB frame estimation using the next ISCR prediction result

Finally, referring to FIG. 27 to FIG. 29, as one method of selecting a BB frame when an error occurs in PLP bundling, the BB frame corresponding to the BB frame estimation result using the next ISCR prediction result is used. A selection method will be described.

(Selection method of BB frame according to BB frame estimation result using next ISCR prediction result)
FIG. 27 is a diagram for explaining a BB frame selection method according to the BB frame estimation result using the next ISCR prediction result.

In FIG. 27, the receiving device 20 receives the RF signal from the transmitting device 10, and the data slice processing units 213-1 to 213-4 process the data slices DS # 1 to DS # 4, thereby restoring them. The BB frames constituting the divided stream are sequentially stored in the corresponding buffers 214-1 to 214-4. If the ISCRs of all the BB frames stored at the heads of the buffers 214-1 to 214-4 can be referred to, the BB frame selection unit 215 identifies and selects the BB frame of the ISCR that is the minimum value. Accordingly, in the example on the left side of FIG. 27, the BB frames of ISCRs “10” to “50” are selected in order.

As described above, when there is no BB frame having an error in the selectable BB frames, the BB frame selection unit 215 sequentially selects the BB frames of the ISCR that is the minimum value. At the time of normal reception, the next ISCR is predicted when the BB frame is selected.

For example, in the example on the left side of FIG. 27, among the BB frames selected by the BB frame selection unit 215, the ISCR BB frame that is “10” and the ISCR BB frame that is “20” that is selected next. And the value of ISCR has increased by "10". Similarly, an ISCR BB frame that is “20” and an ISCR BB frame that is “30”, an ISCR BB frame that is “30”, an ISCR BB frame that is “40”, and an ISCR that is “40” In the BB frame and the BB frame of the ISCR which is “50”, the value of the ISCR is increased by “10” respectively. Therefore, in the BB frames of ISCR that are “10” to “50” selected by the BB frame selection unit 215, the value of ISCR is increased by “10”.

In the example on the left side of FIG. 27, when the BB frame selecting unit 215 selects the ISCR BB frame that is “50” stored in the buffer 214-1, it is “50” in the buffer 214-1. The BB frame input next to the BB frame of the ISCR is stored at the beginning, but the BB frame (the shaded square with "XX" in the figure) is unknown because of the error. It has become.

In this case, since the ISCR of the BB frame stored at the head of the buffer 214-1 cannot be referred to, the BB frame of the ISCR that is the minimum value is selected from the BB frames stored at the head of the buffers 214-1 to 214-4. Cannot be specified, and the BB frame selection unit 215 cannot select the BB frame next to the BB frame of the ISCR which is “50”.

Here, at the time of normal reception before the BB frame having an error is stored at the head of the buffer 214-1, the ISCR value increment of each BB frame is obtained in advance as a prediction result of the next ISCR. The BB frame to be selected next is estimated using the increment value of this ISCR. That is, when an increment value of “10” is calculated as the increment value of the ISCR of the BB frame, the BB frame selection unit 215 selects the next of the BB frame of the ISCR that is “50” according to the increment value. The BB frame of ISCR whose value is “60” obtained by increasing the value of ISCR by “10” from “50” is selected from the buffer 214-2.

Similarly, by selecting an ISCR BB frame in which the ISCR value of the selected BB frame is increased by an ISCR increment value (in this example, “10”), the example on the right side of FIG. As shown, the ISCR BB frame "70" from the buffer 214-3 and the ISCR BB frame "80" from the buffer 214-4 are selected in order.

In addition, since there is no BB frame of ISCR whose value is “90” obtained by increasing the ISCR value by “10” from “80”, in this case, the BB frame whose ISCR value is unknown from the buffer 214-1 (FIG. The hatched square with "XX" in it is selected. Then, after a BB frame with an unknown ISCR value is selected, the ISCRs of all the BB frames stored at the heads of the buffers 214-1 to 214-4 can be referred to. The ISCR BB frame that is the minimum value is selected from the BB frames stored at the heads of the buffers 214-1 to 214-4 in order from the ISCR BB frame of 100 ".

In this way, in the BB frame estimation using the next ISCR prediction result, when the ISCR cannot be acquired due to an error in transmission, the ISCR increment value is obtained as the ISCR prediction value, and the ISCR prediction value is obtained. Since the BB frame to be selected next is estimated and the BB frame is correctly rearranged depending on whether there is an ISCR value close to, the influence of errors during transmission is minimized. Can do.

In the above description, the calculation method using the measured value of ISCR has been described as the calculation method of the predicted value of ISCR (increment value of ISCR) of the BB frame, but it may be calculated using the transmission parameter. Good.

In the method of calculating using transmission parameters, first, the number of bits per 1BB frame is calculated from the code length and coding rate. Here, for example, when the code length is 64k and the coding rate is 4/5, 51568 bits are obtained.

Next, calculate the number of packets per 1BB frame. Here, for example, when Null packet duration (NPD: Null Packet Deletion) is turned off, the number of packets is calculated by dividing the number of bits per 1BB frame by 1496. For example, since 51568/1496 = 34.29, 34 packets or 35 packets are obtained. In addition, when Null packet duration is turned on, all the DNP (Deleted Null Packet) values of the previous BB frame are added to the number of packets since the first packet start included in the previous BB frame (rounded up) Will do. For example, if the value of ΣDNP is 31, 34 + ΣDNP = 65, so 65 packets are obtained.

For example, if the bit rate is set to 100 Mbps, the ISCR is counted up every 7/48 μs. Therefore, by performing the following calculation, the number of packets per 1BB frame is 34 packets as the increment value of the ISCR. In the case of “3506”, “3506” is calculated. Similarly, “3610” is calculated when the number of packets per 1BB frame is 35 packets, and “6704” is calculated when it is 65 packets.

3506 = 34 × 1504/100 / (7/48)
3610 = 35 × 1504/100 / (7/48)
6704 = 65 × 1504/100 / (7/48)

Note that the calculation method using the measured value of ISCR is limited to when the Null packet duration is turned off, so by calculating the difference value between consecutive BB frames at normal reception, for example, per 1BB frame In this case, two types of ISCR increment values are obtained when the number of packets is 34 packets and when the number is 35 packets.

(Functional configuration example of the control unit)
FIG. 28 is a diagram illustrating a functional configuration example of the control unit 211 (FIG. 5) when performing BB frame estimation using the prediction result of the next ISCR. In the control unit 211 of FIG. 28, the same reference numerals are given to the portions corresponding to the control unit 211 of FIG. 22, and description thereof will be omitted as appropriate.

28, the control unit 211 includes a BB header analysis unit 251, a BB frame selection control unit 252, a selected BB frame estimation unit 253, and an ISCR prediction value calculation unit 271. That is, the control unit 211 in FIG. 28 is provided with an ISCR predicted value calculation unit 271 instead of the SYNCD expected value calculation unit 254, as compared with the control unit 211 in FIG.

The ISCR prediction value calculation unit 271 monitors the selection of the BB frame by the BB frame selection unit 215, calculates the increment of the ISCR value of the BB frame selected by the BB frame selection unit 215, and then selects the BB to be selected next. Predict the ISCR value of the frame. The ISCR prediction value calculation unit 271 supplies the calculated ISCR prediction value (ISCR increment value) to the selection BB frame estimation unit 253 in response to a request from the selection BB frame estimation unit 253.

The selected BB frame estimation unit 253, when there is a BB frame whose ISCR value is unknown among the selectable BB frames stored at the head of the buffers 214-1 to 214-N, the ISCR predicted value calculation unit 271. To obtain the predicted value of ISCR (ISCR increment value). The selected BB frame estimation unit 253 includes the ISCR prediction value from the ISCR prediction value calculation unit 271, the ISCR value (setting value) of the selectable BB frame stored at the head of the buffers 214-1 to 214-N, and Are compared to determine whether there is an ISCR value that is the same as or close to the predicted value of the ISCR.

If there is an ISCR value that is the same as or close to the predicted value of the ISCR, the selected BB frame estimation unit 253 should next select the BB frame of the ISCR (BB header including the value). It is estimated that the frame is a BB frame, and the estimation result is supplied to the BB frame selection control unit 252. In addition, when there is no ISCR value that is the same as or close to the predicted value of ISCR, the selected BB frame estimation unit 253 estimates that the BB frame having an error is the BB frame to be selected next. The estimation result is supplied to the BB frame selection control unit 252.

The BB frame selection control unit 252 controls the BB frame selection unit 215 based on the estimation result supplied from the selected BB frame estimation unit 253, and can select the selection stored at the head of the buffers 214-1 to 214-N. The BB frame to be selected next according to the estimation result is selected from the BB frames.

(3rd BB frame selection process flow)
Next, the flow of the third BB frame selection process corresponding to the process of step S220 of FIG. 6 will be described with reference to the flowchart of FIG.

In step S261, the BB header analysis unit 251 determines whether there is a BB frame with an error (BB header of CRC error) among the selectable BB frames stored at the head of the buffers 214-1 to 214-N. Determine if.

If it is determined in step S261 that there is no BB frame with an error, the process proceeds to step S262. In step S262, the BB frame selection unit 215 controls the ISCR to be the minimum value from the selectable BB frames stored at the heads of the buffers 214-1 to 214-N according to the control from the BB frame selection control unit 252. Select the BB frame.

In step S263, the ISCR predicted value calculation unit 271 monitors the selection of the BB frame by the BB frame selection unit 215, calculates the increment of the ISCR value of the BB frame selected by the BB frame selection unit 215, and then Predict the ISCR value of the selected BB frame. In this way, the prediction result of the next ISCR is obtained during normal reception.

If it is determined in step S261 that there is a BB frame with an error, the process proceeds to step S264. In step S264, the selected BB frame estimation unit 253 obtains the predicted ISCR value obtained in advance in the process of step S263 and the ISCR of the selectable BB frame stored at the head of the buffers 214-1 to 214-N. To determine whether there is an ISCR value that is the same as or close to the predicted value of ISCR.

If it is determined in step S264 that there is an ISCR value that is the same as or close to the predicted value of ISCR, the process proceeds to step S265. In step S265, the selected BB frame estimation unit 253 estimates that the BB frame of the ISCR having the same value as or close to the predicted value of the ISCR is the BB frame to be selected next, and the estimation result is the BB frame. This is supplied to the selection control unit 252.

In step S266, the BB frame selection unit 215 performs the process of step S265 from the selectable BB frames stored at the heads of the buffers 214-1 to 214-N according to the control from the BB frame selection control unit 252. A BB frame corresponding to the estimation result (an ISCR BB frame having the same value as or close to the predicted value of ISCR) is selected.

If it is determined in step S264 that there is no ISCR that is the same as or close to the predicted value of ISCR, the process proceeds to step S267. In step S267, the BB header analysis unit 251 includes a plurality of BB frames having errors (BB headers of CRC errors) among selectable BB frames stored at the heads of the buffers 214-1 to 214-N. Determine whether or not.

If it is determined in step S267 that there are not a plurality of BB frames with errors in the selectable BB frames, that is, only one BB frame exists, the process proceeds to step S268. In step S268, the selected BB frame estimation unit 253 estimates that the BB frame having an error is the BB frame to be selected next, and supplies the estimation result to the BB frame selection control unit 252.

In step S269, the BB frame selection unit 215 performs the process of step S268 from the selectable BB frames stored at the head of the buffers 214-1 to 214-N according to the control from the BB frame selection control unit 252. Select a BB frame with an error according to the estimation result.

If it is determined in step S267 that there are a plurality of BB frames with errors in selectable BB frames, the process proceeds to step S270. In step S270, the BB frame selection unit 215 follows the control from the BB frame selection control unit 252, and has been selected from the selectable BB frames stored at the heads of the buffers 214-1 to 214-N. Select the BB frame of the sequence (path) that has passed the most time. For example, the time since the previous selection of the BB frame stored in the buffer 214-1 is compared with the time since the previous selection of the BB frame stored in the other buffers 214-2 to 214-N. If it is the longest, the BB frame stored in the buffer 214-1 is selected.

When the process of step S263, S266, S269, or S270 is completed, the process returns to the process of step S220 in FIG. 6, and the subsequent processes are executed.

The third BB frame selection process has been described above. In this third BB frame selection process, when an ISCR cannot be acquired due to an error during transmission, an ISCR increment value is obtained as a predicted ISCR value, and an ISCR value close to the predicted ISCR value exists. Depending on whether or not the BB frame to be selected next is estimated, the BB frames are rearranged correctly, so that the influence of errors during transmission can be minimized.

<4. Error localization during BB frame estimation>

By the way, in the receiving apparatus 20, when the ISCR included in the BB header added to the BB frame cannot be acquired due to an error during transmission (for example, an error of the BB frame), for example, a BB header such as SYNCD or ISCR. As described above, the BB frame to be selected next is estimated from the selectable BB frames based on the information arranged in the above. With these BB frame estimations, the next BB frame to be selected can be estimated with sufficient accuracy, but it is only an estimation and is not perfect and can be rearranged in the wrong order. Sex cannot be denied.

For this reason, when the BB frame processing unit 216 performs processing in the receiving device 20 in a state where the order of rearrangement of the BB frames selected by the BB frame selection unit 215 is wrong, the influence of the order mistake. Will expand. In particular, SYNCD placed in the BB header will not make any sense if the BB frame rearrangement order is wrong.

Therefore, referring to FIG. 30 to FIG. 39, when an error occurs in the BB frame and the ISCR included in the BB header cannot be acquired, when the BB frame is estimated, Even if the estimation is incorrect, a method for localizing the influence to a limited part and minimizing the influence of the mistake in the rearrangement order of the BB frames will be described.

(Error localization method for BB frame estimation)
FIG. 30 is a diagram illustrating a BB frame selection method according to the BB frame estimation result.

In FIG. 30, the reception device 20 receives the RF signal from the transmission device 10, and the data slice processing units 213-1 to 213-4 process the data slices DS # 1 to DS # 4, thereby restoring them. The BB frames constituting the divided stream are sequentially stored in the corresponding buffers 214-1 to 214-4. If the ISCRs of all the BB frames stored at the heads of the buffers 214-1 to 214-4 can be referred to, the BB frame selection unit 215 identifies and selects the BB frame of the ISCR that is the minimum value. Thereby, in the example of FIG. 30, BB frames of ISCRs “10” to “20” are selected in order.

As described above, when there is no BB frame having an error in the selectable BB frames, the BB frame selection unit 215 sequentially selects the BB frames of the ISCR that is the minimum value. When the ISCR BB frame “20” stored in the buffer 214-2 is selected by the unit 215, the BB frame input next to the ISCR BB frame “20” is stored in the buffer 214-2. Although stored at the beginning, the value of ISCR is unknown in the BB frame (hatched square with “XX” in the figure) due to the error.

In this case, as described above, the BB frame to be selected next is estimated from the selectable BB frames based on the information arranged in the BB header such as SYNCD and ISCR. is there. Then, the BB frame selection unit 215 selects the BB frame to be selected next based on the estimation result of the BB frame.

Here, when the estimation result of the BB frame is correct, the BB frames are rearranged in the correct order as shown in the upper side of FIG. 31, but when the estimation result of the BB frame is incorrect, FIG. As shown below, the BB frames will be rearranged in the wrong order. In this case, not only the position of the BB frame whose ISCR value is unknown due to the error is incorrect, but also the BB frame selected after the BB frame ("30" to "50" in FIG. 31). BB frame of ISCR) is rearranged in the wrong order. As described above, if the estimation result of the BB frame is incorrect, the influence is expanded in units of BB frames.

Especially, the syncd included in the BB header will not make any sense if the order of the BB frames is incorrect. For example, as shown in FIG. 32, when the estimation result of the BB frame is wrong and the BB frames are rearranged in the wrong order, the BB frame whose ISCR value is unknown due to the error (in the figure The hatched squares marked with “XX” carry over information indicating the start position of the TS packet of the previous BB frame (hereinafter referred to as “packet start position information”).

Therefore, in the BB frame processing unit 216, the BBs of the BB frames rearranged in an incorrect order after the BB frame whose ISCR value is unknown (BB frames of ISCRs “30” to “50” in FIG. 32). If the value of SYNCD included in the header is used, the data (actual data) stored in the BB frame will be discarded, and as a result, there will be discontinuities in the actual data to be restored (eg, target data such as TS). Will occur.

Here, in order to avoid the occurrence of such discontinuous points, the BB frame processing unit 216 may have a section in which the order of rearrangement of the BB frames may be incorrect (hereinafter referred to as an “affected section”). Does not use the value of SYNCD included in the BB header so that the packet start position information of the BB frame immediately before the affected section is inherited.

For example, as shown in FIG. 33, when the estimation result of the BB frame is wrong and the BB frames are rearranged in the wrong order, the BB frame with the unknown ISCR value (“XX” in the figure) In addition, the BB frame in the affected section takes over the packet start position information of the BB frame immediately before the affected section. As the packet start position information, for example, bit information obtained from SYNCD included in the BB header of the BB frame immediately before the affected section can be used.

Specifically, in FIG. 33, the BB frame with an unknown ISCR value (the hatched square with “XX” in the figure) and the ISCR BB frame from “30” to “50” are affected. Since this is a section, the packet start position information of the BB frame of the ISCR that is “20” immediately before the affected section is taken over. As a result, in the affected section where the order of the BB frames may be incorrect, since the syncd is not used, the data (actual data) stored in the BB frame is not wasted and is restored as a result. Discontinuous points do not occur in actual data (for example, target data such as TS). In this example, the ISCR BB frames that are “10”, “20”, “70”, and “80” outside the affected section use the value of SYNCD included in the BB header.

The affected section depends on the BB frame estimation algorithm, but the maximum value is the BB frame input immediately before the error BB frame from the buffer 214 to which the error BB frame is input. The period from immediately after selection of the BB frame to immediately before the selection of the BB frame input immediately after the BB frame having an error.

For example, in FIG. 34, in the buffer 214-2, after the BB frame of the ISCR that is “20”, the BB frame whose ISCR value is unknown due to the error (the hatched line with “XX” in the figure) ) And an ISCR BB frame of “100” are input in order. Then, when the ISCR BB frame “20” stored at the head of the buffer 214-2 is selected, the BB frame input next to the ISCR BB frame “20” is stored at the head. However, the ISCR value of the BB frame (the hatched square with “XX” in the figure) is unknown due to the error.

In this case, among the selectable BB frames stored at the heads of the buffers 214-1 to 214-4, the BB frame with the unknown ISCR value stored at the head of the buffer 214-2 ("XX" in the figure). The BB frame is estimated using SYNCD etc. until the "100" ISCR BB frame is stored at the beginning of the buffer 214-2. It will be. For example, FIG. 35 illustrates a case where BB frames are arranged in the correct order and a case where BB frames are arranged in an incorrect order.

That is, the value of the ISCR is a BB frame between the BB frame selected immediately after the BB frame of the ISCR that is “20” and the BB frame selected immediately before the BB frame of the ISCR that is “100”. There is a possibility that an unknown BB frame (a shaded square with “XX” in the figure) is selected, and that section is set as the maximum affected section. In other words, it can be seen that the value of ISCR that is "XX" is larger than "20" and smaller than "100", so the value of ISCR is larger than "20" and smaller than "100". The value BB frame is assumed to be a BB frame in the affected section, and the value of SYNCD included in the BB header added to the BB frame is not used.

For example, as shown in FIG. 36, in the BB frame processing unit 216, the BB frames rearranged in the wrong order after the BB frame whose ISCR value is unknown ("30" to "50" in FIG. 36). If the value of SYNCD included in the BB header of the BB frame of the ISCR is used, a discontinuous point is generated in the actual data to be restored. Therefore, as shown in FIG. 37, it is included in the BB header in the affected section. The packet start position information of the BB frame immediately before the affected section is inherited without using the SYNCD value.

Specifically, in FIG. 37, the BB frame with an unknown ISCR value (the hatched square with “XX” in the figure) and the ISCR BB frame from “30” to “90” are affected. Since this is a section (maximum affected section), the packet start position information of the BB frame of the ISCR that is “20” immediately before the affected section is taken over. As a result, in the affected section where the order of the BB frames may be incorrect, since the syncd is not used, the data (actual data) stored in the BB frame is not wasted and is restored as a result. There is no discontinuity in the actual data. In this example, the SYNC frame included in the BB header is used for the BB frames of ISCR that are “10”, “20”, and “100” outside the affected section.

In this way, in error localization at the time of BB frame estimation, the BB frame in the affected section where the order of rearrangement of BB frames may be incorrect does not use the value of SYNCD included in the BB header. The packet start position information of the BB frame immediately before the affected section is taken over, so that discontinuities caused by discarding the data (actual data) stored in the BB frame can be avoided. Therefore, the influence of errors during transmission can be minimized.

(Functional configuration example of the control unit)
FIG. 38 is a diagram illustrating a functional configuration example of the control unit 211 (FIG. 5) in the case of performing error localization at the time of BB frame estimation. In the control unit 211 of FIG. 38, the same reference numerals are given to the portions corresponding to the control unit 211 of FIG. 22, and description thereof will be omitted as appropriate.

38, the control unit 211 includes a BB header analysis unit 251, a BB frame selection control unit 252, a selected BB frame estimation unit 253, a SYNCD expected value calculation unit 254, and a BB frame processing control unit 281. That is, the control unit 211 in FIG. 38 has a configuration in which a BB frame processing control unit 281 is newly added as compared with the control unit 211 in FIG.

The selected BB frame estimation unit 253, when there is a BB frame whose ISCR value is unknown among selectable BB frames stored at the heads of the buffers 214-1 to 214-N, To determine whether there is a value of SYNCD that matches the expected value of SYNCD.

When there is a value of SYNCD that matches the expected value of SYNCD, the selected BB frame estimation unit 253 estimates that the BB frame of the SYNCD is the BB frame to be selected next, and the estimation result is BB. This is supplied to the frame selection control unit 252. As a result, the BB frame selection unit 215 selects a BB frame corresponding to the estimation result from the selectable BB frames stored at the heads of the buffers 214-1 to 214-N.

Here, if the selected BB frame estimation unit 253 estimates a BB frame, the order of rearrangement of the BB frames may be incorrect when the estimation result of the BB frame is incorrect. A 1-bit flag indicating the BB frame in the affected section (hereinafter referred to as “affected section flag”) is generated, and the BB frame processing control unit according to the timing of the BB frame selection by the BB frame selecting unit 215 281 is supplied.

When the BB frame processed by the BB frame processing unit 216 from the selected BB frame estimation unit 253 is a BB frame in the affected section, the BB frame processing control unit 281 has an influence of “1”, for example. If the section flag is supplied and the BB frame is outside the affected section, for example, an affected section flag of “0” is supplied. The BB frame processing control unit 281 controls the process of reconstructing (restoring) the original BB stream, which is performed by the BB frame processing unit 216, based on the affected section flag supplied from the selected BB frame estimation unit 253.

Specifically, when the affected section flag from the selected BB frame estimating section 253 is “0”, that is, when the BB frame is outside the affected section, the BB frame processing control unit 281 displays the BB header of the BB frame. Ensure that the included syncd value is used. On the other hand, if the affected zone flag from the selected BB frame estimating unit 253 is “1”, that is, the BB frame is within the affected zone, the BB frame processing control unit 281 packet of the BB frame immediately before the affected zone The start position information is taken over.

In the configuration of the control unit 211 in FIG. 38, the configuration in the case of adopting BB frame estimation using SYNCD as the BB frame estimation method has been described as an example. For example, regularity of BB frame selection is used. The same configuration can be made when BB frame estimation or BB frame estimation using the prediction result of the next ISCR is adopted.

(Flow of stream reconstruction process)
Next, the flow of stream reconstruction processing corresponding to the processing in step S221 in FIG. 6 will be described with reference to the flowchart in FIG.

In step S281, the BB frame processing control unit 281 determines that the target BB frame to be processed by the BB frame processing unit 216 is a BB frame in the affected section based on the affected section flag supplied from the selected BB frame estimating unit 253. It is determined whether or not.

If it is determined in step S281 that the target BB frame is a BB frame outside the affected section, the process proceeds to step S282. In step S282, the BB frame processing control unit 281 controls the BB frame processing unit 216, and the BB frame to be processed in step S281 is converted from the BB frame to the TS packet by using the SYNCD included in the BB header. To be converted.

If it is determined in step S281 that the target BB frame is a BB frame in the affected section, the process proceeds to step S283. In step S283, the BB frame processing control unit 281 controls the BB frame processing unit 216 and uses the packet start position information of the BB frame immediately before the affected section for the BB frame to be processed in step S281. BB frame is converted to TS packet.

By performing the process of step S282 or S283, the original BB stream is reconstructed (restored) from the rearranged BB frames. When the process of step S282 or S283 is completed, the process returns to the process of step S221 in FIG. 6, and the subsequent processes are executed.

So far, the stream reconstruction process has been described. In this stream reconstruction process, the BB frame in the affected section where the order of rearrangement of the BB frames may be incorrect does not use the value of SYNCD included in the BB header, but the BB immediately before the affected section. By making the packet start position information of the frame inherited, it is possible to avoid discontinuities caused by discarding the data (actual data) stored in the BB frame. Can be minimized.

<5. Computer configuration>

The series of processes described above can be executed by hardware or software. When a series of processing is executed by software, a program constituting the software is installed in the computer. FIG. 40 is a diagram illustrating a configuration example of hardware of a computer that executes the above-described series of processing by a program.

In the computer 900, a CPU (Central Processing Unit) 901, a ROM (Read Only Memory) 902, and a RAM (Random Access Memory) 903 are connected to each other by a bus 904. An input / output interface 905 is further connected to the bus 904. An input unit 906, an output unit 907, a recording unit 908, a communication unit 909, and a drive 910 are connected to the input / output interface 905.

The input unit 906 includes a keyboard, a mouse, a microphone, and the like. The output unit 907 includes a display, a speaker, and the like. The recording unit 908 includes a hard disk, a nonvolatile memory, and the like. The communication unit 909 includes a network interface or the like. The drive 910 drives a removable medium 911 such as a magnetic disk, an optical disk, a magneto-optical disk, or a semiconductor memory.

In the computer 900 configured as described above, the CPU 901 loads the program stored in the ROM 902 or the recording unit 908 to the RAM 903 via the input / output interface 905 and the bus 904 and executes the program. A series of processing is performed.

The program executed by the computer 900 (CPU 901) can be provided by being recorded on a removable medium 911 as a package medium, for example. The program can be provided via a wired or wireless transmission medium such as a local area network, the Internet, or digital satellite broadcasting.

In the computer 900, the program can be installed in the recording unit 908 via the input / output interface 905 by installing the removable medium 911 in the drive 910. Further, the program can be received by the communication unit 909 via a wired or wireless transmission medium and installed in the recording unit 908. In addition, the program can be installed in the ROM 902 or the recording unit 908 in advance.

Here, in this specification, the processing performed by the computer according to the program does not necessarily have to be performed in chronological order according to the order described in the flowchart. That is, the processing performed by the computer according to the program includes processing executed in parallel or individually (for example, parallel processing or object processing). The program may be processed by a single computer (processor) or may be distributedly processed by a plurality of computers.

Note that the embodiments of the present technology are not limited to the above-described embodiments, and various modifications can be made without departing from the gist of the present technology.

Also, the present technology can take the following configurations.

(1)
A receiving unit that receives a plurality of divided streams obtained by distributing a BB frame of a BB stream, which is a BB (BaseBand) frame stream, to a plurality of data slices;
If time information indicating the order of selection of the BB frames when reconfiguring the plurality of divided streams cannot be obtained due to an error during transmission, the plurality of divided streams are determined based on the information about the BB frames. An estimation unit for estimating the BB frame to be selected next from among the BB frames selectable to:
A receiving apparatus comprising: a selection unit that selects the next BB frame from among the selectable BB frames based on the estimation result of the BB frame by the estimation unit.
(2)
The receiving apparatus according to (1), wherein the time information is an ISCR (Input Stream Time Reference) of an ISSY (Input Stream Synchronizer) defined by a DVB-C2 (Digital Video Broadcasting-Cable second generation) standard.
(3)
The estimation unit, when storing the BB frame in the packet, based on SYNCD which is information indicating the number of remaining bits necessary to configure the packet storing the BB header added to the frame, The expected BB frame to be selected next is estimated by comparing the expected value of SYNCD predicted from the previously selected BB frame with the value of SYNCD included in the BB header (2) ).
(4)
The selection unit includes:
If the expected value of the SYNCD and the value of the SYNCD match, the BB frame to which the BB header including the SYNCD having a value that matches the expected value of the SYNCD is added is then the BB frame to be selected. Select as
When there is no SYNCD having a value that matches the expected value of the SYNCD, the BB frame whose ISCR value is unknown due to an error is selected as the BB frame to be selected next. apparatus.
(5)
The reception device according to (2), wherein the estimation unit estimates the BB frame to be selected next based on a prediction result of the regularity of selection of the BB frame.
(6)
The regularity of selection of the BB frame is predicted based on a selection result of the next BB frame selected from the selectable BB frames when the BB frame is normally received. The receiving device according to (5).
(7)
The receiving device according to (2), wherein the estimation unit estimates the BB frame to be selected next based on an ISCR prediction result of the BB frame.
(8)
The selection unit includes:
When the BB frame of the ISCR having a value that is the same as or close to the prediction result of the ISCR exists, select the BB frame as the BB frame to be selected next,
When the BB frame of the ISCR having a value equal to or close to the predicted result of the ISCR does not exist, the BB frame whose ISCR value is unknown due to an error is selected as the BB frame to be selected next. 7) The receiving device described in the above.
(9)
The reception device according to (7) or (8), wherein the prediction result of the ISCR is calculated from an actual measurement value of the ISCR or based on a transmission parameter.
(10)
Any one of (1) to (9), further comprising: a reconstruction unit that reconstructs the original BB stream from the plurality of divided streams by processing the BB frames in the order selected by the selection unit. The receiving device described in 1.
(11)
In the receiving method of the receiving device,
The receiving device is
A plurality of divided streams obtained by distributing the BB frame of the BB stream, which is a BB frame stream, to a plurality of data slices are received,
If time information indicating the order of selection of the BB frames when reconfiguring the plurality of divided streams cannot be obtained due to an error during transmission, the plurality of divided streams are determined based on the information about the BB frames. The BB frame to be selected next is estimated from among the BB frames selectable to
A receiving method including a step of selecting the next BB frame from among the selectable BB frames based on the estimation result of the BB frame.

1 transmission system, 10 transmission device, 20 reception device, 30 transmission path, 111 control unit, 112 BB frame generation unit, 113 BB frame distribution unit, 114 data slice processing unit, 115 frame configuration unit, 116 transmission unit, 211 control unit , 212 reception unit, 213 data slice processing unit, 214 buffer, 215 BB frame selection unit, 216 BB frame processing unit, 251 BB header analysis unit, 252 BB frame selection control unit, 253 selection BB frame estimation unit, 254 SYNCD expected value Calculation unit, 261 regularity calculation unit, 271 ISCR prediction value calculation unit, 281 BB frame processing control unit, 900 computer, 901 CPU

Claims (11)

  1. A receiving unit that receives a plurality of divided streams obtained by distributing a BB frame of a BB stream, which is a BB (BaseBand) frame stream, to a plurality of data slices;
    If time information indicating the order of selection of the BB frames when reconfiguring the plurality of divided streams cannot be obtained due to an error during transmission, the plurality of divided streams are determined based on the information about the BB frames. An estimation unit for estimating the BB frame to be selected next from among the BB frames selectable to:
    A receiving apparatus comprising: a selection unit that selects the next BB frame from among the selectable BB frames based on the estimation result of the BB frame by the estimation unit.
  2. The receiving apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the time information is an ISCR (Input Stream Time Reference) of ISSY (Input Stream Synchronizer) defined by a DVB-C2 (Digital Video Broadcasting-Cable second generation) standard.
  3. The estimation unit, when storing the BB frame in the packet, based on SYNCD which is information indicating the number of remaining bits necessary to configure the packet storing the BB header added to the frame, The BB frame to be selected next is estimated by comparing the expected value of SYNCD predicted from the BB frame selected immediately before with the value of SYNCD included in the BB header. 2. The receiving device according to 2.
  4. The selection unit includes:
    If the expected value of the SYNCD and the value of the SYNCD match, the BB frame to which the BB header including the SYNCD having a value that matches the expected value of the SYNCD is added is then the BB frame to be selected. Select as
    4. The reception according to claim 3, wherein when there is no SYNCD having a value that matches the expected value of the SYNCD, the BB frame whose ISCR value is unknown due to an error is selected as the BB frame to be selected next. apparatus.
  5. The receiving apparatus according to claim 2, wherein the estimation unit estimates the BB frame to be selected next based on a prediction result of regularity of selection of the BB frame.
  6. The regularity of selection of the BB frame is predicted based on a selection result of the next BB frame selected from the selectable BB frames when the BB frame is normally received. The receiving device according to claim 5.
  7. The receiving device according to claim 2, wherein the estimation unit estimates the BB frame to be selected next based on an ISCR prediction result of the BB frame.
  8. The selection unit includes:
    When the BB frame of the ISCR having a value that is the same as or close to the prediction result of the ISCR exists, select the BB frame as the BB frame to be selected next,
    When the BB frame of the ISCR having a value equal to or close to the predicted result of the ISCR does not exist, the BB frame whose ISCR value is unknown due to an error is selected as the BB frame to be selected next. Item 8. The receiving device according to Item 7.
  9. The receiving device according to claim 8, wherein the prediction result of the ISCR is calculated from an actually measured value of the ISCR or based on a transmission parameter.
  10. The receiving apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising: a reconfiguration unit configured to reconfigure the original BB stream from the plurality of divided streams by processing the BB frames in the order selected by the selection unit.
  11. In the receiving method of the receiving device,
    The receiving device is
    A plurality of divided streams obtained by distributing the BB frame of the BB stream, which is a BB frame stream, to a plurality of data slices are received,
    If time information indicating the order of selection of the BB frames when reconfiguring the plurality of divided streams cannot be obtained due to an error during transmission, the plurality of divided streams are determined based on the information about the BB frames. The BB frame to be selected next is estimated from among the BB frames selectable to
    A receiving method including a step of selecting the next BB frame from among the selectable BB frames based on the estimation result of the BB frame.
PCT/JP2015/072942 2014-08-29 2015-08-14 Reception device and reception method WO2016031587A1 (en)

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EP3197174A1 (en) 2017-07-26
JP6561990B2 (en) 2019-08-21

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