污水处理装置Sewage treatment plant
本发明涉及一种适用于对分散型污水进行处理的技术，特别是一种污水处理装置。The present invention relates to a technique suitable for treating dispersed sewage, and more particularly to a sewage treatment device.
中国水资源短缺，人口增加和经济高速发展使水环境污染日趋严峻。随着农业的不断发展，尤其是农药，化肥的使用频繁，使得农村污水处理问题尤为严重。而且农村地区，尤其是边远地区居住相对分散，自然情况和经济条件千差万别，若采取一种统一的污水治理模式是不可能的，况且在农村建设大型的污水处理设施不仅占地面积，气味比较大，而且建设费用高，还要花费极大的电力。而小型的农村分散型污水处理装置可以用来解决这一问题。小型农村分散型污水能实现污水的就地处理，无需修建很长的管道，节省管网的投资，安装方便，占用面积极小，维护简单，水质适应性很强。The shortage of water resources in China, the increase in population and the rapid development of the economy have made the water environment pollution increasingly severe. With the continuous development of agriculture, especially pesticides and the frequent use of chemical fertilizers, the problem of rural sewage treatment is particularly serious. Moreover, rural areas, especially in remote areas, are relatively scattered, and the natural conditions and economic conditions vary widely. It is impossible to adopt a unified sewage treatment model. Moreover, the construction of large-scale sewage treatment facilities in rural areas not only covers an area, but also has a large smell. And the construction cost is high, and it takes a lot of electricity. Small rural decentralized sewage treatment plants can be used to solve this problem. Small rural decentralized sewage can realize on-site treatment of sewage, without the need to build long pipelines, save investment in pipe network, easy to install, occupying small size, simple maintenance, and strong water quality adaptability.
中国学者在有关农村分散型污水处理装置的研究与发明上也取得了一批重要成果。公开号为CN102107984 A，名为“用于农村分散型污水处理的一体式装置”，该装置将沉淀池技术，生物接触氧化池技术以及潜流人工湿地技术组合，具有管理操作简便，运行耗能低，处理效果优良的特点。但是将这三个单元置于一个小型化的装置内，可能会导致个单元相互影响比较大，装置制作难度较高；该装置需要外加供电，仍需要一定的成本。公开号为CN103708617A，名为“一种农村分散型污水处理的组装立体式A2/O反应罐”，设置厌氧区，缺氧区，好氧区和沉淀区四个单元，装置小型化，拆修方便。但是装置内部组成组装比较复杂，装置耗电量比较大，而且每个单元之间具有一定的影响，可能会降低处理效果。Chinese scholars have also achieved a number of important achievements in the research and invention of rural decentralized sewage treatment plants. The publication number is CN102107984 A, which is named “Integrated Device for Rural Dispersed Sewage Treatment”. The device combines sedimentation tank technology, biological contact oxidation pond technology and subsurface flow constructed wetland technology, with simple management and low operating energy consumption. The treatment effect is excellent. However, placing these three units in a miniaturized device may result in a relatively large mutual influence of the units, and the device is difficult to manufacture; the device requires external power supply and still requires a certain cost. The publication number is CN103708617A, which is called “an assembled three-dimensional A2/O reaction tank for rural decentralized sewage treatment”. It is equipped with four units of anaerobic zone, anoxic zone, aerobic zone and sedimentation zone, and the device is miniaturized and dismantled. Easy to repair. However, the internal assembly of the device is complicated, the power consumption of the device is relatively large, and each unit has a certain influence, which may reduce the processing effect.
In summary, the research and practical application of a treatment device for rural dispersed sewage needs to solve the problem that the internal structure is simple, the treatment effect is good, and the power consumption is small.
发明内容Summary of the invention
在下文中给出关于本发明的简要概述，以便提供关于本发明的某些方面的基本理解。应当理解，这个概述并不是关于本发明的穷举性概述。它并不是意图确定本发明的关键或重要部分，也不是意图限定本发明的范围。其目的仅仅是以简化的形式给出某些概念，以此作为稍后论述的更详细描述的前序。A brief summary of the invention is set forth below in order to provide a basic understanding of certain aspects of the invention. It should be understood that this summary is not an exhaustive overview of the invention. It is not intended to identify key or critical aspects of the invention, and is not intended to limit the scope of the invention. Its purpose is to present some concepts in a simplified form as a pre-
本发明的一个主要目的在于提供一种污水处理装置，其结构简单、使用灵活方便、运行成本低廉、占地面积小，适用于处理分散污水水源。A main object of the present invention is to provide a sewage treatment device which is simple in structure, flexible in use, low in operation cost, small in floor space, and suitable for treating a waste water source.
根据本发明的第一方面，一种污水处理装置，包括电源装置和反应器；According to a first aspect of the invention, a sewage treatment apparatus comprising a power supply unit and a reactor;
所述电源装置用于向所述反应器提供电能；The power supply device is configured to supply electrical energy to the reactor;
所述反应器包括进水管、排水管、壳体和设置在壳体内的内胆；The reactor includes an inlet pipe, a drain pipe, a casing, and a liner disposed in the casing;
所述壳体上设有用于插入进水管的进水口和用于插入排水管的第一出水口，且所述进水口在壳体上的高度高于所述出水口在所述壳体上的高度；The housing is provided with a water inlet for inserting an inlet pipe and a first water outlet for inserting the drain pipe, and the height of the water inlet on the casing is higher than the water outlet on the casing height;
所述内胆包括第二顶盖和内胆本体，且所述内胆中设置有用于净化进入所述内胆中的污水的电极板以及用于插入排水管的第二出水口；The inner tank includes a second top cover and a liner body, and the inner tank is provided with an electrode plate for purifying sewage entering the inner tank and a second water outlet for inserting the drainage pipe;
所述电极板包括平行放置的正电极板和负电极板；所述正电极板用于分解进入内胆的污水中的有机物；The electrode plate includes a positive electrode plate and a negative electrode plate placed in parallel; the positive electrode plate is used to decompose organic matter in the sewage entering the inner tank;
所述负电极板用于将进入内胆的污水中的金属离子还原成金属单质并使得金属单质附着在其上；The negative electrode plate is used for reducing metal ions in the sewage entering the liner into a simple substance of metal and attaching a simple substance to the metal;
所述第二顶盖还开设有排浮沫孔，用于将所述正极板处理产生的浮沫排出至所述壳体与所述内胆之间的间隙中；The second top cover is further provided with a discharge floating hole for discharging the floating foam generated by the processing of the positive electrode plate into a gap between the casing and the inner casing;
经所述进水管进入壳体的污水从所述内胆的底部进入内胆中，经所述电极板净化后，由通过所述第一出水口和第二出水口插入所述内胆中的排水管排出。The sewage entering the casing through the inlet pipe enters the inner tank from the bottom of the inner tank, and after being purified by the electrode plate, is inserted into the inner tank through the first water outlet and the second water outlet. The drain is drained.
采用本发明的污水处理装置，可以很方便地对农村等地分布较为分散的污水进行净化处理。By adopting the sewage treatment device of the invention, it is convenient to purify the sewage which is distributed in the rural areas and the like.
参照下面结合附图对本发明实施例的说明，会更加容易地理解本发明的以上和其它目的、特点和优点。附图中的部件只是为了示出本发明的原理。在附图中，相同的或类似的技术特征或部件将采用相同或类似的附图标记来表示。The above and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will become more <RTIgt; The components in the figures are merely illustrative of the principles of the invention. In the drawings, the same or similar technical features or components will be denoted by the same or similar reference numerals.
图1为本发明的污水处理装置的一种实施方式的结构图。Fig. 1 is a structural view showing an embodiment of a sewage treatment apparatus of the present invention.
下面参照附图来说明本发明的实施例。在本发明的一个附图或一种实施方式中描述的元素和特征可以与一个或更多个其它附图或实施方式中示出的元素和特征相结合。应当注意，为了清楚的目的，附图和说明中省略了与本发明无关的、本领域普通技术人员已知的部件和处理的表示和描述。Embodiments of the present invention will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings. Elements and features described in one of the figures or one embodiment of the invention may be combined with elements and features illustrated in one or more other figures or embodiments. It should be noted that, for the sake of clarity, representations and descriptions of components and processes known to those of ordinary skill in the art that are not related to the present invention are omitted from the drawings and the description.
参见图1所示，为本发明的污水处理装置的一种实施方式的结构图。Referring to Fig. 1, there is shown a structural view of an embodiment of a sewage treatment apparatus of the present invention.
在本实施方式中，污水处理装置包括电源装置和反应器。其中，电源装置用于向反应器提供电能。In the present embodiment, the sewage treatment apparatus includes a power supply unit and a reactor. Among them, the power supply device is used to supply electric energy to the reactor.
反应器包括进水管3、排水管8、壳体4和设置在壳体内的内胆6。The reactor includes an inlet pipe 3, a drain pipe 8, a casing 4, and a liner 6 disposed in the casing.
其中，壳体4上设有用于插入进水管3的进水口和用于插入排水管8的第一出水口，且进水口在壳体4上的高度高于出水口在壳体4上的高度。Wherein, the housing 4 is provided with a water inlet for inserting the inlet pipe 3 and a first water outlet for inserting the drain pipe 8, and the height of the water inlet on the casing 4 is higher than the height of the water outlet on the casing 4. .
内胆6中设置有用于净化进入内胆6中的污水的电极板9以及用于插入排水管8的第二出水口。The inner tube 6 is provided with an electrode plate 9 for purifying the sewage entering the inner tube 6, and a second water outlet for inserting the drain pipe 8.
在进行污水处理时，经进水管3进入壳体的污水从内胆6的底部进入内胆6中，经电极板9净化后，由通过第一出水口和第二出水口插入内胆6中的排水管8排出。When the sewage treatment is performed, the sewage entering the casing through the inlet pipe 3 enters the inner liner 6 from the bottom of the inner liner 6, and after being purified by the electrode plate 9, is inserted into the inner liner 6 through the first water outlet and the second water outlet. The drain pipe 8 is discharged.
作为一种优选方案，污水处理装置还可以还包括过滤装置5。过滤装置5固设在壳体4的底边上，且内胆6的底部与过滤装置5的顶部紧密连接。进入壳体4的污水经过滤装置5滤除较大废渣后，经内胆6的底部进入内胆中。这样一来，可以保证污水中体积较大的杂质(如生物废渣)留在壳体4中不进入内胆6，从而保证电极板9的污水处理能力。As a preferred solution, the sewage treatment device may further comprise a filtration device 5. The filter device 5 is fixed to the bottom edge of the housing 4, and the bottom of the bladder 6 is tightly connected to the top of the filter device 5. The sewage entering the casing 4 is filtered through the filtering device 5 to filter out the larger waste residue, and then enters the inner tank through the bottom of the inner casing 6. In this way, it is ensured that the bulky impurities (such as biological waste) in the sewage remain in the casing 4 without entering the inner tank 6, thereby ensuring the sewage treatment capacity of the electrode plate 9.
净化。当水面高度达到与出水口平齐时，即可将处理过的水排出。In the process of sewage treatment, the inlet pipe 3 discharges sewage into the casing 4, and the sewage reaches the bottom of the casing 4 and is filtered by the filtering device 5, and the water enters the liner 6 due to the pressure. As the sewage continues to increase, the water level in the inner tank 6 rises continuously, and the electrode 9 is immersed in the water to continuously
Purification. When the water level reaches the level of the water outlet, the treated water can be discharged.
作为一种优选方案，壳体4可以包括第一顶盖和壳体本体。内胆6可以包括第二顶盖和内胆本体。第一顶盖与壳体本体可拆卸式连接，第二顶盖与内胆本体可拆卸式连接。这样一来，可以很方便的清洗壳体4和内胆6的内部，从而延长污水处理装置的工作寿命。As a preferred solution, the housing 4 may include a first top cover and a housing body. The bladder 6 can include a second cap and a liner body. The first top cover is detachably connected to the housing body, and the second top cover is detachably connected to the inner body. In this way, the interior of the casing 4 and the liner 6 can be conveniently cleaned, thereby extending the working life of the sewage treatment plant.
第一顶盖和第二顶盖上还可以分别开设有用于使得导线2通过的第一通孔和第二通孔；导线2用于将电源装置输出的电能传递至电极板9，从而使电极板9能够对污水进行净化。The first top cover and the second top cover may respectively be respectively provided with a first through hole and a second through hole for passing the wire 2; the wire 2 is used for transmitting electric energy outputted by the power supply device to the electrode plate 9, thereby making the electrode The plate 9 is capable of purifying the sewage.
在一种实施方式中，电源装置可以包括太阳能光伏板1。太阳能光伏板1用于将太阳能转化为电能，并通过导线2将电能提供至电极板9。这样一来，可以使本实施方式中的污水处理装置仅靠太阳能提供能量，而无需其它的外界供能。In an embodiment, the power supply device may include a solar photovoltaic panel 1. The photovoltaic panel 1 is used to convert solar energy into electrical energy and to supply electrical energy to the electrode plate 9 through the wires 2. In this way, the sewage treatment device in the present embodiment can be powered by solar energy alone without any other external energy supply.
在一种实施方式中，电极板9可以包括平行放置的正电极板和负电极板。正电极板可以分解进入内胆6的污水中的有机物，而负电极板可以将进入内胆6的污水中的金属离子还原成金属单质并使得金属单质附着其上。In an embodiment, the electrode plate 9 may include a positive electrode plate and a negative electrode plate placed in parallel. The positive electrode plate can decompose the organic matter in the sewage entering the inner liner 6, and the negative electrode plate can reduce the metal ions in the sewage entering the inner liner 6 into a simple substance of metal and attach the metal simple substance thereto.
作为一种优选方案，第一顶盖上还开设有用于排出壳体4内空气的排气孔11。这样一来，当污水进入壳体4后，可以将壳体内的空气经排气孔11排到外部，从而加快污水进入壳体4的速度。As a preferred solution, the first top cover is also provided with a venting opening 11 for discharging air in the housing 4. In this way, when the sewage enters the casing 4, the air in the casing can be discharged to the outside through the vent hole 11, thereby accelerating the speed at which the sewage enters the casing 4.
作为一种优选方案，第二顶盖还开设有排浮沫孔10，用于将正极板处理产生的浮沫排出至壳体与内胆之间的间隙中。这样一来，可以进一步避免浮沫经排水管8排出处理装置外部。As a preferred solution, the second top cover is further provided with a discharge foam hole 10 for discharging the floating foam generated by the positive electrode plate treatment into the gap between the casing and the inner casing. In this way, it is possible to further prevent the floating foam from being discharged outside the treatment device through the drain pipe 8.
作为一种优选方案，排水管8为L型，包括水平部和垂直部。垂直部位于内胆中，且水平部经第一出水口和第二出水口通向壳体4的外部。As a preferred solution, the drain pipe 8 is of an L shape including a horizontal portion and a vertical portion. The vertical portion is located in the inner tank, and the horizontal portion leads to the outside of the casing 4 via the first water outlet and the second water outlet.
排水管的垂直部的底端不高于内胆6高度的二分之一处这样一来，可以使得经电极板9净化处理后的水尽快排出，一定程度上提高净化效率。The bottom end of the vertical portion of the drain pipe is not higher than one-half of the height of the inner liner 6, so that the water purified by the electrode plate 9 can be discharged as soon as possible, thereby improving the purification efficiency to some extent.
作为一种优选方案，本发明的污水处理装置还可以包括人工湿地12和集水槽13。排水管8的水平部连接至人工湿地12的入水口。As a preferred embodiment, the sewage treatment apparatus of the present invention may further include a constructed wetland 12 and a sump 13. The horizontal portion of the drain pipe 8 is connected to the water inlet of the constructed wetland 12.
的有机物，降低其中的氮、磷含量。The artificial wetland 12 is for removing organic matter in the water entering through the water inlet of the artificial wetland, and discharging the treated water to the sump 13 through the water outlet of the artificial wetland. Plants and microorganisms in constructed wetlands can further purify the water entering the constructed wetlands and remove them.
Organic matter, reducing the nitrogen and phosphorus content.
集水槽13还可以包括出水管道14。集水槽13中的经净化的水可通过出水管道14进行回收、再利用。The sump 13 may also include a water outlet conduit 14. The purified water in the sump 13 can be recovered and reused through the water outlet pipe 14.
本发明的污水处理装置结构简单，工作时间长，运行成本低廉，占地面积小，节省能源，无二次污染，而且可以多个污水处理装置组同时工作，处理量大；对COD，氮磷等营养盐的去除效果好，可有效地去除污水中难降解、有毒有害的有机物；能减少污水中病虫害，改善农村的卫生条件；还能美化环境，处理后的水还可以循环使用。The sewage treatment device of the invention has the advantages of simple structure, long working time, low running cost, small occupied area, energy saving, no secondary pollution, and can simultaneously work with multiple sewage treatment device groups, and has a large amount of treatment; for COD, nitrogen and phosphorus The removal effect of nutrients is good, and it can effectively remove the refractory, toxic and harmful organic substances in the sewage; it can reduce the pests and diseases in the sewage and improve the sanitary conditions in the countryside; it can also beautify the environment, and the treated water can be recycled.
在本发明的设备和方法中，显然，各部件或各步骤是可以分解、组合和/或分解后重新组合的。这些分解和/或重新组合应视为本发明的等效方案。还需要指出的是，执行上述系列处理的步骤可以自然地按照说明的顺序按时间顺序执行，但是并不需要一定按照时间顺序执行。某些步骤可以并行或彼此独立地执行。同时，在上面对本发明具体实施例的描述中，针对一种实施方式描述和/或示出的特征可以以相同或类似的方式在一个或更多个其它实施方式中使用，与其它实施方式中的特征相组合，或替代其它实施方式中的特征。In the apparatus and method of the present invention, it will be apparent that various components or steps may be decomposed, combined, and/or decomposed and recombined. These decompositions and/or recombinations should be considered as equivalents to the invention. It should also be noted that the steps of performing the above-described series of processes may naturally be performed in chronological order in the order illustrated, but need not necessarily be performed in chronological order. Certain steps may be performed in parallel or independently of one another. Also, in the above description of specific embodiments of the present invention, features described and/or illustrated with respect to one embodiment may be used in the same or similar manner in one or more other embodiments, and in other embodiments. The features are combined or substituted for features in other embodiments.
应该强调，术语“包括/包含”在本文使用时指特征、要素、步骤或组件的存在，但并不排除一个或更多个其它特征、要素、步骤或组件的存在或附加。It should be emphasized that the term "comprising" or "comprising" is used to mean the presence of a feature, element, step or component, but does not exclude the presence or addition of one or more other features, elements, steps or components.
Having described the invention and its advantages, it is understood that various changes, substitutions and alterations may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims. Further, the scope of the present application is not limited to the specific embodiments of the processes, apparatuses, means, methods and steps described in the specification. It will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art from this disclosure that the present invention can be used in accordance with the present invention to perform substantially the same functions as the corresponding embodiments described herein or to obtain substantially the same results as the present and future Process, equipment, means, method or step to be developed. Therefore, the appended claims are intended to cover such a process, apparatus, means, methods or steps.