WO2016016131A1 - Pesticidally active cyclic enaminones - Google Patents

Pesticidally active cyclic enaminones Download PDF

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WO2016016131A1
WO2016016131A1 PCT/EP2015/067016 EP2015067016W WO2016016131A1 WO 2016016131 A1 WO2016016131 A1 WO 2016016131A1 EP 2015067016 W EP2015067016 W EP 2015067016W WO 2016016131 A1 WO2016016131 A1 WO 2016016131A1
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Aurelien BIGOT
Jürgen Harry SCHAETZER
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Syngenta Participations Ag
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C07DHETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
    • C07D401/00Heterocyclic compounds containing two or more hetero rings, having nitrogen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms, at least one ring being a six-membered ring with only one nitrogen atom
    • C07D401/02Heterocyclic compounds containing two or more hetero rings, having nitrogen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms, at least one ring being a six-membered ring with only one nitrogen atom containing two hetero rings
    • C07D401/06Heterocyclic compounds containing two or more hetero rings, having nitrogen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms, at least one ring being a six-membered ring with only one nitrogen atom containing two hetero rings linked by a carbon chain containing only aliphatic carbon atoms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES, AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/34Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom
    • A01N43/36Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom five-membered rings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES, AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/34Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom
    • A01N43/40Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom six-membered rings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES, AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/34Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom
    • A01N43/46Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom rings with more than six members
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES, AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/48Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with two nitrogen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms
    • A01N43/541,3-Diazines; Hydrogenated 1,3-diazines
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES, AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/48Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with two nitrogen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms
    • A01N43/601,4-Diazines; Hydrogenated 1,4-diazines
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES, AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/72Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with nitrogen atoms and oxygen or sulfur atoms as ring hetero atoms
    • A01N43/74Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with nitrogen atoms and oxygen or sulfur atoms as ring hetero atoms five-membered rings with one nitrogen atom and either one oxygen atom or one sulfur atom in positions 1,3
    • A01N43/761,3-Oxazoles; Hydrogenated 1,3-oxazoles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES, AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/72Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with nitrogen atoms and oxygen or sulfur atoms as ring hetero atoms
    • A01N43/74Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with nitrogen atoms and oxygen or sulfur atoms as ring hetero atoms five-membered rings with one nitrogen atom and either one oxygen atom or one sulfur atom in positions 1,3
    • A01N43/781,3-Thiazoles; Hydrogenated 1,3-thiazoles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES, AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/72Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with nitrogen atoms and oxygen or sulfur atoms as ring hetero atoms
    • A01N43/80Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with nitrogen atoms and oxygen or sulfur atoms as ring hetero atoms five-membered rings with one nitrogen atom and either one oxygen atom or one sulfur atom in positions 1,2
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C07DHETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
    • C07D403/00Heterocyclic compounds containing two or more hetero rings, having nitrogen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms, not provided for by group C07D401/00
    • C07D403/02Heterocyclic compounds containing two or more hetero rings, having nitrogen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms, not provided for by group C07D401/00 containing two hetero rings
    • C07D403/06Heterocyclic compounds containing two or more hetero rings, having nitrogen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms, not provided for by group C07D401/00 containing two hetero rings linked by a carbon chain containing only aliphatic carbon atoms
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C07DHETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
    • C07D405/00Heterocyclic compounds containing both one or more hetero rings having oxygen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms, and one or more rings having nitrogen as the only ring hetero atom
    • C07D405/02Heterocyclic compounds containing both one or more hetero rings having oxygen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms, and one or more rings having nitrogen as the only ring hetero atom containing two hetero rings
    • C07D405/06Heterocyclic compounds containing both one or more hetero rings having oxygen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms, and one or more rings having nitrogen as the only ring hetero atom containing two hetero rings linked by a carbon chain containing only aliphatic carbon atoms
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C07DHETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
    • C07D413/00Heterocyclic compounds containing two or more hetero rings, at least one ring having nitrogen and oxygen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms
    • C07D413/02Heterocyclic compounds containing two or more hetero rings, at least one ring having nitrogen and oxygen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms containing two hetero rings
    • C07D413/06Heterocyclic compounds containing two or more hetero rings, at least one ring having nitrogen and oxygen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms containing two hetero rings linked by a carbon chain containing only aliphatic carbon atoms
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C07DHETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
    • C07D417/00Heterocyclic compounds containing two or more hetero rings, at least one ring having nitrogen and sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms, not provided for by group C07D415/00
    • C07D417/02Heterocyclic compounds containing two or more hetero rings, at least one ring having nitrogen and sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms, not provided for by group C07D415/00 containing two hetero rings
    • C07D417/06Heterocyclic compounds containing two or more hetero rings, at least one ring having nitrogen and sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms, not provided for by group C07D415/00 containing two hetero rings linked by a carbon chain containing only aliphatic carbon atoms

Abstract

Compounds of formula (I) wherein X is halogen; Y is O or S; A is hydrogen or halogen; n = 1, 2, 3 or 4; Het is a 5- or 6- membered carbon-bound saturated, unsaturated or aromatic heterocycle, having 1, 2 or 3 heteroatoms selected from O, S and N, said heterocycle can be mono- di- or trisubstituted by substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen, C1-C4-alkyl and C1-C4-haloalkyl; R1 is hydrogen, C1-C3-alkyl or C1-C3-haloalkyl; R2 and R3 are, independently from each other, hydrogen, halogen, C1-C4-alkyl or C1-C4-haloalkyl; or R2 and R3 together with the carbon to which they are attached form a 3 to 6-membered cycloalkyl group which can be mono- di- or trisubstituted by as well as its agrochemically acceptable salts, enantiomers, diastereomers, tautomers and N-oxides; can be used as pesticides an can be prepared in a manner known per se.

Description

Pesticidally active cyclic enaminones

The present invention relates to novel substituted cyclic enaminone derivatives, to processes for their preparation, to pesticidal, in particular insecticidal, acaricidal, molluscicidal and nematicidal compositions comprising those compounds and to their use for controlling pests such as insect, acarine, mollusc and nematodes pests.

WO 00/27812 describes pesticidally active, phenyl- or heteroaryl-substituted cyclic enaminone derivatives which are substituted at the enamine double bond by cyano or an amide or thioamide group. EP 0652215A1 describes insecticidally active cyclic enaminones which are substituted at the carbonyl moiety by a difluoroalkyl group. In the specifically disclosed compounds, the cyclic moiety of the enaminone either contains an additional sulfur atom or a nitrogen atom.

It has now been found that novel substituted cyclic enaminones with an innovative specific substitution pattern have pesticidal properties. The present invention accordingly relates to compounds of formula I,

Figure imgf000003_0001

wherein

X is halogen;

Y is O or S;

A is hydrogen or halogen;

n is 1 , 2, 3 or 4;

Het is a 5- or 6- membered carbon-bound saturated, unsaturated or aromatic heterocycle, having 1 , 2 or 3 heteroatoms selected from O, S and N, said heterocycle can be mono- di- or trisubstituted by substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen, Ci-C4-alkyl and Ci-C4-haloalkyl;

Ri is hydrogen, Ci-C3-alkyl or Ci-C3-haloalkyl;

R2 and R3 are, independently from each other, hydrogen, halogen, Ci-C4-alkyl or Ci-C4-haloalkyl; or R2 and R3 together with the carbon to which they are attached form a 3 to 6-membered cycloalkyl group which can be mono- di- or trisubstituted by halogen; as well as its agrochemically acceptable salts, enantiomers, diastereomers, tautomers and N-oxides. Compounds of formula I which have at least one basic centre can form, for example, acid addition salts, for example with strong inorganic acids such as mineral acids, for example perchloric acid, sulfuric acid, nitric acid, nitrose acid, a phosphorus acid or a hydrohalic acid, with strong organic carboxylic acids, such as Ci-C4alkanecarboxylic acids which are unsubstituted or substituted, for example by halogen, for example acetic acid, such as saturated or unsaturated dicarboxylic acids, for example oxalic acid, malonic acid, succinic acid, maleic acid, fumaric acid or phthalic acid, such as hydroxycarboxylic acids, for example ascorbic acid, lactic acid, malic acid, tartaric acid or citric acid, or such as benzoic acid, or with organic sulfonic acids, such as d-C4alkane- or arylsulfonic acids which are unsubstituted or substituted, for example by halogen, for example methane- or p-toluenesulfonic acid.

The invention also covers salts and N-oxides of each compound for formula I. One skilled in the art also recognizes that because in the environment and under physiological conditions salts of chemical compounds are in equilibrium with their corresponding non salt forms, salts share the biological utility of the non salt forms.

Thus a wide variety of salts of compounds of the invention (and active ingredients used in combination with the active ingredients of the invention) may be useful for control of pests. Salts amongst agriculturally and/or physiologically tolerable salts include acid-addition salts with inorganic or organic acids such as hydrobromic, hydrochloric, nitric, phosphoric, sulfuric, acetic, butyric, fumaric, lactic, maleic, malonic, oxalic, propionic, salicylic, tartaric, 4-toluenesulfonic or valeric acids.

Suitable amongst agriculturally and/or physiologically tolerable salts can also be the salts of those cations which do not adversely affect the pesticidal and/or parasiticidal action of the compounds of formula (I). Thus, especially suitable cations are the ions of the alkali metals including sodium, potassium and lithium, of the alkaline earth metals including calcium and magnesium, and of the transition metals including manganese, copper, iron, zinc, cobalt, lead, silver, nickel, and also ammonium or organic ammonium including monoalkylammonium, dialkylammonium,

trialkylammonium, tetraalkylammonium, monoalkenylammonium, dialkenylammonium,

trialkenylammonium, monoalkynylammonium, dialkynyla monium, monoalkanolammonium, dialkanolammonium, C5-C6-cycloalkylammonium, piperidinium, morpholinium, pyrrolidinium, or benzylammonium, moreover phosphonium ions, sulfonium ions, preferably tri(Ci-C4alkyl) sulfonium and sulfoxonium ions, preferably tri (Ci-C4alkyl) sulfoxonium.

The alkyl groups occurring in the definitions of the substituents can be straight-chain or branched and are, for example, methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, sec-butyl, iso-butyl, tert-butyl, pentyl and hexyl and their branched isomers. Alkynyl radicals are derived from the alkyl radicals mentioned. The alkynyl groups can be mono- or polyunsaturated. Halogen is generally fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine. This also applies, correspondingly, to halogen in combination with other meanings, such as haloalkyl or halophenyl.

HaloalkyI groups preferably have a chain length of from 1 to 4 carbon atoms. Haloalkyl is, for example, fluoromethyl, difluoromethyl, trifluoromethyl, chloromethyl, dichloromethyl, trichloromethyl, 2,2,2- trifluoroethyl, 2-fluoroethyl, 2-chloroethyl, pentafluoroethyl, 1 , 1-difluoro-2,2,2-trichloroethyl, 2,2,3,3- tetrafluoroethyl and 2,2,2-trichloroethyl; preferably trichloromethyl, difluorochloromethyl,

difluoromethyl, trifluoromethyl and dichlorofluoromethyl. The cycloalkyl groups preferably have from 3 to 6 ring carbon atoms, for example cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl and cyclohexyl.

The compounds of formula I according to the invention also include hydrates which may be formed during the salt formation.

Preferably Het

• In instance of 1 heteratom has one oxygen, or sulfur or nitrogen atom; or

• In instance of 2 heteratoms has two nitrogen atoms, or a nitrogen atom and a sulfur atom, or a nitrogen and an oxygen atom; and

· In instance of 3 heteratoms has three nitrogen atoms, or two nitrogen atoms and one sulfur atom, or two nitrogen atoms and one oxygen atom.

In a preferred embodiment of the invention, Het is unsubstituted or mono- or di-substituted, preferably unsubstituted or monosubstituted by substituents selected from the group consisting of chloro, fluoro, methyl and trifluoromethyl.

Preferred heterocycles Het are selected from the group consisting of

furyl, tetrahydrofuryl, thienyl, pyrrolyl, imidazolyl, pyrazolyl, thiazolyl, isothiazolyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, oxadiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl, pyridyl, pyridazinyl, pyrimidinyl, pyrazinyl, triazinyl, tetrazinyl and indolyl, in particular from 6-chloro-pyrid-3-yl, 6-chloro-5-fluoro-pyrid-3-yl and 2-chloro- thiazol-5-yl.

Heterocycles Het do not contain adjacent oxygen ring atoms, adjacent sulfur ring atoms or adjacent oxygen and sulfur ring atoms.

In an especially preferred embodiment of the invention, Het is selected from the group consisting of pyridyl, pyrimidyl, pyrazinyl, thiazolyl, isoxazolyl or tetrahydrofuranyl; which rings are unsubstituted or mono- or di-substituted with substituents selected from the group consisting of Ci-C4alkyl, Ci-C4- haloalkyl and halogen. In said especially preferred embodiment of the invention, said rings are unsubstituted or mono- or di-substituted, preferably unsubstituted or monosubstituted by substituents selected from the group consisting of chloro, fluoro, methyl and trifluoromethyl. In said especially preferred embodiment of the invention, R-i is preferably hydrogen and Y is oxygen. In said especially preferred embodiment of the invention, X is preferably fluoro. In said especially preferred embodiment of the invention, R3 is preferably fluoro. In said especially preferred embodiment of the invention, R2 is preferably chloro, fluoro or trifluoromethyl.

In an particular preferred embodiment of the invention, Het is pyrid-3-yl, pyrimid-5-yl, pyrazin-2-yl, thiazol-5-yl, isoxazol-5-yl, isoxazol-4-yl or tetrahydrofuran-3-yl, in particular which rings are unsubstituted or mono- or di-substituted with substituents selected from the group consisting of d- C4alkyl, Ci-C4-haloalkyl and halogen. In said particular preferred embodiment of the invention, said rings are unsubstituted or mono- or di-substituted, preferably unsubstituted or monosubstituted by substituents selected from the group consisting of chlorine, fluorine, methyl and trifluoromethyl, preferably chloro and fluoro. In said in particular preferred embodiment of the invention, R-i is preferably hydrogen and Y is oxygen. In said in particular preferred embodiment of the invention, X is preferably fluoro. In said in particular preferred embodiment of the invention, R3 is preferably fluoro. In said in particular preferred embodiment of the invention, R2 is preferably chloro, fluoro or

trifluoromethyl.

In especially preferred compounds of formula I, Het is 6-chloro-pyrid-3-yl, 6-chloro-5-fluoro-pyrid-3-yl or 2-chloro-thiazol-5-yl. In said in especially preferred compounds of formula I, R-i is preferably hydrogen and Y is oxygen. In said especially preferred compounds of formula I, Het is preferably mono- or di-substituted by substituents selected from the group consisting of chloro and fluoro. In said especially preferred compounds of formula I, Ri is preferably hydrogen and Y is oxygen. In said especially preferred compounds of formula I, X is preferably fluoro. In said especially preferred compounds of formulal I, R3 is preferably fluoro. In said especially preferred compounds of formula I, R2 is preferably chloro, fluoro or trifluoromethyl. In the compounds of formula I, in said especially preferred embodiment, in the particular preferred embodiment and in the especially preferred compounds of formula I mentioned above, the substituent A is preferably hydrogen, fluoro or chloro, in particular hydrogen.

Further preferred compounds of formula I are represented by the compounds of formula le

Figure imgf000007_0001
wherein

Het-i is pyridyl which can be substituted by halogen, in particular by chloro, or is thiazolyl which can substituted by halogen, in particular by chloro; or is pyrazinyl which can be substituted by halogen; Y is O or S;

n1 is 2, 3 or 4;

R2a is halogen or Ci-C4haloalkyl, in particular fluoro or Ci-C4fluoroalkyl; and

R3a is halogen, in particular fluoro.

Especially preferred compounds of formula I are represented by the compounds of formula Id

Figure imgf000007_0002

wherein

Het-ι is pyridyl which can be substituted by halogen, in particular by chloro, or is thiazolyl which can be substituted by halogen, in particular by chloro;

n1 is 2, 3 or 4;

R2a is halogen or Ci-C4haloalkyl, in particular fluoro or Ci-C4fluoroalkyl; and

R3a is halogen, in particular fluoro. In said compounds of formula Id, Het-ι is preferably 6-chloro-pyrid-3-yl or 2-chloro-thiazol-5-yl.

Compounds of formula (I)

Figure imgf000008_0001

can be prepared according to the following general synthesis scheme:

General synthesis scheme for A = H and Y = O, R is hydrogen, C -Cj-alkyl or C-rCyhaloalkyl; X halogen and n = 1 ,2, 3 or 4.

Scheme 1 :

Lawesson Reagent

Figure imgf000008_0002

thionation

IV

Figure imgf000008_0003

General synthetic methods:

Intermediates of formula (IV), wherein R-i and Het have the same meanings as defined for formula (I) and n = 1-4, can be synthesised from intermediates of formula (II), wherein R-i and Het have the same meanings as defined for formula (I) and wherein LG (leaving group) is iodine, bromine or chlorine, tosylate or mesylate, by treatment with a reagent of formula (III), wherein n = 1-4. This reaction can be performed in the presence of a base, for instance sodium hydride or KOtBu. The reaction can be performed in a solvent, for instance in tetrahydrofuran or DMF in a temperature range of -78 to 200 °C, preferable between 10 and 40 °C (see. e.g. EP1308513A1 , US6303638).

Intermediates of formula (VI), wherein n = 1-4 and R-i and Het have the same meanings as defined for formula (I) can be prepared from intermediates of formula (IV), wherein n = 1-4 and R-i and Het have the same meanings as defined for formula (I) by treatment with commercially available thionation reagents of formula V, for example Lawesson reagent or P2S5. Thionation step can be performed according to known literature methods (for instance J. Med. Chem.1999, 42, 2227, US6303638). Accordingly, thionation with P2S5 can preferably carried out in the presence of a base, such as sodium carbonate in a suitable solvent, for instance in THF or if using Lawesson reagent in toluene as solvent.

Compounds of formula (la; where A is H, Y = O), wherein X, R-i , R2, F¾, and Het, have the same meanings as defined for formula (I) and n = 1-4 can be made from intermediates of formula (VI), wherein Het and R-i have the same meanings as defined for formula (I) and n = 1-4 by treatment with an alkylating reagent of formula VII, wherein Y = O and X, R2, R3, have the same meanings as defined for formula (I) and LG stands for a leaving group selected from iodine, bromine, chlorine, tosylate or mesylate. The reaction can be performed preferably in a solvent such as dichloromethane, acetonitrile or acetone without or in the presence of a thiophile, for example triphenylphosphine and a base, for instance triethylamine or potassium carbonate (so called Eschenmoser coupling, see for example Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2002, 41 , 1778, Tetrahedron 1995, 51 , 2851 , Tet. Lett. 2009, 50, 1838 or Helv. Chim. Acta 1971 , 54,710). The reaction can be performed in a temperature range of 0 to 100 °C.

General synthesis scheme for A = halogen and Y = O or S, R-i is hydrogen, C-i-Cj-alkyl or C- Cy haloalkyl; X = halogen and n = 1 ,2, 3 or 4. Scheme 2: electrophilic halogenation

Figure imgf000009_0001

la lb

Compounds of formula (lb), wherein A is halogen and wherein X, Het, R-i , R2 and R3 have the same meanings as defined for formula (I) can be prepared from other compounds of formula (I), i.e. compounds formula (la), wherein A is hydrogen and X, Het, R-i , R2 and R3 have the same meanings as defined for formula (I) by treatment with an electrophilic halogenation reagent, preferably with N- chlorosuccinimide (NCS), N-bromosuccinimide (NBS) , N-iodosuccinimide (NIS) or electrophilic fluorination reagents like Selectfluor®, 1-fluoropyridinium triflate (Py-F+TFO~) or N- fluorobis(phenylsulfonyl)amine (NFSI). The reaction can be performed in a solvent, for instance in dichloromethane or acetonitrile (see for example Phosphor & Sulphur & Rel. Elements 1983, 16, 143, WO2007015064 or Synthesis 2002 (17), 2609) at a temperature range of -10 to 100 °C, preferably between 0 and 60 °C. General synthesis scheme for A = H, R-i is hydrogen, C-i-Cj-alkyl or C-rCyhaloalkyl; X = halogen and n = 1 ,2, 3 or 4.

Scheme 3:

Figure imgf000010_0001

thionation

la

General synthetic methods:

Compounds of formula (Ic), wherein A is H and wherein X, Het, R-i , R2 and R3 have the same meanings as defined for formula (I) can be prepared from other compounds of formula (I), i.e. compounds formula (la), wherein A is hydrogen and X, Het, R-i , R2 and R3 have the same meanings as defined for formula (I) by treatment with a thionation reagent of formula (V) for example Lawesson reagent or P2S5. Thionation step can be performed according to known literature methods (for instance J. Med. Chem.1999, 42, 2227). The thionation can be preferably performed with P2S5 the presence of a base, such as sodium carbonate in a suitable solvent, for instance in THF. The thionation step can also be carried out using Lawesson reagent in a suitable solvent, preferably in toluene.

The reactants can be reacted in the presence of a base. Examples of suitable bases are alkali metal or alkaline earth metal hydroxides, alkali metal or alkaline earth metal hydrides, alkali metal or alkaline earth metal amides, alkali metal or alkaline earth metal alkoxides, alkali metal or alkaline earth metal acetates, alkali metal or alkaline earth metal carbonates, alkali metal or alkaline earth metal dialkylamides or alkali metal or alkaline earth metal alkylsilylamides, alkylamines, alkylenediamines, free or N-alkylated saturated or unsaturated cycloalkylamines, basic heterocycles, ammonium hydroxides and carbocyclic amines. Examples which may be mentioned are sodium hydroxide, sodium hydride, sodium amide, sodium methoxide, sodium acetate, sodium carbonate, potassium tert- butoxide, potassium hydroxide, potassium carbonate, potassium hydride, lithium diisopropylamide, potassium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide, calcium hydride, triethylamine, diisopropylethylamine,

triethylenediamine, cyclohexylamine, N-cyclohexyl-N,N-dimethylamine, Ν,Ν-diethylaniline, pyridine, 4- (N,N-dimethylamino)pyridine, quinuclidine, N-methylmorpholine, benzyltrimethylammonium hydroxide and 1 ,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU).

The reactants can be reacted with each other as such, i.e. without adding a solvent or diluent. In most cases, however, it is advantageous to add an inert solvent or diluent or a mixture of these. If the reaction is carried out in the presence of a base, bases which are employed in excess, such as triethylamine, pyridine, N-methylmorpholine or Ν,Ν-diethylaniline, may also act as solvents or diluents.

The reaction is advantageously carried out in a temperature range from approximately -80°C to approximately +140°C, preferably from approximately -30°C to approximately +100°C, in many cases in the range between ambient temperature and approximately +80°C.

A compound of formula I can be converted in a manner known per se into another compound of formula I by replacing one or more substituents of the starting compound of formula I in the customary manner by (an)other substituent(s) according to the invention.

Depending on the choice of the reaction conditions and starting materials which are suitable in each case, it is possible, for example, in one reaction step only to replace one substituent by another substituent according to the invention, or a plurality of substituents can be replaced by other substituents according to the invention in the same reaction step.

Salts of compounds of formula I can be prepared in a manner known per se. Thus, for example, acid addition salts of compounds of formula I are obtained by treatment with a suitable acid or a suitable ion exchanger reagent and salts with bases are obtained by treatment with a suitable base or with a suitable ion exchanger reagent.

Salts of compounds of formula I can be converted in the customary manner into the free compounds I, acid addition salts, for example, by treatment with a suitable basic compound or with a suitable ion exchanger reagent and salts with bases, for example, by treatment with a suitable acid or with a suitable ion exchanger reagent.

Salts of compounds of formula I can be converted in a manner known per se into other salts of compounds of formula I, acid addition salts, for example, into other acid addition salts, for example by treatment of a salt of inorganic acid such as hydrochloride with a suitable metal salt such as a sodium, barium or silver salt, of an acid, for example with silver acetate, in a suitable solvent in which an inorganic salt which forms, for example silver chloride, is insoluble and thus precipitates from the reaction mixture. Depending on the procedure or the reaction conditions, the compounds of formula I, which have salt- forming properties can be obtained in free form or in the form of salts.

The compounds of formula I and, where appropriate, the tautomers thereof, in each case in free form or in salt form, can be present in the form of one of the isomers which are possible or as a mixture of these, for example in the form of pure isomers, such as antipodes and/or diastereomers, or as isomer mixtures, such as enantiomer mixtures, for example racemates, diastereomer mixtures or racemate mixtures, depending on the number, absolute and relative configuration of asymmetric carbon atoms which occur in the molecule and/or depending on the configuration of non-aromatic double bonds which occur in the molecule; the invention relates to the pure isomers and also to all isomer mixtures which are possible and is to be understood in each case in this sense hereinabove and hereinbelow, even when stereochemical details are not mentioned specifically in each case.

Diastereomer mixtures or racemate mixtures of compounds of formula I, in free form or in salt form, which can be obtained depending on which starting materials and procedures have been chosen can be separated in a known manner into the pure diasteromers or racemates on the basis of the physicochemical differences of the components, for example by fractional crystallization, distillation and/or chromatography. Enantiomer mixtures, such as racemates, which can be obtained in a similar manner can be resolved into the optical antipodes by known methods, for example by recrystallization from an optically active solvent, by chromatography on chiral adsorbents, for example high-performance liquid

chromatography (HPLC) on acetyl celulose, with the aid of suitable microorganisms, by cleavage with specific, immobilized enzymes, via the formation of inclusion compounds, for example using chiral crown ethers, where only one enantiomer is complexed, or by conversion into diastereomeric salts, for example by reacting a basic end-product racemate with an optically active acid, such as a carboxylic acid, for example camphor, tartaric or malic acid, or sulfonic acid, for example camphorsulfonic acid, and separating the diastereomer mixture which can be obtained in this manner, for example by fractional crystallization based on their differing solubilities, to give the diastereomers, from which the desired enantiomer can be set free by the action of suitable agents, for example basic agents.

Pure diastereomers or enantiomers can be obtained according to the invention not only by separating suitable isomer mixtures, but also by generally known methods of diastereoselective or

enantioselective synthesis, for example by carrying out the process according to the invention with starting materials of a suitable stereochemistry.

N-oxides can be prepared by reacting a compound of the formula I with a suitable oxidizing agent, for example the H202/urea adduct in the presence of an acid anhydride, e.g. trifluoroacetic anhydride. Such oxidations are known from the literature, for example from J. Med. Chem. 1989, 32, 2561 or WO 2000/15615.

It is advantageous to isolate or synthesize in each case the biologically more effective isomer, for example enantiomer or diastereomer, or isomer mixture, for example enantiomer mixture or diastereomer mixture, if the individual components have a different biological activity.

The compounds of formula I and, where appropriate, the tautomers thereof, in each case in free form or in salt form, can, if appropriate, also be obtained in the form of hydrates and/or include other solvents, for example those which may have been used for the crystallization of compounds which are present in solid form.

Preferred compounds of formula I are listed in the following Table 1

Table 1 : preferred compounds of formula I:

Figure imgf000013_0001
Figure imgf000014_0001
Figure imgf000015_0001
Figure imgf000016_0001
Figure imgf000017_0001
Figure imgf000018_0001
Figure imgf000019_0001
Figure imgf000020_0001
Figure imgf000021_0001

Figure imgf000022_0001

P.2404 2-chlorothiazol-5-yl H 3 F 0 F F CF3

The compounds of formula I according to the invention are preventively and/or curatively valuable active ingredients in the field of pest control, even at low rates of application, which have a very favorable biocidal spectrum and are well tolerated by warm-blooded species, fish and plants. The active ingredients according to the invention act against all or individual developmental stages of normally sensitive, but also resistant, animal pests, such as insects or representatives of the order Acarina. The insecticidal or acaricidal activity of the active ingredients according to the invention can manifest itself directly, i. e. in destruction of the pests, which takes place either immediately or only after some time has elapsed, for example during ecdysis, or indirectly, for example in a reduced oviposition and/or hatching rate, a good activity corresponding to a destruction rate (mortality) of at least 50%.

The compounds of formula I can be used to combat and control infestations of insect pests such as Lepidoptera, Diptera, Hemiptera, Thysanoptera, Orthoptera, Dictyoptera, Coleoptera, Siphonaptera, Hymenoptera and Isoptera and also other invertebrate pests, for

example, acarine, nematode and mollusc pests. Insects, acarines, nematodes and molluscs are hereinafter collectively referred to as pests. The pests which may be combated and controlled by the use of the invention compounds include those pests associated with agriculture (which term includes the growing of crops for food and fibre products), horticulture and animal husbandry, companion animals, forestry and the storage of products of vegetable origin (such as fruit, grain and timber); those pests associated with the damage of man-made structures and the transmission of diseases of man and animals; and also nuisance pests (such as flies).

Examples of pest species which may be controlled by the compounds of formula I include: Myzus persicae (aphid), Aphis gossypii (aphid), Aphis fabae (aphid), Lygus spp. (capsids), Dysdercus spp. (capsids), Nilaparvata lugens (planthopper), Nephotettixc incticeps (leafhopper), Nezara spp.

(stinkbugs), Euschistus spp. (stinkbugs), Leptocorisa spp. (stinkbugs), Frankliniella occidentalis (thrip), Thrips spp. (thrips), Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle), Anthonomus grandis (boll weevil), Aonidiella spp. (scale insects), Trialeurodes spp. (white flies), Bemisia tabaci (white fly), Ostrinia nubilalis (European corn borer), Spodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm), Heliothis virescens (tobacco budworm), Helicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm), Helicoverpa zea (cotton bollworm), Sylepta derogata (cotton leaf roller), Pieris brassicae (white butterfly), Plutella xylostella (diamond back moth), Agrotis spp. (cutworms), Chilo suppressalis (rice stem borer), Locusta_migratoria (locust), Chortiocetes terminifera (locust), Diabrotica spp. (rootworms), Panonychus ulmi (European red mite), Panonychus citri (citrus red mite), Tetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite), Tetranychus cinnabarinus (carmine spider mite), Phyllocoptruta oleivora (citrus rust mite), Polyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite), Brevipalpus spp. (flat mites), Boophilus microplus (cattle tick), Dermacentor variabilis (American dog tick), Ctenocephalides felis (cat flea), Liriomyza spp. (leafminer), Musca domestica (housefly), Aedes aegypti (mosquito), Anopheles spp. (mosquitoes), Culex spp.

(mosquitoes), Lucillia spp. (blowflies), Blattella germanica (cockroach), Periplaneta americana (cockroach), Blatta orientalis (cockroach), termites of the Mastotermitidae (for example Mastotermes spp.), the Kalotermitidae (for example Neotermes spp.), the Rhinotermitidae (for example

Coptotermes formosanus, Reticulitermes flavipes, R. speratu, R. virginicus, R. hesperus, and R. santonensis) and the Termitidae (for example Globitermes sulphureus), Solenopsis geminata (fire ant), Monomorium pharaonis (pharaoh's ant), Damalinia spp. and Linognathus spp. (biting and sucking lice), Meloidogyne spp. (root knot nematodes), Globodera spp. and Heterodera spp. (cyst nematodes), Pratylenchus spp. (lesion nematodes), Rhodopholus spp. (banana burrowing

nematodes), Tylenchulus spp. (citrus nematodes), Haemonchus contortus (barber pole worm), Caenorhabditis e/egans_(vinegar eelworm), Trichostrongylus spp. (gastro intestinal nematodes) and Deroceras reticulatum (slug).

Further examples of the above mentioned pests are:

from the order Acarina, for example, Acalitus spp, Aculus spp, Acaricalus spp, Aceria spp, Acarus siro, Amblyomma spp., Argas spp., Boophilus spp., Brevipalpus spp., Bryobia spp, Calipitrimerus spp., Chorioptes spp., Dermanyssus gallinae, Dermatophagoides spp, Eotetranychus spp, Eriophyes spp., Hemitarsonemus spp, Hyalomma spp., Ixodes spp., Olygonychus spp, Ornithodoros spp.,

Polyphagotarsone latus, Panonychus spp., Phyllocoptruta oleivora, Phytonemus spp, Polypha- gotarsonemus spp, Psoroptes spp., Rhipicephalus spp., Rhizoglyphus spp., Sarcoptes spp.,

Steneotarsonemus spp, Tarsonemus spp. and Tetranychus spp.;

from the order Anoplura, for example, Haematopinus spp., Linognathus spp., Pediculus spp., Pemphigus spp. and Phylloxera spp.;

from the order Coleoptera, for example, Agriotes spp., Amphimallon majale, Anomala orientalis, Anthonomus spp., Aphodius spp, Astylus atromaculatus, Ataenius spp, Atomaria linearis,

Chaetocnema tibialis, Cerotoma spp, Conoderus spp, Cosmopolites spp., Cotinis nitida, Curculio spp., Cyclocephala spp, Dermestes spp., Diabrotica spp., Diloboderus abderus, Epilachna spp., Eremnus spp., Heteronychus arator, Hypothenemus hampei, Lagria vilosa, Leptinotarsa decemLineata, Lissorhoptrus spp., Liogenys spp, Maecolaspis spp, Maladera castanea, Megascelis spp, Melighetes aeneus, Melolontha spp., Myochrous armatus, Orycaephilus spp., Otiorhynchus spp., Phyllophaga spp, Phlyctinus spp., Popillia spp., Psylliodes spp., Rhyssomatus aubtilis, Rhizopertha spp.,

Scarabeidae, Sitophilus spp., Sitotroga spp., Somaticus spp, Sphenophorus spp, Sternechus subsignatus, Tenebrio spp., Tribolium spp. and Trogoderma spp.;

from the order Diptera, for example, Aedes spp., Anopheles spp, Antherigona soccata,Bactrocea oleae, Bibio hortulanus, Bradysia spp, Calliphora erythrocephala, Ceratitis spp., Chrysomyia spp., Culex spp., Cuterebra spp., Dacus spp., Delia spp, Drosophila melanogaster, Fannia spp.,

Gastrophilus spp., Geomyza tripunctata, Glossina spp., Hypoderma spp., Hyppobosca spp., Liriomyza spp., Lucilia spp., Melanagromyza spp., Musca spp., Oestrus spp., Orseolia spp., Oscinella frit, Pegomyia hyoscyami, Phorbia spp., Rhagoletis spp, Rivelia quadrifasciata, Scatella spp, Sciara spp., Stomoxys spp., Tabanus spp., Tannia spp. and Tipula spp.;

from the order Hemiptera, for example, Acanthocoris scabrator, Acrosternum spp, Adelphocoris lineolatus, Amblypelta nitida, Bathycoelia thalassina, Blissus spp, Cimex spp., Clavigralla

tomentosicollis, Creontiades spp, Distantiella theobroma, Dichelops furcatus, Dysdercus spp., Edessa spp, Euchistus spp., Eurydema pulchrum, Eurygaster spp., Halyomorpha halys, Horcias nobilellus, Leptocorisa spp., Lygus spp, Margarodes spp, Murgantia histrionic, Neomegalotomus spp, Nesidiocoris tenuis, Nezara spp., Nysius simulans, Oebalus insularis, Piesma spp., Piezodorus spp, Rhodnius spp., Sahlbergella singularis, Scaptocoris castanea, Scotinophara spp. , Thyanta spp , Triatoma spp., Vatiga illudens; Acyrthosium pisum, Adalges spp, Agalliana ensigera, Agonoscena targionii, Aleurodicus spp, Aleurocanthus spp, Aleurolobus barodensis, Aleurothrixus floccosus, Aleyrodes brassicae, Amarasca biguttula, Amritodus atkinsoni, Aonidiella spp., Aphididae, Aphis spp., Aspidiotus spp., Aulacorthum solani, Bactericera cockerelli, Bemisia spp, Brachycaudus spp,

Brevicoryne brassicae, Cacopsylla spp, Cavariella aegopodii Scop., Ceroplaster spp., Chrysomphalus aonidium, Chrysomphalus dictyospermi, Cicadella spp, Cofana spectra, Cryptomyzus spp, Cicadulina spp, Coccus hesperidum, Dalbulus maidis, Dialeurodes spp, Diaphorina citri, Diuraphis noxia, Dysaphis spp, Empoasca spp., Eriosoma larigerum, Erythroneura spp., Gascardia spp., Glycaspis brimblecombei, Hyadaphis pseudobrassicae, Hyalopterus spp, Hyperomyzus pallidus, Idioscopus clypealis, Jacobiasca lybica, Laodelphax spp., Lecanium corni, Lepidosaphes spp., Lopaphis erysimi, Lyogenys maidis, Macrosiphum spp., Mahanarva spp, Metcalfa pruinosa, Metopolophium dirhodum, Myndus crudus, Myzus spp., Neotoxoptera sp, Nephotettix spp., Nilaparvata spp., Nippolachnus piri Mats, Odonaspis ruthae, Oregma lanigera Zehnter, Parabemisia myricae, Paratrioza cockerelli,

Parlatoria spp., Pemphigus spp., Peregrinus maidis, Perkinsiella spp, Phorodon humuli, Phylloxera spp, Planococcus spp., Pseudaulacaspis spp., Pseudococcus spp., Pseudatomoscelis seriatus, Psylla spp., Pulvinaria aethiopica, Quadraspidiotus spp., Quesada gigas, Recilia dorsalis, Rhopalosiphum spp., Saissetia spp., Scaphoideus spp., Schizaphis spp., Sitobion spp., Sogatella furcifera, Spissistilus festinus, Tarophagus Proserpina, Toxoptera spp, Trialeurodes spp, Tridiscus sporoboli, Trionymus spp, Trioza erytreae , Unaspis citri, Zygina flammigera, Zyginidia scutellaris;

from the order Heteroptera, for example, Cimex spp., Distantiella theobroma, Dysdercus spp., Euchistus spp., Eurygaster spp., Leptocorisa spp., Nezara spp., Piesma spp., Rhodnius spp., Sahlbergella singularis, Scotinophara spp. and Triatoma spp.;

from the order Homoptera, for example, Aleurothrixus floccosus, Aleyrodes brassicae, Aonidiella spp., Aphididae, Aphis spp., Aspidiotus spp., Bemisia tabaci, Ceroplaster spp., Chrysomphalus aonidium, Chrysomphalus dictyospermi, Coccus hesperidum, Empoasca spp., Eriosoma larigerum, Erythroneura spp., Gascardia spp., Laodelphax spp., Lecanium corni, Lepidosaphes spp., Macrosiphus spp., Myzus spp., Nephotettix spp., Nilaparvata spp., Parlatoria spp., Pemphigus spp., Planococcus spp.,

Pseudaulacaspis spp., Pseudococcus spp., Psylla spp., Pulvinaria aethiopica, Quadraspidiotus spp., Rhopalosiphum spp., Saissetia spp., Scaphoideus spp., Schizaphis spp., Sitobion spp., Trialeurodes vaporariorum, Trioza erytreae and Unaspis citri;

from the order Hymenoptera, for example, Acromyrmex, Arge spp, Atta spp., Cephus spp., Diprion spp., Diprionidae, Gilpinia polytoma, Hoplocampa spp., Lasius spp., Monomorium pharaonis, Neodiprion spp., Pogonomyrmex spp, Slenopsis invicta, Solenopsis spp. and Vespa spp.;

from the order Isoptera, for example, Coptotermes spp, Corniternes cumulans, Incisitermes spp, Macrotermes spp, Mastotermes spp, Microtermes spp, Reticulitermes spp.; Solenopsis geminate ; from the order Lepidoptera, for example, Acleris spp., Adoxophyes spp., Aegeria spp., Agrotis spp., Alabama argillaceae, Amylois spp., Anticarsia gemmatalis, Archips spp., Argyresthia spp,

Argyrotaenia spp., Autographa spp., Bucculatrix thurberiella, Busseola fusca, Cadra cautella, Carposina nipponensis, Chilo spp., Choristoneura spp., Chrysoteuchia topiaria, Clysia ambiguella, Cnaphalocrocis spp., Cnephasia spp., Cochylis spp., Coleophora spp., Colias lesbia, Cosmophila flava, Crambus spp, Crocidolomia binotalis, Cryptophlebia leucotreta, Cydalima perspectalis, Cydia spp., Diaphania perspectalis, Diatraea spp., Diparopsis castanea, Earias spp., Eldana saccharina, Ephestia spp., Epinotia spp, Estigmene acrea, Etiella zinckinella, Eucosma spp., Eupoecilia ambiguella, Euproctis spp., Euxoa spp., Feltia jaculiferia, Grapholita spp., Hedya nubiferana, Heliothis spp., Hellula undalis, Herpetogramma spp, Hyphantria cunea, Keiferia lycopersicella, Lasmopalpus lignosellus, Leucoptera scitella, Lithocollethis spp., Lobesia botrana, Loxostege bifidalis, Lymantria spp., Lyonetia spp., Malacosoma spp., Mamestra brassicae, Manduca sexta, Mythimna spp, Noctua spp, Operophtera spp., Orniodes indica, Ostrinia nubilalis, Pammene spp., Pandemis spp., Panolis flammea, Papaipema nebris, Pectinophora gossypiela, Perileucoptera coffeella, Pseudaletia unipuncta, Phthorimaea operculella, Pieris rapae, Pieris spp., Plutella xylostella, Prays spp.,

Pseudoplusia spp, Rachiplusia nu, Richia albicosta, Scirpophaga spp., Sesamia spp., Sparganothis spp., Spodoptera spp., Sylepta derogate, Synanthedon spp., Thaumetopoea spp., Tortrix spp., Trichoplusia ni, Tuta absoluta, and Yponomeuta spp.;

from the order Mallophaga, for example,

Damalinea spp. and Trichodectes spp.;

from the order Orthoptera, for example, Blatta spp., Blattella spp., Gryllotalpa spp., Leucophaea maderae, Locusta spp., Neocurtilla hexadactyla, Periplaneta spp. , Scapteriscus spp, and

Schistocerca spp.;

from the order Psocoptera, for example, Liposcelis spp.;

from the order Siphonaptera, for example, Ceratophyllus spp., Ctenocephalides spp. and Xenopsylla cheopis;

from the order Thysanoptera, for example,

Calliothrips phaseoli, Frankliniella spp., Heliothrips spp, Hercinothrips spp., Parthenothrips spp, Scirtothrips aurantii, Sericothrips variabilis, Taeniothrips spp., Thrips spp; and

from the order Thysanura, for example, Lepisma saccharina.

The active ingredients according to the invention can be used for controlling, i. e. containing or destroying, pests of the abovementioned type which occur in particular on plants, especially on useful plants and ornamentals in agriculture, in horticulture and in forests, or on organs, such as fruits, flowers, foliage, stalks, tubers or roots, of such plants, and in some cases even plant organs which are formed at a later point in time remain protected against these pests.

Suitable target crops are, in particular, cereals, such as wheat, barley, rye, oats, rice, maize or sorghum; beet, such as sugar or fodder beet; fruit, for example pomaceous fruit, stone fruit or soft fruit, such as apples, pears, plums, peaches, almonds, cherries or berries, for example strawberries, raspberries or blackberries; leguminous crops, such as beans, lentils, peas or soya; oil crops, such as oilseed rape, mustard, poppies, olives, sunflowers, coconut, castor, cocoa or ground nuts; cucurbits, such as pumpkins, cucumbers or melons; fibre plants, such as cotton, flax, hemp or jute; citrus fruit, such as oranges, lemons, grapefruit or tangerines; vegetables, such as spinach, lettuce, asparagus, cabbages, carrots, onions, tomatoes, potatoes or bell peppers; Lauraceae, such as avocado, Cinnamonium or camphor; and also tobacco, nuts, coffee, eggplants, sugarcane, tea, pepper, grapevines, hops, the plantain family, latex plants and ornamentals.

The term "crops" is to be understood as including also crops that have been rendered tolerant to herbicides like bromoxynil or classes of herbicides (such as, for example, HPPD inhibitors, ALS inhibitors, for example primisulfuron, prosulfuron and trifloxysulfuron, EPSPS (5-enol-pyrovyl- shikimate-3-phosphate-synthase) inhibitors, GS (glutamine synthetase) inhibitors) as a result of conventional methods of breeding or genetic engineering. An example of a crop that has been rendered tolerant to imidazolinones, e.g. imazamox, by conventional methods of breeding

(mutagenesis) is Clearfield® summer rape (Canola). Examples of crops that have been rendered tolerant to herbicides or classes of herbicides by genetic engineering methods include glyphosate- and glufosinate-resistant maize varieties commercially available under the trade names RoundupReady® and LibertyLink®.

The term "crops" is also to be understood as including also crop plants which have been so transformed by the use of recombinant DNA techniques that they are capable of synthesising one or more selectively acting toxins, such as are known, for example, from toxin-producing bacteria, especially those of the genus Bacillus.

Toxins that can be expressed by such transgenic plants include, for example, insecticidal proteins, for example insecticidal proteins from Bacillus cereus or Bacillus popliae; or insecticidal proteins from Bacillus thuringiensis, such as δ-endotoxins, e.g. CrylA(b), CrylA(c), CrylF, CrylF(a2), CryllA(b),

CrylllA, CrylllB(bl ) or Cry9c, or vegetative insecticidal proteins (VIP), e.g. VIP1 , VIP2, VIP3 or VIP3A; or insecticidal proteins of bacteria colonising nematodes, for example Photorhabdus spp. or

Xenorhabdus spp., such as Photorhabdus luminescens, Xenorhabdus nematophilus; toxins produced by animals, such as scorpion toxins, arachnid toxins, wasp toxins and other insect-specific neurotoxins; toxins produced by fungi, such as Streptomycetes toxins, plant lectins, such as pea lectins, barley lectins or snowdrop lectins; agglutinins; proteinase inhibitors, such as trypsine inhibitors, serine protease inhibitors, patatin, cystatin, papain inhibitors; ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIP), such as ricin, maize-RIP, abrin, luffin, saporin or bryodin; steroid metabolism enzymes, such as 3-hydroxysteroidoxidase, ecdysteroid-UDP-glycosyl-transferase, cholesterol oxidases, ecdysone inhibitors, HMG-COA-reductase, ion channel blockers, such as blockers of sodium or calcium channels, juvenile hormone esterase, diuretic hormone receptors, stilbene synthase, bibenzyl synthase, chitinases and glucanases. ln the context of the present invention there are to be understood by δ-endotoxins, for example CrylA(b), CrylA(c), CrylF, CrylF(a2), CryllA(b), CrylllA, CrylllB(bl ) or Cry9c, or vegetative insecticidal proteins (VIP), for example VIP1 , VIP2, VIP3 or VIP3A, expressly also hybrid toxins, truncated toxins and modified toxins. Hybrid toxins are produced recombinantly by a new combination of different domains of those proteins (see, for example, WO 02/15701 ). Truncated toxins, for example a truncated CrylA(b), are known. In the case of modified toxins, one or more amino acids of the naturally occurring toxin are replaced. In such amino acid replacements, preferably non-naturally present protease recognition sequences are inserted into the toxin, such as, for example, in the case of CrylllA055, a cathepsin-D-recognition sequence is inserted into a CrylllA toxin (see WO 03/018810). Examples of such toxins or transgenic plants capable of synthesising such toxins are disclosed, for example, in EP-A-0 374 753, WO 93/07278, WO 95/34656, EP-A-0 427 529, EP-A-451 878 and WO 03/052073.

The processes for the preparation of such transgenic plants are generally known to the person skilled in the art and are described, for example, in the publications mentioned above. Cryl-type

deoxyribonucleic acids and their preparation are known, for example, from WO 95/34656, EP-A-0 367 474, EP-A-0 401 979 and WO 90/13651.

The toxin contained in the transgenic plants imparts to the plants tolerance to harmful insects. Such insects can occur in any taxonomic group of insects, but are especially commonly found in the beetles (Coleoptera), two-winged insects (Diptera) and butterflies (Lepidoptera).

Transgenic plants containing one or more genes that code for an insecticidal resistance and express one or more toxins are known and some of them are commercially available. Examples of such plants are: YieldGard® (maize variety that expresses a CrylA(b) toxin); YieldGard Rootworm® (maize variety that expresses a CrylllB(bl ) toxin); YieldGard Plus® (maize variety that expresses a CrylA(b) and a CrylllB(bl ) toxin); Starlink® (maize variety that expresses a Cry9(c) toxin); Herculex I® (maize variety that expresses a CrylF(a2) toxin and the enzyme phosphinothricine N-acetyltransferase (PAT) to achieve tolerance to the herbicide glufosinate ammonium); NuCOTN 33B® (cotton variety that expresses a CrylA(c) toxin); Bollgard I® (cotton variety that expresses a CrylA(c) toxin); Bollgard II® (cotton variety that expresses a CrylA(c) and a CryllA(b) toxin); VIPCOT® (cotton variety that expresses a VIP toxin); NewLeaf® (potato variety that expresses a CrylllA toxin); NatureGard®

Agrisure® GT Advantage (GA21 glyphosate-tolerant trait), Agrisure® CB Advantage (Bt1 1 corn borer

(CB) trait) and Protecta®.

Further examples of such transgenic crops are:

1. Bt1 1 Maize from Syngenta Seeds SAS, Chemin de I'Hobit 27, F-31 790 St. Sauveur, France, registration number C/FR/96/05/10. Genetically modified Zea mays which has been rendered resistant to attack by the European corn borer (Ostrinia nubilalis and Sesamia nonagrioides) by transgenic expression of a truncated CrylA(b) toxin. Bt1 1 maize also transgenically expresses the enzyme PAT to achieve tolerance to the herbicide glufosinate ammonium.

2. Bt176 Maize from Syngenta Seeds SAS, Chemin de I'Hobit 27, F-31 790 St. Sauveur, France, registration number C/FR/96/05/10. Genetically modified Zea mays which has been rendered resistant to attack by the European corn borer (Ostrinia nubilalis and Sesamia nonagrioides) by transgenic expression of a CrylA(b) toxin. Bt176 maize also transgenically expresses the enzyme PAT to achieve tolerance to the herbicide glufosinate ammonium. 3. MIR604 Maize from Syngenta Seeds SAS, Chemin de I'Hobit 27, F-31 790 St. Sauveur, France, registration number C/FR/96/05/10. Maize which has been rendered insect-resistant by transgenic expression of a modified CrylllA toxin. This toxin is Cry3A055 modified by insertion of a cathepsin-D- protease recognition sequence. The preparation of such transgenic maize plants is described in WO 03/018810.

4. MON 863 Maize from Monsanto Europe S.A. 270-272 Avenue de Tervuren, B-1 150 Brussels, Belgium, registration number C/DE/02/9. MON 863 expresses a CrylllB(bl ) toxin and has resistance to certain Coleoptera insects. 5. IPC 531 Cotton from Monsanto Europe S.A. 270-272 Avenue de Tervuren, B-1 150 Brussels, Belgium, registration number C/ES/96/02.

6. 1507 Maize from Pioneer Overseas Corporation, Avenue Tedesco, 7 B-1 160 Brussels, Belgium, registration number C/NL/00/10. Genetically modified maize for the expression of the protein Cry1 F for achieving resistance to certain Lepidoptera insects and of the PAT protein for achieving tolerance to the herbicide glufosinate ammonium.

7. NK603 x MON 810 Maize from Monsanto Europe S.A. 270-272 Avenue de Tervuren, B-1 150 Brussels, Belgium, registration number C/GB/02/M3/03. Consists of conventionally bred hybrid maize varieties by crossing the genetically modified varieties NK603 and MON 810. NK603 * MON 810 Maize transgenically expresses the protein CP4 EPSPS, obtained from Agrobacterium sp. strain CP4, which imparts tolerance to the herbicide Roundup® (contains glyphosate), and also a CrylA(b) toxin obtained from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki which brings about tolerance to certain

Lepidoptera, include the European corn borer.

Transgenic crops of insect-resistant plants are also described in BATS (Zentrum fur Biosicherheit und Nachhaltigkeit, Zentrum BATS, Clarastrasse 13, 4058 Basel, Switzerland) Report 2003.

The term "crops" is to be understood as including also crop plants which have been so transformed by the use of recombinant DNA techniques that they are capable of synthesising antipathogenic substances having a selective action, such as, for example, the so-called "pathogenesis-related proteins" (PRPs, see e.g. EP-A-0 392 225). Examples of such antipathogenic substances and transgenic plants capable of synthesising such antipathogenic substances are known, for example, from EP-A-0 392 225, WO 95/33818, and EP-A-0 353 191. The methods of producing such transgenic plants are generally known to the person skilled in the art and are described, for example, in the publications mentioned above.

Antipathogenic substances which can be expressed by such transgenic plants include, for example, ion channel blockers, such as blockers for sodium and calcium channels, for example the viral KP1 , KP4 or KP6 toxins; stilbene synthases; bibenzyl synthases; chitinases; glucanases; the so-called "pathogenesis-related proteins" (PRPs; see e.g. EP-A-0 392 225); antipathogenic substances produced by microorganisms, for example peptide antibiotics or heterocyclic antibiotics (see e.g. WO 95/33818) or protein or polypeptide factors involved in plant pathogen defence (so-called "plant disease resistance genes", as described in WO 03/000906). Crops may also be modified for enhanced resistance to fungal (for example Fusarium, Anthracnose, or Phytophthora), bacterial (for example Pseudomonas) or viral (for example potato leafroll virus, tomato spotted wilt virus, cucumber mosaic virus) pathogens.

Crops also include those that have enhanced resistance to nematodes, such as the soybean cyst nematode. Crops that are tolerance to abiotic stress include those that have enhanced tolerance to drought, high salt, high temperature, chill, frost, or light radiation, for example through expression of NF-YB or other proteins known in the art.

Crops that exhibit enhanced yield or quality include those with improved flowering or fruit ripening properties (such as delayed ripening); modified oil, starch, amino acid, fatty acid, vitamin, phenolic or other content (such as Vistive™ soybean variety); enhanced nutrient utilisation (such as improved nitrogen assimilation); and enhanced quality plant product (such as higher quality cotton fibre).

Further areas of use of the compounds and compositions according to the invention are the protection of stored goods and storeambients and the protection of raw materials, such as wood, textiles, floor coverings or buildings, and also in the hygiene sector, especially the protection of humans, domestic animals and productive livestock against pests of the mentioned type.

The present invention also provides a method for controlling pests (such as mosquitoes and other disease vectors; see also http://www.who.int/malaria/vector_control/irs/en/). In one embodiment, the method for controlling pests comprises applying the compositions of the invention to the target pests, to their locus or to a surface or substrate by brushing, rolling, spraying, spreading or dipping. By way of example, an IRS (indoor residual spraying) application of a surface such as a wall, ceiling or floor surface is contemplated by the method of the invention. In another embodiment, it is contemplated to apply such compositions to a substrate such as non-woven or a fabric material in the form of (or which can be used in the manufacture of) netting, clothing, bedding, curtains and tents.

In one embodiment, the method for controlling such pests comprises applying a pesticidally effective amount of the compositions of the invention to the target pests, to their locus, or to a surface or substrate so as to provide effective residual pesticidal activity on the surface or substrate. Such application may be made by brushing, rolling, spraying, spreading or dipping the pesticidal composition of the invention. By way of example, an IRS application of a surface such as a wall, ceiling or floor surface is contemplated by the method of the invention so as to provide effective residual pesticidal activity on the surface. In another embodiment, it is contemplated to apply such compositions for residual control of pests on a substrate such as a fabric material in the form of (or which can be used in the manufacture of) netting, clothing, bedding, curtains and tents.

Substrates including non-woven, fabrics or netting to be treated may be made of natural fibres such as cotton, raffia, jute, flax, sisal, hessian, or wool, or synthetic fibres such as polyamide, polyester, polypropylene, polyacrylonitrile or the like. The polyesters are particularly suitable. The methods of textile treatment are known, e.g. WO 2008/151984, WO 2003/034823, US 5631072, WO 2005/64072, WO2006/128870, EP 1724392, WO 2005/1 13886 or WO 2007/090739.

Further areas of use of the compositions according to the invention are the field of tree injection/trunk treatment for all ornamental trees as well all sort of fruit and nut trees.

In the field of tree injection/trunk treatment, the compounds according to the present invention are especially suitable against wood-boring insects from the order Lepidoptera as mentioned above and from the order Coleoptera, especially against woodborers listed in the following tables A and B:

Table A. Examples of exotic woodborers of economic importance.

Family Species Host or Crop Infested

Buprestidae Agrilus planipennis Ash

Cerambycidae Anoplura glabripennis Hardwoods

Xylosandrus crassiusculus Hardwoods

Scolytidae X. mutilatus Hardwoods

Tomicus piniperda Conifers Table B. Examples of native woodborers of economic importance.

Family Species Host or Crop Infested

Agrilus anxius Birch

Agrilus politus Willow, Maple

Agrilus sayi Bayberry, Sweetfern

Agrilus vittaticolllis Apple, Pear, Cranberry,

Serviceberry, Hawthorn

Chrysobothris femorata Apple, Apricot, Beech, Boxelder,

Buprestidae Cherry, Chestnut, Currant, Elm,

Hawthorn, Hackberry, Hickory, Horsechestnut, Linden, Maple, Mountain-ash, Oak, Pecan, Pear, Peach, Persimmon, Plum, Poplar, Quince, Redbud, Serviceberry, Sycamore, Walnut, Willow

Texania campestris Basswood, Beech, Maple, Oak,

Sycamore, Willow, Yellow-poplar

Goes pulverulentus Beech, Elm, Nuttall, Willow, Black oak, Cherrybark oak, Water oak, Sycamore

Goes tigrinus Oak

Neoclytus acuminatus Ash, Hickory, Oak, Walnut, Birch,

Beech, Maple, Eastern

Cerambycidae hophornbeam, Dogwood,

Persimmon, Redbud, Holly, Hackberry, Black locust,

Honeylocust, Yellow-poplar, Chestnut, Osage-orange, Sassafras, Lilac, Mountain-mahogany, Pear, Cherry, Plum, Peach, Apple, Elm, Basswood, Sweetgum Family Species Host or Crop Infested

Neoptychodes trilineatus Fig, Alder, Mulberry, Willow, Netleaf hackberry

Oberea ocellata Sumac, Apple, Peach, Plum, Pear,

Currant, Blackberry

Oberea tripunctata Dogwood, Viburnum, Elm,

Sourwood, Blueberry,

Rhododendron, Azalea, Laurel, Poplar, Willow, Mulberry

Oncideres cingulata Hickory, Pecan, Persimmon, Elm,

Sourwood, Basswood, Honeylocust, Dogwood, Eucalyptus, Oak, Hackberry, Maple, Fruit trees

Saperda calcarata Poplar

Strophiona nitens Chestnut, Oak, Hickory, Walnut,

Beech, Maple

Corthylus columbianus Maple, Oak, Yellow-poplar, Beech,

Boxelder, Sycamore, Birch, Basswood, Chestnut, Elm

Dendroctonus frontalis Pine

Dryocoetes betulae Birch, Sweetgum, Wild cherry,

Beech, Pear

Scolytidae Monarthrum fasciatum Oak, Maple, Birch, Chestnut,

Sweetgum, Blackgum, Poplar, Hickory, Mimosa, Apple, Peach, Pine

Phloeotribus liminaris Peach, Cherry, Plum, Black cherry,

Elm, Mulberry, Mountain-ash

Pseudopityophthorus pruinosus Oak, American beech, Black cherry,

Chickasaw plum, Chestnut, Maple, Hickory, Hornbeam, Hophornbeam Family Species Host or Crop Infested

Paranthrene simulans Oak, American chestnut

Sannina uroceriformis Persimmon

Synanthedon exitiosa Peach, Plum, Nectarine, Cherry,

Apricot, Almond, Black cherry

Synanthedon pictipes Peach, Plum, Cherry, Beach, Black

Cherry

Sesiidae

Synanthedon rubrofascia Tupelo

Synanthedon scitula Dogwood, Pecan, Hickory, Oak,

Chestnut, Beech, Birch, Black cherry,

Elm, Mountain-ash, Viburnum,

Willow, Apple, Loquat, Ninebark,

Bayberry

Vitacea polistiformis Grape

The present invention may be also used to control any insect pests that may be present in turfgrass, including for example beetles, caterpillars, fire ants, ground pearls, millipedes, sow bugs, mites, mole crickets, scales, mealybugs ticks, spittlebugs, southern chinch bugs and white grubs. The present invention may be used to control insect pests at various stages of their life cycle, including eggs, larvae, nymphs and adults.

In particular, the present invention may be used to control insect pests that feed on the roots of turfgrass including white grubs (such as Cyclocephala spp. (e.g. masked chafer, C. lurida),

Rhizotrogus spp. (e.g. European chafer, R. majalis), Cotinus spp. (e.g. Green June beetle, C. nitida), Popillia spp. (e.g. Japanese beetle, P. japonica), Phyllophaga spp. (e.g. May/June beetle), Ataenius spp. (e.g. Black turfgrass ataenius, A. spretulus), Maladera spp. (e.g. Asiatic garden beetle, M.

castanea) and Tomarus spp.), ground pearls (Margarodes spp.), mole crickets (tawny, southern, and short-winged; Scapteriscus spp., Gryllotalpa africana) and leatherjackets (European crane fly, Tipula spp.).

The present invention may also be used to control insect pests of turfgrass that are thatch dwelling, including armyworms (such as fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda, and common armyworm Pseudaletia unipuncta), cutworms, billbugs (Sphenophorus spp. , such as S. venatus verstitus and S. parvulus), and sod webworms (such as Crambus spp. and the tropical sod webworm, Herpetogramma phaeopteralis). The present invention may also be used to control insect pests of turfgrass that live above the ground and feed on the turfgrass leaves, including chinch bugs (such as southern chinch bugs, Blissus insularis), Bermudagrass mite (Eriophyes cynodoniensis), rhodesgrass mealybug (Antonina graminis), two-lined spittlebug (Propsapia bicincta), leafhoppers, cutworms (Noctuidae family), and greenbugs. The present invention may also be used to control other pests of turfgrass such as red imported fire ants (Solenopsis invicta) that create ant mounds in turf.

In the hygiene sector, the compounds and compositions according to the invention are active against ectoparasites such as hard ticks, soft ticks, mange mites, harvest mites, flies (biting and licking), parasitic fly larvae, lice, hair lice, bird lice and fleas.

Examples of such parasites are:

Of the order Anoplurida: Haematopinus spp., Linognathus spp., Pediculus spp. and Phtirus spp., Solenopotes spp..

Of the order Mallophagida: Trimenopon spp., Menopon spp., Trinoton spp., Bovicola spp.,

Werneckiella spp., Lepikentron spp., Damalina spp., Trichodectes spp. and Felicola spp..

Of the order Diptera and the suborders Nematocerina and Brachycerina, for example Aedes spp., Anopheles spp., Culex spp., Simulium spp., Eusimulium spp., Phlebotomus spp., Lutzomyia spp., Culicoides spp., Chrysops spp., Hybomitra spp., Atylotus spp., Tabanus spp., Haematopota spp., Philipomyia spp., Braula spp., Musca spp., Hydrotaea spp., Stomoxys spp., Haematobia spp., Morellia spp., Fannia spp., Glossina spp., Calliphora spp., Lucilia spp., Chrysomyia spp., Wohlfahrtia spp., Sarcophaga spp., Oestrus spp., Hypoderma spp., Gasterophilus spp., Hippobosca spp., Lipoptena spp. and Melophagus spp..

Of the order Siphonapterida, for example Pulex spp., Ctenocephalides spp., Xenopsylla spp., Ceratophyllus spp..

Of the order Heteropterida, for example Cimex spp., Triatoma spp., Rhodnius spp., Panstrongylus spp..

Of the order Blattarida, for example Blatta orientalis, Periplaneta americana, Blattelagermanica and Supella spp..

Of the subclass Acaria (Acarida) and the orders Meta- and Meso-stigmata, for example Argas spp., Ornithodorus spp., Otobius spp., Ixodes spp., Amblyomma spp., Boophilus spp., Dermacentor spp., Haemophysalis spp., Hyalomma spp., Rhipicephalus spp., Dermanyssus spp., Raillietia spp., Pneumonyssus spp., Sternostoma spp. and Varroa spp..

Of the orders Actinedida (Prostigmata) and Acaridida (Astigmata), for example Acarapis spp., Cheyletiella spp., Ornithocheyletia spp., Myobia spp., Psorergatesspp., Demodex spp., Trombicula spp., Listrophorus spp., Acarus spp., Tyrophagus spp., Caloglyphus spp., Hypodectes spp.,

Pterolichus spp., Psoroptes spp., Chorioptes spp., Otodectes spp., Sarcoptes spp., Notoedres spp., Knemidocoptes spp., Cytodites spp. and Laminosioptes spp.. The compounds and compositions according to the invention are also suitable for protecting against insect infestation in the case of materials such as wood, textiles, plastics, adhesives, glues, paints, paper and card, leather, floor coverings and buildings. The compositions according to the invention can be used, for example, against the following pests: beetles such as Hylotrupes bajulus, Chlorophorus pilosis, Anobium punctatum, Xestobium

rufovillosum, Ptilinuspecticornis, Dendrobium pertinex, Ernobius mollis, Priobium carpini, Lyctus brunneus, Lyctus africanus, Lyctus planicollis, Lyctus linearis, Lyctus pubescens, Trogoxylon aequale, Minthesrugicollis, Xyleborus spec.,Tryptodendron spec, Apate monachus, Bostrychus capucins, Heterobostrychus brunneus, Sinoxylon spec, and Dinoderus minutus, and also hymenopterans such as Sirex juvencus, Urocerus gigas, Urocerus gigas taignus and Urocerus augur, and termites such as Kalotermes flavicollis, Cryptotermes brevis, Heterotermes indicola, Reticulitermes flavipes,

Reticulitermes santonensis, Reticulitermes lucifugus, Mastotermes darwiniensis, Zootermopsis nevadensis and Coptotermes formosanus, and bristletails such as Lepisma saccharina.

The present invention therefore provides an insecticidal, acaricidal, nematicidal or molluscicidal composition, preferably an insecticidal or acaricidal composition comprising an insecticidally, acaricidally, nematicidally or molluscicidally effective amount of a compound of formula I and a suitable carrier or diluent therefor.

In a further aspect the invention provides a method of combating and controlling pests which comprises applying an insecticidally, acaricidally, nematicidally or molluscicidally effective amount, preferably an insecticidally and acaricidally effective amount of a compound of formula I or a composition comprising a compound of formula I, to a pest, a locus of pest, or to a plant susceptible to attack by a pest, with the exception of a method for treatment of the human or animal body by surgery or therapy and diagnostic methods practised on the human or animal body.

The compounds of formula I are preferably used against insects or acarines.

The term "plant" as used herein includes seedlings, bushes and trees.

The invention also relates to a pesticidal composition, which, in addition to comprising the compound of formula I, comprises formulation adjuvants.

The invention therefore also relates to pesticidal compositions such as emulsifiable concentrates, suspension concentrates, directly sprayable or dilutable solutions, spreadable pastes, dilute emulsions, soluble powders, dispersible powders, wettable powders, dusts, granules or encapsulations in polymeric substances, which comprise - at least - one of the active ingredients according to the invention and which are to be selected to suit the intended aims and the prevailing circumstances. ln these compositions, the active ingredient is employed in pure form, a solid active ingredient for example in a specific particle size, or, preferably, together with - at least - one of the auxiliaries conventionally used in the art of formulation, such as extenders, for example solvents or solid carriers, or such as surface-active compounds (surfactants). Examples of suitable solvents are: unhydrogenated or partially hydrogenated aromatic hydrocarbons, preferably the fractions C8 to C12 of alkylbenzenes, such as xylene mixtures, alkylated naphthalenes or tetrahydronaphthalene, aliphatic or cycloaliphatic hydrocarbons, such as paraffins or cyclohexane, alcohols such as ethanol, propanol or butanol, glycols and their ethers and esters such as propylene glycol, dipropylene glycol ether, ethylene glycol or ethylene glycol monomethyl ether or ethylene glycol monoethyl ether, ketones, such as cyclohexanone, isophorone or diacetone alcohol, strongly polar solvents, such as N-methylpyrrolid-2-one, dimethyl sulfoxide or Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide, water, unepoxidized or epoxidized vegetable oils, such as unexpodized or epoxidized rapeseed, castor, coconut or soya oil, and silicone oils.

Solid carriers which are used for example for dusts and dispersible powders are, as a rule, ground natural minerals such as calcite, talc, kaolin, montmorillonite or attapulgite. To improve the physical properties, it is also possible to add highly disperse silicas or highly disperse absorbtive polymers. Suitable particulate adsorptive carriers for granules are porous types, such as pumice, brick grit, sepiolite or bentonite, and suitable non-sorptive carrier materials are calcite or sand. In addition, a large number of granulated materials of inorganic or organic nature can be used, in particular dolomite or comminuted plant residues.

Suitable surface-active compounds are, depending on the type of the active ingredient to be formulated, non-ionic, cationic and/or anionic surfactants or surfactant mixtures which have good emulsifying, dispersing and wetting properties. The surfactants mentioned below are only to be considered as examples; a large number of further surfactants which are conventionally used in the art of formulation and suitable according to the invention are described in the relevant literature.

Suitable non-ionic surfactants are, especially, polyglycol ether derivatives of aliphatic or cycloaliphatic alcohols, of saturated or unsaturated fatty acids or of alkyl phenols which may contain approximately 3 to approximately 30 glycol ether groups and approximately 8 to approximately 20 carbon atoms in the (cyclo)aliphatic hydrocarbon radical or approximately 6 to approximately 18 carbon atoms in the alkyl moiety of the alkyl phenols. Also suitable are water-soluble polyethylene oxide adducts with polypropylene glycol, ethylenediaminopo-'lypropylene glycol or alkyl polypropylene glycol having 1 to approximately 10 carbon atoms in the alkyl chain and approximately 20 to approximately 250 ethylene glycol ether groups and approximately 10 to approximately 100 propylene glycol ether groups.

Normally, the abovementioned compounds contain 1 to approximately 5 ethylene glycol units per propylene glycol unit. Examples which may be mentioned are nonylphenoxypolyethoxyethanol, castor oil polyglycol ether, polypropylene glycol/polyethylene oxide adducts, tributylpheno-'xypolyethoxyethanol, polyethylene glycol or octylphenoxypolyethoxyethanol. Also suitable are fatty acid esters of polyoxyethylene sorbitan, such as polyoxyethylene sorbitan trioleate.

The cationic surfactants are, especially, quarternary ammonium salts which generally have at least one alkyl radical of approximately 8 to approximately 22 C atoms as substituents and as further substituents (unhalogenated or halogenated) lower alkyl or hydroxyalkyl or benzyl radicals. The salts are preferably in the form of halides, methylsulfates or ethylsulfates. Examples are

stearyltrimethylammonium chloride and benzylbis(2-chloroethyl)ethyhammonium bromide.

Examples of suitable anionic surfactants are water-soluble soaps or water-soluble synthetic surface- active compounds. Examples of suitable soaps are the alkali, alkaline earth or (unsubstituted or substituted) ammonium salts of fatty acids having approximately 10 to approximately 22 C atoms, such as the sodium or potassium salts of oleic or stearic acid, or of natural fatty acid mixtures which are obtainable for example from coconut or tall oil; mention must also be made of the fatty acid methyl taurates. However, synthetic surfactants are used more frequently, in particular fatty sulfonates, fatty sulfates, sulfonated benzimidazole derivatives or alkylaryl sulfonates. As a rule, the fatty sulfonates and fatty sulfates are present as alkali, alkaline earth or (substituted or unsubstituted) ammonium salts and they generally have an alkyl radical of approximately 8 to approximately 22 C atoms, alkyl also to be understood as including the alkyl moiety of acyl radicals; examples which may be mentioned are the sodium or calcium salts of lignosulfonic acid, of the dodecylsulfuric ester or of a fatty alcohol sulfate mixture prepared from natural fatty acids. This group also includes the salts of the sulfuric esters and sulfonic acids of fatty alcohol/ethylene oxide adducts. The sulfonated benzimidazole derivatives preferably contain 2 sulfonyl groups and a fatty acid radical of approximately 8 to approximately 22 C atoms. Examples of alkylarylsulfonates are the sodium, calcium or triethanolammonium salts of decylbenzenesulfonic acid, of dibutyhnaphthalenesulfonic acid or of a naphthalenesulfonic acid/formaldehyde condensate. Also possible are, furthermore, suitable phosphates, such as salts of the phosphoric ester of a p-nonylphenol/(4-14)ethylene oxide adduct, or phospholipids. Further suitable phosphates are tris-esters of phosphoric acid with aliphatic or aromatic alcohols and/or bis- esters of alkyl phosphonic acids with aliphatic or aromatic alcohols, which are a high performance oil- type adjuvant. These tris-esters have been described, for example, in WO 01/47356, WO 00/56146, EP-A-0579052 or EP-A-1018299 or are commercially available under their chemical name. Preferred tris-esters of phosphoric acid for use in the new compositions are tris-(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate, tris-n- octyl phosphate and tris-butoxyethyl phosphate, where tris-(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate is most preferred. Suitable bis-ester of alkyl phosphonic acids are bis-(2-ethylhexyl)-(2-ethylhexyl)-phosphonate, bis-(2- ethylhexyl)-(n-octyl)-phosphonate, dibutyl-butyl phosphonate and bis(2-ethylhexyl)-tripropylene- phosphonate, where bis-(2-ethylhexyl)-(n-octyl)-phosphonate is particularly preferred. The compositions according to the invention can preferably additionally include an additive comprising an oil of vegetable or animal origin, a mineral oil, alkyl esters of such oils or mixtures of such oils and oil derivatives. The amount of oil additive used in the composition according to the invention is generally from 0.01 to 10 %, based on the spray mixture. For example, the oil additive can be added to the spray tank in the desired concentration after the spray mixture has been prepared. Preferred oil additives comprise mineral oils or an oil of vegetable origin, for example rapeseed oil such as

ADIGOR® and MERO®, olive oil or sunflower oil, emulsified vegetable oil, such as AMIGO® (Rhone- Poulenc Canada Inc.), alkyl esters of oils of vegetable origin, for example the methyl derivatives, or an oil of animal origin, such as fish oil or beef tallow. A preferred additive contains, for example, as active components essentially 80 % by weight alkyl esters of fish oils and 15 % by weight methylated rapeseed oil, and also 5 % by weight of customary emulsifiers and pH modifiers. Especially preferred oil additives comprise alkyl esters of C8-C22 fatty acids, especially the methyl derivatives of Ci2-Ci8 fatty acids, for example the methyl esters of lauric acid, palmitic acid and oleic acid, being important. Those esters are known as methyl laurate (CAS-1 1 1-82-0), methyl palmitate (CAS-1 12-39-0) and methyl oleate (CAS-1 12-62-9). A preferred fatty acid methyl ester derivative is Emery® 2230 and 2231 (Cognis GmbH). Those and other oil derivatives are also known from the Compendium of Herbicide Adjuvants, 5th Edition, Southern Illinois University, 2000. Also, alkoxylated fatty acids can be used as additives in the inventive compositions as well as polymethylsiloxane based additives, which have been described in WO 2008/037373.

The application and action of the oil additives can be further improved by combining them with surface-active substances, such as non-ionic, anionic or cationic surfactants. Examples of suitable anionic, non-ionic and cationic surfactants are listed on pages 7 and 8 of WO 97/34485. Preferred surface-active substances are anionic surfactants of the dodecylbenzylsulfonate type, especially the calcium salts thereof, and also non-ionic surfactants of the fatty alcohol ethoxylate type. Special preference is given to ethoxylated C12-C22 fatty alcohols having a degree of ethoxylation of from 5 to 40. Examples of commercially available surfactants are the Genapol types (Clariant AG). Also preferred are silicone surfactants, especially polyalkyl-oxide-modified heptamethyltrisiloxanes, which are commercially available e.g. as Silwet L-77®, and also perfluorinated surfactants. The

concentration of surface-active substances in relation to the total additive is generally from 1 to 30 % by weight. Examples of oil additives that consist of mixtures of oils or mineral oils or derivatives thereof with surfactants are Edenor ME SU®, Turbocharge® (Syngenta AG, CH) and Actipron® (BP Oil UK Limited, GB).

The said surface-active substances may also be used in the formulations alone, that is to say without oil additives.

Furthermore, the addition of an organic solvent to the oil additive/surfactant mixture can contribute to a further enhancement of action. Suitable solvents are, for example, Solvesso® (ESSO) and Aromatic Solvent® (Exxon Corporation).The concentration of such solvents can be from 10 to 80 % by weight of the total weight. Such oil additives, which may be in admixture with solvents, are described, for example, in US-A-4 834 908. A commercially available oil additive disclosed therein is known by the name MERGE® (BASF Corporation). A further oil additive that is preferred according to the invention is SCORE® (Syngenta Crop Protection Canada.)

In addition to the oil additives listed above, in order to enhance the activity of the compositions according to the invention it is also possible for formulations of alkylpyrrolidones, (e.g. Agrimax®) to be added to the spray mixture. Formulations of synthetic latices, such as, for example, polyacrylamide, polyvinyl compounds or poly-1-p-menthene (e.g. Bond®, Courier® or Emerald®) can also be used. Solutions that contain propionic acid, for example Eurogkem Pen-e-trate®, can also be mixed into the spray mixture as activity-enhancing agents. The term "active ingredient" refers to one of the compounds of formula I, especially the compounds of formula I specifically disclosed in the tables. It also refers to mixtures of the compound of formula I, in particular a compound selected from Table 1 and Table P1 , with other insecticides, fungicides, herbicides, safeners, adjuvants and the like, which mixtures are specifically disclosed below.

The compositions can also comprise further solid or liquid auxiliaries, such as stabilizers, for example unepoxidized or epoxidized vegetable oils (for example epoxidized coconut oil, rapeseed oil or soya oil), antifoams, for example silicone oil, preservatives, viscosity regulators, binders and/or tackifiers; fertilizers, in particular nitrogen containing fertilizers such as ammonium nitrates and urea as described in WO 2008/017388, which can enhance the efficacy of the inventive compounds; or other active ingredients for achieving specific effects, for example ammonium or phosphonium salts, in particular halides, (hydrogen)sulphates, nitrates, (hydrogen)carbonates, citrates, tartrates, formiates and acetates, as described in WO 2007/068427 and WO 2007/068428, which also can enhance the efficacy of the inventive compounds and which can be used in combination with penetration enhancers such as alkoxalated fatty acids; bactericides, fungicides, nematocides, plant activators, molluscicides or herbicides. The compositions according to the invention are prepared in a manner known per se, in the absence of auxiliaries for example by grinding, screening and/or compressing a solid active ingredient and in the presence of at least one auxiliary for example by intimately mixing and/or grinding the active ingredient with the auxiliary (auxiliaries).

The application methods for the compositions, that is the methods of controlling pests of the abovementioned type, such as spraying, atomizing, dusting, brushing on, dressing, scattering or pouring - which are to be selected to suit the intended aims of the prevailing circumstances - and the use of the compositions for controlling pests of the abovementioned type are other subjects of the invention. Typical rates of concentration are between 0.1 and 1000 ppm, preferably between 0.1 and 500 ppm, of active ingredient. A preferred method of application in the field of crop protection is application to the foliage of the plants (foliar application), it being possible to select frequency and rate of application to match the danger of infestation with the pest in question. Alternatively, the active ingredient can reach the plants via the root system (systemic action), by drenching the locus of the plants with a liquid composition or by incorporating the active ingredient in solid form into the locus of the plants, for example into the soil, for example in the form of granules (soil application). In the case of paddy rice crops, such granules can be metered into the flooded paddy-field.

The compositions according to the invention are also suitable for the protection of plant propagation material, for example seeds, such as fruit, tubers or kernels, or nursery plants, against pests of the abovementioned type. The propagation material can be treated with the compositions prior to planting, for example seed can be treated prior to sowing. Alternatively, the compositions can be applied to seed kernels (coating), either by soaking the kernels in a liquid composition or by applying a layer of a solid composition. It is also possible to apply the compositions when the propagation material is planted to the site of application, for example into the seed furrow during drilling. These treatment methods for plant propagation material and the plant propagation material comprising a compound of formula I as defined above are further subjects of the invention.

Further methods of application of the compositions according to the invention comprise drip application onto the soil, dipping of parts of plants such as roots bulbs or tubers, drenching the soil, as well as soil injection. These methods are known in the art. In order to apply a compound of formula I as an insecticide, acaricide, nematicide or molluscicide to a pest, a locus of pest, or to a plant susceptible to attack by a pest, a compound of formula I is usually formulated into a composition which includes, in addition to the compound of formula I, a suitable inert diluent or carrier and, optionally, a formulation adjuvant in form of a surface active agent (SFA) as described herein or, for example, in EP-B-1062217. SFAs are chemicals which are able to modify the properties of an interface (for example, liquid/solid, liquid/air or liquid/liquid interfaces) by lowering the interfacial tension and thereby leading to changes in other properties (for example dispersion, emulsification and wetting).

As a rule, the compositions comprise 0.1 to 99%, especially 0.1 to 95%, of active ingredient of thre formula I and 1 to 99.9%, especially 5 to 99.9%, of at least one solid or liquid adjuvant, it being possible as a rule for 0 to 25%, especially 0.1 to 20%, of the composition to be surfactants (% in each case meaning percent by weight). Whereas concentrated compositions tend to be preferred for commercial goods, the end consumer as a rule uses dilute compositions which have substantially lower concentrations of active ingredient. Typical rates of concentration are between 0.1 and 1000 ppm, preferably between 0.1 and 500 ppm, of active ingredient. The rate of application per hectare is generally 1 to 2000 g of active ingredient per hectare, in particular 10 to 1000 g/ha, preferably 10 to 600 g/ha. When used in a seed dressing, a compound of formula I is used at a rate of 0.0001g to 10g (for example 0.001 g or 0.05 g), preferably 0.005 g to 10 g, more preferably 0.005 g to 4 g, per kilogram of seed.

The compositions can be chosen from a number of formulation types, including dustable powders (DP), soluble powders (SP), water soluble granules (SG), water dispersible granules (WG), wettable powders (WP), granules (GR) (slow or fast release), soluble concentrates (SL), oil miscible liquids (OL), ultra low volume liquids (UL), emulsifiable concentrates (EC), dispersible concentrates (DC), emulsions (both oil in water (EW) and water in oil (EC1)), micro-emulsions (ME), suspension concentrates (SC), oil-based suspension concentrate (OD), aerosols, fogging/smoke formulations, capsule suspensions (CS) and seed treatment formulations. The formulation type chosen in any instance will depend upon the particular purpose en-visaged and the physical, chemical and biological properties of the compound of formula I.

Dustable powders (DP) may be prepared by mixing a compound of formula I with one or more solid diluents (for example natural clays, kaolin, pyrophyllite, bentonite, alumina, montmorillonite, kieselguhr, chalk, diatomaceous earths, calcium phosphates, calcium and magnesium carbonates, sulphur, lime, flours, talc and other organic and inorganic solid carriers) and mechanically grinding the mixture to a fine powder.

Soluble powders (SP) may be prepared by mixing a compound of formula I with one or more water-soluble inorganic salts (such as sodium bicarbonate, sodium carbonate or magnesium sulphate) or one or more water-soluble organic solids (such as a polysaccharide) and, optionally, one or more wetting agents, one or more dispersing agents or a mixture of said agents to improve water dispersibility/solubility. The mixture is then ground to a fine powder. Similar compositions may also be granulated to form water soluble granules (SG).

Wettable powders (WP) may be prepared by mixing a compound of formula I with one or more solid diluents or carriers, one or more wetting agents and, preferably, one or more dispersing agents and, optionally, one or more suspending agents to facilitate the dispersion in liquids. The mixture is then ground to a fine powder. Similar compositions may also be granulated to form water dispersible granules (WG).

Granules (GR) may be formed either by granulating a mixture of a compound of formula I and one or more powdered solid diluents or carriers, or from pre-formed blank granules by absorbing a compound of formula I (or a solution thereof, in a suitable agent) in a porous granular material (such as pumice, attapulgite clays, fuller's earth, kieselguhr, diatomaceous earths or ground corn cobs) or by adsorbing a compound of formula I (or a solution thereof, in a suitable agent) on to a hard core material (such as sands, silicates, mineral carbonates, sulphates or phosphates) and drying if necessary. Agents which are commonly used to aid absorption or adsorption include solvents (such as aliphatic and aromatic petroleum solvents, alcohols, ethers, ketones and esters) and sticking agents (such as polyvinyl acetates, polyvinyl alcohols, dextrins, sugars and vegetable oils). One or more other additives may also be included in granules (for example an emulsifying agent, wetting agent or dispersing agent). Dispersible Concentrates (DC) may be prepared by dissolving a compound of formula I in water or an organic solvent, such as a ketone, alcohol or glycol ether. These solutions may contain a surface active agent (for example to improve water dilution or prevent crystallisation in a spray tank).

Emulsifiable concentrates (EC) or oil-in-water emulsions (EW) may be prepared by dissolving a compound of formula I in an organic solvent (optionally containing one or more wetting agents, one or more emulsifying agents or a mixture of said agents). Suitable organic solvents for use in ECs include aromatic hydrocarbons (such as alkylbenzenes or alkylnaphthalenes, exemplified by SOLVESSO 100, SOLVESSO 150 and SOLVESSO 200; SOLVESSO is a Registered Trade Mark), ketones (such as cyclohexanone or methylcyclohexanone) and alcohols (such as benzyl alcohol, furfuryl alcohol or butanol),

N-alkylpyrrolidones (such as N-methylpyrrolidone or N-octylpyrrolidone), dimethyl amides of fatty acids (such as Cs-C-io fatty acid dimethylamide) and chlorinated hydrocarbons. An EC product may spontaneously emulsify on addition to water, to produce an emulsion with sufficient stability to allow spray application through appropriate equipment. Preparation of an EW involves obtaining a compound of formula I either as a liquid (if it is not a liquid at ambient temperature, it may be melted at a reasonable temperature, typically below 70°C) or in solution (by dissolving it in an appropriate solvent) and then emulsifiying the resultant liquid or solution into water containing one or more SFAs, under high shear, to produce an emulsion. Suitable solvents for use in EWs include vegetable oils, chlorinated hydrocarbons (such as chlorobenzenes), aromatic solvents (such as alkylbenzenes or alkylnaphthalenes) and other appropriate organic solvents which have a low solubility in water.

Microemulsions (ME) may be prepared by mixing water with a blend of one or more solvents with one or more SFAs, to produce spontaneously a thermodynamically stable isotropic liquid formulation. A compound of formula I is present initially in either the water or the solvent/SFA blend. Suitable solvents for use in MEs include those hereinbefore described for use in in ECs or in EWs. An ME may be either an oil-in-water or a water-in-oil system (which system is present may be determined by conductivity measurements) and may be suitable for mixing water-soluble and oil-soluble pesticides in the same formulation. An ME is suitable for dilution into water, either remaining as a microemulsion or forming a conventional oil-in-water emulsion.

Suspension concentrates (SC) may comprise aqueous or non-aqueous suspensions of finely divided insoluble solid particles of a compound of formula I. SCs may be prepared by ball or bead milling the solid compound of formula I in a suitable medium, optionally with one or more dispersing agents, to produce a fine particle suspension of the compound. One or more wetting agents may be included in the composition and a suspending agent may be included to reduce the rate at which the particles settle. Alternatively, a compound of formula I may be dry milled and added to water, containing agents hereinbefore described, to produce the desired end product.

Oil-based suspension concentrate (OD) may be prepared similarly by suspending finely divided insoluble solid particles of a compound of formula I in an organic fluid (for example at least one mineral oil or vegetable oil). ODs may further comprise at least one penetration promoter (for example an alcohol ethoxylate or a related compound), at least one non-ionic surfactants and/or at least one anionic surfactant, and optionally at least one additive from the group of emulsifiers, foam-inhibiting agents, preservatives, anti-oxidants, dyestuffs, and/or inert filler materials. An OD is intended and suitable for dilution with water before use to produce a spray solution with sufficient stability to allow spray application through appropriate equipment.

Aerosol formulations comprise a compound of formula I and a suitable propellant (for example n- butane). A compound of formula I may also be dissolved or dispersed in a suitable medium (for example water or a water miscible liquid, such as n-propanol) to provide compositions for use in non- pressurised, hand-actuated spray pumps.

A compound of formula I may be mixed in the dry state with a pyrotechnic mixture to form a composition suitable for generating, in an enclosed space, a smoke containing said compound.

Capsule suspensions (CS) may be prepared in a manner similar to the preparation of EW formulations but with an additional polymerisation stage such that an aqueous dispersion of oil droplets is obtained, in which each oil droplet is encapsulated by a polymeric shell and contains a compound of formula I and, optionally, a carrier or diluent therefor. The polymeric shell may be produced by either an interfacial polycondensation reaction or by a coacervation procedure. The compositions may provide for controlled release of the compound of formula I and they may be used for seed treatment. A compound of formula I may also be formulated in a biodegradable polymeric matrix to provide a slow, controlled release of the compound.

A compound of formula I may also be formulated for use as a seed treatment, for example as a powder composition, including a powder for dry seed treatment (DS), a water soluble powder (SS) or a water dispersible powder for slurry treatment (WS), or as a liquid composition, including a flowable concentrate (FS), a solution (LS) or a capsule suspension (CS). The preparations of DS, SS, WS, FS and LS compositions are very similar to those of, respectively, DP, SP, WP, SC, OD and DC compositions described above. Compositions for treating seed may include an agent for assisting the adhesion of the composition to the seed (for example a mineral oil or a film-forming barrier).

A composition of the present invention may include one or more additives to improve the biological performance of the composition (for example by improving wetting, retention or distribution on surfaces; resistance to rain on treated surfaces; or uptake or mobility of a compound of formula I). Such additives include surface active agents (SFAs), spray additives based on oils, for example certain mineral oils, vegetable oils or natural plant oils (such as soy bean and rape seed oil), and blends of these with other bio-enhancing adjuvants (ingredients which may aid or modify the action of a compound of formula I). Increasing the effect of a compound of formula I may for example be achieved by adding ammonium and/or phosphonium salts, and/or optionally at least one penetration promotor such as fatty alcohol alkoxylates (for example rape oil methyl ester) or vegetable oil esters. Wetting agents, dispersing agents and emulsifying agents may be surface active agents (SFAs) of the cationic, anionic, amphoteric or non-ionic type. Suitable SFAs of the cationic type include quaternary ammonium compounds (for example cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide), imidazolines and amine salts.

Suitable anionic SFAs include alkali metals salts of fatty acids, salts of aliphatic monoesters of sulphuric acid (for example sodium lauryl sulphate), salts of sulphonated aromatic compounds (for example sodium dodecylbenzenesulphonate, calcium dodecylbenzenesulphonate, butylnaphthalene sulphonate and mixtures of sodium di-;'sopropyl- and tri-;'sopropyl-naphthalene sulphonates), ether sulphates, alcohol ether sulphates (for example sodium laureth-3-sulphate), ether carboxylates (for example sodium laureth-3-carboxylate), phosphate esters (products from the reaction between one or more fatty alcohols and phosphoric acid (predominately mono-esters) or phosphorus pentoxide (predominately di-esters), for example the reaction between lauryl alcohol and tetraphosphoric acid; additionally these products may be ethoxylated), sulphosuccinamates, paraffin or olefine sulphonates, taurates and lignosulphonates.

Suitable SFAs of the amphoteric type include betaines, propionates and glycinates.

Suitable SFAs of the non-ionic type include condensation products of alkylene oxides, such as ethylene oxide, propylene oxide, butylene oxide or mixtures thereof, with fatty alcohols (such as oleyl alcohol or cetyl alcohol) or with alkylphenols (such as octylphenol, nonylphenol or octylcresol); partial esters derived from long chain fatty acids or hexitol anhydrides; condensation products of said partial esters with ethylene oxide; block polymers (comprising ethylene oxide and propylene oxide);

alkanolamides; simple esters (for example fatty acid polyethylene glycol esters); amine oxides (for example lauryl dimethyl amine oxide); and lecithins.

Suitable suspending agents include hydrophilic colloids (such as polysaccharides, polyvinylpyrrolidone or sodium carboxymethylcellulose) and swelling clays (such as bentonite or attapulgite).

A compound of formula I may be applied by any of the known means of applying pesticidal compounds. For example, it may be applied, formulated or unformulated, to the pests or to a locus of the pests (such as a habitat of the pests, or a growing plant liable to infestation by the pests) or to any part of the plant, including the foliage, stems, branches or roots, to the seed before it is planted or to other media in which plants are growing or are to be planted (such as soil surrounding the roots, the soil generally, paddy water or hydroponic culture systems), directly or it may be sprayed on, dusted on, applied by dipping, applied as a cream or paste formulation, applied as a vapour or applied through distribution or incorporation of a composition (such as a granular composition or a composition packed in a water-soluble bag) in soil or an aqueous environment.

A compound of formula I may also be injected into plants or sprayed onto vegetation using

electrodynamic spraying techniques or other low volume methods, or applied by land or aerial irrigation systems.

Compositions for use as aqueous preparations (aqueous solutions or dispersions) are generally supplied in the form of a concentrate containing a high proportion of the active ingredient, the concentrate being added to water before use. These concentrates, which may include DCs, SCs, ODs, ECs, EWs, MEs SGs, SPs, WPs, WGs and CSs, are often required to withstand storage for prolonged periods and, after such storage, to be capable of addition to water to form aqueous preparations which remain homogeneous for a sufficient time to enable them to be applied by conventional spray equipment. Such aqueous preparations may contain varying amounts of a compound of formula I (for example 0.0001 to 10%, by weight) depending upon the purpose for which they are to be used.

A compound of formula I may be used in mixtures with fertilisers (for example nitrogen-, potassium- or phosphorus-containing fertilisers, and more particularly ammonium nitrate and/or urea fertilizers). Suitable formulation types include granules of fertiliser. The mixtures suitably contain up to 25% by weight of the compound of formula I.

Preferred compositions are composed in particular as follows (% = percent by weight):

Emulsifiable concentrates:

active ingredient: 1 to 95%, preferably 5 to 20%

surfactant: 1 to 30%, preferably 10 to 20 %

solvent: 5 to 98%, preferably 70 to 85%

Dusts:

active ingredient: 0.1 to 10%, preferably 0.1 to 1 %

solid carrier: 99.9 to 90%, preferably 99.9 to 99%

Suspension concentrates:

active ingredient: 5 to 75%, preferably 10 to 50%

water: 94 to 24%, preferably 88 to 30%

surfactant: 1 to 40%, preferably 2 to 30%

Wettable powders:

active ingredient: 0.5 to 90%, preferably 1 to 80%

surfactant: 0.5 to 20%, preferably 1 to 15%

solid carrier: 5 to 99%, preferably 15 to 98%

Granulates:

active ingredient: 0.5 to 30%, preferably 3 to 15%

solid carrier: 99.5 to 70%, preferably 97 to 85%

Preparatory Examples:

Example H1 : Preparation of 1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)methvHpiperidin-2-one

Figure imgf000047_0001

A one necked round bottom flask, equipped with a magnetic stirring bar was charged with sodium hydride (1.85 g, 46.3 mmol, 60% oil dispersion) and DMF (100 mL). To this suspension was added dropwise piperidine-2-one (4.10 g, 40.10 mmol) at ambient temperature. The resulting mixture was further stirred for 1.5 h under argon atmosphere before 2-chloro-5-(chloromethyl)pyridine (5.00 g, 30.90 mmol) was added dropwise during 45 minutes. The reaction mixture was heated up to 60 °C and stirred for additional 2.5 h. Then the reaction mixture was cooled down to 0 °C and poured into water (100 mL). The mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate (5x100mL) and the combined organic layers were dried over sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under vacuum. The crude material was purified by flash chromatography (220g Si02, dichloromethane/MeOH gradient) to afford 1-[(6- chloro-3-pyridyl)methyl]-piperidin-2-one (4.98 g) as yellow oil. H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3, TMS) δ/ppm: 1.74-1.86 (m, 4H), 2.40-2.50 (m, 2H), 3.15-3.28 (m, 2H), 4.56 (s, 2H), 7.24-7.33 (m, 1 H), 7.64 (dd, 1 H), 8.28 (d, 1 H).

Example H2: Preparation of 1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)methyllpiperidine-2-thione:

Figure imgf000047_0002

A one necked round bottom flask, equipped with a magnetic stirring bar was charged with 1-[(6-chloro- 3-pyridyl)methyl]-piperidin-2-one (4.98 g, 22.2 mmol) and toluene (89 mL). To this solution was added slowly Lawesson reagent (5.55 g, 13.3 mmol). After addition the reaction mixtures was stirred at 100 °C for 2.5 h. The mixture was then cooled to ambient temperature and concentrated. The crude material was purified by flash chromatography (220g Si02, ethyl acetate/heptane gradient) to yield 1- [(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)methyl]piperidine-2-thione (2.79 g) as yellow oil. H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3, TMS) δ/ppm: 1.69-1.95 (m, 4H), 3.08 (t, 2H), 3.39 (t, 2H), 5.31 (s, 2H), 7.31 (d, 1 H), 7.81 (dd, 1 H), 8.35 (d, 1 H).

Example H3: Preparation of (3E)-3-[1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)methyll-2-piperidylidenel-1 , 1 ,1-trifluoro- propan-2-one:

Figure imgf000048_0001

A one necked round bottom flask, equipped with a magnetic stirring bar was charged with 1-[(6-chloro- 3-pyridyl)methyl]piperidine-2-thione (0.50 g, 2.08 mmol), 3-bromo-1 , 1 , 1-trifluoro-propan-2-one (0.50 g, 1.25 mmol) and acetonitrile (4.2 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 1.5 h and became orange. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate (20 mL) and washed with saturated aqueous Na2C03 and brine. The organic layer was then separated, dried over Na2S04 and concentrated under vacuum. The crude material was purified by flash chromatography to afford (3E)- 3-[1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)methyl]-2-piperidylidene]-1 , 1 , 1-trifluoro-propan-2-one (267 mg) as brown oil. H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3, TMS) δ/ppm: 1.72-1.94 (m, 4H), 3.31 (t, 2H), 3.42 (t, 2H), 4.55 (s, 2H), 5.34 (s, 1 H), 7.36 (d, 1 H), 7.49 (dd, 1 H), 8.27 (d, 1 H).

Example H4: Preparation of 1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)methyllpyrrolidin-2-one:

Figure imgf000048_0002

A one necked round bottom flask, equipped with a magnetic stirring bar was charged with sodium hydride (1.85 g, 46.3 mmol, 60% oil dispersion) and THF (21 mL). To this suspension was added dropwise pyrrolidin-2-one (0.69 g, 8.02 mmol) at ambient temperature. The resulting mixture was further stirred for 0.5 h under argon atmosphere before 2-chloro-5-(chloromethyl)pyridine (1.00 g, 6.17 mmol) was added dropwise. The reaction mixture was heated up to 60 °C and stirred for additional 18 h. The reaction mixture was stirred for additional 5 h to drive reaction to completion. Then the reaction mixture was cooled down to ambient temperature and concentrated. To the residue was added water (20 mL). The mixture was then extracted with ethyl acetate (2x20 mL) and the combined organic layers were dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated under vacuum to yield 1-[(6-chloro-3- pyridyl)methyl]pyrrolidin-2-one as yellow oil. H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3, TMS) δ/ppm: 1.96-2.08 (m, 2H), 2.43 (t, 2H), 3.30 (t, 2H), 4.45 (s, 2H), 7.32 (d, 1 H), 7.6 (dd, 1 H), 8.29 (d, 1 H). Example H5: Preparation of 1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)methyllpyrrolidine-2-thione:

Figure imgf000049_0001

A one necked round bottom flask, equipped with a magnetic stirring bar was charged with 1-[(6-chloro- 3-pyridyl)methyl]pyrrolidin-2-one (13.20 g, 62.66 mmol) solver in toluene (250 mL). To this solution was added portionwise Lawesson reagent (14.37 g, 34.46 mmol). After addition the reaction mixtures was stirred at 100 °C for 2 h. During the reaction the solution became orange. The mixture was then cooled to ambient temperature and decanted from unsolved materials. The clear toluene solution was concentrated and the remaining crude material was purified by flash chromatography (Si02, ethyl acetate/heptane gradient) to yield 1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)methyl]pyrrolidine-2-thione (7.95 g) as yellow oil. H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3, TMS) δ/ppm: 2.01-2.12 (m, 2H), 3.08 (t, 2H), 3.63 (t, 2H), 4.99 (s, 2H), 7.32 (d, 1 H), 7.78 (dd, 1 H), 8.36 (d, 1 H).

Example H6: Preparation of (3E)-3-[1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)methyllpyrrolidin-2-ylidenel-1 , 1 ,1-trifluoro- propan-2-one:

Figure imgf000049_0002

A one necked round bottom flask, equipped with a magnetic stirring bar was charged with 1-[(6-chloro- 3-pyridyl)methyl]pyrrolidine-2-thione (0.264 g, 1.16 mmol), 3-bromo-1 , 1 , 1-trifluoro-propan-2-one (0.28 g, 1.46 mmol) and acetonitrile (2.3 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 6 h and became orange. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate (10 mL) and washed with saturated aqueous Na2C03 and brine. The organic layer was then separated, dried over Na2S04 and concentrated under vacuum. The crude material was purified by flash chromatography to afford (3E)- 3-[1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)methyl]pyrrolidin-2-ylidene]-1 , 1 ,1-trifluoro-propan-2-one (1 17 mg) as brown oil.

H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3, TMS) δ/ppm: 2.01-2.13 (m, 2H), 3.40 (t, 2H), 3.49 (t, 2H), 4.45 (s, 2H), 5.45 (s, 1 H), 7.38 (d, 1 H), 7.50 (dd, 1 H), 8.28 (d, 1 H).

Example H7: Preparation of (1 E)-1-[1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)methyll-2-piperidylidenel-3,3,4,4,4- pentafluoro-butan-2-one:

Figure imgf000050_0001

A one necked round bottom flask, equipped with a magnetic stirring bar was charged with 1-[(6-chloro- 3-pyridyl)methyl]piperidine-2-thione (0.26 g, 1.08 mmol), 1-bromo-3,3,4,4,4-pentafluoro-butan-2-one (0.33 g, 1.35 mmol) and acetonitrile (2.2 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 18 h and became orange. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate (10 mL) and washed with saturated aqueous Na2C03 and brine. The organic layer was then separated, dried over Na2S04 and concentrated under vacuum. The crude material was purified by flash chromatography (12 g Si02, ethyl acetate/heptane gradient) to afford (1 E)-1-[1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)methyl]-2-piperidylidene]- 3,3,4,4,4-pentafluoro-butan-2-one (120 mg) as brown oil. H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3, TMS) δ/ppm: 2.01-2.13 (m, 2H), 3.40 (t, 2H), 3.49 (t, 2H), 4.45 (s, 2H), 5.45 (s, 1 H), 7.38 (d, 1 H), 7.50 (dd, 1 H), 8.28 (d, 1 H).

Example H8: Preparation of 1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)methyllazepan-2-one:

Figure imgf000050_0002

A one necked round bottom flask, equipped with a magnetic stirring bar was charged with sodium hydride (0.30 g, 7.40 mmol, 60% oil dispersion) and DMF (16 mL). To this suspension was added dropwise azepan-2-one (0.74 g, 6.40 mmol) at ambient temperature. The resulting mixture was further stirred for 0.5 h under argon atmosphere before 2-chloro-5-(chloromethyl)pyridine (0.80 g, 4.90 mmol) was added dropwise. The reaction mixture was heated up to 60 °C and stirred for 18 h. Then the reaction mixture was cooled down to ambient temperature and poured into water (20 mL). The mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate (3x15 mL) and the combined organic layers were dried over sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under vacuum. The crude material was purified by flash

chromatography (Si02, dichloromethane/MeOH gradient) to afford 1-[(6-chloro-3- pyridyl)methyl]azepan-2-one (0.87 g) as yellow oil. H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3, TMS) δ/ppm: 1.45-1.58 (m, 2H), 1.62-1.78 (m, 4H), 2.53-2.63 (m, 2H), 3.28-3.35 (m, 2H), 4.57 (s, 2H), 7.28 (d, 1 H), 7.64 (dd, 1 H), 8.29 (d, 1 H).

Example H9: Preparation of 1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)methyllazepane-2-thione:

Figure imgf000051_0001

A one necked round bottom flask, equipped with a magnetic stirring bar was charged with 1_-[(6-chloro- 3-pyridyl)methyl]azepan-2-one (0.40 g, 1.61 mmol) solved in toluene (6.4 mL). To this solution was added portionwise Lawesson reagent (0.55 g, 30.88 mmol). After addition the reaction mixtures was stirred at 100 °C for 2.5 h. During the reaction the solution became orange. The mixture was then cooled to ambient temperature and the solvent removed under vacuum. The crude matrial material was purified by flash chromatography (12 g, Si02, ethyl acetate/heptane gradient) to yield 1-[(6-chloro- 3-pyridyl)methyl]azepane-2-thione (252 mg) as yellow solid. H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3, TMS) δ/ppm: 1.50-1.60 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.82 (m, 4H), 3.16-3.25 (m, 2H), 3.58-3.65 (m, 2H), 5.29 (s, 2H), 7.30 (d, 1 H), 7.85 (dd, 1 H), 8.38 (d, 1 H).

Example H10: Preparation of (3E)-3-[1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)methyllazepan-2-ylidenel-1 , 1 , 1-trifluoro- propan-2-one:

Figure imgf000051_0002

A one necked round bottom flask, equipped with a magnetic stirring bar was charged with 1-[(6-chloro- 3-pyridyl)methyl]azepane-2-thione (0.24 g, 0.92 mmol), 3-bromo-1 , 1 ,1-trifluoro-propan-2-one (0.22 g, 1.15 mmol) and acetonitrile (1.8 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 2.5 h and became dark green. The reaction mixture was concentrated unde vacuum and then diluted with ethyl acetate (10 mL) and washed with saturated aqueous Na2C03 and brine. The organic layer was then separated, dried over Na2S04 and concentrated under vacuum. The crude material was purified by flash chromatography (12 g Si02, ethyl acetate/heptane gradient) to afford (3E)-3-[1-[(6-chloro-3- pyridyl)methyl]azepan-2-ylidene]-1 , 1 , 1-trifluoro-propan-2-one (125 mg) as yellow solid (m. p. 1 14-1 15

°C). H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3, TMS) δ/ppm: 1.58-1.70 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.82 (m, 4H), 3.40-3.60 (m, 4H), 4.58 (s, 2H), 5.25 (s, 1 H), 7.38 (d, 1 H), 7.51 (dd, 1 H), 8.29 (d, 1 H). Example H1 1 : Preparation of (1 E)-1-[1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)methyllpyrrolidin-2-ylidenel-3,3,4,4,4- pentafluoro-butan-2-one:

Figure imgf000052_0001

A one necked round bottom flask, equipped with a magnetic stirring bar was charged with 1-[(6-chloro- 3-pyridyl)methyl]pyrrolidine-2-thione (0.30 g, 1.32 mmol), 1-bromo-3,3,4,4,4-pentafluoro-butan-2-one (0.41 g, 1.65 mmol) and acetonitrile (2.6 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 5 h. The reaction mixture was poured into cold water (0 °C) and saturated aqueous NaHC03 was added. The mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate (2 x). The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated under vacuum. The crude material was purified by flash chromatography (Si02, ethyl acetate/heptane gradient) to afford (1 E)-1-[1-[(6-chloro- 3-pyridyl)methyl]pyrrolidin-2-ylidene]-3,3,4,4,4-pentafluoro-butan-2-one (95 mg) as yellow oil. H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3, TMS) δ/ppm: 2.01-2.17 (m, 2H), 3.39 (t, 2H), 3.52 (t, 2H), 4.52 (s, 2H), 5.49 (s, 1 H), 7.38 (d, 1 H), 7.51 (dd, 1 H), 8.29 (d, 1 H).

Example H12: Preparation of (3Z)-3-[1-[(2-chlorothiazol-5-yl)methyllpyrrolidin-2-ylidenel-1 , 1 , 1 ,3- tetrafluoro-propan-2-one:

Figure imgf000052_0002
A one necked round bottom flask, equipped with a magnetic stirring bar was charged with (3E)-3-[1- [(2-chlorothiazol-5-yl)methyl]pyrrolidin-2-ylidene]-1 , 1 ,1-trifluoro-propan-2-one (0.050 g, 0.16 mmol), 1- chloromethyl-4-fluoro-1 ,4-diazoniabicyclo[2.2.2]octane bis(tetrafluoroborate) (0.063 g, 0.18 mmol) and dimethoxyethane (3.0 mL). The reaction mixture was heated to 65 °C for 3 h after which a new portion of 1-chloromethyl-4-fluoro-1 ,4-diazoniabicyclo[2.2.2]octane bis(tetrafluoroborate) (0.008 g, 0.02 mmol) was added and the mixture was further heated to 65 °C for 1 h. The reaction mixture was poured into water and saturated aqueous NaCI was added. The mixture was extracted twice with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated under vacuum. The crude material was purified by flash chromatography (Si02, ethyl acetate/heptane gradient) to afford (3Z)-3-[1-[(2-chlorothiazol-5-yl)methyl]pyrrolidin-2-ylidene]-1 , 1 ,1 ,3-tetrafluoro- propan-2-one (1 1 mg) as brown oil. H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3) δ/ppm: 2.01-2.17 (m, 2H), 3.20 (t, 2H), 3.51 (t, 2H), 4.90 (d, 2 H), 7.50 (s, 1 H).

Example H13: Preparation of (3E)-3-[1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)methyllpyrrolidin-2-ylidenel-1 , 1 ,1-trifluoro- propane-2-thione:

Figure imgf000053_0001

A microwave vial, equipped with a magnetic stirring bar was charged with (3E)-3-[1-[(6-chloro-3- pyridyl)methyl]pyrrolidin-2-ylidene]-1 , 1 ,1-trifluoro-propan-2-one (0.120 g, 0.39 mmol), phosphorous pentasulfide (0.044 g, 0.19 mmol) and dimethoxyethane (4.0 mL). The vial was sealed and the mixture was heated to 65 °C for an hour and then let stired to room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was poured into water and saturated aqueous NaHC03 was added. The mixture was extracted twice with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated under vacuum. The crude material was purified by flash chromatography (Si02, ethyl acetate/heptane gradient) to afford (3E)-3-[1-[(6-chloro-3- pyridyl)methyl]pyrrolidin-2-ylidene]-1 , 1 ,1-trifluoro-propane-2-thione (54 mg) as yellow oil. H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3, TMS) δ/ppm: 2.01-2.17 (m, 2H), 3.50 (t, 2H), 3.52 (t, 2H), 4.60 (s, 2 H), 6.85 (s, 1 H), 7.40 (d, 1 H), 7.50 (m, 1 H), 8.30 (d, 1 H).

In particular preferred compounds of formula I are listed in Table P. Table P1 : preferred compounds of formula I:

Compound Structure Retention time

[M+H]+ No. (min)

P1 0.87 305

Figure imgf000054_0001
Figure imgf000055_0001
Figure imgf000056_0001
Figure imgf000057_0001

Method LCMS:

Spectra were recorded on a Mass Spectrometer from Waters (SQD or ZQ Single quadrupole mass spectrometer) equipped with an electrospray source (Polarity: positive or negative ions, Capillary: 3.00 kV, Cone range: 30-60 V, Extractor: 2.00 V, Source Temperature: 150°C, Desolvation Temperature: 350°C, Cone Gas Flow: 0 L/Hr, Desolvation Gas Flow: 650 L/Hr, Mass range: 100 to 900 Da) and an Acquity UPLC from Waters: Binary pump, heated column compartment and diode-array detector. Solvent degasser, binary pump, heated column compartment and diode-array detector. Column: Waters UPLC HSS T3 , 1.8 Dm, 30 x 2.1 mm, Temp: 60 °C, DAD Wavelength range (nm): 210 to 500, Solvent Gradient: A = water + 5% MeOH + 0.05 % HCOOH, B= Acetonitrile + 0.05 % HCOOH: gradient: gradient: 0 min 0% B, 100%A; 1.2-1.5min 100% B; Flow (ml/min) 0.85.

Formulation examples (% = percent by weight)

Example F1 : Emulsion concentrates a) b) c)

Active ingredient 25 % 40 % 50 %

Calcium dodecylbenzenesulfonate 5 % 8 % 6 %

Castor oil polyethylene

glycol ether (36 mol of EO) 5 %

Tributylphenoxypolyethylene glycol

ether (30 mol of EO) 12 % 4 %

Cyclohexanone 20 %

Xylene mixture 65 %

Figure imgf000057_0002
20 %

Emulsions of any desired concentration can be prepared from such concentrates by dilution with water.

Example F2: Solutions a) b) c) d)

Active ingredient 80 % 10 % 5 % 95 % Ethylene glycol monomethyl

ether 20 % -

Polyethylene glycol

MW400 - 70 % - N-Methylpyrrolid-2-one - 20 % -

Epoxidized coconut oil - - 1 % 5 %

Petroleum ether

(boiling range: 160-190°) - - 94% - The solutions are suitable for use in the form of microdrops.

Example F3: Granules a) b) c) d)

Active ingredient 5% 10% 8% 21 %

Kaolin 94% - 79% 54%

Highly disperse silica 1 % - 13% 7%

Attapulgite - 90% - 18%

The active ingredient is dissolved in dichloromethane, the solution is sprayed onto the carrier(s), and the solvent is subsequently evaporated in vacuo. Example F4: Dusts a) b)

Active ingredient 2 % 5 %

Highly disperse silica 1 % 5%

Talc 97 % -

Kaolin - 90 %

Ready-to-use dusts are obtained by intimately mixing the carriers and the active ingredient.

Example F5: Wettable powders a) b) c)

Active ingredient 25 % 50 % 75 %

Sodium lignosulfonate 5 % 5 %

Sodium lauryl sulfate 3 % - 5 %

Sodium diisobutyl- naphthalenesulfonate - 6% 10%

Octylphenoxypolyethylene glycol

ether (7-8 mol of EO) - 2% - Highly disperse silica 5% 10% 10%

Kaolin 62% 27% - The active ingredient is mixed with the additives and the mixture is ground thoroughly in a suitable mill. This gives wettable powders, which can be diluted with water to give suspensions of any desired concentration. Example F6: Extruder granules

Active ingredient 10 %

Sodium lignosulfonate 2 %

Carboxymethylcellulose 1 %

Kaolin 87 %

The active ingredient is mixed with the additives, and the mixture is ground, moistened with water, extruded, granulated and dried in a stream of air.

Example F7: Coated granules

Active ingredient 3 %

Polyethylene glycol (MW 200) 3 %

Kaolin 94 %

In a mixer, the finely ground active ingredient is applied uniformLy to the kaolin, which has been moistened with the polyethylene glycol. This gives dust-free coated granules. Example F8: Suspension concentrate

Active ingredient 40 %

Ethylene glycol 10 %

Nonylphenoxypolyethylene glycol ether (15 mol of EO) 6 %

Sodium lignosulfonate 10 %

Carboxymethylcellulose 1 %

37 % agueous formaldehyde solution 0.2 %

Silicone oil (75 % agueous emulsion) 0.8 %

Water 32 %

The finely ground active ingredient is mixed intimately with the additives. Suspensions of any desired concentration can be prepared from the thus resulting suspension concentrate by dilution with water.

The activity of the compositions according to the invention can be broadened considerably, and adapted to prevailing circumstances, by adding other insecticidally, acaricidally and/or fungicidally active ingredients. The mixtures of the compounds of formula I with other insecticidally, acaricidally and/or fungicidally active ingredients may also have further surprising advantages which can also be described, in a wider sense, as synergistic activity. For example, better tolerance by plants, reduced phytotoxicity, insects can be controlled in their different development stages or better behaviour during their production, for example during grinding or mixing, during their storage or during their use. Suitable additions to active ingredients here are, for example, representatives of the following classes of active ingredients: organophosphorus compounds, nitrophenol derivatives, thioureas, juvenile hormones, formamidines, benzophenone derivatives, ureas, pyrrole derivatives, carbamates, pyrethroids, chlorinated hydrocarbons, acylureas, pyridylmethyleneamino derivatives, macrolides, neonicotinoids and Bacillus thuringiensis preparations.

The following mixtures of the compounds of formula I with active ingredients are preferred (the abbreviation "TX" means "one compound selected from the group consisting of the compounds described in Table 1 and Table P1 of the present invention"): an adjuvant selected from the group of substances consisting of petroleum oils (alternative name) (628) + TX,

an acaricide selected from the group of substances consisting of 1 , 1-bis(4-chlorophenyl)-2- ethoxyethanol (lUPAC name) (910) + TX, 2,4-dichlorophenyl benzenesulfonate (lUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (1059) + TX, 2-fluoro-A/-methyl-A/-1-naphthylacetamide (lUPAC name) (1295) + TX, 4-chlorophenyl phenyl sulfone (lUPAC name) (981 ) + TX, abamectin (1 ) + TX, acequinocyl (3) + TX, acetoprole [CCN] + TX, acrinathrin (9) + TX, aldicarb (16) + TX, aldoxycarb (863) + TX, alpha- cypermethrin (202) + TX, amidithion (870) + TX, amidoflumet [CCN] + TX, amidothioate (872) + TX, amiton (875) + TX, amiton hydrogen oxalate (875) + TX, amitraz (24) + TX, aramite (881 ) + TX, arsenous oxide (882) + TX, AVI 382 (compound code) + TX, AZ 60541 (compound code) + TX, azinphos-ethyl (44) + TX, azinphos-methyl (45) + TX, azobenzene (lUPAC name) (888) + TX, azocyclotin (46) + TX, azothoate (889) + TX, benomyl (62) + TX, benoxafos (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, benzoximate (71 ) + TX, benzyl benzoate (lUPAC name) [CCN] + TX, bifenazate (74) + TX, bifenthrin (76) + TX, binapacryl (907) + TX, brofenvalerate (alternative name) + TX, bromo- cyclen (918) + TX, bromophos (920) + TX, bromophos-ethyl (921 ) + TX, bromopropylate (94) + TX, buprofezin (99) + TX, butocarboxim (103) + TX, butoxycarboxim (104) + TX, butylpyridaben (alternative name) + TX, calcium polysulfide (lUPAC name) (1 1 1 ) + TX, camphechlor (941 ) + TX, carbanolate (943) + TX, carbaryl (1 15) + TX, carbofuran (1 18) + TX, carbophenothion (947) + TX, CGA 50'439 (development code) (125) + TX, chinomethionat (126) + TX, chlorbenside (959) + TX, chlordimeform (964) + TX, chlordimeform hydrochloride (964) + TX, chlorfenapyr (130) + TX, chlorfenethol (968) + TX, chlorfenson (970) + TX, chlorfensulfide (971 ) + TX, chlorfenvinphos (131 ) + TX, chlorobenzilate (975) + TX, chloromebuform (977) + TX, chloromethiuron (978) + TX, chloropropylate (983) + TX, chlorpyrifos (145) + TX, chlorpyrifos-methyl (146) + TX, chlorthiophos (994) + TX, cinerin I (696) + TX, cinerin II (696) + TX, cinerins (696) + TX, clofentezine (158) + TX, closantel (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, coumaphos (174) + TX, crotamiton (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, crotoxyphos (1010) + TX, cufraneb (1013) + TX, cyanthoate (1020) + TX, cyflumetofen (CAS Reg. No.: 400882-07-7) + TX, cyhalothrin (196) + TX, cyhexatin (199) + TX, cypermethrin (201 ) + TX, DCPM (1032) + TX, DDT (219) + TX, demephion (1037) + TX, demephion-0 (1037) + TX, demephion-S (1037) + TX, demeton (1038) + TX, demeton-methyl (224) + TX, demeton-O (1038) + TX, demeton-O-methyl (224) + TX, demeton-S (1038) + TX, demeton-S-methyl (224) + TX, demeton-S-methylsulfon (1039) + TX, diafenthiuron (226) + TX, dialifos (1042) + TX, diazinon (227) + TX, dichlofluanid (230) + TX, dichlorvos (236) + TX, dicliphos (alternative name) + TX, dicofol (242) + TX, dicrotophos (243) + TX, dienochlor (1071 ) + TX, dimefox (1081 ) + TX, dimethoate (262) + TX, dinactin (alternative name) (653) + TX, dinex (1089) + TX, dinex-diclexine (1089) + TX, dinobuton (269) + TX, dinocap (270) + TX, dinocap-4 [CCN] + TX, dinocap-6 [CCN] + TX, dinocton (1090) + TX, dinopenton (1092) + TX, dinosulfon (1097) + TX, dinoterbon (1098) + TX, dioxathion (1 102) + TX, diphenyl sulfone (lUPAC name) (1 103) + TX, disulfiram (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, disulfoton (278) + TX, DNOC (282) + TX, dofenapyn (1 1 13) + TX, doramectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, endosulfan (294) + TX, endothion (1 121 ) + TX, EPN (297) + TX, eprinomectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, ethion (309) + TX, ethoate-methyl (1 134) + TX, etoxazole (320) + TX, etrimfos (1 142) + TX, fenazaflor (1 147) + TX, fenazaquin (328) + TX, fenbutatin oxide (330) + TX, fenothiocarb (337) + TX, fenpropathrin (342) + TX, fenpyrad (alternative name) + TX, fenpyroximate (345) + TX, fenson (1 157) + TX, fentrifanil (1 161 ) + TX, fenvalerate (349) + TX, fipronil (354) + TX, fluacrypyrim (360) + TX, fluazuron (1 166) + TX, flubenzimine (1 167) + TX, flucycloxuron (366) + TX, flucythrinate (367) + TX, fluenetil (1 169) + TX, flufenoxuron (370) + TX, flumethrin (372) + TX, fluorbenside (1 174) + TX, fluvalinate (1 184) + TX, FMC 1 137 (development code) (1 185) + TX, formetanate (405) + TX, formetanate hydrochloride (405) + TX, formothion (1 192) + TX, formparanate (1 193) + TX, gamma-HCH (430) + TX, glyodin (1205) + TX, halfenprox (424) + TX, heptenophos (432) + TX, hexadecyl cyclopropanecarboxylate (lUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (1216) + TX, hexythiazox (441 ) + TX, iodomethane (lUPAC name) (542) + TX, isocarbophos (alternative name) (473) + TX, isopropyl 0-(methoxyaminothiophosphoryl)salicylate (lUPAC name) (473) + TX, ivermectin

(alternative name) [CCN] + TX, jasmolin I (696) + TX, jasmolin II (696) + TX, jodfenphos (1248) + TX, lindane (430) + TX, lufenuron (490) + TX, malathion (492) + TX, malonoben (1254) + TX, mecarbam (502) + TX, mephosfolan (1261 ) + TX, mesulfen (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, methacrifos (1266) + TX, methamidophos (527) + TX, methidathion (529) + TX, methiocarb (530) + TX, methomyl (531 ) + TX, methyl bromide (537) + TX, metolcarb (550) + TX, mevinphos (556) + TX, mexacarbate (1290) + TX, milbemectin (557) + TX, milbemycin oxime (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, mipafox (1293) + TX, monocrotophos (561 ) + TX, morphothion (1300) + TX, moxidectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, naled (567) + TX, NC-184 (compound code) + TX, NC- 512 (compound code) + TX, nifluridide (1309) + TX, nikkomycins (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, nitrilacarb (1313) + TX, nitrilacarb 1 :1 zinc chloride complex (1313) + TX, NNI-0101 (compound code) + TX, NNI-0250 (compound code) + TX, omethoate (594) + TX, oxamyl (602) + TX, oxydeprofos (1324) + TX, oxydisulfoton (1325) + TX, pp'-DDT (219) + TX, parathion (615) + TX, permethrin (626) + TX, petroleum oils (alternative name) (628) + TX, phenkapton (1330) + TX, phenthoate (631 ) + TX, phorate (636) + TX, phosalone (637) + TX, phosfolan (1338) + TX, phosmet (638) + TX, phosphamidon (639) + TX, phoxim (642) + TX, pirimiphos-methyl (652) + TX, polychloroterpenes (traditional name) (1347) + TX, polynactins (alternative name) (653) + TX, proclonol (1350) + TX, profenofos (662) + TX, promacyl (1354) + TX, propargite (671 ) + TX, propetamphos (673) + TX, propoxur (678) + TX, prothidathion (1360) + TX, prothoate (1362) + TX, pyrethrin I (696) + TX, pyrethrin II (696) + TX, pyrethrins (696) + TX, pyridaben (699) + TX, pyridaphenthion (701 ) + TX, pyrimidifen (706) + TX, pyrimitate (1370) + TX, quinalphos (71 1 ) + TX, quintiofos (1381 ) + TX, R-1492 (development code) (1382) + TX, RA-17 (development code) (1383) + TX, rotenone (722) + TX, schradan (1389) + TX, sebufos (alternative name) + TX, selamectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, SI-0009 (compound code) + TX, sophamide (1402) + TX, spirodiclofen (738) + TX, spiromesifen (739) + TX, SSI-121 (development code) (1404) + TX, sulfiram (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, sulfluramid (750) + TX, sulfotep (753) + TX, sulfur (754) + TX, SZI-121 (development code) (757) + TX, tau-fluvalinate (398) + TX, tebufenpyrad (763) + TX, TEPP (1417) + TX, terbam (alternative name) + TX, tetrachlorvinphos (777) + TX, tetrad ifon (786) + TX, tetranactin (alternative name) (653) + TX, tetrasul (1425) + TX, thiafenox (alternative name) + TX, thiocarboxime (1431 ) + TX, thiofanox (800) + TX, thiometon (801 ) + TX, thioquinox (1436) + TX, thuringiensin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, triamiphos (1441 ) + TX, triarathene (1443) + TX, triazophos (820) + TX, triazuron (alternative name) + TX, trichlorfon (824) + TX, trifenofos (1455) + TX, trinactin (alternative name) (653) + TX, vamidothion (847) + TX, vaniliprole [CCN] and YI-5302 (compound code) + TX,

an algicide selected from the group of substances consisting of bethoxazin [CCN] + TX, copper dioctanoate (lUPAC name) (170) + TX, copper sulfate (172) + TX, cybutryne [CCN] + TX, dichlone (1052) + TX, dichlorophen (232) + TX, endothal (295) + TX, fentin (347) + TX, hyd rated lime [CCN] + TX, nabam (566) + TX, quinoclamine (714) + TX, quinonamid (1379) + TX, simazine (730) + TX, triphenyltin acetate (lUPAC name) (347) and triphenyltin hydroxide (lUPAC name) (347) + TX,

an anthelmintic selected from the group of substances consisting of abamectin (1 ) + TX, crufomate (101 1 ) + TX, doramectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, emamectin (291 ) + TX, emamectin benzoate (291 ) + TX, eprinomectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, ivermectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, milbemycin oxime (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, moxidectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, piperazine [CCN] + TX, selamectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, spinosad (737) and thiophanate (1435) + TX,

an avicide selected from the group of substances consisting of chloralose (127) + TX, endrin (1 122) + TX, fenthion (346) + TX, pyridin-4-amine (lUPAC name) (23) and strychnine (745) + TX, a bactericide selected from the group of substances consisting of 1-hydroxy-1 /- -pyridine-2-thione (lUPAC name) (1222) + TX, 4-(quinoxalin-2-ylamino)benzenesulfonamide (lUPAC name) (748) + TX, 8-hydroxyquinoline sulfate (446) + TX, bronopol (97) + TX, copper dioctanoate (lUPAC name) (170) + TX, copper hydroxide (lUPAC name) (169) + TX, cresol [CCN] + TX, dichlorophen (232) + TX, dipyrithione (1 105) + TX, dodicin (1 1 12) + TX, fenaminosulf (1 144) + TX, formaldehyde (404) + TX, hydrargaphen (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, kasugamycin (483) + TX, kasugamycin hydrochloride hydrate (483) + TX, nickel bis(dimethyldithiocarbamate) (lUPAC name) (1308) + TX, nitrapyrin (580) + TX, octhilinone (590) + TX, oxolinic acid (606) + TX, oxytetracycline (61 1 ) + TX, potassium hydroxyquinoline sulfate (446) + TX, probenazole (658) + TX, streptomycin (744) + TX, streptomycin sesquisulfate (744) + TX, tecloftalam (766) + TX, and thiomersal (alternative name) [CCN] + TX,

a biological agent selected from the group of substances consisting of Adoxophyes orana GV

(alternative name) (12) + TX, Agrobacterium radiobacter (alternative name) (13) + TX, Amblyseius spp. (alternative name) (19) + TX, Anagrapha falcifera NPV (alternative name) (28) + TX, Anagrus atomus (alternative name) (29) + TX, Aphelinus abdominalis (alternative name) (33) + TX, Aphidius colemani (alternative name) (34) + TX, Aphidoletes aphidimyza (alternative name) (35) + TX, Autographa californica NPV (alternative name) (38) + TX, Bacillus firmus (alternative name) (48) + TX, Bacillus sphaericus Neide (scientific name) (49) + TX, Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner (scientific name) (51 ) + TX, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. aizawai (scientific name) (51 ) + TX, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis (scientific name) (51 ) + TX, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. japonensis (scientific name) (51 ) + TX, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki (scientific name) (51 ) + TX, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. tenebrionis (scientific name) (51 ) + TX, Beauveria bassiana (alternative name) (53) + TX, Beauveria brongniartii (alternative name) (54) + TX, Chrysoperla carnea

(alternative name) (151 ) + TX, Cryptolaemus montrouzieri (alternative name) (178) + TX, Cydia pomonella GV (alternative name) (191 ) + TX, Dacnusa sibirica (alternative name) (212) + TX, Diglyphus isaea (alternative name) (254) + TX, Encarsia formosa (scientific name) (293) + TX, Eretmocerus eremicus (alternative name) (300) + TX, Helicoverpa zea NPV (alternative name) (431 ) + TX, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora and H. megidis (alternative name) (433) + TX, Hippodamia convergens (alternative name) (442) + TX, Leptomastix dactylopii (alternative name) (488) + TX, Macrolophus caliginosus (alternative name) (491 ) + TX, Mamestra brassicae NPV (alternative name) (494) + TX, Metaphycus helvolus (alternative name) (522) + TX, Metarhizium anisopliae var.

acridum (scientific name) (523) + TX, Metarhizium anisopliae var. anisopliae (scientific name) (523) + TX, Neodiprion sertifer NPV and N. lecontei NPV (alternative name) (575) + TX, Orius spp.

(alternative name) (596) + TX, Paecilomyces fumosoroseus (alternative name) (613) + TX,

Phytoseiulus persimilis (alternative name) (644) + TX, Spodoptera exigua multicapsid nuclear polyhedrosis virus (scientific name) (741 ) + TX, Steinernema bibionis (alternative name) (742) + TX, Steinernema carpocapsae (alternative name) (742) + TX, Steinernema feltiae (alternative name) (742) + TX, Steinernema glaseri (alternative name) (742) + TX, Steinernema riobrave (alternative name) (742) + TX, Steinernema riobravis (alternative name) (742) + TX, Steinernema scapterisci (alternative name) (742) + TX, Steinernema spp. (alternative name) (742) + TX, Trichogramma spp. (alternative name) (826) + TX, Typhlodromus occidentalis (alternative name) (844) and Verticillium lecanii (alternative name) (848) + TX, a soil sterilant selected from the group of substances consisting of iodomethane (lUPAC name) (542) and methyl bromide (537) + TX,

a chemosterilant selected from the group of substances consisting of apholate [CCN] + TX, bisazir (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, busulfan (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, diflubenzuron (250) + TX, dimatif (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, hemel [CCN] + TX, hempa [CCN] + TX, metepa [CCN] + TX, methiotepa [CCN] + TX, methyl apholate [CCN] + TX, morzid [CCN] + TX, penfluron

(alternative name) [CCN] + TX, tepa [CCN] + TX, thiohempa (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, thiotepa (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, tretamine (alternative name) [CCN] and uredepa (alternative name) [CCN] + TX,

an insect pheromone selected from the group of substances consisting of (E)-dec-5-en-1-yl acetate with (E)-dec-5-en-1-ol (lUPAC name) (222) + TX, (E)-tridec-4-en-1-yl acetate (lUPAC name) (829) + TX, (E)-6-methylhept-2-en-4-ol (lUPAC name) (541 ) + TX, (E,Z)-tetradeca-4, 10-dien-1-yl acetate (lUPAC name) (779) + TX, (Z)-dodec-7-en-1-yl acetate (lUPAC name) (285) + TX, (Z)-hexadec-l 1- enal (lUPAC name) (436) + TX, (Z)-hexadec-l 1-en-1-yl acetate (lUPAC name) (437) + TX, (Z)- hexadec-13-en-1 1-yn-1-yl acetate (lUPAC name) (438) + TX, (Z)-icos-13-en-10-one (lUPAC name) (448) + TX, (Z)-tetradec-7-en-1-al (lUPAC name) (782) + TX, (Z)-tetradec-9-en-1-ol (lUPAC name) (783) + TX, (Z)-tetradec-9-en-1-yl acetate (lUPAC name) (784) + TX, (7E,9Z)-dodeca-7,9-dien-1-yl acetate (lUPAC name) (283) + TX, (9Z, 1 1 E)-tetradeca-9, 1 1-dien-1-yl acetate (lUPAC name) (780) + TX, (9Z, 12E)-tetradeca-9, 12-dien-1-yl acetate (lUPAC name) (781 ) + TX, 14-methyloctadec-1-ene (lUPAC name) (545) + TX, 4-methylnonan-5-ol with 4-methylnonan-5-one (lUPAC name) (544) + TX, alpha-multistriatin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, brevicomin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, codlelure (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, codlemone (alternative name) (167) + TX, cuelure (alternative name) (179) + TX, disparlure (277) + TX, dodec-8-en-1-yl acetate (lUPAC name) (286) + TX, dodec-9-en-1-yl acetate (lUPAC name) (287) + TX, dodeca-8 + TX, 10-dien-1-yl acetate (lUPAC name) (284) + TX, dominicalure (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, ethyl 4-methyloctanoate (lUPAC name) (317) + TX, eugenol (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, frontalin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, gossyplure (alternative name) (420) + TX, grandlure (421 ) + TX, grandlure I

(alternative name) (421 ) + TX, grandlure II (alternative name) (421 ) + TX, grandlure III (alternative name) (421 ) + TX, grandlure IV (alternative name) (421 ) + TX, hexalure [CCN] + TX, ipsdienol (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, ipsenol (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, japonilure (alternative name) (481 ) + TX, lineatin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, litlure (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, looplure (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, medlure [CCN] + TX, megatomoic acid (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, methyl eugenol (alternative name) (540) + TX, muscalure (563) + TX, octadeca-2, 13-dien-1-yl acetate (lUPAC name) (588) + TX, octadeca-3, 13-dien-1-yl acetate (lUPAC name) (589) + TX, orfralure (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, oryctalu re (alternative name) (317) + TX, ostramone

(alternative name) [CCN] + TX, siglure [CCN] + TX, sordidin (alternative name) (736) + TX, sulcatol (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, tetradec-1 1-en-1-yl acetate (lUPAC name) (785) + TX, trimedlure (839) + TX, trimedlure A (alternative name) (839) + TX, trimedlure B-, (alternative name) (839) + TX, trimedlure B2 (alternative name) (839) + TX, trimedlure C (alternative name) (839) and trunc-call (alternative name) [CCN] + TX,

an insect repellent selected from the group of substances consisting of 2-(octylthio)ethanol (lUPAC name) (591 ) + TX, butopyronoxyl (933) + TX, butoxy(polypropylene glycol) (936) + TX, dibutyl adipate (lUPAC name) (1046) + TX, dibutyl phthalate (1047) + TX, dibutyl succinate (lUPAC name) (1048) + TX, diethyltoluamide [CCN] + TX, dimethyl carbate [CCN] + TX, dimethyl phthalate [CCN] + TX, ethyl hexanediol (1 137) + TX, hexamide [CCN] + TX, methoquin-butyl (1276) + TX, methylneodecanamide [CCN] + TX, oxamate [CCN] and picaridin [CCN] + TX,

an insecticide selected from the group of substances consisting of 1-dichloro-1-nitroethane

(lUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (1058) + TX, 1 , 1-dichloro-2,2-bis(4-ethylphenyl)ethane (lUPAC name) (1056), + TX, 1 ,2-dichloropropane (lUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (1062) + TX, 1 ,2- dichloropropane with 1 ,3-dichloropropene (lUPAC name) (1063) + TX, 1-bromo-2-chloroethane (lUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (916) + TX, 2,2,2-trichloro-1-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)ethyl acetate (lUPAC name) (1451 ) + TX, 2,2-dichlorovinyl 2-ethylsulfinylethyl methyl phosphate (lUPAC name) (1066) + TX, 2-(1 ,3-dithiolan-2-yl)phenyl dimethylcarbamate (lUPAC/ Chemical Abstracts name)

(1 109) + TX, 2-(2-butoxyethoxy)ethyl thiocyanate (lUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (935) + TX, 2- (4,5-dimethyl-1 ,3-dioxolan-2-yl)phenyl methylcarbamate (lUPAC/ Chemical Abstracts name) (1084) + TX, 2-(4-chloro-3,5-xylyloxy)ethanol (lUPAC name) (986) + TX, 2-chlorovinyl diethyl phosphate (lUPAC name) (984) + TX, 2-imidazolidone (lUPAC name) (1225) + TX, 2-isovalerylindan-1 ,3-dione (lUPAC name) (1246) + TX, 2-methyl(prop-2-ynyl)aminophenyl methylcarbamate (lUPAC name) (1284) + TX, 2-thiocyanatoethyl laurate (lUPAC name) (1433) + TX, 3-bromo-1-chloroprop-1-ene (lUPAC name) (917) + TX, 3-methyl-1-phenylpyrazol-5-yl dimethylcarbamate (lUPAC name) (1283) + TX, 4-methyl(prop-2-ynyl)amino-3,5-xylyl methylcarbamate (lUPAC name) (1285) + TX, 5,5-dimethyl- 3-oxocyclohex-1-enyl dimethylcarbamate (lUPAC name) (1085) + TX, abamectin (1 ) + TX, acephate (2) + TX, acetamiprid (4) + TX, acethion (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, acetoprole [CCN] + TX, acrinathrin (9) + TX, acrylonitrile (lUPAC name) (861 ) + TX, alanycarb (15) + TX, aldicarb (16) + TX, aldoxycarb (863) + TX, aldrin (864) + TX, allethrin (17) + TX, allosamidin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, allyxycarb (866) + TX, alpha-cypermethrin (202) + TX, alpha- ecdysone (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, aluminium phosphide (640) + TX, amidithion (870) + TX, amidothioate (872) + TX, aminocarb (873) + TX, amiton (875) + TX, amiton hydrogen oxalate

(875) + TX, amitraz (24) + TX, anabasine (877) + TX, athidathion (883) + TX, AVI 382 (compound code) + TX, AZ 60541 (compound code) + TX, azadirachtin (alternative name) (41 ) + TX, azamethiphos (42) + TX, azinphos-ethyl (44) + TX, azinphos-methyl (45) + TX, azothoate (889) + TX, Bacillus thuringiensis delta endotoxins (alternative name) (52) + TX, barium hexafluorosilicate (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, barium polysulfide (lUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (892) + TX, barthrin [CCN] + TX, Bayer 22/190 (development code) (893) + TX, Bayer 22408 (development code) (894) + TX, bendiocarb (58) + TX, benfuracarb (60) + TX, bensultap (66) + TX, beta- cyfluthrin (194) + TX, beta-cypermethrin (203) + TX, bifenthrin (76) + TX, bioallethrin (78) + TX, bioallethrin S-cyclopentenyl isomer (alternative name) (79) + TX, bioethanomethrin [CCN] + TX, biopermethrin (908) + TX, bioresmethrin (80) + TX, bis(2-chloroethyl) ether (lUPAC name) (909) + TX, bistrifluron (83) + TX, borax (86) + TX, brofenvalerate (alternative name) + TX, bromfenvinfos (914) + TX, bromocyclen (918) + TX, bromo-DDT (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, bromophos (920) + TX, bromophos-ethyl (921 ) + TX, bufencarb (924) + TX, buprofezin (99) + TX, butacarb (926) + TX, butathiofos (927) + TX, butocarboxim (103) + TX, butonate (932) + TX,

butoxycarboxim (104) + TX, butylpyridaben (alternative name) + TX, cadusafos (109) + TX, calcium arsenate [CCN] + TX, calcium cyanide (444) + TX, calcium polysulfide (lUPAC name) (1 1 1 ) + TX, camphechlor (941 ) + TX, carbanolate (943) + TX, carbaryl (1 15) + TX, carbofuran (1 18) + TX, carbon disulfide (lUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (945) + TX, carbon tetrachloride (lUPAC name) (946) + TX, carbophenothion (947) + TX, carbosulfan (1 19) + TX, cartap (123) + TX, cartap hydrochloride (123) + TX, cevadine (alternative name) (725) + TX, chlorbicyclen (960) + TX, chlordane (128) + TX, chlordecone (963) + TX, chlordimeform (964) + TX, chlordimeform hydrochloride (964) + TX, chlorethoxyfos (129) + TX, chlorfenapyr (130) + TX, chlorfenvinphos (131 ) + TX, chlorfluazuron (132) + TX, chlormephos (136) + TX, chloroform [CCN] + TX, chloropicrin (141 ) + TX, chlorphoxim (989) + TX, chlorprazophos (990) + TX, chlorpyrifos (145) + TX, chlorpyrifos-methyl (146) + TX, chlorthiophos (994) + TX, chromafenozide (150) + TX, cinerin l (696) + TX, cinerin II (696) + TX, cinerins (696) + TX, cis-resmethrin (alternative name) + TX, cismethrin (80) + TX, clocythrin (alternative name) + TX, cloethocarb (999) + TX, closantel (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, clothianidin (165) + TX, copper acetoarsenite [CCN] + TX, copper arsenate [CCN] + TX, copper oleate [CCN] + TX, coumaphos (174) + TX, coumithoate (1006) + TX, crotamiton (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, crotoxyphos (1010) + TX, crufomate (101 1 ) + TX, cryolite (alternative name) (177) + TX, CS 708 (development code) (1012) + TX, cyanofenphos (1019) + TX, cyanophos (184) + TX, cyanthoate (1020) + TX, cyclethrin [CCN] + TX,

cycloprothrin (188) + TX, cyfluthrin (193) + TX, cyhalothrin (196) + TX, cypermethrin (201 ) + TX, cyphenothrin (206) + TX, cyromazine (209) + TX, cythioate (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, d- limonene (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, cf-tetramethrin (alternative name) (788) + TX, DAEP (1031 ) + TX, dazomet (216) + TX, DDT (219) + TX, decarbofu ran (1034) + TX, deltamethrin (223) + TX, demephion (1037) + TX, demephion-0 (1037) + TX, demephion-S (1037) + TX, demeton (1038) + TX, demeton-methyl (224) + TX, demeton-0 (1038) + TX, demeton-O-methyl (224) + TX, demeton-S (1038) + TX, demeton-S-methyl (224) + TX, demeton-S-methylsulphon (1039) + TX, diafenthiuron (226) + TX, dialifos (1042) + TX, diamidafos (1044) + TX, diazinon (227) + TX, dicapthon (1050) + TX, dichlofenthion (1051 ) + TX, dichlorvos (236) + TX, dicliphos (alternative name) + TX, dicresyl (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, dicrotophos (243) + TX, dicyclanil (244) + TX, dieldrin (1070) + TX, diethyl 5-methylpyrazol-3-yl phosphate (lUPAC name) (1076) + TX, diflubenzuron (250) + TX, dilor (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, dimefluthrin [CCN] + TX, dimefox (1081 ) + TX, dimetan (1085) + TX, dimethoate (262) + TX, dimethrin (1083) + TX,

dimethylvinphos (265) + TX, dimetilan (1086) + TX, dinex (1089) + TX, dinex-diclexine (1089) + TX, dinoprop (1093) + TX, dinosam (1094) + TX, dinoseb (1095) + TX, dinotefuran (271 ) + TX, diofenolan (1099) + TX, dioxabenzofos (1 100) + TX, dioxacarb (1 101 ) + TX, dioxathion (1 102) + TX, disulfoton (278) + TX, dithicrofos (1 108) + TX, DNOC (282) + TX, doramectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, DSP (1 1 15) + TX, ecdysterone (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, El 1642 (development code) (1 1 18) + TX, emamectin (291 ) + TX, emamectin benzoate (291 ) + TX, EMPC (1 120) + TX, empenthrin (292) + TX, endosulfan (294) + TX, endothion (1 121 ) + TX, endrin (1 122) + TX, EPBP (1 123) + TX, EPN (297) + TX, epofenonane (1 124) + TX, eprinomectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, esfenvalerate (302) + TX, etaphos (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, ethiofencarb (308) + TX, ethion (309) + TX, ethiprole (310) + TX, ethoate-m ethyl (1 134) + TX, ethoprophos (312) + TX, ethyl formate (lUPAC name) [CCN] + TX, ethyl-DDD (alternative name) (1056) + TX, ethylene dibromide (316) + TX, ethylene dichloride (chemical name) (1 136) + TX, ethylene oxide [CCN] + TX, etofenprox (319) + TX, etrimfos (1 142) + TX, EXD (1 143) + TX, famphur (323) + TX, fenamiphos (326) + TX, fenazaflor (1 147) + TX, fenchlorphos (1 148) + TX, fenethacarb (1 149) + TX, fenfluthrin (1 150) + TX, fenitrothion (335) + TX, fenobucarb (336) + TX, fenoxacrim (1 153) + TX, fenoxycarb (340) + TX, fenpirithrin (1 155) + TX, fenpropathrin (342) + TX, fenpyrad (alternative name) + TX, fensulfothion (1 158) + TX, fenthion (346) + TX, fenthion-ethyl [CCN] + TX, fenvalerate (349) + TX, fipronil (354) + TX, flonicamid (358) + TX, flubendiamide (CAS. Reg. No.: 272451-65-7) + TX, flucofuron (1 168) + TX, flucycloxuron (366) + TX,

flucythrinate (367) + TX, fluenetil (1 169) + TX, flufenerim [CCN] + TX, flufenoxuron (370) + TX, flufenprox (1 171 ) + TX, flumethrin (372) + TX, fluvalinate (1 184) + TX, FMC 1 137 (development code) (1 185) + TX, fonofos (1 191 ) + TX, formetanate (405) + TX, formetanate hydrochloride (405) + TX, formothion (1 192) + TX, formparanate (1 193) + TX, fosmethilan (1 194) + TX, fospirate (1 195) + TX, fosthiazate (408) + TX, fosthietan (1 196) + TX, furathiocarb (412) + TX, furethrin (1200) + TX, gamma-cyhalothrin (197) + TX, gamma-HCH (430) + TX, guazatine (422) + TX, guazatine acetates (422) + TX, GY-81 (development code) (423) + TX, halfenprox (424) + TX, halofenozide (425) + TX, HCH (430) + TX, HEOD (1070) + TX, heptachlor (121 1 ) + TX, heptenophos (432) + TX, heterophos [CCN] + TX, hexaflumuron (439) + TX, HHDN (864) + TX, hydramethylnon (443) + TX, hydrogen cyanide (444) + TX, hydroprene (445) + TX, hyquincarb (1223) + TX, imidacloprid (458) + TX, imiprothrin (460) + TX, indoxacarb (465) + TX,

iodomethane (lUPAC name) (542) + TX, IPSP (1229) + TX, isazofos (1231 ) + TX, isobenzan

(1232) + TX, isocarbophos (alternative name) (473) + TX, isodrin (1235) + TX, isofenphos (1236) + TX, isolane (1237) + TX, isoprocarb (472) + TX, isopropyl 0-(methoxy- aminothiophosphoryl)salicylate (lUPAC name) (473) + TX, isoprothiolane (474) + TX, isothioate (1244) + TX, isoxathion (480) + TX, ivermectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, jasmolin I (696) + TX, jasmolin II (696) + TX, jodfenphos (1248) + TX, juvenile hormone I (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, juvenile hormone II (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, juvenile hormone III (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, kelevan (1249) + TX, kinoprene (484) + TX, lambda-cyhalothrin (198) + TX, lead arsenate [CCN] + TX, lepimectin (CCN) + TX, leptophos (1250) + TX, lindane (430) + TX, lirimfos (1251 ) + TX, lufenuron (490) + TX, lythidathion (1253) + TX, m-cumenyl methylcarbamate (lUPAC name) (1014) + TX, magnesium phosphide (lUPAC name) (640) + TX, malathion (492) + TX, malonoben (1254) + TX, mazidox (1255) + TX, mecarbam (502) + TX, mecarphon (1258) + TX, menazon (1260) + TX, mephosfolan (1261 ) + TX, mercurous chloride (513) + TX, mesulfenfos (1263) + TX, metaflumizone (CCN) + TX, metam (519) + TX, metam-potassium (alternative name) (519) + TX, metam-sodium (519) + TX, methacrifos (1266) + TX, methamidophos (527) + TX, methanesulfonyl fluoride (lUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (1268) + TX, methidathion (529) + TX, methiocarb (530) + TX, methocrotophos (1273) + TX, methomyl (531 ) + TX, methoprene (532) + TX, methoquin-butyl (1276) + TX, methothrin (alternative name) (533) + TX, methoxychlor (534) + TX, methoxyfenozide (535) + TX, methyl bromide (537) + TX, methyl isothiocyanate (543) + TX, methylchloroform (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, methylene chloride [CCN] + TX, metofluthrin [CCN] + TX, metolcarb (550) + TX, metoxadiazone (1288) + TX, mevinphos (556) + TX, mexacarbate (1290) + TX, milbemectin (557) + TX, milbemycin oxime (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, mipafox (1293) + TX, mirex (1294) + TX, monocrotophos (561 ) + TX, morphothion (1300) + TX, moxidectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, naftalofos (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, naled (567) + TX, naphthalene (lUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (1303) + TX, NC-170 (development code) (1306) + TX, NC-184 (compound code) + TX, nicotine (578) + TX, nicotine sulfate (578) + TX, nifluridide (1309) + TX, nitenpyram (579) + TX, nithiazine (131 1 ) + TX, nitrilacarb (1313) + TX, nitrilacarb 1 :1 zinc chloride complex (1313) + TX, NNI-0101 (compound code) + TX, NNI-0250 (compound code) + TX, nornicotine (traditional name) (1319) + TX, novaluron (585) + TX, noviflumuron (586) + TX, 0-5-dichloro-4-iodophenyl O-ethyl ethylphosphonothioate (lUPAC name) (1057) + TX, 0,0-diethyl 0-4-methyl-2-oxo-2A -chromen-7-yl phosphorothioate (lUPAC name) (1074) + TX, Ο,Ο-diethyl 0-6-methyl-2-propylpyrimidin-4-yl phosphorothioate (lUPAC name) (1075) + TX, 0,0, 0',Ο'-tetrapropyl dithiopyrophosphate (lUPAC name) (1424) + TX, oleic acid (lUPAC name) (593) + TX, omethoate (594) + TX, oxamyl (602) + TX, oxydemeton-methyl (609) + TX, oxydeprofos (1324) + TX, oxydisulfoton (1325) + TX, pp'-DDT (219) + TX, para-dichlorobenzene [CCN] + TX, parathion (615) + TX, parathion-methyl (616) + TX, penfluron (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, pentachlorophenol (623) + TX, pentachlorophenyl laurate (lUPAC name) (623) + TX, permethrin (626) + TX, petroleum oils (alternative name) (628) + TX, PH 60-38 (development code) (1328) + TX, phenkapton (1330) + TX, phenothrin (630) + TX, phenthoate (631 ) + TX, phorate (636) + TX, phosalone (637) + TX, phosfolan (1338) + TX, phosmet (638) + TX, phosnichlor (1339) + TX, phosphamidon (639) + TX, phosphine (lUPAC name) (640) + TX, phoxim (642) + TX, phoxim-methyl (1340) + TX, pirimetaphos (1344) + TX, pirimicarb (651 ) + TX, pirimiphos-ethyl (1345) + TX, pirimiphos-methyl (652) + TX, polychlorodicyclopentadiene isomers (lUPAC name) (1346) + TX, polychloroterpenes (traditional name) (1347) + TX, potassium arsenite [CCN] + TX, potassium thiocyanate [CCN] + TX, prallethrin (655) + TX, precocene I (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, precocene II (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, precocene III (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, primidophos (1349) + TX, profenofos (662) + TX, profluthrin [CCN] + TX, promacyl (1354) + TX, promecarb (1355) + TX, propaphos (1356) + TX, propetamphos (673) + TX, propoxur (678) + TX, prothidathion (1360) + TX, prothiofos (686) + TX, prothoate (1362) + TX, protrifenbute [CCN] + TX, pymetrozine (688) + TX, pyraclofos (689) + TX, pyrazophos (693) + TX, pyresmethrin (1367) + TX, pyrethrin I (696) + TX, pyrethrin II (696) + TX, pyrethrins (696) + TX, pyridaben (699) + TX, pyridalyl (700) + TX, pyridaphenthion (701 ) + TX, pyrimidifen (706) + TX, pyrimitate (1370) + TX, pyriproxyfen (708) + TX, quassia (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, quinalphos (71 1 ) + TX, quinalphos-methyl (1376) + TX, quinothion (1380) + TX, quintiofos (1381 ) + TX, R-1492

(development code) (1382) + TX, rafoxanide (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, resmethrin (719) + TX, rotenone (722) + TX, RU 15525 (development code) (723) + TX, RU 25475 (development code) (1386) + TX, ryania (alternative name) (1387) + TX, ryanodine (traditional name) (1387) + TX, sabadilla (alternative name) (725) + TX, schradan (1389) + TX, sebufos (alternative name) + TX, selamectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, SI-0009 (compound code) + TX, SI-0205 (compound code) + TX, SI-0404 (compound code) + TX, SI-0405 (compound code) + TX, silafluofen (728) + TX, SN 72129 (development code) (1397) + TX, sodium arsenite [CCN] + TX, sodium cyanide (444) + TX, sodium fluoride (lUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (1399) + TX, sodium

hexafluorosilicate (1400) + TX, sodium pentachlorophenoxide (623) + TX, sodium selenate (lUPAC name) (1401 ) + TX, sodium thiocyanate [CCN] + TX, sophamide (1402) + TX, spinosad (737) + TX, spiromesifen (739) + TX, spirotetrmat (CCN) + TX, sulcofuron (746) + TX, sulcofuron-sodium (746) + TX, sulfluramid (750) + TX, sulfotep (753) + TX, sulfuryl fluoride (756) + TX, sulprofos (1408) + TX, tar oils (alternative name) (758) + TX, tau-fluvalinate (398) + TX, tazimcarb (1412) + TX, TDE (1414) + TX, tebufenozide (762) + TX, tebufenpyrad (763) + TX, tebupirimfos (764) + TX, teflubenzuron (768) + TX, tefluthrin (769) + TX, temephos (770) + TX, TEPP (1417) + TX, terallethrin (1418) + TX, terbam (alternative name) + TX, terbufos (773) + TX, tetrachloroethane [CCN] + TX, tetrachlorvinphos (777) + TX, tetramethrin (787) + TX, theta-cypermethrin (204) + TX, thiacloprid (791 ) + TX, thiafenox (alternative name) + TX, thiamethoxam (792) + TX, thicrofos (1428) + TX, thiocarboxime (1431 ) + TX, thiocyclam (798) + TX, thiocyclam hydrogen oxalate (798) + TX, thiodicarb (799) + TX, thiofanox (800) + TX, thiometon (801 ) + TX, thionazin (1434) + TX, thiosultap (803) + TX, thiosultap-sodium (803) + TX, thuringiensin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, tolfenpyrad (809) + TX, tralomethrin (812) + TX, transfluthrin (813) + TX, transpermethrin (1440) + TX, triamiphos (1441 ) + TX, triazamate (818) + TX, triazophos (820) + TX, triazuron (alternative name) + TX, trichlorfon (824) + TX, trichlormetaphos-3 (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, trichloronat (1452) + TX, trifenofos (1455) + TX, triflumuron (835) + TX, trimethacarb (840) + TX, triprene (1459) + TX, vamidothion (847) + TX, vaniliprole [CCN] + TX, veratridine (alternative name) (725) + TX, veratrine (alternative name) (725) + TX, XMC (853) + TX, xylylcarb (854) + TX, YI-5302 (compound code) + TX, zeta-cypermethrin (205) + TX, zetamethrin (alternative name) + TX, zinc phosphide (640) + TX, zolaprofos (1469) and ZXI 8901 (development code) (858) + TX, cyantraniliprole [736994-63-19 + TX, chlorantraniliprole [500008-45-7] + TX, cyenopyrafen [560121- 52-0] + TX, cyflumetofen [400882-07-7] + TX, pyrifluquinazon [337458-27-2] + TX, spinetoram [187166-40-1 + 187166-15-0] + TX, spirotetramat [203313-25-1] + TX, sulfoxaflor [946578-00-3] + TX, flufiprole [704886-18-0] + TX, meperfluthrin [915288-13-0] + TX, tetramethylfluthrin [84937-88-2] + TX, a molluscicide selected from the group of substances consisting of bis(tributyltin) oxide (lUPAC name) (913) + TX, bromoacetamide [CCN] + TX, calcium arsenate [CCN] + TX, cloethocarb (999) + TX, copper acetoarsenite [CCN] + TX, copper sulfate (172) + TX, fentin (347) + TX, ferric phosphate (lUPAC name) (352) + TX, metaldehyde (518) + TX, methiocarb (530) + TX, niclosamide (576) + TX, niclosamide-olamine (576) + TX, pentachlorophenol (623) + TX, sodium pentachlorophenoxide (623) + TX, tazimcarb (1412) + TX, thiodicarb (799) + TX, tributyltin oxide (913) + TX, trifenmorph (1454) + TX, trimethacarb (840) + TX, triphenyltin acetate (lUPAC name) (347) and triphenyltin hydroxide (lUPAC name) (347) + TX, pyriprole [394730-71-3] + TX,

a nematicide selected from the group of substances consisting of AKD-3088 (compound code) + TX, 1 ,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane (lUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (1045) + TX, 1 ,2-dichloropropane (lUPAC/ Chemical Abstracts name) (1062) + TX, 1 ,2-dichloropropane with 1 ,3-dichloropropene (lUPAC name) (1063) + TX, 1 ,3-dichloropropene (233) + TX, 3,4-dichlorotetrahydrothiophene 1 ,1- dioxide (lUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (1065) + TX, 3-(4-chlorophenyl)-5-methylrhodanine

(lUPAC name) (980) + TX, 5-methyl-6-thioxo-1 ,3,5-thiadiazinan-3-ylacetic acid (lUPAC name) (1286) + TX, 6-isopentenylaminopurine (alternative name) (210) + TX, abamectin (1 ) + TX, acetoprole [CCN] + TX, alanycarb (15) + TX, aldicarb (16) + TX, aldoxycarb (863) + TX, AZ 60541

(compound code) + TX, benclothiaz [CCN] + TX, benomyl (62) + TX, butylpyridaben (alternative name) + TX, cadusafos (109) + TX, carbofuran (1 18) + TX, carbon disulfide (945) + TX, carbosulfan (1 19) + TX, chloropicrin (141 ) + TX, chlorpyrifos (145) + TX, cloethocarb (999) + TX, cytokinins (alternative name) (210) + TX, dazomet (216) + TX, DBCP (1045) + TX, DCIP (218) + TX, diamidafos (1044) + TX, dichlofenthion (1051 ) + TX, dicliphos (alternative name) + TX, dimethoate (262) + TX, doramectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, emamectin (291 ) + TX, emamectin benzoate (291 ) + TX, eprinomectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, ethoprophos (312) + TX, ethylene dibromide (316) + TX, fenamiphos (326) + TX, fenpyrad (alternative name) + TX, fensulfothion (1 158) + TX, fosthiazate (408) + TX, fosthietan (1 196) + TX, furfural (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, GY-81 (development code) (423) + TX, heterophos [CCN] + TX, iodomethane (lUPAC name) (542) + TX, isamidofos (1230) + TX, isazofos (1231 ) + TX, ivermectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, kinetin (alternative name) (210) + TX, mecarphon (1258) + TX, metam (519) + TX, metam-potassium (alternative name) (519) + TX, metam-sodium (519) + TX, methyl bromide (537) + TX, methyl isothiocyanate (543) + TX, milbemycin oxime (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, moxidectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, Myrothecium verrucaria composition (alternative name) (565) + TX, NC-184 (compound code) + TX, oxamyl (602) + TX, phorate (636) + TX,

phosphamidon (639) + TX, phosphocarb [CCN] + TX, sebufos (alternative name) + TX, selamectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, spinosad (737) + TX, terbam (alternative name) + TX, terbufos (773) + TX, tetrachlorothiophene (lUPAC/ Chemical Abstracts name) (1422) + TX, thiafenox (alternative name) + TX, thionazin (1434) + TX, triazophos (820) + TX, triazuron (alternative name) + TX, xylenols [CCN] + TX, YI-5302 (compound code) and zeatin (alternative name) (210) + TX, fluensulfone [318290-98-1] + TX,

a nitrification inhibitor selected from the group of substances consisting of potassium ethylxanthate [CCN] and nitrapyrin (580) + TX,

a plant activator selected from the group of substances consisting of acibenzolar (6) + TX, acibenzolar-S-methyl (6) + TX, probenazole (658) and Reynoutria sachalinensis extract (alternative name) (720) + TX,

a rodenticide selected from the group of substances consisting of 2-isovalerylindan-1 ,3-dione (lUPAC name) (1246) + TX, 4-(quinoxalin-2-ylamino)benzenesulfonamide (lUPAC name) (748) + TX, alpha- chlorohydrin [CCN] + TX, aluminium phosphide (640) + TX, antu (880) + TX, arsenous oxide (882) + TX, barium carbonate (891 ) + TX, bisthiosemi (912) + TX, brodifacoum (89) + TX,

bromadiolone (91 ) + TX, bromethalin (92) + TX, calcium cyanide (444) + TX, chloralose (127) + TX, chlorophacinone (140) + TX, cholecalciferol (alternative name) (850) + TX, coumachlor (1004) + TX, coumafuryl (1005) + TX, coumatetralyl (175) + TX, crimidine (1009) + TX, difenacoum (246) + TX, difethialone (249) + TX, diphacinone (273) + TX, ergocalciferol (301 ) + TX, flocoumafen (357) + TX, fluoroacetamide (379) + TX, flupropadine (1 183) + TX, flupropadine hydrochloride (1 183) + TX, gamma-HCH (430) + TX, HCH (430) + TX, hydrogen cyanide (444) + TX, iodomethane (lUPAC name) (542) + TX, lindane (430) + TX, magnesium phosphide (lUPAC name) (640) + TX, methyl bromide (537) + TX, norbormide (1318) + TX, phosacetim (1336) + TX, phosphine (lUPAC name) (640) + TX, phosphorus [CCN] + TX, pindone (1341 ) + TX, potassium arsenite [CCN] + TX, pyrinuron (1371 ) + TX, scilliroside (1390) + TX, sodium arsenite [CCN] + TX, sodium cyanide (444) + TX, sodium fluoroacetate (735) + TX, strychnine (745) + TX, thallium sulfate [CCN] + TX, warfarin (851 ) and zinc phosphide (640) + TX,

a synergist selected from the group of substances consisting of 2-(2-butoxyethoxy)ethyl piperonylate (lUPAC name) (934) + TX, 5-(1 ,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-3-hexylcyclohex-2-enone (lUPAC name) (903) + TX, farnesol with nerolidol (alternative name) (324) + TX, MB-599 (development code) (498) + TX, MGK 264 (development code) (296) + TX, piperonyl butoxide (649) + TX, piprotal (1343) + TX, propyl isomer (1358) + TX, S421 (development code) (724) + TX, sesamex (1393) + TX, sesasmolin (1394) and sulfoxide (1406) + TX,

an animal repellent selected from the group of substances consisting of anthraquinone (32) + TX, chloralose (127) + TX, copper naphthenate [CCN] + TX, copper oxychloride (171 ) + TX, diazinon (227) + TX, dicyclopentadiene (chemical name) (1069) + TX, guazatine (422) + TX, guazatine acetates (422) + TX, methiocarb (530) + TX, pyridin-4-amine (lUPAC name) (23) + TX, thiram (804) + TX, trimethacarb (840) + TX, zinc naphthenate [CCN] and ziram (856) + TX,

a virucide selected from the group of substances consisting of imanin (alternative name) [CCN] and ribavirin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX,

a wound protectant selected from the group of substances consisting of mercuric oxide (512) + TX, octhilinone (590) and thiophanate-methyl (802) + TX, and biologically active compounds selected from the group consisting of azaconazole (60207-31-0] + TX, bitertanol [70585-36-3] + TX, bromuconazole [1 16255-48-2] + TX, cyproconazole [94361-06-5] + TX, difenoconazole [1 19446-68-3] + TX, diniconazole [83657-24-3] + TX, epoxiconazole

[106325-08-0] + TX, fenbuconazole [1 14369-43-6] + TX, fluquinconazole [136426-54-5] + TX, flusilazole [85509-19-9] + TX, flutriafol [76674-21-0] + TX, hexaconazole [79983-71-4] + TX, imazalil [35554-44-0] + TX, imibenconazole [86598-92-7] + TX, ipconazole [125225-28-7] + TX, metconazole [1251 16-23-6] + TX, myclobutanil [88671-89-0] + TX, pefurazoate [101903-30-4] + TX, penconazole [66246-88-6] + TX, prothioconazole [178928-70-6] + TX, pyrifenox [88283-41-4] + TX, prochloraz [67747-09-5] + TX, propiconazole [60207-90-1] + TX, simeconazole [149508-90-7] + TX, tebuconazole [107534-96-3] + TX, tetraconazole [1 12281-77-3] + TX, triadimefon [43121-43-3] + TX, triad imenol [55219-65-3] + TX, triflumizole [99387-89-0] + TX, triticonazole [131983-72-7] + TX, ancymidol [12771-68-5] + TX, fenarimol [60168-88-9] + TX, nuarimol [63284-71-9] + TX, bupirimate [41483-43-6] + TX, dimethirimol [5221-53-4] + TX, ethirimol [23947-60-6] + TX, dodemorph [1593-77-7] + TX, fenpropidine [67306-00-7] + TX, fenpropimorph [67564-91-4] + TX, spiroxamine [1 18134-30-8] + TX, tridemorph [81412-43-3] + TX, cyprodinil [121552-61-2] + TX, mepanipyrim [1 10235-47-7] + TX, pyrimethanil [531 12-28-0] + TX, fenpiclonil [74738-17-3] + TX, fludioxonil [131341-86-1] + TX, benalaxyl [71626-1 1-4] + TX, furalaxyl [57646-30-7] + TX, meta- laxyl [57837-19-1] + TX, R-metalaxyl [70630-17-0] + TX, ofurace [58810-48-3] + TX, oxadixyl [77732-09-3] + TX, benomyl [17804-35-2] + TX, carbendazim [10605-21-7] + TX, debacarb

[62732-91-6] + TX, fuberidazole [3878-19-1] + TX, thiabendazole [148-79-8] + TX, chlozolinate [84332-86-5] + TX, dichlozoline [24201-58-9] + TX, iprodione [36734-19-7] + TX, myclozoline [54864-61-8] + TX, procymidone [32809-16-8] + TX, vinclozoline [50471-44-8] + TX, boscalid [188425-85-6] + TX, carboxin [5234-68-4] + TX, fenfuram [24691-80-3] + TX, flutolanil [66332-96- 5] + TX, mepronil [55814-41-0] + TX, oxycarboxin [5259-88-1] + TX, penthiopyrad [183675-82-3] + TX, thifluzamide [130000-40-7] + TX, guazatine [108173-90-6] + TX, dodine [2439-10-3] [1 12-65-2] (free base) + TX, iminoctadine [13516-27-3] + TX, azoxystrobin [131860-33-8] + TX,

dimoxystrobin [149961-52-4] + TX, enestroburin {Proc. BCPC, Int. Congr., Glasgow, 2003, 1 , 93} + TX, fluoxastrobin [361377-29-9] + TX, kresoxim-methyl [143390-89-0] + TX, metominostrobin [133408-50-1] + TX, trifloxystrobin [141517-21-7] + TX, orysastrobin [248593-16-0] + TX, picoxystrobin [1 17428-22-5] + TX, pyraclostrobin [175013-18-0] + TX, ferbam [14484-64-1] + TX, mancozeb [8018-01-7] + TX, maneb [12427-38-2] + TX, metiram [9006-42-2] + TX, propineb [12071-83-9] + TX, thiram [137-26-8] + TX, zineb [12122-67-7] + TX, ziram [137-30-4] + TX, captafol [2425-06-1] + TX, captan [133-06-2] + TX, dichlofluanid [1085-98-9] + TX, fluoroimide [41205-21-4] + TX, folpet [133-07-3 ] + TX, tolylfluanid [731-27-1] + TX, bordeaux mixture [801 1- 63-0] + TX, copperhydroxid [20427-59-2] + TX, copperoxychlorid [1332-40-7] + TX, coppersulfat [7758-98-7] + TX, copperoxid [1317-39-1] + TX, mancopper [53988-93-5] + TX, oxine-copper [10380-28-6] + TX, dinocap [131-72-6] + TX, nitrothal-isopropyl [10552-74-6] + TX, edifenphos [17109-49-8] + TX, iprobenphos [26087-47-8] + TX, isoprothiolane [50512-35-1] + TX, phosdiphen [36519-00-3] + TX, pyrazophos [13457-18-6] + TX, tolclofos-methyl [57018-04-9] + TX, acibenzo- lar-S-methyl [135158-54-2] + TX, anilazine [101-05-3] + TX, benthiavalicarb [413615-35-7] + TX, blasticidin-S [2079-00-7] + TX, chinomethionat [2439-01-2] + TX, chloroneb [2675-77-6] + TX, chlorothalonil [1897-45-6] + TX, cyflufenamid [180409-60-3] + TX, cymoxanil [57966-95-7] + TX, dichlone [117-80-6] + TX, diclocymet [139920-32-4] + TX, diclomezine [62865-36-5] + TX, dicloran [99-30-9] + TX, diethofencarb [87130-20-9] + TX, dimethomorph [110488-70-5] + TX, SYP-LI90 (Flumorph) [211867-47-9] + TX, dithianon [3347-22-6] + TX, ethaboxam [162650-77-3] + TX, etridiazole [2593-15-9] + TX, famoxadone [131807-57-3] + TX, fenamidone [161326-34-7] + TX, fenoxanil [115852-48-7] + TX, fentin [668-34-8] + TX, ferimzone [89269-64-7] + TX, fluazinam

[79622-59-6] + TX, fluopicolide [2391 10-15-7] + TX, flusulfamide [106917-52-6] + TX, fenhexamid [126833-17-8] + TX, fosetyl-aluminium [39148-24-8] + TX, hymexazol [10004-44-1] + TX, iprovalicarb [140923-17-7] + TX, IKF-916 (Cyazofamid) [120116-88-3] + TX, kasugamycin [6980-18- 3] + TX, methasulfocarb [66952-49-6] + TX, metrafenone [220899-03-6] + TX, pencycuron [66063- 05-67 + TX, phthalide [27355-22-2] + TX, polyoxins [1 1 1 13-80-7] + TX, probenazole [27605-76-1] + TX, propamocarb [25606-41-1] + TX, proquinazid [189278-12-4] + TX, pyroquilon [57369-32-1] + TX, quinoxyfen [124495-18-7] + TX, quintozene [82-68-8] + TX, sulfur [7704-34-9] + TX, tiadinil [223580-51-6] + TX, triazoxide [72459-58-6] + TX, tricyclazole [41814-78-2] + TX, triforine [26644- 46-2] + TX, validamycin [37248-47-8] + TX, zoxamide (RH7281 ) [156052-68-5] + TX,

mandipropamid [374726-62-2] + TX, isopyrazam [881685-58-1] + TX, sedaxane [874967-67-6] + TX, 3-difluoromethyl-1-methyl-1 H-pyrazole-4-carboxylic acid (9-dichloromethylene-1 ,2,3,4-tetrahydro-1 ,4- methano-naphthalen-5-yl)-amide (dislosed in WO 2007/048556) + TX, 3-difluoromethyl-1-methyl-1 H- pyrazole-4-carboxylic acid (3',4',5'-trifluoro-biphenyl-2-yl)-amide (disclosed in WO 2006/087343) + TX, [(3S,4R,4aR,6S,6aS, 12R, 12aS, 12bS)-3-[(cyclopropylcarbonyl)oxy]- 1 ,3,4,4a,5,6,6a, 12,12a, 12b- decahydro-6, 12-dihydroxy-4,6a,12b-trimethyl-^

e]pyran-4-yl]methyl- cyclopropanecarboxylate [915972-17-7] + TX and 1 ,3,5-trimethyl-N-(2-methyl-1-oxopropyl)-N-[3-(2- methylpropyl)-4-[2,2,2-trifluoro-1-methoxy-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl]-1 H-pyrazole-4-carboxam [926914-55-8] + TX.

The references in brackets behind the active ingredients, e.g. [3878-19-1] refer to the Chemical Abstracts Registry number. The above described mixing partners are known. Where the active ingredients are included in "The Pesticide Manual" [The Pesticide Manual - A World Compendium; Thirteenth Edition; Editor: C. D. S. TomLin; The British Crop Protection Council], they are described therein under the entry number given in round brackets hereinabove for the particular compound; for example, the compound "abamectin" is described under entry number (1 ). Where "[CCN]" is added hereinabove to the particular compound, the compound in question is included in the "Compendium of Pesticide Common Names", which is accessible on the internet [A. Wood; Compendium of Pesticide Common Names, Copyright © 1995-2004]; for example, the compound "acetoprole" is described under the internet address http://www.alanwood.net/pesticides/acetoprole.html.

Most of the active ingredients described above are referred to hereinabove by a so-called "common name", the relevant "ISO common name" or another "common name" being used in individual cases. If the designation is not a "common name", the nature of the designation used instead is given in round brackets for the particular compound; in that case, the lUPAC name, the lUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name, a "chemical name", a "traditional name", a "compound name" or a "develoment code" is used or, if neither one of those designations nor a "common name" is used, an "alternative name" is employed. "CAS Reg. No" means the Chemical Abstracts Registry Number.

The active ingredient mixture of the compounds of formula I selected from Table 1 and Table P1 with active ingredients described above comprises a compound selected from Table 1 and an active ingredient as described above preferably in a mixing ratio of from 100: 1 to 1 :6000, especially from 50: 1 to 1 :50, more especially in a ratio of from 20: 1 to 1 :20, even more especially from 10:1 to 1 :10, very especially from 5:1 and 1 :5, special preference being given to a ratio of from 2:1 to 1 :2, and a ratio of from 4:1 to 2: 1 being likewise preferred, above all in a ratio of 1 : 1 , or 5: 1 , or 5:2, or 5:3, or 5:4, or 4:1 , or 4:2, or 4:3, or 3: 1 , or 3:2, or 2: 1 , or 1 :5, or 2:5, or 3:5, or 4:5, or 1 :4, or 2:4, or 3:4, or 1 :3, or 2:3, or 1 :2, or 1 :600, or 1 :300, or 1 :150, or 1 :35, or 2:35, or 4:35, or 1 :75, or 2:75, or 4:75, or 1 :6000, or 1 :3000, or 1 : 1500, or 1 :350, or 2:350, or 4:350, or 1 :750, or 2:750, or 4:750. Those mixing ratios are understood be ratios by weight.

The mixtures as described above can be used in a method for controlling pests, which comprises applying a composition comprising a mixture as described above to the pests or their environment, with the exception of a method for treatment of the human or animal body by surgery or therapy and diagnostic methods practised on the human or animal body.

The mixtures comprising a compound of formula I selected from Table 1 and Table P1 and one or more active ingredients as described above can be applied, for example, in a single "ready-mix" form, in a combined spray mixture composed from separate formulations of the single active ingredient components, such as a "tank-mix", and in a combined use of the single active ingredients when applied in a sequential manner, i.e. one after the other with a reasonably short period, such as a few hours or days. The order of applying the compounds of formula I selected from Table 1 and Table P1 and the active ingredients as described above is not essential for working the present invention.

Biological examples:

These examples illustrate the pesticidal/insecticidal properties of compounds of formula I. Example B1: Aphis gossypii (Cotton aphid): Mixed population, feeding/contact activity, curative: Leaf discs were placed on agar in a 96-well microtiter plate and infested with mixed life stage aphids. Test solution was then applied. The samples were checked for mortality 6 days after treatment .

The following compounds resulted in at least 80% mortality at an application rate of 1000 ppm: P1 , P2, P3, P4, P5, P6, P8, P9, P10 and P1 1.

Example B2: Heliothis virescens (Tobacco budworm): ovo-larvicide, feeding/contact activity, curative:

Cotton leaf discs were placed on agar in a 96-well microtiter plate and infested with eggs. Test solution was then applied. The samples are checked for mortality 5 days after treatment (DAT).

The following compounds resulted in at least 80% mortality at an application rate of 1000 ppm: P1 , P2, P4, P5, P6, P7, P9, P10 and P13. Example B3: Diabrotica balteata (Banded cucumber beetle): larvicide, feeding/contact activity, residual:

An artificial diet was dispensed into a 96-well microtiter plate and treated with test solution. Eggs were suspended above the treated diet. L1 larvae hatched and came into contact with the diet.

The following compounds resulted in at least 80% mortality at an application rate of 500 ppm: P1 , P2, P3, P4, P5, P6, P7, P8, P9, P10, P1 1 and P13.

Claims

What is claimed is:
1. A compound of formula I
Figure imgf000076_0001
wherein
X is halogen;
Y is O or S;
A is hydrogen or halogen;
n is 1 , 2, 3 or 4;
Het is a 5- or 6- membered carbon-bound saturated, unsaturated or aromatic heterocycle, having 1 , 2 or 3 heteroatoms selected from O, S and N, said heterocycle can be mono- di- or trisubstituted by substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen, Ci-C4-alkyl and Ci-C4-haloalkyl;
R-i is hydrogen, Ci-C3-alkyl or Ci-C3-haloalkyl;
R2 and R3 are, independently from each other, hydrogen, halogen, Ci-C4-alkyl or Ci-C4-haloalkyl; or R2 and R3 together with the carbon to which they are attached form a 3 to 6-membered cycloalkyl group which can be mono- di- or trisubstituted by halogen; as well as its agrochemically acceptable salts, enantiomers, diastereomers, tautomers and N-oxides.
2. A compound of formula I according to claim 1 , wherein
Het is unsubstituted or mono- or di-substituted by substituents selected from the group consisting of chloro, fluoro, methyl and trifluoromethyl.
3. A compound of formula I according to claim 1 , wherein Het is 6-chloro-pyrid-3-yl or 2-chloro-thiazol-
5-yl.
4. A compound of formula I according to claim 1 represented by the compounds of formula le
Figure imgf000077_0001
wherein
Het-i is pyridyl which can be substituted by halogen, or is thiazolyl which can be substituted by halogen, or is pyrazinyl which can be substituted by halogen;
Y is O or S;
n1 is 2, 3 or 4;
R2a is halogen or Ci-C4haloalkyl; and
R3a is halogen.
5. A compound of formula I according to claim 1 represented by the compounds of formula Id
Figure imgf000077_0002
wherein
Het-ι is pyridyl which can be substituted by halogen, or is thiazolyl which can be substituted by halogen;
n1 is 2, 3 or 4;
R2a is halogen or Ci-C4haloalkyl; and
R3a is halogen.
6. A compound of formula Id according to claim 5, wherein
Het-ι is preferably 6-chloro-pyrid-3-yl or 2-chloro-thiazol-5-yl.
7. An insecticidal, acaricidal, nematicidal or molluscicidal composition, comprising an insecticidally, acaricidally, nematicidally or molluscicidally effective amount of a compound of formula I according to claim 1 and a suitable carrier or diluent therefor.
8. A method of combating and controlling pests which comprises applying an insecticidally, acaricidally, nematicidally or molluscicidally effective amount of a compound of formula I according to claim 1 or a composition comprising a compound of formula I, to a pest, a locus of pest, or to a plant susceptible to attack by a pest, with the exception of a method for treatment of the human or animal body by surgery or therapy and diagnostic methods practised on the human or animal body.
9. A method for the protection of plant propagation material from the attack by pests, which comprises treating the propagation material or the site, where the propagation material is planted, with a composition according to claim 7.
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WO2018019711A1 (en) 2016-07-29 2018-02-01 Bayer Cropscience Aktiengesellschaft Substituted halogen(thio)acyl compounds

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