1 、枕垫不能多次反复使用，需要经常性地消毒，以确保其卫生性； 2 、不同体型的患者需要用不同大小、不同厚度的枕垫，甚至需要用到多个枕垫； 3
There are a variety of items in the medical examination that require the patient to lie on a medical bed. The examination items include head, chest, buttocks, feet, and bowel detection. Some of the items are in line with the doctor's operation and require the patient to lie in a different position. On a medical bed, for example, turning the body over, or lifting the head or feet. In order to achieve the above operation, the existing method is to use a pillow pad to raise a desired portion, which has the following problems:
1 , the pillow can not be used repeatedly, need to be disinfected frequently to ensure its hygiene; 2, different body types of patients need to use different sizes, different thickness of the pillow, even need to use multiple pillows; 3
During the examination, the patient will adjust the body posture for better comfort, which makes the pillow easy to fall, or inconvenient to cooperate with the doctor's operation.
图 1 是中部背垫可翻转医疗床的结构示意图。 Figure 1 is a schematic view of the structure of a central back cushion reversible medical bed.
图 2 、 3 、 4 是图 1 所示中部背垫可翻转医疗床的局部示意图。 Figures 2, 3, and 4 are partial schematic views of the central back cushion reversible medical bed shown in Figure 1.
图 5 、 6 、 7 是图 1 所示中部背垫可翻转医疗床的结构状态示意图。 Figures 5, 6, and 7 are schematic views of the structural state of the central back cushion reversible medical bed shown in Figure 1.
图 8 是图 1 所示中部背垫可翻转医疗床的局部结构爆炸图。 Figure 8 is a partial exploded view of the central back cushion reversible medical bed shown in Figure 1.
图 9 是图 1 所示中部背垫可翻转医疗床的高、低位状态示意图。 Figure 9 is a schematic view of the high and low state of the central back cushion reversible medical bed shown in Figure 1.
图 10 是图 1 所示中部背垫可翻转医疗床的倾斜状态示意图。 Figure 10 is a schematic view showing the tilt state of the central back cushion reversible medical bed shown in Figure 1.
本发明的实施方式Embodiments of the invention
一种中部背垫可翻转医疗床，包括床架 1 和设置在床架中部的背垫 2
，背垫的一侧以使其绕床架头尾方向转动地铰接在床架上，背垫的底部装有支撑连杆 3 ，且支撑连杆向下倾斜地指向背垫的铰接点一侧，还有可伸缩的伸缩杆 4
，伸缩杆的两端分别铰接在支撑连杆的底部和床架上，且伸缩杆两端的铰接点与背垫的铰接点的旋转方向一致；伸缩杆 4 是电动推杆。 A central back cushion reversible medical bed, including a bed frame 1 and a back pad disposed in the middle of the bed frame 2
One side of the back pad is hinged on the bed frame so as to rotate around the head and tail of the bed frame, the bottom of the back pad is provided with a support link 3, and the support link is inclined downwardly to the hinge point side of the back pad , and a telescopic telescopic rod 4
The two ends of the telescopic rod are respectively hinged on the bottom of the support link and the bed frame, and the hinge points of the two ends of the telescopic rod are consistent with the rotation direction of the hinge point of the back pad; the telescopic rod 4 is an electric push rod.
床架 1 中部的中间位置竖直地装有固定座 5 ，有两个所述的背垫 2
分别铰接在固定座的两侧，两背垫的底部分别装有倾斜地指向铰接点一侧的支撑连杆 3 ，两个所述的伸缩杆 4 分别连接两支撑连杆并驱动其上的背垫绕相反方向转动；背垫
2 通过安装在其上的旋转中心变换角件 6
The middle position of the middle part of the bed frame 1 is vertically fitted with a fixing seat 5 having two of the back pads 2
They are respectively hinged on both sides of the fixed seat, and the bottoms of the two back pads are respectively provided with support links 3 obliquely pointing to one side of the hinge point, and the two telescopic rods 4 respectively connect the two support links and drive the back thereon The pad rotates in the opposite direction; the back pad
2 Convert the corner piece by the center of rotation mounted on it 6
Hinged on the fixed seat, the rotating center changing angle member protrudes beyond the inner side of the back pad. The two back pads can be easily inspected on both sides of the patient's body to further expand the scope of application; in addition, some parts of the examination require the patient to lift the waist or buttocks. The back pad is turned up at the same time, so that it can be easily inspected;
In addition, if the back pads on both sides are close to each other, when the back pad is turned up, it will be squeezed or even damaged due to mutual interference, but if the gap between the back pads on both sides is too large, it will destroy its external appearance. Sexuality, which reduces the comfort of the patient's lying position, and changes the center of rotation by changing the setting of the corner changing member, which can effectively solve these problems and effectively improve the aesthetics and the comfort of use.
床架 1 的床头位置设有辅助把手 7
The bed frame of the bed frame 1 has an auxiliary handle 7
The auxiliary handle is a circular arc rod, the two ends of which are fixed on both sides of the bed frame position, and the auxiliary handle protrudes above the outer side of the bed frame. When the patient's body is turned over, its balance is broken, it is easy to slip off the flipped back pad, and the auxiliary handle is set as its auxiliary support element for the patient to grasp when the body is turned over; the auxiliary handle protrudes beyond the bed frame On the one hand, it can avoid collision with the head of the patient, and on the other hand, it can be used as a handle for pushing the movement of the medical bed, and has a simple structure and various functions.
床架 1 的一侧装有安装座 8 ，高度可调的 L 形托手 9 可装拆地固定于安装座内，且 L
形托手的一条横边位于床架的上方；床架 1 的另一侧铰接装有旋转座 10 ，该铰接点的旋转轴心垂直于床架的头尾方向，还有托手板 11 和气弹簧 12
L 形托手和托手板的设置可方便患者身体两侧或两手的检查，且 L 形托手高度可调、托手板位置可调，
可满足不同检查的需要，提高了其适用范围；另一方面，托手板可收拢于床架的侧边，在非使用情况下可减小医疗床的宽度，便于其放置和使用。 One side of the bed frame 1 is equipped with a mounting seat 8 , and the height-adjustable L-shaped handle 9 is detachably fixed in the mounting seat, and L
One lateral side of the shape holder is located above the bed frame; the other side of the bed frame 1 is hingedly equipped with a rotating base 10, the rotation axis of the hinge point is perpendicular to the head and tail direction of the bed frame, and the handle plate 11 and the gas spring 12
The one end of the handle plate is hinged on the rotating base, and the two ends of the gas spring are respectively hinged on the rotating base and the end of the supporting plate away from the bed frame, and the hinge point of the supporting plate on the rotating base and the two hinge points of the gas spring The axis of rotation is perpendicular to the axis of rotation of the pivoting seat on the hinge point of the bed frame.
The L-shaped handle and the support plate are arranged to facilitate the inspection of the patient's body on both sides or both hands, and the L-shaped handle height is adjustable and the position of the handle plate is adjustable.
It can meet the needs of different inspections and improve its application scope; on the other hand, the handle board can be gathered on the side of the bed frame, and the width of the medical bed can be reduced in non-use situations to facilitate its placement and use.
床架 1 的下方设有底架 13 ，床架的前后两端装有连接架 14 ，底架的前后两端装有支撑架 15
，有同时与连接架和支撑架铰接的连杆组件 16 ，有推动连杆组件运动进而带动床架前、后端升降的推杆电机 17
其有益之处在于： 1 、床架的前、后两端同时作用，改变医疗床的高度，更好地配合检查医生的操作； 2
、医疗床含有多种不同的升降功能，不必借助于枕垫等外物的辅助，使检查过程更加简单快捷，患者躺在医疗床上有更好的舒适性。 A bottom frame 13 is arranged below the bed frame 1 , and the front and rear ends of the bed frame are provided with a connecting frame 14 , and the front and rear ends of the bottom frame are provided with a supporting frame 15
The utility model has a connecting rod assembly 16 which is hinged with the connecting frame and the supporting frame at the same time, and has a push rod motor for pushing the connecting rod assembly to move and driving the front and rear ends of the bed frame.
The push rod motor is connected to the connecting rod assembly. The front and rear opposite ends of the bed frame and the bottom frame are respectively hinged by a connecting rod assembly, and the connecting rod assembly moves and changes state under the action of the push rod motor, and the connecting rod assembly changes its vertical height when it moves, thereby Driving the front and rear end of the bed frame; if the push rod motor has different effects on the front and rear connecting rod assemblies, so that the front and rear ends of the bed frame are not the same, the front and rear ends of the medical bed are The height is inconsistent, the bed frame of the medical bed and the patient's body on it are inclined; if the push rod motor applies the same effect to the connecting rod assemblies at the front and rear ends, so that the lifting amplitude of the front and rear ends of the bed frame is the same, then The heights of the front and rear ends of the medical bed are equal, and the bed frame of the medical bed and the patient's body thereon are in a horizontal state.
The utility model has the following advantages: 1. The front and rear ends of the bed frame simultaneously act to change the height of the medical bed, so as to better cooperate with the inspection doctor; 2
The front and rear ends of the bed frame respectively act to make the bed frame and the patient's body in a tilted state, that is, the height of the head and the foot of the patient are different, and is adapted to the inspection of different inspection items in the medical examination, so that Inspection is more convenient and simple; 3
The motor is used to push the bed frame to lift and lower, and the motor is installed on the medical bed, and the structure is simple and compact; 4
The medical bed contains a variety of different lifting functions, so that the inspection process is simpler and faster without the aid of foreign objects such as a pillow pad, and the patient has better comfort in lying on the medical bed.
推杆电机 17 的其中一端连接连杆组件 16 ，另一端连接在床架 1
One end of the push rod motor 17 is connected to the link assembly 16 and the other end is connected to the bed frame 1
Bottom. The push rod motor is installed at the bottom of the bed frame and is hidden from the shape at the bottom of the bed frame so as not to be easily seen, so as to avoid interference and influence from external factors such as personnel, so that the lifting process of the medical bed is safer, compact, and beautiful in appearance. .
Push rod motor 17
The first push rod motor that drives the movement of the front end link assembly and the second push rod motor that pushes the movement of the rear end link assembly. Different push rod motors are used at the front and rear ends, and the two push rod motors do not affect each other, making the medical bed movement process safer.