WO2015160640A1 - Rfid shielding - Google Patents

Rfid shielding Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2015160640A1
WO2015160640A1 PCT/US2015/025248 US2015025248W WO2015160640A1 WO 2015160640 A1 WO2015160640 A1 WO 2015160640A1 US 2015025248 W US2015025248 W US 2015025248W WO 2015160640 A1 WO2015160640 A1 WO 2015160640A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
rfid
accordance
shield
antenna
rfid shield
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US2015/025248
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Jeff Mcfadden
Brian P. McFADDEN
Bruce V. MUTTER
Heather N. WILLIAMS
John S. Browning
Original Assignee
Mobile Dynamic Marketing, Inc.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US201461979397P priority Critical
Priority to US61/979,397 priority
Priority to US62/033,082 priority
Priority to US201462033078P priority
Priority to US201462033074P priority
Priority to US201462033082P priority
Priority to US201462033063P priority
Priority to US201462033085P priority
Priority to US62/033,085 priority
Priority to US62/033,078 priority
Priority to US62/033,074 priority
Priority to US62/033,063 priority
Application filed by Mobile Dynamic Marketing, Inc. filed Critical Mobile Dynamic Marketing, Inc.
Publication of WO2015160640A1 publication Critical patent/WO2015160640A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F7/00Mechanisms actuated by objects other than coins to free or to actuate vending, hiring, coin or paper currency dispensing or refunding apparatus
    • G07F7/08Mechanisms actuated by objects other than coins to free or to actuate vending, hiring, coin or paper currency dispensing or refunding apparatus by coded identity card or credit card or other personal identification means
    • G07F7/0806Details of the card
    • G07F7/0833Card having specific functional components
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
    • G06K19/00Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings
    • G06K19/02Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings characterised by the selection of materials, e.g. to avoid wear during transport through the machine
    • G06K19/025Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings characterised by the selection of materials, e.g. to avoid wear during transport through the machine the material being flexible or adapted for folding, e.g. paper or paper-like materials used in luggage labels, identification tags, forms or identification documents carrying RFIDs
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q20/00Payment architectures, schemes or protocols
    • G06Q20/30Payment architectures, schemes or protocols characterised by the use of specific devices
    • G06Q20/34Payment architectures, schemes or protocols characterised by the use of specific devices using cards, e.g. integrated circuit [IC] cards or magnetic cards
    • G06Q20/352Contactless payments by cards
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F7/00Mechanisms actuated by objects other than coins to free or to actuate vending, hiring, coin or paper currency dispensing or refunding apparatus
    • G07F7/08Mechanisms actuated by objects other than coins to free or to actuate vending, hiring, coin or paper currency dispensing or refunding apparatus by coded identity card or credit card or other personal identification means
    • G07F7/0806Details of the card
    • G07F7/0813Specific details related to card security

Abstract

An RFID shield in the form of a thin plastic substrate upon which a shielding pattern is printed in conductive paint or ink. The pattern may cover the entire surface of the substrate or it may be in the form of intersecting lines or arrays of intersecting elements.

Description

RFID SHIELDING

The present application claims priority from the following applications: Application 61/979,397 filed 14 April 2014; Application 62/033,063 filed 4 August 2014; Application 62/033,082 filed 4 August 2014; Application 62/033,074 filed 4 August 2014; Application 62/033,085 filed 4 August 2014 and Application 62/033,078 filed 4 August 2014.

Background of the Invention

Radio frequency identification (RFID) chips are increasingly found embedded in various devices including credit cards, driver licenses, passports, etc. Such chips contain a significant amount of personal data such as the holder's name, address, social security number, account information, employee number and the like, which is of high value to identity thieves. There are available devices which can be utilized to read such data from as far as 10 feet or so. Unfortunately, when such devices fall into the hands of unscrupulous people, they enable the undetected reading of such data from unsuspecting victims in public places such as malls, coffee shops etc. Upon harvesting the data on a holder's card, the identity thief is able to program the data on its own card thereby enabling the thief's cloned card to respond in an identical fashion as the holder's legitimate card.

Heretofore it has been suggested to provide shielding to prevent the unauthorized reading of RFID chips, in the form of metallic cases, which, while effective, are awkward and cumbersome to carry and use. It is thus a principal object of the present invention to provide effective and efficient RFID shielding in a form that may be conveniently and comfortably carried in a user' s pocket, purse or wallet. Summary of the Invention

In accordance with the present invention, the above and other beneficial objects are attained by providing an RFID shield in the form of a substrate upon which a shielding pattern is printed in conductive paint or ink. The pattern may cover the entire surface of the substrate or it may be in the form of intersecting lines or arrays of intersecting elements. The pattern may be in the form of a spiral antenna, a patch antenna, a fractal antenna or a combination of a spiral, patch or fractal antenna. The antenna may be passive or made active by providing a lithium flat pack battery and piezoelectric elements to charge the battery based on normal movement of the user. Alternatively, the shielding may be provided by a smartphone app utilizing the near field communication (NFC) hardware and high speed receiver sections in the phone to detect when a surreptitious signal is being read and to generate a bogus signal in response.

Brief Description of the Drawings

In the accompanying drawings:

Fig. 1 is an exploded plan view of a stack of RFID credit cards sandwiched between a pair of RFID shields in accordance with the present invention.

Fig. 2 is an end view of the stack of RFID credit cards sandwiched between a pair of RFID shields;

Fig. 3 is first embodiment of a conductive pattern printed on a plastic substrate of the RFID shield;

Fig. 4 is an alternative conductive pattern;

Fig. 5 is another conductive pattern;

Fig. 6 is another conductive pattern; Fig. 7 is a partial side view of the RFID shield of the present invention provided with non-conductive protective sheets;

Fig. 8 is plan view of a RFID shield wherein the printed conductive pattern is in the form a spiral and a fractal antenna; and,

Fig. 9 is a plan view of a powered RFID shield.

Detailed Description of the Preferred Embodiment

Reference is now made to the drawings and to Figs. 1 and 2 in particular wherein a stack of credit cards 10 is shown. The stack of cards 10 may be sandwiched between a pair of RFID shields 12 although a single shield has been found to provide effective protection even when the stack of cards is offset as in a billfold. While the stack is shown as consisting of two credit cards 10, it may comprise a lessor or greater number. Each of the shields 12 comprises a substrate 14 printed with a conductive ink or paint. Such inks are readily available from several sources including E. I. du Pont Nemours and Company. The substrate is a relatively thin plastic sheet, either thermoplastic or thermosetting of credit card size and between 0.5 and 50 mils thick. The substrate may be covered with the conductive ink or the conductive ink may be printed or silk screened with a pattern 16 comprising cross hatched intersecting uninterrupted lines as shown in Fig. 3 or elements 18, 20, 22 arranged in an intersecting array. To protect the conductive ink, the printed substrate 14 may be covered with a thin plastic non-conductive sheet 24 or laminated between thin plastic non-conductive sheets 24. The sheet or sheets 24 may carry a logo or graphics. Alternatively, the protective layer may be a non-conductive paint or ink layer. The conductive ink/paint may be solvent or UV curable, loaded with silver, carbon or other conductive material to provide a conductivity of between 0.01 to 50 ohms/square. For more effective shielding, the printed conductive pattern 16 may be in the form of an antenna 26 as shown in Fig. 8. In this case, the pattern functions as an antenna system receiving incident electromagnetic energy from an interrogation transmitter effectively eliminating the possibility of the RFID chip on a protected card communicating with the interrogation device. In this case, the pattern 16 is configured as a spiral antenna as shown in Fig. 8. Alternatively, the conductive layer may be configured as a patch antenna, a fractal antenna or a combination of a spiral, patch or fractal antenna.

The shielding described above may be considered to be passive. Alternatively, the shield 12 may be made active by providing a high speed receiver section 32 attached to antenna 26, which includes a spiral transmit/receive antenna 28 and a fractal patch antenna 30. When the high speed receiver section 32 detects attempt to interrogate the protected RFID chip it transmits a jamming signal. The shield is powered by a flat pack lithium battery which may be kept charged through normal motion of the device while in a user's wallet or purse through a pair of piezoelectric charging components 40. Similarly, since today's smartphones contain embedded Near Field Communication (NFC) hardware, by placing the smartphone in proximity with the RFID chips to be protected an app may be provided to utilize the high speed receiver section within the phone to detect attempts to interrogate the RFID chips being protected. The app will poll for RFID read attempts and when an interrogating signal is detected, the smartphone will transmit a jamming signal consisting of bogus data thereby protecting both the RFID chip data as well as any data on the phone. The app can be shut off for NFC communication when desired.

Thus, in accordance with the above, the aforementioned objectives are effectively attained.

Claims

Claims Having thus described the invention, what is claimed is:
1. An RFID shield comprising:
a substrate having a major axis and a minor axis and
a printing on one surface of the substrate, said printing being formed with a conductive ink or a paint and extending substantially from edge to edge of the substrate.
2. The RFID shield in accordance with claim 1 wherein the printing covers the entire surface of the substrate.
3. The RFID shield in accordance with claim 1 wherein the printing comprises a first set of lines and a second set of lines, said first and second sets of lines intersecting each other.
4. The RFID shield in accordance with claim 1 wherein the printing comprises an array of intersecting elements.
5. The RFID shield in accordance with claim 4 wherein the elements are identical.
6. The RFID shield in accordance with claim 1 wherein the printing comprises an RFID antenna.
7. The RFID shield in accordance with claim 6 wherein the printing comprises a spiral antenna.
8. The RFID shield in accordance with claim 6 wherein the printing comprises a patch antenna.
9. The RFID shield in accordance with claim 6 wherein the printing comprises a fractal antenna.
10. The RFID shield in accordance with claim 6 wherein the printing comprises two or more of a spiral antenna, a patch antenna and a fractal antenna.
11. The RFID shield in accordance with claim 6 further comprising
a high speed receiver/transmitter attached to the RFID antenna, said high speed receiver/transmitter being adapted to transmit a jamming signal in response to an incoming interrogating signal.
12. The RFID shield in accordance with claim 11 further comprising a power source attached to the high speed receiver/transmitter.
13. The RFID shield in accordance with claim 12 wherein said power source comprises a rechargeable battery and further comprising a piezoelectric recharging component attached to said rechargeable battery.
14. An RFID shield comprising a smartphone having Near Field Communication (NFC) hardware and a high speed receiver section, said smartphone being configured to poll for RFID read attempts in the form of in-coming interrogating signals and to transmit a jamming signal containing bogus data in response to detection of an in-coming interrogating signal.
PCT/US2015/025248 2014-04-14 2015-04-10 Rfid shielding WO2015160640A1 (en)

Priority Applications (12)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US201461979397P true 2014-04-14 2014-04-14
US61/979,397 2014-04-14
US201462033078P true 2014-08-04 2014-08-04
US201462033074P true 2014-08-04 2014-08-04
US201462033082P true 2014-08-04 2014-08-04
US201462033063P true 2014-08-04 2014-08-04
US201462033085P true 2014-08-04 2014-08-04
US62/033,085 2014-08-04
US62/033,078 2014-08-04
US62/033,074 2014-08-04
US62/033,063 2014-08-04
US62/033,082 2014-08-04

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP15780060.8A EP3132393A4 (en) 2014-04-14 2015-04-10 Rfid shielding
CA2951031A CA2951031A1 (en) 2014-04-14 2015-04-10 Rfid shielding
AU2015247969A AU2015247969A1 (en) 2014-04-14 2015-04-10 RFID shielding

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2015160640A1 true WO2015160640A1 (en) 2015-10-22

Family

ID=54324447

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/US2015/025248 WO2015160640A1 (en) 2014-04-14 2015-04-10 Rfid shielding

Country Status (4)

Country Link
EP (1) EP3132393A4 (en)
AU (1) AU2015247969A1 (en)
CA (1) CA2951031A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2015160640A1 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106997531A (en) * 2016-01-26 2017-08-01 北京数码视讯科技股份有限公司 The method and cutting ferrule of a kind of control financial IC card transaction

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050212673A1 (en) * 2004-03-24 2005-09-29 Forster Ian J System and method for selectively reading RFID devices
US20060187055A1 (en) * 2005-02-07 2006-08-24 Colby Steven M Containers including radio frequency shielding
US20060290501A1 (en) * 2005-06-24 2006-12-28 Visa U.S.A., Inc. Apparatus and method to electromagnetically shield portable consumer devices
US20100259365A1 (en) * 2006-12-20 2010-10-14 Motorola, Inc. Frequency selective surface aids to the operation of rfid products
US20130247194A1 (en) * 2012-03-16 2013-09-19 Niraj K. Jha Securing medical devices through wireless monitoring and anomaly detection

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7209039B2 (en) * 2003-05-08 2007-04-24 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Decorative surface covering with embedded RF antenna and RF shield and method for making the same
US8198979B2 (en) * 2007-04-20 2012-06-12 Ink-Logix, Llc In-molded resistive and shielding elements

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050212673A1 (en) * 2004-03-24 2005-09-29 Forster Ian J System and method for selectively reading RFID devices
US20060187055A1 (en) * 2005-02-07 2006-08-24 Colby Steven M Containers including radio frequency shielding
US20060290501A1 (en) * 2005-06-24 2006-12-28 Visa U.S.A., Inc. Apparatus and method to electromagnetically shield portable consumer devices
US20100259365A1 (en) * 2006-12-20 2010-10-14 Motorola, Inc. Frequency selective surface aids to the operation of rfid products
US20130247194A1 (en) * 2012-03-16 2013-09-19 Niraj K. Jha Securing medical devices through wireless monitoring and anomaly detection

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106997531A (en) * 2016-01-26 2017-08-01 北京数码视讯科技股份有限公司 The method and cutting ferrule of a kind of control financial IC card transaction

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP3132393A1 (en) 2017-02-22
CA2951031A1 (en) 2015-10-22
AU2015247969A1 (en) 2016-12-01
EP3132393A4 (en) 2017-12-20

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