WO2015156927A1 - Multistage combining sub-system for distributed antenna system - Google Patents

Multistage combining sub-system for distributed antenna system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2015156927A1
WO2015156927A1 PCT/US2015/018922 US2015018922W WO2015156927A1 WO 2015156927 A1 WO2015156927 A1 WO 2015156927A1 US 2015018922 W US2015018922 W US 2015018922W WO 2015156927 A1 WO2015156927 A1 WO 2015156927A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
uplink signals
narrowband
subset
narrowband uplink
signals
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US2015/018922
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Keld Knut LANGE
Original Assignee
Commscope Technologies Llc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US201461977273P priority Critical
Priority to US61/977,273 priority
Application filed by Commscope Technologies Llc filed Critical Commscope Technologies Llc
Publication of WO2015156927A1 publication Critical patent/WO2015156927A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B7/00Radio transmission systems, i.e. using radiation field
    • H04B7/02Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas
    • H04B7/022Site diversity; Macro-diversity
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B7/00Radio transmission systems, i.e. using radiation field
    • H04B7/02Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas
    • H04B7/04Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas using two or more spaced independent antennas
    • H04B7/08Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas using two or more spaced independent antennas at the receiving station
    • H04B7/0868Hybrid systems, i.e. switching and combining
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B7/00Radio transmission systems, i.e. using radiation field
    • H04B7/14Relay systems
    • H04B7/15Active relay systems
    • H04B7/155Ground-based stations
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B7/00Radio transmission systems, i.e. using radiation field
    • H04B7/14Relay systems
    • H04B7/15Active relay systems
    • H04B7/155Ground-based stations
    • H04B7/15507Relay station based processing for cell extension or control of coverage area
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W88/00Devices specially adapted for wireless communication networks, e.g. terminals, base stations or access point devices
    • H04W88/08Access point devices
    • H04W88/085Access point devices with remote components
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B1/00Details of transmission systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04B3/00 - H04B13/00; Details of transmission systems not characterised by the medium used for transmission
    • H04B1/06Receivers
    • H04B1/10Means associated with receiver for limiting or suppressing noise or interference induced by transmission
    • H04B1/1027Means associated with receiver for limiting or suppressing noise or interference induced by transmission assessing signal quality or detecting noise/interference for the received signal

Abstract

A multistage combining sub-system for a distributed antenna system ("DAS") is disclosed. The combining sub-system can receive broadband uplink signals from remote units of the DAS. The sub-system can divide the received broadband uplink signals into sets of narrowband uplink signals. The combining sub-system can select subsets of narrowband uplink signals from the sets of narrowband uplink signals. The subsets can be selected based on the narrowband signals in the subsets having signal powers above a threshold signal power. The combining sub-system can combine the selected subsets of narrowband uplink signals for routing to a base station. Combining the selected subsets of narrowband uplink signals can involve excluding narrowband uplink signals that are not included in the selected subsets of narrowband uplink signals.

Description

MULTISTAGE COMBINING SUB-SYSTEM FOR DISTRIBUTED ANTENNA

SYSTEM

Cross-Reference to Related Application

[0001] This disclosure claims priority to U.S. Provisional Application Serial No.

61/977,273, filed April 9, 2014, and titled "Intelligent Multi-Stage Combining of Narrowband Signals," the contents of which are incorporated herein by reference.

Technical Field

[0002] The present disclosure relates generally to telecommunication systems and more particularly (although not necessarily exclusively) to a multistage combining subsystem for a distributed antenna system.

Background

[0003] A distributed antenna system ("DAS") can be used to extend wireless coverage in an area. A DAS can include one or more master units or other head-end units and multiple remote units. Master units can be communicatively coupled to base stations and remote units. Remote units can w irelessly receive uplink signals from mobile communication devices or other terminal devices in a coverage area served by the DAS. A master unit can receiv e uplink signals from multiple remote units and combine the uplink signals for transmission to the base station.

[0004] Combining uplink signals received from multiple remote units can present disadvantages. For example, noise present in each broadband uplink signal can be combined at the master unit, thereby decreasing the signal-to-noise ratio of the combined upl ink signal. Combining uplink signals can thereby degrade the signal-to-noise ratio in the combined uplink signal as compared to the signal-to-noise ratios of indiv idual uplink signals.

Summary

[0005] According to one aspect, a method is provided for multistage combining of narrowband uplink signals in a distributed antenna system ("DAS"). The method can inv olv e receiving a first broadband uplink signal from a first remote unit of a DAS and a second broadband uplink signal from a second remote unit of the DAS. The method can also involve dividing the first broadband uplink signal into a first set of narrowband uplink signals and the second broadband uplink signal into a second set of narrowband uplink signals. The method can also involve selecting subsets of narrowband uplink signals from the first and second sets of narrow band uplink signals. The subsets of narrowband uplink signals can be selected based on narrow band signals in the subsets having signal powers above a threshold signal power. The method can also involve combining the selected subsets of narrow band uplink signals for routing to a base station. Combining the selected subsets of narrow band uplink signals can involve excluding narrowband uplink signals that are not included in the selected subsets of narrowband uplink signals.

[0006] According to another aspect, a multistage combining sub-system for a DAS is prov ided. The multistage combining sub-system can include filter banks, one or more selector devices, and one or more combiner devices. The filter banks can divide broadband uplink signals received from remote units of the DAS into sets of narrowband uplink signals. The selector devices can select subsets of narrowband uplink signals from the sets of narrow band uplink signals. The subsets f narrow band uplink signals can be selected based on the selected narrowband signals having signal powers above a threshold signal power. The combiner devices can combine the selected subsets f narrowband uplink signals for routing to a base station. Combining the selected subsets of narrowband uplink signals can involve excluding narrowband uplink signals that are not included in the selected subsets of narrow band uplink signals.

[0007] According to another aspect, a distributed antenna system is provided that can perform multistage combining of narrowband uplink signals. The distributed antenna system can include remote units for w irelessly communicating with terminal devices and a unit that can communicate with the remote units and a base station. The remote units can receive broadband uplink signals from the terminal devices and divide the received broadband uplink signals into sets o narrow band uplink signals. The unit can select subsets of narrowband uplink signals from the sets o narrow band uplink signals. The subsets of narrow band uplink signals can be selected based on the narrowband signals in the subsets having signal powers above a threshold signal pow er. The unit can also combine the selected subsets of narrow band uplink signals for routing to a base station. Combining the selected subsets of narrowband uplink signals can involve excluding narrowband uplink signals that are not included in the selected subsets of narrow band uplink signals.

[0008] These illustrative aspects and features are mentioned not to limit or define the disclosure, but to prov ide examples to aid understanding of the concepts disclosed in this application. Other aspects, advantages, and features o the present disclosure wil l become apparent after revie of the entire application. Brief Description of the Drawings

[0009] FIG. 1 is a block diagram depicting an example of a distributed antenna system ("DAS'") that can include a multistage combining sub-system according to one aspect of the present disclosure.

[0 10] FIG. 2 is a block diagram depicting an example of the multistage combining sub-system of FIG. 1 according to one aspect of the present disclosure.

[001 1 ] FIG. 3 is a block diagram that depicts an example of a filter bank used by the multistage combining sub-system of FIG. 1 according to one aspect of the present disclosure.

[0012] FIG. 4 is a flow chart depicting an example of a process for selectively combining narrowband uplink signals in a DAS according to one aspect of the present disclosure.

Detailed Description

[0013] Certain aspects and features relate to a multistage combining sub -system for a distributed antenna system ("DAS"). The multistage combining sub-system can be used for intelligently combining narrowband uplink signals having useful information for routing to a base station. The multistage combining sub -system can combine the narrowband uplink signals having useful information w ithout including narrowband uplink signals that do not have useful information in the combination.

[0014] In some aspects, the multistage combining sub-system can receive broadband uplink signals from remote units of the DAS. The multistage combining sub-system can divide the received broadband uplink signals into sets of narrowband uplink signals. For example, the multistage combining sub-svstem can include filter banks in the remote units or one or more other units of the DAS, The filter banks can generate multiple frequency-shifted versions of each broadband uplink and filter the frequency-shifted versions of the broadband uplink signal to obtain a set f narrowband uplink signals corresponding to the broadband uplink signal. The multistage combining sub-sy stem can select subsets of narrowband uplink signals havin useful information from the sets f narrowband uplink signals. For example, the combining sub-system can select narrowband uplink signals hav ing signal powers above a threshold signal power. The combining sub-system can combine the selected subsets of narrowband uplink signals for routing to one or more antenna ports of a base station. Combining the selected subsets of narrowband uplink signals can involve excluding, muting, or otherwise attenuating narrowband uplink signals that are not included in the selected subsets of narrowband uplink signals.

[0015] In some aspects, a narrowband signal can be a signal that is transmitted over a channel hav ing a sufficiently narro bandw idth such that the signal has a flat or substantially flat frequency response. For example, a narrow band signal having a smaller bandwidth than a narrowband channel can be transmitted using the narrowband channel bandwidth such that the narrow band signal can pass through the channel without distortion.

[0016] In some aspects, a broadband signal can be a signal that is transmitted over a channel having a sufficiently ide bandwidth that the signal does not have a flat or substantially flat frequency response. In additional or alternative aspects, a broadband signal can include a signal that includes multiple uplink transmissions from multiple terminal dev ices. For example, multiple terminal dev ices may simultaneously transmit data that is included in a broadband signal. One example in which multiple terminal dev ices may transmit simultaneously transmit data that i included in the broadband signal includes using spread spectrum code multiplexing (e , in a CDMA or UMTS system).

[0017] A remote unit can include, for example, a device that includes or is communicatively coupled to one or more antennas and that can be configured to wirelessly receive downlink signals from a base station and to wirelessly receive uplink signals from terminal devices (e.g., mobile communication devices). An example of a remote unit is a universal access point ("LAP"). In some aspects, a remote unit can be communicativ ely coupled (e.g., v ia an optical fiber) to a unit of the DAS, such as a master unit, that communicates broadband signals with a base station or other signal provider device in a telecommunication system.

[0018] Detailed descriptions of certain examples are discussed below. These illustrative examples are giv en to introduce the reader to the general subject matter discussed here and are not intended to limit the scope of the disclosed concepts. The followin sections describe v arious additional aspects and examples with reference to the drawings in which like numerals indicate like elements, and directional descriptions are used to describe the il lustrativ e examples but, like the illustrative examples, should not be used to limit the present disclosure. The various figures described below depict examples of implementations for the present disclosure, but should not be used to limit the present disclosure.

[001 ] FIG. 1 is a block diagram depicting an example of a DAS 104 that can include a multistage combining sub-system 1 10. The DAS 104 can communicate signals between one or more base stations 1 01 a, 101 b (e.g., one or more eNodeB's) or other transceiv in devices in communication with the DAS 104 (e.g.. repeaters) and terminal devices in one or more coverage zones serviced by the DAS 104. The DAS 104 can communicate signals via a unit 106 (e.g., a master unit or base station router) and remote units 108a, 108b, 108c that service one or more coverage zones. The unit 106 can be communicatively coupled to antenna ports 102a, 103a f the base station 101 a. The unit 106 can also b communicatively coupled to antenna ports 102b, 103b of the base station 101 b. For illustrative purposes, each of the base stations 101 a, 101 b is depicted with two antenna ports. However, other implementations involving base stations with any number of antenna ports can be used.

[0020] The remote units 108a, 108b, 108c can include remote antenna units or other dev ices that can include or be communicatively coupled to one or more antennas. Remote units 108a, 108b, 108c can be configured to wire!essly communicate signals with terminal devices. Communicatively coupling dev ices in a DAS 102 or other telecommunication system can involve establishing, maintaining, or otherwise using a communication link (e.g., a cable, an optical fiber, a wirele s link, a data bus, etc.) to communicate information, data, or other signals between dev ices or between components in a device.

[0021 ] The unit 1 6 can receive downlink signals from the base stations 101 a. 101 b and transmit uplink, signals to the base stations 10 l a, 101 b. The unit 106 can include multiple input ports for receiving downlink signals. At each port, the unit 106 can receive downlink signals having frequencies in frequency bands that are used by multiple telecommunications operators. Each telecommunications operator can communicate signals using one or more types of telecommunications technology (e.g.. Global System for Mobile Communications ("GSM"), Universal Mobile Telecommunications System ("UMTS"), Long-Term Evolution ("LTE"), code-division multiple-access ("CDMA"), public serv ices, etc.). In some aspects, the unit 106 can receive, via one or more inp t ports, downlink signals that have frequencies over a wide frequency band idth (e.g. a complete rd Generation Partnership Project ("3GPP") band). Downlink signals in digitized format (e g , digital RF signals) can be communicated through the DAS 104 using one or more dev ices implementing a multistage aggregation, transport, and distribution system.

[0022] The unit 1 6 can also transmit uplink signals to the base stations 101 a, 101 b via communication links with one or more of the antenna ports 102a, 1 02b, 103a, 103b. Any suitable communication link can be used for communication between the antenna ports 102a, 102b, 1 03a, 103b of the base stations 101 a, 101 b and a unit 106. A suitable communication l ink can be a wired connection or a wireless connection. A wired connection can include, for example, a connection via a copper cable, an optical fiber, or another suitable communication medium. A wireless connection can include, for example, a wireless R F communication link or a microwave link.

[0023] In some aspects, the unit 106 can be a master unit or other suitable unit that can communicate w ith one or more base stations 101 a, 101 b or other transceiv ing dev ices in communication with the DAS 104. A master unit can include, for example, an optical transceiver that transmits optical signals to remote units in a DAS. The master unit or other suitable unit 106 can communicate with remote units 108a, 108b, 108c in different cov erage zones of the same DAS 104. In additional or alternative aspects, the unit 106 can be included in a base station router that can communicate signals between one or more base stations 101 a, 101 b and one or more master units.

[0024] The remote units 108a, 108b, 108c can provide signal cov erage i respective coverage zones. An example of a remote unit is a universal access point ("DAP"). Providing signal cov erage in the cov erage zones can include transmitting downlink signals received from the unit 1 06 to terminal devices in the cov erage zones. Prov iding signal coverage in the coverage zones can also include receiving uplink signals from the mobile communication dev ices r other terminal device in the coverage zones. The remote units 108a, 1 08b, 1 08c can transmit the uplink si nals to the unit 106. The remote units 108a, 108b, 108c can use an air interface that supports multiple frequency bands for transmitting and receiv ing signals. For example, multiple RF signals can be transmitted or received by a single remote unit.

[0025] Although FIG. 1 depicts a direct connection betw een the unit 106 and the remote units 108a, 108b, 108c, other implementations are possible. In some aspects, the unit 106 can be connected to the remote units 108a, 108b, 108c via one or more extension units or other intermediate dev ices. Although FIG. 1 depicts one unit 106 and three remote units 108a. 108b, 108c. a DAS 104 can include any number of units 106 and any number of remote units. Although FIG. 1 de icts two base stations 101 a. 1 01 b in communication with the DAS 1 4, a DAS can communicate w ith any number of base stations (including one) .

[0026] The DAS 1 4 can include a multistage combining sub- system 1 10. In some aspects, the multistage combining sub-system 1 10 can include one or more components in the unit 106, as depicted in FIG. 1. In some aspects, the multistage combining sub-system 1 10 can also include one or more components (e.g. , filter banks) included in the respective remote units 108a, 108b, 108c.

[0027] The multistage combining sub -system 1 10 can be used for intelligent multistage combining of upl ink signals. Intell igent multistage combining of uplink signals can reduce or prevent the degradation of the signal-to-noise ratio in combined uplink signals.

[0028] The multistage combining sub-system 1 10 can obtain narrow band uplink signals from a broadband uplink signal received by one or more of the remote units 108a, 108b, 08c. For example, the multistage combinin sub-system 1 10 can split or otherw ise separate a broadband uplink signal into sets of narrowband uplink signals. The combining sub-system 1 10 can select specific narrow band uplink signals having useful information for combining and transmission to one or more of the base stations 101 a, 101 b. As depicted in FIG 1 , the combining sub-system 1 10 can include a processing dev ice 1 1 2, one r more combiner devices 1 14. a power measurement module 1 16, and a mapping module 1 1 8.

[0029] The processing device 1 12 can be communicatively coupled to the combiner dev ices 1 14, the power measurement module 1 16, and the mapping module 1 18. The processing device 1 12 can control the operation of the combiner devices 1 14 based on data received from one or more of the power measurement module 1 16, and the mapping module 1 18. Examples of processing incl ude a microprocessor, an application-specific integrated circuit ("ASIC"), a field-programmable gate array ("FPGA"), or other suitable processor.

[0030] The power measurement module 1 16 can perform one or more operations for identifying the signal powers of the narrowband uplink signals. In some aspects, the power measurement module 1 16 can include one or more hardw are devices, such as measurement receivers. The measurement receivers or other power measurement devices can prov ide data to the processing device 1 12 regarding the signal powers of the narrowband uplink signals. In additional or alternative aspects, the power mea rement module 1 16 can include one or more program instructions stored in a memory device such as a non-transitory computer- readable medium. Examples of a non-transitory computer-readable medium include random access memory ("RAM"), read-only memory ("ROM"), magnetic disk, an AS IC, a configured processor, or other storage device. The processin d vice 1 1 2 can execute the instructions to obtain information about the signal powers of the narrow band uplink signals.

[0031 ] The mapping module 1 18 can perform one or more operations for mapping selected narrowband uplink signals to one or more of the antenna ports 102a, 102b, 103a, i 03b. In some aspects, the mapping module 1 18 can include one or more hardware devices, such as measurement receiv ers. In additional or alternative aspects, the mapping module 1 18 can include one or more program instructions stored in a memory device such as a non- transitory computer- readable medium. The processing dev ice 1 12 can execute the instructions to map narrowband uplink signals to antenna ports. The processing device 1 1 2 can configure the combiner dev ices 1 14 to combine specified subsets of narrow band uplink signals based on the information obtained from the mapping module 1 1 8.

[0032] In a DAS 104 or other RF distribution system, multiple remote units 108a, 108b, 108c can receive uplink signals from terminal devices that communicate with one or more of the base stations 101 a, 101 b via the DAS 1 4. A given base station may have a limited number of receiver antenna ports (e.g., two, four, or eight ports) or other ports configured for receiving uplink signals. The number of uplink signals to be provided to one or more of the base stations 101a, 101b from a master unit or other unit 106 may exceed the number of antenna ports available to the base station for receiving uplink signals. The unit 06 can include one or more combiner devices 1 14 for combining uplink signals that are to be transmitted to a base station. The number of combined uplink signals transmitted to the base station can be less than or equal to the number of receiver antenna ports available at the base station.

[ 0033 } In an example, for a DAS system that is compliant with a Long-Term

Evolution ("LTE") standard, intelligent multistage combining can be performed on uplink signals such as single-carrier frequency-division multiple access ("SC-FDMA") signals. An intelligent multistage combining sub-system can operate on individual uplink signals received from a terminal device. In some aspects, the intelligent multistage combining sub-system 1 10 can automatically adapt to parameters of an LTE system or other telecommunication system. Examples of such parameters include frequency assignments for different terminal dev ices, SC-FDMA carrier positions, etc.

[0034] FIG. 2 is a block diagram depicting an example of the multistage combining sub-system 1 10. The multistage combining sub-system 1 10 can include processing stages

202, 204, 206.

[0035] In the processing stage 202, the combining sub-system 1 10 can split or otherwise divide uplink signals received by the remote units 108a, 108b, 108c. For example, the combining sub-system 1 10 can split or otherwise div ide broadband upl ink RF signals received via uplink antennas of one or more of the remote units 108a, 108b, 108c. The broadband uplink RF signal can be split or otherwi e div ided into multiple narrowband uplink signals. In some aspects, the narrowband uplink signals may at least partially overlap one another. In other aspects, the respective frequencies of the narrowband uplink signals may be spaced apart from one another such that the narrowband uplink signals do not overlap one another. In some aspects, the processing stage 202 can be implemented using devices in the remote units 108a, 108b, 108c. In other aspects, the processing stage 202 can be implemented in a unit 106.

[0036] In some aspects, the processing stage 202 can include one or more filter banks

208a, 208b that can be used for splitting or otherwise sub-dividing broadband uplink signals. Although, for illustrative purposes, only two filter banks 208a, 208b are depicted in FIG. 2, an number of filter banks can be included in the processin stage 202. For example, each of the remote units 08a, 108b, 108 can include a respective filter bank.

[0037] Each o the filter banks 208a, 208b can b configured based on a telecommunication standard used by the DAS 104. For example, one or more o the filter banks 208a, 208b can be configured to split or otherwise divide uplink signals in a 3 GPP SC- FDMA uplink format, in which a given terminal dev ice is assigned one or more physical resource blocks of 180 kHz for a slot of one millisecond.

[0038] In some aspects, the individual bandwidth of each narrowband uplink signal can be the same or similar (e.g. , on the same order). Utilizing similar bandwidth for narrowband uplink signals can reduce the effects of energy spillover from terminal dev ices operating in adjacent frequencies. For example, two or more terminal dev ice may transmit uplink signals having frequencies that are adjacent to one another in a frequency spectrum. An energy spillov er can involve signal power from a first uplink signal transmitted by a first terminal dev ice being incl ded in a narrowband uplink signal for a second uplink signal transmitted by a second terminal dev ice. Using a bandwidth for each narrowband that is the same or similar can decrease the impact of this energy spillover. In some aspects, increasing the number of the remote units 108a, 108b, 108c can decrease the probability of terminal devices transmitting signals in adjacent frequencies and reduce the overall impact of the energy spillover.

[0039] In some aspects, the filters used by the filter banks 208a, 208b can hav e sufficiently narrow passbands that the resulting narrowband signals do not experience energy spillover. Such filters may be more complex than filters with w ider passbands. In other aspects, the filters used by the filter banks 208a. 208b can have passbands that may not provide sufficient spacing between narrowband signals to eliminate all energy spil lov er. In these aspects, energy spillover may be less likely if the DAS includes a sufficiently large number of remote units to reduce the probabil ity that terminal dev ices will operate in adjacent frequencies.

[0040] In some aspects, a noise generator 209 can be included in the processing stage

202. The noise generator 2 9 can be used to generate a minimal level or low level of noise. The noise generated by the noise generator 209 in the processing stage 202 can be prov ided t the processing stage 206. The noise from the noise generator 209 can be mapped to one or more unused ports of one or more of the base stations 101 a, 101 b. Prov idin the minimal level or low level of noise from the noise generator 209 to an unused port of one or more of the base stations 101 a, 101 b can prevent one or more of the base stations 101 a, 101 b from deactivating the unused port or otherwise disconnecting the base station from the unit 106. For example, one or more o the base stations 101 a, 101 b can control the output power used by terminal devices in communication with the base station. It may be desirable for one or more of the base stations 101 a, 101 b to detect a similar power level at each antenna port. The desirable power level can depend on the receiver and DAS noise for one or more of the base stations 101a, 101 b. The receiver and DAS noise for one or more of the base stations 101 a, 10 l b can be the sum of the receiver noise power, the noise power associated with the DAS 104, and a target value for the signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio. One or more of the base stations 101 a, 101 b may be unable to measure the receiv er and DAS noise during a period in which uplink signals are being received via an antenna port. One or more of the base stations 101 a, 101 b can estimate the receiver and DAS noise and recalibrate th expected receiv er and DAS noise during idle periods. The noise generator 209 module can provide an additional noise source that can be measured by one or more of the base stations 101 a, 101 b during such an idle period in addition to the noise of the base station's low noise amplifier.

[0041 } In the processing stage 204, the combining sub-system 1 10 can identify at least some of the narrow band uplink signals that include useful information. The uplink signals can be received by antenna elements of one or more of the remote units 108a, 108b, 108c. Narrow band uplink signals hav ing useful information can be identified for one or more the remote units 108a. 108b. 108c. The processing stage 204 can be implemented in any suitable unit 106. such as a master unit or an extension unit.

[0042] The processing stage 204 can incl ude the pow r measurement module 1 16. In some aspects, the power measurement module 1 1 of the processing stage 204 can include one or more power measurement devices. The power measurement module 1 16 can be coupled to signal paths from outputs of the filter banks 208a, 208b, as depicted in FIG. 2. The power measurement module 1 16 can use the po er measurement dev ices to identi y respective signal powers for each of the narrowband uplink signals outputted from the filter banks 208a, 208b. In other aspects, the processing stage 204 can be implemented by using the processing device 1 12 to execute program instructions included in a p wer measurement module 1 1 6. The processing device 1 12 can be communicatively coupled to signal paths from outputs f the fi ter banks 208a, 208b. The processing device 1 1 2 can sample the narrow band uplink signals from the signal paths. The processing dev ice 1 1 2 can execute suitable program instructions to identi fy signal power in each of the sampled narrowband uplink signals. In some aspects, the processing device 1 12 can execute suitable program instructions that configure the processin device 1 12 to perform a spectral analysis of a signal at an input a filter bank. The spectral analysis can be used to measure or otherw ise determine a pow er profile of the signal at the input of the filter bank. The pow er profile can be used to determine w hich o the resulting narrowband uplink signals have useful information. The spectral analysis can be perform in any suitable manner (e.g., usin a discrete Fourier transform, using a fast Fourier transform, etc. ).

[0043 ] In some aspects, the combining sub-system 1 10 can identify narrow band uplink signals having useful information using power measurements of the narrowband uplink signals during short intervals of time. For example, for a given set of narrowband uplink signals, the combining sub-system 1 10 can identify a subset of narrow band uplink signals as having useful information based on the subset of narrowband uplink signals hav ing respective signals pow ers that exceed a threshold signal power In some aspects, the threshold signal po er may be adaptive to a momentary p wer distribution. For example, the threshold signal power may be automatically determined using a power distribution associated with the broadband signal used to generate the narrowband uplink signals.

[0044] In additional or alternative aspects, narrowband uplink signals w ith useful information can be identified using characteristics in addition to or other the power of the narrow band uplink signals. For example, aspects, narrowband uplink signals w ith useful information can be identified using correlation characteristics. In some aspects in w hich narrowband signals abov e a threshold signal power are not present, highly correlated signals below the threshold signal power may be identified as having useful information. In other aspects, a determination of w hether narrowband signals above a threshold signal power hav e useful information may be are qual ified based on correlation characteristics. Weakly correlated signals abov e a threshold signal po er can be routed to independent base station ports to improve reception for multiple-inpul'multiple-output ("MIMO") communications.

[ 00451 The processing stage 204 can also include the mapping module 1 18. The mapping module 1 18 can map narrowband uplink signals hav ing useful information to one or more of the antenna ports I 02a, 102b, 103a, 103b of one or more of the base stations 101 a, 101 b. In some aspects, mapping uplink signals to one or more of the antenna ports 102a, 102b, 103a, 103b can inv olve assigning narrowband uplink signals from each terminal dev ice t a respective antenna port or set of antenna ports. In other aspects involving multi-user I MO communication, mapping uplink signals to one or more of the antenna ports 102a, 102b, 103a, 1 03b can involve assigning narrow band uplink signals from a group of terminal devices to a respective set of antenna ports of one or more of the base stations 101 a, 101 b.

[0046] In some aspects, the mapping of narrowband uplink signals to antenna ports can be frequency independent. For example, each set o narrow band uplink signals can correspond to a given frequency band. The frequency assignment of narrowband uplink signals can be maintained. For a set of input and output narrowband uplink signals with same frequency assignment, the mapping rule can b independent from any other frequency.

[0047] In some aspects, the mapping of narrowband uplink signals to antenna ports can be static. For example, if a given terminal device remains w ithin a given coverage zone serviced by one or more of the remote units 108a, 108b, 108c, the mapping of narrowband uplink signals received from the terminal device to one or more antenna ports o a base station can remain unchanged over a period of time during which the terminal device remains in the coverage zone.

[0048] In some aspects, the mapping module 1 18 can map narrowband uplink signals to one or more of the antenna ports 102a, 102b, 103a, 103b based on geographical locations of the remote units 108a. 108b, 108c. For example, the mapping module 1 18 can map narrowband uplink signals to one or more of the antenna ports 102a, 102b, 103a, 103b based on one or more of the spatial distribution or installation positions of the remote units 108a, 108b, 108c. The mapping module 1 18 can access data stored in a non-transitory computer- readable medium that identi fies geographical locations of the remote units 108a, 108b. 108c. The data can also identify specific base stations 10 1 a, 101 b or antenna ports 102a, 102b, 103a. 103b for providing signal cov erage in these geographical locations. The mapping module 1 18 can map a given narrowband uplink signal to one or more of the antenna ports 102a. 102b, 103a, 103b based on the narrowband uplink signal having useful information (as determined using the po er measurement module 1 16) and the narrowband uplink signal being received by a specific one of the remote units 1 08a, 1 08b. 108c havin a specific geographic location. In one example, remote units may be positioned on di ferent floors or positioned ov er large distances. Strong signals being receiv ed on multiple remote units can indicate a higher probability that multiple terminal dev ices are operating in ML1- Ml MO mode. The different signals receiv ed from the different terminals dev ices can be routed to different base station ports. In another example, correlation characteristics between remote units can be monitored over a specified period of time. Specific uplink paths may exhibit a low amount of correlation or a lack of correlation of the time period. Signals traversin uncorrelated signal paths can be routed to different base station ports.

[0049] In some aspects, the mapping module 1 18 can map narrow band uplink signals having useful information to one or more of the antenna ports 102a. 102b. 103a. 103b based on physical random access channel ("PRACH") signaling. PRACH signaling can allow multiple terminal devices to simultaneously transmit uplink signals in an uncoordinated manner. For example, multiple terminal dev ices may transmit uplink signals at the same time. The simultaneous transmission of uplink signals can increase the number of the remote units 108a, 108b, 101c that contribute narrowband uplink signals with useful information to the processing stage 206. For a known time-to-frequency assignment of the PRACH channel, a specific rule set can be used or the number of selector outputs can be configured for the known time-to-frequency assignment of the PRACH channel. For example, the combining sub-system 1 10 can inc lude a non-transitory computer-readable medium that stores data describing the timing and frequencies used for PRACH signaling with respect to different base stations 101a, 101b. The mapping module 118 can identify specific narrowband uplink signals that are received during a time period associated with PRACH signaling and that hav e frequencies associated with PRACH signaling. The mapping module 1 18 can map the identified narrowband uplink signals to specific antenna ports based on the identified narrowband uplink signals having the timing and frequencies associated w ith PRACH signaling. In some aspects, one or more of the base stations 101 a, 101 b can assign frequencies to di ferent tenninal dev ices on a slot-by-slot basis. For example, one or more of the base stations 101 a, 101 b can assign frequency resources to tenninal devices according to a schedule of time slots. Each frequency assignment to a given terminal device can be performed for a respective time slot (e.g. , after each 0.5 millisecond slot). The combining sub-system 1 10 can store information in a non- transitory c mputer- readab 1 e medium that identifies specific frequencies assigned to specific terminal devices. The combining subsystem 1 10 can update the mapping f narrowband uplink signals to antenna ports of one or more of the base stations 101 a, 101 b based on changes in frequency assignments to terminal devices. The mapping of narrowband uplink signals to antenna ports can be updated at the beginning of each slot.

[0050] In some aspects, the combining sub-system 1 10 can update the mapping of narrowband uplink signals to antenna ports without the combining sub-system 1 10 hav ing information about slot timing and w ithout the base stations 101 , 101 b identifying the frequency assignments for terminal devices (e.g., by performing signaling that identifies frequency assignments for terminal devices) . For example, the combining sub-system 1 10 can update mapping assignments at a high rate (e.g. every 2.5 microseconds) based on the powers o respectiv e narrowband uplink signals duri g a given slot. The combinin sub- system 1 10 can perform a consistency check in time and frequency to improve the result. In some aspects involvin LTE systems, the combining sub-system 1 10 can manage mapping assignments for Physical Uplink Control Channel ("PUCCH") signaling and Physical Downlink Control Channel ("PDDSCH") signaling. In other aspects involving technologies in addition to or instead of LTE, the combining sub-system 1 10 can manage other types of mapping assignments.

[005 1 ] In additional or alternative aspects, the combining sub-system 1 10 can update the mapping of narrow band uplink signals to antenna ports using infonnation about slot timing but w ithout the base stations 101 a, 10 1 b identifying the frequency assignments for terminal devices (e.g., by performing signaling that identifies frequency assignments for terminal devices). The combining sub-system 1 10 can update mapping assignments at the start of each slot based on a schedule of time slots stored in a non-transitory computer- readable medium that i accessible to the combining sub-system 1 10. For example, the processing dev ice 1 12 can determine that a start time for a slot has been reached and can configure the power measurement module 1 16 to measure the signal power for the respective narrowband uplink signals during a short interval of time associated with the slot (e g , during a time slot used by a telecommunication provider or some portion of the slot). The combining sub-system 1 10 can determine the mapping assignments from a power profile or other set f data that describes, depicts, or otherwi e identifies the signal powers of respective narrowband uplink signals. The combining sub- ystem 1 10 can store assignments for a give power profile as a database or other suitable data structure in a non-transitory computer- readable medium. Based on the power measurements, the combining sub -system 1 10 can identify assignments from the database or create new assignments in the database. In aspects involvin LTE systems, the multistage combining sub-system can manage mappin assignments for PUCCH, PUSCH. and PRACH in the same ay In other aspects involving technologies in addition to or in tead of LTE, the combining sub-system 1 10 can manage other types of mapping assignments.

[0052] In additional or alternative aspects, the combining sub-system 1 1 0 can update the mapping of narrowband upl ink signals to antenna ports using information about slot timing and information provided by one or more the base stations 101 a, 1 01 b that identifies the frequency assignments for terminal devices (e.g., by performing signaling that identifies frequency assignments for terminal dev ices). The processing device 1 1 2 can use the mappin module 1 18 to generate a profile for each terminal device that maps narrowband uplink signals received from the terminal device via one or more of the remote units 108a, 108b, 108c to one or more of the antenna ports 102a, 102b, 103a, 103b. The processing device 1 12 can use the mapping module 1 18 to generate an overall mapping assignment based on the frequency assignments from one or more of the base stations 101 a, 101 b and the terminal dev ice profiles. The multistage combinin sub-system 1 10 can manage mapping assignments for one or more of soundin reference signals, PUCCH, PUSCH, and PRACH in different ways. For example, if a base station has two antennas, PUCCH/PUSCH may involve one or two terminal devices transmitting uplink signals per frequency bin. For PUCCH/PUSCH, weak signal components may be discarded. For example, i the same uplink signal is receiv ed at two remote units from the same terminal device, and the uplink signal is stronger at one of the remote units, a weaker v ersions of the signal at another remote unit may be discarded. For PRACH, more terminal dev ices can transmit at a given time. For PRACH, the mapping algorithm may not discard weak signal components. In the processing stage 206, the combining sub -system 1 10 can select, combine, and provide the identi ied narrowband uplink signals with useful information to one or more of the antenna ports 102a, 102b, 103a, 103b. The processing stage 2 6 can be implemented in any suitable unit 1 06, such as (but not limited to) one or more master units.

[0053] The processing stage 206 can include selector dev ices 210a, 210b and combiner dev ices 1 14a-d that can be used to implement the mapping of narrowband uplink signals to one or more of the antenna ports 102a, 102b, 103a, 103b. In the processing stage 206, the combining ub-system 1 10 can select and combine narrowband uplink signals based on control data (e.g., a control vector) generated using the processing stage 204. For example, the processing dev ice 1 1 2 can provide one or more control signals to the selector devices 2 10a, 210b to select specific narrowband uplink signals identified from mappin data that is generated using the mapping module 1 18. Selecting specific narrowband uplink signals identified from mappin data can cause narrowband uplink signals without useful information to be excluded, muted, or otherwise attenuated prior to or during combinin operations performed by one or more of the combiner dev ices 1 14a-d.

[0054] Each of the selector devices 2 10a, 210b can select a set of narrowband uplink signals outputted from one or more of the filter banks 208a, 208b for routin to the combiner dev ices 1 14a-d. In some aspects, the selector dev ices can be implemented in hardware. An example of a selector dev ice is a switch matrix. In other aspects, the selectors can be implemented as software modules executed by the processing device 1 1 2. Each f the selector devices 21 0a, 210b can output the selected narrowband uplink signals to input ports of one or more of the combiner devices 1 14a-d. In some aspects, the selector dev ices 2 10a, 2 10b can include or be replaced by one or more attenuation devices. Multiple sets of narrowband uplink, signals ourputted from the filter banks 208a, 208b can be provided via the attenuation devices to each the combiner devices 114a-d. The attenuation devices can be used to mute or otherwise attenuate selected signals prior to routing signals to the combiner devices 1 14a-d.

[0055] The combiner devices 1 14a-d can combine narrowband uplink signals that are selected using the selector devices 2 10a, 2 10b. An example of a combiner device is an adding device that can add selected narrowband uplink signals and output a sum of the selected narrowband uplink signals. In some aspects, a terminal dev ice may not operate in a I MO mode, such as single-user MIMO or multi-user MI MO. For such aspects, the combiner devices 1 14a-d can be implemented as weighted adders. For example, each weight can be a normalized momentary power per branch. In some aspects that invol e L I E systems with 1 80 kHz resource blocks or GSM systems using 200 kHz carrier bandwidth, the use of normalized momentary power for each branch can implement a multiport maximum ratio combining receiver. In other aspects involv ing standards other than L I E or GSM, phase alignment may be used to phase-align the si nals to be combined.

[0056] Each of the functional blocks depicted in FIG. 2 can be implemented as hardware devices, software modules executed by a processing device, or some combination thereof. In some aspects, each f the processing stages 202, 204, 2 6 can be implemented using devices in the unit 106. In additional or alternative aspects, one or more of the processin stages 202, 204, 206 can be implemented using dev ices in one or more of the remote units 1 08a, 108b, 108c.

[0057] FIG. 3 is a block diagram that depicts an example of a filter bank 208 used by the multistage combinin sub-system 1 10. The filter bank 208 can be used to split or otherw ise div ide broadband uplink signals into narrowband uplink signals. In some aspects, each narrowband uplink signal can be digitally represented as a complex baseband si nal with a reduced sampl ing rate.

[0058] The filter bank 208 can include multiple signal paths that respectively include demodulators 302 a- n, filters 04a-n (e.g. , bandpass filters), and decimators 306a-n. A broadband uplink signal received using one of the remote units 1 08a, 108b, 108c can be provided to the filter bank 208. In some aspects, the broadband uplink signal can be converted to an IF signal prior to being prov ided to the filter bank 208.

[0059] The filter bank 208 can be configured to output n narrowband uplink signals.

Each of the n narrowband uplink signals can have the same bandwidth. [0060] As depicted in FIG. 3, the filter bank 208 can include a set of n complex demodulators ( i.e., demodulators 302a-n). Each complex demodulator can output a frequency- shifted version of the broadband uplink signal by performing a complex demodulation on the broadband uplink signal. The output of each complex demodulator can be a respective complex baseband signal For example, each of the demodulators 302a-n can include two mixers and a 90 -degree splitter that can be used to output an IQ signal (i.e. a complex baseband signal). Each complex baseband signal can be used to obtain a respective narrowband uplink signal. The group of complex demodulators for the filter bank 208 can be used to output a set of narrowband uplink signals that are equally spaced in a frequency band.

[ 0061 j The frequency shift performed by each of n complex demodulators can be represented by the function /„ + n— - The term fn represents the lowest frequency

component of a giv en broadband uplink signal. The term BWn represents the useful signal bandw idth of a complex narro band uplink signal. The term mn represents a step width for adjacent narrowband uplink signals. The step w idth can be a difference in frequencies for adjacent narrowband uplink signals. The step width can define an amount of overlap ratio betw een adjacent narrowband uplink signals. In some aspects, the step width can be selected to provide, for example, a 50% overlap between narrowband uplink signals in the frequency band of interest. In other aspects, other amounts of overlap can be used.

[ 0062 } The output of the complex demodulators can be a set of frequency-shifted upl ink signals. For example, the demodulators 302a-n can receiv e a broadband uplink signal having a frequency ft . The complex demodulators can be configured to use a bandwidth BWt and a step width of m, . A first one of the demodulators 02a-n can output the broadband upl ink signals ithout a frequency shi ft (i.e. with the frequency f% ). A second one of the demodulators 302a-n can generate a frequency-shitted uplink signal with a frequency +— K A third one o the demodulators 302a-n can generate a frequency-shifted uplink

2.BW

signal w ith a frequency of ft -I -.

[0063] The filters 304a-n can be implemented in any manner suitable for extracting or other ise obtaining sets of narrowband uplink signals from the received uplink signals. In some aspects, the filters 304a-n can be implemented in a manner suitable for use w ith complex signal representations. In other aspects, the filters 04a-n can be implemented in a manner suitable for use w ith real signal representations. In some aspects involving complex signal representations, the filters 3()4 -n can be low-pass filters. In other aspects, the filters 304a-n can be bandpass filters.

[0064] The filters 04a-n can receive respective frequency-shifted uplink signal from the demodulators 302a-n. Each of the filters 304a-n for a giv en one of the filter bank 208 can be configured with the same passband with the bandwidth BWn . Each of the filters 304a-n can be, for example, a bandpass filter having a center frequency that is the same as or otherwise corresponds to a center frequency of each frequency shifted signal.

[0065] The filter bank 208 can include decimators 06a-n respectively follow ing the filters 304a-n. Each o the decimators 306a-n can decimate a respective narrowband uplink signal to reduce the sampling rate of the narrow band uplink signal. Reducing the sampling rate of the narrowband uplink signals can allow the set of narrowband uplink signals to be compressed. In some aspects, reducing the sampling rate of the narrow band uplink signals can allow a number of bits used for each complex sample to be minimized (e.g., due to a reduced dynamic range of the narrow band uplink signals, due to introducing a different number format such as a complex mantissa and a real exponent, etc. ) In some aspects in which the filter bank 208 is included in a remote unit, the decimators 6a-n can be used to compress sets f narrowband uplink signals for transmission to the unit 106. In other aspects in which the filter bank 208 is included in a unit 104, the decimators 306a-n can be omitted.

[0066] In some aspects, the filter bank 208 can be implemented using a processing dev ice that can execute suitable program code. Examples of a processing device include a microprocessor, an ASIC, an FPGA, or other suitable processing device. The processing device may include any number of processors, including one. The program code ca be stored in any non-transitory computer-readable medium capable of tangibly embodying executable instructions and can include electronic, magnetic, or optical dev ices.

[0067] FIG. 4 is a flow chart depicting an example of a process 400 for selectively combining narro band uplink signals in a DAS 104. The process 400 is described with respect to one or more of the aspects and examples described above ith respect to FIGs. 1 -3. Other implementations, how ever, are possible.

[0068] The process 400 involves dividing broadband uplink signals received by remote units into sets of narrowband upl ink signals, as depicted in block 402. For example, the combining sub- system 1 10 can divide broadband upl ink signals received via one or more of the remote units 108a, 108b, 108c into sets of narrow band uplink signals using one or more dev ices in the processing stage 202, as described above with respect to FIG. 2.

[0069] In some aspects, the combining sub-system 1 1 can use filter banks 208a,

208b for dividing broadband uplink signals received by remote units into sets of narrowband uplink signals. For example, a first broadband uplink signal received by a first remote unit can be provided to a first filter bank 208a and a second broadband uplink signal received by a second remote unit can be provided to a second filter bank 208b. Each filter bank can use at least some of the demodulators 302a-n to respectively generate first and second sets of frequency-shifted uplink signals from the first and second broadband uplink signal. Each filter bank can use at least some of the filters 304a-n to respectively filter the first and second sets of frequency-shifted uplink signals to generate sets of narrowband uplink signals. In some aspects, the filters 304a-n can be bandpass filters having respective center frequencies corresponding center frequencies of the frequency-shifted uplink signal. In some aspects, each filter bank can use at least some of the decimators 306a-n to down-sample the narrowband uplink signals for transmission to a master unit, an extension unit, or other suitable unit 04.

[0070] The process 400 also involves selecting subsets f narrowband uplink signals from the sets of narrowband uplink signals based on the subsets of narrowband uplink signals having signal powers above a threshold signal power, as depicted in block 404. For example, the combinin sub-system 110 can select subsets of narrowband uplink signals from the sets of narrowband uplink signals using one or more devices in the processing stage 204, as described above with respect to FIG. 2.

[007 11 In some aspects, the subsets of narrowband uplink signals can be selected based on a mapping that associates one or more of the antenna ports 102a, 102b, 103a, 103b with one or more of the remote units 108a, 108b, 108c. A processing device of the combining sub -system 1 10 (such as, but not limited to, a processing device 1 12 executing instructions in a mapping module 1 18 or a dedicated processing device in the mappin module 1 18) can identify the mapping bv accessing data in a non-transitory computer- readable medium accessible to the processing device. The processin device can configure one or more of the selector devices 210a, 210b to select the subsets of narrowband signals based on the mapping. In some aspects, this selection criteria can be used in addition to one or more other criteria (e.g., the subsets of narrowband signals having signal powers greater than a threshold signal power).

[0072] I additional or alternative aspects, the subsets of narrowband uplink signals can be selected based on a mapping that associates one or more of the antenna ports 102a, 102b, 103a, 103b with one or more frequencies and one or more times periods that are used for signaling the base station to establish communication with terminal devices (e.g., frequencies and time slots used for PRACH signaling). A processin device of the combining sub-system 1 10 ( such as. but not limited to, a processing device 1 12 executing instructions in a mapping module 1 1 8 or a dedicated processing device in the mapping module 1 18) can identify the mapping by accessing data in a non-transitory computer- readable medium accessible to the processing dev ice. The processing device can configure one or more of the selector devices 210a, 210b to select the subsets of narrowband signals based on the mapping. In some aspects, this selection criteria can be used in addition to one or more other criteria (e.g.. the subsets of narrowband signals having signal powers greater than a threshold signal power, mappings between remote units and antenna ports, etc. ).

[0073] In additional or alternative aspects, the subsets of narrowband uplink signals can be selected for routing to at least some of the antenna ports 102a. 102b, 103a. 103b based on the original broadband uplink signals being receiv ed using a MIMO configuration. A processing dev ice of the combining sub- system 1 10 (such as, but not limited to, a processin device 1 12 executing suitable instructions r a dedicated processing dev ice in the mapping module 1 18) can determine that tw o or more broadband uplink signals have been received by at least two antenna elements in one or more of the remote units 1 08a, 1 08b, 108c using a MIMO configuration. The processing dev ice can configure one or more of the selector dev ices 2 10a. 210b to select the subsets of narrowband signals based on the corresponding broadband uplink signals being receiv ed using a MIMO configuration. In some aspects, this selection criteria can be used in addition to one or more other criteria (e.g. , the subsets of narrowband signals having signal powers greater than a threshold signal power, mappings between remote units and antenna ports, mappings between antenna ports and resources used for signalin the base station to establish communication with terminal dev ices, etc.).

[0074] The process 400 also inv olves combining the selected subsets of narrowband uplink signals for routin to a base station, as depicted in block 406 For example, the combining sub-system 1 10 can combine selected subsets of narrowband uplink signals using one or more combiner dev ices 1 14a-d in the processing stage 206, as described abov e with respect to FIG. 2. In some aspects, combining the selected signals can inv olve excluding, muting, or otherw ise attenuating narrowband uplink signals that are not included in the selected subsets of narrowband upl ink signals from the combining operation.

[0075 { While the present subject matter has been described in detail with respect to specific aspects and features thereof, it ill be appreciated that those skilled in the art, upon attaining an understanding f the foregoing may readily produce alterations to, variations of, and equivalents to such aspects and features. Each of the disclosed aspects, examples, and features can be combined w ith one or more of the other disclosed aspects, examples, and features. Accordingly, it should be understood that the present disc losure has been presented for purposes of example rather than limitation, and does not preclude inclusion of such modifications, variations and or additions to the present subject matter as would be readily apparent to one of ordinary skill in the art.

Claims

Claim
What is claimed is;
3. A method comprising:
receiving a first broadband uplink signal from a first remote unit of a distributed antenna system and a second broadband uplink signal from a second remote unit of the distributed antenn system;
dividing the first broadband uplink signal into a first plurality of narrowband uplink signais and the second broadband uplink signal into a second plurality of narrowband uplink signais;
selecting a first subset of narrowband uplink signals from the first plurality of narrowband uplink signals and a second subset of narrowband uplink signals from the second plurality of narrowband upl ink signals based on the first subset of narrowband uplink signals and the second subset of narrowband uplink signals ha ving signal powers above a threshold si nal power; and
combining the selected first and second subsets of narrowband uplink signals for routing to a base station, wherein combining the selected first and second subsets of narrowband uplink signals comprises excluding narrowband uplink signais outside the selected first and second subsets of narrowband uplink signals from the combining operation,
2. The method of claim 1 , further comprising identifying a mapping of narrowband uplink signals to an antenna port of the base station based on a first geographic location of the first remote unit and a second geographic location of the second remote unit, wherein the first subset of narrowband uplink signals and the second subset of narrowband uplink signals are also selected for the combining operation based on the mapping associating the antenna port with the first remote unit and the second remote unit.
3. The method of claim 1 , further comprising identifying a mapping of narrowband uplink signals to an antenna port of the base station based on the narrowband uplink signals being associated with at least one frequency and at least one time period used for signaling the base station to establish communication with terminal devices, wherein the first subset of narrowband uplink signais and the second subset of narrowband uplink signais are also selected for the combining operation based on the mapping associating the at least one frequency and the at least one time period with the antenna port.
4. The method of claim I
generating a first map h the base station, wherein the first m vtion with frequencies of the first subset of narrowband uplink signals and the second subset of narrowband uplink si gnals;
obtaining; during a second time slot used for communication with the base station, a third subset of narrowband uplink signals from a third broadband uplink signal and a fourth subset of narrowband uplink signals from a fourth broadband uplink signal based on the third subset of narrowband uplink signals and the fourth subset of narrowband uplink signals having signal powers above the threshold signal power; and
generating a second mapping for the second time slot, wherein the second mapping associates the antenna port with frequencies of the third subset of narrowband uplink signals and the fourth subset of narrowband uplink signals.
5. The method of claim 1 , wherein the first broadband uplink signal, and the second broadband uplink signal are received using the first remote unit and the second remote unit in a multiple-input/multiple-output configuration, wherein the first subset of narrowband uplink signals and the second subset of narrowband uplink signals are also selected for the combining operation based on the first broadband uplink signal and the second broadband uplink signal being received in the muStipie-input n uitiple-output configuration,
6. The method of claim 1 , wherein dividing the first broadband uplink signal into the first plurality of narrowband uplink signals and the second broadband uplink signal into the second plurality of narrowband uplink signals comprises;
providing the first broadband uplink signal to a first filter bank and the second broadband uplink signal to a second filter bank;
generating, by the first filter bank, a first plurality of frequency-shifted uplink signals from the first broadband uplink signal;
generating, by the second filter bank, a second plurality of frequency-shifted uplink signals from the second broadband uplink signal; and
filtering, by a first plurality of filters in the first filter bank and a second plurality of fi lters in the second filter bank, the respective first and second pluralities of frequency-shifted uplink signals to generate the first and second pluralities of narrowband uplink signals. wherein each filter of the first plurality of filters and the second plurality of filters has a passband corresponding to a s L
7. The method of claim rs and the second plurality of filters comprises a respective bandpass filter having a respective center frequency corresponding to a respective additional center frequency of the respective frequency-shifted uplink signal.
8. The method of claim 6, further comprising reducing a sampling rate of the first and second pluralities of narrowband uplink signals and transmitting the first and second pluralities of narrowband uplink signals with the reduced sampling rate to a master unit of the distributed antenna system,
9. A. combining sub-system comprising;
a first filter bank configured for dividing a first broadband uplink signal received from a first remote unit of a distributed antenna system into a first plurality of narrowband uplink signals;
a second filter bank configured for dividing a second broadband uplink signal received from a second remote unit of the distributed antenna system into a second plurality of narrowband uplink signals;
at least one selector device configured for selecting a first subset of narrowband uplink signals from the first plurality of narrowband uplink signals and a second subset of narrowband uplink signals from the second plurality of narrowband uplink signals based on the first subset of narrowband uplink signals and the second subset of narrowband uplink signals having signal powers above a threshold signal power; and
at least one combining device configured for combining the selected first and second subsets of narrowband uplink signals for routing to a base station, wherein combining the selected first and second subsets of narrowband uplink signals comprises excluding narrowband uplink signals outside the selected first and second subsets of narrowband uplink signals from the combining operation.
10. The combining sub-system of claim 9, further comprising a processing device configured for:
identifying a mapping f the base station based on a first geogn jeographic location of the second remote unit; and
configuring the at least one selector device for selecting the first subset of narrowband uplink signals and the second subset of narrowband uplink signals based on the mapping associating the antenna port with the first remote unit and the second remote unit.
1 1. The combining sub-system of claim 9, further comprising a processing device configured for:
identifying a mapping of narrowband uplink signals to an antenna port of the base station based on the narrowband uplink signals being associated with at least one frequency and at least one time period used for signaling the base station to establish communication with terminal devices; and
configuring the at least one selector device for selecting the first subset of narrowband uplink signals and the second subset of narrowband uplink signals based on the mapping associating the at least one frequency and the at least one time period with the antenna port.
12, The combining sub-system of claim 9, further comprising a processing device configured for:
generating a first mapping for a first time slot used for communication with the base station, wherein the first mapping associates an antenna port of the base station with frequencies of the first subset of narrowband uplink signals and the second subset of narrowband uplink signals;
identifying, during a second time slot used for communication with the base station, a third subset of narrowband uplink signals from a third broadband up!ink signal and a fourth subset of narrowband uplink signals from a fourth broadband uplink signal, wherein the third subset of narrowband uplink signals and the fourth subset of narrowband uplink signals are identified based on having signal powers above the threshold signal power; and
generating a second mapping for the second time slot, wherein the second mapping associates the antenna port with frequencies of the third subset of narrowband uplink signals and the fourth subset of narrowband uplink signals.
13. The combining sub-system of claim 9, further comprising a processing device configured for:
determining that the f ind uplink signai are received using the muitiple- input rmi tiple-output configuration; and
configuring the at least one selector device for selecting the first subset of narrowband uplink signals and the second subset of narrowband upbnk signals based on the first broadband uplink signal and the second broadband uplink signal being received in the multiple-input/mul tiple-output configuration.
14, The combining sub-system of claim 13, wherein the first filter bank furthe comprises a first plurality of demodulators configured for generating a first plurality of frequency- shifted uplink signals from the first broadband uplink signal and a first plurality of filters configured for filtering the first plurality of frequency-shifted uplink signals to generate the first plurality of narrowband uplink signals;
wherein the second filter bank further comprises a second plurality of demodulators configured for generating a second plurality of frequency-shifted uplink signals from the second broadband uplink signal and a second plurality of filters configured for filtering the second plurality of frequency- hifted uplink signals to generate the second plurality of narrowband uplink signals;
wherein each filter of the first plurality of filters and the second plurality of filters has a passband corresponding to a specified bandwidth for each narrowband uplink signal.
15, The combining sub-system of claim 14, wherein each filter of the first plurality of filters and the second plurality of filters comprises a respective bandpass filter having a respective center frequency corresponding to a respective additional center frequency of the respective frequency-shifted uplink signal.
16, A distributed antenna system comprising;
a first remote unit configured for receiving a first broadband uplink signal and dividing the first broadband uplink signal into a first plurality of narrowband uplink signals; a second remote unit configured for receiving a second broadband uplink signai and dividing the second broadband uplink signal into a second plurality of narrowband uplink signals; and a unit communicatively coupled to the first remote unit and the second remote unit and communicatively coup!ab
selecting a firs ilurality of narrowband uplink signals mu he second plurality of narrowband uplink signals based on the first subset of narrowband uplink signals and the second subset of narrowband, uplink signals having signal powers above a threshold signal power, and
combining the selected first and second subsets of narrowband uplink signals for routing to the base station, wherein combinmg the selected first and second subsets of narrowband uplink signals comprises excluding narrowband uplink signals outside the selected first and second subsets of narrowband uplink signals from the combining operation.
37. The distributed antenna system of claim 16, w herein the unit is further configured for : identifying a mapping of narrowband uplink signals to an antenna port of the base station based on a first geographic location of the first remote unit and a second geographic location of the second remote unit; and
selecting the first subset of narrowband uplink signals and the second subset of narrowband uplink signals for the combining operation based on the mapping associating the antenna port with the first remote unit and the second remote unit.
18, The distributed antenna system of claim 16, wherein the unit is further configured for; identifying a mapping of narrowband uplink signals to an antenna port of the base station based on the narrowband uplink signals being associated with at least one frequency and at least one time period used for signaling the base station to establish communication with terminal devices; and
selecting the first subset of narrowband uplink signals and the second subset of narrowband, uplink signals for the combining operation based on the mapping associating the at least one frequency and the at least one time period with the antenna port.
19. The distributed antenna system of claim 16, wherein the unit is further configured for: generating a first mapping for a first time slot used for communication with the base station, wherein the first mapping associates an antenna port of the base station with frequencies of the first subset of narrowband uplink signals and the second subset of narrowband uplink signals: obtaining, during a second time slot used for communication with the base station, a third subset of narrowband uj d a fourth subset of narrowband uplink $ n the third subset of narrowband uplink ilk signals having signal powers above the threshold signal power; and
generating a second mapping for the second time slot, wherein the second mapping associates the antenna port with frequencies of the third subset of narrowband uplink signals and the fourth subset of narrowband uplink signals.
20. The distributed antenna system of claim 16, wherein the first remote unit and the second remote unit are configured for a multiple-input mu-fi.ple<mtput configuration, wherein the unit is configured for selecting the first subset of narrowband uplink signals and the second subset of narrowband uplink signals based on the first broadband uplink signal and the second broadband uplink signal being received in the multiple-input½tdtiple-output configuration.
21. The distributed antenna system of claim 16, wherein the first remote unit comprises a first filter bank, configured for generating a first plurality of frequency- shifted uplink signals from the first broadband uplink signal and filtering the first pluralitv- of frequency-shifted uplink signals to generate the first plurality of narrowband uplink signals;
wherein the second remote unit comprises a second filter bank configured for generating a second plurality of frequency-shifted uplink signals from the second broadband uplink signal and filtering the second plurality of frequency-shifted uplink signals to generate the second plurality of narrowband uplink signals.
22. The distributed antenna system of claim 16, wherein each of the first remote unit and the second remote unit is further configured for reducing a sampling rate of the first and second pluralities of narrowband uplink signals and transmitting the first and second pluralities of narrowband uplink signals with the reduced sampling rate to the unit.
PCT/US2015/018922 2014-04-09 2015-03-05 Multistage combining sub-system for distributed antenna system WO2015156927A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US201461977273P true 2014-04-09 2014-04-09
US61/977,273 2014-04-09

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP15777133.8A EP3130083B1 (en) 2014-04-09 2015-03-05 Multistage combining sub-system for distributed antenna system
US14/655,606 US9722675B2 (en) 2014-04-09 2015-03-05 Multistage combining sub-system for distributed antenna system
US15/664,072 US20170331527A1 (en) 2014-04-09 2017-07-31 Multistage combining sub-system for distributed antenna system

Related Child Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US14/655,606 A-371-Of-International US9722675B2 (en) 2014-04-09 2015-03-05 Multistage combining sub-system for distributed antenna system
US15/664,072 Continuation US20170331527A1 (en) 2014-04-09 2017-07-31 Multistage combining sub-system for distributed antenna system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2015156927A1 true WO2015156927A1 (en) 2015-10-15

Family

ID=54288254

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/US2015/018922 WO2015156927A1 (en) 2014-04-09 2015-03-05 Multistage combining sub-system for distributed antenna system

Country Status (3)

Country Link
US (2) US9722675B2 (en)
EP (1) EP3130083B1 (en)
WO (1) WO2015156927A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US10470245B2 (en) * 2018-02-16 2019-11-05 Commscope Technologies Llc Variable upgradable multi-user port of a remote antenna unit

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040203394A1 (en) * 2002-04-08 2004-10-14 Adc Telecommunications, Inc. Method and apparatus for intelligent noise reduction in a distributed communication system
US20110274145A1 (en) * 2010-04-27 2011-11-10 Oliver Braz Interface module for a unit of an antenna distribution system, and antenna distribution system
US20120257659A1 (en) * 2009-11-12 2012-10-11 Oliver Braz Master unit, remote unit and multiband transmission system
US20130071112A1 (en) * 2011-09-15 2013-03-21 Andrew Wireless Systems Gmbh Configuration Sub-System for Telecommunication Systems
US20130329825A1 (en) * 2007-02-19 2013-12-12 Corning Mobileaccess Ltd Method and system for improving uplink performance

Family Cites Families (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6377812B1 (en) 1997-11-20 2002-04-23 University Of Maryland Combined power control and space-time diversity in mobile cellular communications
KR100969749B1 (en) 2004-10-11 2010-07-13 삼성전자주식회사 Resources allocation method in improved hybrid duplexing technology-based cellular communication system
US8310963B2 (en) 2008-06-24 2012-11-13 Adc Telecommunications, Inc. System and method for synchronized time-division duplex signal switching
US7961689B2 (en) 2008-08-18 2011-06-14 Adc Telecommunications, Inc. Method and apparatus for determining an end of a subframe in a TDD system
US8346091B2 (en) 2009-04-29 2013-01-01 Andrew Llc Distributed antenna system for wireless network systems
IT1398025B1 (en) 2010-02-12 2013-02-07 Andrew Llc Distributed antenna systems for communications mime.
US8681917B2 (en) 2010-03-31 2014-03-25 Andrew Llc Synchronous transfer of streaming data in a distributed antenna system
US8346160B2 (en) 2010-05-12 2013-01-01 Andrew Llc System and method for detecting and measuring uplink traffic in signal repeating systems
CN102377477B (en) 2010-08-27 2015-01-21 华为技术有限公司 Baseband signal transmission method and device
JP5388369B2 (en) 2010-11-08 2014-01-15 株式会社Nttドコモ Mobile terminal apparatus and communication control method
CN102752250B (en) 2011-04-19 2014-12-10 鼎桥通信技术有限公司 Intermediate frequency processing method and device for uplink and downlink, and radio remote unit (RRU)
EP2752044B1 (en) 2011-08-29 2016-07-20 CommScope Technologies LLC Configuring a distributed antenna system
WO2013033715A2 (en) 2011-09-02 2013-03-07 Dali Systems Co. Ltd. Software configurable distributed antenna system and method for reducing uplink noise
WO2013116802A1 (en) 2012-02-02 2013-08-08 Andrew Llc Optimized telecommunications distribution system
US9603032B2 (en) 2012-06-14 2017-03-21 Advanced Rf Technologies, Inc. System and method for automatically measuring uplink noise level of distributed antenna system
US8953724B2 (en) 2012-06-27 2015-02-10 Andrew Llc Canceling narrowband interfering signals in a distributed antenna system
EP2873164A4 (en) 2012-07-11 2016-03-02 Adc Telecommunications Inc Distributed antenna system with managed connectivity
US9191912B2 (en) * 2013-09-26 2015-11-17 Adc Telecommunications, Inc. Systems and methods for location determination

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040203394A1 (en) * 2002-04-08 2004-10-14 Adc Telecommunications, Inc. Method and apparatus for intelligent noise reduction in a distributed communication system
US20130329825A1 (en) * 2007-02-19 2013-12-12 Corning Mobileaccess Ltd Method and system for improving uplink performance
US20120257659A1 (en) * 2009-11-12 2012-10-11 Oliver Braz Master unit, remote unit and multiband transmission system
US20110274145A1 (en) * 2010-04-27 2011-11-10 Oliver Braz Interface module for a unit of an antenna distribution system, and antenna distribution system
US20130071112A1 (en) * 2011-09-15 2013-03-21 Andrew Wireless Systems Gmbh Configuration Sub-System for Telecommunication Systems

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
See also references of EP3130083A4 *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US20170331527A1 (en) 2017-11-16
EP3130083B1 (en) 2019-12-11
EP3130083A1 (en) 2017-02-15
EP3130083A4 (en) 2017-12-27
US9722675B2 (en) 2017-08-01
US20160285521A1 (en) 2016-09-29

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US5909649A (en) Space division multiple access radio communication system and method for allocating channels therein
US9179321B2 (en) Digital capacity centric distributed antenna system
US8908607B2 (en) Digital baseband transport in telecommunications distribution systems
JP5548929B2 (en) Communication terminal, base station and communication method thereof
US5406588A (en) Method and apparatus for mitigating distortion effects in the determination of signal usability
RU2437213C2 (en) Retransmitter having configuration with double antenna of receiver or transmitter with adaptation to increase decoupling
KR100567172B1 (en) Method and apparatus for measuring nonlinear effects in a communication system
EP2271003B1 (en) Satellite communications systems and methods using radiotelephone location-based beamforming
KR100609128B1 (en) Apparatus and method for measuring quality of reverse link in CDMA system
DE69913134T2 (en) Transmitting and receiving arrangement and method for controlling the transmission power
ES2527269T3 (en) Radio communication device and radio communication method
US9414245B2 (en) Method and apparatus for detection of intermodulation products
EP2433377B2 (en) System for the distribution of radio-frequency signals
US20160103199A1 (en) System, method and computer-readable medium for estimating direction of arrival of a signal incident on at least one antenna array
KR100809796B1 (en) Methods and apparatus for selecting between multiple carriers using a receiver with multiple receiver chains
US9866327B2 (en) Distributed radio communication base station system, base band unit, remote radio unit, and method for operating distributed radio communication base station system
JPWO2005089006A1 (en) Scheduling method and base station apparatus
EP2165430B1 (en) Setting maximum power at a mobile communication system base station having multiple antennas
US10313030B2 (en) Configuration sub-system for telecommunication systems
US7120465B2 (en) Transceiver system including multiple radio base stations that share an antenna
TW200423562A (en) Cross cell user equipment interference reduction in a time division duplex communication system using code division multiple access
CN103733664A (en) Method and apparatuses for managing a distributed antenna system
KR100824492B1 (en) Method and system for detecting in-band jammers in a spread spectrum wireless base station
KR100821821B1 (en) Method and apparatus for classifying interference
JP2009503992A (en) Scheduling method for arrival time positioning in uplink and downlink

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
WWE Wipo information: entry into national phase

Ref document number: 14655606

Country of ref document: US

121 Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application

Ref document number: 15777133

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1

NENP Non-entry into the national phase in:

Ref country code: DE

REEP Request for entry into the european phase

Ref document number: 2015777133

Country of ref document: EP

WWE Wipo information: entry into national phase

Ref document number: 2015777133

Country of ref document: EP