WO2015139430A1 - 地板空气调节系统 - Google Patents

地板空气调节系统 Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2015139430A1
WO2015139430A1 PCT/CN2014/086067 CN2014086067W WO2015139430A1 WO 2015139430 A1 WO2015139430 A1 WO 2015139430A1 CN 2014086067 W CN2014086067 W CN 2014086067W WO 2015139430 A1 WO2015139430 A1 WO 2015139430A1
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Prior art keywords
floor
conditioning system
air conditioning
air
space
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PCT/CN2014/086067
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English (en)
French (fr)
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李炳学
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崔明子
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Publication of WO2015139430A1 publication Critical patent/WO2015139430A1/zh

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/02Ducting arrangements
    • F24F13/0227Ducting arrangements using parts of the building, e.g. air ducts inside the floor, walls or ceiling of a building
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0007Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater cooling apparatus specially adapted for use in air-conditioning
    • F24F5/0017Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater cooling apparatus specially adapted for use in air-conditioning using cold storage bodies, e.g. ice
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/30Control or safety arrangements for purposes related to the operation of the system, e.g. for safety or monitoring
    • F24F11/46Improving electric energy efficiency or saving
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/30Control or safety arrangements for purposes related to the operation of the system, e.g. for safety or monitoring
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0096Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater combined with domestic apparatus
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2110/00Control inputs relating to air properties
    • F24F2110/10Temperature
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/14Thermal energy storage

Definitions

  • the present invention relates to the field of air conditioning, and in particular to refrigeration and heating ventilation, and more particularly to a floor air conditioning system.
  • heating or cooling the building by adjusting the indoor air temperature of the building is the best, fastest and most energy-saving method, so it is installed in many buildings.
  • the central air conditioning unit, the household air conditioning unit, and the heat pump unit are used for heating or cooling.
  • the form adopted in the air conditioning system is to be delivered.
  • the return air passage, the fan coil or the electric heating fan is installed in the midair of the indoor space, and directly releases the hot and cold air into the indoor space and recovers the indoor air to achieve the purpose of air conditioning.
  • its air conditioning effect is good, sometimes its air supply and return air modes are opposite to those of the “hot and cold” airflow, so it is impossible to achieve the air conditioning effect that is consistent with the theoretical results, especially in winter.
  • In areas where heating is required not only can the ideal heating effect be achieved, but also energy is seriously wasted, resulting in an air conditioning mode with the best energy saving potential that is difficult to promote in the heating field.
  • the inventor of the present application combines relevant experience collected in decades of life and work practice and various materials information learned, according to the working principle of the fire, developed a room for the entire room floor as a ventilation passage, room
  • the space is a return air passage, and has an energy storage function of the air conditioning system - floor air conditioning system.
  • a floor air conditioning system wherein an indoor space in which the floor air conditioning system is located is partitioned into an upper space and a lower space that are hermetically isolated from each other, the floor air conditioning system comprising: energy a source and at least one air blowing device, the energy source and the at least one air blowing device being spaced apart from each other on the floor, wherein the energy source is configured to supply energy to the lower space, The air blowing device is configured to convey air in the lower space to the upper space.
  • the energy source is an electric heating fan for heating or a fan coil unit for heating or cooling, and the energy source is for conveying the generated hot air or cold air to the lower space in a forced drainage manner. in.
  • the floor comprises a plurality of panels joined by a snap between the edge strips and the tie bars to form the floor.
  • the floor has a support portion under the floor, and the floor is supported on the floor of the indoor space by the support portion, wherein the support portion and the ground have a leveling pad.
  • the lower space forms an air flow passage below the entire floor.
  • the floor air conditioning system further includes an indoor temperature sensor, the air blowing device includes a closing device, and the floor air conditioning system is configured to be capable of controlling an indoor temperature according to the indoor temperature sensor.
  • the opening and closing of the closing device maintains the indoor space at a preset temperature.
  • the air blowing device is an air blowing port.
  • the air blowing device is a blower that can forcibly transport air in the lower space to the upper space.
  • blower has a hundred pages that can be adjusted up and down.
  • blower is provided with an air filter at its air inlet.
  • the improved floor air conditioning system according to the present invention advantageous technical effects are achieved over the prior art, for example, using the airflow principle of "hot cooling down” to design a working mode, thereby having a "hot up and down”
  • the device of the airflow principle enables the heating operation to save energy; and solves the problem of hanging safety that occurs in the prior art, and the floor air conditioning system according to the present invention can also have the advantages of an energy storage function and the like.
  • Figure 1 shows a general view of a floor air conditioning system in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention
  • FIG. 2 shows a schematic structural view of a floor using a floor air conditioning system according to an embodiment of the present invention
  • Figure 3 shows a cross-sectional view of the floor shown in Figure 2 taken along line A-A;
  • Figure 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along line B-B of the floor shown in Figure 2;
  • Figure 5 is a structural view showing the connector of the floor shown in Figure 2;
  • FIG. 6 is a schematic view showing a structure and an installation state of a floor using a floor air conditioning system according to an embodiment of the present invention
  • Figure 7 shows a schematic view of a blower in a floor air conditioning system in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention
  • Figure 8 shows a schematic view of a fan coil set in a floor air conditioning system in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention
  • Figure 9 shows a schematic view of an electric heat blower in a floor air conditioning system in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention.
  • a floor air conditioning system see Fig. 1, which shows a general view of a floor air conditioning system in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention.
  • Fig. 1 shows a general view of a floor air conditioning system in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention.
  • Fig. 1 shows an interior space in which a floor air conditioning system according to the present invention is installed, the indoor space being partitioned by the floor 200 into an upper space and a lower space that are hermetically isolated from each other, as shown, the floor air conditioning
  • the system comprises: an energy source 20 and two air blowing devices 10, the number of air blowing devices being exemplary. According to the specific structure of the indoor space, different numbers of air blowing devices 10 can be provided, and these variants are all included in the protection of the present application. Within the scope.
  • the energy source 20 and the two air blowing devices 10 are placed on the floor panel 200 at intervals, wherein the energy source is configured to supply energy to the lower space.
  • the air blowing device is configured to convey air in the lower space to the upper space.
  • Figure 8 shows a schematic view of a fan coil set in a floor air conditioning system in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention
  • Figure 9 illustrates a A schematic view of an electric heat blower in a floor air conditioning system of an embodiment.
  • the energy source is an electric heating fan 50 for heating or a fan coil unit 40 for heating or cooling, the energy source for generating hot or cold air Delivery to the lower space in a forced grooming manner.
  • the floor 200 includes a plurality of panels
  • FIG. 2 illustrates the structure of a floor using a floor air conditioning system according to an embodiment of the present invention.
  • 3 is a cross-sectional view taken along line AA of the floor shown in FIG. 2; and
  • FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along line BB of the floor shown in FIG. 2.
  • Fig. 5 is a structural view showing the joint of the floor shown in Fig. 2.
  • FIG. 6 shows a schematic diagram of a structure and an installation state of a floor using a floor air conditioning system according to an embodiment of the present invention.
  • the floor 200 has a support portion below the floor, the floor being supported by the support portion on the floor 100 of the indoor space, wherein the support portion and the ground There is a leveling block 220 between them.
  • the lower space forms an air flow passage 150 below the entire floor.
  • the floor air conditioning system further includes an indoor temperature sensor (not shown).
  • the air blowing device 10 includes a closing device, and the floor air conditioning system is configured to be capable of controlling opening and closing of the closing device according to an indoor temperature measured by the indoor temperature sensor to keep the indoor space in advance Set the temperature.
  • the air blowing device may be a blower.
  • the air blowing device is a blower that is capable of forcibly conveying air in the lower space to the upper space.
  • Figure 7 shows a schematic view of a blower in a floor air conditioning system in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention.
  • the blower has a hundred pages 15 that can be adjusted up and down.
  • the blower is provided with an air filter 14 at its air inlet.
  • ground air conditioning system (hereinafter referred to as "ground air conditioning system” structure description:
  • the air conditioning system consists of a multi-functional floor block, a blower, an electric fan or a fan coiler. See Figure 1 for details.
  • the multi-functional floorboard is a brand new floor decoration product specially designed for the air conditioning system with air duct function, energy storage function, sound insulation function, decoration function and pipe laying and cable function. It is an air conditioning system installed in the room.
  • the key products are also the key products for the factory production of building floor decoration.
  • the multi-functional floorboard is composed of a steel plate, an edge band, an energy storage layer, a structural layer and a decorative layer (see the multifunctional floorboard in Fig. 2), wherein the steel plate is specially designed for the multifunctional floor block.
  • edge banding are key components of this product and one of the keys to ensuring the versatility of the floor.
  • the steel plate and the edge banding are detailed in the sectional view of the multifunctional floorboard and the multifunctional floorboard edge banding in Figure 5.
  • the installation and connection of the multi-functional floorboard is realized by the aluminum alloy connecting strip specially designed for it (see the multifunctional floorboard connecting strip in Fig. 5) and the interlocking of the edge strips in the multifunctional floorboard.
  • This not only makes the whole floorboard installed in the room form a large whole, but also can be filled with a special groove in the connecting strip to achieve good airtightness of the floor surface (see the multifunctional floor in Fig. 6 for details).
  • Schematic diagram of plate installation ).
  • the airtightness and sound-reducing space between the structural floor of the house and the decorative floor surface form a perfect airflow passage for the air conditioning of the room, that is, the air duct function. .
  • the multifunctional floor block is provided with energy storage materials, when hot air or cold air flows underground in the floor block, part of the energy can be absorbed for storage, that is, the energy storage function.
  • the floor of the multifunctional floorboard is provided with rubber gaskets, and an air layer is formed between the floor surface and the structural layer of the room, which greatly improves the sound insulation effect of the floor of the building, that is, the sound insulation function.
  • the user-selected decorative materials can be directly installed on the floorboard according to the user's floor decoration requirements, and the floor surface decoration process is completed at the same time as the multi-functional floorboards are installed on the site, and There are no obstacles in the multi-functional panel, so there can be no problems with wall, furniture, equipment, etc. installed on it.
  • the multi-purpose floorboard is an all-pass dry space as large as the room area, it is not only possible to lay any pipeline to any direction of the room according to the room decoration needs, but also to change the pipeline direction flexibly according to the change of the room layout in the future.
  • the special air blower for the air conditioning system is a fully automatic control device with air supply function specially designed for supporting the system.
  • the structure is detailed as shown in Figure 7 for the dedicated air blower for the floor air conditioning system. It not only plays the role of conveying cold and hot air in the floor air duct to the room space, but also has the function of adjusting the air supply direction according to the needs of cooling and heating, so that the air in the room can flow in accordance with the principle of hot air cooling, and realize heating. Maximize the cooling effect.
  • the electric air heater and fan coil unit for the air conditioning system are fully automatic control devices with heating or heat exchange function specially designed for the system.
  • the structure is shown in the electric heating fan and fan coil unit in Figures 8 and 9. They are the cold and heat source equipment of the ground air conditioning system, and also the equipment that transports cold and hot air to the air flow passage under the floor.
  • the fan coil unit can be connected to any form of cooling or heating body such as boiler, chiller, air conditioner, heat pump, solar heating equipment.
  • the room that needs air conditioning is divided into two spaces, that is, providing people with space above the floor for living and working, and the work required for production, and providing the air conditioning for the room.
  • the floor layer of the room consisting of multi-functional floorboards not only has good airtightness, but also has a full-passage space at the bottom, which is as large as the room area, and the storage capacity is also provided by the insulation measures.
  • the floor layer in the room and the space underneath it have an energy storage function, and the floor structure is identical to the traditional fire structure in the north.
  • Fire is recognized as the most effective, comfortable, energy-saving and most economical method because of its excellent heat dissipation and energy storage functions. Therefore, this system is a room.
  • An excellent air conditioning terminal system is installed.
  • the blower in the room is equivalent to installing a stove and a chimney stack for the fire floor.
  • the hot air or cold air generated by the electric heating fan or the fan coil unit is sent to the under-floor space by forced drainage, and then sent back to the electric heating fan or the fan coil unit through the air outlet or the blower on the floor, thereby circulating two in the room.
  • the air conditioning system is cooled by the clean air and the heat medium is circulated, so it can be raised or lowered cumulatively. The temperature in the room, so the efficiency, energy efficiency, environmental protection and safety of the air conditioning system is more due to the fire system.
  • the system delivers hot air to the space under the floor, the room floor will become warm, and the room temperature will be increased while storing heat in its own and bottom space; if the system delivers air to the underfloor space, the room floor will become a cool bed. , to reduce the temperature of the room while setting the cold energy in its own and the bottom space.
  • the operation of the fan coil unit or the electric heating fan in the air conditioning system is automatically controlled according to the temperature of the space under the floor set by the user; the operation of the air blower is based on the temperature of the space above the floor set by the user (ie, the room Temperature), fully automatic control.
  • the blower is automatically activated to speed up the delivery of energy to the room.
  • the blower is automatically turned off, so that the energy is stored in the floor and the space below it; the electric fan or fan coil unit is also based on The temperature set by the user (the space under the floor) is automatically opened and closed, which is the automatic control of the entire air conditioning system.
  • the air purifying function of the air conditioning system is realized by installing an air filter network at the air inlet of the electric fan, the fan coil unit and the blower.
  • Ground air conditioning system features:
  • the utility model has the advantages of simple structure, convenient installation, simple maintenance, no hidden troubles, no freezing danger, and fully automatic work.
  • the airflow of the system conforms to the principle of natural airflow, it not only improves its working efficiency, but also makes the air conditioning mode of high efficiency, energy saving, economy, clean, environmental protection and safety become a reality in the field of heating.
  • the ductwork facilities can work normally, and the old-fashioned heating system installed in any existing structure can be transformed into clean, environmentally friendly, Efficient, energy-saving, economical, safe and comfortable electric heating system; the cost of heating system can be greatly reduced in new projects.
  • the room floor can have the dual function of warm and cool bed, people can live and work on the floor in the warm winter and cool summer, which greatly improves the comfort of people.
  • the system has the function of purifying air, it can provide people with a clean living and working environment.
  • the factory can realize the standardized production of the floor decoration construction of the house, and can significantly improve the sound insulation effect of the house floor.
  • Air supply device 20. Energy source; 100. Ground; 200. Floor; 210. Floor block connector; 220. Leveling pad; 150. Air flow passage; 240. Decorative material; 250. Steel mesh; Aggregate crucible; 290. rubber gasket; 280. galvanized steel sheet; 270. energy storage material; 211. edge band; 212. connecting strip; 201. joint seam; 202. sealant; 240. Floor; 11. Wind deflector; 12. Fan; 13. Air inlet; 14. Air filter; 15. Upper and lower adjustable hundred pages; 16. Maintenance front cover; 17. Adjustable foot; Switch; 19. Sealing rubber; 101. Air outlet; 102. PVC soft board; 40. Fan coil unit; 401. Top air inlet; 402. Automatic controller; 403.

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  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Combustion & Propulsion (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
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Abstract

一种地板空气调节系统,其所在室内空间被地板分隔成彼此气密隔离的上空间和下空间。该地板空气调节系统包括:能量源(20)和至少一个送风装置(10),彼此两两间隔地放置在地板上。其中,能量源(20)配置成向下空间供应能量,送风装置(10)配置成将下空间中的空气输送至上空间。由于采用下送风的气流原理的工作模式,使得取暖操作节约能源,避免吊挂安全的问题,并具备蓄能功能。

Description

地板空气调节系统 技术领域
本发明涉及空气调节领域,具体地,涉及制冷供热通风,更具体地,涉及一种地板空气调节系统。
背景技术
在空气调节领域的现有技术中,根据理论计算,通过调节建筑物室内空气温度的方式对建筑物进行供热或制冷是效果最好、最快、最节能的方法,所以在很多建筑中安装了中央空调机组、分户空调机组、热泵机组等进行供热或制冷。
在此类空气调节系统中,热源机组与建筑物之间进行热交换的一个关键问题是,如何合理安放送、回风通道和热交换设备来实现最佳空气调节效果。
在现有技术中,空气调节系统中采用的形式都是将送。回风通道,风机盘管或电热风机安装在室内空间的半空中,并直接向室内空间释放冷热空气及回收室内空气的方式实现空气调节的目的。虽然其空气调节效果好,但有时因其送、回风模式与“热上冷下”的气流原理相反,所以无法达到与理论中得出的结果相吻合的空气调节效果,特别是在有冬季取暖要求的地区,不仅无法实现理想的取暖效果,有时还严重浪费能源,导致具有最佳节能潜力的空气调节模式难以在供热领域中推广使用。
另外,因其风道和设备都要悬挂在半空中,受吊挂系统的结构安全问题的影响,难以使此类空气调节系统具备蓄能功能,无法满足国家大力推广的鼓励使用峰谷电的政策,也就是用户不仅无法享受国家给予的福利,还丧失了参与节能减排活动的机会。
换句话说,在现有技术中,存在着其送、回风模式与“热上冷下”的气流原理相反;在取暖过程中,无法实现理想的取暖效果且有时还严重浪费能源;由于设备悬挂在半空中,受吊挂系统的结构安全问题的影响,难以使此类空气调节系统具备蓄能功能等缺陷或问题。
因此,现有技术中存在着对于改进的空气调节系统的需要,其能够具有符合“热上冷下”的气流原理的工作模式;使得取暖操作节约能源;且避免的吊挂安全的问题,并且能够具备蓄能功能等优点。
发明内容
为了至少部分地解决上述的现有技术中存在的问题,获得有益的技术效果,开发了本发明。
具体地,本申请的发明人结合在几十年生活、工作实践中收集到的相关经验和了解到的各种材料信息,根据火炕工作原理,研发出了将整个房间地板为送风通道,房间空间为回风通道,并具备蓄能功能的空气调节系统——地板空气调节系统。
根据本发明的一个方面,提供了一种地板空气调节系统,所述地板空气调节系统所在的室内空间被地板分隔成彼此气密隔离的上空间和下空间,所述地板空气调节系统包括:能量源和至少一个送风装置,所述能量源和所述至少一个送风装置彼此两两间隔地放置在所述地板上,其中,所述能量源配置成向所述下空间供应能量,所述送风装置配置成将所述下空间中的空气输送至所述上空间。
进一步地,所述能量源是用于制热的电热风机或用于制热或制冷的风机盘管组,所述能量源用于将产生的热气或冷气以强制疏导方式输送至所述下空间中。
进一步地,所述地板包括多个板块,所述多个板块通过封边条与连接条之间的咬接而连接以形成所述地板。
进一步地,所述地板下方具有支撑部,所述地板通过所述支撑部而支撑在所述室内空间的地面上,其中,所述支撑部与所述地面之间具有找平垫块。
进一步地,所述下空间在整个所述地板下方形成气流通道。
进一步地,所述地板空气调节系统还包括室内温度感测器,所述送风装置包括闭合装置,所述地板空气调节系统配置成能够根据所述室内温度感测器测得的室内温度控制所述闭合装置的打开和关闭,使所述室内空间保持在预设的温度。
进一步地,所述送风装置是送风口。
进一步地,所述送风装置是送风机,所述送风机能够强制地将所述下空间中的空气输送至所述上空间。
进一步地,所述送风机具有能够上下调节的百页。
进一步地,所述送风机在其空气入口处设置有空气过滤网。
利用根据本发明的改进的地板空气调节系统,实现了优于现有技术获得有益技术效果,例如,利用“热上冷下”的气流原理设计工作模式,从而具有符合“热上冷下”的气流原理的设备;使得取暖操作节约能源;且解决了现有技术中出现的吊挂安全的问题,并且根据本发明的地板空气调节系统还能够具备蓄能功能等优点。
附图说明
为了使得本领域技术人员清楚理解本发明并且能够实施本发明,提供构成说明书一部分的附图,但是不能理解为附图中示出的所有特征均是实现本申请的技术效果所必须的。本申请的包含范围不受附图限制,本申请的包含范围由所附权利要求所限定。
图1示出了根据本发明的实施例的地板空气调节系统的总体视图;
图2示出了使用根据本发明的实施例的地板空气调节系统的地板的结构示意图;
图3示出了图2示出的地板的沿A-A线截取的截面图;
图4图出了图2示出的地板的沿B-B线截取的截面图;
图5图出了图2示出的地板的连接件的结构视图;
图6示出了使用根据本发明的实施例的地板空气调节系统的地板的结构及安装状态的示意图;
图7示出了根据本发明的实施例的地板空气调节系统中的送风机的示意图;
图8示出了根据本发明的实施例的地板空气调节系统中的风机盘管组的示意图;
图9示出了根据本发明的实施例的地板空气调节系统中的电热风机的示意图。
具体实施方式
下面参照附图详细介绍本发明的示例性实施方式。提供这些示例性实施方式的目的是使得本领域普通技术人员能够清楚地理解本发明,并且根据这里的描述,能够实现本发明。附图和示例性的具体实施方式以及优选实施方式不旨在对本发明进行限定,本发明的范围由所附权利要求所限定。
根据本发明的一个方面,提供了一种地板空气调节系统,参见附图1,图1示出了根据本发明的实施例的地板空气调节系统的总体视图。参见图1,示出了安装有根据本发明的地板空气调节系统的室内空间,该室内空间被地板200分隔成彼此气密隔离的上空间和下空间,如图所示,所述地板空气调节系统包括:能量源20和两个送风装置10,送风装置的数量是实例性的,根据室内空间的具体结构,可以设置不同数量的送风装置10,这些变型均包含在本申请的保护范围内。
另外从图中可以看到,所述能量源20和两个送风装置10彼此两两间隔地放置在所述地板200上,其中,所述能量源配置成向所述下空间供应能量,所述送风装置配置成将所述下空间中的空气输送至所述上空间。
优选地,作为示例性实施例,参见附图8和9,图8示出了根据本发明的实施例的地板空气调节系统中的风机盘管组的示意图;图9示出了根据本发明的实施例的地板空气调节系统中的电热风机的示意图。根据本发明的地板空气调节系统,其中,所述能量源是用于制热的电热风机50或用于制热或制冷的风机盘管组40,所述能量源用于将产生的热气或冷气以强制疏导方式输送至所述下空间中。
优选地,作为示例性实施例,在根据本发明的地板空气调节系统中,所述地板200包括多个板块,图2示出了使用根据本发明的实施例的地板空气调节系统的地板的结构示意图;图3示出了图2示出的地板的沿A-A线截取的截面图;图4图出了图2示出的地板的沿B-B线截取的截面图。
所述多个板块通过封边条211与连接条212之间的咬接而连接以形成所述地板。封边条211与连接条212的具体结构参见附图5,图5图出了图2示出的地板的连接件的结构视图。
优选地,作为示例性实施例,参见附图6,图6示出了使用根据本发明的实施例的地板空气调节系统的地板的结构及安装状态的示意图。在根据本发明的地板空气调节系统中,所述地板200下方具有支撑部,所述地板通过所述支撑部而支撑在所述室内空间的地面100上,其中,所述支撑部与所述地面之间具有找平垫块220。
优选地,作为示例性实施例,参见附图6,所述下空间在整个所述地板下方形成气流通道150。
优选地,作为示例性实施例,所述地板空气调节系统还包括室内温度感测器(未示出)。所述送风装置10包括闭合装置,所述地板空气调节系统配置成能够根据所述室内温度感测器测得的室内温度控制所述闭合装置的打开和关闭,使所述室内空间保持在预设的温度。
可替换地,作为示例性实施例,所述送风装置可以是送风口。
优选地,作为示例性实施例,所述送风装置是送风机,所述送风机能够强制地将所述下空间中的空气输送至所述上空间。参见附图7,图7示出了根据本发明的实施例的地板空气调节系统中的送风机的示意图。
优选地,作为示例性实施例,参见图7,所述送风机具有能够上下调节的百页15。
优选地,作为示例性实施例,参见图7,所述送风机在其空气入口处设置有空气过滤网14。
为了更清楚地描述本发明,下面给出具体地实例。
地板空气调节系统(下称“地空调系统)结构说明:
地空调系统由多功能地板块、送风机、电热风机或风机盘管机组成,详见附图1。
多功能地板块:
多功能地板块是专门为地空调系统设计的具有风道功能、蓄能功能、隔音功能、装饰功能、铺管排线功能于一体的全新地板装饰产品,它是在房间内安装地空调系统的关键产品,也是将建筑物地板装饰实现工厂化生产的关键产品。
多功能地板结构:
多功能地板块由钢承板、封边条、蓄能层、结构层、装饰层组成(详见附图2中的多功能地板块),其中专为本多功能地板块设计的钢承板和封边条是此产品的关键部件,也是保证地板快功能多样性的关键之一。钢承板和封边条详见附图5中的多功能地板块剖面图和多功能地板块封边条。
多功能地板块安装:
多功能地板块的安装连接是靠专门为其设计的铝合金连接条(详见附图5中的多功能地板块连接条)和多功能地板块中的封边条的相互咬接来实现的,这不仅使房间内安装的全部地板块形成一个大整体,还可在连接条中特设的凹槽灌密封胶来实现地板面的良好气密性(详见附图6中的多功能地板块安装示意图)。
在房间内安装多功能地板块以后,房屋的结构楼地面和装饰底板面之间形成了气密性和消音性良好的空间,可为房间的空气调节提供绝好的气流通道,即风道功能。
因多功能地板块内设有蓄能材料,当热气或冷气在地板块地下流动时,可吸收其中部分能量进行储备,即蓄能功能。
多功能地板块的地脚均设有橡胶垫片,并且房间地板面和结构层之间形成了空气层,大大提高了房屋楼面的隔音效果,即隔音功能。
在工厂生产多功能地板块时,可根据用户的地面装饰要求,直接将用户选定的装饰材料安装在地板块上,在现场安装完多功能地板块的同时完成了地板面装饰工序,而且因多功能的板块中无任何障碍物,所以在其上面可安装墙体、家具、设备等也不会出现任何问题。
因多功能地板块地下是与房间面积一样大的全通的干燥的空间,所以不仅可根据房间装饰需要向房间的任何方向铺设任何管线,还可在将来根据房间布置的变化灵活改变管线方向。
送风机
地空调系统专用送风机是专门为配套本系统设计的具有送风功能的全自动控制设备,其结构详见附图7中的地板空气调节系统专用送风机。它不仅起将地板风道中的冷、热气输送给房间空间的作用,还具备根据冷暖需要调整送风方向的功能,以便使房间里的空气符合热上冷下的气流原理流动,实现供热、制冷效果的最大化。
电热风机、风机盘管组
地空调系统专用电热风机、风机盘管组是专门配套本系统设计的具有制热或热交换功能的全自动控制设备,其结构详见附图8和9中的电热风机和风机盘管组。它们是地空调系统的冷、热源设备,也是向地板底下的气流通道输送冷、热空气的设备。风机盘管组可与锅炉、冷却机、空调机、热泵、太阳能制热设备等任何形式的制冷或制热主体连接使用。
地空调系统结构:
首先,通过在房间内安装多功能地板块,将需要空气调节的房间分隔成了两个空间,即为人们提供生活居住、工作生产所需场所的地板以上空间和为房间的空气调节提供所需冷、热空气循环通道的地板底下空间。
由多功能地板块组成的房间地板层不仅具有良好的气密性,而且其底部是全通的,与房间面积一样大的空间,并通过保温措施使此空间也具备了蓄能功能。这样,房间内的地板层和其底下空间都具备了蓄能功能,此底板结构与北方的传统火炕结构完全相同。众所周知,在北方严寒地区冬季给房屋取暖的诸多传统方法,火炕因其拥有的优秀散热功能和蓄能功能被公认为是最有效、最舒服、最节能、最经济的方法,因此本系统为房间安装了优秀的空气调节终段系统。
在房间的一侧安装能够向地板底部空间输送热气或冷气的电热风机或风机管盘组,并在房间另一侧的地板上设置出气口或安装能够把地板底部空间中的冷、热气输送到房间的送风机,等于是给火炕式的地板安装了火炉和排烟烟囱。
通过上述三个单元的组合,地空调系统结构完全相同于传统火炕系统结构,详见附图1:地板空气调节系统示意图。
二、地空调系统工作原理:
将电热风机或风机盘管组产生的热气或冷气以强制疏导的方式输送给地板底下空间,再通过地板上的出风口或送风机送回到电热风机或风机盘管组,以此循环房间内两个空间之间的空气来实现空气调节的目的。这与把火炉产生的热烟气经过火炕和烟囱排放到大气中的火炕系统工作原理是相同的,只是地空调系统是以清洁空气为冷、热媒进行循环,故可以累加式地提升或降低房间内温度,所以地空调系统的效率性、节能性、环保性和安全性更由于火炕系统。
如果系统向地板底下空间输送的是热气,房间地板将成为暖炕,提升房间温度的同时在其本身和底部空间里储存热能;如果系统向地板底下空间输送的是冷气,房间地板将成为凉床,降低房间温度的同时在其本身和底部空间里设置存冷能。
地空调系统中的风机盘管组或电热风机的工作是根据用户设定的地板底下空间的温度,被全自动控制的;送风机的工作是根据用户设定的地板以上空间的温度(即房间的温度),被全自动控制的。房间需要调节温度时自动启动送风机来加快向房间输送能量的速度,而房间温度达到设定温度后自动关闭送风机,使能量多储存到地板和其下空间里;电热风机或风机盘管组也是根据用户设定的蓄能空间(地板底下空间)的温度自动启闭的,这就是实现了整套地空调系统的全自动控制。
在电热风机、风机盘管组、送风机的进风口处安装空气过滤网速实现了地空调系统的空气净化功能。
地空调系统特点:
结构简单,安装方便,维修简便,无隐蔽故障隐患,无冰冻隐患,全自动工作。
因使系统的气流符合了自然气流原理,不仅提高了其工作效率,还使高效、节能、经济、清洁、环保、安全的空气调节模式应用到供热领域成为现实。
因系统无需安装任何额外设备和管道、风道管设施也能正常工作,可以把现有任何结构形式的房屋中安装的老式供热系统改造成清洁、环保、 高效、节能、经济、安全、舒适的电采暖系统;在新建项目中可大幅降低供热系统成本。
因系统具备了蓄能功能,用户可尽情享受国家峰谷电政策的福利,同时可实现节能减排活动的全民化;而且因其蓄能体和蓄能空间都在地面,将大幅提高蓄能利用率和效果。
因房间地板可具有暖炕和凉床双重功能,人们可生活、工作在冬暖夏凉的地板上,大大提高了人感舒适度。
因系统具备了净化空气功能,可给人们提供清洁的生活、工作环境。
可实现房屋地面装饰施工的工厂标准化生产的同时,可显著提高房屋楼板的隔音效果。
以上提供了本发明的多个优选或示例性的实施例,目的是为了更清楚地描述本发明,向本领域技术人员完整地传递本发明的保护范围,使得本领域技术人员根据本发明的描述能够实现本发明的技术方案。以上各个实施例中的特征能够相互结合、或者省略或添加,形成新的实施例。本领域技术人员根据本发明的描述能够对各个实施例进行改造,而这些新的实施例以及改造均应包含在本发明的保护范围内。
附图标记说明:
10.送风装置;20.能量源;100.地面;200.地板;210.地板块连接件;220.找平垫块;150.气流通道;240.装饰材料;250.钢丝网;260.细骨料砼;290.橡胶垫片;280.镀锌钢板;270.蓄能材料;211.封边条;212.连接条;201.连接缝;202.密封胶;240.保温板;100.楼地板;11.导风板;12.风扇;13.进风口;14.空气过滤网;15.上下可调百页;16.维修前盖;17.可调地脚;18.全自动电开关;19.密封橡胶;101.出风口;102.PVC软板;40.风机盘管组;401.顶部进风口;402.自动控制器;403.正面进风口;404.维修前盖;405.可调地脚;406.密封橡胶;407.PVC软板;408.导风板;409.出风口;410.风扇;411.热交换盘管;412.空气过滤网;50.电热风机;501.顶部进风口;502.自动控制器;503.正面进风口;504.维修前盖;505.可调地脚;506.密封橡胶;507.PVC软板;508.导风板;509.出风口;510.风扇;511.电热丝组;512.空气过滤网。

Claims (10)

  1. 一种地板空气调节系统,所述地板空气调节系统所在的室内空间被地板(200)分隔成彼此气密隔离的上空间和下空间,所述地板空气调节系统包括:能量源(20)和至少一个送风装置(10),所述能量源和所述至少一个送风装置彼此两两间隔地放置在所述地板上,其中,所述能量源配置成向所述下空间供应能量,所述送风装置配置成将所述下空间中的空气输送至所述上空间。
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的地板空气调节系统,其中,所述能量源是用于制热的电热风机(50)或用于制热或制冷的风机盘管组(40),所述能量源用于将产生的热气或冷气以强制疏导方式输送至所述下空间中。
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的地板空气调节系统,其中,所述地板(200)包括多个板块,所述多个板块通过封边条(211)与连接条(212)之间的咬接而连接以形成所述地板。
  4. 根据权利要求1所述的地板空气调节系统,其中,所述地板(200)下方具有支撑部,所述地板通过所述支撑部而支撑在所述室内空间的地面(100)上,其中,所述支撑部与所述地面之间具有找平垫块(220)。
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的地板空气调节系统,其中,所述下空间在整个所述地板下方形成气流通道(150)。
  6. 根据权利要求1所述的地板空气调节系统,其中,所述地板空气调节系统还包括室内温度感测器,所述送风装置包括闭合装置,所述地板空气调节系统配置成能够根据所述室内温度感测器测得的室内温度控制所述闭合装置的打开和关闭,使所述室内空间保持在预设的温度。
  7. 根据权利要求1所述的地板空气调节系统,其中,所述送风装置是送风口。
  8. 根据权利要求1所述的地板空气调节系统,其中,所述送风装置是送风机,所述送风机能够强制地将所述下空间中的空气输送至所述上空间。
  9. 根据权利要求8所述的地板空气调节系统,其中,所述送风机具有能够上下调节的百页(15)。
  10. 根据权利要求8所述的地板空气调节系统,其中,所述送风机在其空气入口处设置有空气过滤网(14)。
PCT/CN2014/086067 2014-03-18 2014-09-05 地板空气调节系统 WO2015139430A1 (zh)

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