WO2015037925A1 - Electronic cigarette using atomizer structure having pressure chamber shape - Google Patents

Electronic cigarette using atomizer structure having pressure chamber shape Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2015037925A1
WO2015037925A1 PCT/KR2014/008489 KR2014008489W WO2015037925A1 WO 2015037925 A1 WO2015037925 A1 WO 2015037925A1 KR 2014008489 W KR2014008489 W KR 2014008489W WO 2015037925 A1 WO2015037925 A1 WO 2015037925A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
liquid
pressure
liquid supply
pipe
piston
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/KR2014/008489
Other languages
French (fr)
Korean (ko)
Inventor
박선순
Original Assignee
Park Sun Soon
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to KR20130109482A priority Critical patent/KR101387801B1/en
Priority to KR10-2013-0109482 priority
Application filed by Park Sun Soon filed Critical Park Sun Soon
Publication of WO2015037925A1 publication Critical patent/WO2015037925A1/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M11/00Sprayers or atomisers specially adapted for therapeutic purposes
    • A61M11/04Sprayers or atomisers specially adapted for therapeutic purposes operated by the vapour pressure of the liquid to be sprayed or atomised
    • A61M11/041Sprayers or atomisers specially adapted for therapeutic purposes operated by the vapour pressure of the liquid to be sprayed or atomised using heaters
    • A61M11/042Sprayers or atomisers specially adapted for therapeutic purposes operated by the vapour pressure of the liquid to be sprayed or atomised using heaters electrical
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24FSMOKERS' REQUISITES; MATCH BOXES
    • A24F47/00Smokers' requisites not provided for elsewhere, e.g. devices to assist in stopping or limiting smoking
    • A24F47/002Simulated smoking devices, e.g. imitation cigarettes
    • A24F47/004Simulated smoking devices, e.g. imitation cigarettes with heating means, e.g. carbon fuel
    • A24F47/008Simulated smoking devices, e.g. imitation cigarettes with heating means, e.g. carbon fuel with electrical heating means
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M15/00Inhalators
    • A61M15/06Inhaling appliances shaped like cigars, cigarettes or pipes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2205/00General characteristics of the apparatus
    • A61M2205/36General characteristics of the apparatus related to heating or cooling
    • A61M2205/3653General characteristics of the apparatus related to heating or cooling by Joule effect, i.e. electric resistance
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2205/00General characteristics of the apparatus
    • A61M2205/82Internal energy supply devices
    • A61M2205/8206Internal energy supply devices battery-operated

Abstract

An electronic cigarette is disclosed. The electronic cigarette comprises a suction part; an atomizer structure; a main body including a switch; a liquid storing part; and a battery, wherein the atomizer structure has a shape of a pressure chamber, and the pressure chamber is sealed and has a heating unit placed therein to heat and atomize liquid supplied into the pressure chamber to a high pressure. To this end, the atomizer structure includes: a liquid supply tube; a vapor discharge tube; and a piston, wherein liquid supply into the pressure chamber and vapor discharge are performed via the liquid supply tube and the vapor discharge tube, respectively, and the piston has a flow shutoff valve mounted therein for opening and closing a space between the liquid supply tube and the piston and can perform a dual function of supplying liquid into the sealed pressure chamber and discharging atomized vapor while moving up and down through vertical motion between the liquid supply tube and the vapor discharge tube.

Description

Electronic cigarette using atomizer structure in the form of pressure chamber

TECHNICAL FIELD The present invention relates to an electronic cigarette, and more particularly, to an electronic cigarette that atomizes a liquid phase by heating and pressure by steam.

An electronic cigarette is an electronic device that inhales atomized vapor by atomizing nicotine by heating it with heat.

Such electronic cigarettes generally include an electronic cigarette body, as in FIG. 1; battery; It consists of an atomizer and a cartridge, where the cartridge is a portion for storing the electronic cigarette liquid, and the atomizer is a portion connected to the cartridge and heated to atomize the liquid phase of the cartridge.

In general, the heat generating portion of the atomizer uses a nichrome wire, which is a heat transfer coil, to generate heat well, and various wicks are used as a supply for directly supplying a liquid phase to such heat generating portions.

 The cartridge stores the liquid phase, and the liquid storage method may be stored in a tank method, in a member such as cotton, or in a storage container method for storing ink in a pen.

Meanwhile, in the case of the conventional electronic cigarette, the liquid phase is atomized, and a heating element such as a heating wire is wrapped around the liquid supply wick to boil the liquid by instantaneous heating, and then, by directly introducing air and inhaling the heating element, Incomplete and inhomogeneous atomization of the liquid phase due to instantaneous heating, the incomplete atomized liquid phase causes leakage in the device due to condensation, and the heating of the liquid phase due to instantaneous high heat causes the liquid to burn immediately when the liquid supply is not smooth. This poses a risk of generating toxic substances, leading to severe safety issues.

That is, considering that the temperature of the heating wire, which is a heating element, rises to 950 ° C, glycerin, which is a liquid main component, generates acrolein and acetone when heated to 450 ° C. The acrolein generated at this time is a major poison causing lung cancer. . Considering that leaf tobacco is a fatal cause of lung cancer due to the occurrence of acrolein even when the combustion temperature is 400 degrees, electronic cigarettes are safe unless the liquid is atomized because the temperature of heating wire reaching 950 degrees in electronic cigarette is properly controlled. It can't be done.

In addition, in the case of the conventional e-cigarette, the atomizer structure composed of a simple heating form is installed, so that the uniform liquid heating atomization method is adopted regardless of the type of the liquid, and thus there is a limit in the expression of the e-cigarette. There was also a problem with the thermal efficiency.

Accordingly, the present inventors, in order to solve the problems of the electronic cigarette of the prior art, after completion of the study, it is possible to completely and homogeneous atomization of the liquid phase in accordance with the respiratory of various liquid phase, without the safety impairment by the combustion of the liquid phase even at the minimum power It led to the development of electronic cigarettes.

The present invention, the suction unit; Atomizer structure; A body including a switch; Liquid storage; And a battery, wherein the atomizer structure is in the form of a pressure chamber, the pressure chamber being sealed and having a heat generating portion in the closed pressure chamber to heat atomize the liquid phase supplied into the pressure chamber at high pressure. It provides an electronic cigarette.

The atomizer structure includes a liquid supply pipe; Steam discharge pipe; And a piston, wherein the liquid supply and the vapor discharge in the pressure chamber are the liquid supply pipe and the vapor discharge pipe, and the piston has a flow opening / closing valve for opening and closing the liquid supply pipe and the piston therein. And the piston may perform a dual function of moving the liquid supply pipe and the vapor discharge pipe in a vertical motion between the liquid supply pipe and the vapor discharge pipe to discharge the liquid supply and atomized vapor into the sealed pressure chamber.

The pressure chamber includes a bellows portion that expands and contracts, the liquid supply pipe and the vapor discharge pipe are fixed in the electronic cigarette, the piston is connected to the bellows portion, and the atomizer structure includes the closed pressure chamber. With the cylinder, the bellows portion can be operated by the piston function of the general engine, so that the internal combustion engine type operation can be made to generate the steam pressure in the pressure chamber generated by the electrothermal heating as the driving force.

On the other hand, further comprising a self-generation unit, the self-generation unit, the permanent magnet is installed around a portion of the piston supported by the bellows portion; And a power generation coil installed in the first chamber to be positioned above the bellows, wherein the permanent magnet moves into the power generation coil when the piston reciprocates along an axial direction parallel to the longitudinal direction of the liquid supply pipe. Through the self-generation unit to generate power, the power generated through the self-generation unit is supplied to the heating unit or the battery.

A pressure atomization unit having a closed pressure chamber shape, the main body comprising: a pressure measurement sensor installed in the pressure atomization unit to measure pressure in the pressure atomization unit; A pressure value input terminal connected to the pressure measurement sensor and receiving an output value of the pressure measurement sensor; A temperature sensor for sensing a temperature of the pressure atomization unit; And a liquid supply amount measurement sensor for detecting a liquid supply amount supplied from the liquid storage unit to the liquid supply pipe, and by operating the switch, a manual variable of temperature, pressure, and liquid supply amount is provided, and the main body is provided with the switch. When the input of is detected, the pressure and temperature in the pressure atomization unit, the liquid supply amount is measured and fed back, and the power supply is controlled based on the manual variable.

A liquid supply piston for supplying a liquid phase into the liquid supply pipe by pushing the liquid phase stored in the liquid storage part and installed in the liquid storage part toward the liquid supply pipe; And a liquid supply controller installed on one side of the liquid storage unit and capable of manually manipulating a degree of opening of the liquid discharge portion of one side of the liquid storage unit in which the liquid phase stored in the liquid storage unit is discharged.

The suction unit, the atomization vapor suction pipe connected to the atomizer structure; A first air mixing pipe installed in the atomization vapor suction pipe and surrounding a portion of the vapor discharge pipe inserted into the atomization vapor suction pipe; And a second air mixing tube installed in the atomization vapor suction tube and surrounding the first air mixing tube, wherein the atomization vapor suction tube is formed at one side and includes an air inlet through which external air is introduced. The mixing tube includes a first air hole formed in a portion surrounding the steam discharge pipe and formed at an opposite side of the portion where the external air is introduced and a second air hole into which the external air is introduced. The second air mixing pipe is formed in a portion adjacent to the second air hole, and communicates with the second air hole, and introduces external air introduced through the air inlet to the first air hole and the second air. And a third air hole for allowing external air to enter the hole.

1 is a view showing a state of a general electronic cigarette.

2 is a cross-sectional view of the electronic cigarette structure according to an embodiment of the present invention.

3 is a partially enlarged view illustrating the atomizer structure shown in FIG. 2.

4 is a partially enlarged view illustrating the suction unit illustrated in FIG. 2.

5A and 5B are views for explaining a liquid atomization process of an electronic cigarette according to an embodiment of the present invention.

Hereinafter, an electronic cigarette according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. The present invention may be modified in various ways and may have various forms. Specific embodiments are illustrated in the drawings and described in detail in the text. However, this is not intended to limit the present patent to a specific disclosed form, it should be understood to include all modifications, equivalents, and substitutes included in the spirit and scope of the present patent. In describing the drawings, similar reference numerals are used for similar elements. In the accompanying drawings, the dimensions of the structures are shown in an enlarged scale than actual for clarity of the present patent.

Terms such as first and second may be used to describe various components, but the components should not be limited by the terms. The terms are used only for the purpose of distinguishing one component from another. For example, without departing from the scope of the present patent, the first component may be referred to as the second component, and similarly, the second component may also be referred to as the first component.

The terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular example embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of the present patent. Singular expressions include plural expressions unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. In this application, the terms "comprise" or "have" are intended to indicate that there is a feature, number, step, action, component, part, or combination thereof described on the specification, and one or more other features. It is to be understood that the present invention does not exclude the possibility of the presence or the addition of numbers, steps, operations, components, parts, or combinations thereof.

Unless defined otherwise, all terms used herein, including technical or scientific terms, have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this patent belongs. Terms such as those defined in the commonly used dictionaries should be construed as having meanings consistent with the meanings in the context of the related art and shall not be construed in ideal or excessively formal meanings unless expressly defined in this application. Do not.

1 is a view showing a state of a general electronic cigarette. In general, a typical structure of an electronic cigarette has a structure including an atomizer, a cartridge storing a liquid phase, a filter, and a battery. The atomizer is the part that is connected to the cartridge and heats it to atomize the liquid phase of the cartridge. Conventional atomizers have a form in which a portion where steam is discharged is opened toward the filter, whereby the vapor generated by atomizing the liquid is delivered (discharged) toward the filter upon occurrence.

The present invention, unlike the general e-cigarette, by specializing the liquid heating method of the atomizer structure to the pressure atomization method to patent a new functional body for solving the conventional problem that is difficult to homogeneous atomization e-cigarette structure significantly improved its function It is starting.

2 is a cross-sectional view of the electronic cigarette structure according to an embodiment of the present invention.

2, the electronic cigarette according to an embodiment of the present invention comprises a suction unit (100); Atomizer structure; A main body 300 including a switch 310; Liquid storage unit 500; And a battery 400.

Unlike general electronic cigarettes, the atomizer structure of the present invention is configured to apply atomized heat in a closed pressure chamber to atomize the liquid phase and discharge atomized vapor while opening and closing the sealed pressure chamber by the pressure action of the atomized vapor. This atomizer structure has the following configuration.

Description of the atomizer structure

3 is a partially enlarged view illustrating the atomizer structure shown in FIG. 2.

Referring to Figure 3, the atomizer structure is a liquid supply pipe 210; Pressure atomization unit 220; Heating unit 230; Crucible 240; Bimetal 250; It may include an opening and closing means.

The liquid supply pipe 210 has a cylindrical shape as a whole, and has a liquid filling part 211 at one end side. Liquid filling portion 211 is formed to have a diameter larger than the diameter of the other end of the liquid supply pipe (210). The liquid supply pipe 210 is for supplying a liquid phase stored in the liquid storage part 500, and a part of the liquid supply pipe 210 is inserted into the liquid storage part 500 in an axial direction parallel to the longitudinal direction of the liquid supply pipe 210 to supply the liquid phase. In addition, the liquid filling part 211 is positioned on the opposite side of the portion inserted into the liquid storage part 500 so that the liquid phase supplied from the liquid storage part 500 may be introduced into the liquid filling part 211. The liquid filling part 211 of the liquid supply pipe 210 is accommodated in the pressure atomization part 220. In addition, the liquid supply pipe 210 may have a negative polarity.

The pressure atomizer 220 forms the sealed pressure chamber form mentioned above, and includes the first chamber 221 and the second chamber 222.

The first chamber 221 has an accommodating space for accommodating the second chamber 222, for example, may have a cylindrical shape. The first chamber 221 may be a rigid material, for example, may be made of a stainless material.

The second chamber 222 is received in the first chamber 221. For example, the second chamber 222 may have a cylindrical shape having a receiving space. The liquid filling part 211 and the heat generating part 230 of the liquid supply pipe 210 may be accommodated in the accommodation space of the second chamber 222. In addition, the second chamber 222 includes a bellows portion 222a that can expand and contract on one surface thereof, and the bellows portion 222a extends and contracts in a direction parallel to the axial direction of the liquid supply pipe 210. ) Is disposed in parallel to the axial direction of the liquid supply pipe (210). For example, the bellows portion 222a may be formed along the circumferential direction of the second chamber 222. The bellows portion 222a is a part that enables the opening and closing action of the opening and closing means, and the description thereof will be described in the process of describing the opening and closing means. The second chamber 222 is formed of a flexible material for expansion and contraction of the bellows portion 222a and may be, for example, silicon.

In the pressure atomization unit 220, the second chamber 222 is a cylinder, and the bellows unit 222a operates as a piston function of a general engine, whereby the atomizer structure is a vapor in the pressure chamber generated by electrothermal heating. Internal combustion engine actuation can be achieved which causes pressure to be generated by the driving force.

On the other hand, the bellows portion 222a of the second chamber 222 may be contracted by a shape restoring force to be restored to its original shape after being inflated, but may be quickly restored when the pressure in the pressure atomizer 220 is lowered after the expansion. The restoration spring 270 may be installed above the bellows portion 222a. The restoration spring 270 may be installed between the upper surface of the bellows portion 222a and the inner surface of the first chamber 221 opposite to the upper surface of the bellows portion 222a. The restoration spring 270 is contracted when the bellows portion 222a is expanded, and is retracted when the pressure in the pressure atomizer 220 is lowered to contract the bellows portion 222a.

The heat generating unit 230 is for atomizing the liquid phase supplied through the liquid supply pipe 210. The heat generating unit 230 may be disposed in the second chamber 222 and may be installed to surround the liquid filling unit 211 of the liquid supply pipe 210. For example, the heating unit 230 may be a non-combustible metal mesh, and in the case of the non-combustible metal mesh, the non-combustible metal mesh may be disposed to surround the liquid filling part 211 while being dried in a roll shape.

In this case, the non-combustible metal network may simultaneously serve as a heat generating unit for atomizing the liquid phase by receiving power and continuously supplying power. Therefore, the material of the nonflammable metal net is made of a conductive metal material. In addition, by having flexibility, it can be used inserted and dried in a roll shape as mentioned above. Examples of such non-combustible metal nets include stainless steel nets, nichrome wire nets, aluminum nets, and tungsten nets. The non-combustible metal mesh may have a positive (+) terminal. (+) Terminal may be connected to the (+) terminal of the crucible 240, (-) terminal may be connected to the outer surface of the liquid supply pipe (210).

The crucible 240 is installed to surround the heat generating unit 230, and (-) (+) terminals may be installed inside and outside the crucible 240. The crucible 240 has a negative (-) power terminal of the liquid supply pipe 4 also serving as a (-) power supply terminal function, the inner (-) terminal is in contact, the outer (+) power terminal is composed of a bimetal 250 can do.

The bimetal 250 may allow the crucible 240 and the heat generating unit 230 to be connected or not connected to the positive power of the main body 300 according to the temperature change of the heat generating unit 230. The bimetal 250 may include a first metal plate and a second metal plate having different thermal expansion coefficients, and have a relatively low thermal expansion coefficient when a bending generation temperature (temperature at which the metal plate starts to expand) of the metal plate having a high thermal expansion coefficient is applied. It acts to cause warping towards other metal plates. The bimetal 250 is for setting a threshold temperature value (limit temperature at which combustion of the liquid component is prevented) that limits the heat generation temperature of the heat generating unit 230 to the warpage generation temperature of the metal plate having a high coefficient of thermal expansion. Therefore, when the temperature of the heat generating unit 230 reaches the threshold temperature value, the bimetal 250 cuts off the power supplied to the heat generating unit 230 and prevents combustion of the liquid phase at the critical temperature value.

The opening and closing means is disposed in parallel with the axial direction of the liquid supply pipe 210 so that the interior of the pressure atomization part 220 is sealed or opened with respect to the suction part 100 and the liquid supply pipe 210. The opening and closing means includes a piston 261, a flow opening and closing valve 262, and a steam discharge pipe 263.

The piston 261 is mounted in the pressure atomization part 220, and a part of the piston 261 has a diameter that can be inserted into the liquid filling part 211 and is inserted into the liquid filling part 211. The piston 261 reciprocates in a direction approaching or away from the heat generating unit 230 along the axial direction of the liquid supply pipe 210. The reciprocating motion of the piston 261 is achieved by the expansion and contraction action of the bellows portion 222a of the second chamber 222. For this purpose, one end of the piston 261 penetrates the bellows portion 222a and the bellows portion It may be supported on the upper surface of (222a), the opposite side of the end supported by the bellows portion (222a) can be inserted into the liquid filling portion 211 to make a diameter that can be inserted into the liquid filling portion (211).

As such, the piston 261 mounted in the second chamber 222 moves in a direction away from the heat generating part 230 when the bellows part 222a expands, and generates a heat generating part 230 when the bellows part 222a contracts. It can move in the direction approaching). At this time, the end of the portion of the piston 261 inserted into the liquid filling portion 211 may be spaced or in close contact with the bottom surface in the liquid filling portion 211.

Meanwhile, a first hole 261a and a second hole 261b may be formed in a portion inserted into the liquid filling part 211 of the piston 261. The first hole 261a is positioned above the second hole 261b. The first hole 261a is a hole through which atomized vapor generated in the second chamber 222 can be discharged, and the second hole 261b is a liquid flow stored in the liquid filling part 211 into the second chamber 222. It can be a hole.

The flow opening / closing valve 262 may be installed in the end side of the piston 261 inserted into the liquid filling part 211, and the piston may be provided with respect to the liquid filling part 211 according to the pressure applied to the pressure atomizing part 220. 261 can be opened and closed. For example, the flow opening / closing valve 262 includes a circular plate-shaped base portion 2621 having a plurality of liquid inlet holes 2621 a, a fin portion 2622 extending perpendicularly from the center of the base portion 2621, and a fin portion 2622. It may be made in the form including a head portion 2622 formed at the top of the. The head part 2623 of the flow opening / closing valve 262 is mounted in the end side of the piston 261 inserted into the liquid filling part 211 so that the flow opening / closing valve 262 is installed in the piston 261. The valve seat 261a may be formed.

The steam discharge pipe 263 is a part for supplying the atomization steam generated in the pressure atomization unit 220 to the suction unit 100. The steam discharge pipe 263 may be disposed parallel to the axial direction of the liquid supply pipe 210. In this case, one end of the steam discharge pipe 263 may be inserted into the piston 261 through the pressure atomization part 220 and the other end may extend toward the suction part 100.

The steam discharge pipe 263 is blocked at the end inserted into the piston 261 and the other end thereof is open. In addition, a steam outlet 263a positioned above the blocked surface may be formed at the blocked end side. The vapor discharge port 263a is a hole through which the atomized vapor generated in the pressure atomization unit 220 may be discharged, and communicates with the first hole 261a when the piston 261 moves in a direction away from the heat generating unit 230. .

Hereinafter, the operation of the atomizer structure will be described.

5A and 5B are views for explaining a liquid atomization process of an electronic cigarette according to an embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 5A shows the case where the pressure in the pressure atomization part is high pressure, and FIG. 5B shows the case where the pressure in the pressure atomization part is low pressure.

When the switch 310 of the main body 300 is turned on, the heat generating unit 230 in the sealed pressure atomization unit 220 is heated, and the heat generating unit 230 is heated in advance in the pressure atomizing unit 220. The supplied liquid phase is atomized, whereby the bellows portion 222a of the second chamber 222 gradually expands due to high pressure due to atomization vapor, and the piston 261 connected to the expanding bellows portion 222a is It moves in a direction away from the heat generating section 230 along the axial direction of the steam discharge pipe 263.

In this process, the flow opening / closing valve 262 is spaced apart from the bottom surface of the liquid filling part 211 and at the same time, the head part 2623 of the flow opening / closing valve 262 is momentarily moved to generate heat in a state in which the valve seating portion 261c is in close contact with the valve seating portion 261c. The liquid in the liquid storage part 500 which is in communication with the liquid supply pipe 210 while rising with the piston 261 moving up and away from the part 230 is pumped to fill the liquid filling part 211.

When the pressure in the pressure atomization portion 220 becomes a high pressure state, the bellows portion 222a of the second chamber 222 is fully inflated, whereby the piston 261 is raised to the maximum height that can be raised. At this time, as shown in FIG. 5A, the first hole 261a of the piston 261 corresponds to the steam outlet 263a of the steam discharge pipe 263, whereby the first hole 261a and the steam outlet 263a are mutually opposite. In communication, the atomized vapor in the pressure atomization unit 220 is introduced into the vapor discharge pipe 263, and the atomized vapor introduced into the vapor discharge pipe 263 is supplied to the suction unit 100.

In the process of discharging the atomized vapor in the pressure atomization unit 220 to the suction unit 100, the pressure in the pressure atomization unit 220 gradually decreases to a low pressure state. When the inside of the pressure atomization portion 220 is in a low pressure state, the expanded bellows portion 222a of the piston 261 is pressurized by the restoring spring 270 to contract, and the piston along the bellows portion 222a contracted. 261 is lowered toward the direction close to the heat generating portion 230.

When the piston 261 is lowered, as shown in FIG. 5B, the first hole 261a comes into contact with the outer surface of the steam discharge pipe 263, and thus the first hole 261a is blocked and the second hole 261b of the blocked piston 261 is blocked. Simultaneously with this opening, the flow opening / closing valve 262 is spaced apart from the valve seating portion 261c which is in close contact, and the liquid phase filled in the liquid filling portion 211 is introduced into the liquid phase of the base portion 2621 of the flow opening / closing valve 262. It is supplied into the pressure atomization part 220 in the low pressure state through the hole 2621a. In this process, when the piston 261 is lowered to the lowest possible portion, the flow opening / closing valve 262 is in close contact with the bottom surface of the liquid filling part 211, and thus the liquid inflow hole 2621 a of the base part 2621 is also blocked. As a result, the inside of the pressure atomization unit 220 is sealed with respect to the liquid supply pipe 210 and the vapor discharge pipe 263, the further inflow of the liquid is blocked.

When the switch 310 of the main body 300 is turned on again, the heat generating part 230 in the sealed pressure atomizing part 220 is heated, and the pressure generating part 220 is heated while the heat generating part 230 is heated. ), The liquid phase previously supplied in the atomization is atomized, whereby the bellows portion 222a of the second chamber 222 gradually expands due to high pressure due to atomization vapor, and a piston 261 connected to the expanding bellows portion 222a. ) Moves in a direction away from the heat generating unit 230 along the axial direction of the steam discharge pipe 263 is discharged to the atomization steam and the pressure atomization unit 220 is in a low pressure state is repeated again and again, By repeating the liquid pumping and supply of the liquid into the pressure atomization unit 220, the atomized steam is continuously produced and supplied to the absorption unit 100.

The process of atomizing the liquid phase may be performed only once or repeatedly according to the operation of the switch 310. When the process of liquid phase atomization is repeatedly executed, the liquid flow introduced into the first liquid filling part 211 is atomized in the first reciprocating motion in which the piston 261 is lifted and then lowered, and then the liquid inflow is blocked, and the piston ( When 261) rises, the secondary liquid inflow and atomization process is made into the liquid filling unit 211.

* Description of main unit with power control

The main body 300 may be electrically connected to the atomizer structure to control power supplied to the atomizer structure. The control of the power controls the power supplied to the atomizer structure in accordance with the specification of a manual variable that the temperature and pressure in the pressure atomizer 220 and the liquid phase supply amount are interrelated with each other.

The power control of the main body 300 may be driven by the operation of the switch 310 included in the main body 300. The drive of power control can be driven in manual and continuous modes. For example, the manual type may be a method of generating steam by supplying power to the heat generating unit 230 each time the switch 310 is pressed once, and in the continuous mode, pressing the switch 310 once generates the heating unit 230. ) To continue to supply power to maintain the constant power to heat atomize the liquid phase and continue to generate atomized steam until the inhalation of the atomized vapor to be sucked.

The operation of this switch selects the temperature, pressure, and liquid supply amount as the interconnected variable, and adjusts the taste expression over complete and homogeneous atomization according to the type of liquid and the taste of the user, and the amount of atomization. It can be.

In addition, the main body 300 includes a printed circuit board 320 including a controller (not shown) in which manual variable values are stored in advance, and a display 330 mounted on the printed circuit board 320. For, pressure measurement sensor 340; A pressure value input terminal 350; A temperature sensor 360; The liquid supply amount measurement sensor 370 may be included.

The pressure measuring sensor 340 is installed in the pressure atomization unit 220 to measure the pressure in the pressure atomization unit 220.

The pressure value input terminal 350 is mounted on the printed circuit board 320 constituting the main body 300 to be in contact with the pressure measuring sensor 340 and receives the output value of the pressure measuring sensor 340.

The temperature sensor 360 is mounted on the printed circuit board 320 and is in contact with the first chamber 221 of the pressure atomization unit 220 to measure the temperature in the pressure atomization unit 220.

The liquid supply amount measurement sensor 370 is mounted on the printed circuit board 320 and connected to one side of the liquid supply pipe 210 to measure the liquid supply amount supplied through the liquid supply pipe 210.

The pressure, temperature, and liquid supply amount measured by the pressure measuring sensor 340, the pressure value input terminal 350, the temperature sensor 360, and the liquid supply amount measurement sensor 370 may be mounted on the printed circuit board 320. The heating unit 230 is fed back to the controller (not shown) and automatically adjusts the power supply based on the manual variable to maintain the temperature, pressure, and complete and homogeneous boiling of the supplied liquid amount in the pressure atomizer 220. To be applied. The control range of the power supply is made within the threshold temperature value set by the bimetal 250.

* Description of the Self-Generation Unit

On the other hand, the electronic cigarette according to an embodiment of the present invention can produce power when the atomizer structure is operated. To this end, the self-power generation unit 600 is installed in the atomizer structure.

The self-generating unit 600 is a part capable of producing electric power in the atomizer structure, and generates electric power during reciprocating movement of the piston 261. To this end, the self-power generation unit 600 includes a permanent magnet 610 and the power generation coil 620.

The permanent magnet 610 may be installed around a portion of the piston 261 supported by the bellows portion 222a. In addition, the power generation coil 620 may be installed in the first chamber 221 to be positioned above the bellows portion 222a.

The self-generating unit 600 is to produce electric power during the reciprocating motion of the piston 261, when the piston 261 is raised when the bellows portion 222a is expanded, the power generation coil 620 into the permanent magnet 610 It enters and faces the permanent magnet 610, at which time power is produced. The generated power may be supplied to the heat generating unit 230 or the battery 400. Therefore, the power consumed to heat the heat generator 230 may be compensated for through the self-power generator 600.

* Description of liquid storage including liquid supply controller

On the other hand, the liquid storage unit 500 is a portion in which the liquid phase supplied to the atomizer structure is stored. The liquid storage part 500 may be formed in a cylindrical shape. The liquid is stored inside the cylinder. One side of the cylinder of the liquid storage unit 500 is a portion of the liquid supply pipe 210 is inserted is a liquid discharge portion is formed that can be discharged toward the liquid supply pipe 210.

The liquid supply piston 510 is installed in the liquid storage part 500 so that the liquid can be smoothly supplied into the liquid supply pipe 210. The liquid supply piston 510 pushes the liquid in the liquid storage part 500 toward the liquid discharge portion to which the liquid supply pipe 210 is connected so as to smoothly discharge the liquid.

The liquid supply piston 510 is moved in the liquid storage unit 500 so that the liquid supply piston 510 smoothly pushes the liquid in the liquid storage unit 500. To this end, a through hole 520 may be formed at an opposite side of the liquid discharge portion of the liquid storage part 500, and an air inlet hole 531 may be formed in the outer housing 530 that accommodates the liquid storage part 500. Can be formed. By this structure, when the external air is introduced into the outer housing 530 through the air inlet hole 531, the introduced external air is again introduced into the liquid storage unit 500 through the through hole 520. Accordingly, the atmospheric pressure state may be maintained below the liquid supply piston 510 in the liquid storage unit 500. As a result, the liquid supply piston 510 may maintain a state in which a force is acting toward the liquid discharge portion in the liquid storage portion 500, and may push the liquid toward the liquid discharge portion.

The process of stopping the liquid supply piston 510 after pushing out the liquid phase is the liquid storage part 500 when the piston 261 in the atomizer structure is sealed between the liquid supply pipe 210 and the pressure atomization part 220. Since the inflow of the air is blocked and the liquid is filled between the liquid supply pipe 210 and the liquid supply piston 510, air is blocked from flowing into the liquid storage unit 500, whereby the liquid supply piston 510 is The liquid phase may be stopped while pushing toward the liquid supply pipe 210.

On the other hand, when the liquid phase is exhausted in the liquid storage unit 500, a piston connecting rod (not shown) is inserted through the through hole 520 to couple the piston connecting rod with the liquid supply piston 510 to supply the liquid supply piston 510. Pulling down to secure a space for injecting the liquid can be injected into the liquid storage unit 500.

The liquid discharge portion of the liquid storage unit 500 may be provided with a liquid supply controller 700 that can manually adjust the liquid supply amount.

Liquid supply controller 700 is a control lever 710 for adjusting the liquid supply amount from the liquid storage unit 500, the valve connection portion 720 extending from the control lever 710, the liquid supply amount connected to the valve connection 720 Control valve 730 may be included.

The control lever 710 is a lever that can adjust the opening degree of the liquid supply amount control valve 730, the valve connection portion 720 is a connecting portion connecting the control lever 710 and the liquid supply amount control valve 730, the liquid supply amount The control valve 730 is configured to open and close and is installed in the liquid discharge portion of the liquid storage unit 500 is to control the opening degree of the liquid by adjusting the opening degree by the control lever 710. There is no particular limitation on the shape of the liquid supply controller 700. Through such a liquid supply controller 700, the user can manually adjust the liquid supply amount.

* Description of suction

4 is a partially enlarged view illustrating the suction unit illustrated in FIG. 2.

Referring to FIG. 4, the suction part 100 includes a suction pipe 110; First air mixing tube 120; A second air mixing tube 130; And pipe 140.

The suction pipe 110 is connected to the atomizer structure and the air inlet 111 is formed on one side. Air outside the suction pipe 110 is introduced into the air inlet 111.

The first air mixing pipe 120 is located in the suction pipe 110 and surrounds a part of the steam discharge pipe 263 inserted into the suction pipe 110. The first air mixing tube 120 includes a first air hole 121 and a second air hole 122. The first air hole 121 is formed in a portion surrounding the portion of the steam discharge pipe 263, the second air hole 122 is formed on the opposite side of the portion where the first air hole 121 is located.

The second air mixing pipe 130 is located in the suction pipe and is installed to surround the first air mixing pipe 120. The second air mixing tube 130 includes a third air hole 131. The third air hole 131 is formed in a portion adjacent to the second air hole 122. Therefore, the third air hole 131 communicates with the second air hole 122 in opposition.

In addition, the second air mixing pipe 130 has a discharge hole 132 is formed on the surface facing the steam discharge pipe 263. The atomized steam cooled as the atomized steam and air are mixed into the discharge hole 132 is discharged.

Pipe 140 is a portion for sucking the atomized vapor by bite of the user's mouth. Pipe 140 may have a long length and is provided to gently suck the atomized vapor.

The suction unit 100 mixes the atomized steam discharged through the steam discharge pipe 263 with the outside air to enhance atomization, remove the atomization vapor pressure, and lower the temperature of the atomization vapor.

In the process of mixing the atomized steam and the outside air, when the outside air flows into the intake pipe 110 through the air inlet 111 of the suction pipe 110, the introduced outside air is mixed with the first air through the first hole 261a. It is drawn into the tube 120, where it causes the atomization vapor and the additional primary atomization discharged through the steam discharge pipe 263 to lower the vapor pressure and temperature of the atomization vapor. Subsequently, the external air introduced into the second hole 261b is mixed with the atomized vapor again to further lower the vapor pressure and temperature of the atomized vapor and then discharged toward the pipe 140 through the discharge hole 132. By this process, the atomized vapor enhanced by the mist phenomenon can be discharged.

Claims (7)

  1. Suction part;
    An atomizer structure connected to the suction part to supply atomized steam to the suction part, and including a heating part for atomizing a liquid phase;
    Liquid storage unit for storing the liquid phase;
    A main body connected to the atomizer structure and the liquid storage part to supply a liquid phase from the liquid storage part to the atomizer structure, and including an atomizer switch; And
    An electronic cigarette comprising a battery,
    The liquid phase stored in the liquid storage unit is supplied to the atomizer supply,
    The atomizer structure is in the form of a hermetically sealed pressure chamber and includes the heat generating portion in the hermetically sealed pressure chamber, whereby the liquid phase supplied into the pressure chamber when the atomizer switch is turned on is sealed. Characterized by being atomized by heating in a high pressure state induced by expansion of the generated atomized vapors,
    Electronic cigarette.
  2. The method of claim 1,
    The atomizer structure includes a liquid supply pipe; Steam discharge pipe; And a piston,
    The liquid phase supply and the vapor discharge in the pressure chamber is the liquid supply pipe and the steam discharge pipe,
    The piston has a flow opening and closing valve for opening and closing between the liquid supply pipe and the piston therein,
    The piston performs a dual function of moving the liquid supply pipe and the vapor discharge pipe in the vertical movement between the vertical and vertical discharge to discharge the liquid supply and the atomized vapor inside the sealed pressure chamber,
    Electronic cigarette.
  3. The method of claim 2,
    The pressure chamber includes a bellows portion that expands and contracts,
    The liquid supply pipe and the steam discharge pipe is fixed in the electronic cigarette,
    The piston is connected to the bellows;
    The atomizer structure,
    Characterized in that the internal pressure engine is operated by the closed pressure chamber to the cylinder, the bellows portion is operated by the piston function of the general engine, the steam pressure in the pressure chamber generated by the electrothermal heating as a driving force,
    Electronic cigarette.
  4. The method of claim 3,
    It further comprises a self-generation unit,
    The self-generation unit,
    A permanent magnet installed around a portion of the piston supported by the bellows portion; And
    A power generation coil installed in the first chamber to be positioned above the bellows portion,
    The permanent magnet is moved into the power generation coil when the piston reciprocates along the axial direction parallel to the longitudinal direction of the liquid supply pipe through which the self-generating unit produces power,
    Power generated through the self-generating unit is supplied to the heating unit or the battery,
    Electronic cigarette.
  5. The method of claim 2,
    A pressure atomizing unit having a closed pressure chamber shape,
    The main body,
    A pressure measurement sensor installed in the pressure atomization unit for measuring pressure in the pressure atomization unit;
    A pressure value input terminal connected to the pressure measurement sensor and receiving an output value of the pressure measurement sensor;
    A temperature sensor for sensing a temperature of the pressure atomization unit;
    It includes a liquid supply amount measurement sensor for detecting the liquid supply amount supplied from the liquid storage unit to the liquid supply pipe,
    By operating the switch a manual variable of temperature, pressure, liquid supply amount is provided,
    The main body measures and feeds back the pressure and temperature in the pressure atomizing unit, the liquid supply amount when the input of the switch is detected, and controls the power supply based on the manual variable,
    Electronic cigarette.
  6. The method of claim 2,
    A liquid supply piston for supplying a liquid phase into the liquid supply pipe by pushing the liquid phase stored in the liquid storage part and installed in the liquid storage part toward the liquid supply pipe; And
    It further comprises a liquid supply controller is installed on one side of the liquid storage part and can manually manipulate the degree of opening of the liquid discharge portion of one side of the liquid storage part to discharge the liquid stored in the liquid storage part,
    Electronic cigarette.
  7. The method of claim 2,
    The suction unit,
    An atomizing vapor suction tube connected to the atomizing structure;
    A first air mixing pipe installed in the atomization vapor suction pipe and surrounding a portion of the vapor discharge pipe inserted into the atomization vapor suction pipe; And
    A second air mixing pipe installed in the atomization vapor suction pipe and surrounding the first air mixing pipe,
    The atomization vapor suction pipe is formed on one side and includes an air inlet through which external air flows,
    The first air mixing pipe is formed in a portion surrounding the steam discharge pipe, and is formed on the opposite side of the first air hole into which the outside air is introduced and the portion where the first air hole is located, and the second air into which the outside air is introduced. Including a hole,
    The second air mixing pipe is formed in a portion adjacent to the second air hole and communicates with the second air hole, and introduces external air introduced through the air inlet to the first air hole and the second air hole. A third air hole for allowing external air to enter the air,
    Electronic cigarette.
PCT/KR2014/008489 2013-09-12 2014-09-11 Electronic cigarette using atomizer structure having pressure chamber shape WO2015037925A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR20130109482A KR101387801B1 (en) 2013-09-12 2013-09-12 Electronic cigarette with the pressure chamber type
KR10-2013-0109482 2013-09-12

Publications (1)

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WO2015037925A1 true WO2015037925A1 (en) 2015-03-19

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US10279934B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2019-05-07 Juul Labs, Inc. Fillable vaporizer cartridge and method of filling
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EP3123880A1 (en) * 2015-09-30 2017-02-01 Shenzhen First Union Technology Co., Ltd. Atomizer and electronic cigarette having same
US10405582B2 (en) 2016-03-10 2019-09-10 Pax Labs, Inc. Vaporization device with lip sensing
WO2017185242A1 (en) * 2016-04-26 2017-11-02 深圳瀚星翔科技有限公司 Liquid injection apparatus
USD849996S1 (en) 2016-06-16 2019-05-28 Pax Labs, Inc. Vaporizer cartridge
USD851830S1 (en) 2016-06-23 2019-06-18 Pax Labs, Inc. Combined vaporizer tamp and pick tool
USD848057S1 (en) 2016-06-23 2019-05-07 Pax Labs, Inc. Lid for a vaporizer
USD836541S1 (en) 2016-06-23 2018-12-25 Pax Labs, Inc. Charging device
USD842536S1 (en) 2016-07-28 2019-03-05 Juul Labs, Inc. Vaporizer cartridge
USD825102S1 (en) 2016-07-28 2018-08-07 Juul Labs, Inc. Vaporizer device with cartridge

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