WO2015036538A1 - A connecting device - Google Patents

A connecting device Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2015036538A1
WO2015036538A1 PCT/EP2014/069494 EP2014069494W WO2015036538A1 WO 2015036538 A1 WO2015036538 A1 WO 2015036538A1 EP 2014069494 W EP2014069494 W EP 2014069494W WO 2015036538 A1 WO2015036538 A1 WO 2015036538A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
part
connecting device
beverage container
end
beverage
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/EP2014/069494
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Morten Helvig LARSEN
Benny Dahl
Original Assignee
Micro Matic A/S
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to EP13184337.7 priority Critical
Priority to EP13184337.7A priority patent/EP2848584A1/en
Priority to EP14162236 priority
Priority to EP14162236.5 priority
Application filed by Micro Matic A/S filed Critical Micro Matic A/S
Publication of WO2015036538A1 publication Critical patent/WO2015036538A1/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B67OPENING, CLOSING OR CLEANING BOTTLES, JARS OR SIMILAR CONTAINERS; LIQUID HANDLING
    • B67DDISPENSING, DELIVERING OR TRANSFERRING LIQUIDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B67D7/00Apparatus or devices for transferring liquids from bulk storage containers or reservoirs into vehicles or into portable containers, e.g. for retail sale purposes
    • B67D7/02Apparatus or devices for transferring liquids from bulk storage containers or reservoirs into vehicles or into portable containers, e.g. for retail sale purposes for transferring liquids other than fuel or lubricants
    • B67D7/0288Container connection means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B67OPENING, CLOSING OR CLEANING BOTTLES, JARS OR SIMILAR CONTAINERS; LIQUID HANDLING
    • B67DDISPENSING, DELIVERING OR TRANSFERRING LIQUIDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B67D1/00Apparatus or devices for dispensing beverages on draught
    • B67D1/08Details
    • B67D1/0829Keg connection means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B67OPENING, CLOSING OR CLEANING BOTTLES, JARS OR SIMILAR CONTAINERS; LIQUID HANDLING
    • B67DDISPENSING, DELIVERING OR TRANSFERRING LIQUIDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B67D1/00Apparatus or devices for dispensing beverages on draught
    • B67D1/08Details
    • B67D1/12Flow or pressure control devices or systems, e.g. valves, gas pressure control, level control in storage containers
    • B67D1/1202Flow control, e.g. for controlling total amount or mixture ratio of liquids to be dispensed
    • B67D1/1204Flow control, e.g. for controlling total amount or mixture ratio of liquids to be dispensed for ratio control purposes
    • B67D1/1222Pressure gauges

Abstract

The present invention relates to a connecting device (1) for connecting an outlet of a beverage dispensing system (100) via a dispensing line (23) having a first inner diameter (D1) to a beverage container (27), the connecting device (1) comprising a first part (3) having a first fluid channel (6) and piercing means (7) adapted to pierce a membrane (28) of the beverage container (27), and a second part (8) having a second fluid channel (11) and a first projecting element (12), the second part (8) being adapted to be connected with the dispensing line (23), the first part (3) being connected with the second part (8) to provide fluid communication between the first fluid channel (6) and the second fluid channel (11), the first and second parts (3, 8) being connected by the first projecting element (12) engaging into a corresponding recess (13) or groove arranged at the first part (3), wherein the first part (3) comprises a second projecting element (15), the second projecting element (15) being adapted to engage into corresponding engagement means (25) arranged on the beverage container (27).

Description

A CONNECTING DEVICE

Field of the invention

The present invention relates to a connecting device for connecting an outlet of a beverage dispensing system via a dispensing line having a first inner diameter to a beverage container. The present invention also relates to a dispensing line and a beverage dispensing system as well as to a method for connecting an outlet of a dispensing line with a beverage container and a method for disconnecting an outlet of a dispensing from a beverage container.

Background art

Dispensing of beverage, such as beer, has become more in focus with the consumer due to the fact that beer consumers have become increasingly aware of the quality of the beer and tend to base their beer label preferences on the final impression of the beer, i.e. the dispensed beer.

The impression of a newly dispensed beer is influenced by the taste and how it appears to the consumer. Also, the taste of the beer may change as the temperature of the beer varies. In view of this, it is of high importance that the dispensing devices serve the purpose of dispensing beer within the right temperature range and with the right amount of C02 in the beer.

The amount of C02 in a newly dispensed beer is influenced by the amount of C02 applied to the beer at the time of manufacture and also by the conditions under which the beer has been stored. The amount of C02 applied to the beer will migrate out of the beer if the beer is not kept under pressure in the beer keg. Therefore, it is very important that the pressure of the C02, besides being adequate for dispensing the beer, is also adequate for keeping the pressure balance in the beer keg, hence keeping the beer fizzy and foamy after dispensing.

Furthermore, beer dispensing devices have become within the reach of more consumers and are increasingly being installed in private homes, companies, sports facilities etc., where no trained personal is operating the dispensing devices. Thus, the safety of the user of the dispensing device and the hygiene of the device have likewise become very important.

When dispensing beverage, such as beer, in a bar facility, it may sometimes be difficult for the personal to clean the device properly, or it might just be given a low priority in the daily routines.

Furthermore, often during replacement of the beverage container, the dispensing line is being reused without being cleaned. The consequence is that the dispensing line may contain old beverage and that for instance bacteria are present. This may result in a bad taste of the beverage, or even, in some instances, constitute a health risk for the consumer.

In addition, dispensing systems applying the use of disposable beverage containers are being used more and more frequently. In this regard, a need has arisen for being able to connect the dispensing line with the disposable container in an easy and expedient manner.

Summary of the invention

It is an object of the present invention to wholly or partly overcome the above disadvantages and drawbacks of the prior art. More specifically, it is an object to provide a connecting device which is easy to use in relation to connecting and disconnecting a dispensing line to a beverage container.

A further object of the present invention is to provide a connecting device which ensures that a dispensing line may be used only once for one beverage container.

The above objects, together with numerous other objects, advantages and features, which will become evident from the below description, are accomplished by a solution in accordance with the present invention by a connecting device for connecting an outlet of a beverage dispensing system via a dispensing line having a first inner diameter to a beverage container, the connecting device having an axial extension, comprising :

- a first part having a first end and a second end and a first fluid channel extending between the first and second ends of the first part, the first part comprising, at the first end, piercing means adapted to pierce a membrane of the beverage container, and

- a second part having a first end and a second end and a second fluid channel extending between the first and second ends of the second part, the second part comprising a first projecting element arranged at the first end of the second part, the first projecting element having a first radial length extending in a radial direction in relation to the second part, the second end of the second part being adapted to be connected with the dispensing line,

the second end of the first part being connected with the first end of the second part for to provide fluid communication between the first fluid channel and the second fluid channel, the first and second parts being connected by the first projecting element of the second part engaging into a corresponding recess or groove arranged at the second end of the first part,

wherein the first part comprises a second projecting element having a second radial length extending in a radial direction in relation to the first part, the second radial length being larger than the first radial length.

In an embodiment, the second radial length may be more than 25% larger than first radial length, preferably more than 35%.

A plurality of second projecting elements may be arranged each having a second radial length which equals up to the second radial length.

Moreover, the first end of the second part may be inserted into the second end of the first part.

Further, the first projecting element may comprise one or more projecting arms.

Also, the second projecting element may be made of a different material than that of the first projecting element, the different material being less flexible than that of the first projecting element.

Additionally, the first projecting element along the radial direction may have a first thickness and the second projecting element along the radial direction may have a second thickness, the second thickness being larger than the first thickness. Furthermore, the piercing means may have a cutting edge.

Sealing element may be arranged above the first projection element of the second element.

Moreover, the second projecting element may be arranged on a projecting arm which projects radially from the first part.

Also, the second projecting element may be extending radially from the first part and in an angle towards the second part.

The first projecting element may project radially from the second part and in an angle towards the first part. Further, the second projecting element may be adapted to engage into corresponding engagement means arranged on the beverage container or a part of the beverage container.

In an embodiment, the first and/or the second projecting elements may be extending around the first part or the second part, respectively.

Further, the second part may comprise a centre tube part, the centre tube part having a second inner diameter, the second inner diameter being larger than the first inner diameter of the dispensing line.

Additionally, the centre tube part may have a first wall thickness and the centre tube part may comprise a measuring area having a second wall thickness, the second wall thickness being smaller than the first wall thickness, whereby a pressure of the beverage in the centre part is measured via the measuring area.

The present invention also relates to a dispensing line comprising a tube section having an inlet end and an outlet end, the inlet end being connected with the connecting device as described above. Said outlet end in the dispensing line as described above may be connected with a spout and/or a valve. Also, the present invention relates to a beverage dispensing system comprising a beverage container having a beverage and propelling means for forcing the beverage out of the container into a dispensing line, wherein the dispensing line and the beverage container are connected via the connecting device as described above.

Moreover, the propelling means may be mechanical pressure means.

Furthermore, the beverage container may comprise a cap arranged in connection with an opening in the beverage container, the cap comprising a membrane to be pierced by the piercing means, and engagement means adapted to engage the second projecting element of the first part of the connecting device.

The present invention also relates to a method for connecting an outlet of a beverage dispensing system via a dispensing line with a beverage container, comprising the steps of:

- providing a connecting device as described above,

- connecting the connecting device with a dispensing line,

- arranging the connecting device in relation to the beverage container, and - connecting the connecting device with an inside of the beverage container by piercing a membrane.

Finally, the present invention relates to a method for disconnecting an outlet of a dispensing line from a beverage container, comprising the steps of:

- releasing the propelling means in relation the beverage container, and

- pulling the second part so that it is separated from the first part of the connecting device, while the first part remains in the beverage container.

The method for disconnecting an outlet of a dispensing line from a beverage container as described above may also comprise the step of providing access to the second part of the connecting device, before pulling the second part and/or the beverage container.

In said method, the propelling means may be an upper pressing part and a lower pressing part, the second part of the connecting device being mounted in the upper pressing part, the method comprising the further step of releasing the beverage container from the upper pressing part by means of a dismantling tool when the lower pressing part is moved away from the upper pressing part and at the same time separating the second part from the first part of the connecting device. Brief description of the drawings

The invention and its many advantages will be described in more detail below with reference to the accompanying schematic drawings, which for the purpose of illustration show some non-limiting embodiments and in which

Fig. 1 shows, in a cross-sectional view, an embodiment of the connecting device according to the present invention,

Fig. 2 shows the second part of the connecting device of Fig. 1 in an outside view,

Fig. 3 shows a cross-sectional view of the first part of the connecting device of Fig. 1,

Fig. 4 shows the first part in a top view taken from the second end,

Fig. 5 shows, in a cross-sectional view, the connecting device in relation to a cap of a beverage container,

Fig. 6 shows an enlarged view of the area B of Fig. 5,

Fig. 7 shows the guide assisting in guiding and positioning the connecting device according to the present invention in relation to the cap and thereby beverage container, Fig. 8 is another view of the guide assisting in guiding and positioning the connecting device according to the present invention in relation to the cap and thereby beverage container,

Figs. 9-11 show another embodiment of a connecting device according to the present invention, Figs. 12-16 show yet another embodiment of a connecting device according to the present invention,

Fig. 17 shows the connecting device according to the present invention in a cross-sectional view,

Fig. 18 shows, in a cross-sectional view, the connecting device according to the present invention in relation to a cap of a beverage container, Fig. 19 shows an enlarged view of the area B of Fig. 18,

Fig. 20 shows a capsule-shaped element in an outside view,

Figs. 21-23 show a further embodiment of a connecting device according to the present invention,

Fig. 24 shows another embodiment of the connecting device according to the present invention, Figs. 25 and 26 show, in a cross-sectional view, a top part of the beverage container with a cap having a membrane,

Fig. 27 shows an enlarged view of the area F of Fig. 26, Fig. 28 shows the beverage container and the upper pressing part separated,

Fig. 29 shows a beverage dispensing system according to the invention in a cross-sectional view, Figs. 30a-30c show enlarged cross-sectional views of different embodiments of the second projecting element engaging corresponding engagement means of the cap,

Fig. 31 shows a dispensing line,

Fig. 32 shows another embodiment of the dispensing line, Fig. 33 shows a part of a dispensing line of Fig. 32 in a cross-sectional view,

Fig. 34 shows the centre tube part of the connecting device, Fig. 35 shows the centre tube part positioned in the positioning centre part,

Fig. 36 shows the beverage container placed in relation to the positioning centre part and the centre tube part, Figs. 37 and 38 show the embodiments of Figs. 35 and 36 in cross-sectional views,

Figs. 39-41 show, in cross-sectional views, guiding of the beverage container in relation to the connecting device,

Fig. 42 shows a dismantling tool,

Figs. 43a-43c show, in cross-sectional views, the function of the dismantling tool of Fig. 42,

Fig. 44 shows another dismantling tool,

Figs. 45a-45c show, in cross-sectional views, the function of the dismantling tool of Fig. 44,

Figs. 46a-46d show, in cross-sectional views, yet another dismantling tool and the function of the dismantling tool,

Figs. 47a-47c show a cap with a down tube,

Figs. 48a-48c show another cap with a down tube, Figs. 49a-49c show yet another cap, Fig. 50 shows, in cross-sectional view, the cap of Figs. 49a-49c being guided, Figs. 51a-51c show an additional cap, Fig. 52 shows, in cross-sectional view, the cap of Figs. 51a-51c being guided,

Figs. 53a-53c show yet an additional cap, and Fig. 54 shows, in cross-sectional view, the cap of Figs. 53a-53c being guided.

All the figures are highly schematic and not necessarily to scale, and they show only those parts which are necessary in order to elucidate the invention, other parts being omitted or merely suggested.

Detailed description of the invention

Figs. 1-8 show an embodiment of a connecting device 1 according to the present invention. Fig. 1 shows, in a cross-sectional view, the connecting device 1 having an axial extension 2 and comprising a first part 3 having a first end 4 and a second end 5 and a first fluid channel 6 extending between the first end 4 and the second end 5 of the first part 3. At the first end 4, the first part comprises piercing means 7 adapted to pierce a membrane (not shown) of the beverage container. Furthermore, the connecting device 1 comprises a second part 8 having a first end 9 and a second end 10 and a second fluid channel 11 extending between the first end 9 and the second end 10 of the second part 8. The second part 8 comprises a first projecting element 12 arranged at the first end 9 of the second part 8, the first projecting element 12 having a first radial length LI extending in a radial direction in relation to the second part 8 and the second end 10 of the second part 8 is adapted to be connected with the dispensing line (not shown).

The second end 5 of the first part 3 is connected with the first end 9 of the second part 8 for to provide fluid communication between the first fluid channel 6 and the second fluid channel 11. Furthermore, the first part 3 and the second part are connected by the first projecting element 12 of the second part 8 engages into a corresponding recess 13 or groove arranged at the second end 5 of the first part 3. Thus when the second part is connected with the first part, the first projecting element 12 abuts the inner wall of the recess 13, whereby the first part 3 and the second part 8 are mechanically locked to each other. In this embodiment, the first end 9 of the second part 8 is inserted into the second end 5 of the first part 3. Furthermore, a sealing element 14, here in the form of an O-ring, is arranged above the first projection element 12 of the second part 8, so that the connection between the first fluid channel 6 and the second fluid channel 11 is sealed off. In addition, the first part 3 comprises a second projecting element 15 having a second radial length L2 extending in a radial direction in relation to the first part 3. The second projecting element 15 is adapted to engage into corresponding engagement means (not shown) arranged on the beverage container or a part of the beverage container, and the second radial length L2 is larger than the first radial length LI . Hereby it is obtained that the connection to the beverage container of the first part 3 of the connecting device 1 is greater than the connection between the first part 3 and the second part 8 of the connecting device 1, whereby the second part 8 will be separated from the first part 3 before the first part will be separated from the beverage container. A further advantage is that it will be difficult to reuse the connecting device 1 after the first and second parts have been separated, whereby the connecting device 1 may assist in providing a one-way and disposable dispensing line solution for securing that a new dispensing line will be used each time a beverage container shall be replaced.

In Fig. 2, the second part 8 is shown in an outside view. At the first end 9, the first projecting element 12 is arranged. In this embodiment, the first projecting element 12 comprises a plurality of projecting arms projecting radially from the second part 8 and in an angle towards the first part. Due to the design of the projecting arms, they have a spring effect since during assembly of the first part 3 and the second part 8, the projecting arms pressed inwards against the wall of the second part, whereby they do not project radially until they are opposite the recess of the first part, whereby they project again and engage the recess. Furthermore, a special tool is necessary for assembling the first and second parts, whereby the projecting arms also serve to prevent the second part 8 from being inserted into the first part again after they have been separated, since the projecting arms have a larger diameter than the inner diameter of the second end of the first part. At a distance from the first projecting element 12, a circumferential groove 16 is arranged. The groove 16 is adapted to receive the sealing element. Furthermore, in this embodiment, the second part 8 also comprises two radially extending guide collars 17 arranged with a mutual distance for guiding the connecting device 1 in relation to the beverage container. A dispensing line is adapted to be connected at the second end 10.

Fig. 3 shows a cross-sectional view of the first part 3. The piercing means 7 is arranged at the first end 4 for piercing the membrane of the beverage container when the first part 3 is being brought into engagement with the beverage container. Preferably, the piercing means 7 have a cutting edge for facilitating the piercing. Above the first fluid channel 6, an insertion area 18 is arranged which is adapted to receive the first end of the second part. In the inner wall of this insertion area 18, the recess 13 is arranged. Furthermore, the second projecting element 15 is arranged on an L-shaped arm 19 extending radially from the first part, so that the projecting element 15 is facing the outer face of the first part and providing a distance between them, thereby defining a space 21. The second projecting element 15 has a triangular shape with a contact face 20 facing up against the L-shaped arm 19. The corresponding engagement means of the beverage container is adapted to be received in the space 21 so that the second projecting element 15 engages these as shown in Fig. 5.

Fig. 4 shows the first part 3 in a top view taken from the second end 5. In this embodiment, the first part 3 comprises four L-shaped arms 19 each comprising a second projecting element.

Fig. 5 shows, in a cross-sectional view, the connecting device 1 in relation to a cap 22 of a beverage container (not shown). The second part 8 is connected with the dispensing line 23. The guide collars of the second part 8 are positioned in a guide 24 for aligning the connecting device 1 with the beverage container. The first element 3 has been forced downwards against and through a membrane of the cap 22 so that the membrane has been pierced and the inside of the beverage container is in fluid communication with the dispensing line 23.

Fig. 6 shows an enlarged view of the area B of Fig. 5. In this view it is easily deducible how the engagement means 25 of the cap 22 have entered into the space so that the second projecting elements 15 engage and mechanically lock each other.

Figs. 7 and 8 show the guide 24 assisting in guiding and positioning the connecting device 1 in relation to the cap 22 and thereby beverage container. Figs. 9-11 show another embodiment of a connecting device 1 according to the present invention. This embodiment has substantially the same design and function as the one shown in Figs. 1-8. However, the second part 8 of the connecting device 1 comprises only one guide collar 17 adapted to engage with the guide 24 for positioning the connecting device in relation to the cap 22 as shown in Figs. 10 and 11.

Figs. 12-16 show yet another embodiment of a connecting device according to the present invention. Again the connecting device of the present embodiment has substantially the same design and function as the one shown in Figs. 1-8.

In Fig. 12, the connecting device 1 is shown in a cross-sectional view. The first part 3 comprises a recess 26 arranged on the outside at the second end 5. The second projecting element 15 is, in this embodiment, arranged in the recess 26, and comprises a ring-shaped element having three radially extending arms arranged around the ring-shaped element with a mutual distance, as shown in Fig. 16.

Fig. 13 shows the connecting device 1 inserted in the cap 22 in a top view. Fig. 14 shows, in a cross-sectional view, the connecting device 1 in relation to a cap 22 of a beverage container (not shown). The second part 8 is connected with the dispensing line 23. The guide collar 17 of the second part 8 is positioned in a guide (not shown) for aligning the connecting device 1 with the beverage container. The first element 3 has been forced downwards against and through a membrane of the cap 22, so that the membrane has been pierced and the inside of the beverage container is in fluid communication with the dispensing line 23.

Fig. 15 shows an enlarged view of the area B of Fig. 14. In this view it is easily deducible how the second projecting element 15, here in the form of the three radially extending arms, engages the cap 22 and thereby mechanically locks the first part 3 to the cap 22. The ring-shaped element may be made of metal, whereby the second projecting element is made of a different material than that of the first projecting element, the different material being less flexible than that of the first projecting element, which may be made of a plastic material. Figs. 17-20 show an additional embodiment of a connecting device 1 according to the present invention. This embodiment has substantially the same design and function as the one shown in Figs. 12-16. In Fig. 17, the connecting device 1 is shown in a cross-sectional view. The first part 3 comprises a recess 26 arranged on the outside at the second end 5. In this embodiment, the second projecting element 15 is arranged in the recess 26 and comprises a capsule-shaped element extending radially out from the recess 26 and has a substantially vertical extension. On the inside of the vertical extension, engagement means are arranged adapted for engaging corresponding engagement means arranged on the cap as shown in Figs 18 and 19. The capsule-shaped element 15 is shown in Fig. 20 in an outside view. Fig. 18 shows in a cross-sectional view the connecting device 1 in relation to a cap 22 of a beverage container (not shown). The second part 8 is connected with the dispensing line 23. The guide collar 17 of the second part 8 is positioned in a guide (not shown) for aligning the connecting device 1 with the beverage container. The first element 3 has been forced downwards against and through a membrane of the cap 22, so that the membrane has been pierced and the inside of the beverage container is in fluid communication with the dispensing line 23.

Fig. 19 shows an enlarged view of the area B of Fig. 18. In this view it is easily deducible how the second projecting element 15, here in the form of the capsule- shaped element, engages the cap 22 and thereby mechanically locks the first part 3 to the cap 22.

Figs. 21-23 show a further embodiment of a connecting device 1 according to the present invention. This embodiment has substantially the same design and function as the one shown in Figs. 12-16.

In Fig. 21, the connecting device 1 is shown in a cross-sectional view. The first part 3 comprises the second projecting element 15 which, in this embodiment, is extending radially from the first part 3 and in an angle towards the second part 8. Thus, when the connecting device 1 is connected with the cap 22, the second projecting element 15 extends radially out from the first part 3 and towards the second part and thereby the cap 22, as shown in Figs. 22 and 23.

Fig. 22 shows, in a cross-sectional view, the connecting device 1 in relation to a cap 22 of a beverage container (not shown). The second part 8 is connected with the dispensing line 23. The guide collar 17 of the second part 8 is positioned in a guide (not shown) for aligning the connecting device 1 with the beverage container. The first element 3 has been forced downwards against and through a membrane of the cap 22, so that the membrane has been pierced and the inside of the beverage container is in fluid communication with the dispensing line 23. Fig. 23 shows an enlarged view of the area B of Fig. 22. In this view it is easily deducible how the second projecting element 15 will engage the cap 22 if pulled out of the cap 22, since the second projecting element 15 will engage the cap 22 and thereby mechanically lock the first part 3 to the cap 22. Fig. 24 shows another embodiment of the connecting device 1. Fig. 24 shows, in a cross-sectional view, the connecting device 1 comprising a first part 3 having a first end 4 and a second end 5, and a first fluid channel 6 extending between the first end 4 and second end 5 of the first part 3. At the first end 4, the first part comprises piercing means 7 adapted to pierce a membrane (not shown) of the beverage container. Furthermore, the connecting device 1 comprises a second part 8 having a first end 9 and a second end 10 and a second fluid channel 11 extending between the first end 9 and second end 10 of the second part 8. The second part 8 comprises a first projecting element 12 arranged at the first end 9 of the second part 8, the first projecting element 12 having a first radial length LI extending in a radial direction in relation to the second part 8 and the second end 10 of the second part 8 being adapted to be connected with the dispensing line (not shown).

The second end 5 of the first part 3 is connected with the first end 9 of the second part 8 to provide fluid communication between the first fluid channel 6 and the second fluid channel 11. Furthermore, the first part 3 and second part are connected by the first projecting element 12 of the second part 8 engaging into a corresponding recess 13 or groove arranged at the second end 5 of the first part 3. Thus, when the second part is connected with the first part, the first projecting element 12 abuts the inner wall of the recess 13, whereby the first part 3 and the second part 8 are mechanically locked to each other. In this embodiment, the first end 9 of the second part 8 is inserted into the second end 5 of the first part 3. In addition, the first part 3 comprises a second projecting element 15 having a second radial length L2 extending in a radial direction in relation to the first part 3. The second projecting element 15 is adapted to engage into corresponding engagement means (not shown) arranged on the beverage container or a part of the beverage container, and the second radial length L2 is larger than the first radial length LI . Hereby it is obtained that the connection to the beverage container of the first part 3 of the connecting device 1 is greater than the connection between the first part 3 and the second part 8 of the connecting device 1, whereby the second part 8 will be separated from the first part 3 before the first part will be separated from the beverage container. A further advantage is that it will be difficult to reuse the connecting device 1 after the first and second parts have been separated, whereby the connecting device 1 may assist in providing a one-way and disposable dispensing line solution for securing that a new dispensing line will be used each time a beverage container shall be replaced.

Fig. 25 shows, in a cross-sectional view, a top part of the beverage container 27 with a cap 22 having a membrane 28. The beverage container 27 is arranged below an upper pressing part 29, wherein the connecting device 1 has been arranged and is being positioned in relation to the beverage container by the guide 24. In Fig. 26, the beverage container 27 has been moved towards the upper pressing part 29, so that the membrane of the cap has been moved up against the first part 3 of the connecting device 1 which has then been forced through the membrane and pierced it, so that the inside of the beverage container is in fluid communication with the dispensing line 23.

Fig. 27 shows an enlarged view of the area F of Fig. 26. In this view it is easily deducible how the second projecting element 15 of the first part 3 has been moved past the engagement means 25 of the cap 22, so that the second projecting element 15 engages and mechanically locks each other.

Furthermore, a ball valve 30 may be arranged inside the second part 8.

In Fig. 28, the beverage container 27 has been moved away from the upper pressing part 29, whereby the second part 8 has been separated from the first part 3 according to the inventive idea. In Fig. 29, a beverage dispensing system 100 according to the invention is shown in a cross-sectional view. The system 100 comprises a beverage container 27 having a beverage and propelling means 31 for forcing the beverage out of the container into a dispensing line 23. The dispensing line 23 and the beverage container 27 are connected via the connecting device 1. In this embodiment, the propelling means is mechanical pressure means having an upper pressing part 29 and a lower pressing part 32. Furthermore, the beverage container 27 comprises a cap 22 arranged in connection with an opening in the beverage container, the cap 22 comprises a membrane to be pierced by the piercing means, and engagement means is adapted to engage the second projecting element of the first part of the connecting device 1.

Furthermore, the propelling means 31 and the beverage container 27 are placed inside a cabinet 33. The cabinet 33 may comprise cooling means for keeping the beverage in the beverage container on a predetermined cold temperature. Furthermore, a font 34 having the tapping head 35 and a guide channel 36 is arranged on top of a cabinet 33 having a chamber 37 which is in fluid communication with the guide channel 36. The dispensing line (not shown) may be guided down through the font via the guide channel 36 to the chamber 37, wherein the connecting device 1 according to the invention may be positioned in the guide to be connected with beverage container 27.

Figs. 30a-30b show enlarged cross-sectional views of the second projecting elements 15 of the first part 3 engaging with engagement means on the cap 22. In Fig. 30a, an inside lock-type engagement is shown, and Figs. 30b-30c show two different embodiments of outside lock-type engagements. Each lock-type mechanically locks the element and means to each other.

Fig. 31 shows a dispensing line 23 comprising a tube section 38 having an inlet end 39 and an outlet end 40, the inlet end 39 being connected with the connecting device 1. Furthermore, the outlet end may be connected with a spout and/or a valve 41.

The spout and/or valve may furthermore comprise a creaming disc arranged across a flow direction of the beverage through the spout and/or valve. The creaming disc may comprises holes so that the beverage may be influenced, for instance by a pressure-drop, by the flow through the creaming disc. In addition, when an outlet of a beverage dispensing system 100 is to be connected with a beverage container via a dispensing line, the following steps may be applied :

- providing a connecting device 1,

- connecting the connecting device 1 with a dispensing line 23,

- arranging the connecting device 1 in relation to the beverage container 27, and

- connecting the connecting device 1 with an inside of the beverage container 27 by piercing a membrane 28. Furthermore, when the outlet of a beverage dispensing system 100 is to be disconnected from a beverage container 27, the following steps may be applied :

- releasing the propelling means 31 in relation the beverage container 27,

- providing access to the second part 8 of the connecting device 1, and

- pulling the second part 8 and/or the beverage container, so that the second part 8 is separated from the first part 3 of the connecting device 1, while the first part 3 remains in the beverage container 27.

In Fig. 32, another embodiment of the dispensing line 23 is shown. The dispensing line 23 comprises a tube section 38 having an inlet end 39 and an outlet end 40, the inlet end 39 being connected with the connecting device 1 having the piercing means. Furthermore, the outlet end 40 may be connected with a spout and/or a valve 41 to be operated by an actuator. The connecting device 1 also comprises a centre tube part 80 having a measuring area 81 which, in this embodiment, is arranged on one side of the centre tube part 80. Furthermore, the centre tube part 80 comprises a handle 82 facilitating the positioning of the measuring area 81.

In Fig. 33, a part of the dispensing line 23 of Fig. 32 is shown in a cross-sectional view. In this embodiment, the dispensing line 23 is connected with the connecting device 1 being adapted to pierce the beverage container (not shown) in order to bring an inside of the beverage container into fluid communication with the dispensing line 23, i.e. the tube section 38. In addition, the tube section or the dispensing line 23 has a first inner diameter Dl . Furthermore, the connecting device 1 comprises the centre tube part 80, the centre tube part 80 having a second inner diameter D2, the second inner diameter D2 being larger than the first inner diameter Dl of the dispensing line 23. The centre tube part 80 has a first wall thickness Tl and the centre tube part comprises a measuring area 81 having a second wall thickness T2, the second wall thickness T2 being smaller than the first wall thickness Tl, and the pressure of the beverage in the centre tube part 80 and thereby in the dispensing line may then be measured via the measuring area 81, which will be described in more detail below. The measuring area 81 is made of a flexible material.

The centre tube part 80 also comprises a first projection 83 extending radially out from the outer face of the centre tube part. The first projection 83 is arranged at the end nearest to the tube section 38. The centre tube part 80 also comprises a second projection 84 ensuring that the centre tube part 80 stops during insertion into the second part of the connecting device 1. The connecting device 1 also comprises a projecting flange 85 extending radially out from an outer face of the connecting device. The projecting flange 85 also assists in positioning the measuring area 81 in relation to a pressure meter (not shown).

Fig. 34 shows the centre tube part 80 in a perspective view. The handle 82 extends from the tube part and has a size which enables it to be gripped by a couple of fingers. The faces of the handle 82 may comprise means enhancing the user's grip on the handle. In this embodiment, the means are projecting dots 86 arranged on the faces. The first projection 83 has a tapering shape also facilitating in the positioning of the centre tube part.

In Fig. 35, the centre tube part 80 is shown positioned in a positioning centre part 87 arranged in one of the pressing parts (not shown). The positioning centre part 87 is arranged for positioning and maintaining the centre tube part 80 and especially the measuring area and the connecting device 1. The positioning centre part 87 has an opening adapted to receive the centre tube part 80 and the connecting device 1. The opening is arranged so that the centre tube part and the connecting device may be inserted radially into the positioning centre part 87. As mentioned above, the centre tube part 80 comprises projections 83, 84 projecting radially out from the centre tube part, and the connecting device 1 also comprises a projecting flange 85, at least one of the projections or the flange being adapted to engage a corresponding groove 88 arranged in the positioning centre part 87. Hereby insertion of the centre tube part and the connecting device into the positioning centre part is facilitated. Furthermore, the projections and the flange assist in positioning the centre tube part and the connecting device in the positioning centre part, as well as maintaining and securing the centre tube part and the connecting device in an axial direction of the dispensing line. Furthermore, a pressure meter 89 is arranged in the positioning centre part 87. The pressure meter 89 comprises a pushing member 90 adapted to provide a predetermined force, a strain gauge 91 being arranged between the pushing member 90 and an abutment member 92. The abutment member 92 is arranged opposite the measuring area of the centre tube part 80.

In Fig. 36, the beverage container 27 is placed in relation to the positioning centre part 87 and the centre tube part 80. The connecting device 1 has pierced the beverage container 27 or the cap 22 of the beverage container. Figs. 37 and 38 show the embodiments of Figs. 35 and 36 in cross-sectional views. Fig. 37 corresponds substantially to Fig. 35 as described above. As can be seen, the abutment member 92 is displacing the measuring area 81 inwards, whereby the pressure of the beverage present in the centre tube part 80 and the dispensing line will exert a force on the abutment member, which results in a deflection on the strain gauge, which deflection is measured and converted into an electric signal indicating the size of the pressure of the beverage present in dispensing line. The signal is provided to a control unit (not shown) which may control a motor driving the pressing parts. Fig. 38 shows the embodiment of Fig. 35 in a cross-sectional view, wherein the connecting device 1 has pierced the beverage container 27.

Figs. 39-41 show, in cross-sectional views, guiding and centering of the beverage container 27 in relation to the connecting device 1 so that the cap 22 of the beverage container 27 is positioned correctly in the dispensing device before the cap is being brought into contact with the piercer of the connecting device 1.

In Fig. 39, the beverage container 27 has been positioned in the recess 101 arranged in the upper pressing part 29. The recess 101 has a first end 102 and a second end 103 and a diameter, wherein the recess decreases in diameter from the first end 102 to the second end 103 so that centering of the cap 22 of the beverage container 27 in the upper pressing part 29 is facilitated. The recess 101 has, at the first end 102, a tapering extension 104 for guiding the cap 22 into the recess when the beverage container 27 is brought into contact with the upper pressing part 29. At a first distance 105 from the first end 102, the recess 101 is decreasing in diameter again for providing the additional centering of the cap 22 in relation to the piercer of the connecting device 1. In Fig. 39 the top of the cap 22 is brought into contact with the piercer of the connecting device 1.

In Fig. 40, the cap 22 of the beverage container 27 is entered further up in the recess 101, and the cap 22 has been pierced by the connecting device 1 or is about to be pierced. At a second distance 106 from the first end 102, the recess 101 is decreasing in diameter again for providing the last centering and positioning of the cap 22 in the recess 101.

In Fig. 41, the cap 22 is positioned in the recess 101 and is fully penetrated by the connecting device 1 so that the inside 108 of the beverage container 27 is in fluid communication with the dispensing line 23 via the connecting device 1.

The cap 22 shown in Figs. 39-41 has a down tube 109 extending downwards in the beverage container 27. The beverage container 27 contains a beverage 110 having a surface 111. The down tube 109 has a length which ensures that a tube end 112 of the down tube 109 is positioned below the surface 111 when the beverage container 27 has been filled with a predetermined amount of beverage 110. The down tube 109 ensures that the beverage 110 may be dispensed rapidly from the beverage container 27 when it is being deformed by moving the pressing parts against each other or as in the preferred embodiment, moving the lower pressing part against the upper pressing part 29. Above the surface 111, a head space 113 is present. The head space 113 comprises a gas. If the down tube 109 is not present in the beverage container, the head space 113 should first be emptied by leading the gas out of the inside of the beverage container 27 via the dispensing line during the deformation of the beverage container 27.

Figs. 42 and 43a-43c show a dismantling tool 115. The dismantling tool 115 is arranged in connection with the dispensing system and is adapted to assist in releasing the beverage container from the upper pressing part after the beverage container has been deformed around the upper pressing part.

The dismantling tool 115 shown in Fig. 42 has a first projection 116 projecting out from a base part 117. The first projection 116 is part of a longitudinal member 118, wherein the first projection 116 is substantially perpendicular to the longitudinal member 118. The longitudinal member is preferably spring- loaded so that the first projection is forced inwards. The dismantling tool 115 also comprises a spring-loaded second member 119 arranged below the longitudinal member 118. The second member 119 is also projecting out from the base part 117. The longitudinal member and/or the second member may be axially displaceble in relation to the base part.

In Figs. 43a-43c, the function of the dismantling tool 115 is shown. The dismantling tool 115 is mounted to the dispensing system. In Fig. 43a, the beverage container 27 has been completely collapsed by the lower pressing part 32 having been moved up and around the upper pressing part 29, so that the collapsed beverage container 27 is placed between the upper and lower pressing parts. During the upwards movement of the lower pressing part 32, the first projection 116 of the dismantling tool 115 has been forced inwards so that the beverage container 27 is placed beneath the first projection 116. Since the beverage container 27 fits closely around the upper pressing part 29, and the cap of the beverage container is arranged in a close fit in the recess of the upper pressing part, and the connecting device is pierced through the cap, the beverage container 27 is difficult to release from the upper pressing part. When the lower pressing part 32 is moved downwards, a projection 120 of the lower pressing part 32 will abut the second member 119, whereby it, together with the longitudinal member 118, will start to move downwards with the lower pressing part 32, whereby the first projection 116 will pull the collapsed beverage container 27 of the upper pressing part 29 as shown in Fig. 43b. As shown in Fig. 43b, the second member 119 will slide inside the base part, whereby the dismantling tool is released from the lower pressing part. The longitudinal member 118 continues to move downwards with the beverage container as shown in Fig. 43c.

Figs. 44 and 45a-45c show another dismantling tool 115. In this embodiment the dismantling tool 115 is arranged on the outside of the lower pressing part 32. The dismantling tool has two upwards projecting members 122 arranged on each side of the lower pressing part 32. The projecting members 122 each have an inwards projection 123. The projecting members may be made of spring steel and arranged so that the projections 123 are inwards spring-loaded. In Figs. 45a-45c, the function of the dismantling tool 115 is shown. In Fig. 45a, the beverage container 27 is being emptied by moving the lower pressing part 32 upwards. The dismantling tool 115 is sliding upwards on the outer face of the beverage container 27. In Fig. 45b, the beverage container 27 is fully collapsed between the upper and lower pressing parts. The projection 123 is abutting the top of the beverage container 27, so that when the lower pressing part 32 is moved downwards, the projection 123 will pull the collapsed beverage container off the upper pressing part 29 as shown in Fig. 45c. The collapsed beverage container 27 will then follow the lower pressing part and may easily be removed.

The dismantling tool may also be slidably arranged on the dispensing system, so that it may abut the beverage container while it is being moved upwards against the upper pressing part and follow the beverage container. When the beverage container is emptied and shall be removed, the dismantling tool will again follow the lower pressing part downwards and thereby ensure that the beverage container is released from the upper pressing part by pulling it downwards while following the lower pressing part. The dismantling tool may also comprise a release mechanism ensuring that the dismantling tool stops following the lower pressing tool when the release mechanism has been activated.

Figs. 46a-46d show yet another dismantling tool 115 and the function thereof. In this embodiment, the dismantling tool 115 is arranged in connection with the upper pressing part 29. As seen in Fig. 46a, the dismantling tool 115 is arranged inside the upper pressing part 29. The dismantling tool 115 comprises a slide member 135 having a first projection 136 and a second projection 137. The first projection projects out of the upper pressing part 29 and the second projection is arranged in the opposite end of the slide member in relation the first projection and projects in the opposite direction. A spring 138 abuts the second projection 137. In Fig. 46b, the lower pressing part 32 has been moved up against the upper pressing part 29, so that the beverage container 27 has been collapsed. The beverage container 27 abuts the first projection 136, and when it is being pushed upwards, the slide member 135 will follow while pushing and thereby biasing the spring 138. In Fig. 46c, the lower pressing part has been lowered and the spring force of the spring 138 then ensures that the collapsed beverage container 27 may be released from the upper pressing part 29 and thereby moved downwards. In Fig. 46d, the collapsed beverage container has been removed and the spring 138 is in its relaxed position. Figs. 47a-47c show a cap 22 to be mounted in an outlet opening of a beverage container. The cap 22 comprises a first cap part 125 adapted to be screwed onto the beverage container (not shown) and a down tube 109. As described above in connection with Fig. 41, the down tube ensures that a more rapid dispensing of the beverage container may be obtained without having to empty the head space before dispensing the beverage. The down tube 109 has a tube end 112. The tube end 112 comprises a tube recess 126. The tube recess 126 ensures that the beverage may be dispensed evenly in circumstances in which the tube end 112 abuts the inner side of the beverage container. Furthermore, the down tube 109 may be made of flexible material so that it may bend when the down tube is pressed against the inner side or bottom of the beverage container. Hereby it is ensured that substantially all the beverage may be dispensed from the beverage container. Also, since the head space has not been emptied, and the gas then is still present in the inside of the beverage container, this gas may be used to empty the beverage container.

Figs. 48a-48c show another cap 22, wherein the down tube 109 has a flexible wall in that it is corrugated. The flexible corrugated wall of the down tube may then bend when the down tube is pressed against the inner side or bottom of the beverage container. Hereby it is ensured that substantially all the beverage may be dispensed from the beverage container.

Figs. 49a-49c show an additional cap 22 in different views. The cap 22 is not shown with a down tube. However, as indicated in Fig. 50, the cap 22 may indeed have a down tube. The cap 22 has the first cap part 125 having a circular outer face 140 and a top face 141. From the circular outer face 140, a projecting flange or a plurality of projections 142 project. The plurality of projections 142 extend around the circular outer face 140. Furthermore, the projections 142 have a shape tapering towards the top face 141. In Fig. 50, the cap 22 is mounted on the beverage container 27 and has been moved up in the recess 101. In this embodiment, the recess 101 has substantially vertical walls, whereby the projections 142 of the cap 22 will assist in guiding and centering the cap 22 in the recess and thereby in relation to the connecting device 1. Figs. 51a-51c show yet an additional cap 22 in different views. The cap 22 is not shown with a down tube. However, as indicated in Fig. 52, the cap 22 may indeed have a down tube. The cap 22 has the first cap part 125 having a circular outer face 140 and a top face 141. The circular outer face 140 extends slightly above the top face 141 as indicated on Fig. 51c. In Fig. 52, the cap 22 is mounted on the beverage container 27 and has been moved up in the recess 101. In this embodiment, the recess 101 is decreasing in diameter in the same manner as described in connection with Figs. 39-41 above. The portion of the outer circular face 140 extending upwards from the top face will assist in guiding and centering the cap 22 in the recess and thereby in relation to the connecting device 1.

Figs. 53a-53c show a further cap 22 in different views. The cap 22 is not shown with a down tube. However, as indicated in Fig. 55, the cap 22 may indeed have a down tube. The cap 22 has the first cap part 125 having a circular outer face 140 and a top face 141. From the circular outer face 140 a projecting curved collar or a plurality of curved collar parts 146 project. The plurality of curved collar parts 146 extend around the circular outer face 140. Furthermore, the curved collar parts 146 have a rounded shape. In Fig. 54, the cap 22 is mounted on the beverage container 27 and has been moved up in the recess 101. In this embodiment, the recess 101 has substantially vertical walls, whereby the curved collar parts 146 of the cap 22 will assist in guiding and centering the cap 22 in the recess and thereby in relation to the connecting device 1.

Although the invention has been described in the above in connection with preferred embodiments of the invention, it will be evident for a person skilled in the art that several modifications are conceivable without departing from the invention as defined by the following claims.

Claims

Claims
1. A connecting device (1) for connecting an outlet of a beverage dispensing system (100) via a dispensing line (23) having a first inner diameter (Dl) to a beverage container (27), the connecting device (1) having an axial extension (2), comprising :
- a first part (3) having a first end (4) and a second end (5) and a first fluid channel (6) extending between the first and second ends (4, 5) of the first part (3), the first part (3) comprising, at the first end (4), piercing means (7) adapted to pierce a membrane (28) of the beverage container (27), and
- a second part (8) having a first end (9) and a second end (10) and a second fluid channel (11) extending between the first and second ends (9, 10) of the second part (8), the second part (8) comprising a first projecting element (12) arranged at the first end (9) of the second part (8), the first projecting element (12) having a first radial length (LI) extending in a radial direction in relation to the second part (8), the second end (10) of the second part (8) being adapted to be connected with the dispensing line (23),
the second end (5) of the first part (3) being connected with the first end (9) of the second part (8) for to provide fluid communication between the first fluid channel (6) and the second fluid channel (11), the first and second parts (3, 8) being connected by the first projecting element (12) of the second part (8) engaging into a corresponding recess (13) or groove arranged at the second end (5) of the first part (3),
wherein the first part (3) comprises a second projecting element (15) having a second radial length (L2) extending in a radial direction in relation to the first part (3), the second radial length (L2) being larger than the first radial length (LI).
2. A connecting device (1) according to claim 1, wherein the second radial length (L2) is more than 25% larger than first radial length (LI), preferably more than 35%.
3. A connecting device (1) according to any of the previous claims, wherein the second projecting element (15) is made of a different material than that of the first projecting element (12), the different material being less flexible than that of the first projecting element (12).
4. A connecting device (1) according to any of the previous claims, wherein the first projecting element (12) along the radial direction has a first thickness and the second projecting element (15) along the radial direction has a second thickness, the second thickness being larger than the first thickness.
5. A connecting device (1) according to any of the previous claims, wherein the second projecting element (15) is extending radially from the first part (3) and in an angle towards the second part (8).
6. A connecting device (1) according to any of the previous claims, wherein the first projecting element (12) projects radially from the second part (8) and in an angle towards the first part (3).
7. A connecting device (1) according to claim 1, wherein the second projecting element (15) is adapted to engage into corresponding engagement means (25) arranged on the beverage container (27) or a part (22) of the beverage container.
8. A connecting device (1) according to any of the previous claims, wherein the second part comprises a centre tube part (80), the centre tube part (80) having a second inner diameter (D2), the second inner diameter (D2) being larger than the first inner diameter (Dl) of the dispensing line.
9. A connecting device (1) according to claim 8, wherein the centre tube part (80) has a first wall thickness (Tl) and the centre tube part comprises a measuring area (81) having a second wall thickness (T2), the second wall thickness (T2) being smaller than the first wall thickness (Tl), whereby a pressure of the beverage in the centre part is measured via the measuring area (81).
10. A dispensing line (23) comprising a tube section (38) having an inlet end (39) and an outlet end (40), the inlet end (39) being connected with the connecting device (1) according to any of the preceding claims.
11. A dispensing line (23) according to claim 10, wherein the outlet end (40) is connected with a spout and/or a valve (41).
12. A beverage dispensing system (100) comprising a beverage container (27) having a beverage and propelling means (31) for forcing the beverage out of the beverage container (27) into a dispensing line (23), wherein the dispensing line (23) and the beverage container (27) are connected via the connecting device (1) according to any of the claims 1-9.
13. A beverage dispensing system (100) according to claim 12, wherein the propelling means (31) is mechanical pressure means.
14. A beverage dispensing system (100) according to claim 12 or 13, wherein the beverage container (27) comprises a cap (22) arranged in connection with an opening in the beverage container (27), the cap (22) comprising a membrane (28) to be pierced by the piercing means (7) of the connecting device (1), and engagement means (25) adapted to engage the second projecting element (15) of the first part (3) of the connecting device (1).
15. A method for connecting an outlet of a beverage dispensing system (100) via a dispensing line (23) with a beverage container (27), comprising the steps of:
- providing a connecting device (1) according to any of the claims 1-9,
- connecting the connecting device (1) with a dispensing line (23),
- arranging the connecting device (1) in relation to the beverage container (27), and
- connecting the connecting device (1) with an inside of the beverage container (27) by piercing a membrane (28).
16. A method for disconnecting an outlet of a beverage dispensing system (100) from a beverage container (27), comprising the steps of:
- releasing the propelling means (31) in relation the beverage container (27), and - pulling the second part (8) and/or the beverage container (27), so that the second part (8) is separated from the first part (3) of the connecting device (1), while the first part (3) remains in the beverage container (27).
17. A method according to claim 16 comprising the step of providing access to the second part (8) of the connecting device (1), before pulling the second part (8) and/or the beverage container (27).
18. A method according to claim 16, wherein the propelling means are an upper pressing part (29) and a lower pressing part (32), the second part of the connecting device (1) being mounted in the upper pressing part (29), the method comprising the further step of releasing the beverage container (27) from the upper pressing part (29) by means of a dismantling tool when the lower pressing part (32) is moved away from the upper pressing part and at the same time separating the second part (8) from the first part (3) of the connecting device (1).
PCT/EP2014/069494 2013-09-13 2014-09-12 A connecting device WO2015036538A1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP13184337.7 2013-09-13
EP13184337.7A EP2848584A1 (en) 2013-09-13 2013-09-13 A connecting device
EP14162236 2014-03-28
EP14162236.5 2014-03-28

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201480061247.2A CN105705457B (en) 2013-09-13 2014-09-12 Connected devices
RU2016113374A RU2672018C2 (en) 2013-09-13 2014-09-12 Coupling device
EP14766690.3A EP3044161B1 (en) 2013-09-13 2014-09-12 A connecting device

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WO2015036538A1 true WO2015036538A1 (en) 2015-03-19

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EP3447024A1 (en) * 2017-08-23 2019-02-27 Micro Matic A/S A dispensing system

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WO2001019432A1 (en) * 1999-09-14 2001-03-22 Pharmacopeia, Inc. Flow control elements for use in liquid dispensers
US20050247371A1 (en) * 2004-05-06 2005-11-10 Colder Products Company Connect/disconnect coupling for a container
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WO2019038331A1 (en) 2017-08-23 2019-02-28 Micro Matic A/S A dispensing system

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
RU2016113374A (en) 2017-10-18
RU2672018C2 (en) 2018-11-08
EP3044161A1 (en) 2016-07-20
RU2016113374A3 (en) 2018-05-30
CN105705457B (en) 2018-03-09
CN105705457A (en) 2016-06-22
EP3044161B1 (en) 2018-11-28

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