WO2014201463A3 - Leaning vehicle - Google Patents

Leaning vehicle Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2014201463A3
WO2014201463A3 PCT/US2014/042536 US2014042536W WO2014201463A3 WO 2014201463 A3 WO2014201463 A3 WO 2014201463A3 US 2014042536 W US2014042536 W US 2014042536W WO 2014201463 A3 WO2014201463 A3 WO 2014201463A3
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
frame
suspension
pivotally
axis
ground engaging
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US2014/042536
Other languages
French (fr)
Other versions
WO2014201463A2 (en
Inventor
Daniel Mercier
Original Assignee
Bombardier Recreational Products Inc.
Brp Us Inc.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US201361835062P priority Critical
Priority to US61/835,062 priority
Priority to US201361884442P priority
Priority to US61/884,442 priority
Application filed by Bombardier Recreational Products Inc., Brp Us Inc. filed Critical Bombardier Recreational Products Inc.
Publication of WO2014201463A2 publication Critical patent/WO2014201463A2/en
Publication of WO2014201463A3 publication Critical patent/WO2014201463A3/en

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62KCYCLES; CYCLE FRAMES; CYCLE STEERING DEVICES; RIDER-OPERATED TERMINAL CONTROLS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CYCLES; CYCLE AXLE SUSPENSIONS; CYCLE SIDE-CARS, FORECARS, OR THE LIKE
    • B62K5/00Cycles with handlebars, equipped with three or more main road wheels
    • B62K5/10Cycles with handlebars, equipped with three or more main road wheels with means for inwardly inclining the vehicle body on bends
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60GVEHICLE SUSPENSION ARRANGEMENTS
    • B60G11/00Resilient suspensions characterised by arrangement, location or kind of springs
    • B60G11/14Resilient suspensions characterised by arrangement, location or kind of springs having helical, spiral or coil springs only
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60GVEHICLE SUSPENSION ARRANGEMENTS
    • B60G13/00Resilient suspensions characterised by arrangement, location or type of vibration dampers
    • B60G13/001Arrangements for attachment of dampers
    • B60G13/005Arrangements for attachment of dampers characterised by the mounting on the axle or suspension arm of the damper unit
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60GVEHICLE SUSPENSION ARRANGEMENTS
    • B60G15/00Resilient suspensions characterised by arrangement, location or type of combined spring and vibration damper, e.g. telescopic type
    • B60G15/02Resilient suspensions characterised by arrangement, location or type of combined spring and vibration damper, e.g. telescopic type having mechanical spring
    • B60G15/06Resilient suspensions characterised by arrangement, location or type of combined spring and vibration damper, e.g. telescopic type having mechanical spring and fluid damper
    • B60G15/062Resilient suspensions characterised by arrangement, location or type of combined spring and vibration damper, e.g. telescopic type having mechanical spring and fluid damper the spring being arranged around the damper
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60GVEHICLE SUSPENSION ARRANGEMENTS
    • B60G21/00Interconnection systems for two or more resiliently-suspended wheels, e.g. for stabilising a vehicle body with respect to acceleration, deceleration or centrifugal forces
    • B60G21/007Interconnection systems for two or more resiliently-suspended wheels, e.g. for stabilising a vehicle body with respect to acceleration, deceleration or centrifugal forces means for adjusting the wheel inclination
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60GVEHICLE SUSPENSION ARRANGEMENTS
    • B60G21/00Interconnection systems for two or more resiliently-suspended wheels, e.g. for stabilising a vehicle body with respect to acceleration, deceleration or centrifugal forces
    • B60G21/02Interconnection systems for two or more resiliently-suspended wheels, e.g. for stabilising a vehicle body with respect to acceleration, deceleration or centrifugal forces permanently interconnected
    • B60G21/04Interconnection systems for two or more resiliently-suspended wheels, e.g. for stabilising a vehicle body with respect to acceleration, deceleration or centrifugal forces permanently interconnected mechanically
    • B60G21/05Interconnection systems for two or more resiliently-suspended wheels, e.g. for stabilising a vehicle body with respect to acceleration, deceleration or centrifugal forces permanently interconnected mechanically between wheels on the same axle but on different sides of the vehicle, i.e. the left and right wheel suspensions being interconnected
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60GVEHICLE SUSPENSION ARRANGEMENTS
    • B60G3/00Resilient suspensions for a single wheel
    • B60G3/18Resilient suspensions for a single wheel with two or more pivoted arms, e.g. parallelogram
    • B60G3/20Resilient suspensions for a single wheel with two or more pivoted arms, e.g. parallelogram all arms being rigid
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60GVEHICLE SUSPENSION ARRANGEMENTS
    • B60G3/00Resilient suspensions for a single wheel
    • B60G3/18Resilient suspensions for a single wheel with two or more pivoted arms, e.g. parallelogram
    • B60G3/20Resilient suspensions for a single wheel with two or more pivoted arms, e.g. parallelogram all arms being rigid
    • B60G3/26Means for maintaining substantially-constant wheel camber during suspension movement ; Means for controlling the variation of the wheel position during suspension movement
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60GVEHICLE SUSPENSION ARRANGEMENTS
    • B60G5/00Resilient suspensions for a set of tandem wheels or axles having interrelated movements
    • B60G5/04Resilient suspensions for a set of tandem wheels or axles having interrelated movements with two or more pivoted arms, the movements of which are resiliently interrelated, e.g. the arms being rigid
    • B60G5/043Resilient suspensions for a set of tandem wheels or axles having interrelated movements with two or more pivoted arms, the movements of which are resiliently interrelated, e.g. the arms being rigid the arms being transverse to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60GVEHICLE SUSPENSION ARRANGEMENTS
    • B60G7/00Pivoted suspension arms; Accessories thereof
    • B60G7/005Ball joints
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60GVEHICLE SUSPENSION ARRANGEMENTS
    • B60G7/00Pivoted suspension arms; Accessories thereof
    • B60G7/02Attaching arms to sprung part of vehicle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60GVEHICLE SUSPENSION ARRANGEMENTS
    • B60G99/00Subject matter not provided for in other groups of this subclass
    • B60G99/002Suspension details of the suspension of the vehicle body on the vehicle chassis
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D9/00Steering deflectable wheels not otherwise provided for
    • B62D9/02Steering deflectable wheels not otherwise provided for combined with means for inwardly inclining vehicle body on bends
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62KCYCLES; CYCLE FRAMES; CYCLE STEERING DEVICES; RIDER-OPERATED TERMINAL CONTROLS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CYCLES; CYCLE AXLE SUSPENSIONS; CYCLE SIDE-CARS, FORECARS, OR THE LIKE
    • B62K5/00Cycles with handlebars, equipped with three or more main road wheels
    • B62K5/02Tricycles
    • B62K5/027Motorcycles with three wheels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62KCYCLES; CYCLE FRAMES; CYCLE STEERING DEVICES; RIDER-OPERATED TERMINAL CONTROLS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CYCLES; CYCLE AXLE SUSPENSIONS; CYCLE SIDE-CARS, FORECARS, OR THE LIKE
    • B62K5/00Cycles with handlebars, equipped with three or more main road wheels
    • B62K5/02Tricycles
    • B62K5/05Tricycles characterised by a single rear wheel
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62KCYCLES; CYCLE FRAMES; CYCLE STEERING DEVICES; RIDER-OPERATED TERMINAL CONTROLS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CYCLES; CYCLE AXLE SUSPENSIONS; CYCLE SIDE-CARS, FORECARS, OR THE LIKE
    • B62K5/00Cycles with handlebars, equipped with three or more main road wheels
    • B62K5/08Cycles with handlebars, equipped with three or more main road wheels with steering devices acting on two or more wheels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60GVEHICLE SUSPENSION ARRANGEMENTS
    • B60G2200/00Indexing codes relating to suspension types
    • B60G2200/10Independent suspensions
    • B60G2200/18Multilink suspensions, e.g. elastokinematic arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60GVEHICLE SUSPENSION ARRANGEMENTS
    • B60G2204/00Indexing codes related to suspensions per se or to auxiliary parts
    • B60G2204/40Auxiliary suspension parts; Adjustment of suspensions
    • B60G2204/46Means for locking the suspension
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60GVEHICLE SUSPENSION ARRANGEMENTS
    • B60G2204/00Indexing codes related to suspensions per se or to auxiliary parts
    • B60G2204/80Interactive suspensions; arrangement affecting more than one suspension unit
    • B60G2204/82Interactive suspensions; arrangement affecting more than one suspension unit left and right unit on same axle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60GVEHICLE SUSPENSION ARRANGEMENTS
    • B60G2204/00Indexing codes related to suspensions per se or to auxiliary parts
    • B60G2204/80Interactive suspensions; arrangement affecting more than one suspension unit
    • B60G2204/83Type of interconnection
    • B60G2204/8302Mechanical
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60GVEHICLE SUSPENSION ARRANGEMENTS
    • B60G2300/00Indexing codes relating to the type of vehicle
    • B60G2300/12Cycles; Motorcycles
    • B60G2300/122Trikes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60GVEHICLE SUSPENSION ARRANGEMENTS
    • B60G2300/00Indexing codes relating to the type of vehicle
    • B60G2300/32Track vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60GVEHICLE SUSPENSION ARRANGEMENTS
    • B60G2300/00Indexing codes relating to the type of vehicle
    • B60G2300/45Rolling frame vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62KCYCLES; CYCLE FRAMES; CYCLE STEERING DEVICES; RIDER-OPERATED TERMINAL CONTROLS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CYCLES; CYCLE AXLE SUSPENSIONS; CYCLE SIDE-CARS, FORECARS, OR THE LIKE
    • B62K5/00Cycles with handlebars, equipped with three or more main road wheels
    • B62K2005/001Suspension details for cycles with three or more main road wheels

Abstract

A leaning vehicle has a frame, a motor, a shock tower pivotally connected to the frame about a frame leaning axis, front left and right ground engaging members connected to the shock tower via front left and right suspension assemblies, a steering assembly, a rear suspension assembly, and at least one rear ground engaging member. The front left and right suspension assemblies each include a lower suspension arm having a first end pivotally connected about a pivoting axis to the lower end of the shock tower and a second end pivotally connected about a tilting axis to its corresponding front ground engaging member, and a shock absorber having an upper end connected to the upper end of the shock tower and a lower end connected to the lower suspension arm. The frame is pivotable about the frame leaning axis relative to the pivoting axes.
PCT/US2014/042536 2013-06-14 2014-06-16 Leaning vehicle WO2014201463A2 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US201361835062P true 2013-06-14 2013-06-14
US61/835,062 2013-06-14
US201361884442P true 2013-09-30 2013-09-30
US61/884,442 2013-09-30

Applications Claiming Priority (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CA2915226A CA2915226A1 (en) 2013-06-14 2014-06-16 Leaning vehicle
US14/898,432 US9527543B2 (en) 2013-06-14 2014-06-16 Leaning vehicle
EP14810790.7A EP3007918B1 (en) 2013-06-14 2014-06-16 Leaning vehicle
CN201480037726.0A CN105517886B (en) 2013-06-14 2014-06-16 tilting vehicle
US15/348,455 US10077091B2 (en) 2013-06-14 2016-11-10 Leaning vehicle

Related Child Applications (3)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US14/898,432 A-371-Of-International US9527543B2 (en) 2013-06-14 2014-06-16 Leaning vehicle
US201514898432A A-371-Of-International 2015-12-14 2015-12-14
US15/348,455 Continuation US10077091B2 (en) 2013-06-14 2016-11-10 Leaning vehicle

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2014201463A2 WO2014201463A2 (en) 2014-12-18
WO2014201463A3 true WO2014201463A3 (en) 2015-06-04

Family

ID=52022960

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/US2014/042536 WO2014201463A2 (en) 2013-06-14 2014-06-16 Leaning vehicle

Country Status (5)

Country Link
US (2) US9527543B2 (en)
EP (1) EP3007918B1 (en)
CN (2) CN108945223B (en)
CA (1) CA2915226A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2014201463A2 (en)

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JP6170086B2 (en) * 2015-02-10 2017-07-26 本田技研工業株式会社 Swing type vehicle
ITUB20152613A1 (en) * 2015-07-29 2017-01-29 Piaggio & C Spa Front axle of tilting motor vehicle and relative motor vehicle
ITUB20152605A1 (en) * 2015-07-29 2017-01-29 Piaggio & C Spa Front end of tilting motor vehicle and relative motor vehicle
ITUB20152766A1 (en) * 2015-08-03 2017-02-03 Piaggio & C Spa Front end of tilting motor vehicle and relative motor vehicle
ITUB20153575A1 (en) * 2015-09-11 2017-03-11 Fca Italy Spa "Suspension for a motor vehicle steering wheel, with semi-virtual steering axis"
JP2017065530A (en) * 2015-09-30 2017-04-06 ヤマハ発動機株式会社 vehicle
JP2017065531A (en) * 2015-09-30 2017-04-06 ヤマハ発動機株式会社 vehicle
WO2017062996A1 (en) * 2015-10-10 2017-04-13 Mighell Robert Tilting wheeled vehicle
EP3405383B1 (en) 2016-01-22 2020-07-15 Bombardier Recreational Products Inc. Fender for a wheeled vehicle
IT201600071697A1 (en) * 2016-07-08 2018-01-08 Piaggio & C Spa Front axle of tilting motor vehicle and relative motor vehicle
JP2019529205A (en) * 2016-08-21 2019-10-17 ディー.エス.レイダー エルティーディー Vehicle with front and / or rear steering mechanism based on applying lateral horizontal force to the vehicle chassis
JP6666814B2 (en) * 2016-08-30 2020-03-18 本田技研工業株式会社 vehicle
TWI625265B (en) * 2017-07-13 2018-06-01 Huang Kuan Long Vehicle steering and tilting system
EP3661772A4 (en) * 2017-07-31 2020-07-15 Bombardier Recreational Products Inc. Suspension assembly for a vehicle
AU2018340871A1 (en) * 2017-09-28 2020-03-19 Weiss Nominees Pty Ltd A motor vehicle
GB2570521B (en) * 2018-02-16 2020-01-22 George Sanders Trevor Systems for avoiding fatal instinctive reactions
US20210009229A1 (en) * 2019-07-08 2021-01-14 Gogoro Inc. Rotation locking device, suspension assembly, and vehicle
CN110509993A (en) * 2019-09-10 2019-11-29 王亚 The side-tipping tricycle of the mechanism of non-steered wheel active roll mechanism and application
CN110901816A (en) * 2019-12-03 2020-03-24 北京牛电信息技术有限责任公司 Suspension assembly, control method and vehicle
CN110901815A (en) * 2019-12-03 2020-03-24 北京牛电信息技术有限责任公司 Suspension assembly, control method and vehicle

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See also references of EP3007918A4 *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
WO2014201463A2 (en) 2014-12-18
US20170057585A1 (en) 2017-03-02
US9527543B2 (en) 2016-12-27
US10077091B2 (en) 2018-09-18
EP3007918A2 (en) 2016-04-20
CN108945223A (en) 2018-12-07
CN108945223B (en) 2020-07-07
EP3007918A4 (en) 2017-04-05
CN105517886B (en) 2018-08-24
CN105517886A (en) 2016-04-20
EP3007918B1 (en) 2020-11-04
CA2915226A1 (en) 2014-12-18
US20160137251A1 (en) 2016-05-19

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