WO2014141893A1 - Electronic device - Google Patents

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Publication number
WO2014141893A1
WO2014141893A1 PCT/JP2014/054966 JP2014054966W WO2014141893A1 WO 2014141893 A1 WO2014141893 A1 WO 2014141893A1 JP 2014054966 W JP2014054966 W JP 2014054966W WO 2014141893 A1 WO2014141893 A1 WO 2014141893A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
hole
input
electronic
display
display panel
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/JP2014/054966
Other languages
French (fr)
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
寿史 渡辺
知洋 木村
Original Assignee
シャープ株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Priority to JP2013053651 priority Critical
Priority to JP2013-053651 priority
Application filed by シャープ株式会社 filed Critical シャープ株式会社
Publication of WO2014141893A1 publication Critical patent/WO2014141893A1/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F1/00Details not covered by groups G06F3/00 – G06F13/00 and G06F21/00
    • G06F1/16Constructional details or arrangements
    • G06F1/1613Constructional details or arrangements for portable computers
    • G06F1/1633Constructional details or arrangements of portable computers not specific to the type of enclosures covered by groups G06F1/1615 - G06F1/1626
    • G06F1/1684Constructional details or arrangements related to integrated I/O peripherals not covered by groups G06F1/1635 - G06F1/1675
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
    • G02F1/00Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
    • G02F1/01Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
    • G02F1/13Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour  based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
    • G02F1/133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
    • G02F1/1333Constructional arrangements; Manufacturing methods
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
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    • G06F1/1613Constructional details or arrangements for portable computers
    • G06F1/1633Constructional details or arrangements of portable computers not specific to the type of enclosures covered by groups G06F1/1615 - G06F1/1626
    • G06F1/1637Details related to the display arrangement, including those related to the mounting of the display in the housing
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G3/00Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
    • G09G3/20Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters
    • G09G3/34Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters by control of light from an independent source
    • G09G3/36Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters by control of light from an independent source using liquid crystals
    • G09G3/3611Control of matrices with row and column drivers
    • G09G3/3648Control of matrices with row and column drivers using an active matrix
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
    • G02F1/00Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
    • G02F1/01Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
    • G02F1/13Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour  based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
    • G02F1/133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
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    • G02F1/133308LCD panel immediate support structure, e.g. front and back frame or bezel
    • GPHYSICS
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    • G02FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
    • G02F1/00Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
    • G02F1/01Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
    • G02F1/13Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour  based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
    • G02F1/133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
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    • G02F1/13338Input devices, e.g. touch-panels
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    • G02FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
    • G02F1/00Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
    • G02F1/01Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
    • G02F1/13Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour  based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
    • G02F1/133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
    • G02F1/1333Constructional arrangements; Manufacturing methods
    • G02F1/1335Structural association of cells with optical devices, e.g. polarisers or reflectors
    • G02F1/133526Lenses, e.g. microlenses, Fresnel lenses
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
    • G02F1/00Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
    • G02F1/01Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
    • G02F1/13Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour  based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
    • G02F1/133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
    • G02F1/1333Constructional arrangements; Manufacturing methods
    • G02F1/1339Gaskets; Spacers; Sealing of cells
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
    • G02F1/00Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
    • G02F1/01Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
    • G02F1/13Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour  based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
    • G02F1/133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
    • G02F1/1333Constructional arrangements; Manufacturing methods
    • G02F2001/133302Constructional arrangements; Manufacturing methods rigid substrate, e.g. inorganic
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
    • G02F2201/00Constructional arrangements not provided for in groups G02F1/00 - G02F7/00
    • G02F2201/56Substrates having a particular shape, e.g. non-rectangular

Abstract

This electronic device (100) is provided with: a display panel (10) which comprises, on a substrate, a display region (RA) and a frame region (RF) that is positioned outside the display region, and which is provided with a hole (10A) that penetrates through the substrate within the frame region (RF), while having a non-display region (RF2) that is formed around the hole; an input device (30) which is provided on one side of the substrate at a position corresponding to the hole (10A); and a circuit board (20) which is provided on the other side of the substrate. The input device (20) is connected to the circuit board (20) through the hole (10A).

Description

Electronics

The present invention relates to an electronic device including a display panel.

Generally, a transmissive liquid crystal display device includes a liquid crystal panel, a backlight device, a circuit board and a power source for supplying various electric signals to the liquid crystal panel, and a housing for housing these.

The liquid crystal panel is provided with a display area (active area) in which a plurality of pixels are arranged and a frame area (inactive area) located outside the display area. In the display area, pixel electrodes, TFTs, and the like are provided, and images and videos are displayed. On the other hand, in the frame area, a seal portion for sealing the liquid crystal material between the substrates, wiring connected to the scanning line or signal line, a monolithic drive circuit, a terminal connected to an external drive circuit, etc. Is arranged and is not used for displaying images and videos.

Since the frame area of the liquid crystal panel is an area that does not contribute to display, it is preferable that the frame area be narrowed. However, although the narrowing of the frame of the liquid crystal panel is progressing year by year, it is theoretically difficult to eliminate the frame area.

Conventionally, methods for narrowing the frame area provided on the display panel or making it inconspicuous have been studied. In Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. H10-260260, the present applicant discloses a display device in which a translucent cover is provided on the viewer side of the display panel. In this display device, a convex curved surface portion functioning as a lens is provided at the end of the translucent cover.

The convex curved surface portion (lens portion) of the translucent cover typically covers the frame area of the display panel and a part of the display area in the vicinity of the frame area (hereinafter sometimes referred to as a peripheral display area). Are arranged as follows. The light emitted from the pixels (peripheral pixels) arranged in the peripheral display area is refracted in the lens unit, and as a result, the image formed by the peripheral pixels is enlarged and displayed in front of the frame area. As a result, the observer seems to have an image on the frame area, so that the frame area becomes inconspicuous or the frame area does not exist.

Note that the problem of making the frame region inconspicuous exists not only in the liquid crystal display device but also in an organic EL display device, an electrophoretic display device, and the like.

If the display device as described above is used, for example, in a portable electronic device (smartphone or the like), it is possible to provide almost the entire area of the panel surface on the viewer side of the electronic device as a displayable region. Such an electronic device is advantageous from the viewpoint of downsizing the device because the area where information can be displayed is larger than the size of the device. In addition, as an electronic device exhibiting near-future stylishness, it seems that it will inspire people widely.

International Publication No. 2010/089998 JP 2005-46352 A JP 2009-47902 A JP 2004-329694 A

As described above, in an electronic device equipped with a display panel, an attempt has been made to use the entire observer-side panel surface (panel front surface) of the electronic device for display. However, depending on the application of the electronic device, a physical / electrical switch (button) for receiving input from the user, an optical device such as a camera / optical sensor, or an audio device such as a microphone may be provided on the surface of the device. It may be preferable. In conventional electronic devices, buttons and cameras are arranged outside the display panel, such as a frame area of the display panel. Therefore, in an electronic device designed to eliminate the frame area as described above, there is a problem of how to arrange buttons and the like.

If priority is given to narrowing the frame area, it is conceivable to provide button switches, for example, on the back or side of the electronic device, not on the front. Or the structure which arrange | positions a touch panel in the whole panel surface by the side of an observer, and makes a touch panel perform the function replaced with a button switch, and excludes a physical switch from the panel front surface is also considered. In this way, it is possible to obtain a display area with the maximum area.

However, as a result of studies by the present inventors, it has been found that the above configuration may not provide sufficient user convenience. Further, in the conventional configuration in which devices such as button switches and cameras are arranged in the frame area, it is difficult to provide a wider displayable area on the panel surface of the electronic device. In addition, in the case of a camera or the like, if the display area and the position of the camera are deviated, there is a problem that the line of sight does not match and it is difficult to use particularly when making a videophone call.

The present invention has been made to solve the above-described problems, and provides an electronic device having a display panel that can expand a display usable area on the front surface of the panel without impairing user convenience. The purpose is to do.

An electronic device according to an embodiment of the present invention is a display panel that includes a substrate and includes a display region and a frame region located outside the display region on the substrate, and the display device includes the display region on the inner side of the frame region. A display panel provided with a hole penetrating the substrate and having a non-display area formed around the hole; and a portion projecting from the display panel on one side of the substrate, the position corresponding to the hole An input device provided and a circuit board provided on the other side of the substrate are provided, and the input device is connected to the circuit substrate through the hole.

In one embodiment, the input device at least partially covers the non-display area formed around the hole.

In one embodiment, a separate wiring region having a wiring pattern different from another region is formed around the hole, the non-display region includes the separate wiring region, and the input device includes the separate wiring region. Covering at least partially.

In one embodiment, the electronic device includes a light-transmitting cover that covers at least a part of the display panel, and the light-transmitting cover includes a lens portion having a curved surface around the hole. .

In one embodiment, the translucent cover covers at least a peripheral region of the hole of the display panel and has another lens portion in a region corresponding to an end portion of the display panel.

In one embodiment, the display panel includes a pair of substrates including the substrate and a display medium layer held between the pair of substrates, and the non-display area formed around the hole includes the display panel. A seal portion for sealing a space between the pair of substrates is provided.

In one embodiment, the input device has a size larger than the hole and protrudes from a viewer-side surface of the display panel, and is connected to the first part and disposed in the hole. And a second part.

In one embodiment, the image processing unit includes an image processing unit that generates image data to be supplied to the display panel, and the image processing unit displays image data for displaying an image related to the input device around the input device. It is configured so that it can be generated.

In one embodiment, the image related to the input device is an image for operating the input device.

In one embodiment, the input device is configured to be directly operable by a user, and a signal is supplied to the circuit board in accordance with the operation of the user.

In one embodiment, the input device includes a light receiving element.

In one embodiment, the input device includes an image sensor and a fiber optic face plate disposed in front of the image sensor.

In one embodiment, the fiber optic face plate is a taper type, and the area of the end face on the viewer side of the display panel is larger than the area of the other end face.

In one embodiment, the display panel is a liquid crystal display panel.

According to the electronic device according to the embodiment of the present invention, it is possible to obtain a display area that is relatively large with respect to the size of the device without deteriorating the convenience for the user.

1A and 1B are views for explaining an electronic apparatus according to a first embodiment of the present invention, wherein FIG. 1A is a plan view when viewed from an observer side, and FIG. 1B is along a line xx ′ in FIG. FIG. It is a figure for demonstrating the electronic device by the comparative form of this invention, (a) is a top view when it sees from an observer side, (b) is along the xx 'line | wire of (a). It is sectional drawing. It is sectional drawing which expands and shows a part of electronic device shown in FIG.1 (b). It is a figure which shows the use condition of the electronic device of Embodiment 1, (a) shows the case where an input device is a push button, (b) shows the case where an input device is a rotary switch. It is a figure for demonstrating the form which displays the image interlock | cooperated with an input device, (a) And (b) shows the input device and display image by embodiment of this invention, (c) is the input device by comparative form And display images. It is sectional drawing which shows an electronic device provided with a touch panel as a modification of Embodiment 1, (a) And (b) shows another modification, respectively. FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view showing an electronic apparatus according to Embodiment 2 of the present invention, and (a) to (c) show different forms, respectively. FIG. 10 is a diagram for explaining an electronic apparatus according to a third embodiment of the present invention, (a) is a plan view when viewed from the observer side, and (b) is along the line xx ′ of (a). FIG. It is sectional drawing which expands and shows a part of electronic device shown to Fig.8 (a) and (b). 7A and 7B are diagrams for explaining an electronic device according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 5A is a plan view when viewed from the observer side, and FIG. 5B is along the line xx ′ of FIG. FIG. It is a figure for demonstrating the fiber optic faceplate (FOP) with which the electronic device of Embodiment 4 is provided, (a) is a side view which shows the arrangement | positioning relationship between a camera module and FOP, (b) is a cross section of FOP. FIG. (A) And (b) is a top view which shows the example of the wiring around the hole on a TFT substrate in the electronic device of Embodiment 1. FIG.

First, an outline of an electronic device according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described.

The present inventors diligently studied the arrangement of input devices such as button switches and cameras in electronic devices having a display panel with a narrow frame. As a result, by arranging these input devices in the display area of the display panel instead of the frame area, the displayable area can be expanded without impairing the convenience of the user. It was concluded that the enlarged displayable area can be used effectively. According to the configuration in which the input device is arranged in the display area, an image can be displayed even on the entire periphery of the front surface of the panel of the electronic device.

As the above input device, for example, an operation button (such as a cross key) of a portable game machine can be cited. In consideration of user operability, such operation buttons are preferably arranged on the observer side surface (panel front surface) of the device. When the operation buttons are provided in other places or reproduced by software on the touch panel, the user operability is significantly deteriorated. In addition to the operation buttons, a front camera for projecting a user's face or the like is required to be provided on the front surface of the panel for the convenience of using the screen in a video phone or the like.

Here, in the display area of the display panel, a liquid crystal layer, a light emitting diode, and the like are arranged, and a plurality of pixels are provided. For example, in the case of a liquid crystal panel, a liquid crystal layer is held in a space sealed by a seal portion disposed in a frame area, and the display area is provided in a space where the liquid crystal layer is sealed.

Conventionally, the input device as described above has not been provided in the display area of the display panel. The reason is that the input device is often connected to a circuit board or the like arranged on the back side of the liquid crystal panel, and arranging the input device in the display area is considered to be accompanied by a great difficulty in manufacturing. Because it was. Further, in conventional electronic devices, since a frame region having a certain area is usually provided, there is no need to dare to arrange an input device in the display region.

On the other hand, as a result of the study of the present inventors, it is feasible to make a hole penetrating the display panel in the display area of the display panel (inside the conventional frame area), and the input device is displayed through this hole. It has been found that the display area can be expanded without impairing the user's convenience by connecting to the circuit board on the back of the panel.

For example, when a hole is provided in a liquid crystal panel, a sealing material is disposed not only at the periphery of the panel but also around the hole, and the hole is formed after the substrates are bonded together, so that the liquid crystal is not greatly affected in other regions Panels can be made. The liquid crystal layer is formed, for example, by placing a sealing material around the periphery of the panel or around the hole, dropping the liquid crystal on one side of the substrate before bonding the substrates, and then bonding the substrates together. be able to. Alternatively, as described above, a liquid crystal layer can be formed by injecting liquid crystal after disposing a sealing material around the periphery of the panel or around the hole and bonding the substrates together.

In the display panel, generally, conductive patterns for driving the pixels are arranged. However, when a hole is provided, it becomes difficult to perform wiring around the hole in the same manner as other areas. However, for example, wiring can be performed so as to avoid the hole, and an image or the like can be appropriately displayed in other regions excluding the hole and its periphery.

However, as described above, when a hole is provided in the liquid crystal panel, a sealing material for sealing the liquid crystal is provided around the hole. Thereby, a non-display area is also formed around the hole. However, if such a non-display area is covered by the input device, the periphery of the hole can be made inconspicuous. This provides a sense of unity as a device.

In addition to covering with the input device, a translucent cover may be provided on the viewer side of the display panel, and a lens portion may be provided on the translucent cover around the hole. As a result, the non-display area around the hole can be made inconspicuous.

Note that liquid crystal panels having holes in the display area are disclosed in, for example, Patent Documents 2 to 4. However, the display devices described in Patent Documents 2 to 4 do not disclose a configuration in which an input device is disposed in this hole. Further, it does not disclose a configuration that makes the periphery of the hole inconspicuous and can provide a sense of unity between the input device and the display panel.

In the embodiments of the present invention described below, input devices provided in an electronic apparatus include various physical and electrical switches that receive input from a user, buttons, optical elements that can receive external light, and the like. It may be a device.

More specifically, the input device receives an input (direct operation) from the user, a push button, a direction key (cross key), an analog stick, a touch panel, a rotary switch (volume controller), a rotary selector (jog dial), Includes toggle switches, trackballs, trackpads, stick-type pointing devices, hardware keyboards and more.

Also, the input device includes an image sensor (CCD image sensor, CMOS image sensor, etc.), a light receiving element (fiber optic face plate, etc.), an optical sensor, etc. that receive optical input. In addition, it may be a temperature sensor, a microphone, an input terminal such as HDMI (registered trademark) or USB, or a wiring terminal such as a plug or an outlet.

These input devices are physically, electrically, or optically connected to a circuit board disposed on the back side of the display panel. Input from the input device may be processed on the circuit board. With such a configuration, user convenience can be ensured while increasing the displayable area on the panel surface.

The electronic device according to the embodiment of the present invention may be various electronic devices such as a portable game machine, a smartphone, a mobile phone, a PDA, a tablet terminal, an electronic book reader, a music player, a camera, an electronic dictionary, and an electronic device. It may be a notebook, navigation system, display device, personal computer, wearable computer, game machine, television, information display, or the like.

Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings, but the present invention is not limited to the following embodiments.

(Embodiment 1)
1A and 1B are diagrams illustrating a configuration of an electronic device 100 according to the first embodiment. FIG. 1A is a plan view when viewed from a user, and FIG. 1B is an xx ′ line in FIG. It is sectional drawing along a line. FIG. 3 is an enlarged cross-sectional view showing a region in the vicinity of the hole 10 </ b> A provided in the display panel 10 in the electronic device 100.

The electronic device 100 of the first embodiment includes a liquid crystal panel (display panel) 10 and a circuit board 20 disposed on the back side of the liquid crystal panel 10 (on the side opposite to the observer side). The liquid crystal panel 10 of the present embodiment is a transmissive type, and a backlight 40 is provided between the liquid crystal panel 10 and the circuit board 20. The backlight 40 may be an edge light type backlight including optical elements such as a light guide plate, a diffusion plate, and a reflection plate in addition to a light source such as an LED, or may be a direct type (surface emitting type) backlight. There may be.

The liquid crystal panel 10 includes a TFT substrate 11, a counter substrate 12 facing the TFT substrate 11, and a liquid crystal layer 14 held between the pair of substrates. The liquid crystal layer 14 is sealed between the substrates 11 and 12 by a seal portion 13 provided in the peripheral frame region RF and a seal portion 13 'around the hole 10A described later.

As shown in FIG. 3, the TFT substrate 11 has a configuration in which a pixel electrode (transparent electrode) 16 and the like are provided on a transparent substrate 11 '. The counter substrate 12 has a configuration in which a common electrode (transparent electrode) 17 and a color filter 18 are provided on a transparent substrate 12 '. Moreover, the optical film layer 15 which consists of a polarizing plate, a phase difference film, etc. is affixed on the outer surface of the TFT substrate 11 and the counter substrate 12 via the adhesion layer. However, these are exemplary, and the liquid crystal panel 10 can have various known configurations.

Refer to FIG. 1 again. The liquid crystal panel 10 is provided with a display area (active area) RA in which pixels are arranged and a frame area RF (hereinafter also referred to as a peripheral frame area RF) provided on the outside thereof. Here, the area inside the frame area RF formed around the liquid crystal panel 10 is called a display area RA for convenience. The display area RA may include an area that does not contribute to display.

In the electronic device 100, a hole 10A penetrating the liquid crystal panel 10 is provided inside the peripheral frame area RF of the liquid crystal panel 10 (that is, in the display area RA). Further, a non-display area RF2 is formed around the hole 10A. The hole 10A passes through the TFT substrate 11, the counter substrate 12, the liquid crystal layer 14, and the like. Furthermore, the hole 10 </ b> A also penetrates the backlight 40.

The diameter of the hole 10A may be selected as appropriate, but is set to 1 mm to 15 mm, for example. In addition, here, the case where the planar shape of the hole 10A is circular is illustrated, but the hole 10A may have another arbitrary planar shape such as a quadrangle.

The hole 10A is arranged in the display area RA, but is not an area contributing to display because pixels are not arranged. An annular non-display area RF2 including a seal portion 13 'and a black matrix (not shown) is formed around the hole 10A. The non-display area RF2 is also arranged in a display area (active area) RA defined as an area inside the frame area RF, but is not an area contributing to display.

Also, the electronic device 100 is provided with an input device 30 arranged so as to pass through the hole 10A provided in the display area RA. In this embodiment, the input device 30 is a push-type electric switch, for example, a hardware button provided on a smartphone.

Hereinafter, the input device 30 will be described in more detail.

In the electronic apparatus 100, the input device 30 is connected to the front surface portion (switch cap) 30 </ b> A that is a portion protruding from the viewer-side surface of the liquid crystal panel 10 and the front surface portion 30 </ b> A, and is disposed inside the hole 10 </ b> A of the liquid crystal panel 10. And an extended portion 30B. Further, the input device 30 has a connector portion 30 </ b> C provided on the circuit board 20. In such a configuration, the input device 30 is connected to the circuit board 20 by the connector portion 30C.

The front part 30A arranged on the user side (observer side) of the input device 30 is provided as a widened portion having a diameter larger than the diameter of the hole 10A. The front surface portion 30A covers the hole 10A and the non-display area RF2 provided around the hole 10A.

Since the input device 30 has a widened portion having a diameter larger than the diameter of the hole 10A, it is difficult to mount the input device 30 on the circuit board unless the front surface portion 30A and the extended portion 30B are connected as described above. There is a case. In the case of the connected configuration, after mounting the extension portion 30B on the circuit board, the front portion 30A is fitted after passing through the hole 10A of the liquid crystal panel, thereby enabling easy assembly.

FIG. 3 shows an enlarged view of the vicinity of the front surface portion 30A. As shown in FIG. 3, in the liquid crystal panel 10, the non-display region RF2 existing around the hole 10A includes a seal portion 13 ′ around the hole and a light shielding region (black matrix) 13B for preventing light leakage. It is out. Since the light shielding region 13B is made of black resin or the like, it is easily noticeable. Therefore, the front surface portion 30A is preferably formed so as to hide the non-display region RF2 including the seal portion 13 'and the light shielding region 13B from the user.

In the present embodiment, the front surface portion 30A is formed so as to cover an area outside the non-display area RF2 by a distance (tolerance) d. This is because the non-display area RF2 is more reliably covered with the front face portion 30A even when the non-display area RF2 and the front face portion 30A are misaligned or the front face portion 30A is misaligned in the manufacturing process. Because it can be. The distance d is set to about 0.1 mm, for example. Strictly speaking, the non-display region RF2 is defined as a region between the pixel electrodes 16 arranged to face each other with the hole 10A interposed therebetween.

On the TFT substrate 11, a matrix drive circuit including TFTs (not shown), pixel electrodes 16 and the like is formed. On the other hand, a common electrode 17 and a color filter 18 are formed on the counter substrate 12. The liquid crystal panel 10 of the present embodiment has a hole 10A. For example, as disclosed in Patent Document 3, matrix wiring around the hole 10A may be formed so as to avoid the hole 10A.

In this way, when the wiring is formed around the hole 10A so as to be detoured, the wiring pitch may be clogged. In addition, the aperture ratio may be reduced around this area. Therefore, the front surface portion 30A may be provided so as to cover at least a part of a region where wiring is clogged (sometimes referred to as a separate wiring region). As a result, areas that are difficult to use for display can be collected and made inconspicuous by the front surface portion 30A.

FIG. 12A shows an example of wiring on the TFT substrate around the hole 10A. As shown in the drawing, around the hole 10A, both the source wiring 4 extending in the vertical direction and the gate wiring 2 extending in the horizontal direction perpendicular thereto are provided so as to bypass the hole 10A. In this configuration, pixels can be provided in a matrix in a region other than the periphery of the hole 10A, and the pixel electrode 16 (see the drawing) connected to the TFT (not shown) using the source wiring 4 and the gate wiring 2 is used. A predetermined voltage can be applied to display an image or the like. Note that a TFT may have a channel formed from an oxide semiconductor layer such as an In—Ga—Zn—O-based semiconductor layer.

However, as shown in FIG. 12A, another wiring region RF3 including a detouring wiring is provided around the hole 10A. The separate wiring region RF3 is a region where the aperture ratio is low and it is difficult to arrange pixels. Since the separate wiring region RF3 cannot be used for display, it may be covered with a black matrix.

Further, as shown in FIG. 12B, in the electronic device 100 of the present embodiment, the separate wiring region RF3 is covered with the front surface portion 30A of the input device 30. Accordingly, since the separate wiring area RF3 can be hidden from the user, a configuration with a sense of unity between the front surface portion 30A and the display area RA can be provided to the user.

If the non-display area RF2 and the separate wiring area are hidden by the front face portion 30A in this way, the user sees the surface RA ′ (see FIG. 1) of the front face portion 30A in the vicinity of the hole. The region RF2 is not seen. Therefore, it can be felt that the input device 30 arranged in the display area RA has a sense of unity with the display panel 10.

FIG. 2 is a diagram illustrating a configuration of a comparative electronic device 900, FIG. 2 (a) is a plan view when viewed from the viewer side, and FIG. 2 (b) is illustrated in FIG. 2 (a). FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view along the line xx ′. Components similar to those of the electronic device 900 illustrated in FIG. 1 are denoted by the same reference numerals and description thereof is omitted.

As shown in FIG. 2B, in the liquid crystal panel 10 provided in the electronic device 900, the hole 10A and a non-display region RF2 formed in an annular shape around the hole 10A are formed. Here, when the non-display area RF2 is visually recognized by an observer, this portion becomes conspicuous. For this reason, compared with the electronic device 100 of Embodiment 1, the sense of unity between the input device and the display panel is impaired.

Particularly, when the width of the non-display area RF2 is thicker than the width of the peripheral frame area RF, it is preferable to hide the non-display area RF2 because it is easily noticeable. Note that the reason why the width of the non-display area RF2 becomes wider is that it is difficult to provide pixels around the hole 10A because the wiring is formed so as to bypass the hole, and this may be covered with a black matrix. Because.

Again, the electronic device 100 of Embodiment 1 will be described.

FIG. 4A is a diagram for explaining a use situation of the input device 30 by the user, and here, a case where the push button type switch 30 is used as the input device is shown. The user can perform an operation of pressing a button (front portion 30A of the switch 30) arranged in the display area RA. By depressing this button 30A, it is possible to determine that an input (button depressing) has been performed, for example, by connecting an electrical contact in the connector portion 30C arranged on the circuit board 20. In addition, about a structure of a pushbutton type switch, since a well-known structure can be utilized, it does not explain in detail here.

FIG. 4B is a diagram illustrating a usage state of the input device which is the rotary switch 32. The user can perform an operation of rotating the rotary switch 32 disposed in the display area and connected to the circuit board 20 through the hole 10A. The rotation operation of the switch may be received as an electrical signal at a connector portion arranged on the circuit board 20. In addition, about a structure of the rotary switch 32, since a well-known structure can be utilized, it does not explain in detail here.

Hereinafter, a mode of displaying an image related to the input device in the display area of the display panel (for example, around the hole and the input device) will be described.

FIGS. 5A to 5C show a state where a rotary switch 32 as an input device is provided in the display area RA.

As shown in FIGS. 5A and 5B, the electronic device according to the embodiment of the present invention may be configured to display an image and information related to the rotary switch 32 in the display area RA. For example, when the rotary switch 32 functions as a volume controller, the electronic device may be configured to display the current volume size around the rotary switch 32 according to the operation of the rotary switch 32 by the user. Good.

Thus, by displaying an image related to the input device, it is possible to provide the user with an experience in which the input device and the display panel operate integrally. In addition, user convenience can be improved by appropriately changing and displaying information required by the user according to the operation of the input device. Furthermore, since the user can recognize what the function of the current input device is by an image on the display panel, there is an advantage that the input device can be easily used for various purposes.

FIG. 5C shows a comparative electronic device. In this electronic apparatus, a state is shown in which the rotary switch protruding from the display panel does not cover the non-display area RF2 formed around the hole. In this case, the non-display area RF2 is observed by the user between the display image displayed in the display area RA and the switch. For this reason, compared with the form shown to Fig.5 (a) and (b), a user does not perform intuitive operation easily. In addition, the sense of unity between the switch and the image is reduced.

As described above, a known image processing apparatus (image processing unit) or the like can be used for displaying an image related to the input device around the input device on the display panel. The image processing apparatus may include, for example, an arithmetic processing unit or a graphic processing unit provided on a circuit board. The image processing apparatus is configured to be able to generate image data that determines an image to be displayed on the display panel, and by appropriately controlling this, the related image can be displayed around the input device. it can.

FIGS. 6A and 6B show electronic devices 102 and 104 according to modifications. In these electronic devices 102 and 104, a touch panel 50 and a translucent cover (front plate) 52 are provided on the viewer side of the display panel 10. The touch panel 50 may have a known configuration. The translucent cover 52 is typically made of translucent glass or resin material. The translucent cover 52 and the touch panel 50 may be integrally formed.

6A, the front surface portion 30A of the input device 30 protrudes from the user-side surface of the display panel 10. In the electronic device 102 shown in FIG. However, the surface of the front surface portion 30 </ b> A exists at a position at substantially the same level as the surface of the translucent cover 52. According to such an arrangement, unevenness is hardly formed on the user-side surface of the electronic device 102, so that the appearance is good. In addition, when the input device 30 is a push button, the possibility of inadvertently pressing a switch can be reduced. Thus, the structure which can make the foremost front surface of the translucent cover 52 flat is preferable on design, and is particularly suitable for electronic devices in which thinness is particularly important, such as mobile phones, smartphones, and tablets.

6B, the front surface portion 30A of the input device 30 protrudes not only from the user side surface of the display panel 10, but also from the surface of the touch panel 50 and the translucent cover 52. When the input device 30 is a rotary switch or the like, the user operability is improved with such a configuration.

In any of the above cases, the front surface portion 30A of the input device 30 preferably covers the non-display area RF2 around the hole 10A. Thereby, the hole 10A can be made inconspicuous, and a sense of unity between the input device 30 and the display panel 10 can be obtained.

As shown in FIGS. 6A and 6B, when the input device 30 is provided, typically, the touch panel 50 and the translucent cover 52 are also provided with holes at corresponding positions. However, as will be described later, when the input device 30 is a device that does not require direct input by the user, such as a light receiving element, the touch panel 50 and the translucent cover 52 do not have holes, and the input device 30 front surface portions 30A may be covered.

6A and 6B show a form in which an out-cell type touch panel 50 is provided on the viewer side of the display panel 10, but the embodiment of the present invention is in such a form. Not limited. Instead of the out-cell type touch panel 50, an on-cell type or in-cell type touch panel may be used. When an in-cell type touch panel is used, the touch panel is configured inside the display panel 10.

As described above, in the electronic apparatus according to the present embodiment, the non-display area (for example, the area where the seal portion or the pixel electrode is not formed, and the component and the display panel) exist in the display panel by an input device such as a switch. The area including the gaps) can be concealed, so a design can be realized in which the switch blends into the display screen without a sense of incongruity. In addition, by linking the switch operation and the image, there are advantages that the user's usability is greatly improved and that various operations can be performed with few switches.

(Embodiment 2)
FIG. 7A is a cross-sectional view illustrating the electronic device 200 according to the second embodiment. FIGS. 7B and 7C are cross-sectional views showing different modifications 202 and 204, respectively. Unlike the electronic device 100 of the first embodiment, the electronic devices 200, 202, and 204 of the second embodiment include an optical device as an input device. In addition, the same referential mark is attached | subjected to the component similar to Embodiment 1, and description is abbreviate | omitted.

7A includes a display panel 10, a backlight 40, and a circuit board 20. The electronic apparatus 200 illustrated in FIG. In the display area of the display panel 10, similarly to the electronic device 100 of the first embodiment, a hole 10 </ b> A that penetrates the substrate is provided.

In the electronic device 200, a camera module (imaging device) 34 is disposed at a position corresponding to the hole 10A. The camera module 34 is disposed so as to cover the non-display area RF2 around the hole formed in the display panel 10 so as to protrude from the observer-side surface of the display panel 10. It is preferable that the camera module 34 protrudes from the upper surface of the display panel 10 because it is easy to capture light and the like, so that the sensitivity can be improved and the angle of view can be widened.

In the electronic device 200, the touch panel 50 and the translucent cover 52 are arranged on the viewer side of the display panel 10 in the same manner as the forms shown in FIGS. 6 (a) and 6 (b). Further, holes are provided in the touch panel 50 and the translucent cover 52 at positions corresponding to the holes 10 </ b> A and the camera module 34. In this hole, the camera module 34 is exposed.

However, in the case where the touch panel 50 and the translucent cover 52 have sufficient translucency, as shown in FIG. 7B, the touch panel 50 and the translucent cover 52 included in the electronic device 202 are The camera module 34 may be provided so as not to have a hole.

Further, as shown in FIG. 7C, the electronic apparatus 204 is not limited to the camera module as an input device, and may include various optical sensors. The optical sensor can be an illuminance sensor, a proximity sensor, or the like. The illuminance sensor is used for recognizing ambient brightness and using it for adjusting screen brightness. The proximity sensor is used to determine whether there is an object nearby.

Even when the camera module 34 and the optical sensor 36 are provided as in the electronic devices 200, 202, and 204 shown in FIGS. 7A to 7C, the input device in which the non-display area RF2 is disposed on the front surface of the display panel. By covering with 34 and 36, the hole 10A can be made inconspicuous. Thus, an electronic device that does not impair the sense of unity can be provided.

Also in this embodiment, the input devices (optical devices) 34 and 36 are connected to the circuit board 20 disposed on the back side of the display panel 10 via a connector portion. The circuit board 20 may be configured to generate image data and illuminance data based on input signals from the optical devices 34 and 36.

In addition, in the electronic devices 200, 202, and 204 of the present embodiment, an image related to the input device may be displayed on the display panel 10. For example, when the camera module 34 is provided, software that displays a camera activation button or the like in the immediate vicinity of the camera module 34 and touches the display portion with a touch panel may be installed. In this case, it is preferable because the user can operate more intuitively by linking the camera module and the display image. In the case where a touch panel is provided on the camera module, software that activates the camera by touching the camera module may be used, whereby the camera module and the touch panel can be linked.

Similarly, it is preferable that the adjustment of the illuminance sensor or the like can be operated in cooperation with the image displayed on the display panel. For example, the screen brightness may be adjusted by the user touching an area near the illuminance sensor on the touch panel.

If there is a possibility that light scattering from the electrodes on the touch panel may adversely affect the camera module or sensors, design so that no electrodes are placed in the corresponding area on the camera or sensors. Also good.

(Embodiment 3)
8A and 8B are diagrams illustrating the electronic apparatus 300 according to the third embodiment. FIG. 8A is a plan view when viewed from the user side, and FIG. 8B is an xx ′ line in FIG. It is sectional drawing along a line.

As shown in FIGS. 8A and 8B, also in the electronic apparatus 300, a hole 10A is provided in the display panel 10, and an input device 30 (here, a push button switch) is provided at a position corresponding to the hole 10A. Is provided. The input device 30 is connected to the circuit board 20. In addition, the same referential mark is attached | subjected to the component similar to Embodiment 1, and description is abbreviate | omitted.

In the electronic device 300, a translucent cover 60 is provided on the viewer side of the display panel 10. The translucent cover 60 is made of a translucent material such as glass or plastic, and can transmit light from the display panel 10 to the viewer side.

The translucent cover 60 has a hole at a position corresponding to the hole 10A of the display panel 10. Further, around the hole 10 </ b> A of the display panel 10, the translucent cover 60 has a curved surface portion. This curved surface portion functions as the lens portion 60B. A flat portion 60A is provided around the lens portion 60B, and most of the display panel 10 is covered with the flat portion 60A. However, the translucent cover 60 has another lens part (peripheral lens part) 60C corresponding to the outer peripheral edge of the display panel 10 (area where the frame area RF is formed).

FIG. 9 is a diagram for explaining the effect of the lens portion 60B provided in the vicinity of the hole 10A. In the figure, the path of light that passes through the display panel 10 and is emitted from the surface of the translucent cover 60 is indicated by broken lines. As can be seen from the figure, in the electronic device 300, since the lens portion 60B is provided in the translucent cover 60, the light emitted from the pixel region in the vicinity of the non-display region RF2 is reflected by the lens portion 60B (here, It is refracted at the user side surface of the lens part 60B. As a result, an image formed by pixels located around the hole 10A is enlarged and displayed on the front surface of the non-display area RF2. Therefore, the non-display area RF2 can be made inconspicuous only by arranging the lens portion 60 around the hole 10A, and thus the user feels that the input device 30 and the display panel 10 are integrated. It is done.

Here, the shape of the lens curved surface (more specifically, the curve formed by the lens curved surface in the cross section) of the lens unit 60B uses a curvature radius R1 (or curvature c) and an aspherical coefficient (conic constant) k. For example, it is represented by the following formula.
Aspherical formula: f (x) = Y−cx 2 / (1+ (1− (1 + k) c 2 x 2 ) 1/2 )

Where c = 1 / R1, x is the horizontal distance from the top of the lens (the boundary between the lens portion 60B and the flat portion 60A), and Y is the height at the top of the lens (the thickness of the translucent cover 60 at the flat portion 60A). ). The radius of curvature R1, the conic constant k, the thickness of the translucent cover 60, and the like may be appropriately set according to the width of the non-display area RF2.

More specific shapes of the lens portion 60B are described in detail in International Publication No. 2009/157150 and International Publication No. 2010/070871. Also in the embodiment of the present invention, the lens surface shape described in the above document can be applied. For reference, the entire disclosures of WO 2009/157150 and WO 2010/070871 are incorporated herein by reference.

In addition, around the hole 10A, the shape of the lens portion 60B is preferably a part of a rotating body, for example. The rotating body means a three-dimensional figure obtained by rotating a plane figure around a straight line located in the same plane by 360 °. In the present embodiment, the lens unit 60 is a plane figure provided at a position away from the rotation axis, and includes a rotating body obtained by rotating a plane figure having a curved line segment on the rotation axis side. You may have.

Also, the shape of the lens part is not limited to the form of a convex lens on one side as shown in FIG. For example, it may be formed using a Fresnel lens. Further, both the observer side surface and the back surface may be formed to have a convex curved surface. Moreover, as long as it has a lens part, a translucent cover may be a various form. For example, the translucent cover has a lens portion provided around the hole 10A and an inclined portion inclined from the lens portion toward the surface of the display panel so as to selectively cover only the periphery of the hole 10A. It may be a form. In the present specification, even a cover that selectively covers only the peripheral region of the hole 10 is referred to as a “translucent cover”.

Further, in the electronic apparatus 300 of the present embodiment, another lens unit 60C is provided for the peripheral frame region RF. For this reason, it is possible to display an image on the peripheral frame region RF on the outer periphery of the display panel 10 in the same manner that an image can be displayed around the hole 10A. Therefore, the entire area on the front surface of the panel of the electronic device 300 other than the area where the input device is arranged can be used as an area where image display is possible.

8 and 9, the front surface portion 30A of the input device 30 is different from the electronic apparatus 100 of the first embodiment in that it does not cover the non-display area RF2 formed around the hole of the display panel 10. . However, even when a translucent cover having a lens portion is provided as in the electronic apparatus of the present embodiment, the front portion 30A of the input device 30 may cover a part or all of the non-display area RF2. Further, the display may be performed by setting the arrangement pitch of the pixels around the hole 10A to be smaller than the arrangement pitch of the central pixel and expanding the light from the peripheral pixels by the lens unit 60B. The configuration in which the pixel pitch of the peripheral pixels is made smaller is suitable when the wiring interval around the hole 10A is narrowed.

(Embodiment 4)
10A and 10B are diagrams showing an electronic apparatus 400 according to the fourth embodiment. FIG. 10A is a plan view when viewed from the observer side, and FIG. 10B is an xx in FIG. 10A. It is sectional drawing along a line. Also in the electronic apparatus 400, a hole 10A is provided in the display panel 10, and input devices 34 and 38 are provided at positions corresponding to the hole 10A. The input devices 34 and 38 are connected to the circuit board 20. In addition, the same referential mark is attached | subjected to the component similar to Embodiment 1, and description is abbreviate | omitted.

The electronic device 400 includes, as input devices 34 and 38, a camera module 34 and a fiber optic face plate (FOP) 38 provided on the viewer side of the camera module 34.

The camera module 34 is disposed inside the hole 10 </ b> A of the display panel 10. On the other hand, the fiber optic face plate 38 is disposed at a position protruding from the observer-side surface of the display panel 10.

Further, the electronic device 400 includes a touch panel 50 and a translucent cover 52. The touch panel 50 and the translucent cover 52 are provided with holes at positions corresponding to the holes 10A of the display panel. The fiber optic face plate 38 is disposed inside a hole provided in the touch panel 50 and the translucent cover 52. Thereby, since the observer side surface of the apparatus 400 can be made flat, it can improve appearance.

FIG. 11A shows the fiber optic face plate 38 and the camera module 34. As shown in FIG. 11A, the fiber optic face plate 38 has a tapered shape. More specifically, the fiber optic face plate 38 has a shape in which the area of the end surface 38S1 on the viewer side is larger than the area of the end surface 38S2 on the camera module 34 side. By using such a tapered fiber optic face plate 38, the camera module 34 is accommodated in the hole 10 </ b> A of the display panel 10, while the fiber optic face plate 38 disposed outside the display panel 10 is not displayed. The region RF2 can be hidden.

As shown in FIG. 11B, the fiber optic face plate 38 is formed by bundling a plurality of optical fibers each having a core layer 38A and a clad layer 38B provided outside the core layer 38A. . Typically, the clad layer 38B has a refractive index lower than that of the core layer 38A, and the light LT incident from the viewer side end face 38S1 exceeding the critical angle repeatedly reflects at the interface while being reflected by the core. The light propagates through the layer 38A and is emitted from the end face 38S2 on the camera module 34 side. Accordingly, external light is incident on the camera module 34 via the fiber optic face plate 38.

In the tapered fiber optic face plate 38, the diameter of the optical fiber gently changes along the thickness direction of the face plate. With such a configuration, light can be propagated in an enlarged / reduced manner without being attenuated. A tapered fiber plate is described in, for example, Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 8-338916.

As mentioned above, although embodiment of this invention was described, it cannot be overemphasized that various modifications are possible. For example, although the example using a liquid crystal panel as a display panel has been described above, the present invention is not limited to this. As the display panel, an organic EL display, a plasma display panel, an electrophoretic display panel, an electrowetting display panel, or the like can be used. Needless to say, when a self-luminous display panel such as an organic EL display is used, the backlight may not be provided.

The input device 30 may include a detachable part. For example, the input device 30 may be configured by an operation unit that is disposed in the hole 10A of the display panel 10 and connected to the circuit board 20, and a stick unit that is detachable from the operation unit. For example, a fitting hole or a screw hole is provided on the surface of the operation part, and the user inserts a stick part into the fitting hole or inserts a screw as necessary, thereby inputting an analog stick or other input device. Can be used as

This specification discloses the electronic devices described in the following items.

[Item 1]
A display panel having a display area and a frame area located outside the display area on the substrate, wherein a hole penetrating the substrate is provided inside the frame area; A display panel in which a non-display area is formed around the hole; an input device including a portion protruding from the display panel on one side of the substrate; and an input device provided at a position corresponding to the hole; An electronic apparatus comprising a circuit board provided on the other side, wherein the input device is connected to the circuit board through the hole.

In the electronic device described in Item 1, the input device is provided at a position corresponding to the hole provided in the display area of the display panel, and the frame area can be narrowed without impairing the convenience for the user.

[Item 2]
The electronic device according to item 1, wherein the input device at least partially covers the non-display area formed around the hole.

According to the electronic device described in Item 2, the non-display area formed around the hole can be made inconspicuous.

[Item 3]
A separate wiring region having a wiring pattern different from other regions is formed around the hole, the non-display region includes the separate wiring region, and the input device at least partially includes the separate wiring region. The electronic device according to Item 2, wherein the electronic device is covered.

According to the electronic device described in item 3, the separate wiring area included in the non-display area formed around the hole can be made inconspicuous.

[Item 4]
4. The light-transmitting cover that covers at least a part of the display panel, and the light-transmitting cover includes a lens portion having a curved surface around the hole. Electronic equipment.

According to the electronic device described in Item 4, the non-display area formed around the hole can be made inconspicuous by the lens portion.

[Item 5]
Item 5. The electronic device according to Item 4, wherein the translucent cover covers at least a peripheral region of the hole of the display panel, and has another lens portion in a region corresponding to an end portion of the display panel.

According to the electronic device described in Item 5, not only the periphery of the hole but also the non-display area formed at the end of the display panel can be made inconspicuous.

[Item 6]
The display panel includes a pair of substrates including the substrate and a display medium layer held between the pair of substrates, and a non-display area formed around the hole between the pair of substrates. 6. The electronic device according to any one of items 1 to 5, wherein a seal portion for sealing the space is provided.

According to the electronic device described in Item 6, since the seal portion is provided around the hole, adverse effects on the inside of the display panel can be reduced.

[Item 7]
The input device includes a first portion having a size larger than the hole and projecting from a viewer-side surface of the display panel, and a second portion connected to the first portion and disposed inside the hole. The electronic device according to any one of Items 1 to 6,

According to the electronic device described in Item 7, a suitable input device that penetrates the hole is provided.

[Item 8]
An image processing unit configured to generate image data to be supplied to the display panel, the image processing unit configured to generate image data for displaying an image related to the input device around the input device; The electronic device according to any one of items 1 to 7.

According to the electronic device described in Item 8, since the display image can be linked to the operation of the input device, the convenience for the user can be further improved.

[Item 9]
The electronic apparatus according to item 8, wherein the image related to the input device is an image for operating the input device.

According to the electronic device described in item 9, the input device can be operated on the display screen.

[Item 10]
The electronic device according to any one of items 1 to 9, wherein the input device is configured to be directly operable by a user, and a signal is supplied to the circuit board in accordance with the operation of the user.

According to the electronic device described in item 10, an input device that can be directly operated by the user is provided.

[Item 11]
The electronic device according to any one of items 1 to 9, wherein the input device includes a light receiving element.

According to the electronic device described in Item 11, an input device including a light receiving element is provided.

[Item 12]
Item 12. The electronic device according to Item 11, wherein the input device includes an image sensor and a fiber optic face plate disposed in front of the image sensor.

According to the electronic device described in Item 12, a suitable imaging device is provided.

[Item 13]
12. The electronic device according to item 11, wherein the fiber optic face plate is a taper type, and an area of an end face on the viewer side of the display panel is larger than an area of the other end face.

According to the electronic device described in Item 13, it is possible to provide a suitable imaging device while making the periphery of the hole inconspicuous.

[Item 14]
14. The electronic device according to any one of items 1 to 13, wherein the display panel is a liquid crystal display panel.

According to the electronic device described in Item 14, even when a liquid crystal display panel is used, the frame area can be narrowed without impairing user convenience.

The electronic device according to the embodiment of the present invention is widely used in an electronic device including a display panel such as a portable game machine or a smartphone.

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 100 Electronic device 10 Display panel 10A Hole 11 TFT substrate 12 Color filter substrate 13 Seal 14 Liquid crystal layer 16 Optical film layer 20 Circuit board 30 Input device 40 Backlight RF Frame area (inactive area)
RF2 non-display area (hole periphery)
RA display area (active area)

Claims (5)

  1. A display panel having a display area and a frame area located outside the display area on the substrate, wherein a hole penetrating the substrate is provided inside the frame area; A display panel in which a non-display area is formed around the hole;
    An input device including a portion protruding from the display panel on one side of the substrate and provided at a position corresponding to the hole;
    A circuit board provided on the other side of the board,
    The electronic device, wherein the input device is connected to the circuit board through the hole.
  2. The electronic device according to claim 1, wherein the input device at least partially covers the non-display area formed around the hole.
  3. A translucent cover covering at least a part of the display panel;
    The electronic device according to claim 1, wherein the translucent cover has a lens portion having a curved surface around the hole.
  4. An image processing unit for generating image data to be supplied to the display panel;
    The electronic apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the image processing unit is configured to be able to generate image data for displaying an image related to the input device around the input device.
  5. The electronic device according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the input device includes an image sensor and a fiber optic face plate disposed in front of the image sensor.
PCT/JP2014/054966 2013-03-15 2014-02-27 Electronic device WO2014141893A1 (en)

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