WO2014112404A1 - Leather laminate and manufacturing process therefor - Google Patents

Leather laminate and manufacturing process therefor Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2014112404A1
WO2014112404A1 PCT/JP2014/050056 JP2014050056W WO2014112404A1 WO 2014112404 A1 WO2014112404 A1 WO 2014112404A1 JP 2014050056 W JP2014050056 W JP 2014050056W WO 2014112404 A1 WO2014112404 A1 WO 2014112404A1
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Prior art keywords
leather
greasing
step
laminated body
layer material
Prior art date
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PCT/JP2014/050056
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French (fr)
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
金田陽司
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協伸株式会社
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Priority to JP2013006784 priority
Application filed by 協伸株式会社 filed Critical 協伸株式会社
Publication of WO2014112404A1 publication Critical patent/WO2014112404A1/en

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C14SKINS; HIDES; PELTS; LEATHER
    • C14CCHEMICAL TREATMENT OF HIDES, SKINS OR LEATHER, e.g. TANNING, IMPREGNATING, FINISHING; APPARATUS THEREFOR; COMPOSITIONS FOR TANNING
    • C14C9/00Impregnating leather for preserving, waterproofing, making resistant to heat or similar purposes
    • C14C9/02Impregnating leather for preserving, waterproofing, making resistant to heat or similar purposes using fatty or oily materials, e.g. fat liquoring
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B7/00Layered products characterised by the relation between layers; Layered products characterised by the relative orientation of features between layers, or by the relative values of a measurable parameter between layers, i.e. products comprising layers having different physical, chemical or physicochemical properties; Layered products characterised by the interconnection of layers
    • B32B7/04Interconnection of layers
    • B32B7/12Interconnection of layers using interposed adhesives or interposed materials with bonding properties
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B9/00Layered products comprising a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00
    • B32B9/02Layered products comprising a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00 comprising animal or vegetable substances, e.g. cork, bamboo, starch
    • B32B9/025Layered products comprising a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00 comprising animal or vegetable substances, e.g. cork, bamboo, starch comprising leather
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B9/00Layered products comprising a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00
    • B32B9/04Layered products comprising a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00 comprising such particular substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B9/00Layered products comprising a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00
    • B32B9/04Layered products comprising a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00 comprising such particular substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material
    • B32B9/047Layered products comprising a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00 comprising such particular substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material made of fibres or filaments
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C14SKINS; HIDES; PELTS; LEATHER
    • C14CCHEMICAL TREATMENT OF HIDES, SKINS OR LEATHER, e.g. TANNING, IMPREGNATING, FINISHING; APPARATUS THEREFOR; COMPOSITIONS FOR TANNING
    • C14C3/00Tanning; Compositions for tanning
    • C14C3/02Chemical tanning
    • C14C3/04Mineral tanning
    • C14C3/06Mineral tanning using chromium compounds
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2437/00Clothing
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08GMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED OTHERWISE THAN BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING UNSATURATED CARBON-TO-CARBON BONDS
    • C08G2170/00Compositions for adhesives
    • C08G2170/20Compositions for hot melt adhesives

Abstract

Provided are a leather laminate which comprises a natural leather and which exhibits excellent adhesion and a manufacturing process therefor. This manufacturing process for a leather laminate includes: a tanning step for subjecting an animal raw hide to chrome tanning to form a tanned animal hide; a fatliquoring step for subjecting the tanned animal hide to fatliquoring using a synthetic fatliquoring oil; and a bonding step for laminating, with a hot melt adhesive, a base-layer material on the back of the fatliquored tanned animal hide obtained in the fatliquoring step.

Description

Leather laminate and method for producing the same

The present invention relates to a leather laminate including natural leather and a method for producing the same.

In order to impart various functions to natural leather obtained from animal raw hides, attempts have been made to obtain a leather laminate by, for example, bonding a fiber fabric to natural leather. For example, Patent Document 1 discloses a method for producing a leather laminate in which a stretchable fabric containing polyurethane elastic yarn is bonded to natural leather by performing a bonding process using a hot melt adhesive. . According to this method for producing a leather laminate, a leather laminate excellent in stretchability can be obtained.

JP 2004-209830 A

However, in the conventional leather laminate manufacturing method in which the bonding process using the hot melt adhesive is performed, including the manufacturing method disclosed in Patent Document 1 described above, the hot melt adhesive does not sufficiently penetrate into the natural leather. However, there is a problem that the adhesion between the natural leather and the fiber fabric is not excellent, and it easily peels off.

This invention is made | formed in view of this situation, and it aims at providing the leather laminated body which improved adhesiveness compared with the past, and its manufacturing method.

In order to solve the above-described problems, a method for producing a leather laminate according to one aspect of the present invention includes a tanning process for obtaining a tanned leather by applying chrome tanning to an animal raw leather, and the tanned leather using a synthetic greasing agent. It has a greasing step for greasing and a bonding step for bonding a base layer material to the back surface of the tanned leather that has been greasing by the greasing step using a hot melt adhesive.

In the above aspect, the method further comprises a deletion step of deleting a predetermined amount of the back side of the tanned leather that has been greased by the greasing step, and in the bonding step, a hot melt adhesive is applied to the back side of the tanned leather after the deletion step. It is preferable to bond the base material using

Moreover, in the deletion step of the above aspect, it is preferable that the leather has a thickness of 0.3 mm to 0.8 mm.

In the above embodiment, it is preferable that the synthetic greasing agent contains a sulfonated oil, a sulfitized oil, or a sulfated oil.

Moreover, in the said greasing process of the said aspect, it is preferable to grind the said leather using the said synthetic | combination greasing agent of 3 weight% or more and 16 weight% or less with respect to the weight of the said leather before greasing. .

In the greasing step of the above aspect, it is preferable to adjust the pH of the tanned leather to be 4.5 to 4.8.

Further, in the above aspect, it is preferable that the hot melt adhesive is mainly composed of at least one selected from a polyester resin, a polyamide resin, a polyurethane resin, and a polyacrylic resin.

Further, in the above aspect, the base layer material may be composed of chemical fibers or may be composed of natural leather.

The leather laminate of one embodiment of the present invention includes a natural leather infiltrated with a chrome tanning agent and a synthetic greasing agent, and a base layer material bonded to the back surface of the natural leather via a hot melt adhesive. Is provided.

According to the present invention, it is possible to obtain a leather laminate excellent in adhesiveness as compared with the prior art.

The flowchart which shows the procedure of the manufacturing method of the leather laminated body which concerns on embodiment of this invention. The side view which shows typically the structure of the leather laminated body in a bonding process.

Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.

In this embodiment, for example, tanned leather is obtained by tanning raw hides of animals such as cattle, pigs, horses, sheep, goats, snakes, lizards, crocodiles, and ostriches with a chrome tanning agent. A leather laminate is obtained by laminating materials. The details will be described below.

FIG. 1 is a flowchart showing a procedure of a method for manufacturing a leather laminate according to an embodiment of the present invention.
(1) Preparatory process As shown in FIG. 1, first, a raw leather is attached | subjected to a preparatory process (S1). In this preparation process, various processes such as pickling, lining, lime pickling, depilation, scalding, deashing, and baking are performed. In this preparation step, only necessary ones of the above processes may be selected and performed.

(2) Pickling process Next, a pickling process is performed (S2). This pickling process is a process that contributes to the penetration of the chrome tanning agent into the leather fibers in the next chrome tanning process. Specifically, pickling is performed by immersing the raw skin that has undergone the preparation step in a mixed solution of salt and acid for a certain period of time. Here, in order to prevent acid swelling due to the strong acidity of leather fibers, the solution Baume is preferably 6.0 or more, and more preferably 6.5 to 7.5. In addition, sulfuric acid can be used as the acid in the mixed solution. In this case, it is preferable to use 0.5 to 2.5 weight percent of formic acid and acetic acid in order to increase the permeability of the chromium tanning agent. The pH of the mixed solution is preferably about 2.5 to 2.8.

(3) Chrome tanning step Next, a chrome tanning step is performed (S3). In the present embodiment, chromium tanning is adopted as a tanning method in order to improve heat resistance in preparation for a bonding process performed later. In the bonding process, a high temperature treatment of about 130 to 150 ° C. is usually required. Therefore, in the leather obtained by other tanning methods, the contained protein shrinks due to heat denaturation and hardens. For example, in the case of vegetable tanning, leather fibers shrink at 85 ° C. or higher. In the case of synthetic tanning, it starts to shrink near 83 ° C., which is almost the same as in the case of plant tanning. If it shrinks in this way, the elasticity inherent in natural leather will be lost, making it difficult to obtain a leather laminate suitable for commercialization. Therefore, in the present embodiment, chromium tanning is performed instead of other tanning methods such as plant tanning, synthetic tanning, and oil tanning. Specifically, a raw leather and a chrome tanning agent are put into a drum or a hide processor, and the tanning process is performed by rotating for a predetermined time.

The chromium tanning agent used in this chromium tanning step is mainly composed of trivalent chromium. The amount of chromium oxide in the chrome-tanned leather is preferably 2.5 weight percent or more. Further, in order to sufficiently penetrate into the leather fibers, it is preferable to use one having relatively small chromium particles (for example, one having a basicity of 33 or less).

In the chrome tanning process of the present embodiment, after the chrome tanning material is infiltrated into the leather fiber, the pH is adjusted to 2. by using a base such as baking soda or soda ash to strengthen the bond with the fiber. Adjust to about 8 to 3.2.

In order to increase the heat-resistant temperature, for example, a process of using about 0.5 to 2.5 weight percent of glutaraldehyde or polyphosphate may be performed as auxiliary tanning. However, as described above, when the amount of chromium oxide is 2.5 weight percent or more, sufficient heat resistance can be obtained without performing this auxiliary tanning.

(4) Grease process Next, the greasing process which grits the tanned leather obtained as a result of the chromium tanning process is implemented (S4). Here, a synthetic greasing agent excellent in dispersibility and emulsification is used. In general, natural oil and fresh oil are often used as a greasing agent for the purpose of softening leather. However, these natural oils and raw oils are preferably not used in the present embodiment because they cause an effect of reducing the adhesive strength between the natural leather and the base layer material to be bonded later.

In this embodiment, the synthetic greasing agent used for the greasing treatment contains at least one of a sulfonated oil, a sulfitized oil and a sulfated oil. Here, as the sulfonated oil, deminol OS1 manufactured by Clariant, Turcon SM400 manufactured by Taiko Oil Chemical Co., Ltd., or the like can be used. Further, as the sulfitized oil, Deminol HSP manufactured by Clariant, Tacon SRS manufactured by Taiko Oil Chemical Co., Ltd., or the like can be used. Furthermore, as the sulfated oil, Leatherix JAK manufactured by Clariant, sulfated MF manufactured by Taiko Oil Chemical Co., Ltd., and the like can be used.

The amount of the synthetic greasing agent used is preferably 3 to 16 percent by weight with respect to the weight of the tanned leather before greasing. If the amount used exceeds 16 weight percent, the synthetic greasing agent does not penetrate into the leather fibers, so that much remains on the leather surface. In this case, since the adhesive strength between the natural leather to be bonded later and the base layer material is lowered, it is not preferable. Moreover, when the usage-amount of a synthetic | combination greasing agent is less than 3 weight%, the dispersing agent and emulsifier contained in a synthetic | combination greasing agent will not fully exist in the fiber of leather. As a result, the hot melt adhesive does not sufficiently penetrate into the leather fibers in the subsequent bonding step, resulting in a decrease in adhesive strength. In addition, in order to raise this adhesive strength further, it is preferable that the usage-amount of a synthetic greasing agent is 6 thru | or 16 weight percent.

In this greasing step, the pH of the tanned leather after greasing is adjusted to 4.5 to 4.8 by using formic acid. Thereby, the further adhesion of the synthetic greasing agent can be achieved. In the general greasing process, the pH of the leather is adjusted to about 3.6 to 4.0, but in this embodiment, the pH is adjusted to be higher than this. As a result, surface adsorption of the greasing agent can be suppressed. When the greasing agent is adsorbed on the surface of the leather, the hot melt adhesive does not sufficiently penetrate into the leather fibers, and thus it is preferable that the surface adsorption can be suppressed in this way.

In general, a treatment for promoting the fixation of the greasing agent is performed using a heavy metal such as chromium, aluminum, or zirconium, but this prevents the hot melt adhesive from penetrating into the leather fibers. Therefore, the problem that the adhesiveness of the leather 10 and the base material 11 falls may arise. Therefore, in this embodiment, it is preferable not to perform such processing.

(5) Shaving process Next, using a shaving machine, a shaving process is performed in which the floor portion (the layer opposite to the gin layer), which is the back surface of the tanned leather after the greasing process, is shaved thinly (S5). In the case of natural leather, the greavement layer with pores has a high fiber density, so that the synthetic greasing agent is difficult to penetrate. On the other hand, the floor part is thick and the density is low, so a lot of synthetic greasing agent is bound. Here, since adhesiveness will worsen when many greasing agents are combined, it will have a bad influence on a subsequent bonding process. Therefore, in the present embodiment, a shaving process for thinly shaving the back surface of the leather is performed. In this case, if it is shaved too much, the dispersant and the emulsifier contained in the synthetic greasing agent do not remain sufficiently, causing a problem in the permeability of the hot melt adhesive in the subsequent bonding step. On the other hand, if the amount to be shaved is too small, the surface on which a large amount of the greasing agent remains becomes the bonding surface in the bonding process, resulting in poor adhesion. Therefore, it is preferable to trim the back surface of the tanned leather so that the thickness is about 0.3 to 0.8 mm. As a result, an appropriate amount of a dispersant and an emulsifier remain on the surface to be bonded to the base layer material later, and the adhesiveness can be improved. In addition, when the thickness is less than 0.3 mm, the original texture of leather is not felt, which is not preferable. Considering this texture, it is preferable that the thickness is 0.5 mm or more. Moreover, when exceeding 0.8 mm, since the fiber of a leather becomes coarse and the problem that the leather laminated body finally obtained becomes heavy will arise, it is unpreferable.

In general, if the thickness of the leather is about 0.3 to 0.8 mm, the tear strength is insufficient, and as a result, it becomes difficult to produce a product. However, in the case of the present embodiment, since the leather can later be bonded to the base layer material to increase the tear strength, such a problem does not occur.

Further, by performing the above shaving process, the leather laminate finally obtained can be reduced in weight. Thereby, the leather laminated body used for various products is realizable.

In the present embodiment, a predetermined amount of the leather leather floor portion is deleted by the above-described shaving process, but the predetermined amount is deleted by, for example, a splitting process using a splitting machine. A method may be adopted.

(6) Bonding process Finally, a bonding process for bonding by hot melt is performed (S6). FIG. 2 is a side view schematically showing the structure of the leather laminate in this bonding step. In FIG. 2, 10 indicates the leather obtained through the above-described steps, 11 indicates the base layer material, and 12 intervenes between the leather 10 and the base layer material 11 indicates the adhesive layer. The base layer material 11 is a fabric made of chemical fibers, and is specifically composed of synthetic fibers such as polycarbonate, polyester, nylon and acrylic, inorganic fibers such as glass fibers and carbon fibers, or various composite fiber materials. Yes. An appropriate chemical fiber is selected in consideration of the properties required for the finally obtained leather laminate. For example, when heat retention is required for the leather laminate, a chemical fiber excellent in heat retention is selected.

Further, the adhesive layer 12 is composed of a hot melt adhesive. Here, as the hot melt adhesive, one having as a main component at least one of a polyester resin, a polyamide resin, a polyurethane resin, and a polyacrylic resin is used. The adhesive layer 12 is applied on the base layer material 11. FIG. 2 shows an example in which the adhesive layer 12 is formed on the entire surface of the base layer material 11 by using a film-like hot melt adhesive. In addition, the hot melt adhesive may be applied in the form of dots on the surface of the base material 11 or may be applied in the form of a spider web.

In the bonding process of the present embodiment, after the adhesive layer 12 is formed on the surface of the base material 11 as described above, the back surface of the leather 10 is bonded to the surface of the base material 11 using a press ironing machine. As a result, a leather laminate is obtained. At this time, the temperature of the press ironing machine is adjusted to about 130 ° C to 150 ° C. Even at such a high temperature, in the case of the present embodiment, since the chrome tanning agent is sufficiently permeated, the tanned leather 10 can be sufficiently stretched without contracting. Further, since the tanned leather 10 is in a state suitable for the penetration of the hot melt adhesive by the above-described greasing step, sufficient bonding strength can be obtained by this bonding step. Therefore, the leather 10 and the base layer material 11 are not easily peeled off, and a leather laminate suitable for commercialization can be obtained.

In the case of animal skin, the fiber structure differs depending on the part (back, abdomen, neck, etc.), and if this is bonded to another material, sufficient adhesion cannot be obtained by conventional methods. On the other hand, in the case of this Embodiment, since sufficient adhesiveness can be ensured as mentioned above, it becomes possible to use the skin of various parts of an animal.

In addition, when the textile fabric which has stretch property is used as a base layer material, the leather laminated body which expands / contracts similarly to this textile fabric can be obtained. In the case of natural leather, the stretchability varies depending on the part, but in the case of a leather laminate in which a fiber fabric is bonded as in this embodiment, the stretchability can be made constant by the fiber fabric. . Such a leather laminate can be used for various products because it can be sewn in the same manner as the fiber fabric.

As described above, since the resin component of the hot melt adhesive remains in the leather of the tanned leather constituting the leather laminate obtained in the present embodiment, the waterproofing agent can be easily fixed in the subsequent process. . Therefore, a leather laminate excellent in waterproofness can be obtained. On the other hand, by employing a fiber fabric excellent in moisture absorption as a base layer material, a leather laminate having better moisture absorption and release than in the case of natural leather alone can be obtained. In addition, a “scented leather material” can be obtained by fixing an aromatic component in the tanned leather fiber in a later step.

[Example]
After the preparation process, the pickle process, and the chrome tanning process, the synthetic leather containing the sulfonated oil is used in the greasing process, and then the leather is adjusted to a thickness of 0.5 mm by the shaving process. Produced. In the bonding process, a hot melt adhesive mainly composed of polyamide resin is applied in the form of dots on the surface of the base material (fiber fabric), and the leather and base material are bonded together using a press ironing machine. A laminate was obtained. According to JIS L-1086, the peel strength between the tanned leather and the base material of the leather laminate was measured using a tensile tester and found to be 1000 cN / inch.

(Other embodiments)
In the above-described embodiment, the base layer material is a cloth made of chemical fibers. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and for example, natural leather can be used as the base layer material. Thereby, for example, it is possible to realize a leather laminate in which both sides are the surfaces of natural leather.

Further, in the embodiment described above, the leather laminate is constituted by a two-layer structure of tanned leather and a base material, but the present invention is not limited to this. By further laminating the leather and / or the base layer material, a leather laminate composed of a multilayer structure of three or more layers can be realized.

The leather laminate of the present invention and the method for producing the same are useful as a leather laminate used for, for example, clothing, bags, shoes, and the like, and a method for producing the same.

1 Leather Laminated Body 10 Tanned Leather 11 Base Layer Material 12 Adhesive Layer

Claims (10)

  1. A tanning process to obtain tanned leather by applying chrome tanning to animal hides;
    A greasing step of greasing the tanned leather using a synthetic greasing agent;
    The manufacturing method of a leather laminated body which has a bonding process which bonds a base layer material to the back surface of the tanned leather grind | pulverized by the said greasing process using a hot-melt-adhesive.
  2. It further has a deletion step of deleting a predetermined amount of the back side of the tanned leather that has been greased by the greasing step,
    In the bonding step, a base layer material is bonded to the back surface of the leather after the deletion step using a hot melt adhesive.
    The manufacturing method of the leather laminated body of Claim 1.
  3. In the deletion step, the thickness of the leather is 0.3 mm to 0.8 mm.
    The manufacturing method of the leather laminated body of Claim 2.
  4. The synthetic greasing agent contains a sulfonated oil, a sulfitized oil, or a sulfated oil;
    The manufacturing method of the leather laminated body in any one of Claims 1 thru | or 3.
  5. In the greasing step, the leather is fattened using 3 to 16 weight percent of the synthetic greasing agent with respect to the weight of the leather before being fattened.
    The manufacturing method of the leather laminated body in any one of Claims 1 thru | or 4.
  6. In the greasing step, the tanned leather is adjusted to have a pH of 4.5 to 4.8.
    The manufacturing method of the leather laminated body in any one of Claims 1 thru | or 5.
  7. The hot melt adhesive is mainly composed of at least one selected from polyester resins, polyamide resins, polyurethane resins and polyacrylic resins,
    The manufacturing method of the leather laminated body in any one of Claims 1 thru | or 6.
  8. The base layer material is composed of chemical fibers,
    The method for producing a leather laminate according to any one of claims 1 to 7.
  9. The base layer material is composed of natural leather,
    The method for producing a leather laminate according to any one of claims 1 to 7.
  10. Natural leather impregnated with chrome tanning and synthetic greasing agents;
    A leather laminate, comprising: a base layer material bonded to the back surface of the natural leather via a hot melt adhesive.
PCT/JP2014/050056 2013-01-17 2014-01-07 Leather laminate and manufacturing process therefor WO2014112404A1 (en)

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KR20180045204A (en) * 2016-10-25 2018-05-04 (주)와이엠테크 System for laminating fabric on the fashion leather and method of the same
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WO2019211695A1 (en) * 2018-05-03 2019-11-07 Conceria Pasubio S.P.A. Composite material for cladding components of a vehicle and process for producing such composite cladding material

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