WO2014104939A1 - Method and system for visualizing the functional status of an individual - Google Patents

Method and system for visualizing the functional status of an individual Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2014104939A1
WO2014104939A1 PCT/RU2013/001143 RU2013001143W WO2014104939A1 WO 2014104939 A1 WO2014104939 A1 WO 2014104939A1 RU 2013001143 W RU2013001143 W RU 2013001143W WO 2014104939 A1 WO2014104939 A1 WO 2014104939A1
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WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
parameters
individual
model
system
characterized
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PCT/RU2013/001143
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French (fr)
Russian (ru)
Inventor
Сергей Леонидович МАТЫЦИН
Петр Павлович КУЗНЕЦОВ
Олег Владимирович СИМАКОВ
Original Assignee
Matytsin Sergei Leonidovich
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Priority to RU2012156375 priority Critical
Priority to RU2012156375/08A priority patent/RU2546080C2/en
Application filed by Matytsin Sergei Leonidovich filed Critical Matytsin Sergei Leonidovich
Publication of WO2014104939A1 publication Critical patent/WO2014104939A1/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09BEDUCATIONAL OR DEMONSTRATION APPLIANCES; APPLIANCES FOR TEACHING, OR COMMUNICATING WITH, THE BLIND, DEAF OR MUTE; MODELS; PLANETARIA; GLOBES; MAPS; DIAGRAMS
    • G09B23/00Models for scientific, medical, or mathematical purposes, e.g. full-sized devices for demonstration purposes
    • G09B23/28Models for scientific, medical, or mathematical purposes, e.g. full-sized devices for demonstration purposes for medicine
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/74Details of notification to user or communication with user or patient ; user input means
    • A61B5/742Details of notification to user or communication with user or patient ; user input means using visual displays
    • A61B5/743Displaying an image simultaneously with additional graphical information, e.g. symbols, charts, function plots
    • GPHYSICS
    • G16INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY [ICT] SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR SPECIFIC APPLICATION FIELDS
    • G16HHEALTHCARE INFORMATICS, i.e. INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY [ICT] SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR THE HANDLING OR PROCESSING OF MEDICAL OR HEALTHCARE DATA
    • G16H50/00ICT specially adapted for medical diagnosis, medical simulation or medical data mining; ICT specially adapted for detecting, monitoring or modelling epidemics or pandemics
    • G16H50/50ICT specially adapted for medical diagnosis, medical simulation or medical data mining; ICT specially adapted for detecting, monitoring or modelling epidemics or pandemics for simulation or modelling of medical disorders

Abstract

The invention relates to information and network technologies, and specifically to an electronic information system which provides for the generation and visual display, on the screen of a terminal device, of a personalized graphical model of an individual (system user) on the basis of pre-inputted anthropometric, diagnostic, biochemical and other indicators. The claimed invention is an expandable and modifiable modular interactive tool for visualizing the parameters of an individual's functional status in order to inform said individual, in an intuitively understandable way, of their current status and of any functional issues. The system operates by using parameters regarding the functional status of an individual, analytically and expertly processing all inputted parameters, creating a specific parametric model and generating a personalized graphical model for a visual and intuitively understandable display of current status and of any functional issues. The system can include game elements, using a simple, convenient and intuitively understandable graphical reproduction of inputted parameters. With the help of the claimed system, an individual can monitor their own functional status, including health, and undertake timely prevention of chronic diseases and other functional issues.

Description

 WAYS AND VISUALIZATION SYSTEM

 FUNCTIONAL STATE OF THE INDIVIDUAL

1. The technical field

The invention relates to information and network technologies, namely to an electronic information system that provides the formation and visual display on the screen of a terminal device of a personalized graphic model of an individual (system user) according to previously entered anthropometric, diagnostic, chemical and other indicators. The invention is an expandable and modifiable modular interactive tool for visualizing the parameters of the functional state of an individual to inform him about the current state and existing functional problems in an intuitive way. The system can include game elements using a simple, convenient and intuitive graphical reproduction of the entered parameters by projecting them onto a common graphic model, which is a three-dimensional multi-layer anatomical-functional layout. Using 1 of the claimed system, an individual can monitor his own functional state, including health, and carry out timely prevention of chronic diseases and other functional problems.

 2. The prior art

The prior art method of personalized visual display of information about the health of the patient and a system for implementing the method (US2001013006 (A1)). The medical information delivered to the patient is personalized by displaying previously entered into the system of medical indicators on a virtual image of the patient’s body, reproduced on the monitor of the patient’s personal device. The system uses a generalized model of a healthy patient in accordance with the standards of medical care, which is adjusted according to the patient’s medical records submitted to the input of the system, thereby forming a personalized model of the patient’s health. The personalized model of health includes a file with an HTML code for a body map image. A body image illustrates the health status of a particular patient. At This state of health of the patient is represented by a mathematical model. Parameters characterizing various diseases are displayed on the virtual image of the patient’s body, the state of the body part or the patient’s organ. Among the parameters, parameters such as blood glucose level, blood pressure, cholesterol level, patient weight, number and concentration of T cells, etc. can be used. The collected data is stored in a database on the server of the service provider. Data is processed on the server and displayed on the patient’s home monitor connected to a multimedia processor (Internet). The patient accesses the functions of the system by clicking on the appropriate sections of the display or subsections.

 Thus, information about the user's health status is stored on the central server of the provider, and in the absence of communication with the central server, as well as in case of equipment failure, there is a risk of information loss. In addition, in the materials of the patent (US2001013006 (A1)) there is no information according to which it can be concluded that the graphic data displayed on the patient’s monitor displaying his health status are presented in an intuitive form and reflect the current functional state in interactive mode .

 In contrast to the invention according to the application US2001013006, in the claimed technical solution, the information displayed on the screen of the terminal device of an individual is presented in the form of a multi-layer personalized graphic model, configured to rotate images (models) of existing layers and their detail through the use of several levels, which provide more visual visualization physiological and pathological processes occurring on a part of the body, organ or the whole body of the individual.

 3. Disclosure of invention

The objective and the Technical result, to which the claimed invention is directed, is to create an automated expert system for analytical processing of the parameters of the functional state of the individual to display the results in a clear and intuitive way. Moreover, the results of visualization of anthropometric, diagnostic, chemical, and other indicators of the functional state are presented in a form accessible to perception by a person who does not have special medical training.

 Indicators of functional status can be presented in the form of images on a personalized graphic model or in combination with textual information that does not require a medical education to understand.

 The problem is solved in that the method of visualizing the functional state of the individual includes:

 A) the introduction of parameters describing the functional state of health of the individual through the terminal device of the individual in a computer-implemented system,

 B) loading into a computer-implemented system a general parametric model of a person, which is a set of biological parameters of a person, grouped and tied to the coordinate system of a common graphic model; and a general graphic model, which is a collection of graphic elements from images of body parts of an individual, grouped in accordance with the anatomical classification;

 C) processing of each of the entered parameters using software and hardware that compares the values of the entered parameters with the values of the biological norm, and previously entered parameters to obtain comparison results for each parameter and coordinates from the general parametric model corresponding to each parameter, according to the results of which form private parametric model containing a set of specific values of the biological parameters of the individual, tied to the coordinate system of a common graph tion model;

 D) the search for relationships between the entered parameters, the analysis of the relationships and conditions for the occurrence of effects from the interaction of the parameters and the refinement of a particular parametric model using software and hardware tools, including a database of descriptions of the effects of the interaction of parameters and zone coordinates on a common graphic model to display effects that affect the functional state individual

E) graphical processing of the results of paragraphs. C and D with subsequent output to the terminal device of the individual processing results in the form of a personalized graphical model that displays the functional the state of the individual, made with the possibility of layer-by-layer display of the anatomical and functional groups of the body of the individual, and switching between layers.

 The software and hardware of the analytical processing unit include a database of “reference books of parameters and biological norms” with information describing both the parameters themselves and the cause and / or effect when the parameter values go beyond the biological norm. The general parametric model includes at least three groups of parameters: anthropometric, chemical, diagnostic, and is configured to add new groups and / or new parameters to the groups.

 As parameters describing the functional state of an individual’s health, anthropometric and / or biochemical and / or anamnestic and / or physical status data are used.

 The coordinate system in the simplest embodiment is a system where each point (pixel) in a common graphic model (or three-dimensional multilayer anatomical and functional layout) has three dimensions x, y and z that characterize its position in the layout space, i.e. each point is characterized by a set of parameters [x, y, z], for example, the coordinates of the point A = [Yurkh, 350px, 78px]. The parameter can be attached both to a point and to a zone, which can have a complex geometric shape and is described by an array of coordinates. The snap to the zone can look like this, for example, the sphere Y will have the coordinates [[65px, 40px, 91px], R75px], that is, an indication of a point in space and the radius of the sphere.

 An image of a general or personalized graphic model on the screen of a user’s terminal device can be implemented using Microsoft Silverlight, Adobe Flash, HTML 5 technologies.

The general graphic model is made of at least three layers, with the first layer representing the human skin, the second representing the organs and main vessels, the third a skeleton with the ability to display the musculoskeletal system. Each layer in the three-dimensional multilayer anatomical and functional layout is an independent three-dimensional model with its own coordinate system. Images of each layer of the graphic model are configured to rotate and / or enlarge and highlight zones for detailed viewing. The general graphic model of an individual is made with the possibility of displaying a problem area of a body or organ, and embedding it with color or in another way that provides attention-grabbing. The results of the processing of steps according to p. C and D are additionally displayed on the terminal device of the individual in the form of a text message.

 As a terminal device can be used a personal computer, mobile phone, smartphone, laptop, made with the ability to connect to the Internet.

 The problem is also solved by the fact that the system for visualizing the functional state of the individual includes:

 A) an input unit for parameters describing the functional state of an individual through a terminal device in a computer-implemented system,

B) a block containing a database with a common parametric model of a person, which is a set of biological parameters of a person, grouped and tied to the coordinate system of a common graphic model; and a database with a common graphic model, which is a collection of graphic elements from images of body parts of an individual, grouped in accordance with the anatomical classification

 C) an analytical processing unit configured to

 - processing of each of the entered parameters using software and hardware that provides a comparison of the values of the entered parameters with the values of the biological norm, and previously entered parameters to obtain comparison results for each parameter and coordinates from the general parametric model corresponding to each parameter, and forming according to the results of processing private parametric model containing a set of specific values of the biological parameters of the individual, tied to the coordinate system of the general The startup image model;

- searching for relationships between the entered parameters, analyzing the relationships and conditions for the occurrence of effects from the interaction of parameters and detailing a particular parametric model using software and hardware, including a database describing the effects of the interaction of parameters and coordinates of zones on a common graphic model to display effects that affect the functional state of an individual , D) a graphical processing unit for the results obtained from the analytical processing unit, providing the ability to display the results in the form of a multilayer three-dimensional anatomical and functional layout;

 E) a block for outputting to the user terminal device the results of graphic processing in the form of a personalized graphic model that provides layer-by-layer display of the anatomical and functional groups of an individual’s body, configured to switch between layers.

 In this case, the software and hardware of the analytical processing unit include a database of “reference books of parameters and biological norms”, which describes both the parameters themselves and the cause and / or effect when the parameter values go beyond the limits of the biological norm.

 The output block for the user terminal device of the results of graphic processing is configured to use Microsoft Silverlight, Adobe Flash, HTML 5 - technologies for displaying a general or personalized graphic model.

 The output unit is configured to rotate and / or enlarge each layer of the general or personalized graphic model and / or image elements of each layer of the graphic model with the possibility of highlighting specific zones, as well as the ability to display a problem area of the body or organ on the personalized graphic model and highlight it color or in any other way that ensures that the individual is attracted attention; with the possibility of additional display on the terminal device of information about the functional state of the individual in the form of a text and / or sound message.

 As a terminal device, a personal computer, mobile phone, smartphone, laptop, complete with the ability to connect to the Internet can be used.

According to the present invention, the term "functional state" means the physiological state of the organism and its systems. Any condition is functional, i.e. reflects the level of functioning of the organism as a whole or its individual systems, and also performs the functions of adaptation to these conditions of existence. The term "computer-implemented system" means any device or group of interconnected or adjacent devices, one or more of which, acting in accordance with the program, carries out automated data processing.

 “General parametric model of a person” is a combination of data of biological parameters of a person grouped and attached to the coordinate system of a three-dimensional anatomical model.

 “Private parametric model” - a model created on the basis of a general parametric model and including the results of the data processing stage.

 “General graphic model” - a three-dimensional multilayer anatomical and functional layout, in the simple case, consists of a set of libraries with predefined general graphic libraries describing the anatomical structure of the human body, physiological and pathological processes with layered separation in accordance with the anatomical classification for passive and animated display on the terminal device.

 “Personalized graphic model” - a general graphic model with a particular parametric model superimposed on it, visually reflecting the current functional state of the individual.

 4. Brief Description of the Drawings

The invention is illustrated by drawings, in which Fig. 1 is a conceptual diagram of the inventive system for assessing the functional state of an individual, Fig. 2 is a block diagram illustrating a general model of system operation, Fig. 3 is a general parametric model of an individual, and Fig. 4 is a block diagram of the process of analytical processing, FIG. 5 is a flowchart of a process of automatic expert analysis, FIG. 6 - shows a variant of the interface displayed on the monitor screen of a user’s terminal device with an image of a personalized graphic model of an individual displaying information about his state of health. The positions in Fig. 6 indicate: 1 - arrow-button for left rotation, 2 - arrow-button for right rotation, 3 - context menu when highlighting a zone, 4 - number and / or name of the displayed current layer, 5 - buttons for displaying existing layers, 6 - block menu with the current personal data of the individual, 7 - block menu of special notifications, 8 - display the current selected layer of the three-dimensional anatomical layout, 9 - buttons of the parameter input wizards. Figure 7 shows the possible display layers of the general graphic model in accordance with the anatomical classification, while some layers can be combined (for example, layers 1 and 2, which together make up the locomotor apparatus), the positions in Fig. 7 indicate: 10 - the muscular system , 1 1 - the skeletal system, 12 - the cardiovascular system, 13 - the nervous system, 14 - the lymphatic system, 15 - the respiratory system, 16 - the endocrine system, 17 - the digestive system, 18 - the genitourinary system.

 5. The best embodiment of the invention

 The method can be implemented according to the circuit shown in FIG. 1 using the algorithm presented in figure 2.

 The general model of the system (figure 2) consists of three basic blocks: information input, information processing and output.

 The system’s work is based on the use of the parameters of the individual’s functional state, analytical and expert processing of all entered parameters, the subsequent creation of a private parametric model and the formation of a personalized graphical model for a visual and intuitive display of the current state and existing functional problems.

 To get started, it is necessary to make preliminary settings of the system: select methods of data backup, configure the location of the system interface menu blocks, configure the appearance of the general graphic model by choosing the type and shape of the body, etc.

At the stage of entering information, an individual has the opportunity to enter only the mandatory primary information necessary for the processing and output units and characterizing the functional state at the current moment. In this case, various terminal devices can be used, such as: a personal computer, smartphone, mobile phone, tablet, etc. In the simplest case, such information is anthropometric easily measurable indicators of an individual (pulse, blood pressure, height, weight, body volume indicators, etc.). This information is subsequently stored by the individual (manually or automatically) in the database of “private parametric models individuals ”using the backup unit and is used to track the dynamics of changes in parameters.

 An individual can also enter additional parameters (according to the scheme of FIG. 2), optional detailed parameters (diagnostic and chemical indicators, such as electrocardiogram, ultrasound or biochemical and genetic studies, etc.). When it is entered, the individual deepens and details his particular parametric model. At this stage, the individual can also change the system settings to individualize his workspace: select methods of data backup (automatic on schedule with saving to a remote server and / or local terminal, manual to a remote server and / or local terminal), change the location of menu blocks, customize the appearance of the general graphic model (changing the display of the forms of the body, face, etc.).

 Entering new indicators by an individual can be carried out both by highlighting (pressing) a zone on a common or personalized graphic model (using a mouse or finger device on the display with tactile sensitivity, etc.), or using the built-in input wizards, for which the program’s interface is implemented individual buttons (for example: entering blood pressure, weight, height, blood counts; Fig.6), since the input of some parameters cannot be associated with a specific anatomical zone and / or functional system of the body on a common gra physical model. When you select zones, a context window opens with input fields for the parameters associated with this zone.

 After entering the parameters, the system loads the general parametric model of a person, which is necessary to create a particular parametric model at the processing stage based on previously entered primary and additional parameters.

If the database contains “private parametric models of individuals” of a specific individual, the last saved private parametric model is loaded for simplified processing and comparison of previously entered parameters with new ones. If there is a backup copy, an individual, at the input stage, has the right: not to enter new primary parameters, enter them partially and / or enter additional parameters completely or partially, in which case To create a private parametric model, both new and previously entered parameters are used.

 The general parametric model (Fig. C) is a combination of the biological data of a person grouped and tied to the coordinate system of a common graphic model. The general parametric model includes several types of binding parameters to a region on a graphic model: snap to a point, snap to a given and arbitrary areas (complex geometric shapes: separate organs, groups of organs and adjacent zones), each link can be indicated as a specific layer of the graphic model , and through the snap to all layers of the overall graphical model.

 The coordinate system of the general graphic model depends on the specific technical implementation; in the simplest version, the parameters of the general parametric model are tied to the general graphic model through the pixel coordinate system. Thus, each point (pixel) in the general graphic model has three dimensions x, y and z, which characterize its position in space. The parameter can be attached both to a point and to a zone, which can have a complex geometric shape.

 The information processing stage is logically divided into 2 sub-stages: basic processing and modular processing. The basic processing sub-step is an essential part of the system. Typically, the basic processing step takes place on a remote server, with the separation of the processing sides within any block or process of the system provided. The processing parties can be remote servers on the Internet, or separation on the server or client side.

 At the stage of basic processing, the loaded general parametric model (or the previously introduced partial model) goes through the process of analytical processing (Fig. 4). As a result of analytical processing, a structured data array is formed.

For analytical processing, primary and / or additional information (parameters) must be loaded into the system, including settings, as well as a pre-installed database of “reference books of parameters and biological norms”. Each of the entered parameters is sequentially processed, the values of the entered parameters are compared with the values of the biological norm from the pre-installed reference books in the system and earlier entered parameters to track the dynamics of change. Based on the results of analytical data processing, a particular parametric model is formed with the comparison results for each parameter and the coordinates from the parametric model corresponding to each parameter.

 The automatic expert analysis system (Fig. 5) consists in passing through each input parameter (primary and additional parameters) in a given cycle, within which an analysis is made of the parameter’s interactions with other parameters, an analysis of the conditions for the occurrence of effects of such an interaction and the search for effects (summation, synergy, background effects, etc.). For these purposes, in addition to the database of “reference books of parameters and biological norms”, a database of “expert information on parameters” is connected to display effects that affect the functional state of the individual. When identifying indicators that go beyond the threshold values of the biological norm, an accent image is formed on the corresponding zone of the general graphic model, using the created private parametric model, and a special notification, which are sent to the individual and reflect the assessment of his functional state.

 Modular processing functionally repeats the basic one and works on the same principles, with the only difference being that the basic processing takes place according to the principles specified in the system, and during the modular processing additional third-party analytical and graphical components can be loaded, which ultimately complement the particular parametric model and affect to the output unit (the output of a personalized graphic model to the screen of the terminal device of the individual, figure 2).

 As a result of expert analysis, a particular parametric model is formed and transferred to the next stage.

 The private parametric model then undergoes graphic processing with the subsequent output to the terminal device of the individual of the processing results in the form of a personalized graphic model.

The general graphic model, in the simple case, consists of a set of libraries with predefined graphic elements that describe each layer of a three-dimensional multilayer anatomical and functional layout, and also has an interface for working at the level of programming languages, ensuring the implementation of all the functions of this invention.

 On the basis of a common graphic model and a private parametric model, a personalized graphic model is formed that visually reflects all the parameters entered by the user, their influence and the effects of interaction with accentuation of zones requiring increased attention.

 The processing step also includes a data backup sub-step. The system provides the possibility of double backup while maintaining a structured data array containing a particular parametric model with expert and reference information, both on the system side and on the user side in the case of a logical separation of the system and the terminal device of the individual.

 The database of "private parametric models of individuals" of the system contains a database; health indicators for each individual. DB1 is configured to periodically replenish and / or update information on the functional state of an individual.

 At the stage of information output, an individual receives intuitive graphic data containing his particular parametric model corresponding to his current functional state based on the entered information, taking into account personalized settings of the workspace (interface).

 The working space in the system is arranged in such a way that the individual sees all the important information about his functional state on the screen of the terminal device along with a general or personalized graphic model.

 Visually, all parameters are displayed on a personalized graphical model, which provides the ability to switch between layers to visually display special notifications (graphically highlighted accent information that requires the attention of an individual), etc.

In the simplest embodiment of the invention, a general graphic model is provided in the form of a three-dimensional three-layer anatomical and functional layout (with three-level detail), while the first (upper) layer is a display of the human skin, the second is a display of organs and main vessels with a skeleton, the last - a skeleton with the ability to display the musculoskeletal system. All images are presented in three-dimensional design with the possibility of rotation. It is possible to use additional layers that provide detail and a more visual visualization of the processes taking place on a part of the body, organ or complex of organs of an individual. At the same time, the image of the problem area of the body or organ can be additionally highlighted in color or in another way, ensuring the attention of the user.

 The system’s functionality allows you to select the necessary zone on a general or personalized graphical model and see the current indicators associated with this zone, as well as a detailed description of special notifications and recommendations for their elimination.

 The graphical model and system interface can be implemented using technologies such as: Adobe Flash, Microsoft Silverlight, HTML5, etc.

 The technical platform of the system is a remote server with the function of load balancing, corresponding to modern technical and technological requirements, with installed software containing the logic of this invention.

 The functionality of the system allows you to connect to the system using a terminal device such as a personal computer with Internet access and a installed web browser.

 The invention is illustrated by examples of specific performance.

 The implementation of the method can be considered on the example of visualization of the functional state of the individual user of the system.

When using an automatic system for the first time, an individual using a terminal device (for example, a personal computer) connected to the Internet using a web browser (Mozilla Firefox, Internet Explorer, Opera, etc.), enters a special address on a remote server where the software is installed software implementing the inventive method. An individual carries out registration: enters a name, password, login, date and place of birth. After registration, the individual is assigned a unique identification number with which the system authorizes the individual during repeated visits. Further, to begin work, the individual enters the primary mandatory parameters (including anthropometric): gender, date of birth, height, weight, body volume indicators (hips, waist, chest, etc.), skin color, hair color . It is also necessary to make settings: adjust the location of the content blocks, adjust the presentation of the graphic model, select acceptable shapes and colors of the body parts, select the backup methods, etc. The filling date is automatically taken into account in the system database.

 Additionally, the individual fills in the input stage parameters detailing the current functional state: pulse, blood pressure, blood test, indicators of blood biochemical studies, characteristics of the current state (subjective indicators of general health), the presence of bad habits (smoking, alcohol). Indicators - blood tests and biochemical studies, as well as medications taken, are entered into the system using the built-in input wizards.

 For convenient input of associated parameters, an individual immediately after registration sees a general (not personalized) graphic model, when the corresponding zone is selected on which, a context menu with input fields is displayed. The selection can be carried out using common input devices: a mouse pointer, keyboard, etc.

 An option is also provided for introducing information (signals) from diagnostic devices (ECG, glucometer, heart rate monitor, scales, etc.). The information entered in this way is stored on the terminal device, after which, in the manual or automatic mode, the individual loads them into the system via communication channels.

The information entered at the input stage enters the analytical processing unit. At the same time, each entered parameter is sequentially processed, normalized (brought into line with the integrated unified system of units of parameters) and compared with the corresponding values of the biological norm and previously entered parameters. Coordinates are searched for a specific parameter from the general parametric model. As a result of the comparison, each parameter is additionally accompanied by data on the discrepancy / compliance with the boundaries of the biological norm, the degree of such discrepancy, and the coordinates from the general parametric model. For example, “Blood pressure” parameter, a structured array is formed = [value, degree of discrepancy with biological norm, degree of discrepancy with previous indicators, short description of the indicator].

 Next, a search is made for the relationships between the entered parameters and the effects of their interaction, the DB of “reference books of parameters and biological norms” and the database of “expert information on parameters” are loaded. For example, it is reliably known from open sources that the relationship between high blood pressure and increased lipids in the blood gives an unfavorable prognosis regarding the risk of developing coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis, etc., and excess weight for a given height and age exacerbates the pathological process and affects on the functional state of the individual. Thus, characteristics of the interaction of parameters with each other, their effects, description of effects, degree of severity of the effect, and, if available, the coordinates of the zones associated with the effect - display option are added to the structured array of information.

 Based on the results of processing and analysis of the parameters, a private parametric model is created with an array of analytical and expert information.

 In the graphic processing unit, a personalized graphic model is formed on the basis of a private parametric model. Based on the coordinates of the zones corresponding to each parameter and the effects of the parameter relationships, as well as the graphic selection option and the layer pointer, they are loaded into the coordinate system of the general graphic model. Thus, zones for displaying parameters and effects are created. Complex geometric shapes are described by an array of coordinates indicating the type of shape and type of selection, for example, in the simplest case: region B = [geometry, X [10px, 17px, 20px], Y [67px, 28px, 16px], Ζ [34ρχ, 190px, 241 px], V [50px, 50px], Red, blink],

where geometry is an indication of a complex geometric shape; Χ, Υ, Ζ - coordinates in the space of the graphic model, V - pointer to volume, red - pointer to the highlight color (red), blink - pointer to the type of highlight effect (flicker).

As a result, a personalized graphic model of the individual is formed taking into account all the parameters entered. Each zone corresponds to special notifications, if any, as well as specific parameter values that are subsequently available for viewing by the individual.

 In the information output unit, the system interface is displayed on the screen of the terminal device (Fig. 6), which includes, in the simple case, a personalized or, at the first start, general graphic model, a personal data menu, special notification menus and buttons for input wizards not associated with a common graphic model parameters. On the model, the individual can switch between the available display layers using the buttons (Fig.6), while on each layer there may be specially selected areas that require the attention of the individual, the current selected layer is fixed on the screen. When you click on any zone, including the selected one, a context menu opens with an indication of the reasons for the selection, expert information and parameters corresponding to the zone (Fig.6). The individual has the ability to rotate the graphical model along the central vertical axis using the arrow buttons (Fig.6), for a detailed examination of the graphical model. At any time, an individual can enter new data in two ways: selecting the desired zone or using the input wizard for parameters that are not associated with any zone.

 The menu of special notifications contains the entire array of expert information for each parameter that requires the attention of the individual, access to which can also be obtained through a dedicated zone on a personalized graphic model.

Claims

CLAIM
1. A method of visualizing the functional state of an individual, including
 A) the introduction of parameters describing the functional state of health of the individual through the terminal device of the individual in a computer-implemented system,
 B) loading into a computer-implemented system a general parametric model of a person, which is a set of biological parameters of a person, grouped and tied to the coordinate system of a common graphic model; and a general graphic model, which is a collection of graphic elements from images of body parts of an individual, grouped in accordance with the anatomical classification;
 C) processing of each of the entered parameters using software and hardware that compares the values of the entered parameters with the values of the biological norm, and previously entered parameters to obtain comparison results for each parameter and coordinates from the general parametric model corresponding to each parameter, according to the results of which form private parametric model containing a set of specific values of the biological parameters of the individual, tied to the coordinate system of a common graph tion model;
 D) the search for relationships between the entered parameters, the analysis of the relationships and conditions for the occurrence of effects from the interaction of the parameters and the refinement of a particular parametric model using software and hardware tools, including a database of descriptions of the effects of the interaction of parameters and zone coordinates on a common graphic model to display effects that affect the functional state individual
E) graphical processing of the results of paragraphs. C and D with subsequent output to the terminal device of the individual processing results in the form of a personalized graphic model that displays the functional state of the individual, made with the possibility of layer-by-layer display of the anatomical and functional groups of the individual's body, and switching between layers.
2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the software and hardware of the analytical processing unit include a database of “reference books of parameters and biological norms” with information describing both the parameters themselves and the cause and / or effect when the parameter values go beyond the biological norms.
 3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the general parametric model includes at least three groups of parameters: anthropometric, chemical, diagnostic.
 4. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the general parametric model is configured to add new groups and / or new parameters to the groups.
 5. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the coordinate system is a system where each point (pixel) in the common graphic model has three dimensions x, y and z that characterize its position in the space of the graphic model, while the parameter is tied to a point or zone that has a simple or complex geometric shape, described by an array of coordinates.
 6. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that as the parameters describing the functional state of health of an individual, anthropometric and / or biochemical and / or anamnestic and / or physical status data are used.
 7. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the image of a multi-layer personalized graphical model on the screen of a user’s terminal device is implemented using Microsoft Silverlight, Adobe Flash, HTML 5 technologies.
 8. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the general graphical model and personalized graphical model are made of at least three layers, the first layer is a display of human skin, the second is a display of organs and main vessels, the third is a skeleton with the ability to display the musculoskeletal system.
10. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that each layer as part of a common graphic model and personalized graphic model represents an independent three-dimensional model having its own coordinate system.
 1 1. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the images of each layer of a multilayer common graphic model and a personalized graphic model are configured to rotate and / or enlarge and enlarge zones in the layer for detailed viewing.
 12. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the personalized graphical model of the individual is configured to display the problem area of the body or organ, and embed it with color or in another way that will attract the attention of the user.
 13. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that as a terminal device using a personal computer, mobile phone, smartphone, laptop, configured to connect to the Internet.
 14. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the results of the processing of steps according to p. C and D are additionally displayed on the terminal device of the individual in the form of a text message.
 15. A system for visualizing the functional state of an individual, including
 A) an input unit for parameters describing the functional state of an individual through a terminal device in a computer-implemented system,
B) a block containing a database with a common parametric model of a person, which is a set of biological parameters of a person, grouped and tied to the coordinate system of a common graphic model; and a database with a common graphic model, which is a collection of graphic elements from images of body parts of an individual, grouped in accordance with the anatomical classification
 C) an analytical processing unit configured to
processing each of the entered parameters using software and hardware that provides a comparison of the values of the entered parameters with the values of the biological norm, and previously entered parameters, obtaining comparison results for each parameter and coordinates from the general parametric model corresponding to each parameter, and forming the results of processing private parametric model, containing a set of specific values of the biological parameters of the individual, tied to the coordinate system of a common graphic model;
 - search for relationships between the entered parameters, analysis of relationships and conditions for the occurrence of effects from the interaction of parameters and the refinement of a particular parametric model using software and hardware, including a database describing the effects of the interaction of parameters and coordinates of zones on a common graphic model to display effects that affect the functional state of an individual ,
 D) a graphical processing unit for the results obtained from the analytical processing unit, providing the ability to display the results in the form of a multilayer three-dimensional personalized graphical model;
 E) a block for outputting to the user terminal device the results of graphic processing in the form of a personalized graphic model that provides layer-by-layer display of the anatomical and functional groups of an individual’s body, configured to switch between layers.
 16. The system according to clause 15, characterized in that the software and hardware of the analytical processing unit include a database of parameter and biological reference books with information describing both the parameters themselves and the cause and / or effect when the parameter values go beyond the biological norm.
 17. The system according to clause 15, characterized in that the database of the general parametric model includes at least three groups of parameters: anthropometric and / or biochemical and / or anamnestic and / or physical status data.
 18. The system according to claim 17, characterized in that the database of the general parametric model is configured to add new groups and / or new parameters to the groups.
19. The system according to clause 15, characterized in that the coordinate system is a system where each point (pixel) in the common graphic model has three dimensions x, y and z that characterize its position in the space of the graphic model, while the parameter is tied to a point or zone that has a simple or complex geometric shape, described by an array of coordinates
20. The system according to clause 15, characterized in that the set of parameters describing the functional state of the individual’s health includes anthropometric and / or biochemical and / or diagnostic data.
 21. The system of clause 15, characterized in that the output unit of the results of the graphic processing is configured to use Microsoft
Silverlight, Adobe Flash, HTML 5 - technologies for obtaining images of a multi-layer personalized graphic model on the screen of a user’s terminal device.
 22. The system of claim 15, characterized in that the general graphic model and the personalized graphic model are made of at least three layers, the first layer being a display of the human skin, the second a mapping of organs and main vessels, the third a skeleton with the ability to display the musculoskeletal system.
 23. The system according to clause 15, characterized in that each layer as part of a common graphic model and a personalized graphic model is an independent three-dimensional model having its own coordinate system.
 24. The system according to clause 15, characterized in that the output unit is configured to rotate and / or increase and / or embed image elements in a layer of a common graphic model and / or personalized graphic model.
 25. The system according to clause 15, characterized in that the output unit is configured to display on a personalized graphic model of the problem area of the body or organ, and embed it with color or another way that will attract the attention of the user.
 26. The system of clause 15, characterized in that as a terminal device using a personal computer, mobile phone, smartphone, laptop, made with the ability to connect to the Internet.
 27. The system according to clause 15, characterized in that the output unit is configured to additionally display on the individual terminal device information about the functional state in the form of a text and / or sound message.
PCT/RU2013/001143 2012-12-25 2013-12-20 Method and system for visualizing the functional status of an individual WO2014104939A1 (en)

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RU176527U1 (en) * 2017-02-20 2018-01-22 Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего образования "Пензенский государственный университет" (ФГБОУ ВО "Пензенский государственный университет") Mobile terminal for an integrated health condition

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