WO2014080385A2 - Firefighters drone arrangement - Google Patents

Firefighters drone arrangement Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2014080385A2
WO2014080385A2 PCT/IB2014/000414 IB2014000414W WO2014080385A2 WO 2014080385 A2 WO2014080385 A2 WO 2014080385A2 IB 2014000414 W IB2014000414 W IB 2014000414W WO 2014080385 A2 WO2014080385 A2 WO 2014080385A2
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
drones
drone
fire
hydrant
arrangement
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/IB2014/000414
Other languages
French (fr)
Other versions
WO2014080385A3 (en
Inventor
Wasfi Alshdaifat
Eida Almuhairbi
Farah Afif KASSAB
Original Assignee
Wasfi Alshdaifat
Eida Almuhairbi
Kassab Farah Afif
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Wasfi Alshdaifat, Eida Almuhairbi, Kassab Farah Afif filed Critical Wasfi Alshdaifat
Priority to PCT/IB2014/000414 priority Critical patent/WO2014080385A2/en
Publication of WO2014080385A2 publication Critical patent/WO2014080385A2/en
Publication of WO2014080385A3 publication Critical patent/WO2014080385A3/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62CFIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62C3/00Fire prevention, containment or extinguishing specially adapted for particular objects or places
    • A62C3/02Fire prevention, containment or extinguishing specially adapted for particular objects or places for area conflagrations, e.g. forest fires, subterranean fires
    • A62C3/0228Fire prevention, containment or extinguishing specially adapted for particular objects or places for area conflagrations, e.g. forest fires, subterranean fires with delivery of fire extinguishing material by air or aircraft

Abstract

To provide a firefighters drone arrangement (20), such that the drones (21) are installed on an on-tank support base (32) on the top surface of the truck's (22) tank (23), wherein the hydrant (26) is extended through a carrier ring (27) at bottom of each drone (21), and pulled up while the drones (21) are released up. The drones set (24) can either use a set of two drones, such that the leader drone (29) is carrying up the tip of the hydrant (26) to spray toward the fire, while the second supporting drone (30) is carrying the hydrant's (26) extension away from the building, such that this arrangement (20) is used for firefighting of a fire blowing out of a fiat in a high rise building, or the set of drones (24) are to be made of three or more, to create an arc shape for the hydrant (26) over the inaccessible terrain toward a deep unreachable fire inside a forest.

Description

FIREFIGHTERS DRONE ARRANGEMENT Description of the Invention
Technical Field of Invention
This invention relates to an arrangement for a set of drones to be used in fighting fires in high buildings, or unreachable forests.
Background Art
Firefighting is an act of extinguishing fires, the firefighter is a highly trained proffessional with high technical skills, adopting firefighting techniques. A fire can rapidly spread and endanger many lives; major hazards associated with fires are: smoke, Oxygen deficient atomosphere, elevated temperatures (immense heats until far destances), and toxic atomospheres, all of these are creating difficulties for fire fighters to operate smoothly, it also make the working environment dangerous for them, and creating situations that are sometimes unexpectable, or hard to control.
There are two differrent types of fires that are hard to reach. First: burnt flats in high rise buildings that are blowing down burned materials, and sending up heat and smoke, spreading the fire up, and dropping hot materials, which set fire in lower sides. Second: Fires that are unreachable inside forests, where the terrain is too rugged, or too remote for the firefighters to get access to them, in addition to the heat and smoke spread, and the danger that fire surrounds the firefighters.
The solution for the first type was to use a pressurized fire hydrant, bumping a straight spray toward the high burning flat, or using a boom to guide the hose up toward it, while the solution for the second one was via areial fire fighting, which uses fixed-wing (airtankers, water bombers) carrying until 90,000 liters like in super tankers, or helicopters (manned aircraft) carrying a water tank (3,000 liters) to drop water ahead of the moving fire, or along its edge to create an artificial firebreaks. Helicopters are fitted with tanks (helitanks) or carrying buckets, or outfitted with a front mounted foam cannon. Even these fire fighting tools are successful, but it can not provide a contineous water spray against a fire, sometimes it lacks the control, or the water can spread and evaporate, also water can not be sprayed toward the front side or seat of the fire.
Due to the risk, security, safety, and dangers of the firefighting processes; remotely controlled fire fighting is not yet taking place, drones are suggested to be used in fire fighting, but that was based on simple tasks, using a camera for normal or thermal imaging of the fire locations that are difficult to be viewed from the ground, while others are suggesting simply that a drone carry a water hose to excute a special fire fighting task.
But this still obvious for a person skilled in the art, even drones are not used yet, because similar firefighting systems to be used by helicopters or drones were invented. German Patent DE20315789 is disclosing a Forest fire-fighting blanket to be deployed over the heart of the fire by a helicopter or unmanned drone. A fire fighting helicopter is disclosed too in US patent No. 4090567.
The closest to art, is US patent No. 5135055, titled Ground and airborne fire fighting system and method of fighting high rise building fires, a helicopter is carrying a hose up from a ground vehicle, to face the floor into which the fire is located, to direct the water into the flat, until a fire crew can arrive at the scene. This last invention requires tbringing a manned helicopter from its base, to have an access in-between the buildings (landing and flying), while ignoring the dangers of the highly propelled air by the propeller of the helicopter, which will blow the hot smeke and the burnt material around, increasing the chances for creating extra fires around, unforgetting the installation and removal procedures for the hose into the helicopter will be a time consuming.
Drones can be more compact fire fighting apparatuses, but if one drone alone carried hardly a hose for fire fighting task in a flat or a floor, the extension of the hose of water under the drone can bent toward the building for many reasons, where it can become in contact with a heated surface, damaging the hose.
Inside forests, a drone can not alone carry a water hose, neither it can prevent it from arcing (bending down) toward the trees, where it will either get stuck, or get overheated and damaged.
But still a set of drones with a suitable arrangement, can carry out a fire fighting task smoothly, safely, and efficiently. This is disclosed in this invention. Disclosure of Invention
Brief Description
To provide an arrangement for a set of drones to carry out a remotely controlled unmanned fire fighting process, against a far to reach burning flats in high rise buildings, or a terrain inside a forest.
The arrangement used to carry out extinguishing of a fire in a flat in a high rise building, is based on four drones fixed and installed conventionally over a firefighting tanker, wherein each two drones are launched together up, by releasing them from their bases over the tank, each two drones are carrying the hydrant up such that one of them is the leader drone carrying the tip of the hydrant toward the fire, while the second drone is the supporting drone, carrying the extension of the hydrant behind the leading drone, such that the hose would not bend toward the building and face a high chance of being burned and damaged. Two sets of drones are arranged in parallel toward the fire to compensate for the lower diameter of carried hoses, but with providing an attack toward the fire from different angles or sides.
The same arrangement is used to carry out extinguishing of a fire in a far terrain, but with extra number of drones carrying each hose, such that each set of these drones, create nearly an arced hose over the blocking terrain until reaching the front edge of the fire, these arrangements can go deeply for hundreds of meters inside a forest, to provide a continuous pressurized water against the fire, multiple arrangements depending on trucks providing tens of cubic meters of water, can work together too.
These drones which are carrying cameras, for assessing the fire conditions, are controlled either autonomously by broad computers, or by remote control of a pilot on the ground or in a vehicle, they are too can be launched automatically from their bases over the tanks. Detailed description for carrying out the Invention:
Brief Description of the Drawings:
• FIG. 1 : Illustrates a 3-D view for an arrangement of two drones set, arranged over a tanker, each set of two, used for high rise buildings flats firefighting.
• FIG. 2: illustrates a 3-D view for two drones set arrangement while carrying out firefighting of a fire into a high rise flat.
• FIG. 3: illustrates a closer 3-D view for two drones set arrangement carrying out firefighting of a fire into a high rise flat.
• FIG. 4: illustrates another closer 3-D view for two drones and tools installation on a hydrant while carrying a fire fighting.
• FIG. 5: Illustrates a 3-D view for an arrangement of three drones set, arranged over a tanker, for forest firefighting.
• FIG. 6 (A, B, C): illustrates 3-D views for two tankers carrying fire fighting via two sets of drone's arrangement carrying out firefighting of a far to reach fire in a forest.
Best Mode for Carrying out the Invention:
In order to make it easy to carry out the invention, a detailed description of the parts of the invention, supported with figures, is provided here, wherein the main parts are arranged sequentially, according to the importance of the part, we made it easy to read, by referring to each feature, with a number included in the parts description text, and in the parts numbering list, the numbering of parts features is indicated here, by starting it sequentially from number 20, whenever a part feature appears in a text, it will be directly assigned its required serial number. As example in FIG. 1, the parts' features are arranged sequentially from number 20, 21, 22...
1- Extinguishing fire out of a flat in a High rise building (Fig.s 1, 2, 3, 4):
The firefighters drones arrangement 20 used to carry out extinguishing of a fire in a flat in a high rise building, is based on four drones 21, wherein each two drones 21 are installed after the other, from the rear toward the front, over a firefighter truck's 22 tank 23, and the two sets 24 are installed parallel to each other. Each drone 21 is fixed and installed conventionally over a firefighting tanker 22, wherein each two drones 21 are launched together up, by releasing them from their bases over their installation locations (base) 25 over the top surface of the tank 23, each two drones 21 are carrying the hydrant 26 up through a ring carrier 27, installed on their body bottom side, while a monitoring camera 28 too is installed on the bottom of each drone 21 to view and monitor the firefighting procedure.
For each set of drones 21 carrying one hydrant 26, one of them is to be the leader drone 29 carrying the tip of the hydrant 26 toward the fire, while the second drone is the supporting drone 30, carrying the extension of the hydrant 26 behind the leading drone 29, such that the hydrant hose 26, would not bend toward the building, and as a result faces a high chance of being burned and damaged due to getting in touch with a hot surface. Two sets of drones 21 per truck 22 are arranged toward the fire, to compensate for the small diameter of each of the carried hoses 26, but this arrangement provides an efficient attack toward the fire from different angles or sides.
- Extinguishing of a fire in a far terrain (Figs. 5, 6): in the same like in point one, but with bigger drones 21, but with extra number of drones installed and arranged in one line, along the top surface of the firefighting tank 23, each truck 22 carries one arrangement of drones 20, such that they are carrying one hose 26, wherein these drones 21 create nearly an arced hose 26 in the air, over the blocking terrain, until reaching the front edge of the fire, multiple sets of arrangements provided by multiple no. of trucks 22, can go deeply for hundreds of meters inside a forest, to provide a continuous pressurized water 31 against the fire, multiple arrangements 20 depending on trucks 22 providing tens of cubic meters of water, can work together. Note: The hydrant (hose) 26 is carried up by each drone by passing it through a ring carrier 27, installed at the bottom of the drone 21.
Cameras 28 fixed on drones 21 can replace the so-called Air Attack, who is a Tactical Group Supervisor, usually flying at an altitude above other resources assigned to the fire. The cameras 28 can be used for assessing the fire conditions, cameras are controlled either autonomously by broad computers, or by remote control of a pilot on the ground or in a vehicle, they are too can be launched automatically from their bases over the tanks 23.
Note: the drones 21 can be installed from down side by having conventionally a connection locked to inside a suitable cylindrical housing 32 (Fig. 2), being protruding or grooved in the on-tank support base 33, wherein the ring carrier 27, and camera 28, are inserted inside this housing 32, while the drone 21 is not in use.
Industrial applicability:
1- Multiple sets of drones arranged sequentially and conventionally to carry and support a hydrant toward a fire.
2- These drones, hoses, installations are made from available tools, parts, mechanisms, with applicable modifications.
3- Arrangements of drones suitably installed and fixed on the top surface of tankers without the need for special trucks to ship or transport them.
4- Arrangements of drones while in use, such that a hard to approach fire source, can be approached smoothly, fast, safely, with an efficient firefighting procedure without losing the pressure of the water or foam, and with extra capability to maneuver against the fire from many sides and many angles.
5- These drones arrangement can be connected directly to hydrants inside the forest, without the need for a tanker.
6- Multiple shapes of arrangements can be created based on the use of multiple drones, to carry out different specific civil service tasks.
7- Arrangement of drones for multiple use options in irrigation, agriculture...etc
Parts Drawing Index:
20 Firefighters drones arrangement.
21 Drone.
22 Truck.
23 Tank.
24 Set of drones.
25 Base.
26 Hydrant.
27 Carrier ring.
28 Camera.
29 Leader drone.
30 Supporting drone.
31 Pressurized water line.
32 Cylindrical housing.
33 On-tank support base.

Claims

Claims
1- A firefighters drone arrangement (20), comprising:
a firefighting truck (22);
a truck's tank (23);
a set of drones (24);
a leader drone (29);
a supporting drone (30);
a hydrant hose (26);
a cylindrical housing (32);
an on-tank support base (33);
a hydrant carrier ring (27);
a camera (28);
2- The firefighters drone arrangement (20) according to claim 1, wherein the drones (21) are installed on an on-tank support base (32) on the top surface of the truck's (22) tank (23), such that the hydrant (26) is extended through the carrier ring (27) of each drone (21), and pulled up while the drones (21) are released up.
3- The firefighters drone arrangement (20) according to claim 1, wherein the drones set (24) can either use a set of two drones, which are arranged such that the leader drone (29) is carrying up the tip of the hydrant (26) to spray toward the fire, while the second supporting drone (30) is carrying the hydrant's (26) extension to be kept away from being damaged due to becoming in touch with a hot surface of the building, such that this arrangement (20) is used for firefighting of a fire blowing out of a flat in a high rise building, or the set of drones (24) are to be made of three or more, to create an arc shape for the hydrant (26) over the inaccessible terrain toward a deep unreachable fire inside a forest, such that the blocked terrain is bypassed toward the fire through the air over them.
PCT/IB2014/000414 2014-03-25 2014-03-25 Firefighters drone arrangement WO2014080385A2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/IB2014/000414 WO2014080385A2 (en) 2014-03-25 2014-03-25 Firefighters drone arrangement

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/IB2014/000414 WO2014080385A2 (en) 2014-03-25 2014-03-25 Firefighters drone arrangement

Publications (2)

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WO2014080385A2 true WO2014080385A2 (en) 2014-05-30
WO2014080385A3 WO2014080385A3 (en) 2015-01-22

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Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES2553809A1 (en) * 2014-06-10 2015-12-11 Manuel MUÑOZ SÁIZ System and procedure for extinguishing fires by means of elevated ducts carrying the extinguishing products (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
US9371133B2 (en) 2014-11-07 2016-06-21 Paccar Inc Drone systems for pre-trip inspection and assisted backing
DE102015220800A1 (en) 2015-10-23 2017-04-27 Matracom e.K. transport device
DE102015220802A1 (en) 2015-10-23 2017-04-27 Matracom e.K. transport system
RU2622792C1 (en) * 2016-07-08 2017-06-20 Владимир Александрович Парамошко The method of explosive anhydrous unmanned remote fire-fighting
FR3048415A1 (en) * 2016-03-02 2017-09-08 Thierry Froidure DEVICE FOR PROJECTING A FLUID AND ASSOCIATED METHOD
GB2548369A (en) * 2016-03-15 2017-09-20 Jaguar Land Rover Ltd System for providing land vehicle support operations using an unmanned autonomous vehicle
WO2017178899A2 (en) 2017-07-27 2017-10-19 Wasfi Alshdaifat Multiple task aerocarrier
ITUA20164498A1 (en) * 2016-05-31 2017-12-01 Inspire S R L METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR THE USE OF DRONES IN FIRE APPLICATIONS
WO2018091943A1 (en) 2016-11-15 2018-05-24 Aerones, Sia A firefighting arrangement
WO2018102641A1 (en) * 2016-12-01 2018-06-07 Walmart Apollo, Llc Autonomous drone and tool selection and delivery
US10023311B2 (en) 2016-03-10 2018-07-17 International Business Machines Corporation Automatic painting system with drone, user interface and computer vision
WO2018146528A1 (en) * 2017-02-13 2018-08-16 Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ) Drone configured to support an object
JP2018134242A (en) * 2017-02-22 2018-08-30 公立大学法人大阪市立大学 Fire fighting system, fire fighting method, control device, and control method
JP2019018589A (en) * 2017-07-11 2019-02-07 日本ニューマチック工業株式会社 Unmanned aircraft
WO2018122821A3 (en) * 2018-04-23 2019-04-25 Wasfi Alshdaifat City autonomous airport
EP3305658A4 (en) * 2015-06-01 2019-05-01 Gi Yeon Won Fire extinguishing firefighting drone
US10315528B1 (en) 2016-02-16 2019-06-11 Owen Crawford, Jr. Unmanned vehicle and base station
WO2019208440A1 (en) * 2018-04-25 2019-10-31 株式会社荏原製作所 Fire extinguishing system using drone
US10474983B2 (en) 2015-11-06 2019-11-12 Walmart Apollo, Llc Method and apparatus for dispatching an airborne drone to carry an item to a customer
RU2711267C1 (en) * 2019-06-18 2020-01-16 ФГБОУ ВО "Уфимский государственный авиационный технический университет" Device and method for fire extinguishing of high-rise buildings and fire and explosion hazardous process installations
KR20200050081A (en) * 2018-10-31 2020-05-11 최재현 Forest fire extinguishment system using drone and method thereof
WO2020126049A1 (en) 2018-12-21 2020-06-25 Aerospace Holdings Inc. An apparatus and method for firefighting
US10825337B2 (en) 2018-04-12 2020-11-03 Carrier Corporation Autonomous commissioning and inspection of alarm systems

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CN106310572A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-01-11 威特龙消防安全集团股份公司 High floor fire extinguishing operation method based on high-pressure mist spraying fire extinguishing vehicle

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WO2009054015A1 (en) * 2007-10-24 2009-04-30 Felice Campanelli Controlled helicopter inclusive of fire extinguishing supply hose

Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES2553809A1 (en) * 2014-06-10 2015-12-11 Manuel MUÑOZ SÁIZ System and procedure for extinguishing fires by means of elevated ducts carrying the extinguishing products (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
US9371133B2 (en) 2014-11-07 2016-06-21 Paccar Inc Drone systems for pre-trip inspection and assisted backing
EP3305658A4 (en) * 2015-06-01 2019-05-01 Gi Yeon Won Fire extinguishing firefighting drone
DE102015220800A1 (en) 2015-10-23 2017-04-27 Matracom e.K. transport device
DE102015220800B4 (en) * 2015-10-23 2018-02-01 Matracom e.K. transport device
DE102015220802A1 (en) 2015-10-23 2017-04-27 Matracom e.K. transport system
US10474983B2 (en) 2015-11-06 2019-11-12 Walmart Apollo, Llc Method and apparatus for dispatching an airborne drone to carry an item to a customer
US10315528B1 (en) 2016-02-16 2019-06-11 Owen Crawford, Jr. Unmanned vehicle and base station
FR3048415A1 (en) * 2016-03-02 2017-09-08 Thierry Froidure DEVICE FOR PROJECTING A FLUID AND ASSOCIATED METHOD
US10023311B2 (en) 2016-03-10 2018-07-17 International Business Machines Corporation Automatic painting system with drone, user interface and computer vision
GB2548369A (en) * 2016-03-15 2017-09-20 Jaguar Land Rover Ltd System for providing land vehicle support operations using an unmanned autonomous vehicle
WO2017157863A1 (en) * 2016-03-15 2017-09-21 Jaguar Land Rover Limited System for providing land vehicle support operations using an unmanned autonomous vehicle
GB2548369B (en) * 2016-03-15 2021-02-17 Jaguar Land Rover Ltd System for providing land vehicle support operations using an unmanned autonomous vehicle
ITUA20164498A1 (en) * 2016-05-31 2017-12-01 Inspire S R L METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR THE USE OF DRONES IN FIRE APPLICATIONS
WO2017208272A1 (en) * 2016-05-31 2017-12-07 Inspire S.R.L. Methods and apparatus for the employment of drones in firefighting activities
RU2622792C1 (en) * 2016-07-08 2017-06-20 Владимир Александрович Парамошко The method of explosive anhydrous unmanned remote fire-fighting
WO2018091943A1 (en) 2016-11-15 2018-05-24 Aerones, Sia A firefighting arrangement
US10126746B2 (en) 2016-12-01 2018-11-13 Walmart Apollo, Llc Autonomous drone and tool selection and delivery
WO2018102641A1 (en) * 2016-12-01 2018-06-07 Walmart Apollo, Llc Autonomous drone and tool selection and delivery
WO2018146528A1 (en) * 2017-02-13 2018-08-16 Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ) Drone configured to support an object
JP2018134242A (en) * 2017-02-22 2018-08-30 公立大学法人大阪市立大学 Fire fighting system, fire fighting method, control device, and control method
JP2019018589A (en) * 2017-07-11 2019-02-07 日本ニューマチック工業株式会社 Unmanned aircraft
WO2017178899A2 (en) 2017-07-27 2017-10-19 Wasfi Alshdaifat Multiple task aerocarrier
US10825337B2 (en) 2018-04-12 2020-11-03 Carrier Corporation Autonomous commissioning and inspection of alarm systems
WO2018122821A3 (en) * 2018-04-23 2019-04-25 Wasfi Alshdaifat City autonomous airport
WO2019208440A1 (en) * 2018-04-25 2019-10-31 株式会社荏原製作所 Fire extinguishing system using drone
KR20200050081A (en) * 2018-10-31 2020-05-11 최재현 Forest fire extinguishment system using drone and method thereof
KR102209056B1 (en) * 2018-10-31 2021-01-28 최재현 Forest fire extinguishment system using drone and method thereof
WO2020126049A1 (en) 2018-12-21 2020-06-25 Aerospace Holdings Inc. An apparatus and method for firefighting
RU2711267C1 (en) * 2019-06-18 2020-01-16 ФГБОУ ВО "Уфимский государственный авиационный технический университет" Device and method for fire extinguishing of high-rise buildings and fire and explosion hazardous process installations

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